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Psychotherapeutic Case Formulation
Salomon has clearly evidenced educational and emotional problems at least since the 6th grade; however, this 9th grader has apparently neither been thoroughly physically and psychiatrically evaluated, nor received an Individual Education Plan, evincing a stunning level of neglect by his educators, the school psychologist and his Nurse-mother, all of whom theoretically know better. The system for identification, triage, referral and management of care will be followed. His case formulation will be approached from the "Underlying Factors Orientation" and from the "Observable Factors Orientation."
Initial Problem Identification
There is not enough available information to understand the problem. Therefore, Salomon will be referred for several sources of additional data. First, Salomon should be referred for a complete physical examination to determine if there are any physical factors contributing to his educational and emotional problems. He should also be referred for assessments by a neurologist and a psychiatrist. Assessments…
American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. (2010). Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation . Retrieved February 14, 2012 from AACAP Web site: http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/comprehensive_psychiatric_evaluation
Bullano, R.Z. (2009, September 17). Transition services prepare students for life beyond high school. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from Virginia Commonwealth University Web site: http://www.ttacnews.vcu.edu/2009/09/design-transition-services-that-prepare-students-for-life-beyond-high-school.html
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (2010). Common psychosocial problems of school aged youth: Developmental variations, problems, disorders and perspectives for prevention and treatment. Los Angeles, CA: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA.
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (Summer, 2007). Addressing barriers to learning: Evidence-based practices in schools: Concerns about fit and implementation. School Mental Health Project/Center for Mental Health in Schools, 12(3), 1-12.
The patient has been given a diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depressive Disorder. Since depressive symptoms are common in PTSD we would need to consider whether the depression or the PTSD is the primary diagnosis.
An essential step in the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is to identify major traumas in the client's. We know that Sarah reports being raped at a young age, but we need to know more about the effects of these experiences. Structured Diagnostic Interviews and Self-eport Instruments have been developed with the purpose of assessing traumas in more detail (Barlow, 2008). Some of the difficulties in assessing PTSD aside from diagnosing it incorrectly when another diagnosis would be appropriate would include the unreliability of self-report data. Patients often exaggerate or over report symptoms in an effort to gain the alliance of an assessing physician or psychologist. Care should be…
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.
Barlow, DH (2008). Clinical handbook of psychological disorders: A step-by-step treatment manual (4th Ed.). New York, USA: Guildford Press.
Becker, C.B., Zayfert, C., & Anderson, E. (2004). A survey of psychologists. Attitudes towards and utilization of exposure therapy for PTSD. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 277-292.
Berzoff, J., Flanagan, L.M., and Hertz, P. (1996).Inside out and outside in: Psychodynamic clinical theory and practice in contemporary multicultural contexts. New Jersey: Jason
Katheryn Case Study
Caucasian girl, Katheryn, aged 10, was referred on account of her increasingly aggressive behavior towards her 8-year-old brother, Carl. Mrs. Smith, their maternal grandma, has been raising the two children. Carl was a baby when she had taken him under her wing. In fact, she was responsible for their upbringing since their infancy; the two kids were taken away from Mrs. Smith's daughter (the children's mother) because of her alcoholism and substance/cocaine abuse behaviors. Katheryn and Carl are the two youngest of eleven children; none of them have been brought up by the mother and each of them struggles in one or other way. In fact, it has been reported that two older siblings of Katheryn had cleft palates at birth, and one sister hadn't spoken till she turned five. Further, many siblings have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); they are all…
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Duncan, B. (2010). On becoming a better therapist. American Psychological Society.
Elizabeth A. Newnham, & Page, A. C. (2010). Bridging the gap between best evidence and best practice in mental health. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 127-142.
Goodheart, C. (2011). Psychology Practice: Design for tomorrow. American psychologist, 66, 39-347.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy- A Case Study
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) Case Study
K is a forty-eight-year female who referred to Midlothian's clinical psychology psychosis service. K has a twenty-year history of mental health conditions. She first decided to contact mental health services because of the episodes of paranoia and severe depression she had experienced. During her initial contact with the mental health services she was diagnosed with schizo-affective disorder in 1996. When she was first referred to the mental health services department she was a single. She told of having only two close relationships in her past life. She however also said that she found these relationships challenging when it came to intimate contact. She also generally described that she found it somewhat difficult to form friendships or to trust people in her life. Despite the mental health conditions her general physical well-being was good. K was prescribed…
Bladek, M. (2014). Against memory: Acts of remembering in Jamaica Kincaid's My Brother. Retrieved from http://criticism.english.illinois.edu/2007%20Fall%20Documents/Affect%20Abstracts/Abstracts.htm
DeJong, P. & . Berg I.K (1998): Interviewing for solutions. Thomson: Brooks/Cole.
Drisko, J. (2014). Research Evidence and Social Work Practice: The Place of Evidence-Based Practice. Clin Soc Work J. 42:123-133 DOI 10.1007/s10615-013-0459-9
Freud, S. (1924) A general introduction to psychoanalysis. New York: Boni & Liveright.
Jasmin is a 21-year-old Asian woman who immigrated to the United States 10 years ago. She is an intelligent college student and she likes to study, although she has been diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia. She lives together with her parents, young sister and older brother. Jasmin's younger sister is in high school and her brother works at the father's grocery store. Her father has high blood pressure and needs to rest but continues to work at the store. Her mother also worked at father's grocery store.
The patient is taking Concerta. If she skips medication, she cannot concentrate on her studies and finds it difficult to talk to the other students. Her adviser is concerned about her ADHD and her difficult concentration. At the intake and opening the session with Jasmin, the client reported that she felt somewhat depressed, unmotivated, and self-destructive. She added that she felt she…
American Psychological Association (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist. 58(5), 377-402. Digital Copy: http://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/policy/multicultural-guidelines.aspx
Duncan, B. (2010). On becoming a better therapist. American Psychological Society
Ingram, B.L. (2006). Clinical case formulations: Matching the integrative treatment plan to the client. Wiley publishing.
Jones-Smith, E. (2013). Strength-based therapy: Connecting theory, practice, and skills. Sage, Inc.
Australian Cladding Company
The objective of this study is to answer the question asking what are the immediate and underlying problems facing ACC? As well, this work will answer as to what sort of HR activities need to be put in place reasonably quickly and what HR approaches need to be taken in the longer term to ensure ongoing strategic competitive advantage? These theories will be addressed using the Evolution of HRM, SHRM, HRM Planning/Retention/Turnover, Job analysis and design, recruitment and selection.
The Australian Cladding Company (ACC) was started by Jim Hackett in 1998. Hackett has a background in engineering and created is the creator of a house cladding product that is lightweight and low cost. This product is reported to have found "a ready market in Australia." Hackett's company grew rapidly and the headquarters while being in Sydney supplied the cladding in various states and attracted customers internationally as…
Akhtar, S; Ding, DZ, and Ge, GL (nd) Strateic HRM Practices and their Impact on Company Performance in Chinese enterprises. Retrieved from: http://www.shrm.org/Education/hreducation/Documents/47-1%20Akhtar%20et%20al.pdf
Appleby, A. & Mavin, S. 2000. 'Innovation not imitation: Human Resource Strategy and the Impact on World-Class Status,' Total Quality Management, vol. 11, no. 5, s554-s561.
Becker, B.E., Huselid, M.A., & Ulrich, D. (2001). The HR scorecard: Linking people, strategy, and performance. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Beckers, A.M., & Bsat, M.Z. (2002). A DSS classification model for research in human resource information systems. Information Systems Management, 19(3), 41 -- 50
Polaris & Victory: Entering & Growing the Motorcycle Business
Strategic Profile and Case Analysis Purpose
This is a case study of Polaris Industries and how they managed to enter the motorcycle market in 1998 with the Victory brand of motorcycles. The charge was led by Matt Parks who joined the company in 1987, by being asked to conduct research on the viability of Polaris entering the motorcycle market (Hitt, Ireland, & Hoskisson, 2016). The name Victory was coined when the company was still pursuing the possibility of starting motorcycle production. Victory was a confidential codename for the project, and it is Parks who came up with the name. esearch indicated that there was room for another competitor to enter the market especially in the cruiser business that was currently dominated by the Japanese producers and Harley-Davidson. Leveraging on its manufacturing capabilities, Polaris was able to begin developing a prototype for…
D. Banker, R., Mashruwala, R., & Tripathy, A. (2014). Does a differentiation strategy lead to more sustainable financial performance than a cost leadership strategy? Management Decision, 52(5), 872-896.
Dekker, H. C. (2003). Value chain analysis in interfirm relationships: a field study. Management accounting research, 14(1), 1-23.
Hitt, M. A., Ireland, R. D., & Hoskisson, R. E. (2016). Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases: Competitiveness and Globalization. Boston. MA: Cengage Learning.
Nandakumar, M., Ghobadian, A., & O'Regan, N. (2010). Business-level strategy and performance: The moderating effects of environment and structure. Management Decision, 48(6), 907-939.
OGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS & QUALITY LEADESHIP
Organizational Systems and Quality Leadership
Efforts to measure and improve the quality of nursing care provided to patients began with Florence Nightingale, who measured patient outcomes and worked towards the improvement of hospital conditions. ecently, studies linking nurses to patient outcomes have been given significant focus within healthcare. Efforts to measure the indicators of the quality of care dispensed by nurses have led to the phrase "nursing sensitive indicators," which has become a buzzword in healthcare. These are "outcomes from patient care that reflect the nursing care provided" (Kelly, Vottero, & Christie-McAuliffe, 2014). These indicators reflect the structure, nursing care process, and nursing care outcomes (American Nurses Association, 2014). Structural indicators include nursing staff supply, skill level of nurses and certification. The process indicators include patient assessment measures of nursing interventions while outcome indicators include all patient experiences such as falls, pressure ulcers, and readmissions…
American Nurses Association. (2013). Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements. Retrieved 2014, from Nursing World: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/CodeofEthicsforNurses/Code-of-Ethics.pdf
American Nurses Association. (2014). Nursing-Sensitive Indicators. Retrieved 2014, from Nursing World: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/PatientSafetyQuality/Research-Measurement/The-National-Database/Nursing-Sensitive-Indicators_1
ANA. (2014). ANA Indicator History. Retrieved 2014, from Nursing World:
Susan Marx is a 31-year-old, right-handed, Caucasian woman who has completed 12 years of education. She was referred for complaints of depressed mood for the past month. hen asked why she referred herself she responded, "I am very depressed and cannot motivate myself to do anything." She also reports experiencing feelings of extreme sadness, hopelessness, lack of appetite, difficulty sleeping at night, decreased energy, some suicidal thoughts, and feeling as if everything she does is of no consequence.
Marx reported that her depression began following being terminated from her position as a secretary for an attorney. She reported that she had a "romantic" affair with her employer, who decided to end the relationship and then terminated her. Since then she is quite depressed and does not have the energy to clean her apartment which is becoming quite messy. She sits on the couch and watches television all day…
We must also not think of Ms. Marx as simply a victim, but her pathology also is also one of manipulation. Often individuals with personality disorders maintain pathogenic belief systems are complicated and characterized by conflict and are seemingly inconsistent (McWilliams, 1999). In the case of the borderline patient it is often assumed that the core underlying belief system is one of being abandoned or unsupported. While this is often a central core belief of borderline patients, an often overlooked and competing belief is one of manipulation or "I can manipulate people into being there for me." These beliefs of being able to manipulate others are often, like the core fear of abandonment, not explicit beliefs, like " The world is round" but more implicit beliefs that a manifest in intrapersonal behavior. Thus, the borderline patient is often known for their tendency to play people against one another in order to get them to take sides. The motivation for this is always to get someone, usually an easy target, to side with them and buy into their pathology. In Ms. Marx case she appears to try to get men attached to her by using sex and this can be a powerful tool in keeping them close to her. These core conflicting beliefs, that one can manipulate others into siding with them and at the same time believing that others are unconcerned about them, must both be addressed in order for treatment to be successful.
Ms. Marx demonstrates the tendency of many borderline patients to experience a dilemma based on the aforementioned core beliefs, when they get close to a person they will often become very anxious and panic because of fears of control or being engulfed by another; however, when they feel separated from others they experience anxiety and panic because of fears of abandonment. This often leads to a series of brief and intense relationships wherein Ms. Marx does not feel comfortable being close or apart.
Another issue with borderline patients is often with identity integration; borderline patients are
Environmental Case Study (Alberta's Oil Sands)
Alberta's Oil Sands represents one of the international environmental problems facing Canada and close to seventy countries across the globe. Albert's Oil Sands proves to be a new course of political conflict within the setting of Canada and at the international level. Oil Sands development is responsible for rapid economic growth of Alberta. This creates ethical or moral dilemma because there is a massive risk in association with the development of Oil Sands within the province. Oil Sands contribute towards ecological harm thus having a negative impact on the living conditions of the individuals in the province and the entire planet. This ethical dilemma leads to mobilization processes by environmental entities to help alleviate the situation. This is because some prominent political outfits such as Peter Lougheed recognize that the rate of the development of the oil sands in Alberta is not socially or…
Brown, Jordan. "The Pembina Institute: Balancing Environmental Policy with Oil Sands Development in an Industry-Oriented Economy." Undercurrent 6.2 (2009): 7-16. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 July 2012.
Dunbar, R.B. Existing and Proposed Canadian Commercial Oil Sands Projects. Calgary: Strategy West, April 2008. Available at:
Fairley, Peter. "Alberta's Oil Sands Heat Up." Technology Review 114.6 (2011): 52. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 31 July 2012.
Pasqualetti, Martin J. "The Alberta Oil Sands From Both Sides Of The Border." Geographical Review 99.2 (2009): 248-267. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 July 2012.
A reflection on the case shows me that ethical and moral guidelines must be instilled in pharmacy as a profession. It is therefore necessary for the pharmacies to collaborate with other key stakeholders in ensuring that proper guidelines are put in place together with polices aimed at ensuring an ethical and moral pharmaceutical practice. Case esolution Model (CM) (Brincat & Wike,1999) is therefore an important model since it has taken me through all the necessary steps that can allow me to effective conclude this case amicably.
World Health Organization (2001). The ole of the Pharmacist in Self-Care and Self-Medication.Available online at http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf/whozip32e/whozip32e.pdf
Brincat, C.,Wike, vs (1999). Morality and the Professional Life: Values at Work. Pearson; 1st ed.
Passmore P, Kailis SG (1994).In pursuit of rational drug use and effective drug management: clinical and public health pharmacy viewpoint. Asia Pac J. Public Health. 1994;7(4):236-41.
outledge, PA., O'Mahony, MS., WoodhouseKW…
World Health Organization (2001). The Role of the Pharmacist in Self-Care and Self-Medication.Available online at http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf/whozip32e/whozip32e.pdf
Brincat, C.,Wike, vs (1999). Morality and the Professional Life: Values at Work. Pearson; 1st ed.
Passmore PR, Kailis SG (1994).In pursuit of rational drug use and effective drug management: clinical and public health pharmacy viewpoint. Asia Pac J. Public Health. 1994;7(4):236-41.
Routledge, PA., O'Mahony, MS., WoodhouseKW (2003).Adverse drug reactions in elderly patients. Br J. Clin Pharmacol. 2004 February; 57(2): 121 -- 126. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2125.2003.01875.x PMCID: PMC1884428
Pirate Steel Ethics Case Study
Three issues are the main challenges in this case study. One is the theory of rights, which is particularly imperative in the existence of an organization. This theory claims that all parties should be well represented and has utmost satisfaction. There should be no violation of rights for any of the parties. In this case study, all the parties should have information on the proceedings of the company. This is to avoid any of them being on the dark on matters of the organization. The top-level management has all the right to know the destination of their finances. Violation for this is when there are unreliable reports on the purchases. There should be transparency in all the issues that deal with the top-level management, as they are the most answerable. The investors also have the right to know all the transparent issues for the company.…
Battaly, Heather. 2011. Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=792903 .
Hoffmann-Holland, Klaus. 2009. Ethics and human rights in a globalized world: an interdisciplinary and international approach. Tu-bingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Stammler, Rudolf. 2000. The theory of justice. Union, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange.
Emotional reactions to the onset of injuries as well as a patient's attitude toward the injury itself and the proposed treatment have great impacts on the length of time it will take for the patient to recover (VAN RIJN 2007). Therefore, it is in the medical staff's best interest to maintain the patient in a positive, reinforcing paradigm in order to create an atmosphere of positive goal-orientation so the patient may experience significantly reduced levels of anxiety during post-operative procedures as well as reduced rehabilitation time.
N.A.. (2010). Ligament Injury Recovery. Available: http://www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/archive/ligament-injury.html. Last accessed 17th Nov 2010.
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin, the University of Houston and NASA severed the medically collateral ligaments in the knees of lab rates. Three to seven weeks after the incision mechanical and morphological properties were measured in ligaments, bones and muscles. Ligament testing revealed that there were significant reductions in…
This conversation reveals that meeting budget targets is a significant component of the motivation systems for both of these managers. They obsess about the budgets. Adam spends too much time focusing on budgets, to the detriment of other activities. The budgets for both are used to measure their performance, but only in a negative way. There appears to be little in the way of motivation system for the two should they actually make budget. If there are rewards, they seem unaware of them, but they are acutely aware of the consequences of missing budgets. Both have noted that they are punished for events that are beyond their control -- the budget targets are inflexible and do not take into account unusual events, let alone changes in the business environment.
5. a) A properly functioning standard costing system should yield many advantages to managers such as Adam and Ali. These include…
Marginson, D. & Ogden, S. (2005). Budgeting and innovation. Financial Management. Retrieved December 10, 2009 from http://www.cimaglobal.com/cps/rde/xbcr/SID-0AAAC544-372CB746/live/TechnicalApr05.pdf
Hope, J. & Fraser, R. (2003). Who needs budgets? Harvard Business Review.
No author. (2009). Advantages and disadvantages of standard costing. Accounting for Management. Retrieved December 10, 2009 from http://www.accountingformanagement.com/advantages_disadvantages_standard_costing.htm
As Sir Anthony O'eilly, Chairman of Waterford Wedgwood, noted in a recent speech that they are operating against a "backdrop of unprecedented broad-based economic uncertainty."
This economic uncertainty has had a global impact. From the high rates of business bankruptcies in the United States, to the financial collapse of one of the previously richest countries in the world -- Iceland, to the 11.2 million percent inflation rate of Zimbabwe, no corner of the globe is untouched by the massive liquidation cycle in which the global economy appears to be.
Consumer confidence has declined. Banks have lost faith in one another. Currencies around the world, such as the American dollar, weakened considerably.
And, despite Waterford Wedgwood's more than two hundred years of setting industry standards, the organization must now operate in an economic environment that appears to work directly against their primary products -- luxury lifestyle items.
Yet, despite these trying…
About the company. (2009). Retrieved June 9, 2009, from http://www.royaldoulton.com/U.S./_Help_Information/CompanyInformation/AbouttheCompany .
Corporate profile. (2009). Retrieved June 9, 2009, from http://www.waterfordwedgewood.com/investor_corpProfile1.asp .
Goldhorn, M. (Jan/Feb 2009). Market turmoil require new ways to build capital. The Value Examiner. pp. 23-30.
History of Wedgwood. (2009). Retrieved June 9, 2009, from http://www.wedgwoodusa.com/about/history.asp .
The other competitors of the company are Corporate Express, Inc.,IKON Office Solutions, Inc., Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. And United Stationers Inc.
3. Analysis of potential new entrants
Threat of new entrants (Source: Datamonitor,2007)
The threats of new entrants into new entrants in this industry are noted to be very string. This is because most of the supplies are in the form of commoditized products that never benefit greatly from the brand loyalty. This when coupled with the low end-user switching costs as well as easy access to the suppliers and distribution channels makes it very conducive for new players to come into the market. The market is however very stagnant at the moment and this reduces its attractiveness to the potential new players.
4. Analysis of substitute products
Substitute products (Datmonitor,2007)
An analysis of threat of substitutes within this sector is moderate. This is because most of the modern companies are…
Figure 7.The organization chart for Office Depot
Figure 8: Office Depot's (North American retail segment) 5-year growth rate (2005 -2010) is (-5.3%) (Shim,2011,p.3)
Corporate Level Strategy
Corporate level strategy is the decisions made at the corporate level that can affect the operations of the entire company. Typically, decisions related to the selection of new businesses, mergers, business environment and competition are corporate level strategies. These strategies will have a reach across the entire company. The aim is to improve the overall profitability of the company and tap any possible future niche besides tackling competition. Creating a competitive advantage is also a part of corporate level strategy.
Its working and implementation has been explained by Watson and Wooldridge (2005; p.1) as, Corporate level strategy "allows the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and the "corporate office" to set corporate strategy, while delegating more detailed matters to the managers of business-specific subunits. It might thus appear that, although these business unit managers may be formulators of business strategy, they are implementers of corporate strategy."
Sony implemented a…
Kobayashi (November, 1970). The Creative Organization -- a Japanese Experiment. Personnel p:8.
MarketWatch. (January 2009). Company Spotlight: Sony Corporation. MarketWatch:Technology 8(1). p 36-44.
no author. (4th April 2010). 3D Tv Formats explained. Retrieved from: http://www.practical-home-theater-guide.com/3d-tv-formats.html
Williams, Ian. (March 22nd 2010). Maybe there won't be a 3D Format War. Retrieved from: http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/feature/1597331/maybe-won-3d-format-war Sherer, Peter.D; Lee, Kyungmook. (February 2002). Institutional Change in Large law Firms: A Resource Dependency and Institutional Perspective. Journal of Management. 45(1). pp 102-119.
Fortunately, due to a dramatic reduction in the number of manufacturers since the 1950s, Batesville is well-equipped to remain the market leader. They kept pace with industry trends (e.g. In materials and style), and realized that it was necessary to retain loyalty from the Funeral Director side of the house in order to maintain share. Note below that while overall casket sales seem to be declining from the1 1970s, current trends have not fallen below production in the 1960s -- and the potential aging population continues to increase (CFSA, 2008).:
Thus, for Batesville, the idea of combining a ground up approach to a technological problem, and the acumen and patience (not to mention foresight) to utilize object-oriented programming to find a way to streamline distribution and customer service, allows the company a continued standard of excellence. Funeral homes will not tie up funds with back inventory of caskets -- next…
Casket and Funeral Supply Association of America. (2008). Cited in:
Harris, D. (2007). Grave matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry. Simon and Schuster.
Martin, E.W. (1992). "Batesville Casket Company." Research on the Management of Information Systems. Kelley School of Business, Indiana University.
JOB: Case analysis
Malaria is a killer in many parts of the world and it specifically affects a large population of young children around the globe. I need to write a report that would inform the public about the threat that malaria poses to lives and health of millions of people who due to lack of better health facilities and treatment are dying unnecessarily. These lives could have been protected had better services been available to these people. Bill Gates foundation has undertaken the task of reaching out to this underprivileged population globally. I need to write a report which can be downloaded from the website but before they do so, I need them to know about the significance of the report so the people wouldn't download it without knowing what it contains.
Since people from various walks of life visit the Bill Gates foundation website, I am…
The four possible points which could be the optimal solution are labeled from one to four. The solutions to these are then given in Table 1, along with the profits which would result from these combinations. The values of each of these points were calculated by solving the simultaneous equations where the lines crossed. It can be seen from Table 1 that the maximum profit would be reached by producing 20 beef dinners and 40 fish dinners each day.
Figure 1: Feasible region for the linear programming problem
Table 1: esultant profits from each of the critical points
Value of X1
Value of X2
Now Excel may also be used to solve this problem. The solution which is given is shown in Figure 2. From this it may be confirmed that the optimal solution for the restaurant is to prepare 20 beef meals and 40 fish meals…
Banker, R.D. & Morey, R.C. (1986). Efficiency analysis for exogenously fixed inputs and outputs. Operations Research, 34(4), 513-521.
Brusco, M.J. & Johns, T.R. (1998). Staffing a multiskilled workforce with varying levels of productivity: An analysis of cross-training policies. Decision Sciences, 29(2), 499-515.
Chase, R.B. & Apte, U.M. (2007). A history of research in service operations: What's the big idea? Journal of Operations Management, 25(2), 375-386.
Gattoufi, S., Oral, M. & Reisman, a. (2004). A taxonomy for data envelopment analysis. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 38(2-3), 141-158.
Montefiore Medical Center (MMC): A Case Study
This study reviews a Harvard Business School case on Montefoire Care Centers. The Balanced Scorecard is chosen for the strategic management initiative at Montefoire and the reasons and results of such a choice is reviewed in this case study.
The objective of this study is to answer the question of what were the underlying reasons for the development of a new strategy at Montefiore Medical centre (MMC)? Secondly this study will answer as to how could the strategic direction chosen by MMC be described and what factors likely influenced the chosen direction? This study will compare and contrast the old and the new organizational structures. With reference to the notions of synergy and responsiveness, this study will analyze the advantages and disadvantages or each of these and will explain what is meant by the term causal ambiguity. This work will take the Heart…
Ambrosini, V. And Billsberry (2008) Value Congruence and Its Impact on Causal Ambiguity. 2nd Global e-Conference on Fit. 19th-21st November 2008. Retrieved from: http://www.fitconference.com/2008/fri01.pdf
Michael E. Porter -- The Value Chain (2013) Clint Burdett Strategic Consulting. Retrieved from: http://www.clintburdett.com/process/05_research/research_05_4_valuechain.htm
Montefiore Medical Center (2001) Harvard Business School. 9 Apr 2001.
Porter, ME and Kramer MR (2012) Creating Shared Value. Harvard Business Magazine. Retrieved from: http://hbr.org/2011/01/the-big-idea-creating-shared-value
The ole of Management Information System in Decision Making in Public Administration (Case Study on Hungarian Central Statistical Office)
Organizations require appropriate information in the form of proper databases and reports which plays a pivotal role in decision making. The quality of data holds significant importance as the top management of large organizations derives its high level decisions mostly from the available data rather than inspecting the in depth core activity components. This fact is depicted by the analysis of a case study pertaining to the implementation of a Management Information System (MIS) in the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, which has ultimately improved the quality of information flow within the organization. This paper examines how the implementation of an MIS within HCSO lead to the standardization of report formats and operational data collection procedures. Not only this, the paper will also highlight the role played by an MIS…
HCSO Strategy 2005-2008 "Hungarian Central Statistical Office." Budapest (2005), Accessed
January 9, 2013 Download at:
eason for eferral:
The client is a 15-year-old male who has issues with anger management. The client is also a gang member and given his age and background he is considered to be at risk for a number of antisocial behaviors.
Clinical concerns: Anger management/acting out.
Clinical concerns: Interpersonal isolation/relationship issues.
Clinical concerns: Underage cigarette smoking.
Client is a high potential risk for substance abuse.
Clinical concerns: Client is at a high potential risk for depressive symptoms.
The client has been in counseling with another counselor for four months before being transferred to this counselor's caseload. According to the reports from his previous counselor this client had made very little progress and was uncooperative.
He was uncooperative during the initial assessments and did not wish to discuss his feelings or acknowledge that he has difficulties with managing his anger. He tends to…
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.-text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
Beck, R., & Fernandez, E. (1998). Cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of anger: A meta-
analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 63 -- 74.
Boxer, P. & Goldstein, S.E. (2012). Treating juvenile offenders: Best practices and emerging critical issues. In Grigorenko, E.L. (Ed.), Handbook of juvenile forensic psychology and psychiatry (pp. 323-340). New Haven, CT: Springer.
Robin should first establish different departments to fulfill the varied needs of the organization in a systematic and efficient manner. In that regard, Robin should immediately appoint department heads in the following areas: shelter facilities, food storage and distribution, recruitment and hiring, training, and field operations.
The head of shelter facilities must solve the problem of ensuring that employees in the field have safe accommodations in remote areas of operation. Ideally, this will be accomplished by recruiting carpenters and other tradesmen who can develop processes for quickly assembling, disassembling, and transporting shelters while traveling remote forests. Similarly, the heads of food supply and human resource departments must immediately develop methods of supplying field operations and of hiring and training employees who will contribute to the future success of the organization.
3. Develop a new strategy for Robin Hood. Pay close attention to implementation as well as formulation.
Robin's immediate strategy…
Public administrators now play an increasingly prominent role in policy decision-making. This is to the point where their names and likenesses become inadvertently attached by the media to a policy and its implications. A current case in point would be Defense Secretary Donald umsfeld and the role he plays in shaping America's policy towards Iraq. Due to the media's focus on his opinions regarding that policy, the general public has come to identify him as one of the individuals most responsible for developing and supporting it.
The war in Iraq had always been a contentious issue for both the U.S. And the world since before its inception. Now the situation in postwar Iraq has become the latest hot topic for debate. It continues to cause political battles to be fought along party lines between American policymakers in the Bush administration and those in Congress. The main issue now is in…
Sammon, B. (2004, Dec. 4). Rumsfeld agrees to stay on as defense chief. The Washinton Times. Retrieved Dec. 4, 2004 from the Washington Times Website.
Bush comments on Thompson terror worries.( 2004, Dec. 4). The New York Times.
Retrieved Dec. 4, 2004 from the New York Times Website. .
Namaste Solar; Case Insight
Namaste Solar is a successful solar energy company located in Boulder Colorado. Founded in 2005, the firm was set up by three people who all shared a vision; a firm where there was shared risk and reward, corporate social responsible ethics and democratic decision making. The firm has been highly differentiated in the developed culture that is based and extends these ideals, with a commitment to shared equity where and employees bought shares and ownership was vested over five years. 37 employees owned equity and no owner had a majorly share. The democratic decision making was facilitated with big picture meetings (BPM). However, the initial direct democratic process required adaptation to include indirect processes as the firm expanded. By 2008 the firm achieved 20% - 25% of the residential and small commercial solar market in Colorado, and with the growth of U.S. solar energy installations…
Apple in 2010 is riding high on the success of the iPhone and the iPad. The company is facing decline in some products, while others are at the front end of their life cycle. There is competition in smartphones emerging from Google's Android platform, and this platform could eventually be applied to tablets. There is some concern that the iPad tablet does not have enough features to sustain long-term growth, although Apple should be able to develop those features over time. The company has, however, enjoyed both technological leadership and exceptional performance. This performance has come as Apple has developed a suite of products that attract consumers to buy not just one product but several. Its place in the personal computer industry, however, remains as a niche player, despite the market dominance of some of its other products.
Apple's overall strategy is to compete as…
Categories and Phases of Loss and Grief for Nancy
Diagnostic Statement for Nancy
Nancy is obese and reports feeling anxious and depressed. Nancy has gained 15 pounds does not sleep well, has low concentration ability and is forgetful. Nancy has a social phobia and exhibits some signs of paranoid schizophrenia. In addition, Nancy has a back injury, which contributes, to her general feeling of ill health and results in not getting the exercise she needs. Nancy is a chain smoker. Nancy feels that she has lost control of her life. Nancy's son Michael has asthma. It appears that Nancy's husband suffers from some type of behavior disorder and is likely somewhat mentally retarded.
DSM-IV-T (2000) Diagnosis
The multiaxial assessment includes analysis on the following five stated Axis:
(1) Axis 1: clinical disorders, pervasive developmental disorders, learning, motor skills and communication disorder
296.xx Major Depressive Disorder
301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder
Antonovsky, A. And Sourani, T. (1998) Family Sense of Coherence and Family Adaptation. Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 50. No. 1 Feb 1998. National Council on Family Relations. Retrieved from: http://psych.wfu.edu/furr/362/Family%20Sense%20of%20Coherence%20Scale.pdf
Connell, Cindi (2010) Multicultural Perspectives and Considerations Within Structural Family Therapy: The Premises of Structure, Subsystems and Boundaries. Rivier Academic Journal. Vol. 6. No. 2 Fall, 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.rivier.edu/journal/ROAJ-Fall-2010/J461-Connelle-Multicultural-Perspectives.pdf
Fischer, J. And Cocoran, K. (1994) Measures of Clinical Practice. Social Science. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=y2C9YvSU53sC&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Ruiz, MA (nd) Transgenerational and Structural Family Therapy, An Analysis of Both Schools. Retrieved from: http://miguelangelruiz.webs.com/Transgenerational%20and%20Structural%20Family%20Therapy.pdf
L'Oreal Nederland B.V.
Identification of Alternative Solutions
Recommendation and Implementation
Exhibit 1. Alternatives Analysis
The managers of the Dutch subsidiary of the L'Oreal Group wrestled with a decision about whether to introduce additional products into the Netherlands market. L'Oreal, headquartered in Paris, was the largest cosmetics manufacturer in the world. With a heavy corporate investment in research and development, Paris expected each of the 100 country subsidiaries to distribute the new products; but the country managers were required to take the decision on whether to introduce each product based on the particular situation in their country. The French labs made unilateral decisions about all new product developments and the country managers had no input into the R&D process. Any new product line introduction had to be financed by the current operations of each subsidiary.
Some years earlier, L'Oreal had acquired a rival French company called Laboratoires…
The author of this response is to find out some details and information about the company Kraft Foods. Indeed, the facets and characteristics that will be summarized and described will include the organization's structure, how centralized it is or is not, the lines of authority and communication as well as the teams, committees and task forces that make up the organization. Next up will be the systems of Kraft including how the budgets are set, how the planning is done and what measures are used to evaluate performance. After that, the people of Kraft will be discussed. The facets of the people will include the skills, experience and knowledge of the employees, their depth and quality and their attitudes about the company itself and their jobs within in. Finally, there will be a description of the culture of Kraft. Topics for the culture will include their values, their…
Clarke, B. (2014, October 11). Cross-cultural management: Kraft's - CEO Forum Group.
Cross-cultural management: Kraft's - CEO Forum Group. Retrieved October 11,
2014, from http://www.ceoforum.com.au/article-detail.cfm?cid=6063&t=/Ben-
The more that your questions are descriptive or explanatory the more that the case study method will be relevant;
How should I select the case to be studied?": According to Yin: "you need sufficient access to the potential data, whether involving people to be interviewed documents or records to be reviewed, or observations to be made in the 'field'. Given such access to more than a single candidate, you should choose the one(s) that best illuminate(s) your research questions. Absent such access, you should consider changing your research questions, hopefully leading to new candidates to which you do have access."
I am studying a school. What is my case: Is it the teachers? The reading program? The whole school?: Yin states: "The specific definition of your case again depends upon your research question(s). The least desirable question is to want to know "everything that happened." Your literature review should help…
Audet, Michael (2005) Teacher Professional Growth Plans: A Case Study of the Chilliwack School District. 21 April 2005. Online available at http://ir.lib.sfu.ca/retrieve/2221/etd1914.pdf
Creswell, J.W. (1998) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lenz, Pamela A. (2005) Perceived Influence on School Effectiveness: Chapters I-III. January 2005. Online available at http://www.education.duq.edu/pdf/Talking_Paper-Lenz.pdf
Yin R.K. 1994: Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Second Edition, Sage Publications London
Strategy Formulation: Evaluating Efficiency and Effectiveness
For any business to continued growing over time it must balance the strategic formulation of its business model with the implementation of strategies (Buttner, 2006). There is however, an inherent conflict between strategic formulation on the one hand, or effectiveness, and the implementation of strategies, or efficiency, on the other. As markets change and economic conditions vary by country and region, strategy formulation and implementation are forced to flex or change over time to keep serving customers and generating revenue. The intent of this analysis is to explain how strategic effectiveness becomes more critical the greater the uncertainty there is in a given industry or geographic market. The effectiveness of a business must also be based on a solid foundation of agility and market focus (Dandira, 2011). Efficiency must be increasing in speed and accuracy of execution in highly competitive markets, yet must be…
Bettina Buttner. (2006). Effectiveness vs. Efficiency: Growth-Accelerating Policies in a Model of Growth without Scale Effects. German Economic Review, 7(3), 297-316.
Martin Dandira. (2011). Involvement of implementers: missing element in strategy formulation. Business Strategy Series, 12(1), 30-34
Desposito, J... (2010, October). With iPad Sales Soaring, Are Netbooks Dead? Electronic Design, 58(14), 13.
Meskendahl, S.. (2010). The influence of business strategy on project portfolio management and its success - A conceptual framework. International Journal of Project Management, 28(8), 807.
This balkanization is partially driven by the lack of integration between various segments of itself, and this is primarily a technological limitation. Yet the far broader and more difficult challenge in this regard is the segregating of knowledge not just for profit, but for lasting competitive advantage between nations. On the one hand there is the need for competitive differentiation in company's offerings, yet in others including the sharing of primary research in medicine and biomedical fields and stem cell research there is the ethical responsibility to share these insights gained to foster solutions to the world's most pressing medical problems. M. Van Alstyne and E. Brynjolfsson, researchers on the growth patterns and threat of Internet balkanization from MIT, remark in their conference paper from a 1996 conference that the balkanization of science is a significant threat. The two MIT researchers cite the studies they have completed showing how despite…
ESRI (2006). Environmental Systems Research Institute. Retrieved from the Internet on July 14, 2006. (www.esri.com)
Gates Technology Foundation (2005). Interviews and on-site visits with GIS planners and network technicians while donating servers, laptops, and desktop computers for a major PC manufacturer. Onsite interviews in Seattle, Washington. April, 2005.
HHS (2006). Federal Register Data on Poverty Line Statistics by size of household. January 24, 2006. See table 1 of this document.
Pew Center for Internet Research (2006). Key statistics downloaded from the Internet on February 14, 2006. http://people-press.org/
On the other hand, when understood as subsidiary of parent company Jarden Corporation, its scope is that of supporting Jarden in reaching its own financial, marketing and business objectives by strengthening the company's competitive position and increasing its financial results.
The growth strategy at the ival Products Company is centered on the identification and satisfaction of the customers' needs and wants, with special attention to the features of the modern day society. The implementation of such a strategic position, combined with the efforts made in sustaining the achievement of the previously mentioned scope and objectives constitutes a clear and sustainable competitive advantage for ival. Another advantage is given by its belonging to a greater organization, which provides support and specialized assistance in business operations.
4. The Pattern
Through the observation and analysis of ival's strategic approach, a pattern can be identified in that the company is striving to unite all…
Rival Products Company Website, http://www.rivalproducts.com last accessed on October 13, 2009
Jarden Corporation 2008 Annual Report, http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/72/72395/2008AnnualReport.pdf Retrieved from on October 13, 2009
The non-threatening approach of the study needs to be expanded upon with top-management visibility and support added to give it even more credibility and credence in the eyes of the workers being effected by the manufacturing operation closure. The support of top management in any change management initiative, including the closure of the plant and the urgent need to get an OD strategic plan created and implemented, is crucial (Hoff, 2008). The study being completed by Dr. Akin from the University of Virginia is just the start and while it shows excellent support for appreciate inquiry, it does not integrate OD and sense-making as well. While sense-making is done well on its own it needs to be part of the broader OD strategy. To accomplish this, I would bring together DuPont senior management for the plant and work to create a strategic plan that ties together all three concepts into…
Asuman Akdogan, Ayse Cingoz. (2009). The Effects of Organizational Downsizing and Layoffs on Organizational Commitment: A Field Research. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 14(2), 337-343. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1614428951).
Bennis, Warren, Mische, Michael. (1996, September). 21st century organization. Executive Excellence, 13(9), 7. Retrieved January 26, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 10220662)
Jimmy Brown (2006). Application of an OD Perspective to Develop a New Model of the Strategy Formulation Process. The Business Review, Cambridge, 6(2), 26-31. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1189522001).
Gervase R. Bushe, Aniq F. Kassam. (2005). When Is Appreciative Inquiry Transformational? A Meta-Case Analysis. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 41(2), 161-181. Retrieved January 24, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 844409131).
The picture is indeed emerging here of Freud as a chauvinist, perhaps (in the opinion of this paper) suffering from some testosterone imbalance himself; and perhaps, as Mahony writes on page 33 of his journal article, Freud was projecting his "male-bound wishes and fantasies" when he imagined that at the moment Mr. K first accosted Dora and "pressed his erection against her" she then experienced "an analogous change" (Freud's quote) in her clitoris. That seems a huge stretch and even a wild fantasy, hardly becoming a man of such professional prestige. But Freud's fantasy goes further into the abyss of his apparent bias; he argues that the traumatic incident with the middle-aged Mr. K must have summoned up "a distinct feeling of excitement" in a "normal girl."
Indeed, Freud noted earlier that Dora's father had discovered wetness in her bed sheets, from time to time. And on page 119 of…
Freud, Sigmund. Freud: On War, Sex and Neurosis. New York: Arts & Science Press, 1947.
Hare-Mustin, Rachel T. "An Appraisal of the Relationship Between Women and Psychotherapy: 80 Years After the Case of Dora." American Psychologist 38.5 (1983):
Mahony, Patrick J. "Freud's Unadorned and Unadorable: A Case History Terminable and Interminable." Psychoanalytic Inquiry 25.1 (2005): 27-44.
Markotic, Lorraine. "Identifying Dora's Desire." Paragraph 22.3 (1999): 248-256.
Comprehensive Case Analysis
An Analysis of Toyota Motor Company
JANE A TUCKER
490 Business POLICY, PROFESSOR RICHMOND
Toyota's Objectives and Strategies
Toyota is an industry giant and has been known as a global innovator in the manufacturing industry. The company has upheld a customer concentrated orientation that has allowed them to be responsive to their target markets. The company is constantly monitoring consumer needs and wants and develops their product mix respectively. One development in the external analysis that was identified within the industry is that Toyota will have to adapt to be more responsive to consumer needs in smaller and more segmented geographical locations. For example, car buyers in developing countries may have vastly different preferences in vehicles then those in the U.S. market. As a consequence, Toyota needs to develop a more regional strategy that is tailored to individual markets.
The external environment that Toyota operates…
Cole, R. (2010, March 9). No Big Quality Problems at Toyota? Retrieved May 31, 2012, from Harvard Business Review: http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2010/03/no_big_quality_problems_at_toy.html
Newell, G. (2011, September). How Emotional Marketing Turned the Toyota Prius into a Social Revolution. Retrieved from 602 Communications: http://602communications.com/2011/08/how-emotional-marketing-turned-the-toyota-prius-into-a-social-revolution/
Toyoda, A. (2010, February 17). Toyota Motor Corporation Press Conference on Quality - Akio Toyoda. Retrieved May 31, 2012, from Toyota USA Newsroom: http://pressroom.toyota.com/article_print.cfm?article_id=2337
Toyota. (2012). Safety/Recall. Retrieved July 31, 2012, from Toyota Corporate: http://pressroom.toyota.com/safety-recall/
CAD Mex Case Study
Globalism has resulted in a number of changes for the economic viability of the modern corporation. As both the developed world evolves in their new market structure, the developing world adds to the pressures and changes necessary to do business in the contemporary environment. Doing business is not the same worldwide, and the citizens of the global village realize that there are different cultural norms, behaviors, and expectations that stakeholders of all types have when thinking about the modern corporation. Business ethics sets up standards for organizations to act in a way that may be considered right or wrong, or at the very least acceptable or unacceptable. As trade barriers are falling around the globe, differences in morality are gaining more interest regarding such issues as human rights, political behavior or even environmental conservation. The core purpose of a multinational business is to continue to grow…
CISG Law. (2011). Pace University. Retrieved from: http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/text/e-text-01.html .
Uncertainties bedevil plans to keep world trade flowing. (2008, November 28). The
Canberra Times. Retrieved from: http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news / opinion/editorial/general/uncertainties-bedevil-plans-to-keep-world-trade-flowing/1372766.aspx.
Mayfield, M. (2003, April 1). Doing Business Across Borders. Retrieved from SVC.com: http://svconline.com/mag/avinstall_doing_business_across/
The Case for Diversification
Deltacom/Earthlink is facing a challenging operating environment. As a regional player in an intensely-competitive market, we face an uncertain future. We acquired Deltacom in order to facilitate future growth, but a quick look at our financials indicates that our growth has flatlined and our profits declined to almost nothing last year (MSN Moneycentral, 2013). One of the issues is that there was considerable overlap between Earthlink and Deltacom, and we felt that this would provide us with synergies, in reality it simply made us bigger without enhancing our operations or reducing our risk. At this point, we probably need a new strategic direction in order to ensure our future survival. Diversification is one of the best strategies to achieve this.
In portfolio management, diversification is a strategy where a number of different types of investments are created in a single portfolio (Investopedia, 2013). The…
Investopedia. (2013). Definition of diversification. Investopedia. Retrieved November 22, 2013 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/diversification.asp
Investopedia. (2013). Risk and diversification. Investopedia. Retrieved November 22, 2013 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/risk/risk2.asp
Katzenstein, J. (2013). Diversification strategies. California State University. Retrieved November 22, 2013 from http://som.csudh.edu/depts/adjunct/jkatzenstein/mgt490/Diversification%20Strategy%20Presentation.ppt
MSN Moneycentral (2013). Earthlink. Retrieved November 22, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-income-statement/?symbol=elnk
State v. Stark (1992)
Mr. Stark was the defendant in this case which concerned her action of infecting three women with HIV sexually. He tested positive for HIV, which was then confirmed twice by doing two other independent tests. As an ordinary procedure, Stark was taken through counseling sessions to make him aware of the risk involved in handling HIV. He was informed about the risk of the disease spreading and the importance of making his partner aware before having any sexual escapades with her. However, he disregarded this advice and this came to the knowledge of the county health officer who sought a cease and desist order as allowed by the state statute. Stark did not comply. The officer then asked for judicial enforcement and later filed a police report about the matter.
The police obtained evidence in form of testimony from the three victims who confirmed that they…
The relevance of ethics and corporate social responsibility cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that a business that has in place an effective ethics and CSR framework is likely to develop a reputation as a responsible entity and minimize the regulatory burden (Andersen, 2004). It is for this reason that most companies take ethics and CSR undertakings seriously. Cisco is one such company. In a bold move, the company developed Ethics Idol as a more engaging and exciting alternative to PowerPoint presentations in training employees about ethical decision making.
Question #1. What are the advantages of Ethics Idol as an ethics training communication medium over in-person PowerPoint training?
A survey of ethics and compliance issues training at Cisco found out that employees regarded the in-person PowerPoint based exercise boring, dull, and unexciting. This is more so the case given that in essence, what the company had…
Organizational diagnosis comes in handy in the evaluation of an organization’s desired performance vis-à-vis its current performance, with an aim of formulating measures to bridge any gaps identified. The model that would, in my opinion, be best suited to an OD analysis of my selected organization is McKinsey 7S Framework. The framework, according to Partridge (1999), “was developed as a way of showing that the key elements of the organization interrelate – and that each element needs to be consistent and compatible with the strategy that is being introduced and managed” (p. 30). The seven variables include; shared values, style, staff, systems, strategy, structure, and skills (Falletta, 2005). My Fortune "Best 100" organization is Apple.
While there are many OD models that have been suggested over time, McKinsey 7S Framework appears to be the most consistent in the analysis of how well placed or situated Apple is to attain its…
3900 Words on Strategic Management
Why are you taking this course?
I am undertaking this course in strategic management because not only is it a field that I am greatly interested in, but it is also largely for the reason that strategic management is a course that is important and applicable in different fields and aspects. To begin with, strategic management is greatly applicable to globalization which can be deemed to be imperative for the existence of business. Any global aspect has an influence practically on all strategic decisions that are made. In the present day society, the borders of nations do not have any restrictions to the ingenuities that we have and organizations can only continue to exist and flourish if they used the different perspectives of the world. Through the knowledge and understanding of strategic management, managers are able to have clear apprehension of markets, prices,…
Boulton W.R. (2007). Strategic Analysis Model. Retrieved from http://www.auburn.edu/~boultwr/html/strategic_analysis_model.htm
Boundless. (2015, march, 2). Strategic Management. Boundless Management. Retrieved from https://www.boundless.com/management/textbooks/boundless-management-textbook/strategic-management-12/creating-strategy-common-approaches-89/strategic-management-430-882/.
Carey A. (2009). How to audit your business strategy. Triarchy Press.
Maliti B. (2012). Lecture notes; strategic management.
The science of public administration is not a direct or concrete examination. ather, the human tendencies of emotion and subtle manipulation are also included in this discipline. The purpose of this essay is to explore the ideas and major theories of the science of public administration. This essay will examine 5 patriarchal figures to highlight the evolution and transformation of the use of public power for administration purposes.
The presidency of Woodrow Wilson is mostly known in the annals of history as being a disastrous president who legislated away many of the powers and freedoms that were earned by Americans after th 19th century. Wilson's lust for war and violence misled America into World War I and summarily weakened the nation in every way possible. Wilson also failed his people by relinquishing the people's power to print their own money to the Federal eserve in 1914.…
Box, R.C. (1999). Running Government Like a Business Implications for Public Administration Theory and Practice. The American Review of Public Administration, 29(1), 19-43.
Drucker Institute (nd). Peter Drucker's Life and Legacy. Retrieved on 10 Oct from http://www.druckerinstitute.com/peter-druckers-life-and-legacy/
Frederickson, H.G. (1999). The repositioning of American public administration. PS: Political Science & Politics, 32(04), 701-712.
Hood, C. (1995). Emerging issues in public administration. Public administration, 73(1), 165-183.
It provides a general overview of evolutionary psychology and mate choice, as well as an in-depth focus on physical characteristics such as physical symmetry, body weight and ratios, and youthfulness." (Swami & Furnham, 12) Such features suggest that even from an evolutionary perspective, physical attraction takes on crucial proportions.
It also reveals the sheer complexity of the subject, with the array of disciplines addressed here really only scratching the surface of an infinitely multifaceted discussion. The reality of attraction is that beyond these socially constructed ideas of beauty, forces of symbolic shared interest and ethnically-enforced needs for commonality, there are yet innumerable indefinable features that enter into the attraction of one individual to another.
Anderson, S.L. & Adams, G. (2008). The Cultural Grounding of Personal Relationship: The Importance of Attractiveness in Everyday Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(2), 352-368.
Lott, A.J. & Lott, B.E. (1965). Group…
Anderson, S.L. & Adams, G. (2008). The Cultural Grounding of Personal Relationship: The Importance of Attractiveness in Everyday Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(2), 352-368.
Lott, A.J. & Lott, B.E. (1965). Group cohesiveness as interpersonal attraction: A review of relationships with antecedent and consequent variables. Psychological Bulletin, 64(4), 259-309.
Swami, V. & Furnham, A. (2008). The psychology of physical attraction. Routledge.
Thornbury, E.E. & Little, I.S. (2006). Social-identity functions of attraction to organizations. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103(1), 134-146.
The research thus concludes the essence of having quality and effective legislation addressing the aspects of overall oral health of the people.
Additionally, the Canadian Dental Association also relates several issues of the overall body health to the oral health of the individual. In view of the article on the relation "oral health -- good life," the article gives information on the essence of good oral health, indicating some of the illnesses of ill oral health (Chattopadhyay, 2011). In this article, the relation between the ill oral health and the overall health of the body is that the mouth is the ingress to the body. Therefore, an individual with ill oral health is at the highest risk of having infection that affects the whole body system severely. According to this article, it emphasizes the need for dentists-patient relation as the dentists is the only person with the skill, expertise and…
Chattopadhyay, a. (2011). Oral health epidemiology: Principles and practice. Sudbury, Mass:
Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Ramseier, C.A., & Suvan, J.E. (2010). Health behavior change in the dental practice. Ames,
Early focus for moving operations to Kava will include organizational processes with a step-by-step plan, human resources evaluation, and study of ethical dilemmas that they might encounter. This project will take more man power than the two of us presently in Kava; a team will need to be assigned to help work the project.
This project will be one of the company's largest endeavors, we will need to ensure that we have one controlling master schedule so that individual aspects of this project do not spiral out of control
Research of the culture must be done to ensure the success of the venture, before attempting to market services to a foreign country we must understand the culture and the differences
. In understanding, respecting and accepting the different culture and the ability to set our own aside we will see a smooth transition when collaborating with the local government, parents…
By structuring a plan to formally educate the young people of Kava, we will help the island economically by looking toward the future and our ultimate goal of opening a facility that will employee the islanders that we have trained, this is a positive situation for both parties involved as we improve their standard of living while we gain access to a more cost effective workforce to improve our operating margin. Conforming as much as possible to their culture and respecting their differences, we will win their respect and trust. Implementing the above plan will also help other countries who obtain supplies and services from Kava by keeping the island alive and economically viable. Better education will help them overcome the many obstacles they are faced with on a daily basis.
Ned Kock, Dorrie DeLuca. (2007). Improving Business Processes Electronically: An Action Research Study in New Zealand and the U.S. Journal of Global Information Technology Management
Nutt, P.C. (1987). Making tough decisions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Despite the company's name Horace Hagedorn and his family controlled the business. By 1995, Miracle-Gro became America's leading brand name in gardening.
The Hagedorn family emerged as Scotts' leading shareholders, holding over one-third of the stock. In 1996, CEO Theodore Host was ousted by Horace Hagedorn and the Scotts' board of directors. Host was replaced by Charles M. Berger, a former Miracle-Gro director, who was also made president and chairman of the board of Scotts. Horace Hagedorn's son, James, was promoted to the head of all U.S. business.
In recent years Scotts has been aggressively expanding its LawnService business and has began to explore the possibility of expanding its brands into other segments such as potted plants, pottery, watering equipment and garden tools. The threat of EPA suits brought against the company by large governmental entities is very real and diversification is important to steady the high risk…
Corporate Watch, Scotts: A Corporate Profile. 2006. Website http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/?lid=367.
Cuomo, Andrew. The Secret Hazards of Pesticides. Office of the New York State Attorney General, Environmental Protection Bureau, (Audit Report E1EPF1-05-0117-1100378, Sept. 27, 1991) 1996.
Pederson, J.P. The Scotts Company, International Directory of Company Histories, 22:474-476. 1998.
South Australia Ambulance Service
Organizational Behaviour Case Analysis
ay Main should develop a system which empowers the culture of organization along with the shift towards automation and excellent customer service.
Has to do what
The leadership of South Australia Ambulance Service is required to do the following:
To set a strategic direction for SAAS this would be compatible to the new strategic plan.
Meet the service expectations of the clients by focusing more on efficient customer services.
Empower the service delivery personnel fully and hold them accountable for every action.
The expectations of donators and community should be aligned.
Make SAAS compatible to respond to mass casualties.
Workforce retention should be increased.
Emergency sector and healthcare should be integrated to respond efficiently to any casualty.
Interventions should be prioritized.
The impact of any change should be evaluated on the patient as patients' life is more important. (Daniels 2009)
Steven McShane, Sandra Steen, (2008). Canadian Organizational Behaviour, Seventh Edition. McGraw-Hill Ryerson Higher Education; Canadian edition
Abernathy, W.B. (2006). Designing and managing an organization-wide incentive pay system. Memphis, TN: Abernathy & Associates.
Abernathy, W.B. (2006). The sin of wages: Where the conventional pay system has led us and how to find a way out. Memphis, TN: PerfSys Press.
Alvero, A.M., Bucklin, B.R., and Austin, J. An objective review of the effectiveness and essential characteristics of performance feedback in organizational settings. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management vol. 21 (2001). pp. 3 -- 29
The case of Judy Jones: Using cognitive behavioral therapy for anorexics
Anorexia is one of the most difficult of all psychological disorders to treat and has the highest mortality rate of all mental illnesses. The rates of recovery from all eating disorders are alarmingly low: it is estimated that only 50% of ED patients will make a full recovery, 20-30% will continue to present significant subclinical symptoms, 20-30% will remain chronic and 10% will die (Fursland et al. 2012). "Up to 1-5% of women will suffer from a diagnosable ED in their lifetime" (Fursland et al. 2012). The case of Judy Jones is fairly typical: anorexia tends to have an earlier rate of onset than other eating disorders. Judy is female, middle-class and fairly close to her parents (as is evidenced by the referral through her pediatrician, indicating she is receiving regular medical care).
It should be noted…
Fursland, A., Byrne, S., Watson, H., Puma, M.L., Allen, K., & Byrne, S. (2012). Enhanced
cognitive behavior therapy: A single treatment for all eating disorders. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD, 90(3), 319-329.
Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III esults:
The client was administered the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) to assist with the diagnostic formulation. The client produced a valid profile. There was no evidence that he attempted to present himself in an overly positive manner, to portray himself as being extremely or excessively distressed (the classic "cry for help" profile), nor was he overly guarded or defensive in his approach to answering questions (Hsu, 2002).
The client did not produce evidence that he suffers from a severe characterological disorder; however, there was evidence of significant distress. The client's pattern of responses indicates that he is pessimistic, overly serious, gloomy, passive, and preoccupied with negative events. He harbors very low feelings of self-esteem and while he may be perceived as a responsible and consciousness person, he experiences significant feelings of self-criticism and can be very self -reproaching. Individuals with similar profiles often look down…
Hsu, L.M. (2002). Diagnostic validity statistics and the MCMI-III. Psychological
Assessment, 14(4), 410-419.
Millon, T., Millon, C.M., Meagher, S., Grossman, S., & Ramnath, R. (2012). Personality disorders in modern life. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
& #8230; in its heyday there was elitism and arrogance among psychoanalysts, a sense of having superior knowledge that set us up for a fall" (Altman, ¶ 3). In a field that claims to possess knowledge of the unconscious, Altman asserts, this constitutes an occupational hazard. To counter the temptation to feel more knowledgeable than others, whether patients or the public in general, therapists who practice psychoanalytic therapy, need to remember that the depths of their own unconscious realms are as unfathomable as those they treat.
Psychoanalysis, nevertheless, possesses particularly valuable offerings, despite numerous attacks on meaning. Due to the fact that people currently, continuing to move faster and faster as they pursue success and security. Consequently, "thoughtfulness and self-reflection get crowded out. People are instrumentalized, working around the clock, on their cell phones and e-mail and Blackberries, allowing themselves to be exploited in the service of the corporate bottom…
Altman. N. (2007). Renewing psychoanalysis for the 21st century. Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy. Heldref Publications. Retrieved October 01, 2009 from HighBeam
Bacal, H.A. (2007). Discussion of Judy Pickles's case presentation from the perspective of psychoanalytic specificity theory. Psychoanalytic Inquiry. The Analytic Press, Inc.
Retrieved October 01, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
Social Work: Spiritual Assessment
Instruments for Spiritual Assessment
One of the five instruments for spiritual assessment is the spiritual history. This is the only verbal instrument. A practitioner using spiritual history obtains a client’s spiritual information using two sets of questions. The first set of questions seeks to help the client tell their story from childhood to the present. The second set helps the practitioner elicit spiritual information from the client by assessing the dimensions of the soul (cognition, will, and affect) and the spirit (intuition, conscience, and communion).
The second instrument is the spiritual life map, which is a diagrammatic or pictorial account of a client’s relationship with God. It shows where the client is coming from, where they are, and where they are going in regard to their relationship with God. The client sketches their spiritual journey from birth to the present, and continuing to death and the…
Hodge, D. R. (2005). Developing a Spiritual Assessment Toolbox: A Discussion of the Strengths and Limitations of Five Different Assessment Methods. Health and Social Work, 30(4), 314-24.
Established at the outset of the 80s by Dr. Les Greenberg and Dr. Sue Johnson, emotionally focused therapy (EFT) abides by the way of life that relationships are at the center or essence of human experience. It is founded on the principles that emotionally satisfying relationships are basic constituents of mental and physical health, and that interventions that are emotionally oriented have the authority to create and reconstruct helpful connections and ties between persons. The founders of EFT have the belief that each and every individual can take full advantage of their potential if placed in a fostering social setting (Johnson, 2009). Emotion-focused treatment was advanced as an empirically-cognizant method to the exercise of psychoanalysis grounded in present-day psychosomatic philosophies of working. Emotion-focused therapy endeavors to change the emotional or mental or behavioral sense of balance by putting emphasis on the vital role of the familiarity of adaptive emotion in…
Brenning, K.M., Braet, C. (2013). The emotion regulation model of attachment: An emotion-specific approach, Personal Relationships, 2013, 20, 1
Goldman, R.N., Greenberg, L.S. (2014). Case Formulation in Emotion-Focused Therapy: Co-Creating Clinical Maps for Change
Greenberg, L.S. (2004). Emotion -- focused therapy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 11(1), 3-16.
Greenberg, L.S. (2010). Emotion-focused therapy: A clinical synthesis. Focus, 8(1), 32-42.
Treating Alcoholism presents therapists with multi-dimensional issues -- multicultural understanding and contextual setting of the client (profession, family, history, work conditions and exposure to extraordinary conditions, in the case of those serving in the military), dominates these settings within which psychotherapists are required to work. Lack of adequate and healthy outlet for feelings; absence of recreation, often lead to excessive, and harmful drinking. Yet, each case is an independent experience requiring the therapist to be flexible, yet focused on creating value at all times. As such, a therapist's work with each client may be termed aptly as a 'discovery'.
A psychologist deals with interpersonal exchanges using a worldview (i.e., group of attitudes) that aids in shaping their opinion of other people. Their worldview is partly governed by cultural experiences. In fact, multicultural and cross-cultural literature constantly highlight the following facts (Duncan, 2010):
1) Man is a multicultural being (Duncan, 2010);…
American Psychological Association. (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist. 58(5), 377-402
Ames, G., & Cunradi, C. (2012). Alcohol Use and Preventing Alcohol-Related Problems Among Young Adults in the Military. NIAAA.
Duncan, B. (2010). On becoming a better therapist. American Psychological Society. American Psychological Association, 152.
Furuya, S., (2015). ASAP Triage (brief screen case note) for Confidential treatment program.
Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is the assimilation of the best research evidence with clinical proficiency and patient values. This takes into account placing equal emphasis on the situation of the patient, his or her goals, objectives, values and aspirations, the best accessible research evidence and the clinical proficiency and expertise of the practitioner. Evidence-based practice in psychology can be defined as the incorporation and assimilation of the best accessible research with clinical knowledge and expertise in the context of patient features, culture, and preferences. In psychology, the main purpose of evidence-based practice encompasses the promotion of efficacious psychological practice, improvement of public health by making use of empirically supported principles of psychological evaluation, case formulation, therapeutic association, and intervention (Drisko, 2012).
Therefore, taking this into consideration, evidence-based practice can be delineated as a wider notion that account for not only knowledge and understanding but also action in three fundamental components of…
American Psychological Association. (2016). Policy Statement on Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology. Retrieved from: http://www.apa.org/practice/guidelines/evidence-based-statement.aspx
Bauer, R. M. (2007). Evidence-based practice in psychology: Implications for research and research training. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63(7), 685-694.
Davey, G. (2011). Applied Psychology. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Drisko, J. (2012). Evidence-Based Practice. Retrieved from: https://sophia.smith.edu/~jdrisko/evidence_based_practice.htm
Personality Psych Analysis of Tony Soprano
Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality makes the argument that human behavior is resultant of the interrelations amongst three constituent parts of the mind including the id, ego, and superego (Petocz, 1999). This theory of personality lays substantial significance of the manner in which conflict, more often than not unconscious, amongst the areas of the mind end up shaping an individual’s behavior and personality. The Id deals with instantaneous satisfaction of basic physical needs and desires and it functions completely unconsciously. The Superego takes into account social rules and morals, and is largely referred to as a person’s conscience. The Superego develops as a child progressively learns what is deemed to be right or wrong. Lastly, the ego, unlike the instinctive Id and the ethical superego, the Ego is the sensible, realistic part of an individual’s personality…
It is also important to identify to what extent such advertisements play on human emotions to evoke positive purchase decisions. Other ethical issues would include the extent to which such DTC advertising encourages consumers to circumvent the physician-patient relationship. In other words, to the extent that such DTC advertising encourages "drug-shopping" behaviors among healthcare consumers is likely the extent to which such advertising could be regarded as unethical.
Most sick people are scared, many are in pain, and some of them may grasp at any claims from marketers concerning a potential cure. Conversely, denying these very same healthcare consumers with as much information about the current choices that are available to them also appears to be unethical, assuming that the targeted populations are in a position to make informed decisions.
What are the costs and benefits of marketing prescription drugs directly to physicians?
The costs of marketing prescription drugs…
Advertising prescription drugs. (n.d.). Decision point, 335.
While the "quality and the craftsmanship [of Tiffany & Co.'s products] must stand the test of time," the conscience of a socially responsible attitude towards its products becomes an even more important element in order to make the customers appreciate the true value of its offer.
The added value of an "industry leader" approach concerning the social responsibility issues involved by the industry is also a desired course of action, as it brings positive effects on the environment and the fulfillment of ethical promises by the company, its ambassadorship within the industry brings even greater environmental benefits, through a stronger alliance to lobby and fight for the environment.
From a business point-of-view, it brings Tiffany's a differentiation point, giving it a competitive advantage in front of its competitors, something that just working with price, placement, promotion and products (marketing mix elements) can not entirely achieve.
This brings us to the…
Business dictionary, Ethical Issue definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/ethical-issue.html
Business dictionary, Fiduciary Duty definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/fiduciary-duty.html
Gagnon, Geoffrey, Moving Mountains, Legal Affairs, Sept-Oct 2004, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/September-October-2004/story_gagnon_sepoct04.msp
Kosich, Dorothy, And, now, a few words from Tiffany & Co, Mineweb, South Africa, November 11, 2004, retrieved online November 5, 2009 at http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page15831?oid=3232&sn=Detail
Ironically, the single most important thing a university could do might be to suspend all forms of grading by the traditional test methods. Even without cheating, the focus on grades only encourages studying to perform on test instead of learning for the sake of learning. It might not be practical for large classes, but one-on-one oral exams between students and professors or TAs might be more difficult to cheat on and provide more accurate indications of what students have actually learned than traditional testing methods. If the university cannot suspend traditional grading and testing, the single most important thing might be to provide a mandatory ethics course to freshman in conjunction with employing a very strict one-strike policy for cheating.
8. Do you agree or disagree with Professor Couser, author of the "Dear Plagiarist" article? Why? What are two main points he is trying to communicate to students in this…