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Business Risks -- Overview of the Risk Environment
There are various types of business risks in the business environment, and these risks, of course, can differ from environment to environment depending on the type of business or organization. The severity and category of the risk also depends on the largeness of the organization and on various other factors, such as location, personality of employer, quantity of employees employed, and so forth (Crockford, 1986).
Generally, the most common risks are the following:
Workplace safety -- Every workplace environment runs the risk of not evidencing workplace safety according to the regulations of Occupational afety and Health Environment (OHA). Workplace safety applies to conditions of safety that exists both between workplace manager and his employees and between workplace and those who frequent, or profit from the services of the workplace. As regards the hospitality industry, for instance particularly the spa, workplace safety is…
APEC International Center for Sustainable Tourism (AICST) (2004), 'Tourism Risk Management in the Asia Pacific Region', APEC
APEC International Center for Sustainable Tourism (AICST) (2006) "Tourism risk management: An authoritative guide to managing tourism.."
APEC Tourism Working Group (2001), 'Statement on the Impact of Tourism of the September 11 Terrorist Attacks in the United States', APEC
Committee Draft of ISO 31000 Risk management" (PDF). International Organization for Standardization. http://www.nsai.ie/uploads/file/N047_Committee_Draft_of_ISO_31000.pdf .
International Business Risks
The Risks of International Business
There are a number of challenges in conducting business internationally that are not issues for local companies. hile each foreign country may have its investment potentials, many also harbor risks only associated with global business activity. Sometimes the risks involved in doing business in a particular country exceed the benefits.
Here is a brief overview of some of the risks multi-national corporations face while doing business in foreign countries. 1) Strategic risk involves the ability of a firm to make strategic decisions in order respond to the forces that are a source of risk. These forces, such as the threat of new entrants in the industry, threat of substitute goods and services, intensity of competition within the industry, bargaining power of suppliers, and bargaining power of consumers, impact the competiveness of a firm. 2) Operational risk is the threat caused by the…
Kurtz, D.L. (2010). Contemporary Business. 13th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons In
Okolo, Sidney. "Risks in International Business." Enzine Articles. . 16 July 2008. EnzineArticles.com. 16 August 2011. < http://ezinearticles.com/?Risks-in-International-Business&id=1331702 >
Roman Holiday Pizza's treatment of fair market valuation and other accounting issues, and assesses their business risk and accounting controls. Roman Holiday Pizza is a restaurant franchise that has undertaken a strategy of growth through reacquiring franchise rights. Accounting for those reacquisitions raises serious issues during the audit process.
SAS 109 states that the auditor must gain a sufficient understanding of the entity and its environment, including its internal control, so that the auditor can determine the risk of material misstatement of financial statements, either because of error or fraud. There are red flags in Roman Holiday's environment.
According to the audit team, Roman Holiday has been growing faster than other firms within the industry, but analysts expect that growth rate to slow. Annual sales growth for firms in the restaurant industry was 4.3% for the preceding year, 2006. During recent years, most of Roman Holiday's growth came from acquisitions…
Tetra Tech EC & Risk Assessment
Discuss the evaluation of the risk management and compliance process at Tetra Tech
The risk management and compliance process at Tetra Tech is -- if you want to use a buzzword more often associated with the digital revolution than with a waste management enterprise (like, frankly, Tetra Tech) -- "crowdsourced."
Certain aspects of Tetra Tech's process seem almost enthusiastically aware of the SOX provisions protecting corporate whistle-blowers (of the sort who might have ratted out Enron or the sleaziest subprime-mortgage-vendors of the Florida panhandle a bit sooner than actually occurred, and whom Sarbanes-Oxley seems positively to encourage) as outlined in Fletcher and Newell's study of Tetra Tech: they quote management as stating to the employees "You have an obligation to raise your hand and say if I do it the way you are making me do it, it is not going to be optimal.…
isk Management in Family Owned Businesses
A family business can be simply described as "any business in which a majority of the ownership or control lies within a family, and in which two or more family members are directly involved" (Bowman-Upton, 1991). In other words, it is a multifaceted, twofold structure consisting of the family and the business meaning that the involved members are both the part of a job system and of a family system (Bowman-Upton, 1991).
Most families seek stability, intimacy, a sense of community, and belonging through the family business (Hess, 2006). On the other hand, whenever family and business are mentioned together, a majority of people think of continuous conflict, competition and contention (Crenshaw, 2005). However, "successful family businesses do not let the family destroy the business or the business destroy the family" (Hess, 2006).
The family-owned businesses are the backbone of the world financial system.…
Barrese, J., & Scordis, N. (2003). Corporate Risk Management. Review of Business, 24 (3), Retrieved August 17, 2012 from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-111508707/corporate-risk-management
Bodine, S.W., Anthony, P., & Walker, P.L. (2001). A Road Map to Risk Management: CPAs Can Help Companies Manage Risk to Create Value. (Consulting). Journal of Accountancy, 192 (6), Retrieved August 17, 2012 from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-80750205/a-road-map-to-risk-management-cpas-can-help-companies
Bowman-Upton, N. (1991). Transferring Management in the Family-Owned Business. Retrieved August 14, 2012 from http://archive.sba.gov/idc/groups/public/documents/sba_homepage/serv_sbp_exit.pdf
Caspar, C., Dias, A.K., & Elstrodt, H. (2010, January).The Five Attributes of Enduring Family Businesses. Retrieved August 15, 2012 from http://www.businessfamily.ca/cert_register_files/Web Downloads/McKinsey Quarterly - Jan 2010.pdf
There are discrepancies encountered in conducting the valuation and risk of a private company. There arises these factors that if investigated can impact the process accordingly. The first research question that I suggest is investigating if the tax risk and equity market value exhibit a concave association, which is consistent with the optimal tax risk level from a valuation of equity standpoint. The second topic that can be researched upon is the changes facing the risk and value valuation service area for businesses and how they impact the practice. Finally, a study on how the Merger and Acquisitions revised standards are impacting business deals.
Chandra, U., & o, B.T. (2008). The role of revenue in firm valuation. Accounting Horizons,
22(2), 199-222. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208923683?accountid=35812
Darrough, M., & Ye, J. (2007). Valuation of loss firms in a knowledge-based economy. eview of Accounting Studies, 12(1), 61-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11142-006-9022-z
Chandra, U., & Ro, B.T. (2008). The role of revenue in firm valuation. Accounting Horizons,
22(2), 199-222. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208923683?accountid=35812
Darrough, M., & Ye, J. (2007). Valuation of loss firms in a knowledge-based economy. Review of Accounting Studies, 12(1), 61-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11142-006-9022-z
Bernier, G., & Ridha, M.M. (2010). On the economics of postassessments in insurance guaranty funds: A stakeholders' perspective. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 77(4), 857-892.
The existence and specialization of these three competitors materializes in the need for Creativity Sure to excel in the offering of the three types of products and services offered by challengers Karina Advertising, Falling Agency and Dorna PLC.
4.2 PEST Analysis
Political forces: The development of a full legislation within the advertising field has yet to become a complete process. ecent efforts have however limited the operations of advertising campaigns in the meaning of having eliminated all features that are not compatible with the product or which promise unrealistic outcomes, such as the tremendous loss of weight. Other issues regulated by the new laws refer to truth-in-advertising, product labeling requirements, online advertising and marketing, the advertising of specific products, telemarketing and direct marketing, and finally, regulations relative to environmental marketing (The Official Business Link to the U.S. Government, 2009). The new Obama administration has yet to take a new stand…
Chesbrough, H.W., 2003, Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology, Harvard Business Press School, ISBN 1578518377
Fabozzi, F.J., Peterson, P.P., 2003, Financial Management and Analysis, 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0471234842
Kellner, H., Heuberger, F.W., 1994, Hidden Technocrats: The New Class and New Capitalism, Transaction Publishers, ISBN 1560007877
LeClaire, J., 2000, Benefits of Advertising in Any Economy, Sign Industry, http://www.signindustry.com/management/articles/2002-10-31-JL-AdvertInDownEconomy.php3 last accessed on May 5, 2009
The first and perhaps the most obvious cause for business failure is fraud. Indeed, fraud is quintessential to business failure, mainly because it takes different forms and appearances, from intentional bad management to accounting frauds that lead to legal issues.
The most important example of how fraud brought down a bank that had been financing many important operations for the last three hundred of years is the arings ank. Unfortunately, arings was also a perfect example of how one single employee can actually bankrupt a company.
Indeed, Nick Leeson began his activities with arings after a short period spent with Morgan Stanley and he was soon sent to Singapore to clear the back office mess and futures trading that was on the way there. Initially operating only as general manager, Leeson soon began to trade on the Singapore Exchange (the SIMEX), especially in financial derivates, such as futures…
1. Barings Debacle. On the Internet at http://www.riskglossary.com/articles/barings_debacle.htm
Barings Debacle. On the Internet at http://www.riskglossary.com/articles/barings_debacle.htm
Small usiness' Need for a CPA
One of the critical investments a small business can make to mitigate loss and risk is hiring a CPA and putting that CPA on the 'management team.' As Wells notes in his groundbreaking research, "Denise, a bookkeeper for a small trucking firm in irmingham, Alabama, wishes she had never heard of Ralph Summerford, CPA. ecause of his thoroughness, Denise is facing several years in prison for embezzling $550,000 from her employer. At least she will look good standing before the sentencing judge: Denise spent a great deal of her illegal loot on head-to-toe cosmetic surgery. She blew the rest on a shiny new Lexus, luxury vacations, clothing and jewelry. And, of course, Denise had to have a big house to store all of her finery." (Wells, 2003)
Surprisingly, it was not at all the fancy standard of living that made her employer suspicious. "The…
Wells, Joseph. 2003. Protect small business: small companies without adequate internal controls need CPAs to help them minimize fraud risk. Journal of Accountancy.
Small Business Administration. 2005. www.sba.gov.
Federal Reserve Bank. 2004. www.federalreserve.gov.
AICPA. 2005. At www.aicpa.org/antifraud/training/homepage/htm.
Business Finance for PizzaPalace: Analyze and recommend optimal capital structure
Assume you have just been hired as a business manager of PizzaPalace, a regional pizza restaurant chain. The company's EBIT was $50 million last year and is not expected to grow. The firm is currently financed with all equity, and it has 10 million shares outstanding.
When you took your corporate finance course, your instructor stated that most firms' owners would be financially better off if the firms used some debt. When you suggested this to your new boss, he encouraged you to pursue the idea.
As a first step, assume that you obtained from the firm's investment banker the following estimated costs of debt for the firm at different capital structures:
P e r c e n t FI n a n c e d w I t h D. e b t, w d r d
AccountingforManagement.com. (2011). Operating leverage and DOL. Retrieved May
12, 2011 from http://www.accountingformanagement.com/operating_leverage.htm
Ehrhardt, M.C. & Brigham, E.F. (2010). Financial management theory and practice.
Thomas One. 13th Edition. Pp 351-800.
In contrast with the mutual funds, 'Mutual funds trade hundreds of stocks in many unrelated industries, with very little of the total portfolio in any single stock. By contrast, when a company expands into a new area, its portfolio consists of two stocks, typically 90% in the core operation and 10% in the new businesses' (Tirole, 2005). The diversification in majority of the cases is responsible for lower return and maximal risk factor. esearchers have observed that there is possibility of higher failure rates and lower returns for unrelated acquisitions than for related acquisitions. When the company acquires businesses in their own industry, it is observed that lowest failure rates and highest returns phenomenon occur. The reason why the diversification into unrelated business is considered to be risky is that the corporate is unfamiliar about the industry itself, and therefore the corporate is likely to overlook critical risk factors during…
Montgomery, C.A. Corporate Diversification. Journal of Economic Perspectives. 1994. pp. 165
Tirole, J. The Theory of Corporate Finance. Princeton University Press. 2005
Yang, L. What Has Motivated Diversification: Evidence from Corporate Governance? 2005.
Uner Kirdar and Leonard Silk. People: From Impoverishment to Empowerment. Oxford University Press. 1995.
Chosen Business: City estauant
Befoe discussing what the coe activities the company undetakes to achieve its opeational objectives, it is vital to highlight these opeational objectives. The following section gives a bief oveview of these objectives:
The stategic objective of Taste Inn is to become the most liked band among its customes, a financially and opeationally stong company in the eyes of its investos, and a competitive paticipant in the food and hospitality industy of Austalia. The majo opeational objectives of the company include:
A stong custome base:
The most impotant opeational objective of the company is to stengthen its custome base by attacting moe and moe customes towads its poduct offeings. It aims to build a stong public image in the eyes of its customes and the society in which it opeates.
Become a financially and opeationally stong copoation:
The second most impotant…
Introduce products with innovative taste and new ingredients, use extensive marketing campaigns
Introduce products with innovative taste and new ingredients,
risks that BP faces is with respect to ethics. The company's pursuit of profits over safety on the Deepwater Horizon is perhaps the most obvious example of this risk. Ethically, safety would have been the more important concern, but BP pushed profit as a primary motive despite what it would do to worker safety. The end result, of course, cost the company over $40 billion as the result of the damage that was caused by the accident that occurred as a result of that ethical lapse (earden, 2010).
Ethics continue to be a risk at BP because the unethical practices that led to Deepwater Horizon. Instead of learning from Deepwater Horizon, BP is still believed to lack transparency with respect to its practices. As a reflection of how ingrained the company's lack of ethics is, the chair of safety, ethics and environment had 43% of shareholders vote against him in…
Maharaj, A. (2011). Transparency still a slippery issue at BP. Corporate Secretary. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.corporatesecretary.com/articles/boardrooms/11923/transparency-still-slippery-issue-bp/
O'Brien, M. (2010). HR lessons flow from BP's crisis. Human Resource Executive. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.hreonline.com/HRE/story.jsp?storyId=448983661
Wearden, G. (2010). BP oil spill cost to hit $40 bn. The Guardian. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2010/nov/02/bp-oil-spill-costs-40-billion-dollars
In the wake of scandals such as Enron and others, corporate fraud still appears to be prevalent across the business world. The reasons for this can be many and varied, although greed and a sense of hubris appear to be two of the common role players. In other cases, desperation could also be a factor, where a business is in danger of failing and its owners or managers see little choice but to cheat or sing with the boat. In many of the fraud cases, questions regarding regulation also abound, where regulatory authorities appear to be unable to either identify fraudulent activity or to sufficiently monitor the actions of those involved. This appears to be at least partly the case as far as ussell Wasendorf Sr. is concerned, who recently confessed to have committed fraud as the owner of his brokerage for 20 years Huffstutter and Polansek, 2012).…
Holton, C. (2009). Identifying disgruntled employee systems fraud risk through text mining: A simple solution for a multi-billion dollar problem. Decision Support Systems, Vol. 46. Retrieved from: ftp://188.8.131.52/gyliao/TODylan/Identifying%20disgruntled%20employee%20systems%20fraud%20risk%20through%20text%20mining-%20A%20simple%20solution%20for%20a%20multi-billion%20dollar%20problem.pdf
Huffstutter, P.J. And Polansek, T. (2012, Jul 13). With ego too big to fail, Iowa broker admits 20-year fraud. Reuters. Retrieved from: http://news.yahoo.com/pfgbest-ceo-arrested-iowa-brokerage-fails-181115538 -- sector.html
Johnson, S.A., Ryan, H.E., and Tian, Y.S. (2008, Feb 29). Managerial Incentives and Corporate Fraud: The Sources of Incentives Matter. Retrieved from: http://www2.wu-wien.ac.at/rof/papers/pdf/Johnson-Ryan-Tian_Managerial%20Incentives%20and%20Corporate%20Fraud.pdf
Langevoort, D.C. (2007). On Leaving Corporate Executives "Naked, Homeless and Without Wheels": Corporate Fraud, Equitable Remedies, and the Debate Over Entity vs. Individual Liability. Georgetown Law; The Scholarly Commons. Retrieved from: http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1453&context=facpub&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.co.za%2Fscholar%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3Dcontrols%2Bon%2Bcorporate%2Bfraud%26btnG%3D%26as_sdt%3D1%252C5%26as_sdtp%3D#search=%22controls%20corporate%20fraud%22
The objectives of this project will result in a reduced security risk due to incoming spam and junk email messages. Achievement of the objective will be difficult to measure because it represent something that will not happen if the project is successful. A reduction in threats due to the actions or inactions of employees will result in achievement of these objectives. An employee questionnaire or survey would be useful in determining if the policies result in a greater awareness and adherence to prescribed policies regarding how to treat spam in the company. Increased awareness and willingness to take actions to increase security, as measured by a survey conducted some time after the policies are in place will provide insight into the success or failure of the prescribed measures.
There are several contributing factors that will affect the outcome of the project and the ability to achieve the intended objectives…
D'Antoni, H. 2003. Span Tests Employees' Productivity, Patience. Information Week. May 13, 2003. [online]
http://www.informationweek.com/news/software/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=9800038 [Accessed 17 March 2009].
McCusker, R. (2005). Spam: nuisance or menace, prevention or cure? Trends and Issues in crime and criminal justice. March 2005. No. 348. [online] http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi2/tandi294.pdf [Accessed 17 March 2009].
Winslow, L. 2005. SPAM Killing Small Business Productivity. Ezine Articles. [online]
It is a sound practice for companies to perform an assessment on a regular basis to determine any possible threats that can harm the company internally or externally. There are many different facets to risk analysis from assessing on a regular basis which leads to identifying risks and determining what measures should be taken for each risk. All companies should go through this process so that they know how to manage any risk that their company might face. Not only should companies know what their risks are, they should also know which risk poses high and low threats. This will help them to determine what is considered an acceptable risk and what isn't. Because the business environment is ever-changing and information is constantly flowing globally, risk analysis is a necessity (Startiene and emeikiene, 2007).
Organizations should take risk analysis to protect what they value. This could be employees,…
Day, G.S. (2007). Is it real? Can we win? Is it worth doing? Managing risk and reward in an innovation portfolio. Harvard Business Review, 85(12), 110-120.
Startiene, G., & Remeikiene, R. (2007). Methodology of business risk analysis and its practical application in the enterprises working in the global market. Engineering Economics, 3(53), 7-16.
isk Assessment and Management
isk management refers to s strategies adopted by an organization in order to protect itself from the foreseeable and unforeseeable dangers related to its operations. This is possible when a proper assessment of the risks and their causes is done. Uncertainties in a business may come from the change in government policy, shift in tastes and preferences, and fall in demand in the market (McClure, 2011). This study identifies ways in which business operations can be improved through proper risk assessment and management strategies.
Ways to assess risk
isk assessment in a business requires the use of several metrics and measures such as market and performance analysis in its operations (Adams, 1999). In the present times in most businesses, the role of management much includes risk management. It also includes the making of plans to incorporate all the stakeholders in the firm for the purposes of…
Adams, J. (1999). Risky Business: The Management of Risk and Uncertainty. London: Adam Smith Institute (Electronic Resource).
Borodzicz, E.P. (2005). Risk, Crisis, and Security Management. New York: Wiley
Briggs, R., & Edwards, C. (2006). The Business Of Resilience: Corporate Security For The 21st Century. Demos (Organization: London, England) 2006 (Electronic Resource)
Hood, C., & Jones, K.C. (1996). Accident and Design: Contemporary Debates In Risk Management. London: Routledge
As part of the research triangle, Raleigh has a significant portion of its population that fits the target market. For the Farmery to succeed, it only needs to capture a small portion of the market share. This is especially true because the store has a small footprint, and has the flexibility to set up on vacant lots without the costs of either renting or developing fixed real estate. The Farmery therefore needs to focus on two or three key elements to ensure adequate market penetration.
The first of these is location. Let it not be understated that location, location, location is critical to the success of any retail business. Because food is not normally something that people are willing to travel more than a few miles for, it is important that the Farmery target a neighborhood where there is a high concentration of individuals that fit the target market. There…
Falk, T. (2012). Detroit turns shipping containers into condos. Smart Planet. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/detroit-turns-shipping-containers-into-condos/5900
Food Marketing Institute. (2012). Supermarket facts. Food Marketing Institute. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.fmi.org/research-resources/supermarket-facts
Greene, B. (2012) the Farmery. Kickstarter.com Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/farmery/the-farmery
Imlay, T. (2006). Challenges in today's U.S. supermarket industry. Microsoft. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa479076.aspx
The company deals in interior finish materials. The range is from the floor tiling and laminated floor boards to the paint and lighting systems. The company primarily sells and advices the clients on the best interior finish material to use, once they have finished their basic construction of the house. The company works closely with the homeowners, interior designers, architects, developers and construction consultants.
It is of great importance for the management of a business to know their areas of Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats to be able to capitalize more on their strength and take precautions on their area of shortcomings (Marketing Teacher, 2011). It will also enable us as accompany to seize the opportunities that arise and curb any threats like the budding competitors early in time. This is because before one engages the business to carry out a particular task, one must first…
Marketing Teacher, (2011). SWOT Analysis. Retrieved May 16, 2011 from http://www.marketingteacher.com/lesson-store/lesson-SWOT.html
Michael Ison & Kerry Kempton, (2007). The impact of management style. Retrieved May 16,
2011 from http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/179185/the-impact-of-management-style.pdf
Regina Edwards, (2011). Importance of SWOT Analysis. Retrieved May 16, 2011 from http://www.ehow.com/about_5377992_importance-SWOT-analysis.html
In that egad, convenience, poximity to thei wok place and speed of pepaation sevices ae the most citical elements fo the success of the ventue with this custome demogaphic. By the same token, these customes ae less likely to be eached by online apps o Twitte and moe likely to espond to the mee poximity of the sevice van to thei places of business and physical outes leaving thei offices and businesses.
Opeational Incopoation of Demogaphic Chaacteistics
Just as poximity of sevice is citical to the success of the ventue to univesity students on campus, it is also cucial to the success of the ventue with woking non-student pofessionals employed in businesses within the immediate vicinity of the USC campus. Moeove, because the individuals in this custome demogaphic will pobably pefe to avoid having to actually ente the USC campus to patonize the sevice van, it would be advisable to…
references and they would tremendously appreciate the opportunity of accessible and convenient international cuisine.
Operational Incorporation of Demographic Characteristics
Since preparation of a wide range of authentic high-quality international cuisine could be problematic, especially if it sought to provide multiple different ethnic dishes, it would be advisable to select one or two of the most common and recognizable menu items likely to be appreciated by international customers rather than attempt to maintain to broad a menu at the expense of quality. Training of food preparation personnel would be crucial in this regard because it is anticipated that international customers will not try the fare more than once if it is unsatisfactory.
The principal marketing approach would be to employ outside professional services to translate marketing messages and to disseminate them through the same digital media as the main marketing initiatives. However, it would also be advisable to publish print advertisements of international cuisine specialties in conjunction with discount coupons in the local print media (i.e. foreign language newspapers) typically relied upon by many foreign students and available in the homes of those students who live at home within first-generation immigrant families in the community.
Finding a Solution to Our Camera Failure Problems at Images Studio
Images Studio is a full service photography studio offering multiple photography services. For more than 15 years, Images Studio has been capturing life's memorable moments. Our creativity, knowledge and caring, professional service provide our clients with images of the highest quality. Our clientele choose Images Studio because they can be assured we deliver on our promises of exceptional quality and service.
hile we specialize in elegant wedding photography, we also photograph family portraits, children, senior portraits, special events, executive portraiture, sports, glamour shots, high-definition (HD) video services, commercial and aerial photography. Images Studio offers both in-studio and on-location services.
Since expanding our mix of photographic services in 2007, our revenues have grown steadily with the demand for our additional services. e have accommodated this additional demand by adding personnel and equipment. By hiring two additional full-time photographers…
Affordable 2/3" HD cameras hit the studio. (n.d.). Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://www.hdcameraguide.com/guide/hi-def_spotlight/23q-hd-cameras
Current, T. (2009, Sept.27). The new H4D-60 from Hasselblad. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://currentphotographer.com/the-new-h4d-60-from-hasselblad/
Financing photography equipment. (2008). WB Financial. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://www.equipmentleasingspecialists.com/photography-equipment-financing.php
Stephen. (2010, July 11). Hasselblad H4D review. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://bayimages.net/blog/reviews/hasselblad-h4d/
How firm raise capital by using venture capital? What conditions we need to raise capital by using venture capital?
Many startup companies are not mature enough to obtain capital from the public or secure a loan with the local banks in their area. They therefore, have to rely on venture capital as a way of raising capital for the firm to continue with the daily operations. Firms hence, raise capital by going out and looking for people who are willing to invest their money in a company that they see has the potential for growth. The company looks for a number of people who can pitch in large amounts of money depending on the nature and type of the business which if successful is expected to give above average returns to investors (Krishnan & Ivanov et al. 2011).
There exist certain conditions for a firm to secure capital…
Krishnan, C.V., Ivanov, V.I., Masulis, R.W., & Singh, A.K. (2011). Venture Capital
Reputation, Post-IPO Performance, and Corporate Governance. Journal Of Financial & Quantitative Analysis, 46(5), 1295-1333.
Hsu, Y. (2010). Staging of Venture Capital Investment: A Real Options Analysis. Small Business Economics, 35(3), 265-281.
Hopp, C. (2010). When Do Venture Capitalists Collaborate? Evidence on the Driving Forces of Venture Capital Syndication. Small Business Economics, 35(4), 417-431.
Business Society and Corporate Values
There has indeed been a great deal of discussion regarding CEO compensation, which is rightly viewed as being completely out of line. The core problem and cause of inflated CEO salaries cannot be attributed to a single reason, but is rather the result of a range of inter-connected factors. What is definitive is the fact that these salaries have inflated over time; this is in part due to the fact that greed is a progressive, boundless factor. "According to the Economic Policy Institute, in the late 1970s, total compensation of chief executives in large American corporations was 35 times that of the average American worker. In 2007, it was 275 times that" (Borger, 2007). These facts alone demonstrate that there is good reason to be in a state of alarm. The reasons for such severely inflated and remarkably unjust salaries are a result of the…
Ball, P. (2012, July 4). GlaxoSmithKline's bribes are evidence that Big Pharma isn't working. Retrieved from Guardian.co.uk: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jul/04/glaxosmithkline-big-pharma-not-working
Borger, J. (2008, September 5). Why do CEOs make so much? Retrieved from Minnpost.com: http://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2008/09/why-do-ceos-make-so-much
Boselovic, L. (2011, May 15). Rajaratnam case puts big chill on insider trading. Retrieved from post-gazaette.com: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/business/news/rajaratnam-case-puts-big-chill-on-insider-trading-297777/
Choudhury, U. (2011, October 14). Rajaratnam becomes a 'whipping boy' for Wall Street misdeeds. Retrieved from firstpost.com: http://www.firstpost.com/business/rajaratnam-becomes-a-%E2%80%98whipping-boy%E2%80%99-for-wall-street-misdeeds-107346.html
Business Entities, Laws, And egulations
This paper will focus on the challenges faced by one start-up businesses and an established company with labor issues. For the start-up, a birth clinic, a case needs to be made for the type of business entity they should each use. The established company is a construction company whose business entity must be identified and employment law pertaining to the scenario will be discussed. For each business, identification of the best business entity for the given situation needs to be accomplished first. The decision of the type of business entity will take into consideration control, taxation, and liability issues. eview of the laws and regulations that each ownership group must consider and identification of risks that the businesses should protect against will be discussed. eview of the construction company's business structure and how it affects control, taxation, and liability issues along with how employment law…
Cheeseman, H.R. (2010). The legal environment of business and online commerce: Business ethics, e-commerce, regulatory, and international issues. (6th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
University of Phoenix. (2010). Course syllabus. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, BUS415 - Business Law website.
Business and Human esources
Apple Company Inc.
Apple was founded by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs and onald Wayne in 1976; however it was integrated in 1977. It is an American company which not only produces computer electronics, personal computers, portable devices and software but also sells them. Apple has been in this business since 30 years and in this time span, it has faced highs and lows in its economic activity. It is not only listed on the NASDAQ with the ticker of AAPL but it has a share in NASDAQ-100 and S&P 500 as well. In 2007, Apple gained extensive fame after the struggle of many years when it introduced the iPhone, iPad and iPod touch in the market (Flippone et al., 2012).
The Organization Today
Flippone et al. (2012) mentioned that Apple has 393 retail stores located in 14 countries since August, 2012. Apple is recognized as the…
DataMonitor. (2011). Apple, Inc. Company Profile. Data Monitor, annual Report, Company Overview.
Economist Intelligence Unit: Fertile Ground: Cultivating a talent for innovation. February 2009
Flippone, T., Youden, D., Pennington, K. And Fersht, P. (2012). Human Resources Transformation: Is It Driving Business Performance? HfS Research, Ltd.
The Global Innovation 1000: How the top innovators keep winning. Booz & company, 2010
Description of the Business
The business is a gourmet candy shop. The shop will sell gourmet candy that has been sourced from all over the world. The shop will operate with one storefront location, and there will be an Internet/mail order component as well.
The rationale for the business is simply. There is a growing trend towards hedonistic approaches to dining. We have seen in the past few years the rise of the bacon fetish, high end craft beer and coffee, cupcakes, the move of fine dining to the mass market and a full embrace by Americans of better quality indulgent goods. Much of this trend can be credited to the aging of the population, as people seek to maximize pleasure. They have the financial means to treat themselves, and seek to balance this hedonism with a desire to be healthy. The intersection of these ideals is where…
Bailey, E. (2013). Pros and cons of incorporation. Suite101.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013 from http://suite101.com/a/pros-and-cons-of-incorporation-a42401
FASB. (2013). International convergence of accounting standards. Financial Accounting Standards Board. Retrieved November 14, 2013 from http://www.fasb.org/jsp/FASB/Page/SectionPage&cid=1176156245663
IRS.gov. (2013). Publication 946. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved November 14, 2013 from http://www.irs.gov/publications/p946/ar02.html#en_US_2012_publink1000270861
NCA. (2013). Profile of the U.S. candy industry. National Confectioners' Association. Retrieved November 14, 2013 from http://www.candyusa.com/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1607
The business that I am going to start is a small coffee microroastery and shop. The company will perform two basic functions. The first is a product function, the roasting of coffee beans. Green beans will be received by the company, roasted, and then both used in the shop and made available for a variety of retail channels. The second function will be a service function, based on the production and serving of beverages and light snacks. The staffing plan will be simple. The owner/manager/roaster will perform most of the management tasks associated with the shop. There will be an assistant manager who doubles with barista duties, as well as 4-6 part-time staff members, filling 3 FTEs in the barista/service function. This plan is based on experiences at other, similar operations, in addition to meeting a few other needs. One is the need to keep costs down, and…
Inc. (2000). Cash vs. accrual accounting. Inc. Magazine. Retrieved November 13, 2012 from http://www.inc.com/articles/2000/04/19194.html
IRS.gov (2012). Limited liability company (LLC). Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved November 13, 2012 from http://www.irs.gov/Businesses/Small-Businesses-&-Self-Employed/Limited-Liability-Company-%28LLC%29
KPMG. (1999). Internal control: A practical guide. KPMG. Retrieved November 13, 2012 from www.ecgi.org/codes/documents/kpmg_internal_control_practical_guide.pdf
Perez, W. (2012). Types of business organization. About.com. Retrieved November 13, 2012 from http://taxes.about.com/od/taxplanning/a/incorporating_2.htm
Business Manager 0668
Tools for customers
E-commerce payment solutions
Search Engine Optimization
Strategies for improvement
Search Engine Optimization and webpage rankings
Global business diversity
Customer elationship Management
Website integration of tools
Discuss how you will facilitate customer payment using e-commerce solutions (e.g., how the transaction will take place, including the tools customers will use).
The customer transactions and payments are one of the important elements of e-commerce strategy. The businesses are required to offer a secure and trust worthy system for their client to manage the financial transactions. There are different transactions handling methods used by the e-commerce-based organizations. These payment methods should be aligned with the overall business transaction handling process as well as appropriate selection of tools and e-payment solutions.
The transactions of products produced under the label of Sunny Day salon are mainly related…
Buttle, F. (2012). Customer relationship management.USA: Routledge.
Kent, P. (2012). Search engine optimization for dummies. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Kim, C., Tao, W., Shin, N., & Kim, K.S. (2010). An empirical study of customers' perceptions of security and trust in e-payment systems. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 9(1), 84-95.
Ojeda-Zapata, J. (2011). iPad Means Business: How Apple's Tablet Computer is Changing the Work World. USA: Happy About.
This means that you must continually monitor and communicate about possible changes, pertaining to the overall scope of the threat. Once this occurs, is when an entity will have an effective security procedure that will adapt to the various changes that are taking place.
This is significant, because this information can be used to corroborate the overall nature of security threats that could be faced by the SME. Where, this information is useful in helping to identify and address possible operational considerations that must be taken into account. As a result, this will help to provide not only a glimpse of possible security challenges that will be faced, but it will also help to establish an effective IT security protocol.
When you compare this with the previous source, this information can be used to highlight specific security threats that the company we are examining could face. Where, it discusses the…
E Commerce Growth. (2010). Strategic E-Commerce Solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.sescommerce.com/ecommerce-growth.asp
Internet Usage Statistics. (2010). Internet World Stats. Retrieved from: http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
PEW Wireless Internet Usage Rising. (2010). Wireless Week. Retrieved from: http://www.wirelessweek.com/News/2010/07/PEW-Wireless-Internet-Use-Rising-Mobile-Content/
Reflective Writing. (2010). UNSW. Retrieved from http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/reflective.pdf
Inability to generate profits almost immediately from the retail side will impact our ability to grow on the board side, as we will then be supporting the store with the board sales. Our plan expects the opposite.
8c) Assumptions to Income Statement.
We assumed seasonality of retail/servicing revenues and calculated them on a per day basis around off/on/front shoulder/back shoulder seasons. We assumed custom board revenue will average over the year. Cost of goods sold was assumed to be 50% of revenue. We feel this is conservative, since the servicing side of the operation is typically greater than that. Rent will increase in the second and third years as we take on industrial space to expand our manufacturing capability. Salaries are based on store salaries that vary by season and manufacturing salaries. They were calculated on the basis of man-hours. The manufacturing salaries scale up with our production.
Summarize the actions that lead to the lawsuit.
The actions that lead to the lawsuit are from an Ace Hardware franchisee alleging that they were defrauded by the company. What happened is oy and Pattie Ewers are suing based on the fact that the company deceived them into buying a well-known hardware store in Northern Virginia (named Fisher Hardware). The basic idea is that the Ewers' would make an initial purchase. While Ace, set up the franchise and helped the facility to build upon the customer base that was established over 60 years. ("Ace Hardware Lawsuit," 2012)
However, after the Ewers' received a $1.8 million SBA loan is when they were facing numerous difficulties with a supply chain that was filled with bugs. To make matters worse sales were much lower than the financial figures that oy Ewers examined before purchasing the store. The combination of these factors…
Ace Hardware Lawsuit. (2012). WHLA. Retrieved from: http://www.wjla.com/articles/2012/08/ace-hardware-lawsuit-fischer-s-hardware-owners-claim-ace-ruined-business-78662.html#ixzz2EzL0SOQP
Barkoff, R. (2008). Fundamentals of Franchising. Chicago, IL: American Bar Association.
Barney, J. (2012). Purchasing, Supply Chain Management and Competitive Advantage. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 48 (2), 3 -- 6.
Cross, F. (2011). The Legal Environment of Business. Mason, OH: South Western.
Under this system, "each joint venture partner would separately account for and pay tax on its income and claim the proportionate share of joint venture expenses" (Ernst & Young, no date).
Liability is also limited in the joint venture under Australian law. It is worth noting that in this case one part of the joint venture "cannot make the other joint venturer liable for debts that they incur in the name of the joint venture, unless authorized under the joint venture agreement" (Cordato Partners, 2012). Thus, John cannot undertake a cost and then ask Fred to foot part of the bill. This is something that differentiates a joint venture from a partnership, and is worth taking into consideration, depending on how the two men expect to handle the operations and financing of the venture. This also makes joint ventures a little bit more complicated to manage than a partnership, because…
ATO. (2012). Partnership tax. Australiian Tax Office. Retrieved April 22, 2013 from http://www.ato.gov.au/corporate/content.aspx?doc=/content/37484.htm&page=106
Cordato Partners. (2012). Joint ventures for real estate? Cordato Partners. Retrieved April 22, 2013 from http://www.vendorfinancelawyer.com.au/joint_ventures.htm
Ernst & Young. (no date). The Australian tax landscape. Ernst & Young. Retrieved April 22, 2013 from http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Australian_tax_landscape/$FILE/The_Aust_tax_landscape_JBS.pdf
Net Lawman. (2013). Choosing a legal structure for your business: Partnership. Net Lawman. Retrieved April 22, 2013 from http://www.netlawman.com.au/info/partnerships-ins-and-outs-australia.php
This is further based on the following assumptions:
1. The company will charge $150 per hour for each client.
2. The company expects to spend at least 80 hours a year with each client.
3. The company expect to see at least 30 clients per year, which will generate a revenue of $150 x 30 x 80 = $360,000. For the purpose of this computation, this will be regarded as the selling price.
4. The company expects its yearly fixed costs to be $526,000. This fixed cost consists of the cost of staff remuneration, utility bills and advertising.
5. The company expects its variable costs to be about $344,000 a year, comprising of the cost of equipment servicing and maintenance, legal costs, and so on.
Given the above assumption, the company's yearly break-even point can be computed as follows:
The implication of the above computation is that LNS must service…
Graham J.R., Smart S.B., & Megginson W.L. (2010): Corporate Finance -- Linking
Theory to What Companies Do. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Hubbard R.G., O'Brien a.P. (2009): Macroeconomics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-
Once the customer has purchased a piece of information, has paid for it, has received it, and obviously viewed it, he cannot claim a refund, in case the information provided by the site did not satisfy the customer in any way. If the site cannot provide certain information due to certain facts that was required by the customer, the site will notify the customer that his request cannot be fulfilled and therefore, there will be no payment.
This issue is related to another, dissatisfaction regarded the provided services. As mentioned above, there may be situation when DontDateCreeps.com will not be able to fulfill certain requests. This could only happen because of the lack of information in the respective case. Therefore, it is only fair that the customer has to be informed that the requested information is not available. If the site cannot offer complete information requested by the customer, the…
1. Bowman, Robert (2000). B2B Commerce Flocks to Electronic Trading Exchanges. Supply Chain Brain Magazine online. Global Logistics & Supply Chain Strategies. Retrieved July 26, 2008 at http://www.supplychainbrain.com/archives/3.00.trading.htm?adcode=10 .
2. How Internet Marketing Affects Dating Sites (2008). Webmaster Journal. Retrieved July 26, 2007 at http://www.webmasterjournal.com/2008/02/03/how-internet-marketing-affects-dating-sites/.
3. Walters, Lawrence (2004). Legal Checklist for Operating an Online Dating Site. Lawrence G. Walters. Retrieved July 26, 2008 at http://www.onlinedatinglaw.com/checklist.htm .
To rebuild their image, the company would try a number of different strategies, none of which would prove to be successful. This would hurt the market share of Gap to the point that many analysts now believe that it may be advantageous to spin off the company's: Old Navy, anana Republic and Gap stores. What this shows, is how a company can begin to lose its way when it is not focused on adjusting to changes in consumer tastes and trends. In the case of Ann Taylor, they need to be aware of this hazard, as it can have an adverse impact on the long-term viability of their business. (Reingold)
A second challenge that Ann Taylor can be wrestling with is a lack of focus on the part of management. In this case, managers must understand the role that their decisions will have on their organization. Where, executives must clearly…
10Q. Ann Taylor, 2010. Print.
Ann Taylor Stores. Yahoo Finance, 2010. Web. 31 Oct. 2010
Ann Taylor Stores. Yahoo Finance, 2010. Web. 31 Oct. 2010
Ann Taylor Stores. Yahoo Finance, 2010. Web. 31 Oct. 2010
isk Management Plan
A&D High Tech
Introduction to the Plan
Charter, Scope, Plan, and WBS
Scope of the isk Management Plan
102.2 isk Management Plan Components
112.4 Expected Monetary Value Analysis
isk Management Identification
123.1 Determine the isks
133.2 Evaluate and Access the isks
133.3 Qualitative and Quantitative Processes
143.4 Compare and Contrast Techniques
144.1 Major and Minor isks for the isk Matrix
144.2 isk Matrix Template
Corrective Action and Monitoring
155.1 Type of Corrective isk Management
155.2 Corrective Plan
155.3 Corrective Action for isks
Section 6 -- esults, Conclusion, and Follow-Up
Section 7 - eferences
Section 1 -- Introduction
Introduction to the Plan
This project involves a company named A&D High Tech which operates within the computer products industry and sells computer products, accessories, and services to consumers and small businesses. The…
Business Security Protection
In any business organization security of the organization is one of the most important factors. There are many different areas where security must be assessed. Some of the ways in which an organization must assess their security are: loss prevention, crime prevention, asset protection, security management, and risk management. In this paper I will discuss the importance of each of these security issues starting with the least important to the most important in the business environment.
Loss prevention is an important part of any organization. The business must protect the merchandise from theft. There are many different loss prevention plans and strategies that exist. Creating a plan for emergencies is important, plan for extreme weather conditions, unforeseen employee situations, and theft. A part of the business plan should include contacting FEMA and developing a plan for unforeseen disasters. Conducting an employee background check prior to…
McNamara, C. (2010). Basic Considerations in Risk Management. Retrieved from http://www.managementhelp.org/legal/rskmgmnt.htm
Rando, D. (2011). Asset Protection for the Business Owner. Investopedia. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/pf/08/asset-protection-business.asp
Wikipedia (2010). Risk Management. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risk_management
Administrative and political distance risk is most seen from the standpoint
of legal and financial institutions, the monetary systems and political
associations and the role of foreign governments in defining the barriers
to entry for foreign businesses. Geographic distance risks have more to do
with the physical distance and varying climates. The geographic distance
set of risks also capture the lack of potential infrastructure due to
remoteness. The economic distance risk assessments include the different
information or knowledge process workflows throughout a culture and the
blind-spots this causes for many companies in creating the strategies to
move into another company. There are many risks also present in the
economic distance of given foreign nation, emanating from the differences
in consumer incomes and wide variations in costs and quality of natural,
financial, and human resources.
In assessing the risks of global expansion, it is critical to consider the
use of analytical…
Ghemawat (2001) - Distance Still Matters: The Hard Reality of Global
Expansion. Harvard Business Review. Pankaj Ghemawat. Harvard Business
School Press. Cambridge, MA September, 2001.
This is when the overall amounts of responsibilities are limited to: the percentage of ownership of the different shareholders. As a far as control is concerned, this means that management must carefully monitor who they are hiring to work as the jackhammer operator. The reason why, is because of the possibility of the on the job injuries that are work related. Taxation issues are limited mainly to the percentage of ownership of the various shareholders. As all income from the business will be divided and reported on the individual tax returns of the business owners. The possible liability issues include: workplace injuries, negligence and the loss of income that an employee can claim (in the event they are injured). To protect itself against the different risks, the business needs to have policies in place that will monitor the activities of managers, to ensure that they are following all regulations. This…
What is a Limited Liability Company. (2011). Wise Geek. Retrieved from: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-limited-liability-company.htm
Astarita, J. (2009). Introduction to Private Placements. SEC Law. Retrieved from: http://www.seclaw.com/docs/pplace.htm
Eadie, J. (2011). Using Private Placement Strategies. Covenant Info. Retrieved from: http://covenantmfo.com/blog/2011/3/17/using-private-placement-strategies-minimize-tax-headaches
Schied, J. (2009). What Rules do Franchises have to Follow. Bright Hub. Retrieved from: http://www.brighthub.com/office/entrepreneurs/articles/55272.aspx
However, as Nick is unqualified for the position, the medical question is moot -- Nick would not be hired because he has no experience.
Michelle has some past experience and would be under consideration. Under the terms of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy in employment. The Act does not explicitly prohibit Mei-Lin from inquiring about the pregnancy, but it is recommended that she refrain from doing so, as that inquiry could be used against the company in a discrimination suit should Michelle not be hired. Although ethics are not encompassed in the law, from an ethical point-of-view it would be irresponsible for SureBuild to hire Michelle, as working as a jackhammer operator would put the fetus at risk, there could be legal action taken against the company as a result for failing to provide the fetus with adequate duty of care.
Eric is experienced,…
All Business. (2010). How should you structure your business? All Business. Retrieved October 30, 2010 from http://www.allbusiness.com/business-planning/business-structures-limited-liability/1679-1.html
ADA.gov. (2005). A guide to disability rights laws. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved October 30, 2010 from http://www.ada.gov/cguide.htm#anchor62335
Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978). Retrieved October 30, 2010 from http://employment.findlaw.com/employment/employment-employee-discrimination-harassment/employment-employee-pregnancy-discrimination-top/pregnancy-discrimination-act.html
USDL. (2010). Age discrimination act of 1975. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved October 30, 2010 from http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/age_act.htm
They were just so intense, so focused, so transaction-driven, there literally wasn't time for people to put ideas out and discuss and debate them."
These constraints to effective management oversight and innovation were further exacerbated when the company went private in 2001. According to Stopper, "ARAMARK went from a leveraged buyout situation in 1984, with only some 50 people having equity in the company, to an initial public offering (IPO) in 2001 with 97% ownership by employees. It was a huge cultural shift. Many employees incurred debt in order to have ownership in the company. In his view, HR's power and influence came from performance and creating value, not from advancing or acceding to personal agendas."
To their credit, though, Hayes reports that the company finally took action to remedy this situation by creating an action project team to assess the potential threats involved in retaining the status quo and…
About ARAMARK." (2007). ARAMARK Corporation. [Online]. Available: http://www.aramark.com/MainLanding.aspx?PostingID=336&ChannelID=187 .
Alleyne, Sonia (2007, July). "40 Best Companies for Diversity: In Our Third Annual Survey, We Focus on Supplier Diversity and Senior Management Representation-How Much Companies Spend with Black Suppliers and Who They Let into the Corporate Suite." Black Enterprise 37(12): 106
Caddell, Cathy L. (2004, October). "Taste of Chicago." Corrections Today 66(6): 46
Goldberg, Karen (1996, July 18). "How to Feed 10,800 Athletes." The Washington Times 13.
Risk Management Events
In reflection of the Exxon Valdez spill, the National Transportation Safety Board and the Coast Guard would both take a direct interest in improvement regulatory considerations relating to the alertness and suitability of an oil tanker's crew. This would be in 1989 following the massive oil spill off the coast of Alaska. According to the text, "Since 1989, much effort has been made by the Coast Guard and by companies like Exxon to ensure better business process and better risk management. Both the public and private sectors added new procedures and new controls in the transporting of oil around Alaska, reducing the likelihood of a repeat incident in that region." (p. 20)
American's Express's Authorizer's Assistant would be implemented in the 1980s to create an automated way of fielding purchase authorization requests with a credit card. This would help to reduce the necessary labor to provide…
Dickstein, D.I., & Flast, R.H. (2009). No excuses: A business approach to managing operational risk. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
To run a business profitably, especially in the modern times where business is dome at the speed of thought, achieving business stability and growth can be made possible by setting goals that have to be achieved and using the proper tools and methods. (Elkin, 1998) Enhancing the business can be achieved by reaching the predetermined point where the investments match the output and there is a situation where the investment has begun paying. This point is called the break even point. In every business there is a great element of risk. A business becomes successful only when the risks are minimized. isks cannot altogether be eliminated but can be minimized. This is done by structuring the credit risk and adjusting the spending and other influential patterns of the entity. (Culp, 2001)
Sometimes the very core of the business need be redefined to achieve the objective of making profits. Strategic redefinition…
Culp, Christopher L. (2001) "The Risk Management Process: Business Strategy and Tactics."
Wiley. New York.
Elkin, Paul. (1998) "Mastering Business Planning and Strategy: The Power of Strategic
Thinking" Thorogood. London.
This allows for greater levels of planning and cooperation, and fills in the information gap that currently exists between the factory floor and the rest of the supply chain.
Lexmark provides an example of waste. Recently, the company found itself with more than $1 million in scrap from one lot. Engineers had insufficient information to isolate and fix the problem, so were instead relegated to crisis control. With more accurate data from each step of the operation, the engineers could have been more involved in the process and made improvements along the way before it became a large-scale crisis.
Through web-based business applications, engineers can now examine a defective printer cartridge and then use a thin client to put a hold on the entire batch if necessary, regardless of its physical location (anywhere in the world)
In conclusion, it is apparent that e-business is making its mark on the business…
Alexander, Michael. (2001). Factory Floors Go Online -- Pioneering manufacturers close the final gap in their supply chains. InternetWeek; Manhasset; Mar 12, 2001.
2002) Automotive Design & Production. Cincinnati, 114(8), 70-72.
Steele, a.L. (2001). Cost drivers and other management issues in the JIT supply chain environment. Production and Inventory Management Journal. Alexandria, 42(2), 61-68
Drickhammer, D. (2001, May 21). Peak performance. Industry Week. Cleveland, 250(8) 36-40.
This document contains legal advice made on request of Zmags, an Australian Holiday Brochure. Paper covers the customer law, contract law and other legal issues as found in the brochure for Coasts and Bays. The brochure claims to make the holidays 100% rejoicing for the clients and to offer them a lifetime experience. The brochure offers guidelines about the travel routes as well as the resorts. There are legal concerns involved in the advertisement made by any company. Often an advertisement campaign is too tempting or misleading that the customer's rights are violated. Australia has strict laws against the rights of customers that are almost universally applicable in all the states and regions of the country. The report advises what to include or exclude from the report to make it legally effective.
The consumer law of Australia generally bans all the misleading activities in the business…
1. Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, 2013, Retrieved from;
2. Bradbury, H.D., 2010, the Australian Consumer Law, Retrieved from:
Business Transformation Strategy
GE Capital oodchester is a leading provider of motor car, equipment, and personal finance in the country of Ireland. They offer the most flexible packages for diverse financial needs and as such, have earned the position of leading the personal and capitol acquisition financial services. GE Capital oodchester also provides specialized financing and services and they focus on niches including equipment and car leasing, hire purchase and loans to businesses and individuals across Ireland. Headquartered in Dublin, GE Capital oodchester services the financial needs of its customers through its regional sales centers and extensive dealer and partner network.
GE Capital oodchester is a wholly owned subsidiary of GE Capital. ith assets of more than U.S.$425 billion, (gecapitol.ie, online) GE Capital is a global, diversified financial services company with 28 specialized businesses worldwide. GE Capital has had an enviable record of growth over the past decade delivering value…
Who We Are. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/WhoWeAre.cfm
Our Expertise. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/OurExpertise.cfm
Hill, C. & Jones, G. (2001) Strategic management: an integrated approach, 5th ed. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston.
Porter, Michael. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors New York: Simon and Schuster.
S corporations must be domestic in nature, issue only one kind of stock, and have less than a hundred shareholders: given that Frank only has aspirations to have a U.S.-based business, this entity type would seem ideal, although he might need some legal help to file as an S Corporation.
Professional practice: An LLC, or limited liability corporation, is the most popular type of entity structure for professional groups such as doctor's offices, accountants, and other small enterprises. As owners, Akiva and Tara would not be personally liable for the debts of the LLC, although constructing the entity is more complicated, legally, than a joint proprietorship. Given the insurance risks of running a birth clinic and the dangers of litigation, anything but an LLC would be unwise. Additionally, in some states, owners are "protected from personally liability from certain acts or misconduct of other partners, employees, agents, or their representatives"…
Limited liability. (2010). State of Iowa. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.sos.state.ia.us/business/limliabpart.html
Limited partnership. (2007). Quick MBA. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.quickmba.com/law/partnership/limited/
Pregnancy Discrimination Act. (2010). EEOC. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-preg.html
S Corporation. (2010). IRS. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.irs.gov/businesses/small/article/0,,id=98263,00.html
Independent dealers must sign a contract that sets forth the manner in which they will operate their rental centers. Often a small business owner will supplement their income be adding U-Hauls to their market mix. Independent contractors earn a commission on their sales.
Each division of AMERCO has it own president. All of them must report to a Board of Directors. The Chairman of the Board and overall President is Edward Shoen, descendent of the original founders of the company. Many members of the Shoen family still control much of the company (Google Finance). Little information is available about the company, aside from their financial statements. Although they have a Board of Directors, the company continues to operate as a family-style operation, with the family members occupying many positions in upper management. The company structure is simple and little is available beyond basic information.
Purchasing Contract Analysis and the UCC…
Ceh v. UHaul International, Inc., 11th district court of appeals, No. 04-10031.
A www.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/ops/200410671.pdf. Accessed January 22.
Company News; U-Haul's Parent Seeks Bankruptcy Protection." June 21, 2003. New
York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9800EFDF173BF932A15755C0A9659C8B63 . Accessed January 23, 2007.
The connection with such tactics is that the company's own product are not good enough to sell themselves, and that underhanded means are resorted to. In terms of rivalry, I would emphasize that good neighborliness entails an adherence to the principles of humanity as found in society today. In society, a friendly attitude is often more effective in achieving one's goals than an openly hostile disposition. Hence, even in terms of one's rivals, neighborliness means that more can be gained from a rival by means of a friendly and open attitude.
In this way, neighborliness correlates strongly with business ethics. It is for example unethical to investigate a rival company without their consent, with the purpose of finding undesirable information for use in negative advertising. Instead, neighborly negotiations can result in good relations, which in turn may bring about a mutual learning experience from which both companies can benefit.
This distribution can be applied to multiple business situations even where data is distributed differently, because a normal distribution adopts the central limit theorem which suggests that no matter how a population is distributed, the distribution "of the means of random samples approaches a normal distribution for a large sample size" (ICMBA, 2002).
Business executives can use normal business distribution to create diversified asset portfolios, to calculate process variations within operations and even in human resources management to evaluate employee performance that is often considered normally distributed (ICMBA, 2002). Businesses benefits because normal distribution allows description of variables that would otherwise be considered random, and also allows a rough estimate of the actual distribution (ICMBA, 2002). Errors that usually arise using a bell curve are also often negligible and hence considered acceptable (ICMBA, 2002) thus executives can use normal distribution to solve problems with a high degree of accuracy in…
Arsham, H. (1994). "Statistical thinking for managerial decisions." January 1994,
National Science Foundation. 1, October 2005: http://home.ubalt.edu/ntsbarsh/Business-stat/opre504.htm
History for Dayton, Ohio February Temperatures." Weather Underground. Available:
S. International Industries could face a situation like this. The existing legislation does not require safety equipment in one country that is standard in most countries. The company then needs to decide on a choice between using the safety equipment anyway or squeezing that last $500,000 in profit out of the well.
Ethical dilemmas occur frequently in business. They arise out of the conflict between two reasonable but mutually exclusive objectives. In each of these situations, the laws act as the source of ethical guidance, but that is not always the case. The ethical standards of one region do not always apply in other regions. This can be seen in international business with bribery, nepotism and the cultivating of political influence. For International Investments, such issues are going to occur constantly, given the businesses in which the company operates. It will be necessary for the company to develop an ethical…
EPA (2009). Cruise ship discharges. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 8, 2010 from http://www.epa.gov/owow/oceans/cruise_ships/
Felipe's inability to speak English would be a liability to the company and a possible safety threat, so he should not be hired as well. That leaves Eric and Michelle, who are both qualified candidates and could therefore both be hired. Even though Eric does not have a high school diploma, his life experience should make up for the lack of education, and he knows how to work a jackhammer. Michelle is perfectly qualified, and cannot be turned down solely because of her (supposed) pregnancy, and is therefore the top choice according to the criteria. However, if either of their interviews provided a legitimate reason to why they would not be able to work, they would not have to be hired.
As a provider for Stonecraft Builders, Paul would do well to incorporate his proprietorship into a corporation. The process would take some time: he would need to file the…
IS Sole Proprietorship Status for You?. (2008). Home Business Magazine: The Home-Based Entrepreneur's Magazine, 15(6), 58. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Job interviews: How to pose risky questions the legal way. (2010). HR Specialist: New York Employment Law, 5(4), 6. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Jones, L.T. (2003). Preferred Return Limited Liability Company: An Alternative to Split Dollar. Journal of Financial Service Professionals, 57(6), 75-84. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
The cheese plant is dedicated to agricultural product production processes utilizing mostly raw materials produced on its own farms. Generally, the individual farms each maintain several hundred heads of cattle capable of producing sufficient raw materials (such as fresh milk) to sustain McCadum Cheese Plant operations.
Apparent McCadum Cheese Plant Inventory Needs:
In general, production that is dependent on the availability of raw materials from its farm network. It would not be practical or efficient to ensure business continuity primarily through large inventory because of the perishable nature of the product and of its component ingredients. The sheer volumes at issue would also be a prohibitive concern even apart from perishability issue; for example, the plant uses 35,000 pounds of fresh milk in each production run.
Apparent McCadum Cheese Plant Inventory Status:
The McCadum Cheese Plant business ensures business continuity by using a well-coordinated but geographically decentralized supply for its…
Inventory Management Strategy. In his book, Streetwise Project Management, Dobson (2003) advocates the use of a just-in-time inventory management strategy to keep inventories low and manufacturing process more productive. This approach, though, will require close coordination with a Brazilian supplier, warehousing operations, planners and forecasters, and transportation directors throughout the inventory management process. In this regard, Epps (1995) advises, that such an approach requires the efficient transportation of materials from outside vendors directly to the work-in-process area, where the required value added processes of the manufacturing operations take place, which is followed by the shipping of the finished products to the customer within a reasonable timeframe. This inventory management strategy can save manufacturers the costs of inspection, stocking, material handling, inventory tracking, carrying the inventory, and the dangers that are typically related to damage to parts and their tendency to become obsolete over time (Epps).
The just-in-time inventory management strategy…
Bolten, E.F. (1997). Managing time and space in the modern warehouse with ready-to-use forms, checklist & documentation. New York: AMACOM.
Boyson, S., Harrington, L.H. & Corsi, T.M. (2004). In real time: Managing the new supply chain. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Brazil. (2009). U.S. government: CIA world factbook. [Online.] Available: https://www.cia.
Because the nature of economic and business phenomena is clearly statistical in nature and the need for a scientific approach is becoming more and more necessary, so statistical analysis has become an integral part of every aspect of theoretical and applied research.
The inter-dependence of economies and the development of global markets has introduced new levels and sources of competition for the businesses. Businesses face new levels of risk as the markets in which they operate become more open. Should they invest in new capacity to be able to compete more effectively? How exposed a position can they afford to take in their key markets? In short, how does a business cope with the risks inherent in the modern economy? When uncertainty is so high, the management has no choice but make the use of the statistics to justify their decisions. So statistical devices are a set of tools that…
In the long run, Machan & Chesher's argument makes sense -- care for the health and safety of company employees and see the company grow more profitable! Care for one's own health and one will be a better employee! However, management does not always take the long-term vision that, 'if I allow my employee to take a day off for the flu, he or she will be more productive upon his or her return, and not infect other employees.' Employees may be told to come in to the office when they are sick or else they will be fired. Thus, they risk their own health or the health of others, to make a quick return on the corporation's investment in an employee. Also, an adolescent or even a twenty-year-old on his or her first job may have a sense of invincibility, and do imprudent things, like speed to deliver pizzas,…
Over the Moon Toys: A Business Proposal
The following pages contain a financial overview and qualitative description of a proposed retail venture. A need for an independent toy store located within the confines of the municipality has been identified, with a growing number of consumers seeking alternatives to the "big-box" retailers and lower-quality merchandise. The project description provides greater detail regarding the focus of Over the Moon Toys, the proposed business, including the impetus for the creation of this business, market and sales expectations based on a qualitative analysis of the local consumer base, and a discussion of the physical location within the community that might best serve this community and the proposed business. Following this project description, a work schedule breakdown and related financial details and estimates of the project are provided. A series of relatively simple yet highly interconnected and dependent tasks will lead to the…
Having this traditional silo-structured environment makes it very difficult to properly develop a curriculum surrounding service management. Because of this there is a significant gap that exists between the education received by business school graduates and the skills that they need to succeed in today's service heavy environment.
Non-traditional Business Skills and Tactics
Nontraditional business skills are often referred to as soft skills or people skills. These consist of the ability to communicate and understand people on an emotional level. These are often the skills that can determine the success or failure of a career (Thilmany, 2009). The skills are all related to human interaction. This includes most forms of communication, negotiation and leadership. Soft skills can be distinguished by different types such as informative, negotiating, listening, and communicative. Informative soft skills are those that send a message that has to be conveyed accurately. Negotiating or convincing soft skills is…
21 Business Skills Needed to Succeed. (2009). Retrieved September 22, 2009, from New
Horizons Web site: http://www.nhmn.com/COMMUNITIES/softskills/news/08-03-
Davis, M.M. And Berdrow, I. (2008). Service science: Catalyst for change in business school curricula. IBM Systems Journal, 47(1), 29-39.
Reasons for Failure
usiness failures have become a properly investigated field of study in the past few years as a struggling economy and an overall difficult business environment have combined to discourage potential entrepreneurs from entering the market place and to cause many existing business owners / entrepreneurs from continuing their endeavors. This interest in business failures is precipitated by the fact that the number and nature of business failures impacts negatively on the overall business climate and examining possible causes in an effort to forestall further such failures is vital to maintaining a healthy business environment. The emphasis in recent years has shifted from examining why and how businesses fail toward an analysis of how to avoid and prevent business failures.
The failed business that I chose to review was a small ice cream / restaurant in my neighborhood. The name of the business was Charlie's Ice…
Goltz, J. (2011, January 5). Top 10 Reasons Small Business Fail. New York Tmes .
U.S. Small Business Administration. (n.d.). Standard Operating Procedures. Retrieved May 25, 2011, from SBA: http://www.sba.gov/about-sba-services/
"Rainmaking" by partners for example, is not measurable over regular short-term intervals and it takes place substantially off-premises and during non-traditional business hours.
What kinds of rules and procedures do you think the department managers will come up with? Which departments will be more formalized? Why?
Manufacturing departments should be more formalized than research and development departments. Manufacturing managers may allow a certain amount of flexibility or choice of hours, but with sufficient structure to ensure that staffing needs are met in full at all times. To the extent that manufacturing output is quantifiable and that output corresponds to the productivity of individuals, short-term evaluations may be appropriate. If off-site privileges manufacturing operations are particularly susceptible to abuse in any department, restrictions would be appropriate, particularly where there is no potential benefit to the organization. Research and development departments may be able to allow greater individual independence and autonomy over…