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Ecological Models of Crime

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9960090

Chicago School of Thought, Anomie and Strain Theories

Criminology: Chicago School, Anomie and Strain Theories

The Chicago School of criminology is a name for a conglomeration of different criminological theories that stress how the environment shapes crime-related behaviors. Chicago School theories are often said to be based on an 'ecological' models of crime. For example, theorist obert Park held "all cities would contain identifiable clusters, which he called natural areas, where the cluster had taken on a life or organic unity by itself," including ethnic and class-based enclaves (Criminological theory: A text/reader, 384). Park specifically commented upon trends in which saw commercial businesses invading traditionally residential areas of Chicago, causing the residents to care less about the quality of their neighborhoods, show less solicitousness to their fellow human beings, and thus precipitate more crime (Criminological theory: A text/reader, 385). Ernest W. Burgess later expanded upon the theory, dividing cities into…… [Read More]


Criminological theory: A text/reader. Sage. Retrieved from: 

Robert Agnew's general strain theory. (2014). FSU. Retrieved from:
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Second Ghetto From the First

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67932276

" ith this onslaught of blacks into their communities, there was an "exodus of Jews" (apparently no pun intended vis-a-vis the book Exodus about the Jews seeking a homeland) which created a "vacuum" that was immediately filled by a "housing-starved black population."

On page 415-16, Hirsch writes that the "real tragedy surrounding the emergence of the modern ghetto" is not that it has been "inherited" but that it has been "renewed and strengthened... with government sanction and support."

Finally, on page 416, Hirsch gets down to the bare bones, bottom line social dynamic of the problem that has been allowed to fester in Chicago (at least up to 1983 when he published this essay). hen, he writes, the racial lines began to "harden" after the post-II influx of blacks into the second ghetto, "it was apparent that white hostility was of paramount importance in shaping the pattern of black settlement."…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hirsch, Arnold R. (1983). "From the First Ghetto to the Second Ghetto," in Making the Second

Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960, Arnold R. Hirsch, 412-419, Cambridge:
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Settlement Houses Their Impacts on Immigrants in

Words: 2649 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84757842

Settlement Houses

Their Impacts on Immigrants in 19th Century


Settlement Houses were an attempt of socially reforming the society in the late nineteenth century and the movement related to it was a process of helping the poor in urban areas adopting their modes of life by living among them and serving them while staying with them. What today's youth would know as a Community Center, 'Settlement Houses' initially sprang up in the 1880's? At these facilities, higher educated singles would move to Settlement Houses and get to personally know the neighborhood and immigrant people that they were converting, studying, and/or teaching. Working together, they passed labor laws and changed the way the U.S. does business. Where these educated professionals stayed with the community and served them, the main intent of these reforms was to transfer this responsibility of social welfare to the government in the long-run.

An interesting fact…… [Read More]


Axinn, June, and Herman Levin. Social Welfare: A History of the American Response to Need. 4th ed. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman, 1997.

Crocker, Ruth Hutchinson. "THE SETTLEMENTS: SOCIAL WORK, CULTURE, AND IDEOLOGY IN THE PROGRESSIVE ERA.." History Of Education Quarterly 31, no. 2 (Spring1991): 253-260.

Davis, Allen F. Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements and the Progressive Movement, 1890 -- 1914. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Harvard University Library Open Collections Program, "Immigration to the United / states, 1789-1930, Settlement House Movement." Accessed June 3, 2012.
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2 Works of Architecture

Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69933030


Farnsworth House

Mies van der ohe was one of the most well-known architects of 20th century. His birth took place in Germany and it was in 1938 that he came to United States. Mies van der ohe is commonly known as "Mies" or "Ludwig Mies van der ohe." He had an approach of constructing and designing buildings as a part of international style movement, and this had a grand impact on country's architecture. Farnsworth house is an example of contemporary architecture world. "Less is more" is a statement of Mies, which was adopted as a motto for all the modern artists all over the world (The Chicago Architecture Foundation, 2007).

It was in 1945 when a doctor of Chicago hired Mies to design a home for her in the country side, which should be around 60 miles away from southwest of Chicago, i.e. near Plano, Illinois. The doctor's name…… [Read More]


Farnsworth House. (1995). Probing Architecture's Anatomy. Progressive Architecture, pp 58, 59.

Feldman, G.C. (2002). Fallingwater is no longer Falling. The Structure Group Companies.

MetLife. (2012). Rogerson Communities' Farnsworth House in Boston is Recognized by MetLife Foundation and Enterprise Community Partners for Exemplary Work in Senior Housing and Successfully Incorporating Green Components in its Housing: Wins 2012 MetLife Foundation Award for Excellence in Affordable Housing, $50,000. Press Release.

The Chicago Architecture Foundation. (2007). Farnsworth House: Meet The Buildings. The Architecture Handbook: A Student Guide to Understanding Buildings.
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Suburbanization Identifying Convincing Rationale in

Words: 2539 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2435657

For instance, Bruegmann notes that, "Despite a common belief that suburban sprawl is accelerating and that the most affluent people are moving constantly outward to areas of ever-lower density, in fact the suburbs of American cities are, if anything, becoming denser."

Indeed, the recent trend to build more and more "McMansions" in the suburbs is reflective of how American suburbs are becoming more densely packed while seeking to maximize actual available living space. For instance, Bruegmann adds that, "Suburban lot sizes, after peaking in the 1950s, have been declining, and the number of square feet of land used by the average house in new developments at the suburban edge has fallen sharply in the past 10 years even as the houses themselves have grown in size." In sum, this author maintains that, "Sprawl cannot be adequately explained as a simple result of specific government policies, economic systems, or technological advances.…… [Read More]


Baxandall, Rosalyn and Elizabeth Ewen. Picture Windows: How the Suburbs Happened. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Bruegmann, Robert. Sprawl: A Compact History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Hayden, Dolores. Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth, 1820-2000. New York: Pantheon, 2003.

Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
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American Cities Just as American

Words: 1368 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 413236

The development of the American automobile industry is one of the best examples of this interplay: "Unlike European manufacturers, who concentrated on expensive motorcars for the rich, American entrepreneurs early turned to economical vehicles that could be mass-produced," (Jackson 159). The fact that so many Americans then became capable of purchasing a car both fed the notion of the American dream, and also served to expand American cities and suburbs; people who could afford to commute were not forced to live in the stifling and often impoverished inner-city. This trend tended to make inner cities in America decreasingly desirable places to live. Yet, in places like New York, with the creation of central park, wealthy neighborhoods came to crowd around such desirable locations and push the impoverished sects of society away: "By the time the park's founding generation passed away, the political, aesthetic, and cultural unity they valued had already…… [Read More]


Cronon, William. 1991. Nature's metropolis: Chicago and the great West. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Kenneth M. Jackson. 1985. Crabgrass Frontier: The suburbanization of the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rosenzweig, Roy and Elizabeth Blackmar. 1992. The park and the people: A history of Central Park. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
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How the Railroad Industrialized America a Track That Unified a Nation

Words: 2968 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29660536

railroad industrialized America, a Track That Unified a Nation

How the railroad industrialized America

In the nineteenth century, the railroad system of the United States of America came to life. The systems' sole purpose was to transport people and goods across the country. Railroad system in the country began on the East and moved westwards. The move to the west resulted in development of towns, which further made the system branch to meet other regions in the state. These resulted in a web like rail system over the country. These had an impact on the life, culture and the way of life for the people of America. The railroad system in America in the nineteenth century interconnected various societies. The railroad systems at that time decreased work time since people were able to travel easier. People were able to travel great distances with the invention of the railroad system.

In…… [Read More]


William Thomas, 2011 . "Railroads and the Making of Modern America."

John F. Stover, 1997. "American railroads.," Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press

Albro Martin., 1992. "Railroads triumphant: the growth, rejection, and rebirth of a vital American force." New York: Oxford University Press.

H. Roger Grant and Charles W. Bohi., 1978. "The Country Railroad Station in America."
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Art Ghada Amer Love Has

Words: 380 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3873209

Sackler Center for Feminist Art, and it is very different from Amer's work. This is more like a presentation, where there are 39 places to sit, and each place represents a different woman from history. This is an important work because it recognizes women and their accomplishments, and it is permanent, so many people will get to experience and enjoy it. It is a very big piece, and it is hard to really comprehend it at first. Sometimes, it does not seem like art, because it is just setting a table, but you can see that a lot of work went into it, and that the artist thought a lot about the colors, the textures, and how to present each woman. The table runners also have embroidery, which ties them into Amer's work, but this seems much more traditional, because it uses items familiar to many women - table settings,…… [Read More]

Ghada Amer: Love Has No End

Ghada Amer's exhibit "Love Has No End." was at Brooklyn Museum during April. This art is made of acrylic, embroidery, and gel medium on canvas, and it is very bright and modern to look at. The artist, born in Egypt in 1963, calls herself an artist, but she really can do sculpture, and she uses embroidery, a needle art, in her work, too. In Red Diagonales, this work looks like a big red cloud is raining (or crying) down on the canvas, and the colors behind the rain make it have more impact and sharpness. Her works all use a lot of bright color and interesting design, and she uses embroidery in almost all of them, which is very different and unique to her art. It is like she is using two different kinds of art to show women and women's issues in a very traditional female art - needlework, but in a very untraditional way. Her art is modern, but it can be traditional, too, because of the embroidery.

Another famous feminist work in Brooklyn is "The Dinner Party" by Judy Chicago. It is a permanent exhibit in the Elizabeth a. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, and it is very different from Amer's work. This is more like a presentation, where there are 39 places to sit, and each place represents a different woman from history. This is an important work because it recognizes women and their accomplishments, and it is permanent, so many people will get to experience and enjoy it. It is a very big piece, and it is hard to really comprehend it at first. Sometimes, it does not seem like art, because it is just setting a table, but you can see that a lot of work went into it, and that the artist thought a lot about the colors, the textures, and how to present each woman. The table runners also have embroidery, which ties them into Amer's work, but this seems much more traditional, because it uses items familiar to many women - table settings, but it uses them in a new way, as art. Amer's work is very modern, and does not seem to have so much to do with women as Chicago's work, which clearly does.
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Victor Margolin's Struggle for Utopia

Words: 555 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30474261

While the perspectives of each of the artists on the revolutionary nature of art is interesting, it does little to convince us that art can play a central role in effecting social change. As idealists, both Lissitzky and Rodchenko fell under the sway of Stalin and would serve as propagandists for this ruthless leader in a period that was rather unfortunate in the careers of both artists. While Margolin does his best to read their works from this period in a fair light, what we know today about Stalin does overshadow such readings of this work. In this respect, one's knowledge of politics can indeed interfere with one's interpretation of a work of art - and have detrimental effects.

Of course, reading works of art in terms of a group of artists' political views and aspirations towards social change can be a vital tool in interpreting works that might otherwise…… [Read More]


Margolin, Victor. 1997. The Struggle for Utopia: Rodchenko, Lissitzky, Moholy-Nagy 1917

1946. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Preziosi, Donald, ed. 1998. The Art of Art History: A Critical Anthology. Oxford: Oxford
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Raphael's Painting School of Athens

Words: 1447 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95297394

Support for the figure being Diogenes rather than Socrates has been found in the fact that he is prone, and alone, which seems to suggest Diogenes' status as an antisocial Cynic -- he also called himself a 'dog.' However, the painting seems to depict in chronological order in the development of ancient philosophy, of the viewer moves his or her gaze from foreground to background and from left to right. This would suggest that the figure is Socrates. The bowl besides the lying figure if it is Socrates could symbolically signify his drinking of hemlock also suggests the death of Christ. Raphael, a Neo-Platonist in his philosophy, thus gave particular importance to Socrates' martyrdom (Bell 1995).

The artwork, as a glorification of the human, is sublimely Renaissance in nature, and typical of the period but it is also unique in the way that it celebrates philosophers and their intellectual arts,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bell, Daniel Orth. "New identifications in Raphael's School of Athens." The Art Bulletin

77, no. 4 (December 1, 1995): 638.  / (accessed April 2, 2009).

Espinel. Carlos Hugo. "Michelangelo's gout in a fresco by Raphael." The Lancet

354, no. 9196 (December 18, 1999): 2149-51.
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Female Sexual Subjugation and Domesticity

Words: 1848 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20984703

Particularly, as
slavery and segregation had contributed to the establishment of a wealthy
ownership class in the United States, so had the nature of its 20th century
consumer culture helped to enforce separate racial societies. Thus, even
as white women struggled for recognition and equal rights, the climb from
domestic servitude would be a great deal more arduous for a female African
American culture which had been conditions through centuries of slavery
toward assumed domestic servitude. To this extent, the parallels which
Odem's text draws between slavery and female inequality bear a shared
relationship in defining America's gendered culture.
Today, women have in many ways been relieved of the domestic roles
once foisted upon them with no outlet of relief. Indeed, it is
increasingly common and standardized to find women in all walks of
professionalism and at positions of authority. Moreover, the premise that
the woman should be expected to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Breines, W. (2001). Young, White and Miserable: Growing Up Female in the
Fifties. University of Chicago Press.

Odem, M.E. (1995). Delinquent Daughter: Protecting and Policing
Adolescent Female. The University of North Carolina Press.

Schrum, K. (2004). Some Wore Bobby Sox: the Emergence of Teenage Girls'
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Art Historical Throughout the History

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45490197

A good example of this can be seen with Sistine Chapel in the Last Supper. In this piece, he is using color and his imagination to understand what is happening. The use of bright and dark colors added to the sense of realism by giving the appearance as if these events were happening at the moment. In the future, this technique would be utilized by artists to create a sense of appreciation and underscore the emotions of the work itself.

Furthermore, the article that was written by Oremaland (1980), is discussing how pieta has often been used throughout many different building projects in the world (with the original at St. Peter's Cathedral). Since that time, various churches have used this dome like structure to create designs that mirror those of Michael Angelo. These different elements are important, because they are showing how this technique was continually embraced by various contractors…… [Read More]


Eknoyan, Garabed. "Michael Angelo," Kidney International, no. 57 (2000): 1190 -- 1201.

Lavoy, Michael. "The Digital Michael Angelo Project," Modern Art, no. 10 (1999): 2 -11.

Oremaland, Jerome. "Mourning and its Effect on Michael Angelo," Annual of Psychoanalysis, no. 8 (1980): 317 -- 351.

Chicago Format.
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Chinese Religion

Words: 1839 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 5848524

Samantha Vargas

Chinese Religion

Intro to Cultural Anthropology

Ch'en, Kenneth K.S. Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey. New Jersey: Princeton University

Press, 1907-1964. In this text, Professor Kenneth Ch'en writes a historical account of the development of Buddhism and how it modified as it grew. Buddhism is a unique religion in that it has been adapted to incorporate the cultural attitudes of the various countries in which it is found. Within China, Buddhism took an especially strong hold because it was able to incorporate the philosophical ideas of people like Confucius.

Ch'en's main argument of the piece seems to be that Buddhism is different from other religions. This is what makes the book a useful tool for academic research. There is not one set of dogmatic rules that have to be accepted, but rather many different versions of the religion. In this text, Ch'en has identified all of the social,…… [Read More]

Yuan, Haiwang. The Magic Lotus Lantern and Other Tales from the Han Chinese. USA: Green

Wood Publishing Book, 2006. This book is a collection of folktales from Chinese culture. Each of these stories is beautiful in its own right as a work of fiction, but also interesting in what the story tells about the culture of the period in which the story was written. Each story has some element of magic in it, but also an element of cultural historicity.

While not really about the religious beliefs that are held by Chinese people, they nonetheless tell about the value systems of the time period in which the stories were written. It is the beliefs that people already held that determined what religion they chose. These beliefs would also shape the unique form of that religion which would become popularized in the region.
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Criminal Justice and Criminology the

Words: 5114 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 18724377

Latinos participations are low in CAPS, and most of their members are unaware of the strategies of CAPS. Their levels of awareness have been on a declining state since the year 1990. Their involvement in these meetings was driving by the levels of crime, moral decay on the community and at the level of social disorder. The problem with the Latino population is that they do not turn up in numbers to these meetings. The community's representation is low in these meetings.

However, research further shows that the community lacks representation in the district advisory committees that meet on a regular basis with the police department. Compared to the African-Americans and the Whites Latinos have young families are they are more likely to be working and having families at home. Their involvement with the police department is variedly mixed. There is evidence that their community avoids police contacts, including not…… [Read More]


Lyons, T., Lurigio, Rodriguez, P.L., & a.J., Roque, (2013). Racial disparity in the criminal justice system for drug offenses a state legislative response to the problem. Race and justice, 3(1), 83-101.

Lombardo, R.M. (2013). Fighting Organized Crime a History of Law Enforcement Efforts in Chicago. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 29(2), 296-316.

Portnoy, J., Chen, F.R., & Raine, a. (2013). Biological protective factors for antisocial and criminal behavior. Journal of Criminal Justice.

Lee, M. (2013). Inventing Fear of Crime. Willan.
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Forensic Psychological Evaluation

Words: 1732 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 77865714

Forensic Psychological Evaluation

Confidential Psychological Evaluation


Gender: Male Date of Report: 05/07/2012

Date of Birth: 10/01/1981 Age

Marital Status: Single Occupation: Unemployed

Race: Caucasian Education: GED

Referred by: Dr., B. Wynter


A Psychiatric Evaluation on May 19, 2006 by Barbara Wynter, License psychologist who is

Clinical administrator of Central Treatment Facility ward 1, 2, 3, was requested to further assist in diagnosis.




DR, B. Wynters

MMPI (Spell out the name Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory)

Is a depressive component of scale 6. The items connote extraordinary emotional sensitivity or vulnerability that is dysphonic in tone. These items have a "poor little me" flavor, portraying the self as meek and innocuous, emotionally fragile, incapable of being a threat to others, and perhaps as being entitle to special concern and consideration for one's tender sensibilities. There is an implicit theme of resentment…… [Read More]

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Commercial Real Estate Market in

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93644610

Home Depot Inc., alone increased its distribution presence to 1.5 million square feet at indham Lakes Business Park in Romeoville after signing a lease for all of indham Lakes VII, a 720,000 square foot spec building at 1070 indham Parkway. (Dubriwny, 2004)

This renewed investor interest in Chicago is also due to the fact that such commercial, industrial real estate in the area are becoming perceived as foreign investor friendly, and relatively stable in comparison to other locations -- an excellent combination and a prescription for long-term expansion. (Dubriwny, 2004) Furthermore, although companies such as Home Depo, Inc. may have been much maligned in recent years, they are critical in drawing so-called anchor stores to large, enclosed malls and shopping districts. (Smith, 2005) Shoppers will go out of their way to go to such commercial locations, and the Chicago commercial market is becoming more open and attractive to such brand…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dubriwny, Dana. (11 Mar 2005) "On the Road Again." Retrieved 11 Mar 2005 at

Smith, Ray. (2005) "Retail REITs Must Broaden Their Focus." The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 11 Mar 2005 at

Soto, Virginia. (2004) "Bill Rancic, you're hired." Retrieved 11 Mar 2005 at
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Information System Employed by the

Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64692959

In addition, expect an in-car camera increase, to expand "an effort to protect officers from unwarranted complaints (CPD, 2007)."

• Expect an increase in the availability of hardware devices based on any increase in system or application users. Consider the hardware users for Santa Barbara in a parallel comparison: The Santa Barbara "population includes all full-time employees and also includes eserve Officers, volunteers, Explorers, temporary employees, and a small number of users that work at other city, county, and state departments that have access to portions of our systems."

• Expect an increase in capacity for data storage. With an expected increase in population, the CPD can expect a larger pool of transactional data for recording and updating.

• Expect a need for new software development and software integrations. To continue to improve its information technology program, the CPD will continue to develop new software to expand on mapping systems,…… [Read More]


CPD. (2013). A brief time history of the chicago police department. Retrieved from CPD/History

CPD. (2007). Technology update: staying ahead of the curve. Retrieved from


City of Santa Barbara. (2013). Information technology . Retrieved from
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Slavery From the Books Journal

Words: 1443 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99757546

The great migration helped populate the northern industrial cities, and create an industrial revolution in the country that would take it from an agrarian economy to an industrial economy, and one of the industrial leaders of the world, and the migration, with the hoards of cheap black labor, only helped build the foundations of that new prosperity.

These letters and personal recollections make it very clear the north was not the "promised land." There were difficulties there, too. Prices were higher than the south, and so it was difficult for the people to live. There were so many coming north, there were not jobs for everyone, and after World War I it was even worse. What is important about this is that the migrant blacks stayed. They knew that life, no matter how hard, was better in the north, and they knew that they faced better odds of survival and…… [Read More]


Various Authors. "The Journal of Negro History." University of Illinois at Chicago. 2008. 14. Nov. 2008.
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Monadnock Building House Divided the

Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79367873

Although Root was already a well-established Chicago architect, the north side of the Monadnock "emerges as a definite departure from the mainstream of Root's practice and the rest of the contemporary Chicago school at the time, with only its "carefully conceived proportions" and sculptural form harkening back to earlier Root works ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.5). Root created the illusion that the structure 'grew' organically from massive granite blocks of the ground floor, while the "inward curve of the wall at the second story" suggests a pylon without making explicit pastiche or parodic references to the Egyptian era ("Monadnock Building," Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, 2008, p.2). Likewise, "the outward flare of the parapet, the gentle chamfering of the building's corners, and the rhythm of uniform oriel windows...seem to grow from the wall surface" as do the contours of brick beside them…… [Read More]

Works Cited

History." Monadnock Building. 11 May 2008.

Roth, Leland M. A Concise History of American Architecture. Excerpted at Great

Buildings Online. 11 May 2008. 

Monadnock Building." Based on "The Monadnock Block" by the Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks. 11 May 2008.
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Devil in White City the

Words: 1501 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 50184968

America's sprawling territories makes it easy for people to leave their families and connections, making it easier to kill or be killed. On one hand, the inventions of the Fair and the belief in commercialism and industry makes spectacle possible in a way that is not easily replicated anywhere else, Eiffel Tower aside. More so than anywhere else, the belief in newness and self-creation seems to be a kind of religion in America. Chicago would recreate itself, and so would Holmes. Science would set America free, leaving older primitive cultures to curiosity cabinets and freak shows, and science would give Holmes the tools to create the perfect murders, and then to profit by selling the remains, letting nothing go to waste in this little 'business' he was running. For both Holmes and Chicago, eradication of the 'dark city' beneath the image of a white facade was the essence of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic and Madness New York: Crown,

Erik Larson, the Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic and Madness, (New York: Crown, 2003), p.4.

Larson, p.4

Larson, p.62
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Monadnock Building Prototypical Melding of

Words: 1411 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8499056

"The north half is often called a fountainhead of modern architecture because of its total absence of exterior ornament. Root evidently felt that all that was needed here was graceful form for the structure itself. The south half of the building, on the other hand, is a masterful early application of classical architectural principles to the design of a tall building" ("History," Monadnock Building, 2008).

The early death of Root was not the only problem to plague the office complex -- when the building was finally finished and built, it was "so heavy that it sank into the ground after....requiring [reinforcement]...and steps to be installed at the entrances" to support the massive weight and to enable people to enter the structure ("Monadnock Building," Archinform, 2008). There was also some contention about what style of windows to use: "Chief developer Peter Brooks originally ruled out any projecting bay windows, but he…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Building." Monadnock Building. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

History." Monadnock Building. Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

Monadnock Building." Archinform. . Accessed 21 Apr 2008.

Monadnock Building." . Accessed 21 Apr 2008.
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Conspicuous Consumption Design and Purpose

Words: 2507 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74917050

The notable exception to this layout of the various departments of the casino at The Venetian is again its Sports-ook, which is entirely rounded into a half-circle and therefore gives an air of having consumed far more resources than a rectangular shaped Sports-ook would. It is easy to craft a desk that is straight, to cut the wood in a way that makes it have strong borders and edges; for that reason most desks that you see are straight. To cut the wood so as to make it rounded is far more difficult, and someone looking at such a curved piece of wood would have to assume high expense involved in procuring and designing wood in such a fashion.

In the center of the floor of the Venetian (and not all casinos are like this) are the slot machines, conspicuous examples of mass expenditure, ringing and glittering and flashing lights.…… [Read More]


1. Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class, taken from Michael Lewis (ed.), The Real Price of Everything (Sterling, 2007), 1048-1227.

2. Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, taken from Great Books of the Western World, Volume 40 (Britannica, 1952)

3. Jason Goetz, The Bubble Boys: How Mistaken Educational Ideals and Practices are Causing a Warped Social Fabric (CreateSpace, 2011)

4. Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or to Succeed (The Penguin Press, 2005)
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Beyond the Box While at

Words: 3487 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66089158

Scattering the Projects

By the 1990s, stakeholders in the public housing discussion had decided that the way to save public housing was to dismantle the core tenet that had defined public housing projects for several generations. While project housing projects had always been designed to be highly dense living spaces, usually relying on high-rise buildings and often housing far more individuals than had originally been planned for. The new model of public housing would be to "scatter" housing for the poor throughout established neighborhoods. This would be accomplished by the federal government getting out of the business of direct funding and construction of housing projects and instead providing vouchers for individuals to use towards renting housing in established middle-class neighborhoods.

The HOPE IV project was centered on this idea of "scattering":

The ostensible motive was to end the isolation of tenants from the wider city. The supposed barriers were twofold.…… [Read More]


Buell Center. (2009). A New Conversation. Retrieved from .

Hawkins, K. (2010). Chicago shuttes infamous public housing project. Retrieved from .

Jackson, K. (1987). Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Venkatesh, S. & Celimli, I. Tearing Down the Community. Retrieved from
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Women's Choice Lead a Celebate Life Remain

Words: 3758 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 83281442

Women's choice lead a celebate life, remain a virgin, a rejection societal expectations? A conclusion drawn thesis question. I attaching suggested books citation. Essay 12 pages length counting citations bibliography.

Was a Women's choice to lead a celibate life or remain a virgin a rejection of societal expectations?

The role of women in the society has been widely debated throughout the history of both philosophical thought and social sciences. Women have a particular place in society since ancient times and there are clear indications, in the religious literature, that women have had specific views and opinions regarding their own place in the society. In this context, the current research discusses the choice of women to lead a celibate life or keep herself a virgin and whether this choice was a reaction to societal expectations and social pressures. The perspective of the research analysis is focused on Christian traditions from the…… [Read More]

Kung, 2001, p22-3

Karant-Nun, 2003, p10

idem, p11
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The Moral Landscape of Pre

Words: 6045 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57381349

On the threshold of the Civil Rights movement, Baldwin would publish
Notes of a Native Son. Though 1953's Go Tell It On The Mountain would be
perhaps Baldwin's best known work, it is this explicitly referential
dialogic follow-up to right's
Native Son that would invoke some of the most compelling insights which
Baldwin would have to offer on the subject of American racism. This is,
indeed, a most effectively lucid examination from the perspective of a
deeply self-conscious writer enduring the twin marks in a nation of
virulent prejudice of being both African American and homosexual. The
result of this vantage is a set of essays that reaches accord with right's
conception of the socially devastating impact of segregation on the psyche,
conscience and real opportunity but also one that takes issue with the
brutality of Bigger, a decidedly negative image to be invoked of the black
man in America.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Baldwin, J. (1955). Notes of a Native Son. Beacon Press.

Gilliam, F.D. (2002). Farther to Go. University of California at Los

Wikipedia. (2009). James Baldwin. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
Wright, R. (1940). Native Son. Chicago: First Perennial Classics, edition
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A Recent Headline in a

Words: 7816 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50936522

"Forecasts by Moody's now use a 20 percent drop in median
existing-home prices from their 2005 peak as a baseline, with prices
weakening through at least mid-2009" (Shinkle, 2008, p. 44). Moody's
director of housing economics Celia Chen, states in the same report that
the 20% decline is the good news and that the bad news is that it could
easily be more than that. The worst-case scenario is a lot more than that.
"You want the darkest? Forty percent, she says. There's your apocalypse"
(Shinkle, p. 45).
Websites that track foreclosures indicate that "the US-wide total of
loans foreclosing was running at 2.5 million in 2007, up by 70% from about
1.5 million in 2006" (Dumas, 2008, p. 23). The problem is that the teaser
rates that were initially set in 2006 will reach their peak in 2008,
ultimately affecting another approximate 1.5 million mortgages, with
another round…… [Read More]


Aldrich, P.; (2008) UK banks preparing to access BoE's emergency liquidity
scheme, Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited 2008, accessed May
18, 2008 at 
Altfest, L.J.; (2008) What the subprime mess means to you, Medical
Economics, Vol 85, No. 2, p. 24
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Emperial Edict Source of Authority

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87984924

Beyond friendly support, if necessary, we will take armed action to protect our interests, which is outlined in my Foreign Policy, listed below.

MY DEMANDS I feel that my actions and talents, all utilized in the best interests of the citizens, have earned me the right to demand obedience to the law from all citizens, and also that all citizens continue to work hard, pay their fair share of taxes, and do all that they can to promote the common good. All of these demands are in fact in all of our best interests, and have been the backbone of others who have come before us.

FOREIGN POLICY the premise of my Foreign Policy is simple- we will do whatever we can to peacefully co-exist with our neighbors, to all of our mutual benefits. However, when needed, we will raise up powerful armies, as the Chinese, Greeks and Romans have…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kroeber, a.L. 1962. A Roster of Civilizations and Culture. Chicago: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.

Stearns, P. 2002. World Civilizations:the Global Experience. 5th ed. New York: Pearson Education.

Kroeber, a.L. 1962. A Roster of Civilizations and Culture. Chicago: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research

Emperial Edict
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Harlem During 1920-1960 the United

Words: 8300 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50358846

This is why people that had financial resources to move away from the agitated center often chose Harlem. At the same time however,

On the periphery of these upper class enclaves, however, impoverished Italian immigrants huddled in vile tenements located from 110th to 125th Streets, east of Third Avenue to the Harlem iver. To the north of Harlem's Italian community and to the west of Eighth Avenue, Irish toughs roamed an unfilled marshlands area referred to by locals as "Canary Island."

In this sense, it can be said that in the beginning, Harlem represented the escape place for many of the needy in search for a better life. From this amalgam, the Jews represented the largest group, the reason being the oppressive treatment they were continuously subject to throughout the world. Still, the phenomenon that led to the coming of a black majority of people in this area was essential…… [Read More]


African-American Odyssey. "World War I and Postwar Society." Library of Congress Web site: ,(accessed 16 September 2007)

Ames, William C.. The Negro struggle for equality in the twentieth century. New dimensions in American history. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company.. 1965, 90-1

Black Americans of Achievements. "Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.." Home to Harlem website.,(accessed 16 September 2007)

Capeci, Dominic. The Harlem Riot of 1943. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1977.