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The television show Dexter highlights the role of blood spatter analysis in forensics and law enforcement work. Blood spatter analysis can be a cornerstone of crime solving. Rooted in the laws of physics, blood spatter analysis provides a method by which the forensic scientist can recreate a crime scene to provide law enforcement with valuable crime solving tools. Blood spatter can reveal incidents that occurred before, during, and after the crime that might go unnoticed otherwise. The variables that are taken into consideration during blood spatter analysis include velocity, surface tension, and viscosity. Blood has certain physical and chemical properties, which remain relatively constant. Likewise, various types of weapons and human actions have properties that can be analyzed. A combination of these constants can provide a picture of what happened at a crime scene. Each of these issues can help the analyst determine things like what type of…… [Read More]
lood doping, as a performance enhancing method, has been around for more than three decades now. The Finnish athlete and the four time Olympic gold medallist, Lasse Viren is widely regarded as the first successful user of lood doping to achieve sporting success. However, only much later after the 1972 and 1976 Olympic success, it was determined that Lasse Viren had used blood doping to boost his performance. [The Gale Group, 2010] Compared to the use of stimulants and steroids, the practice of blood doping was relatively unnoticed and only in 1986 "lood Doping' was officially banned. [The Gale Group, 2010] Over the last decade, doping strategies have evolved to foil anti-doping testing programs and there has been a constant battle between the doping and the detection methodologies. A brief overview view of doping, the different types of doping with a discussion of the doping detection tests and the potential…… [Read More]
This shows that monitoring of lifestyle changes can effectively be implemented in conjunction with other drug therapies to provide the most effective results for patients in need. Additionally, another 2010 (Navidian et al.) study showed that although lifestyle monitoring may not have been much different in terms of systolic blood pressure, there were statistical differences in terms of diastolic blood pressure. In this study, 61 patients with systolic hypertension were split into two groups, where the control group was exposed to a rigid intervention strategy that promoted education and facilitated motivational interviewing. Navidian et al. (2010) shows that such monitored strategy situations can still impact blood pressure in a positive manner.
There are still mixed signals being sent by the literature here. On one hand, lifestyle modification strategies involving supervision seem to be more productive in helping patients adhere to their commitment. Yet, some research shows that this still…… [Read More]
The Pros and Cons of Blood Transfusion
A blood transfusion poses both risks and benefits and, therefore, there are pros and cons to be weighed before opting for a blood transfusion. What a blood transfusion does is allow blood products to be replaced in a human body that has lost its own blood products through either illness or accident. The pro-of undergoing a blood transfusion when in danger of death is that it can prevent death and save life. The con of undergoing a blood transfusion is that there are numerous side effects that can accompany the procedure, such as the rejection of the immune system to foreign blood products and/or complications resulting from contamination. This paper will address by the pros and cons of blood transfusion and conclude with a recommendation and an alternative procedural option.
The pros of blood transfusion are that in life and death…… [Read More]
The search for the perfect substitute for human blood began as early as the 17th century, when water, oil, milk and animal blood were used for transfusion until the first human-to-human transfusion in Philadelphia in 1795 (McCarthy 2003). Successes were, however, inconstant since then, as patients died due to injuries or from reactions to foreign blood, so that it was only a last resort during emergencies. Early in the 20th century, the cataloguing of blood types enabled the matching of blood types between donors and recipients, despite the risk of blood infected with HIV and other viruses, drugs and toxins (McCarthy). Even then, there have been too few donors in proportion to a large number who require it. In 2000, for example, eight million donated 13 million liters and 4.5 received the donated blood. Supply has not only remained short of the need, the shelf life is also…… [Read More]
(Janine Roberts 2006)
Acts like the Kimberley process are presumed to guarantee that the diamonds that people buy have not been related to the killing and mutilating of children from a South African country. However, as most critics state, the certification alone is not enough to guarantee such a thing. The process of providing guarantees that the diamonds have not been mined by rebels needs to be much more complex. (Dick Durham 2001)
South Africa is considered to play a vital role in the diamond smuggling business from the African continent. Consequent to their mining, the diamonds are being smuggled through several African countries. One of the last steps in the smuggling process involves the diamonds being taken to South Africa and certified as having been mined elsewhere than from a conflict country.
Over the ages, the beauty of diamonds has filled the lives of people with happiness. However, little…… [Read More]
Also strikingly memorable are Tyson's descriptions of Oxford's severely outdated, still-rigidly restrictive racial attitudes. or instance, despite landmark Supreme Court decisions (e.g., Brown v. Board of Education) and the American Civil Rights Movement of the time, Tyson describes how time almost stands still in terms of lingering apartness of blacks and whites' being a well-established, unquestioned way of life. The swimming pool in the town was never integrated, for example; it was simply closed instead. The town will not catch up to society, setting the stage for Marrow's violent death and the town's severe under-reaction to it in terms of appropriate justice for the Teels.
Black-white relationships in Oxford, North Carolina as late as 1970, when the Marrow murder occurred, seem to have evolved little since the days of slavery. That alone creates the conditions of possibility for what happens and the town's reaction to it. Still, Tyson also shows…… [Read More]
Blood Meridian -- a Novel by Cormac McCarthy
The human animal has stalked the earth for millennia, feeding on knowledge and growing in cunning. It has refined its methods of survival to spectacular heights. Yet, an incurable illness resides within its being. Clothed in the veneer of civilization, the human animal fails to overcome its violent nature. Like the scorpion ferrying the frog, it must obey a deeper rule. Never at peace, the species has sought new and more scintillating experience. Its big brain is in search of more; more power, more territory, more recognition, more. Regardless of the facade, its motivation wells from a deep insatiable instinct to reign. The human animal must conquer, defeat and control. Negotiation is loss of power and the thirst for power is at the core of the creature.
Does this portrayal seem cynical? Perhaps not to author Cormac McCarthy, as he penned his…… [Read More]
The three factors of cultural empowerment according to the Pen-3 model can and should be taken into account when working with the target population. Each of the three factors of cultural empowerment: positive, existential/exotic, and negative, impact the overall health of the individual and community. Positive factors of cultural empowerment refer to "the perceptions, enablers and nurturers that may cause an individual, family or community to engage in health practices that contribute to improved health status and must be encouraged," (Campbell, 1995). Within the African-American male community, these positive factors might include the eating of more leafy green vegetables, riding bicycle instead of driving to work, and participating in community projects. Positive factors promote health within the specific frameworks and reference points of the community. Therefore, these lifestyle choices and behaviors do not conflict with core values and identity. They can be an integral part of cultural empowerment…… [Read More]
101). Plus, diamond mining hires over a million people, eeks adds.
On page 114 Campbell explains that at about the same time -- ironically -- that he was being pitched by the De Beers people about the "huge economic impact that bad publicity about conflict diamonds could have on sales" planes piloted by Al Queda were crashing into the orld Trade Center. And also at the same moment as those two other September 11, 2001 events, representatives from thirty-five countries were meeting in a soccer stadium forty-five miles outside of London. They were from the U.S., Russia, Australia, Egypt, England, Canada, and Bangladesh among other places, Campbell explained.
Those representatives he spoke of were international diamond industry leaders, and their purpose in meeting (part of the "Kimberley Process") was to "figure out the best way to handle" the bad publicity (press reports) from conflict mines, severed hands, and violence associated…… [Read More]
Greg Campbell: Tracing the Deadly Path of the World's Most Precious Stones. New York: Basic Books, 2004. 251 pp., notes, index.
Greg Campbell is a freelance journalist and the editor of the Fort Collins Weekly, whose works have previously appeared in Christian Science Monitor, the San Francisco Chronicle, and a number of other magazines and newspapers. Campbell made several visits to a war-torn African country of Sierra Leone to trace the path of the most visible symbols of love and marriage: diamonds. What Campbell uncovered was the story of human greed, civil wars, brutality, amputations, mutilations, illegal arms trade, shattered lives, millions murdered and tortured, governments overthrown over and again, children forced to become cold-blooded soldiers, terrorist organizations funded by the gemstone trade, and other dark sides of the diamond industry in the horn of Africa. Campbell argues that the little shiny precious stones we so love to…… [Read More]
Uses- Blood cultures are often performed to identify specific strains of bacteria or microorganisms in the blood. Sometimes two or more cultures are ordered at different times, depending on symptoms, for a better understanding of any progression (growth) of pathogens. Often, the doctor will order a complete blood count as well (CBC) which determines if the individual has an increased white cell count that indicates a potential infection. Often, too, the results of the blood culture point to the need to order other tests on the blood, a blood chemistry panel, for instance, which evaluates the health of the individual's organs.
Pathology -- Blood cultures are ordered by medical professionals based on certain symptoms. These usually involve indications of sepsis, typically focuses as chills, fever, nausea, rapid respiration, confusion, decreased urine output, headaches, or a drop in blood pressure. This is particularly serious when a person has had a recent…… [Read More]
The lack of clear manifestation of a type of lymphoma might have been the reason for the earlier inaccurate diagnosis of pharyngitis in Mr. H.D., before a tissue sample was taken. However Hodgkin's lymphoma does 'peak' during early adulthood, and then in later adulthood, so the patient was within a likely threshold period for manifesting the illness.
Mr. H.D. did manifest "the major clinical manifestation of malignant lymphoma" of painless lymph node enlargement, "usually firm or rubbery, often multiple and fixed in place" (Introduction to lymphoma, 2010, University of Virginia). During Stage III, patients are more likely to exhibit symptoms such as "fever, malaise, night-sweats, weight loss, and pruritis. As lymphoma progresses, spread may occur to spleen, liver, bone marrow, and other organs" including the "gastrointestinal tract, CNS, skin, spleen, bone marrow, pharyngeal tissues, salivary glands, thymus, and lung among others" (Introduction to lymphoma, 2010, University of Virginia). Partially because…… [Read More]
Therefore we could save a life every 3 months, roughly speaking, without alarm.
If you fear catching a transmittable disease yourself, you should know that respected centers and institutions use and undergo sterile and safe procedures. Also, you can be secured that the blood you donated will not go to waste because the blood you donated is stored in sterile, pyrogen free containers. These containers have anticoagulants like CPDA or CPDA with SAGM that will prevent the blood clotting and also gives nutrition to the cells. Donated blood is then stored properly, and depending on what kind of blood product: fresh whole blood, fresh frozen plasma, platelets or others, they are. Therefore, for sure, a blood donated is equivalent to a life restored.
Donating blood is comparable to giving life. Like a mother gives birth to a newborn, so thus a blood donor give hope and a chance for survival…… [Read More]
According to Martelle, the majority of these workers were immigrants who were lured to the coal mines with promises of good jobs and affordable housing.
The Rockefeller family, along with other mining companies, followed very few safety regulations and paid workers very small wages for the work they did. Miners did not receive any of the bonuses they do today, including down-time work, such as clearing cave-ins, or given fair weighs.
The coal mine managers, local law enforcement, and the Colorado National Guard were all called upon to maintain peace during the coal miner strikes, which were organized by the union in an effort to improve the lives of the miners. However, these enforcers primarily sided with the coal companies. Martelle wrote that the events surrounding the Ludlow Massacre were less about 'the romantic notion of the resilience of the union men and women in the face of oppression,' and…… [Read More]
blood vessel resistance and heart function. In the paper, four peer reviewed journals are looked at to highlight any potential relationship between blood vessel resistance and the heart's functioning.
In normal functioning of the heart, there are critical factors that influence blood resistance. These factors include blood vessel's radius, blood viscosity and vessel length (Cinar, Demir, Pac, & Cinar, 1999). Of the three factors, vessel diameter is the most important in determining blood vessel resistance and heart functioning. Vessel changes due to contraction and relaxation of the vascular smooth muscle in the wall of the blood vessel directly influencing blood resistance which then affects heart functioning. In addition, small variations in vessel diameter leads to large changes in resistance which affect heart functioning.
Effect of Blood Vessel adius on Blood Flow ate
Increase or decrease in blood vessel radius can either increase or reduce blood flow rate to the heart.…… [Read More]
Blood Shortage and Potential Life-Supporting Alternatives
When the AIDS pandemic began to take its toll in many countries in the mid-1980s, it led to countless fears among people and institutions around the world. One of those fears was that the supply of life-saving blood could somehow become contaminated by the HIV virus. (HIV, of course, is the human immunodeficiency virus, which leads to AIDS.)
In fact, informed people had good cause to be anxious about the possible contamination of blood.
That is because some doctors in France, while assuring the public that blood was safe there, covered up the fact that some blood supplies in France were indeed contaminated. The international media frenzy from that incident stirred even more fears about the safety of blood supplies.
There is a fear, which continues today, regarding safe blood and HIV - albeit, the "odds" of contracting HIV are from 1-in-450,000 to 1-in-a-million.…… [Read More]
lood of My lood: The Dilemma of the Italian-Americans," by Richard Gambino. Specifically, it will identify and discuss several important themes in the book, and how the author presented his arguments.
LOOD OF MY LOOD: A STUDY
Ethnicity is made of a community that is cultural and psychological, not necessarily geographic."
With his book, "lood of my lood," Gambino attempts to change the publics' perception of Italian-Americans, and encourage more empathy with their problems and their culture. It was first written in 1975, but is still extremely relevant and topical today. "Richard Gambino, an Italian-American scholar, complained that 'the white elite has shown little understanding of Italian-American history, culture, or problems and less empathy with them'" (Feagin 108). Gambino covers every aspect of Italian-American life, from sex, family, and Italian culture, to what its like to be an Italian-American in the U.S. today. He tries to break up existing stereotypes,…… [Read More]
blood pressure is related with stroke occurrence. Links of amplified visit-to-visit variability in blood pressure and the connection between inconsistency and all-cause death were observed during the study, utilizing information on adults from the U.S. older than 20 years of age from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The number taken from the survey was 956. From that number, three successive blood pressure readings, taken from among a duration of three isolated study visits during the time range of 1988- 1994 were recorded.
The authors used standard deviation and coefficient of variation, to understand and define the mean derived from the second and third visits and their subsequent measurements. Evaluation of death was performed all the way until December 31, 2006 with the number of deaths labeled 240. The median follow up was fourteen years. 7.7 mm Hg was the determined mean of the standard deviation when it…… [Read More]
Blood Diamonds: Tracing the Deadly Path of the World's Most Precious Stones" by Greg Campbell. Specifically it will contain a book review of the book. "Blood Diamonds" inspired the film of the same name and a short documentary that chronicle the diamond trade, primarily in Sierra Leone in West Africa. The violence, bloodshed, and pure greed that populate the diamond mines in Sierra Leone is unbelievable, but this brings it graphically to life.
At the heart of the civil war that cripples Sierra Leone are the diamond mines it contains. The government is ineffectual, and the evolutionary United Front (UF) rebels from Libya who entered the country as political rebels but proved they simply wanted to control the diamond mines, are ruthless in their pursuit of wealth. The author notes, "Between these three countries, it's estimated that rebel groups have sold enough diamonds to amount to 4 or 5% of…… [Read More]
Blood sacrifice seen as holy: How did the ancients view and perform blood sacrifice?
What is blood sacrifice? easons behind blood sacrifice in ancient times.
Biblical use of blood, does this make blood a symbol of holiness?
Second position: Blood sacrifice as an evil tradition. What is the present view of blood sacrifice?
How are people linking blood sacrifice to identity?
What are the future implications of blood sacrifice?
Blood sacrifice has been a part of human history for countless years, going as far back as the ancient Greeks and Hebrews, whose stories documented blood sacrifice. Although some may see blood sacrifice as demonic and used to summon evil, in reality, at least in ancient times, it was seen as a way to connect to the gods, God, and it was seen as a holy experience. Blood sacrifice often involved the slaughter of an animal. Now people associate blood sacrifice…… [Read More]
Glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate sources during a series of reactions called gluconeogenesis. The process releases glucose into the blood between meals when glucose is not being absorbed.
14. What is the difference between anabolism and catabolism? (p. 514) ANSWER:
Complex molecules are being created from the combination of simple substances during anabolism. In contrast, during catabolism, complex molecules are being split apart.
15. Where are triglycerides stored in the body? (p. 514) ANSWER:
Triglycerides are being stored in the body fat and in the liver.
16. In what ways can a person lose heat to or gain heat from the surroundings? How is it possible for a person to lose heat on a sunny beach when the temperature is 40?C (104?F) and the humidity is 85%? (p. 518) ANSWER:
About 60% of the energy released in catabolism in converted into heat. It is possible for a person…… [Read More]
Korotkoff Phase Should Be Used as the Endpoint for the Measurement of Diastolic Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
Literature Selection and Identification
Critical Appraisal of Selected Literature
Five Korotkoff Phases
Conducting System of Human Heart
Two of the most common complicating problems seen during pregnancy are the appearance of gestational diabetes and of hypertension. Both of these conditions are more likely to occur during late pregnancy and both generally abate in the postpartum period. Nevertheless, both of these conditions represent an increased risk for future development of disease. There is a lack of agreement among clinicians concerning the optimum blood pressure measurement device and inconsistencies in practice with regard to the method in which blood pressure is measured. Blood pressure is created by a number of physical forces related to the heart and blood vessels and regulated by hormones and other substances in the human body. The blood pressure measurement is…… [Read More]
Disorders of the Veins and Arteries
Pathophysiology of Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Deep Venous Thrombosis
The pathophysiology of Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is either obstruction or reflux of venous blood flow. It can develop from the protracted valvular incompetence of the superficial veins, deep veins or the perforating veins that connect them. In all these cases the result is venous hypertension of the lower extremities. The bicuspid valve which is located in the superficial and deep veins assists in ensuring that blood is pumped towards the heart and it prevents blood from refluxing towards the feet when the patient is standing in an upright position (Eberhardt & Raffetto, 2014). Perforating veins valve function by preventing the reflux of blood from the deep veins into the superficial veins. In normal conditions, when a patient is standing erect, venous return is pulsatile and the valves will open and close about 20 times…… [Read More]
1).From there, Blood sets have sprung up all around the country and even around the globe, in part due to an agreement made at the formation of the initial alliance that any gang that wanted to become a Blood set could become one simply by making that decision (Blood Knowledge, par. 7). There is also a great sense of honor being affiliated with the Bloods, as they have strict codes of conduct concerning treatment of gang members, enemy gangs, and "civilians" or "neutrons" that have no gang affiliation, with many feeling that this makes the Blood alliance and gang more legitimate (Morris & Davis). At the same time, the Bloods are unquestionably dangerous and vicious, and are engaged in drug trade, extortion, kidnapping, prostitution, and a variety of other harmful and illegal activities that significantly contribute to major social problems (Morris & Davis; Blood Knowledge).
Currently, the bloods exist in…… [Read More]
Blooding by Joseph ambaugh. Includes biographical information on the author, review of book, message in the story, proven point about the book, critique of authorship, overall impact of the book.
Five sources used. APA.
"The Blooding" by Joseph ambaugh
One cannot talk about American crime writing, whether fiction or nonfiction, without discussing the contributions of Joseph ambaugh. A Los Angeles police veteran, ambaugh has 15 books to his credit, four works of nonfiction and 11 novels, eight being made into feature and television films. His gritty, hyper-realistic style has influenced numerous authors for decades (Dunn 2000). ambaugh transformed the sub-genre of the police novel into serious literature of a hard boiled nature. His first four books and his work on the 1970's television series Policy Story set the standard of realism, dialogue, and character development for subsequent writers or turned them in new directions (Marling 2001).
Born in 1937 in…… [Read More]
Beirne, Logan. Blood of Tyrants: George Washington & the Forging of the Presidency. New York: Encounter Books, 2014.
The book explores the beliefs and specific actions undertaken by George Washington as he spearheaded the distinct meaning of the United States Constitution in the midst of the battle for independence. Blood of Tyrants delineates the manner in which the role of being President of the United States was fused and amalgamated with that of Commander in Chief, owing to the course of the American Revolution. In particular, subsequent to independence, when determining the role of America's first ever President, the public revered and had a high regard for the excellent leadership demonstrated by George Washington, who was a recognized and sure success. Washington was deemed to be a lively motivating commander, valiant and courageous; he endeavored to ensure the protection of all Americans for the benefit of the new…… [Read More]
Arterial Blood Gas Samples
Instructions for the Sampling of Arterial Blood for Blood Gas Analysis
This document provides the procedure for the drawing of arterial blood from human patients for use in the analysis of blood gasses.
This document is intended to provide proper and safe steps in the procedure used by respiratory therapists, phlebotomists, nurses and doctors for the procurement of human blood from extremity arteries for subsequent analysis of blood gases (Browning 1989).
This document covers recommended clinical practice for the sampling of arterial blood (Bruck1985). Because the nature of this procedure uses human clinical subjects and a biohazardous substance, human blood, significant explanation of safety and best clinical practice are covered in the information. Topics covered include:
Clinical Practice Guidelines
I. Safety Guidelines
Blood is considered a toxic and/or pathogenic substance;…… [Read More]
There is presently much controversy regarding the issue of dinosaurs, as the fact that experts have access to a limited amount of resources concerning this matter makes it difficult for them to express certainties concerning this particular animal reign. Even with the fact that there are presently no living dinosaurs to be dissected, scientists have come up with a series of theories based on how dinosaurs behaved. In spite of their physiology, most dinosaurs put across behavior characteristic to mammals and birds. One of the oldest debates in the history of dinosaur studies is related to the blood temperatures of these creatures, as some experts insist that they were cold-blooded while others maintain that they were warm-blooded. The presence of dinosaur fossils at high altitudes makes it possible for one to consider that dinosaurs were warm-blooded, taking into account that cold-blooded creatures typically evolve in warm areas.
All…… [Read More]
He has to object to it to keep from confronting it in himself. The Oklahoman is not so cynical, however, for he immediately grasps hold of Parr's contradiction and cries out, "Yeah, and how about hanging the bastard? That's pretty goddam cold-blooded too" (Capote 306). The Oklahoman objects to the murder, which he views as a product of that coldness which he hears in Parr's words. The Oklahoman may represent a kind of outsider, not yet tainted by the American thirst for blood and sentimentality. To save the killer, he is willing to grant mercy, if only it will help put an end to the coldness.
At this point another man, the Reverend Post, interjects his thoughts. He seems to understand something of mercy, but at the same time he despairs of ever seeing it: "ell,' he said, passing around a snapshot reproduction of Perry Smith's portrait of Jesus, 'any…… [Read More]
Mechanism's For Controlling Blood Sugar Levels:
The blood glucose level is the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood that is also referred to as plasma glucose level and expressed as millimoles per litre. While blood glucose levels are measured in order to diagnose and monitor diabetes, it's also important to monitor these levels in certain situations, especially with increasing age and during pancreatitis and pregnancy. Under normal circumstances, blood sugar levels usually stay within a daily narrow limit of between 4 and 8 millimoles per litre. In addition, the levels of blood glucose in the body are usually higher after meals and lowest in the morning. Nonetheless, the body has certain mechanisms that help in controlling blood glucose levels under normal and stress conditions.
The body basically maintains a minimum level of glucose in the blood and also limits surges of glucose after a meal by about 70…… [Read More]
Warm-blooded vs. Cold-looded Animals
Most animals can be classified as either warm-blooded or cold-blooded. For example, all mammals and birds are warm-blooded, while all reptiles, amphibians, insects and fish are cold-blooded. As the owner of a leopard gecko, which is cold blooded, and a dog, which is warm-blooded, I chose this topic for my essay because I wanted to understand exactly what it means to be warm-blooded or cold-blooded, and how these creatures differ.
asically, the temperature of an animal's blood is directly related to its body temperature. Warm-blooded creatures keep the inside of their bodies at a consistent temperature by generating their own body heat when they are in a cold environment, and cooling their body heat down when they are in a hot place. In order to create heat, warm-blooded animals transform all consumed food into energy. In comparison to cold-blooded animals, warm-blooded animals must eat a lot…… [Read More]
Power of Blood in Shakespeare's Macbeth
Blood is powerful when it comes to invoking images and illiam Shakespeare knew when he wrote Macbeth, the audience would remember everything with blood imagery sprinkled throughout the drama. Blood imagery helps emphasizes the extrreme change in Macbeth's character and it is compelling because blood is vital for life. hen we see blood, we generally think of life or death in some or another.ith Macbeth, Shakespeare reminds us not only of the loss of life but the loss of sanity that also occurs as a result of the death that occurs in the play. As the play progresses, blood represents guilt, which eats Macbeth alive. Later, we associate blood with justice. Blood symbolizes the lives and minds that are lost in the play.
Blood is present from the easrly moments in the play, establishing an eerie mood. Mark Van Doren writes Macbeth's world is…… [Read More]
Similarly this discovery has also given hope to millions of patients of some blood-related diseases such as Thalassemia where regular blood transfusion is important. Many children at the time of birth may require blood change because of internal complications. Savings of lives of thousands of patients has become possible now because of blood types discovery.
Blood types can often be used in legal cases concerning paternity. Though it cannot prove paternity, it can help in making certain exclusions. However blood types cannot be used as evidence in the court of law. The interesting part is the exclusions it can help in making. A blood stain or sample found at the crime scene may not help determine who it belonged to but it can tell who it did not belong to and that can facilitate the investigation. In the cases of paternity too, blood groups can help in determining paternity in…… [Read More]
"The antigens are located on the surface of the red blood cells and the antibodies are in the blood plasma. Individuals have different types and combinations of these molecules" (Blood group, 2010, Nobel Prize).
The ABO and h classifications of blood type are the most important systems of differentiation from a medial perspective. The mismatching of these types can cause the immune system to attack the cells in a hostile fashion during a transfusion. "Mixing incompatible blood groups leads to blood clumping or agglutination, which is dangerous for individuals. The clumped red cells can crack and cause toxic reactions. This can have fatal consequences" (Blood group, 2010, Nobel Prize).
"There are two antigens and two antibodies that are mostly responsible for the ABO types. The specific combination of these four components determines an individual's type
(O'Neil 2009). However, "individuals with type O blood do not produce ABO antigens which mean…… [Read More]
Wrong Blood in Tubes
Mr. Smith has been working at North West University Hospital for the better part of 30 years as an Advance Nurse Practitioner (APN). During that time he has been exceedingly pleased with the reputation that this facility has received throughout both the metropolis and the state at large. When he was simply a egistered Nurse, he took a hands-on interest in critical human resources processes such as interviewing and screening potential candidates to ensure that they had the proper qualifications to make their work at the hospital as best aligned with the current staff and its company as possible. He took pride in recommending certain individuals to H, and was rarely wrong about the sort of individuals he helped to hire.
Within the coming 12 months, however, Smith -- who has long been contemplating retirement -- will stop working and dedicate the rest of his life…… [Read More]
rong Blood in Tube
In a hospital environment, it can sometimes be difficult to pay attention to detail with many tasks. However, it is often the case that paying close attention to detail can save lives in many instances. Blood in the wrong tube (BIT) can occur when a blood specimen is taken from a patient and labeled incorrectly for a variety of reasons. Blood can be taken from the wrong patient and mislabel or the blood from the correct patient can be also labeled with the wrong patient information. hen this happens a patient can be given the wrong pathology results and may receive the wrong treatment which can significantly reduce health outcomes.
ithin 35 days within the Orange County Hospital has experienced 11 BIT specimens. The accompanying investigation of each BIT has uncovered a wide spread problem within the institution. There was mostly likely user error in these…… [Read More]
There is also ample evidence in the book that Smith is indeed severely unbalanced, if not an outright paranoid schizophrenic. During the trial, he notes of Herb Clutter, the patriarch of the family that Smith slaughtered on the same night he first met them, and whom he vaguely attempted to reassure as he tried to rob the man's house, "I wasn't kidding him. I didn't want to harm the man. I thought he was a very nice gentleman. Soft-spoken. I thought so right up to the moment I cut his throat" (Capote 244). This kind of statement shows the general mental and psychological state that Smith maintained during the crime and the trial, yet the judge would not let such evidence be presented and effectively asks for the death penalty in his final instructions to the jury, following the close of the defense's case. This case took only a day…… [Read More]
"Used, manipulated," and "violated" was one veteran's assessment of his experience in being drafted and serving in the military (erry 55). However, others became career soldiers, such as Sergeant Major Edgar Huff. Still others felt a sense of energy and purpose serving in Vietnam, and one of them, Manny Holloman even remembers his days as a soldier fondly, and misses his life in Vietnam. Manny even learned Vietnamese and married a Vietnamese woman, although he was forced to leave her behind after the Americans left Vietnam.
he fact that so few whites were willing to serve in the armed forces, and so many more African-Americans served in disproportionate numbers has one unintentionally positive effect -- more African-Americans rose to higher ranks in the service, as well as became politically mobilized for their fellow veterans upon returning home, such as one veteran who became active in the veteran's rights movement after…… [Read More]
James Jones' Bad Blood is certainly one of the most popular books to emerge from 1990s decade. The book can have a profoundly disconcerting impact on the readers but is definitely worth reading because of the well-researched contents. This book exposes the unethical behavior of government and medical community, which resulted in the death of hundreds of black men during a torturous government-sponsored Tuskegee Syphilis project which lasted 40 years and caused immense harm to poor illiterate African-American families.
The project that began in 1930s continued for 40 long years in which 400 black men with syphilis were studied by medical professionals who wanted to see how the diseases progressed in black men even though the..."germ that causes syphilis, the stages of the disease's development, and the complications that can result from untreated syphilis were all known to medical science."
The sheer brutality of the study was revealed when it…… [Read More]
But Perry, there was, in Dick's opinion, something wrong with little Perry (p. 108).
Clue: Dick feels Perry is mentally unbalance, but fails to see his own behavior as anything but "normal," when it is far from it
Precognition that Perry is tainted
They shared a doom against which virtual was no defense (p. 185).
Clue: Perry's sister Barbara sees Perry also as damaged goods.
Rivalry and one-upmanship going out of hand.
[Dick] was holding the knife. I asked him for it, and he gave it to me, and I said, 'All right, Dick. Here goes.' But I didn't mean it. I meant to call his bluff, make him argue me out of it, make him admit he was a phony and a coward. See, it was something between me and Dick. I knelt down beside Mr. Clutter, and the pain of kneeling -- I thought of that goddam dollar.…… [Read More]
The picture to the left depicts the various elements that are responsible for thermoregulation in human skin. The illustrations shows the various layers of skin along with the veins, arteries and capillaries of the circulatory system that assist in insuring that the thermoregulatory system works properly. The sweat glands are responsible for selectively removing materials from the blood the sweat glands then concentrates or alters these toxins, and secretes them for elimination from the body. The perspiration or sweat is then removed through the sweat pore. This has a twofold purpose: to remove toxins and thermoregulation (in this case cooling the body).
Thermoregulation involving perspiration is brought about by both internal and environmental heat and exercise. As it relates to the latter, there have been many studies related to exercise and thermoregulation. According to Marino (2004)
"thermoregulatory effector responses of humans and concluded that temperature regulation during exercise is dissimilar…… [Read More]
hanging Blood Transfusion Policy and Practice" by atherine Stupnyckyj, RN, Sheryl Smolarek, BSN, RN, ON, olleen Reeves, BSN, RN, ON, Judith McKeith, BSN, RN, MSRN, and Morris Magnan (December 2014), American Journal of Nursing, 114(12), 50-59
What is the problem that the research is addressing?
hallenging, the "that's the way we've always done it" mindset and citing the dearth of scientific evidence in support of using 20-gauge or larger catheters for blood transfusions, Stupnyckyj et al. (2014) systematically analyzed existing guidelines and consulted with experts to identify optimal catheter gauge sizes for blood transfusions. In sum, the authors cite a paucity of timely and relevant research concerning the use of…… [Read More]
Using Bobby Rupp's testimony to interrupt the story of the killers creates an abrupt and deeply personal shift of focus. His description of Nancy, his on-again/off-again girlfriend, shows how much the Clutter's were cared for and respected in the community: "Nancy was wearing socks and soft slippers, blue jeans, I think a green sweater" -- Rupp's memory of details helps the reader to clearly picture this victim (51). The abruptness of the shift in focus also mirrors the abrupt change in circumstances -- for the community, the murderers, and most obviously the Clutters themselves -- that the murders created with shocking suddenness.
Capote creates a concrete and palpable tone in the section beginning "The cider-tart odor.." On page 206 of in Cold Blood by using words that evoke the sense of death and decay now that the murders have been committed. His language choices juxtapose images of life and…… [Read More]
Reading Between the Historical Lines
Perhaps the most important thing that a reader can learn from reading Scott Martelle's recounting of a bloody conflict between coal miners and coal mine owners (and the groups that they represented both directly and indirectly) is that history is as much about what is left out as it is about what is included. While this may be rather obvious in terms of large-scale wars, it is far less so for minor historical events, although Martelle demonstrates that what constitutes a "minor" as opposed to a more important historical event can itself be a part of the erasure that occurs in history when the victors get to write the authoritative accounts. One of the spoils that go to the victors is the chance to paint the other side as evil as possible and themselves as white as driven snow. By telling the stories…… [Read More]
" (North, 2005)
As indicated from the literature review, an effective approach to establishing a performance improvement process is to establish a 'Champion" to drive the process through the organization and to obtain ensure management is on track with the program and the efforts of the performance improvement staff
. The role of nurses in performance improvement programs is critical and integral to the overall effectiveness of the program. According to, "Nurses are critical to the delivery of high-quality, efficient care. Lessons from Magnet program hospitals and hospitals implementing front-line staff driven performance improvement programs such as Transforming Care at the Bedside illustrate how nurses and staff, supported by leadership, can be actively involved in improving both the quality and the efficiency of hospital care." (Needleman, Hassmiller, 2009)
The reference is to illustrate how critical nurses are to the overall effectiveness of a performance improvement program. The time…… [Read More]
cult TV series (e.g. True Blood) watched, making
Television of Steel
There are several different definitions of, and criteria for, what constitutes a cult television series. Smallville, however, is one of the few television series that fulfills nearly all such requisites for the attaining of cult status. The show was broadcast before a national audience during prime time hours for 10 years, has won a host of awards, and generated a following that has spanned so many different genres, media, and spin-offs, that virtually the only word to describe it would be cult. However, one of the primary factors that readily afforded Smallville to be able to attain a cult like status was in place well before a single scene was shot or before a solitary actor had been cast. The fact that Smallville was based on the character of Superman, originally a DC Comics character and best selling title,…… [Read More]
Management of Occupational Exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens:
Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus
his paper is written specifically for health care professionals who may, at some point during the course of their workday, be exposed to certain bloodborne pathogens, potentially resulting in serious illness. herefore, it is important that these professionals create and maintain a plan to address key issues that may arise during the testing and care of potentially infected patients. By writing this article, the authors hope to establish a standard procedure for dealing with occupational exposure to the pathogens for healthcare workers while also reviewing much of the current information available.
he authors note that there have been many studied performed over the years that deal with exposure to bloodborne pathogens, but this article attempts to combine them into one coherent plan for all healthcare workers to follow. hey reference several studies that…… [Read More]
Blood by Suzan-Lori Sparks expands on the main theme of society's unfair disregard for its people of low condition in general, for women, and for adulterers. Hester La Negrita, the protagonist, is an African-American woman who struggles to survive in poverty along with her five base-born children. The family's outcast status is portrayed as a direct inducer and accelerator of emotional suffering, poverty, lack of education, and sexual exploitation.
(A) From a structural perspective, In the Blood is constructed in two acts and nine scenes, employing a linear plotline (ush, 2005). In this sense, the play debuts with the equilibrium of Hester striving to provide for her children in meager conditions, the inciting incident represented by the suggestion to seek help from the available former lovers and fathers of her children, the major dramatic question of whether or not she will attain it, the developing action as Hester approaches everend…… [Read More]
blood ion levels, particularly sodium, potassium, and calcium levels, if there is a decrease in overall blood flow to the kidneys. A full credit answer will discuss the mechanisms at the cellular and chemical level.
Kidney failure: What occurs when there is a decrease in blood flow to the kidneys?
A decrease in blood flow to the kidneys can lead to complete organ failure at worst or at minimum severely disrupt the body's state of homeostasis. The kidneys play a critical role in the regulation of electrolytes, particularly sodium, potassium, and calcium. As their name suggests electrolytes, or ions, "are the charged particles in body fluids that help transmit electrical impulses for proper nerve, heart, and muscle function" (Astle 2005). In a healthy organism, positive and negative ions are in a state of equal balance. Decrease in blood flow to the kidneys severely disrupts the body's ability to not only…… [Read More]
Stockley devotes much of his narrative to explaining the psychological implications of the massacre, specifically how it has impacted both blacks and whites in their mentality of Southern society and politics. He argues, "it will not be enough to make the case that what occurred in Phillips County had to do with economics and power" (Stockley, xix). Rather it is an understanding and acknowledgement of the South's violent past that has hitherto been ignored and neglected.
Although Stockley presents a convincing argument for how this event has shaped southern thinking in terms of intra-racial history. view this book more as a social framing for the events of the Elaine Massacre. Stockley fully captures the social, economic and political circumstances that surrounded this event and increases our understanding of historical memory. However, his claim that both whites and blacks have not fully embraced the South's violent past seems to be a…… [Read More]
The theme of gende and sexuality is elated to social powe. In Repoducing Empie: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Impeialism in Pueto Rico, Biggs shows how ace, class, gende, and powe ae inteelated and inteconnected. Pueto Rican cultue has been sexualized, and the sexualization of Pueto Rico has been lagely o exclusively the pojection of white Anglo-Saxon Potestant values placed upon a dake-skinned, Catholic populace. The esult has been the conceptualization of an exotic otheness, coupled with a simultaneous fea. Pueto Ricans have been citicized as developing a cultue of povety in the United States, and Pueto Rican families ae blamed.
Regading the theme of gende and sexuality and how it is elated to citizenship and immigation, Biggs shows that white Ameicans have pojected the cultue of povety on Pueto Rico by blaming Pueto Ricans, athe than acknowledging the sociological oots of the poblem that can be taced to…… [Read More]
Design Project -- A&P Lab
Ammonia (NH3) is produced by cells located throughout the body; most of the production occurring in the intestines, liver, and the kidney, where it is used to produce urea. Ammonia is particularly toxic to brain cells, and high levels of blood ammonia can also lead to organ failure. The imaginary organelle referred to as a hydrosome functions in a manner that decreases the blood ammonia levels in people, thereby circumventing the need for medications such as to treatment to prevent hepatic encephalopathy and conditions associated with a failing liver. The hydrosome functions similarly to a primary lysosome, also containing a highly acidic interior with lytic enzymes called hydrolases. However, the waste disposal that the hydrosome conducts serves to convert ammonia to a water-soluble waste that is then excreted by the kidneys.
About this Organelle
I came up with the idea for this organelle…… [Read More]
The desperation evident in the tone of the book makes it clear that this preservation is a last ditch effort, and would be unnecessary if taking a life was truly disallowed.
Towards the end of the book, when Capote is both narrating Smith's writing of his account of his own life and presenting large chunks of this narrative in what purports to be Smith's own hand, Capote comments that "Smith's pencil sped almost indecipherably as he hurried," signaling the extreme desperation on the part of this author, as well (Capote 339). The taking of a life is something that cannot be condoned, but the psychological anguish Smith goes through is worse than the deaths he inflicted in his crimes. It is certainly arguable that Smith deserves such anguish and worse, but society deserves better than to be responsible for inflicting such torture. When life is held in enough esteem to…… [Read More]
Workflow Analysis Of A Selected Nursing Activity
The Tele-Management System
Medication errors have resulted to numerous injuries, which has led to some healthcare providers adopting IT systems such as electronic records and information systems as a measure to minimize the errors. The adoption of these technologies involves several stakeholders, but most importantly, the informatics nurses. These nurses play an important role in optimization by representing the needs of clinicians. In addition, they also assist in improving technological solutions in case of technological hitches with the IT systems. When hospitals adopt technology solutions, it will influence their workflow process (McGonigle and Mastrian, 2012).
The informatics nurses come in to redesign the workflow to accommodate the solution, through evaluation of tasks that will require the utilization of technology. However, the solutions adopted should allow for exchange of information across different hospitals to improve or eliminate dependence on one…… [Read More]
esearch shows that Social media is playing a huge part when it comes to the health care industry. One study done by DC and Interactive Group shows that beyond 90% of individuals from the ages 18-24 mentioned they would rely on health data discovered on social media channels. The study showed that one in two adults utilize their smart phone to find health information. Even patients are going to the internet to converse about the care they are getting: 50% of individuals mentioned they would share negative or positive situations of a medical facility or hospital, and 52% made the point they would not waver to post comments about a nurse, doctor, or healthcare supplier on social media (iberio, 2013).
Monitoring Patient Vital Signs via Mobile Computing vs. In-Patient Visits
The Internet is exceptional for the reason that it provides the chance to the public and healthcare professionals…… [Read More]
Nursing Case Study
The first concern is that Mrs. Baker is taking a new drug that has side effects such as she is experiencing. Although the other high blood pressure medication has similar side effects (Drugs.com, 2012), she has been taking it for a long period of time and should not be experiencing as much difficulty. It seems germane to ask her how long she has been taking the hydrochlorothiazide though. One of the first thoughts is how well do the two medications work together, which is something her doctor understands, and if she can have an increase in side effects because of the increase in medication. The second question the symptoms, especially the fact that she seemed "confused and beside herself" on the phone, is to determine if there are other symptoms of stroke. Her breathing difficulties could be a symptom of the medication, and so could the confusion,…… [Read More]
elationship between cardiac arrest and coronary cardiac disease
The heart is an essential organ in the human body, it keeps the individual alive. Understanding how the heart operates and functions is essential to help protect your heart from heart disease. Cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease are significant heart related illness that has a high mortality rate. It is important for individuals with pre-existing heart disease to understand the symptoms of cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease, since these are both leading causes of fatality in the United States. Understanding how the heart works, the individuals risk for heart disease, and how to prevent or delay heart disease is essential. In this paper I will address the relationship between cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease. I will also explain how the heart functions and discuss some ways of preventing cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease.
Cardiac…… [Read More]
Scientists have been aware of the existence of these stem cells for many years but have only recently realized the potential medical applications of the cells. More than a decade ago, scientists discovered that if the normal connections between the early cellular progeny of the fertilized egg were disrupted, the cells would fall apart into a single cell progeny that could be maintained in a culture. These dissociated cells, otherwise known as embryonic stem cell lines, continue to divide in culture, producing large numbers of cells at a fast pace. However, these early embryonic cells would lose the coordinated activity.
Scientists quickly discovered that these cells retain the ability to generate a great number of mature cell types in culture if they are provided with appropriate molecular signals (Reaves, 2001). Scientists have made significant progress in discovering these signals and are still working on it. While it is a difficult…… [Read More]