Childhood Obesity Essays (Examples)

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Obesity in Children

Words: 3052 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5993227

Childhood Obesity

Obesity in Americans has been a topic of debate over the last decade. Americans are among the most obese people in the world. Obesity causes a variety of health problems that cost American billions each year. In recent years there has also been an increase in obesity in children. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate obesity in children. The discussion will focus on poor eating habits and lack of exercise as the primary causes of obesity in children. The paper will also focus on ways to prevent childhood obesity.

Obesity in Children

According to an article found in Childhood Education there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in children over the past few decades. The article reports that the increase in obesity has occurred over all ethnic, racial, gender and age groups (Hoot & Lynn-Garbe). In addition nearly 10% of children from the ages of…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Childhood Obesity. American Obesity Association. 27 October 2005 http://www.obesity.org/subs/childhood/prevention.shtml

Department of Education. 2004. Carol M. White Physical Education Program

Grunbaum, J.A., Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Ross, J., Lowry, R., et al.. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance -- United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 53(SS-2), (2004) 1-95.

Irwin, Carol C., Cynthia W. Symons, and Dianne L. Kerr. "The Dilemmas of Obesity: How Can Physical Educators Help?." JOPERD -- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 74.6 (2003): 33+.
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Obesity Among Blacks in General

Words: 2218 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1096221

Blacks also have a 320% higher rate of hypertension-related end-stage renal disease than the general population (Diet-elated Chronic Diseases, 2001).

According to a study of diet-related chronic diseases among black men in Florida, it was found that almost two-thirds of blacks in Florida are estimated to be at risk for health problems related to being overweight. The percent of the total population that is at risk for health problems related to being overweight compared to the State of Florida in shown in Table 2 below.

Table 2. Percentage of Black/White Population at isk for Overweight Health Problems - Florida vs. The U.S. (Source: Diet-elated Chronic Diseases, 2001).

Florida National

Black 62.4-65.4

White 52.0-56.0

The authors of this study point out that many blacks do not eat a sufficient amount of vegetables and other foods that require the recommended levels of nutrition. Clearly, there is more involved in the epidemiology and…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, P.M., Butcher, K.F. & Levine, P.B. (2003). Economic Perspectives on Childhood Obesity. Economic Perspectives, 27(3), 30.

Collins, C.F. (1996). African-American women's health and social issues. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Diet-Related Chronic Diseases that Disproportionately Affect African-American Men. State of Florida: Health. Retrieved February 16, 2005 from www.5aday.gov/aahealth/aamen/diet/pdfs/FL_state.pdf.

Drevenstedt, G.L. (1998). Race and Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Religious Attendance on Subjective Health. Review of Religious Research, 39(3), 246.
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Obesity in Middle School Obesity

Words: 1933 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48042819

This is an area that receives little attention, but it promises to be fruitful if attention is given to it. The health practitioner will combine attempts to reach this group with administrative policy and in combination; there will be a moderation of the problem at school.

The popular kids at school set the norms of the schools and influence the values within the school. The popular kids are generally not the ones who are obese they may make fun at obese children. An awareness program that allows popular children to observe the impact of their taunts and other unkind comments on their peers may strike within their hearts a desire to become part of the solution rather than the problem. When combined with an administrative approach that encourages more exercise that is physical and coupled with a school climate of support for eating healthy food. This strategy will create changes…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, Patricia M. And Butcher Kristin F. (2006). Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential

Causes the Future of Children, 16: (1): 19-45.

CDC Fact Sheet: Foods and Beverages Sold Outside of the School Meal Programs.

Crosnoe Robert & Muller Chandra (2004) Body Mass Index, Academic Achievement, and School Context: Examining the Educational Experiences of Adolescents at Risk of Obesity. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45 (4):393-407.
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Obesity in Adolescent Females in

Words: 5081 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22547948

During the study a number of factors were considered for the evaluation of the fact that females unlike males in Saudi Arabia constitute a larger proportion.

Themes

Lifestyle and dietary

Adolescent boys and girls were studied for at least two weeks on their feeding habits, for this period, females were observed to consume more snacks than male in that males could only consume snacks once a fortnight unlike their female counterparts who for the 14 days averagely took snacks at least 12 days. For the consumption of rice, bread, nuts and fish the percentage of females consuming this surpassed that of men i.e. 54.8 to 50.5%, this shows that females consumes more food products that are energy giving than males in Saudi Arabia leading to deposition of more calories in the body triggering obesity as it is supposed that the body can not convert the whole chunk of calories. More…… [Read More]

References

Al-Gelban, K.S. (2008). Diatery Habits and Exercise Practices among the Students of a Saudi

Teachers Training College. Saudi Med J, 29 (5), 754-759.

Al-Rukban, M. (2003). Obesity among Saudi Male Adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med Journal, 34, 27-33.

Al-Shammari, S., Khoja, T., & Al-Subaie, A. (1994). Trans-cultural Attitude Towards Being
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Obesity in Childhood in France

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58464595

Obesity n France/ChildhoodOrder

Obesity in childhood in France

Obesity is a global problem that affects people early on in childhood, and many children never learn about how important their dieting habits are and when they are constantly exposed to whatever they want to especially to the high contents of sugar in soft drinks. In France, there are many families who follow a well-balanced diet because of their parenting, preference, education, or whatever the reason they may be, yet there are other families that prefer to live off a lot of junk food, high in carbohydrates, and other bad for you sugars and fats and fried food with instead of a well balanced diet. When observing the childhood obesity of France due to soft drink it was notated from France Ellisle from France's Institute of Health and Medical esearch, there is a direct link between weight gain and sugar, and the…… [Read More]

References

Obesity and Economics Department, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. (n.d.). Obesity and the economics of prevention: fit not fat -- france key facts Paris, France: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/document/26/0,37469_33929_46038682_1_1_1_1,00.html

Obesity. (2010). *****, Retrieved from http://*****/print/O besity/243 9.html

Ross, E. (n.d.). Study: soft drink intake linked to childhood obesity. ABC News/Health, Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=117618&page=1
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Obesity in African-American Adolescents the

Words: 1620 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99445111

For adolescents living in the Delta, health education on modifiable risk factors is mandatory if any change is to be seen.

FINDINGS of the REVIEW of LITERATURE

Findings of the literature reviewed in this study include the key roles of mothers, cafeterias in schools, physical education teachers and food accessibility in overweight African-Americans. Community initiatives which are combined and integrated with school and home initiatives focused toward healthier eating have been found to be effective in educating and treating African-Americans who are suffering from obesity. Sedentary lifestyles and poor eating habits coupled result in not only obesity but also oftentimes more serious diseases and complications such as experienced by those with diabetes mellitus, which is a common complication of obesity among African-American individuals.

RECOMMENDATIONS for PROGRAM DESIGN

ecause there are cultural factors that greatly impact the rate of obesity among African-American individuals it is necessary that these types of programs…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Environmental Influences on Physical Activity and Obesity in African-American Adolescents - a Multilevel Perspective. (2008) Active Living Research. Online available at http://www.activelivingresearch.org/node/11623

Dietz, William, (2000) Focus Group Data Pertinent to the Prevention of Obesity in African-Americans. From the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.

Cultural Attitudes Toward Weight, Diet, and Physical Activity Among Overweight African-American Girls" by Josephine E.A. Boyington and colleagues is found at   http://www.cdc.gov /pcd/issues/2008/apr/07_0056.htm?s_cid=pcd52a36_e .

Hughes, Gail D. (2002) Obesity and the African-American Adolescent, the Mississippi Delta Report. 130th Annual Meeting of APHA. 11 Nov. 2002. Board 8. Online available at  http://apha.confex.com/apha/130am/techprogram/paper_46137.htm
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Obesity Prevention and Treatment Community

Words: 572 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98005903



Preventive services

Budget constraints made it necessary to use grants and volunteers to staff the Cape May initiative, but by working within the community, CE was able to create an effective campaign: for example, walking was stressed, given the low income and the need for affordable exercise amongst community residents. The community also began a collective dialogue to improve the quality of nutritional and physical education support within the large juvenile population.

Discuss overall community efforts to resolve this problem

CE stresses the need for communities to help themselves. By staging conferences and working within the community, it strives to tailor its programs in a highly specific fashion. New Jersey is a densely populated state with many budgetary challenges: its geographical diversity, spanning rural areas in the south and urban areas in the north demands a targeted effort to effectively address community obesity.

Discuss the community health nurse's role in…… [Read More]

References

Rochford, Marilou & Elizabeth Kaminsky. (2004, October). Fighting back against childhood obesity through the Cape May County Children's Health Summit. Prev Chronic Dis. 1(4): A17. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1277957/ 

Rutgers Cooperative Extension. (2010). Rutgers University. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at  http://njaes.rutgers.edu/extension/
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Obesity Prevention Marketing Plan Obesity Prevention Nonprofit

Words: 3245 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4268443

Obesity Prevention

Marketing Plan

Obesity Prevention Nonprofit Organizational Marketing Plan

The primary purpose of this report is to help investors understand the need for a program which will help reduce obesity throughout the UK and then less developed countries in Eastern Europe. The problem is that the environment that many developed countries have created for themselves advances obesity without intending to. There is also the danger among less developed countries, that are beginning to see some amount of prosperity, that they could have the same issues that the rest of the developed world is having (Hill, Wyatt & Peters, 2005).

The goal is to use a program that has been proven to be effective to make sure that people have the tools that they need to be able to combat obesity. The issue is that the predominance of obesity is among the poor and especially with women and children. Therefore,…… [Read More]

References

Arozian, M. (2003). Branding for nonprofits: How a community nonprofit can establish a presence among those it serves and those it depends on for support by linking its name to a very recognizable symbol. The Public Manager, 32(2), 9-11.

Barreto, R.A., & Hughes, A.W. (2004). Under performers and over achievers: A quantile regression analysis of growth. Economic Record, 80(248), 17-33.

Colls, R., & Evans, B. (2010). Challenging assumptions: Re-thinking the "obesity problem." Geography, 95, 99-104.

Frumkin, P., & Kim, M.T. (2001). Strategic positioning and the financing of nonprofit organizations: Is efficiency rewarded in the contributions marketplace? Public Administration Review, 61(3), 266-277.
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Obesity in Children and Impact of Advertising

Words: 2722 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85317494

Participants will be recruited with announcements in local newspapers and school newsletters. Flyers are posted in the nurse's offices and in the clinic. esponse cards will be given to parents who indicate an interest in participating in the study. See the participation invitation -- Appendix 1.

Materials

Once enrolled, participants will answer a series of questions related to food choices, influences, physical activities and food and beverage advertisements. The first measure will involve showing the children a set of distinct images. The children will then be asked 1) what company the image belongs to; 2) what they feel about that company; 3) if the images make them feel good/bad/nothing; 4) if they enjoy the food; 5) how they feel after eating the food; and, 6) what their parents think of the type of food or company. The following 15 images are examples of popular logos. These 15 will be used…… [Read More]

References

Caprio, Sonia. (2006). Treating child obesity and associated medical conditions. The Future of Children,16(1), 209+. Gale Group.

Darwin, David. (2009). Advertising obesity: Can the U.S. follow the lead of the UK in limiting television marketing of unhealthy foods to children? Vanderbilt journal of transnational law,42(1), 317+. Gale Cengage Learning.

Enz, C., & Lundberg, C. (1993). A Framework for student case preparation. Case Research Journal,13, 134.

Evans, W. Douglas. (2008). Social marketing campaigns and children's media use. The Future of Children,18(1), 181+. Gale Cengage Learning.
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Obesity to What Extent Do

Words: 1764 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24518568



It will not focus on achieving a certain standard of thinness, and will emphasize the importance of behavioral modification as an essential component of healthy living. A national and comprehensive obesity campaign can be effective, if implemented correctly and in a fashion that promotes overall wellness, not simply achievement of a standard of thinness. Obesity can be conquered if it is approached from the perspective that healthy and well people are the norm and the ideal American person.

eferences

A.A.F.P. "Obesity and Children: Helping Your Child Lose Weight." 2001. American

Academy of Family Physicians. 16 October, 2004 http://familydoctor.org/343.xml

AOA. "American Obesity Association Fact Sheets." 2002. American Obesity

Association, 17 October 2004, http://www.obesity.org/subs/fastfacts/Obesity_Treatment/shtml

Behrens, Laurence & osen, Leonard J. Writing and eading Across the Curriculum.

A pp. 440-516). New York: Longman: 2001.

Crister, Greg. "Too much of a good thing." (2001). In Laurence Behrens and Leonard J.

osen (Eds.) Writing and…… [Read More]

References

A.A.F.P. "Obesity and Children: Helping Your Child Lose Weight." 2001. American

Academy of Family Physicians. 16 October, 2004 http://familydoctor.org/343.xml

AOA. "American Obesity Association Fact Sheets." 2002. American Obesity

Association, 17 October 2004, http://www.obesity.org/subs/fastfacts/Obesity_Treatment/shtml
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Obesity Intervention Program in School Children

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16499649

Obesity

The Introduction and Topic Area

Called "the biggest threat to the health of Americans today," obesity affects two-thirds of American adults and about a fifth of American children (California School Health Care Centers Association, 2009; Kalakanis & Moulton, 2006). Children spend between six to eight hours per day at school, more if they are involved in extra-curricular activities. Schools have "established infrastructure" offering an ample opportunity to provide effective and accessible anti-obesity programs (California School Health Care Centers Association, 2009). This proposal builds on prior research into what works and what does not work in school-based anti-obesity programs, and proposes the development of one such program. Therefore, the topic area is clearly related to preventing and treating childhood obesity, with a focus on involving family, community, faith-based, local businesses, and other community resources.

Question

Based on an analysis of prior research, it is hypothesized that school-based interventions are more…… [Read More]

References

California School Health Care Centers Association (2009). Preventing childhood obesity. Retrieved online: http://www.schoolhealthcenters.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/preventing_obesity.pdf

Kalakanis, L. & Moulton, B. (2006). School-based interventions for child obesity. Retrieved online: http://www.tlc.state.tx.us/pubspol/childobesity.pdf
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Obesity and BMI Mini Proposal the Obesity

Words: 1964 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27188324

Obesity and BMI Mini Proposal

The obesity problems within Western civilization in today's day have presented many challenges to different aspects of society. Finding causal relationships within this epidemic of obesity is paramount for a well ordered and healthy society. It is important to understand this problems through the younger population as this population provides a unique and key aspect into the problem and provide a manner in providing solutions for the long-term.

Throughout this battle with obesity, researchers have discovered tools that have helped model this problem in new and effective ways. The Body Mass Index (BMI) model has provided health professionals and other interested parties in determining the impact of mass on the health of an individual. This relative scale has been employed in many areas and denotes and important part of the investigation between health and body weight.

Another important variable within this domain of research is…… [Read More]

References

Ho, M.(2012). Effectiveness of Lifestyle Interventions in Child Obesity: Systematic Review. Published online November 19, 2012 PEDIATRICS Vol. 130 No. 6 December 1, 2012 pp. e1647 -e1671 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1176).

Maier, I.B., Stricker, L., Ozel, Y., Wagnerberger, S., Bischoff, S.C., & Bergheim,(2011). A low fructose diet in the treatment of pediatric obesity: A pilot study. Pediatrics International, 53(3), 03-308. doi:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2010.03248.x

Polit, D.F., & Beck, C.T. (2008). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Siegel, R.M., Neidhard, M.S. & Kirk, S. (2011). A comparison of low glycemic index and staged portion-controlled diets in improving BMI of obese children in a pediatric weight management program. Clinical Pediatrics 2011 (50).
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Obesity Insulin Rejection and Obesity

Words: 1569 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98820489



Diabetes is a major global health concern. Besides the commonly understood lifestyle implications, it is important to understand certain populations' propensity or vulnerability to these diseases in order to more effectively combat them. Obesity, which often starts at childhood and can be dictated genetically through triggers, often leads to insulin rejection, which if left unchecked can lead to full-blown diabetes. Once diabetes becomes visible in an individual, the care and maintenance of that person's health becomes much more difficult. If the genetic, environmental, and behavioral warning signs are heeded, these conditions are much less likely to affect the populations who may be most vulnerable. Certain triggers, both genetic and environmental have been identified in mice that suggest every human has an equal lot in understanding their risk factors for these conditions and mitigating these risks as best as possible. If these triggers and environmental factors are caught and reversed early,…… [Read More]

References

Bacquer, Olivier; Emmanuel Petroulakis, Sabina Paglialunga, Francis Poulin, Denis Richard,

Katherine Cianflone, and Nahum Sonenberg. "Elevated sensitivity to diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice lacking 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2." Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 111, No. 2, February, 2007. pp. 387-396.

Lewis a. Barness, Lewis a.; John M. Opitz, and Enid Gilbert-Barness. "Obesity: Genetic, molecular, and environmental aspects." American Journal of Medical Genetics Part a. Vol. 143A, No. 24, December, 2007. pp. 3016 -- 3034.

Jhingan, Ashok. Diet and Diabetes. New Dheli: Concept Publishing, 2005.
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Obesity Proposal There Is a

Words: 4332 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96777051

The key to this program's success is changing the way the citizens approach their daily lives, without changing the traditions and practices that are unique to the community.

Teaching children how to cope with this unique conundrum will be difficult but could be the most successful approach in the long run. If the program is successful in slowing down the rate of obesity found in the younger citizens, then it could have longer lasting effects than the same program instituted with older citizens. One study showed that obese children are much more susceptible to diseases, especially diabetes than adults are with the same body mass index.

The study concluded that, "After stratification age and body mass index (BMI) the risk ratio for diabetes in Anti-HCV+ participants increased when age decreased and body mass index levels increased" (ang, ang, Yao, Chang, Chou, 2007, p. 202). Diabetes is currently a non-curable disease…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bell, a., (2006) the kids are not OK, National Underwriter (Life & Health/Financial Services Edition), Vol. 110, no. 36, p. 41

Callaway, L.K., McIntyre, H.D., O'Callaghan, M., Williams, G.M., Najman, J.M., Lawlor, D.A., (2007) the association of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with weight gain over the subsequent 21 years: Findings from a prospective cohort study, American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 166, Number 4, pp. 421-428

Confessore, N., Farmer, a., (2006) "In Borough Park, the unusual taste of fear." The New York Post, May 10, 2006, pg. B.3

Cooke, R., (2006) When normal is not necessarily good, New Statesman, Vol. 135, Number 9, p. 135
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Obesity - Medical Health Issue

Words: 528 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44293190



These studies point to other factors that contribute to obesity and being overweight among children. For some experts, the association with genetics has grown out of changes in human physical activity. Concerns such as obesity did not matter when people were physically active. However, sedentary lifestyles and more time spent in front of video games and televisions have caused the human body to react differently to high-fat, high-carbohydrate diets.

Additionally, the rise of obesity among disadvantaged households also highlights allied social problems. Many of such households are run by single parents. Others are headed by parents who both work in order to support their families. This leaves them little time to supervise their children's diets and activities. Thus, even if the marketing of fast-food items were regulated, there is no guarantee that children will be able to make nutritional choices.

Children who come from a disadvantaged socio-economic background face additional…… [Read More]