Building Construction Essays (Examples)

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Building Design Construction Methods and Collapse General

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79658363

Building Design Construction Methods and Collapse

General building design and construction methods

Contemporary building regulations are effective in ensuring the safety of occupants throughout the life cycle of the structure. Government agencies have the responsibility of inspection to ensure safety and enforcing compliance to regulations and codes during constructions. Building design and construction methods evolve in response to emerging trends and demands in the industry. Advancements within the design and construction industries transform the demands and orientation of structures as per the consumer demand.

Building designs and construction methods have associated types of collapse. Designs and construction methods determine the gravity resistance system of buildings. Different building designs and construction methods have related hazards from the collapse of structures.

Fire resistive buildings

Fire resistive building designs integrate the application non-combustible materials in construction. This prevents the construction materials from adding to the fire load and smoke within and spread from…… [Read More]

References

Bukowski, R., Jensen, R. & Laurel, A. (2012). Addressing the Needs of People Using Elevators for Emergency Evacuation. Fire Technology, 48: 127 -- 136.

Ling, F. & Soh, L. (2005). Improving the design of tall buildings after 9/11. Structural Survey, 23 (4): 265-281.

Mohammad, H. (2009). On the challenges of evacuation and rescue operations in high-rise buildings. Structural Survey, 27 (2): 109-118.

Randall, M. (2005). OSHA to the Rescue: Roofing industry benefits from agency's efforts. Professional Safety, 50 (2): 38-40.
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Construction Industry in Iran Over

Words: 1920 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24659372

This is when the available supply will address demand.

eferences

Construction Logistics Management, 2010, CMS. Available from: [21 February 2012].

Construction Materials, 2009, Encyclopedia Iranica. Available from: [18 February 2012].

Iran, 2012, CIA. Available from: [17 February 2012].

Iran's Budget Shortfalls, 2009, P Log. Available from: [21 Feb 2010]

Iran Building Construction and Investment Opportunity, 2011, Business Wire. Available from: [20 February 2012].

Iran's eal Estate and Construction Industry, 2011, Dazzel Pod. Available from: [17 February 2012].

Sector in Iran, 2012, Iran Exhibitions. Available from: [21 February 2012].

Speed of Construction Industry, 2011, Zawya. Available from: [19 February 2012].

Top Ten Most Corrupt Nations, 2010, Expitfy. Available from: [17 February 2012].

Ahmandinejad, M, 2006, the Survey of Implementing Quality Management, International Civil Engineering. Available from: [20 February 2012].

Bagher, M, 2011, ICT Adoption, IAAC. Available from: [19 February 2012].

Bakar, a, 2010, 'Causes of Delays in Iranian Construction,' International Journal…… [Read More]

References

Construction Logistics Management, 2010, CMS. Available from: [21 February 2012].

Construction Materials, 2009, Encyclopedia Iranica. Available from: [18 February 2012].

Iran, 2012, CIA. Available from: [17 February 2012].

Iran's Budget Shortfalls, 2009, PR Log. Available from: [21 Feb 2010]
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Building Industry The Building Industry Is a

Words: 2191 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97023128

building industry. The building industry is a cyclical business based on residential and business construction. The industry has faced several years of constrained demand, despite low interest rates. Two firms within the industry are Eagle Materials (EXP) and Apogee Enterprises (APOG). These two firms will be compared with one another in terms of their finances and their recent news in this paper. First, Eagle will be studied including its key financial ratios and recent news, and then the same treatment will be given to Apogee. The conclusion of the paper will discuss the future of the industry and which of the two firms would make a better investment for someone looking to put money in the building industry today.

The Building Industry

The building industry is a cyclical business based on construction. Both construction firms and their suppliers are part of this industry. The two companies being studied are industry…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Apogee Enterprises Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended 2012.

Eagle Materials Fiscal Year 2012 Form 10-K.

Eagle Materials. (2013). Eagle Materials Inc. reports continued growth in sales volumes and earnings in the third quarter. Eagle Materials Retrieved March 30, 2013 from http://ir.eaglematerials.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=738571

Forbes. (2013). Apogee Enterprises about to put more money in your pocket. Forbes Dividend Channel. Retrieved March 30, 2013 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/dividendchannel/2013/02/01/apogee-enterprises-about-to-put-more-money-in-your-pocket/
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Fire and Building Systems

Words: 934 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24006938

Construction Systems and Fire Behavior

The fire destruction menace is an accident that lives with the societies on a daily basis and as long as there are activities within any building, there are predispositions to fire accidents without exclusion. This comprises the domestic buildings, high commercial buildings and even the office blocks within the city. There are procedures that can be followed while putting up a building or renovating a building that will ensure there are enough measures that help in the eradication of fires or at least suppression of fires when one breaks out.

One such system is the general rule of having effective fire separation within the building which could be between one floor and another or even within the same floor. This is rarely the case since even where such systems are put in place, they are often imperfect in nature and inmost cases not existing at…… [Read More]

References

CFBT-U.S., (2014). Commercial Fire: Durango, CO. Fie Behavior Case Study. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from  http://www.cfbt-us.com/pdfs/cs_0002_durango_co.pdf 

Frassetto R., (2012). Understanding Building Construction Types. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from  http://www.firefighternation.com/article/truck-co-operations/understanding-building-construction-types 

Gregory Havel, (2013). Construction Concerns: Unpredictable Fire. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.fireengineering.com/articles/2013/08/construction-concerns-unpredictable-fire.html
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Building Information Modeling BIM Images Evolution of

Words: 2567 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8105416

Building Information Modeling

BIM Images

Evolution of BIM

Characteristics of BIM

Managing BIM Models

Barriers to BIM

The Future of BIM

ecently, a lot of revolution has been taking place to bring change in the fabric of the audiovisual design and integration of business. Nasser (2010) noted that Building Information Modeling (BIM) is not a new innovation to the field of construction. It has been around for decades, even though the term BIM was introduced more recent by Professor Charles Eastman of Georgia Tech, who developed the first no-commercial BIM tool almost three decades ago and called it Engineering Data Model (EDM), when has undergone through a number of iteration (Nasser, 2010). In this paper, we evaluate the concept and application of Building Information Modeling (BIM).

Introduction

ecently, a lot of revolution has been taking place to bring change in the fabric of the audiovisual design and integration of business.…… [Read More]

Reference

Mihindu, S., Arayici, Y.: Digital Construction through BIM Systems will drive the Re-engineering of Construction Business Practices, International Conference on Visualization IEEE Computer Society 2008, 29-34.

Dean, R. (2007). Building Information Modeling (BIM): Should Auburn University Teach BIM to Building Science Students? Graduate Capstone, Department of Building Science, Auburn University.

Rosenburg, T.L. (2007). "Building Information Modeling." [WWW document] URL http://www.ralaw.com/resources/documents/Building%20Information%20Modeling%20-%20Rosenberg.pdf

Thompson, D.B., and Miner, R.G. (2007). "Building Information Modeling - BIM: Contractual Risks are Changing with Technology" [WWW document] URL http://www.aepronet.org/ge/no35.html
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Building a Bridge Cherry Road Bridge Project

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66102922

Building a Bridge

Cherry oad Bridge Project

This is a proposal to create a solidly engineered pony truss bridge at Cherry oad to be concluded by August 31, 2012. We have assembled a competent project team to help us accomplish this task. We have carefully selected project members based on area of expertise. Guided by the overall engineering and design blueprint and under the direction of a capable Project Manager, each team member will employ his or her unique skill set (and extended team members) to see this project through to completion in a safe, cost effective, and timely manner.

Principal Team Members

Owner: Tom Jones -- [HIDDEN]

Project Manager: Geoffrey Hendricks -- g. -- [HIDDEN]

Senior Designer: Marilyn Branson -- [HIDDEN]

Constructor: Scott Cooley- scott. -- [HIDDEN]

Project Leadership

The Owner, Mr. Tom Jones, has initiated this project and will ultimately assume ownership upon its completion. A long-time private…… [Read More]

Reference

Quality in the Constructed Product: A Guide for Owners, Designers, and Constructors, American Society of Civil Engineers Manual No. 73, ASCE, New York, 1990.
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Building a PC Like an

Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60401161



Assembling and testing the PC

Once you've acquired all the components, the next step is to assemble and test the laptop. The steps to accomplish this are provided here:

Open the laptop case up and lay in the motherboard. Use screws to tighten it into place.

Next, layer in the other components including disk drive, memory, and microprocessor. Snap them all into place carefully.

With the components in place, next close the lid and secure it using the screws included. The case is now solidly closed.

Plug in the power cable and see if the computer comes up. You will hear a slight whirring sound as the disk drive spins up to speed.

The screen shows light but is not showing any characters. That's because the operating system needs to be loaded.

Testing your PC at this point starts with a series of utilities than can be found at ZDNet.com…… [Read More]

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Construction Contract the Following Agreement

Words: 300 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30802735



Homeowner agrees to provide Contractor with the necessary access to Homeowner's property and to reimburse Contractor for the purchase of building and other materials listed on the separate document entitled "List of Materials" attached hereto as a second page and bearing the initials of Homeowner next to each item.

Homeowner agrees to extent the period for the completion of this project by any delay caused directly by the unavailability of any necessary item or materials or to arrange for the delivery of appropriate substitute items or materials.

This agreement and the attached addendum referenced above constitutes the entire agreement between the parties and neither party may modify this agreement except in a writing bearing the signature of both parties.

Agreed to April 4, 2009.

Harry Homeowner

Chris Conrad

Witness

*the rest…… [Read More]

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Building Projects Six Building Projects

Words: 4255 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38643592

66). St. Justinus' was influenced by St. Caster at Coblenz and churches Michaelstadt and Seligenstadt (Fegusson & Spiers p. 220). The columns and roofs are of cultural interest and the massive Gothic choir and its original seating still exist.

3.4. Significances

St. Justinus' has undergone changes over the years. In 1298 the relics of St. Justinus' were transferred to the mother church St. Margaret who in turn dedicated the church. In 1419 the Antoniter order made numerous altercations to the church including the building of the gothic chancel. In the early 18th century the church added an organ that is mostly intact today (The American Organist). In the 1930s and the 1980s St. Justinus' underwent restoration; today the church belongs to the parish of St. Josef in the Frankfurt district of Roman Catholic Diocese of Limburg (aedekers Frankfurt).

Crusades:

4. Krak des Chevaliers, Syria (AD 1144 -- 1250) -- 950…… [Read More]

Bibliography Page

Albright, W.F. (1936), "Archaeological Exploration and Excavation in Palestine and Syria, 1935," American Journal of Archaeology (Archaeological Institute of America) 40 (1): 154 -- 167

Baedekers Frankford: a city guide series. Prentice Hall Press, 1987. Print.

Bennett, M. The Hutchinson dictionary of ancient and medieval warfare. Chicago, Il: Helicon Publishing, 1998. Print.

Billings, Malcolm. The Crusades: Five Centuries of Holy Wars. New York: Sterling
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Building Leadership Capacity Fiedler Has

Words: 2680 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78146378

The model that emerged from the study proposes that there is a relationship of life mission with transformational learning and self-directed learning. Adult educators may improve their learning process when they provide some way for learners to understand their life's mission and relate it to learning. This may help the learning experience go from being teacher-directed to being more student-directed. The study suggests that purpose seeking must be included in emancipatory learning as well as awareness building (Kroth, p.134).

Stephen Brookfield recently published a study of the theory entitled epositioning ideology critique in a critical theory of adult learning about adult learning and how it differs from other types of theories. Looking at contemporary readings in adult educational, particularly those of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, as interpreted by Habermas, who taught "risk sliding into an exclusive engagement with the pragmatic dimensions of his thought to the exclusion of…… [Read More]

References

Brookfield, S. (2001).Repositioning ideology critique in a critical theory of adult learning. Adult Education Quarterly, vol. 52(11.

Brookfield, S. (2002). Overcoming alienation as the practice of adult education: the contribution of Erich Fromm to a critical theory of adult learning and education. Adult Education Quarterly, Vol. 52(2).

Barry-Craig P. Johansen and Gary N. McLean (2006). Worldviews of adult learning in the workplace: a core concept in human resource development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, Vol. 8(8.)

Belzer, a. (2004). "It's not like Normal School": the role of prior learning contexts in adult learning. Adult Education Quarterly, Vol. 55(1).
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Building a Secure Workflow Management

Words: 11534 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30861705

Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.

1.4.

Lecture Survey.

The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.

1. An important step for processing of e-Government.

2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…… [Read More]

References

Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.

Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"

Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.

Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
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Decision Making in Construction

Words: 1143 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90758246

Decision

As the general contractor of a medium size, one of the most important decision points in construction is a go no-go decision. Go no-go decisions have become common in the modern construction industry because of the changing marketplace that has in turn generated complex procurement choices. In light of the changing marketplace in the construction industry, construction companies face new challenges in identifying the most suitable project proposals to adopt and develop vetting measures that help in making the appropriate go no-go decision (Illia & ubin, 2014). Despite the complexities of such decisions, go no-go decisions remain very crucial choices in this sector because of their significance in weighing costs for the most appropriate project fit.

Contractors need to conduct a go no-go analysis in order to determine the best project fit depending on project specifications and needs. The analysis helps in several aspects including serving as a process…… [Read More]

References

Bagies, A and Fortune, C (2006) Bid/ no-bid decision modelling for construction projects. In: Boyd, D (Ed) Procs 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2006, Birmingham, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 511-521.

Bryan Construction Inc. (n.d.). Design-Bid-Build Construction Projects. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://bryanconstruction.com/company/articles-info/design-bid-build-construction-projects/

Illia, T. & Rubin, D.K. (2014, October 6). Firms Refine Steps to Bid the Right Job. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www.enr.com

Rudy, L.J. (2014, June 11). Getting Started with Go/No-Go Decision Making. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from https://business.tutsplus.com/articles/getting-started-with-gono-go-decision-making -- cms-21362
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Panelized and Modular Building Systems

Words: 9477 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51106151

The panels could also be assembled quickly often within a day. Some panels have an in-built wiring in them making the housing construction to be faster. The panelized off-site building technologies could also involve exterior wall of building designed to provide the load bearing structural support, and the panelized building system could be made of light gauge steel, timber, structural insulated panels (SIPs), non-structural or concrete, which could be used to create the whole building.

(Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, 2003). On the hand, Burwood and Jess (2005) reveal another method of panelized building system which is closed system. However, closed system is more complex because it involves the use of more factory fabrication such as insulation and lining materials. Different type of panels may include steel frame or timber frame and they may consist of prefabricated load bearing panels.

There are several advantages that could be derived from…… [Read More]

References

AMA Research (2011). Bathroom and Kitchen Pods Market-UK 2010.2014. AMA Research Ltd., UK.

Azman, M.N.A. Ahamad, M.S.S. Majid, T.A. et al. (2010). The Common Approach in Off-Site Construction Industry. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(9): 4478-4482.

Barker 33 Cross Industry Group (2006) Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) for the Provision of Housing: Barker 33 Review: Recommendations, Barker 33 Cross Industry Group, London.

Barker, K. (2003) Review of Housing Supply: Securing our Future Housing Needs, Interim Report: Analysis, HMSO, London.
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Steel Frame Construction Bibliography and

Words: 4365 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3048734

According to Montgomery (2003), "Higher floors of buildings tended to rent at a substantial discount, due to the need to climb several flights of stairs to reach one's workplace or residence. Otis's invention of the safety elevator at mid-century heralded the end of this constraint on vertical real estate development" (495). Likewise, Masden notes that the increasingly confident use of the relatively new ' elevators' also fueled demand for more steel frame structures; such new steel-framed buildings were known during this early period as "elevator buildings" instead of skyscrapers, a term that was first coined in 1883 (Marsden 78).

The underlying theory behind steel frame construction during its early use, though, fueled some well-intentioned but misguided efforts that adversely influenced future applications, selection of building materials, site selection and other salient factors involved in construction. In this regard, Mumford (1959) reports that, "Unfortunately, the skyscraper was an almost automatic response…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Code of Standard Practice. 2006. American Iron and Steel Institute: Committee on Framing Standards. Steel Framing Alliance Practice Guide CF06-1.

Fanjoy, Rob. 2006. "As an alternative to lumber, cold-formed steel framing has advantages and disadvantages. Here's what you need to know." Steel Framing Solutions. 18 Nov. 2006 http://forpros.lowes.com/articles.cfm?aid=103.

Marsden, Donald. 2005, January 1. "How Chicago Got All High and Mighty." The Daily Mail 78.

Montgomery, M.R. 2003. "Keeping the Tenants Down: Height Restrictions and Manhattan's Tenement House System, 1885-1930." The Cato Journal 22(3):495.
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Subcontracting in the Construction Industry

Words: 3636 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99110076



Selection citeia used by constuction contactos fo selecting a subcontacto.

Citeion

Weight

Oganization chaacteistics

Company eputation

Company age

Responsiveness

Pesonnel qualifications

Related degee o cetificate

Relevant expeience in building constuction

Technical abilities

Financial pefomance

Bank efeences

Pofitability histoy

Cuent wokload

Relevant expeience

Simila type of pojects to the poposed wok

Simila size ($) of pojects to the poposed wok

Souce: Dulung & Pheng, 2005, p. 94.

The espective weights wee then soted in ascending ode using Excel (see copy of data table at Appendix a) and ae illustated gaphically in Figue 2 below fo ease of compaison as to thei elative impotance in the subcontacto-selection pocess.

Figue 2. Selection citeia used by constuction contactos fo selecting a subcontacto.

Souce: Based on tabula data in Dulung & Pheng, 2005 at p. 94.

Although the constuction is fundamentally diffeent fom othe manufactuing entepises as noted above and by these authos, based on…… [Read More]

references

Similar size ($) of projects to the proposed work

Financial performance

Personnel qualifications

Company reputation
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Mumbai Buildings

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80158148

Shah Signature, Navi Mumbai

The Shah Signature building is located in Navi Mumbai. The clients in this project are Shah group Projects and infraprojects Ltd. And the project was executed by Soyuz Talib Architects. The site where the building is located is 1800 sqm, a footprint of 825 sqm and a built up of 13,000 sqm and the total built up area was 138,000 Sq.F.t. The total cost of putting up the building is estimated to be 2387.40 Lacs (Kalpana Struct, 2012).The project for the Shah Signature building was designed by the Firm Associates, Architects in India, Asia which is a team famous for its sustainability intrinsic to good designs. The structural consultants of this building were Shanghai & Associates. Work on the building commenced on the 2nd of February 2012 and the work completed on the 30th of April 2013.it is a commercial project for showrooms as well as…… [Read More]

References

NBM Media Pvt. Ltd., (2010). The Firm Sustainability Intrinsic to Good Design. Retrieved March31, 2014 from http://www.nbmcw.com/articles/architects-a-project-watch/5533-the-firm-a-multi-design-practice-offering-architecture-interiors-and-landscape.html

Dsouza, B.(2012). Shah Signature at Vashi by Shah Group in Navi Mumbai. Retrieved March31,2014 from http://masssnews.weebly.com/4/post/2012/05/shah-signature-at-vashi-by-shah-group-in-navi-mumbai.html

Kalpana Struct.(2012). Shaha Signature-commercial Building construction. Retrieved March31, 2014 from  http://www.kscpl.com/ongoing/shah-signature-commercial-building-construction/
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History of Construction Technology of

Words: 9139 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54599726

Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer).

A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw).

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.

Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.

Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .

Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
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Twenty Building Projects Discussed Below

Words: 3378 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79782154

They were constructed or rather carved as a tribute to Pharaoh Ramses II and his queen Nefertari. The Temple of Edfu (237-57 BC) also shows the expertise and the cultural depth of the Egyptian culture. This temple on the West bank of the Nile in the city of Edfu is the second biggest temple in Egypt after Karnack. The religious foundations of the culture are clearly evident in aspects of the construction. For example, the decorations of the walls of the temple to the god Horus provide a cast array of scientific and mythological knowledge. This temple has also provided archeologists and Egyptologists with knowledge about the culture and its scientific and its advances in fields such as mathematics and astronomy.

Summary

In terms of materials and technological processes, the great ziggurats and pyramids show the use of ramps for building upwards and a strong durable material (mud-brick or granite).…… [Read More]

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Evolution of Construction Safety Regulations

Words: 3205 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19940748

The Association of Iron and Steel Electrical Engineers (AISEE) pushed for a "national conference on safety" and as a result the Cooperative Safety Congress (CSC) was held (in 1912) and out of that meeting the National Council of Industrial Safety (NCIS) was founded. Later, the NCIS evolved into the National Safety Council (NSC) (Goetsch, p. 6).

On-the-job accidents "and even fatalities" were "an accepted fact of life in the construction industry" during the early 1900s, writes author Richard Hislop on page 4 of his book, Construction Site Safety: A Guide for Managing Contractors. Construction workers helping to build the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, for example, were in harm's way constantly. hen the budget was established and the projections for the Golden Gate were prepared, "it was expected that there would be on fatality for each million dollars of construction work," Hislop explains (1999, p. 4). And since the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2007.

Retrieved July 18, 2009, from  http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.nr0.htm .

Goetsch, David L. (2003). Construction Safety and Health. Upper Saddle River, NJ:

Prentice Hall.
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History of Construction 26 Buildings

Words: 6960 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89940409

In other words, at every seven courses of stone, a layer of reed matting was laid and weep-holes and drainage shafts were placed, thus preserving the ziggurat from water damage.

Eventually the building fell into disrepair. Later, King Nabonidus restored the Ur ziggurat, along with other temples. Stiebing believes this was because he revered his mother's gods (285). Nabonidus claims in the clay cuneiform tablets found in the tower to have rebuilt it on the same foundations and using the same mortar and bricks. Ultimately it must have deteriorated after the Persian defeat by Cyrus in 539 BC.

Construction of Tower of Babylon (ca 600 BC)

While the biblical account of this great structure in Genesis 11 is perhaps legendary, scholars have come to view the "Tower of Babel" mentioned in the text as the ziggurat of the temple of Marduk in Babylon (known as Etemenanki). Expressing the scholarly consensus,…… [Read More]

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Cultural and Construction History of

Words: 8066 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21023993

Thomas Aquinas led the move away from the Platonic and Augustinian and toward Aristotelianism and "developed a philosophy of mind by writing that the mind was at birth a tabula rasa ('blank slate') that was given the ability to think and recognize forms or ideas through a divine spark" (Haskins viii). y 1200 there were reasonably accurate Latin translations of the main works of Aristotle, Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, and Galen, that is, of all the intellectually crucial ancient authors except Plato. Also, many of the medieval Arabic and Jewish key texts, such as the main works of Avicenna, Averroes and Maimonides now became available in Latin. During the 13th Century, scholastics expanded the natural philosophy of these texts by commentaries and independent treatises. Notable among these were the works of Robert Grosseteste, Roger acon, John of Sacrobosco, Albertus Magnus, and Duns Scotus. Precursors of the modern scientific method can be…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Cultural Environment

Atrisgerinko, V.A. Origins of the Romanesque. London: Lund, 2005. Print.

Benson, R.E. Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1982. Print.

Benson, Robert L. et al. (eds). Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century. Medieval Academy of America, 1991.
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Construction Documents Class Programming HW

Words: 372 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54899298

building program: Using AutoCAD® Architecture

One commonly used program to draft plans for buildings using CAD software is AutoCAD® Architecture. Program capabilities include the ability to draw walls, to create a 'slope' to mimic the real-world conditions of a foundation, and the ability to annotate notes directly onto a plan. Creating structures such as doors with a 'swing' can also be superimposed upon the plan to ensure that they have enough room to maneuver. There are automatic scaling devices to include tags, texts, and other objects within the layout. One user noted that it is with such detailing that the program distinguishes itself from the competition. "For example, when entering column sizes they used to pick an approximate size for use throughout the entire building. Now, they can isolate particular columns and properly detail them out. e can save space, make room for drains, you name it. It's been a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Case studies." AutoCAD® Architecture. [3 Feb 2014].

http://usa.autodesk.com/autocad-architecture/customers/
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Building Information Modeling Strategy for

Words: 2811 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10627034



epresentative Building Information Modeling Implementations in Other Countries

As noted above, evaluating the effectiveness of building information modeling systems remains challenging because of the relatively recent addition of this suite of modeling tools to the architect/designer repertoire, but there are some salient successful examples of such deployment from around the world as set forth in Table 1 below.

Table 1

epresentative Building Information Modeling Implementations in Different Countries

Country

Description

Finland

Approximately 33% of architects and engineers were using BIM applications according to a 2007 survey; no case studies or other surveys of Finnish engineering firms have been conducted to date to the authors' knowledge (Wong, Wong & Nadeem, 2010). The major adopters of BIM include VTT. Building information modeling guidelines are being formulated with industry-wide support and collaboration (Wong et al., 2010).

Norway

The Norwegian Homebuilders' Association has encouraged the adoption of BIM industry wide; the major adopter of…… [Read More]

References

'a Case Study of BIM Implementation in India.' (2012, August 30). AEC Bytes: Building the Future. [online] available: http://www.aecbytes.com/buildingthefuture/2012/InformArchitects-CaseStudy.html.

'Around the world with BIM.' (2012). AEC Bytes. [online] available: http://aecbytes.com / blog/2012/05/09/around-the-world-with-bim/.

Cotts, D.G., Roper, K.O. & Payant, R.P. (2010). The Facility Management Handbook. New York: American Management Association.

Fisk, R. (2011, February 24). 'Tripoli: A City in the Shadow of Death.' The Independent
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Building Information Modeling BIM

Words: 2082 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44927040

BIM Strategy

Developing BIM Implementation Strategy for Libyan Construction Sector

Construction, on any project, is a piecemeal affair that often provides so much confusion of parts that it is difficult to ensure that there is not some important element either lost or forgotten. Charles Thomsen, a leading builder, looks inside a construction trailer and sees "a plan rack with separate drawings for architectural, mechanical, plumbing, electrical and civil…special sets of drawings for landscaping, lighting, security networks, way-finding graphics…shop drawings are in racks, buckets or drawers. Book shelves hold loose-leaf notebooks full of FIs" (2010). A need existed for this to all be organized into one package that allowed construction to run more seamlessly than it had in the past. With the amount of material needed for the construction of even a simple structure, organization of the planning material is essential.

Technology provided the means for securing this organization through a…… [Read More]

References

Foundation of the Wall and Ceiling Industry (FWCI). (2009). Building information modeling: Understanding and operating in a new paradigm. Retrieved from  http://www.awci.org/pdf/bim.pdf 

Howell, I., & Batcheler, B. (2005). Building information modeling two years later -- huge potential some success and several limitations. Retrieved from  http://www.laiserin.com/features/bim/newforma_bim.pdf 

Lavy, S., & Fernandez-Solis, J. (2010). Complex healthcare facility management and lean construction. HERD: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 3(2), 3-9.

Lu, J., & Price, A.D.F. (2011). Dealing with complexity through more robust approaches to the evidence-based design of healthcare facilities. HERD: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 4(4), 3-8.
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Building Insurance Coverage Each Year

Words: 2324 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23235040

Under Anglo-American common law, Ungern-Sternberg (2004) reports that, "When a property has changed owner, it is quite possible that no insurer is liable for subsidence damage, even though it has been permanently insured. Many homeowners suffer from the illusion that their building insurance will automatically pick up the whole bill but some have found this an expensive pipe dream" (p. 49). In reality, when consumers purchase a new home, it is carefully inspected and all known faults are identified, but unknown faults are also inherited in the transaction (Ungern-Sternberg, 2004).

Consequently, the experiences of many homeowners to date have been encounters with previous policyholder's insurance company disavowing responsibility for such damage as well as the new insurance company that will argue the damages are the result of pre-existing conditions. This nebulous area of building insurance remains controversial, and Ungern-Sternberg (2004) emphasizes that the practice continues to adversely affect building purchasers.…… [Read More]

References

Are you fully insured? (2011, March). Society of Chartered Surveyors. Retrieved from http://www.scsi.ie/publications/Downloadreport/hri2011.

Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Bonato, D. & Zweifel, P. (2002). Information about multiple risks: the case of building and content insurance. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 69(4), 469-471.

Hoffman, a.V. (2003). House by house, block by block: The rebirth of America's urban neighborhoods. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Construction Project Financing Valuation Market Review a Brief

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22457102

Construction Project Financing/Valuation

Market eview

A brief search of Internet-listed one-bedroom apartments in Abu Dhabi confirms a current yearly rental price of AED 75,000 for most properties in the city (Justentals.com, 2012). Many apartments located in different buildings and in different [arts of the city are listed for exactly this amount, though some were also found for lower (AED 60,000) and several were found that were higher (approx. AED 85,000), however as an average current price AED 75,000 seems quite accurate (Justentals.com, 2012). Likewise, an estimation of AED 120,000 as the current annual average rent for a two bedroom is also fairly accurate; there is a greater variance observed in prices for two bedrooms that is likely reflective of differences in actual size and also appears to be neighborhood- and building-driven to a greater degree than is the pricing of one-bedroom apartments, however AED 120,000 does seem to be a…… [Read More]

References

Jones, M. (2011). CEO Magazine Interview. Accessed 10 April 2012. http://www.ceoqmagazine.com/economicoutlook/gcceconomicoutlook.htm

JustRentals.com. (2012). Accessed 10 April 2012. http://www.justrentals.com/abu-dhabi-rent/1-bedroom-abu-dhabi-apartments-for-rent.html

PropertyWire.com. (2012). Downturn for property rents in Abu Dhabi as market is flooded with new supply. Accessed 10 April 2012.  http://www.propertywire.com/news/middle-east/abu-dhabi-rental-prices-201203286352.html 

Reuters. (2011). S&P keeps Abu Dhabi outlook. Accessed 10 April 2012.  http://www.emirates247.com/business/economy-finance/s-p-keeps-abu-dhabi-outlook-2011-05-24-1.396898
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Building Information Modeling Implementation Strategy

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14019589

Since their issue, the International Organization for Standardization has designated IFCs as being the "construction information standard" for BIM applications (Lyon, 2009, p. 40). Because the same types of needs have been identified in other sectors, the need for standardization in the BIM realm was also well recognized. For instance, according to Lyon (2009, p. 40), "Like CD, BIM will need standardization to share complex information between organizations." ccording to Twati (2008, p. 2), though, this key driver is languishing behind adoption levels in other countries. In this regard, Twati (2008) advises that, "While finances were not a problem for the wealthy country of Libya, it has historically used far less than its available computing capacity. The use of technology in Libya is minimal, regardless of it being one of the wealthiest countries in frica" (p. 1).

Building Information Modeling Implementations in Different Countries

Based on its proven efficacy in…… [Read More]

A recent example concerning the uptake of BIM in the United Kingdom is a public-private initiative intended to facilitate the design and development process using building information modeling applications. The project has been implemented at Niven Architects in a joint effort with Teesside University to promote developments in the use of BIM for building design and construction (Laing, 2012). According to this reporter, "Niven Architects has begun a two-year knowledge transfer partnership (KTP) with the university on building information modelling (BIM) as part of a Government and private sector scheme to improve businesses" (Laing, 2012, p. 32). In this case, Niven Architects is developing an innovative approach to modeling building information using these applications to help all stakeholders better understand what part they play in the process and what is expected from them in terms of support. In this regard, Laing (2012, p. 32) advises that, "When it comes to construction, instead of trying to interpret generic 2D drawings, the contractor has access to all of the information they need about every part of the project from the BIM model. We want all our consultants to move forward with us in BIM and will help them with their BIM implementation strategies as part of the KTP, which will support design and construction in the region." Of particular interest was the technique described by the architectural firm in which they expect to develop a virtual rendering of buildings that would provide clientele with the ability to actually walk through third-dimensionally projected buildings to get a better feel for what the space and built environment will look like when completed. According to Laing (2012, p. 32), Nivens "hopes to use Teesside University's 'Cave', a high-quality, immersive virtual environment and gaming facility, which would allow clients to physically 'walk into' and experience their new building before it is built." The project leader, Professor Nashwan Dawood, director of Teesside University's Technology Futures research institute, enthused that, "BIM can save time, energy and money. One of the problems in construction is the element of having to 'suck it and see'. You start to do the work and then suddenly there are problems" (2012, p.32).

In sharp contract, the introduction of the BIM applications has provided practitioners with the ability to render buildings in ways that allow every nook and cranny to be examined in detail, and in cost effective ways. In sum, "We can simulate the processes in advance on a computer screen in 3D, work out how things are going to be done and communicate this with the supply chain. It enables companies to virtually iron out problems before they happen" (Laing, 2012 at p. 32). These highly desirable attributes make BIM applications indispensable tools in modern construction projects, including the Libyan construction sector which is discussed further below.

Validation of the Strategy for Construction and Infrastructure Sector Organisations in the Libya Construction Sector
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Building and Civil Society in

Words: 3283 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71560984



At the same time, as compared to Ukraine, in Poland "the hard budget constraint on state enterprises, together with sufficient standards of corporate governance" were the main governmental instruments to avoid a "large-scale asset stripping before privatization"

. This was one of the key reasons for which the economic rebound started quite early for Poland, as compared to Ukraine. The privatization process did not take the chaotic characteristics it had in Ukraine, where the state assets were often simply divided between groups of interests and individuals close to the decision factors and power leverages. The rational privatization process in Poland meant that many of these assets, still functional, could be used to resume economic growth. Further along, the fact that there was a rational privatization of these assets meant that the direct foreign investment could gradually start during the early 1990s.

There was another explanation for the economic evolution in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. The World Bank. 2002. Transition - The First Ten Years Analysis and Lessons for Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union.

2. Fritz, Verena. 2008. State-Building: A Comparative Study of Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia. Central European University Press. Page 113

3. Snelbeckker, David. June 2005. Pension Reform in Eastern Europe and Eurasia: Experiences and Lessons Learned. The Services Group.

4. From Howard, Marc. 2003. Weaknesses of Civil Society in Post Communist Europe. Cambridge University Press
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Construction of a Person Who Feel Disconnected

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28345616

construction of a person who feel disconnected from his social setting? What are the elements of a person's experiences that combine to disconnect him or her from his social environment, and create the archetype misfit? Sometimes the person's ethics create the desire within him to be separate from his social surroundings sometimes the person is thrust into a setting with which he does not share any connections. Sometimes the simple choices of the individual separate him or her form the social surroundings, and create an isolated individual who is searching for meaning, and purpose. Such is the case for the characters in Ethan Frome, and Recitatif.

In the case of Ethan Frome, to combat the silence, isolation, and loneliness in his life, he marries a woman who is dissimilar to him, names Zenobia Pierce after his mother's death. While Ethan wants to leave their home town of Starkfield, his new…… [Read More]

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Construction Styles During the Middle Ages

Words: 1359 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23046810

Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture

The Romanesque and Gothic styles of architecture are key to the artistic development of the Middle Ages. They are they result not only of an aesthetical development, a natural consequence of improving socioeconomic conditions and a growing interest of individuals and groups to showcase their wealth and power with churches and other constructions, but also a result of technological developments. Indeed, many of the components of these styles came about as architectural necessities: to support the new constructions, technical innovations needed to be implemented and this sometimes translated into stylistic expressions.

This paper will investigate each architectural style in part, focusing both on a separate, relevant description of the main elements and on a comparison between the Romanesque and Gothic styles. To the degree to which this is possible, the paper will aim to showcase the description and the comparison with concrete examples from the civic…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Rolf Toman, Romanesque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, Konemann, (1997)

2. Banister Fletcher, A History of Architecture on the Comparative method (2001). Elsevier Science & Technology.

3. Helen Gardner; Fred S. Kleiner, Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art through the Ages. Thomson Wadsworth, (2004)

4. Pevsner, Nikolaus. An Outline of European Architecture. Pelican Books. (1964)
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building bridges between the us and mexico

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48480970

Art on the Mexico and US Border

How Art is Being Used for Social, Cultural, and Political Expression

The border between the United States and Mexico has been a focal point of a significant amounts of media attention in recent years. The newly elected US president has consistent stated his intentions to build a wall between the two countries in an overall effort to crack down on illegal immigration. In some of his acts as President, the newly elected Donald Trump has ordered increased immigration enforcement which has come in the way of mass deportations and cancelled visas from certain countries that have been associated with terrorism in the Middle East. He had previously announced that he would build a wall between the US and Mexico and even went as far as claiming that he would make Mexico pay for its construction; a contemptuous claim that has worked to polarize…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brouillette, L., & Jennings, L. (2010). Helping Children Cross Cultural Boundaries in The Borderlands: Arts at Freese Elementary Creates Cultural Bridges. Journal for Learning through the Arts.

Brown, P. (2016, October 26). No Walls Here: Between Tijuana and San Diego, an Art Ethos Thrives. Retrieved from The New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/30/arts/design/between-tijuana-and-san-diego-an-art-ethos-thrives.html

Lee, R. (2012). Tijuana Dreaming: Life and Art at the Global Border. Canadian Journal Of Latin American & Caribbean Studies, 269-271.

Moctezuma, A. (2007). Strange New World: Art and Design from Tijuana. Artforum International, 257-258.
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Legal Issues Examples of Construction Related Cases Tried in Courts

Words: 1874 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25638686

Construction Cases

Thousand Oaks vs. Amelco Electric

Broward County Vs. Great American Insurance

Great Monument Vs. Pinellas County

Pasco County School Board vs. Norwood Co

Cho Dae Presbyterian Church vs. Norwood County Zoning Board

Lafayette ealty vs. City of Hawthorne

City of Hackesack vs. Bergen County

Construction Cases

City of Thousand Oaks vs. Amelco Electric

Amelco Electric was awarded a contract by the city of Thousand Oaks' to construct the electric portion of the Civic Arts Plaza project. The contract was worth over 6.1 Million Dollars. City representatives paid Amelco $1,009,728 extra to make changes. Amelco committed a faux paus when it failed to utilize the additional funds towards making the new changes as stated. They also claimed that it was difficult to verify the problems as it was impossible. Amelco claimed damages as they believed that the changes were a betrayal of their contract. The management pressed for lost…… [Read More]

References

Public Construction Law, Cheri De Love, 2003 (http://www.publiconstructionlaw.com/Cases.htm#PERFORMANCE%20SURETY%20OFFER)

Great Monument Construction vs. Pinellas County (Carlos Moncada, The Tampa Tribune, 2003)

Cho Dae Presbyterian Church vs. Zoning Board, Norwood County, (Adam Geller, 2000; Publication: The Record (Bergen County, NJ)

City of Hawthorne vs. Bergen County (Hugh R. Morley, The Record,1995)
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Architectural Analysis Unidentified Brick Building India

Words: 1002 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81490889

Indian Architecture

In the photographs provided, the building's architectural context has quite obviously changed over time.

The oldest-looking photo of the three shows little development in the surrounding area, while the placement of trees on the building's immediate ground looks artful.

The other two photos are more recent, as one shows subsequent development in the area behind the building.

One give a glimpse of a large white building whose twentieth-century style does not sit entirely harmoniously with the Victorian-seeming construction of the building under consideration -- and also shows broken windows visible in the main central tower.

The other photo displays recent blight and disrepair on a smaller building -- advertising posters, missing bricks and roof tiles -- although it's not clear whether this smaller building is part of the larger complex around the building under consideration.

One other noteworthy bit of context can be glimpsed in the oldest of…… [Read More]

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Green Construction the Current Trend

Words: 536 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62410703

The use of renewable materials is excellent when possible as it ensures that the environmental costs of building the house will be paid off in months instead of decades (BEST 2009). The use of reclaimed materials is even better, however, as there is absolutely no additional environmental involved in using, for instance, a century-old dance floor as the hardwood covering in a new living room. eclaimed resources can be difficult to locate, but are often worth the price in addition to the environmental savings (BEST 2009).

Technological innovations also allow for much greater efficiency. Inert-gas windows and better insulation materials and techniques can improve the envelope of a house, drastically reducing the amount of energy needed to heat or cool a home or building (ADPS 2009). Heating and cooling units themselves have also greatly improved in efficiency in recent years, with additional improvements still ongoing (BEST 2009).

The best ways…… [Read More]

References

ADPSR. (2009). Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility. Accessed 2 October 2009.  http://www.adpsr.org/ 

BEST. (2009). Building Environmental Science & Technology. Accessed 2 October 2009. http://www.energybuilder.com/
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Economics in Construction Industry Data

Words: 1716 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3139551

9%

6.2%

6.3%

6.4%

6.4%

6.4%

Source: Kelly, Herring (2012).

Fig 3: France Construction Growth ate (%)

Source: Kelly and Herring (2012)

Economic theory points out the factors leading to the decline in the construction output in France. Economic theory argues that the changes in demand for construction activities may be due to several economic factors such as changes in Gross National Product, and changes in interest rates. (Finkel, 1997). Akintola and Martin (1994) argue that the level of a national economy is a primary factor that could affect the construction demand in a given economy. Typically, "there is a relationship between construction demand and the growth in GNP, as a measure of the economic well being of a nation." (Akintola, and Martin 1994 P. 9). During the period of economic prosperity, there is a general increase in demand for consumer goods which triggers up the demand for construction activities.…… [Read More]

References

Akintola, A. And Martin, S.R. (1994). Models of UK private sector quarterly construction demand. Construction Management and Economics 12(1):3-13.

Department Business Innovative & Skills (2011). The UK Industry Performance Report with reference to the UK Construction Industry Key Performance Indicators.UK.

Finkel, G. (1997).The economics of the construction industry. Sharpe. UK.

Kelly, R. Herring, S. (2012). Opportunities and barriers to inbound construction. BDO.
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Ohio Capitol Building Discuss the Overall Design

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73835563

Ohio Capitol Building

Discuss the overall design of the building. Upon what earlier buildings or styles was the design of this structure based? hy is that significant?

According to those who helped to construct the building, the Ohio Capitol was intended to be a building that was designed simplistically, to reflect the refinement and simple nature of the people in the state (Gilkey 1902,-page 651). The Ohio Capitol Building's design is based upon Greek and Roman architecture. It has been considered a premier example of Greek revival architecture which became popular during the 19th century in the United States and Europe (Gilkey 1902,-page 652). The structure was designed before the United States Capitol building and thus does not have the round dome that most capitol buildings have, although that structure too was designed after Grecian and Roman architecture. Subsequent additions to the building, either because of the need for additional…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Gilkey, Elliott Howard et. al. (1901). The Ohio Hundred Year Book: a Hand-book of the Public

Men and Public. Taylor: Columbus, OH.

"The Ohio Statehouse." (2012).

http://www.ohiostatehouse.org/Information/AboutTheStatehouse/Index.aspx
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New Construction Methods Materials and

Words: 2355 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1015748



A second major facto in the growing trend for a new greener industry is that these measures also represent a more efficient operation from a financial perspective as well. For instance, recycling aluminum cans on the job is an example of a sustainable practice that contributes in a positive way to the bottom line (Shepherd, 2009). ecycling aluminum cans on the jobsite help to feed the local economy as well. These new cost-cutting measures are necessary, as green construction typically drives up the price of a new home by 10% (Shepherd, 2009). Companies must take measures to reduce costs in as many areas as possible.

How Can These New Innovations Affect a Career in the Construction Industry?

Changes within the construction industry will have an impact on those involved in the industry of the future. These new innovations represent changes in attitude toward the job site, project flow and project…… [Read More]

References

AGC (2009). National Construction Group calls for New Federal Incentives to Encourage

Recycling of construction Materials, Purchase of More Efficient Construction

Equipment.Concrete Producer Online. March 23, 2009. Retrieved April 14, 2009 from http://www.theconcreteproducer.com/industry-news.asp?sectionID=1419&articleID=916304

Baccinelli, M. (2008). New Features and Technologies Boost Refrigerator Efficiency. Building Products. March/April 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2009 from http://www.ecohomemagazine.com/green-products/new-features-and-technologies-boost-refrigerator-efficiency.aspx
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Renaissance Building Projects Their Relationship

Words: 4215 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37559270



In contrast, English baroque has been described as being more secular, with a higher degree of classical inspiration. However, as Daniells states, this form of the Baroque style is not easy to categorize with finality (Daniells). Wellek uses the term 'restraint' to characterize English baroque (Wellek). With regard to the period of the Scientific Revolution, English Baroque drew inspiration from renaissance geometry. As in the Italian or Roman Baroque, there is a strong religious element that permeates all the designs.

The form of Baroque is exemplified by work of Sir Christopher Wren and buildings like St. Paul's Cathedral. The following summary by Soo is reiterated as it encapsulates the link between English baroque and the religious and scientific values of the period. "...as the result of a compromise between native medieval tradition and continental classicism, reconciled by creating a disunity between appearances and reality, the final design of St. Paul's…… [Read More]

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Strawbale Construction Methods in the

Words: 1856 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84400015

Outside unrendered. Set in woodland

Strawbale residential complex,

Powys, Wales

1. Strawbale multi-purpose conference / workshop/rehearsal space -- approximately 1,320 square feet; and,

2. Strawbale fully equipped communal kitchen/meeting place

Strawbale barn, Deanburn Cottage

Hayford, Buckfastleigh

Devon TQ11 0JQ

Post and beam/strawbale infill on limestone block foundation, approximately 30 square meters. Built in 1999 by Kevin and Helen Ireland. No cement or concrete used in building. Built with permission of Dartmoor National Park Authority; also serves as location for strawbale building seminars

Strawbale building,

Monkton Wyld Court

Charmouth, Bridport

Dorset DT6 6DQ

Load-bearing strawbale walls on a raised wooden deck on telegraph pole "stilts," approximately 400 square meters, lime-plastered exterior, mud plastered interior, tin roof, underfloor straw insulation, stained glass window, built in 1999 during a workshop

Strawbale house

Cork acecourse, Mallow

Co. Cork, Ireland

Load-bearing strawbale walls, lime-plastered exterior, thatched roof, built during a workshop as part of the…… [Read More]

References

Leedy, Phillip D. 1997. Practical Research: Planning and Design (6th ed). Upper Saddle

River,

NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Pritchard, Mark Bigland & Adrian Pitts. 2006. "Evaluation of Strawbale Building: Benefits and Risks." Architectural Science Review 49(4): 372-373.
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College Degree in Construction Management

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42945153

A construction manager must be prepared for anything and everything, and a degree can give a manager a broad-based sphere of knowledge and additional flexibility when serving the needs of a client. Technical knowledge of materials and even computers may be demanded at times: "Construction managers determine the best way to get materials to the building site and the most cost-effective plan and schedule for completing the project. They divide all required construction site activities into logical steps, estimating and budgeting the time required to meet established deadlines. Doing this may require sophisticated scheduling and cost-estimating techniques using computers with specialized software" (Construction managers, 2011, BLS).

In the case of the manager I interviewed, the project that he was currently managing had many of its features changed mid-course, as the project began to go over budget and met unexpected snags. Changing plans often results in delays, particularly when dealing with…… [Read More]

References

Construction managers. (2007). Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS). Retrieved May 22, 2011

at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos005.htm#training

Rimetz, Brendan. (2011). Demand for green building materials to grow 13% annually through

2015. Builder Online. Retrieved May 22, 2011 at http://www.builderonline.com/green-products/demand-for-green-building-materials-to-grow-13-annually-through-2015.aspx?rssLink=Demand+for+Green+Building+Materials+to+Grow+13%25+Annually+Through+2015
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Empire State Building

Words: 1711 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23606945

1931, the Empire State Building was the highest building in the world. It was surpassed in its impressiveness only by the first orld Trade Center in the 1970s. The man who played a significant role in the development of the ESB was Al Smith, an ambitious man and a reformer. From the 1920s on, New York was continually reinventing itself. Families of immigrants had already become an important part of the city's life. Led by their hopes to fulfill the American dream, many of the immigrants dealt nevertheless with the social conditions of the time. Smith, who became governor of the United States in 1918, was himself a man who could identify with them, having grown up on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. As a child, he witnessed the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, a project that represented one of the foolproof elements that New York was developing into…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lemire, Elise, and Flowers, Benjamin. Skyscraper: The Politics and Power of Building New York City in the Twentieth Century. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009. Print.

United States. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Empire State Building. OMB No. 1024-0018. Web. 30 Sep 2013
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Business Plan Drew Construction Co

Words: 778 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58604249

According to Finkel (1999), "The American construction industry is a vibrant and dynamic segment of the overall economy. It is annually responsible for nearly 4% of the nation's gross domestic product (GDP)" (p. 3). The historic performance of the construction industry has remained positive, even during downturns in the national economy. In fact, the last decade has been a period of healthy growth from the construction industry worldwide; however, a continued economic slowdown may result in somewhat slower growth in the future (Law, 2008).

The historic growth patterns of the construction industry are shown in Table 2 below and illustrated in Figure 1.

Table 2.

Construction industry market analysis: 2001-2004.

Compound Annual Growth ate (CAG)

Commercial Construction

Source: U.S. Census Bureau cited in BPlans, 2008 at http://www.bplans.com/sample_business_plans/Construction_and_Engineering_Business_Plans/Formwork_Construction_Business_Plan/Market_Description_fc.cfm.

Figure 1. Construction industry market analysis: 2001-2004.

Source: Based on tabular data from.S. Census Bureau cited in BPlans, 2008.

Strategy.

The company's strategy…… [Read More]

References

BPlans. (2008). [Online]. Available: http://www.bplans.com/sample_business_plans / Construction_and_Engineering_Business_Plans/Formwork_Construction_Business_Plan / Market_Description_fc.cfm.

Classification of building related sitework. (2008). UNIFORMAT II. [Online]. Available: http://www.uniformat.com/classification-of-building-related-sitework.html.

Finkel, G. (1999). The economics of the construction industry. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Law, P. (2008, April 26). With lean times ahead, a positive image is needed. The Birmingham Post (England), 8.
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Increasing or Decreasing Quality in Construction

Words: 1495 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22140134

Decreasing Quality in Construction

In the modern estern world, quality construction is generally taken for granted. Although it was once expected that each member of a town or village participate in construction. few people today are involved in the building of their own homes. Only a small percentage of the population is involved in the construction of the roads on which the majority of the population drives. It is a vast minority of people that have played any part in the creation of the structures in which they live, work, or shop. To the average person, there is little connection made mentally between the solid floors supporting his or her weight many stories above the ground, or the protective roof keeping out the elements overhead, and the actual labor which was put into these things. If the construction process is flawless, then no one will have to think about it…… [Read More]

Works Cited

(2003, August 19) China launches crackdown on fake, inferior construction products. People's daily Online. Retrieved February 27, 2005 from http://english.people.com.cn/200308/19/eng20030819_122575.shtml

Chini, A.R., & Brown, B.H., & Drummond, E.G. (1999, April) Journal of Construction Education. ASC Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference, California Polytechnic State University. Retrieved February 27, 2005 from http://asceditor.unl.edu/archives/1999/chini99.htm

C-Risk. (2001) Construction defect. C-Risk Consultants in Risk Management. Retrieved February 27, 2005 from http://www.c-risk.com/Construction_Risk/CR_CDs_01.htm

Garrity, K. & Olson, S. (1998, May 5) Local groups trying to bring workers into construction. The Seattle Daily jounal of Commerce. Retrieved on February 27, 2005 from  http://www.djc.com/special/constequip98/10038833.htm
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Project Management and Construction Safety

Words: 3017 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89518528

Health and Safety in Construction Industry

The construction industry is by far the most dangerous one as it takes more lives every year and results in many short- and long-term minor or severe injuries. The UK government regulatory bodies have been playing a significant role in ensuring that proper health and safety procedures are followed. Throughout the last four decades, its role has been impeccable in decreasing fatalities in the construction industry, although the excessive rules and regulations, frequent changes, bureaucratic structure and lack of project management and risk management techniques have dented its efficiency in protecting small construction companies and contractors, resulting in a compensation and claim culture engulfed with individual profiteers such as insurance companies, lawyers and health and safety consultants. These excessive regulations have pushed constructors to adopt some illegal practices in order to decrease cost and probability of claims from injured workers. The risk management and…… [Read More]

References:

Five steps to risk assessment. Viewed 27 October, 2012,

Hubbard, D. 2009. The failure of risk management: why it's broken and how to fix it. John Wiley & Sons. p. 46.

Health and safety executive. 2007. Managing health and safety in construction (Construction Design and Management) Regulations 2007 Approved Code of Practice.

Health and safety executive. 2011. Five steps to risk assessment, Viewed 28 October 2012
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Architecture Construction Thermal Isolation Materials

Words: 4132 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46741322



Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).

Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baldwin, Stephen Andrew. (2010). "List of Materials to Build a Vocal Booth," viewed 20

October 2010, < http://www.ehow.com/list_6299897_list-materials-build-vocal-booth.html>

"CSR Building Materials Rockwool Insulation," 2008, viewed 20 October 2010,

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Project Management - Building a

Words: 846 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45569101



Project Life Cycle:

The most initial phase in the conception of the home began with the financing of the projected costs associated with the entire development of the home. As described, the bank, to which the customer obtained their financing, was also in charge of assigning the developer who stood in as the highest project managing agent. According to the limitations of financing amounts provided by the bank to the customer, the specifics for the completion of the home were dictated. As available through this budget, each category of management was directed according to the financial specifics that were handed down from the bank to each descending sector of construction. Upon the agreement of these initial phases and the definitive associations given to each crew's categorical confines, the execution of the building process was then set to begin. Distributing the responsibilities and the necessary materials among these categories, the primary…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Denton, Raj. 2001. The Steps of Project Management. Pensington Press, New York, NY.

Gatlin Education Services. 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 19, 2007. http://www.gatlineducation.com/projectmanagement.htm

Home-Repair.com. 2007. The homebuilding timeline, retrieved from the World Wide Web; August 19, 2007. http://www.repair-home.com/Home_Building_Timeline

Smartdraw.com. 2007. Gantt charts; http://www.smartdraw.com/resources/signup_srv.htm?src=srv&edition=0&ext_ref=trialsurvey&custom2=7259327&custom3=1375&custom4=D3656B92-66ED-4E80-AFEA-2C8FF72A44E6&custom1=gan
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Monadnock Building House Divided the

Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79367873



Although Root was already a well-established Chicago architect, the north side of the Monadnock "emerges as a definite departure from the mainstream of Root's practice and the rest of the contemporary Chicago school at the time, with only its "carefully conceived proportions" and sculptural form harkening back to earlier Root works ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.5). Root created the illusion that the structure 'grew' organically from massive granite blocks of the ground floor, while the "inward curve of the wall at the second story" suggests a pylon without making explicit pastiche or parodic references to the Egyptian era ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.2). Likewise, "the outward flare of the parapet, the gentle chamfering of the building's corners, and the rhythm of uniform oriel windows...seem to grow from the wall surface" as do the contours of brick beside them…… [Read More]

Works Cited

History." Monadnock Building. 11 May 2008. http://www.monadnockbuilding.com/history.htm

Roth, Leland M. A Concise History of American Architecture. Excerpted at Great

Buildings Online. 11 May 2008. http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Monadnock_Building.html

Monadnock Building." Based on "The Monadnock Block" by the Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks. 11 May 2008. http://www.aallnet.org/press/Monadnock_History.pdf
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Monadnock Building Prototypical Melding of

Words: 1411 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8499056

"The north half is often called a fountainhead of modern architecture because of its total absence of exterior ornament. Root evidently felt that all that was needed here was graceful form for the structure itself. The south half of the building, on the other hand, is a masterful early application of classical architectural principles to the design of a tall building" ("History," Monadnock Building, 2008).

The early death of Root was not the only problem to plague the office complex -- when the building was finally finished and built, it was "so heavy that it sank into the ground after....requiring [reinforcement]...and steps to be installed at the entrances" to support the massive weight and to enable people to enter the structure ("Monadnock Building," Archinform, 2008). There was also some contention about what style of windows to use: "Chief developer Peter Brooks originally ruled out any projecting bay windows, but he…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Building." Monadnock Building. http://www.monadnockbuilding.com/building.htm. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

History." Monadnock Building. http://www.monadnockbuilding.com/history.htm. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

Monadnock Building." Archinform. http://eng.archinform.net/projekte/6406.htm. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

Monadnock Building." Emporius.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=monadnockbuilding-chicago-il-usa. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.
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Beardshear Hall the Central Building of the

Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10681022

Beardshear Hall

The Central building of the ISU campus is Beardshear, l located on Beardshear oad. It is the central building on campus is therefore very important. The reasons why it is an important building in the campus would be its history. The second reason would be its location in the campus. The third and the last reason would be what it contains inside. The campus's history is rich with stories of this building and its role as central provider of classroom, office, and living space. No other building on campus has as much historical value as Beardshear Hall.

Beardshear was the second building built on the ISU campus. I was going there to get my ISU card and was astonished to learn that the building itself is over one hundred years old. Based on this knowledge, I was able to understand how it was so beautifully designed and built,…… [Read More]

References

Grund, M. (2009). "Beardshear Hall Restoration." Art on Campus Museum Brochure.

Iowa State University. (2008). "Building Information." ISU Homepage Accessed October 18, 2011 at http://www.fpm.iastate.edu/maps/building.asp?id=13.

Iowa State University. (2011). "History of Iowa: People of Distinction, William Beardshear." ISU Library Homepage. Accessed Oct. 20, 2011 at http://www.lib.iastate.edu/spcl/exhibits/150/template/beardshear.html.

Iowa State University Guide. (2011). "Beardshear Hall." University Guide Brochure. Ames, Iowa: ISU Publishing.
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Forces on Buildings

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33217524

Forces on Buildings

When constructing my pre-fire plan for the furniture and appliance store, a number of problems are immediately apparent. Among these, the building is designed with heavy timber construction, and this poses certain potential dangers. The fist problem would be that timber lends itself to burning easily and quickly, so the primary building material can act as tinder in the case of a fire. In the event of a fire, the building can quickly go up in flames simply due to the nature of the construction materials. Second, timber lends itself to rot over time, and rotting timber can degrade structural integrity and weaken the building's frame and supporting materials. The building itself may be weak and that in and of itself could present a problem in case of a fire or collapse. Third, due to the nature of the building's materials, there may be a potential termite…… [Read More]

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Residential Construction Project Version Description Reason for Updating

Words: 1119 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5976896

esidential Construction Project

Version description/reason for updating the document

Initial version

The company will provide project management services to the client for all stages of the residential home construction. Our process consists of the following phases, which are greatly simplified here: Initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing.

Project scope:

This project is being undertaken in order to build a new residence for the Jones family. The construction project is for a single-family swelling on a half-acre lot located at 100 Blue Spruce Lane, in Waterstown, New York. The project will commence on January 4, 2015 and be completed by Monday, December 22, 2015. The construction will emphasize use of the energy-saving technologies and will be compliant with all relevant building codes. The company will oversee the construction of the home, however, bonded subcontractors may be engaged to complete certain aspects of the construction.

The contract is fixed-price, with the contractor…… [Read More]

References

Fisk, ER, & Reynold, WD. 2013. Construction project administration, 10th edn. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Levy, SM. 2011 Project management in construction. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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Accidents and Death in Construction Trades

Words: 1874 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73299716



Summary and Conclusion

There is no way to protect construction workers from every accident that could possibly befall them. The nature of the work is such that complete safety is not guaranteed or even realistically possible. However, that does not mean that the number of fall accidents that occur cannot be reduced. Quite often, it is not a true accident but actual carelessness that is the cause of injuries and deaths on construction sites. Many construction workers forego safety harnesses, for example, because they can be cumbersome and inconvenient. They can make the work take longer, and make it more difficult for the worker to move around. That is especially true in cases where required work means the construction worker will have to unhook and re-hook his harness frequently. This aggravation is a small price to pay for saving lives, but the value of a harness is only seen if…… [Read More]

References

Burke, K. & Tracy, T. (2014). Queens construction worker is dead in horrifying accident. New York Daily News. Retrieved from  http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/fatal-accident-queens-article-1.1247254
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Seagram Building by Mies Van Der Rohe

Words: 2747 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25149120

Seagram uilding by Mies Van Der Rohe

Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was born in the year 1886 in Aachen, Germany. His father was a stonemason, and the young Mies underwent training under him, after which, at the age of nineteen, he moved on to erlin. erlin being a land of numerous opportunities at the time, Mies was able to train under the 'art nouveau' architect and Interior Designer, runo Paul. At the age of twenty, Mies van der Rohe was good enough to receive his own first independent commission to build a house for the famous philosopher, Alois Riehl. y the year 1908, Mies started to work for the architect, Peter ehrens, and although he was technically working for this architect, Mies was also studying the architectural styles and ways of the two famous architects of the time, the Prussian Karl Friedrich Schinkel, and Frank Lloyd Wright, and by…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Barcelona, Spain, the Barcelona Pavilion. Available From

 http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/spain/barcelona/mies/pavilion.html ; Internet;

Accessed 18 July, 2005

Bauhaus School. Available From
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Controlling Construction Costs and Activities

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4640966

Controlling Construction Cost:

It is seldom that the initial bid estimate to carry out a specific construction activity is the same as the actual cost of doing the work. Generally, the estimate cost tends to be higher or lower due to the various unforeseeable factors that contribute to the differences. Therefore, it is increasingly essential for the project manager and contractor to keep current on the costs of a project through maintaining an accurate and reliable cost control system, especially if a contractor is to make a profit. However, the project manager has an overriding role of providing the project management team with necessary strong and proactive leadership during the construction period. This overriding role and task includes ensuring that the most effective approach to control construction has been adopted and tracking construction activities and costs.

Since the construction phase of a project is usually affected by various external factors…… [Read More]

References:

Chartered Institute of Building 2010, Code of practice for project management for construction and development, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Olawale, Y.A & Sun, M 2010, 'Cost and time control of construction projects: inhibiting factors and mitigating measures in practice,' Construction Management and Economics, vol. 28, no. 5, pp.509-26.
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Role BP Construction Gas Pipe Line Baku Tbilisi Erzurum

Words: 1578 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47499

P Construction Gas Pipe Line

THE ROLE OF P IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE AKU-TILISI-ERZURUM

GAS PIPE-LINE

The aku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline is a massive project that involves three countries -- Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. It is a project that is based on the natural gas deposits, of more than one trillion cubic meters, in Azerbaijan's portion of the Caspian Sea, an area known as the Shah-Denz gas field- 12km in width and 30km length of a stripe of the Caspian Sea. The stripe has a depth of 50m on the northern side and 500m on the southern side. The deposit is the biggest gas deposit situated in Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. This pipeline was constructed being parallel to the aku-Tsibili-Cyehan oil pipeline that runs from Azerbaijan to the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The TE pipeline is also known as either South Caucasus (gas) Pipeline or Shah Deniz pipeline.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baloghlanov, Elshan. Azerbaijan & New Energy Resources. June 8, 2009. www.azconsulatela.org.

Muttitt, Greg, and James Marriott. Some Common Concerns. Lincolnshire: PLATFORM Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale, CEE Bankwatch Network,, 2002.

Petersen, Alexandros. "The Case of the East-West Transport Corridor." Integrating Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey with the West, 2007: 1-20.

Shenoy, Bhamy, Gurcan Gulen, and Michelle Michot Foss. "Analysis Suggests Economic Viability of Trans-Caspian Sea Gas Line." The Oil & Gas Journal, 1999: 51-58.
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Iranian Construction Projects Are a

Words: 896 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63707826

Concrete, Iron, ceramics, pipes are important in the structure of buildings and in Iran a lot of times these materials are substandard and would not withstand an earthquake or other significant trauma.

Iran must explore new and better ways of constructing buildings so that safety becomes the most important factor. By looking at and examining the obstacles that the Iranian construction industry faces and gaining a better understanding of these is key to ensuring that in the future there is a chance that construction in Iran is safer, cheaper and overall better for everyone. Positive solutions can come from this research and study and new, safer methods and practices can be implemented to ensure that construction in Iran is successful.

Conclusion

In conclusion it is apparent that Iran must explore new and better ways to fund construction projects and programs as well as find ways to ensure that the buildings…… [Read More]

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Sustainability in the UK Construction

Words: 10576 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48888040

Buildings will be equied to obtain enegy cetification. At the cuent time, constuction enginees ae the most likely candidate fo the job. This being the case, it is estimated that appoximately 12,000 enginees will need to be etained to cay out these functions (Covedale, 2002).

As one can see, the EPBD will place a stain on the constuction industy in tems of knowledge and the manpowe needed to cay out the task. This eseach will play a significant ole in the ability of the industy to moe closely identify its futue needs in tems of education, pesonnel, cost and othe challenges that ae a esult of the new enegy legislation. This eseach will play a significant ole in assessing the needs of the constuction industy and the actions that they need to take in ode to be eady fo the changes and challenges that the EPBD bings. It will identify…… [Read More]

references to those wishing to learn more about the implementation of sustainable practices in the construction industry. These books are likely to become essential in the library of the construction engineer. Many of them include the principles contained in this research study, but they put in more precise terms that can be used to develop sustainable practices in the industry, These guides include:

Batty S, Davoudi S. And Layard a (Eds.) Planning for a Sustainable Future (London: Spon Press, 2001).

Cox J, Fell D. And Thurstain-Goodwin M. Red Man, Green Man (London: RICS (Foundation, 2002).

I will have to send this in two parts, the document was too big to send at once. If there are any changes that need made, I will do them immediately upon receipt.
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Green Building Laws Green Building and Green

Words: 6463 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44046216

Green Building Laws

Green Building and Green etrofitting

The department of Federal Environmental Executive defines green building like this: Elevating the competence by which the built structures consume energy, equipment and water along with decreasing the adverse effects on health of human beings including the surroundings by improved structure, maintenance, procedure, operation, choice of a better site and elimination of waste. The subsequent section explains the current guiding principles for retrofitting and green building (Columbia University, 2005).

Established Green Building Guidelines

The aim of United States Green Building Council (USGBC) is to improve the infrastructure and quality of work while constructing buildings which are environment friendly, lucrative, hale and hearty to work and live in (Columbia University, 2005). LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) given by USGBC is usually thought to be the finest power in green building (Brown et al., 2002).

LEED was established by USGBC in 1999…… [Read More]

References

"New York's Tax Credit Beats Lawsuit, Announces Recipients." Environmental Building News. July 2003. Retrieved on April 19th, 2011 from

"Your #1 Suggested New York Energy $martSM Program." New York Energy Smart. Retrieved on April 19th, 2011 from http://www.getenergysmart.org/GES.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=Energy_Efficiency_for_the_Building_you_own

Brown, Elizabeth, Quinlan, Patrick, Sachs, Harvey, Williams, Daniel. "Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency and Green Building; Opportunities for State Action." American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. March 2002.

Challis, Simon. "Insurer Calls for Tough Rules on Pollution.." PlanetArk World Environmental News. June 9, 2002. Reuters News Service, 2003.
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History of Construction Technology of

Words: 4755 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70233119

One exception to this is Pausanias, a Greek writer. He recorded the quarrying done in Greece but he lived in the second century a.D. For other details, the information related to their architecture is limited to the writings of Vitruvius, an architect in ome, also a military engineer and a writer who lived during the rule of Augustus (Masrgary, 1957; Derry and Williams, 1961).

The Greek construction inherits its glory from the timber-framed European houses that revolved around three chambers and hearths and not from the buildings in the Near East or even the Mycenean tombs. The temples that appeared earlier in Greece were built of mud bricks with a timber roof that was thatched to facilitate a wider construction, the transverse beams were held by a row of posts that were kept in the middle and the posts were also kept in the mud brick walls for the same…… [Read More]

References

Derry, T.K. And Williams, T.I. A Short History of Technology from the Earliest Times to a.D. 1900. Oxford University Press. New York. 1961. Chapter 5.

Sttraub H. A History of Civil Engineering. (Eng. trans. By E. Rockwell). Hill, London, 1952.

Edwards I.E.S the Pyramids of Egypt. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1950.

Toy, S. A History of Fortification from 3000 B.C. To a.D. 1700. Heinemann, London, 1955.
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Romanesque Construction

Words: 5446 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12545741

The advantages in efficiency were evident, as are the ways of apprenticing younger members slowly into the family trade.

The more probable model is that the skilled labour was taken from the guilds, whose power was on the rise throughout Europe after AD 1100. Artistic and trade guilds selected their members. Such pooled labour provided training, experience, a career trajectory, and security for the craftsman, who could eventually work through the stage of journeyman to master craftsman. This system allowed for the concentration of skilled labour and guaranteed quality controls. Non-members were excluded from building projects. It was an early form of labour union. At times these guilds had a monopoly on trade labour. Out of some system like this it is likely that the labour came to work on buildings like Pisa Cathedral. The master builders themselves would have been influenced by knowledge generated in the intellectual revival at…… [Read More]

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Green Construction

Words: 1583 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60399467

Green building, a term also known as green construction or sustainable building refers to a structure and the use of processes that are environmentally responsible and also efficient when it comes to resources throughout the life cycle of the building process; from siting to the design, construction, the operation, its maintenance, renovations that are made and demolition. Therefore a green building design involves the finding of a balance between building a home and the sustainable environment. It requires a lot of cooperation of the design team, engineers, architects and the client throughout the stages of the project. The practice of green building has expanded and complements the classical building concerns of utility, economy, comfort and durability. Sustainable development refers to the ability of achieving a continuing economy prosperity while at the same time protecting the natural systems within the planet and providing a high quality of life for people (Katz,…… [Read More]

References

Patsalides, L. (2011). How Building Green Got Its start. Retrieved October 16, 2014 from  http://www.brighthub.com/environment/green-living/articles/51601.aspx 

Katz, A. (2012). Green building facts. Retrieved October 16, 2014 from  http://www.usgbc.org/articles/green-building-facts 

Loveland, J. (2013). The Evolving Impact of Green Building. Retrieved October 16, 2014 from http://www.iso.com/Research-and-Analyses/ISO-Review/The-Evolving-Impact-of-Green-Building.html

GSA. (20009). Benefits of Green Buildings on Costs, the Environment and Jobs.
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Stadium Construction New Sports Facilities

Words: 1786 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70589549

Also noted by Piard is that once a new stadium is constructed the necessity to construct additional parking facilities is dealt with by the community. The city of Auckland Australia conducted an assessment of the costs and benefits associated with building a waterfront stadium and in its reports stated that the projected costs of construction initially stated at $500 million would in the end actually cost $1 billion and that this amount would construct eight high schools and simultaneously Auckland opted out of the stadium construction proposal.

SUMMARY and CONCLUSION

Construction of a new stadium is a serious issue and there are a great many factors that must be taken into consideration and those factors have been noted in this study. Unless there is no stadium existing in the city in which a new stadium is being considered and there is no other option but to build a stadium then…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Marchek, Jason (2004) Minor League Baseball Stadium Construction: A Primer on the Key Issues and Considerations. The Confluence Research Group.

Nesbitt, Jimmy (2008) Two Measures of Stadium Reveal Different Results. Courierpress. 21 July 2008. Online available at http://www.courierpress.com/news/2008/jul/21/defining-success/

The Pros and Cons of Building a New Football Stadium in Winnipeg (2008) the River City Sports Blog 23 Sept 2008. Online available at http://www.rivercitysportsblog.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-building-a-new-football-stadium-in-winnipeg/

Waterfront Stadium Fiasco (nd) Auckland Civic Trust. Online available at http://civictrustauckland.org.nz/Documents/WaterFrontStadium.pdf
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Newco Construction Investing

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23639826

Newco Construction and investing with due diligence

According to the Internet dictionary Investopedia, the legal contractual concept of 'due diligence' from an investor's point-of-view is simply the "care" in which "a reasonable person should take before entering in an agreement or transaction with another party," such as when considering an investment on the part of a venture capitalist. ("Due Diligence," Investopedia, 2005) A due diligence audit is performed of a corporation, to confirm all material facts in regards to an investiture of capital, such as one that is currently being performed of the Newco Construction Company, to mitigate the risks of investing capital and to ensure that full disclosure of all company assets and potential problems are made aware to both parties involved, both the investors and the company's board of directors. Such an audit was performed of Newco Construction, and the company seems to pass all tests of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Due Diligence." (2005) Investopedia. Retrieved from Internet Investment Law Dictionary on 25 Aug 2005

 http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/duediligence.asp  'Due Diligence." (2005). Black's Law Dictionary. Retrieved from GLR, the Global Law Review on 25 Aug 2005

http://www.globallawreview.com/legaldd.html

Newco Construction. (2005) Official Company Website. Retrieved on 25 Aug 2005
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Housing Construction Quality - A

Words: 682 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86218030



First, builders and developers could stop subbing out work to sub-contractors for the lowest bids. This may save some money, but in the long run it can affect quality and the overall consumer satisfaction with the builder. Accepting the lowest bid means the sub-is going to cut corners wherever they can to make their own profit, and that leads to poor quality and problems down the line. In addition, many subs hire pieceworkers to complete their jobs at the cheapest rate possible, and this leads to shoddy work completed on the fly, rather than quality work done right and with pride. Pieceworkers want to complete as many jobs as possible in the shortest amount of time, and this never leads to quality. For example, a finish carpenter is paid $100 to complete the trim in a condo unit. He or she does not work for three days, and then, in…… [Read More]

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Business Construction Subcontractors Problems and

Words: 3765 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10287717

If rejected, the subcontractor can at least feel that the choice was a fair one - that her or his organization was not perfectly suited to the job at hand. If selected; however, a potentially long-lasting relationship is created, one that is based on mutual trust, shared goals, and a feeling of true partnership.

Methodology

Numerous potential problems exist in the main contractor/subcontractor relationship. These problems range from subcontractors' lack of understanding of the work (or main contractor's inability to explain it) through to subcontractors' lack of skills, size necessary to take on the project, financial difficulties, and lack of feeling that there exists any kind of joint effort or partnership between the main contractor and subcontractor. Any one of these difficulties might lead to delays, cost overruns, poor workmanship, or even outright failure within the context of the project. The foregoing study is designed to discover which concepts are…… [Read More]

References

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=27577218

Applebaum, H. (1999). Construction Workers, U.S.A. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108062859

Bosch, G. & Philips, P. (Eds.). (2002). Building Chaos: An International Comparison of Deregulation in the Construction Industry. London: Routledge.
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Commercial Construction Is Defined as

Words: 843 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8065180

Heavy on the other hand refers to everything bigger and heavier including skyscrapers, high rise hotels, airports etc.

Even if construction industry is suffering slightly, it is the commercial construction sector that provides the much needed stability. Commercial real estate in 2002 accounted for the biggest share of the construction industry.

Those who are thinking of entering the market and succeeding need to consistently come up with new and better projects that meet the requirements of the community. It is widely believed that the more a dealer or builder pays closer attention to smaller details of community's needs and requirements, the better are his chances of coming up with just the product that community would respond to.

Knowledge is critical for success and therefore a person entering the market must build on solid market information. He must come into the industry fully equipped with the right arsenal. he/she should know…… [Read More]

References

Martin Sinderman, Commercial Construction: State Of The Market, National Real Estate Investor, August, 2000

Late rebound, Construction & Demolition Recycling, Jan-Feb, 2005