Car Accident Essays Examples

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Cars and Driving Are Emblems of American

Words: 1416 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77283995

Cars and driving are emblems of American culture, and have defined American lifestyle and identity. American cities are built around the car, and so is the urban and suburban sprawl. It is no small coincidence, therefore, that both Flannery O'Connor and Dagoberto Gilb use a car as a central symbol in their short stories. In O'Connor's "A Good Man is Hard to Find," a road trip turns deadly when the family runs into a group of escaped convicts on their way to Florida. Florida makes a brief appearance in Gilb's short story, "Love in L.A.," too, as protagonist Jake mistakes Mariana's heritage for being Cuban since her license plates are from Florida. Like "A Good Man is Hard to Find," "Love in L.A." centers around cars and driving as the central motifs, but in Gilb's story, the ending is not gruesome. Although "Love in L.A." And "A Good Man is Hard to Find" are set in two entirely different places and time, both are quintessentially American tales. Their characterization, symbolism, irony, and moral codes are all similar; but there are some critical differences between the two texts in terms of theme and tone. Both "A Good Man is Hard to…… [Read More]

Gilb, Dagoberto. "Love in L.A."

O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." Retrieved online:
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Cars on the Surface Autonomous Cars Do

Words: 745 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2258593


On the surface, autonomous cars do not seem to present any serious ethical challenges. Their technological marvels herald a new era of transportation, in which roads can be potentially safer, less expensive, and more efficient. The technology includes a combination of sensory input devices such as GPS, radar, and cameras to enable the car to maneuver itself on roadways, and their processors allow for learning from experience. They are programmed to obey the rules of the road, and would therefore be far more law abiding than their human counterparts. Autonomous cars have a wide range of applications in business and law enforcement, and it is almost certain that they will be used in greater capacities in the future. However, for autonomous cars to remain safe and ethically viable, they should be required to operate in zones specifically designed for them as opposed to being a part of the standard traffic pattern.

Like all robotic devices, autonomous cars make decisions based on programmed rules. Unlike people, robots do not let distractions cloud their judgment or ability to operate a vehicle. A robotic car cannot drive drunk or text while driving. Therefore, robotic cars may be better than some drivers currently…… [Read More]

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Opportunities to Reduce Traffic Accidents

Words: 2611 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58950638

In addition, a growing number of countries in the region have also started strict traffic sign and signal enforcement campaigns (Martin, 2005). In addition, launched in 2009, a governmental campaign to reduce traffic accidents in the Sultanate of Oman has sought to raise awareness among Omanis concerning the need to use safety belts in general and the need to use safety seats for young children every time people take to the road. In addition, the Royal Oman Police, the Ministry of Social Development and the Ministry of Education have collaborated with the Omani Society Safety on the traffic safety initiatives as discussed further below.

Civil Society. According to Rajhi (2011), there are a number of civic organizations that play an important role in promoting traffic safety and raising public awareness about the need to reduce traffic accidents. These organizations include the Omani Society for Road Safety which is dedicated to serving as a strategic partner with the country's official police forces to reduce traffic accidents. Local organizations such as the Omani Society for Road Safety were formed in 2004 following the introduction of the country-wide traffic safety initiative was proposed by the country's leadership (Rajhi, 2011).

The goals of the…… [Read More]

Martin, J. (2005, March). Arab traffic jam: Road traffic accidents are costing Arab states billions of dollars annually, not to mention the catastrophic loss of life. The Middle East, 354, 37-

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Requiring Air Bags in Cars

Words: 2889 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6056535

Air Bags in Cars

The Politics of Air Bags

Air bags weren't always in cars. They have come about as a fairly recent development, and the rise of the air bag was due to politics. While this may sound strange, many things that individuals take for granted today have come about because special interest groups were concerned about a specific aspect of public policy or public safety. These individuals or groups then worked to change laws or to have laws enacted that made the world, in their opinion, a better place.

The purpose of this paper is to examine air bags from a political standpoint. In other words, the goal of this paper is not to make a judgment as to whether air bags in cars are good or bad, but rather to look at the political changes that caused them to come about in the first place.

In order to do this, several things must be examined in order to gain a full understanding of the issue.

First, policy changes had to be made in order for air bags to be placed in cars. What the policy was like before air bags, and what the policy was like after…… [Read More]

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Angelo Epifani Drove His Car Into My

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47025746

Angelo Epifani drove his car into my daughter, killing her instantly. The driver left the scene of the accident, likely fearing the repercussions and unable to face the consequences. My daughter was left lying on the street in the middle of the night, alone, to die. Her name was Jiao Shiqi. She was only 20 years old when she died, a delightful, kind, intelligent, and sweet girl.

Jiao Shiqi had her whole life ahead of her. She had immigrated to Canada not long before her untimely death. The courage it must have taken Jiao Shiqi to move to a foreign country alone was remarkable, but she handled it so well that she made friends nearly the minute she disembarked from the plane: flight AC031 direct from Beijing to Toronto Pearson.

Her marks at Columbia International College were so good, that Jiao Shiqi was planning on completing her college degree at the University of Toronto next year. She would have studied law and public policy. She would have made a great difference in the world. But she will never be allowed that opportunity now that she is gone forever. The world will miss her.

The night she died, Jiao Shiqi played…… [Read More]

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Colgan Air Flight 3407 Accident

Words: 3090 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98523956

On the hand, some plans may be slow to respond to the pilot's commands; complicating the piloting process, much like a sports car, for example, that under steers or a truck that over steers (Personal Communication, 2010). Bay contends that training on more than one plane of a particular model would prove to be a positive practice for airlines to implement.

Bay asserts that the following questions need to be answered regarding the cause of the crash of Flight 3407.

How much training and experience did the pilot/s have with this particular aircraft?

How many hours experience did the pilot/s have flying this particular craft?

Did a matter of pilot fatigue play a part in the incident?

Could alcohol have been a factor in the pilot's inability to "do the right thing"?

Were there any known defects with the plane?

Did any type mechanical malfunction occur?

On what date was the plane last inspected and/or serviced? (Personal

Communication, 2010).

Prior to the crash landing, the CVR in the cockpit of Flight 3407 recorded that Renslow and Shaw engaged a conservation that potentially distracted Renslow from effectively operating the plane. Robert Sumwalt, Member of the NTSB board perceived the conversation as…… [Read More]

2010 jan17,0,6867522,full.story

Williams, Brian. (2009, February 12). Safety Questions. NBC Nightly News. Retrieved February

13, 201 from
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Smoking in Cars With Children Present

Words: 2505 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77412985

Banning Smoking in Cars With Children: Moral and Legal Issues

Five states in America, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Maine and Oregon, and also Puerto Rico -- have made it a crime to smoke in cars when children are there, and more states are considering the adoption of this legislation as well. For instance, other nations such as Canada, South Africa and the United Arab Emirates are also leaning towards such a ban. The ban is viewed as beneficial in the sense that it not only protects children but it also minimizes the amount of accidents which will be derived from cigarette-related distractions, such as lighting, ashing or dropping them while driving ( However, the biggest impetus for this legislation is the desire to protect all innocent children from exposure to the hazards which are inherently connected to cigarettes and cigarette smoke. One of the inherent necessities of this issue is in connection with the fact that thousands of children die each year as a result of exposure to cigarette smoke (

Few people have a clear and cohesive understanding of what secondhand smoke actually is. "Secondhand smoke (SHS) is defined as a mixture of sidestream smoke from the end of a…… [Read More]

References: (n.d.). Smoking Should be Banned in Cars Whenever Children are Present. Retrieved from

Brown, A. (2014, Jan 29). Banning smoking in cars is wrong: where would it end? Retrieved from cars-is-wrong-where-would-it-end/
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Banning Cell Phones in Cars

Words: 1836 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83007537

This is a clear sign that conversational distraction is cognitive, that is to say, conversation does not affect how people look at the road, but affects how many new and/or dangerous situations are noticed by the drivers. With this level of distraction more attention should be given to this issue just as the cell phone use in cars.

Conclusion and recommendation

Before making any major policy regarding use of cell phones, the industry should work together with the government to come up with a more informed finding on both the risks and the benefits of using cell phones while driving. Making public policy now at a time when the scientific evidence is ill-informed may be more harmful than useful to the society. Any restriction that is imposed now may be difficult, if not impossible, to reverse, and seriously impeded ability for researchers to quickly come up with better scientific information that compares the risks and benefits from which an informed and reasonable policy can be created. As much as it is not appropriate to restrict cell phone use now, the government and industry should encourage people to use cell phones selectively while driving, this can be achieved through vigorous public…… [Read More]

"An investigation of the safety implications of wireless communications in vehicles." National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). 1997. 16th March, 2012
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Pinto Automobile Makers Are Responsible

Words: 1813 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30756776

Unfortunately, many companies and industries have not learned from the mistakes of the Ford company; as this is an issue that continues to happen with a number of large companies. A prime example of an industry that continues to use a cost benefit analysis even when it involves human life is the airline industry. Many companies within the industry have known in the past that some parts of the planes that were being manufactured were defective and could result in crashes and ultimately death. Yet they still allowed these planes to be used. They, like Ford, did not take into consideration the lasting impact of still allowing these products to be used even when they were found to be defective. For instance, it has taken Ford many years to overcome the decisions and choices it made in regard to the Ford Pinto.


The purpose of this discussion was to evaluate the ethical behavior of the Ford Motor Company as it relates to the manufacture of the Ford Pinto Automobile. We found that the Ford Motor company quickly developed and manufactured the Ford Pinto automobile. In addition, the company knew that the gas tank on the Pinto was defective and…… [Read More]

Ford Pinto. (n.d.) Retrieved May 6, 2006 from;
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Selling American Used Cars in

Words: 9639 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32128668

Customer Roles

At least three customer roles are needed for a marketplace transaction: (Ibid)

1. Buying, choosing a particular product or service;

2. Closing sale by paying for product or service;

3. Consuming or using product or service.

Subsequently, one customer may be a buyer, a payer, or a user; or each of these roles may be filled by an organization; various individuals; or different departments. During the process of transforming a showroom visitor to a used car buyer, it is vital to note that if a seller does not cater to each of these three roles, he may loose the customer.

Insuring a used car's features are the ones the potential customer has in mind and that the vehicle will best satisfy the user's want or need has to be a primary goal of a seller.

The payer role is equally important as without a payer a sale will not transpire. In the past, the payer role was frequently minimized or ignored. In today's used car market, as financing is a profitable business, they payer's role is a vital component for insuring a sale is completed, as well as a contributor to the profit factor.

The used car's buyer…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allen & Unwin. Dividends of Fear: America's $94 Billion Arab Market Export Loss. (2003, July/August). Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 22, IM1+.

Ambah, Faiza Saleh. "Saudi women recall a day of driving; Women who protested in 1990 reunite as debate over women drivers returns.(WORLD)," The Christian Science Monitor, December 7, 2005.
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Cause and Effect of Cars

Words: 417 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9847376

Marcia Cedeno

Mrs. Kelley

Cars: Cause and Effect

The use of cars has been a major factor in modern life. Although most people would consider cars to be indispensable, there are many effects that cars cause on the environment and quality of life.

The environmental impact upon the environment is strong. Using a car is one of the most polluting activities an individual can do.(EPA) In turn, the consequences of the resulting pollution include such problems as smog, respiratory problems, acid rain, and ozone depletion. However, improving on the efficiency of cars can help counteract this problem by reducing the emissions they produce. (Albrecht ) Indeed, the effect of switching from high fuel consumption vehicles to "greener" alternatives can have a significant effect on these problems.

Interestingly, environmental effects are not the only consequences of using cars, for they also affect human safety and health -- from accidents, obesity, and violence due to road rage, to the overall quality of human life as a whole -- including traffic, lack of exercise, and an increase in urban sprawl.(Stop) In addition, physical space is effected as well (a bicycle takes up four times less room, a bus thirty times less),( Energie-Cites) as…… [Read More]

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An Analysis of Rail Accidents

Words: 3367 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95714413


Indicative Literature Review

Accident Theories

Theories of Transport Safety

WMATA Accidents & the Debate

Analysis and Evaluation of the Key Issues

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has recorded a number of rail accidents and other incidents within the jurisdiction of the Washington DC Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) in the past six years. A centralized approach taken by the Federal Transport Agency (FTA) and the safety management department has not helped in the reduction of the incidents that are potentially hazardous and detrimental for travelers.

There have been talks about adopting new approaches and methods to deal with the issues that lead to the accidents and incidents. These measures are expected to yield results over a period of 5-10 s. The exposure to the risk of accidents and the safety performance would be reduced by the implementation of the measures (, 2015).

Since the process of management of road and rail safety is as good as the way people and resources are utilized, the new measures are expected to show the correlation that exist between the safety management structure currently in place and the repletion of the rail incidents.

The vital transportation needs of the national capital region are…… [Read More]

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How Do People Choose Cars

Words: 4071 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70007492

Behavioral Economics

There is a lot of predictability and patterns when it comes to economics. There are many examples that one can point to. First, there is a bit of a cycle to things. Even when there are economic "booms" in the United States or other capitalistic countries, there are eventually "busts" of varying size and degree called recessions. Most of the time, the recessions are fairly brief and not a lot of damage is done. Other times, one sees recessions like the Great Depression in the 1930's and the Great Recession in the 2000's. There was also the fairly dark period that occurred during the latter part of Jimmy Carter's Presidency and into the early 1980's when Reagan took over (24/7 Wall Street). Of course, there are behaviors that are expected and realized when economic travails come. People tend to tighten their spending, stick to their current job if they have one and so forth. Even when there are economic issues, there are some things that people must have or consume (Crawford). Examples include gasoline, food, water and, for many, a reliable and running vehicle. There are some cities and situations where a car is not an absolute need.…… [Read More]

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George Kelly's Theory Is a

Words: 2361 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37419541

("Kelly Psychology of Personal Constructs," 2005)

Social Cognitive theories are a primary focus in today's clinical world. The person is seen as a proactive vs. reactive organizer of his or her life. Utilizing the main concepts of this theory explain why Jane is having such difficulty coping with life? How would Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck intervene in Jane's lifestyle?

The social cognitive theory is when there is focus on learning by watching what others do. The successes and failures that they experience are used to shape how the individual will view the world around them and their role in it. This is accomplished by teaching them techniques during the process that can be applied to their daily lives. (Santrock, 2008, pp. 26 -- 30) When this occurs on a regular basis, is the point that the person will begin to use these events as experiences that will shape how they react to different situations.

At the heart of these concepts, are the ideas of moral competence and moral performance. Moral competence is when there is an emphasis on the ability of the individual to perform moral actions. While moral performance is used by the person to motivate them to…… [Read More]

The Beginning of Cognitivist. (2002). All Psych. Retrieved from:
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Engineering Ethics

Words: 3224 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8760713

Individual Automobile Safety Technology

Engineering Ethics

The overarching contribution of the automobile industry to the United States economy is considerable. Approximately 1.067 million intermediate job are engaged in the direct support of the industry. The spin-off jobs that are associated with the industry -- those people who are employed in direct and intermediate positions -- adds an additional 1.765 million to the total job count associated with U.S. motor vehicle manufacturing activities. This brings the total number of jobs to nearly 3.145 million jobs. The ratio of direct employment to total jobs created has a multiplier of 10.0 (3,145,000 / 313,000) -- an excellent ratio in any investment. To put it in simpler, more comprehensible terms, for every single job in the automobile manufacturing industry, there are an additional nine jobs in the entire sector.

Private sector compensation that is associated with the total number of jobs is about $206 billion, with personal income taxes on that employment estimated to be about $29 billion. It is useful to think in terms of the percentages of jobs and of compensation for automobile manufacturing in terms of the overall employment and earnings figures for the United States. When the direct, intermediate, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bazerman, M.H. And Tensbrunsel, A.E. (2011, April). Ethical Breakdown. Harvard Business Review (HBR). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Review. Retrieved

Cutler, D. And Massy-Beresford, H,(2012, October 10). Timeline: Major global recalls in the auto industry. Reuters. Retreived
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Texting While Driving Speech Outline Description of

Words: 742 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28289680

Texting While Driving Speech Outline

Description of the audience for your speech:

The audience for this speech would likely be comprised of members of the legislature, preferably members of Congress, who could enact a law in all 50 states because only this group can create laws on a national level.

The topic of this speech is the problem of texting while driving and how it negatively affects people of the U.S. In all 50 states.

Specific Purpose:

The specific purpose of this speech is to convince those in positions of power to create legislation which would make texting while driving illegal throughout the United States of America.

Texting while driving is a highly dangerous practice that far too many people take part in; an activity which has led to a high number of automobile collisions, many injuries, and far too many deaths.

Question Based on Thesis:

How does texting while driving negatively affect driving ability and how many incidences have there been because of texting while driving?

Main Points:

1. 23% of all auto collisions in 2011 were caused by cell phone usage, equaling 1.3 million incidences (Texting).

2. Texting while driving makes a person 23 times more likely to…… [Read More]

Austin, Michael. "Texting While Driving: How Dangerous is it?" Car and Driver. Hearst. June 2009, Print.

Bowens, Dan. "Texting While Driving Ban Results in Few Tickets." WRAL. Capital
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Rhetorical Theory and Practice

Words: 2999 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3845924

Commonplace: "You Always Admire What You Really Don't Understand"

There are a great many things that arouse admiration in this world of ours. Some of these things such as a creation of nature, a work of breathtaking art, scientific breakthroughs that benefit human kind, and acts of bravery are, without doubt, worthy of the admiration and the sentiment that they inspire. Unfortunately, however, human beings also fruitlessly admire a great many more things that are illusory in nature and, therefore, not really worthy of respect. Take, for instance, the human desire to be good looking, rich, successful and powerful. These qualities seem desirable purely because people who possess these attributes appear to be better off in life. But, are they really? Or, do these qualities give rise to admiration only because we don't really understand what being beautiful, wealthy, successful or powerful entails?

Perhaps, it is precisely the recognition that we admire what we really don't understand that led Alexander Pope to say, "Yet, let not each gay turn thy rapture move; for fools admire, but men of sense approve." (Part II, 190) In fact, Pope's words begin to assume real meaning if one considers that works of fiction as…… [Read More]

Cool Nurse. "Marijuana." Cool Nurse Web site. Accessed Oct. 28, 2004:
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Transfer Admission Statement Few Things

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12533195

Today, in my profession, my education and my recreational pursuits, I am a picture of diligence and determination. As I have begun to succeed in many of the same areas where I had once found achievement so difficult, I began to note the connection between my enthusiasm for that which I was doing and the positive results yielded there from.

I would be able to channel this newfound positive attitude into the discovery of an academic area that resonates with me. Since my accident, I have taken up a new and refreshing direction, learning the beautiful natural science that is economics. It is here within that a direction has emerged. This combined with the positive experiences which I have gained working both at Wal-Mart Korea and at the Lotte Department Store to suggest a clear and attainable path for me. My working experiences have opened up a bevy of personal strengths previously unknown to me. I take great pleasure working with others, helping people and accommodating interpersonal interaction. This is true to the extent that I have used my diplomacy and communication skills to help bridge conflicts, bring about compromise and generally promote a more positive and enjoyable atmosphere at…… [Read More]

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Accidental Threats Turkey Accidental Threats

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82842993

A serious problem in Turkey, as well as in many other nations, is child labor and under table labor (especially among women) as these workers are considered to be working illegally, and those who employ them are also breaking the law they are significantly less likely to be reported in statistics and/or receive due compensation and/or benefits, such as the insurance that is so instrumental in developing a clear sense of employment injuries and deaths. As reported by the U.S. Department of labor, from ILO estimates 6.7% of children aged 10-14 were working in Turkey in 2002.

Currently, the government has identified the worst forms of child labor in Turkey as children working in the streets, in hazardous industrial sectors, seasonal agricultural work, domestic service, and rural labor. The majority of children work in agriculture. Children can also be found working in metal work, woodworking, clothing industries, textiles, leather goods, personal and domestic services, automobile repair, furniture making, hotel and catering, and footwear. A rapid assessment on working street children in 2001 found that street children in the cities of Diyarbakir, Adana, and Istanbul pick through garbage at dumpsites, shine shoes, and sell various goods, among other activities. Girls are…… [Read More]

About the ILO" Retrieved November 19, 2007 at -- en/index.htm

International Labor Organization LABORSTA interactive data retrieval system Retrieved November 19, 2007 at 
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Ford Pinto -- Case Analysis on August

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58287221

Ford Pinto -- Case Analysis

On August 10, 1978 a group composed of three young women, two were eighteen and one was sixteen, were the subject of a rear end automobile accident by another vehicle while driving in a 1973 Ford Pinto (Epstein, 1980). The car was engulfed in flames due to an explosion in the gas tank of the car and the three young women lost their lives in a horrific manner. This represents one example of a trend that was recognized to be associated with the Ford Pinto manufactured during a range of production years. The design of the Pinto was arguably constructed with a faulty fuel system that caused the case tank to explode on a rear end collision in the car.

It has also been argued that Ford actually had sufficient evidence that the design was a problem before so many people lost their lives. Ford had actually conducted a cost benefit analysis that factored items such as the cost of fixing the fuel system problem on existing cars compared to the estimated legal costs associated with the lawsuits that were directed at Ford due to the unneeded loss of human life. The part that was…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Baron, J., 2006. Prospects for utilitarian decision analysis. [Online]

Available at:
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Cityplus Insurance Intelligence Seeks to Illuminate the

Words: 755 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89852480

CityPlus Insurance

Intelligence seeks to illuminate the unknown. By definition, intelligence analysis deals with highly ambiguous situations. Despite maximum striving for objectivity, the intelligence analyst's own preconceptions are likely to exert a greater impact on the analytical product than in other fields where an analyst is working with less ambiguous and less discordant information.[footnoteRef:1] [1: ]

In this specific case, CityPlus Insurance has approached with a number of suspicious automobile accident claims. It has gathered and obtained all the relevant information: injured parties, witnesses, vehicle descriptions, license plates, Vehicle Identification Numbers and registered owners, and dates and locations of the incidents.

The injured parties are all claiming soft tissue injuries and filing medical claims through a select group of chiropractors. There also seems to be a particular group of attorneys involved in this process acting on behalf of the injured parties.

In the above situation, to know about the reality of the fraudulent, a curious strategy is required to lead the team to the objectives.

Skills and Assistance to lead the Team

I will bring critical thinking skills, strong ability to research information, and strong communication skills to the team. If there is no coordination, no one will be…… [Read More]

Artis, M., M. Ayso, and M. Guillen, 1999. Modeling Different Types of Automobile Insurance Fraud Behavior in Spanish Market, Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, 24(1-2): 67-81.

Brockett, P.L., Xia, X., and Derrig, R.A., 1998. Using Kohonen's Self-Organizing Feature Map to Uncover Automobile Bodily Injury Claims Fraud, Journal of Risk and Insurance, 65: 2.
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Friends From the Wrong Crowd One of

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24675388

Friends From the Wrong Crowd

One of the most challenging things among the young people on America is the idea of bad company. This problem is so pronounced and serious taking into account that the people who surround and individual largely dictates the direction of the life that the individual will take and hence shaping their future.

Ryan a 23 years old boy came from a humble Christian family where no one was allowed to smoke. When Ryan joined campus he met Pat and Torrey who were cigarette addicts. They became his close friends and went a head and invited him to hang out with them for a weekend. Pat and Torrey offered Ryan a whiff of cigarette for the first time in his life. Ryan was hesitant and said an emphatic "No" to the request but they kept on insisting on him to smoke. Ultimately he ended up smoking due to peer pressure. Since that time they ensured that he enjoyed with them every time he hangs out with them and eventually he ended up developing unhealthy habits of smoking.

Usage of tobacco can cause cancer, particularly, lung cancer, kidney cancer, cancer of the larynx head and neck, breast…… [Read More]

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Nursing and Nutrition

Words: 398 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96229239

Bennie is a well-nourished seven years old who develops the flu and has a fever of 101 degrees over the period of two days. Influenza could temporarily affect Bennie's nutritional status in several important ways. First, the diarrhoea and vomiting associated with influenza alone often result in dehydration. In addition, sweat loss from the fever would increase the degree of dehydration. As such, it would be important to ensure that Bennie receives adequate water and replacement electrolytes to compensate for those lost during the course of the influenza.

Second, Bennie's diarrhoea and vomiting would also affect his ability to absorb new nutrients. In addition, fever increases the body's caloric requirements. Given that Bennie is a well-nourished child, this temporary discrepancy between the calories required and calories absorbed would not likely seriously affect his overall health. As such, there is no pressing need to attempt to replace the nutrients lost during the influenza.

Third, the fever accompanying influenza commonly results in serious loss of tissue proteins. Again, given Bennie's overall good nutrition status prior to the development of influenza, a temporary loss of tissue proteins will likely not have a serious effect on his overall health.

The concerns over Bennie's…… [Read More]

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Biology and Technology in the Real World

Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60692352

Stem Cells

Hello, my friend. I am truly sorry and sympathize as much as I can regarding your traumatic car accident and subsequent spinal injury. I appreciate that you have kept me abreast of your treatment options. Your team of physicians agree that you would be a fine candidate for treatment specifically with stem cells. Most people have heard of stem cells and are aware of the scientific and ethical controversies surrounding them, but not as many people have performed productive research to find out what they really are and what the possible medical applications (and pitfalls) that come with stem cells. I have taken it upon myself to do some research for you, so that you are in a better position to make a more informed decision regarding this option for treatment of your spinal cord injury. In the next couple of pages, I will do my best to clearly and concisely present to you the basics or fundamentals of stem cells, the potential medical applications, and information regarding the risks that come with stem cell treatment. My intention is for you to feel as confident as possible in your health care team, in your treatment options, and what…… [Read More]

Mayo Clinic. (2013). Stem Cells: What They Are and What They Do. Mayo Clinic, Web, Available from: 2013 May 31.

National Institute of Health. (2013). Basic Questions about Stem Cells. NIH, Web, Available from: . 2013 May 31.
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Location-Based Tracking

Words: 2640 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83243715

Location-Based Tracking

Smart phones are among the latest technological devices in this 21st century. They are smart devices because they come with numerous applications most of which are versions of the computer. In addition, they integrate features earlier witnessed in disparate devices. This paper examines location-based tracking services, which is among the feature of smart phones, performed by various applications. Using adequate information from materials, the paper will discuss at length the various ways these applications can assist parents track their children, individuals track their vehicles and the general perception towards this technology. In addition, the paper will offer my personal view regarding location-based tracking devices because I also use them on my phone.


Location-based tracking is a service that utilizes a network-based service, which combines a mobile devices location or position with other relevant information to offer a benefit to the consumer or the user. Supported by advanced wireless communication technology, and the broad use of smart phones, this service has become a global feature. The popularization of smart phones is the main cause of the global usage of a variety of location-based tracking services, which come in the form of applications. In the earlier mobile phones, they…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Eisenberg, A. (2013). If a Young Child Wanders, Technology Can Follow. New York Times.

Retrieved November 29, 2013, from
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Scholastic and Personal the Process

Words: 3023 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5264773

" (KGI, 1)

I did start to notice many changes in myself, both in terms of my increasing tendency toward physical activeness and my heightening interest in the opposite sex. At first, this interest was manifested of my generally social nature. And to the point, this adolescent period would be an excellent time in my life in terms of cultivating a loose but increasingly intimate social network. This conforms with my general research on this stage of development, which is highlighted by a transition from a life dominated by home and family to one increasingly more divided to the pursuits of school, extra-curricular activity, athletic team membership and information social gathering. These tend to function as substitutes in certain areas where previously only the family fulfilled certain needs.

This was a tough time though. In the midst of the rapid changes that were altering my physical and emotional experiences, my family was also going through a challenging transition. After a happy upbringing in the countryside, I would face a difficult adjustment upon our family's move to the city. I would have to make all new friends and re-establish myself in a new social context. Fortunately, the aspects of my social…… [Read More]

Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall.

Erikson, E.H. (1963). Childhood & Society. W & M. Morton & Co.
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Personal Statement for Pharmacy School

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50622349

Personal Statement for Pharmacy School

Pharmacy School is highly important to me as part of my career path, and I believe I am both personally and professionally well-qualified to attend and be successful. I have work experience in the pharmaceutical field, having worked at my aunt's pharmacy in the past. This work taught me a great deal about pharmacy as a profession, but also gave me a lot of insight about how to properly treat patients and interact with others. I consider myself more well-rounded because of the interaction I had with so many people during my time at the pharmacy. I smile frequently, consider myself a nice person, and have developed a high level of patience with people from all walks of life. In 2000, when I was 17, I came to the United States and earned my diploma from Valencia High School. Just a week later I began attending the summer semester at College of the Canyons. I was a pre-pharmacy major, in the Honors program, and a member of Educational Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS).

I also performed volunteer work in the pharmacy at Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital in Valencia and wrote a diabetes research paper…… [Read More]

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Recommendation Letters

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66657850

Pharmacy Personal Statement

Over the course of my life, I have been confronted with many obstacles, yet one core passion has kept me focused: that of my desire to enter the medical profession as a pharmacist. I came to the United States when I was seventeen, relatively late to enter the U.S. school system, but I was still able to become a part of the Honors Program at the College of the Canyons as a pre-pharmacy major, with a focus in chemistry. I had already worked at my aunt's pharmacy, and seeing how the work of a pharmacist could make such a difference in people's daily lives cemented my decision to pursue the profession. While at College of the Canyons I was a participant in the EOPS (Educational Opportunity Programs and Services) and volunteered at the pharmacy of Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital in Valencia. The latter enabled me to continue to learn about the field from a hands-on perspective. I also volunteered for the Cancer Society and tutored calculus. As part of the honors program I submitted a research paper on the treatment of diabetes.

I then transferred to Saddleback College where I became a member of pharmacy club…… [Read More]

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Motorcycles Supporters of Sustainability Are

Words: 5139 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24665927

(the Disaster Center's Motor Vehicle Accident Death and Injury data Index, par. 1)

Accidents due to motor vehicles were the second major reasons of police deaths by the end of the century, accounting for more than 2,000 deaths or 15% of all deaths. About, 1,000 more officers comprising of 7% of all loss of lives were hit and met death by passing motor vehicles while they were not in their vehicle, rendering this group the fourth main reason for law enforcement deaths during the last century. Drunken driving was responsible for 315 cases of these vehicle-linked deaths. During the initial part of the last century, the second most important cause of police deaths were accidents due to police deaths. Practically from 1910-1939, 485 officers lost their lives in motor cycle accidents, as opposed to 323 officers who met death in other automobile accidents. With legal enforcement starting to more and more depend on the automobile, motorcycle deaths came down during the second half of the century, but still were responsible for 1,000 deaths of officers during the century comprising 7% of all deaths. At the end of the century, motorcycle accidents were the third important reason for police deaths. (Indiana…… [Read More]

Alcohol and Motorcycle Accidents.

Automobile & Motorcycle Accidents Information. 2007.
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Identify the Torts That Will Be the Basis for the Lawsuits and Explain Why

Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42578894

Florida Negligence Analysis

Legal Claims for Cal

Negligence- Abe

The first claim that Cal can bring is negligence against Abe for causing the accident. Negligence is the failure of an individual to use reasonable care. Under Florida law, negligence has four components that must be met in order for damages to be obtained.

Legal Duty

A plaintiff must prove that the negligent person had a legal duty to use reasonable care in protecting the injured person

Under Florida law, the requirement is that the standard of care is one of a "reasonably prudent person."

Florida also requires that the incident occurs within a foreseeable-zone-of-risk

Here, Abe was driving the car and Cal was the passenger. It was Abe's duty to safely transport Cal without any accidents or incidents.

Breach of Duty

The second requirement is that Cal prove that Abe breached this duty. A breach of duty is failure to conform to the standard of care.

Here, Abe caused a car accident. By causing a car accident Abe was not acting as a reasonably prudent person because he violated a traffic law causing the accident and failing to transport Cal safely in his car.


The third requirement is causation.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Restatement (Third) of Torts: Liability for Physical Harm § 3 (P.F.D. No. 1, 2005)

Restatement (Third) of Torts section 17

Florida Code TITLE XLV TORTS Chapter 768 NEGLIGENCE PART II DAMAGES section 768.73 Punitive damages; limitation.
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Teenage Drivers

Words: 1867 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58848189

Teenage Driving

From day one, when a teenager reaches the age of 16 to 18, it has always been a dream to drive a car to school, to the mall or to a friend's house. It is at this point in time wherein driving turns into a fad rather than a skill, to impress, to flaunt and to enjoy, A usual part of adolescence. The car or any kind of vehicle becomes an accessory to a teenager caring only to his or her personal enjoyment and satisfaction. Most often, responsibilities are only secondary to an endless list of teenage pleasure and delight. The need for speed is a race against time and life. For them having to drive is an expression of freedom.

But for the caring parents of these teenagers, here is the real score as indicated by Dr. Dale Wisely, Ph.D (2005)., Clinical Psychologist.

"...nothing you will deal with as a parent will be more important, more life-and-death, than how your teenager uses -- and misuses -- a motor vehicle"

With the growing number of motor vehicle accidents involving teenagers and early adolescence, ages from 16 to 20, it is quite normal for people, especially for parents to…… [Read More]

Mary Carskadon, (1995-2005)Inside the Teenage Brain, Frontline

Retrieved Aug 11,2005, Website
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New Jersey Offers Choice No-Fault Insurance

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20225607

Risk Management and Insurance -- New Jersey's Choice No-Fault Insurance

What is no-fault insurance and what states have no-fault insurance?

No-fault insurance is very much what it sounds like it is: when a driver is insured with No-Fault insurance and has an accident, the insurance company pays for the damages no matter who is at fault. This eliminates the need for a driver whose car has been damaged by another driver to fight with the other driver's insurance company. There are twelve states that offer No-Fault insurance (including New Jersey). Choice No-Fault is very different.

Choice No-Fault insurance is offered in New Jersey, Kentucky and Pennsylvania; "Choice No-Fault" means that the automobile owner has a choice; he or she can go with the state's No-Fault policy, or go with traditional insurance. If the driver does go for traditional car insurance that means he or she can file a liability claim or sue another driver.

In New Jersey (not in Kentucky or Pennsylvania) when a driver takes the "No-Fault" route, he or she can go to court and sue only in certain situations: a) when the accident results in "dismemberment, significant disfigurement or significant scarring"; b) when there are "displaced fractures";…… [Read More]

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Law and the Legal Systems

Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29918446

11. The issued rose in this case is unauthorized use of a company vehicle, which resulted in an accident. Prater was told to bring the truck home over the weekend to work on the body only. His boss never gave him permission to use the truck for any other purpose. Besides, the insurance on the truck would probably only pay for the accident if it occurred on company time. Prater could be charged for stealing the truck and unauthorized use. The ruling in this case should be for the plaintiff. Prater should have to pay for the accident and repairs to the truck.

Week 8

5. In this case, the city is still the rightful owner of the piece of restored artwork. It does not matter how long Hoeltzer had the artwork, it is still the property of the city. Therefore, the city has legal title to the artwork unless they actually signed it over to Hoelzer's possession.

6. The Kapiloff's are still the original owner of the stamps. Although they were purchased in an antique store by another person, chances are the Kapiloff's have some sort of documents for the stamps that declares them the owner. Granter's original idea…… [Read More]

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Participated in Public Service or

Words: 1117 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81483796

I might have chosen to stay in a state of being a victim but instead triumphed. Second, I earned the opportunity to study abroad in England during my junior year of college. I was also the first person in my family to go abroad and will never forget the look of pride on my parents' faces when they saw me off. Moreover, the decision reflected my mature decision to embark on a career in international law: the first time I experienced that level of mental clarity and confidence. Finally, I believe that my decision to pursue a career in law led to the third most significant achievement of my life thus far. Taking the steps to enter law school required a major commitment. The commitment is one I take seriously and I especially intend to push myself to the limits of my potential.

5. University is a Christian university committed to the highest standards of academic excellence and Christian values, where students are strengthened for lives of purpose, service and leadership. The school seeks to further the mission and encourage adherence to the highest moral and ethical standards. How would you expect to contribute to this environment or identify with…… [Read More]

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Traffic Fatalities

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90529316

Teen Traffic Accidents & Fatalities

According to the Institute for Highway Safety, in every developed country around the world, teenage drivers are considered a major hazard. In the United States, this problem is magnified, as American teenagers are allowed to get their licenses at an earlier age than in most other countries, and little driving experience is required before licenses are issued (AAP, 2005). In addition, American driver's licenses are inexpensive and easy to obtain, making them widely accessible to teenagers. As a result, this country has a greatly elevated crash risk among young drivers.

While teenagers drive less than all other age groups, with the exception of the oldest Americans, the number of crashes and vehicle-related fatalities are high amongst this age group (AAP, 2005). According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): "The risk of crash involvement per mile driven among drivers 16-19 years old is 4 times the risk among older drivers. Risk is highest at age 16-17. In fact, the crash rate per mile driven is almost 3 times as high among 16-year-olds as it is among 18-19-year-olds. Motor vehicle death rates per 100,000 people in 1997 peaked at age 18 (drivers) and 17-18 (passengers). Crashes…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Many parents support teenagers\' complaints that new limitations may be going too far. Some believe that parents should decide how their kids drive -- not governments. \"It\'s up to parents to decide if and when their kids should drive. ... I get tired of the state telling me how to bring up my children,\" argued Connecticut parent Debra Gaudette in the Hartford Courant (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2004).
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Tws Liability Ms Jones Slipping on a

Words: 809 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36052172

TWS Liability

Ms. Jones slipping on a banana peel on her way into the Wonderful Supermarket is unfortunate. While there are factors that make TWS look negligent, this case is far from simple in that Ms. Jones at least partially contributed to her own injury and the fact she suffered very similar injuries just six months prior complicates what can be attributed to TWS and what is attributable to the prior accident.

Problems for Ms. Jones

There are a couple of facts and circumstances that do not help Ms. Jones' case against TWS. First, the fact that she is near-sighted and that she took her glasses off after she parked her car but before she made entry into the supermarket raises the idea that she would have clearly seen the banana peel had she had her glasses on. Another factor that does not help Ms. Jones is that she suffered a very similar injury just six months prior to the TWS incident. This could lead people to believe that the removal of her glasses might have contributed to that accident as well and/or that she is accident-prone. Also, it would be much easier to suggest that the currently existing aches…… [Read More]

Car accident defenses: Contributory and comparative negligence. (2012). Retrieved from 

In pari delicto legal definition. (2011). Retrieved from
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Red Lights Camera Sharpshooting Driving

Words: 1994 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61177263

Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.

Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these cameras did not reduce the volume of auto accidents. There were studies, conducted by newspapers and teachers, which showed that accidents increased, rather than decreased from the installation of these cameras. The city of Menlo Park would then be financially accountable for the accidents. Researchers behind the study contended that…… [Read More]

Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport

Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
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Sigmund Freud's Bungled Actions Theory

Words: 1359 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49934486

Instead of canceling the visit, the person grudgingly gets ready to go and at the train station accidentally gets on the train that takes home back home instead of the one that takes him to the relative's house. This in Freud's mind would be a bundled action because the person did not feel comfortable canceling so instead his subconscious took over and provided a way for him to get out of going by doing what he secretly wanted to do in the first place, which was to remain at home.

Accidental self-injury has long been attributed to the theory of bungled actions. If a person gets into a car accident and is killed or almost killed one may later discover that the person in the wreck was depressed and was facing a court date, or a divorce or financial ruin. The accident in the car according to Freud would not be an accident at all but would instead be the person's unconscious desire to escape the reality of what was about to happen in his or her life by ending that life (Freud, 1960).

In an accident where the person in question doesn't necessarily harm himself but instead harms others…… [Read More]

Sigmund Freud developed the theory of bungled actions for the purpose of explaining why people have accidents. In his practice there was no such thing as an accident, but instead, every accident had an underlying often subconscious reason for happening. Freud believed strongly that it was not only necessary to explore these bungled actions but to understand their foundational roots so that the person could let go of the problem and have a healthier mental attitude.


Freud, Sigmund (1960) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life. Volume VI. Translated By James Strachey. London: The Hogarth Press, 1960.
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Proximate Negligance You Decide The Law Who

Words: 507 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42611873

Proximate Negligance

You Decide: The Law

Who is to blame?

Factual Summary

Suzy Marks and her friends Jerry and Kate were ordered to leave Elsewhere City Park at the 11pm curfew time by Officer Ruthless. Suzy told the Officer she wanted to wait for her friend Orson, who was supposed to pick her up at 11pm or said she would walk the short distance home. Officer Ruthless ordered her into Jerry's vehicle and said she should leave immediately. Jerry made several stops on the way home and got into an accident, causing Suzy to be injured

Was Officer Ruthless' action the proximate cause of Suzy's injuries?

Restate or summarize the question. What is the legal question you are going to answer?

Was Officer Ruthless negligent?

Legal concept(s)

According to McCollum v. CBS, "the threshold and, in this case, dispositive question with respect to the assertion of a claim for negligence is whether any duty was owed to the plaintiffs" (8). Officer Ruthless, as a public servant, had a duty to ensure that the park's curfew was upheld but also to protect the safety of the young people. Officer Ruthless should also have anticipated possible injury given Suzy's reticence and the…… [Read More]

Herrara et al. v. Quality Pontiac. Find Law. Retrieved: 
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Multivariate Statistics the Research Question

Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81352641

I might believe that other variables (such as gender and low income) have a more significant impact on the frequency of car accidents as compared to for instance the general belief that it is crime, and location that induce them.

Potential pitfall

Firstly, I have to ascertain that my operational terms of data are totally accurate and thorough, since the outcome depends on the data that is fed-in to the system.

Most significantly, however, the major conceptual limitation is that I can only ascertain a relationship but never be sure of the underlying causal factor. It may be a variable that is seemingly unrelated to the independent variables mentioned here and, therefore, has been overlooked. For instance, it may be a possibility that menopause may be responsible for inducing accidents; so even though the factor of age may have emerged as significant, the real problem -- menopause -- has remained concealed.

Another pitfall may be outliers in one or more of my variables that may distort statistical results, as well as the fact that the population sample may be insufficiently controlled or randomized so that 'noise' may distort the data.

Expected Deliverable

Performing the multivariate study will produce results of…… [Read More]

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Sleep All Human Beings Need Sleep in

Words: 1168 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58405535


All human beings need sleep in order for their bodies and minds to function properly. However, more and more people are staying up later than they should and then getting up without having slept the amount of time that they physically need in order to recover and ready themselves for the next day. Sleep debt refers to the deficit between the amount of sleep that a person gets and the amount that they need to function. The official definition, according to Scientific American states: "Sleep debt is the difference between the amount of sleep you should be getting and the amount you actually get. It's a deficit that grows every time we skim some extra minutes off our nightly slumber" (Webster 1). Every night it seems that for a large percentage of the population, the sleep debt seems to increase. There are many individuals who never get enough sleep and so their sleep debt is insurmountable. Young people are particularly at risk for accumulating sleep debt which can make a resoundingly negative impression on their lives. For young people, sleep debt leads to personality change and trouble in relationships, can lead to car accidents, and makes it difficult for…… [Read More]

Danner, Fred and Phillips, Barbara. "Adolescent Sleep, School Start Times, and Teen Motor

Vehicle Crashes." Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. (Dec. 2008): n. pag. Rpt. In Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. 11th ed. Boston: Longman, 2011. 522-28. Print.
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Importance of Safety and First Aid

Words: 1035 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23035958

First Aid

Life is unpredictable, and emergency situations can arise at any time. First aid allows anyone to respond to a medical emergency with little or no formal training and no expensive equipment. The phrase "first aid" refers to the fact that even if the injuries are serious and do require expert medical attention, the initial intervention can "literally mean the difference between life and death," (BBC Health). It is not just in extreme situations that the need for first aid can arise. Daily tasks performed in the home can lead to situations that require some know-how in preventing infection, illness, or death. When dealing with serious life-threatening situations such as automobile accidents or assaults, and knowing the basics of first aid can save lives. Professional emergency responders will eventually be there to help, but cannot always arrive soon enough to prevent medical injury or death. Therefore, knowing the basic tools of first aid can reduce the severity of an emergency situation.

As the BBC points out, simple first aid interventions like "knowing the correct thing to do if someone has a nosebleed or cut" can prevent serious injury. Simple cuts can become seriously infected, and if left unattended the…… [Read More]

BBC Health. "First Aid." Retrieved online:

Mayo Clinic. "First Aid." Retrieved online:
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Health Assessment Nursing Mike -

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64883883

MRI however, should be avoided in patients that may have implants in the brain or cranium (NGI, 2006). While unlikely in a pediatric patient, if evidence that such a device cannot be confirmed through conversation with relatives, CT imaging and X-Ray imaging may be the best tools to assess damage to the brain and surrounding regions. Radio imaging will also provide assessment and evaluation of cervical spine fractures should they exist.

The risk factors in this patient's condition include possible concussion and internal bleeding, in and around the head, but also of internal organs that may have experienced damage on impact during the car accident. For example, the patient may start vomiting due to excitement or abdominal injury (NICE, 2003). Assessment should include diagnoses of irrational behavior. While fear and distress are likely to be present, other emotions that seem out of the ordinary should be noted during assessment when evaluating further risk factors for these patients. If the patient's parents or relatives are available, they can serve as calming agents and help medical assessment teams evaluate whether certain behaviors are within the "norm" for the patient or not.

Any patient sustaining a head injury is at risk for swelling…… [Read More]

National Collaborating Centre for Acute Care. (2003, June). Head injury: triage, assessment & early management of head injury in infants, children & adults. London: National Institute for Clinical Excellence, NICE. P. 248.

NGC. (2006) Head injury: triage, assessment, & investigation. National Guideline
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Tort Liability Bug May Have

Words: 322 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96500413

Vicarious liability imposes liability on one person for an illegal or tortious act committed by another, such as the negligent conduct of the dockyard worker under BUG's employ. Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability," 1999)

Question B

What defenses may be available to BUG?

BUG could argue that neither the dockyard worker not BUG security measures were not negligent, that security was adequate, and the incident was much like a car accident, making it the fault of the driver or robber, not BUG's inability to protect the employee of the vendor company. However, even if a car accident occurs "while the employee was driving from his office to a client's site," on a professional matter, the employer will likely be liable for the accident, thus BUG's legal fate does not look salutory. (Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability," 1999)

Works Cited

Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability." (Nov 1999) Findlaw. Retrieved 16 Sept…… [Read More]

Tort Liability Basics: Strict, Vicarious, and Joint Liability." (Nov 1999) Findlaw. Retrieved 16 Sept 2006 at
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Lowering the Drinking Age the

Words: 2161 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55088185

The issue was a charged issue that many people felt very strongly about, i.e. race and was an allowable and supported social stigma, and yet when faced with the real life decision to break the taboo and serve Chinese people they did so with little hesitation and then effectively lied about it in self report. (Pager & Lincoln, 2005, p. 355)

Drinking and driving is a seriously socially charged issue that could have the same self-report results if given the correct avenue to do so. The self-report dogmatic dialogue regarding drinking and driving is an absolute rejection of the behavior (even after 1-2 drinks as is asked in the New Zealand Study) and yet this is an attitude and a self-report dogma, what we would say when offered the social choice, not a real reflection of how individuals would behave if given the opportunity to drink and drive. Another fault I found within the New Zealand study is that the study looked at a group of college age individuals who were all 20 years old, even though the drinking age had recently been lowered to 18 years of age. The significance of this oversight is that the 18 and 19-year-olds…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Brownfield, K., Fernando, K., & Halberstadt, J. (2003). Indirect Effects of Lowering the Drinking Age on New Zealand Students' Alcohol-Related Behaviours and Attitudes. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 32(1), 22. Retrieved May 28, 2008, from Questia database:

Fagan, J. (2005, September). Adolescents, Maturity, and the Law: Why Science and Development Matter in Juvenile Justice. The American Prospect, 16, 5.
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Frida Kahlo

Words: 2837 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33831969

Frida Kahlo- surrealist painter, cross- dresser, enthusiastic drinker and lover, inspiration for one of the greatest painters of the 20th century, Diego Rivera, icon, legend, communist activist and I know the list can go on. It is amazing how someone who only lived 47 years and whose life was a collection of operations and sickness could be such an active person. Yet, she was and was to become one of the most representative and original figure of the 20th century.

Background Information- biography and reputation

Frida Kahlo was born on the 6th of July 1907 in Ciudad de Mexico as the third daughter of William Kahlo and Matilda Calderon. Her complete name was Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calder n. Her life was struck by misery ever since the beginning: in 1913, when she was six years old, she contracted poliomyelitis and her right leg was affected, appearing much thinner than the other throughout her life.

She entered high school at the National Preparatory School, where she soon turned out to be the leader of a prank- oriented group of rebel teenagers. It was here that she came in contact with her future husband and soul mate, Diego Rivera, perhaps the…… [Read More]

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Urban Pollution by Joel A Tarr

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29535911

Urban Pollution by Joel a. Tarr

Human Dissatisfaction

Joel Tarr's article, "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago" is largely about the form of urban pollution that preceded that created by automobiles. In short, this pollution was largely caused by horses, which were used as the dominant form of transportation from the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 20th century. The author is essentially establishing a comparison between the pollution caused by horses and that caused by automobiles, although he devotes the vast majority of the article to elaborating on the fact that the pollution caused by horses was considered as big of a problem as the pollution caused by automobiles in the 1970s. If one examines the amount of space he uses for detailing the concerns regarding horse pollution to that of automobile pollution, one can infer that the former appears to be worse than the latter.

To Tarr's credit, he presents a fairly comprehensive overview of the problem that the widespread uses of horses caused in terms of polluting urban environments. A good deal of the article is focused on the literal pollution these horses caused by their daily excrements. In some of the…… [Read More]

Tarr, Joel. "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago."
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Motor Vehicle Association V State

Words: 1688 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55786712

Most experts believe, though, that the Supreme Court's decision chastising the NHTSB was instrumental in its increased diligence and oversight regarding airbag implementation and safety measures.

Additionally, the NHTSA has a clear mandate, despite the allusion to evidence in the Court case that there may have been undue pressure placed upon the organization due to auto manufacture's complaints about rising costs for safety devices in a down economy (the late 1970s and early 1980s). However, according to their own site:

NHTSA was established by the Highway Safety Act of 1970 to carry out safety programs previously administered by the National Highway Safety Bureau. Specifically, the agency directs the highway safety and consumer programs established by the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, the Highway Safety Act of 1966, the 1972 Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, and succeeding amendments to these laws (

The NHTSA should not be part of a political program or agenda, and its one mandate is to protect the safety of Americans through research, policing, and enforcement of safety regulations on all automobiles and trucks. The Court acted properly, if not lightly, in simply warning the NHTSA about increased diligence. Although it…… [Read More]

U.S. Supreme Court. (1983). "Motor Veh. Mfrs. Ass'n v. State Farm Ins." 463 U.S.

29. Cited in:
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Healthcare Addressing the Issue of

Words: 8204 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34819035

Stated to be barriers in the current environment and responsible for the reporting that is inadequate in relation to medical errors are:

Lack of a common understanding about errors among health care professionals

Physicians generally think of errors as individual that resulted from patient morbidity or mortality.

Physicians report errors in medical records that have in turn been ignored by researchers.

Interestingly errors in medication occur in almost 1 of every 5 doses provided to patients in hospitals. It was stated by Kaushal, et al., (2001) that "the rate of medication errors per 100 admission was 55 in pediatric inpatients. Using their figure, we estimated that the sensitivity of using a keyword search on explicit error reports to detect medication errors in inpatients is about 0.7%. They also reported the 37.4% of medication errors were caused by wrong dose or frequency, which is not far away from our result of 50.5%. (Hui, Colombia Univ. no date given) The Harvard Medical Practice Study reported that adverse events occurred in 3.7% of hospitalizations in New York in 1984, and 69% of these injuries were caused by errors" (Kuperman, et al. 1998 as cited by Hui, Colombia University no date given) There were…… [Read More]

Discussion Paper on Adverse Event and Error Reporting In Healthcare: Institute for Safe Medication Practices Jan 24, 2000

Patient Safety/Medical Errors Online at the Premiere Inc. page located at: