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Bullying is a pattern of behavior where the bully uses a real or perceived power imbalance to intimidate the victim. Bullying is more than teasing, though it may be excused as teasing by the bully. Bullying can have severe short-term implications; bullying has been a catalyst for suicide for some victims. It can also have severe long-term negative repercussions for victims and perpetrators. One of our most frequently requested topic is the bullying essay, and the examples below, which include outlines and suggested resources, will help you understand how to tackle a very difficult topic in an easy and readable manner.
Bullying has evolved into a growing concern among child development specialists. With an increase in teenage suicide and an explosion of reports of online harassment, bullying has changed the way that adolescents interact with each other. For decades the act of bullying has been accepted as being a part of life that children deal with and then grow out of. However, the case is that the gravity of these incidences has increased and is having dire consequences. To begin with, there are multiple types of bullying (Swearer, Espelage, & Napolitano, 2010). Bullying itself is the act of purposely intimidating another individual through verbal, physical, or emotional abuse that leads to further negative psychological implications (Cowie, Blades, & Smith, 2011). However, this act can be committed through a variety of mediums.
Physical bullying entails the causing of harm to one party from another through means that cause physical pain (Swearer, Espelage,…… [Read More]
More and more children are becoming victims of cyberbullying with an estimated range of between 19% and 42% being bullied online at least one time (Wolak, Mitchell & Finkelhor, 2006). eports also indicate that children who participated in traditional bullying are becoming increasingly more involved in cyberbullying; reflecting very high percentages of those children acting as cyber bullies (Kowalski & Limber, 2007).
In a recent study of 177 seventh grade students, studies revealed that an estimated 54% were victims of traditional bullying and 17% were bullied online (Li, 2007). Of those 31% who acknowledged participating in traditional bullying, 30% had also bullied someone online and another 27% were victims of online bullying (Li, 2007). esearch has also reflected that children who are victims of traditional or cyberbullying are more likely to retaliate virtually than in person (Willard, 2007).
Which is more harmful?
Twyman, Conway, Taylor & Comeaux (2010) posit that…… [Read More]
Bullying is not a new phenomenon in the social lives of school-aged children but in recent years a great deal more attention has been paid to bullying because of the apparent rise in the number of publicized incidents. Teachers, parents, school administrators, community leaders and social scientists are on the alert not just for bullies, but also for methods of prevention. This paper uses scholarly research articles to review and critique the current problems related to bullying.
The Literature on Bullying
A peer-reviewed article in the journal Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health reports that there is a strong link between those children who act out bullying behaviors in early childhood and their later involved with the criminal justice system. In other words, young people who engage in bullying others may well expect to be on the wrong side of law enforcement later in life. The outcome of the authors' research…… [Read More]
Bullying can effectively affect the well-being of a student at not only the physical but also the emotional level. In that regard, there exists a need for schools to come up with strategies on how to minimize the same. In this text, I develop the profile of bullies and their victims. Further, I highlight the impact of bullying and how it can be prevented.
What is Bullying?
School bulling in basic terms has got to do with all forms of harassment that take place within the school premises. The said harassment is in most cases peer-to-peer. This is the meaning of bullying that will be adopted in this text. According to Spielberger (2004), bulling has a number of essential elements, that is: "It is intentional, it is repeated over time, and there is an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim."
Bullying: Profiles of the Bully and the…… [Read More]
These by standers usually come in form of cheerleaders, protector for the victim and the silent onlookers. It is worth noting that all those involved in the chain, and even those not directly mentioned here still get affected by the vice of bullying.
It is therefore important to look at what forms of conflict are manifest from a bullying scenario and experience among the little children in school. There is the most traumatizing and openly evidence form of conflict manifest in bullying which is physical violence. This may involve hitting, pushing, shoving, kicking, beating, bumping into the victim and several other violent modes. There is then the verbal conflict which though not hurting physically has psychotically repercussions and may be in the form of put-downs, use of abusive language, calling names, shouting at victim, use of unpleasant and suggestive sounds towards victim among other forms. There is the other form…… [Read More]
It is during Middle School that this first becomes a social ideal.."..Studies indicate that starting in middle school, bullies are considered 'cool,' while their victims are rejected from the social milieu." (Smith-Heavenrich) Early adolescence is when the competitive, cutthroat mindset begins to emerge in the form of bullying.
Statistically, bullying is staggering. Half of all violence against teenagers occurs not on the streets or at home, but on school property, where students are supposedly being enriched. There are between 500 and 600 thousand attacks every month in public schools alone. ullying causes over 28 million student absences every year because students are afraid to even go to school because of the cruel treatment. ullying is so widespread that about 80% of all students report having been the victim of bullying at some point in their school career. At any particular time, 15% of the school population is made of victims…… [Read More]
Bullying and Cyber Bullying at Schools
The pervasive culture of bullying and cyber bullying in schools has become a serious dilemma for many students and parents, and has been brought on by many different aspects of life, but how does the violence that children are exposed to in video games come into play when it comes to children bullying others both online and in person? This is a serious question with no easy answers, but this paper will attempt to address the issue through personal experience, interviews, and academic sources. By considering several different types of sources, it is easier to understand the seriousness of the issue and how much it affects daily life for a large number of people.
According to DoSomething.org (2013), there are 3.2 million students bullied each year, and "each day there are 160,000 students who skip school" because of the bullying they endure there (DoSomething.org,…… [Read More]
Why bullying is an issue to study in human development
Most researchers on bullying have recently turned their focus to this subject. Studies estimate that at least seven million children in grades six to ten have been involved in frequent or moderate bullying during the school term. Bullying can be defined as repeated negative actions between the bully and the target. The chronic and widespread nature of bullying shows that it has a considerable impact on children; hence an issue to study in human development (Dale, Smith, Norlin, & Chess, 2009). Psychologists, given their expertise and skills in matters of human development, are uniquely qualified to help in the implementation of research-based intervention programs. This will address the negative effects of bullying on both the bullies and targets.
Types of bullying behavior
The main types of bullying behavior include various actions of physical abuse like slapping, punching, biting, kicking,…… [Read More]
Bullying is a horrible problem in schools today, and it can happen to anyone. There are no racial or gender lines that stop bullying, and even kids who seem like they would not be victims can end up being bullied. Sometimes, it does not seem as though there is any reason to bully someone, other than he or she has become the chosen target. All it takes is for the popular kids to find another child a little bit different for some reason, and that child will be bullied. That is a large part of what Hirsch (2012) is trying to show in his documentary -- that bullying is pervasive and seriously problematic, and that it does not always make sense in that there is no obvious reason why a person would be bullied. Even for children who look or act different from their peers, bullying is…… [Read More]
There is not one accepted definitions of bullying but the most accepted definition is a three part definition. To some degree the definition falls in line with definitions of harassment:
Victim must be in a Weaker Position (either smaller physically or with less social pull)
Behavior Occurs Frequently (conservative estimates are greater than or equal to once a weak)
Behavior Does Harm (the victim is physically or mentally harmed by the behavior)
With this rather simple definition one must then move forward to make it clear that there are also several types of bullying
Physical Bullying (including violence or threat of violence) (80)
Social Bullying "when a girl (or boy) is shunned and excluded by others. Social bullies may conspire to humiliate their victims by discouraging others form associating with her and spreading rumors that mock or demean her." (80)
Though these issues would…… [Read More]
Affecting thousands of youths every year, bullying is slowly gaining recognition as a major social problem. In recent times, the media has been awash with serious bullying instances with scores of teenagers facing assault as well as harassment charges. Personally, I do believe that we in the social work field have a critical role to play when it comes to the aversion of bullying incidences.
Bullying as a Social Problem: The Role of the Social orker
It is important to note that bullying has a number of far reaching negative effects on those affected. Further, bullying also affects the actual bullies, though mildly. In most cases, those who are bullied are exposed to a higher risk of both anxiety and depression. In some extreme cases, we have had victims of bullying committing suicide. For instance, bullying was attributed to the suicide of Phoebe Prince which according to Eckholm and…… [Read More]
Bullying: Its Impact on Victims
In basic terms, bullying is any kind of aggressive or inappropriate behavior whose sole purpose is to threaten, hurt, or cause some kind of discomfort to another individual. In most cases, bullies seek to utilize the power they possess to intimidate their victims. The source of this power could be a position of authority or even the physical size of a bully. To the bully, his or her aggressive behavior could be a source of thrill and/or excitement. However, to the victim, bullying could be devastating and the scars inflicted (both emotional and physical) could last a lifetime. In this text, bullying will be discussed in the school context.
To begin with, bullying could have a negative effect on the academic performance of the victim. According to Spielberger (2004), bullying affects the ability of victims to concentrate on any given task. A victim of bullying…… [Read More]
For the children who were being bullied, there were no differences by race found for where it occurred, or the likelihood of getting help (2008). However, the researchers found a dramatic difference by race for racist name-calling with one-half of the Asian students who were bulled, but none of the bullied white students, experiencing name-calling in association to their skin color or ethnicity (2008).
However, in a study conducted by Boulton, Smith and Cowie (1992), the researchers examined the extent to which children showed an own-race preference in a sample of Asian and White students between the ages of eight and 10. The children were asked to show, using the aid of photographs of children of different ethnic groups and gender, which children they would want to sit by in class, have play on their team, help with homework, invite home, or play with on the playground (1992). In general,…… [Read More]
Familial and social support were shown to serve two very different yet highly similar roles in the lives of children and adolescents in a way that enables them to become more resilient to the negative effects of bullying, correcting and combating the emotional effects of bullying and providing greater overall self-esteem and self-confidence (Bowes et al. 2010; McGrath et al. 2009). The family support is instrumental in creating basic emotional health and reinforcement for adolescents and children, while wider informal social support provides a network of positive contacts that serve as conscious counters to bullies and bullying behavior (Bowes et al. 2010; McGrath et al. 2009). Both of these support networks are essential to overall well-being and to the combating of the negative effects of bullying, and they further suggest direct, practical and conscious ways that the effects of bullying can be mitigated.
Internal beliefs and values are also indicated…… [Read More]
The objective of this work is to examine a problem that exists in the community and to answer the questions asking how long the problem has been going on and who is responsible for the creation of the problem. As well, this work will answer who suffers and how it affects the community as a whole.
Bullying behavior can be both physical and verbal and involves intimidation or threats. Bullying is generally characterized as aggression that causes harm that is intentional and repetitious and that results in an "imbalance of power between the bully and the victim." (Strohmeier, 2010) The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry states that children who are victims of bullying "experience real suffering that can interfere with their social and emotional development, as well as their school performance." (2010) Bullying is a problem in all communities, schools, and neighborhoods and the area at focus…… [Read More]
Bullying Victims -- the Effects Last Into College:
Students, faculty, and staff at Virginia Tech experienced an end to the silence and peace that was common in the school following a shooting incident. Virginia Tech Massacre, as it's commonly known, occurred when 32 students and faculty died at the hands of a student gunman in April 16, 2007. While the incident will always be part of Virginia Tech's experience, it will not be a definitive experience since the surrounding community assembled together after the shooting to mourn and rebuild. However, the shooting resulted in numerous concerns regarding the actual impact of bullying on student victims. These concerns were the basis of a research conducted by Frank Adams and Gloria Lawrence. According to previous studies by these authors, bullying has significant long-lasting effects on the victim and the bully. Moreover, victims of bullying in higher institutions of learning reported histories of…… [Read More]
bullying has become life threatening for most of the people, bullying prevention programs should be implemented to control and ultimately eliminate bullying from our society.
Definition of Bullying: (right, 2004).
"Because the bullying has become life threatening for most of the people, bullying prevention programs should be implemented to control and ultimately eliminate bullying from our society."
Scope of paper:
Scope of Bullying Problem: (University of Colorado, 2012); (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
orldwide: (University of Colorado, 2012).
ithin the United States: (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
Possible Solutions to Bullying: (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
Individual Intervention: (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
B. Community/School Intervention through Anti-Bullying Programs: (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
Bullying Prevention Programs In General (Skiba & Fontanini, n.d.).
A. Important Elements: (Jones, Swearer, & Collier, 2012).
B. hat Effective Programs Teach: (Jones, Swearer, & Collier, 2012).
C. Results (Jones, Swearer, & Collier, 2012).
D. How…… [Read More]
bullying: Are anti-Bullying programs effective?
In recent years, there has been a resurgence of efforts to deal with the problem of bullying in schools, specifically encouraging schools to adopt formal anti-bullying programs that educate students on the subjects of how to spot bullies and why bullying is wrong. However, many of these have been quite controversial.
One meta-analysis of many different bullying programs found that school-based anti-bullying programs are effective: "on average, bullying decreased by 20 -- 23% and victimization decreased by 17 -- 20%" (Ttofi & Farrington 56). The methods children are using to engage in bullying today are far more subtle and difficult to monitor through the use of social media and thus require an aggressive anti-bullying campaign through the schools. "One 2010 study by the Cyberbullying Research Center, an organization founded by two criminologists who defined bullying as 'willful and repeated harm' inflicted through phones and…… [Read More]
bullying in their lives. It can lead to instances of suicide or just a difficult time all around. Bullying can be complex topic to understand because people who bully are often bullied themselves or get abused and mistreated at home. Bullying is not just as simple as some kid picking on another kid. In fact bullying can occur at work, at home, and even in the street. It's not just a school only occurrence.
Bullying maybe difficult to understand because of the nature of human emotion (Rosenthal 11). Bullying after all is perceived as a reaction to something. hat that something is, is unique for every, single person. Some bullies have confessed they bully to gain power and respect from their peers. They see weaker people and by picking on them, they gain the respect and attention from people they want as allies.
Others bully because they want power. They…… [Read More]
The term “bully” generally illustrates a person who uses strength or dominate to harm or frightened those who are weaker. Bully has become a serious issue in Singapore lately. Many teenagers tend to perceive that bullying is fun and it’s just a form of prank they are playing on their classmates, batchmates or on their junior’s. Without realising that it may cause major impacts on both the victim’s psychological and mental well-being. Bullying does not only comply to physical abuse, it can also be identified as abusing an individual verbally. In this paper we are going to take a deeper examination on bullying's psychological influences on student effectiveness in Singapore and glimpse deeper into depressive disorders and nervousness that a sufferer may undergo due to this phenomenon; in both the short-term and long-term. The paper will feature an introduction of the subject, a short literature review, accompanied by methodology, outcomes…… [Read More]
Bullying -- and Victims
Summary of Important Facts on Page 502 of the Text
About 10 to 20% of today's children are bullies and up to 30% of children are victimized over and over. About a third to a half of victims are also aggressive and they do fight back. There are interventions available for victims and the best way to reduce bullying is to promote sports and other recreational activities, and basically to change the school environment.
how do children become bullies and how do bullies develop aggressive behaviors toward others? Bullies show very little "anxiety" and rarely are insecure, and they have a "strong desire" to be a dominant force over others -- notably their peers (Carter, 2011, 99). In fact those children who become bullies "derive entertainment" from their aggressive acts against others, and they rarely experience "remorse and empathy" for those unfortunate children who have been…… [Read More]
This would help a victim open up to the teacher and thus seek help. School is an important period in a child's life and should be free of stress. It is the responsibility of school authorities to ensure child' safety. In the schools, where bullying incidents are non-existent have some active form of intervention in place. Bullying is a more serious problem in public schools compared to private school mainly due to the quality of education, teacher training and level of accountability. Higher level of accountability can result in fewer cases of bullying in public schools too. Concerted effort is required to reduce prevalence of bullying in schools across the country.
Atlas, .S., & Pepler, D.J. (1998). Observations of bullying in the classroom. Journal of Educational esearch, 92(2), 86-99.
Espelage, D.L., Bosworth, K., & Simon, T.. (2000). Examining the social context of bullying behaviors in early adolescence. Journal of…… [Read More]
When these components were included in bullying intervention programs, Olweus found significant reductions of 50% or more during the 2 years following their introduction in American schools with more than 2,500 students. According to Heinrich (2003), "The bullying prevention program goals are reducing or eliminating existing bullying problems and preventing new problems. The major cost of this program is not in money but in the amount of time and energy required to effect change in attitudes, knowledge, and behavior" (p. 195).
Arora, T., Sharp, S., & Thompson, D. (2002). Bullying: Effective strategies for long-term improvement. London: outledgeFalmer.
Atlas, .S., & Pepler, D.J. (1998). Observations of bullying in the classroom. The Journal of Educational esearch, 92(2), 86.
Borntrager, C., Davis, J.L., & Hallford, a. (2006). Evaluation of a bullying prevention program. Journal of esearch in Childhood Education, 21(1), 91.
Bullying by the numbers. (2007, January). Curriculum eview, 46(5), 37.
Espelage,…… [Read More]
2009; Correia et al. 2009). Identified methods of intervening and factors of mitigating the effects of bullying will also be examined, with long-term prognoses for these mitigations and for the effects of bullying in general reviewed (Bowes et al. 2010). Through a comprehensive review of available literature on the subject, recommendations for future research and possibly for addressing bullying situations in institutions and regions where such behaviors are especially prevalent and/or egregious can be made, and the knowledge base in this field clarified and advanced.
Bowes, L.; Maughan, B.; Caspi, a.; Mofitt, T. & Arsenault, L. (2010). "Families promote emotional and behavioural resilience to bullying: evidence of an environmental effect." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry 51(7), pp. 809-17.
Correia, I.; Kamble, S. & Dalbert, C. (2009). "Belief in a just world and well-being of bullies, victims and defenders: a study with Portuguese and Indian students." Anxiety, stress, and…… [Read More]
The possible connection between bullying experiences in school and online is consistent with data showing that when most schoolmates have Internet access at home, electronic communication is conducted largely within school-based peer networks.
Cited Study: Gross EF Adolescent Internet use: what we expect, what teens report. J Appl Dev Psychol. 2004; 25:633-649.
Livingstone S. Children use of the Internet: reflections on the emerging research agenda. New Media and Society. 2003; 5:
esearch design was based on correlational factors involving experimental quantitative statistical analysis. Targeted participants ranged from ages 12-17. Additionally, participants were introduced to an electronic survey on a popular teen Web site called Bolt in which an incentive was offered to induce participation, such as a raffle for an iPod or gift card. Through this Web site, data was collected from August through October 2005. In conducting an electronic survey, parental consent was not necessary, participants could…… [Read More]
The situation is then carefully monitored" (unisa.edu.au, 2010). This philosophy behind this method is that bullying occurs because bystanders allow it to happen and that other children help to facilitate bullying either by looking the other way or by encouraging the bully through either laughter or praise or some other form of negative reinforcement. This technique prevents the bully from engaging in further attacks on a potential victim in that it recruits a veritable army around the victim -- a form of collective support for reinforcement and assistance.
Educating parents is another way to appropriately deal with bullies. Parents are often unaware of the fact that when a child is bullied, they will often feel deeply scared and ashamed. The fear and shame can often translate to the child not saying anything about the situation or about what's going on or how they feel. Experts encourage parents to talk to…… [Read More]
TIPS TO HELP KIDS PREVENT BULLYING
Cool Down -- Try to be calm when resolving conflict!
Describe the conflict, try to be logical!
What caused the conflict -- what can be done about it?
Describe feelings during conflict!
Listen respectfully, wait until other person has finished before talking!
Brainstorm solutions TOGETHER
Comes home with torn, damaged, or missing pieces of clothing, books, or other belongings;
Has unexplained cuts, bruises, and scratches;
Has few, if any friends, with whom he or she spends time;
Seems afraid of going to school, walking to and from school, riding the school bus, or taking part in organized activities with peers (such as clubs);
Takes a long, "illogical" route when walking to or from school;
Has lost interest in school work or suddenly begins to do poorly in school;
Appears sad, moody, teary, or depressed when he or she comes home;
Complains…… [Read More]
Education and Bullying -- Argumentative esearch Paper
Bullying and Education
Education and Bullying
Argumentative esearch Paper
The purpose of the research in this work is to answer the question, "Does bullying effect an individual's education? First bullying will be defined in the perimeter of the educational environment. The author of this work takes the stance that bullying does most positively affect an individual in terms of their quality of education and in fact does continue to affect the individual who receives and even the one who perpetrates the bullying behavior. Inclusive in the research will be the stated 'signs' of bullying behavior taking place, preventative measures that are stated to be effective, types of bullying behavior, and common myths surrounding those who are bullies. Some important facts about violence in schools are stated to be that first, that 1/3 of all injury death that occurs in the United States are…… [Read More]
Likewise, the percentages of young children who reported bullying behaviors who were themselves the victims of bullying by others as well as being abuse both physically and sexually in the home were highly disturbing and represent a call to action for educators at all levels. It is clear that violence continues to adversely affect both the bully and the victim, but it is also clear that the victims are not in a position to change their behaviors in the same ways as the bullies involved.
Implications for the Future. This author's personal experiences in public schools confirms that in some cases, teachers simply look the other way when witnessing bullying rather than taking action to stop such behaviors. In order to formulate effective interventions, teachers, administrators and parents must become more actively involved in reducing the incidence of bullying, and this will require direct behavioral observations of students in the…… [Read More]
Bullying can be a difficult topic to tackle. That is why this bullying essay will help offer an idea of what will comprise a good paper and what potential areas of research to cover within this controversial and popular subject. From developing a good thesis, carrying it throughout body paragraphs, and closing with a brief and concise conclusion, this essay will show what to do to obtain a high grade. The first step before the thesis, the body, and the conclusion, is a unique and informative introduction. This will help lead to an idea of where to start the paper and when all is finished, an abstract can be created, thus putting a successful end to any writing project.
Understanding a Bully
What Makes Others Bully?
Bullying: The Need to Control
Identifying the Four Common Types of Bullying
I. …… [Read More]
Cornell, Dewey; Limber, Susan P. (2015). Law and policy on the concept of bullying at school. American Psychologist. 70(4), 333-343.
his article focuses on the legal circumscriptions for counteracting the effects of bullying and the very instances of this unfortunate phenomenon. From a legal perspective, the right to endure an existence bereft of bullying is something which is only granted within the context of civil rights. Moreover, the authors of this document determine that such rights generally require individuals to fit into categories protected by civil rights such as belonging to a historic minority group, having a disability or experiencing religious or gender-based persecution. It is concerned with establishing changes in basic laws to prevent instances of bullying that do not apply to the aforementioned categorizations.
Peets, K.; Poyhonen, V.; Juvonen, J.; Salmivalli, C. (2015). Classroom norms of bullying alter the degree to which children defend in response to…… [Read More]
The incidents of April 20, 1999 from Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado put bullying into a new perspective. Two students, Dylan Klebold and Ryan Harris, who were, for all intents, intelligent and well adjusted went on a killing spree. They killed and injured several members of the school including a teacher. (Rosenberg, 2000) Then they turned the guns on themselves. Their plans were grandiose. After the massacre, they intended to flee the country. Once the furor had died down, new information showed that the two students were generally reticent, withdrawn and subjected to bullying by their peers, especially the physically stronger students. Klebold and Harris were emotionally and physically abused. Isolated, they developed a hatred for their fellow students. This manifested in initial thoughts of suicide and then murder. Stories abound about bullying turned to tragedy abound. The Columbine incident was the biggest and got the most coverage.…… [Read More]
"Studies show that most bullies do not engage in belittling or violent behavior in order to hide a lack of self-esteem. In most cases, the bully is confident and possess high self-esteem….he has a need to dominate others…" (Marr, 2003, p. 1)
Bullying has become a serious problem in schools, more serious than in the past because children can now bully over the Internet in addition to the bullying they can do at school. There are tools parents and teachers can use to teach children how to avoid a bully, and even how to fight back if needed. The problem will likely never go away completely because there will always be children who misbehave in a belligerent way. But public awareness is an important step to take, and a second important step is to have parents work with their kids on how do deal with bullying, if they have…… [Read More]
Bullying and Harassment in Colleges:
One of the major reasons why children are sent to school or colleges by their parents is to learn. However, many college campuses have become breeding grounds for bullying and harassment that affects millions of students. While the extent of bullying and harassment in colleges is still unclear, such incidents take place on the basis of sexual orientation, religion, race, gender identity, and sex (Holt, 2010). The bullying and harassment in college campuses tend to occur through email, on the Internet, and face-to-face.
As the practice has become widespread across college campuses, memories of school bullying haunt people for several years. Actually, bullied students are usually habituated to defending themselves from cruel actions to an extent that they ultimately become bullies themselves. Moreover, unsupportive teachers also contribute to the spread of bullying and development of new bullies. For instance, many victims of bullying and school…… [Read More]
Perceived Effects and Seriousness of Bullying of 1st Year College Students
There have been several debates on the issue of buying that the new students joining college undergo and many have insinuated that bullying at 1st year of college can have massive impact in the long-term on the victim of bullying. There needs to be a systematic and scientific research that can serve to show whether these are just allegations and claims or if there are true long-term effects that the victims have over years after they are past the 1st year of college. Some have argued that this is more of a ritualistic event that each student passes through and the same subjects to the bullying will be the perpetrators in the next two years hence there is no long-term effect but just a trend that looks more of a ritual. This research will therefore employ a scientific…… [Read More]
Pretraining: Before implementing the actual intervention method, the classroom teacher will conduct two 20 minute group instruction sessions designed how to teach the students to report their peers prosocial behaviors as well as general positive variables that have been observed on the part of their peers. Emphasis will be placed on the fact that all students of the class have to be involved. The teacher will allow the students to select their desired reward as long as this were feasible and practical and will ensure that unanimous approval and interest is evidenced in desired reward. A cumulative goal (e.g. 120 tootles) too will be unanimously decided on. The teacher will ascertain that all students understand the elements and conditions of 'tootling', that all agree to be involved, and that questions, if any, are satisfactorily addressed and answered. Students will be encouraged to provide examples of instances that can be mentioned…… [Read More]
Long-Term Effects of Bullying
The issue of bullying has garnered increasing publicity in the media, as it is more widely acknowledged to be a serious problem and is not just a matter of 'boys being boys' or 'girls being girls.' A number of shocking cases of students who committed suicide as a result of being bullied motivated President Barak Obama to create a federal task force on the subject which cumulated in the first National Bullying Summit in August 2010. The purpose of the summit was to gather information to understand how to prevent bullying; to find better ways to intervene when it is taking place; and help students recover from the emotional damage caused by bullying.
Current existing research suggests that victims of bullying are more apt to suffer from depression and social isolation (Farrington, Loeber, Stallings, & Ttofi, 2011; Klomek, Marrocco, Kleinman, Schonfeld, & Gould, 200; Nansel et…… [Read More]
Bully Pulpit as published by Rachel Geise, actually takes a duality-type side to the argument. Perhaps this is out of necessity given the closeness to Geise of one of the "bullies" but the job is done nonetheless. The article takes at the culpability of what makes a bully, why they bully and how to properly address the people or things that allow or even encouraging bullying to start or even continue. While bullying is a complex issue, it can and should be dealt with because there are people literally killing themselves as the result of being bullied.
Per the parameters of the assignment, there are two points of analysis that will be extrapolated and drawn from the article being assessed for this report. First, children are quite often not chosen to be kind and unselfish. However, Rachel notes that the solutions to bullying do not take into account that children…… [Read More]
They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:
1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"
2. which carried out repeatedly and over time
3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)
In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following
1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.
2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.
3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…… [Read More]
Parents can team up with teachers and schools by asking for school conferences where they can address the issue of bullying, (Barreto). The parents can also keep a record of incidents of harassment and the ways in which the school handled these situations. They should also insist on the putting up of a bullying prevention committee if one is not already in place. In order for the committee to be effective, it needs to have representatives from administration, teachers, school mental health teams and parents.
2. Teachers should be encouraged to involve the students in creating rules for the classroom regarding bullying. They should have a serious talk with the bully and explain the unacceptability of the behavior as well as its negative consequences. Reports of bullying should not be left to deal with bullying on their own in the hope that the experience will make them stronger individuals, bullying…… [Read More]
2. Stonewalling, or what many people, referred to as "silent treatment" occurs when the bully or group simply ignores the victim completely. This can be extremely distressing to adolescents. This often occurs with group exclusion.
3. A common form of relational bullying is the spreading of rumors and gossip about the victim. This is a direct attempt to ruin the victim's relationships and exclude them from contact with their peers and even with adults.
4. Taunting occurs when the bully insults or verbally abuses the victim directly. Taunting often continues even when the victim physically breaks down.
5. Conditional friendships occur when the bully places demands on the victim in order for the victim to be allowed in the group were with peers.
The effects of relational bullying are often more psychologically damaging than the effects of more physical forms of bullying. In addition, relational and physical bullying are often…… [Read More]
Online bullying and online harassment typically happens through chat rooms, text messages, and emails, and it generally happens when teens aren't in school, the studies show.
The findings appear in a special edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Internet Harassment: What to Do?
Focus on safe use of new technology, not banning the technology.
Today's kids and teens are major media users, but they need grown-up guidance about safe media use, note the CDC's Corinne David-Ferdon, PhD, and Marci Feldman Hertz, MS. They predict that "with the development of new cell phones that are small enough to fit into young children's hands and that are designed to be visually attractive to a younger audience, more and younger children will become competent and frequent users of this technology."
That means that research on preventing online harassment "must be rapid and flexible enough to keep up with the evolving nature of…… [Read More]
Bullying and Conflict in Relation to Learning About Gender and Other Forms of Equity
One of the harsh realities of life in the United States is the potential for bullying behaviors to adversely affect the learning environment for young victims, transforming the school environment from a place of learning into one that is dreaded and feared. Moreover, bullying behaviors can have a profound effect on the manner in which young people are socialized concerning gender roles as well as their perspectives concerning equity later in life. To determine the facts about these issues, this paper provides a review of the literature to develop a discussion concerning the issues of bullying and conflict in relation to learning about gender and other forms of equity and the implications these have for students and teachers. Finally, following this discussion, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in…… [Read More]
" (Mattaini and McGuire, 2006)
Results reported on the Olweus program for Scandinavia are as follows:
(1) impressive: reductions of 50% or more in bullying problems, with reductions increasing over time -- at least for 2 years;
(2) reductions in other forms of antisocial behavior; and reported improvements in school climate. Several replications support the utility of the approach (U.S. Surgeon General, 2001 in: Mattaini and McGuire, 2006).
Summary and Conclusion
The Olweus program is cited in the literature as being the only bullying prevention and intervention program that has produced empirical results and that has been replicated in studies. Furthermore, the Olweus program is the only bullying prevention program that has received recognition as a national model and a lueprint Violence Prevention Program by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Olweus program follows federal requirements in its involvement of all actors…… [Read More]
The findings of this study will be disseminated through the use of technology and the postal service.
There will be several potential user groups identified following the study completion and those groups will be emailed and asked of they wish to see the results of the study. If they respond in the affirmative they will be sent a copy through the postal service that will include all of the research material.
This study proposal will target the incidence of racially motivated bullying in English secondary schools to determine the frequency, level and cause of such events. It will provide valuable information to future school administrators and counselors that develop anti-bullying programs for their student bodies.
Embry, S.L. (1995). Types of name-calling experienced by second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth graders and their beliefs about their peers. Dissertation Abstracts International, 56, 3905. (AAT No. 9604759)
Levinson, Laura (2004) Assessment…… [Read More]
Practice & Critical Thinking
Harassment & Bullying in the Workplace
Many people are familiar with bullying in schools and other places where children and young adults spend time, but workplaces are becoming increasingly toxic places where bullies feel they can harass and intimidate other workers (Barnes, 2012). Now that bullying problems have begun to take place in the workplace so frequently, the issue is coming to light and more must be done about it. A recent bullying situation took place at my workplace, but I was not the one being bullied. Unfortunately, the person on the receiving end of the bullying is not good at standing up for herself, so she gets bullied quite a bit. She is overweight, which contributes to the jokes and giggles that happen around her. She is a very kind and generous person, though, and it is a shame the other workers fail to see…… [Read More]
Texas House Bill (HB304) - Relating civil liability bullying a child
1. Title of the Suggested Bill
Texas State’s ‘anti-bullying’ house bill possesses the following key features. Its title appropriately alludes to the protection of children’s rights (CAIR Texas, 2017). If enacted, the law would:
a. Offer tools to educational institutions: This bill would authorize educational institutions to examine cases of bullying outside of school, develop a tip line that maintains anonymity, and enable greater educational institution latitude in penalizing pupils who engage in major cyber bullying (e.g., urging a child to kill him/herself).
b. Reduce the number of victims: Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates reveal suicide to be the second main cause of adolescent deaths.
c. Offer tools to law enforcers: Law enforcers can, by means of summonses, increasingly expose anonymous users on social media websites who post or convey intimidating messages. The law will render e-bullying and…… [Read More]
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, between one-quarter and one-third of all American school children report being bullied in some fashion, with the highest prevalence of bullying occurring during the middle school years (Facts about bullying 2). It is inappropriate to classify every type of aggressive encounter between youths as bullying because young people are undergoing a profoundly transformative period in their lives when experimentation, peer pressure and the search for individual identity assume truly enormous significance. When some types of unwanted aggressive behaviors persist, however, they conform to the definition of bullying provided by the U.S. Department of Education and Centers for Disease Control (Facts about bullying 3) and many of these behaviors are crimes. A growing body of evidence confirms that bullying can have a wide range of adverse effects on both the perpetrator as well as the victim that can extend well into…… [Read More]
Bullying is not limited to the halls of higher learning as we have come to expect. Unfortunately, workplace bullying is a very real phenomenon in workplaces and worksites across the globe. This paper will focus on the issue of workplace bullying that can lead to violence as well as strategies to help negate bullying and manage it in the work environment.
Bullying is a form of aggression which can manifest in both subtle and overtly aggressive ways. Workplace Bullying.org identifies several forms of bullying that may lead to violence in the workplace including:
Spreading malicious rumors, gossip, or innuendo that is not true
Undermining or deliberately impeding a person's work
Withholding necessary information or purposefully giving the wrong information
Making jokes that are 'obviously offensive' by spoken word or e-mail
Intruding on a person's privacy by pestering, spying or stalking
Criticizing a person persistently or constantly
Blocking applications…… [Read More]
Students in elementary schools exhibit high levels of aggression toward their fellow students, and bullying is becoming increasingly problematic to manage. It is critical that teachers understand the nature of bullying and how to manage the problem. This presentation uses empirical evidence to show how students, families, and teachers can identify, prevent, and respond to bullying.
esearch reveals a difference between occasional aggressive behaviors and bullying. For example, Merrell & Isava (2008) define bullying as "repeated acts of aggression, intimidation, or coercion against a victim who is weaker," and a key feature of bullying is "intent to harm," (p. 26). Built into the definition of bullying is a power differential between the aggressor and the victim. Parents and teachers who recognize this feature of bullying may be able to identify the behavior in its early stages, and take necessary action. Teachers therefore need to understand how to prevent aggressive…… [Read More]
Chink, Spic, Terrorist, Whore, Nerd. These words seem to be just the beginning sparks of what most people characterize as bullying. The words and phrases are familiar enough; high school students across the country hear these insults being thrown out just as commonly as a larger student with his gang picking on a smaller and weaker student. The essence of teenage bullying has not changed; rather, with the amount of digital media and social platforms created today, there seems to be more reason to expect bullying -- both at school and online.
Bullying itself comes in many forms and sizes. It can be one hulking, leader-like personality with the aim at a Machiavellian increase in status in the school's social standing (Hamarus). Another can be the result of a racial slur and the violent actions taken against a differently ethnic individual -- perhaps even using an entire gang…… [Read More]
41). Children who are bullied have less chance of meeting their academic potential and consequently my not receive the education they need for later success in life.
The proposed study will be guided by the following research questions:
What is the effect of bullying on academic achievement?
What is the effect of bullying on the emotional stability of the victim?
What is the effect of current prevention and intervention programs on bullying behavior?
The purpose of this literature review was to develop the background and statistical information required to help answer the above-stated research questions. The focus of the literature review will relate first to the general aspects of the problem under consideration, followed by an increasingly specific focus on the problem as at relates to the faculty and students at Arthur County Schools in Arthur, Nebraska. In this regard, Gratton and Jones (2003) emphasize…… [Read More]
Long-Term Impacts of Bullying
Bullying is an undesirable, hostile behavior exhibited by adolescents due to perceived and sometimes real power imbalance. This is a repeated behavior, or one that may be possibly repeated, as time goes on. Both the bullies and those bullied can develop long-term problems. For a child's behavior to be termed 'bullying', it must be a hostile behavior and include the following:
Power imbalance: Children who bully make use of their physical strengths, their access to information that could be considered embarrassing, or their popularity to harm or control the activities of other children. These imbalances in power can alter with time and circumstances, even when they involve the same set of people.
epetition: These bullying behaviors do not occur just once, or can occur recurrently.
Bullying behaviors involve certain actions like threatening others, physical and verbal attacks, spreading rumors about someone, or leaving someone out…… [Read More]
Designing a Group
A Group for Individuals Concerned about School ullying Incidents
What population is the group designed to serve?
The group is ultimately designed to serve students of a school where bullying has occurred, and the entire school students, staff, and administrators. Local community members, such as physicians and health professionals would also be welcome; individuals who are professional counselors may have useful contributions. As well, it will serve the students' families, friends, and the community. Each of these individuals has something to contribute in a group dialogue about bullying, from a different perspective. The largest issue to be faced at the onset is empowering individuals, such as students, to speak frankly in the presence of not only their peers, but also in the presence of perceived authority figures.
Parental involvement is important so that the parent can assist with issues that their child may have had concerning bullying;…… [Read More]
According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of bullies and bullying prevention measures. The paper also…… [Read More]
School Legal Entanglement Plan
This Legal Entanglement Plan seeks to examine the policies, programs, strategies, and practices of a particular school with respect to its moral, legal, and ethical implications. The plan is developed based on a three-step process that will help in addressing the issue that could potentially become a liability or legal entanglement if left unaddressed. The plan will help in addressing the issue since it will be communicated to appropriate stakeholders.
Step 1 – Analysis
Moral and Legal Issues in School Strategies
One of the moral, ethical or legal issue facing Carson Elementary School in West Price and could escalate into a legal entanglement is school bullying, which poses significant threats on the welfare and well-being of students. Bullying is a broad concept that involves intentional aggression, power imbalance between the perpetrator and victim, and repetitive aggressive behavior (Cornell & Limber, 2015). Carson Elementary School recognizes that…… [Read More]
One of the most critical facets of actually implementing this project and seeing it through to completion pertained to the cooperation I obtained from both the principal and the teachers at this particular learning institution. The principal gave his permission to allow the anti-bullying campaign be the focus of Thursday morning's assembly. As such, we were tasked with posting all of the signage during the preceding days in the week so that there would be visual reinforcements for the assembly, and so students would be already exposed to some of the anti-bullying rhetoric on Thursday.
I was pleased (and perhaps a little surprised) at the degree of cooperation I received from the other educators at this school. More than a few of them lauded me for taking a proactive stance to counteracting bullying and enforcing classroom management, which is one of the central concepts in P.R.A.I.S.E. that wanted…… [Read More]
When most people think of bullying, they conceptualize schoolyard toughs terrorizing their helpless, weaker peers just as they have done for centuries. The harsh reality today, though, is that bullying is also pervasive in the American workplace today. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review and summary of Weidmer’s (2010) journal article concerning workplace bullying and its impact on both the victims and their organizations together with an applicable scenario based on personal experiences, including representative bullying practices. Finally, recommendations concerning strategies that management should implement to reduce the prevalence of workplace bullying are followed by a summary of the research and key findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
While nearly three-quarters (72%) of all workplace bullying is perpetrated by individuals in positions of authority, and a majority (60%) are male, anyone can be a workplace bully or victim (Weidmer, 2010). In addition, minority members and…… [Read More]
Counter Acting Bullying Effects
The purpose of this project is to raise awareness about the issuing of bullying as it takes place in school facilities and during school related activities. Some research indicates this phenomenon is "normative" (Peets et al., 2015, p. 913). Additionally, the project will provide measures to both reduce the rate of incidence of bullying in such settings, and to reduce the severity of bullying. Ideally, the full implementation of this project will eradicate bullying, and help to create a school and school-related environment which is much more peaceful and conducive to learning and educated. In terms of raising awareness, this project will target all members of the school community including administrators, employees, instructors, students, parents, and any relevant members of the surrounding community.
The rationale for this project is relatively simple. Bullying is something that has occurred for nearly as long as formal attempts at organized…… [Read More]
asset to your project. Please note that 1 of the sources must be a source for biblical integration. (i.e., P.R.A.I.S.E. by Beth Ackerman).
Ackerman, B. (2007). P.R.A.I.S.E. Purposeful Design Publications. This book truly emphasizes the value in orchestrating a proactive approach to classroom management and, by extension, that for bullying. It was really fundamental to the entire campaign of this project, including its visuals and the planned assemblies as well.
Peets, K.; Poyhonen, V., Juvonen, J., Salmivalli, C. (2015). Classroom norms of bullying alter the degree to which children defend in response to their affective empathy and power. Developmental Psychology. 51(7), 913-920. This source was instrumental to the project largely because it helped to provide evidence for the proper context in which to frame the anti-bullying campaign. Due to its focus on empathy and social cost, it provides cogent evidence that the best way to create materials and slogans for…… [Read More]