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Practicing Safe Driving:
How to Prevent Accidents on America's oads
In 2006 alone, the total number of automobiles registered with the U.S. Bureau of Transit topped 135.3 million (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). With the amount drivers on the road, one must question the protection a driver gives and receives while driving. Advancements in technology and increasing time constraints are grounds for the escalating concern of distractions. These same time constraints are having commuters get a lesser amount of sleep before driving, risking driver fatigue. Finally, a quantity of people are not looking at certain areas of the road or in their mirrors. It appears that the least essential worry drivers consider during their commute is driving. When on the road, drivers must ignore outside factors and make more alert driving their only priority in order to not only protect their well-being, but other drivers' and passengers' also.
Using cell phones,…
Pardilla, C. (2009). Top 10 Editors' Tips to Prevent a Car Accident. Retrieved November 14,
2010 from http://www.edmunds.com/reviews/list/top10/107098/article.html.
Public Health. (2010, August 12). In-Car Driving Coach To Prevent Driver Distraction.
Retrieved November 14, 2010 from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/197542.php .
Cars and driving are emblems of American culture, and have defined American lifestyle and identity. American cities are built around the car, and so is the urban and suburban sprawl. It is no small coincidence, therefore, that both Flannery O'Connor and Dagoberto Gilb use a car as a central symbol in their short stories. In O'Connor's "A Good Man is Hard to Find," a road trip turns deadly when the family runs into a group of escaped convicts on their way to Florida. Florida makes a brief appearance in Gilb's short story, "Love in L.A.," too, as protagonist Jake mistakes Mariana's heritage for being Cuban since her license plates are from Florida. Like "A Good Man is Hard to Find," "Love in L.A." centers around cars and driving as the central motifs, but in Gilb's story, the ending is not gruesome. Although "Love in L.A." And "A Good Man is…
Gilb, Dagoberto. "Love in L.A."
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." Retrieved online: http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
In addition, a growing number of countries in the region have also started strict traffic sign and signal enforcement campaigns (Martin, 2005). In addition, launched in 2009, a governmental campaign to reduce traffic accidents in the Sultanate of Oman has sought to raise awareness among Omanis concerning the need to use safety belts in general and the need to use safety seats for young children every time people take to the road. In addition, the oyal Oman Police, the Ministry of Social Development and the Ministry of Education have collaborated with the Omani Society Safety on the traffic safety initiatives as discussed further below.
Civil Society. According to ajhi (2011), there are a number of civic organizations that play an important role in promoting traffic safety and raising public awareness about the need to reduce traffic accidents. These organizations include the Omani Society for oad Safety which is dedicated to…
Martin, J. (2005, March). Arab traffic jam: Road traffic accidents are costing Arab states billions of dollars annually, not to mention the catastrophic loss of life. The Middle East, 354, 37-
Miedema, H.M. & Oudshoorn, C.G. (2001, April). Annoyance from transportation noise:
Relationships with exposure metrics DNL and DENL and their confidence intervals.
New Car Rental Property Proposal
Despite the proliferation of ride-sharing services such as Lyft and Uber, the rental car industry continues to thrive, with average fleet sizes and revenues experiencing significant increases since 2015 (2016 U.S. car rental market, 2017). One market location that is well positioned for a new non-franchise car rental enterprise is Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (OKC) which hosts a world-class international airport, the Will Rogers World Airport, located just 6 miles from the city's downtown. This paper provides an overview of the U.S. car rental market and a description of the basic business model that will be used by the new car rental enterprise which will be known as Stardust Car Rentals. In addition, a description of four performance measures, data collection methods and how the data will be used is followed by an outline and analysis of two cost-benefit decisions that will have to be considered.…
Various smart vehicle and smart highway technologies and systems offer tremendous potential for improving road and vehicular safety. Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems (IVHS) have already been developed in the United States and Japan, also called Road Transport Informatics (RTI) in Europe (Collier and Weiland, 1994, p. 27). Smart highways are also referred to as Automated Vehicle Highway Systems (AVHS) or Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The lack of global consensus on what to call smart driving and smart highways reflects the burgeoning nature and broad gamut of technologies that need to be further developed and integrated into standardized systems. The most important of the IVHS systems involve both vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) technologies. Both V2V and V2I technologies capitalize on software and hardware systems that have already been integrated into many newer automobiles, such as GPS and WiFi. Some systems also require Dedicated Short Range Communication…
Air Bags in Cars
The Politics of Air Bags
Air bags weren't always in cars. They have come about as a fairly recent development, and the rise of the air bag was due to politics. hile this may sound strange, many things that individuals take for granted today have come about because special interest groups were concerned about a specific aspect of public policy or public safety. These individuals or groups then worked to change laws or to have laws enacted that made the world, in their opinion, a better place.
The purpose of this paper is to examine air bags from a political standpoint. In other words, the goal of this paper is not to make a judgment as to whether air bags in cars are good or bad, but rather to look at the political changes that caused them to come about in the first place.
Carter, Craig C. "Politics & Policy: Air Bags Puff On. Carmakers are installing them as federal rules requiring passive restraints look certain." Fortune 9 December 1985: 135.
Healey, James R & Jayne O'Donnell. "Air bag fatalities shock backers into soul-searching." USA Today 8 July 1996: 02B.
Lambrecht, Bill. "Who is He? Ashcroft gets hard questions, some jokes about obscurity on New Hampshire swing." St. Louis Post-Dispatch 12 August 1997: 01A.
Leavitt, Paul. "Air bags save lives." USA Today 5 November 1996: 14A.
Angelo Epifani drove his car into my daughter, killing her instantly. The driver left the scene of the accident, likely fearing the repercussions and unable to face the consequences. My daughter was left lying on the street in the middle of the night, alone, to die. Her name was Jiao Shiqi. She was only 20 years old when she died, a delightful, kind, intelligent, and sweet girl.
Jiao Shiqi had her whole life ahead of her. She had immigrated to Canada not long before her untimely death. The courage it must have taken Jiao Shiqi to move to a foreign country alone was remarkable, but she handled it so well that she made friends nearly the minute she disembarked from the plane: flight AC031 direct from Beijing to Toronto Pearson.
Her marks at Columbia International College were so good, that Jiao Shiqi was planning on completing her college degree at…
On the hand, some plans may be slow to respond to the pilot's commands; complicating the piloting process, much like a sports car, for example, that under steers or a truck that over steers (Personal Communication, 2010). Bay contends that training on more than one plane of a particular model would prove to be a positive practice for airlines to implement.
Bay asserts that the following questions need to be answered regarding the cause of the crash of Flight 3407.
How much training and experience did the pilot/s have with this particular aircraft?
How many hours experience did the pilot/s have flying this particular craft?
Did a matter of pilot fatigue play a part in the incident?
Could alcohol have been a factor in the pilot's inability to "do the right thing"?
Were there any known defects with the plane?
Did any type mechanical malfunction occur?
On what date was…
Alcohol and Flying. (N.d.). Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved February 13, 2010
Baron, R. (2005). The Cockpit, the Cabin, and Social Psychology. Airline Safety.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010 from http://airlinesafety.com/editorials/CockpitCabinPsychology.htm
Black, H.C.(1990). Discovery. Black's Law Dictionary West Publishing: St. Paul, MN.
Banning Smoking in Cars With Children: Moral and Legal Issues
Five states in America, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Maine and Oregon, and also Puerto ico -- have made it a crime to smoke in cars when children are there, and more states are considering the adoption of this legislation as well. For instance, other nations such as Canada, South Africa and the United Arab Emirates are also leaning towards such a ban. The ban is viewed as beneficial in the sense that it not only protects children but it also minimizes the amount of accidents which will be derived from cigarette-related distractions, such as lighting, ashing or dropping them while driving (ash.org). However, the biggest impetus for this legislation is the desire to protect all innocent children from exposure to the hazards which are inherently connected to cigarettes and cigarette smoke. One of the inherent necessities of this issue is in…
Ash.org. (n.d.). Smoking Should be Banned in Cars Whenever Children are Present. Retrieved from Ash.org: http://ash.org/carsmoking
Brown, A. (2014, Jan 29). Banning smoking in cars is wrong: where would it end? Retrieved from telegraph.co.uk: http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/andrewmcfbrown/100257222/banning-smoking-in - cars-is-wrong-where-would-it-end/
Healthday. (2013, July 23). Poll: U.S. Adults Support Smoking Ban in Cars With Kids. Retrieved from usnews.com: http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/07/23/poll- us-adults-support-smoking-ban-in-cars-with-kids
Jarvie, J., & Malone, R. (2008). Children's Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Private Homes and Cars: An Ethical Analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 2140 -- 2145.
At least three customer roles are needed for a marketplace transaction: (Ibid)
1. Buying, choosing a particular product or service;
2. Closing sale by paying for product or service;
3. Consuming or using product or service.
Subsequently, one customer may be a buyer, a payer, or a user; or each of these roles may be filled by an organization; various individuals; or different departments. During the process of transforming a showroom visitor to a used car buyer, it is vital to note that if a seller does not cater to each of these three roles, he may loose the customer.
Insuring a used car's features are the ones the potential customer has in mind and that the vehicle will best satisfy the user's want or need has to be a primary goal of a seller.
The payer role is equally important as without a payer a sale will…
Allen & Unwin. Dividends of Fear: America's $94 Billion Arab Market Export Loss. (2003, July/August). Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 22, IM1+.
Ambah, Faiza Saleh. "Saudi women recall a day of driving; Women who protested in 1990 reunite as debate over women drivers returns.(WORLD)," The Christian Science Monitor, December 7, 2005.
AUTO PARTS AND SERVICE EQUIPMENT (APS)." (2006). U.S. Commercial Service. Retrieved 22 August 2006. from: https://www.buyusa.gov/saudiarabia/en/120.html.
Boorstinm, Daniel J. (1996). The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: ColumbiaUniversity Press. Retrieved 23 August 2006 at http://www.bartleby.com/66/81/7781.html .
Indicative Literature eview
Theories of Transport Safety
WMATA Accidents & the Debate
Analysis and Evaluation of the Key Issues
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has recorded a number of rail accidents and other incidents within the jurisdiction of the Washington DC Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) in the past six years. A centralized approach taken by the Federal Transport Agency (FTA) and the safety management department has not helped in the reduction of the incidents that are potentially hazardous and detrimental for travelers.
There have been talks about adopting new approaches and methods to deal with the issues that lead to the accidents and incidents. These measures are expected to yield results over a period of 5-10 s. The exposure to the risk of accidents and the safety performance would be reduced by the implementation of the measures (oversight.house.gov, 2015).
Since the process of management of road…
Dhillon, B. (2011). Transportation systems reliability and safety. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Friend, M. and Kohn, J. (2007). Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes.
Goetsch, D. (2010). The basics of occupational safety. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Jha, N. (2008). Research methodology. Chandigarh: Abhishek Publications.
There is a lot of predictability and patterns when it comes to economics. There are many examples that one can point to. First, there is a bit of a cycle to things. Even when there are economic "booms" in the United States or other capitalistic countries, there are eventually "busts" of varying size and degree called recessions. Most of the time, the recessions are fairly brief and not a lot of damage is done. Other times, one sees recessions like the Great Depression in the 1930's and the Great Recession in the 2000's. There was also the fairly dark period that occurred during the latter part of Jimmy Carter's Presidency and into the early 1980's when Reagan took over (24/7 all Street). Of course, there are behaviors that are expected and realized when economic travails come. People tend to tighten their spending, stick to their current job if…
24/7 Wall Street. "The 13 Worst Recessions, Depressions, And Panics In AmericanA History." 247wallst.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Car Scoops. "Want A Car 'Made In The U.S.A.'? Then Check The First Digit Of The VIN Code." Carscoops. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Crawford, Steve. "How Does Consumer Spending Change During Boom, Recession, And Recovery?: Beyond The Numbers: U.S. Bureau Of Labor Statistics." Bls.gov. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
Fiat. "Fiat.Com - Homepage." fiat.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
("Kelly Psychology of Personal Constructs," 2005)
Social Cognitive theories are a primary focus in today's clinical world. The person is seen as a proactive vs. reactive organizer of his or her life. Utilizing the main concepts of this theory explain why Jane is having such difficulty coping with life? How would Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck intervene in Jane's lifestyle?
The social cognitive theory is when there is focus on learning by watching what others do. The successes and failures that they experience are used to shape how the individual will view the world around them and their role in it. This is accomplished by teaching them techniques during the process that can be applied to their daily lives. (Santrock, 2008, pp. 26 -- 30) When this occurs on a regular basis, is the point that the person will begin to use these events as experiences that will shape how…
The Beginning of Cognitivist. (2002). All Psych. Retrieved from:
Kelly Psychology of Personal Constructs. (2005). Find Psychology. Retrieved from:
Commonplace: "You Always Admire hat You Really Don't Understand"
There are a great many things that arouse admiration in this world of ours. Some of these things such as a creation of nature, a work of breathtaking art, scientific breakthroughs that benefit human kind, and acts of bravery are, without doubt, worthy of the admiration and the sentiment that they inspire. Unfortunately, however, human beings also fruitlessly admire a great many more things that are illusory in nature and, therefore, not really worthy of respect. Take, for instance, the human desire to be good looking, rich, successful and powerful. These qualities seem desirable purely because people who possess these attributes appear to be better off in life. But, are they really? Or, do these qualities give rise to admiration only because we don't really understand what being beautiful, wealthy, successful or powerful entails?
Perhaps, it is precisely the recognition that…
Cool Nurse. "Marijuana." Cool Nurse Web site. Accessed Oct. 28, 2004:
MDCH. "Key Facts from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health." Michigan
Department of Community Health. Accessed Oct. 28, 2004: http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132-2941_4871-79336 -- ,00.html
Today, in my profession, my education and my recreational pursuits, I am a picture of diligence and determination. As I have begun to succeed in many of the same areas where I had once found achievement so difficult, I began to note the connection between my enthusiasm for that which I was doing and the positive results yielded there from.
I would be able to channel this newfound positive attitude into the discovery of an academic area that resonates with me. Since my accident, I have taken up a new and refreshing direction, learning the beautiful natural science that is economics. It is here within that a direction has emerged. This combined with the positive experiences which I have gained working both at Wal-Mart Korea and at the Lotte Department Store to suggest a clear and attainable path for me. My working experiences have opened up a bevy of personal…
A serious problem in Turkey, as well as in many other nations, is child labor and under table labor (especially among women) as these workers are considered to be working illegally, and those who employ them are also breaking the law they are significantly less likely to be reported in statistics and/or receive due compensation and/or benefits, such as the insurance that is so instrumental in developing a clear sense of employment injuries and deaths. As reported by the U.S. Department of labor, from ILO estimates 6.7% of children aged 10-14 were working in Turkey in 2002.
Currently, the government has identified the worst forms of child labor in Turkey as children working in the streets, in hazardous industrial sectors, seasonal agricultural work, domestic service, and rural labor. The majority of children work in agriculture. Children can also be found working in metal work, woodworking, clothing industries, textiles, leather goods,…
About the ILO" Retrieved November 19, 2007 at http://www.ilo.org/global/About_the_ILO/lang -- en/index.htm
International Labor Organization LABORSTA interactive data retrieval system Retrieved November 19, 2007 at http://laborsta.ilo.org/
ILO NATALEX, Country Profiles Turkey Retrieved November 19, 2007 at http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex_browse.details-p_lang=en&p_country=TUR&p_classification=00&p_origin=COUNTRY&p_sortby=SORTBY_COUNTRY
Kucuker, H. Occupational fatalities among coal mine workers in Zonguldak,
Intelligence seeks to illuminate the unknown. y definition, intelligence analysis deals with highly ambiguous situations. Despite maximum striving for objectivity, the intelligence analyst's own preconceptions are likely to exert a greater impact on the analytical product than in other fields where an analyst is working with less ambiguous and less discordant information.[footnoteRef:1] [1: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/psych-intel/art5.html ]
In this specific case, CityPlus Insurance has approached with a number of suspicious automobile accident claims. It has gathered and obtained all the relevant information: injured parties, witnesses, vehicle descriptions, license plates, Vehicle Identification Numbers and registered owners, and dates and locations of the incidents.
The injured parties are all claiming soft tissue injuries and filing medical claims through a select group of chiropractors. There also seems to be a particular group of attorneys involved in this process acting on behalf of the injured parties.
In the above situation, to know about the…
Artis, M., M. Ayso, and M. Guillen, 1999. Modeling Different Types of Automobile Insurance Fraud Behavior in Spanish Market, Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, 24(1-2): 67-81.
Brockett, P.L., Xia, X., and Derrig, R.A., 1998. Using Kohonen's Self-Organizing Feature Map to Uncover Automobile Bodily Injury Claims Fraud, Journal of Risk and Insurance, 65: 2.
Clark, M., 1990. The control of Insurance Fraud: A Comparative View, The British Journal of Criminoilogy, 30: 1-23.
Friends From the Wrong Crowd
One of the most challenging things among the young people on America is the idea of bad company. This problem is so pronounced and serious taking into account that the people who surround and individual largely dictates the direction of the life that the individual will take and hence shaping their future.
Ryan a 23 years old boy came from a humble Christian family where no one was allowed to smoke. When Ryan joined campus he met Pat and Torrey who were cigarette addicts. They became his close friends and went a head and invited him to hang out with them for a weekend. Pat and Torrey offered Ryan a whiff of cigarette for the first time in his life. Ryan was hesitant and said an emphatic "No" to the request but they kept on insisting on him to smoke. Ultimately he ended up smoking…
Bennie is a well-nourished seven years old who develops the flu and has a fever of 101 degrees over the period of two days. Influenza could temporarily affect Bennie's nutritional status in several important ways. First, the diarrhoea and vomiting associated with influenza alone often result in dehydration. In addition, sweat loss from the fever would increase the degree of dehydration. As such, it would be important to ensure that Bennie receives adequate water and replacement electrolytes to compensate for those lost during the course of the influenza.
Second, Bennie's diarrhoea and vomiting would also affect his ability to absorb new nutrients. In addition, fever increases the body's caloric requirements. Given that Bennie is a well-nourished child, this temporary discrepancy between the calories required and calories absorbed would not likely seriously affect his overall health. As such, there is no pressing need to attempt to replace the nutrients lost during…
Hello, my friend. I am truly sorry and sympathize as much as I can regarding your traumatic car accident and subsequent spinal injury. I appreciate that you have kept me abreast of your treatment options. Your team of physicians agree that you would be a fine candidate for treatment specifically with stem cells. Most people have heard of stem cells and are aware of the scientific and ethical controversies surrounding them, but not as many people have performed productive research to find out what they really are and what the possible medical applications (and pitfalls) that come with stem cells. I have taken it upon myself to do some research for you, so that you are in a better position to make a more informed decision regarding this option for treatment of your spinal cord injury. In the next couple of pages, I will do my best to…
Mayo Clinic. (2013). Stem Cells: What They Are and What They Do. Mayo Clinic, Web, Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stem-cells/CA00081 . 2013 May 31.
National Institute of Health. (2013). Basic Questions about Stem Cells. NIH, Web, Available from: http://stemcells.nih.gov/research/Pages/Default.aspx . 2013 May 31.
Smart phones are among the latest technological devices in this 21st century. They are smart devices because they come with numerous applications most of which are versions of the computer. In addition, they integrate features earlier witnessed in disparate devices. This paper examines location-based tracking services, which is among the feature of smart phones, performed by various applications. Using adequate information from materials, the paper will discuss at length the various ways these applications can assist parents track their children, individuals track their vehicles and the general perception towards this technology. In addition, the paper will offer my personal view regarding location-based tracking devices because I also use them on my phone.
Location-based tracking is a service that utilizes a network-based service, which combines a mobile devices location or position with other relevant information to offer a benefit to the consumer or the user. Supported by advanced…
Eisenberg, A. (2013). If a Young Child Wanders, Technology Can Follow. New York Times.
Retrieved November 29, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/03/technology/if-a-young-child-wanders-technology-can-follow.html?_r=0
McCormack, W. (2000). General Motors On-Star Retrieved from http://faculty.darden.virginia.edu/GBUS885-00/Documents/OnStar_rev0907a.pdf
Olivas, M.A., & Jones, D.Y. (2011). Hovering too close: The ramifications of helicopter parenting. Retrieved from http://www.law.uh.edu/ihelg/monograph/11-12.pdf
" (KGI, 1)
I did start to notice many changes in myself, both in terms of my increasing tendency toward physical activeness and my heightening interest in the opposite sex. At first, this interest was manifested of my generally social nature. And to the point, this adolescent period would be an excellent time in my life in terms of cultivating a loose but increasingly intimate social network. This conforms with my general research on this stage of development, which is highlighted by a transition from a life dominated by home and family to one increasingly more divided to the pursuits of school, extra-curricular activity, athletic team membership and information social gathering. These tend to function as substitutes in certain areas where previously only the family fulfilled certain needs.
This was a tough time though. In the midst of the rapid changes that were altering my physical and emotional experiences, my…
Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall.
Erikson, E.H. (1963). Childhood & Society. W & M. Morton & Co.
Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University: Educational Psychology Interactive.
KGI. (2007). Growth Milestone-12 Years: Declaration of Independence. Kids Growth. Online at http://www.kidsgrowth.com/resources/articledetail.cfm?id=1130
Personal Statement for Pharmacy School
Pharmacy School is highly important to me as part of my career path, and I believe I am both personally and professionally well-qualified to attend and be successful. I have work experience in the pharmaceutical field, having worked at my aunt's pharmacy in the past. This work taught me a great deal about pharmacy as a profession, but also gave me a lot of insight about how to properly treat patients and interact with others. I consider myself more well-rounded because of the interaction I had with so many people during my time at the pharmacy. I smile frequently, consider myself a nice person, and have developed a high level of patience with people from all walks of life. In 2000, when I was 17, I came to the United States and earned my diploma from Valencia High School. Just a week later I began…
Pharmacy Personal Statement
Over the course of my life, I have been confronted with many obstacles, yet one core passion has kept me focused: that of my desire to enter the medical profession as a pharmacist. I came to the United States when I was seventeen, relatively late to enter the U.S. school system, but I was still able to become a part of the Honors Program at the College of the Canyons as a pre-pharmacy major, with a focus in chemistry. I had already worked at my aunt's pharmacy, and seeing how the work of a pharmacist could make such a difference in people's daily lives cemented my decision to pursue the profession. While at College of the Canyons I was a participant in the EOPS (Educational Opportunity Programs and Services) and volunteered at the pharmacy of Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital in Valencia. The latter enabled me to…
(the Disaster Center's Motor Vehicle Accident Death and Injury data Index, par. 1)
Accidents due to motor vehicles were the second major reasons of police deaths by the end of the century, accounting for more than 2,000 deaths or 15% of all deaths. About, 1,000 more officers comprising of 7% of all loss of lives were hit and met death by passing motor vehicles while they were not in their vehicle, rendering this group the fourth main reason for law enforcement deaths during the last century. Drunken driving was responsible for 315 cases of these vehicle-linked deaths. During the initial part of the last century, the second most important cause of police deaths were accidents due to police deaths. Practically from 1910-1939, 485 officers lost their lives in motor cycle accidents, as opposed to 323 officers who met death in other automobile accidents. With legal enforcement starting to more and…
Alcohol and Motorcycle Accidents. http://www.texasmotorcycleaccident.com/article.asp?artid=52
Automobile & Motorcycle Accidents Information. 2007. http://www.injuryboard.com/view.cfm/Topic=31
Based on the U.S. Annual death rate of 8.7 per 1000. http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=203x347144
Blanchard, E. B; Hickling, E. J; Taylor, a. E; Loos, W. R; Forneris, C. a; Jaccard. J. Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents? Behavior Research Therapy. vol. 34, no. 1, January, 1996. pp: 1-10.
Florida Negligence Analysis
Legal Claims for Cal
The first claim that Cal can bring is negligence against Abe for causing the accident. Negligence is the failure of an individual to use reasonable care. Under Florida law, negligence has four components that must be met in order for damages to be obtained.
A plaintiff must prove that the negligent person had a legal duty to use reasonable care in protecting the injured person
Under Florida law, the requirement is that the standard of care is one of a "reasonably prudent person."
Florida also requires that the incident occurs within a foreseeable-zone-of-risk
Here, Abe was driving the car and Cal was the passenger. It was Abe's duty to safely transport Cal without any accidents or incidents.
Breach of Duty
The second requirement is that Cal prove that Abe breached this duty. A breach of duty is failure to…
Restatement (Third) of Torts: Liability for Physical Harm § 3 (P.F.D. No. 1, 2005)
Restatement (Third) of Torts section 17
Florida Code TITLE XLV TORTS Chapter 768 NEGLIGENCE PART II DAMAGES section 768.73 Punitive damages; limitation.
From day one, when a teenager reaches the age of 16 to 18, it has always been a dream to drive a car to school, to the mall or to a friend's house. It is at this point in time wherein driving turns into a fad rather than a skill, to impress, to flaunt and to enjoy, A usual part of adolescence. The car or any kind of vehicle becomes an accessory to a teenager caring only to his or her personal enjoyment and satisfaction. Most often, responsibilities are only secondary to an endless list of teenage pleasure and delight. The need for speed is a race against time and life. For them having to drive is an expression of freedom.
ut for the caring parents of these teenagers, here is the real score as indicated by Dr. Dale Wisely, Ph.D (2005)., Clinical Psychologist.
"...nothing you will deal…
Mary Carskadon, (1995-2005)Inside the Teenage Brain, Frontline
Retrieved Aug 11,2005, Website
Childrens Hospital and Health System (2005),Teenage drivers
11. The issued rose in this case is unauthorized use of a company vehicle, which resulted in an accident. Prater was told to bring the truck home over the weekend to work on the body only. His boss never gave him permission to use the truck for any other purpose. Besides, the insurance on the truck would probably only pay for the accident if it occurred on company time. Prater could be charged for stealing the truck and unauthorized use. The ruling in this case should be for the plaintiff. Prater should have to pay for the accident and repairs to the truck.
5. In this case, the city is still the rightful owner of the piece of restored artwork. It does not matter how long Hoeltzer had the artwork, it is still the property of the city. Therefore, the city has legal title to the artwork unless…
Ms. Jones slipping on a banana peel on her way into the Wonderful Supermarket is unfortunate. While there are factors that make TWS look negligent, this case is far from simple in that Ms. Jones at least partially contributed to her own injury and the fact she suffered very similar injuries just six months prior complicates what can be attributed to TWS and what is attributable to the prior accident.
Problems for Ms. Jones
There are a couple of facts and circumstances that do not help Ms. Jones' case against TWS. First, the fact that she is near-sighted and that she took her glasses off after she parked her car but before she made entry into the supermarket raises the idea that she would have clearly seen the banana peel had she had her glasses on. Another factor that does not help Ms. Jones is that she suffered…
Car accident defenses: Contributory and comparative negligence. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/car-accident-defenses-contributory-comparative-30148.html
In pari delicto legal definition. (2011). Retrieved from http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/In
Unclean hands legal definition. (2011). Retrieved from http://legal-
een raffic Accidents & Fatalities
According to the Institute for Highway Safety, in every developed country around the world, teenage drivers are considered a major hazard. In the United States, this problem is magnified, as American teenagers are allowed to get their licenses at an earlier age than in most other countries, and little driving experience is required before licenses are issued (AAP, 2005). In addition, American driver's licenses are inexpensive and easy to obtain, making them widely accessible to teenagers. As a result, this country has a greatly elevated crash risk among young drivers.
While teenagers drive less than all other age groups, with the exception of the oldest Americans, the number of crashes and vehicle-related fatalities are high amongst this age group (AAP, 2005). According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): "he risk of crash involvement per mile driven among drivers 16-19 years old is 4 times…
These road restrictions are not fully supported, however. Many teenagers argue that it is unfair that all teenagers are punished for the mistakes of a limited group of peers. "Maturity doesn't start at age 18; it differs with ages and people," wrote high-school senior Jessica L. Durga in an editorial in the Detroit Free Press (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004). She complained that passenger restrictions are unfair because "passengers often help the driver see oncoming cars."
Many parents support teenagers' complaints that new limitations may be going too far. Some believe that parents should decide how their kids drive -- not governments. "It's up to parents to decide if and when their kids should drive. ... I get tired of the state telling me how to bring up my children," argued Connecticut parent Debra Gaudette in the Hartford Courant (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004).
Proponents of teenage driving restrictions disagree with these points-of-view. "It is unacceptable to have so many young people dying," said Gayle Berry, the state representative who sponsored the bill to increase the driving age in Colorado (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004). Some teenagers support this stance, as well. Michigan teenager Shea Rabidoux believes that limiting passengers is a good idea. "I know a lot of dangerous ... drivers. If the ... bill [to limit the number of
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.
Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…
Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport
Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials smile for red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune:
Instead of canceling the visit, the person grudgingly gets ready to go and at the train station accidentally gets on the train that takes home back home instead of the one that takes him to the relative's house. This in Freud's mind would be a bundled action because the person did not feel comfortable canceling so instead his subconscious took over and provided a way for him to get out of going by doing what he secretly wanted to do in the first place, which was to remain at home.
Accidental self-injury has long been attributed to the theory of bungled actions. If a person gets into a car accident and is killed or almost killed one may later discover that the person in the wreck was depressed and was facing a court date, or a divorce or financial ruin. The accident in the car according to Freud would not…
Sigmund Freud developed the theory of bungled actions for the purpose of explaining why people have accidents. In his practice there was no such thing as an accident, but instead, every accident had an underlying often subconscious reason for happening. Freud believed strongly that it was not only necessary to explore these bungled actions but to understand their foundational roots so that the person could let go of the problem and have a healthier mental attitude.
Freud, Sigmund (1960) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life. Volume VI. Translated By James Strachey. London: The Hogarth Press, 1960.
You Decide: The Law
Who is to blame?
Suzy Marks and her friends Jerry and Kate were ordered to leave Elsewhere City Park at the 11pm curfew time by Officer uthless. Suzy told the Officer she wanted to wait for her friend Orson, who was supposed to pick her up at 11pm or said she would walk the short distance home. Officer uthless ordered her into Jerry's vehicle and said she should leave immediately. Jerry made several stops on the way home and got into an accident, causing Suzy to be injured
Was Officer uthless' action the proximate cause of Suzy's injuries?
estate or summarize the question. What is the legal question you are going to answer?
Was Officer uthless negligent?
According to McCollum v. CBS, "the threshold and, in this case, dispositive question with respect to the assertion of a claim for negligence…
Herrara et al. v. Quality Pontiac. Find Law. Retrieved:
McCollum v. CBS. (1988). Retrieved:
I might believe that other variables (such as gender and low income) have a more significant impact on the frequency of car accidents as compared to for instance the general belief that it is crime, and location that induce them.
Firstly, I have to ascertain that my operational terms of data are totally accurate and thorough, since the outcome depends on the data that is fed-in to the system.
Most significantly, however, the major conceptual limitation is that I can only ascertain a relationship but never be sure of the underlying causal factor. It may be a variable that is seemingly unrelated to the independent variables mentioned here and, therefore, has been overlooked. For instance, it may be a possibility that menopause may be responsible for inducing accidents; so even though the factor of age may have emerged as significant, the real problem -- menopause -- has remained…
Vicarious liability imposes liability on one person for an illegal or tortious act committed by another, such as the negligent conduct of the dockyard worker under BUG's employ. Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability," 1999)
hat defenses may be available to BUG?
BUG could argue that neither the dockyard worker not BUG security measures were not negligent, that security was adequate, and the incident was much like a car accident, making it the fault of the driver or robber, not BUG's inability to protect the employee of the vendor company. However, even if a car accident occurs "while the employee was driving from his office to a client's site," on a professional matter, the employer will likely be liable for the accident, thus BUG's legal fate does not look salutory. (Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability," 1999)
Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious,…
Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability." (Nov 1999) Findlaw. Retrieved 16 Sept 2006 at http://www.inc.com/articles/1999/11/15396.html
The issue was a charged issue that many people felt very strongly about, i.e. race and was an allowable and supported social stigma, and yet when faced with the real life decision to break the taboo and serve Chinese people they did so with little hesitation and then effectively lied about it in self report. (Pager & Lincoln, 2005, p. 355)
Drinking and driving is a seriously socially charged issue that could have the same self-report results if given the correct avenue to do so. The self-report dogmatic dialogue regarding drinking and driving is an absolute rejection of the behavior (even after 1-2 drinks as is asked in the New Zealand Study) and yet this is an attitude and a self-report dogma, what we would say when offered the social choice, not a real reflection of how individuals would behave if given the opportunity to drink and drive. Another fault…
Brownfield, K., Fernando, K., & Halberstadt, J. (2003). Indirect Effects of Lowering the Drinking Age on New Zealand Students' Alcohol-Related Behaviours and Attitudes. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 32(1), 22. Retrieved May 28, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001970912
Fagan, J. (2005, September). Adolescents, Maturity, and the Law: Why Science and Development Matter in Juvenile Justice. The American Prospect, 16, 5.
Fillmore, M.T., Carscadden, J.L., & Vogel-Sprott, M. (1998). Alcohol, Cognitive Impairment and Expectancies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59(2), 174.
A and Lincoln Q. Walking the Talk? What Employers Say vs. What They Do. American Sociological Review 70: 2005, 355-380.
Urban Pollution by Joel a. Tarr
Joel Tarr's article, "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago" is largely about the form of urban pollution that preceded that created by automobiles. In short, this pollution was largely caused by horses, which were used as the dominant form of transportation from the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 20th century. The author is essentially establishing a comparison between the pollution caused by horses and that caused by automobiles, although he devotes the vast majority of the article to elaborating on the fact that the pollution caused by horses was considered as big of a problem as the pollution caused by automobiles in the 1970s. If one examines the amount of space he uses for detailing the concerns regarding horse pollution to that of automobile pollution, one can infer that the former appears to be worse than…
Tarr, Joel. "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago."
Most experts believe, though, that the Supreme Court's decision chastising the NHTSB was instrumental in its increased diligence and oversight regarding airbag implementation and safety measures.
Additionally, the NHTSA has a clear mandate, despite the allusion to evidence in the Court case that there may have been undue pressure placed upon the organization due to auto manufacture's complaints about rising costs for safety devices in a down economy (the late 1970s and early 1980s). However, according to their own site:
NHTSA was established by the Highway Safety Act of 1970 to carry out safety programs previously administered by the National Highway Safety Bureau. Specifically, the agency directs the highway safety and consumer programs established by the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, the Highway Safety Act of 1966, the 1972 Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, and succeeding amendments to these laws (nhtsa.dot.gov).
The NHTSA should…
Evans, L. Traffic Safety. Science Serving Society, 2004.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety
Act of 1966. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985.
Pratt, L. "Work Related Roadway Crashes." National Institute for Occupational Safety.
Stated to be barriers in the current environment and responsible for the reporting that is inadequate in relation to medical errors are:
Lack of a common understanding about errors among health care professionals
Physicians generally think of errors as individual that resulted from patient morbidity or mortality.
Physicians report errors in medical records that have in turn been ignored by researchers.
Interestingly errors in medication occur in almost 1 of every 5 doses provided to patients in hospitals. It was stated by Kaushal, et al., (2001) that "the rate of medication errors per 100 admission was 55 in pediatric inpatients. Using their figure, we estimated that the sensitivity of using a keyword search on explicit error reports to detect medication errors in inpatients is about 0.7%. They also reported the 37.4% of medication errors were caused by wrong dose or frequency, which is not far away from our result of…
Discussion Paper on Adverse Event and Error Reporting In Healthcare: Institute for Safe Medication Practices Jan 24, 2000
Patient Safety/Medical Errors Online at the Premiere Inc. page located at: http://www.premierinc.com/all/safety/resources/patient_safety/downloads/patient_safety_policy_position_2001.doc
Medstat / Shortell, S. Assessing the Impact of Continuous Quality Improvement on Clinical Practice: What It Will Take to Accelerate Progress.
Health Policy Monitor (2001) A Publication of the Council of State Governments Vol. 6, No. 1 Winter/Spring 2001 PO18-0101
" At this point she feels that she has lost everything she had. All the hopes and all the beliefs she possessed are destroyed to their very roots leaving the girl to start it all over again. The realization of her plans fails, the life choice she makes leaves her without any support. Exactly at this moment her values start "mutating," activating the girl's "defensive mechanism." Subconsciously she may even feel offended and disappointed with both of the man she loved for having left her on her own. She feels the unfairness of the occurring events and cannot find a reason to explain. These doubts transform her values in order to save her from getting hurt again.
A personal relationship stops being the source of love, care and being herself but a source of a possible future loss and pain. Her grief transforms into a powerful block whose main goal…
As it had been said earlier, people would rather take their own car or rent a car when going on a trip. In most cases, this leaves them with more money spent, and a greater risk of being part of an accident. In comparison, those that choose to travel by plane are much more relaxed and can enjoy being driven by a professional pilot that is experienced in avoiding dangerous situations. In contrast, almost anyone that has a driver's license can drive a car, regardless of their experience. From that, one can understand that it is much safer to be a plane passenger than it is to be a car passenger.
There are far more chances of a car crashing into another than there are of a plane crashing into another. hile the air traffic is constantly controlled by experts, the land traffic is rarely controlled by policemen.
1. Irvine, Chris. (2008, October 16). "Road travel in Britain 'as dangerous as it was 500 years ago'." The Telegraph. Retrieved from The Telegraph Web site: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/news/3206661/Road-travel-in-Britain-as-dangerous-as-it-was-500-years-ago.html
2. Roots, Roger. (2007). The Dangers of Automobile Travel: A Reconsideration. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 66.
3. (1990). Car-Care Tips for Cross-Country Travel: Checking the Auto before the Road Trip Can Prevent Costly Highway Mishaps. Ebony, Vol. 45, May.
4. (2006). See You Travel Safe. Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England), July 21.
The consequences of even a few dissatisfied customers can be enormous: "Dissatisfied customers turn to competitors; loyal customers spend more, refer new clients, and are less costly to do business with" (Arendt & Harris, 1998, p. 27). The authors point out that because it costs about five times more to gain a new customer than to keep an existing one, and since dissatisfied customers tell at least twice as many friends about bad experiences than they tell about good ones, it is clearly to the small business owner or manager's advantage to seek high levels of customer satisfaction and retention.
According to Gebhardt and Townsend (1990), although the notion that little things can add up to have an enormous positive effect has gained wide acceptance, many companies continue to remain sluggish in their response to the reality that little things can also have an immensely negative impact on a company's…
Arendt, L.A. & Harris, J.H. (1998). Stress Reduction and the Small Business: Increasing Employee and Customer Satisfaction. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 63(1), 27.
Benjamin, S. (1997). Words at work: Business writing in half the time with twice the power. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.
Clarke, M.A. (1997). Policies and perceptions of insurance: An introduction to insurance law. Oxford: Oxford University.
Cummins, J.D. & Tennyson, S. (1992). Controlling Automobile Insurance Costs. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 6(2), 96.
For instance, a decline in peripheral vision may impact the ability to pass approaching vehicles safely, and the decreased range of motion in an older person's neck may impair the ability to look behind when backing up. Also, reaction time decreases by almost 40% on average from age 35 to 65 (Jackson, 1999).
It also appears that the aging process may affect cognitive skills. Short-term memory loss, for instance, can decrease driving skills by interfering with an individual's ability to process information effectively when merging onto a highway into traffic or changing lanes. Such issues are magnified when driving under stressful situations. The higher incidence of cognitive impairment, particularly dementia, among older men and women leads to an increased risk of accident involvement (Jackson, 1999).
According to AAP, as a group, persons age 65 and older are relatively safe drivers. Although they represent 14% of all licensed drivers, they are…
Bedard, M., Stones, M., Guyatt, G. & Hirdes, J. (2001). Related fatalities among older drivers and passengers: past and future trends. The Gerontologist. 41 (6), 751-57.
Beers, M.H. & Berkow, R. (eds.) (2000) the Merck Manual of Geriatrics. 3rd ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co.
Central Intelligence Agency (1998). World Fact Book Washington, D.C.: Government
solutions to the problem of distracted drivers by looking at the advantages and the disadvantages of each solution. Distracted drivers account for at least 1.2 million car accidents every year, according to the Automobile Association of America. Drivers can be distracted by anything from conversation with a passenger in the car, to eating and drinking while driving, or talking on a cell phone. Clearly, driving while distracted is a dangerous occupation on today's highways, and it must be regulated, before more people lose their lives due to senseless and selfish distracted drivers.
One major factor in driver's distraction is eating and drinking while driving. "Driving is a task that requires the driver's full attention,' said ick Meyers, chief of accident information for the Illinois Department of Transportation. 'To distract one's self with lunch or eating doesn't do justice to the importance of driving. It is a responsibility'" (Librach 01). The…
Glanz, William. "Lawmakers Hold off on Cell Phone Ban." The Washington Times 10 May 2001: 9.
Ledford, Joey "Dialing+driving = danger on roads." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. 25 Jan.1998, pp C02.
Librach, Phyllis Brasch. "Meals on Wheels: Dining a La Car-Te is Popular Habit Among Americans." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 27 June 1994, pp 01.
Stutts, Jane C., et al. "Distractions in Everyday Driving." American Automobile Association: Foundation for Traffic Safety. 2003. 2 Aug. 2004. http://www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/DistractionsInEverydayDriving.pdf
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive." This is a persuasive essay and it discusses the issue of Teenagers NOT being allowed to drive at the age of 16 and why I think they should not be allowed.
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive
Car accidents have known to be deadlier than gang violence, suicide, or drugs and alcohol. Every year thousands of teens die all over the world from motor vehicle crash injuries. This is a very important issue and we cannot ignore this problem; as it is simply not going to disappear. Motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer of teenagers aged fifteen to twenty-four. Teenagers are involved in car accidents as both drivers and passengers, compared with other age groups. In addition to the number of teenage driver deaths, two out of three of those teens were…
Williams AF, Preusser DF, Ulmer RG, Weinstein HB. Characteristics of fatal crashes of 16-year-old-drivers: implications for licensure policies. J Public Health Policy 1995;16:347-60.
Laberge-Nadeau C, Maag U, Bourbeau R. The effects of age and experience on accidents with injuries: should the licensing age be raised? Accid Anal Prev 1992;24:107-16.
Mayhew DR, Simpson HM. New to the road: young drivers and novice drivers: similar problems and solutions? Ottawa (ON): Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada; 1990.
Preusser DF, Ferguson SA, Williams AF. Effect of teenage passengers on the fatal crash risk of teenage drivers. Accid Anal Prev. In press 1997.
Age: 30 years, 11 months
Dates of Evaluation: 10/25/15 -10/30/2015
eason for eferral
This is a 30-year-old right-handed woman referred by Dr. Smith for a psychological evaluation to determine any lingering psychological and cognitive effects as a result of a mild head injury that she suffered on October 15, 2015 as a result of an automobile accident. The client has complained of severe memory problems, being disoriented at times, feeling depressed and anxious, and having nightmares the accident. Her physical complaints consist of headaches, back aches, poor sleep, nausea, and vomiting.
The client is a 30-year-old, divorced, Hispanic woman who lives with her children in a home that she rents in XXX (client please insert city). She has been married three times and has three children from two of the marriages.
The client grew up in XXXX (insert). She reported that her…
Baddeley, A. (1992). Working memory. Science, 255(5044), 556-559.
Black, D. O., Wallace, G. L., Sokoloff, J. L., & Kenworthy, L. (2009). Brief report: IQ split predicts social symptoms and communication abilities in high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 39(11), 1613-1619.
Groth-Marnat, G. (2009). Handbook of psychological assessment. (5th ed.). Indianapolis, IN John Wiley & Sons.
Hogan, T.P. (2015). Psychological testing: A practical introduction . (3rd ed). Hoboken, NJ.
in "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a circus acrobat father -- Edith learns to fend for herself from the very beginning. As a natural consequence of her surroundings, she makes the acquaintance of several ne'er do wells. She rises above the lifestyles of the girls she grows up with who prostitute themselves for a living in the hope that they will eventually meet a benefactor with whom they can settle. Edith has a talent for singing and she indulges this interest by singing loudly in the streets.…
Beauvoir, Simone de, and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.pp. lv, 786
Eisenstein, Zillah R. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. The Northeastern Series in Feminist Theory. Northeastern University Press ed. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.pp. xi, 260
Engels, Fredrick. "The Development of Utopian Socialism." Trans. Lafargue, Paul. Marx/Engels Selected Works. Revue Socialiste. Ed. Basgen, Brian. Vol. 3. New York: Progress Publishers, 1880. 95-151.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. 1894. Retrieved April 10, 2003 from. http://csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx/Archive/1884-Family/
The Dangers of Teenage Drinking:
The Possibility of Losing Life in Less than One Minute
There is no greater danger today than the juxtaposition of human force against machine. When this duality comes into play, there is no escape, and its clash can only lead to a violent end. One could envisage such a metaphor for any kind of accident, but especially for the automotive kind. Indeed, of any accident, car accidents are perhaps the most dangerous, with 39 million deaths a year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Of these accidents a good number are due to drinking, and especially to teenage drinking, of which one hears stories in newspapers almost daily. The following paragraphs will thus shed light on teenage drinking and why it is so incredibly dangerous, not only when it comes to cars and driving, but also when drinking socially, and drinking too much.…
Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.
15-Hour on-Duty Limit
May not drive after having been on duty for 15 hours, following 8 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time is not included in the 15-hour period.
60/70-Hour on-Duty Limit
May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.
60/70-Hour on-Duty Limit
May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days.
Sleeper Berth Provision
Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.
Sleeper Berth Provision
Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 hours in the sleeper berth, and may split the sleeper-berth time into two…
About DOT. (2012). U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.dot.gov/ .
Ashmore, R.B. & Staff, W.C. (1994). Teaching ethics: An interdisciplinary approach.
Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
Belz, S.M., Robinson, G.S. & Casali, J.G. (2004). Temporal separation and self-rating of alertness as indicators of driver fatigue in commercial motor vehicle operators. Human Factors, 46(1), 154-156.
Yet there was almost no contamination in her car on in her locker at the plant. These results began to seem as if the company was deliberately contaminating her, somehow. After she died, it was shown that she had actually ingested plutonium, and many people believe that she was deliberately poisoned to try to shut her up and intimidate her.
The Kerr-McGee plant in Crescent eventually closed down in 1975, but they avoided litigation for years, and in the end, settled out of court with her estate. They still do business, and while many writers have implicated them in Silkwood's death, they have never been prosecuted or held accountable for her death or what happened to her.
After her death, several of her organs were tested for radiation at the Los Alamos Tissue Analysis Program in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Among other things, they found very high concentrations of plutonium…
Editors. (2008). Karen Silkwood biography. Retrieved 25 Nov. 2008 from the Biography.com Web site: http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9542402&page=1 .
Editors. (2008). The Karen Silkwood story. Retrieved 25 Nov. 2008 from the Frontline Web site: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/reaction/interact/silkwood.html .
Rashke, R. (2000). The killing of Karen Silkwood: The story behind the Kerr-McGee plutonium case. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
FAA Pilot Rest Requirements
On January 15, 2009, Captain Chesley Sullenberger successfully landed U.S. Airways Flight 1549, a scheduled commercial passenger flight from LaGuardia Airport in New York City to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, onto the waters of the Hudson River after the plane, an Airbus A320-214, had been struck by a flock of birds which caused an immediate and complete loss of thrust in both engines. Had Capt. Sullenberger, and the crew of Flight 1549, not responded as they did, in a uniformly calm and cool manner while adhering to the tenets FAA safety regulations, there's a decent chance that all of the 155 occupants aboard the Airbus 320 would not be with us today, and that this story of heroism, in the face of looming tragedy, would have a different ending (Sturcke, 2009).
On February 12, 2009, in the wake of the glee and excitement that…
Bowles, H. (2010, Feb. 8). Colgan Pilot Fatigue & NTSB. Better Job Safety. Retrieved from http://safetests.blogspot.com/2010/02/colgan-pilot-fatigue-ntsb.html
Brandon, M. (2000, Sept). The Effects of Fatigue On Performance And Safety. Airline Safety.Com. Retrieved from http://www.airlinesafety.com/editorials/PilotFatigue.htm
Dorr, L., Duquette, A. (2010, Sept. 16). Fact Sheet -- Pilot Fatigue. Federal Aviation
Administration. Retrieved from http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=11857
Probability & Measures of Central endency
Solve the following problems showing your work:
In a poll, respondents were asked whether they had ever been in a car accident. 157 respondents indicated that they had been in a car accident and 117 respondents said that they had not been in a car accident. If one of these respondents is randomly selected, what is the probability of getting someone who has been in a car accident?
he data set represents the income levels of the members of a country club. Find the probability that a randomly selected member earns at least $88,000
total, 14 of them at or above $88,000 means the probability is:
In a certain class of students, there are 15 boys from Wilmette, 5 girls from Kenilworth, 9 girls from Wilmette, 6 boys from Glencoe, 2 boys from Kenilworth and 8 girls from Glencoe. If the teacher calls upon…
Tutorial on Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved February 12, 2011, from http://www.childrens-mercy.org/stats/definitions/stdev.htm
Overview of Measures of Dispersion, Retrieved November 12, 2008, from http://www.unc.edu/~knhighto/econ70/lec2/lec2.htm
Standard Deviation in the Stock Market, Retrieved August 27, 2008, from http://www.trade10.com/standard_deviati.htm
community rating in insurance?
Under which pricing system do insurers have an incentive to engage in preferred risk selection?"
Health insurance providers use the rating system to calculate the charge for their insurance. ating systems such as community rating and experience rating use difference statistical method to estimate the amount a given individual or a group will pay for the healthcare insurance. Using the rating system, health insurance providers have been able to determine the amount an individual or a group will pay for their insurance.
Experience rating is defined as the practice of setting a rate for an individual or a group based on the benefits paid on behalf of that group, and experience rating adjusts future premium based on benefit utilization and experience. In insurance, experience rating is based on the traditional insurance concept, which base the premium of a group individual on the probability of the loss…
Enthoven, A.C. (1980). Health Plan: The Practical Solution to the Soaring Cost of Medical Care. Beard Books. USA.
Feldstein, .P.J. (2011). Health Care Economics. Cengage Learning, USA.
Follmann, J.F. (1962). Experience Rating vs. Community Rating. The Journal of Insurance. 29,(3): 403-415.
Mahdavi, G. (2008). Adverse Selection vs. Advantageous Selection in Life Insurance Market. Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto.
McIntyre vs. Balentine is one of the landmark cases in the United States because of its contribution to the adoption of a system of modified comparative fault in Tennessee. Based on this system, a plaintiff may receive compensation for damages where his/her fault is less than the defendant's fault. Notably, the recovery of damages by the plaintiff is lessened to reflect his/her extent of fault. In situations involving several tortfeasors, a plaintiff's recovery of damages is valid so long as his/her fault is less than the total fault of all tortfeasors ("Comparative Fault & The Empty Chair," n.d.). The lawsuit was determined on the basis of contributory negligence doctrine and comparative negligence. The application of these doctrines as fueled by the need to determine the essential difference in the fault or legal duty between a party or non-party and negligent tortfeasor.
Actions that Contributed to the Suit:
Harry Douglas McIntyre,…
"Comparative Fault & The Empty Chair." (n.d.). Lex et Scientia. Retrieved March 13, 2014,
Day, J.A. (n.d.). § 15.21 Fifty Percent Rule. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from http://www.johndaylegal.com/lawyer-attorney-1803708.html
"McIntyre v. Balentine." (2013). Leagle, Inc. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from http://www.leagle.com/decision/1992885833SW2d52_1885
Both Taoism and Buddhism encourage meditation as a means by which to liberate the mind and achieve emptiness. One of the Buddhist practices that encourages emptiness is mindfulness meditation, or vipassana. However, there are numerous specific methods that be used during the meditation practice. Some are more Tibetan in origin as those espoused by Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche and the Vajrayana tradition. Other meditation practices are like those I learned at the Hsi Lai Temple, which combine Ch'an (Chinese Zen) Buddhism with Buddhist humanism. Taoism, unlike Buddhism, also offers ancillary spiritual practices such as Tai Chi and Chi Gung. The teachings of Buddhism and Taoism go neatly hand in hand.
Therefore, I am continually growing from becoming more open to spiritual teachings. The spiritual journey is like a flower blossoming. I do not believe that religious dogma or ideology are necessary, and in some cases they can be harmful. As Chogyam…
Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche. Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism. Shambala, 1987.
"Emptiness." Retrieved online: http://thebigview.com/buddhism/emptiness.html
"Humanism." Hsi Lai Temple. Retrieved online: http://www.hsilai.org/en/intro_subpages/intro_hsi_lai_human_Buddhism.html
Although he is compared to divinity, The Misfit is not a "good man," just as the Grandmother is not a good woman. O'Connor purposely alludes to the Old Testament because the deity described there is not necessarily "good" in the sense that He brings joy to human beings. Rather, the Biblical God is vengeful, full of wrath and disgust for humanity. God is, in many ways, like The Misfit. He brings disasters upon humanity and punishes people, often for no reason, as in the story of Job. The Old Testament God is then compared with Jesus Christ, about whom the grandmother and The Misfit exchange many words. Based on their discussions, it is clear that The Misfit has contemplated the nature of Jesus far more than the grandmother, who simply relies on her faith. The grandmother continuously pleads with The Misfit to "pray." However, his response is an intellectual investigation…
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." The Complete Stories. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1946. p. 117-133.
I also felt a second jolt which I realized was the rest of the deer hitting my rear driver's side door after the impact with the mirror spun the animal around. Almost immediately, I could smell the very strong scent of deer and I had a frozen image of an explosion of fur next to my face. The sun was setting to my left and I caught a glimpse of the fur cloud in the afternoon sunlight.
I pulled over at the first rest stop to inspect the damage to my car. The mirror had snapped off so cleanly that it almost looked like it had never been there at all; only an empty housing was still connected to the car. Even the electric wires had been sheared off as though sliced off with a razor. The only other damage to my car was a shallow depression in the rear…
This was due to the fact that defense attorneys often attempted to prove consent by showing that a victim did not resist the assault or had a sexual history suggesting that she would have consented to the sexual contact. Now, N.J.S.2C:14-2 no longer contains a requirement that the perpetrator overcame a resisting victim. Instead, in cases of forcible rape, the Code simply requires that the defendant: committed the assault during the course of certain specified felonies (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(3); was armed or seemed to be armed (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(4); acted with another and used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5); used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5) and -(1); the victim is physically or mentally incapacitated N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(7). Therefore, the Code names a variety of situations where sexual intercourse between a victim and a defendant is rape, without evidence of any type of coercion.
Maria, a single mother, goes on her third date with John. They return…
hite Privilege and Affirmative Action
Some people believe that the color of a person's skin matters a great deal in this world, that this racial marker determines the opportunities and potential successes that a person may have in their lifetime. Many people, particularly those who belong to historically marginalized groups such as African-Americans, Native Americans, or Hispanics, believe that being Caucasian or white guarantees an individual certain rights and privileges which are not awarded to minorities. In the essay "hite Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack," author Peggy McIntosh explains that white privilege is the process by which white people are given an unspoken and often unrealized advantage over their minority counterparts simply because they are not from a minority group (1989). This system serves to hinder the availability of the American Dream to all members of the population because instead of everyone being granted a fair deal from…
McIntosh, P. (1989).White privilege: unpacking the invisible backpack. Independent School.
Steele, S. (2003). A negative vote on affirmative action. The New York Times.
eber and Marx on Labor
In the 19th century, leading social theorists such as Karl Marx and Max eber believed that because its many inherent contradictions, the capitalist system would inevitably fall into a decline.
More than a century later, however, the capitalist system is far from dead. Rather, it appears to be further entrenched, encircling the world in the stranglehold of globalization.
Despite the continued growth of capitalism, however, this paper argues that both Marx and eber's writings remain relevant to explaining many aspects of advanced industrial capitalism. In this paper, the Marx and eber's writings on estranged labor are explored in detail, to examine if the labor theories both men used to analyze capitalism and the plight of workers in the 19th century can also be applied to 21st century capitalism.
The first part of this paper discusses Marx's theory of estranged labor, as written in The Economic…
Alarcon-Gonzales, Diana and Terry McKinley, "The adverse effects of structural adjustments on working women in Mexico" Latin American Perspectives, 26, 3, May 1999, 103-117. Available from Proquest Database.
A ore, Tom, ed. A Dictionary of Marxist Thought. Second Edition. London: Basil Blackwell, 1991.
Coser, Louis. Masters of Sociological Thought. New York: Harcourt Brace Janovich, 1977.
Lee, Matthew T. And Ermann, David. "Pinto madness as a flawed landmark narrative: an organization of and network analysis." Social Problems, Feb 1999 v46 i1 p30(1). Proquest Database.