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Business Information Systems
Advantages Internet Electronic Commerce
The Internet has much to offer companies like FedEx and UPS. More and more businesses like FedEx and UPS are realizing the long-term advantages and benefits they stand to gain from engaging in electronic commerce. For one companies like these can handle scheduling, shipping and tracking all using the World Wide Web. E-commerce offers businesses several unique advantage, none the least of which is the ability to offer services to customers around the globe 24 hours every day of the week (Kundu, 679).
By setting up a website an organization like FedEx or UPS allows corporations to easily attract and sell customers while the customer need only order from the comfort of their home. Businesses can use the Internet to generate data regarding customer buying patterns, visits and other vital statistics that will provide valuable insight into their offerings and structure (Nash, 64).…
Epstein, M.J. (2004). Implementing E-commerce strategies: A guide to corporate success after the dot.com bust. Westport: Praeger
Junnarkar, S. (2000 -- June). "FedEx slows down to move at Internet speed," CNET
News, 14, October 2005: http://news.com.com/2102-1017-242612.html
Jupitermedia. (2002-Jan). "Weaving magic with regular expressions: Tracking FedEx and UPS Packages online." Ecommerce-guide.com. 14, October 205: http://www.ecommerce-guide.com/solutions/customer_relations/article.php/959641
Business Information Systems
What is a Business Information System? A program involving a business information system would prepare the person who is studying the intricacies of the process to be able to oversee the efficient and proper manner in which to use computer hardware and software systems. The individual who has completed the training process in a business information system would be able to work as a computer programmer, or a computer operator, or a peripheral equipment operator, or a data processing analyst, or a systems analyst, or a software engineer, and also various other positions related to the course of study. (Business Information Systems)
The fact is that a business information system is today changing the internal operations and the management of procedures within an organization. Therefore, a business professional must be proficient in the fundamentals of the business information systems that are in use today, and also be…
Ashley, William. C; Morrison, James. L. Anticipatory management, tools for better Decision Making. The Futurist, September/October 1997, 31(5), pp. 47-50. Retrieved From
http://horizon.unc.edu/courses/papers/AnticipatoryManagement.asp Accessed on 12 January, 2005
Brynjolfsson, Erik; Mendelson, Haim Information Systems and the Organization of Modern Enterprise. Journal of Organizational Computing, December, 1993. Retrieved From
http://ccs.mit.edu/papers/CCSWP200 / Accessed on 12 January, 2005
In fact just the opposite is the case, with case studies indicating that employees hired at outsourcers for the more menial tasks lack the necessary educations and professional backgrounds to do them competently (ottman, Lacity, 2008). The paradox of outsourcing is the reputation the industry has for providing cost reduction strategies for menial or repetitive tasks, yet in reality doing those tasks poorly (Metters, 2008) yet having exceptional expertise in the most advanced technologies including software development and Sarbanes-Oxley auditing compliance (Can, Dogerlioglu, Sonmez, Yardimci, 2009). Outsourcing to save costs is a disaster waiting to happen from a cultural standpoint however (ottman, Lacity, 2008) and needs to be considered only as an additional aspect to a strategic direction to build out it over time and integrate it into the strategic business model of the company. Outsourcing's confusion and lack of productivity as a cost reduction strategy is directly linked to…
Avery, a., Baradwaj, B., & Singer, D. (2008). An Examination of Hofstede's Cultural Factors in Explanation of Differences in Citibank International Retail Banking Web Sites. The Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 14(2), 73-90,117-118.
Can, N., Dogerlioglu, O., Sonmez, G., & Yardimci, M.. (2009). Comparison of it Outsourcing Firms & it Departments. The Business Review, Cambridge, 12(1), 267-274.
Geert Hofstede. (1998). Identifying organizational subcultures: An empirical approach. The Journal of Management Studies, 35(1), 1-12.
Richard Metters. (2008). A case study of national culture and offshoring services. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 28(8), 727-747.
usiness Information System
Air Asia: usiness Information System
The airline industry throughout the world now has become a competitive business especially with the never-ending increase in aircraft fuel. Different airline companies are finding different ways of attracting customers via several marketing initiatives. In Malaysia, AirAsia, founded in the mid-1990s, offered no frills budget fares with the marketing theme "Every One Can Fly. (AirAsia 2011)" This Malaysian airline company has captured the market not only locally but also in the Asian region. The success the company has made was made possible not only through the low fares and excellent service but through the acquisition of additional aircrafts. Further, AirAsia has currently adopted information technologies strategically to integrate the operations and coordinate all the business and management functions (Wong Pui Man 2009). Amongst the business information systems implementation AirAsia engaged in, the company capitalized on developments in Transaction Processing System, Decision Support…
In short, automating customer service can significantly improve the overall customer experience and improve long-term profitability as a result.
The need for information that is strategic in scope, meaning its implications on the long-term performance of the company, is critical. The information needs of executives are significantly different from any other department in that they must be able to see across all functional areas yet also synthesize or process the information from a functional standpoint as well. Due to all of these factors, the need for an executive information system is critical, especially in those industries that have rapidly changing product lifecycles and razor-thin gross margins (eimann, Schilke, Thomas, 2010). There is also the need executives have to quickly determining cause-and-effect of their strategies. An executive information system needs to be capable of creating and reporting in real-time the implications of strategies with metrics and key performance indicators…
Andreas Andronikidis, Andreas C. Georgiou, Katerina Gotzamani, & Konstantina Kamvysi. (2009). The application of quality function deployment in service quality management. TQM Journal, 21(4), 319-333.
Terrance Casey. (2004). Automation, Self-Service, and Analytics: Improve the Customer Relationship. American Water Works Association. Journal, 96(8), 34. Retrieved August 15, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. (Document ID: 691484961).
Chang, W., Park, J., & Chaiy, S. (2010). How does CRM technology transform into organizational performance? A mediating role of marketing capability. Journal of Business Research, 63(8), 849.
Reimann, M., Schilke, O., & Thomas, J.. (2010). Customer relationship management and firm performance: the mediating role of business strategy. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 38(3), 326.
Business Information Systems
Morae software: Who produces it? What is its purpose in terms of systems development? What are some examples of the type of information it captures? How could a company use this information?
TechSmith is a leading provider of screen capture and recording software who has successfully transition into a variety of products based in their core strengths in this area. Their Morae software suite is based on three components including the Morae ecorder, Morae emote Viewer and Morae Manager. The system as designed is well suited for usability analysis and testing yet could have more robust analytics functionality (Powell, 2005). This system captures how users interact with a Web page, specifically concentrating on how screen recording and capture methods can accelerate new product development. The company's flagship products include Snaglt and Camtasia products. Development teams would use this data to better manage the new product development process…
Powell, T. (2005). Morae: Usability testing for the masses. Network World, 22(5), 42-42.
Business - Information Systems
Qualities that Jim should Possesses to be a Successful Project Manager
Essential skills are very critical to be successful in project management functions. To be a successful project manager, Jim must possess the following qualities:
First, Jim must possess interpersonal, technical and managerial skills, which would assist him to determine the size, scope as well as the project's resources requirements. Moreover, Jim must be able to design a project to meet customer's needs. Once an organization accepts a project, Jim must be able to deliver a project within budget and on time.
Jim must also possess leadership skills to initiate planning a well as executing and closing down a project. Understanding the project management process is very critical for the success of a project. Thus, Jim must possess management skills to manage activities, resources and other tasks in a project.
Communication skills are the…
Third, the information systems implications also need to concentrate on how to manage pricing and discounting across product groups and also across payment methods. This is an area where small businesses can gain significant competitive advantage and one that is consistently ignored or not undertaken at all. For the payment card strategies in small businesses to be profitable, information systems, specifically applications, need to be created and managed to ensure optimal pricing is defined for each product, and that gross margins are maximized regardless of the payment card used.
Fourth, information systems in small businesses need to take into account the synchronizing of all available distribution channels, creating a multi-channel management strategy that is integrated to the payment card processing system as well (Goldstucker, Moschis, Stanley, Thomas, 1986). Tracking transactions and margins by channel is one of the main metrics that small businesses use to evaluate their overall selling and…
Kuo Lane Chen, Huei Lee, Bradley W. Mayer. (2001). The impact of security control on business-to-consumer electronic commerce. Human Systems Management, 20(2), 139-147. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 81058919).
Goldstucker, Jac L., Moschis, George P., Stanley, Thomas J.. (1986). Possible Effects of Electronic Shopping on Restructuring of Distribution Channels. International Journal of Retailing, 1(1), 20. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 7086604).
Mandell, L. (1990). The credit card industry: a history. Boston. Twayne Publishers.
Merlin Stone, Matt Hobbs, Mahnaz Khaleeli. (2002). Multichannel customer management: The benefits and challenges. Journal of Database Marketing, 10(1), 39-52. Retrieved April 11, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 214005721).
CASE STUDY-Business INFOMATION SYSTEMS
Computerized Business information systems refer to set of integrated business applications that help organizations manage their inventory, financial and customer data in an efficient manner. These applications can vary from company to company but mostly focus on quick and easy access and exchange of information between concerned parties or departments. For example of the Finance departments wants to share last year financial record with research department, it would take a long time to email all files and therefore it is best to have a central system that can be accessed by all employees who have access permission. This helps in streamlining information and company data in a less time-consuming manner.
While large organizations can afford to have all kind of IT applications installed, small businesses usually have to make a conscious effort to keep cost down when choosing CBIS because they have allocated limited funds…
Eileen Brill Wagner Small businesses leveraging technology The Business Journal
From a convenience aspect, as the hand held computers typically have smaller screens, shorter text messages would be the most convenient to read and interpret.
Color photograph - There are a variety of output devices that can produce acceptable quality color photographs. At the low end of the market there are color inkjet printers that rely on special papers and inks to product high quality photographic prints. At the higher end of the price continuum there are color laser printers and color thermal transfer printers capable of very high printing resolutions. From a convenience perspective, inkjet printers would be the best approach to getting a color photograph printed, as these printers produce high quality text and are relatively low in cost. When quality is the critical concern then a dye sublimation or thermal transfer printer would be the best solution.
Resume - the most convenient output of a resume would…
The basic objectives of Information Systems in the future will be to focus on the design, construction and use of internal software and computer systems so as to increase the company's output from their people and technology. The internet has allowed IS to refocus its attention to what they historically have done best. When IS was focused on the needs of external systems development, they more than often were less than ideal so they did not facilitate optimum system implementations. The internet has reduced the need to focus on external program implementation and therefore internal processes benefit.
In conclusion, this report aimed to come back with an answer to the question of why so many Enterprise esource Planning projects fail and to focus on how the Internet has provided an opportunity to have businesses focus on the development of their internal applications.
Koch, Christopher. "The ABC's of EP." CIO…
Koch, Christopher. "The ABC's of ERP." CIO (2005): Retrieved on 18 March 2005, from http://www.cio.com/research/erp/edit/erpbasics.html .
Ross, Jeanne w. And Weill, Peter, "Six it Decisions Your it People Should Not Make" Harvard Business Review, Nov 2002, vol. 80 issue 11, p84, 8p.
For a product configuration system to be effective it must be able to submit orders directly into production while at the same time being able to determine what the Available-To-Promise (ATP) ship dates are (Mendelson, Parlakturk, 2008). Instead of just giving the standard four to six weeks I'd also integrate the product configuration systems to supply chain systems to ensure that accurate Available-To-Promise (ATP) dates (Gunasekaran, Ngai, 2009). I'd use this as a competitive differentiator to ensure that customers could be very well informed as to when their sofa or furniture was going to arrive. All of these systems would also be integrated to an analytics system so it would be possible to know what the status of orders and shipments were on a continual basis.
Gunasekaran, A., & Ngai, E.. (2009). Modeling and analysis of build-to-order supply chains. European Journal of Operational esearch, 195(2), 319.
Johansson, Johny K.,…
Gunasekaran, A., & Ngai, E.. (2009). Modeling and analysis of build-to-order supply chains. European Journal of Operational Research, 195(2), 319.
Johansson, Johny K., & Nonaka, Ikujiro. (1987, May). Market Research the Japanese Way. Harvard Business Review, 65(3), 16.
Kate Maddox. (2006, April). Microsoft research paves way for 'People Ready'. B to B, 91(4), 62.
Lorne McMillan & Brenda Ng. (2007). Ethnography within consumer research -- a critical case study of Consumer Film Festivals. International Journal of Market Research, 49(6), 707-714.
Brix can use NTP, but in our testing its active Verifiers employed small Code Division Multiple Access receivers, which receive timing signals similar to what is used for cellular telephony. Most vendors also support an option for satellite-based global positioning system (GPS) receivers" (22).
The research showed that Network Time Protocol is a longstanding Internet protocol that is used to ensure the accurate synchronization to the millisecond of computer clock times in a network of computers. The research also showed that in spite of its workhouse history, earlier versions of NTP are no longer adequate and improvements are in the works. hile NTP is widely used, some vendors have elected for alternative approaches that accomplish the same thing in a different manner, but even here, NTP was shown to be on the cutting edge by recognizing these constraints and taking steps to address them. In the final analysis, NTP…
Battistelli, Vincent J., Edwin E. Mier and Alan R. Miner. (2003, March). "Monitoring the QOS Monitors: Vendors of QOS Measuring/monitoring Products View Network Performance from Very Different Perspectives. Their Goals Are the Same, but Are Their Results?" Business Communications Review 33(3):22.
Hommer, Michael B., Edwin E. Mier and Cheryl a. Molle. (2002, June). "WAN Watchers: Testing the Testers; More IP Traffic Is 'Disappearing' into the Carriers' Network Cloud. How Can You Tell What's Really Happening in the WAN?" Business Communications Review 32(6):40.
Mier, Edwin E. And Kenneth M. Percy. (2001, May). "Measuring SLA Compliance." Business Communications Review 31(5):34.
Mills, David L. (2007, January 20). "Network Time Protocol (NTP) -- General Overview." Network Time Protocol Project. [Online]. Available: http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/brief/overview/overview.ppt .
In other words, as coding begins, testing begins and continues as a parallel process to the coding activity. Even when the installation process has begun, testing should continue.
Installation is the process of actually replacing the current system or programs with the new system or programs. Thus, coding, testing, and installation processes create several deliverables that can be used as signoff points for management. The testing and implementation process should allow for back out points where new direction or error and bug elimination can occur. The deliverables are fail safes in a sense because a next task should not be started until a previous task has been given the okay by management. This process therefore puts a system of checks and balances in place.
Documentation and Training
Most people think that coding and testing are the only crucial aspects of implementation. Ironically, one of the more critical things to accomplish…
Canberra. (n.d.). System Implementation. Retrieved on January 27, 2005, at http://www.ise.canberra.edu.au/u8310/l17.htm
Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.
Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://www.kellen.net/SysDev.htm
Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.
secondary research business information systems- * history business information systems impact mobile technology *
Business information systems
The modern day society evolves at the fastest rate known so far to humanity. And the trend setter for this rapid change is represented by technology. Innovations are present in all aspects of the daily operations, from the preparation of meals and the spending of the leisure time to the completion of the professional tasks.
Within the business community, technology has been adopted as a source of operational efficiencies. Technology allows economic agents to conduct research at superior levels, to process and store data, but also to provide support for manufacturing, marketing or managerial operations.
The technologies used by economic agents can generically be divided into two categories -- hardware and software. The hardware components include the computers, the machines, the peripheics or any other tangible devices. The software components include the applications…
Curtis, G., Cobham, D., 2008, Business information systems: analysis, design and practice, 6th edition, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273713825
Hon, A., 2011, New technology: one day, everyone will have a magic tablet, The Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/technology-topics/8799481/New-technology-One-day-everyone-will-have-a-magic-tablet.html last accessed on October 28, 2011
Mohelska, H., Mobile technologies and their use in a company, WSEAS, http://www.wseas.us/e-library/conferences/2010/Tunisia/AEBD/AEBD-23.pdf last accessed on October 28, 2011
2011, Information system, PC Magazine, http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=business+information+system&i=44963,00.asp#fbid=aEvSu1daRi_ last accessed on October 28, 2011
Business -- Information Systems
Author's note with contact information and more details on collegiate affiliation, etc.
This paper is a reflection of the experience of interfacing with internet browsers. Reflecting upon this experience in the information or digital age is a worthwhile activity. How consumers interface with software is an intriguing issue from an economic perspective, from a business perspective, and from a consumer perspective. We are in the age of the peer-review. If a website or a browser is arduous or unpleasant to interact with, those details will travel around the world via the internet with great acceleration. Thus it is important for software to function efficiently, have pleasing aesthetics, and be simple to maneuver. How a browser is organized, the kind of experience the user has with the browser and the website, is important and crucial in the information age. If a browser is not a…
Awareness has been defined as conscious ideology of an issue or existence of broad subject matter (DTI, 11). This means not simply knowing about a subject but having the ability to interpret the subject and recognize the consequences of use of the subject. An individual must have some idea of the "working life to which an issue relates" in order to hold awareness of an issues (DTI, 10). Knowledge on the other hand requires "Theoretical or practical understanding of a subject" (DTI, 10). Knowledge suggests that an employee must demonstrate a clear understanding of the detailed provisions of a certain subject or situation (DTI, 11).
Using this interpretation it seems not enough that organizations evaluate employee awareness of issues, but rather than organizations must also test employee knowledge of business information systems. This is because by nature knowledge carries more weight and seems a stronger force than simple awareness. Employees…
Coe, K. (2005). "Employee Awareness - The missing link." Itoolbox Security. 26, Sept. 2005:
Wood, C.C. (2002 - Nov). "Measuring Awareness." Itoolbox Security, 27, Sept. 2005:
Information Systems over the Last Century:
Synchronizing and Streamlining Transportation and Logistics Systems
The pace of change and its complexity continues to drastically redefine entire industries, with those reliant on supply chains, logistics and transportation services seeing the greatest benefits and risks. Globalization is also re-shaping industries the fastest who rely on transportation as a key part of their value chains. United Parcel Service is a company that is representative of the pace and complexity of change that has occurred in business processes, strategies, and information systems over the last one hundred years. UPS was founded in 1907 in Seattle, Washington by Jim Casey, and today is one of the leading transportations services companies globally. The intent of this analysis is to explain the differences between business information systems and methods widely used in 1910 and how they compare to the common enterprise-wide systems and methods of today. The telephone,…
Nabil Alghalith. (2005). Competing with IT: The UPS Case. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 7(2), 7-15.
Ata, B., & Van Mieghem, J. (2009). The Value of Partial Resource Pooling: Should a Service Network Be Integrated or Product-Focused? Management Science, 55(1), 115-131.
Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
Das, K.. (2011). Integrating effective flexibility measures into a strategic supply chain planning model. European Journal of Operational Research, 211(1), 170.
This is so important because the current business environment is full of competitions and therefore firms that don't focus on external value creation eventually lose their competitive advantage (Spulber,2009). The current business scene is very competitive meaning that each form must have an edge so as to win over more customers. The process requires that the internal and the external business processes be fine tuned using all tools available. The adopted tools should be able to react to the changes in the corporate environment such as new business models. New technologies such as management information system strategy are important in order to remain competitive through enhance internal and external functions (Chaffey, 2002).
Johnson plc should invest in Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) technology that would allow it to exchange valuable information such as order updates, product prices and transaction schedules to their suppliers and customers. This should be rolled on a…
Bartoo, J, Elliot, T, and Naik-lyer, V.(2000) Increased Competitive Advantage the Combination
of E-business and Business Intelligence Tools. San Jose, CA: Business Objects, 2000.
Chaffey, D., (2002), E-business and E-Commerce Management, Pearson Education Limited
Earl, M. (1998) "An organizational approach to IS strategy making." In M. Earl (eds)
Ethical Issues in the Information Systems Within the Business Environment
In the contemporary business environment, information systems have revolutionized the strategy firms employ in doing businesses. Apart from increasing the customer market base, businesses have been able to carry out international businesses without leaving their physical locations. Moreover, advanced information systems have assisted increasing number of businesses to be more competitive both locally and internationally. Despite the benefits derived from the use of information systems, the firm still faces ethical issues in the businesses environment. A violation of privacy of customers, employee, and suppliers have been one of the ethical issues with the use of information systems. Fur example, an online business can assist firms to collect private information of their customers, which include the credit card information and other personal information. Many firms go to the extent of storing the credit card information of their customers thus violation privacy…
Information System/Internet Strategy
Information technology and Internet systems have become such an integrated part of life today that all businesses of any significant size have at least some form of electronic media as part of their daily operations. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine how any business could function without at least an e-mail platform or an electronic database connection. What I have learnt about decision making, the role of information, information systems, and knowledge management should help me in my current job situation, when thinking critically about the ways in which other businesses conduct their operations, and in constructing my own operations should I be a business owner in the future. This knowledge can be applied to my current work situation at the telecommunication company Orange, as well as to a group investigation I was part of for the Manchester University.
The Orange company, where I am currently employed,…
Davenport, T.H. (2006, Jan). Competing on Analytics.
Maes, R. (2009). An Integrative Perspective on Information Management.
Peppard, J. (1999). Information management in the global enterprise: an organising framework. European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. 8.
Business Information Technology
The decisions of how to define enterprise information architectures throughout a global business have immediate effects on the ability of a business model to succeed in scaling across new geographies while continually improving financial performance in existing ones. Just as each business model for any enterprise varies significantly based on the trajectory of growth through the success of new business units to successful mergers and acquisitions, the same holds true for enterprise information architectures as well (yan, Santucci, 1993). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how an enterprise or business might differ in their views of enterprise information architectures.
Analysis of Enterprise Information Architectures
The variations in enterprise information architectures will be predicated on how a given business model has evolved in response to customer requirements, supply chain costs and constraints, and will over time reflect the decision-making patterns of senior management. All of these…
Carroll, P., Yasnoff, W., Ward, E., Ripp, L., & Martin, E.(Eds). (2003). Public health informatics and information systems. new York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Pessi, K., Magoulas, T., & Hugoson, M. (2011). Enterprise architecture principles and their impact on the management of IT investments. Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation, 14(1), 53-62.
Ryan, H., & Santucci, J. (1993). Building an enterprise information architecture. InfoWorld, 15(12), 57-57,60.
EP systems are designed to provide this level of integration to enable process-centric workflows throughout companies (Kamhawi, 2008). In terms of data, EP systems deal with a multitude of different types, from supplier- and product-specific data to pricing and customer-based data in terms of orders and the status of shipments to customers. The most fundamental aspect of an EP system is its contribution in streamlining the distributed order management process (Walker, 2008). In terms of the network, EP systems often sit in the middle of company-wide internal networks that seek to integrate all legacy and 3rd party systems together and create a single system of record (Walker, 2008) for the company. The network topology is often in the form of a series of smaller clusters or "islands" of data and systems that the EP system is meant to integrate to and unify.
Section 3 - Write a summary to show…
Shih-Wei Chou, Yu-Chieh Chang. (2008). The implementation factors that influence the ERP (enterprise resource planning) benefits. Decision Support Systems, 46(1), 149. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1603626971).
Emad M. Kamhawi. (2008). System Characteristics, Perceived Benefits, Individual Differences and Use Intentions: a Survey of Decision Support Tools of ERP Systems. Information Resources Management Journal, 21(4), 66-83. Retrieved February 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1570039261).
Kenton B. Walker. (2008). SOX, ERP, and BPM: A Trifecta That Can Make Your Business Run Better. Strategic Finance, 90(6), 47-53. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1607404201).
Ideally, Zachman thinking pattern has been challenged by time and fails to address challenges in a real-time basis collectively. Such a basis would agree that a superior usage of technology is not near-change mechanism. Zachman argues that a communication breakdown exists in the organization (by that time) because it handled the frameworks differently. This was not in line with the requirements of a desirable organization. Further to this, communication channels inside the organization have improved and not according to Zachman's times in the 21st century. While responding to Zachman, it is good to establish whether the current approach (data modeling / and hybridism for large calls and the superior application of technology) is satisfying (Bowman, Godfrey, & Holt, 2000).
As a result, future studies should apply the future design system that will integrate Zachman's ideas into real time environment whilst acknowledging the impetus behind data modeling. The following research questions…
Bigot, L.L., Jamet, E., Rouet, J., & Amiel, V. (2006). Mode and modal transfer effects on Performance and discourse organization with an information retrieval dialogue system in natural language. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(3), 467-500.
Bowman, I., Godfrey, M., & Holt, R. (2000). Connecting architecture reconstruction frameworks. Information and Software Technology, 42(2), 91-102
Huysman, M. (2000). Rethinking organizational learning: analyzing learning processes of information system designers. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 10(2), 81-99
Raeesi, M., & Sadeghi-Niaraki, A. (2013). Gis-Based System For Post-Earthquake Crisis Management Using Cellular Network. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-1/W3, 321-325.
MIS stands for "Management Information System." It is one of the computer-based tools to manage organizational operations efficiently. It consists of software that managers' use in making decision, for data storage, in project management applications, for records and procedures for making customers relations etc. Nowadays most of the organizations have separate MIS department which is basically responsible for computer systems. MIS is also called "Information System" or "Information Technology." The combination of people, software, hardware, communications network and data resource that collect, transform and distribute information in an organization is called an information system (O'Brien, 1999).
Working of the information system depends on the different activists. The first activity is input of data resources. It involves the data entry. Data can be of any time like transactions data etc. Then information system analyzes and processes that data to form information. Now this information is transferred to end users…
O'Brien, J (1999). Management Information Systems -- Managing Information Technology in the Internetworked Enterprise. Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill.
ISACA (2006). CISA Review Manual 2006. Information Systems Audit and Control Association.
ISACA. 2008. "Segregation of Duties Control matrix." Retrieved May 25, 2011, from
Kiountouzis, E.A. And Kokolakis, S.A. (1996). Information systems security: facing the information society of the 21st century London: Chapman & Hall
0 are used in organizations to provide an access to high levels of the scale without an enormous costs of traditional infrastructure. Both increase performance given that the clients who are the organizations have data centers across the globe that keeps the processing reasonably close to accessing it over the network. Organizations use cloud computing and web 2.0 to strategically cut the cost of driving innovation and to be ready for the prime-time use in the enterprise environments (O'eilly, 2008).
Technologies required for web cloud computing and Web 2.0
Tim O'Reilly (2008). Web 2.0 and Cloud Computing - O'Reilly Radar. O'Reilly Radar - Insight, analysis, and research about emerging technologies. Retrieved March 17, 2013, from http://radar.oreilly.com/2008/10/web-20-and-cloud-computing.html
Information has been for many centuries a mean to pass on different facts from generation to generation. Things like the Holocaust or the Indian massacres in the Americas live in our conscience, but can be proved only by the documents that have told us about them. I have picked these exact two examples because they are opposites in terms of information preservation. If we consider the Holocaust, any of its contesters can be countered by using documents of the time like the videos that the Nazis made in the extermination camps, the enraged speeches that the Nazi leaders held against the Jewish communities or the testimonies of the survivors. The Indian extermination, however, is not backed up by documents at such a level. Some of the reasons for this are the fact that the Indians relied more on oral preservation of information, from generation to generation, and to…
information systems and its effects on business processes. Moreover, I have explained the several business components and their effectiveness as information systems. In addition, I have provided information regarding the effects of information systems on various business careers.
Information systems have brought revolutions and innovations in today's business' setups and also have developed a close relationship with globalization. The responsibility of these information systems in an organization is not to support the tasks of the individuals but to support business functions as a whole. Nowadays, business operations are conducted by using e-mail, online conferences (video/audio) and cell phones which have turned out to be the most fundamental tools in business execution. Information systems, if truth be told, are the basis of accelerating supply chains. The businesses today have the advantage of using internet for purchasing, selling, advertising and imploring the feedbacks from consumers/customers online. It is now the purpose of…
Alter, S. (2002). Information Systems: Foundation of E-Business, 4/e (4th ed.). New Delhi, India: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=ElXnQdPTEQ4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Information+Systems:+Foundation+of+E-Business&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8OkdUZaKN6XJ0AXE7oCADQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Information%20Systems%3A%20Foundation%20of%20E-Business&f=false
Chatterjee, I. (2010). Management Information Systems. Delhi, India: PHI Learning Private Limited. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=DOi2meoOKWsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Management+Information+Systems&hl=en&sa=X&ei=998dUej2DIqL0AWQp4CgCA&ved=0CFsQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Management%20Information%20Systems&f=false
Laudon, K., Laudon, J., & Dass, R. (2010). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm (11th ed.). Chennai: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=gx-LOQmKou8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Management+Information+Systems:+Managing+The+Digital+Firm,+11/E&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KM0dUcjxNOW00QXAtIH4Bg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA
Lucey, T. (2005). Management Information System (9th ed.). Croatia: Thomson Learning. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=A0bu30rNgJsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Management+Information+System&hl=en&sa=X&ei=svMdUcLkNoi10QXfmoHYBw&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Management%20Information%20System&f=false
System Design: Oahu Base Area Network
The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…
Information Systems for a Nostalgic ecord Store
Benefits and Drawbacks of Information Systems
Comparison of Five Systems' Cost and Benefits
Launching a new record store that concentrates on nostalgic music can potentially be lucrative as many music fans like to listen to their favorite musicians and artists who may not be played on popular radio today. For a small brick -- and mortar music store specializing in nostalgic music, it is recommended that a series of five systems be considered for managing the business. These five systems include the following:
E-Commerce Website and supporting system
Pricing and Merchandise Management System
The benefits and drawback of each of these systems id briefly described in this paper.
Benefits and Drawbacks of Information Systems
Each of the systems that the record store needs in order to operate profitably are defined in this section along with their benefits…
Sarapovas, T., & Cvilikas, A. (2008). The evaluation of e-commerce impact on business efficiency. Baltic Journal of Management, 3(1), 71-91.
Wichmann, H. (1983). Accounting and marketing - key small business problems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 7(4), 19-19.
They have a moral obligation to the South African people in this area for many reasons. First, they have an obligation to make certain that they can participate in the global economy to give their citizens the same chances for advancement as other nations. Secondly, they have a moral obligation to do everything possible to keep their citizens safe.
When one discusses the topic of security in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), much of the discussion focuses on the technology itself. Currently, the South African banking industry is attempting to establish standards that represent best practices in information security (Tshinu, Botha, and Herselman, 2008). These measures currently focus on the technological aspects of information security. However, the development of industry-wide best practices must take all sources of vulnerability into consideration, including the moral and ethical responsibility to keep information safe.
Therefore, the development of best practices cannot ignore the human…
Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2006. "The Economics of Information Security." Science [Online] 314 (5799), pp.610-613, October 27, 2006. Available at:
http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/Papers/toulouse-summary.pdf (Accessed June 20, 2010).
Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2007. "The Economics of Information Security: A Survey and Open Questions." Fourth Bi-annual Conference on the Economics of the Software and Internet Industries. January 19-20, 2007: Toulouse, France. [Online] Available at:
This constraint engine could also be used for specifically designing upper limits as to how many total sessions to allow to be created given the constraint of professor time and availability. In addition, the Web-based college or university registration system also needs to have a front-end interface or graphical user interface that is intuitive enough for the first-year or freshman students to navigate yet robust enough in functionality to allow students who are pursuing master's and PhD level studies to also schedule independent study and consultation times with their professors. There must be a degree of flexibility in the system design to specifically allow for this type of role-based access and use, from the entry-level freshman to the advanced master's and PhD-level students. To ensure the system is used correctly and there is sufficient security, it is also critically important for the design to allow for role-based and authentication-based use…
Stefano Ceri, Florian Daniel, Maristella Matera, & Federico M. Facca. (2007). Model-driven development of context-aware Web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 7(1), 2.
Moez Limayem, Mohamed Khalifa, & Wynne W. Chin. (2004). CASE Tools Usage and Impact on System Development Performance. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 14(3), 153-175.
Ioana Manolescu, Marco Brambilla, Stefano Ceri, Sara Comai, & Piero Fraternali. (2005). Model-driven design and deployment of service-enabled web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 5(3), 439.
Mattsson, a., Lundell, B., Lings, B., & Fitzgerald, B.. (2009). Linking Model-Driven Development and Software Architecture: A Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 35(1), 83-93.
4). The strength associated with this approach is ensuring that an organization has access to its mission-critical data in the event of a disaster, with the concomitant weakness being the relatively modest costs involved.
The next step in developing the organization's information system recover plan is to take stock of existing hardware. As Cohen emphasizes, "If you have been hosting your company's Web site on an office computer, it is time to stop. For the cost of a cup of coffee per day, a Web-hosting center can fully protect your site off-site, where it will not tie up your company's bandwidth" (p. 3). This approach to maintaining important contacts with customers and an organization's intranet has several strengths over an organization's hosting the Web site in-house. For instance, eagan (2006) notes that, "A hosted solution provides an organization with the flexibility of deploying an IP-enabled system without the maintenance costs…
Cohen, B. (2004, November 17). Data recovery planning -- What you need to know.
SmallBusinessComputing.com. [Online]. Available: http://www.smallbusiness computing.com/webmaster/article.php/3436831.
Reagan, C. (2006, February). Using VOIP to recover telecommunications services: A new generation of disaster recovery processes and telecom systems can help your enterprise deal with a crisis. Business Communications Review, 36(2), 60-61.
FedEx Express is a logistics company, focusing on overnight delivery service, though offering slower services as well. The company operates globally, using a hub and spoke model. The company ships from each depot to one of several centralized depots, where the packages are sorted and dispatched to the different outbound aircraft (FedEx.com, 2015). Not surprisingly, information systems are critical to managing millions of packages each night, and ensuring that they arrive in their destination anywhere in the world the next day.
One Critical System
One of the information systems that is critical to FedEx is the one that manages the tracking of packages as they move through the centralized sorting facility. Each package has a bar code with which it is tracked. At the different stages of the handling, that code is scanned. This allows the packages to be sorted more efficiently, and it allows both FedEx and…
Baldwin, R. (2013). Shipshape: Tracking 40 years of FedEx tech. Wired. Retrieved April 2, 2015 from http://www.wired.com/2013/04/40-years-of-FedEx/
FedEx.com (2015). About us. FedEx.com. Retrieved April 2, 2015 from http://www.FedEx.com/us/
Gruman, G. (2004). Wireless -- UPS vs. FedEx: Head-to-head on wireless. CIO Magazine. Retrieved April 2, 2015 from http://www.cio.com/article/2439622/mobile/wireless-ups-versus-FedEx -- head-to-head-on-wireless.html
Creating Organizational Value through the Integration of Information Technology: A Management Perspective
Change Management and the Construction of a eceptive Organization
Transformational and Participative Leadership
A Decentralized Organizational Culture
Effective Utilization of esources
Performance Monitoring Systems
isk Management and Support Strategies
When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of business today, firms must stay at the cutting edge of their respective fields in order to sustain profitability in the long-term. With the current exponential growth of technology and the computerization of business and learning, consumers and investors have become much more connected to the businesses they patronize (Kurzweil, 2001). Accordingly, companies are faced with the continuous task of finding new ways to understand and subsequently accommodate the needs of those customers and shareholders, while simultaneously securing lucrative business models and job environments. In doing so, businesses must be able to efficiently integrate and utilize various sources of…
Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal, 7 (3), 266-275.
Anthony, S. (2010, May). Three Critical Innovation Lessons from Apple. Retrieved July 26, 2011, from http://hbr.org/anthony/2010/05/three_critical_innovation_less.html
Antonelli, C. (2000). Collective Knowledge Communication and Innovation: The Evidence of Technological Districts. Regional Studies, 34 (6), 535-547.
Ashkenas, R., Ulrich, D., Jick, T., & Bossidy, L. (2002). The Boundaryless Organization: Breaking the Chains of Organization Structure. United States: John Wiley and Sons.
Health Information System
Promoting Action Design esearch to create value in healthcare through IT
ecently there has been varying proof showing that health IT reduces costs while improving the standard of care offered. The same factors that had caused delays in reaping benefits from IT investment made in other sectors (i.e. time consuming procedural change) are also very common within the healthcare sector. Due to the current transitive nature of the Healthcare sector, new IT investment is likely not going to provide maximum value unless this new investment is backed up with a total reform of healthcare delivery. The overall ability of healthcare IT value researchers to add value to practice will be severely limited as a result of the traditional ex-post approach to measuring IT and the fact that government spurs significant investment. It may be risky to generalize or compare results from traditional IT value research with those…
Fichman, R., Kohli, R., & Krishnan, R. (2011). The role of information systems in healthcare: Current research and future trends. Information Systems Research, 22(3), 419-428.
Goh, J.M., Gao, G., & Agarwal, R. (n.d.). Evolving work routines: Adaptive routinization of information technology in healthcare. Information Systems Research, 22(3), 565-585.
Hoffnagel, E., Woods, D., & Leveson, N. (2006). Resilience engineering: Concepts and precepts. Abingdon: GBR: Ashgate Publishing.
Jones, S., Heaton, P., Riudin, R., & Schneider, E. (2012). Unraveling the IT productivity paradox lessons for health care. The New England Journal of Medicine, 366(24), 2243-2245.
Many see collaboration as an investment strategy. While some may see collaboration as a scary area to approach in research, in actuality, collaboration involves more than simply sharing techniques or data. Numerous researchers in fact, regard collaboration as an important step in research. However, many researchers do not know how to collaborate. By increasing the amount of benefits one receives from collaboration, it then takes center stage as an important aspect of research.
Collaborative research yields higher levels of creativity and helps one network with people they may work with in the future. Overall, when one takes on the endeavor of collaborating in regards to research, there is less work. This is because there are more people helping in gathering information and compiling/analyzing data. Less work means more time spent on providing quality information and research to the project.
Another thing to note is criticism. Any work done…
Iso.org,. (2013). ISO 27001 - Information security management. Retrieved 26 February 2016, from http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso27001.htm
Savoie, M. (2012). Building successful information systems. [New York, N.Y.] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017): Business Expert Press.
Savoie, M. (2012). Building successful information systems. [New York, N.Y.] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017): Business Expert Press.
Information Systems Management
What sorts of motivators, processes, and best practices should managers of virtual organizations adapt from the open source movement?
Open source movement is a far reaching and wide ranging movement of persons who offer support and backing to the utilization of open source licenses for all software or just a number of them. The open software is made accessible for any individual to make use of or undertake modifications, considering the fact that its source code is made accessible. Virtual organizations can be delineated as a network of autonomous companies that come together more often than not, for a temporary period of time, to create a product or service. There are motivators, processes, and best practices that managers of virtual organizations ought to espouse from the open source movement. To start with, the capacity of allowing members to not only use, but also to modify the data…
Galliers, R. D., Leidner, D. E. (2009). Strategic Information Management: Challenges and Strategies in Managing Information Systems. New York: Routledge.
Heron, M., Hanson, V. L., & Ricketts, I. (2013). Open source and accessibility: advantages and limitations. Journal of Interaction Science,1(1), 1-10.
Hout, T., Carter, J. C. (1995). Getting It Done: New Roles for Senior Executives. Harvard Business Review.
Paul4Innovating. (2014). The role senior executives must fill for innovation success. Paul4innovating's Innovation Views. Retrieved 16 April 2016 from: https://paul4innovating.com/2014/03/03/the-role-senior-executives-must-fill-for-innovation-success/
marketing data collected to analyze the economic performance of the Hideaway Hotel. It consists of annual and monthly economic data, a forecast of next year's performance, and an interpretation of statistical data gathered from the hotel's guests. It also includes a break-even analysis and suggestions to the firm that will help to restore its profitability.
Collect data on the main macro indicators and assess current macroeconomic conditions. Describe briefly the expected impact of these on sales and costs of the business.
he Economist Intelligence Unit expects continued fiscal operating surpluses over the next several years, but also maintains that increases in government spending are not likely as the government focuses on building up the new pension fund. his fund should put more money in the hands of pensioners, who regularly go on seaside vacations. he Economist expects GDP growth to slow from 2.7% in 2003 to 2.5% in 2004, but…
The margins of error were acceptable in analysing the sample: most of the variables consisted of small numbers (between one and five) and the sample size was 200, which is adequate for the determination of data. Population analyses were not used to analyze data for the American guests. The numbers were normally distributed and I was able to interpret customer data with a reasonable amount of certainty.
Statistical data shows that the firm consistantly operates at a loss during the fall and winter months. The modal motel guest is from New Zealand, consists of a couple with a child, and spends two days at the motel. The modal guest is extremely likely to eat at the restaurant and somewhat unlikely to engage in other activities such as sailing. Principal expenses are related to staffing. If the hotel were to close its doors during the winter or limit operation to being open on the weekend, revenues would be slightly better than they are now.
Information that would still be of interest includes that regarding monthly data for 2001; between 2001 and 2002 profitability slumped considerably. This could be the result of several reasons; one is probably the failure of the organization to attract return visitors from New Zealand. A future study would determine the cost of mothballing the Motel during the winter as it is immensely unprofitable during that time. In some months, losses exceed costs not related to labor.
Network gives us two basic advantages: the facility to communicate and the facility to share. A network helps in communication between users in better ways than other media. E-mail, the most well-known form of network communication, offers inexpensive, printable communication with the facility of sending, reply, storage, recovery, and addition. Network supports collaboration with its capacity to share. This is the main charm of popular software called groupware that is created in such a way to allow many users to have electronic meetings and work alongside on projects. (Basic Networking Concepts)
Internet is a network of computer networks, upon which anybody who has permission to a host computer can circulate their own documents. orld ide eb is one such network, which permits Internet publishers to connect to other documents on the network. The Internet facilitates communication of a range of file types, including non-written multimedia. There are many types of…
Basic Networking Concepts" Retrieved at http://www.frick-cpa.com/netess/Net_Concepts.asp . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Files, Databases and Database Management Systems" Retrieved at http://www.cs.unibo.it/~ciaccia/COURSES/RESOURCES/SQLTutorial/sqlch2.htm. Accessed on 10 July 2005
Future Trends in EIS" Retrieved at http://www.cs.ui.ac.id/staf/sjarif/eis4.htm . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Operating System" Webopedia. Retrieved at http://www.pcwebopedia.com/TERM/O/operating_system.html. Accessed on 10 July 2005
Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.
More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…
Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.
Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.
Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.
Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.
Accounting Information System
Improving Transactional Processing in Accounting Information System (AIS)
Propose two (2) innovative technology changes that would be appropriate for a firm's:
evenue (sales to cash collection) cycle
evenue cycle represents the description of the financial progression of a business entity in relation to the accounts receivable from the point of acquisition of products to the stage when the company or business organization receives full payment for the products (omney, 2012). One of the innovative technological changes that can transform the revenue cycle is leverage technology. This technology would allow the company or business entity to adopt appropriate way of providing crucial information to essential parties in relation to consumers or market audience. Application or adoption of this technology would allow the company to maximize consumer relationships and production or profit levels. The other innovative technological change is automation of the management systems of the firm or organization.…
Dolgui, A., & Proth, J.-M. (2010). Supply chain engineering: Useful methods and techniques. London: Springer.
Hall, J.A. (2011). Accounting information systems. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Langevin, A., & Riopel, D. (2005). Logistics systems: Design and optimization. New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media.
Romney, M.B., & Steinbart, P.J. (2012). Accounting information systems. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
ENTEPISE INFOMATION SYSTEMS ON AN OGANIZATION'S PEFOMANCE?
What is the effect of enterprise information systems on an organization's performance?
There is need for any organization operating in today's rapidly changing and competitive business environment to be dynamic and flexible in its daily operations Hevner, March, Park, & am, 2004.
Using enterprise information systems, an organization is able to improve its business efficiency and reduce costs. Embracing information technology will allow an organization to succeed in the rapidly changing business world. Information technology has made it possible for organizations to develop information systems that allow for effective communication, support decision making, and provide mutual understanding amongst the staff members.
Modern business comprises of complex multicomponent systems, the primary component being information technology. Each business has its own unique financial and economic activities, but there are problems which would face all business. Some of the problems include marketing, financial resources,…
Breath, C.M., & Ives, B. (1986). Competitive Information Systems in Support of Pricing. MIS Quarterly, 10(1), 85-96.
Chen, M. (1995). A Model-Driven Approach to Accessing Managerial Information: The Development of a Repository-Based Executive Information System. Journal of Management Information Systems, 11(4), 33-63.
Creswell, J.W. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 2455 Teller Road Thousand Oaks, CA 91320: SAGE Publications.
Hakim, C. (2000). Research Design. 7625 Empire Drive, Florence, Kentucky: Taylor & Francis.
Marketing Information System
This is a type of management information system that is designed for supporting the process of marketing decision making. This is a system which is planed and entails the collection, processing, storage and dissemination of data in information form required in carrying out management functions.it is also termed as a system made up of people, equipment and procedure which are used in gathering, sorting, analyzing, evaluating and distribution of data to managers according to the required informational needs regularly. There are four main components of marketing information system these are internal records which gives reliable inside information of an organization; marketing intelligence that gives information collected from external sources; marketing research for solving marketing problems in an organization and marketing decision support system comprise of tools that assist managers in data analysis hence better decision making. The marketing decision support system enables marketers to get the information…
Johnson, R. (2011).The 8 different pricing objectives. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://vwmarketingsolutions.ca/2012/07/the-8-different-pricing-objectives/
Opdenakker, R. (2006). Forum; Qualitative social research. Advantages and Disadvantages of Four Interview Techniques in Qualitative Research. Volume 7, No. 4, Art. 11. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/175/391
Price, R. (2010). The Basic Steps of the Marketing Research Process. Retrieved June 26, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/basic-steps-marketing-research-process-30942.html
Management of Information Systems Business Strategy: Lessons to Be Learned From the Clinic and esort Cases about the Creation, Implementation and Use of Business Intelligence
The objective of this work is to examine the lessons to be learned from the clinic and resort cases about the creation, implementation and use of business intelligence in management of information systems business strategy.
Business intelligence is described as the "business capability of extracting actionable insight from business and market data to support better decision-making and improved corporate performance." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) Furthermore, Business Intelligence is the business reported to be the "most wanted technology by business across the world" because business intelligence "even in current times of economic downturn, when IT budgets are being cut, is still at the top of the list of urgently needed business capabilities." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) The critical need for business intelligence was learned…
Briggs, Linda L. (2011) BI Case Study: Hospitality Firm Clean Up with BI. 26 Jul 2011. TDWI. Retrieved from: http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/26/Case-Study-Hospitality-Firm.aspx?Page=1
Business Intelligence (2011) The Business Intelligence Guide. Retrieved from: http://thebusinessintelligenceguide.com/bi_solutions/index.php
Konitzer, Kate and Cummens, Mike (2011) Case Study: Using Analytics to Improve Patient Outcomes and Billing Accuracy at Marshfield Clinic. TDWI. 11 Jul 2011. Retrieved from: http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/11/CASE-STUDY-Using-Analytics-to-Improve-Patient-Outcomes-and-Billing-Accuracy-at-Marshfield-Clinic.aspx?Page=1
Analyze the appropriateness of HM technologies and best practices to recommend applications and strategies for your selected organization, in order to improve organizational effectiveness, workforce productivity, and systems integration
HM technologies are essential towards reduction of the cost of operations as well as an increment in the level of consumer satisfaction hence effective management of the resources and available opportunities. Wal-Mart should focus on the quality and efficient automation of the processes and departments for the purposes of eliminating errors and overhead costs. This is essential through management of the HM technologies such as CM, FID, and EP with the aim of achieving maximum profit levels and revenues at the end of the fiscal year.
Ho, C. (2007). Measuring system performance of an EP-based supply chain. International Journal of Production esearch, 45(6), 1255-1277. doi:
Karimi, J., Somers, T.M., & Bhattacherjee, A. (2007). The ole of Information Systems
Ho, C. (2007). Measuring system performance of an ERP-based supply chain. International Journal of Production Research, 45(6), 1255-1277. doi:
Karimi, J., Somers, T.M., & Bhattacherjee, A. (2007). The Role of Information Systems
Resources in ERP Capability Building and Business Process Outcomes. Journal Of
Role of Information Systems in Marketing
The objective of this study is to examine the role of information systems in marketing in terms of the information that is necessary for decision making. Additionally this work will examine the role of IS for this function within the organization and the benefits of IS for the functional users at the operational level, the use of data at all levels of the organization and how IS has affected processes for this functional perspective.
Decision Making and the Marketing Information System
The work of Ismail (2011) entitled "The Role of Marketing Information System on Decision Making: An Applied Study on Royal Jordanian Air Lines (RJA)" reports a study that has the objective of emphasizing the importance of the utilization of the marketing information system (MKIS) on decision-making through making clear the requirement for decision-making that is both "quick and effective…due to time saving and…
Bahloul, MY (nd) The Role of Marketing Information System Technology in the Decision Making Process Case Study: The Banking Sector in Gaza Strip. Islamic University of Gaza. Retrieved from: http://library.iugaza.edu.ps/thesis/98936.pdf
Chapter 9: Marketing Information Systems (nd) FAO Corporate Document Repository. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/w3241e/w3241e0a.htm
Hansen, W, (2000). Internet Marketing, Cincinnati, Ohio: South-Western Publishing.
Harmon, RB (2003) Marketing Information Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.iped-uk.com/marketing_information_system.pdf
Acquistion of Information Systems
Selection and Acquisition of Information Systems
Selection and acquisition of information systems could involve an enormous investment for a healthcare organization. Besides the initial costs that organizations need to incur, there are also long-term costs associated with maintenance, support and enhancement of the information system. Selecting the right information systems that would meet the need of an organization is a critical step to consider when selecting and acquiring the information systems. To select information systems, it is critical to evaluate the costs and benefits as well as gaining insight on the full constituents of the users.
Fundamental objective of this paper is to discuss the process of selecting and acquiring the information systems for our healthcare organization.
Process of Selecting and Acquiring the Information Systems
System acquisitions are the process of selecting a new system in order to replace the old information systems. The process of…
Johnson, E. (2006). Selecting an Electronic Medical Record System for the Physician Practice. AHIMA's 78th National Convention and Exhibit Proceedings.
Wager, K.A. Lee, F.W. & Glaser, J.P. (2009). Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management. John Wiley & Sons. USA.
functions of an information system. List and describe three types of enterprise systems.
he four basic functions of an information system are gathering data, storing data, processing that data into information, and outputting the information (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). he system has to be able to collect data, or have the data placed into it, or it does not have anything with which it can work and with which it can provide output information after an analysis takes place. Storing data is a big part of what an information system does, because the data is important and must not be lost. A system that could not store data would not be valuable to a company for collection and retention of data (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). Once the data has been collected and stored, it can then be analyzed in order to draw conclusions from it based on the type of…
The four main points of IT strategic plans are the mission statement, the SWOT analysis, the list of actions to be prioritized, and the "road maps" that are used to examine and readjust the strategic plan in the future (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The mission statement is a very important part of the plan, because it is the basic definition of what the company stands for and where it is headed in the future. Without it, IT cannot plan for continued structure and development, which can cause the company to stagnate (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The SWOT analysis comes next, and addresses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are being faced by the IT department of the company. These can include both internal and external issues, both of which have to be dealt with correctly in order to allow the company to continue to see success (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Because IT is such an important part of companies today, what happens in that department affects nearly everything else that takes place within the company.
Prioritizing the actions needed is next on the list when it comes to IT strategic planning. There is no need to work on something just for the sake of working, when there are more important issues to be faced (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Prioritizing everything means that the IT department will be focused on the most important issues first, so that the concerns that really need to be addressed do not languish. Finally, road maps are required so that the company can see where it intends to have its IT department at specific intervals in the future. These are usually at the one, two, and three-year marks, but they can be placed at other intervals, as well (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). There is no specific rule for when they need to be seen, and every company is different.
Bradford, R.W. & Duncan, J.P. (2000). Simplified strategic planning. NY: Chandler House.
Strategic Information Systems'?
A strategic information system is a system that enables an organisation to alter the structure of its business strategy so that it can achieve a competitive advantage over others. This system also helps organisations in fastening the time it takes to react and adapt to several environmental changes that take place and makes the overall business structure more efficient. Within a strategic information system there exists a decision support system that helps align business goals and strategies with information systems and technologies.
Write down the various business models of internet.
The various business models of the internet include:
Advertising, Blogging, Affiliate, Community, Utility, Subscription, Brokerage, Merchant, Manufacturer.
Question 3: What is 'Network Bandwidth'?
The amount or volume of data which is being transmitted through a particular network at a given point in time is referred to as a network bandwidth. Network bandwidth's can be affected by software…
Unauthorized Information Systems Access
Scan the Internet for articles or evidence of Bank of America being a victim of hacking. Based on the results of your search, if the bank has been hacked, assess the circumstances around the hacking and the resulting impact to the bank's customers and operations. If the bank has not reported hacking incidents, assess the most likely security measures that the bank has implemented to protect the business from hackers.
Bank of America has experienced many data breaches in the past, yet the most troublesome are the ones where customers' data is stolen and immediately resold on the black market by employees. There are also those instances where employees and subcontractors gain unauthorized access to ATMs and steal money. These are two of the recent incidences of how the Bank of America security systems and processes have been hacked by employees and those operating in the…
Adams, J. (2011). Bank of America copes with two alleged insider breaches. Cardline, 11(22), 4.
Coppotelli, D.J. (1982). Information security strategy. Security Management, 26(5), 86-86.
Hulme, T. (2012). Information governance: Sharing the IBM approach. Business Information Review, 29(2), 99-104.
Twum, F., & Ahenkora, K. (2012). Internet banking security strategy: Securing customer trust. Journal of Management and Strategy, 3(4), 78-n/a.
Nostalgic Record tore Information ystem Plan Recommendation
Recommended ystems Benefits and Drawbacks
Comparing Costs and Benefits of ystems
Creating a new music store that specializes in selling nostalgic music will have a myriad of potential albums, artists, songs, titles and formats to contend with. In addition to accurately pricing these many products to ensure a profit is made, having a very accurate measure of inventory positions will also be critical. As many fans of nostalgic music are in the older age groups and rely on the Internet do to their shopping. All of these systems will need to support e-commerce in addition to in-store retailing and selling as well. The five systems the store will need include the following:
Accounting and Financial Management ystem
E-Commerce and Online Catalog Management ystem
Merchandise Inventory Management and Pricing
ales Force Automation ystem
Transaction and Point-Of-ale Applications
The following is an analysis of the…
Starting with the accounting and financial management system which will be the center of the IT architecture for the music store, the advantages of this type of system are its ability to quickly generate financial reports, track inventory positions, and report on incoming supplier deliveries. In short this system acts as the central coordination point for all activity in the store from a financial standpoint, coordinating accounts payable, accounts receivable and payment schedules for suppliers and all expenses. The Microsoft AX Platform is well-known as a scalable platform for stores looking to automate their accounting and financial management systems (Lamont, 2008). The downsides or drawbacks of this system are its cost, the large amount of time it takes to keep the records current, and also the time it takes to learn each new edition of software.
The second system that is required is for tracking the customer activity both within the store and online. The Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems' benefits are the ability to create highly effective and targeted selling programs, the ability to track which promotion is generating with sale, and the ability to fine-tune product and promotion strategies to customers. There is also the advantage of being able to get up and running with the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) versions of CRM quickly as well, as Salesforce.com has been able to build nearly a billion-dollar business on (Limbasan, Rusu, 2011). The downsides of this type of system is the high cost to keep its information current, the costs involved in creating a more effective series of strategies over time that reflect customers' changing needs using analytics (Limbasan, Rusu, 2011) and the high cost of integrating these systems with e-commerce ordering systems to track purchases (Sarapovas, Cvilikas, 2008). They are invaluable however in understanding how and why customers buy products and their analytics can help define future strategies for selling with a very high level of precision when analytics are used.
An e-commerce system is also going to be invaluable for the retail store as well, as the unique product mix of music will be popular with fans globally. Having a website will drive retail traffic to the store and also serve as a secondary selling channel as well. The advantages of e-commerce and online catalog management systems are their ability to quickly report product introductions, manage pricing and specific aspects of a given music's unique characteristics, and also complete a transaction entirely online (Sarapovas, Cvilikas, 2008). The disadvantages are that
Computer Based Information Systems are not only a luxury, but in today's business setting they are a necessity. The amount and types of information required to perform standard tasks has increased exponentially and will continue to increase in the future. Computer Based Information Systems allow managers to divide the information into functional groups within an organization. A CBIS can allow a manager to quickly analyze past data, present data and use this information to make predictions about future trends.
CBIS can be customized to meet the specific needs of the organization. For instance, information can be divided into Human Resources, Financial Information, Marketing, and Manufacturing Information, or other categories as the needs dictate. The system can be used to give other groups access to certain information or to deny certain groups access to information.
The CBIS can quickly and efficiently generate a number of reports. Reports can be generated in…
U.S. E-Tailing Business Information Report
Internet retailing or e-tailing industry continues to experience significant revenue and structural growth, despite the global economic downturn that occurred over the last six years and lingers today. One of the primary catalysts of this industry's continued growth is the continued reliance on multichannel retailing and online multichannel management by retailers, who are increasingly relying on these frameworks to accelerate product lifecycles (Keh, Shieh, 73, 74). The ability to orchestrate these many online e-tailing channels across social networks is also changing the nature Internet retailing, accelerated by the intensive use of analytics for real-time reporting of transactions (Ling, Choon, Chai, Piew, 63, 64). The intent of this analysis is to define the U.S. market for e-tailing in terms of its market size, growth trends, and areas of consumer products in which online selling is pervasive and growing. In addition there are industries mentioned…
Doherty, Neil F., and Fiona Ellis-Chadwick. "Internet Retailing: The Past, the Present and the Future." International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management 38.11 (2010): 943-65.
Keh, Hean Tat, and Elain Shieh. "Online Grocery Retailing: Success Factors and Potential Pitfalls." Business horizons 44.4 (2001): 73-83.
Ling, Kwek Choon, Lau Teck Chai, and Tan Hoi Piew. "The Effects of Shopping Orientations, Online Trust and Prior Online Purchase Experience Toward Customers' Online Purchase Intention." International Business Research 3.3 (2010): 63-76.
Min, Hokey, and Seong Jong Joo. "Evaluating the Comparative Efficiency of e-Tailing Ventures using Data Envelopment Analysis." International Journal of Electronic Business 6.2 (2008): 194.
Marketing Information system is a management information system that supports decision making processes in marketing (Kotler & Keller, 2006). Marketing data is gathered, stored, and analyzed within this system and distributed on timely basis to managers to enhance decision making processes (Kotler, 1988). It is a continuing and an interactive structure of people, equipment and procedures to gather information that is used in decision making processes in an organization. The major components of management information system are internal reporting systems, marketing research system, marketing intelligence system, and marketing models. Information touching on finances, production, manpower, marketing, stockholding, and logistical data are normally stored in marketing information system. Orders received, stockholdings and sales are also stored in the marketing information system. Other than the above named information, marketers can also get information related to product type, size, and pack by territory, type of account, industry, and customer; average value and volume…
Anonymous (2011). Marketing. Retrieved from http://www.freezingblue.com/iPhone/flashcards/printPreview.php?fileid=119645
Doherty, M. (1994) Probability vs. Non-Probability Sampling in Sample Surveys. The New
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Jeff Anderson Consulting (2013). Interviewing and Research Methods. Retrieved http://www.jeffandersonconsulting.com/marketing-research.php/survey-research/research-methods
As each of the principles is predicated on each person involved in the implementation taking a personal role in their success, transformational leadership is crucial for its success. As the transformational leader has the ability to get people to move beyond their own boundaries of the status quo and move forward despite fear, for the 10 principles as defined by obertson to be successful, there will need to be a continual focus on transformational leadership and a continual reinforcing of the value of the change as well. All of these factors will need to be unified in a very thorough communications plan that gets beyond the generalities to the specific very quickly. Only by having a strong project director with these skills with any project succeed and attain the 10 principles as defined (Vital, Bernier, 2006).
Another dimension of implementing these factors throughout a network is the long-term motivation of…
Minard, B. (1987). Growth and change through information management. Journal of Healthcare Management, 32(3), 307-307.
Murdick, R.G., & Ross, J.E. (1972). Future management-information-systems. Journal of Systems Management, 23(5), 32-32.
Nasir, S. (2005). The development, change, and transformation of management informaton systems (MIS): A content analysis of articles published in business and marketing journals. International Journal of Information Management, 25(5), 442-457.
Robertson, J. (2005) 10 principles of effective information management. KM Column. 1 November 2005. Retrieved on March 12, 2012 from http://www.steptwo.com.au/papers/kmc_effectiveim/
Technical System: Information, Information Technology, And Information Systems
The Technical System:
Information, Information Technology, and Information Systems
The use of Enterprise esource Planning (EP) systems to manage the manufacturing and services processes with companies is one of the most critical areas of enterprise software there is. Google, Yahoo and other search engines, in their search taxonomies also classify EP systems as manufacturing systems, and this is because of the highly coordinated approach these applications bring to running an enterprise. The business activities and functions support, information the applications of an EP systems provide and the knowledge that users need to successfully manage based on its analysis and reporting are provided.
Fundamentals of EP Systems
At the center of EP systems are the accounting and finance modules that include Accounts Payable and Accounts eceivable, General Ledger and Financial eporting (Edwards, Coutts, 2005). These form the coordination point of the EP system…
J Edwards, & I Coutts. (2005). Easing the implementation and change of manufacturing software systems. International Journal of Production Research, 43(10), 1965-1981.
Law, C., Chen, C., & Wu, B.. (2010). Managing the full ERP life-cycle:
Considerations of maintenance and support requirements and IT governance practice as integral elements of the formula for successful ERP adoption. Computers in Industry, 61(3), 297.
Malhotra, R., & Temponi, C.. (2010). Critical decisions for ERP integration: Small business issues. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 28.
From the above three IS. It is advisable for Clambake Company to go for a CM system to be able to increase the sales and workforce to 80% and 40% respectively. CM integrates and automates the customer sales process such as marketing, customer services and sales that improve interaction with the Company's customers. CM provides better customer service; it gives the businesses strategic advantages such as the ability of personalizing the relationships with the customers.
CM too has a disadvantage since many companies find CM difficult to properly implement due to lack of adequate understanding and preparation by the management and employees (Bruggen & Wierenga, 2005).
ona, . (2012). Cross Functional Enterprise Information System | Free Articles Directory . Free Articles Directory . etrieved October 17, 2012, from http://mywhatis.com/cross-functional-enterprise-information-system/
Bruggen, G.H., & Wierenga, B. (2005). When are CM systems successful?: the perspective of the user and…
Rona, R. (2012). Cross Functional Enterprise Information System | Free Articles Directory . Free Articles Directory . Retrieved October 17, 2012, from http://mywhatis.com/cross-functional-enterprise-information-system/
Bruggen, G.H., & Wierenga, B. (2005). When are CRM systems successful?: the perspective of the user and of the organization. London: Erasmus Research Institute of Management.
New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office
It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.
But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…
Healthcare Information Systems
Faculty of Information Technology at the Queensland University Australia, have written this article to point out the need to change the method of access control in the current health care environment. They have introduced this method keeping in the mind the latest information technology system structures, legal and regulatory requirements and the demands of security operation in the Health Information Systems. The authors have proposed "Open and Trusted Health Information System" as the feasible solution along with the capability to dominate the provision of appropriate levels of secure access control in order to protect the sensitive health data.
Authors have also pointed out what is the problem with NEHTA work programs. NEHTA focuses on securely and reliably exchanging the clinical information with the help of electronic means and secure messaging technology. Authors have raised an important issue that these critical health information computer systems are openly connected…