Caterpillar Essays (Examples)

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Competing for the Future

Words: 1298 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51728868

Caterpillar Company Profile

Company's History

The company had had a tremendous evolution throughout a period of highest sales and profits, however, in 1982, it hit rock bottom and entered its most serious crisis in history. A strong dollar, a long- term strike and several internal problems meant that Caterpillar endured three years of continuous decreasing sales and heavy losses.

Things became to turn around as George Schaefer became CEO in February 1985. A long career with the company helped him use his huge experience to revive the company's activities.

Key Management

George Schaefer became CEO in February 1985 and led the company through a period of serious restructuring and organizational change. He had started out in accounting, but then moved in several positions throughout the company, including Vice President for Finance and Data Processing, EVP and board member.

Pierre Guerindon had played an essential role as the Belgian plant's manager…… [Read More]

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Capital Budgeting

Words: 792 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40120397

Caterpillar Capital Budgeting

Qualitative Factors

There are a number of qualitative factor that go into a capital budgeting decision. The first is that the company needs to think about how the purchase fits with its overall strategy. Caterpillar has an overall strategy, and its resources should be directed towards that. It has to think if a new computer network system -- which will have more costs than just 10% of last year's profits because there is a learning curve with new computer systems -- is going to be a good use of resources. Opportunity costs are a major issue in capital budgeting decisions because that money could be deployed elsewhere (CFA Institute, 2014).

There are other qualitative factors as well. For example, activities must be within the ethical framework of the company. They must also have a positive effect on some element of the company's objectives, like customer service. Ideally,…… [Read More]

References

CFA Institute. (2014). Capital budgeting. CFA Institute. Retrieved November 13, 2014 from http://www.cfainstitute.org/learning/products/publications/inv/Documents/corporate_finance_chapter2.pptx

Ingram, D. (2014). Qualitative factors in capital investment decisions. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 13, 2014 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/qualitative-factors-capital-investment-decisions-73769.html

MSN Moneycentral. (2014). Caterpillar, Inc. Retrieved November 13, 2014 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-CAT?ocid=qbeb
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Union Negotiations Collect Bargaining

Words: 2928 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35978063

Union Negotiations

In the 1990s, America was undergoing a major transformation. What was happening, is globalization (i.e. free trade agreements) made is possible to have access to numerous markets around the world without having to worry about tariffs. This created a transformation in the way many firms are operating by giving them the ability to: increase their profits and lower their labor costs. (Watcher, 2007, pp. 23 -- 29)

In the case of Caterpillar (i.e. Cat), they were dealing with similar challenges during this time. This is because, the firm was trying to lower its labor costs and increase their profit margins. However, a major challenge existed with the contract that the firm had in place with the United Auto Workers (UAW). In this situation, Cat wanted to move away from its traditional business structure to one that is more focused on: specific products lines and geographic locations. This created…… [Read More]

References

Caterpillar. (2001). Funding Universe. Retrieved from: http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Caterpillar-Inc.-Company-History.html

Brenner, A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Strikes. Armonk, NY: ME Sharp.

Cimini, M. (1998). Caterpillars Prolonged Dispute Ends. Compensation and Working Conditions, 4 -- 11

Gordon, D. (1996). Fat and Mean. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
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Business Ethics Law

Words: 2647 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91700808

Business Ethics and Law

Over the last several years, the issue of ethics and legal challenges has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because globalization has created a change in the way firms are interacting with employees. Over the course of time, this has resulted in firms outsourcing jobs to key locations (which have lower labor costs). This has given executives greater amounts of flexibility in determining: what is asked of employees, the kind of benefits that are received and the impact on labor relations. (Franklin, 2001, pp. 7 -- 16)

In the case of Caterpillar, they have been using this kind of strategy to reduce their costs and to begin selling their products in developing markets. This has resulted in the company realizing increasing profit margins and it has helped the firm to aggressively market to consumers in these areas. However, a problem has emerged inside many…… [Read More]

References

Franklin, S. (2001). Three Strikes. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Miller, P. (2002). Rethinking the Factory. Cultural Values, 6 (2), 91 -- 117.

Orelman, E. (2006). Caterpillar. St. Paul, MN: Motor Books.

Torres, J. (1996). The Corporate Campaign at Caterpillar. Journal of Labor Research, 17 (3), 377 -- 394.
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Children's Literature Picture Books Allard Harry and

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7430459

Children's Literature

Picture Books

Allard, Harry and James Marshall. Miss Nelson Is Missing. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Print.

Miss Nelson is a non-threatening instructor whose students take advantage of her gentle personality by misbehaving. One day Miss Nelson disappears and is replaced by an ill-tempered substitute, Miss Viola Swamp, who makes the children appreciate their good-natured teacher. The book is designed for primary and early elementary readers.

Beaumont, Karen. I Ain't Gonna Paint No More! Florida: Harcourt, Inc. 2005. Print.

A little boy has been caught and chastised for decorating his home with a box of paints. His mother takes the paint set away from him and tells him, "Ya ain't gonna paint no more!" He soon reacquires the box of paints and becomes busily engaged in painting himself from head to toe. Preschool children will enjoy this book.

Carle, Eric. The Very Hungry Caterpillar. New York: Collins Publishers.…… [Read More]

Dave, a fifth-grader, is astonished to learn in a report about India that Mahatma Gandhi spent one day of each week in silence to give his mind a rest. Dave attempts to give it a try, but being a constant talker, he finds it difficult to remain silent. He and a friend convince the entire fifth grade class to try the experiment. Despite a long-standing animosity, the boys and girls in the classroom form a bond during their periods of silence by trying to find other ways to communicate.

DiCamillo, Kate. Because of Winn-Dixie. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Candlewick Press. 2000. Print.

India Opal Buloni moves to Naomi, Florida when her father obtains a position as a preacher in a local church. Opal's mother left the family when she was only three years old and she has no friends in Naomi. One day she finds a big, ugly dog wandering around in a
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Standard for Performance Appraisals Performance

Words: 2067 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29304001



Personnel record

Personnel records are data pertaining to employees which consist of factual and comprehensive information of employee. All employee information is kept in systematic order which assists human resources manager to make an effective decision about employee. Typically, personnel records consist of employee past records, medical report and employee progress. Personnel record also consist of payroll records, leave records, and benefit record and turnover record. Training and development record contains training schedule, transfer cases, and appraisal reports. Health and safety record contains medical history, safety provisions, sickness reports, and insurance reports. The service record contains essential records that consist of bio-data, family information, residential information, and marital status, academic qualifications, past address and employment records. While some critics argue that personnel records is a waste of time and money, however, Yoder (1942) provides several benefits that organization could derive from personnel record:

Personnel record assists managers to identify crucial…… [Read More]

References

Ahmed, S. (2005).Analysis of Workplace Surveillance in a Quest for Ethical Stance. Journal of Business Systems Governance and Ethics .2(4).

American Bar Association.(2001).Employment: Proof of Discrimination. Mental and Physical Disability Law Reporter. 25( 5): 826-831.

Aswathapp, K. (2005).Human Resource and Personnel Management. (4th Edition) Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Aswathapp, K (2010). Employment Law for Human Resource Practice. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
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Financial Research Report This Is a Review

Words: 1620 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32469715

Financial esearch eport

This is a review of Caterpillar, Inc.. The report is broken down into three sections -- company overview, ratio analysis (which includes a trend analysis), stock price analysis -- that are designed to give a thorough overview of the complete company.

Company Overview

Caterpillar is one of the best known name brands, around the world for its manufacture of heavy machinery made, primarily, for the construction industry. The company began operations in 1925 under the name Caterpillar after a merger was formed between Holt Manufacturing and C.L. Best Tractor (USSEC, 2011). The company has set the standard in its industry becoming the largest manufacturer of hauling machines in the world.

Caterpillar operates primarily as a manufacturer of heavy equipment, but, with the realization that they needed to be able to finance purchases of their products and help maintain them, the company has also diverged into financial services…… [Read More]

References

Caterpillar. (2011a). About us. Retrieved from http://www.caterpillar.com/company/strategy

Caterpillar. (2011b). Stock chart. Retrieved from http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/stock-information/stock-quote/stock-chart

Caterpillar. (2009). Sales and Revenue. Retrieved from http://producttour.cat.com/Microsites/U.S./ARSR2009/AR2009/sales-profit.html

USSEC. (2011). Caterpillar for 10K. United States Securities and Exchange Comission.
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Beauty and Life of the Monarch Butterfly

Words: 2888 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83935617

Beauty and Life of the Monarch Butterfly

This is a paper about the Monarch Butterfly. What animal kingdom is it from? Listed is the life cycle of the butterfly. What are the adaptations of the Monarch Butterfly?

THE BEAUTY OF THE MONACH BUTTEFLY

Many people think butterflies live in a carefree environment, but they are wrong. They seem so peaceful visiting flowers, but they are bound by social conventions and instincts of their own. Although their lives appear to be so simple, yet their lives are quite demanding (Farrand 1990). The beauty of the Monarch is found delighting in most butterfly lovers. The life of a Monarch Butterfly is quite complicated as it meets the instincts that it is bound with. A butterfly's life depends on finding enough food, where to lay its eggs safely, the intricate demands of courtships, and on finding the right spot of transformation from a…… [Read More]

References

Butterflies and Moths" Encarta Encyclopedia Article. http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?z=1&pg=2&ti=761578331&cid=2

Butterflies The World of Nature" 1990. New York: Gallery Books

Carson, Shawn. "Unraveling the Secrets of Monarchs" Scientific American Sep. 1997 Vol. 277 Issue 3 p. 90

Darrach, Brad. "Millions of Monarchs" Life. Aug 93. Vol. 16. Issue 9. p. 50
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Managing Change Course

Words: 1535 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98530859

Competing for the Future: Komatsu and Home Depot

Komatsu is now one of the leading earth moving equipment manufacturers in the world, however, it wasn't always so. Komatsu began in 1921, as a specialized manufacturer of mining equipment. Yet, even in those early years, before information technology began to eliminate geographical and cultural borders, Mr. Takeuchi, Komatsu's founder, had a globalized and customer-centric vision. He knew it was important for his management team to have "an 'overseas orientation' and a 'user orientation'" (Hamal & Prahalad 3) if they were to compete against much larger corporations.

Komatsu has managed to grow from these very modest beginnings to a multi-billion dollar industry-leading competitor, in only two generations.

It this success has been fraught with challenges. From intensified local competition when American companies were allowed to partner with Japanese companies for joint ventures in Japan, to technological weaknesses in their product line, to…… [Read More]

References

Hamal & Prahalad. Competing for the Future. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

MacAyeal, J. "The Home Depot, Inc." Hoover's Online 2004. Hoover's Online database. Hoover's. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. September 22, 2004 http://premium.hoovers.com.
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Strategic Options for John Deere and Company

Words: 4435 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36289071

JOHN DEEE & COMPANY

John Deere

This analysis of John Deere presents the external and internal analysis of the company including a SWOT analysis of the company. This analysis is then used to discuss informed strategic options and recommendations for John Deere.

The external analysis of John Deere includes the history of the agricultural industry, sources of competitive rivalry in the industry, and a PESTEL analysis of the agricultural and construction equipment industry. This section also presents the external factors (opportunities and threats) for John Deere.

The internal analysis of John Deere is based on the company's internal factors (strengths and weaknesses). It presents a brief overview of recent issues that are facing the company and how the company has reacted to them. It is a functional analysis of the internal activities of John Deere - operation, administration, finance, and marketing.

Strategic options and recommendations

This section is informed by…… [Read More]

References

Agarwal, V., & Taffler, R. (2008). Does Financial Distress Risk Drive the Momentum Anomaly? Financial Management, 37(3), 461-484. doi: 10.2307/20486664

Bloomsberg Businessweek. (2014). Deere & co (DE:New York Consolidated). Retrieved October 2nd, 2014, from http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/financials/financials.asp?ticker=DE

Caballero, R.J., & Krishnamurthy, A. (2009). Global Imbalances and Financial Fragility. The American Economic Review, 99(2), 584-588. doi: 10.2307/25592462

Financial Innovation: Too Much or Too Little? (2012). The MIT Press.
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Insect Mimicry and Camouflage

Words: 2068 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91735407

Insect Camouflage

L. Jones

Insect Mimicry and Camouflage

The insect world is perhaps one of the most diverse on the planet. When one considers the very scope of the plethora of insect species, one cannot help but be staggered by the vast variety in type, appearance, and behavior. Of course, one of the most interesting aspects of the insect world involves the ability of some species to use camouflage or mimicry in order to avoid detection or consumption by predators.

Camouflage

One of the most effective ways in which some insects can avoid becoming prey is by using camouflage. Although the exact method by which each species achieves or represents camouflage behavior, the object is always to "blend in" to their surroundings. To do this, they may either have the ability to change their color to blend in with the background, or possess a static characteristic that allows them to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brewer, Jerry. 2000. Insect Mimicry. Web site. http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/entomology/topics/mimicry.htm

Castner, James L. (1998). Please Don't Eat the Katydids. International Wildlife. May 15, 1998. Retrieved on August 17, 2004, at http://www.bugbios.com/entophiles/phasmida/index.html

Hilda Simon, (1968). Insect Masquerades. New York, Viking Press.

Jongbloed, Marijcke. (1999). Disappearing Acts: natures camouflage artists. Arabian Wildlife Journal. Vol. 2. Issue 1. Retrieved on August 17, 2004, from, http://www.arabianwildlife.com/archive/vol2.1/cama.htm
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Math Science and Social Study Lesson Plans

Words: 1938 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89739773

Integrated Curriculum Analysis

A teacher's main objective usually centers in arousing the curiosity of the student enough to engage them in the process of learning. Engagement can often lead to enthusiasm, and enthusiasm leads to learning. One of the most effective methods of engagement is through the use of real-world tasks. Francom & Gardner (2014) determined that many of the recent models of learning provided instruction center learning that incorporated real-world tasks and problems that support the transfer and application of knowledge. The writer Howard Hendricks said "What is important is not what you do as a teacher, but what your students learn as a result of what you do." Students in today's educational environment follow the teacher's lead but collaborate much more with other students than in previous generations. A teacher must understand that collaboration and use it as well as the available technology to ensure that the students…… [Read More]

References

Francom, G. & Gardner, J.; (2014) What is task-centered learning? TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice Learning, 58(5) p. 27-35

Howard Hendricks Quotes." Quotes.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. Retrieved from http://www.quotes.net/authors/Howard%20Hendricks

Hutchison, A., & Reinking, D. (2011) Teachers' perceptions of integrating information and communication technologies into literacy instruction: A national survey in the U.S. Reading Research Quarterly, 46(4), 308 -- 329.

Nielsen, C.; DeFranco, J.F. & Malm, E.; (2015) Math, science and sustainability-enhanced career and technical education, Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, 90(3) pp. 50-55
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2nd Grade Lesson Plans

Words: 1145 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23794788

Summer Bucket List

Concept/topic: This lesson plan will focus on allowing students to design their wish list or "Summer Bucket list." It will allow for sharing by students reading aloud their Summer Bucket lists. It also promotes writing and reading as students will be asked to proofread what they wrote as well as think of fun ideas to add for their Summer Bucket list.

Lesson goals/objectives:

Objectives are to ask questions of how they would want the activities on their Summer Bucket lists to be performed, the reasons behind them, who they may want with them.

Practicing oral delivery of information from reading aloud in class.

Participation with their peers as they may ask and share with other students their own experiences and ideas when selected students read aloud.

d. Arizona State Standards (CCSS) (Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding…… [Read More]

References

Azed.gov,. (2015). English Language Arts Standards. Retrieved 14 July 2015, from http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/englishlanguageartsstandards/

Bauer, J. (2007). Butterfly life cycle. New York: Scholastic.

Price, D. (2012). Second grade lesson plans. [S.l.]: Price World Publishing.
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Edible Insects What's for Dinner

Words: 3131 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15701508

These insects run through the markets of Thailand, South Africa and South Korea offered separately as crunchy snacks to locals and bold travelers. They are highly rich in protein and may be considered as a good food supplement to boost energy. In case you can't make up your mind, a "bug-pack" may be suggested consisting of all edible insects you can munch on while appreciating great views and nature tripping. Larvae and Caterpillars of these insects were also considered as a rare delicacy, either as soup or added flavor to paste.

3. Hornets

Farmed by an old Japanese lady in Kyushu Island, the Giant Japanese Hornet is used to make honey. This is a completely incredible honey - literally! The Giant Japanese Hornet is the largest species of wasp in the world, and it contains special enzymes in its body which are reputed to increase strength and energy levels. Giant…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Lexicon Universal Encyclopedia (1989). Insects. New York: Lexicon Publications, Inc.

M. Burton (1971). Nature, the Realm of Animals and Plants. London: The Grolier Society Limited.

2000 Nation Multimedia Group. A Beetle a Day, July 6, 1999, the Nation. Retrieved April 19, 2008, at http://www.thaibugs.com/Articles/beetleaday.htm

Edible. Insectivores. Retrieved April 19, 2008, at http://www.edible.com/shop/browse.php?cmd=showdepartment&sectionId=23
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Theodore Levitt the World and Consumers in

Words: 2855 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74937228

Theodore Levitt, the world and consumers in particular are moving towards having similar likes, preferences, and tastes and these have caused people to prefer the same products the world over. These products that are given preference are those that are liked by everyone else. "Everyone in the increasingly homogenized world market wants products and features that everybody else wants." Levitt, 1984.

This statement is true in the world that we currently see, and this should be the focus of all marketing campaigns whether they are aimed at building brand awareness, changing the attitudes of consumers, or just trying to increase sales of a product. By simply creating a product that will become the preference of many, it is remarkably easy to capture and penetrate the market and thus boost sales by a large margin.

Levitt also argues that "different cultural preferences, national tastes and standards, and business institutions are the…… [Read More]

References

BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S. 2003. The Fire of Desire: A Multisited Inquiry into Consumer Passion. Journal of Consumer Research, 30, 326-351.

BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S.R. 1997. Consumer desire in three cultures: Results from Projective Research. Advances in Consumer Research Volume, 24, 24-28.

HOLLIS, N. 2009. Global Brands, Local Cultures. Research World, July/August.

KOSTERA, M. 2006. The Narrative Collage As Research Method. Storytelling, Self, Society, 2, 5-27.
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Tanks of World War I

Words: 1401 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2729328

The latter was skeptical, referring to the device as "a pretty mechanical toy" (Harris 31) but everybody else was favorably impressed and the ar Office continued enthusiastically to support tank development. "Mother" became the basis for the Mark I tank, the first mass-produced tracked armored fighting vehicle in history. The Mark I, powered by two diesel engines, was built in two versions, "male" which mounted four machine guns and two 6-pounder naval guns in protruding barbettes, and "female" which carried machine guns only. The male version was intended as an assault weapon; the female tanks were designed to protect their male counterparts and each other by using machine guns to mow down attacking infantry who might otherwise swamp and overcome the tanks (Harris 31-2). This huge, heavy, lozenge-shaped monster became the pattern for the classic First orld ar tank, through to the Mark VIII of 1918.

The tanks were ready…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bourne, J.M. Britain and the Great War 1914-1918. London: Edward Arnold, 1989.

Duffy, Michael. "Weapons of War - Tanks." First World War.com: A Multimedia History of World War One. 2002. 20 Nov. 2004.  http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/tanks.htm .

Harris, J.P. Men, Ideas and Tanks. British Military Thought and Armoured Forces, 1903-1939. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Reid, Brian Holden. "The Tank: Visions of Future War." History Today Dec. 1987: 36-41.
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Teaching English With Picturebooks

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7746728

Picture Book Is Worth More Than a Thousand Words: Teaching ESL Students

The use of picture books to teach English as a second language has been demonstrated to be quite successful. Experts in literacy attribute this to the way that pictures in the books help to fill in gaps in meaning. A fundamental consideration is that if the picture books are to be used as an aide to teaching English, cultural differences must not be too great, or else the cultural differences must be a primary topic of the story. Indeed, some experts consider texts that are highly culturally specific, and are "intertextually and intervisuablly rich," are not translatable since they are too rooted in a specific locale.

Intervisuality refers to the ease with which a concept can be viewed from a variety of different media. Intertextuality refers to the interrelationship between works of literature with regard to the way…… [Read More]

References

Colomer, T., Kummerling-Meibauer, B., and Silva-Diaz, C. (2010). Directions in picture book research. London, UK: Routledge Publishing.

Desmet, M.K.T., (2001). Intertextuality / Intervisuality in Translation: The Jolly Postman's Intercultural Journey from Britain to the Netherlands

Children's Literature in Education, 32(1), 31. Retreived from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1005214004763#

Jalongo, M.R., Dragich, D., Conrad, N.K., and Zhang, A. (2002). Using wordless picture books to support emergent literacy. Early Childhood Education Journal, 29(3), 167-177.
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Dealing With Ethical Issues

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48068324

Ethics of Bioethics

To the prudent thinker and scholar, there is little doubt that right or wrong is certainly relative. Categorical imperatives and absolutes help people to understand theories and ideas. However, they have little pragmatic value in life as it exists. Erudition in the areas of moral relativism, moral absolutism, and moral objectivism certainly confirm the preceding thesis. Additionally, there are numerous examples found in different areas of life that confirm the conviction propagated in this paper as well.

The tenet of moral relativism certainly helps to buttress this conviction that right or wrong is simply relative. Some of the best examples of this fact are readily supplied by nature. In fact, basic bioethical thought into the food chain supports this viewpoint as well. The reality of life on this planet and as found within nature is that most organisms need to consume other organisms to survive. This fact…… [Read More]

References

Beauchamp, Tom L., LeRoy Walters, Jeffrey P. Kahn, and Anna C. Mastroianni, eds. (2014). Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. 8th Ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, pp. 1-12.

The Kennedy Institute of Ethics. (2014). Introduction to bioethics: bioethics at the bedside. www.youtube.com Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3I0SxI2grM
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Moss Fern Understanding True Biological

Words: 1623 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36668752

1997). The basis of all plants' alternating generations and complex life cycles could be found in a common ancestor shared with fern species, even though ferns are no better reproducing sexually than moss are fully dependent on a saturated enough environment to perform a task that flowers have developed innumerable methods of getting done (Munster et al. 1997; Mehltreter et al. 2010).

Conclusion

The life cycles of moss and ferns are highly similar, with both developing from haploid cells and gametophytes that sexually reproduce to create sporophytes, which in turn asexually reproduce by producing haploid spores that start the cycle all over again. Mosses, however, are more typically found in their haploid gametophyte stage, which the sporophytes are dependent on, whereas ferns are most often seen in the sporophyte stage, in which they can survive for hundreds of years. Both types of organisms are still being studied today to provide…… [Read More]

References

Capon, B, (2005). Botany for gardeners. Portland, or: Timbers.

Cavendish, M. (2000). Exploring life science Vol. 7. Tarrytown, NY: Cavendish Corp.

During, H. (1979). "Life strategies of Bryophytes." Lindbergia 5, pp. 2-18.

Evans, a. (1964). "Ameiotic Alternation of Generations: A New Life Cycle in the Ferns." Science 17(143), pp. 261-3.
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Cummins Is the Dominant Player

Words: 1376 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75943737

com)

Legal Actions

Information about ongoing legal actions is typically disclosed in the annual report. An examination of Cummins' Form 10-K from 2008 reveals that while the company is subject to a wide range of legal risks, there are no major legal actions pending. Referring to environment-related legal actions, the company states that "we do not believe that these lawsuits are material individually or in the aggregate."

Negative Publicity

At present, there is little indication that Cummins is faced with any significant negative publicity. The company faces some minor environmental lawsuits, which may not be financial material but could generate some negative publicity should the company be found culpable for any impropriety.

Cummins' track record with regards to negative publicity -- or the lack thereof -- is enviable for a multinational country, in particular one with manufacturing operations overseas. Cummins' approach has been proactive. There are hints of the company's…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Cummins website. Various pages. Retrieved February 22, 2010 from http://www.cummins.com

Marx, M. (2005). Cummins Inc. Six Sigma Companies. Retrieved February 22, 2010 from http://www.sixsigmacompanies.com/archive/cummins_inc_six_sigma.html

Cummins 2008 Form 10-K.
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Atwood by the Time of the Flood

Words: 616 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79058201

Atwood

By the time of the Flood, human beings have so thoroughly and inextricably interfered with the natural process of evolution that hybrid animals and plants are commonplace. The names of the genetically modified organisms are part of the common vernacular, uttered in the same sentence as their counterparts that had evolved slowly over the course of the past several million years. Most times, Atwood's descriptions of the life forms on Earth during the Flood are sardonic to underscore the sinister nature of the genetic intervention. For example, in Chapter 6, Toby reflects on her childhood in the "semi-country, before the sprawl had rolled over that stretch of landscape." Within that sprawl comingle the creatures of natural and forced evolution: "there were squirrels, and the first green rabbits. No rakunks, those hadn't been put together yet," (Chapter 6). The reader can easily assume that a rakunk is a raccoon-skunk, but…… [Read More]

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Japanese Literature the Stories of Traditional Japanese

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83405056

Japanese Literature

The stories of traditional Japanese literature contributed to the creation of Japan's cultural identity, just as all national literature contributes to the country of their origin. There are specific characteristics of a nation which influence and are influence by the psychological and sociological setting in which they were created. In the Japanese culture, there is a high emphasis placed both on nature and the natural world. hat is granted to humanity by a higher power must be protected, preserved, and appreciated. This love and care for the natural world is evident in many pieces of Japanese literature, particularly in the short stories "The Lady who Admired Vermin" and "The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter."

In the story "The Lady ho Admired Vermin," the main character is interested in vermin, rather than butterflies or flowers as other young women care about. The reason for this is that she finds…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Abe, Hajime. "The View of Nature in Japanese Literature." Nagareyama, Chiba, Japan: Toyo

Culler, Jonathan. Literary Theory: a Very Short Introduction. New York, NY: Oxford

University. 1997. Print.

"The Lady Who Admired Vermin." Classical Japanese Prose: an Anthology. Ed. Helen
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Transshipment and Inventory Pooling Supply Chain Management

Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95147802

Supply Chain Management: Transshipment and Inventory Pooling

Transshipment and Inventory Pooling

Transshipment and inventory pooling are among the most commonly-used inventory distribution strategies. Simply stated, inventory pooling (also referred to as lateral transshipment) is the storage of a single stock of inventory at a common point, with the aim of shipping the same to different retailers in multiple markets, each with its own demand patterns (Swinney, 2011). In other words, it is the pooling together of demands from multiple geographic markets (Swinney, 2011). A perfect example of an inventory pooling arrangement is illustrated when 5,000 Cadillacs are parked at the GM regional distribution office in Ohio, awaiting shipment to different parts of the state.

Transshipment, unlike inventory pooling, takes place at the retail level. It simply can be defined as the "shipment of items between different facilities at the same level in the supply chain to meet some immediate need"…… [Read More]

References

Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P. & Simchi-Levi, E. (2008). Designing and Managing the Supply Chain: Concepts, Strategies, and Case Studies (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill

Swinney, R. (2011). Inventory Pooling with Strategic Consumers: Operational and Behavioral Benefits. Graduate School of Business, Stamford University. Retrieved 5 January 2015 from  http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Lists/Events/Attachments/163/Pooling.pdf 

Zhao, X. & Atkins, D. (2008). Transshipment between Competitive Retailers. Wilfrid Laurier University. Retrieved 5 January 2015 from http://legacy.wlu.ca/documents/35238/zhao&atkins_transshipment_between_competitive_retailers.pdf
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butterfly article and ecology information

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25754177

Gitig, D. (2017). A farewell to kings? New ideas on the vanishing monarch butterflies. Ars Technica. April 30, 2017. etrieved online: https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/a-migrating-butterfly-a-poisonous-plant-and-their-remarkable-coevolution/

In this article, Gitig (2017) provides an overview of recent research on monarch butterflies, focusing on the causes of their diminishing populations. Monarch butterflies feed almost exclusively on a plant called milkweed. Milkweed is disappearing rapidly due to urban development and other human activities. Therefore, the monarch butterflies have less to eat and this may be the direct cause for their dwindling numbers. In fact, adult monarch butterflies do not just feed on milkweed but also lay the next generation of eggs on the plant. The milkweed plant actually perceives the monarch as a parasite and emits latex to trap and kill the monarch caterpillars. Only about 10% of monarch eggs make it to become fully formed butterflies, according to the author. The most remarkable aspect of the…… [Read More]

References

Doyle, A. (2017). Milkweed plantings lure monarch butterflies to county. Ventura County Star, April 30, 2017. Retrieved online: http://www.vcstar.com/story/news/local/communities/ventura/2017/04/30/milkweed-plantings-lure-monarch-butterflies-county/100673724/

Gitig, D. (2017). A farewell to kings? New ideas on the vanishing monarch butterflies. Ars Technica. April 30, 2017. Retrieved online:  https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/a-migrating-butterfly-a-poisonous-plant-and-their-remarkable-coevolution/
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Costing & Pricing Costing Decisions

Words: 1535 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97119816

Joint costing systems should bear in mind the legal constraints on the use of such systems, and should provide accurate information to managers in order to be most useful in the managerial accounting context.

Firms need to remain competitive, which indicates that the market will set prices to some degree. This implies that firms can make better decisions with respect to what projects/products they wish to pursue by understanding the cost structure of the product. If the product is not viable at the cost at which it can be produced, then the firm can improve profitability by dumping the product.

orks Cited:

Banham, R. (2000). Off target? CFO Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.cfo.com/article.cfm/2990860/c_3046531?f=magazine_alsoinside

Frederick, S. (2011).

The persuasive power of opportunity costs. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://hbr.org/2011/01/column-the-persuasive-power-of-opportunity-costs/ar/1

Katz, D. (2002). Activity-based costing (ABC). CFO Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.cfo.com/article.cfm/3007694

McKinsey & Co.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Banham, R. (2000). Off target? CFO Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.cfo.com/article.cfm/2990860/c_3046531?f=magazine_alsoinside

Frederick, S. (2011).

The persuasive power of opportunity costs. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://hbr.org/2011/01/column-the-persuasive-power-of-opportunity-costs/ar/1

Katz, D. (2002). Activity-based costing (ABC). CFO Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.cfo.com/article.cfm/3007694
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Metamorphism Physical Geology Metamorphism Causes

Words: 1236 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34555526

The effects of liquids are not a factor in regional metamorphism as fluids cannot circulate due to the effects of pressure upon the rocks, which seal in the circulation of moisture. egional metamorphism occurs in areas of heavy tectonic activity, near the places where the earth's plates rub up against one another. "egional metamorphism can be subdivided into different pressure-temperature conditions based on observed sequences of mineral assemblages. It may include an extreme condition, where partial melting occurs" (Jessey & Tarman 2010). egional metamorphism is commonly found in mountain regions (hence the name regional metamorphism), consisting of foliated rocks developed under medium to high temperatures. "The accompanying pressures vary from low to high. Geothermal gradients, which are likewise moderate to high, produce Buchan and Barrovian Facies series. Because the pressures of Buchan and Barrovian Facies series are commonly higher than are those of Contact Facies Series, they may contain different…… [Read More]

References

Contact metamorphism. (2010). Pomona College. Retrieved May 12, 2010.

http://geology.csupomona.edu/alert/metamorphic/contact.htm

Jessey, Dave. Metamorphism. (2010). Geology 101. Pomona College. Retrieved May 12, 2010.

http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/Gsc101/Meta.html
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International Firms Segment the Global

Words: 1374 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6756142

Starbucks succeeded in Asia specifically because it did not market the same way that it did in North America. Cultural differences made it difficult to market their primary product (coffee), so they shifted focus to their secondary product (the casual "third place"), something that is in high demand in Asia's densely populated cities and Asia's communal culture (Chang, 2010). Had Starbucks stuck with its focus on coffee, the message would have been lost on tea-drinking Asian consumers.

The notion that products can be marketed the same all the world over is a fanciful one. Even the world's most ubiquitous companies tailor their products, their distribution and their promotional strategies to the local conditions. The brand may be the same, but the marketing behind the brand is often very different.

4. There are a number of costs beyond the domestic price that must be considered when marketing abroad, including product-related costs,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Johnson, J. & Arunthanes, W. (1995). Ideal and actual product adaptation in U.S. exporting firms: market-related determinants and impacts on performance. International Marketing Review. Vol. 12, 3, 31-46.

Chang, D (2010). In Asia, marketing 101 doesn't work. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved February 14, 2010 from http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2010/02/in_asia_marketing-101-doesnt-work.html

No author. (1999). Pricing, quotations and terms. UNZCO. Retrieved February 14, 2010 from  http://www.unzco.com/basicguide/c11.html 

Rong, C. (2004). Feeding a behemoth. Far East Economic Review. ISSN: 0014-7591
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Heavy Equipment the Global Heavy

Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57780958

The other is corruption. hile Transparency International has France listed as one of the more corrupt estern European nations (at #23 worldwide), Bolivia is ranked #102. The lack of effective rule of law in Bolivia is a significant impediment to business development.

In terms of business operating resources, France is superior. As one of the largest markets for construction equipment, not only is there an ample customer base, but the institutions are well-developed. Transportation networks and financial institutions are relatively strong. It is easy to do business in France, as there are few restrictions on capital flows, financing, and few impediments to business development. In contrast, Bolivia has many issues. The financial sector is poorly developed. hile it appears to function for resource exploitation firms, it is safer to conduct transaction in other jurisdictions. The infrastructure is poor. Bolivia is a landlocked country so it is difficult to get equipment…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

CIA World Factbook: France. (2009). Retrieved May 3, 2009 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html 

CIA World Factbook: Bolivia. (2009). Retrieved May 3, 2009 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html 

No author. (2009). Market Research Briefs -- Construction Best Prospect 2008. BuyUSA.gov. Retrieved May 3, 2009 from http://www.buyusa.gov/france/en/70.html
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Pasteur There Is Perhaps No

Words: 1220 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68529247

g., maggots in rotting matter.

Pasteur believed that germs, just as those that caused fermentation, could also be causing disease. With the support of other scientists and collaborators, he was able to isolate several disease causing bacteria, cholera (with Robert Koch) and small pox (work originally done by Edward Jenner), among several others. While working with cholera in chicken, Pasteur helped set the foundation for the idea of vaccinations; this had been proposed by others earlier. That a mild form of the virus or bacteria induces the creation of antibodies in the host. When infected by a virulent form of the virus or bacteria, the antibodies created in the system can destroy the infecting agents thereby protecting the host. Pasteur's work influenced the creation of vaccinations.

After successfully using it in the cure of cholera, small pox and several other diseases, Pasteur used this idea in identifying a cure for…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cohn, David V. (1996, February 11). The Life and Times of Louis Pasteur. Retrieved. March 17, 2009 at http://louisville.edu/library/ekstrom/special/pasteur/cohn.html

Debre, P.; E. Forster (1998). Louis Pasteur. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hart, Michael H. (1992). The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. Citadel Press. pp. pp.60-61.

Morris, D.; Abel, E. (2002). Stereochemistry. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
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People Fear DNA Because Criminals

Words: 2851 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35999004

This can contribute directly to human health and development (Agio). orlaug (1999), who won the Nobel Prize in 1970 for his work in developing high-yield wheat and other grains in third-world countries, stresses that genetic engineering is essential due to the worldwide population growth. Other organizations supporting genetically modified foods are the American Medical Association, the International Association of African Scientists, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Of course, there are always two sides to every coin, and individuals such as Ronnie Cummins, national director of the ioDemocracy Campaign, a grassroots organization that promotes organic food and opposes genetic engineering in agriculture, states that genetically modified foods can result in production of items that are toxic, carcinogenic, and allergenic. She warns that widespread planting of GM crops could cause unexpected harm to the environment; as crops are engineered to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AgBio World, Scientists in support of agricultural biotechnology. February 27, 2008  http://www.agbioworld.org/declaration/index.html 

BioDemocracy. Hazards of genetically engineered food and crops. Ronnie Cummins. http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge-free.cfm

N. Borlaug, (1999) Biotech can feed eight billion in the next century. New perspectives quarterly 25(1): 129-132

D.A. Christopher. (2000). The Gene genie's progeny. In the World & I. Washington, DC: Washington Times Corporation.
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Kafka's Metamorphosis Frantz Kafka's Metamorphosis

Words: 1833 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79786603

"It will be the death of both of you, I can see that coming. hen one has to work as hard as we do, all of us, one can't stand this continual torment at home on top of it. At least I can't stand it any longer.' "

Kafka 80) There is a clear sense that the family letting go of the idea that the beast that is living in their son's room is the son they once knew releases them from the burden, as it is only moments later that Gregor finally succumbs to self starvation and dies. (Kafka 82) After Gregor's death the true nature of each transformation is expressed through the explanations of the family as they take their first time off in a very long time.

Leaning comfortably back in their seats they canvassed their prospects for the future, and it appeared on closer inspection that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Harold, ed. Franz Kafka's the Metamorphosis. New York: Chelsea House, 1988.

Bouson, J. Brooks. A Study of the Narcissistic Character and the Drama of the Self. Amherst University of Massachusetts Press, 1989.

Greenberg, Martin. The Terror of Art: Kafka and Modern Literature. New York: Basic Books, 1968.

Kafka, Franz. Selected Short Stories of Franz Kafka. Trans. Willa Muir and Edwin Muir. New York: Modern Library, 1952.
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Learning Hands-On Science Learning Has

Words: 2217 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86074387

The natural environment provides students with a calm and quiet place to unwind from the noises of the classroom. It nurtures and supports animal-life all year round. This is critical for areas where commercial and residential development is reducing most natural areas. Wildlife especially needs help during the cold and snowy months. Students can also see how it benefits the environment. It also helps connect students to the world of nature. Increasingly, because children are spending more and more times indoors, they are losing touch with nature.

Humans, because they spent their first 14,000 years in nature, have a special bond with the outdoor world. When they are taken away from this environment, through cities, lack of parks, no outdoor play, there can be psychological affects. When taking time to enjoy nature, children will feel better about themselves and the world at large.

We are also going to put a…… [Read More]

References

Besecker, I. (June 11, 2000). Greensoboro News and Record. Insanity of Testing Mania.

Bredderman, T. (1985). Laboratory programs for elementary school science: A meta- analysis of effects on learning. Science Education, 69(4), 577-591.

Carpenter, R. (1963). A Reading Method and an Activity Method in Elementary Science Instruction. Science Education, April.

Hake, R. (1992). Socratic Pedagogy in the Introductory Physics Laboratory. The Physics Teacher 30(9), 546-552
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Maple Tree the Term Maple

Words: 3522 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 882671

Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits (World ook Encyclopedia 1992).

lack and sugar maples start their growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes take place in the sap which makes it inappropriate for syrup production. The term "buddy sap" is often employed to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. ecause sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring.

Japanese maple, a. palmatum, is also a well-liked ornamental tree. It has about 80 strains varying from shrubs to trees. They rarely grow more than 6 meters high. Japanese maples have leaves that are deeply divided into five to nine narrow, toothed lobes. They have light leaves which are delicate shades of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Acer Saccharum. http://www.wildwnc.org/trees/Acer_saccharum.html

Gabriel WJ. 1975. Phenotypic selection of sugar maples for superior sap volume production. In Proceedings, Twenty-first Northeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference. p.91-96.

Godman RM. 1965. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.). In Silvics of forest trees of the United States H.A. Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271: Washington (DC). p 6-73

Gould NE. 1979. Reforestation and timber stand improvement report for Fiscal Year 1978 and 1979. WO-2490 Records and Report. USDA Forest Service: Washington (DC). p 57
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Abbott Laboratories This Company Report

Words: 2791 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24746753

pag). Some business will continue as usual, of course: Abbott's nutrition division, based in Columbus, Ohio and employing approximately 2,000 people, announced that the nutrition unit will "fall under the umbrella of a new medical products company that will retain the Abbott name in a split announced ednesday" (Rouan n.pag). In addition, the announcement has apparently met with international investor approval: "At the news, Abbott's shares went up 7.3% in premarket trading on ednesday" (M2 Pharma n.pag).

The split is expected to occur in 2012 and will result in the currently-unnamed pharmaceutical company and the diversified medical products company, retaining the name "Abbott" (Abbott Laboratories n.pag).

(a). Pharmaceutical Company:

The pharmaceutical company is projected to have annual sales of approximately $18 Billion, a portfolio including Abbott's high-profile drugs such as Humira and Lupron, and a pipeline of "promising new specialty medicines and formulations" (Abbott Laboratories n.pag). According to Abbott's press…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abbott Laboratories. A Tradition of Innovation. n.d. Web. 22 October 2011.

-- . Abbott Reports Strong Ongoing Third Quarter Results; Confirms Double-Digit Ongoing Earnings Growth Outlook for 2011. 19 October 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.

-- . Abbott to Separate into Two Leading Companies in Diversified Medical Products and Research-Based Pharmaceuticals. 19 October 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.

-- . Abbott Worldwide. n.d. 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.
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Darwinists Must Be Crazy Imagine the Possibilities

Words: 1079 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73692401

Darwinists Must Be Crazy

Imagine the possibilities of learning about Charles Darwin, and studying many forms that exist, such as social, economic and political. However, does this apply to every situation based off his theory? Is survival of the fittest applicable in statistics? How about natural selection? One will investigate further the theory of evolution by discussing probability and many other factors involved.

Every person who believes in evolution thinks that the earth is four billion years old sometimes more or less depending on his or her viewpoint. In order for anything to appear true, species and the origin of everything has to go from simple to complex organisms. Charles Darwin mentions that all life came out of former existence (Darwin, 2003). Is this really true, though?

Instead of using five billion years, let us use 13 billion instead. One can assume that all of these days were good. Furthermore,…… [Read More]

References

Darwin, C. (2003). Origin of species: 150th anniversary. New York: Signet Classics.

Hoyle, S.F. (1997). The origin of the universe and the origin of religion. Kingston: Moyer Bell.

Nielsen, R. (2005). Statistica methods in molecular evolution. New York: Springer.
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Lost Mountain' and Look at What the

Words: 3690 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13162945

Lost Mountain' and look at what the writer say about coal mining and its overall effects to the overall environment and the entire human race. It will first analyze the problem at hand both from the political side and other actors involved in the coal mining on mountain tops. In addition to that the study will go ahead to see the varying criticism and proponents views on the issue and particularly on what the author of the book takes on the issue. According to Reece, the author of the book, the problem of coal miming on mountaintops has a political twist which makes it difficult to solve or work on its solution.

Lost mountain is a book by Reece Erik that has been eloquently been written and quite moving with the main agenda concentrating on the issue of cold mining at the mountain tops. Reece is mainly against the practice…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Reece E. (2006) Lost Mountain: A year in the Vanishing Wilderness: Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia, Riverhead Books Publishers

Lasswell H. (2007) American Political Scientist
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Brand Extension the Disadvantages of Employing Brand

Words: 2560 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76217799

Brand Extension

The disadvantages of employing brand extension strategy

This work compeers and contrasts the merits and demerits of implementing brand extension a s a growth strategy by various firms. This is done by means of practical examples. In the end of the debate, the paper indicates why it is better to adopt the extension strategy as opposed to shunning it due to its numerous demerits. A discussion of the key points is presented and then a final conclusion to hammer out the reason for the need to implement the strategy

Brand extension, which entails the use of a given brand name which is established in a given product class in entering another product class is noted to be hugely beneficial to several organizations (Tauber,1988).Keller (2003) pointed out that the concept of brand extension is clearly defined whenever a given firm employs an established brand name in the introduction of…… [Read More]

References

Aaker, D.A. (2004). Brand Portfolio Strategy. New York: Free Press.

Aaker, D.A.; Keller, K.L. (1990) Consumer Evaluations of Brand Extensions, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 27-41.

Bhat, S., & Reddy, S.K. (2001). The impact of parent brand attribute associations and affect on brand extension evaluation. Journal of Business Research, 53, 111-22

Chen, K.F., & Lue, C.M. (2004). Positive Brand extension trial and choice of parent brand. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 13(1), 25-36.
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Biomechanical Principles

Words: 1555 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68633730

Biomechanical Priciples

Biomechanical Principles

Biomechanics is the study of mechanical and physics principles in relation to motion in sports. Every sport has its biomechanical theories and each one is specialized to that particular skill with equations derived from Newtonian physics and knowledge of the human body and its capabilities. When combined and properly practiced, biomechanics can improve an athletes overall performance, making the athlete superior to their competitors.

The freestyle arm-pull in swimming is a precise study in the art of biomechanics introduced for an efficient result. It is an established fact that water is 773 times as dense as air and 55 times as viscous (Miller, 1975). What this means is that planning an efficient stroke in water is going to require greater strategy than planning an efficient stroke in air. The primary factors that go into creating the ideal stroke in swimming are vectors, motion, force, work, and…… [Read More]

References

Boone, Tommy; Birnbaum, Larry (2005). Exercise Physiology: Professional Issues, Organizational Concerns, and Ethical Trends. Edward Mellen Pr.

Burkett, Brendan (2012). Basic principles for understanding sport mechanics. Human Kinetics. Accessed 14 March 2012 from  http://www.humankinetics.com/excerpts/excerpts/basic-mechanical-principles 

Miller, Doris (1975). Biomechanics of Swimming. Exercise and Sport Sciences. Vol. 3.1, 219-248.

Richardson, AR (1986). The Biomechanics of Swimming: The Shoulder and Knee. Clin Sports Med. Vol 5.1, 103-13.
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History of Air Cargo Industry

Words: 3692 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84106237

2).

ir Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. t that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just forwarded freight (Siddiqi). Only Flying Tiger stayed aloft as a strictly air freight company until the 1980s when Federal Express entered the picture. More on FedEx later in this paper.

The Literature -- the History of ir Freight Transportation -- Berlin ir Lift

When the long, bloody war was over it was time for the winning llies to divide up the territory that once was Nazi Germany, the negotiated, agreed-upon divisions gave the llies (U.S., Britain, and France) the Western…… [Read More]

April 20, 2012, from http://www.centennialofflight.gov.

Wilde, Robert. (2005). Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift. About.com. Retrieved April 20, 2012,

From http://europeanhistory.about.com.
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Enchiladas Rice and Beans Dialogue

Words: 1252 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25392885

The use of the Los Angeles filmmaker, who in a sense represents much of mainstream American society, is such a strong contrast against the real eccentricities of the characters in the story. The filmmaker's search for El Gato, the witty attorney who is helping him buy land, gave me a really good look into the world of Tecate. It was especially interesting when Tecate is viewed though the eyes of the filmmaker who is baffled when the locals won't lead him to El Gato.

Reveles: That's an interesting take, on the work. I have to say that you seem to understand a good deal of what I was trying to get across. After all, it is the juxtaposition of American ideals, values, and beliefs that is the subtext for so many of the stories. I do warn the readers that Mexico is a land where water seems to move uphill,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Little, Karen Blessing. Daddy-O-Dan: An Early Los Angeles Radio Personality.

02 November 2004.  http://unihi61.com/daddyo.htm 

Reveles, Daniel. Enchiladas, Rice, and Beans (One World). Ballantine Books, 1994.
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Kung of the Kalahari Desert

Words: 2016 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26403591

Kung of the Kalahar Desert

The Nyae !Kung tribes are nomadic groups that have lived in the Kalahari Desert in northwest Namibia, the Cuando-Cubanga province in southeast Angola and in northeast Namibia (Jenkins 2001). These nomadic hunter-gatherers have had minimal contact with the outside world but through several hundred years, they developed a survival strategy and has enabled them to life adequately as a separate though primitive society (erberich 2003). The !Kung people have evolved their own culture, industry, government, language, social norms and housing system.

Oldest historical records bear out evidence of the existence and habitation of hunter-gatherers in southern Africa for thousands of years (Shostak 1981). These antu-speaking aborigines were assumed to have begun migrating into the !Kung territory approximately 2,000 years ago and introduced their own vastly different culture into it. They coexisted through centuries, while largely retaining their individual cultures. Drought, the consequences of overgrazing, years…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Berberich, Christina. The !Kung San. Minnesota State University, 2003. http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/oldworld/africa/kun_san.html

2. Gajdos, Gina. Survival of the !Kung San People in the Kalahari Desert. Pagewise, Inc., 2002. http://kyky.essortment.com/kungsanpeople_rftw.htm

3. Jenkins, Orville Boyd. Profile of the !Kung Bushmen People of Northern Africa. People Profile, 2001. http://endor.hsutx.edu/~obiwan/profiles/kung.html

4. Shosta, M. Nisa: the Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. New York: Random House, 1981
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Diminishing Wilderness Most People Are

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82952017

However, not all biologists agree that building or preserving corridors is the best way to proceed, because it still allows much of the animal's habitat to be diverted for human use (Thwaites, PAGE). They suggest that corridors are an expensive solution, but often those biologists prefer to see less land diversion.

Another solution is voluntary conservation efforts, called "Habitat Conservation Plans" (HCPs). Since these are voluntary, however, they vary greatly in quality and effectiveness. In addition, they allow considerable habitat destruction, and they do not always fully address the long-term survival needs of the endangered animals (Kostyack, PAGE). aturalists have noted that the number of HCPs established in areas of development often do not reflect the level of threat faced by endangered species in the area (Kostyack, PAGE). Critics of how HCPs are currently used believe the government should work harder to require landowners to protect endangered species living on…… [Read More]

Nickens, Eddie. "Woodpecker wars (red-cockaded woodpecker as an endangered specie)." American Forests. January 1, 1998.

Pyper, Wendy. "Changing habitat: the revival of the Richmond birdwing butterfly offers hope that through research, education, dedication and teamwork, local communities can secure a future for threatened species." Ecos. January 1, 2001.

Thwaites, Tim. " Safe passage.(wildlife conservation aided by strips of conserved habitat)(Wildlife Corridors)." International Wildlife. July 17, 1998.
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Dangers Outweigh Benefits of Genetic

Words: 1111 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95587717

Researchers at Cornell University discovered that Monarch butterfly caterpillars died when they ate plants dusted with the pollen of Bt corn that was growing in nearby fields, and many scientists worry that with so much insecticide in the corn plants, insects might develop a resistance to it (Dyer 2002). These fears and concerns are echoed by Francis Fukuyama who believes that genetic enhancement will undermine the system of human rights by disrupting the boundary that encloses all humans in a single group, thus believes society should limit genetic science to allow therapy but prohibit enhancement, such as genetically altered food crops, and non-therapeutic procedures (Tobey 2003). In other words, enhancement will allow society to increase genotypic and phenotypic diversity, yet such diversity will press society to the point of losing its shared humanity (Tobey 2003).

orks Cited

Adams, endy a. (2002, January 01). Reconciling private benefit and public risk in…… [Read More]

Welsh, Whitney. (2005, March 01). Brave new worlds: philosophy, politics, and science in human biotechnology. Population and Development Review. Retrieved July 09, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site: http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID=1G1:132710930&num

9&ctrlInfo=Round14%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=&FreePremium=BOTH

This article discusses the ethics and political landscape concerning genetic engineering, particularly the current White House administration. It includes some twenty references.
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Heliconius Natural History of the

Words: 534 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28540986



The Heliconius is one of few species of butterfly with a relatively long life (estimated at six months) that tends to take flight during the day in hunt of food but return to a "fixed site communal roost" during the evenings (Capaldi & Fahrbach, 651). During this time most Heliconius engage in social activity including sex (Millius, 1998). To return to the communal roost and food sources the Heliconius must learn the "spatial location of food items and of the central communal roost" (Capaldi & Fahrbach, 651). Because of this and other factors many believe the Heliconius to be more intelligent than other butterflies.

The heliconius butterfly also spends less time developing or existing in immature stages, bulking up and "storing resources for eggs" (Millius, 1). These butterflies almost seem social in nature, spending much of their day engaging in reproduction and "sipping nectar" a lifestyle some have described as…… [Read More]

References

Capaldi, E.A., Fahrbach, G.E. "Neuroethology of spatial learning: The birds and the bees." Annual Review of Psychology, 1: 651.

Eldredge, N. (1987). "The natural history reader in evolution." New York: Columbia

Press.

Millius, S. (1998- Apr). "How bright is a butterfly." Science News. 15, October 2005:
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Tanks With the Development of

Words: 1512 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91933986

Both sides continued to develop experimental larger size tanks but for the most part the behemoths never entered into service.

Had any of these countries been willing to commit to the development of armored power, using dedicated designers and planning of strategies that included tanks it is very likely the wars may have gone to the loser. This is not to say military leaders have not used the lessons of the past and applied them to current warfare. One only has to look at the seamless integration of armored vehicles, both light and heavy with the addition of close air support and an essentially dismounted cavalry in HMVEE as scouts in Desert Storm to see how well technological applications can be used to commit and achieve military goals. The current conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan have again presented us with a war on terrain and in a manner with which…… [Read More]

Reference:

Ogorkiewicz, R.M. Technology of Tanks. Coulsdon, Surrey: Jane's Information Group, 1991.

Macksey, K.M. And Batchelor, J.M, Tank: A History of the Armoured Fighting Vehicle. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970
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Genealogy of Morals This Work

Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70477666

This way, he can support, protect, compel, correct, and discipline them. He needs to defend his followers, his herd against healthy people and their envy. He must be the original and natural opponent and critic of all hard, violent and predatory element and forces. The ascetic priest is the more refined animal, who despises more capably as it hates. He isolates the image of the ascetic priest as one who brings or pretends to bring ointments and balm for the sick and suffering. ut in so doing, he must first inflict wounds, then eases that wound while poisoning it. He knows well how to do it as the seasoned magician and animal trainer, in whose company everything sound and healthy necessarily becomes sick and foul. He even defends his sick herd in a strange way against wickedness, scheming and malicious among the herd itself. He fights shrewdly, hard and deceptively…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Nietzsche, Friedrich. Walter Kaufmann, editor. On the Genealogy of Morals (Vintage). Random House, Inc., 1967
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Lean Operations the Theory of

Words: 2719 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70636783

Some also wonder where the six sigma term that is used so often in lean manufacturing came from. The sigma is a Greek letter which is used to represent the standard deviation of a targeted population (Gupta, 2003). The six sigma term therefore comes from the idea that, if one has six standard deviations that come between the mean result of any process and the nearest limit for specification, than one will create virtually no items that actually exceed those specifications (Gupta, 2003). This idea is the main basis for what is called the process capability study, which is generally used by quality professionals, and the six sigma term has roots within that particular tool.

In summary, all management theories are very important when it comes to what is appropriate for businesses (Achanga, et al., 2006). The theory of constraints is discussed first because it is the theory that goes…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Achanga, Pius, Shehab, Esam, Roy, Rajkumar, & Nelder, Geoff. (2006). Critical success factors for lean implementation within SMEs. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 17(4).

Cusumano, Michael a. (1998). Thinking beyond lean: How multi-project management is transforming product development at Toyota and other companies. London: Free Press.

Emiliani, M.L. (2000). Supporting small businesses in their transition to lean production. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 5(2).

Gupta, Praveen. (2003). Six Sigma Business Scorecard. McGraw-Hill Professional.
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Sales of Off-Highway Trucks Is

Words: 1302 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41884381

When fully loaded the weight distribution is 40% on the front axle and 60% on the rear axle. Given the likely adhesion conditions, the powertrain will drive all axles.

Suspension geometry design and assessment

Steering design

Turning circle

When the vehicle is cornering, each wheel must go through a turning circle. The outer turning circle, is to our main subject of interest. This calculation is never precise because when a vehicle is cornering the perpendiculars via the centres of all wheels never intersect at the curve centre point (Ackermann condition). Additionally, while the vehicle is moving, certain dynamic forces will always arise that will eventually affect the cornering manoeuvre (MAN,2000).

The formula used.

Vehicle Model T31, 19.314 FC

Wheelbase lkt = 5000 mm

Front axle Model V9-82L

Tyres 315/80 . 22.5

Wheel 22.5 x 9.00

Track width s = 2058 mm

Scrub radius r0 = 58 mm

Inner steer angle…… [Read More]

References

Catapillar (2001). 769D-Off-Highway Truck. http://xml.catmms.com/servlet/ImageServlet?imageId=C199012

Ivanov V, Shyrokau B, Augsburg K, Vantsevich V (2010)System Fusion in Off-Road Vehicle Dynamics Control09/2010; in proceeding of: Joint 9th Asia-Pacific ISTVS Conference, at Sapporo, Japan

MAN (2009).vehicle calculations <>

Rafael, M, a. Lozano, J. Cervantes, V. Mucino, C.S. Lopez-Cajun (2009).A method for powertrain selection of heavy-duty vehicles with fuel savings. International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems
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Urban Forestry

Words: 1033 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51903840

Urban Forestry

Describe where you would locate your urban forest and explain why you would locate it there. emember to take into account major features, waterways, elevations, roads, etc. As well as climate and soils of the location. You can describe the area by noting bordering roads and features.

The devastation created by Hurricane Katrina was at least partially due to the decision to build homes in areas highly prone to flooding during frequent storms. Given the likelihood of another catastrophic hurricane, 'locating' an urban forest as inland as possible on elevated ground would be essential. "New Orleans offers an opportunity to study an urban forest in a subtropical environment…The city has been built on the natural levees of the Mississippi iver, backswamps, marshes, and reclaimed land along Lake Pontchartrain. Little of the natural vegetative cover of the site remains; today's urban forest is anthropogenic" (Talarchek 1987: 217). This means…… [Read More]

References

Gill, Dan. (2012). Fruit trees provide sweet harvest for your landscape. Times Picayune.

Retrieved:

 http://www.nola.com/homegarden/index.ssf/2012/02/fruit_trees_provide_sweet_harv.html 

New Orleans' urban forests survived Katrina. (2005). MSNBC. Retrieved:
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Double Crested Cormorant Are Opportunistic Generalist Feeders

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28958362

Double Crested Cormorant "are opportunistic, generalist feeders" (Wires, Cuthbert, Dale, & Joshi, 2001). They feed on slow moving fish species that range from 3 centimeters to 40 centimeters. These birds forage in shallow water and seem to be strict diurnal in the way they eat. They are quick to respond to areas with high fish concentration and flock where the fish can easily be caught.

The Double Crested Cormorant breeds in cold climatic conditions and has been living in Alaska for a long time (Wires, Cuthbert, Dale, & Joshi, 2001, p. 36). According to Siegel-Causey & Savinetskii (1991), the remains of the bird have been found on Amchitka Island dating back over 2000 years. These remains suggest that the there were plenty of the species in the central Aleutian Islands and climate changes have reduced their population in Alaska.

Great Blue Herons

Great Blue Herons are prey generalists, although they…… [Read More]

References

Patuxent Wildlife Research Center information on Migratory Bird. (2011, July 12). Wood stork

Mycteria americana. Retrieved March 1, 2012, from www.mbrppwrc.usgs.gov: http://www.mbrppwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/bbs.html

BirdLife International. (2004). Turdus migratorius. IUCN .

Butler, R.W. (1992). Great Blue Heron. The birds of North .