Carbon Dioxide Essays (Examples)

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CO2 Emissions the Willingness of

Words: 3440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75656363



People have been unmotivated to offset the cabon dioxide emissions of automobiles due to a pesonal attachment to thei cas. Howeve, they have also been moe willing to implement pocedues and poducts in thei home that ae moe enegy efficient. One notable example of this concens electicity and light fixtues. In ecent yeas, lighting that is moe enegy efficient has become incedibly popula, and it has been shown that people ae even willing to pay geate sums of money to puchase lighting systems that ae moe enegy efficient (Stall-Meadows, Hebet, 2001). Such behavio stands in stak contast with consume habits with egad to automobiles, and this is pehaps attibutable to the fact that electicity is viewed as being moe utilitaian and less of a status symbol. It may also be a esult of the fact that cas ae moe public while electicity is featued in the pivacy of one's own…… [Read More]

references: The role of affect, imagery, and values. Climatic Change, 77, 45-72.

Longo, a., Hoyos, D., & Markandya, a. (2012). Willingness to pay for ancillary benefits of climate change mitigation. Environmental and Resource Economics, 51(1), 119-140.

Nolan, J.M. (2010). "An Inconvenient Truth" increases knowledge, concern, and willingness to reduce greenhouse gases. Environment and Behavior, 42(5), 643-658.

Peters, G.P., et al. China's growing CO2 emissions -- a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains. Environmental Science and Technology, 41(17), 5939-5944.

Reiner, D.M., et al. (2006). American exceptionalism? Similarities and differences in national attitudes toward energy policy and global warming. Environmental Science Technology, 40(7), 2093-2098.
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Warming Research CO2 Global Carbon

Words: 1927 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33622009

Warmer temperatures mean more energy in the climate system

1. Warmer oceans and air current mean more violent and frequent hurricanes

2. More frequent and harsher rainstorms may cause flooding

B. Overall changes to weather patterns could be devastating

1. Ocean and air temperatures and current create weather

2. Disrupting these temperatures/currents would lead to major weather changes in many regions of the world, destroying ecosystems

VII. Effects of Global Warming: Melting Ice and ising Oceans

A. In addition to warming, ocean levels will rise

1. Melting ice sheets will cause higher oceans and flooding on continents

2. ising oceans destroy many coastal lands

B. ising oceans and water levels will have severe regional effects on weather

VIII. Effects of global Warming: Animals

A. Many animals are already changing the regions they inhabit

1. As temperatures change, so do ecosystems, and shifting animal populations reflect this

2. Global warming trends…… [Read More]

References

Bryner, J. (2006). "Climate Change Has Animals Heading for the Hills." LiveScience. Accessed 13 December 2009. http://www.livescience.com/environment/061214_animals_retreat.html

Howden, D. (2007). "Deforestation: The hidden cause of global warming." The independent 14 May. Accessed 12 December 2009. http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/deforestation-the-hidden-cause-of-global-warming-448734.html

JunkScience (2007). "The real 'inconvenient truth'." JunkScience.com. Accessed 13 December 2009. http://www.junkscience.com/Greenhouse/

NASA. (2009). "Global warming." World Book at NASA. Accessed 13 December 2009. http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/global_warming_worldbook.html
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Carbon Tax in Australia

Words: 1277 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26623378

Carbon emissions during recent decades have generated much controversy and some communities have taken harsh measures in order to combat effects associated with the process. The Australian Federal Government introduced a carbon tax of $23AUD per ton of emitted carbon dioxide on a series of fossil fuels in order to effectively deal with pollution. Finances gained from the process have been used to reduce income tax and provide Australian citizens with several benefits. hile the legislation has been welcomed by many local and international bodies, some have frowned upon it and have called for its repeal on account of how it produced much damage both on a small level by increasing cost of living and on a larger level by preventing businesses from being able to experience progress.

Tony Abbott's article "THE COALITION'S PLAN TO ABOLISH THE CARBON TAX" is among the most recognized criticisms regarding the carbon tax in…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Bell, L. "Australian Voters Energetically Reject Concocted Climate Crisis And Carbon Tax Disasters." Retrieved October 19, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/larrybell/2013/09/29/australian-voters-energetically-reject-concocted-climate-crisis-and-carbon-tax-disasters/

Gardner, T. "U.S., China agree to cut emissions from vehicles, coal." Retrieved October 19, 2013, from http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/10/us-climate-usa-china-idUSBRE9690VM20130710

Ryan, R. "Kevin Rudd says Labor 'got it wrong' on introducing carbon tax without mandate." Retrieved October 19, 2013, from  http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-08-25/rudd-says-labor-got-it-wrong-on-carbon-tax/4910690 

Taylor, L. "Tony Abbott insists carbon tax will end on 1 July -- even if Senate blocks repeal." http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/oct/15/tony-abbott-insists-carbon-tax-will-end-on-1-july-even-if-senate-blocks-repeal
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Carbon Trading The Writer Examines

Words: 4229 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68918995



But the supply far outstrips demand, Europeans are finding. The climate of this marketplace itself is decidedly cloudy. Advance prices have plunged by half.

At this point, one shouldn't portray it as a liquid, vibrant market," said Atle C. Christiansen of PointCarbon, a Norway-based research firm (Climate, 2004).

More than six years after governments negotiated the historic climate accord in Kyoto, Japan, the world is taking only halting steps _ not always forward, never in unison _ to follow through (Climate, 2004).

In fact, the Kyoto treaty itself is not yet in force, since it hasn't been ratified, as required, by industrial countries emitting a total of 55% of "greenhouse gases," such as carbon dioxide, that trap heat in the atmosphere that Earth otherwise would give off.

ussia's expected accession later this year would clear the 55% hurdle. But even a functioning Kyoto agreement would have little impact: Its limited…… [Read More]

References

Amazon rainforest destruction at 10-year high

By Raymond Colitt in Sao Paulo (accessed 5-19-05)

Published: May 20, 2005 03:00 | Last updated: May 20, 2005 03:00

http://news.ft.com/cms/s/4ea07b74-c8cd-11d9-87c9-00000e2511c8.html rainforest (accessed 5-19-05)
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Carbon Tax in the Australian Legislation the

Words: 1710 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89528381

Carbon tax in the Australian legislation

The threat of global warming is no longer to be neglected and international action is coming to be taken, and even supported by federal institutions. In Australia, the government has focused on the development and implementation of a legislation to tax carbon emissions. The measure has been welcomed with both praises as well as criticism, but its implementation is underway and the benefits would be felt on the long-term.

Global warming has generically been a highly debated subjected, with activities on the one hand arguing that the threat is irreversible and that the safety of the planet is in great danger, whereas corporations arguing that global warming is a make belief phenomenon. ExxonMobil for instance invested millions of dollars each year in campaigns which denied the existence of global warming (Mandia, 2011).

This year however, global warming became a verified fact and it is…… [Read More]

References:

Bolt, A., 20111, Gillard: carbon tax in 2012, Australian Climate Madness, http://www.australianclimatemadness.com/2011/02/gillard-carbon-tax-in-2012 / last accessed on September 12, 2011

Mandia, S.A., 2011, Global warming: man or myth? Sunny Suffolk,  http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/mandias/global_warming/global_warming_denial_machine.html  last accessed on September 12, 2011

Thompson, J., 2011, Gillard reveals carbon price scheme, ABC News,  http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-07-10/gillard-reveals-carbon-price-scheme/2788842  last accessed on September 12, 2011

2010, Carbon taxes, Parliament of Australia, http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/climatechange/responses/economic/carbontax.htm last accessed on September 12, 2011
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Carbon Cap and Trade on

Words: 1196 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77387441



In this author's opinion, a greater than ninety percent probability that humans are involved in global climate change, with the additional concern that irreversible detrimental consequences may result, is sufficient to warrant immediate action in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. ithin the scientific field an absolute certainty that humans have fueled global warming will never be obtained, no matter how much time is provided for study. It is paramount that action, such as the Cap and Trade Policy, is taken immediately to mitigate the production of greenhouse gases and slow global warming. Failure to take these steps will only exacerbate the deleterious effects of global warming as time progresses.

Many opponents to implementation of emissions restrictions, such as that of the Cap and Trade Policy, have also suggested that alternative energy sources are not sufficiently advanced or effective to meet the energy demands currently provided by fossil fuels. Presently, alternative energies…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Farrar, Amy. Global Warming. Abdo Pub Co, 2007.

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, Steve Charnovitz, and Jisun Kim. Global Warming and the World Trading System. Peterson Institute, 2009.

Labatt, Sonia, and Rodney R. White. Carbon finance. John Wiley and Sons, 2007.

Metz, Bert, and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate change 2007. Cambridge University Press, 2007.
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Improving Carbon Management to Mitigate

Words: 4856 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86822626



Figure 3. Central England Temperature

Note: Blue bars indicates changes in CET annual values during the period 1877 to 2006 relative to the average over the 1961-90 baseline period (about 9.5 "C). Error bars enclose the 95% confidence range and the red line highlights decadal variations.

Source: UK Climate Projections 2011 at http://ukclimateprojections.defra.gov.uk / content/view/751/500/

As shown in Figure 3 above, the Central England temperature (CET) has increased by approximately one degree Celsius since 1980; in fact, the year 2006 was the warmest on record (Central England temperature 2010). Some salient trends represented by these historic weather patterns include:

1. Following a period of relative long-term stability for most of the 20th century, CET has increased by about a degree Celsius since the 1980s. This is a more rapid rise than that of the global average land-surface temperature over the same period, and considerably faster than that of the global…… [Read More]

References

Allen, R.D., Seaman, S.M. & Delascio, J.E. 2009 "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims

and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76(1): 12-13.

"A low-carbon UK." 2011 U.K. Department of Energy & Climate Change. [online] available:

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/what_we_do/lc_uk/lc_uk.aspx.
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Environmental Review the Carbon in

Words: 734 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59271345



10) the locations of oceans and seas, which are determined by the movement of continental plates, affect the ability for ocean waters to circulate heat around the Earth, and thus can have a major effect on the climate of the planet.

11) Jet streams can have abundant influence on ground-level weather by creating low-pressure centers that can lead to storms, and the streams can continue to steer these storms once they are formed

12) Thunderstorms and tornadoes are more likely to occur in the mid-afternoon because they come as the result of heated air that then rises in a column and the rapidly cools; the initial heating is more likely to reach adequate levels for causing a storm during the later afternoon.

Chapter 13

5) Oxygen isotopes found in rocks can vary greatly as they are subjected to different temperatures, with hotter temperatures creating "overwriting" of isotopes left by cooler…… [Read More]

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Fate of Carbon in a

Words: 4902 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48440011



The fact is that numerous rooted macrophyte structures are not full of naturally strong and healthy particles and sediments and nutrients. It is because of the restriction or absence of these particles, sediments and nutrients that the study of these systems has not been as extensive and thorough as the concentration on the terrestrial structures when understanding the fate, sources and sinks of Co2 levels in the ecosystems and the plants structures (e.g., Drake and Leadley 1991). Researchers assert that "rooted macrophyte systems can be sources of CO2, Chapter 4 and other gases through microbial processing of organic matter in the sediments and direct emission from leaves" (Delaune et al. 1990).

Table 1. Total net primary production (NPP) from world systems (Modified from Valiela, 1984)

Area

NPP

Tot. NPP1

% of Total

% of Total

106 km2

gC m-2 y-1

X106mTC y-1

System

Global

Marine System:

Open Ocean

46

15,355…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Abel K.M. (1984) Inorganic Carbon Source for Photosynthesis in the Seagrass Thalassia hemprichii (Ehrenb.) Aschers. Plant Physiology 76, 776-781.

Adam, P. 1990. Saltmarsh ecology. Cambridge Univ. Press. Cambridge. 461p.

Agren, G., R.E. McMurtrie, W.J. Parton, J. Pastor and H.H. Shugart. 1991. State-of-the-art of models of production-decomposition linkages in conifer and grassland ecosystems. Ecological Applications. 1:118-138.

Anderson, J.M. 1991. The effects of climate change on decomposition processes in grassland and coniferous forests. Ecological Applications 1:326-347.
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Australia IT's Carbon Tax in Australia Australian

Words: 2080 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64466906

AUSTALIA It's CABON TAX IN AUSTALIA

Australian Carbon Tax

The term that took the scientific world by storm in 1987 was "sustainable development," a terminology that redefined the perception on economic growth, human development and environmental conservation. Scientists, engineers, policy makers, and a practically all communities need to get involved in meeting human development needs. However, this brings on a series of problems related to sustainability, especially considering that the contemporary society is experiencing a process of regression when taking into account pollution. People presently need to come up with ingenious methods of improving society without damaging the environment. This pursuit for having economic growth without damaging the ecosystem has lead to the design of new means of creating energy, better lifestyle, change in the human behavior, overall a fresh and innovative attitude towards nature and life. But there are challenges to be faced, and most of them come from…… [Read More]

References:

Adams, P.D., Dixon, P.B., Paramenter, B.R., and Peter, M.W., (1991). Prospects for the Australian Economy 1989 to 2029-30: ORANI-F projections for the Ecologically Sustainable Development Working Groups. Final report to the ESD Working Groups, Monash University Centre for Policy Studies

Brennan, G., (2009). Climate change: a rational choice politics view. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 53, Issue 3, pages 309 -- 326

Cornwell, A. And Creedy, J., (1996). Carbon Taxation, Prices and Inequality in Australia. Fiscal Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, pp.21- 38

Freebairn, J., (2007). Policy Forum: Climate Change: Some Economic Policy Issues Economic Issues with Climate Change. The Australian Economic Review, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 402 -- 9
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Nitrogen Dioxide Killing U S Softly

Words: 2609 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18630416

The former had been neglected. This was a very serious kind of neglect, she said. She concluded that unless the nitrogen problem was confronted and adequately contained, climate change would not be solved (ohan).

Toxicity

EPA established that exposure to indoor NO below the 53 ppb outdoor standard could lead to respiratory symptoms among children with asthma, especially in a multi-family setting (elanger 2006). This effect continues to be a public health issue because of the number of people exposed to the gas. According to the U.S. Census, more than half of all U.S. households use gas. Their primary source of residential NO is a gas-fueled cooking appliance. This was the summary finding of a study conducted with 1,002 participating families in Connecticut and southwestern Massachusetts from 1997 to 1999. It associated indoor NO with increased respiratory symptoms among asthmatic children. At present, there are no U.S. standards for indoor…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Belanger, K., et al. (2006). Association of indoor nitrogen dioxide exposure with respiratory symptoms in children with asthma. 10 pages. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: American Thoracic Society

Bohan, S. (2007). Nitrogen overdose. 4 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Fields, S. (2004). Global nitrogen. cycling out of control. 9 pages. Environmental Health Perspectives: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Osenga, M (2005). EPA Proposes stationary diesel emissions regulations. 3 pages. Diesel Progress: Diesel and Gas Turbine Publications
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Australian Carbon Tax the Introduction of a

Words: 2089 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21453929

Australian Carbon Tax

The introduction of a carbon tax in Australia would have clear implications for economic and environmental sustainability. While in the long-term, the aim of such a tax seeks to promote environmental sustainability for Australia as a whole, in looking at the short-term, there appear clear implications for economic sustainability for a wide variety of businesses and households. One such area of business that seeks to be affected in both the short-term and the long-term in terms of the introduction of a carbon tax is the tourism and hospitality sector of the Australian economic market, which will likely take a major hit in terms of profitability and finance with the passing of the tax at hand.

Australian Carbon Tax

Introduction

Australia's proposed carbon tax seeks to have many distinct implications for the long-term economic and environmental sustainability of the country as a whole. However, in looking at many…… [Read More]

References

The Economist (2007 June 14). Tradable emissions permits are popular, but inferior, way to tackle global warming. Web. Retrieved from: http://www.economist.com/node/9337630, on 19 September 2011.

Farr, M. (2011 July 10). Julia Gillard unveils her plans for carbon tax. Money Matters.

Web. Retrieved from: http://www.news.com.au/money/money-matters/julia-gillard-unveils-her-plans-for-carbon-tax/story-e6frfmd9-1226091665916, on 19 September 2011.

Gupta, M. (2011 July 12). Carbon tax to further strain Australian tourism. Travel News.
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Political Economy of Climate Change International Conflict

Words: 2845 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4441571

Political Economy of Climate Change

International Conflict for Post-Kyoto: Which countries will benefit and lose national interests from the regulation of CO2?

Over the last several years, the issue of CO2 emissions has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a number of studies are continuing to show how the release of these gases from cars, factories, refineries, power plants and homes are contributing to global warming. To prevent this different conventions and agreements have been signed (such as: the Kyoto Protocol). This was the first concentrated effort in directly controlling CO2 emissions through a cap and trade system. The way it worked is different nations could trade pollution credits with each other in order to remain in compliance with the treaty. The basic idea was to create a marketplace where these caps can be exchanged (in a transparent format). (United Nations Environmental Program, 2008) (Anzar, 2005)

This…… [Read More]

References

Breaking the Climate Deadlock. (2011). The Climate Group. Retrieved from:  http://www.theclimategroup.org/_assets/files/Cutting-the-Cost-Exec-Summ.pdf 

Anzar, C. (2005). Post Kyoto Climate Policy. Climate Policy, 5, 309 -- 328.

Beach, W. (2009). The Economic Impact. Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2009/05/the-economic-impact-of-waxman-markey

Chen, G. (2009). Politics of China's Environmental Protection. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
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Causes of Climate Change It Is Ideal

Words: 2783 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63582807

causes of Climate Change?

It is ideal to focus on the primary causes of climate change with the aim of understanding the influence or implication on the growth and development of the planet earth. This paper seeks to unveil the major or primary causes in relation to climate change. This is through evaluation of natural and artificial events/activities with massive implication on climate thus changes in the climatic conditions within the modern society. I have chosen this topic because of its sensitivity to the growth and development of the humanity. Modern society associates itself with constant debates on the concept of global warming. This is a reflection of the significance of the topic of the research with reference to the examination of the primary causes of climate change. It is ideal to understand the primary causes of climate change with the aim of adopting and implementing various critical issues in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"CEH Protects People from Toxic Chemicals and Promotes Business Products and Practices That Are

Safe for Public Health and the Environment." Center for Environmental Health. N.p., n.d.

Web. 01 Mar. 2013.

"How Much Does Human Activity Affect Climate Change? | NCSE." How Much Does Human Activity Affect Climate Change? | NCSE. N.p., 5 Jan. 2012. Web. 05 Feb. 2013.
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Economic and Environmental Benefits of

Words: 7982 Length: 29 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27333404

Cost and CO2 reduction analysis were performed using local data available from both commercial and professional bodies. A majority of current thermal rating programs require the equipment to be tested in accordance to a standard test under specified testing conditions. This approach provides reliable data because it is possible to replicate such tests within an accepted uncertainty band. There are, however, some rating programs which combine a standard test and a calculation procedure to produce a performance rating. Such is the case for the energy guide label for electric and gas hot water heaters. A similar method has been developed to provide a practical rating system with the goal of presenting an easily understood comparison between SDHW systems and conventional hot water systems. Note that the performance any individual commercial enterprise will experience may differ due to location and hot water usage.

The thermal performance rating is based on the…… [Read More]

References

Abbasi, T., & a., a.S. (2011). Renewable Energy Sources . New Delhi: PHI.

BRE (2002), BREDEM-8 Model Description: 2001 Update, BRE, UK ? BSI (1989), BS5918:

British Standard Code of Practice for Solar Heating Systems for Domestic Hot Water,

Bradford, J. & Bean, F. (2011). 'Here comes the sun: a field trial of solar water heating systems.' The Energy Saving Trust. [PDF]
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Global Warming and Its Effects for Many

Words: 1671 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17760174

Global Warming and Its Effects

For many years, people have been talking about how the weather has changed over the past ten years. In fact, you may have witnessed these changes first hand. The earth's climate has been continuously changing for millions of years. Currently, studies indicate that the Earth is undergoing global warming. The first time I ever heard about global warming was a television commercial. I remember that the commercial featured two children and an adult. In the commercial, the adult started to explain global warming, however his explanation was beyond the scope of the children's understanding. The little girl in the commercial was too confused by the explanation that then prompted the adult to flash-forward into the future to show the children the effects of the climatological concept he was talking about. While the trio are seen in a luscious park at the beginning of the commercial,…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Truth. United States: Paramount Classics, 2007. DVD.

Carbon dioxide 07 Dec.2007

Discover the scientific facts on global warming effects 07 Dec.2007

Greenhouse Gas Emissions 07 Dec.2007
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Global Warming & Decreased Crop

Words: 3634 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70045526



Changes (Global, National, Region, Local, and Farm)

Source:

Smith (2006)

In the work entitled: "Climate Change and Agriculture" a brochure prepared for the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food written by Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. In Section 4: Impact of Climate Change on Crops report findings that:

1) Elevated temperature increased their rate of grain growth but shortened the duration of grain filling;

2) Higher temperatures may have decreased the availability of assimilates so decreasing grain size, grain yield and mass per grain; and 3) Higher temperatures reduced average mass per grain, in one experiment, by 25% in normal CO2 and 14% in elevated conditions." (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. nd)

The following chart demonstrates the effect that CO2, temperature, and CO2 combined with a higher temperature had on crop yields in this study.

Change in yield (%)

Source: (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, 2006)

There are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Chipanshi, a., Chanda, R., & Totolo, O. (Dec 2003). Vulnerability assessment of the maize and sorghum crops to climate change in Botswana. Climatic Change, 61(3).

Dhakwa, G. & Campbell, L. (Dec 1998). Potential effects of differential day-night warming in global climate change on crop production. Climatic Change, 40(3).

Isik, M. & Devadoss, S. (20 April 2006). An analysis of the impact of climate change on crop yields and yield variability. Applied Economics, 38(7).

Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J., Laza, R., Visperas, R., Zhong, X., Centeneo, G., Khush, G., & Cassman, K. (6 July 2004). Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(27).
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Nhs Corporate Social Responsibility Practice in a

Words: 2377 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46226002

NHS Corporate Social esponsibility Practice

In a contemporary business environment, organizations are struggling with the new roles to meet the needs of present generation without compromising the needs of future generation. Within a business environment, stakeholders are calling upon corporate organizations to implement operations that will meet the societal values and the natural environment. Organizations are also being called upon to apply principles of corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) in the business operations. Corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) is the process where corporate organizations demonstrate the inclusion of social responsibility and environmental concerns in their business activities. (D'Amato, Henderson, & Henderson, 2009). It is no longer acceptable for a firm to conduct business without demonstrating societal concern.

The objective of this report is to evaluate the current Corporate Social esponsibility practice of National Health Service (NHS). The report uses Carroll's pyramid models to demonstrate the effectiveness of NHS Corporate Social esponsibility practice,…… [Read More]

References

Bowie, N.E. (1999). Business Ethics and Normative Theories. Black well Publishing. UK.

Burton, B.K., Farh, J.L. & Hegarty, W.H. (2000). Comparison of a Cross-Cultural Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation: Hong Kong vs. United States Students. Teaching Business Ethics, 4(2):151-167.

Carroll, A.B. (1999). Evolution of a Definitional Construct of Corporate social responsibility Business and Society, 38(3): 268-295.

D'Amato, A. Henderson, S. & Henderson, S.(2009).Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Business. CCL Press. USA.
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Kyoto Treaty Addresses the Problem

Words: 1404 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31773768

Increased agriculture, deforestation, landfills, industrial production, and mining also contribute a significant share of emissions. In 1997, the United States emitted about one-fifth of total global greenhouse gases.

Changing Climate

Global average surface temperatures have increased 0.5-1.0°F since the late 19th century. The 20th century's 10 warmest years all occurred in the last 15 years of the century. Of these, 1998 was the warmest year on record. Snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere and floating ice in the Arctic Ocean have decreased. Globally, sea level has risen 4-8 inches over the past century. Worldwide precipitation over land has increased by about one percent. The frequency of extreme rainfall events has increased throughout much of the United States. Scientists expect that the average global surface temperature could rise 1-4.5°F (0.6-2.5°C) in the next fifty years, and 2.2-10°F (1.4-5.8°C) in the next century. Evaporation will increase as the climate warms, which will…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Environmental Protection Agency http://yosemite.epa.gov/oar/globalwarming.nsf/content/Climate.html

National Academies

 http://dels.nas.edu/ccgc 

National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/globalwarming.html
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Nursing Related Case Study Tom's Vitals in

Words: 3386 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27331105

Nursing elated Case Study

Tom's vitals, in the emergency department, revealed an elevated respiratory rate, heart rate and blood pressure. His oxygen saturation was also considerably low. Tom's Body Mass Index (BMI) falls in the overweight category. He was also a-febrile, at presentation, indicating that infection was not a precipitating cause.

Initially the ABGs were normal, indicating an acute severe exacerbation or life threatening asthma. Later, when the ABGs were repeated, carbon dioxide levels were above normal. A raised carbon dioxide level is the differentiating bench mark between life threatening and near fatal asthma. The ABG analysis also reveals acidemia which cannot be solely attributed to a respiratory or metabolic cause alone, and hence can be safely classified as a mixed disorder.

Tom's history is typical of atopic asthma which usually begins in childhood and is triggered by antigens from the environment, such as pollen, animal dander or dust. Upper…… [Read More]

REFERENCES:

Brandis, K. (n.d.). The physiology viva. Retrieved from  http://www.anaesthesiamcq.com/downloads/odc.pdf 

Guyton, A., & Hall, J. (2011). Guyton and hall textbook of medical physiology. (12 ed.). Mississippi: Elsevier.

Kumar Abbas, & Robbins, (2007). Basic pathology. (8 ed.). London: Saunders Company.

Myron, K. (2005, May 10). Is obesity a risk factor for asthma. Retrieved from  http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/24118.php
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High Speed Rail With Greater Economic and

Words: 1356 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3600362

High Speed ail

With greater economic and population growth, there is crowding issues on existing rail lines, poor journey times, areas that have been neglected with existing rail ways, and a greater carbon issue. In efforts to reduce the CO2 emissions, the government has encouraged less car usage, less air travel usage, and more train travel. In these efforts a new high speed rail line has been proposed.

The proposed High Speed Two project is intended to reduce CO2 emissions and provide measures to accommodate future growth in the train travel industry. By reducing road usage and air usage, the train travel produces less CO2 emissions to further harm the environment. The HS2 project is designed to operate with existing lines to produce greater capacity and efficiency in services to new and local users.

The HS2 (London-West Midlands) project case alone will provide 13 billion more in benefits than the…… [Read More]

References

Anon., 2009. Britains Transport Infracture: High Speed Two, s.l.: Bluespace Thinking.

Anon., 2010. A Review of High Speed Rail-HS2 Proposals, s.l.: Bluespace Limited Thinking.

Anon., 2010. Financial Anaylsis of High Speed 2, s.l.: Wendover.

Anon., 2011. A Better Railway for Britain, s.l.: www.betterthanhs2.org.
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Water Math Water Flow 12f

Words: 467 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98649198

This makes the issue a complex one without a clear answer; carbon dioxide is preferable to other potential byproducts of fossil fuel combustion due to the ease with which it can be trapped and its relative innocuousness in these sinks, but undesirable due to its volume and the lack of current capabilities to provide adequate sinks.

7) While it is understandable that the EPA would desire to increase public safety by revising standards for ground level ozone production and concentration, in reality this move is not entirely necessary. As business owners and operators, you know all too well the incessant environmental regulation can create significant operational difficulties and reduce if to eliminate profitability, often with no effect on environmental risks or damage. The EPA itself has found that ground-level ozone quickly dissipates and presents a minimal danger to health if properly vented and dispersed, yet they are revising regulations as…… [Read More]

References

Clegg, S. & Abbatt, J. (2001). Oxidation of SO2 by H2O2 on ice surfaces at 228 K: a sink for SO2 in ice clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 1:77-92.

EPA. (2011). Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. Washington, DC.

Garrison, T. (2004). Oceanography. New York: Thomson Brooks.
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Global Warming Occurs Due to the Rise

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56551359

Global warming occurs due to the rise in temperature. The trapping of light and heat from the sun causes this rising of temperature. Nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor are the green house gases, these gases trap the light and heat from the sun, and as a result, the temperature rises. This global warming hurts a large number of people, plants and animals living in the earth. There are many reasons due to which global arming is increasing day by day. Human beings also cause global warming but many other things are also responsible for it (Maslin, 2006).

The main activity that human beings perform due to which global warming occurs is to flaming the fossil fuels. Whiled riving a car, carbon dioxide is released in the atmosphere. This increases the greenhouse effect. In addition to this, jet fuel in the airplane also contributes in releasing the carbon…… [Read More]

References

Archer, D. (2011). Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Karling, H.M. (2011). Global Climate Change. Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publ.

Maslin, M. (2006). Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and the Future. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press.
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Oxygen Hypoventilation and Hyperventilation Are Respiratory Conditions

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11898862

Oxygen

Hypoventilation and hyperventilation are respiratory conditions related to differential intakes of air. Hypoventilation refers to the inadequate (hypo) intake of air, causing decreased levels of oxygen and increased levels of carbon dioxide in the body. The necessary gas exchanges for maintaining equilibrium become upset. Hypoventilation is caused and characterized by shallow and/or excessively slow breathing. As a result of inadequate gas exchange, carbon dioxide cannot be properly removed and levels of CO2 in the blood become elevated, a condition called hypercapnia. When levels of CO2 in the blood change, the body's pH changes too. Hyperapnia causes the blood to become more acidic, a condition called espiratory Acidosis. A person who has lost control over his or her respiratory system may not be able to self-regulate by breathing deeper or faster (Agrawal, n.d.).

Hyperventilation is the opposite of hypoventilation. Too much (hyper) air is being taken in and cannot be…… [Read More]

References

Agrawal, S. (n.d.). Understanding hypoventilation and its treatment. Retrieved online: http://www.articles.complexchild.com/april2010/00197.pdf

American Society for Hematology (n.d.). Clots and travel. Retrieved online: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Clots/Travel.aspx

"Hyperventilation And Hypoventilation," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.nataliescasebook.com/tag/hyperventilation-and-hypoventilation

"Hypoventilation and Hyperventilation Syndromes," (n.d.). Providence. Retrieved online: http://oregon.providence.org/health-library/h/hypoventilation-and-hyperventilation-syndromes/
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Global Warming and Climate Change

Words: 2402 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45380201

Thus, since we are a major contributor to the problem, we need to be the first to step up with global solutions.

In addition, the country (and the world) needs to start to encourage the development of alternative energies on a large scale. Homes that utilize solar, geothermal, and/or wind power should receive tax breaks, and there should be significant incentives to build "green" in the future. In addition, we need to stop our dependence on foreign oil NOW, as the recent spike in oil prices clearly indicates. We need to develop alternative fuel sources, alternative power sources, and much more environmentally friendly ways of generating the power we need for our homes, schools, and businesses, and we need to do it as soon as possible.

There is mounting evidence that extreme weather events that have recently occurred are at least partly due to global warming. There have been studies…… [Read More]

References

Author not Available. "About the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." IPCC.ch. 2008. 14 March 2008.  http://www.ipcc.ch /about/index.htm

Editors. "Climate Change." EPA.gov. 2008. 14 March 2008. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/

Johansen, Bruce E. The Global Warming Desk Reference. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Jordan, Stuart. "The Global Warming Crisis." The Humanist Nov.-Dec. 2005: 23+.
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mass extinctions and climate change

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32649800

1. The bookmarks indicated the following six events:
· Formation of the earth and moon 4.6 billion years ago
· Earliest life, 3.9 billion years ago
· Early land plants 420 million years ago
· Largest mass extinction 248 million years ago
· Dinosaur extinction 65 million years ago
· "Lucy", early hominid, 4 million years ago

2. In the Archaean period, there are cyanobacteria and stromatites.

3. The three periods of time that are described as eras are the Paleozoic, the Mesozoic, and the Cenozoic.

4. There are five mass extinction events listed. They are:
End-Orcovician, where many types of ocean life became extinct including trilobites, brachiopods, and graptolites. The Late Devonian, stromatoporoids, brachiopods associated with reefs and more trilobites all became extinct, as coral systems suffered heavy losses. The End-Permian extinction saw some corals, trilobites, and types of brachiopods, orinoids and shelled cephalopods all became extinct at this…… [Read More]

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climate change impacts

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97487118

Part 1: A Closer Look at the Evidence

1. The first graph on the NASA site shows the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, comparing across time. It shows that for all time, there were fluctuations in the level of CO2 in the atmosphere, but that the level always remained below 300 parts per million. The graph takes a sharp uptick in recent years, and by the time we get to the 20th century it is basically a straight upward line, to the present level around 400ppm. The 1950 level was only at around 320, so nearly a quarter of the carbon in the atmosphere has been added in about the last 70 years or so, and that is for all-time.

The UK website explains that the increase in carbon dioxide levels in the environment has occurred since the Industrial Revolution, which brought about many changes in technology, including the…… [Read More]

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Environmental Economics

Words: 2913 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16139129

Environmental Economics

Economics and Nature Conservation

From early childhood, one is taught of the importance of the surrounding environment in all human activities. Forests for instance are crucial sources of fresh air and clean water, as well as raw commodities that support life. Nevertheless, mankind continues to trash the woodlands, and as such jeopardize the future of the next generations. In a context in which next to 5 million hectares of forests are lost on annual basis due to deforestations and fires, causing a multitude of environmental, economic and social effects, the global authorities must intervene to better regulate the sector.

The modern day individual is characterized by a myriad of features, such as the reduced time to cook and the obvious tendency to either eat out, either grab some fast food. Other elements refer to the increased pace of technological development, with which he has to keep up; the…… [Read More]

References:

Bratkovich, S., Gallion, J., Leatherberry, E., Hoover, W., Reading, W., Durham, G., Forests of Indiana: Their Economic Importance, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,  http://na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/forestprod/indiana_forest04/forests_of_IN04.htm  last accessed on November 24, 2009

Burgees, P., Cheek, K.A., Policy Review

Johnson, K.N., Holthausen, R., Shannon, M.A., Sedel, J., Case Study

Nelson, J.E., Management Review
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Energy Sources There Have Been

Words: 891 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53154859

Through research on the risks that come with uranium and coal for energy plants, there can be determination of which among the two is better for human sustainability.

Green house gases

Electricity plants that use coal for electricity production release large amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants that are harmful to the environment, bearing that coal is packed with high levels of hydrocarbons. Among these gases is sulfur dioxide that results in acid rain formation and consequent depletion of environment and even property that is reactive to sulfuric acid. Nitrogen oxides are also produced and together with VOCS result to smog formation. Mercury is also produced alongside Carbon dioxide which are direct contributors to negative climate change (Matthews, 2012).

On the other hand, in the nuclear power plants there is no production of gases such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, carbon dioxide, mercury or such other toxic gases. If…… [Read More]

References

Lamb, R. & Brain, M. (2010). How Nuclear Power Works. Retrieved April 17, 2013 http://www.howstuffworks.com/nuclear-power4.htm

Matthews, M. (2012). Which One Is Better for the Environment: Coal or Nuclear? Retrieved April 17, 2013 from http://greenliving.nationalgeographic.com/one-better-environment-coal-nuclear-20469.html

Sludge Safety Project, (2013). What is Coal Slurry. Retrieved April 118, 2013 from http://www.sludgesafety.org/what-coal-slurry
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Exploration Global Warming

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85214741

Global Warming Reduction

Global warming is caused by human activities of burning solid waste, wood, and fossil fuels, release of hydroflurocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) from industrial processes, and deforestation (Rey, 2011). urning fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas, and coal puts greenhouses gases that affect the atmosphere. The industrial processes increase heat more than normal and when released into the air, it gets trapped into the atmosphere. And, deforestation allows carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere that also causes the global warming.

As the human population grows, so does the demand for housing that uses more trees, the number of vehicles that are operated that release more greenhouse gasses, and more demand for industrial processes that also release more gasses into the atmosphere and increase the demands that are needed to meet human needs. All these gasses going into the air and land…… [Read More]

Bibliography mtrguanlau. (2011, May 22). Possible Ways We Can Contribute To Stop Global Warming. Retrieved from Expertscolumn: http://experts.com/content/possible-ways-we-can-contribute-stop-global-warming

Rey, M. (2011, Feb 11). Factors Contributing to Global Warming. Retrieved from EZine Articles: http://ezinearticles.com/?Factors-Contributing-To-Global-Warming&id=5907578
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Magnetic-Levitation Trains Today Innovations in

Words: 2852 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67949292

79).

Not everyone is of a like mind when it comes to the potential benefits of magnetic levitation technologies, though. While research into maglev train technologies has been underway in the United States since the mid-1960s following the passage of the High Speed Ground Transportation Act of 1965, but much of the interest was limited to paper studies based on the perceived constraints involved in deploying maglev technologies (Uher, 1999). Based on the successes enjoyed by other countries, most notably Germany and China, maglev technologies for the nation's train system received some new support during the late 1990s. For example, Macdonald points out that, "In 1998, President Bill Clinton signed the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, a $218 billion blueprint for America's transit systems, highways and bridges. It included $60 million from the Highway Trust Fund for the Magnetic Levitation Transportation Technology Deployment Program, and the possibility of…… [Read More]

References

At least 15 die as maglev crashes. (2006, September 23). The Birmingham Post, 8.

Baard, M. (2006, April/May). Working on the railroad. Plenty, 26-27.

Banutu-Gomez, M. (2007). Production and trade factors between China and U.S.. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1(1), 81-82.

Cavendish, M. (2003). How it works: Science and technology. New York: Marshall Cavendish.
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Behavioral Changes Reducing the Effects

Words: 1835 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10604564

hy the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan alsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a "well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science" (alsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been "assaulted" by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks" for over twenty years.

Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chevrolet. (2012). Somebody Has to Be First. Chevrolet VOLT. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.chevrolet.com/volt-electric-car/.

Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). Frequently Asked Questions About Global Warming

And Climate Change: Back to Basics. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange.

Greenercars.org. (2010). Green Driving Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.greenercars.org/drivingtips.htm.
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Climate Change and Corporate Environmental Policies

Words: 1380 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91225973

Climate change is also described as global warming, the unnatural or manmade cause of the planet’s increase in temperature. Climate change is physically caused by the release of greenhouse gases which get trapped in the atmosphere, in turn trapping heat from the sun on the planet (Meyer & Roser, 2006). Other pollutants can cause problems for the environment as well, such as toxins released into the water from chemical plants, or nuclear meltdowns that result in oceans being poisoned. These are also lumped in with climate change, since they also alter the environment. One of the biggest producers This paper will describe how climate change is occurring, how corporations are involved, and what some companies are doing to address it.

A Poore, Williams and Tracey (2000) note, sea levels are rising as a result of climate change. This occurs because the heat trapped on the planet by greenhouse gases leads…… [Read More]

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Small Price for a Large

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8070366

Moreover, the mean temperature of the planet earth shall only change once there is an inequality between the rates of energy added and energy lost. What this implies is that any substance which can alter the rates of flow of energy may cause the warming of the earth or the cooling of the world.

As far as man-made global warming is concerned, the additional carbon dioxide in the air is known to decrease the rate as which planet earth cools to the exterior space. This readily happens in nature during the greenhouse effect of the atmospheric system. The greenhouse effect is a natural process in which water vapor, clouds, carbon dioxide and methane serve as a radiative blanket. Therefore, the lower atmosphere of the earth and the surface are lagged. Consequently, the earths mean surface temperature is escalated by approximately thirty three degrees celsius. Likewise, the globe's natural greenhouse effect…… [Read More]

Reference

Roy, Spencer W.

Models is Wrong.31 May 2009. 24 May 2010.
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Global Warming There Is a

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59152620

It was hoped in the past there would be laws and regulations in place that required mandatory reductions in greenhouse gases that were put into the atmosphere. The Kyoto Protocol would have seen to this, but the U.S. rejected it. It still remains to be seen whether Obama's Administration will make renewable energy a real possibility and lower the number of greenhouse gases that are put into the environment.

Regulating greenhouse gases does not guarantee that climate change will stop or be reversed, but these kinds of gases are not good for people anyway, so there is nothing wrong with regulating them. However, the rising sea levels and rising temperatures could be cyclical and not really related to greenhouse gases or anything else that humans are doing. If that is the case, regulating the greenhouse gases and making other environmental changes will not help anything. Getting too worried about this…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Healy, J. Kevin and Tapick, Jeffrey M. (2004). "Climate change: It's not just a policy issue for corporate counsel -- It's a legal problem," 29 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 89, 96.
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Misperception of Science Is That

Words: 345 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25785716



2. Scientists avoid using the terms "true" and "the truth" because they are too absolute. Science does not aim to give absolute knowledge. Instead, the scientific method relies on the senses and on experiments by creating hypotheses and testing them. Also, science is based on the five senses. The terms "true" and "truth" do not acknowledge the limitations of the five senses. Scientists understand that the body of knowledge created by science has changed over the years because of the development of better instruments to measure and gather data. The human senses might not change much, but the reliability of the senses change as instruments become more sophisticated. Scientists are constantly striving to improve the reliability of their observations and so can never claim to know the "truth." The five senses can point to what seems to be true, but scientists work with objectivity. Truth is a subjective issue, which…… [Read More]

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Enviroprop the Following Project Is

Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26175829

It is therefore quite important to evaluate each experience on its own merits, as well as to how well each experience is integrated into the overall picture. An evaluation form has been developed for each participant as well as the parents of that participant. The evaluation form will be handed out at the end of each of the camps (whether the attendee stayed for a one-week or the full three-week course will be noted) for completion and return to the directors of the camp.

After the evaluation forms have been returned, the responses contained therein will be analyzed and broken down into categories pertaining to each camp experience and how it (they) were perceived by the campers. Follow-up questionnaires can be sent to each participant on a bi-yearly basis in order to gauge what type of long-term effects the camps continue to have on the participants.

The project is proposed…… [Read More]

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Hydrogen as a Source of

Words: 1893 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11881835

This presents challenges because neither high-pressure compressed hydrogen gas nor cryogenic liquefied hydrogen can easily be handled at home." (Panasonic, p. 1)

This underscores the reality noted by this proposal and cast to further examination in the research justified by this proposal that any real implementation of an energy source transformation would be a considerable commercial, political, economic and practical endeavor.

All of that noted, it still remains that case that hydrogen has the potential to light the way for a better fuel economy, a more efficient society and a more pristine environment in Singapore. This is because at its root, hydrogen carries not just the potential for clean-burning but also for greater energy-storing capacity. According to the Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA) "hydrogen is the lightest gas and also the most energy-dense fuel per mass. One pound of hydrogen holds 52,000 Btu, three times the energy of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA). (2010). Hydrogen Energy Overview. FCHEA.org.

Linde Group (LG). (2010). Hydrogen Energy. Linde Industrial Gases.

Ministry of the Environment and Water Sources (MEWR). (2010). Climate Change and Energy Efficiency. http://app.mewr.gov.sg

National Climate Change Committee (NCCC). (2008). Singapore's National Climate Change Strategy. app.mewr.gov.sg.
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New Motorbike Carolina Swag --

Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15529138

Most of the motorcycle manufacturers want to convert their production towards eco-friendly technology powered by new wave of fuel alternates.

Swagster will capture the motorcycle market due to enhanced features including powerful engine, higher acceleration and the advanced technology of power-pack. With these added features, Swagster will promote the Hybrid motorcycle market to the next level of technology. Swagster will definitely wipe-off the recently launched oad Glide Ultra model of Harley-Davidson due to environment friendly feature. Additionally, the price of Harley-Davidson is $22,500 while the price of Swagster will be $15,000. This price difference with eco-friendly aspect will definitely attract most of the Harley-Davidson customers towards Swagster. The competitive set of Swagster also provides power pack technology and the first time improvement of color graphics. With the Swagster, the motorcycle will get the first and the foremost eco-friendly and environment friendly motorcycles around the world. (Proctor 2000)

In addition to…… [Read More]

References

Donald R. Lehmann, Russell S. Winer, Russell Winer, 2001. Analysis for Marketing Planning. McGraw-Hill/Irwin; 5 edition, ISBN-10: 0070275475.

Proctor, T., 2000. Essentials of Marketing research, UK: Financial Times-Prentice Hall.

Randall, G., 2001. Principles of Marketing, 2nd edition, Thomson Learning.
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Stimulus Discuss the Long-Range Effects of a

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33317551

Stimulus

Discuss the long-range effects of a stimulus plan as it affects the banking sector, on the one hand, and increases aggregate demand, on the other hand.

A stimulus plan by the federal government is designed to increase aggregate demand and boost economic production, lifting the nation out of a recession. By infusing money into the economy through public works projects and other government investments, newly hired workers have more income, and can thus contribute to the expansion of the economy as a whole through their spending. However, a long-range stimulus plan can occasionally make the banking sector nervous, because of fears of rising inflation. Inflation is feared by the banking sector because this reduces the value of their current holdings, and also means that current loans will yield a less profitable dividend, as prices increase and the purchasing power of the dollar goes down. Additionally, most stimulus plans couple…… [Read More]

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Environment There Could Be No

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53145054

In other industrialized countries, however, like Germany, Italy and Japan, the main concern of governments today is that not enough children are being born to even reach the level of the replacement rate. This is almost certainly a mistake since reduction of population should be the main goal in order to save the planet, and additional middle-class consumers in Western nations are the greatest burden on the environment.

Encouragement of voluntary euthanasia will be another method of reducing the excess population. Today many billions of dollars are spent on the last thirty days of life and 65% of physicians and nurses in one survey admitted that had provided unnecessary treatments for the terminally ill. That statistic was mentioned frequently in the debates over health care reform, with the implication that those dollars would be better spent on medical care for younger and healthier people at the start of their productive…… [Read More]

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Global Warming Cause and Mitigation

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98436950

Climate Change -- Cause and Mitigation

There are several ways to look at climate change because there are natural causes and there are also human-influenced causes for the global climate to change. This paper defines anthropogenic climate change and it defines natural climate change and the historic record of the earth's changing climate over the millennia. This paper also provides strategies for mitigating global climate change and speculates as to the possible stabilization of climate change vis-a-vis the business and economic fields.

hat is Anthropogenic Climate Change?

The Merriam-ebster Dictionary defines anthropogenic as "…relating to, or resulting from, the influence of human beings on nature"; the first use of this team was in 1923.

Meanwhile, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research lists three ways in which the evidence points toward humans having influence over the rising temperatures on earth. The "…concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is rising," which is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Institute of Physics. (2013). Study reveals scientific consensus on anthropogenic climate change.

Retrieved September 1, 2013, from  http://www.iop.org .

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Working Group I:

The Physical Science Basis. Retrieved September 1, 2013, from  http://www.ipcc.ch .
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Socially Innovative and Socially Responsible Commerce Examination

Words: 2165 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16451838

Socially Innovative and Socially Responsible Commerce: Examination of Carbon Tax in Australia

In a November 8th 2011 report in the Australian Times it is reported that as the final hurdle to carbon emission tax was cleared by the Federal Government of Australia, "Prime Minister Julia Gillard avoided saying the passage of the controversial impost would mark a turning point in Labor's fortunes." It is related that a new polled demonstrated "a modest uptick in its primary support." (Australian Times, 2011) The new tax is geared toward a reduction in carbon emissions in theory however; it is likely that the carbon tax is in reality more focused on government receipts in terms of its revenue. This issue will be examined through the lens of theorists Senge (2000) and the Dynamics of Systems, Jenkins (2008) and value and identities, and einhocker (2006) theories and global commerce.

Carbon Tax in Australia: An Overview…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aronson, D. (1998) Overview of Systems Thinking. Retrieved from:  http://www.thinking.net/Systems_Thinking/OverviewSTarticle.pdf 

Beinhocker, ED (2006) Evolution, Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics. Harvard Business School Press. Retrieved from: http://www.cui-zy.cn/Recommended/Nature&glabolization/Origin%20of%20Wealth;%20Evolution,%20Complexity,%20and%20the%20Radical%20Remaking%20of%20Economics%20(Harvard%20Business%20School%20Press;%202006).pdf

Carbon Emitters Face Up to $7.3 Bill. Australian Times. Retrieved from: http://www.australiantimes.co.uk/news/in-australia/carbon-emitters-face-up-to-7-3b-bill.htm/attachment/28_02_carbon_400x300-3

Carbon Tax to Destroy Australia: Monckton. Australian Times. Retrieved from: http://www.australiantimes.co.uk/news/carbon-tax-to-destroy-australia-monckton.htm/attachment/carbon_tax_rally_sydney_9_july_2011
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International Environmental Laws on Oil Gas Production Effects

Words: 2138 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30626844

International Environmental Laws on Oil/Gas Production

Effects of Oil and Gas Production to the Environment in Norway

Over the years, oil and gas production companies have been a serious global concern. This is due to impacts on the environment associated with its production. International principles setup aims at governing the extraction and usage of such sources of energy. Norway is located in Europe, located near North Sea. Its high level of energy production has highly boosted the Gross National product (GNP) of Europe. Oil, gas and hydroelectric power having contributed significantly to the rapid development of industries in Europe and contribute around 50% to the economy. Discovery of oil and gas was in early 1960's, and currently, Norway is the seventh largest producer of oil and gas internationally. There have been contravenes between energy producing industries and the environmental activists. Several principles set to govern energy production have been set,…… [Read More]

References

Development of E.C.O.A., 2001. Environmental Performance Reviews: Norway. Holand: OECD publishers.

Edwards, J., 1998. Europe. Scandinavia: Nelson Thornes Publishers.

Fitzmaurie, M., 2010. Research Handbook on Iinternational Environmental Law. 3rd ed. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gardinerr, S., Caney, S. & Jamieson, D., 2003. Climate Ethics: Essential Readings. 1 ed. Chicago: Springer.
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Price Is Right Adam Morton 2012 Adam

Words: 516 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37233269

Price is Right? (Adam Morton, 2012)

Adam Morton's work entitled "The Price Is Right?" published online the 'Environment' website examines whether Australia's carbon price is too high compared with other major countries in the world. Morton states that the idea that the carbon tax in Australia is too high began with an assumption among those in a political debate and then at some point 'became an assumed wisdom." (Morton, 2012)

The Truth

Morton states that when one actually surveys the carbon market on an international and local basis that the idea of whether the carbon tax in Australia is really higher than in other major countries is not as clear. The original price of $23 per ton of carbon dioxide placed by the multiparty climate committee of Labor, Greens, and independent MPs was based in part on the European price which was at the time approximately $20 per ton of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Morton, Adam (2012) The Price Is Right? 17 May 2012. Environment. Retrieved from:  http://www.theage.com.au/environment/the-price-is-right-20120516-1yr2e.html
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Scientists Who Study the Evolution

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93774248



On Earth, volcanic eruptions trigger the carbon cycle that accounts for the eventual concentration of calcium carbonate wherever water once existed. On Mars, the absence of calcium carbonate and, even more importantly, the presence of jarosite suggests that the element sulfur may have played a comparable role to that of carbon on Earth. Specifically, Martian volcanoes apparently ejected vast quantities of sulfur dioxide (instead of carbon dioxide released in volcanoes on this planet) where it was eventually dissolved in Martian oceans to form silicates and sulfites including calcium sulfite. At the same time, the presence of calcium sulfite would also have inhibited the formation of carbonates like limestone.

Additionally, this recent observation also offers a logical explanation for how a planet like Mars which is presently far too cold to support liquid water could ever have been warm enough to do so. That answer derives from the fact that just…… [Read More]

References

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2007, December 27). How Mars Could Have Been Warm and Wet but Limestone Free. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 19, 2008, at http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/12/071221130045.htm
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Urban Drainage System Sustainable Urban

Words: 3018 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12969064

If there is an aggregate sub-base, these can provide water quality treatment. There should be good compaction and appropriate geo-textiles especially for areas accessible to heavy vehicles.

Permeable pavements reduce the need for deep excavations thereby providing a cost benefit. This system reduces the run-off rates and peak flow. The overall benefit is that it removes pollutants and holds water so that it does enter the main drainage. A lot of water in the main drainage would either need pumping or treating thereby using energy (Wild et al. 2002).

4.5. Swales

They are continuous vegetated drainage systems which convey or store water while allowing filtration when appropriate. Usually, they are the equivalent of roadside gullies or drainage pipes in conventional drainage systems. However, swales have gentle gradient so that water moves at low velocity. The sediments in storm water run-off can, therefore, settle out.

The advantage of swales is that…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Apostolaki, S., Jefferies, C., Smith, M. & Woods-Ballard B. 2002, Social Acceptability of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems. Proc. 5th Symposium of the International Planning and Environmental Association. Oxford, September.

Apostolaki, S, Jefferies, C. & Smith, M. 2003, the Perception and Social Acceptability of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems. Proc. 1st International Conference on Sustainable Development & Management of the Subsurface. 5-7 Nov. Utrech, the Netherlands

Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) 2000, Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems -- design manual for Scotland and Northern Ireland. Report No. 521

Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) 2002, Source Control Using Constructed Pervious Surfaces. Report No. 582
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High Speed Railway Line HS2

Words: 1101 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64712602



The National Safety Council approximates the entire losses owing to traffic accidents in 2011 was about $250 billion. There were somewhere in the region of 3 trillion vehicle miles, and 1.7 people per vehicle, so all this protection cost of cars comes to 4.6 cents a passenger mile (as it turns out is more than twice more normal approximations). By means of this 4.6 cent number, a rail line that shifts 780,000 drivers produces an additional $9 million a year of passage safety advantage.

A standard estimation is that cars produce 5 cents of blockage damage for each one vehicle mile of travel. From the same basis, let us factor in another 3 cents per vehicle mile to cover up neighborhood pollution, fuel dependence problems and road maintenance. This works out to another $9 million worth of benefits from decreasing the amount of drivers by 780,000 (the carbon impacts of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Financial analysis of High Speed 2 Stage One

The carbon impacts of High Speed 2. Greengauge 21. Sep. 2012

Valuing the Benefits of HS2 (London -- West Midlands). April 2011.

Capturing the benefits of HS2 on existing lines. GreenGauge21. 2011
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New High-Speed Railway HS2

Words: 1490 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25870987

people using rail in the country has grown by 50 per cent and is mainly driven by sensitivity to the environmental. As a result the government has introduced an investment in a railway network and service improvements that will sustain the growth. This project has triggered some debate where some feel that the network is necessary and that it will benefit those who are inclined to use rail as a preferred means of transportation. The government through the department of transportation makes a case for the development of the line arguing that the line will link major centres in the UK. The line is expected to benefit businesses by improving the links between the major terminals thereby saving time and creating more job and business opportunities. In addition, HS2 is most likely to reduce a substantial amount of CO2 emissions as recommended by the Climate Change Act 2008.

Introduction

Department…… [Read More]

References

AGAHST Federation 2011, A Better Railway for Britain, viewed 16 December 2012.

Bains, J 2011, Working with Word, Live in Hope Publishing, Frustration City.

Blackett, J 2011, Business Benefits, viewed 16 December 2012, .

Bloggs, J 2010, More About Nothing, Rampant Publishing, New York.
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Bamboo Industry in India Bamboo

Words: 6798 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19886807

S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.

Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).

As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .

Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Applegate, Ed and Johnsen, Art. Cases in advertising and marketing management: real =

situations for tomorrow's managers Plymouth, United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.

Adhikary, Nripal. "Treatment Process." Abari Adobe and Bamboo Research Institute. 2009.

Web. Available at: . 09 October 2009.
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Effects of Climate Change

Words: 1376 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90439067

Global Warming and Climate Change

Natural versus anthropogenic forces in climate change are a common topic for discussion. Some people believe that the global warming experienced now is part of a natural cycle while other others believe it is accelerated thanks to human evolution on earth. Although there is a natural cycle on the planet concerning global warming, this is not the case regarding the information provided from scientific data on the effects of human-generated global warming. Natural global warming takes long periods of time to develop.

People that have analyzed previous global warming trends have noted the rise in temperatures occurred over a prolonged period, like thousands of years. However, human-caused global warming has produced a warming trend at a faster rate. Instead of thousands of years, it is decades. Secondly, humans were not around for the previous global warming trends and if they were, they were much smaller…… [Read More]

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Waste Sustainability in Coed Darcy

Words: 3101 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37423745

The waste group contains 3 items:

AS1 -- Storing of Recyclable Household aste and Non-recyclable aste

AS2 -- Building Location aste Management

AS3 -- Composting

Issue

Measurement Criteria

Points Awarded

Household Recycling facilities

Either

Either

here the following recycling

1.8

services are given:

• 3 internal storage bins for recyclable waste with -- min total capacity of 60 ltr

-- no individual bin smaller than 15 ltr

-- all of the bins in a devoted position that is accessible to disabled people

1.8

or

or

here full recycling facilities

3.6

are provided:

• 3 internal storage bins with -- min total capacity of 30 ltr

-- no individual bin smaller

than 7 ltr

-- all bins in a dedicated position that is accessible to disabled people

or 3.6

AND EITHER

• a Local Authority collection scheme for recyclable materials covering at least three streams of waste with sufficient space for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Agyeman, J., & Evans, B. (2004). 'Just sustainability': The emerging discourse of environmental justice in Britain? The Geographical Journal, 170, 155-164.

Apitz, S.E. (2010). Waste or resource? classifying and scoring dredged material management strategies in terms of the waste hierarchy. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10(8), 1657-1668.

Babin, R., & Nicholson, B. (2011). How green is my outsourcer? Measuring sustainability in global it outsourcing. Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, 4(1), 47-66.

Ball, S., & Abou Taleb, M. (2011). Benchmarking waste disposal in the Egyptian hotel industry. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 11(1), 1-18.
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Inconvenient Truth Former Vice President

Words: 11687 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45554107

The hope, of course, that to the extent possible, both groups will invest themselves, and their money, in the ways that Mr. Gore is going to suggest in the film.

The Scientist and Mentors

Finally, Mr. Gore shows an image of earth that was made by a friend of his - all of the experts in the film are friends of Mr. Gore. The image was, again, made over a period of years and shows all the geographic locations of the earth. This is important because it segues into Mr. Gore's new direction of rhetoric; a story about two teachers, one he liked very much, the other not so well. Now, this explanation of his impression, his like or dislike of these teachers is intended to accomplish several things in the connection between Mr. Gore and his audience. Also, the audience has changed from a young audience, to one of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Buell, Frederick. From Apocalypse to Way of Life: Environmental Crisis in the American Century, New York, New York, Taylor and Francis Books, Inc., 2003.

Douglas, Richard. Growthism and the Green Backlash, the Political Quarterly, 78/4,

October-December, 2007, 547-555.

Durkin, Martin (dir). The Great Global Warming Swindle, film documentary, WAGtv,