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Water Engineering the Role of

Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51077245



Other areas of water engineering include flood prevention and a multitude of environmental specialties, many of which relate to other areas of water engineering. Finding ways to divert runoff to prevent erosion, for example, has both civil and environmental applications, and involves identical principles in most situations (Kalle 2009). Effective strategies for collecting and draining runoff water in a way that doesn't simply divert the problem can be a lot more complex than it might at first seem, especially in environmental situations, and this is precisely why water engineers remain must have a comprehensive view of many different areas of engineering, including fluid mechanics, a knowledge of different materials for conducting water, effective ways of filtering and/or treating water, etc. The amount of knowledge required to take on any major water engineering project virtually guarantees that the engineer will have the knowledge and skill set for other jobs, too, meaning…… [Read More]

References

BLS. (2009). "Engineers." Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed 17 November 2009.  http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm 

DOT (2003). "Civil Engineering Occupations." Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Accessed 17 November 2009.  http://www.occupationalinfo.org/defset1_880.html 

Kalle, M. (2009). "Water engineer: Job description and activities." Accessed 17 November 2009.  http://www.prospects.ac.uk/p/types_of_job/water_engineer_job_description.jsp 

NACE (2009). "New & Emerging Occupations: Science and Engineering Occupations." National Association of Colleges and Employers. Accessed 17 November 2009. http://www.jobweb.org/studentarticles.aspx?id=1795
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Article Review Transportation Engineering

Words: 1349 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71875641

Longitudinal evaluation of a GIS laboratory in a transportation engineering course," Bham, Cernusca, Luna and Manepalli look at the effectiveness of a geographic information system-based tutorial in the teaching of transportation engineering. The authors studied students who were given this form of tutorial in conjunction with other learning techniques. They found that the students who received this tutorial performed better than those who did not. The paper serves to build the body of evidence with respect to GIS as a teaching technique for this subject. The authors sought to show that this technique is effective, and they accomplished that. The study was significantly rigorous to make a reasonable contribution to this field of study.

The article initially introduces the problem. They noted that "previous studies reveal that ... entry-level engineers lack significant exposure to transportation engineering methodologies" despite having hourly requirements for study in transportation-related courses in civil engineering programs…… [Read More]

References

Bham, G., Cernusca, D., Luna, R. & Manepalli, U. (2011). Longitudinal evaluation of a GIS laboratory in a transportation engineering course. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education & Practice. October 2011, 258-266.
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Elites in Engineering in the

Words: 11890 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 80333793

Enginees should focus on the impovement of the pefomance of the economy. This elates to the tansfomation of the theoies of contolling the wold and adopting new famewoks in the opeating in conjunction with the planet. New enginees need to adopt and implement new theoies of focusing on the economic, social, and political concepts in elation to both technical and nontechnical disciplines (Cameon 2010 p.40).

Leades in Bitish Engineeing

Accoding to Lewis (1998, p.88), the technology style of the 19th centuy stetches fom the peak of one long wave to the peak of the next. The concened style would have made its fist appeaance in 1870s and would have held geat influence in the late Victoian peiod. It was maked though the diffusion of cheap bulk steel that emeged in the mid-Victoian peiods, advances in science-based industies such as engineeing and chemicals, spead of electic powe and the adoption of…… [Read More]

references of the current population without compromising the needs of the future population. This relates to the achievement of sustainable development thus improving living conditions of the citizens. Global warming is a problem affecting growth and development of the economy. This is through increasing the sea water level because of the high temperatures thus melting of ice caps. In order to minimize the effects of global warming, it is ideal to focus on the transformation of the engineering systems in the United Kingdom (Nuvolari et al. 2009 p.700).

Possible predictions about the future of British engineering

In order to address challenges affecting the current and future populations, it is essential to train engineers with the ability to make intelligent decisions in relation to maximum protection and quality life on the planet than endangering forms of life. Engineers will have to make decisions with reference to professional environment in relation to interactions between technical and nontechnical disciplines. The modern system should focus on the preparation of the engineers to become valuable facilitators of sustainable development and implementers of appropriate technology. This aims at addressing social and economic challenges facing the current engineers because of the modern systems and mindset of engineers in the context of the United Kingdom. This is essential in becoming an effective and efficient body of engineers with the aim of providing leadership to the world engineering body (Burgess 1972 p.10).

Future development in relation to the engineering systems and subsystems in the United Kingdom should focus on adequate implementation of technology in addressing essential needs of the future population. Technological developments should also focus on the improvement of conditions such as sufficient water, protection of the environment, and adequate infrastructure. This is vital in the achievement of the millennium development goals and objectives as outlined by the United Nations under the influence of its General Assembly. Future engineering should focus in the achievement of sustainable development thus addressing current and future needs of the world's population. It is vital to note future engineering should integrate numerous aspects in addressing social, economic, and political effects on the planet.

Reference List
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Education in Engineering Is a

Words: 556 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63214019

Departmental managers should play a role in determining the specific areas of special competence required of engineers reporting to them and they should contribute to the in-house development of testing tools used to ensure competence in those areas.

Monitoring their professional status is also an ethical responsibility of every firm employing professional engineers (Harris, Pritchard, & abins, 2008). At a minimum, that means maintaining accurate records of certification status and dates; but it also means that the organization must apply the same level of concern to ensure that all in-house standards and testing requirements are met, beyond those formally required by law. In practice, every supervisor and department head must play an active role in that regard by singing off on individual employee compliance with periodic testing requirements.

More specifically, those elements of testing should be linked directly to performance by specifying different testing modules to correspond to every specialty…… [Read More]

Reference

Harris, C.E., Pritchard, M.S., and Rabins, M.J. (2008). Engineering Ethics: Concepts

and Cases. Cengage Publishing.
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ethics in engineering and public'safety

Words: 1928 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69457625

.....men and women behind everything from public infrastructure to consumer product design, engineers have a distinct ethical obligation to uphold standards of safety. However, there is more to engineering ethics than the assurance that safety standards are met or exceeded. Engineers also need to ascribe to a policy resonant with corporate social responsibility: working in accordance with global values like environmental conservation and sustainability. Another key component of engineering ethics is related to the globalized nature of the work that engineers do: engineers frequently find themselves working in countries and cultures that are different from their own. The occasional conflicts that arise between local and home values may present unique ethnical conundrums that engineers can overcome with critical thinking and cultural awareness.

Safety

Safety is the most apparent of all ethical obligations place upon engineers throughout their careers. The first provision of the American Society of Civil Engineers, as with…… [Read More]

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Hydrogen Fuel Cells in Green Engineering

Words: 1353 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41407566

Fuel Cells in Green Engineering

The energy tomorrow is beginning to be available today. Fuel cells, which just a very few years ago were a pipe dream, are becoming g a reality, and they are used in areas ranging from space exploration to toy motivation (Joy). The promise of the fuel cell can be seen in the fact that they use the most abundant source of energy on the planet, Hydrogen atoms (Birch). They are also being seen as the energy savior because they emit a common, non-toxic waste which can also be utilized as a saving grace around the globe, water (Joy; Patturaja). A fuel that uses the most abundant element on the planet and emits clean, pure water does seem like science fiction, but there are already being used with it as a motive force.

The space shuttle has always been powered by hydrogen fuel cells (Joy). Although…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Birch, Amanda Sue. "Microbial Fuel Cells: Converting Waste to Water and Watts." Engineering and Technology for a Sustainable World. (2010). Print.

Fields, Scott. "Making the Best of Biomass: Hydrogen for Fuel Cells." Environmental Health Perspectives. (2003). Print.

Joy, Linda E. "A Basic Overview of Fuel Cell Technology." Automotive Community. (2007). Web.

Khan, Abdul Majeed. "Electricity Generation by Microbial Fuel Cells." Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. (2009). Web.
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Control of Rr During Civil

Words: 5091 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3751971

(Steamboats, incidentally, did even better.)

Due to the heavy emphasis on steam transportation, especially by rail the government was better equipped to man and supply vast areas of the nation in combat. The train also traveled at a far greater speed than other more traditional forms of transport, as much as 5 times faster than the mule-drawn wagons of the day. Therefore fewer vehicles were needed and supplies and people arrived in far better condition than they had in the past.

Troops traveling by train rather than on foot experienced less fatigue and fewer instances of straggling and desertion, even though the freight cars used for most troop movements were anything but comfortable. Supplies hauled by rail were more likely to reach the troops in useable condition, owing both to the speed of delivery and to the shelter afforded by enclosed railroad cars.

There are countless examples of the alterations…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Basler, Roy P., ed. Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing, 1946.

Black, Robert C. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Fite, Emerson David. Social and Industrial Conditions in the North during the Civil War. Williamstown, MA: Corner House, 1976.

Gable, Dr. Christopher R. "Railroad Generalship: Foundations of Civil War Strategy " at http://cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil/carl/resources/csi/gabel4/gabel4.asp
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Political Social and Civil Rights as They

Words: 1218 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78895698

political, social, and civil rights as they are, the notion of possible futures haunts nearly everyone. Potential political realities in the present and not-so-distant future are examined in Margaret Atwood's Handmaid's Tale and Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time. These novels have become modern classics precisely because of their poignant relevance to real-world social and political affairs. Although both Atwood's and Piercy's novels are at least in part set in future times, both tales are devoid of any significant characteristics that distinguish them from the present day reality. Thus, both The Handmaid's Tale and Woman on the Edge of Time eerily depict life in modern-day America even as they bridge gaps in time. In particular, issues related to gender and to political power are salient in both books. Through the core elements of their narratives, The Handmaid's Tale and Woman on the Edge of Time reveal that male-dominated…… [Read More]

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Failure of Cable Stayed Bridge

Words: 3394 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 96081055

Failure of Cable Stayed Bridge

Factors Leading to Failure of Cable Stayed Bridges

When there is failure experienced in a single structural element, there is high probability that the failure could lead to future failures of bigger intensity, including the collapse of huge structures. This preventable failures and collapse of structures have been analyzed and studied for many years, but unfortunately the research earlier done focuses more on buildings and assumes the engineering of bridges. The attention is even lower when it comes to the cable stayed bridges, regardless of the engineering guidelines required for this type of bridge. The guidelines indicate that the loss of a single cable, is not supposed to lead to entire collapse of the whole structure, but are usually assumed in many occasions. This paper therefore is intended to analyze the effects of cable loss on the cable-stayed bridge, with inclusion of the critical viewing…… [Read More]

References

Ang, A.H., 2011. Life-cycle Consideration in Risk-informed Decisions for design of Civil Infrastructures. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Life-Cycle Design and Performance, 7 (1/2), p. 4.

Caetano, E.D., 2007. Cable Vibration in Cable Stayed Bridges. Switzerland: IABSE Publishers.

Emmerich, W. & Tai, S., 2001. Engineering Distributed Objects: Second International Workshop: Revised papers Vol. 2. South Africa: Springer.

Federal Highway Administration, 2011. Framework for Improving Resilience of Bridge Design. U.S. Transportation Department, FHWA-IF-11-016, p. 3.
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Steel Girder Concrete Slab Bridge Repair

Words: 2088 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63506803

This product may provide "long-term electrochemical protection" against the deterioration of the steel rebar in the concrete, the article states. When this "pressure-sensitive" zinc-hydrogel solution is applied an "iconic current" is conducted. Wires run through the rebar grid once the concrete is covered thoroughly with the adhesive gel. The bottom line here is the zinc slowly corrodes rather than the rebar. Ironically, the 3M companies developed this zinc hydrogel anode in Minneapolis in the year 2,000 -- seven years before I-35 crashed into a river in Minneapolis.

A study conducted by Korean civil engineers Hyo-Gyoung Kwak and Young-Jae Seo puts forward, in short, another methodology in terms of predicting the life expectancy of a concrete bridge. The authors suggest the behaviors of "pre-stressed concrete" (PCS) girders can be predicted fairly accurately. This is because the PCS girders are constructed by placing in-situ concrete decks on the girders "at time intervals."…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Advanced Materials & Processes. Zinc hydrogel anode protects against rebar corrosion. 158(6)

2000): 15.

Advanced Materials & Processes. (2007) Xion Corp. Develop Coating Technology for Bridge

Repairs. 165(11), 101.
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New Pile Design

Words: 5135 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 2234893

Piles

The literature review for this particular study is conducted in order to ascertain what, if any, problems, solutions and circumstances are present with the manner in which current piles are developed, used and maintained. The literature should provide the researcher with data on the different aspects of current pile technology, as well as information on any new ideas or concepts that might be currently in the works regarding piles and pile technology.

Piles are considered a method for supporting structures in areas where loads are not normally supported. A good example of a pile would be a support structure that transfers load capacity from an inadequate area of support, to an area of adequate support such as in shallow waters or in areas where the soil might not be conducive to providing a good bearing support capacity. A recent report may have put it best when it espoused "the…… [Read More]

References

Boushehrian, A.H.; Hataf, N.; Ghahramani, A.; (2009) Numerical study of cyclic behavior of shallow foundations on sand reinforced with Geogrid and Grid-Anchor, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 58, pp. 607-610

Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, (2011) Pile, p. 1

Horvath, J.S.; (2010) New structural model for multicomponent pile cross sections under axial load, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 136, Issue 6, pp. 875-879

Hussein, M.H. & Likins, G.E.; (1993) Driving long precast concrete piles, 14th International Congress of the Precast Concrete Industry, Washington, D.C., 10 -- 15th September 1993, accessed on November 28, 2012 at: http://www.pile.com/reference/14thInternationalCongressOfThePrecastConcreteIndustry/DrivingLongPrecastConcretePiles.pdf
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Technology Controlling Water Infrastructure Much Contemporary Research

Words: 1837 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24157338

Technology

Controlling water infrastructure

Much contemporary research and literature over the need for water include recognition of ethical issues for example water like a public good assert Gleick (2004) and Tipping et al. (2005). Hence, overall scope of management should be extended to incorporate the social size of water systems; which means all stakeholders have to be informed and incorporated in making decisions for the development and use of long-term sustainability water systems. Exterior systems or water stresses could possibly be the primary change motivators for controlling water systems. Global warming might be one particular example heavily affecting water systems because of elevated frequency of extreme weather for example flooding, storms and droughts (Clemitt, 2007). Around Australia, droughts and water stress within the primary metropolitan areas forced the adoption of an entire new selection of methods to controlling water. Water sector is facing institutional changes that need modernization as well…… [Read More]

References

Ashley, R. And Cashman, A. (2006). The impacts of change on the long-term future demand for water sector infrastructure. Infrastructure to 2030, Chapter 5 OECD, pp. 241 -- 349.

Clemitt, M. (2007). Ageing infrastructure: is neglected maintenance putting Americans in danger? Congressional Quarterly Researcher, 17 (34), pp. 793 -- 816.

Copeland C, Tiemann M. (2008). Water infrastructure needs and investment: review and analysis of key issues. Congregational research service report, RL31116.

Doshi, V., Schulman, G. And Gabaldon, D. (2007). Lights! water! motion! Booz Allen Hamilton.
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Preventing Mitigating Impacts of Sea Level Increase

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70498204

Case Study: Climate Change and Dealing with Sea Level Increase

Rising sea levels have emerged as one of the major concerns in today’s world because of the increased devastating impacts of climate change or global warming. While increase in sea levels is expected to affect the whole world, some regions will be affected more than others. One of the regions that will be significantly affected by sea level increase in China based on a recent report from Climate Central. China is among one of the major Asian countries that has experienced tremendous economic growth over the past few years. The country is characterized by faster-growing coastal megacities and a population of more than 145 million people. Actually, these coastal cities account for approximately 70% of China’s big cities and 41% of her population (Chen, p.925). These coastal areas play a critical role in the country’s GDP and national industrial output…… [Read More]

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Ruddiman's Account of Ancient Human

Words: 2518 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 69627461

Humanity might not have the same effective power over the environment when fossil fuels run out. While this assumption is certainly believable, humans will not doubt reach a point where the greenhouse gas absorbing plants and bodies will no longer be able to keep up with human activity. This will further exacerbate the problem of human-caused global climate change. On the other hand, if humans are able to develop non-fossil fuel alternatives that do not have a negative effect on the environment on a global scale, the warming trend might very well be reversed in a generation or two. Either way, Ruddiman's arguments will likely be proven to be wrong or right, on a long enough timeframe.

ection IV: Opposing Points-of-View

Anthropologists, specifically, disagree with Ruddiman. ince the author himself is not an anthropology professor and admittedly has very little experience in this field, it would only seem natural that…… [Read More]

Sources

Allen, Robert, Scott Seaman and John DeLascio. "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76 (2009): 12-9. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. .

Bast, Joseph. "Eight Reasons Why 'Global Warming' is a Scam." The Heartland Institute. The Heartlander, Feb. 2003: n.pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2010.

Bert, Ray. Rev. Of Plows, Plagues, & Petroleum: How Humans Took Control of Climate, by William F. Ruddiman. Civil Engineering 78 (2008): 73.

Morgan, Sally. Global Warming. New York: Heinemann, 2009. Print.
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Role of Engineers the Progress

Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53129835

Environmental engineering is basically the performance of using science with the purpose of caring for the environment.

Environmental Engineers assist recycling processes by devising and implementing theories that are a result of systematic assessment. Society constantly consumes resources and produces waste, with little consideration in regard to the effects these actions have on the environment. This is where environmental engineers interfere and generate techniques by means of which particular waste can be recycled and the damage done to the environment can be minimized.

Being an environmental engineer means that one would have to study everything related to pollution and the degree to which the environment is affected by certain activities humans perform. People working in the domain are accustomed to experimenting on a daily basis, so as to find the best methods of reducing and even ending environmental damage. hile the public continues to be indifferent to the damage it…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. Cortese, Anthony D. "The Role of Engineers in Creating an Environmentally Sustainable Future." (Second Nature, 1998).  http://www.secondnature.org/history/writings/speeches/role_engineers.htm  (accessed July 28, 2010).

2. Degalan, Julie and Middlekauff, Bryon Middlekauff, Great Jobs for Environmental Studies Majors (Chicago: VGM Career Books, 2002).

3. Petulla, Joseph M. Environmental Protection in the United States: Industry, Agencies, Environmentalists (San Francisco: San Francisco Study Center, 1987).

Cortese, Anthony D. "The Role of Engineers in Creating an Environmentally Sustainable Future." (Second Nature, 1998).
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Flood Assessment in the Nerang

Words: 9418 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 51158747

The Gold Coast area has a reputation as a flood prone area, even without considering the effects of global climate change.

The Gold Coast area comprises seven major catchment areas including the Tallebudgera, Currumbin, Nerang iver, Coomera iver, Pimpama iver, South Moreton Bay, Sandy Creek and Broadwater area (Mirfenderesk, 2009). The Nerang iver catchment is adjacent to the Tallebudgers catchment to the South. It is bordered by the Broadwater and Coomera iver area to the North. The Nerang iver catchment is adjacent to the Pacific beach area as well (Mirfenderesk, 2009).

Catchment areas have different levels of tolerance before the concentration of water to sediment reaches saturation levels, creating the likelihood of flooding in the area. The Tallbudgers, Currubin, and Broadwater area have time concentrations of approximately 3 hours, creating conditions favorable to short duration local flooding (Mirfenderesk, 2009). The Nerang iver and Coomera catchments have time of concentrations from…… [Read More]

References

Abbs, D. (n.d.). The Effect of Climate Change on the Intensity of Extreme Rainfall Events.

CSIRO Atmospheric Research. White Paper.

Boesch, D., Field, J., & Scavia, D. et al. (2001). The Potential Consequences of Climate

Variabiltiy and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources. NOAA's Coastal Ocean
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Attaining an MBA Will Allow

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 57374660

In other words, I hope that the curriculum will help me to better develop myself as a business man, and to make me more marketable.

Of course, I have repeatedly found myself in positions of leadership throughout my career and personal life. I am comfortable in these positions, and those around me are often willing to place their trust in my decision making capabilities. Regardless of the mode by which power is bestowed, leadership, in all situations tends to follow distinctive patterns: it occurs as an event, it involves the relationship between the leaders and followers, it reaches beyond formal authority, it develops in times of need, it requires individual perception, and it requires application of that perception. Leadership is a complex phenomenon and can be difficult to understand, especially from the standpoint of those involved. I have taken the lead in my brief career always in this informal manner,…… [Read More]

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Imhotep Overview Biography -- in Many Academic Circles

Words: 1970 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65202538

Imhotep

Overview/Biography -- In many academic circles, the man Imhotep (He who comes in peace) exemplifies the rich tradition of Ancient Egypt. He was an Egyptian royal, but not a ruler, who served under the Third Dynasty King Djoser as his Chancellor and then High Priest to the sun god Ra in the city of Heliopolis. His accomplishments were quite numerous; many consider him to be the first recorded expert planner in architecture, engineering, and physicians (Osler).

hat is particularly interesting about Imhotep is that he was one of the very few mortals to be honored by being depicted as part of a pharaoh's statue. This was extremely rare in Egyptian history, and shows the tremendous importance Imhotep had to the political and cultural hegemony of the time period. He was also given divine status after his death, with the center of the Imhotep cult centered around the city of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Davidovits, J. They Built the Pyramids. Sant-Quentin, France: Institute Geopolymere, 2008. Print.

Dunn, J. "Imhotep, Doctor, Architect, High Priest, Scribe and Vizier to King Djoser." 24 October 2011. Touregypt.net. Web. December 2011. .

"Imhotep." January 2011. NNDB. Web. December 2011. .

Kemp, B. Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print.
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XYZ Construction Building Towards the Future Colorado-Based

Words: 446 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17812261

XYZ Construction

Building Towards The Future

Colorado-based XYZ Construction has built some of the more prominent structures in the state. Anyone who flies into the state through Denver will touch down on tarmac constructed by the company. Those who drive over the North Canyon bridge -- which spans a half kilometer and makes traffic from Denver to Phoenix possible -- will pass over infrastructure created by XYZ.

For those who know, XYZ is the go-to company for civil projects in the state, and increasingly in the United States at large. Over the past 20 years, XYZ has expanded across the U.S., opening field offices across the country. Recently completing the MacArthur bridge in St. Louis and the most famously, the Chicago Underground express, XYZ is fast becoming the crown of U.S. civil engineering.

Even more recently, XYZ has looked into providing its service to clients both abroad and in the…… [Read More]

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Behavior of Concrete in Rivers and Marine

Words: 3632 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 93146250

Behavior of Concrete in ivers and Marine Areas

The marine atmosphere and also the river atmosphere are infamously harsh on man-made structures; furthermore, the materials employed for construction are seriously examined through these elements and how they would impact each other. Strengthened concrete is among the materials frequently employed for near shoreline, as well as off the shore, structures. These structures, whether submerged in or suspended within the marine or river area are susceptible to high amounts of chlorides, sulphates and magnesium -- all of which are hazardous to the surrounding environment. Furthermore, they are also exposed to high velocity of waves, the potentially harmful results of that are well recorded. This paper will indicate whether another method of strengthened concrete design, inside the limits from the codes, for marine as well as river structures may be more beneficial in the perspectives of engineering, construction, sturdiness and financial aspects. This…… [Read More]

References

Castro P., Rincon O.T. de and Pazini E.J., (2001), Interpretation of chloride profiles from concrete exposed to tropical marine environments, Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 529 -- 537. Taken from: Overbeek, J and Van Der Horst. (2006). Revaluation of Concrete Design in Marine Engineering. Delta Marine Consultants.

Choong K.Y. (2003), Durability performance of fifties years old concrete jetties in tropical marine environment, International Conference on Port and Maritime R&D and Technology, 97 -- 103, Singapore. Taken from: Overbeek, J and Van Der Horst. (2006). Revaluation of Concrete Design in Marine Engineering. Delta Marine Consultants

Costa A. And Appleton J. (2002), Case studies of concrete deterioration in marine environment in Portugal, Cement & Concrete Composites, 24, 169 -- 179.

Dehwah, H.A.F., Maslehuddin, M., and Austin, S.A. (2002). Effect of Cement Alkalinity on Pore Solution Chemistry and Chloride-Induced Reinforcement Corrosion, ACI Materials Journal, V.99, No.3, pp. 227-233. Taken from: Islam, M., Islam, S., Mondal, B.C. And Islam, M.R. (2010). Strength behavior of concrete using slag with cement in sea water environment. Journal of Civil Engineering (IEB), 38 (2): 129-140.
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History of Construction Technology of

Words: 9139 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54599726

Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer).

A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw).

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.

Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.

Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .

Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
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Concrete History of Concrete the

Words: 3333 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9554215

In homes and buildings, the thermal mass of concrete plays a big role in energy efficiency. The high thermal mass of concrete offers this benefit: it stores and releases the energy required for heating or cooling and hence, reduces "temperature swings in homes and buildings."

Interestingly, concrete also helps big rig trucks and "over-the-road trucks" use less fuel; that is because concrete's rigid pavement design is better than asphalt pavement in terms of fuel consumption. And concrete pavement is "light-reflective" and so it requires "less energy than other materials to illuminate." The Cement Americas narrative goes on to report that members of the Portland Cement Association have voted to adopt a goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions "per ton of product by 10% (from 1990 levels) by the year 2020."

The Portland Cement Association (PCA), meantime, has its own informational eb site (www.cement.org) and the PCA claims that concrete is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aaronson, Lauren. "Safer, Tastier Construction." Popular Science 271.5 (2007).

Brown, Jeff L. "Bridges: Construction Begins on Record-Breaking West Virginia Span." Civil

Engineering News. American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2007, at http://www.pubs.asce.org.

Cardno, Catherine a. "Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Withstands Strong Earthquakes."
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The Complexity of Central Park

Words: 3771 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71619164

telling the story of what has come to be known as Central Park in New York City. Indeed, very few parks in the world are as iconic and story-filled as that park. The words in this report will not just be a recitation of the history of the park. There will also be stories told about the people that planned, envisioned and constructed the site. There will also be some focus on those that have used the park for whatever notable purpose. This report will very much be an encapsulation of the people that brought Central Park to life and have kept it at the glorious standards that it still meets today. The author of this report will make use of historical and scholarly sources to make the important points to be made. While there are certainly architectural and landscaping marvels, both in the United States and around the world,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brown, Jeff L. 2013. "The Bridges of Central Park." Civil Engineering (08857024) 83, no. 2: 38-

41. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed November 4, 2015).

Brown, Jeff L. 2013. "The Making of Central Park." Civil Engineering (08857024) 83, no. 1: 40-

43. Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed November 4, 2015).
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Santiago Calatrava Biography Style of Work and Style Used on One Bridge

Words: 1224 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48109872

Santiago Calatrava's name is synonymous with modern architectural design. This Spaniard architect single-handedly revolutionized our concept of modern, chic, futuristic yet functional architecture by giving putting some of the most unforgettable structures on global landscape. Calatrava had once aspired to become a sculptor and was keenly interested in arts but an early encounter with the work of Ludwig Mies van der ohe forced him to change directions. But art was never completely given up. Calatrava found an interesting way of merging art and architecture for his structures are always categorized as true pieces of genuine art.

With twelve honorary degrees and countless awards, Calatrava is the most sought-after architect around the world and he has bagged all these prestigious credentials at relatively young age of 53. There are far too many buildings and memorable structures around the world that serve as constant reminders of Calatrava's unique style of work and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

1) Velazquez, Gabriela. Santiago Calatrava: a redefinition of 21st century urbanity. (Business Executive)(Biography) Latino Leaders; 10/1/2004;

2) Usher, Rod. The Fine Art of Science: What looks like a forest of petrified trees or a dinosaur spine caught in an ice floe? The work of Santiago Calatrava, Time International; 1/1/2001;

3) Lacayo, Richard. Structures That Take Flight. Time; 3/8/2004;

4) Paula Deitz. Calatrava's Creativity. The Architectural Review. Volume: 209. Issue: 1248. February 2001.
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Structural Performance of Lightweight Concrete

Words: 3427 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12938055

Lightweight concrete maintains its large voids and not forming laitance layers or cement films when placed on the wall" (p. 1). As noted at the start of the report, "The Pantheon" in Rome, built more than 18 centuries ago depicts an explemaenary example of the durability of lightweight concrete.

In contemporary construction projects, sructural lightweight concrete proves to be in high because of its lower density. The use of smaller load bearing elements or cross sections results in the builder or designer being abile to construct a smaller foundation. In the journal article, "The effect of high temperature on compressive strength and splitting tensile strength of structural lightweight concrete containing fly ash," Harun Tanyildizi and Ahmet Coskun (2008), both with the Department of construction education, Firat University Elazig, Turkey, identify a number of advantages to using structural lightweight concrete . These include the project possessing increased strength and more flexibility,…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Arisoy, B. And Wu, H.C. (2008). Material characteristics of high performance lightweight concrete reinforced with PVA. Construction and Building Materials. Reed Business Information, Inc. (U.S.). Available from: [Accessed 03 May 2010].

Concrete in practice, what, why and how? (2003). National Ready Mix Concrete Association.

D'Annunzio, J.A. (2007). New Lightweight Concrete Technology. Roofing Contractor.

Hossain, M.A. & Lachemi, M. (2007). Mixture Design, Strength, Durability, and Fire Resistance of Lightweight Pumice Concrete. ACI Materials Journal. American Concrete Institute. Available from: [Accessed 03 May 2010].
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History of Construction Technology of

Words: 4755 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 70233119

One exception to this is Pausanias, a Greek writer. He recorded the quarrying done in Greece but he lived in the second century a.D. For other details, the information related to their architecture is limited to the writings of Vitruvius, an architect in ome, also a military engineer and a writer who lived during the rule of Augustus (Masrgary, 1957; Derry and Williams, 1961).

The Greek construction inherits its glory from the timber-framed European houses that revolved around three chambers and hearths and not from the buildings in the Near East or even the Mycenean tombs. The temples that appeared earlier in Greece were built of mud bricks with a timber roof that was thatched to facilitate a wider construction, the transverse beams were held by a row of posts that were kept in the middle and the posts were also kept in the mud brick walls for the same…… [Read More]

References

Derry, T.K. And Williams, T.I. A Short History of Technology from the Earliest Times to a.D. 1900. Oxford University Press. New York. 1961. Chapter 5.

Sttraub H. A History of Civil Engineering. (Eng. trans. By E. Rockwell). Hill, London, 1952.

Edwards I.E.S the Pyramids of Egypt. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1950.

Toy, S. A History of Fortification from 3000 B.C. To a.D. 1700. Heinemann, London, 1955.
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Su Luo & Yun 2010

Words: 3491 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 3308320

This therefore renders the bifurcation point instability null and void for the cable strayed as well as suspension bridges (en,1999). Cheng, Jiang, Xiao and Xiang (2001) pointed out that in theory, the analysis of the aerostatic stability of such kinds of bridges should be regarded as a limit point instability challenge. In their paper, which is based on the limit point instability concept; Cheng, Jiang, Xiao and Xiang (2001) presented a nonlinear finite element method (NFEM) in order to evaluate in a more direct manner, the critical velocity of the wind for all cases of suspension bridges suffering from aerostatic instability. In these bridges, the three main components of the wind loads together with the geometric nonlinearity are taken into consideration. This required the employment of a specialized computer program called NASAB which had its basis on the nonlinear technique was tested for numerical examples. Jiang Yin suspension bridge's aerostatic…… [Read More]

References

Booyapinyo, V, Yamada, H, Miyat, a T. 1994, Wind-induced nonlinear lateral-torsional buckling of cable-stayed bridges, J Struct Div, ASCE; 120(2):486 -- 506.

Cheng, J., Jiang, JJ. Xiao, RC., Xiang, HF., 2002. Nonlinear aerostatic stability analysis of Jiang

Yin suspension bridge. Engineering Structures, 24(6):773-781. [doi:10.1016/S0141-

0296(02)00006-8] Xiang, HF., Chen, AR.
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Flatiron Corporation Began in 1947

Words: 2023 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6516299



The Flatiron Construction Corp. competes with only a small number of national companies in their specialized construction environment, and with expansion as well as a strong project base and diversification they stand to continue to progressively increase in sales figures and booking numbers during the expansion of national need for infrastructural building. This is especially true with the expansion of its subsidiary into marine building and tunnel building work as more and more regional locals look to tried and true companies to build mass transit projects and rebuild existing large infrastructural automobile routes. Most companies that build large civil projects are specialized in o ne or another area, focusing mainly on road building and/or bridge reconstruction. Flatiron is one of the few companies that diversify to meet many more large civil engineering projects, and it is also one of the only national companies to do so as most such companies…… [Read More]

Works Cited

DMOZ Open Directory Project Civil and Roadworks Page, at:  http://dmoz.org/Business/Construction_and_Maintenance/Commercial_Contractors/Civil_and_Roadworks/ 

ENR 400 Website at:  http://enr.construction.com/people/topLists/topContractor/topCont_51-100.asp 

"Flatiron Corporation" Hoovers Financial Information Website at: www.hoovers.com

Flatiron Construction Corporation Website at: www.flatironcorp.com
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History and Development of Master Builder and Design Build Tradition of Western Civilization

Words: 6891 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 11303212

Architecture through the Ages

Mesopotamia

Construction in ancient times is second only to agriculture-it reaches back as far as the Stone Age and possibly further (Jackson 4). Before the existence of master builders in design and construction the Code of Hammurabi (1795-1750 B.C.) referred to design and construction as a simple process (Beard, Loulakis and undrum (13). Hammurabi was the ruler of Babylon, the world's first metropolis and he codified his code of laws (Beard 13). This is the earliest example of a ruler introducing his laws publicly. The code regulated the organization of society including the extreme punishments for violating the law. The builder's work is addressed in the code, however faulty design and improper construction were viewed as one (13). Six specific laws address the builder. These laws are;

228. If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Albert the Great." The Masonic Trowel. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .

"Architecture and the Medieval Builder." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .

"Basilica of Santa Maria Novella." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. .

Beard, Jeffrey, Michael Loulakis, and Edward Wundrum. Design-Build:planning through Development. McGraw-Hill, 2001. Print.
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Project Management Technique

Words: 3561 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54264015

Project Management

Project Information, History, Intent, and Life Cycle

Gray and Larson, (2008) define project as "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result." (p 5). Essential feature of a project is that it has a defined beginning and end often subject to time or fund constraint to achieve stakeholder's goals and objectives. Gray and Larson (2008) differentiate between project and program. "A program is a group of related projects designed to accomplish a common goal over an extended period of time." (Gray and Larson, 2008 p 6). Major goal of any project is to satisfy customers' objectives, and features of a project are they:

have established objectives.

Have a life span definitely a start and the end.

Usually involve several professionals and departments.

Have specific costs, time and performance requirements.

However, a project is different from program where workers are performing repetitive operations daily within…… [Read More]

Reference

Larson, E.W. & Gray, C.F. (2011). Project Management - The managerial process (5th Edition), New York, The McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Martin, P., and Tate, K. (2004). Getting Started in Project Management (New York:

Wiley,)

Programme Management Office (2012).Project Charter & Scope Statement. Institute of Technology. Dublin.
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Message From the Founder As

Words: 2530 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Corporate Writing Paper #: 27486200

We are also able to provide facilities for accommodation, transportation, and interim lodging. We are your Human Resource solution for each of these issues, and any others.

Contract Employment (Engineering, IT, Construction, Hospitality, and Logistics)

The 21st century has brought a number of innovations to the Asian-Oceanic region. Many of these innovations focus on engineering and workers who can handle more complex techniques, machinery, and processes; IT and software; transportation and logistics; and hospitality. We provide highly-qualified, competent manpower and engineering professionals to fulfill the high demand of organizations that specialize in a number of construction and production segments. We have six recruitment divisions to specifically handle manpower needs in the following areas:

MANUFACTURING DIVISION:

MECHANICAL (Metal Stamping, Metal Fabrication, Precision, Plastic Injection)

Engineering expertise: Process, Tooling, Design Mechanical; CNC Machinists and Technicians.

ELECTRICAL (Electronics, Semiconductor, PCBA, etc.)

Engineering expertise: M&E, Instrument, R&D, Telecommunications, Testing, QA & QC

OIL &…… [Read More]

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Evolution of the U S Army

Words: 1583 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51576810

S. Congress and president over the past 50 years to justify inordinately high levels of funding for projects that were not needed or where the money would have been better spent, particularly in terms of flood control along the Mississippi River and in the state of Louisiana where the impact of Hurricane Katrina highlighted their misguided efforts in recent years.

Conclusion

The research showed that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a long and proud history of contributions to the country and members of the Corps have served in peacetime and combat roles since the Revolutionary ar and every war since. The Corps' original mission has expanded, though, but remains focused on managing the nation's waterways and risk management activities. The research also showed that the Corps contributed to America's victory in orld ar II in many ways, but the service has been the target of an increasing amount…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"About Us." 2009. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. [Online]. Available: http://www.usace.

army.mil/about/Pages/Home.aspx.

Brown, Jerold E. Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Army. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001.

Coll, Blanche D., Jean E. Keith and Herbert H. Rosenthal. The Corps of Engineers: Troops and Equipment. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1958.
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Personal Statement My Country of

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Admission Essay Paper #: 14745766

(Quite recently, she recently passed away, and the loss has been devastating to me and my family. To give tribute to her memory, I continue to press on in my work, and hope that my eventual degree will be a lasting credit to her memory).

The method of teaching in America was very different than what I had experienced in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, students listen and take notes, and accept what the teacher says as the gospel truth. In America, students are encouraged to argue and debate with the professor, and if they do not they are regarded as less engaged with the material. In my eyes, the attitudes of my American colleagues seemed startling and challenging.

A far higher level of personal independence was expected in America than in Bangladesh. Students were encouraged to select their classes with relatively little assistance. Because of the large nature of UTA, there…… [Read More]

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History of Construction Technology Time

Words: 6960 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 51255638

It consists a series of successively smaller platforms which lifted to a height of about 64 feet, and was constructed with a solid core of mud-brick covered by a thick skin of burnt-brick to guard it from the forces of nature (Burney). The Ziggurat's corners are oriented to the compass points, with walls sloping slightly inwards (Molleson and Hodgson) .

The Ziggurat of Ur was a component of a temple building complex that serviced the urban center as an administrative hub. Additionally, in terms of spirituality, it was believed to be the site on earth that the moon god Nanna (the patron deity of Ur) had selected to inhabit. Nanna was shown as a wise and unfathomable old man, complete with a flowing beard and four horns in number. A single shrine crowned the summit of the ziggurat (Faiella). This was purportedly the bedchamber of the god, and was occupied…… [Read More]

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Project Management History of Project

Words: 3534 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11510708

The study of physics, optics and biology of the eye contributed to the development of the quadrant and sextant. The Islamic world also created the concept of a library.

The Crusades of the eleventh century brought the learning of the Islamic world to Europe unfortunately this information was acquired by the act of war. The Crusades also increased the flow of trade, bringing new spices, gemstones and foods to Europe. The Crusades marked the beginning of religion as the basis for society. The Pope and the Catholic Church emerged as the leaders of society and religion as the unifying morality.

Rather than a change in politics, a mini-renaissance occurred during Romanesque period. The study of art, science and culture brought about a change in architectural styling and building materials; increased use of rounded arches and barrel vaults emerged at the same time as the use of metal, enamel, ivory, bronze,…… [Read More]

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History of Project Management at

Words: 6401 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38615055

Houses permitted the people to move from a nomadic existence to a settled and more organized way of life. The majority of the houses were square with other rooms built on. The palaces of the early Sumerian culture were the political, economic and religious focal points of the city; large-scale, lavishly decorated, and consisted of rooms used to house craftsmen and such. Archaeological finds have also revealed them to be temples and burial chambers for the elite, as well as library complexes, armories, and entertainment halls decorated with pictorial and mythological figures.

It was during the time of the Sumerian civilisation transitioning from nomadic hunting to agriculture, that many changes occurred as the population grew and more force was exerted on the local food supply. This necessitated more organization and administration that led to non-tribal leadership with its own political, economic and religious arrangement. Mesopotamia's expansion led to a wide…… [Read More]

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Management Annotated Bibliography Anyim F C 2012 The

Words: 1782 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 68695888

Management: Annotated Bibliography

Anyim, F.C. (2012). The Imperative of Integrating Corporate Business Plan with Manpower Planning. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(8).

This article talks about how traditionally, manpower planning as human resource activity is something that is utilized by institutions to make sure that they have the proper number and the accurate types of individuals that are performing jobs at the right places and during the right time all in a proposal to achieve business purposes. The article also explains how Business plan looks to recognize the many issues critical to the achievement of the association. The article likewise emphases on how the organization can be better positioned and equipped to contend effectually in the marketplace, while manpower planning, and contribute to the industry by providing the means (individuals) to complete the results from the planning procedure. This essay is beneficial gives theoretical explanations and inspects the authoritative…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anyim, F.C. (2012). The Imperative of Integrating Corporate Business Plan with Manpower Planning. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(8).

Bewayo, E. (2005). Business Plans: Why Do We Teach Them? Northeast Business & Economics Association (NBEA) -- Established in 1973, 492-495.

Boni, A.A. (2012). The pitch and business plan for investors and partners. Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 18, 38 -- 42.

Brush, S. (1993). Developing a hotel business plan: A how-to manual. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 34(3), 72.
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Thames Embankment Flood Defences on

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 26823684



However, some engineering attributes will provide targets for engineers, who will recognize the core value of the ability of flood walls to rise and drop in response to factors indicative of an approaching threshold. Additionally, using heavily girded but hollow bodied and aerated bulwarks provides evidence of ways that such defences can be utilized as a way to relieve rather than build upon the pressures of a storm surge. Naturally, this will require no small degree of engineering ingenuity given the distinct challenge of adapting these principles to embankments, where redirection of underflow must naturally be more severely redirected than in the case of defence walls set astream as in the case of London.

A positive indicator as to the sustainability of this approach if adapted though is the 100-year life expectancy, even under currently projection intensification of storm surges, that is projected.

Another core consideration is with regard to…… [Read More]

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Pala Din Inc Project Management Report Project

Words: 4175 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 20735136

Pala Din inc.

Project Management Report

Project Work in Paladin Inc.

Current Situation of "Real Life-Real Faces"

udget Required by Production Team

Risk Assessment of "Real Life-Real Faces"

Management Risks

Resource Risks

Timing Risks

Strategic Risks

Environmental Risks

Project Management

In today's world, the term project management is used globally, rather frequently in all types and sizes of organizations related to different industries. Studies have provided evidences that more and more companies are turning into project-oriented models as the time passes (Whittington, et al., 1999, ahrami, 1992). Well-planned business endeavors are the work models that organizations seek for. The benefits provided by project management are the reasons why many companies are emphasizing on reaping benefits of this work model through better utilization of resources and increased productivity (Pinto & Kharbanda, 1996, 1).

The purpose of this report is to analyze the risks that Paladin Inc. may face while executing its…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Atkins, J. (2001). Developing Teams Through Project-Based Learning, Gower Publishing Ltd.

Ballard, G. And Howell, G. (1998). Shielding production: essential step in production control. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 124 (1) 11-17.

Ballard, G. (2000). The Last Planner System of Production Control. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Engineering of The University of Birmingham for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Birmingham

Bahrami, H. (1992). The emerging flexible organisation: Perspectives from Silicon Valley. Califomia Management Rev. (Summer) 35- 52.
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Orange County Florida Public Administration

Words: 1613 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4328547

Denhardt & Denhardt report that "one aspect of compensation policy that has received substantial attention over the years is the comparability of wages and salaries in the public and private sectors. Efforts to make such comparisons are similar to comparing apples and oranges, thus early studies tended to show public-sector salaries considerably below those in the private sector -- today ranging between 22 and 38%, depending on grade level." (p. 299)

Accordingly, many agencies are under real economic pressure to improve pay scales of public employees and to close this notable gap. For Orange County, this prompts a recommendation to evaluate compensation strategies lest they should lose many of the best and brightest young public administration candidates to more lucrative private enterprising opportunities. Indeed, though the benefits and transparency of public administration may be appealing, these cannot compete with so wide a gap in compensation opportunities. If Orange County is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Denhardt, R.B. & Denhardt, J.V. (2008). Public Administration: An Action Orientation. Cengage Learning.

Drage, T. (2010). Charter Review Commission Orientation. Charter Review Commission.

Geuras, D. & Garofalo, C. (2011). Practical Ethics in Public Administration. Management Concepts.

Haynie, M.O. (2010). Orange County Comptroller. www.occompt.com.
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Islamic Golden Age Was Open

Words: 4790 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75356807

The display of the various religious artwork effectively served to reinforce the fact that such faith was the governing power in the land, which the church itself reflected merely in its principle usage as a house of worship. The Hagia Sophia served a similar purpose, as it was built during one of the periods of devastation inflicted upon the Hagia Irene and was also viewed as a symbol of not only Christianity's reign, but also that of Emperor Justinian who commissioned the work.

One of the most important professions which could be learned at the trade guilds which was that of master builder, which included several lengthy stages of work which could eventually take youths into the chief senior architects of the day. There is a substantial amount of evidence that can be seen regarding the Byzantine influence in the position of the master builder, who was called a mechanikos.…… [Read More]

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KBR Management and Planning at KBR for

Words: 2248 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19723497

KBR

Management and Planning at KBR

For organizations which operate on an enormous scale to develop infrastructure, engage international markets and contribute the capital to prodigiously expensive projects such as those contracted by national governments, decision-making and action are facilitated by a multi-layered bureaucratic structure. This makes spontaneity neither desired nor appropriate where strategic orientation is concerned. Instead, careful and rational planning is required to accommodate such massive public concerns as commodity speculation, military development and civil engineering. It is thus that strategic planning plays a key role in functional capacity of KBR, formerly known as Halliburton subsidiary Kellogg, Brown & Root. KBR is largely recognized as one of the most resource-capable construction companies in the world.

KBR's identity is deeply tied to its roles in both the military development industries and civil engineering sectors -- fields themselves which are inextricably linked. Both are highly specialized industries in which the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Papesh, M.E. (1987) Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Biography. University of St. Francis.

Singer, P. (2002). The Dogs of War Go Corporate." The London News Review.

Speetjens, P. (2004). Privatizing peace and security: A Hobbesian Dilemma. The Daily Star: Regional Edition.

Taub, S. (2002). Halliburton Under the Microscope. CFO
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Decision Whether to Internationalize or

Words: 6941 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 98517610

46). Likewise, Gillispie suggests that an incremental approach can be used to "test the waters" for even very small companies seeking to project an internationalized presence. In this regard, Gillespie recommends that companies, "Craft a scaleable master design that represents the major aspects of your business worldwide and anticipates the degree of localization that will be required in each market. The degree of localization can have a real impact on budgets and timelines" (2008, p. 45). These are important factors for companies in general where limited resources and a lack of experience may preclude more aggressive internationalization initiatives, and these issues are directly related to a company's internal resources as discussed further below.

Internal resources

The company has a wide range of specialized internal resources which are described in Table 2 below.

Table 2

Internal resources of BG Limited

Business Unit

Description

Specialist Cleaning

BG's Specialist Cleaning division offers a…… [Read More]

References

Angola. 2011 CIA World Factbook. [online] available:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications  / the-world-factbook/geos/ao.html.

Black's Law Dictionary. 1999 St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Carthew, A. 2006, September/October 'Spreading the Word.' Communication World, vol. 23,

no. 5, pp. 30-32.
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Berger's Ways of Seeing Stood

Words: 1954 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33160782

The painting begged me to ask of it why intermittent shadows struck its sides, why yellow-golden light graced its innards. I guessed that it must have been nighttime that Stella tried to capture, for at night the shining lights from the city would flicker against the bridge and bring out the character of the steel in ways sunlight could not. Sunlight was too harsh and strong; it would overpower the subtleties of steel. Steel appreciated the gentle caress of moonlight and streetlamp and the headlights of cars.

The more I questioned Stella's use of light in "Old Brooklyn Bridge," the greater the painting shone. I was starting to see colors where I had not previously seen. Rich and joyful blues complemented the blood red; yellows and greens accented the thick black background. Orbs of soft white light emanating from the underbelly of the bridge illuminated its sides proudly. Contrast between…… [Read More]

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Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Words: 3216 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83828077

" (U.S. Department of Transportation, 2000 P. 3). In the United States, the average bridge deck in a snow-belt state generally shows the spalling shortly after 7 to 10 years of construction, and requires rehabilitation after 20 years of construction. Typically, the repair of the damaged caused by corrosion is invariably expensive. A crack is one of the major damage caused by corrosion. Although structural cracks could be attributed to pure tension, torsion, pure bending, bond failure, and concentrated load, however, non-structural crack is attributed to the chemical process that occurs within the concrete or steel structure, and the damage include shrinkage, expansion process, and thermal movement.

Mackechnie & Alexande, (2001) argue that corrosion could lead to a distress in a concrete capable of causing spanning and cracking to the surrounding concrete. The expansion associated to hydrated oxides is that the steel may swell ten times of its original position…… [Read More]

References

Arya, C. & Wood, L.A. (1997). Relevance of Cracking in Concrete to Corrosion of Reinforcement. The Concrete Society. Technical Report, No 44.

Atkins, C. Brueckner, R. & MacDonald, M. (2013).Corrosion Monitoring. Technical Note No: 14. Corrosion Prevention Association.

Koch, G. H, Brongers, M.P.H. Thompson, N.G. et al. (2001). Corrosion Costs and Preventive Strategies in the United States. FHWA-RD-01-156. 2001. Springfield, VA, National Technical Information Service.

Lambert, P. & MacDonald, M (2013). Reinforced Concrete-History, Properties, & Durability. Technical Notes No: 1. Corrosion Prevention Association.
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Company's Ethical Code

Words: 2251 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90455400

Code of Ethics

Introduction and Company Background

Guiding Principles

Purpose of the Code

Core Values

Training and Education

Covered Employees

Implementation and Communication

Enforcement and eporting

Mission Statement

Code of Ethics: The XYZ Company

Introduction and Company Background

Having a code of ethics is a big part of doing business. It is not something every company has, but those that do have these codes provide them because they want to be ethical and strong. Ethical codes help make requirements clear for every employee, and can avoid discrepancies in conduct (Clark, 2012). Avoiding or lessening the possibility for misunderstandings and discrepancies is an excellent way to protect both the company's bottom line and its reputation. Employees who fail to act in an ethical manner can cause serious harm to the companies for which they work (Clark, 2012). Keeping that in mind, one must ensure that an ethical code is direct and…… [Read More]

References

Clark, C.M. (2012). Individual moralities and institutional ethics: Implications for the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Psychotherapy and Politics International, 10(3): 187-204.

Davidson, B.I. & Stevens, D.E. (2013). Can a code of ethics improve manager behavior and investor confidence? An experimental study. The Accounting Review, 88(1): 51-74.

Hartley, R., Grayston, R., & Ryle, A. (2010). Developing a modern code of ethics for engineering practice. The 5th Civil Engineering Conference in the Asian Region and Australasian Structural Engineering Conference 2010. Sydney, N.S.W.: Engineers Australia, 2010: 1276-1281.
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Miami International Airport thorough report and analysis

Words: 2493 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 52583972

Adopt an Airport

The Miami International Airport (code MIA) generates upwards of $30 billion in revenue per year, bringing in the vast majority (70%) of all international visitors to the entire state of Florida ("About Us," 2017). Therefore, MIA is a gateway airport to Florida and not just Miami. Furthermore, MIA is the gateway airport linking Latin America and the Caribbean with the United States, with more flights to and from these regions than any other airport in the United States ("About Us," 2017). According to the Miami International Airport's own website, their goal is to become a "hemispheric hub," ("About Us," 2017). However, there are several impediments to MIA reaching its status, the main one being its outdated infrastructure and terminals, which are reflected in its outdated and clunky website.

Organizational Structure

Airports in the United States exhibit different types of organizational structure depending in part on their ownership.…… [Read More]

References

"About Us," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online:  http://www.miami-airport.com/about_us.asp 

AirNav (2017). Miami International Airport. Retrieved online:  http://www.airnav.com/airport/MIA 

"Aviation in Miami: The First 100 Years," (n.d.). History Miami. Retrieved online:  http://historymiamiarchives.org/online-exhibits/aviation/mia-5.htm 

Bridgeman, S. (2017). Miami-Dade Aviation Department FY 2017 Adopted Budget. Retrieved online: http://www.miami-airport.com/pdfdoc/MDAD_2017_Budget.pdf
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Global Business Strategy for a

Words: 3537 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 6776907



Exporting apparel to France would reveal a slightly similar difference. As integrant part of the European Union, France has removed numerous financial barriers in relationship to other EU member states. It has however intensified its barriers relative to product quality and sanitary standards. In terms of the direct relationship between France and the United States, this is generally a positive one, revealing mutual gains and lack of controversy. Efforts are currently being made to reduce the trade barriers between the United States and the EU as a whole (Buy USA, 2009).

4.2. Franchising

A franchising entry strategy would reveal numerous benefits for Miana Fashion, such as reduced risks and shared responsibilities, but would also imply shared financial results. In France nevertheless, such a strategy would stand increased chances of success, supported by all political, economic, cultural and legal backgrounds. France is the leading franchising country of the European Union, with…… [Read More]

References:

Dickson, D.M., August 13, 2009, Trade Panel Hits China's Import Barriers, Washington Times

Hugh, E., 2009, Global Manufacturing: France Outperforms while Spain Continues to Flounder, Seeking Alpha,  http://seekingalpha.com/article/170859-global-manufacturing-france-outperforms-while-spain-continues-to-flounder  last accessed on December 7, 2009

Pinto, J., 2009, Global Manufacturing -- The China Challenge, Automation,  http://www.automation.com/resources-tools/articles-white-papers/articles-by-jim-pinto/global-manufacturing-150-the-china-challenge  last accessed on December 7, 2009

2008, China Real Estate Market Faces Slump, NuWire Investor,  http://www.nuwireinvestor.com/articles/looming-housing-slump-in-china-52103.aspx  last accessed on November 26, 2009
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Lewin Change Management Developing Corporate

Words: 2279 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18483495

Social responsibility also necessitates an awareness of social concerns and impacts; a deeper-developed part of every department/office's leadership must be devoted to the analysis and awareness of the social interactions and effects of the organization's actions and behaviors.

In the refreezing process, the goals and objectives behind the implemented changes, as well as the concrete and operational aspects of the changes themselves, must be repeatedly reinforced in order to remain effective (Felkins et al. 2001). Examinations of how current actions might have affected both the organization's position and society as a whole in past and/or ongoing scenarios of social concern could be one method of reinforcement, creating an engagement between the individuals of the organization and both the abstract and the concrete aspects of the changes they are a part of implementing. The clear expectations regarding the changes and the clarity of the results of these changes can both go…… [Read More]

References

Blokdjick, G. (2008). Change Management 100 Success Secrets - the Complete Guide to Process, Tools. new York: Lulu.

Cameron, E. & Green, M. (2004). Making sense of change management. Sterling, VA: Kogan.

Carter, E. (2008). "Successful Change Requires More Than Change Management." The Journal for Quality and Participation 31(1), pp. 20-3.

Commissaris, D.; Schoenmaker, N.; Beune, E. & Elkhout, S. (2006). "Applying principles of change management in ergonomic projects: A case study." Human factors and ergonomics in manufacturing 16(2), pp. 195-223.
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Global Change Science the Negative

Words: 3243 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 67525149

As the road is being laid the fumes from the chemical materials and the concussive force of the construction equipment are devastating to local wildlife (Forman & Alexander, 1998). The result, is displaced organisms which ultimately put increased pressure for food, land, and water on other ecosystems. The extent of these ripple effects are still yet to be fully known.

In instances where above or below ground water supplies must be altered in order to make way for a new road system the effects are if anything more dire. When laying the bed of a road, it is nearly impossible to prevent a percentage of the chemicals used in the road surface itself from leeching into the soil (Forman & Deblinger, 2000). When in the presence of water those toxins are carried the course of the water supply affecting all of the vegetation and wildlife which it comes into contact…… [Read More]

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Japanese Thought and Nature in

Words: 2794 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88146264

The multiple interpretations of simple words and phrases used in modern haiku give the reader a more participatory role in their reading; instead of being literature alone, the haiku that inspires varied meanings becomes art and involves the reader in its interpretation.

Another instance of these multiple interpretations contributing to a deeper understanding of the haiku is seen in the aggregate definition of "mountain village." The term can be personified as "either the unbearable loneliness of a life lived in seclusion or the bliss of living at one's ease from the maddening crowd," (awamoto 714). These choices of interpretation allow the haiku to take on its own meaning, above nature, above literal interpretations of the words, and to resonate more deeply with the reader.

It is this concept of "blending" interpretations of haiku, Hiraga says, that allows the haiku to take on a deeper meaning than its literal interpretation may…… [Read More]

Kawamoto, Koji. "The use and disuse of tradition in Basho's haiku and imagist poetry," in Poetics Today 20:3, 1999, pp. 709-721.

Lindstrom, Kari. "Author, landscape, and communication in Estonian haiku," in Sign System Studies, 2002, 30:2, pp. 653-676.

Ueda, Shizuteru. "Silence and Word in Zen Buddhism," in Diogenes, Issue 170, Volume 43:2, 1999, pp. 1-21.
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New York Real Estate and Office Markets

Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47899782

New York eal Estate and Office Markets

NEW YOK CITY OFFICE MAKET

New York is one of the premiere metropolitan areas of the world, exerting a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. With its unmatched scope of building types, diverse tenant base and extensive transportation system, the city has earned an iconic and prominent place in the global market.

The borough of Manhattan serves as its hub and is the nation's largest single office market with 450 million square feet of space (Brown, 2007). Its office inventory is greater than the next five largest U.S. markets combined and features some of the world's most iconic properties (Beauregard, 2005). This paper explores the current state of…… [Read More]

References

1. Beauregard, R.A. (2005). The textures of property markets: Downtown housing and office conversions in New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 42(13), 2431-2445. doi:10.1080/00420980500380345

2. Brown, J.L. (2007). Demolition in Manhattan Gains Momentum. Civil Engineering (08857024), 77(8), 34.

3. Gong, H., & Keenan, K. (2012). The Impact of 9/11 on the Geography of Financial Services in New York A Few Years Later. Professional Geographer, 64(3), 370-388. doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.603654

4. Gregor, A. (2011). Demand for Office Condos Grows in Manhattan. New York Times. p. 6.
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International Business Economics

Words: 2652 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 42283241

International Networking and the Outcomes of Global Networking

The purpose of the research proposed is to examine international business economics and specifically the impact that global networking has had upon organizations and corporations that are global providers of products and/or services. Research questions in this proposed study include those which ask as the questions of: (1) What is the impact of global networking on international business economics both in the U.S. And in developing countries throughout the world? And (2) Does affiliation drive business growth and profit for international organizations?

International Networking and the Outcomes of Global Networking

According to the work of Contractor and Lorange (2002) entitled "Cooperative Strategies in International usiness: Joint Ventures and Technology Partnerships etween Firms" there is increasingly acknowledgement that alternative forms of international business operations involving "negotiated arrangements between two or more firms." (Contractor and Lorange, 2002) This model involves the collaboration and cooperation…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Changes in Global Organization (nd) World Bank report. Retrieved from:  http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTGEP/Resources/335315-1257200391829/gep2003chap2.pdf 

Contractor, FJ and Lorange, P (2002) Cooperative Strategies in International business: Joint Ventures and Technology Partnerships between firms. International business and management series. Vol. 2 Cooperative Strategies and Alliances in International business. Rutgers University. Graduate School of Management, Wharton School. Emerald Group Publishing 2002. Retrieved from:  http://books.google.com/books?id=BwfRrH5jEKgC&dq=International+Business+Economics&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s 

Heinsz, WJ (nd) The Institutional Environment for International business. The Wharton school, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA. Retrieved from:  http://www-management.wharton.upenn.edu/henisz/papers/wiib.pdf 

Mataloni, Raymond J., and Daniel R. Yorgason (2002) Operations of U.S. Multinational Companies: Preliminary Results from the 1999 Benchmark Survey." Survey of Current Business. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. March.
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adopting an airport with MIA

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 33829709

Adopt an Airport

The Miami International Airport (code MIA) generates upwards of $30 billion in revenue per year, bringing in the vast majority (70%) of all international visitors to the entire state of Florida ("About Us," 2017). Therefore, MIA is a gateway airport to Florida and not just Miami. Furthermore, MIA is the gateway airport linking Latin America and the Caribbean with the United States, with more flights to and from these regions than any other airport in the United States ("About Us," 2017). According to the Miami International Airport's own website, their goal is to become a "hemispheric hub," ("About Us," 2017). However, there are several impediments to MIA reaching its status, the main one being its outdated infrastructure and terminals, which are reflected in its outdated and clunky website.

Financial Performance

One of the key strengths of MIA is the role the airport plays in the community, as…… [Read More]

References

"About Us," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online:  http://www.miami-airport.com/about_us.asp 

"Environmental," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online:  http://www.miami-airport.com/environmental.asp
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Management History of Management of

Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 39689124

This differentiation refers to the management and administration of the agricultural resources of the kingdom. This in turn involved an organized network of royal foundations. (Wilkinson 116) the second area of administrative concern was the processing of government revenue and "…its redistribution to the various state operations…" (Wilkinson 116) Wilkinson in his book also deals extensively with managements issues in relation to the Egyptian treasury. (Wilkinson 125)

In understanding the background to management in ancient Egypt one has to continually take into account the wide range of concerns and activities that required ordered control and administration. As Erman states in his work Life in Ancient Egypt (1894), "The enormous properties belonging to the temples required of course complicated machinery for their administration & #8230;certain members of the priestly college were deputed to manage the affairs of the treasury, the commissariat and the correspondence…" (Erman 303)

Taking into account the above…… [Read More]