Brewing Essays (Examples)

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Manual Picking of the 18th

Words: 2351 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20903821

In England, one of the premier locations for growing Hops in the 18th century was Kent. Kent has a long history with the growing and curing of hops; "The cultivation of hops for brewing was, in fact, introduced to Kent by Flemish brewers in the 16th century," (Kent County Council 2007:2). Once the popularity of hops exploded in England, it was Kent that vastly benefited from the rich soil and close proximity to massive amounts of seasonal laborers available to manually work the fields in the 18th century. Kent alone employed over 80,000 workers in the harvesting, drying, and sale of hops during the 18th and 19th centuries; "thousands of acres of Kent's countryside were devoted to growing hops in fields known as 'hop gardens,' with up to 80,000 people involved in the annual harvest at hop-picking time in September," (Kent County Council 2007:2). The region found great success in…… [Read More]

References

Chambers's Encyclopedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People. (1873). Vol. 10. Philadelphia J.B. Lippincott & Co.

Fluckiger, Frierich August & Hanbury, Daniel. (1874). Pharmacographis, a History of the Principle Drugs of Vegetable Origin. London: Macmillan and Co.

Kent County Council. (2007). Hops and Downs: A Taste of Mid-Kent. Retrieved 12 Nov 2009 at http://www.kent.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/1913EEC2-B192-4378-9D53-FAB0AFF870D5/0/FoodTrailsHopsandDowns.pdf

Madison County. (2005). Hop map. Heritage Trail. Madison County, New York. Retrieved 13 Nov 2009 at http://www.madisoncounty.org/Plan/HeritageTrail/HopMapback17x22.pdf
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Molson From Your Perspective Were

Words: 1276 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51994555



From his entry to the company, Ian and his side of the family was summarily ousted and perceived as outsiders. Ian claimed that Eric "refused to work with him" and as a result had "destabilized the company," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The cousins had clearly outlined roles within the company so their conflict was not necessarily due to intrarole conflict or to jurisdictional ambiguity. However, their personalities did appear to clash. Ian was obviously to more brash and outgoing of the two and Eric has been described as a "shy man who was uncomfortable with public speaking," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The clash between the cousins led to significant intergroup and intragroup conflicts. Each believed the other incompetent, and each believed that his methods and strategies were more effective than the other's. Eric leveraged his superior position as Chairman of the Board and his…… [Read More]

References

Eric Molson Retains Control of Brewery." (2004). Modern Brewery Age. July 5, 2004. Retrieved Mar 31, 2007 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3469/is_27_55/ai_n6133475

Vying for Control of Molson Inc." (nd).
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South African Breweries There Are a Few

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52881341

South African Breweries

There are a few important trends in the international brewing industry. The first is consolidation (Fletcher, 2011). With slowing demand in major markets, many large brewers are seeking to do two things: improve their economies of scale and gain access to new markets. This has led to successive rounds of consolidation in the industry, with most of the world's largest brewing companies now global conglomerates of strong regional brands. For SAB, this has meant not only consolidating the firm's home territory of Africa, but exploring options outside the continent as well.

The second major trend in the international beer industry is that growth has shifted to emerging markets. In the major beer-drinking markets, consumption is either stagnant or shrinking, and this has led to a quest for growth elsewhere. Many emerging markets have large populations and as these markets become more attuned to beer drinking, some of…… [Read More]

References:

China Daily. (2002). SAB aims to be biggest beer maker. China Daily. Retrieved November 13, 2011 from http://www.china.org.cn/english/investment/27117.htm

Fletcher, C. (2011). SABMiller Chief Mackay forsees more consolidation in global beer industry. Bloomberg. Retrieved November 13, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-03-29/sabmiller-chief-mackay-foresees-more-consolidation-in-global-beer-industry.html
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Methods of Refrigeration

Words: 1622 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93009864

Refrigeration in American Craft rewing Industry

The purpose of this study is to examine the use and operation of various refrigeration systems used in the American Craft rewing industry. This includes such as glycol chillers, walk-in evaporative coolers and refrigerated dispensing systems including how the systems work and their function in the brewing process.

Condenser Cooling

Condenser cooling uses air or water and it is reported that each of the methods are characterized by both strengths as well as weaknesses. Air-cooled compressors are reported to potentially "lose significant cooling capacity on a hot day" and this is when the capacity for cooling is most needed. The water-cooled systems are reported to be more efficient in their operation but at the same time to make a requirement of "more maintenance and investment cost." (Prochiller, nd, p.8) Cold box refrigeration systems make provision of cooling for "a small direct-draw box cooler or…… [Read More]

Bibliography

A Brewery Glycol System Guide (nd) Prochiller. Retrieved from:  http://www.prochiller.com/files/GLYCOLGUIDE.pdf 

Evaporative Cooler (nd) Instructables. Retrieved from:  http://www.instructables.com/id/Evaporative-Cooler-1/ 

King, MP (nd) CHILLER SYSTEMS AND GLYCOL USE . Chiller TechNet Document #1021. Seven Considerations. Retrieved from: http://www.legacychillers.com/cms_data/uploads/ChillerTechNet-Chiller%20Systems%20and%20Glycol.pdf EVERYTHING YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT GLYCOL

Refrigerated liquid dispensing system (2014) U.S. 20060080993 A1. Google Patents. Retrieved from:  http://www.google.com/patents/US20060080993
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Delight Is in the Details

Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40732212

Other smells that give the shop character include the manure on farmers' boots, the odor of chain saw oil on loggers wearing flannel, wool, Carhart jeans, and dingy ball caps. The self-serve counter also offers up some tantalizing smells, such as hot dogs, pizza, hamburgers, and chili. All these smells combined remind me of the rodeo that comes through town. The aromas in the shop enhance the experience because they unify the entire experience.

The little store is truly a one-stop shop in that you can find almost anything you need. For example, the shelves are lined with the regular products you would expect to see in any shop including pharmaceutical items, such as pink, blue and green thermometers hanging from racks; staple groceries like Wonder bread with its red, blue and yellow packaging; toilet paper; liquor; cigarettes and Skoal; candy bars, ranging from Hershey bars to the healthy fiber…… [Read More]

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Corporate Mergers and Public Good

Words: 3815 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52676350

Corporate Mergers and the Public Good

The United States of America, during the last years of the Nineteenth Century, witnessed a rash of corporate mergers. The Industrial Revolution had taken firm hold, and the nation was changing rapidly. Millions of Americans who had once been independent farmers or tradesmen now found themselves in the position of what some termed "wage slaves." At the mercy of their corporate employers, they worked long hours at low pay, and often under appalling conditions. The reasons for the merger mania of this period are many and complex, as are its effects upon the population as a whole. In breaking down the traditional vocational environment, the gigantic new conglomerates also transformed the entire social landscape. ork was no longer a family business shared by all generations. Communities no longer clung together for mutual protection and aid. Suddenly, the citizen of this new world was out…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Applebaum, Herbert. The American Work Ethic and the Changing WorkForce: An Historical Perspective. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Aronowitz, Stanley. False Promises: The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992.

Atack, Jeremy. (1985). "Industrial Structure and the Emergence of the Modern Industrial Corporation" Explorations in Economic History 22, 48.

Champlin, Dell P., and Janet T. Knoedler. "Corporations, Workers and the Public Interest." Journal of Economic Issues 37.2 (2003): 305+.
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Anheuser One of the Many

Words: 1299 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18521246



Many problems surface for companies such as Anheuser-Busch because the company believes that their 'global' presence means they can act and do what ever it is they think is best. Such an attitude does not work well in China, because of the hundreds of brewers that provide cheap beer on a regional and local basis. Many Chinese citizens would rather drink their local beer than the 'global' beer for two reasons, once of which is loyalty but the other which is price. These are two factors that the global company has to consider when entering the Chinese market.

One of the most prevalent problems experienced by Anheuser-Busch (or any brewery) in China could be the lack of a coherent, comprehensive distribution network.

Events to consider when attempting to distribute a product that quickly loses its appeal, flavor and freshness (such as beer) would normally entail scheduling refrigerated trucks for pick-up…… [Read More]

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Boag's Australia Is Considered to Be a

Words: 1467 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71745454

Boag's

Australia is considered to be a major beer drinking country, something that has traditionally provide a robust market for producers. Inter-state trade barriers have allowed for brewers in each state to flourish, something that benefitted James Boag, with its small domestic market in Tasmania. Boag's was able to use this strength to support its expansion endeavours, which ranged from the rest of Australia to as far away as the United States (Gale Group, 2004). The company faces some major challenges in the environment, including a social trend away from industrial beer, something that is forcing breweries both in Australia and around the world to seek out new opportunities. There are opportunities out there, however, a function of globalization and the information economy that increases the ability of companies to expand overseas and lowers the costs associated with marketing and market entry when they get there.

Social Environment

There are…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Fenner, R. (2010). Australia beer market may shrink as consumer tastes change, Foster's says. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 17, 2012 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-10-21/foster-s-group-says-australian-beer-market-to-fall-own-share-stabilized-.html

Gale Group. (2004). Tasmanian beer enters U.S. market. Interactive Business Network Resource Library. Retrieved May 17, 2012 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3469/is_n16_v41/ai_9109311/

Gluyas, R. & Speedy, B. (2011). Beer marketing guru explains why Foster's went flat. The Australian. Retrieved May 17, 2012 from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/mergers-acquisitions/beer-marketing-guru-explains-why-fosters-went-flat/story-fn91vdzj-1226144941376

Thomson, J. (2010). Marketing experts point to lessons as beer sales hit 60-year low. Smart Company. Retrieved May 17, 2012 from http://www.smartcompany.com.au/food-and-beverages/20100528-marketing-experts-point-to-lessons-as-beer-sales-hit-60-year-low.html
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Nike Television Advertisements as an Ordinary Girl

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98470740

Nike television advertisements, as an ordinary girl is transformed into an Olympic runner. Bombarding the airwaves during the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, the "You're faster than you think" campaign is an example of Nike's ability to produce engaging, effective television commercials. hile the ultimate success of these advertising campaigns can only be seen in the quarterly reports of the corporations, from a design and marketing standpoint, the Nike ad is eminently successful. The "You're faster than you think" campaign promotes brand awareness and creates a brand imprint in the consumer brain, but the commercials are also artistic, clever, and entertaining. However, Nike is a large Fortune-500 company with a substantial marketing and advertising budget. Smaller companies such as those listed in Inc. magazine work with a smaller budget and therefore generally produce less dramatic television commercial spots. Moreover, smaller companies cannot afford the prime time Olympics spots like Nike can.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Amazon.com http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/subst/home/home.html/102-4.

Fortune.com http://www.fortune.com/fortune/fortune500?promoid=cnnmoney.

Inc.500." Inc.com. http://www.inc.com/resources/inc500/index.html.

Nike.com http://www.nike.com/main.html.
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Strategic Marketing Plan Angostura LTD Related Company

Words: 3855 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15713526

strategic marketing plan ANGOSTUA LTD related company ( alcohol related). identifing incorporating marketing objective. Use format: SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS -Introduction -Company background -Vision -Mission (analyse) -Corporate objectives (financial & financial) -Portfolio analysis BCG show SBU -For SBU selected state critical success factors, unique resources & core competences give a competitive advantage INDUSTY & ENVIONMENT ANALYSIS -pestle implications -SPICC a table -7S's a table -7P's a table -Key drivers change -sector trends COMPETITO ANALYSIS -Porters forces -Identify major competitors, analyse including strategies -Customer analysis competitor -Portfolio analysis competitor -Company's SWOT -Two major competitor's SWOT PODUCT / MAKET FOCUS -Marketing & Product Objectives, SMAT objectives -Target Market -Segmentation -differentiation -positioning MAKETING POGAMME -Include marketing mix, financial data projections (past current sales revenue 3-year forcast (budget) showing sales, gross operating profit) -Option Ansoff growth strategy (choice & ) 2 strategies needed, market penetration objective -Promotional Gantt chart -Assumptions & Contengencies -Control.

Strategic marketing plan…… [Read More]

References:

Clark, W., 2011, Heineken SWOT analysis, eHow, http://www.ehow.com/facts_6790153_heineken-SWOT-analysis.htmllast accessed on August 20, 2012

Dukcevich, D., 2001, Stock focus: alcoholic beverage companies, Forbes,  http://www.forbes.com/2001/04/09/0409sf.html  last accessed on August 20, 2012

Lamb, C.W., Hair, J.F., McDaniel, C., 2008, Essentials of marketing, Cengage Learning

Moore, D.S., 2009, The basic practice of statistics, Palgrave Macmillan
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Operations Management a Microbrewery in Colorado Is

Words: 2078 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48159267

Operations Management

A microbrewery in Colorado is growing rapidly. There is a long lead time for the purchase of new equipment, so management must make a demand forecast for the next couple of years in order to ensure that it has the capacity it needs to continue expansion. There are constraints, however, in particular with respect to access to key inputs. This casts uncertainty on the demand forecasts, such that simple extrapolation of current growth rates is going to be insufficient. A decision tree is used to help with the demand forecasting, taking into account different scenarios with respect to the growth patterns and the growth constraints.

This paper is based on a real world situation. The situation at hand is that of a small microbrewery, operating in Colorado. The microbrewery is five years old and has expanded annually since its inception. The brewery produces five beers regularly, and these…… [Read More]

References:

Morgan, J. (2013) Alaskan Brewing discontinues pale ale due to hop shortage. Craft Brewing Busines. Retrieved July 24, 2013 from  http://www.craftbrewingbusiness.com/ingredients-supplies/alaskan-brewing-discontinues-pale-ale-due-to-hop-shortage/ 

Welch, D. (2007). Hops shortage likely to boost price of beer. NPR. Retrieved July 24, 2013 from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=16245024

Brewers Association. (2013). Craft brewing facts. Brewers Association. Retrieved July 24, 2013 from http://www.brewersassociation.org/pages/business-tools/craft-brewing-statistics/facts
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Corona There Are a Number of Trends

Words: 1053 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77949531

Corona

There are a number of trends in the global beer industry. One is consolidation, where firms are using mergers and acquisitions to enter new markets and to achieve economies of scale. For a brewer like Modelo, consolidation means that the company becomes smaller relative to the industry's top firms. Modelo has does not compete (at least with Corona) on a cost-leadership strategy, so this trend does not matter much for production economies of scale but it does matter for marketing economies of scale. Corona is also leading a trend of premium beer brands competing in the marketplace. Products such as Stella Artois, Hoegaarden, Heineken and (in international markets) Budweiser are competing with this strategy in this is one of the most important growth markets in the industry.

Modelo's international expansion was made possible through the use of strategic partnerships with distributors. These partnerships allowed Modelo to penetrate internationally markets…… [Read More]

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Managing a New Product Launch Contemporary Marketing

Words: 1953 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16184690

Managing a New Product Launch

Contemporary Marketing

This paper discusses Keurig at home gourmet single-serve coffee product launch. Keurig is an established business attempting to break into the at-home single-serve product industry. It attempts to distinguish itself as a key player by offering gourmet coffee services. Coffee continues to be a booming product, with many opportunities. While coffee consumption continues to grow, there are many potential obstacles that Keurig may face. For example, there have always been many competitors in the market. There are two-serve and even single-serve vendors already in the market. The manner in which Keurig at home single-serve will attempt to distinguish its product successful is by promoting itself as an upscale provider to young, primarily male coffee drinkers interested in buying a high quality product with lots of variety. The odds are the company will do well if it markets its product to vendors that already…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, E.T. 2005 Feb, 28 "Keurig at home: Managing a new product launch.," Harvard

Business School.

Jordan, B.D., Ross, S.A. & Westerfield., R.W. 2003. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance. 6th

Ed. McGraw-Hill Irwin.
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Humulus Lupulus Common Hop

Words: 3720 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74382232

Humulus Lupulus

Hops (Humulus Lupulus) are well recognized and extensively grown for their use in preparing beer and lager. Whilst hops have been utilized in beer preparing in Europe from the oman times, they started their widespread utilization in Flanders in the 14th century. Hops got admired recognition in Britain in the 16th century for medical and drinking reasons. The pure characteristics given by the hops, developed beer as an everyday drink instead of water, in a lot of areas water was usually unhealthy for human utilization

The Hop plant is a perpetual climbing plant that in character strings itself around trees. It is an associate of the Cannabidaceae species. Hops and cannabis are the only two types in the family and there are a lot of resemblances amid hemp (Cannabis sativa) and the cultivated hop. However, there are no "chemical" connections amid them. The nettle family is in the…… [Read More]

References

Murakami, A. (2000). Hop variety classification using the genetic distance based on RAPD. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. May June 106(3): 157-161.

Yamazaki, T. (2000). Humulus lupulus L. var. cordifolius (Miq.) maxim. found in Chugoku District. Journal of Japanese Botany. April 75(2): 125.

Beatson, R.A. And T.E. Inglis (1999). Development of aroma hop cultivars in New Zealand. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. Nov. Dec. 105(6): 382-385.

De, K.D., F. David, et al. (1998). Automated reporting on the quality of hops and hop products. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 104(2): 75-82.
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Corona Modelo Has Grown From

Words: 1212 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49416560

Carlsberg also have the largest stable of brands in the country, and nationwide blanket distribution. Lastly, Corona has experience in dealing with Carlsberg, with whom it has distribution agreements Russia, Central Asia, Turkey and a number of other countries around the world.

Corona faces intense competition from InBev (now a-B InBev after its merger with Anheuser-Busch). InBev has a different model for international expansion, comprised of purchasing breweries all over the world. This secures the company local production and distribution. It has the potential to shut Corona out of its distribution chains, reducing Corona's ability to compete in some markets. In addition, two of a-B InBev's global brands -- Budweiser and Stella Artois -- compete directly with Corona is most markets as imported superpremium beers.

There are three tactics that Modelo can employ in order to compete against a-B InBev. The first is to shore up its distribution channels. If…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Haddock, F. (1999). The globalization of beer. Global Finance. Retrieved March 12, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3715/is_199907/ai_n8873084/

Singer, J. & Kesmodel, D. (2007). Why consolidation storm is brewing in beer industry. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 12, 2010 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB119262856498561983-email.html

No author. (2010). Beer in China in 2010: A market analysis. Access Asia. Retrieved March 12, 2010 from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reportinfo.asp?report_id=1204159

Datamonitor staff writer. (2010). Carlsberg to distribute Modelo's Corona Extra brand in nine new countries. Drinks Business Review. Retrieved March 12, 2010 from  http://www.drinks-business-review.com/news/carlsberg_to_distribute_modelos_corona_extra_brand_in_nine_new_countries_270209
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Heineken NV Is One of

Words: 1374 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84662554

They are able to extract premium pricing for what is otherwise an undifferentiated product, evidence of the brand's strength

The company is consistently profitable and has maintained a steady growth trajectory, including organic profit growth

Strong management has successfully negotiated Heineken through rapid consolidation and industry maturation, taking the company from a regional Dutch brewery to a global powerhouse in a few decades.

Heineken is a strong company, as evidenced by their track record of success. They have built a simple core of strengths by focusing on the beer business, refusing to be sidetracked by any distractions. This has allowed them to develop a relatively simple growth strategy and maintain it. The core of Heineken's strength is its ability to execute simple strategies very well.

eaknesses

Overleveraged…Heineken's expansions have left it with a balance sheet more suitable for a growth firm with high R&D costs, as opposed to a firm…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

2008 Heineken NV Annual Report. Retrieved May 14, 2009 from http://www.annualreport.heineken.com/downloads/Heineken_Annual_Report_08.pdf

Tiverton-Brown, Andy. (2008). China Usurps USA as World's Largest Beer Market. Euromonitor. Retrieved May 14, 2009 from http://www.euromonitor.com/China_usurps_USA_as_worlds_largest_beer_market

Singer, Jason & Kesmodel, David. (2007). Why Consolidation Storm is Brewing in Beer Industry. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2009 from http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB119262856498561983.html
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Strategic Management SAB Miller Strategic

Words: 1978 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55131771

(South African Breweries p l c)

Strategy to be followed

Parts of the possible strategy have been discussed earlier and let us seek justification for the strategies that have been talked about. It is clear that SAB has good operating practices and sales as that has enabled to go beyond its original base through acquisition of breweries in Eastern Europe, Asia and Central America during the last few years and operate them well. egarding the increased sales in foreign countries, now the company also has Miller Genuine Draft produced by Miller and Pilsner Urquell. Both these brands are now in the Miller distribution system and this is expected to improve sales in United States. Earlier Miller had been loosing market share in United States but now the leadership has been transferred to a large, growing beer company which is ready to compete. All the deals that the company has completed…… [Read More]

References

Group strategy. Retrieved August 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web:  http://www.sabmiller.com/SABMiller /Our+business/Global+leadership/Group+strategy/

Introduction & sources. Retrieved August 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web:
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Hostile Takeover -- the Modern

Words: 6689 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70747462



Types of Takeovers

There are several consequences of whether a takeover is considered hostile or friendly. These consequences are more in the practical business realm than legal ones. Hostile takeovers are riskier for the acquirer than friendly ones. In a friendly takeover, the bidder will have a better chance to examine the company and its health. If the board is amicable to the situation, they will provide a full disclosure of the company's strengths and weaknesses. In a hostile takeover, the bidder only has access to publicly available information. There may be situations within the company that have not been disclosed. This can be good or bad depending on the situation. The acquirer might get a pleasant surprise, or they might find out that they have bought a sinking ship. Due to the risk involved in a hostile takeover, it is often more difficult to obtain financing than for a…… [Read More]

References

Anheuser-Busch Wins Bidding for Chinese Brewery" (2004). Money. 3 June 2004. USA

Today. Accessed 22 May 2007 at http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/food/2004-06-03-china-brewer_x.htm.

CBR Staff Writer (2005). Shanda poised for hostile takeover bid of Sina. 23 February 2005. The Chronline. Accessed 23 May 2007 from www.cbronline.com/article_news.asp?guid=612C6FC4-9F8F-4057-83E8-10CA399A7B7A

ChrStaff Writer (2006). Motorola and Shanda enter mobile gaming partnership. 31 July 2006.
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Marketing Management and Marketing Questions

Words: 2108 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61855514

The proclivity to pass blame between organizational members also suggest an internal cultural shortcoming rooted in an unwillingness to take responsibility for planning failures. This is an unnecessary conflict which is derived from the onus on planning failure and the clear incapacity of the organization to rebound in its wake. This perspective and reality go hand in hand.

So may we observe this from an article regarding Toyota's ongoing struggles and its contingency efforts at damage control. Such a crisis can surely illuminate the behaviors that may be demanded in the face of unexpected planning failures. According to Takahashi (2010), "Toyota Motor Corp. said Friday it will temporarily halt production at its factories in France and the U.K. For a total of at least 12 days from late March, due to weaker demand for its vehicles in the region after a series of global safety recalls. The production suspension coincides…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

BBC News. (2002). Enron Scandal at-a-glance. British Broadcasting Company.

Online at .

Emshwiller, J.R. & Bravin, J. (2010). Justices to Weigh Venue in Skilling Case. Wall Street Journal. Online at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703940704575089781881501578.html?KEYWORDS=enron

Pierce, J. & Robinson, R. (2009). Strategic Management, 11th Edition. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Press.
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Merger Analysis in July 2008

Words: 943 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16152152

The constituent company's presence in China is geographically complementary, so that their respective distribution networks can be used to build each other's brands in their respective strongholds. Further, cost synergies of $1.5 billion annually are expected to accrue (Anheuser-Busch, 2008).

These claims are reasonable. There is little geographical overlap between the different brands. In particular in China, A-B is strong in the northeast, while InBev is strong in the southeast. The two companies are also complementary, with A-B strong in North America and InBev strong in Europe and South America. The experience of InBev in its previous major move in North America (the acquisition of Labatt's in Canada) was that it was able to build market share for InBev global brands by using the existing Canadian distribution system. Therefore, their expectation of replicating this success in the U.S. is reasonable. The claim of cost synergies is, however, questionable. hile InBev…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

No author. (2009). InBev completes Budweiser merger. BBC. Retrieved November 27, 2009 from  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7735953.stm 

No author. (2007). 2007 NAICS definition. NAICS. Retrieved November 27, 2009 from http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/sssd/naics/naicsrch?code=312120&search=2007%20NAICS%20Search

Press Release. (2008). InBev and Anheuser Busch agree to combine. Anheuser-Busch. Retrieved November 27, 2009 from  http://www.anheuser-busch.com /Press/PressImages/FINAL%20PRESS%20RELEASE.pdf

No author. (2009). Mergers and acquisitions: Definition. Investopedia. Retrieved November 27, 2009 from  http://www.investopedia.com/university/mergers/mergers1.asp
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Strategic Management SAB Miller SAB

Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6199053

In this sense, one could consider launching several new brands, specifically adapted to the South African market, created especially for it.

Second of all, in the markets where SA is a challenger, the main strategic objective is the increase of the company's market share. The current activity in this sense, with the acquisition of several important brands, seems to have delivered the expected results. As a pointer, it is advisable that the capacities in Central and South Eastern Europe be efficiently used, as these can provide significant scale economies for the company, given the lower overall production costs available in the countries. SA has already purchased local brands in Romania, Poland, Hungary or the Czech Republic, but, considering the particular efficiency of each of these local brands, the operating capacities can also be used to produce original SA brands (although in this case, one needs to consider the European market's…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. 2005. SAB Miller plc -Annual Report 2004. Page 2. On the Internet at   http://www.sabmiller.com/SABMiller /Financial+centre/Reports+and+results/Annual+reports+archive/ 

2. September 2003. Budweiser back in South Africa. SouthAfrica.info reporter. On the Internet at http://www.southafrica.info/doing_business/sa_trade/importing/budweiser.htm

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Brigham Young and the Expanding American Frontier

Words: 1113 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40148786

Brigham Young

At first, Young was ambivalent towards the Methodist -- or any other -- Church. He "held back from joining the Methodists" like his brothers had because of an "independent, deliberate personality" that rejected belief under pressure (8). Methodist revival meetings also turned Young off because of their "loud, crowded, and hyperactive" qualities," (8). Yet while living in the Auburn-Port Byron area, during an economic depression, he was "swept up by religious enthusiasm" and joined the Methodist Church in 1824 (13). The conversion turned out to be integral to Young's "program of self-improvement," (14). The Church prompted Young to give up swearing, one of his self-admitted habits. He experimented with vegetarianism, too, in an attempt to live an overall cleaner and healthier lifestyle. The religion also helped him to overcome his shyness and fear of public speaking (14). In addition to helping him on his personal path, the Methodist…… [Read More]

5. The Gold Rush altered the course of westward expansion, driving increasing numbers of non-Mormons to western lands and especially to California. The Gold Rush was therefore instrumental in preventing Young from entertaining the idea of moving the Mormon camp to California. Young feared a "renewed Mormon/non-Mormon conflict," (94). Mormon Samuel Brannan struck gold and was later excommunicated because he refused to tithe on his huge fortune (94-95). A large number of fortune-seeking trailblazers had made the path to the Great Salt Lake basin easier, which solidified the decision to settle in what is now Salt Lake City (95). Therefore, the Gold Rush had a huge impact on the geography of Mormon settlement. The Gold Rush also directly benefitted the Mormons economically, as gold seekers would stop in Salt Lake City en route to California.

6. By the 1850s, Salt Lake City's Mormon businesses were prospering due to trade with gold seekers. Young encouraged economic self-sufficiency and diversification from what could have easily been an agriculture-dependent economy. Young and the Mormons had brought "to the Great Basin 75 to 100 black slaves," a fact that Young "tried to conceal from federal officials" due to the brewing controversy over slavery in the new territories (104). In spite of this, Young was ambivalent about the Civil War because it represented for him the spiritual end times. When it became apparent that the North was headed for victory, Young took an opportunistic stance of supporting the Union but for strategic reasons only. Young remained staunchly pro-slavery. In 1850 also, Young encouraged the development of an "Iron Mission" that would take advantage of the wealth of raw materials like iron in the region (108). By the end of the 1850s, Young was involved in three "broad categories" of business: first, deals involving partnership with the Mormon Church; second, those involving partnerships with other businessmen; and third, those in which Young was the sole investor (149).

7. Although the Transcontinental Railroad did not pass directly through Salt Lake City, it benefitted the Mormon economy. At the same time, Young feared the large numbers of non-Mormons it would bring to the territory (179). Young agreed with the prevailing patriarchal view that men have dominion over women; that women were inherently inferior to men; and were also less intelligent (192). Moreover, women represented sin, temptation, and spiritual corruption. The United Order was "a system of economic cooperation that called upon selected Mormon communities to pool their equipment, their property, and their energy and work together," (199). It was therefore a system of socialist cooperatives. Variations depended on different levels of economic commitment to the cooperative.
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Global Branding of Stella Artois

Words: 2037 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42687859

Global randing of Stella Artois

Interbrew's centuries of experience in brewing, beer distribution and sales are all exemplified throughout their global dominance of worldwide beer consumption as presented in the case The Global randing of Stella Artois (eamish, Goerzen, 2012). With an exceptionally high price/Earnings ratio (P/E Ratio) indicating investor confidence in their brand, operations in 80 nations, with the top 10% of markets globally accounting for 86% of sales and 61% of volume production being generated by North America, Interbrew has a solid platform to build their future marketing, selling and product development strategies on. Despite a slow to no-growth level of performance for the global beer markets of just 1 to 2%, investor confidence continues for Interbrew and their performance over the time period of the case study, further signaling the strength of their operations and strategy execution (Marinov, Marinova, 1998). Interbrew faces the challenge of profitably growing…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beamish, P.W., & Goerzen, A. (2012). Global branding of Stella Artois. (). London: Ivey Management Services, a division of Richard Ivey School of Business.

Dezutter, B. (1997). Experiences of investing in Eastern Europe: A study of a multinational brewing company. European Business Review, 97(3), 139-144.

Hanon, B. (1996). The path to competitiveness: Strategies for investment in central Europe. Columbia Journal of World Business, 31(2), 76-85.

Hede, A., & Watne, T. (2013). Leveraging the human side of the brand using a sense of place: Case studies of craft breweries. Journal of Marketing Management, 29(1-2), 207.
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Anheuser-Busch's Budweiser PR Campaign Love Beer My

Words: 3699 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54134965

Anheuser-Busch's Budweiser PR Campaign

LOVE BEER. My favorite brand is by far Anheuser-Busch's top selling brand -- Budweiser. Or do I love beer? I just saw two lizards on channel forty-two tell me that Budweiser is what I crave. Anheuser-Busch has to continuously expand sales so that the corporation meets both all Street's and the Anheuser-Busch shareholder's 'expectations' for continued corporate profits. ell, they are not actually expectations at all -- no they are 'demands' for continued corporate profits. Therefore, it is crucial to Anheuser-Busch to convince me and the billions of beer lovers worldwide that not only do we love beer, but that we love Budweiser or one of the many Anheuser-Busch products.

It is sad to say that advertising to minors is often a part of those public relations marketing campaign. "Youth has its hazards. Cautioning adolescents about product dangers is a unique challenge for advertisers and policy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anheuser-Busch Companies.  http://www.anheuser-busch.com .

Biehal, Gabriel J. And Daniel A. Sheinin. "Managing The Brand In A Corporate Advertising Environment: A Decision-Making Framework For Brand Managers." Journal of Advertising Vol. 27 (1998).

De Marco, Donna. "Super Ads; Celebrities, Humor Highlight $2.2 Million Spots." The Washington Times [Washington] January 23, 2003.

Fox, Richard J., et al. "Adolescents' Attention To Beer And Cigarette Print Ads And Associated Product Warnings." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 27 (1998).
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Starbucks Continues to Define Coffee

Words: 2161 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84823878

Business and Corporate Strategies

Analyze the business-level strategies for the corporation you chose to determine the business-level strategy you think is most important to the long-term success of the firm and whether or not you judge this to be a good choice. Justify your opinion.

The most influential competitive business-level strategy that Starbucks has put in place is differentiation. Starbucks focused on creating an aspirational and consistent brand that would translate to different product markets (Thompson & Strickland, 1999). Starbucks offers a wide variety of coffee products, drinkware and accouterments, music and Wi-Fi, and personalized customer service (Flight, 2007). But the key differentiation perceived by Starbucks customers seems to be the ambience that is at once soothingly familiar and intellectually exciting (Thompson & Strickland, 1999).

Starbucks customers perceive that the company provides value through the beverages it provides and through a particular sensuality that is referred to as The Third…… [Read More]

References

Bower, J.L. And Hout, T.M. (1988, November). Fast-Cycle Capability for Competitive Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Review. Retrieved http://hbr.org/1988/11/fast-cycle-capability-for-competitive-power/ar/1

Flight, G. (2007, March 15). Grinding out success next to Starbucks: Coffee competitors' strategies for thriving in the shadow of the world's largest chain are as varied as the beans in their brews. Business 2.0 Magazine. CNN Money. Retreived  http://money.cnn.com/magazines/business2/business2_archive/2006/10/01/8387114/index.htm 

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2013). Strategic management: Concepts and cases: Competiveness and globalization (10th ed.). Mason, OH: South-

Western Cengage Learning.
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Mexican Drug War Mexico Is

Words: 2189 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70901193

Drug gangs also target priests across the country who preach against them. More than 1000 priests across the nation are threatened by the drug mafia. As Garcia, one of the priests in the village of Jacume Yards, which borders the U.S. says, "They don't like it that we preach and criticize them. They threatened to burn me and my family alive," [Lizbeth Diaz]

Mexico -- U.S. (a coordinated Approach)

The huge demand for drugs within the U.S. And the easy supply of Arms are two of the important factors that drive the drug cartels in Mexico. This implies that only a coordinated approach involving the active participation of both the governments would be effective in controlling the drug cartels and drug related crimes. President Calderon and former President George W. ush worked out the 'Merida initiative' which was passed in the U.S. congress in 2008. As per the Merida initiative…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1) Bernd Debussman, 'Latin America: Mexico Drug War Update', Accessed Oct 27th 2009, Available Online at, http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/604/mexico_drug_war_update

2) Stephanie Hanson, 'Mexico's Drug War', Accessed Oct 27th 2009, Available Online at, http://www.cfr.org/publication/13689/

3) Colleen W. Cook, 'CRS Report for Congress: Mexico's Drug Cartels', Accessed Oct 27th 2009, Available Online at,  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf 

4) Andrew D. Selee, 'Strengthening U.S.-Mexico Cooperation against Drug
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Era of Women's Rights and

Words: 2510 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70306552

In Iran, the American-backed Shah had become increasingly unpopular throughout the 1970s. The Shah fled Iran in 1979, finding temporary refuge in the United States. Religious extremist Ayatollah Khomeni easily filled Iran's political and social need for a backlash against American interventionism.

Iran's 1979 Revolution had a major impact on its relationship with the United States and with the rest of the world. hereas the Shah had guaranteed a steady supply of oil to the United States in exchange for "economic and military aid," the Ayatollah Khomeni did not ("The Hostage Crisis in Iran"). The situation created a second oil crisis and subsequent inflation. Moreover, the Iranian Revolution soured American relations with the nation when on November of 1979, Iranian militants "stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran and took approximately seventy Americans captive," ("The Hostage Crisis in Iran"). The hostage scenario symbolized the rise of terrorism and specifically, anti-American…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The 1964 Civil Rights Act to the Present." Infoplease.com. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858852.html

Aberman, Samara. "The War on Drugs." PBS NewsHourExtra. 2001. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/features/jan-june01/drug_war.html

Dirks, Tim. "Film History of the 1970s." The History of Film. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at  http://www.filmsite.org/70sintro.html 

Halber, Deborah. Seventies oil crisis was a 'perfect storm' for U.S. MIT. March 23, 2007. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2007/jacobs.html
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Starbucks NASDAQ Sbux Has Enjoyed

Words: 1585 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61330323

There may be more closings in North America, as the company has reached saturation in many areas. In response to the glut of new, underperforming stores that emerged in 2006, Starbucks will return to its core philosophies regarding location scouting. New store openings will be slow in the next couple of years, but when the economy begins to pick up the company is expected to resume opening new outlets to take advantage of the economic upswing.

Overall, the coffee industry is going to be subject to numerous challenges. As market leader, Starbucks will bear the brunt of the competitive challenges. However, they are well-positioned to weather these challenges. After a couple of relatively difficult years, Starbucks can be expected to leverage its various competitive strengths to regain dominance five years in the future.

orks Cited

Harris, Craig. (2008). Starbucks to close some stores, stop selling breakfast sandwiches. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Harris, Craig. (2008). Starbucks to close some stores, stop selling breakfast sandwiches. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 25, 2009 at http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/349349_sbuxearns31.html

Linn, Allison (2008). Starbucks to close 600 stores in the U.S. MSNBC. Retrieved January 25, 2009 at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/25482250/

Lomax, Alyce. (2008). Did Starbucks Just Supernova? Motley Fool. Retrieved January 25, 2009 at  http://www.fool.com/investing/value/2008/07/02/did-starbucks-just-supernova.aspx 

Shuey, Scott. (2007). Costa ready to beat Starbucks in UAE. Gulf News. Retrieved January 25, 2009 at http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/07/11/06/10165331.html
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Altria & Apple in This

Words: 3411 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69178482



The primary reason to own Altria is its dividend. The current dividend, $1.28 per year, results in a dividend yield of 8.34%. Given that Altria's EPS is only $1.54 per year, it is evident that the company pays out most of its profits to its shareholders. Despite the declining business, the company is well-positioned to maintain relatively stable revenue streams that will enable it to maintain this dividend. As a result, the company is suited more for long-term income investors than for short-term investors driven by capital gains. Altria's slow growth, difficult operating environment and other challenges make it a poor buy for investors seeking anything other than a relatively stable income stream.

Apple

Apple (Nasdaq: AAPL) is a designer, manufacturer and marketer of computers and related paraphernalia, both hardware and software. The firm markets desktop computers, laptop computers, portable music players (iPod), portable communications devices (iPhone) and the software…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Company financials from Reuters. Retrieved December 13, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=AAPL.Oand  http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=MO.N 

Stock performance information from Yahoo Finance. Retrieved December 13, 2008 at  http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=MO#symbol=MO;range=3mand   http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=AAPL#symbol=AAPL;range=3m 

Altria Group 2007 Annual Report. Retrieved December 13, 2008 at  http://www.altria.com/download/pdf/investors_AltriaGroupInc_2007_AnnualRpt.pdf 

No author. (2008). Goldman downgrades the U.S. Tobacco Sector. Reuters. Retrieved December 13, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/article/companyNews/idUKN1138501420081211?symbol=MO.N
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Anheuser-Busch Is Subject to a

Words: 918 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59072073

There is limited risk from technological change, however, as it is unlikely that the beer production process will be radically altered by technological development.

The global trade environment also has an impact. The lowering of trade barriers allows a-B to enter more markets. They were able to build a brewery in China, for example. The reduction in trade barriers has also brought more imports into the United States. Rapid growth in the import segment has eroded a-B's market share. Foreign direct investment rules allowed InBev, a Belgian company, to buy a-B.

A-B is also subject to shifts in the global economy. In China, for example, increasing wealth has made a-B's products affordable for more Chinese. In the domestic market, not only is beer consumption affected by the state of the economy, but the types of beers consumed are also affected. As a low-cost provider of beer, Anheuser-Busch tends to benefit…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Pang, Angela (2008) "No longer untapped: Anheuser-Busch uses Asian nightlife promoters to market to young Asian-Americans" Asian Week. Retrieved December 5, 2008 at http://www.asianweek.com/2008/07/02/no-longer-untapped-anheuser-busch-uses-asian-nightlife-promoters-to-market-to-young-asian-americans/

No author. (2008) "Anheuser-Busch Hispanic beer drinkers" Ahorre Retrieved December 5, 2008 at http://www.hispanicmarket.net/hispanic_business/retail_hispanic_market/anheuserbusch_hispanic_beer_drinkers
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William Gosset William Sealey Gosset

Words: 960 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14440995

Gosset determined what the properties would be for a small sample in relation to a larger sample.

Gosset applied his discoveries to his work for the brewery which raised the question of what his focus was in his work as he was a theorist to a certain extent, but also a practical man who applied the knowledge that he developed. Gosset must have recognized the importance of accurate statistical information to the process of brewing as he had a statistical assistant for many years in his lab and ran a statistics department as part of the brewery (O'Connor and Robertson).

After Gosset had worked for many years developing the practical application of his theory, he was involved in a terrible car accident in 1934 which left him incapacitated for many months. During this time, he had the opportunity to continue to work on his statistical work. He recovered enough after…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Calkins, Keith. "Another Distribution: The Student t." Andrews University. 12 May 2005. 10 December 2006. http://www.andrews.edu/~calkins/math/webtexts/prod12.htm

O'Connor, J.J. And Robertson, E.F. "William Sealey Gosset." School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St. Andrews, Scotland. October 2003. 10 December 2006.  http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Gosset.html
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Tea Provides a Potent and

Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53286699

Make much of little things, and make little of great things, and there lies the source of all happiness. Tea study does not have the danger of studying or drinking wine, even though a devotee might expend just as much energy to the perfection of tea.

Okakura's own prose, with its attitude of whimsy rather than worshipfulness: "hat a tempest in a tea cup...Perhaps I betray my own ignorance of the Tea Cult by being so outspoken," is in keeping with the principles of Teaism that he outlines. He makes delightful use of the religious nature of tea, poking fun at esterners who dislike tea, who call drinking tea a filthy custom as heretics. This lack of reverence towards tea is a key, ironic part of Japanese religiosity, he implies. By not taking things too seriously, the true ethos of tea is manifest. Tea is served with deliberation, but ultimately…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Okakura, Kazuko. "The Book of Tea." [20 Nov 2006] e-text available at   http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/tea.htm  . a
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Corona Modelo Needs to Chart a Course

Words: 2282 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51702110

Corona

Modelo needs to chart a course for the company's future. The longstanding objective is to move Modelo into the top five of brewers in the world. As of 2005, Modelo remained outside of the top six. The company has 52 of the domestic market and is the best-selling imported beer in the United States, 50% ahead of next-best seller Heineken. The most significant underlying problem with respect to global market position relates to the company's ownership structure, specifically whether it will come under the A-B banner eventually or participate in some other way in the ongoing industry consolidation.

Secondary Problems

In the domestic market, Modelo faces a secondary problem in that its leading competitor FEMSA is improving its market position by controlling distribution channels and by promoting high quality subsidiary brands. FEMSA has been gaining market share steadily in Mexico while Modelo has been losing share. The domestic market…… [Read More]

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AB Inbev's Bcg Ansoff Analysis Strategic Options

Words: 1150 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18075761

AB Inbev's BCG ansoff analysis strategic options. Please avoid marketing product, specific strategic groth a company. In addition I summarise merger advantages/benefits/opportunities disadvantages challenges sussccessful inits bid buy S

Anheuser-Busch InBev: Market analysis

Anheuser-Busch InBev, is the largest brewing company in the United States, boasting some of the most successful brands of alcohol on the market in its portfolio. The BCG Growth-Share Matrix categorizes all business units according to market share and potential for market growth as cash cows, stars, question marks, and dogs, in relation to their largest competitor. 'Cash cows' generate a stable cash flow but are relatively mature in the market. A good example of this would be Anheuser-Busch's Budweiser brand. The Budweiser Clydesdales are some of the most famous brand icons in the world, and Budweiser is widely regarded as the world's most popular beer. Anheuser has strategically emphasized its 'cash cows' in its marketing mix,…… [Read More]

References

Ansoff Matrix. 2011. Tutor2U. [online] Available at:

http://www.tutor2u.net/business/strategy/ansoff_matrix.htm [June 7, 2011]

BCG Matrix. 2011. Net MBA. [online] Available at:

http://www.netmba.com/strategy/matrix/bcg / [June 7, 2011]
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Tim Horton's Sustainability Report the Major Strengths

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12941507

Tim Horton's Sustainability Report, the major strengths are that it defines the company's internal structure for implementing CSR, and that it is highly detailed. The first component is important, because it puts the CSR initiatives in the context of the company's overall strategy. The report outlines the management structure of the company and the oversight structure as well. The report discusses the company's history and mission. It is important that CSR initiatives be evaluated in the context of these factors. Corporate social responsibility initiatives are more likely to be implemented effectively if they are aligned with the company's general mission and strategy. A good example of this would be al-Mart, which is already focused on efficiency as a cost-saving measure, making it easy to focus on reduced waste as an environmental initiative. Tim Horton's being a low cost provider, faces a similar issue. The company's mission in this case is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

No author. (2010). Tim Hortons brewing more than just coffee with CSR initiatives. Miratel Solutions/The Ecolectual. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from  http://www.miratelinc.com/blog/tim-hortons-brewing-more-than-just-coffee-with-corporate-social-responsibility-initiatives/ 

Tim Horton's Sustainability Report. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from http://sustainabilityreport.timhortons.com/pdf/full%20report.pdf
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Human Autonomy

Words: 399 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20298320

Human Autonomy and Economics

The modern day economists John Kenneth Galbraith and Frederick Hayek possessed contrasting views of human autonomy, or the ability of human beings to successfully direct their economic lives. Galbraith saw human agency as at least partially subject to the whims of the business cycle and other individual's economic choices, thus the state had a right to intervene in human economic life. Hayek stressed the unpredictability of human economic choices and the need for liberty from state interference, given that the state could not predict the responses of human economic life to changes in the business cycle.

Galbraith stated that when faced with a precarious job, humans stored their money, and thus caused a recession-mired economy to father contract, requiring government spending to stimulate the economy and thereby extricate society as a whole from a potential depression that could occur in this phase of the failed business…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Greyser, Stephen A. And Wendy S. Schiller. (1991) "G. Heilman Brewing Company (A): Power Failure at Power." Cambridge: Harvard Business School Publishing Master. Retrieved 8 Nov 2005 at http://www.caseplace.org/cases/cases_show.htm?doc_id=182620

Ransom, Greg. (1996) "Thee Significance of Myth and Misunderstanding in Social Science Narrative: Opening Access to Hayek's Copernican Revolution in Economics." The Hayek Center.  http://www.hayekcenter.org/friedrichhayek/hayekmyth.htm
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Sabmiller Case Study Sabmiller Breweries Company Case

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9891515

Sabmiller Case Study

SABMiller Breweries Company Case Study

SABMiller Breweries Company

SABMiller Breweries Company

SABMiller breweries Company has grown since it begun over the years adopting different business strategies for its survival in the market. Surrounding environmental factors have affected its growth, and strategies that are put to counter different environmental situations. SABMiller is a South African company with its base in Johannesburg. It grew to being the second largest brewer company in the world.

Corporate logic

During the twentieth century, SABMiller's operation faced difficulties due to the apartheid regime. South Africa faced economic sanctions due to the apartheid regime which restricted them from doing business with, external international, markets. SAB moved their capital from London to their homeland Johannesburg to enable them operate with the sanctions. SAB prioritized Domesticconsumption to keep the breweries running. SAB concentrated most of its activities in southern parts of Africa hence expanding its market.…… [Read More]

References

Commission, U.N. (2006). Foreign Investment in Latin America and The Carribean. New York: United Nations Publications .

Demamphilis, D. (2007). Mergers Acquisitions and Other Restructuring Activities. Cape Town: Academic Press.

Robbins, P. (2011). Global Behaviour; Global Perspectives Southern African Perspectives. Johhanesburg: Pearson South Africa.

Wenner, L. (2009). Sport Beer and Gender. Atlanta: Peter Lang.
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Journey Motif Is Pervasive in Global Literature

Words: 1294 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9991828

Journey motif is pervasive in global literature, attributed to the existence of collective symbols common to all human societies as archetypes (Zhang, 2008). Both Homer's Iliad and Shakespeare's Henry V incorporate the journey motif as a literary technique. This serves to elevate the status of the protagonist to the heroic level, as the character struggles to meet challenges and overcome obstacles without the familiar trappings of home, family, and social status. War is one of the reasons that heroes undertake journeys, and war indeed figures prominently in both the Iliad and Henry V, driving the plot and transforming their respective protagonists. Journeying occurs on actual and symbolic levels in both these texts. In Homer's Iliad, Achilles undergoes several changes of heart during the war. His journey is introspective, taking him from a point of habitual action through a stage of vengefulness, and finally, onward to spiritual, social, psychological, and political…… [Read More]

References

Alston, A. (2008). Henry V: The hero king? Retrieved online:  http://www.shakespeare-revue.com/PDFs/Alston-HenryV.pdf 

Homer. (800 BCE). The Iliad.

Shakespeare, W. Henry V. Retrieved online: http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/play_view.php?WorkID=henry5&Scope=entire&pleasewait=1&msg=pl#a1,s1

Zhang, K. (2008). Archetype and allegory in Journey to the West. Retrieved online:  http://dspace.library.uvic.ca:8080/bitstream/handle/1828/1823/Archetype_and_Allegory_in_Journey6.pdf?sequence=1
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Business People Study Ethics What Are the

Words: 2431 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33452697

business people study ethics. What are the possible benefits to companies, individuals, society and the world of business?

According to a gallop poll administered by the Better Business Bureau in 2008, consumer trust in business professionals is on the decline. Of the consumer populous polled, only 42% expressed trust in banks and financial institutions, representing a 6% decline in trust since 2007, while only 24% responded positively toward contractors and service professionals, representing a decline in trust of 4%. Of the 14 industries polled, trust was lowest in real estate brokers and auto dealers, with a positive trust response of only 13%, representing a 3% decline in trust (Farrell, Fraedrich and Farrell, 2009). In particular, trust levels declined rapidly as a result of public scandals which "cost many companies their emotional appeal, the strongest driver of reputation" (Ferrell et al., 2009).

According to ethics professor Rick Garlikov, the reputation of…… [Read More]

Kohlberg's model of ethical development varies from previous models insofar as development is not the product of maturation or socialization alone, but rather the product of one's cognitive contemplation of moral problems (Cain, 1985). Kohlberg's model coincides with character development specialist Thomas I. White's assertion that ethical character development is the result of ethical reasoning as opposed to a focus on "being a good person" (Ferrell et al., 2009). Studying ethics and contemplating ethical frameworks, therefore, is imperative to the development of an ethical character and the ability make ethically informed decisions.

Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall. pp. 118-136. Retrieved Jan. 31, 2011 from http://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/html/kohlberg.htm

Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J. & Ferrell, L. (2009). Business ethics: ethical decision making and cases. (7th ed.) Mason: South-Western Cenage Learning.
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Julian Norwich Both Margery Kempe and the

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44444165

Julian Norwich

Both Margery Kempe and the woman who can be called her mentor, Julian of Norwich, highlight the roles that women have played in Christian history. Although the Roman Catholic Church has officially canonized neither of them, the Anglican Church recognizes and honors both. Margery Kempe and Julian of Norwich both wrote extensively, and their writings have survived as testimony of the hardships women especially endured given their low social status, and how religion helped women to attain personal power and peace. Moreover, their writings reveal a mature theology that can be considered humanist as well as feminist. Margery Kempe and Julian of Norwich both share in common experiences of hallucinations related to near death experiences. Their both having near-death experiences linked the two women and anchored them to Christ as well. Kempe eventually came to visit Julian of Norwich, and the two shared in common a visionary love…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Julian of Norwich. The Shewings of Julian of Norwich. Retrieved online:   http://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/the-shewings-of-julian-of-norwich-introduction  

Kempe, Margery. The Book of Margery Kempe. Retrieved online:   http://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/staley-book-of-margery-kempe-book-i-part-i
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History German Immigration Prior to 1877 and Their Influences on Life in the USA

Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55359211

German immigration to the United States prior to 1877. Specifically, it will discuss to what extent and how did they influence life in the U.S.A. German immigrants to the United States influenced thought and culture in a variety of ways, but they have nearly always managed to hold on to their own culture while adapting to their surroundings.

While America has always been a melting pot of different cultures blending to form a whole, Germans have always managed to blend into society while nevertheless retaining their own special culture and society. The Germans are one of the few races to hang on to their culture so powerfully, while still successfully merging with U.S. culture. One of the most important ways they held on to their culture was by continuing to speak German, especially in the homes, and raising their children to also speak the native language. They also tended to…… [Read More]

References

Editors. "Germans in America: Chronology." Library of Congress. 1 May 2001. 10 March 2003. http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/european/imde/germchro.html

Hoyt, Dolores J. "19th Century German Immigration in Historical Context." Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. 8 Oct. 1998. 10 March 2003. http://www-lib.iupui.edu/kade/nameword/context.html

Spencer, Aaron Fogleman. Hopeful Journeys: German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial America, 1717-1775. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

Wittke, Carl. Refugees of Revolution: The German Forty-Eighters in America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1952.
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Tale of 2 Cities Time Period Newspaper

Words: 791 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66482124

Dolor Sit Amet

Bastille Stormed!

After a day of nearly warlike conditions in the French capital, a massive crowd of Revolutionaries took to arms and toppled the symbol of French monarchy. The Bastille -- a medieval era tower building that was used as a prison -- was set ablaze all day yesterday. The number of people in the Revolutionary mob is estimated to be around 1000; the numbers of casualties have yet to be determined. What does this mean for London? Is a revolution of our own brewing?

Continued on Here comes the sun!

American Tariff Act: Will it work?

Could this be the new French flag?

Houses for Sale!

With a revolution brewing in France, what are the possible outcomes of the strife? Could France emerge unscathed, or will the nation crumble? Analysts say that if France had a new flag, it would look like this one. The red…… [Read More]

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Greg Smith's Beer in America The Early

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45411000

Greg Smith's Beer in America: The Early Years -- 1587-1840: Beer's Role in the Settling of America and the Birth of a Nation, is a wonderfully smart and charming look on the history of beer and its connection to how America was founded and evolved into what it is today. Gregg Smith's account is an energetic recapping of early American history. It depicts beer as a foremost player, and vividly recreates the cultural and political background out of which it rose. One of the most significant but little-known characteristics of early American history is the part of beer in America's founding and formative years.

This decisive version of beer's effect on people and events that fashioned the birth of a nation dumbfound all who read it. Smith presents many key facts and events that in some way or form are connected to beer. Starting with the pre-colonial era and finishing…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Smith, G. Beer in America: The early years, 1587-1840: beer's role in the settling of America and the birth of a nation. Boulder, Colo: Siris Books, 1998. Print.
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Understanding the Role of Women in Medieval Europe

Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91141818

omen's Domesticity In Medieval Europe During The Late Middle Ages

Role of omen as Mothers/ives

During the pre-industrial period in Europe, European housewifery included not only the housework chores, but also medical services, distillation, water purification, brewing, veterinary services and producing simple goods (all 19). During the time, although some of the European women contributed to the economic well-being of the society, they were not at anytime identified through their occupational designations. Therefore, although some of the women were working, the society throughout identified them through their marital status (McKeon 177). Nonetheless, all the early women in Europe undertook domestic chores. Although there were two types of women, those from high ranks, and those of lower ranks, both attended to domestic chores, which made them equal.

The ranks were achieved owing to the type of work, or it was dependent on the husband's profession. For the low ranked wives or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gilchrist, Roberta. Medieval Life: Archaeology and the Life Course. Rochester: Boydell Press,

2013. Print

Howell, Martha. Women, Production, and Patriarchy in Late Medieval Cities. Chicago: The

University of Chicago Press, 1986. Print
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Userra When Does it Apply

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35430004

Petty v. Metropolitan Gov't of Nashville & Davidson County

Metropolitan Police Officer Brian Petty served in the army reserves. While deployed in Kuwait he was honorably discharged after brewing homemade wine although it was noted on his discharge form that he was dismissed "in lieu of trial by court martial" (Wright 2012). When he applied to be reinstated, his application was initially rejected as incomplete because Petty merely stated he faced "military charges" without any additional information when asked if he had been accused of a military crime (Wright 2012). However, the Metropolitan Police of Nashville and Davidson County ultimately rehired Petty after an investigation although Petty was only admitted at a lower rank. He was also prohibited from 'moonlighting' as a security guard, in contrast to before the rehiring and the investigation.

As a result of this "Petty sued Metro asserting that Metro had violated USEA [Uniformed Services Employment…… [Read More]

References

Petty v. Metro Gov't of Nashville & Davidson County. (2012). Justia. Retrieved from:

 http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/ca6/10-6013/10-6013-2012-07-24.html 

Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) information.

(2014). DOL. Retrieved from:
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Managerial vs Financial Accounting

Words: 1854 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29041982

Allocations

hat drives consumption of costs?

In Activity-Based Costing (ABC), consumption of costs is driven by a company's activities (Investopedia, LLC, n.d.), such as production, administration and sales (Cokins, 2010, p. 9). The company's product consumes activities, whether main or supporting activities, and those activities consume company resources (Cokins, 2010, pp. 9, 11). In that context, a cost driver is something that drives the cost of a company's activity (Investopedia, LLC, n.d.); it is a "factor which generates occurrence of resource (capacity) expenses" (Cokins, 2010, p. 8). For example, a manufacturing business may have an activity of running machinery, which will have cost drivers such as machinery operating hours, labor, maintenance and power consumption (Investopedia, LLC, n.d.). That same manufacturing company may also have the activity of release into production, which will have cost drivers such as the number of products (Cokins, 2010, p. 13). Cost drivers are chosen according…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cokins, G. (2010). Cost drivers. Evolution and benefits. Theoretical and Applied Economics, XVII, 8(549), 7-16.

Hermanson, Edwards, & Ivancevich. (2011). Accounting principles: Managerial Accounting. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.textbookequity.org Web site: http://www.textbookequity.org/oct/Textbooks/TBQ_PA_Accounting_managerial.pdf

Investopedia, LLC. (n.d.). Activity cost drivers. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.investopedia.com Web site:   http://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/activity-cost-driver.asp  

Investopedia, LLC. (n.d.). Irrelevant cost. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.investopedia.com Web site:   http://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/irrelevantcost.asp   jseattle. (2014, December 8). What they're saying about Capitol Hill's Starbucks Roastery: $20M price tag, chi-chi Hill, 'a gathering spot for the well-to-do'. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.capitolhillsearttle.com Web site:   http://www.capitolhillseattle.com/2014/12/what-theyre-saying-about-capitol-hills-starbucks-roastery-20m-price-tag-chi-chi-hill-a-gathering-spot-for-the-well-to-do/
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Risks in a Brewery

Words: 518 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43994178

Risk Plan Outline Anheuser-Busch. Your Course Project assignment prepare a Risk Plan Outline give direction paper.

arly breweries

Survival in a constantly expanding business environment

Investing more finances in the first years of the enterprise

Liquor liability insurance

Having the market interested in the product

The right marketing company

The right retailer

The right attitude

Dealing with financial obligations correctly

Direct finances effectively and on time

Promote products depending on the amounts available

Concentrate on communicating with the market

Legal aspects of the business

Devising selling strategies depending on the states the company is selling its products in

Playing an active role in campaigns meant to promote moderation in drinking

c. Cooperating with the authorities

Worker safety

a. Making sure all workers are well-acquainted with regulations they need to follow

b. Having all machineries inspected on a frequent basis

c. Promoting a clean working environment

X. Devising strict risk tolerance…… [Read More]

Esslinger's book is a thorough account regarding the complete beer-making process and the numerous economic, marketing, and social elements that are involved in it.

Whaley, R.E. "Derivatives: Markets, Valuation, and Risk Management," (John Wiley & Sons, 26 Feb 2007)

This book relates to the relationship between market research and being in charge of a brewery. Risk management is essential in making it work properly and marketing is thus one of the most significant aspects of the whole brewing process.
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Social Media and Marketing

Words: 1962 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30657031

Business and Social Media -- A case of Cameron's Coffee

Social Media

Definition and Use of Social Media

Social media and how businesses use it

Big Data

Definition and Use of Big Data

Big data and Businesses uses

Cloud Computing

Definition and Use of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing and businesses use

Social Media

Definition and Use of Social Media

The collection of internet based online communication channels that are dedicated for community based input, content sharing, interaction and collaboration is broadly defined as social media. There are a number of different types of social media that include websites and applications that are used by forums, microblogging, social bookmarking and social networking.

Social media is generally used to communicate with the members of a particular community who are members of a particular type of social media. Such communication can also take place through Blogs like WordPress and Blogger or through websites…… [Read More]

References

Dumbill, E., Cowles, D., Lorica, B., Howard, J., & Lorica, B. (2012). What is big data?. O'Reilly Media. Retrieved 12 February 2016, from http://radar.oreilly.com/2012/01/what-is-big-data.html

Food and Drink International,. (2016). Cameron's Coffee. Retrieved 12 February 2016, from http://www.fooddrink-magazine.com/index.php/articles/producers/1393-camerons-coffee

Partners, N. (2009). 9 Ways Your Business Could Be Using Social Media But Probably Isn't. Slideshare.net. Retrieved 12 February 2016, from http://www.slideshare.net/NorthVenturePartners/9-ways-your-business-could-be-using-social-media-but-probably-isnt

PCMAG,. (2016). What Is Cloud Computing?. Retrieved 12 February 2016, from http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0%2c2817%2c2372163%2c00.asp
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Related Diversification Constellation and Ballast Point

Words: 1482 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18683510

Constellation Brands is an alcoholic beverage company, traded under the symbol STZ on the New York Stock Exchange. The company had revenues of just over $6 billion in the 2014 fiscal year and a net income of $839 million (MSN Moneycentral, 2015). While revenues were up significantly over the prior year, profits were down by more than 50%. Until recently, Constellation was an importer/marketer of alcoholic beverages, but the company has recently entered into the production side of the business. As an example, Constellation has built its beer business as the importer of mainstream global brands such as Corona, Tsingtao and several smaller Mexican brands. The company did not own any beer production facilities, but recently announced the purchase of Ballast Point, a microbrewery in San Diego (Kaplan, 2015). This purchases official makes Constellation a brewing company for the first time. The deal is reported to be in the $1…… [Read More]

References

2015 Annual Report for Constellation Brands. Retrieved November 21, 2015 from http://www.cbrands.com/investors/financial-information

Bain Capital (2015). How merging companies can beat the synergy odds. Forbes. Retrieved November 21, 2015 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/baininsights/2015/01/09/how-merging-companies-can-beat-the-synergy-odds/

Ballast Point, Form S-1 (2015). Retrieved November 20, 2015 from https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1648798/000119312515346618/d87353ds1.htm

Brewer's Association (2015). Top 50 breweries of 2014. Breewr's Association. Retrieved November 21, 2015 from https://www.brewersassociation.org/press-releases/brewers-association-lists-top-50-breweries-of-2014/
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food packaging using nanoparticles

Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97239759

Traditionally, beer bottles are made of glass -- a packaging material that has been around for thousands of years. Glass has been used to bottle beer since the early 20th century (Brody, Bugusu, Han, et al., 2008). ecently, Miller Brewing company became one of the first big-name brewing companies to use plastic instead of glass for beer bottles. Plastic has been shunned in beer packaging because of plastic is just porous enough to allow carbon dioxide gas to escape, also allowing oxygen in -- thereby spoiling the beer. Nanotechnology has allowed the carbonated beverage industry and beer firms specifically to capitalize on the lightweight and unbreakable features of plastic without sacrificing product shelf life or quality. Clay is the most common nanoparticle type used in the manufacture of plastic beer bottles. The addition of clay to the plastic extends the shelf life of the product to about six months (Silvestre…… [Read More]

References

Brody, A.L., Bugusu, B., Han, J. H. et al. (2008). Innovative Food Packaging Solutions. Journal of Food Science 73(8): R107-R116.

"Food Packaging Using Nanotechnology Methods: an Overview of 'Smart Packaging' and 'Active Packaging'" AXONano. 25 July, 2005. Retrieved online: http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?Articleid=1317

"Nano in packaging," (n.d.). Retreived online: http://www.nanoandme.org/nano-products/packaging/

Philpott, T. (2014). Are nanoparticles from packaging getting into your food? Mother Jones. 11 June, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2014/06/nano-sized-particles-food-packaging-how-big-problem
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Merger and Acquisition M& a Activity

Words: 1530 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18746216

Vedanta believed that the company overall was undervalued; Hewitt was trying to avoid the loss of a major segment of business.

Overall, merger and acquisition activity has been relatively slow in recent years. However, firms are still trying to find ways to defend their position (GM, Hewitt) and other firms are attempting to creatively extract new value through their transactions (Exxon, a-B/InBev, Vedanta). As long as there are shifting environmental considerations and new opportunities to exploit, firms will continue to seek out merger and acquisition activities.

orks Cited:

McClure, B. (2010). Mergers and acquisitions. Investopedia. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/mergers/default.asp

Espinoza, J. (2009). Merger pays off for AB InBev. Forbes. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://www.forbes.com/2009/03/05/inbev-quarter-profits-markets-equity_drinks.html

Daily, M. & Driver, a. (2009). Exxon Mobil to buy XTO Energy in big U.S. gas bet. Reuters. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5BD28G20091214

Reuters. (2010). Vedanta eyes aluminum unit spinoff. The Economic…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

McClure, B. (2010). Mergers and acquisitions. Investopedia. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/mergers/default.asp

Espinoza, J. (2009). Merger pays off for AB InBev. Forbes. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from  http://www.forbes.com/2009/03/05/inbev-quarter-profits-markets-equity_drinks.html 

Daily, M. & Driver, a. (2009). Exxon Mobil to buy XTO Energy in big U.S. gas bet. Reuters. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5BD28G20091214

Reuters. (2010). Vedanta eyes aluminum unit spinoff. The Economic Times. Retrieved March 14, 2010 from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international-business/Vedanta-eyes-aluminium-unit-spin-off-Report/articleshow/5683287.cms
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Change Starbucks Needs According to

Words: 1137 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46620243

Providing a Green Recycling bin, and encouraging customers to bring in their own cups, has the potential to save the company even more. tarbucks.com (2010) states, "Our customers are also concerned with the waste generated from our paper and plastic cups, which are not currently recyclable in many communities. We're concerned too, and we're committed to coming up with innovative solutions that will make our cups universally recyclable or compostable."

It is the proposal that tarbucks, corporate, would give each store $225 in incentive dollars to increase the awareness within its store for recycling needs. On average a recycle bin, the size of a common cafe store trashcan, is less than $10 a piece as found on numerous related web sites and in average home improvement stores. It is expected that a company such as tarbucks would be able to receive a bulk rate on such an item, and therefore,…… [Read More]

Starbucks.com (2010) states, "The world of garbage and recycling is complicated. We'd like the solution to be as simple as putting recycling bins in all of our stores." It could be this simple for the largest coffee company in the world at the present time, but it will not be a success without the support, excitement, and energy of its field workers, the baristas. This change would help the company improve upon the press it is has seen in the last few years of being wasteful, burning energy, and being one of the largest contributors to the waste management crisis. Jenn K., states, "With the support of the baristas, Starbucks can accomplish just about anything."

Schults, Howard (2009, November 20). Starbucks Annual Report.

Starbucks.com. (2010). Environmental Stewardship. Retrieved March 26, 2010, from  http://www.starbucks.com .
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Fermentation of Wine Winemaking Is

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95976891

Some of this is achieved through control of internal elements such as yeast and fermentation byproducts; other improvements control externalities such as stems and pomace. The result is that winemakers today have a tremendous amount of control over the quality and character of their beverage. They no longer rely on wild yeasts and the element of chance to produce great wine -- the process can be controlled, can take place almost anywhere and can yield very good results.

Summary

The basic winemaking process has changed little over the centuries, but modern equipment has allowed winemakers to improve the quality and consistency of their output. Some parts of the process still rely on fairly simple mechanical devices (stemmers, filters) but other innovations rely on our dramatically improved understanding of the fermentation process. Retractable agitators, coolant-filled jackets on fermentation vessels and in-tank thermometers allow winemakers to control all of the variables that…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Australian Wine Makers.com website, catalogues. (2010). Retrieved April 13, 2010 from  http://www.australianwinemakers.com.au/ 

LaMar, J. (2006). Winemaking…nurturing the natural process. Professional Friends of Wine. Retrieved April 13, 2010 from  http://www.winepros.org/wine101/enology.htm 

Peynaud, E. (tr. Spencer, A.) (1984). Knowing and Making Wine. John Wiley & Sons.

Sanz, R., Galceran, M. & Puignou, L. (2003). Field-flow fractionation as analytical technique for the characterization of dry yeast: Correlation with wine fermentation activity. Biotechnology Process. Vol. 19 (6) 1786-1791.
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African Colonization in the 1870's

Words: 905 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89826922

Before the Scramble for Africa of the late 19th century, Africa was hierarchical, authoritarian, and paternalistic, just like the European countries invading them. Insubordination and disobedience to the deference pyramids were punished by violence. Some tribes carried this violence out against their neighbors, from whom they stole cattle and other property. The strength of white settlers in Africa came from their technology. Before the nineteenth century, some African prophets and seers foretold of great human suffering at the hands of white invaders. There were many in tribes who resisted white settlement from the beginning, while other tribes studied the ways of the white man and tried to form alliances with the Europeans against their enemies. Many tribes were neutral, although their chiefs might accept gifts in return for cooperation. The presence of white man changed the dynamics of power in Africa in many ways.

New forms of power brought by…… [Read More]

With oligarchies in place, European countries still controlled considerable the resources of Africa. Large transnational institutions such as the IMF and World Bank, furthermore, funded by the western governments, have set up lending schemes for Africa under the guise of assistance, although these loans are permitted only if countries in Africa follow special IMF and World Bank restructuring programs that oftentimes result in austerity measures for the people. These restructuring programs have been criticized by many as forms of neocolonialism. They typically entail the cutting of public services and devaluation of the currency. The turmoil after these measures tends to thrust a country's society into chaos, ending in dictatorship. (Burns)

1. Ranger, Terrence. (1995) the Invention of Tradition in Colonial Africa. New York: Wiley Publishing

2. Burns, Marshall. Disillusion and Hope on the Dark Continent. Kenya Report
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Disintermediation Why Has Disintermediation Through

Words: 3206 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5521775

That irony is not lost on many of the high technology executives who at one time advocated disintermediating their entire dealer channel and taking their largest customers direct only to discover that trust is the greatest catalyst of efficient transactions of all (Smith, Manna, 2004, 377, 378).

4.

Why Disintermediation Failed to Live Up to the Hype

Before discussing the reasons why disintermediation failed to live up to the hype associated with it, there are exceptions that need to be taken into account. The first is in those industries that have undifferentiated supply chains and where price and availability alone are the only differentiators, disintermediation often takes hold. Such is the case with the Indian tea market, and many sectors of the consumer electronics industries that sell on a commodity-based strategy. These are the industries most susceptible to disintermediation as the middle tier of the distribution channels don't deliver that…… [Read More]

References

Articles

Veneta Andonova. 2003. ONLINE DISINTERMEDIATION: Differences in the Behavior of Traditional Retailers in Adopting E-Commerce. Management Research 1, no. 3, (October 1): 279-290.

Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, (April 1): 36-42.

Bull, C.. 2010. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management 30, no. 1, (February 1): 94.
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Business Plan Australia Has the

Words: 5150 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57505382

Given the scarcity of lever machines on the market and the unique nature of the niche market, price elasticity of demand is expected to be low. There may not be many prospective consumers, but those who want this product will be keen and are unlikely to be strongly price sensitive. The best price would therefore be at the high end of the range, $1,200. This means that the selling price to the distributor would be $600, for a contribution margin of $350 per machine when sold through the distributor, or $950 if sold through the company website. These figures have been included in the contribution margin analysis.

Marketing Issues -- Place

Distribution for a niche product is a tricky proposition. Consumers are often far apart, meaning that it is difficult to use a storefront retail location to reach these consumers. The Australian market -- in particular with respect to high…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

AFP. (2008). Coffee culture grinds Starbucks' Australian operation. AFP. Accessed January 16, 2011 from http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hh5ZejoZIuPexWy8T3R_zQIzELSg

Allen, S. (2011). Pricing strategy. About.com. Accessed January 16, 2011 from http://entrepreneurs.about.com/od/salesmarketing/a/pricingstrategy.htm

Brynjolfsson, E., Yu, J. & Smith, M. (2006). From niches to riches: Anatomy of the long tail. MIT Sloan Management Review. Vol. 47, 4, 67-71.

Carmody, K. (2004). Coffee culture. Sydney Morning Herald. Accessed January 16, 2011 from   http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/04/19/1082326139253.html
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Epistle of Paul to Philemon

Words: 20604 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75843868

The divisions ere as such:

1. The highest class amongst the slave as of the slave minister; he as responsible for most of the slave transactions or trades and as also alloed to have posts on the government offices locally and on the provincial level.

2. This as folloed by the class of temple slaves; this class of slaves as normally employed in the religious organizations usually as janitors and caretakers of priestesses in the organization.

3. The third class of slaves included a range of jobs for slaves i.e. slaves ho ere appointed as land/property etc. managers ere included in this class as ell as those slaves ho ere employed as merchants or hired to help around the pastures and agricultural grounds. A majority of this class included the ordinary household slaves.

4. The last class amongst the slaves also included a range of occupations of the slaves extending…… [Read More]

works cited at the end.

If I were to conclude the significance of Paul's letter to Philemon and his approach to demand Onesimus' hospitality and kinship status, I can say that it was clearly his approach towards his demands that has made the letter such a major topic of discussion with regards to slavery. If Paul had taken an aggressive approach and straight away demanded the release and freedom of Onesimus, the letter would not been preserved in the history books for the generations to follow; that is a surety. I say this because it was Paul's approach and choice of language structure that caused for a large amount of debate to follow. It has been this debate, whether it has been on slavery or the various interpretations of his language structure, that has allows this letter and the relevant history to live on through the centuries. Of course, it is important to understand Philemon's role here as well, because it was his choice to treat the letter with a certain amount of respect and dignity that contributed to the letter's longevity as well. If Philemon had chosen to disregard Paul's requests and thrown away the letter as one that was not worthy of consideration, nobody would've even had the chance to debate the letter's significance in history. This again takes me back to the language structure adopted by Paul as he was able to soften his approach of the numerous demands as well that helped Philemon play his part of respecting what was demanded. Interestingly enough, Onesimus did go on to take on the duties as a bishop! To think that this line of action came about with only a choice of softening one's demands is extra-ordinary and the credit goes solely to Paul!

Bibliography

JM.G. Barclay, Colossians and Philemon, Sheffield Academic Press, 1997

Bartchy, S.S. (1973). First-Century Slavery and the Interpretation of 1 Corinthians 7:21 (SBLDS 11; Atlanta: Scholars Press) 175.
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Luxury Business For More Than

Words: 2477 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64035036

Many believe this idea of luxury goods to be absolutely correct while others do not agree saying that it is a form of personal expression and accessorizing. The point still remains whether or not the price is worth pleasing a particular whim or opinion.

This is where the perception of the human mind comes into play. Perception of luxury goods to be an essential tool of quality despite the over pricing will lead many people to invest heavily on the luxury products. Perception of quality also plays a huge part, if the common man believes that the luxury goods have a high standard of quality and will project their lifestyle to be one of high standard as well, then the likelihood of investment form them will be much higher. However a negating perception of luxury goods would result in the absolute opposite. If the common man believes that the copies…… [Read More]

Bibliography

James, G. (2010). Made in China = Piece of Junk. Sales Machine. Accessed on November 1, 2010 from http://www.bnet.com/blog/salesmachine/made-in-china-piece-of-junk/12336

J.P. (2010). A Made in America Story -- Since 1905 | J.W. Hulme Co. The Salvage Yard. Accessed on November 3rd, 2010 from http://theselvedgeyard.wordpress.com/2010/09/25/a-made-in-america-story-since-1905-j-w-hulme-co/

Suk, J. (2009). The Law, Culture and Economics of Fashion. Stanford Law Review, 61-5, p. 1147+

Tiara, (2010). How Do Copycats Affect Small Fashion Lines? College Fashion. Accessed on November 1, 2010 from http://www.collegefashion.net/fashion-news/how-do-copycats-affect-small-fashion-lines/
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Marketing Research Ethics in the

Words: 3027 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23068959



Cigarettes became popular among World War soldiers as "soldier's smoke (Randall 1999)." Camel held 45% of the U.S. cigarette market by 1923 while Philip Morris produced women's cigarette, described as "mild as May." The American Tobacco Company produced Lucky Strike for women and captured 38% of the market. The number of female teenage smokers increased three times between 1925 and 1935 alone. In the spirit of competition, the American Tobacco Company in 1939 launched Pall Mall, which made it the largest tobacco company in the U.S. Cigarette sales went up higher during World War II when cigarettes even became part of soldiers' C-rations with food. Tobacco companies sent free cigarettes to soldiers at war. When they went home, they were a steady source of income to these companies. Alongside in the 50s, more and new evidence about the link between smoking and lung cancer was turning up. Tobacco companies first…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

AMA. Ethical Norms and Values for Marketers. American Marketing Association, 2010.

Retrieved on October 20, 2010 from http://www.marketingpower.com/About AMA/Pages/StatementofEthics.aspex

Clay, Rebecca A. Advertising to Children: Is It Ethical? Vol 3 # 8 Monitor on Psychology: American Psychological Association, 2000 Retrieved on October 20,

2010 from http://www.apa.org/monitor/sep00/advertising.aspx
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China and U S Naval Competition

Words: 3353 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73432736

S. For its weapons sales to Taiwan. (Janbo)

It must also be noted that China's Naval expansion is a departure from what many experts conjectured in the recent past. Like many before, Lee Lai To commented just a few years ago that China, regardless of its even then obvious desire to expand its naval might would be very unlikely to challenge the U.S. In any significant way. To argues that:

"U.S. military deterrence and U.S. interests -- particularly with regard to maintaining the security of the sea-lanes and forward deployment of the U.S. military in the Asia-Pacific region, including the South China Sea area -- have made and will continue to make China extremely cautious about engaging in actions that might draw Washington into the South China Sea disputes. (To 26)" (Wong)

To was also quick to note that up to the time of his research and work in 2003…… [Read More]

References

"China tells U.S. that'd. China Sea is 'core interest' in new policy." Associated Press 3 July 2010: http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=D9GNI5600&show_article=1.

"Gates on China: Speaking the truth makes the Pacific a safer place." Wals Street Journal Opinion 6 June 2010: http://online.wsj.com/article/NA_WSJ_PUB:SB10001424052748704183204575289743788180892.html.

Janbo, Jian. "China Takes New Tack in Maritime Diplomacy ." Asia Times Online 14 July 2010:  http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/LG14Ad01.html .

Kate, Daniel Ten. "U.S. Criticism of China's Military May Overshadow Asian Security Meeting." Bloomberg 15 July 2010: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-07-15/u-s-criticism-of-china-s-military-may-overshadow-asian-security-meeting.html.
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Northern & Southern Cultures American

Words: 830 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20936606



Indeed, the North-South divide presented a challenge to the newly independent nation. With this increasing divide and conflict came the development of distinct cultures that came to characterize each region. North is characterized by its diversity and liberal views towards human rights and equality, being a "melting pot" of different nationalities, ethnicities and cultures. South, meanwhile, is most popular by its agricultural industry, specifically its cotton fields, its subsistence to the black slavery system, and conservative culture and social environment. Geographical difference resulted to different economies in the region, and ultimately, determined the cultures cultivated and that characterized its states (Beard, 2008:133).

Harper (2003) argued that indeed, the North's decision to adopt the abolitionist stance is more a function of its economy: it was easier for the North to go against black slavery because it is not dependent on the system unlike the South. The South depended on agriculture for…… [Read More]

References

Ayers, E. (1993). The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. NY: Oxford University Press.

Beard, C. (2008). History of the United States. Forgotten Books.

Harper, D. (2003). "Slavery in the North." Available at: http://www.slavenorth.com/
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Financial Concepts Used to Execute

Words: 3131 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25602705

As per IC Sec. 1033(h), the tax rules for the replacement of those properties destroyed or converted in such cases are eased and the overall replacement period extended as well. "Some rules were also revised like the 'ev. ule 95-22' which considers the funds received for the primary residence as well as scheduled property such as jewelry, pieces of art, coins, etc. which had been insured, as funds for a single item of property." (IS, Tax Law Changes elated to Hurricanes Katrina, ita and Wilma) These funds were to be considered as a "common pool" of proceeds from which the gains realized by the taxpayer could be to the extent of the amount exceeding the expenses after meeting a suitable replacement property. This revised rule also clarifies that the replacement property could refer to the residence being replaced or any scheduled private property "in any proportion." (Kess, Hurricane Katrina tax…… [Read More]

References

Agnew, Christine, L. Come Hell and high water: Can the tax code solve the post-

Katrina insurance crisis?

Brown, D.M. Hurricane Katrina: The First Seven Days of America's Worst Natural

Disaster. Kessinger Publishing. 2005.
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Solving Conflict in the Workplace

Words: 3127 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36431085

Where, those facilities that had an adversarial relationship between management / employees or other groups saw dramatic long-term effects. As productivity, higher costs and increased amounts of waste would occur at these facilities. This is significant, because it shows how various issues of conflict are like a cancer that will eat away at the most productive of organizations. In the case of the organization that we are examining, this shows that immediate action must be taken to rectify the situation. The longer the conflict is allowed to occur between the two sales people, means that the various emotions will continue to fester. At which point, it is only a matter of time until the situation will spiral out of control and the long-term productivity of the organization can be brought into question.

Hyde, M. (2006). Workplace Conflict esolution and the Health of Employees. Social Science & Medicine, 63 (8), 2218…… [Read More]

References

About Workplace Conflict. (2000) Retrieved June 13, 2010 from Conflict at Work website: http://www.conflictatwork.com/conflict/cost_e.cfm

Gershenfeld, J. (1991). The Impact on Economic Performance of a Transformation in Workplace Relations. 44 Industry & Labor Relations Revision, 241.

Hyde, M. (2006). Workplace Conflict Resolution and the Health of Employees. Social Science & Medicine, 63 (8), 2218 -- 2227.

Jordan, P. (2004). Managing Emotions During Team Problem Solving. Human Performance, 17 (2), 195 -- 128.
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Financial Research Report Company Overview

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19529964

The price is at its level of five years ago, when the external environment was much more favorable for Starbucks. The price of arabica has increased significantly and while Starbucks is a major buyer, it is not the largest buyer and does not have significant pricing power. The competitive pressure that has been applied by McDonald's, Dunkin Donuts and a host of imitators has not eased. Given this, margins can be expected to remain at current levels. While the company can still achieve more improvements with respect to its internal metrics, those are unlikely to drive the stock much beyond its current level. The key driver for Starbucks' stock in the coming years is going to be more dependent on foreign market growth than any other single factor. Foreign market indicators are not a cause for intense optimism. Dubai's default calls into question the long-term growth potential of the Middle…… [Read More]

References:

MSN Moneycentral: Starbucks. (2010). Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=SBUX

Monga Bay.com: Coffee, Arabica price chart (2010). Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://www.mongabay.com/images/commodities/charts/chart-coffee_arabica.html

Starbucks 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MjczNTB8Q2hpbGRJRD0tMXxUeXBlPTM=&t=1

Sanchanta, M. (2010). Starbucks plans major China expansion. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304604204575181490891231672.html
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Assemblage Marketing Plan There Are

Words: 1534 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24729856



In addition to capitalizing on this trend, the Assemblage's strategy also helps to mitigate the damaging impacts of a double dip. The Assemblage essentially captures customers on their way up or down the dining market. A double dip recession may cause some consumers to trade down from fine dining. They do not currently trade down because there are no casual dining establishments able to deliver the innovative food, interesting beverages and dynamic service that the Assemblage promises. This gives consumers another option, one that allows them to have a home no matter what the economic climate. The Assemblage benefits from any economic condition in one way or another, allowing it to flourish in any scenario.

orks Cited:

Horovitz, B. (2008). Casual dining chains hunger for change. USA Today. Retrieved June 3, 2010 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/food/2008-10-13-casual-dining-restaurants_N.htm

Mintel Internatioanl. (2009). Casual dining -- U.S.. Mintel International. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.marketresearch.com/map/prod/2510855.html

Banerjee,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Horovitz, B. (2008). Casual dining chains hunger for change. USA Today. Retrieved June 3, 2010 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/food/2008-10-13-casual-dining-restaurants_N.htm

Mintel Internatioanl. (2009). Casual dining -- U.S.. Mintel International. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.marketresearch.com/map/prod/2510855.html

Banerjee, R. (2010). Marketers must get adventurous if they want to survive. The Economic Times. Retrieved June 3, 2010 from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/5891599.cms?prtpage=1

Hartford, J. (2008). Another negative year for casual dining. QSR Magazine. Retrieved June 3, 2010 from http://www.qsrmagazine.com/articles/exclusives/1108/economy-1.phtml
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Ecofeminism Attracting the World's Attention

Words: 6366 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94121518



Women and water in India. In the villages of North Gujarat in India, so much groundwater has been removed that water supplies are now becoming scarce, according to hawana Upadhyay, writing in the journal Agriculture and Human Values. Women in North Gujarat are basically looked upon as "…domestic water users while men are seen as productive water users, despite the fact that women make significant use of water for productive purposes as well"

(Upadhyay, 2005, p. 411). Domestic water usage in India goes well beyond drinking and cooking, Upadhyay writes. Dalit women in Nepal for example grow commercial vegetable crops with the water they draw; they utilize a drip system, which costs just $12 to install, and it results in a profit of around $80 annually. Without a source of safe water, the livelihood of these women would disappear. Still, women's use of water tends to be classified as domestic,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Buckingham, Susan, 2004, 'Ecofeminism in the Twenty-First Century', the Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 2, 146-154.

Crow, Ben, and Sultana, Farhana, 2002, 'Gender, Class, and Access to Water: Three Cases in a Poor and Crowded Delta', Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 15, 709-724.

Dobscha, Susan, and Ozanne, Julie L. 2001. 'An Ecofeminist Analysis of Environmentally Sensitive Women Using Qualitative Methodology: The Emancipatory Potential of an Ecological Life', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 20, No. 2, 201-214.

Eaton, Heather, 'Ecofeminism and Globalization', Feminist Theology, Vol. 8, No. 41, 41-55.
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Eighteenth Century Religion in Many

Words: 553 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55558761



Chapter 12

issionary efforts during the nineteenth century had led to a massive expansion of the Church and Christianity, and the first several decades of the twentieth century saw several international and inter-denominational conferences regarding the evangelical need for other missionary efforts and the practical means of carrying them out. Robert Speer was one of the most dedicated missionaries at these conferences, exhorting others with a great zeal that he exhibited in his actions, as well. The gains of the nineteenth century, however -- as well as some of those in the twentieth century -- had come at the cost of hundreds of thousands of Christian lives confirmed the unfortunate truth "that the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the Church." The death of these martyrs had largely ended by the Edinburgh issionary Conference of 1910, which established a new consciousness regarding the missionary purpose and pursuit.

Chapter…… [Read More]

Missionary efforts during the nineteenth century had led to a massive expansion of the Church and Christianity, and the first several decades of the twentieth century saw several international and inter-denominational conferences regarding the evangelical need for other missionary efforts and the practical means of carrying them out. Robert Speer was one of the most dedicated missionaries at these conferences, exhorting others with a great zeal that he exhibited in his actions, as well. The gains of the nineteenth century, however -- as well as some of those in the twentieth century -- had come at the cost of hundreds of thousands of Christian lives confirmed the unfortunate truth "that the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the Church." The death of these martyrs had largely ended by the Edinburgh Missionary Conference of 1910, which established a new consciousness regarding the missionary purpose and pursuit.

Chapter 13

Though it is difficult to determine with precision the most important turning points in the history of Christianity in the twentieth century from such a close vantage point, but several key events and trends can be singled out. The rise of Pentecostalism throughout the twentieth century was certainly significant, with signs of the Holy Spirit felt by millions more today than ever before in Christian history. The Second Vatican Council and its decisions also had enormous ramifications for the Church in the latter half of the twentieth century and beyond, and major political and economic events that took place in the world -- the great Depression, the two World Wars, etc. -- also had large religious ramifications.