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Pattillo reports that there is an ongoing adversarial relationship between residents, city officials, and private developers, when it comes to making old rotting neighborhoods fresh and safe again. And all of this comes as a backdrop to the lingering bitterness some old-time residents felt (and still feel) towards "urban renewal" of the 1960s (which many called "urban removal"). Pattillo insists that Chicago is a city where the "gentrification" and "revitalization" of buildings and neighborhoods, in the long run, translates into a "social inequalities." In real life terms, Pattillo asserts, an infusion of economic investment steals poor people's neighborhoods away from them.
But is Richard M. Daley to be blamed for the inequities in this system? Urban redevelopment in every city certainly comes with controversy and pain, and Chicago is no exception. Chicago is trying to upgrade neighborhoods to become that ultimate world class city; and if Daley is held to…… [Read More]
hat makes the Man ho ent to Chicago an especially effective culminating story for Eight Men is the way in which it transforms these motifs to generate new and strikingly affirmative meanings" (155). This transformation relates to the manner in which the story's protagonist manages to learn from his series of menial jobs and use this newfound knowledge to his advantage. Moreover, these experiences provide the crucible in which the protagonist's character is forged and he is able to rise above the meanness and pettiness that exemplify his peers. In this regard, Butler reports that, "He is careful to reject the self-defeating strategies used by his co-workers in dealing with the hospital such as the 'sullen silence' (193) adopted by Bill and the pointless violence employed by Brand and Cooke" (155).
Furthermore, the protagonist's series of jobs in the hospital, post office, dishwasher, and insurance salesman for a Negro burial…… [Read More]
Unemployment was still very high given the return of so many from the war and the immigration levels of all races. The need for gainful employment and equitable housing was contentious among all the races, but was of coarse most heated amongst the newcomers, who had relatively little social and political connections to ensure their employment or housing opportunity.
Within the events of the riot there are several important moments, the beginning of the riot being the foremost. The event was a reflection of the overall feelings of the time and in many ways can be seen as the pinnacle of a tense and diseases social state.
On unday July 27, riot came to Chicago. All morning, groups of whites and blacks had been vying for territory between the 26th and 29th treet beaches. Unofficially segregated, the turf broke along racial lines. A group of black teenagers, who had transgresses…… [Read More]
org). More specifically, the organization maintains the following programs: Child and Youth Development, Counseling Services, Economic Stability Support, employee Assistance, Legal Aide, Mental Health, Older Adult Services, Parental Development, Public Policy Advocacy, and Violence Prevention and Intervention Programs (metrofamily.org).
SouthSTA Services is a sixty-one-year-old nonprofit organization that is primarily dedicated to assisting individuals (especially children) with developmental disabilities to enable them to improve their abilities to become productive citizens and lead fulfilling lives that include maximizing their employment prospects (southstarservices.org). SouthSTA Services maintains a Day Services consisting of senior services, vocational educations, developmental training, and both adult and child home-based assistance services. The organization maintains Community Living Services, Employment and Volunteer Services, and a new Service Center in Indiana that provides community transition services, residential habilitation and support, workplace assistance, family and caregiver training, rent and food assistance for unrelated caregivers, and respite and transportation services for individuals…… [Read More]
The outside of the building has a modern, Chicago-style steel-and-concrete supporting frame. The brickwork and terra-cotta details mark it as being a part of the Prairie style. Its clock tower is one of the most distinguishing features of its structure. "The building was originally built as a food processing company and warehouse, and where the clock now stands there used to be signs that said 'Finer Foods'("Reid, Murdoch & Co. Building," Chicagolist, 2005). The clock tower was originally included as part of a water tower that supplied the sprinkler system in the building for safety purposes.
In 1915 an ocean liner crashed and killed 812 people across the river from the building. Because of its size, the building was used as a temporary hospital and morgue. Because of this some people say that it is haunted, and that you can still hear the shrieks of people dying inside ("Reid, Murdoch…… [Read More]
Chicago Outfit is one of the most well-known organized crime organizations in the United States. Among some of the Chicago Outfits most notorious members are Giacomo "Big Jim" Colosimo, Giovanni "Papa Johnny" Torrio, and Al Capone. The Chicago Outfit holds a seat among the five families in New York City. Despite the continuously evolving nature of the Chicago Outfit, it continues to operate today.
The Chicago Outfit's roots can be traced back to the early 1900s and the mass influx of Italian immigrants to Chicago (Dickson). These immigrants brought with them organized crime behaviors and attitudes from Italy, which included extortion. During this time, criminal organizations were highly specialized and focused on a specific vice. For instance, one gang controlled individual labor unions, another would control gambling, and another would control prostitution (Binder). However, criminal organization specialization stopped when Colosimo seized control. Colosimo ran hundreds of brothels, was involved in…… [Read More]
I think musicals are becoming a lot more popular now, too, and that may be part of the reason it was nominated and won. There are probably a lot more films that are more dramatic, better acted, and even more interesting, but this one won because it was a complete package, and the public and the Acadamy members seemed like they were ready for something new and different to take top honors that year. I'm not saying it's a bad movie, at all, and I agree it should have won, because it looks like a pretty amazing film. However, musicals just aren't my favorite, so it's hard to believe they'd ever win an Acadamy Award. It just seems like something more dramatic, or with more action, special effects, and fine acting is more notable and more suitable to win that award. The same kind of thing can't win every year,…… [Read More]
Chicago writing Format a) Discuss Black Americans survived
To a large degree, African-Americans were able to survive the Great Depression the way most Americans were able to do so -- by utilizing what forms of federal relief that they could and by sharing what they had and helping one another as much as possible. African-Americans were able to take advantage of some of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal programs that were able to create situations of temporary, tenuous forms of revenue such as the Federal riter's Project. The Federal riter's Project was able to create job opportunities for novice and experienced writers, many of whom interviewed people during the Great Depression about several facets of their lives. African-American writers involved in this particular program who were able to go on to literary prominence on a nationwide scale afterwards include Richard right, Zora Neale Hurston, Ralph Ellison, Margaret alker, and…… [Read More]
Taste of Chicago
There is an interesting dichotomy at the heart of Chicago the Musical, which was evinced most recently during the April 17th rendition of this musical at New York City's Ambassador Theater. The work is at once dark and flashy, disturbing yet riveting, amoral and moral. Perhaps it is best characterized as a guilty pleasure, one in which the costumes, dancing, and singing help to justify liking a tale about a pair of jailbirds' desire for fame. This dichotomy is present in nearly every number, dance, and costume selection in the Ambassador Theater's version of this opus.
Perhaps the most recognizable aspect of Chicago that was easily discerned on April 17th was the big band (or big orchestra), 1920's style sounds, scenes, and steps that characterize this work. There is nothing postmodern about any of these elements, which still ring of the 20th century when it was arguably…… [Read More]
Its proximity to Chicago as well as Milwaukee makes it convenient for southern isconsin and northern Illinois travelers.
Noise Abatement Program: The O'Hare Noise Compatibility Commission (ONCC) is composed of a number of regional communities and school districts (too many to mention in this research). According to the ONCC 2009 Annual Report noise complaints were "six times higher in 2009 compared to 2008" (www.oharenoise.org). There is an Airport Noise Management System which "collects, analyzes and processes data from…33 noise monitors around O'Hare, FAA radar data, weather data and noise complaints" (ONCC Home Page).
Like other airports, there are certain runways at O'Hare that the airlines are encouraged to use at nighttime -- to reduce noise and disturbance for residents in nearby communities. Beyond receiving and responding to noise complaints, O'Hare's ONCC has approved a sound insulation policy that "targets qualified multi-owner dwellings" (Gilligan, 2009). The ONCC has been installing soundproofing…… [Read More]
Another method of study implemented by the Chicago school was the life history of the criminal. The results of such a study would then again be related to the physical environment in which the criminal and his or her activities were nurtured. In this way criminologists explain the path towards criminal deviancy within a psycho-social paradigm. In other words, the particular psychology of the criminal is related to physical and environmental factors influencing his or her criminal activities.
One of the shortcomings of this school could be an over-emphasis of specific social problems and their influence on crime, without taking into account other possible factors. This may lead to inaccurate results. Regardless of the this, however, the Chicago method remains popular with theorists, as it has provided criminology with guidelines for implementing institutions and remedies for high crime rates in specific areas.… [Read More]
Chicago Fire of 1871 triggered a series of changes (social, political, and technical) which impacted the way buildings are now designed and constructed. Explain!
The Great Chicago Fire generated the first wave of regulations to demand that all buildings be constructed with "fireproof materials such as brick, stone, marble, and limestone. These building materials, much more expensive than wood, are held together by a sticky, strong substance called mortar" that is also fireproof (Schons, "The Chicago Fire of 1871). Although safer, these new materials were more expensive and pushed many poorer people and businesses from the city (as did the increased cost of fire insurance).
hen "the slow and expensive process of rebuilding with fireproof materials began," one of the most popular new materials to use was terra cotta, a mixture of sand and clay. The legendary Palmer House of Chicago was made of terra cotta tiles on the roof…… [Read More]
" (Seitles, 1996)
Seitles claims that integration has been a success in the fight against racial prejudice and states that: "Social consequences of racial isolation intertwine with grim economic realities for minorities. Due to the lack of interaction between racial groups, African-Americans are unprepared to work and socialize in a white majority society, while conversely, whites are not relating to, working with, or living with blacks. Prospects for African-American children raised in such communities are greatly diminished because of the lack of interaction between blacks and whites. Moreover, minority possibilities for advancement consequently decline from the lower quality of education afforded to them in ghetto schools, precluding them from competing for high-income employment. Although these inequalities are not always directly caused by intentional discrimination, residential racial segregation perpetuates these inequalities. Thus, minorities who live in racially homogeneous communities are faced with disadvantages beyond the present economic and social inequalities associated…… [Read More]
It was not until July 15 that an actual heat warning was issued by city officials and living as they did in an 'urban heat island', the elderly was the most affected. The urban heat island is caused by the overcrowding and clustering of buildings, parking lots and roads, all of which put together tend to absorb excess heat during the day, and then radiate excess heat during the night. This is the reason why there is less cooling in urban areas in comparison to rural, and in Chicago in 1995, the elderly citizens living in overcrowded urban areas, all alone, would have their windows closed in fear of crime. To add to their problems, these people had no air conditioning, or lacked the resources to operate the one they had, and this resulted in an oven like atmosphere in their houses. One must remember the important fact that Chicago…… [Read More]
metropolitan city of Chicago. The area has a total population of 28886 persons. The socio economic class structure is dominated by the middle class or lower middle class families. The overall population is dominated by the females. Life expectancy is higher among females as compared to males.
The racial and ethnic composition of the area is dominated by whites followed by Asians, of which majority comprises of Indian origin. The third highest ethnicity is of blacks. There is little or no existence of Pacific Islanders or Native Americans.
The highest level of education in the area 60631 is of high school graduates. The second highest level of education is college attendance without a diploma while the third highest level of education is of bachelor's degree holders. The level of education from there onwards is on significant decline. Suggested reasons for this may be people opting out of educational institution to…… [Read More]
This links the two just as the more terse speaking style of Deborah and Dan link them. In the end, though, the characters in the play are linked largely on the basis of gender, with the two men seen more and more alike and the two women turning to one another in a world where men cannot relate to them. In spite of the way Joan talks about men, the play cannot help but depict the man as more at fault than women for the failure to connect, and the women see this as the case, while the men seem oblivious to the whole idea of their being at fault. That lack of awareness may indeed be the primary reason why the men are at fault. The women want to make a connection with the men, even if they find it difficult to do, while the men tend more toward…… [Read More]
Hull House, Chicago: An Effort Toward Social Democracy" Jane Addams; 2) "The Bitter Cry Children" John Spargo; 3) "The 1908 Methodist Social Creed.
Early American Progressives' Goals and Rhetoric
The early American Progressives, whose ideology is represented by these documents, the "1908 Methodist Social Creed," John Spargo's "From the Bitter Cry of Children" and Jane Addams' "Hull House, Chicago: An Effort Toward Social Democracy," wanted to achieve better working and living conditions for the working poor. The writers of the 1908 Methodist Social Creed declare they stand for "equal rights and complete justice for all men in all stations of life," and for a number of social justice initiatives in the labor market, including the abolition of child labor, regulation of conditions of labor for women, one day off per week, and a living wage.
The writers in these pieces identify a number of serious social problems of their day.…… [Read More]
ay and Joan Kroc Community Center of Chicago
The ay and Joan Kroc Corps Community Center is more than just an aquatic or fitness center. It's a holistic approach to bringing the community together to change lives, and help to end the violence in Chicago. -- The Salvation Army Metropolitan Division, 2012
Studies have shown time and again that the earlier children are introduced to meaningful learning environments, the better they tend to perform academically in later years. The research to date also suggests that because philanthropic resources are scarce, it is important to use these funding resources to their maximum advantage in delivering the wide range of social and educational services needed by many inner-city and lower socioeconomic populations today. Therefore, by identifying and comparing the types and quality of services provided by such organizations represents a timely and valuable enterprise. To this end, this paper provides an examination…… [Read More]
" (LewAllen). The purpose was to get the viewer to see the Holocaust as a point of reference in evaluating our current society. The actual work is a collaboration between her and her husband, a world renowned photographer. It is composed of a collection of sculpture, photographs and paintings.
Judy Chicago's works encompass several post-modern ideas. First, her works often focus on feminist themes and ideals, an idea that has grown out of the post-modern era. Further, her work is primarily comprised of installation art in that it is large and not able to be hung on a wall. This being the case, Chicago's work is the essence of post modern's focus on the real and the current, making her a true and unique postmodern artist.
For More Information:
Judy Chicago's Home page: http://www.judychicago.com/
The Holocaust Project:
Chicago, Judy. The Dinner Party. New York: Penguin, 1996.
Judy Chicago:…… [Read More]
From the perspective of pure plot, David Mamet's 1974 play, Sexual Perversity in Chicago, is not exactly easy to summarize, although this difficulty is formally built in to the play, itself, which quite consciously rejects a standard narrative flow from one event to another for a cut-up collagistic style that rapidly jumps between scenes and events. Indeed, this sort of experimentation is hardly new in creative works, and was, in fact, a mainstay of modernist literature at the early part of the 20th century, but it can indeed still be jarring in the realm of theater, where one often tends to expect an emphasis on plot and narrative vision. Mamet's play, on the other hand, prefers to eschew these things in order to suggest something like the fractured nature of our own existences, and, rather than letting the plot hold the interest of the viewers, he realizes on…… [Read More]
art museum in Chicago and an exhibition held in the University of Minnesota where I happened to stay for a week's vacation.
The Art museum of Chicago
I have always been interested in art. It transports me to a different place and calms me. Therefore, I decided to select the famous art museum of Chicago as one of my places to visit.
Being philosophically inclined, the exhibit that made the greatest impact on me and had me wandering around it various times was the marble statue of a group of figures -- naked men -- eyes closed, hands gently touching the shoulder of the one in front of them. There they stood in a closed circle, connected; yet disconnected as we are in real life. This was precisely reminiscent of our experience, and it reminded me of Liebniz's monads. Each of us exists singly in the world. Perceptions come in,…… [Read More]
In 1911, the Vice Commission of Chicago published a report on the working conditions in department stores that lead female employees into prostitution. The source was created in order to evaluate the strain on the nervous system of girls working in department stores and how it pushes them into prostitution. From the modern perspective, it does seem a strange connection to make—but Chicago more than one hundred years ago was a much different place from what it is today, and people in society were much less used to the urban stressors and conditions at that time. The study identified it as “the whole tendency of modern life” (Vice Commission of Chicago, 1911, p. 271) and argued that this tendency was leading to the development of “considerable eroticism” among men and women (Vice Commission of Chicago, 1911, p. 271). To make matters worse, department store female workers were not getting paid…… [Read More]
Aircraft Flight Disturbance
Lessons Learned From September 26th O'Hare International Airport Incident
ecommendations to Avert Widespread Flight Disturbances
On September 26th, 2014, both O'Hare and Midway airports experienced a day-long disruption of operations that led to over 2,000 flights being cancelled and the entire nation affected by the disruption of operations. An employee with psychological problems intent on killing himself started a fire in the basement telecommunications room of the Aurora, Illinois control center, then attempted to slit his throat. After posting his suicide note on Facebook, relatives called 911 and both his life and the control center were saved. The fire damaged the most critical areas of the IT infrastructure for air traffic control for both the O'Hare and Midway airports, forcing air traffic control locations in adjacent states to take on one of the busiest areas of the country for air travel. The lack…… [Read More]
Delinquency and Crime Prevention
The original Chicago Area Project was launched in 1932 which established twenty two neighborhood centers within six areas of Chicago. These two centers had tow main function; the first function was to coordinate community resources like schools, churches, labor unions, industries, clubs and other groups for addressing and resolving the problems in the community. The second function was to sponsor various programs such as recreation like summer camping and scouting, discussion groups and community projects, and handicraft workshops. Through these activities the project aimed at developing a positive interest by the Chicago inhabitants in their own welfare in order to come up with democratic bodies of citizens that would enable the entire community to be aware of the problem it is facing and come up with solution by common choice (Hertzman, & Daniel, 1999). The Chicago area project was not effective in dealing with delinquency. This…… [Read More]
In addition the company should be well-informed of any and all potential threats, whether competition or vicious. Maintaining responsibility and showing it will be the recommended strategy for Johnson & Johnson - keep doing what it's doing.
Grazier's Factors of Motivation
Crisis management requires a solid team to create and implement strategies to drive an organization out of a current situation and an actual clear plan for the prevention of future incidents. Peter Grazier is a professional who helps teams create purpose and cohesion, among many other factors of motivating teams (2005). The reaction to the Tylenol crisis involved several of Grazier's factors of motivation, including the presence of a real purpose and a true challenge.
After the Tylenol contamination process, the management teams at Johnson & Johnson had the advantage of a real purpose. With a true and shared goal to attain, teams have a much better chance to…… [Read More]
Polish immigrants have always been an integral part of the melting pot of America. Indeed, a Polish War Hero named Casimir Pulaski was granted a legion of men during the Revolutionary War. This particular immigrant was partially responsible for a victory over ritish troops in Charleston. He would later die in battle, defending the newly formed country. Stories of this particular immigrant have trickled down through the years. Many of the newly arrived Poles saw Pulaski as a hero, someone to emulate - a true Polish-American hero.
After the last shots of the Civil War were fired, a new era began in the United States, an era of emigration. etween 1865 and 1900 over thirty-five million immigrants sought refuge within the United States. A tremendous number of these immigrants came from the faltering nation of Poland.
In the late seventeen hundreds and then throughout the eighteen hundreds, Poland was systematically…… [Read More]
The provision that persons cannot be deprived of liberty without due process of law takes precedence over the war powers." Both authors therefore agree that the American Constitution prohibits the unwarranted detention of citizens based on their ethnicity alone.
Only the Chicago Daily Tribune article uses the type of language befitting an editorial. For instance, the author uses terms like "prejudice" and "hysteria" to describe the issue. The Los Angeles Times article necessarily avoids strong language like this, and yet still manages to convince readers that the internment camps were legally and ethically wrong. The author achieves a subtle editorial commentary in the selection of quotations. For example, Justice Roberts is quoted as saying that W.R.A. centers are "euphemism for concentration camps" and along with other dissenting justices on the Supreme Court "denied there was any evidence that exclusion of the Japanese was a military measure." In the Chicago Daily…… [Read More]
Francisco Goya’s “The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters,” plate 43 from Los Caprichos, 1797/99, is available for viewing at the Art Institute of Chicago. This etching on ivory print paper (301 x 207 mm) depicts an individual asleep at his desk as the creatures of his mind rise up around him, overshadowing him with their nightmarish dimensions (Art Institute of Chicago, 2018). The animals that surround the man are nocturnal—owls, a cat, bats—and all of them have either large eyes that focus either on the sleeping man or on the viewer, or they have ominously silhouetted wingspreads that soar overhead indicating that the nightmares are taking flight.
The image is a print that Goya completed in 1799 in Spain at a time when the Enlightenment was in full swing and Romanticism was getting under way. The “sleep of reason,” as Goya described it, was a reference to the…… [Read More]
Birth of a Repulic 1763-89: The Chicago History of American Civilization (Revised Edition) y Edmund S. Morgan. The University of Chicago Press, 1977, 202 pp. Edited y: Daniel J. Boorstin.
The delayed results of the Presidential elections of 2000 also known as the "Florida Fiasco" raised several questions. Two among them: What were the differences etween a democracy and repulic? Which of the two (democracy or repulic) was the United States of America? Cries of "the will of the people" eing denied were heard loud and often. Some pundits suggested that since Mr. Gore had won the popular vote, the constitution might e amended to accommodate the "democratic aspect" of the government. Fortunately (and not for political reasons) the sanctity of the constitution was preserved.
Edmund Morgan, Professor Emeritus at Yale University, had already answered all the aove questions in his eminently readale "The Birth of a Repulic." The ook…… [Read More]
The author of this report has been asked to answer two distinct questions as it pertains to some pieces that are in the Art Institute of Chicago. There are a total of three questions from which the author will select two. The selected question from the optional pair will be about the Aesthetic Movement pieces offered by Herter and Godwin. The other question will center on a compare and contrast between two pieces that are in certain galleries from both the American and European Decorative Art sections. The two works selected for the second question are to fall under the "related but different" paradigm such as two vases, two chairs or something else common. While the pieces of art in the European and American art galleries are quite different, they tend to be related in many ways as well including the motive behind the designs and how they…… [Read More]
Meatpacking Industry: Progressive Reforms and the Shaping of National Policy
In 1906 the Pure Food and Drug Act was passed in the United States. This was the culmination of a furor that had reached tipping point with the success of Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle, a story based in the meat packing industry published in 1905. The novel explored the lives of a group of immigrant workers as they struggled to survive in the "jungle" of early 20th century.
The story was, however, merely the straw that broke the camel's back. The Pure Foods Movement had actually begun thirty years earlier in the post-Civil War years when Industrialization was already underway and the landscape of America was rapidly changing. It was the Pure Foods Movement that was really the driving force behind the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Wallace Janssen, "The Story of the Laws behind the…… [Read More]
" ith this onslaught of blacks into their communities, there was an "exodus of Jews" (apparently no pun intended vis-a-vis the book Exodus about the Jews seeking a homeland) which created a "vacuum" that was immediately filled by a "housing-starved black population."
On page 415-16, Hirsch writes that the "real tragedy surrounding the emergence of the modern ghetto" is not that it has been "inherited" but that it has been "renewed and strengthened... with government sanction and support."
Finally, on page 416, Hirsch gets down to the bare bones, bottom line social dynamic of the problem that has been allowed to fester in Chicago (at least up to 1983 when he published this essay). hen, he writes, the racial lines began to "harden" after the post-II influx of blacks into the second ghetto, "it was apparent that white hostility was of paramount importance in shaping the pattern of black settlement."…… [Read More]
Their Impacts on Immigrants in 19th Century
Settlement Houses were an attempt of socially reforming the society in the late nineteenth century and the movement related to it was a process of helping the poor in urban areas adopting their modes of life by living among them and serving them while staying with them. What today's youth would know as a Community Center, 'Settlement Houses' initially sprang up in the 1880's? At these facilities, higher educated singles would move to Settlement Houses and get to personally know the neighborhood and immigrant people that they were converting, studying, and/or teaching. Working together, they passed labor laws and changed the way the U.S. does business. Where these educated professionals stayed with the community and served them, the main intent of these reforms was to transfer this responsibility of social welfare to the government in the long-run.
An interesting fact…… [Read More]
Mies van der ohe was one of the most well-known architects of 20th century. His birth took place in Germany and it was in 1938 that he came to United States. Mies van der ohe is commonly known as "Mies" or "Ludwig Mies van der ohe." He had an approach of constructing and designing buildings as a part of international style movement, and this had a grand impact on country's architecture. Farnsworth house is an example of contemporary architecture world. "Less is more" is a statement of Mies, which was adopted as a motto for all the modern artists all over the world (The Chicago Architecture Foundation, 2007).
It was in 1945 when a doctor of Chicago hired Mies to design a home for her in the country side, which should be around 60 miles away from southwest of Chicago, i.e. near Plano, Illinois. The doctor's name…… [Read More]
For instance, Bruegmann notes that, "Despite a common belief that suburban sprawl is accelerating and that the most affluent people are moving constantly outward to areas of ever-lower density, in fact the suburbs of American cities are, if anything, becoming denser."
Indeed, the recent trend to build more and more "McMansions" in the suburbs is reflective of how American suburbs are becoming more densely packed while seeking to maximize actual available living space. For instance, Bruegmann adds that, "Suburban lot sizes, after peaking in the 1950s, have been declining, and the number of square feet of land used by the average house in new developments at the suburban edge has fallen sharply in the past 10 years even as the houses themselves have grown in size." In sum, this author maintains that, "Sprawl cannot be adequately explained as a simple result of specific government policies, economic systems, or technological advances.…… [Read More]
The development of the American automobile industry is one of the best examples of this interplay: "Unlike European manufacturers, who concentrated on expensive motorcars for the rich, American entrepreneurs early turned to economical vehicles that could be mass-produced," (Jackson 159). The fact that so many Americans then became capable of purchasing a car both fed the notion of the American dream, and also served to expand American cities and suburbs; people who could afford to commute were not forced to live in the stifling and often impoverished inner-city. This trend tended to make inner cities in America decreasingly desirable places to live. Yet, in places like New York, with the creation of central park, wealthy neighborhoods came to crowd around such desirable locations and push the impoverished sects of society away: "By the time the park's founding generation passed away, the political, aesthetic, and cultural unity they valued had already…… [Read More]
railroad industrialized America, a Track That Unified a Nation
How the railroad industrialized America
In the nineteenth century, the railroad system of the United States of America came to life. The systems' sole purpose was to transport people and goods across the country. Railroad system in the country began on the East and moved westwards. The move to the west resulted in development of towns, which further made the system branch to meet other regions in the state. These resulted in a web like rail system over the country. These had an impact on the life, culture and the way of life for the people of America. The railroad system in America in the nineteenth century interconnected various societies. The railroad systems at that time decreased work time since people were able to travel easier. People were able to travel great distances with the invention of the railroad system.
In…… [Read More]
Sackler Center for Feminist Art, and it is very different from Amer's work. This is more like a presentation, where there are 39 places to sit, and each place represents a different woman from history. This is an important work because it recognizes women and their accomplishments, and it is permanent, so many people will get to experience and enjoy it. It is a very big piece, and it is hard to really comprehend it at first. Sometimes, it does not seem like art, because it is just setting a table, but you can see that a lot of work went into it, and that the artist thought a lot about the colors, the textures, and how to present each woman. The table runners also have embroidery, which ties them into Amer's work, but this seems much more traditional, because it uses items familiar to many women - table settings,…… [Read More]
While the perspectives of each of the artists on the revolutionary nature of art is interesting, it does little to convince us that art can play a central role in effecting social change. As idealists, both Lissitzky and Rodchenko fell under the sway of Stalin and would serve as propagandists for this ruthless leader in a period that was rather unfortunate in the careers of both artists. While Margolin does his best to read their works from this period in a fair light, what we know today about Stalin does overshadow such readings of this work. In this respect, one's knowledge of politics can indeed interfere with one's interpretation of a work of art - and have detrimental effects.
Of course, reading works of art in terms of a group of artists' political views and aspirations towards social change can be a vital tool in interpreting works that might otherwise…… [Read More]
Support for the figure being Diogenes rather than Socrates has been found in the fact that he is prone, and alone, which seems to suggest Diogenes' status as an antisocial Cynic -- he also called himself a 'dog.' However, the painting seems to depict in chronological order in the development of ancient philosophy, of the viewer moves his or her gaze from foreground to background and from left to right. This would suggest that the figure is Socrates. The bowl besides the lying figure if it is Socrates could symbolically signify his drinking of hemlock also suggests the death of Christ. Raphael, a Neo-Platonist in his philosophy, thus gave particular importance to Socrates' martyrdom (Bell 1995).
The artwork, as a glorification of the human, is sublimely Renaissance in nature, and typical of the period but it is also unique in the way that it celebrates philosophers and their intellectual arts,…… [Read More]
slavery and segregation had contributed to the establishment of a wealthy
ownership class in the United States, so had the nature of its 20th century
consumer culture helped to enforce separate racial societies. Thus, even
as white women struggled for recognition and equal rights, the climb from
domestic servitude would be a great deal more arduous for a female African
American culture which had been conditions through centuries of slavery
toward assumed domestic servitude. To this extent, the parallels which
Odem's text draws between slavery and female inequality bear a shared
relationship in defining America's gendered culture.
Today, women have in many ways been relieved of the domestic roles
once foisted upon them with no outlet of relief. Indeed, it is
increasingly common and standardized to find women in all walks of
professionalism and at positions of authority. Moreover, the premise that
the woman should be expected to…… [Read More]
A good example of this can be seen with Sistine Chapel in the Last Supper. In this piece, he is using color and his imagination to understand what is happening. The use of bright and dark colors added to the sense of realism by giving the appearance as if these events were happening at the moment. In the future, this technique would be utilized by artists to create a sense of appreciation and underscore the emotions of the work itself.
Furthermore, the article that was written by Oremaland (1980), is discussing how pieta has often been used throughout many different building projects in the world (with the original at St. Peter's Cathedral). Since that time, various churches have used this dome like structure to create designs that mirror those of Michael Angelo. These different elements are important, because they are showing how this technique was continually embraced by various contractors…… [Read More]
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Ch'en, Kenneth K.S. Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey. New Jersey: Princeton University
Press, 1907-1964. In this text, Professor Kenneth Ch'en writes a historical account of the development of Buddhism and how it modified as it grew. Buddhism is a unique religion in that it has been adapted to incorporate the cultural attitudes of the various countries in which it is found. Within China, Buddhism took an especially strong hold because it was able to incorporate the philosophical ideas of people like Confucius.
Ch'en's main argument of the piece seems to be that Buddhism is different from other religions. This is what makes the book a useful tool for academic research. There is not one set of dogmatic rules that have to be accepted, but rather many different versions of the religion. In this text, Ch'en has identified all of the social,…… [Read More]
Latinos participations are low in CAPS, and most of their members are unaware of the strategies of CAPS. Their levels of awareness have been on a declining state since the year 1990. Their involvement in these meetings was driving by the levels of crime, moral decay on the community and at the level of social disorder. The problem with the Latino population is that they do not turn up in numbers to these meetings. The community's representation is low in these meetings.
However, research further shows that the community lacks representation in the district advisory committees that meet on a regular basis with the police department. Compared to the African-Americans and the Whites Latinos have young families are they are more likely to be working and having families at home. Their involvement with the police department is variedly mixed. There is evidence that their community avoids police contacts, including not…… [Read More]
Forensic Psychological Evaluation
Confidential Psychological Evaluation
Gender: Male Date of Report: 05/07/2012
Date of Birth: 10/01/1981 Age
Marital Status: Single Occupation: Unemployed
Race: Caucasian Education: GED
Referred by: Dr., B. Wynter
REASON FOR REFERRAL:
A Psychiatric Evaluation on May 19, 2006 by Barbara Wynter, License psychologist who is
Clinical administrator of Central Treatment Facility ward 1, 2, 3, was requested to further assist in diagnosis.
LIMITS OF CONFIDENTIALITY:
DR, B. Wynters
MMPI (Spell out the name Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory)
Is a depressive component of scale 6. The items connote extraordinary emotional sensitivity or vulnerability that is dysphonic in tone. These items have a "poor little me" flavor, portraying the self as meek and innocuous, emotionally fragile, incapable of being a threat to others, and perhaps as being entitle to special concern and consideration for one's tender sensibilities. There is an implicit theme of resentment…… [Read More]
Home Depot Inc., alone increased its distribution presence to 1.5 million square feet at indham Lakes Business Park in Romeoville after signing a lease for all of indham Lakes VII, a 720,000 square foot spec building at 1070 indham Parkway. (Dubriwny, 2004)
This renewed investor interest in Chicago is also due to the fact that such commercial, industrial real estate in the area are becoming perceived as foreign investor friendly, and relatively stable in comparison to other locations -- an excellent combination and a prescription for long-term expansion. (Dubriwny, 2004) Furthermore, although companies such as Home Depo, Inc. may have been much maligned in recent years, they are critical in drawing so-called anchor stores to large, enclosed malls and shopping districts. (Smith, 2005) Shoppers will go out of their way to go to such commercial locations, and the Chicago commercial market is becoming more open and attractive to such brand…… [Read More]
In addition, expect an in-car camera increase, to expand "an effort to protect officers from unwarranted complaints (CPD, 2007)."
• Expect an increase in the availability of hardware devices based on any increase in system or application users. Consider the hardware users for Santa Barbara in a parallel comparison: The Santa Barbara "population includes all full-time employees and also includes eserve Officers, volunteers, Explorers, temporary employees, and a small number of users that work at other city, county, and state departments that have access to portions of our systems."
• Expect an increase in capacity for data storage. With an expected increase in population, the CPD can expect a larger pool of transactional data for recording and updating.
• Expect a need for new software development and software integrations. To continue to improve its information technology program, the CPD will continue to develop new software to expand on mapping systems,…… [Read More]
The great migration helped populate the northern industrial cities, and create an industrial revolution in the country that would take it from an agrarian economy to an industrial economy, and one of the industrial leaders of the world, and the migration, with the hoards of cheap black labor, only helped build the foundations of that new prosperity.
These letters and personal recollections make it very clear the north was not the "promised land." There were difficulties there, too. Prices were higher than the south, and so it was difficult for the people to live. There were so many coming north, there were not jobs for everyone, and after World War I it was even worse. What is important about this is that the migrant blacks stayed. They knew that life, no matter how hard, was better in the north, and they knew that they faced better odds of survival and…… [Read More]
Although Root was already a well-established Chicago architect, the north side of the Monadnock "emerges as a definite departure from the mainstream of Root's practice and the rest of the contemporary Chicago school at the time, with only its "carefully conceived proportions" and sculptural form harkening back to earlier Root works ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.5). Root created the illusion that the structure 'grew' organically from massive granite blocks of the ground floor, while the "inward curve of the wall at the second story" suggests a pylon without making explicit pastiche or parodic references to the Egyptian era ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.2). Likewise, "the outward flare of the parapet, the gentle chamfering of the building's corners, and the rhythm of uniform oriel windows...seem to grow from the wall surface" as do the contours of brick beside them…… [Read More]
America's sprawling territories makes it easy for people to leave their families and connections, making it easier to kill or be killed. On one hand, the inventions of the Fair and the belief in commercialism and industry makes spectacle possible in a way that is not easily replicated anywhere else, Eiffel Tower aside. More so than anywhere else, the belief in newness and self-creation seems to be a kind of religion in America. Chicago would recreate itself, and so would Holmes. Science would set America free, leaving older primitive cultures to curiosity cabinets and freak shows, and science would give Holmes the tools to create the perfect murders, and then to profit by selling the remains, letting nothing go to waste in this little 'business' he was running. For both Holmes and Chicago, eradication of the 'dark city' beneath the image of a white facade was the essence of the…… [Read More]
"The north half is often called a fountainhead of modern architecture because of its total absence of exterior ornament. Root evidently felt that all that was needed here was graceful form for the structure itself. The south half of the building, on the other hand, is a masterful early application of classical architectural principles to the design of a tall building" ("History," Monadnock Building, 2008).
The early death of Root was not the only problem to plague the office complex -- when the building was finally finished and built, it was "so heavy that it sank into the ground after....requiring [reinforcement]...and steps to be installed at the entrances" to support the massive weight and to enable people to enter the structure ("Monadnock Building," Archinform, 2008). There was also some contention about what style of windows to use: "Chief developer Peter Brooks originally ruled out any projecting bay windows, but he…… [Read More]
The notable exception to this layout of the various departments of the casino at The Venetian is again its Sports-ook, which is entirely rounded into a half-circle and therefore gives an air of having consumed far more resources than a rectangular shaped Sports-ook would. It is easy to craft a desk that is straight, to cut the wood in a way that makes it have strong borders and edges; for that reason most desks that you see are straight. To cut the wood so as to make it rounded is far more difficult, and someone looking at such a curved piece of wood would have to assume high expense involved in procuring and designing wood in such a fashion.
In the center of the floor of the Venetian (and not all casinos are like this) are the slot machines, conspicuous examples of mass expenditure, ringing and glittering and flashing lights.…… [Read More]
Scattering the Projects
By the 1990s, stakeholders in the public housing discussion had decided that the way to save public housing was to dismantle the core tenet that had defined public housing projects for several generations. While project housing projects had always been designed to be highly dense living spaces, usually relying on high-rise buildings and often housing far more individuals than had originally been planned for. The new model of public housing would be to "scatter" housing for the poor throughout established neighborhoods. This would be accomplished by the federal government getting out of the business of direct funding and construction of housing projects and instead providing vouchers for individuals to use towards renting housing in established middle-class neighborhoods.
The HOPE IV project was centered on this idea of "scattering":
The ostensible motive was to end the isolation of tenants from the wider city. The supposed barriers were twofold.…… [Read More]
Women's choice lead a celebate life, remain a virgin, a rejection societal expectations? A conclusion drawn thesis question. I attaching suggested books citation. Essay 12 pages length counting citations bibliography.
Was a Women's choice to lead a celibate life or remain a virgin a rejection of societal expectations?
The role of women in the society has been widely debated throughout the history of both philosophical thought and social sciences. Women have a particular place in society since ancient times and there are clear indications, in the religious literature, that women have had specific views and opinions regarding their own place in the society. In this context, the current research discusses the choice of women to lead a celibate life or keep herself a virgin and whether this choice was a reaction to societal expectations and social pressures. The perspective of the research analysis is focused on Christian traditions from the…… [Read More]
On the threshold of the Civil Rights movement, Baldwin would publish
Notes of a Native Son. Though 1953's Go Tell It On The Mountain would be
perhaps Baldwin's best known work, it is this explicitly referential
dialogic follow-up to right's
Native Son that would invoke some of the most compelling insights which
Baldwin would have to offer on the subject of American racism. This is,
indeed, a most effectively lucid examination from the perspective of a
deeply self-conscious writer enduring the twin marks in a nation of
virulent prejudice of being both African American and homosexual. The
result of this vantage is a set of essays that reaches accord with right's
conception of the socially devastating impact of segregation on the psyche,
conscience and real opportunity but also one that takes issue with the
brutality of Bigger, a decidedly negative image to be invoked of the black
man in America.…… [Read More]
"Forecasts by Moody's Economy.com now use a 20 percent drop in median
existing-home prices from their 2005 peak as a baseline, with prices
weakening through at least mid-2009" (Shinkle, 2008, p. 44). Moody's
director of housing economics Celia Chen, states in the same report that
the 20% decline is the good news and that the bad news is that it could
easily be more than that. The worst-case scenario is a lot more than that.
"You want the darkest? Forty percent, she says. There's your apocalypse"
(Shinkle, p. 45).
Websites that track foreclosures indicate that "the US-wide total of
loans foreclosing was running at 2.5 million in 2007, up by 70% from about
1.5 million in 2006" (Dumas, 2008, p. 23). The problem is that the teaser
rates that were initially set in 2006 will reach their peak in 2008,
ultimately affecting another approximate 1.5 million mortgages, with
another round…… [Read More]
Beyond friendly support, if necessary, we will take armed action to protect our interests, which is outlined in my Foreign Policy, listed below.
MY DEMANDS I feel that my actions and talents, all utilized in the best interests of the citizens, have earned me the right to demand obedience to the law from all citizens, and also that all citizens continue to work hard, pay their fair share of taxes, and do all that they can to promote the common good. All of these demands are in fact in all of our best interests, and have been the backbone of others who have come before us.
FOREIGN POLICY the premise of my Foreign Policy is simple- we will do whatever we can to peacefully co-exist with our neighbors, to all of our mutual benefits. However, when needed, we will raise up powerful armies, as the Chinese, Greeks and Romans have…… [Read More]
This is why people that had financial resources to move away from the agitated center often chose Harlem. At the same time however,
On the periphery of these upper class enclaves, however, impoverished Italian immigrants huddled in vile tenements located from 110th to 125th Streets, east of Third Avenue to the Harlem iver. To the north of Harlem's Italian community and to the west of Eighth Avenue, Irish toughs roamed an unfilled marshlands area referred to by locals as "Canary Island."
In this sense, it can be said that in the beginning, Harlem represented the escape place for many of the needy in search for a better life. From this amalgam, the Jews represented the largest group, the reason being the oppressive treatment they were continuously subject to throughout the world. Still, the phenomenon that led to the coming of a black majority of people in this area was essential…… [Read More]
Any one who tried to gain enough power and wealth would be considered a threat to the power of the church and was therefore quickly deposed of their wealth.
Weber proposed that even though Catholics tolerated a greater display of outward wealth, Protestant doctrines asked the followers to concentrate on mundane pursuits. It also asks its followers to accept a lower station in life without a hierarchical structure to force the issue. There were no examples of upward mobility or examples of extravagance to follow. The Protestant faith in promoted a pride in one's work and the "work and Save" ethic. The members were self-motivated, not forced into submission by the Church. This was a key difference between these two philosophies. Weber claimed that this attitude was much more productive than the Catholic idea of wealth attainment. The Calvinists had a word which meant ones calling, or duty on earth.…… [Read More]
External vs. The Internal View in Neo-Confucian Thought
Since the beginning of time, philosophers have made a living looking at how people conduct themselves and trying to make sense of it. Sometimes the philosopher will devise a theory about how the human world works by looking inside themselves and trying to determine the answer, and other times they will observe what people actually do and make comments based on that. Two Chinese philosophers and teachers, Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming, who were the most prominent Neo-Confucian thinkers, had different ideas with regard to how people developed a moral sense and translated that to the world. They also understood the law very differently. This paper looks at the two philosophers and their perspectives on some key issues so as to determine how they differed, were similar and how they relate to a modern world that often seems to be largely amoral…… [Read More]