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Culture and the United States
Comparative Analysis of a World Culture and the United States
Comparative Analysis of the United States and China
In 1492, Christopher Columbus explored the area now included in the United States. The chief nations that established their colonies in the present United States were England, Spain, and France. The Spaniard Pedro Menendez de Aviles founded the first permanent settlement in the present America in 1565 whereas it was in 1607 that the first permanent English settlement was made at Jamestown (Virginia). The American evolution (1775 -- 1783) resulted in the freedom of the Thirteen Colonies and also expanded governmental representation. The evolution also "advanced the movement for separation of church and state in America, increased opportunities for westward expansion, and brought the abolition of the remnants of feudal land tenure" ("United States," 2009).
The history of China is usually examined as an uninterrupted development with…
China. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved July 18, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=117011232
Chinese Art. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved July 18, 2012, from Questia database:
Firms' Comparative Analysis
In the preparation of the comparative analysis research, I will focus my research on the Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Kenya Airways. The Virgin Atlantic is a British airline company, owned by Sir ichard Branson and its headquarters being in England (Balmforth, 2009). Similarly, the Kenya Airways Limited is a Kenyan Airline, founded after the termination of the East African Airway. The firm belongs to the Kenyan Government. The airlines headquarters are at Embakasi in Nairobi (Oyieke, 2009).
Comparative analysis / similar problems affecting the of the firms
Comparing the two Airlines, I can analyze that they both face same challenges on a daily basis as they conduct their business. In a situation where the business has few or fewer customers, problems are bound to arise. Comparing the two Airlines in terms of customers and the business, there is evident that both face similar challenges. The Virgin…
Balmforth, J. (2009). Virgin Atlantic. Hersham: Midland.
Oyieke, S. (2009). Kenya Airways: A case study of privatization. Nairobi: African Economic Research Consortium.
Shaw, S. (2009). Airline marketing and management. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Provide a comparative analysis of the last two years of data.
In the case of Patton Fuller Hospital, they have been increasing their total amounts of debt, liabilities and assets. This is weakening their financial position with administrators failing to aggressively address rising expenses. At the same time, they are causing the total current and long-term assets to decrease dramatically. The below table is illustrating the overall scope of these changes in the last two years. ("2009 Annual eport," 2010)
Adjustments to the Financial Position of Patton Fuller Hospital
Total Current Liabilities
Current Long-Term Debt
This is showing how Patton Fuller is facing major financial challenges. The way that this is occurring is through the facility experiencing rising levels of debt and liabilities. While their current and long-term assets are declining. These…
2009 Annual Report. (2010). Patton Fuller.
Nursing Options. (2010). Patton Fuller. Retrieved from: C:Documents and SettingsmkriordaMy DocumentsWeb DevelopmentCIST ServerCISTVOP DevelopmentHealthcarePFCHHosDeptsCFO2009 Financial Statements2009NursingStatsPDF.xls
Neighborhood Comparative Analysis
One the island of Manhattan, each neighborhood contains a distinct demographic makeup and the character of a neighborhood can change almost by the block. To see how the relationship between these highly disparate neighborhoods functions, one can compare two neighborhoods in order to reveal the symbiotic interaction between them. By comparing census data from one postal code of the Upper est Side, 10025, with that of its next door neighbor Harlem (postal code 10026), it will be possible to see how these extremely different neighborhoods can exist side by side in a mutually beneficial arrangement.
The Upper est Side neighborhood of New York includes multiple postal codes, ranging from est 59th street in the south to est 125th street in the north and bounded by Central Park and the Hudson River on the east and west. For the purposes of this study, the focus will remain only…
Lavin, M. (2003). "Not in my neighborhood": resistance to chain drug-stores. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management,31(6/7), 321.
Lees, L. (2000). A reappraisal of gentrification: towards a 'geography of gentrification'. Progress
in Human Geography, 24(3), 389-408.
US Census. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/
Passive Euthanasia: a comparative analysis of Judaic and Catholic points-of-View.
Euthanasia is essentially the practice of "mercifully ending a person's life in order to release the person from an incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death." (Euthanasia) The term euthanasia is derived from the Greek words 'eu' and 'thanatos' which means "good death." The term has most commonly been referred to in relation to intentional mercy killings. (ibid) In other words, the life of the person or patient who is terminally ill or enduring tremendous suffering is ended with the assistance of another person. In short, this means that "A" ends the life of another person, "" for the sake of "." (Kuhse, Helga 1992)
In order to fully comprehend the implications of the term euthanasia requires the assimilation of two important aspects. The first is that it involves the taking of a life and secondly that this life-taking is…
Baird, R.M. & Rosenbaum, S.E. (Eds.). (1989). The Moral Issues. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.
Berger, J. & Berger, A.S. (Eds.). (1990). To Die or Not to Die? Cross-Disciplinary, Cultural, and Legal Perspectives on the Right to Choose Death. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Euthanasia. Retrieved: March 18, 2005 from Encarta. Web site: http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761562836/Euthanasia.html
Euthanasia: Church of Christ. Retrieved: March 22, 2005. Web site:
COSS-CULTUAL ANALYSIS: IMMIGATION POLICY IN FANCE AND THE U.S.
Cross-Cultural Analysis between Immigration Policy in France and the United States
The movement of people for one country to another is guided by immigration policies. The policies often vary from one country to the other depending on their history. They also vary periodically depending on the dynamics of security, resource availability, and the threat the immigrants pose to the native citizens. In the U.S. And France, immigration policies bring together strangers which complicate the balance between diversity and unity. In the U.S., different reforms of immigration policies have created a notably diverse society with characterized by groups coming from almost all continents. "One from many" remains the national motto even with the various debates seeking to suppress the policy (Cornelius, 2010).
However, a striking element of contemporary immigration policy is that it affects not only the settler society like the U.S.…
Cornelius, W.A. (2010). Controlling immigration: A global perspective. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.
Elliott, D., & Mayadas, N.S. (2010). Immigration worldwide: Policies, practices, and trends. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Horowitz, D.L., & Noiriel, G. (2012). Immigrants in two democracies: French and American experience. New York: New York University Press.
Foner, N. (2009). In a new land: A comparative view of immigration. New York [u.a.: New York Univ. Press.
Sumerians and Hyksos
Comparative Analysis of Sumerian and Hyksos Societies
The Sumerians and Hyksos are civilizations that have thrived in the Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Egypt. While numerous civilizations have come and passed in these countries, these countries are characterized to be the "cradle of great civilizations." The Sumerian civilization flourished for as early as 4500 BC to 21st century BC, while the Hyksos civilization thrived on Egyptian soil in the 16th to 18th centuries BC. Each civilization has its own contribution to the eventual development of societies, politics, and even military might of Arab nations and their neighboring countries.
In this paper, discussion will be centered on the social structure and environment established by the Sumerian and Hyksos civilizations. As each civilization is described and narrated, one of the salient points that will be established is that each civilization's social structure and environment are inevitably driven and determined by the…
Beck, S. (2010). Mideast & Africa to 1700. Available at: http://www.san.beck.org/EC4-Egypt.html .
Gibson, D. (1962). The Hyksos, Kings of Egypt and the Land of Edom. Nabatea Website. Available at: http://nabataea.net/edomch1.html .
Save-Soderbergh, T. (1951). "The Hyksos Rule in Egypt." The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 37.
Smitha, F. (2011). "Sumerians: Class, Power, War and Women." Macrohistory and World Report. Available at: http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch01.htm .
Comparative Analysis of Self-Directed, Counselor-Guided and Group-Supported Activities
In the course of one's life as a working individual, opportunities for continuing education and learning are only possible through two (2) forms: on-the-job training (i.e., work experience) and formal trainings for a specific time period. This means that further education for working individuals is almost always limited to company-sponsored trainings/workshops and self-initiated learning, both of which takes time and financial resources for the company and the individual, respectively. However, it is critical to continue the pursuit for further education or learning, as this will significantly influence one's career development in years to come. A competency learned today could be the most sought-after skill the next day, leading to greater and more opportunities for the individual trained or self-taught specifically for this special or new skill.
Continued education/learning as the path towards progressive career development can be approached in different…
"Developing Your Learning Plan." (2003) Yale University Library Human Resources.
Pifarre, M. And R. Cobos. (2008). "Working collaboratively in small groups supported by KnowCat system: incidence on self-regulated learning processes." Spanish Agency for the International Cooperation.
"Staying Healthy" Assessment Counseling and Resource Guide." (2002). U.S. Department of Health Services. Available at: http://www.dhcs.ca.gov/formsandpubs/publications/Documents/MMCDStayingHealthyAssessmentCounselingandResourceGuide.pdf .
Print Advertisements in Magazines
Comparative Analysis of TAG Heuer and Omega Watch Brands on Print Advertisements
Two important print advertisements that can be found in mass-produced magazines today are the ads of Tiger Woods for TAG Heuer and Pierce Brosnan for Omega, two brands of watches that offers distinctly different qualities of one similar kind of product, which is that of watches as time pieces. Also, these watch products are endorsed by two of the most popular and respected personalities in their fields, with Tiger Woods being the champion of numerous golf tournament championships, and Pierce Brosnan receiving acclaimed international success as the portrayer of the character James Bond in the 007 Series of movies. This paper will both compare each ad from different watch companies, and analyze and prove that the TAG Heuer print advertisement is a more effective ad for the purpose of advertising watches than Omega's ad…
TAG Heuer print advertisement. 13 January 2003 issue of Newsweek Magazine.
Omega print advertisement. 30 December 2002- 6 January 2003 issue of TIME Magazine.
International Organizational Behavior
A Comparative Analysis of Three Countries
The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the three nations of China, France and the United States from the standpoint of which is most likely to have higher job satisfaction and motivation among employees. Based on the readings and analysis in this course, the data contained in the CIA Factbook, a comprehensive resource of 267 different global entities, and a literature review of an predicators and factors of job satisfaction in these countries, this analysis was completed.
Analysis of Socioeconomic Factors: China, France and the United States
Comparing China, France and the United States on socioeconomic factors illustrates how significantly different each nation's government approaches the challenges of economic growth. China is the fastest growing economy of the three countries in this analysis with a Gross Domestic product real growth rate of 10.3%, ranked 6th in the world out of…
Lisa Fiksenbaum, Wang Jeng, Mustafa Koyuncu, & Ronald J. Burke. (2010). Work hours, work intensity, satisfactions and psychological well-being among hotel managers in China. Cross Cultural Management, 17(1), 79-93.
Yong Han, & Nada K. Kakabadse. (2009). Job satisfaction: what is its true meaning in Greater China? Asia - Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 1(2), 155-164.
Hofstede, Geert. (1993). Cultural constraints in management theories. The Executive, 7(1), 81.
Geert Hofstede, & Robert R. McCrae. (2004). Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture. Cross - Cultural Research, 38(1), 52-88.
Can it be that Kuan-yin is not a precursor to Seated but rather a copy of it, produced with less attention to detail and elegance because it was intended to serve the masses? While that is possible, one cannot completely discount either that, having been created during the same century (with little information to narrow down the exact year or even which half of the century), and with so many symbolic similarities as well as a similar pose, it is possible and even likely that Kuan-yin is an ancestor in the artistic style of Seated.
Drawing conclusions about two works of art created in the course of the same century, with at minimum, similar ideals and societal influences, as represented in the symbolism and postures that comprise the similarities between Kuan-yin and Seated, is a complex and multi-faceted process. One cannot ignore, however, that these two pieces, juxtaposed beside one…
Gardner, Helen, and Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's art through the ages: a global history. Enhanced 13th ed. Australia: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2011. Print. In this text, Gardner and Kleiner et al. present a survey of world art, from prehistoric art and onward. In this format, Song Dynasty art is discussed in chronological order, and mostly serves to represent painting and pottery during the period, however, the text does provide contextual background required to understand Song Dynasty sculpture.
Michaelson, Carol. "Song Dynasty." Grove Art Online, Oxford Art Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2011. . Michaelson begins her article by presenting an overview of the Song Dynasty before delving into further detail of both the Northern Song Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty. She pairs her discussion of artistic style with political history, providing a frame of reference for the development of her artistic analysis.
Period, Time. "Northern Song Dynasty (960A -- 1127) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | the Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: metmuseum.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2011. . This essay presents not only a cultural backdrop of the Northern Song Dynasty, but also where the art of that period fits in, both culturally and stylistically.
"Southern Song Dynasty (1127A -- 1279) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | the Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: metmuseum.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2011. . This essay presents not only a cultural backdrop of the Southern Song Dynasty, but also where the art of that period fits in, both culturally and stylistically.
The combination of these forces are also increasing demands for enhanced services with consumers as well, leading to price competition and increased services as well. All of these factors are galvanizing around getting and keeping enterprise and consumer customers for the long-term so a highly profitable annuity revenue stream can be sustained over time.
An Analysis of How at&T and Verizon Compete on Coverage
Of the two companies, Verizon has been much more agile and quick to respond to market dynamics, including investing heavily in 4G and 4G LTE networks at a level that surpasses all other carriers (Verizon Investor elations, 2013). Based on greater spending in research and development (&D) and more investments in capital equipment, Verizon has able to be the first to launch 4G services in the United States, and it also allowed for subscribers from third-party providers and carriers who compete primarily with their brand (Dekleva,…
Carlos, R.C., Burgelman, J.C., & Bohlin, E. (2004). Prospects beyond 3G. Info: The Journal of Policy, Regulation and Strategy for Telecommunications, Information and Media, 6(6), 359-362.
Dekleva, S., Shim, J.P., Varshney, U., & Knoerzer, G. (2007). Evolution and emerging issues in mobile wireless networks. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 50(6), 38-43.
Kuran, M.S., & Tugcu, T. (2007). A survey on emerging broadband wireless access technologies. Computer Networks, 51(11), 3013.
Suryanegara, M., & Miyazaki, K. (2010). Technological changes in the innovation system towards 4G mobile service. International Journal of Technology Policy and Management, 10(4), 375.
The compositional structure here is actually quite daring. Even though a viewer tends to "read" a painting left-to-right, as with a book, here the left side of the canvas seems to fade away into nothingness. It is not just the empty seascape on the left as compared with the dark richness of the forest on the right. The left half of the painting contains the subject of the painting after all -- Europa and the Bull. It is Rembrandt's genius to have the drama of Europa and the Bull taking place in the lower left corner of a very large painting, almost as though the moment of drama is on its way out, and the viewer is lucky to have caught it. But it is also clever how Rembrandt essentially balances the canvas with two central subjects, equally illuminated from above -- we have Europa and the Bull on the…
Altruism or Egoism
The dating website has become an online phenomenon where people across the world find relationships, love and intimacy. The hottest trend in the online dating is that people who have been single for several years have finally found their true love. The theories of relationship, love, intimacy, social comparison, self-categorization, and social identity reveal that individuals develop a social relationship to boost their social esteem, and people are likely to cooperate with a group who belong to their social identity. Frisen, & Wangqvist, (2010) argue that people have been dating one another in Sweden without going through informal rules. The authors maintain that people continue to indulge in love relationship despite their social identity. Williams, & Russell (2013) argue that adolescent and younger adults quest for love, and increasing number of girls believe in intimacy relationship while boys adore sexual intercourse. Additionally, Finn, (2012) think that emotional…
College Students with Children (Parents) and without Children
The beneficial effects of acquiring formal education in college is one of the primary goals of many people nowadays, not only because of the financial gains that a college degree guarantees through employment, but also the personal fulfillment an individual gets from being able to achieve an important educational feat. This is the main reason why not only single individuals attend college schooling, but also single parents (even married ones) opt to continue their college education, so that the benefits of obtaining a degree will be a fulfillment, too. The primary focus of this paper is to differentiate and compare the advantages and disadvantages of single college students with that of single parent college students. The comparative analysis will cover important parts of the two groups' (which will be referred to in this paper as 'single student' and 'single parent') lifestyle at…
Minority Culture in South Dakota
Lifestyles, Values and the Economy of Hispanic-Americans and Indian-Americans in South Dakota
The history of the minority groups in the U.S.A. dates back to historical times in the 1800 and their growth has been somehow stable in USA. It is undisputable that the treatment of the minority groups and the Native Americans and the African-Americans ran out of the borders of the tolerance and freedom. It is however notable that the U.S.A. has all through welcomed huge numbers of diverse immigrants and accommodated them as any other born American. It is no longer viable to ignore the issue of the minority groups in each state since even at the national grid, as U.S. Department of State (2006) indicates, the minority groups have played a significant part in all sectors. For instance Hispanics accounted for nearly half of the U.S.A. population increase between July 1, 2004…
Ann W.C. & Ruben D.N., (2011). Understanding the Hispanic Culture. Retrieved May 22,
2011 from http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5237.html
Bloomberg L.P., (2011). South Dakota Grows as Minority Population Surges, Census Finds.
Retrieved May 22, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-17/south-dakota-grows-as-minority-population-surges-census-finds.html
ell vs. Gateway
The personal; computer industry has been transformed over the past few years by several pioneers in the computer industry. Among those who are at the forefront of such changes are ell and Gateway. Their user-friendly individualistic format of marketing often leads the customer to believe that their services are indispensable for the consumer. They both take previously unknown technological terms and offer them to the consumer in a relaxed format, so the consumer may understand them better and feel more confident making a purchase that details the need of their individual PC.
Gateway Computer additionally, was the main leader in building individual home and office computers for each consumer based on what the consumer reported its use to be and was first to offer a financing plan that included an open ended policy which allowed the consumer to grow with the technology, trading up in the same…
Dolinar, L. 2004, "Plan a computer purchase, but first, decide your needs," Newsweek.com
"Gateway Home" www.gateway.com
"Gateway Factsheet" Hoover's Online, 2004, website http://www.hoovers.com/gateway/--ID__16706 -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml 'Gateway International" 2004, website http://www.gateway.com/about/contactus/international/index.shtml
Judaic, Christian and Islamic Concept of a "Just Society"
Despite their common Abrahamic origins, the various concepts of a "just society" as presented by the Old Testament, the New Testament and the Qur'an have been the source of debate for millennia, a debate that remains unresolved today. In order to identify the issues concerning this debate with more precision, this paper reviews selected relevant passages from the Old Testament, the New Testament and the Qur'an to determine how each characterizes the concept of a "just society." Finally, a summary of the research and a discussion concerning the ways in which these three texts are similar and different in their approach to their conceptualizations of a just society conclude the paper.
Analysis and Discussion
A Just Society as Conceptualized by the Old Testament
The Old Testament contains specific guidance concerning how people should live and treat each other in order to…
Shakin, M. H., transl. Holy Quran, London, 1985.
The Holy Bible, New International Version, Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984.
Analysis of an Organizational Vision
Describe the company and its vision statement.
Toyota Motor Corporation, established in 1937, is an automotive company that has grown to become one of the biggest organizations in the world. Toyota designs, manufactures, assembles and retails vehicles in approximately 190 nations and regions across the globe. Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational corporation with its main center of operations situated in Aichi, Japan. Since its establishment, the corporation had significantly grown and developed to become the largest car manufacturer in the world.
The vision statement of Toyota is:
“Toyota will lead the way to the future of mobility, enriching lives around the world with the safest and most responsible ways of moving people. Through our commitment to quality, constant innovation and respect for the planet, we aim to exceed expectations and be rewarded with a smile. We will meet our challenging goals by engaging the…
Vivienne Westwood and Dries van Noten in term Textiles
Vivienne Westwood is a British fashion designer specializing in designing different categories of men and women clothing that include Coat, Jacket, Knitwear, Shirt, Skirt, Suits and other type of textile collections. The Vivienne uses a designing architecture to design different types of dressing using the dimensional materials. On the other hand, Van Noten is a modern and fashionable Belgian designer specializing in designing varieties of men and women fashion clothing.
Objective of this paper is to analyze the picture of the produced by the Vivienne Westwood and Dries van Noten in term of textiles.
Difference and Similarities between the Picture 1 and Picture
The Picture 1 is the Vivienne Westwood wool and cotton crafted women jacket finely tailored in a rich red tartan. The jacket is carefully constructed with balance cotton and wool. On the other hand, the Picture 2 is…
ASI (2014). Wool Textile Industry Conditions Trends, Drivers and Prospects. Wool Journal.
Those enrolling in the federal program were also likely to have higher incomes than buyers of long-term care plans in other markets, though they generally had a lower valuation of assets than private plan enrollees. Most of these comparisons hold true for the non-buyers of the federal program when compared to non-buyers in other markets, questioning the validity of the comparison and suggesting an overall demographic difference between markets.
There were attitudinal difference noted in the groups, as well, and much of this is believed to be the result of specific marketing and education campaigns for the federal program aimed at the potential enrollers. Those in the federal plan market had generally given the plan more thought and had done more retirement planning in general than had the individuals in other markets. Significant re-existing differences, then, were likely slim.
Generally, the classification of model transformation tools is based on whether it is declarative or operational, directionality or multiplicity.
The study further discusses the sub-categories of model transformation that include:
hybrid transformation tools, graph transformation, relational, template based, operational based, structure driven and direct manipulation.
All the sub-categories of model transformation have the following features:
Hybrid transformation combines two or more transformation approaches;
Graph transformation focuses on graph rewriting over variation and extensions of labeled graphs.
Relational approach uses declarative approach-based mathematical relations; template approach uses model template specifications.
ATL Transformation Tool
The project reveals that ATL is one of the effective transformation tools used to semantic or syntactic translation and it is built on transformation Virtual Machine model. The ATL was developed from the ATLAS framework, which enabled the specification of one or more target models. The project further reveals that ATL is hybrid language providing the mix of…
Braun, P. & Marschall, F. BOTL The Bidirectional Object Oriented Transformation
Language. Institut fur Informatik Technische Universitat Munchen. 2003.
Cremers, A.B. Alda, S. & Rho, T. Chapter 13, Mapping Models to Code Object-Oriented Software .Construction. University of Bonn. German. 2009.
Einarsson, H.P. Refactoring UML Diagram and Models with Model-to-Model Transformation . Master of Science in Software Engineering, University of Iceland. 2011.
The report provides the comparative analysis of Sun Trust Banks Inc. (STI) vs. U.S. Bancorp. (USB) using the following valuation tools:
Price/Earnings per Share
Price/EBITDA per Share.
The paper also compares these ratios to industry average.
A Price/Book Value is a valuation ratio used to measure the market value of a company after all the liabilities has been deducted from the company assets. In other words, Price/Book Value is a valuation ratio generally used by investors to compare a stock's per-share price (market value) of a company to its book value (shareholders' equity). Typically, it reveals the estimation of value of a company after it has been liquidated showing remaining net assets entitled to shareholders after a company is liquidated.
There are two methods to calculate the Price-to Book Value of a company. First, we can divide the company market capitalization by company's total…
Yahoo Finance. (2013). Sun Trust Bank. (STI). Yahoo Finance Inc.
Yahoo Finance. (2013). U.S. Bancorp (USB) -NYSE. Yahoo Finance Inc.
Global Business Cultural Analysis
Synopsis of Nigerian government
Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
Nigerian major commodities
The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
Model of culture
Universalism or Particularize
How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?
The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world
How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?
The role of women in the workplace
Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)
Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria
Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…
Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)
5). Surprisingly, however, in a corpus of 50,000 spoken words compiled from "group discussions between representatives of the EU government and national agencies of higher education" (pp. 6-7), Breiteneder (2009) did not find a large incidence of 3rd person singular - O. In only about 21% of the cases where 3rd personal singular was used was the -s left off. Perhaps, reasons Breiteneder, this is because all the speakers in the study had received formal schooling in a SE, but if so, then why was the -s used in some cases and not in others? Breiteneder posits that in some instances the interlocutors may have been purposely leaving off the -s for social reasons (2009, p. 262).
Certain verbs and expletive phrases seem to divide along dialectal lines with regard to use of modal past. Jacobsson (1975) writes that the sentences I suggested he took it with him, and I…
Bell, Daniel a. Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context. Princeton University Press. 2006
Brandon, L., Baszile, D., & Berry, T.. Linguistic moments: language, teaching and teacher education in the U.S. Educational Foundations (Winter-Spring), 47-66. 2009
Breiteneder, a.. English as a lingua franca in Europe: An empirical perspective. World Englishes, 28, 256-269. 2009
Davidsen-Nielsen, Niels.. Tense and Mood in English: A Comparison with Danish. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 1990
Comparative Analysis of Human Trafficking in the United States with the orld
Specialized Field Project
Human Trafficking is a very serious issue that affects every country around the world. Human Trafficking is also known as "Sex Trafficking," or "Modern Day Slavery," which reflects the primary reasons people are bought and sold today -- sex trade and involuntary labor. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as
"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for a commercial sex act, is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age."
Moreover, labor trafficking is defined as
"the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, using force, fraud, or coercion for subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery." (CNHTR, n.d.)…
Wayne, O. & Genelle, B. (2011). Major Principles of Media Law, 2012 Edition, Chapter 10, Cengage Learning.
Wheaton, E. M., Schauer, E. J., & Galli, T. V. (2010). Economics of Human Trafficking. International Migration, 48(4), 114-141. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00592.x
Wyler, L.S. (2013). Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress. Congress Research Service
Each author subsisted to two (2) different kinds of perspectives, which make up the second and third critical elements of the comparative analysis component of this paper.
Berger analyzed humor based on social and political perspectives. Usage of these perspectives was most useful in discussing the two typologies of humor he thoroughly discussed in the book: satire and folly. Satire as a type of humor drew upon important concept that makes up its core: "militant irony" (158-9). Folly, meanwhile, was best characterized through the concepts "absurd" and "reality in a looking glass" (176).
Satire gives humor a political aspect to it, as illustrated in the term "military irony," which Berger defined as "a term derived from war, it is an attitude of attack that is part of a campaign against someone or something." Interestingly, the author qualified that satire need not have the 'brutality' that comes with military irony; however,…
Berger, P. (1997). Redeeming Laughter: the Comic Dimension of Human Experience. Walter de Gruyter.
Critchley, S. (2002). On Humour. Routledge.
Managers use various analysis for various reasons. The comparative analysis compares line items in statements to past statements that detects changes in the accounts, which could indicate problem areas in operations. The ratio analysis detects emerging trends, weaknesses, and strengths of the business. The cost-volume-profit (CVP) analysis evaluates cost factor behaviors and shows how profits can be affected by the factors.
The comparison analysis is especially important to keep expenses in check. y comparing line items on the financial statements against previous period statements, changes can be detected and investigated. For example, where labor is one of the highest expenses, if labor is higher for this period with approximately the same sales volume, it shows a sign of wasted labor hours that would need to be investigated. Labor may not be being utilized in ways to prevent waste, which cuts into the profits. Another high area of waste…
Brewer, P.G. (2010). Introduction to Managerial Accounting. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
The inner core, meanwhile, has greater density, at 13, and temperature, at 6,650°C (or 12,000°F).
Compared against other planets in the solar system, the Earth contains just the appropriate amounts of gases, elements, and other properties that make human and other organism life possible.
Mercury, the planet closest to the Sun, has lesser mass and volume than the Earth, at a fraction of only 1/18. However, it is as dense as the Earth, although Mercury's surface is made up of more solid mass, specifically rough, porous, dark-colored rocks. Its atmosphere is made up of sodium and potassium, which accounts for the planet's density and very thin atmosphere. It was hypothesized that the core of Mercury is made up of liquid iron compound, as a result of the presence of magnetic field.
Venus, meanwhile, exhibits a unique characteristic for being the brightest and hottest planet in the sky, with the presence…
Had the organization employed the techniques of activity-based costing, they would have realized the need to change their approach and had started manufacturing small size and fuel efficient engines, as most of the customers were requiring these items. "If Ford [...] had used activity-based costing, they would have realized early on the utter futility of their competitive blitzes of the past few years, which offered new-car buyers spectacular discounts and hefty rewards" (Drucker, 2003).
Unlike absorption costing, marginal costing uses the traditional division into direct, indirect, fixed and variable costs. The accounting method sees that the final marginal cost of a product will be calculated by summing up the direct costs of labor, the direct costs of materials, the direct expenses and the variable overheads (Brown). The applications of marginal costing revealed that Ford was able to support a price advantage relative to General Motors and Chrysler due to its…
Bernstein, L.A., Wild, J.J., 1999, Analysis of Financial Statements, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill Publishers, ISBN 0070945047
Berry, a., 1999, Financial Accounting: An Introduction, 2nd Edition, Cengage Learning EMEA, ISBN 186152479X
Brown, G., Introduction to Costs Accounting: Methods and Techniques, http://www.globusz.com/ebooks/Costinglastaccessed on March 9, 2009
Drucker, P.F., 2003, Peter Drucker on the Profession of Management, Harvard Business Press, ISBN 1591393221
Identify and explain the four-step process used by cultivation analysis researchers.
The cultivation analysis as a theory is a four step process. Cultivation researchers use these four steps to demonstrate their belief that watching of television has an effect on the culture of people. The first step is the system analysis. This is a comprehensive analysis of the programs that run in the television. Ninety eight percent of all households in America own a television (Morgan, 2012). This indicates that the programs in television have a wide audience. Thus, an analysis of the content of the program is critical to the cultivation theorist.
The message analysis demonstrates that a repetitive pattern in the themes, values and images in televisions. The message system analysis focuses violence in television programs. It is evident that there are high doses of violence in programs and television broadcasts. The image of the real world that…
Morgan, M. (2012). George Gerbner: A critical introduction to media and communication theory. New York: Peter Lang.
In this regard, Nead notes that because she was an art lover, Richardson experienced a moral dilemma in her decision to attack "The Rokeby Venus," but she felt compelled to do so anyway based on her perception that the government was failing to act responsibility towards women in general and the suffragettes in particular. "In her statement during her trial, Richardson appears calm and articulate and nothing is said explicitly about any objections that she might have had to a female nude. Indeed, it was not until an interview given in 1952 that Richardson gave an additional reason for choosing the Velazquez: 'I didn't like the way men visitors to the gallery gaped at it all day'" (emphasis added) (Nead 36).
Figure 1. Velazquez, The Rokeby Venus.
Source: The Social Construction of Gender, 2006.
According to Mann (2002), functionalism could help explain the attack by Richardson on "The Rokeby…
Bartley, Paula. (2003). "Emmeline Pankhurst: Paula Bartley Reappraises the Role of the Leader of the Suffragettes." History Review, 41.
Damon-Moore, Helen. Magazines for the Millions: Gender and Commerce in the Ladies' Home Journal and the Saturday Evening Post, 1880-1910. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Harris-Frankfort, Enriqueta. "Velazquez, Diego." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 31 May 2006 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-222892 .
Mallory, Nina Ayala. El Greco to Murillo: Spanish Painting in the Golden Age, 1556-1700. New York: HarperCollins, 1990.
In reviewing some of the studies done on the impact of community policing on officers' attitudes, Lurigio and Rosenbaum (1994) isolated many of the specific techniques used in community policing programs. These programs are generally marked by the use of foot patrols to engage with citizens and establish a tangible presence, storefront police stations providing visibility and accessibility to the public, and the use of targeted police units designed to develop roots and tailor themselves to the specific communities they serve.
Like problem-oriented policing, community policing often requires a fundamental change in both the attitude and organization of police departments. As Dennis Nowicki (1997) points out, these changes are often difficult to implement consistently. The empowerment need by individual officers to adapt to individual situations within their community "clearly runs counter to the paramilitary structure of police agencies" (Nowicki, 1997, p. 365). In addition, the establishment of close ties between…
How, then, does zero-tolerance policing compare to these other approaches? It depends largely on how zero-tolerance policing is practiced and what end it serves. Some see zero-tolerance as "zero thinking" and diametrically opposed to both the spirit and practice of problem-oriented approaches (Nowicki, 1997, p. 366). Its law-based focus and its rigidity do seem to run counter to the openness and flexibility necessary to problem-oriented and community policing. However, others see zero-tolerance as essentially a problem-oriented approach in that it was designed with a problem-solving end in mind and not just as a theoretical approach (Kelling & Bratton, 1998).
Even if zero-tolerance policing is used in the service of problem-solving, however, its organizational structure prevents it from being a true problem-oriented or community approach. Problem-oriented and community centered policing must be characterized by active and vibrant partnerships between citizens and police. As Judith Greene put it in her argument against zero-tolerance, problem-oriented and community approaches seek to join "community policing and community participation" in a way that zero-tolerance policing cannot allow (Greene, 1999, p. 326).
Each of these methods of policing has its strengths and weaknesses. Zero-tolerance can be very effective, as seen in the case of the NYPD, and its clearly-delineated goals and strategies make it relatively easy to implement consistently. Problem-oriented policing benefits from its broadness of approach and its commitment to creating long-lasting solutions, but its definition as a "state of mind" does not give clear guidelines on how to put this commitment into practice. Community policing has the problem-solving approach but seeks to create specific techniques for implementing these approaches into the communities. Perhaps the ideal type of policing incorporates the best of all three approaches, and is still waiting to be developed.
Cross-cultural comparison on work value between U.S. And China
A value is "what a person consciously or subconsciously desires, wants, or seeks to attain" (Locke, 1983). Peterson and Gonzalez (2005) say values "are motivational forces," and "influence the role work plays in people's lives." Dawis (2005) asserts that each person (P) has requirements that need to be met, most through their environments (E). In fact, Dawis claims that "Many of P's needs in adulthood can be met at work." The ones that matter most to P. are E's ability to deliver rein forcers (e.g., pay, prestige, and working conditions) that satisfy P's needs. Similarly, E has parallel and complementary requirements that can be met by P. And make P. A satisfactory worker. Thus, understanding work values has a benefit for both individuals (as they look for work environments that support their values), and also for organizations (if they…
Bernstein, Paul. (1997). American Work Values: Their Origin and Development. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Cappelli, P., Bassi, L., Katz, H., Knoke, D., Osterman, P. And Useem, M. (1997). Change at Work. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dawis, R.V. (2005). The Minnesota theory of work adjustment. In Brown, S.D. & Lent, R.W. (Eds.) Career development and counselling: putting theory and research to work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Farber, Henry S. (1997). "Changing Face of Job Loss in the United States, 1981-1995." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: Microeconomics: 55-128.
Job Analysis Selection InterClean merged EnviroTech, a result, a strategic direction. The company longer sell cleaning products, provide full-service cleaning solutions organizations health care industry.
Job analysis and selection
As InterClean merged with EnviroTech, the resulting company is one with an increased operational complexity. Specifically, instead of simply selling cleaning products, the new firm would also be offering cleaning services to customers in the health care industry. This specifically means that the quality of the products and services delivered has to be of the utmost highest standards, in order to serve the extreme hygiene needs of the medical field.
In order for the company to succeed in its endeavors, it is necessary for it to adequately staff, train or otherwise manage the human resources. This necessity is pegged to the fact that the employees are the ones who create and sell the products, and also the ones who deliver the…
Gross, J., 2009, What is workforce planning system? PayScale, http://blogs.payscale.com/compensation/2009/10/what-is-a-workforce-planning-system.html last accessed on December 20, 2010
Heathfield, S.M., Hiring employees: a checklist for success in hiring employees, About, http://humanresources.about.com/cs/selectionstaffing/a/hiringchecklist.htm last accessed on December 20, 2010
Employee selection process, Management Study Guide, http://www.managementstudyguide.com/employee-selection-process.htm last accessed on December 20, 2010
Practical steps to employee selection, University of California, http://cnr.berkeley.edu/ucce50/ag-labor/7labor/02.htm last accessed on December 20, 2010
Hair is also in contact with chemicals in shampoos, and any dyes, gels, sprays or other cosmetics that may be placed on the hair (11).
Since there is no standardized method for cleaning these external contaminants off of the hair prior to analysis, the potential for inaccurate results from external contamination is widespread. There is no way to tell in the laboratory if a chemical is contained within the hair, and therefore came from with in the body, or if it is on the surface of the hair and did not come from within the body (12). An enormous amount of scientific research studies have indicated that hair analysis is unreliable as a diagnostic tool in crime solving. For example, in one study, the researchers took hair from the head of a single individual and sent portions of the sample to six laboratories; the results varied widely from laboratory to…
43. Lee, H. 2004. Advances in Forensics Provide Creative Tools for Solving Crimes. Bulletin of the Council of Science and Engineering, 19(2).
44. Lee, H. 2004. Advances in Forensics Provide Creative Tools for Solving Crimes. Bulletin of the Council of Science and Engineering, 19(2).
45. Lee, H. 2004. Advances in Forensics Provide Creative Tools for Solving Crimes. Bulletin of the Council of Science and Engineering, 19(2).
Clearly the ability to transform critical new product development, supply chain, sourcing and material yield and optimization strategies has paid off, as indicated by the exceptionally strong inventory turns a year in the latest fiscal period (29.78). This was also achieved in FY 2008 and due to several acquisitions during FY 2007 BAE Systems posted 52.31 inventory turns due to the consolidation of financial statements and operations with companies acquired during that time. Finally the metrics illustrate how well BAE is re-architecting key processes to gain high levels of cost efficiencies. This is seen in the trending of Return on Assets (ROA), which in 2005 was 3.03, increasing to 8.52 in 2006 and then dropping to 4.69 in 2007. The FY 2008 timeframe showed exceptional growth with the company reporting 7.58 ROA. On ROE the transition from 20.22 in 2005, to 47.16 in 2006, 17.78 in 2007, and 26.19 in…
Pfizer can be included in the larger industrial sector of biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, although a great part of its revenues come from the pharmaceutical products for which it is renowned. The pharmaceutical companies have specialized in a vast category of drugs, from simple, aspirin- type drugs, to more complex ones, including drugs that inhibit or activate individual molecules in different selected environments. They also produce vitamins and livestock food supplements.
The pharmaceutical industry in the United States (and worldwide for that matter) is considered to be one of the most profitable and continuously booming. It is estimated that globally, over $300 billion worth of drugs are sold. A simple explanation for this high degree of profitability is, of course, the high demand of the sector: no matter what happens, drugs and medicine continue to be one of the necessities of people. Additionally, this demand seems to be on a constant…
Merck's profit margin was 13.6%, while Pfizer scored 34.8%, almost three times as much! This means either that Pfizer is selling at higher prices than Merck (it may be the case that Pfizer provides more specialized drugs that sell at a higher price) or that Pfizer has lower costs (I doubt that this is the main cause here. In general, the main costs in the pharmaceutical industry come from research and developed. As is the case here, it is very probable that these two companies are spending more or less the same amount on R& D. In order to remain competitive).
The return on total assets ratio, obtained by dividing the net income after tax to the total asset value, showed a score of 1.9% in Pfizer's case and of 14.8% in Merck's case, while the ROE (return on equity) amounted for 40.37% in Merck's case and 3.57% on Pfizer's case. The differences, as we can see, are extremely high. I could explain the first indicator, the ROI, with the very high value of total assets for Pfizer in 2003 (this almost doubled from 2002), which made the company less profitable that year, but the difference in ROE is enormous. It does not necessarily reflect a low profit in Pfizer's case (this seems comparable), but a very high value of equity. However, the analysis is even more complicated when we look at the P/E ratio, where the differences are staggering: Pfizer has a reported P/E of 136.92, while Merck has one of only 16.75, with the industrial average somewhere at 28.72. The closest to Pfizer in this case is Bayer, with 96.01.
The conclusions that we can draw from this analysis are somewhat ambiguous. We have had a look at several financial indicators and in many of them, Pfizer has scored lower scores than its competitor Merck. This is mainly the case of the asset management ratio and the profitability ratio. However, one of the most important indicators, the P/E, that shows us the perspective of a company, showed extremely high values for Pfizer, compared to all other companies and to the industrial average. Seeing that many indicators were influenced by the unstable value of the total assets, due to current acquisitions and mergers, investing in Pfizer may be advisable given the fact that a long-term growth is expected in the industry, as well as for the company (see again the P/E).
Strategic Analysis of Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Division
This study provides the strategic analysis of Johnson & Johnson's pharmaceutical division to assist the company developing an effective strategy to achieve the competitive market advantages. The paper uses the SWOT analysis, PEST analysis and Porter's five forces for the strategic analysis. The outcomes of the analysis reveal that Johnson & Johnson is one of the top players in the pharmaceutical industry making the company enjoying superior market advantages in the United States and outside the United States. However, the company is still facing stiff competitions with other key players in the industry. Moreover, the company has not been able to reduce its cost of operations. The study recommends that Johnson & Johnson should launch its products in China to enjoy huge Chinese markets. Moreover, the company should take advantage of Chinese low stringent laws and regulations to produce drugs for Indian…
Arnum, P.V. (2015). Outlook 2018: The Current and Future Direction of the Pharma Industry. IMS Market Prognosis.
Gates, L.P. (2010). Strategic Planning with Critical Success Factors and Future Scenarios: An Integrated Strategic Planning Framework. Technical Report. Carnegie Mellon University. Software Engineering Institute.
KPMG (2011). Future Pharma Five Strategies to Accelerate the Transformation of the Pharmaceutical Industry by 2020. KPMG LLP, UK.
Phrama (2016). 2016 Profile Biopharmaceutical Research Industry. Washington, DC: PhRMA.
Mill talked of ethical freedom in terms of all areas wherein individual and society interacts and become involved with each other; Marx utilized the same viewpoint, although specified it in terms of proletarian-bourgeoisie relations.
For Marx, ethical freedom is self-realization within the individual, and primary in this realization was the acknowledgment that one needs to be economically independent in order for modern individuals, and society in general, to function progressively. Ethical freedom is said to have been achieved if there will develop a new social order, identified as the "industrial proletariat," described to be the modern individuals, belonging to the previously identified proletariat class, who embodies "fresh moral and political idea, but one rooted in the world of material reality" (Morgan, 2005:392). In concrete Marxian terms, self-realization is an event that will occur only once the following elements have been abolished, as cited in "The Communist Manifesto": "representative government, bourgeois…
Barnett, V. (2005). "The Soviet economy -- an experiment that was bound to fail?" History Review.
Brennan, J. (2005). "Choice and excellence: a defense of Millian individualism." Social Theory and Practice, Vol. 31, No. 4.
Lovell, D. (2004). "Marx's utopian legacy." The European Legacy, Vol. 9, No. 5.
Marx, K. E-text of "The Communist Manifesto." Project Gutenberg E-texts.
Aging and the family-work link: A comparative analysis of two generations of Mexican women (1936-1938 and 1951-1953)" by Blanco and Pacheco can best be described as serviceable. The first sentence is not particularly 'catchy' and is somewhat awkward. "The implications of aging of the population in Mexico are complicated and in some respects, serious" (Blanco & Pacheco 2009: 143). However, the introduction does go on to explain specifically why dealing with Mexico's aging population is such a serious concern. The developing nation's pension system is in a crisis and covers only 30% of the nation's senior citizens; other forms of government support are inadequate and under-funded. The primary burden of eldercare falls upon women: women are considered to be the primary domestic caretakers of children and husbands; women must work to support their families working outside the home and now they increasingly have this additional burden of attending to the…
Blanco, M. & Pacheco, E. (2009). Aging and the family-work link: A comparative analysis of two generations of Mexican women (1936-1938 and 1951-1953). Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 40 (2): 143-166.
Battlefields and Big Macs
A Comparative Analysis of Documentary Styles
The role of documentary film in helping to shape and inform American culture has become increasingly apparent, especially in the last decade. The ability of nearly anyone to create and distribute documentaries cheaply and effectively using home computer software and video sharing sites like YouTube has created a diverse body of documentaries available with the click of a button. They are not all good, not all accurate, and some may not even be ethically or legally sound, but if they are powerful enough and relevant enough, they can move people and even governments to act. We have seen this recently with the independently produced documentary "Kony 2012," a 29-minute film that portrays the atrocities committed by Ugandan rebel leader Joseph Kony. Posted on YouTube in early March, the film got over 100 million hits in one week, and prompted…
Bernard, S.C. (2011) Documentary Storytelling: Creative Non-Fiction Onscreen. Oxford: Elsevier, Inc.
Burns, K. (2002) The film, past and present: why I decided to make The Civil War. PBS Web site. Retrieved April 2, 2012 from http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/film/
Btsisi & Sav "h Ga Cultures
Comparative Analysis: Btsisi and Savannaha Ga (Sav" h Ga) Cultures
Differences in geographic location of societies gave birth to different cultures and traditions, influenced by the people living in a specific geographic area, and the way of life they have developed over time. One of the salient features of cultural differences is the kind of kinship system established within the culture, which includes the behavior, actions and lifestyle within. In this paper, two cultures will be compared in terms of the kinship system, behavior, actions, and lifestyle established within each culture. The cultures under study are the Btsisi of Selangor, Malaysia, and the author's own cultural/ethnic group, the Savannah Ga (Sav" h Ga).
As a cultural group, the Btsisi traces its heritage from a primarily matriarchal society, wherein villages are led by a woman leader called Batin. The significance of women and the Batin…
Ember, C. And M. Ember (Eds.). (2003). Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures. NY: Springer.
Nowak, B. (2010). "Can the partnership last?" Cultural Survival, Vol. 8, No. 2.
Nowak, B. (2000). "Dancing the Main jo'oh: Hma 'Btsisi' celebrate their humanity and religious identity in a Malaysian world." Australian Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 11, Issue 2.
E-Compensation: Benefits and Challenges
Compensation is one of the basic roles of the Human esource department. This refers to the process of rewarding effort of the employees by assigning salaries and wages for work done. Compensation serves as an appreciation for good work done and as a motivation for more work to be done. E-compensation is the art of making these said payments through the online platform. This is where the human resource managers issue payments for the work done through the online channels available over the Internet. This mode of payment does not involve the handling of cash in any way. All payments are made using the electronic means that the online platform provides. The following study identifies the merits and demerits web-based compensation systems compared to the usual stand-alone or a PC-based method.
This method of compensation involves the use of a fixed method where spreadsheets…
Bondarouk, T. (2014). Human Resource Management, Social Innovation, and Technology. Bradford: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Gueutal, H. (2011). The Brave New World of EHR Human Resources Management in the Digital Age. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
Kleingartner, A., & California, L. (2013). Human Resource Management in High Technology Firms. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books.
Martocchio, J. (2009). Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI
Here, interviews are predominant, with open ended questions forcing participants to express their perceptions and beliefs more thoroughly. These interviews are then processed through a series of coding practices which help extrapolate important concepts and the relationships that impact the social environment and the phenomenon being studied. Corbin & Strauss (2008) are well-known for their comparative analysis within the field of grounded theory. Here, there are three types of coding: open coding, selective coding, and axial coding. Open coding recognizes frequently used words and phrases, pulling them out for later analysis. Selective coding is the process was categories are created to link the concepts extrapolated in open coding. This process allows the researcher to disregard some concepts and create a list of core concepts that are paramount to the field of study. Corbin & Strauss (2008) state that selective coding is "the process that links all the categories and sub-categories…
Corbin, J.M., & Strauss, A.L. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Krippendorff, Klaus. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. 2nd edition. Sage Publications.
The health care system in the United States is often compared with that of other countries, and the one that comes up the most frequently in Canada. The Canadian system has better outcomes in general than the American system, and is completely different in terms of structure. This paper will examine the key areas where the systems differ, and seek to extrapolate what that means.
At its heart, the US system relies on market forces for much of its activity. Health care is providers are usually paid by insurance companies (or the government, which will be discussed in a moment). The insurance market is generally a free market, where insurers compete for customers the same way that insurers in other fields compete for customers. Employers will often pay the cost of coverage under an employer plan for workers, but there are many types of jobs where this…
SHAMANIC APPOACHES vs. ALTEED STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Compare and contrast Eastern and shamanic approaches to altering consciousness
This paper focuses on the similarities and differences between eastern Shamanic practices and altered states of consciousness (ASC), and the significance of these practices in the today's urban society. Prior to going deep into the discussion, it is significance to define the terms; Shamanic and altered states of consciousness. As asserted by Oesterreich (1935:295), Shamanic illustrates what the Shamans do, while as Shamanic practices entails an intricate of belief, rituals and traditions huddled around the Shaman practices.
Some of the authors, for instance, Ashvind, (1999) relate Shaman to Siberian, Eurasian or sub-Arctic practitioners, while others extend the term Shaman to other practitioners, for example, any practitioner that interrelates with the spirit world through altered states of consciousness (ASC). Others extend the definition and define Shamans as medicine men or witch doctors. In essence,…
Ashvind N. (1999). Shamans, Healing, and Mental Health, Journal of Child and Family
Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1, pp. 131-134
Block, N. (1995). On confusion about a function of consciousness. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 18, 227 -- 247.
Block, N. (2001). Paradox and cross-purposes of recent work on consciousness. Cognition, 79,197 -- 219.
Crime Data Sources in the United States
The collection of crime data in the United States is carried out through different approaches including Uniform Crime eports and the National Incident-Based eporting System, which also act as the two primary sources of crime data for crime reporting. The data obtained from these sources are used for research and documentation of crime status at the county, state, and national levels. Notably, the National Incident-Based eporting System emerged as an advancement of the conventional summary of Uniform Crime eports that were used to track crime in the country. In addition, the Congress uses data from these sources together with those from the National Crime Victimization Survey to guide policy decisions and create suitable responses to crime. While the use of these sources helps in dealing with crime in the United States, they have some similarities and differences between them with regards to methodological…
Addington, L.A. (2008, February). Assessing the Extent of Nonresponse Bias on NIBRS
Estimates of Violent Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(1), 32-49.
"Data Collection Guidelines." (2000, August). National Incident-Based Reporting System.
Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice website: https://www.fortworthpd.com/docmgmt/NIBRS_Volume1_Major_Differences.pdf
.....female agency in Wang Anyi's "Granny" and Eileen Chang's "Shame Amah"
The objective of this study is to compare and contrast the work of Eileen Chang's with reference to her theme "Shame Amah" and the work of Wang Anyi focusing on her theme "Granny". The study uses their works of the two writers to analyze their differences and similarities in the writing styles focusing on the themes Shame of Amah and Granny. Remarkably, Zhang was in her early twenties when she had been identified as a discriminating and precious writer. She benefited from both classical Western and Chinese literature making her being one of the most renown Chinese writers in the literary world.
Similarly, Eileen Chang is one of the most talented Chinese writers born in 1921 and has published several collections of English stories as well publishing two English novels. Eileen Chang was born in Shanghai and attended the…
psychological impact of Katrina & Lusitania
Hurricane Katrina which took place in the year 2005 is said to be one of the worst storm disaster that took place in the history of the United States. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The winds both from Louisiana to Alabama caused the level of water to arise at about 80% of the New Orleans and neighborhoods. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans (Brinkley, 2006).
The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One. However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the…
Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York: Morrow.
Guterman, P. (2005). Psychological preparedness for disaster. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from http://www.academia.edu/233646/Psychological_preparedness_for_disaster
Gant, P.G., & Gantt, R. (2011). Disaster Psychology. October 10, 2012 from http://www.asse.org/professionalsafety/pastissues/057/08/042_049_F1Gan_0812.pdf .
Ballard, R.D., & Dunmore, S. (2003). Exploring the Lusitania: probing the mysteries of the sinking that changed history. New York: Warner Books.
Value & Meaning
There are some concepts and ideas that are pretty clear-cut and easy to discuss. This is often because the concepts at hand are definite, at least fairly black and white and so forth. However, there are other things that are a bit more abstract and nebulous. Beyond that, there are concepts that are subject to disagreement and rancor when they are discussed. Certain pieces of art and the value (or lack thereof) is a good example. Another example is the definition of value and meaning in one's life. Socrates was quite famous for his treatises on the subject and Robert Nozick certainly took up that mantle during his time. While Mr. Nozick certainly added a great perspective and prism to the value and meaning paradigm, to suggest that he (or even Socrates) are the final word on the subject is less than accurate.
The focal point…
Human Behavior Social Environment
This paper begins with an observation of a 4-year-old boy at the train station setting. The surrounding company is the family that consists of father, mother, a son, and three-daughters. The goal of the observation is to establish the boy's entire behavior together with his reaction to punishment and reinforcement. The method used was the Systematic Observation consisting of event sampling and specimen record that lasted for 53 minutes.
The report gathered information through "Systematic Observation." I formulated the design through the simple form of recording data through event sampling and specimen record. In most cases, researchers can record descriptions of the entire scope of behavior using this method (Hutchison, 2008). Further, the particular behavior instances of the specified period were recorded.
The Piaget Cognitive Development Theory was used in analyzing the behavior of the child. The child is at proportional stages of between two…
Freeman, K.A. (Spring 2000). Positive behavior support: Expanding the application of applied behavior analysis. The Behavior Analyst 23 (1): 85 -- 94.
Germaine, C.B and Bloom, M. (1999). Human Behavior in the Social environment: an ecological view. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gilligan, C. (1993). In a different voice: psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Greene, R.R. (2008). Human behavior theory and social work practice. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine Publishers
Comparison of Modern and Ancient Mythology
Imagination is still an inseparable aspect of his nature regardless of the claims on rationality and logic. Human beings are mythmakers. They have a tendency to imagine worlds that don't immediately exist which gives rise to mythology and religion (Armstong). Since the age of enlightenment; men began to believe in philosophy as the only method of disclosing world and nature. It can be shown that even philosophy stands on myth (Muszynski). Therefore, mythology still exists both at a personal level and a public level, in the form of religion. Mythology arises to explain ideas which cannot be explained with rationality alone - nature, the origin of people, and the existence of the universe. The root and grounds of development of mythology has not changed since the ancient times, therefore, mythology in the new world shares many similarities with the ancient mythology. Nevertheless,…
Armstong, Karen. A short history of myth. Canongate U.S., 2005.
Bartlett, Sarah. The Mythology Bible: The Definitive Guide to Legendary Tales. Great Britain: Godsfield Press, 2009.
Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousan faces. Pantheon Books, 1949.
Muszynski, Joe. "Thinking in Narrative:Seeing Through To the Myth in Philosophy." Mythological Studies Journal 1.1 (2010).
Forensic Sciences in the USA and the United Kingdom
Over the last two decades, the forensic science has assisted in producing valuable evidence that has contributed to a successful conviction and prosecution of criminals and exoneration of innocent citizens. Typically, an advanced in forensic science and DNA technology have been a great assistance for law enforcement agency for an identification and prosecution of criminals. In the United States and the UK, many cases that have been formally unsolved have now been solved based on the great assistance of the forensic science investigators. (National esearch Council, 2009). Forensics or forensic science is a field of investigation drawing different scientific disciplines in law, criminal and civil services. This practice requires an application of scientific knowledge, quantitative, qualitative and empirical skills to collect and analyze data that will assist in presenting evidence in a tribunal or court of law. However, the method the…
Butler, J.M. (2015). U.S. initiatives to strengthen forensic science & international standards in forensic DNA. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 18: 4 -- 20.
Goulka, J.E. Matthies, C. Steinberg, P. (2010). Toward a Comparison of DNA Profiling and Databases in the United States and England. Technical report (Rand Corporation).
House of Common (2013). Forensic Science. House of Commons Science and Technology Committee.
Mallett, X. & Evison, M.P. (2013). Forensic Facial Comparison: Issues of Admissibility in the Development of Novel Analytical Technique. J Forensic Sci, 58 (4):859-865.
Poe and Fowles
Detective stories and novels were first created in the 1800s. eaders continue to enjoy them. Even today, 150 years later, millions of people across the world want to read the newest detective books. Many people call Edgar Allen Poe the inventor of the detective story, because he developed a formula that is still followed. An example is his "Murders in the ue Morgue." Many authors later created their own style. John Fowles' "The Enigma" shows one way that a writer can experiment with the crime story. This paper will compare and contrast these two works to explain Poe's formula and to show how it was altered by Fowles, to let the reader have more freedom of choice.
"The Murders in the ue Morgue" was story was so different from others that were popular at the time that Poe's usual publishers did not want to print it. Instead…
Daniel, Robert. "Poe's Detective God." Furioso VI. Summer, 1951, 45-52.
Edwards, Samuel. The Vidocq Dossier: The Story of the World's First Detective. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
Fowles, John. The Ebony Tower. Boston: Little Brown, 1974.
Martinez, Maria Jesus. "Astarte's game: variations in John Fowles's 'The Enigma.' Twentieth Century Literature, Spring, 1996 .
awareness entails using all available sensory modalities and cognitive processes. The individual who is situationally aware knows what to pay attention to and can make quick decisions based on knowledge and wisdom. Situation awareness requires some understanding also of goals and objectives. Situational understanding is a similar concept to situational awareness. However, situational understanding takes awareness a step further. As Maltz (2010) points out, situational understanding "unlike awareness, requires some useful grasp of the information at hand," (p. 53). If situational awareness is a state of being vigilant and conscious, then situational understanding is the application of non-contextual variables. For example, a soldier who is practicing situational awareness notices slight changes to the environment such as encroaching shadows or sudden sounds. The same soldier is also aware of where friendly troops are, and can easily determine the source of the sensory input and discern that from potential enemy presence. However,…
Maltz, R.S. (2010). Shared situational understanding. Military Review. Sept-Oct 2010. Retrieved online: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=shared%20situational%20understanding&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CDIQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fusacac.army.mil%2FCAC2%2FMilitaryReview%2FArchives%2FEnglish%2FMilitaryReview_20101031_art009.pdf&ei=3ZbiTr3uIYqOiALNzfS1Bg&usg=AFQjCNGETZR7XTV5QILqMn_AhHq-sl7t-A&cad=rja
Toner, E.S. (2009). Creating situational awareness: A systems approach. White paper prepared for the June 10, 2009 workshop on medical surge capacity hosted by the Institute of Medicine Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events. Retrieved online: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=%20situational%20awareness&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CFAQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fiom.edu%2F~%2Fmedia%2FFiles%2FActivity%2520Files%2FPublicHealth%2FMedPrep%2FJun-10-11-2009-Commissioned%2520Papers%2FJun-10-11-2009-Commissioned-Paper-Creating-Situational-Awareness-A-Systems-Approach.pdf&ei=n5fiTs6cGsiSiQLq272mBg&usg=AFQjCNFrhBlFSwbtKcapH0E8jUdvgSG1IA&cad=rja
Dylan's "The Times they are a Changing," Hughes' "Harlem: A Dream Deferred," and Auden's "The Unknown Citizen" all investigate the themes of human goals, and the impact of society upon these goals. Hughes' poem provides an analysis of how the deferment of life goals by society can result in great destruction to both the individual and society. Auden's poem also looks at the loss of life goals, this time through the overarching control of a mechanized, soulless state and conformity. In contrast, Dylan's lyrics provide hope for the realization of dreams and hopes through social change.
In his poem, "Harlem: A Dream Deferred," Langston Hughes investigates the theme of the destructive impact of deferring dreams. In his first sentence, Hughes sets up a rhetorical question, "hat happens to a dream deferred?," and then sets about determining the effect of life goals that are delayed or put off. Clearly, Hughes wants…
Auden, W.H. The Unknown Citizen. In: Kennedy, X.J. And Gioia, Dana. 2001. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (8th Edition). Pearson Longman.
Dylan, Thomas. The Times they are a Changing. In: Kennedy, X.J. And Gioia, Dana. 2001. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (8th Edition). Pearson Longman.
Hughes, Langston. Harlem: A Dream Deferred. In: Kennedy, X.J. And Gioia, Dana. 2001. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (8th Edition). Pearson Longman.
Song lyrics reflect the culture and social norms of their time period. Examining song lyrics from two different time periods can therefore reveal the ways these two generations differed in terms of messages about core subjects. Love is a universal theme in all song, making it an especially good subject for analysis. Songs about love will differ according to the definition of love, how love is expressed or shared between two people, and also gender roles in relationships. In 1975, one of the biggest-selling songs was by a band called Captain and Tennille. The song is called, "Love will Keep us Together." In 2010, there was a song called "Boyfriend" by Best Coast. Both of these songs are overtly about love. Although "Boyfriend" is about unrequited love, and "Love will Keep us Together" is about relationships, these two songs have similar lyrics about the meaning of love and about gender…
Advertisements for the Same Product
Advertisement is basically a one-way communication means that is geared towards informing probable customers regarding a product and/or service and how and where to find the product and/or service. Advertisements usually contain a persuasive message through an identified sponsor. The purpose of the identified sponsor is non-personal promotion of a company's products and/or services to probable customers. In most cases, medium and large companies use advertisements to promote their products and/or services while focusing on creating assumption among customers that will lead to purchase. While companies use advertisements to market their product and/or services, advertisements of the same product may vary depending on various factors. This difference is characterized by varying language, images, and sounds that focus on making the product desirable and appealing.
Considerations When Designing Advertisements
Generally, big companies or businesses utilize advertisements in attempts to reach markets and target audience through product…
Plato and Kant
Plato's life span was between 427 BC and 347 BC. As a youth Plato possessed political visions, but he turned out disenchanted by the political authority of the city of Athens. He slowly turned out a follower of Socrates, adhering to his fundamental theory and conversational pattern of argument: the pursuance of virtue through inspection, results and additional inspection. The self-explanatory custom is one-minded in its inspection that Plato undertook many attires of poetry as a youth, only in the later point of life resorting to philosophy. Plato's chief donation was to philosophy, mathematics and science. Anyhow, it is not as yielding as one might anticipate envisaging Plato's philosophical visions. The cause for this is that Plato penned down no meticulous treatise providing his visions, rather he penned down innumerous conversations which are written in the form of debates. Plato enhanced his visions from within and implemented…
Baldwin, James Mark. History of Psychology: A Sketch and an Interpretation"
Volume II, (1913) Retrieved at http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Baldwin/History/chap2-2.htm . Accessed on 12/13/2003
Bushnell, Thomas. "Kant's Moral Philosophy: Third Paper" Retrieved at http://www.mit.edu/~tb/papers/kant-eth-ontoAccessed on 12/13/2003
Immanuel Kant | Sigmund Freud" Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/dragon-dreamer/bits/kantfreud.html. Accessed on 12/13/2003