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WHEN HEALTHCARE IS LIMITED
Treating Charity Patients
Charity or uninsured patients do not receive adequate health care. They cannot afford it as hospitals charge them to four times more than those with healthcare coverage (The Associated Press, 2004). Hospitals explain that the steep charges are meant to cover the increasing costs of indigent care. These patients who are already financially crippled are furthermore subjected to aggressive debt collectors. About 43 million Americans have no health insurance. Insurers typically spent less than $10,000 for a heart attack treatment at a hospital in 2002 as compared to charity patients' incurring an average of $30,000. (The Associated Press).
A Universal Healthcare Suggested
Many hospitals refuse to allow discounts or a negotiation of patients' bills out of fear of violating federal fraud and abuse laws (The Associated Press, 2004). The Health and Human Services Department issued guidelines to help hospitals…
Associated Press, The (2004). Uninsured patients pay more for care. MSNBC:
MSNBC.com. Retrieved on April 20, 2011 from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5290172/health-health_care
Fletcher, A. (2005). More residents treating uninsured patients. Denver Business Journal:
American City Business Journals, Inc. Retrieved on April 20, 2011 from http://www.bizjournals.com/denver/storeis/2005/05/.../story5.html
If I had $1 million dollars to donate to charity tomorrow, the charity to which my donation would go would be to St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital. St. Jude's is an organization that was started several decades ago to research and treat, what it calls, catastrophic diseases, specifically in children. St. Jude's is especially known for its success with researching and treating forms of cancer in children. It is a tragic world in which we live wherein so many children are diagnosed with cancer. Often through or because of great tragedies are great achievements and even miracles made possible. I believe this is the case with St. Jude's hospital. Because of the harsh reality that cancer occurs in children, as well as a number of other terminal diseases, this research hospital, organization, and treatment center was established and because of this center, the quality of life for many children…
AngliCOD Board of Directors
John Doe, CEO
ecent Article in BW concerning Charity Accountability
This memo aims to address a recent and rather disturbing article in the March 24-30, 2005, Australian Business eview Weekly entitled "Charity Inc." I rather suggest that each of you obtain a copy and read it so as to get the full effect of what I am about to address. As I am sure you are all very well aware of our organizational objectives: "AngliCOD is a partnership between Anglicans in Australia and Anglicans in the developing world. We seek to respond to Jesus' gospel of love through works of compassion and justice. We provide emergency relief and work in cooperation with local churches to alleviate poverty through sustainable development." (AngliCOD, 2005)
An article such as this could have massive repercussions on our organization's ability to gain funding from existing and/or potential sources as well…
AngliCORD. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved May 16, 2005, from http://www.anglicord.org.au/about/index.html
Crimm, Nina J. (2004). High Alert: The Government's War on the Financing of Terrorism and Its Implications for Donors, Domestic Charitable Organizations, and Global Philanthropy. William and Mary Law Review, Vol. 45.
Mcgillion, Chris (2003). Long Way from Rome: Why the Australian Catholic Church Is in Crisis. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
Ng, Chew, Ryan, Christine, & Wanna, John (2001). From Accounting to Accountability: A Centenary History of the Australian National Audit Office. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
Case Study 3
This case is somewhat more complex than the two preceding, in that a great deal of variation in the tax implications exists depending on the type/purpose of the charitable organization and its plans for the property. If a house on Cape Cod somehow suited the tex-exmpt purpose of the charitable organization (e.g. It was used as a hospice for sick children that the organization cared for), then the amount of the deduction Mr. Kennedy could claim would be equal to the fair market value of the house, less the mortgage, or $700,000 (Hopkins 2005, pp. 136).
If, as is more likely, the donation cannot be used by the organization directly for its charitable purposes, there must be a long-term capital gains deduction for the amount of appreciation of the cottage. Mr. Kennedy's deduction would therefore be $350,000, or the amount he had actually paid for the house…
Hopkins, B. (2005). The tax law of charitable giving. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Teitell, C. (2007). "Tax Deductions for Volunteers." The Grantsmanship Center. Accessed 15 October 2009. http://docs.google.com/gview?a=v&q=cache:qTmnQFy3Lw0J:www.tgci.com/magazine/Tax%2520Deductions%2520for%2520Volunteers.pdf+deduction+for+volunteer&hl=en&gl=us&sig=AFQjCNESzXN7zd7Kz2TvwfaNlFU_hAiV7w
It doesn't take long for them to realize that living among the "proper" ladies is not for them. Even sweet Charlotte is willing to do anything to get back home. (Freeman, 1887)
The author analyzes the way "upper-class" women gain their sense of identity by taking a charitable interest in their lower-class neighbors. It is this sense of moral superiority that is actually a form of take-over and domination since it is purchased at the expense of others. (Judith Fetterley, 2003)
Mistaken Charity focuses on womens' integrity, courage and, at times, privation.
In this story, Freeman shows how "rebellion" can be sometimes good and right.
Freeman, M. (1887). A mistaken charity: taken from "a humble romance and other stories."
Retrieved February 21, 2009, from comcast.net: http://home.comcast.net/~mewf_short_stories/MistakenCharity.htm
Judith Fetterley, M.P. (2003). Writing out of place. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Marsha Saxton, F.H. (1987). With wings. New York: Feminist…
Freeman, M. (1887). A mistaken charity: taken from "a humble romance and other stories."
Retrieved February 21, 2009, from comcast.net: http://home.comcast.net/~mewf_short_stories/MistakenCharity.htm
Judith Fetterley, M.P. (2003). Writing out of place. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Marsha Saxton, F.H. (1987). With wings. New York: Feminist Press.
Ottawa-based charity AceWorks needs to segment its volunteer population and its donor population in order to create a stronger marketing plan. The objectives of this plan are to increase both volunteers and the number of donors. The plan should also encompass winning larger donations from existing donors.
With respect to donors, therefore, there are two target markets in the current donors and the future donors. Current donors are characterized by their existing interest in AceWorks and their belief in what we do. As AceWorks grows, however, we need some of our existing donors to match that growth with their commitment, in order that we continue our good work.
The second segment is future donors. These include corporations, charitable foundations the government and individual donors. Corporate donors donate both cash and goods or services in-kind. These donors have two primary motivations for donating. The first is because charitable…
This level of sponsorship will also get ten tickets to the awards ceremony and four people invited to paly in the Pro-Am with local celebrities. Local cable television coverage of the event is planned, and at this level of contribution, two spokespersons from the company can be interviewed to discuss why they sponsored the event, further supporting their CS initiatives. These videos will be available on YouTube, Facebook and Twitter immediately following taping for future, global CS program support. Payment is required prior to the event.
Director's Circle of Care Sponsorship - This is the ultimate level of commitment to the cause of the charity event, and at $35,000 entitles the benefactor to an entire table at the awards ceremony, the opportunity to give the keynote at the ceremony, and five people playing the Pro-Am with a nationally recognized golfer or celebrity. The event will be branded with their name…
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, (April 1): 36-42.
Coreen Bailor. 2006. Stocking the Customer Experience. Customer Relationship Management, September 1, 15.
Burke, M.. 2011. The Rough Life. Forbes, March 14, 1.
Sarah Dobson. 2004. The Main Event. Marketing, September 13, 17.
I know for anyone fighting cancer, they need as much rest as possible. When in the throws of this disease, whether it is the diagnosed or their friends and family, it can leave one with a feeling of helplessness. One of the strongest allies for those fighting cancer and one of the greatest enemies against cancer is the power of positive thinking. Those effected by cancer, least of all the patients, should have to worry about financial constrains or monetary hardship. When you have to worry about finances, it certainly impedes on one's ability to maintain a positive state of mind.
Battling cancer requires a mind free from unnecessary worry. This is one of the reasons why I am providing a donation to you. You should be freed from financial concern. It is a blessing and a privilege that I am able to help with your situation. I am thankful…
An organization in Arizona called "Cops ho Care" on the other hand meets the needs of children by seeking cash donations that they then use to purchase toys for a large group of children every holiday season. The organization likely does so as a result of how the group got started. The original organization developed out of internal fund drives that asked officers to themselves give cash to help and then over the years they expanded to "pass the hat" among the whole community. They officers involved then had the plan and the infrastructure to purchase, wrap and distribute the toys they purchase, (Cops who Care ebsite) where as the Toy-for-Tots program began by seeking toys rather than cash. The Toys for Tots program utilizes cash to resolve what seems to be a universal problem in toy drives, in that many people when they shop for donated toys see only…
Toys-for Tots, "Call to Action 2007." October 10, 2008, http://www.toysfortots.org/documents/call%20to%20action%202007.pdf
Cops Who Care, "About Cops Who Care" October 10, 2008, http://www.copswhocare.org/about.htm
Daniels, Harriet, Older children often forgotten during toy drives: Gift cards, CDs electronics are often good gifts for teenagers, Star Banner, December 16, 2007. October 10, 2008, http://www.ocala.com/article/20071216/NEWS/212160337/1356/NEWS01&source=RSS
A more comprehensive explanation can then be provided to tell the person donating where there money goes and what something like a "gift card" will mean to the sponsor. This may motivate the sponsor to donate quickly and easily. The front page of the website also features a "latest news" section which can be distracting to visitors that want to get straight to the point. This information would best be placed in another section of the site by providing a navigational bar labeled "latest news" so that if a visitor wants to peruse information, they can, but they do not have to.
The front page also has a very large advertisement for "explore our gift catalog." Most people coming to the site for the first time will not know what a gift catalog is or why they would bother to review one. This site can substantially increase profits with very…
Bierbaum, Esther. A paradigm for the 90s, American Libraries, 21(1): 18.
Hove, Leo V. (2001) Optimal denominations for coins and bank notes: In defense of the principle of least effort. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 33(4): 1015.
Save the Children, Westport Connecticut. Children's Charity, Retrieved December 9, 2007: http://www.savethechildren.org/
Least Effort - Charity
Smith's passage details Virginia's geography, outlining the different small settlements and their leaders. The passage shows how the settlers addressed and dealt with the native peoples: words like "savages" and "barbarians" shows how the settlers envisioned themselves as rightful heirs to the New World and thus had few qualms about massacring the Indians. One of the most historically significant features of Smith's chapter is his detailing the encounter with Powhattan and Pocahontas, a story that has become shrouded in myth and made into one of the most legendary tales in American history books. At the same time Smith also documents the hardships the settlers encountered from harsh weather and environmental conditions and shows what kinds of equipment the settlers had to deal with their tasks. John Smith paints himself as a hero, naturally, which has colored the tone and character of almost all American history texts.
William Bradford's 1650 passage…
Foundational Christian faith belief God actively involved His creation.
God is actively involved with His creation. Explain how this belief affects the way we interact with people within a chosen vocation
The fact that God is involved in his creation means that we too must be actively involved in his creation as well, as we are children of God. We must seek to serve one another just as Jesus strove to serve humanity. We cannot be passive recipients of God's grace and goodness: we must strive to make the world a better place. "The problem is not finding the needs of people in our lives; the problem is caring enough to act in a manner that is far different than perhaps we have acted previously."[footnoteef:1] To love one's neighbor as one's self means taking an active interest in his or her welfare. The need for intervention is constant: human beings…
Rivera, Ted F. The Heart of Love: Obeying God's Two Great Commandments. Grand Rapids:
Of these, proponents like Bruce W. Fraser (2005) quote studies and statistics that support the financial viability of corporate responsibility. One study is for example the one by Oekom Research, which indicates that of the 602 companies examined, the 186 companies with the highest sustainability rating also performed better financially than the 416 remaining companies, outperforming them by 23.4%.
Critics like Vogel are however not impressed by such numbers (tavins, 2006). The much wider studies cited and compared in his book appear to indicate that results like those mentioned by Fraser are both biased and too narrow to provide a true indication of the performance/responsibility ratio.
This is a debate that will probably last for a very long time. Nevertheless, other factors should also be taken into account, especially in terms of shareholders. hareholders as entities are changing together with the environment in which they function. An increasing number of…
Fraser, Bruce W. (2005, Feb). Corporate social responsibility Internal Auditor. Database: FindArticles.com
Stavins, Robert N. (2006, April). The Market for Virtue: The Potential and Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility (book review). Environment. Database: FindArticles.com.
Teach, Edward. (2005, Dec). Two views of virtue: the corporate social responsibility movement is picking up steam. Should you worry about it? CFO: Magazine for Senior Financial Executives. Database: FindArticels.com
They point out a practical instance of India when it was struck by disaster and there was overwhelming donation of clothes that Indian towns ended up chocking on these clothes. It forced the authorities to divert from the recovery process to helping in disposal of the piles of clothes that were spewed along the highways and streets.
There is yet another angle to the whole charity giving of clothes in particular. There are some areas or countries whose local textile industry has suffered immensely due to the emergence of the cheaper clothing whose origin is the charity donated clothes from USA. The fact that they are donated means they get into the overseas markets at a cheaper price hence attracting more demand over the locally manufactured clothes. The pressures of demand and supply hence makes it impossible for the local industry to cope, hence he well intended donations of clothes…
Apartment Therapy (2013). Donor Beware: Do Your Clothing Donations Go to Those in Need? Retrieved May 8, 2013 from http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/donating-169341
Charity Raters (2013). 6 Questions you Should ask Before Donating Goods Overseas. http://goodintents.org/core-posts/donating-goods-overseas
Emily a., (2011). Sally Army millionaire: Rag trader Making a Fortune from the Clothes you Donate to Charity. Retrieved May 8, 2013 from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1352343/Salvation-Army-millionaire-William-Booth-makes-fortune-donated-clothes.html
Kate S. (2010). Clothing could be Second Disaster. Retrieved May 8, 2013 from http://www.disasternews.net/news/article.php?articleid=4004
Donors want to be sure there is a purpose for their gift; they want to know their money will be used wisely and will make a difference in the lives of others.
It seems counterintuitive that long letters would make effective appeals, but Clark (as cited in Kluth) recommends long letters as the best means to evoke a response from potential donors. Clark cites research that has demonstrated time and again that long letters are effective. By "long," she means two-sided copy on standard business letterhead paper and up to three or four pages. Such letters provide donors with information on which to make their funding decisions. It is part of ensuring donors that their "hard-earned dollars" will be well spent on a mission that has a clear purpose and is well thought out in terms of implentation.
Sims and ees (2010 caution fundraisers to anticipate campaign results realistically. House,…
Brickmill Agency. (2010). Brickmill direct mail tips. YouTube.com Nov. 10, 2010. Retrieved
Crouch, L. (2009). Boy Scouts of America: Direct mail fund-raising manual. Boy Scouts of America.
Kluth, B. (n.d.) 18 proven ideas for better direct mail fundraising. www.kluth.org. Retrieved from http://www.kluth.org/fundraising/18IdeasDirectMail.htm
The author of this report has been asked to describe and detail a community partner that shall be the basis for further research and description. Several important facets and traits of the organization will be mentioned. Those items will include the name of the organization, a brief history of the organization, the mission statement of the organization, the vision statement of the organization, the populations that the organization serves, the public policy areas that the group focuses on, the geographic area that is served by the group and the role that volunteers play when it comes to the organization. While HK Cares is not the largest or best communication organization in Hong Kong, they are certainly a part of what helps the community and makes it feel and live better.
As noted in the introduction, the name of the organization is HK Cares. HK is short for…
Singer's goal is a very noble one. Through his article, Singer is attempting to dispel many of the more common notions of moral obligation and charity. His article attempts to provide the reader with concrete notions of moral obligation as they relate to overall human behavior. He presents various notions such as the need to help others irrespective of proximity or geographic preference. Singer, through his article also provides evidence as to the absurd thinking prevailing in the developed nations regarding charity. I particularly applaud how Singer contrast's man's desire for clothes with the need to preventing starvation. In the article Singer shows how many unnecessarily spend money on items that provide no moral benefit to society, while others in neighboring countries are starving. The goal of this article is for those in the developed nations to rethink how they regard moral obligation and charity. The article's goal is also…
1. Cottingham, John (1996). Western philosophy: an anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 455-461. ISBN 978-0-631-18627
2. Shafer-Landau, Russ (2007). Ethical theory: an anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 506-523. ISBN 978-1-4051-3320-3.
3. Pojman, Louis P. (2003). Moral philosophy: a reader. Hackett. pp.313- 344. ISBN 978-0-87220-661-8.
Famine, Affluence, and Morality" (1972) by Peter Singer introduces its readers to numerous social issues that Singer states have been vastly ignored. The issues deal with the lack of progress in the betterment of society and although the article was originally written more than four decades ago, the situation around the globe remains unchanged. Singer's goal in this article is to present a side not widely taken. To him, the social problems infesting the lives of individuals seem to be quite obvious, yet his discontent with people's attitudes is quite apparent in this article. His primary argument in the article however, is that in order to solve the issues that he sees as being obviously manageable is to give to those who need it most. Throughout the article he points out to these exact societal problems and the financial turmoil that various communities around the world were facing at the…
BBC. (2013). Ethics Guide: Argument against charity. BBC. Retrieved 22 April 2013 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/charity/against_1.shtml
Gallager, M. (2011). The world at seven billion. BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 22 April 2013 from
Addams included a large amount of environmental reforms in her program for Hull House. One of the most prominent incorporated her labors to address the unhealthful heaps of garbage in immigrant areas because of a lack of public interest. The mayor of Chicago ultimately appointed Addams garbage inspector for her region a job that she took very seriously. Addams managed garbage collectors and took violators of garbage policies to court. Even though Addams and her associates frequently started reforms, the immigrants had a dynamic role as well, helping in knowledge gathering and its communication to their neighbors (Settlement House Movement, 2011).
ichmond's devotion and professionalism, along with her scientific charity has been documented and developed over the years. Her casework practice, managerial talents, research, and stress on social work education fashioned a professional environment in what was beforehand thought to be just charity work. This professionalized social work permitted philanthropic…
Settlement House Movement. (2011). Retrieved March 23, 2011, from Web site:
Smith, Mark K. (2002). Casework and the Charity Organization Society. Retrieved March 23,
2011, from Web site: http://www.infed.org/socialwork/charity_organization_society.htm
Carla Boyne's Catering Company
Contributions to Profit
The high-low method throws away most of the data and bases the estimates of variable and fixed costs on data for only two months. For that reason, it is a decidedly inferior method in this situation (Craig, 1998). Nevertheless, if the high-low method were used, the estimates would be computed as follows:
Labor Hours Overhead Expenses ($)
Highest level of activity 7500 77000
Lowest level of activity 2500 55000
Change 5000 22000
Variable Cost = $4.40 per labor-hour
Fixed Cost Element = Total cost -- Variable cost element
= $77,000 -- ($4.40 per labor-hour x 7,500 labor-hours)
The total variable cost per guest is computed as follows:
Food and Beverages
Labor (0.5-hour x $10.00 per hour)
Overhead (0.5-hour x $3.95 per hour)
Total Variable Cost per Guest
And the total contribution from 180 guests paying $31 each…
Avenue Grill . (2012). Cocktail Party. Retrieved September 19, 2012, from www.avenuegrill.com: http://www.avenuegrill.com/pparty_cparty.html
Craig, S. (1998). How does Commercial Bidding Work? New Mexico Business Journal.
Deming, W.E. (1994). The New Economics for Industry, Government & Education. Cambridge: MIT Center for Advanced Engineering Study.
Harrison, K.J. (2009 ). Catering Industry Hit Hard by Recession. Aviation International News .
Live Concet Analysis
How Doing Good Makes Us Feel Poweful and Poweless at the Same Time
Design Activism vs. Design fo Social Change
The Awakening Consciousness of Designes 1960's
Thee has been lukewam inteest in public sevice design, social impact and design activism. But in most convesations, all othe designs wok to enhance the standad of living of the people; some of it must be activism. The agument is seldom boosted by the notion that achitectue has been impacted by intellectual movements and ats fo instance, modenism which fuels an idea of a evolutionay society. These movements had ideal poposals fo society's efoms. They wee elated deeply to commece and aesthetics as well (Jose et al., 2008). Conside the diffeence between modenism and activism fo that matte. The modenism idea states that people stand equals to each othe, while society became united in evey aspect fo instance uniting laboes,…
references and charitable habits of Generation Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers and Matures. Convio and Edge Research. (2010).
Boehnert, J. "In the Front Line," Creative Review, October 2008.
Borasi, G., & Zardini, M. (Eds.). Actions: What you can do with the city. Canadian Centre for Architecture. (2008).
Brown, T., Sklar, A., Speicher, S., Solomon D. And Wyatt, J. "Design For Social Impact," (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2009), 80-81.
Cowan, G. "Street Protest Architecture," Bad Subjects, January 2004.
ReBuild has little free cash at this point in its life and relies heavily on volunteers to sustain itself. As such, it must pay close attention to finding ways to raise more funds and improve communications without increasing the charity's cost structure. Social networking meets all of these needs.
It is recommended that ReBuild sign up for Facebook, at least in part because of that sites ability to allow ReBuild to accept donations. The charity should sign up for Twitter, to help promote events and announce newly arriving items. LinkedIn will allow ReBuild to become better connected with contractors and renovators in the area, bringing in more donations and more customers. As such, all three are recommended as methods for ReBuild arehouse to build a social networking presence.
ReBuild arehouse website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved September 13, 2009 from http://www.rebuildwarehouse.org/
Ray, Sean. (2009). Social Network Benefits. eZine Articles.…
ReBuild Warehouse website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved September 13, 2009 from http://www.rebuildwarehouse.org/
Ray, Sean. (2009). Social Network Benefits. eZine Articles. Retrieved September 13, 2009 from http://ezinearticles.com/?Social-Network-Benefits&id=464645
Goff, Karen Goldberg. (2009). Social Networking Benefits Validated. Washington Times. Retrieved September 13, 2009 from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/jan/28/social-networking-benefits-validated/
No author. (2009). Online Social Networking Dangers and Benefits. University of the Pacific. Retrieved September 13, 2009 from http://web.pacific.edu/x4989.xml
Their activities and support of the foundation; enable the league to demonstrate a higher purpose which is of greater social value. (Ferriter)
In the majority of cases, the NFL is using the various high profile marketing events to illustrate the importance of sports in promoting various charity related events. The Super Bowl is the biggest event with it using the game as an avenue to help the community which is hosting it. At the same time, it is an avenue for helping to promote social responsibility. Evidence of this can be seen with Babiak & olfe (2006) saying, "The NFL is becoming progressively more invested in corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in an effort to establish itself as a socially conscious organization, one based on the twin pillars of football and the community. As the proverbial jewel in the NFL's crown, the Super Bowl is an institution composed of many…
"Community." NFL Foundation, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
"Kirk Cousins of Washington Redskins Says He'd 'Welcome' Gay Teammate: 'Nobody's Perfect." Huffington Post, 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.
"NFL Foundation Kicks Off Summer With Nearly $700,000 in Grants to Youth Football Camps." NFL Communications, 2013. Web. 22 Apr. 2012
Babiak, Kathy and Wolfe, Richard. "More than Just a Game? Corporate Social Responsibility and Super Bowl XL." Sport Marketing Quarterly. 15.4 (2006): 214-222. Print.
Corporate Governance and Risk Management
The charity and commercial sectors offer different notions concerning risk management in the corporate arena. Currently, the charity sector is facing various difficulties including a reduction in the funding amount and the need to adopt the use of the ever-changing technology. esides, the communication means is dynamic hence creating emptiness in service provision. However, it embraces new ideas and innovation that prepare the corporate field for the future. Risk management is the process of ensuring that the occurrence of various risks or activities does not cause any financial loss to the entity (Merna, and Al-Thani, 2011). This differs to corporate governance, which refers to the identification and clarification of activities and responsibilities undertaken by various individuals in an organization (rikend, 2014). The commercial sector offers direct and proportional risk management proposals where the corporate management pays some money for it to be covered against the…
Brikend A. 2014. Corporate Governance: A Literature Review. Management Research and Practice, 09/2014, Volume 6, Issue 3, p. 53
Brown, I., Steen, A., and Foreman, J. 2009. Risk Management In Corporate Governance: A Review And Proposal. Corporate Governance, ISSN 0964-8410, 2009, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp. 546 -- 558
Dellaportas, S., Langton, J., West, B. 2012. Governance And Accountability In Australian Charitable Organizations. International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp. 238 -- 254
Jizi, M.I., et al., 2014. Corporate Governance And Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: Evidence From The U.S. Banking Sector. Journal of business ethics, Volume 125, Issue 4, pp. 601 -- 615
Among those which emerge as the most important and most commonly overlapping causes for participation, the article cites " (i) personal involvement with the good cause(s) supported by an occasion, (ii) opportunities to lead a healthy lifestyle provided by the event, (iii) an individual's involvement with the sport in question, and (iv) the desire to mix socially with other attendees." (Bennett et al., 155)
The article also makes a point of distinguishing a 'serious-minded' demographic for consideration, within which motives for participation take on slightly different proportions. That is to say that the article differentiates between general participants and those with a more active orientation toward both exercise and charity engagement. In this case, motives which emerged as most important were health and fitness; a previous involvement with the activity in question; and a more general social tendency toward high profile charity activities. (Bennett et al., 160)
Bennett, R.; Mousley, W.; Kitchin, P. $ Ali-Choudhury, R. (2007). Motivations for Participating in Charity-Affiliated Sporting Events. Journal of Customer Behaviour, 6(2), 155-178.
Non-Profit and for-Profit Ethical and Liability Issues
This paper examines the ethical and liability issues that non-profit corporations and for-profit businesses face, and compares them.
Non-Profit Corporations and For-Profit Business: Comparison of the Ethical and Liability Issues that are Faced by Both There have been a lot of scandals lately regarding large for-profit businesses. These scandals stem from both ethical and legal issues. Many of these scandals have resulted in lawsuits and even criminal proceedings against those who have been involved with them. The true extent of corporate liability is just beginning to be seen in our society. We are watching the large corporations of this country ever more closely now, in order to make sure that they are acting in an ethical manner. The corporations, for their part, are being extra careful in their actions and words, fully aware of the liability that they are under should anything they…
WHEN MANAGED CARE FAILS TO CARE:[METRO Edition] (Jan 8, 2000).
Roanoke Times & World News p. A9 Roanoke Retrieved October 6, 2003, from ProQuest database. (Accession no.:47787202).
With St. Paul, Luke traveled to several different destinations including Samothrace and Philippi -- where he appears to have lingered to guide the Church. The duo then reunite in Troas and Luke is with St. Paul during the latter's stay in a oman jail. As Paul says: "Only Luke is with me" (2 Timothy 4:11).
Exactly what Luke did with Paul during this time is debated: "St. Jerome thinks it is most likely that St. Luke is 'the brother, whose praise is in the gospel through all the churches' (2 Corinthians 8:18), and that he was one of the bearers of the letter to Corinth" (Knight, 2011).
Luke also brings special awareness to the importance of mercy and forgiveness, with the parable of the Prodigal Son and the tale of the woman whose sins were forgiven because she bathed Christ's feet in her tears.
But this special awareness is also…
Allen, R. (1984). Contemporary Biblical Interpretation for Preaching. MI: Judson
Barla J.B. (1999). Christian Theological Understanding of Other Religions. Rome:
Editrice Pontificia Universita Gregoriana.
Social work history displays that the desire of social justice is both a task and a myth for employees and their immediate predecessors in organizations. This study provides a critical analysis of Janet Finn's and Maxine Jacobson's work titled "Just Practice." The great focus is on the first and the third chapter where their contributions and critical omissions are identified. Finn and Jacobson have worked hard to illustrate the historical development of social work, which was largely premised on charity for the poor (Finn, & Jacobson, 2003). In both chapters, they have elaborated in length on how social work came into being. Ideally, social work history revolves around the industrial revolution and the way the rise of capitalism created a gap between the rich and the poor. In the first chapter, the role of Charity Organization Societies and Settlement House Movement as the pioneers of social work has been elucidated…
Barusch, A.S. (2009). Foundations of social policy: Social justice in human perspective. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Finn, J.L., & Jacobson, M. (2003). Just practice: a social justice approach to social work. Peosta, Iowa: Eddie Bowers Pub. Co..
Leiby, J. (1978). A history of social welfare and social work in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lundy, C., & Lundy, C. (2011). Social work, social justice, & human rights: A structural approach to practice. North York, Ont: University of Toronto Press.
Additionally, the 3rd party relationship that Naturewise has ostensibly agreed to is also critical. Naturewise is not directly affiliated with any organization to which CHICAE has maintained alliances to.
The decentralization of the departmental activity essentially means that the organization has decided to fund non-profits like CHICAE rather than to directly deal with the communities-based charities directly. Therefore, the lack of control Naturewise Apparel has over the oversight of the activities of any organization that will receive funding from their philanthropy is subject to the ability the outsourced solution, in this case, CHICAE.
The resolution to this issue is best resolved by not hesitating with the press and to tackle the issue head on. The case study includes experts that rant about not speaking until the story is proven, etc. The resolution is to convey that, when pressed the acts of violence are deemed horrid by Naturewise Apparel and are…
Augustine, N.R., Thomas, R.J., Hill, L. Smith, N.C., & Quelch, J.A. (2000). Harvard Business Review on crisis management Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press
History Of Human Services
When the Kalamazoo Foundation began in 1925, the welfare state in the U.S. was minimal, and on the federal level almost nonexistent. Problems of poverty, hunger, racism, unemployment, and inadequate education were largely left to the start and local levels to be dealt with by private charities and religious organizations. This only changed with the expansion of the federal safety net during the New Deal of the 1930s and the Great Society of the 1960s, although it has been contracting again over the last thirty years. During the Progressive Era of 1900-20 and into the next decade, civic-minded philanthropists and capitalists often took the lead in dealing with the social and economic problems of urban, industrial America, among them Dr. W.E. Upjohn, founder of Upjohn Pharmaceuticals. In addition to donating the first $1,000 in stock to establish the Kalamazoo Foundation, Upjohn also founded Bronson Methodist Hospital,…
Kalamazoo Community Foundation (2011). The Lifeline Initiative.
Miller-Adams, M. (2009). The Power of a Promise: Education and Economic Revival in Kalamazoo. W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Rakstis, T.J. (1967). "Grass Roots Philanthropy." The Rotarian, March 1967, pp. 34-37.
Frost, Hughes, Alexie
The Meaning of "Home" in Frost's "Hired Hand," Hughes' "Landlord" and Alexie's "I ill Redeem"
Robert Frost writes in "The Death of the Hired Hand," "Home is the place where, when you have to go there, / They have to take you in" (122-3). Implicit in these lines is the notion that "home" carries certain rules. "Home" is not just a place devoid of higher meaning, but an abstract idea -- a concept bound by a principle of belonging, of submitting, of caring. Just as Langston Hughes shows in "Ballad of the Landlord" (with the tension between negligent landlord and suffering tenant) or as Sherman Alexie shows in "hat You Pawn I ill Redeem" (Jackson sharing a portion of his winnings with Mary, whom he considers family -- "It's an Indian thing"), the principles of "home" are understood and upheld by those who realize its deeper meaning.…
Alexie, Sherman. "What You Pawn I Will Redeem." The New Yorker. 12 Apr 2013.
Frost, Robert. "The Death of the Hired Man." Bartleby. 12 Apr 2013. Web.
Hughes, Langston. "Ballad of the Landlord." GIS.net. 12 Apr 2013. Web.
This suggests that the company uses exoticism and a romanticism of Africa as a marketing strategy, even while not fully recompensing the tribe for their inspiration for the product. The name of the shoe implies a connection, even though none exists. This seems blatantly unfair to the Masai as creators.
Dwumfour says that the Swiss company does support charities that contribute to the tribe's well-being, but giving charity to an impoverished tribe is not the same thing as treating the tribe members like full business partners, with a continuing relationship with the company. Charity can always be withdrawn, versus having a direct interest in the business, with mandatory royalties. The Masai cannot bring suit against the company for copyright infringement, thus they are fair game to be exploited by marketers from Europe.
However, interviews with Masai tribesmen suggest that tribe members are not particularly upset by this relationship. Some said…
Family Affluence and Morality
Famine, Affluence, Morality by Peter Singer
Peter Singer's article has been reviewed with the intention of understanding his basic ideas about poverty and hunger alleviation. Simultaneously the many criticisms associated with his arguments have also been highlighted with a view to rebutting them and proving the feasibility of Singer's noble ideas.
"Famine, Affluence, Morality" is a famous dissertation scripted by Peter Singer in 1971. It aims to modify the standard estern culture by urging people to perform acts of charity. It articulates that more affluent individuals are morally and ethically obligated to donate as much as they can to the people who need resources the most. It is as such, an essay that is considered a humanitarian doctrine of sorts which authentically argues over the reasons as to why one ought to give more. It is based on the less than favorable conditions of Bangladesh's ar…
Coope, C.M. (2003, October). Peter Singer In Retrospect. The Philosophical Quarterly, 53. Retrieved February 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3542922
Singer, P. (1972). Famine, Affluence, Morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs. Retrieved February 2013
Singer, P. (1999). The Solution to World Poverty. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 2013
HIT Usability and Design Changes
The situation in this case study revolves around Sally, a member of the Board of Sally Susie's Donut Shop, Inc. (SSDS). SSDS uses an accrual method of accounting and over the past three years has seen volatile sales. Sally is unhappy with her previous tax advisor and wants new advice. Our task is to outline a preliminary interview with Sally to ensure that we ask the right questions.
For tax purposes, it is important to forecast cash flow and income. Sally, in Y1 you posted taxable income of $250k, in Y2 $10k, and in Y3 $150K. Were these numbers based on actual gross sales, or did your deductions and depreciation change drastically between Y1 and Y2?
Was the $50k contribution to a 501(c) charity actually donated, or promised? Was this done with the approval of the Board of Directors?
Based on income, was there a…
Cornell University Law School. (2013, Feburary 6). 26 USC 351 - Transfer to corporation controlled by transferor. Retrieved from law.cornell.edu: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/351?quicktabs_8=0#quicktabs-8
Cornell University Law School. (2013, February 6). Charitable contributions and gifts. Retrieved from law.cornell.edu: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/170?quicktabs_8=3#quicktabs-8
Hartman, D. (2013, January). Rules for Business Partners. Retrieved from Chron.com: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/rules-business-partners-21458.html
Internal Revenue Service. (2006, August 16). Pension Protection Act of 2006. Retrieved from irs.gov: http://www.irs.gov/Charities-&-Non-Profits/Pension-Protection-Act-of-2006-Revises-EO-Tax-Rules
Eras in Human Services
The Industrial evolution created tremendous wealth for certain segments of the population -- but also tremendous poverty. The expansion of the nation's urban population, particularly its urban poor, created the need for more effective social services. These needs were first fulfilled by private organizations like the American Charity Organization Society (COS). City slums were growing fast in all areas affected by industrialization -- during the late 19th century approximately 30% of all London residents lived below the poverty line (The Settlement Movement, 2013, Columbia Federation of Settlements). The Settlement Movement, a community-based approach to social welfare which set up neighborhood welfare centers began in London but soon spread to America. It came to embody one approach to social work, one which stressed the need for "a holistic approach to neighborhood improvement and a belief that social change comes through indigenous leaders and organizations" (The Settlement Movement,…
The 1960s - Mental Retardation and Mental Health Construction Act of 1963. (2013). Timeline.
From charitable volunteers to architects of social welfare: A brief history of social work. (2012).
However, one must consider the context of the petition. Given today's knowledge of Native American-colonial relations, I question whether or not the issues in the petition are hyperbolized. Were the colonists similarly torturing the Native Americans? Did they want to create a militia just to rid the area of people they saw as pests? or, were these people really harming and murdering the colonial population in this area?
Week 4: Nathaniel Bacon on Bacon's Rebellion
In today's culture, we often wonder how such blatant racism could have existed in history that Native Americans were removed and killed with such impunity during the revolutionary years. Bacon, on Bacon's Rebellion, does an excellent job of explaining how these attitudes could have existed. Bacon begins by tying his rebellion to God and what is just, although today we may call him the unjust. Toward the end of his essay, he argues that the…
Whilst I talk, some poor farmer drudges & slaves for me" (Journals 9: 126). He feels that a real reformer is the one who would refuse to purchase or use slave-produced goods and in this regard he noted: "Alas! alas! my brothers, there is never an abolitionist in New England" (Journals 9:128).
Thus reform though it has been an important subject has often elicited different responses from thinkers and writers. While some connected it with religion, others completely kept religion away from it. Winthrop's brand of reform is not only different from Emerson's but the former will never find any endorsement of his views in the writings of Emerson's. The latter was more involved and interested in individualistic reform that focused on change within one's self instead of institutionalized change. The different in thinking can be attributed to the different time periods in which they composed their thoughts.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ed. Merton M. Sealts, Jr. Vol. 5. Cambridge: Belknap P. Of Harvard UP, 1965.
The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ed. Ralph H. Orth and Alfred R. Ferguson. Vol. 9. Cambridge: Belknap P. Of Harvard UP, 1971.
New England Reformers." 1844. Essays First and Second Series. New York: Vintage Books, 1990. 361-79.
Johnson, Linck C. "Reforming the Reformers: Emerson, Thoreau, and the Sunday Lectures at Amory Hall, Boston." ESQ 37.4 (1991): 235-89.
Over the past few years Furniture Bank has differentiated itself from other charity organization through its commitment to industry innovation which has made it one of Canadian most famous organization (Peter & Donnelly, 2006). The marketing abilities of the Organization have enabled it to compensate for its initial otherwise tight financial circumstances to establish an excess cash record over few years of operation whose main sources were; donations from the government and other corporate entities (Slack et al., 2010). The main vision of the Furniture Bank Organization includes constant achievement of operational excellence, conducting business in a safe environmentally sustainable and economically optimum way and manufacturing and supplying furniture and other households as well as services that ensure customer satisfaction in as far as their needs are concerned (Ahlstrom & Bruton, 2009). The Organization also has a few objectives that include realization of potential of their staff, maximum…
Adeniyi, M.A. (2007). Effective Leadership Management: An Integration of Styles, Skills & Character for Today's CEO. AuthorHouse.
Ahlstrom, D., and Bruton, G.D. (2009). International Management: Strategy and Culture in the Emerging World. Boston, M.A.: Cengage Learning.
Peter, P.J., and Donnelly, J.H. (2006). Marketing Management: Knowledge and Skills. 8th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Slack N., Chambers S., Johnston R. (2010). Operations management. New York: Prentice
Cognitive bias and Social Desirability Bias in esearch Study
Exercise 1: Impact of cognitive biases on the research process.
Cognitive bias is an individual's tendency to base an opinion or decision on inconsistent perception or knowledge of research data. Cognitive bias may cause either a success or failure of a project. The nature of decisions by the researcher may contribute to the success or failure of the research project. A direct effect or impact is that, cognitive bias can cause significant negative impacts on the perception of projects risks. Cognitive bias has direct impacts on the research process, and it is easy to identify the impacts of cognitive bias based on the previous or past information applied in carrying out research. According to Haselton, Nettle and Andrews (2005:724-746), cognitive bias is an error in judgment caused by memory, societal ascription, and arithmetical errors. These errors are common to…
Brewer, M.B. 1979. In-group bias in the minimal intergroup situation: A cognitive-motivational analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 307 -- 324
Fisher, R.J. 1993. "Social Desirability Bias and the Validity of Indirect Questioning." The Journal of Consumer Research. 20: 303-315.
Haselton MG, Nettle D, and Andrews PW. The evolution of cognitive bias. The handbook of evolutionary psychology, 2005:724-746.
Leggett, C.G., N. Kleckner, K. Boyle, J. Duffield, and R. Mitchell. 2003. "Social Desirability Bias in Contingent Valuation Surveys Administered Through In-Person Interview." Land Economics 11:561-575.
Winning the Lottery
Almost every individual has dreamed about winning the state lottery and having millions of dollars to spend. While some individuals have elaborate fantasies of what they would do if they won the state lottery, others have more generalized notions. Examples of common visions individuals have about winning the state lottery include buying new car or house, making donations to charities, quitting work, traveling, etc. However, few individuals are truly prepared for the drastic changes winning the state lottery will bring to their lives. This paper analyzes and examines the potential effects winning the state lottery would have on me.
EFFECTS OF WINNING THE LOTTERY
For the purposes of this discussion, it will be assumed that I won $30 million in the state lottery. Winning $30 million in the state lottery would most likely result in a plethora of emotional, financial, personal, and social changes in my life…
Global Refugee Regime eems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules
As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by conflicts, war and other disasters and things may get worse.
The many organizations that offer aid to those who are forced to flee from their native lands are trying their level best to reach out and help each one of them. But nations all over seem to be hesitant to take in refugees who do not have any place else to go. What is the solution? How can humanitarian agencies cope with the increasing number of refugees? A book…
Agamben, Giorgio (1995). We refugees.(Section 2: Issuing Identity) Symposium v49, n2 (Summer):114
Appling, Cathy (1995). United Nations Involvement in Haiti from a Humanitarian Perspective. Current World Leaders 38, 4, Aug, 83-98.
Copeland, Emily (1992). Global refugee policy: an agenda for the 1990s. (Conference Reports) International Migration Review v26, n3 (Fall):992
Deng, Francis M. (1995). Dealing with the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community. Global Governance 1, 1, winter, 45-57.
3.The social movements of the 70s and 80s were largely characterized by a strong militarism against the war and especially those in which the United States was engaged. In this sense, these often were violent and radical in the sense that a lot of people suffered as a result of such protests. One of the most important movements and one which still exists today is the Punk movement (Clark, 2004). Although it is most famous for its image of the different music this movement adopted, its initiatives are considered to be wider in range and scope. In this sense, they tend to rebel mostly against the capitalist nature of the economies, the pressures third world countries have to endure as a result of globalization, but most importantly they tend to be anarchists. In general, it can be said that the 70s and the 80s saw an increase in…
Clark, D. 2004. The raw and the rotten: punk cuisine. Ethnology. University of Colorado..
Common Dreams.org. 2006. War Protesters to "Turn Themselves in" to Federal Agents, Stand Up for First Amendment Food Not Bombs and its co-founder Keith McHenry are subjected to FBI spying. 1 August 2008, http://www.commondreams.org/news2006/0330-05.htm
Crass, C. n.d. San Francisco Urban Politics and Food Not Bombs. Practical Anarchy. 1 August 2008, http://www.practicalanarchy.org/fnb_crass2.html
Food not Bombs. 2008. The story of FNB. 1 August 2008. http://www.foodnotbombs.net/story.html
ecause the $750.00 was given as a donation to the non-profit organization, it will be viewed as an asset. Since the preparation of the tax return was given in exchange for the donation, it is considered a gift and thus not an asset.
Next, one must inquire as to whether the firm of Good and Good's liability should be measured at out of pocket cost, at full costs, or at market value? As has previously been explained, if sued for professional malpractice, the court is most likely to hold Good and Good liable for the full amount of damages to Mr. Pinchpenny that was caused by their professional negligence. Thus, Good and Good's liability is likely to be measured at market value.
The final question that needs to be asked is whether or not any amount in excess of what the firm of Good and Good intended to contribute to…
Aspatore Books Staff. (2005): Professional Liability Law: Leading Lawyers on Strategies for Minimizing Risk and Increasing Success in Professional Liability Suits. Aspatore Books, Inc.
Chorafas, Dimitris N. (2001): Liabilities, Liquidity, and Cash Management: Balancing Financial Risks. New York: Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Frey, R.G.G., Morris, Christopher W. (1991): Liability and Responsibility: Essays in Law and Morals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Morality in Little omen
In Louisa May Alcott's Little omen, Josephine March is able to be moral despite the great pressures and responsibilities imposed on her by her gender, the economic and political circumstances of the time, her role as elder sister, and her immense creative talent. However, Jo is also notoriously stubborn, proud, and easily provoked to anger, vices that consistently challenge her moral resolve throughout her adolescence and early adulthood, but ultimately Jo is able to overcome these vices with the help of moral guidance given to her from her family and upbringing so that she matures into a humble, charitable, and temperate character, far more mature than the fiery character of her youth.
The first instance of Jo's vices getting the best of her is when she remains angry at Amy for burning her manuscript even after Amy apologizes. The next day Jo does not warn Amy…
Alcott, Louisa May. Little Women. Google ebook. Boston, MA: Roberts Brothers, 1868. eBook.
Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=Fzqjs08fIJ4C
However, a corporate executive, according to Friedman, would have to spend other people's money for a general social interest, by means of reducing returns to stockholders, lowering worker wages, or raising the price of products. However, herein lies the basic flaw of this author's reasoning, for the social responsibility of the business as it falls on the executive is to make sacrifices for the benefit of others. In a position of such power, a business executive needs to make policy decisions that might actually cut into his own profits, as opposed to the wages of the workers or the wallets of the consumers. While this author may argue that the only responsibility of the business is to make profits using all available resources, engaging in open and free competition without fraudulent activity, a business is a controllable extension of those who own and run it, and just as we have…
eligious tolerance and freedoms do come out from holly scriptures of any religion, they are stated in Koran and in Bible nearly in the same way: "avoid unfaithful" not persecute them but simply avoid. These words have a deep meaning, which refers not just to the religion but also to any other belief and views. oger Williams was the first minister who introduced the principles of modern religious liberties into the civil practice as he wrote in the Bloudy Tenet of Persecution (1640):
No man shall be required to worship or maintain a worship against his will." Until then, Europe and America had endured what Thomas Paine later called, "the adulterous connection between church and state."
In order to defend the representatives of different confessions and guarantee free participation of citizens in country's public life, there had to be taken measures that would preserve from the dominance of one religious…
Madison, James Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments 20 June 1785
James Madison, Report on the Virginia Resolutions
Roger Williams the Bloudy Tenet of Persecution 1640;
Ward, Nathaniel the Simple Cobbler of Aggawam, 1645
Full creativity allows the production of greater wealth, for a stronger and more evolved society.
Further in defense of the moral systems or perceived lack thereof in terms of newly created wealth, D'Souza asserts that most wealth currently created is the result of personal effort, rather than means such as inheritance. The wealth can then indeed be seen as the reward for effort, rather than wealth as a result of luck in its pure sense. Morality's role should then not be concerned so much with justifying the accumulated wealth, but rather with using it wisely for the benefit of humanity, creativity, freedom and evolution.
Another characteristic of freedom, as seen above, is the recognition of new and revolutionary ideas, and implementing those when they are superior to the old. In terms of economy this is as true as in terms of morals. Those in power for example refuse to accept…
Like many abolitionists, Hannah More built her philosophy on a firm foundation of religion and spiritual thought. Her poems "Sensibility" and "The Slave Trade" present imagery related to spiritual concepts and ideals that she uses to persuade a sensible Christian audience against the slave trade. More crafts her abolitionist poetry around philosophical ideals as well as spiritual ones, and the poet appeals to reason as much as to emotion. In her poem "Sensibility: An Epistle to the Honourable Mrs. Boscawen," More emphatically elevates sensibility above religiosity: "if RELIGION'S bias rule the soul, / Then SENSIBILITY exalts the whole," (353-4). More elaborates on the theme of distorted religion throughout "The Slave Trade," by accusing proponents of slavery of arrogance, "insulted reason," and "natural evils," (141; 156). However, More's argument is rooted in sensibility, that elusive quality that, like God, cannot be defined. More describes sensibility like she would describe…
Medical Administration Service for File
ationale in Support of Selection of Heart Transplant ecipient
Because time was of the essence in formulating this decision, this memorandum for the record sets forth the decision-making process and that was used to select the most appropriate candidate for a heart transplantation procedure. It was my responsibility as lead surgeon to select the most appropriate heart transplant recipient from a pool of three candidates, each of whom had suffered from several health-related issues that adversely affected their suitability for the transplant procedure. Therefore, in order to formulate as subjective an analysis as possible in a timely fashion, a utilitarian ethical analytical approach was used to identify the candidate that held the most promise of using the gift of additional life from the heart donor to its maximum advantage. The utilitarian ethical analysis showed that of the three potential heart transplant candidates, the 12-year-old…
Andre, C. & Velasquez, M. (1989, Winter). Calculating consequences: The utilitarian approach to ethics. Issues in Ethics, 2(1), 37.
Hollingsworth, J.A., Hall, E.H. & Trinkaus, R.J. (1991). Utilitarianism: An ethical framework for compensation decision making. Review of Business, 13(3), 17-19.
Rosen, F. (2003). Classical utilitarianism from Hume to Mill. London: Routledge.
ather than continue the process that began in the first two books, in which the osicrucian Order first announced themselves, gave their history, and then responded to certain criticisms while making their position within Christian theology clearer, the Chymical Wedding can almost be seen as the first instance of literature written within the osicrucian tradition, rather than as part of its manifesto-like founding documents, because it does not seek to explain the history of osicrucianism, but rather explicate how the teachings and underlying beliefs of osicrucianism contribute to and alter one's interpretation of Christian scripture (Williamson 17; Dickson 760). Specifically, one can see a distinct connection between the Chymical Wedding and seventeenth-century attempts to expand Protestantism throughout Europe. The Chymical Wedding can be seen as a the most explicit attempt on the part of osicrucians and osicrucian supporters to wed the new (or newly revealed) society to the larger religious…
Andreae, Johann. The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz. N/a: Benjamin Rowe, 2000.
Case, Paul F. The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order: An Interpretation of the Rosicrucian
Allegory and an Explanation of the Ten Rosicrucian Grades. York Beach, Me: S. Weiser,
interventionism from the perspective of realism vs. idealism. Realism is defined in relationship to states national interests whereas idealism is defined in relation to the UNs Responsibility to Protect doctrine -- a doctrine heavily influenced by Western rhetoric over the past decade. By addressing the question of interventionism from this standpoint, by way of a case study of Libya and Syria, a picture of the realistic implications of "humanitarian intervention" becomes clear. Idealistically, humanitarian interventionism is a process that stops atrocities and establishes peace and prosperity. Realistically, interventionism allows Western businesses to reap the spoils of destabilization -- as has been seen in Libya with the Libyan oil fields being claimed by Western oil companies -- and as is being seen in Syria, with the threat of invasion bound to have detrimental effects on the construction of a new pipeline that bypasses the Turkey-Israel pipeline. Syria also presents itself as…
'Violent chaos': Libya in deep crisis 2 years since rebels took over', 2013, RT, 26 Aug.
Available from . [24 Aug 2013].
Weiner, T 2008, Legacy of Ashes, Anchor Books, NY.
Night the Crystals Broke
Write where you got inspiration from?
The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary. The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.
(2) Which author and poem did you refer to when writing this poem?
There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…
The 1900 Storm of Galveston
Galveston was one of the most promising cities in the state of Texas. ith a population of around 37,000 people it was one of the richest cities in the U.S.A. It was one of the most conveniently located cities among the Gulf Coast. Galveston boasted of an excellent seaport. The city's good fortunes gave birth to a lot of millionaires. Most of their revenue came from the ships, which used its port to load and unload cotton. The warm climate attracted a lot of tourists who wanted to bath in the warm waters of the Gulf Coast. A lot of money was being made in every way possible. Morale was very high as the U.S. was getting more industrialized and adapting new technologies. Due to the turn of good events the people of Galveston thought that their city was invincible and nothing could go wrong.…
The 1900 Storm: Tragedy and Triumph, 2003 (http://www.1900storm.com/storm/storm2.lasso)
T.H. Watkins, Blown Away, The Washington Post, 1999
Erik Lawson, "Isaac's Storm: A Man, A time, and the deadliest Hurricane in History, Random House, 1999
John Christian Hoyle, The Worst weather ever, Christian Science Monitor, 1999
Employment -- the Morality of the Contract between Employee and Employer
Before entering into a contract for employment, an employees' first concern is usually to gain a living wage, then to gain experience in a particular profession, and perhaps finally to gain advancement within a particular corporate structure, industry, or trade. An employer's main concern in hiring an employee is usually if the employee can perform the job the employee is being hired to perform, if he or she will be deserving of the wage he or she is will be paid, and if he or she will stay for the necessary hours and period of time. However, once the employee has made a commitment to work and the employer has made a commitment to pay the employee for a period of time, the relationship and ratio of obligations invariably grows murkier. hat obligation does the employer have…
Franklin, Benjamin "From the Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin" Retrieved on April 5, 2005 at http://www.wwnorton.com/secure/tindall/ch3/resources/documents/franklin.htm .
Franklin, Benjamin. "Benjamin Franklin, How I became a printer in Philadelphia" http://www.ku.edu/carrie/docs/texts/franklin_how.html
Locke, John. "Two Treatises of Government" (1690) Retrieved on April 5, 2005 at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1690locke-sel.html .
Winthrop, John "A Modell of Christian Charity" (1630) Retrieved on April 5, 2005 at http://history.hanover.edu/texts/winthmod.html .
Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care by Allen uchanan
Allen E. uchanan's "The right to a decent minimum in health care" opens an extensive debate to the limits and issues of using the concept of universal rights of humans in arguing that everyone has the right to have a decent minimum of health care. Problematizing this issue, the author sought to establish that, it is not based on a universal right to "assure" that people will have the right to a decent minimum. Instead, the right to a decent minimum must be argued on four grounds, which uchanan enumerated and explained in his article.
One of the primary arguments he asserted in the article is the concept of special over universal rights. For him, the right to a decent minimum should be given to people who have had experienced 'injustice' from American society historically, such as the black…
Buchanan, A. (1999). "The right to a decent minimum of health care." In Beauchamp, T. And L. Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. (5th ed.). CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.
Employees as Benefactors of Corporate Philanthropy
Corporate Social esponsibility
The Case for Employees as Benefactors of Corporate Philanthropy
The Case for Employees as Benefactors of Corporate Philanthropy
A United Auto Workers unionization vote recently made the news, in part because the vote was taking place in the Southeastern United States where conservative state legislators have historically treated organized labor with hostility, but what seemed to be most newsworthy about this event was that the corporation, Volkswagen, decided to take a neutral position (Paresh, 2014). The vote took place last week and workers at the Chattanooga, Tennessee plant decided to reject union membership by a narrow margin. The national news media also took note when several conservative Tennessee politicians remained true to their anti-union ideology by threatening to end subsidies for Volkswagen and to push production of a new vehicle to Mexico. Experts in labor law believed these threats were coercive…
"2012 Corporate Responsibility Report." (2013). Retrieved 22 Feb. 2014 from https://corporate.target.com/_media/TargetCorp/csr/pdf/2012-corporate-responsibility-report.pdf .
Barnett, M.L. (2007). Stakeholder influence capacity and the variability of financial returns to corporate social responsibility. Academy of Management Review, 32(3), 794-816.
Dennis, W.J. Jr. (2000). Wages, health insurance and pension plans: The relationship between employee compensation and small business owner income. Small Business Economics, 15(4), 247-63.
Fassin, Y., Van Rossem, A., & Buelens, M. (2010). Small-business owner-managers' perceptions of business ethics and CSR-related concepts. Journal of Business Ethics, 98, 425-53.
Donation of Lottery Win to Charity, Where Needed Most
The gambling industry has grown by leaps and bounds over the recent past. It has seen people walk away with millions of dollars every single year. Lottery has seen people sleep paupers and wake up millionaires, people have seen the sun rise as average citizens making do with small earnings but sleep royalties due to a won lottery. Many have taken to build their personal lives and transform them to suit their new status in the society. However, this is not what an empathetic society should always be about. It should not be about self aggrandizement, self sustenance, self grandiose lifestyle. Always think of the desolate in the society.
The society is proliferated with those who can hardly afford a home hence sorted to sleeping under the bridges and paper houses. Thos who cannot afford a meal a day hence resorted…
Non-profits operate as tax-exempt charities and are ethically bound to serve the public good. All funds are diverted back into the organization, to further its stated goals.
One obvious problem with using a non-for-profit structure is that it impinges upon the organization's ability to sell shares to raise revenue. On the other hand, donors are encouraged to make contributions to not-for-profits because their donations are tax exempt. A corporation, in contrast, is taxed as a fictional 'person' under the law. A not-for-profit enterprise has the freedom to pursue a wider range of goals, such as providing heath insurance to consumers who might be 'high risk' yet lack coverage. This may not be strictly profitable, but may be part of the organization's charitable mission.
However, because cost efficiency rather than increasing the numbers of covered patients is the stated goal of this enterprise, efficiency may be better served by a for-profit…
Hayden, Eric. (2005, March). Non-profit hospitals face structural as well as financial challenges:
Lessons from Massachusetts. Financial Services Forum. College of Management.
University of Massachusetts Boston. March 2005. Working Paper 1003. Retrieved
November 1, 2010 at http://www.management.umb.edu/faculty/workingpaper/hayden_eric/Hayden_Working_
Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter staged an uprising, which eventually developed into a rebellion, against Sir William Berkeley's corrupt regime. His manifesto opens with how perverted the morality of the colony has become. Bacon enumerates corruption, where the quality of the lives of their colonizers have greatly improved but the welfare of the colony has stagnated and downgraded, the administration's protection of their" darling Indians," where the interest of the people have not been protected but these "darling Indians" have been, as crimes of the Berkeley's administration. In return, the manifesto suggests the need to expatriate all Indians as well as to extinguish all forms of commerce and trade with them. Even though the rebellion failed, it has had some positive effects: the reduction of taxes as well as the end of rule of the "grandees" (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography in oner, 2008).
In most societies where unjust…
Foner, E. (2008). ed. Voices of Freedom. A Documentary History. W.W. Norton & Company: New York.
Lepore, J. (2000). Encounters in the New World. A History in Documents. Oxford University Press: New York.
Rushforh, B. & Mapp, P.W.. (n.d.). Colonial North America and the Atlantic World. A History in Documents. Pearson Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
There have not been specific funding promises from the candidates for specific aspects of the Pickens Plan, either.
The final verdict on the Pickens Plan campaign will not be known for months, if not years. The new president will not take office until January, and will require time to formulate a cohesive strategy. In terms of the action plan, the strategy to mobilize the grassroots in order to put pressure on the government has not succeeded thus far. The grassroots will give the new president his mandate, and the supporters of the Pickens Plan will ultimately take a back seat to that.
In terms of action, the most effective part of this public relations campaign has been the direct contact between Pickens and the candidates. This may or may not have occurred without the grassroots, but it is reasonable to expect that it would have occurred due to Mr. Pickens'…
Pickens, T. Boone. 2008. "Pickens Plan" PickensPlan.com. [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at http://www.pickensplan.com/about/
Lazarus, David. 2008. "T. Boone Pickens could gain from his energy plan, but so might we" Los Angeles Times [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-lazarus9-2008jul09,0,7890733.column
Rose, Charlie. 2008. "Pickens: My energy plan is the only plan" CBS News/60 Minutes. [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/23/60minutes/main4541322.shtml?source=mostpop_story