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Among the list of controversial issues relating to jobs and the economy in the United States, outsourcing is right up there near the top. Politicians frequently attack each other using the phrase, "sending our jobs overseas…" and many a politician has been stung by this accusation. Thesis: hile there are clearly benefits to be realized by companies that engage in outsourcing, there are also difficulties, drawbacks, and unanticipated expenses associated with outsourcing. Outsourcer, beware, should be the motto going into to any outsourcing arrangement.
IBM Takes Over Outsourcing for Auto Parts Maker Visteon
Outsourcing in many instances is a profitable alternative for technology companies. It would appear that taking on outsourcing contracts can be more lucrative than manufacturing technology components. Indeed, IBM's outsourcing projects have meant billions of dollars in profits while the company transitions from manufacturing and selling its computer technologies to providing services instead. In the early…
Djavanshir, G. Reza. (2005). Surveying the Risks and Benefits of IT Outsourcing. IT
Professional, 7(6), 32-37.
Hechinger, John. (2003). IBM Gets $2 billion Outsourcing Job -- Most Computer Operations
of Visteon to Be Taken Over as It Diversifies From Ford. The Wall Street Journal.
Freedom of the Press in Sharing Sensitive Information
The United States Constitution guarantees several individual freedoms including freedom of speech and freedom of the press. However, there are scenarios where freedom of the press and freedom of speech generate significant concerns and questions, especially with regards to sharing sensitive information or addressing controversial issues. In the modern society, many new outlets across mass media compete for people's attention to an extent that some of them focus on very sensitive and controversial subjects in order to generate huge audiences. This practice has been criticized as harmful to the society while others argue that it is appropriate to report such issues in that manner. The right to freedom of speech should not be used by media outlets to emphasize very controversial and sensitive issues to merely obtain an audience.
The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the emerging trend of…
"Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press." (n.d.). Criminal Justice. Retrieved from The Lincoln University website: http://www.lincoln.edu/criminaljustice/hr/Speech.htm
Kane, M. & Jeppsen, C. (2014, December 12). The Media's Responsibility to Inform. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 11, 2015, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-responsibility-to-inform/2014/12/12/8c59893c-7e36-11e4-b936-f3afab0155a7_story.html
Kent, M. (2014, October 10). Media Should be Responsible as Well as Free. Retrieved from Foreign & Commonwealth Office website: http://blogs.fco.gov.uk/markkent/2014/10/10/media-should-be-responsible-as-well-as-free/
Soave, R. (2015, January 27). Students Newspapers Desecrating Free Speech: A Transformation, or Return to Form? Retrieved August 11, 2015, from http://reason.com/blog/2015/01/27/students-newspapers-desecrating-free-spe
As judge of Barbieland, I stand firmly in support of abolishing the death penalty, not only for juveniles, but for every person as well. oper v. Simmons was a welcomed decision for my belief system and I support its movement away from the violent and senseless practice of the death penalty that does nothing to prevent crime but rather validates violence as a useful tactic to control troublesome populations. Scalia and O'Conner's bloodthirsty dissention suggests that they support state sanctioned murder as a viable tool.
According to the case, " The Court reaffirmed the necessity of referring to "the evolving standards of decency that mark the progress of a maturing society" to determine which punishments are so disproportionate as to be cruel and unusual. The Court reasoned that the rejection of the juvenile death penalty in the majority of states, the infrequent use of the punishment even where…
Burearu of Justice Statistics. Recidivism. Viewed 21 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=17
Roper v Simmons. Death Penalty Information Center. Viewed 21 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/u-s-supreme-court-roper-v-simmons-no-03-633
America and controversial issue
According to historian Frederick Turner, America is by nature a 'pioneering' nation. It is distinctly different in its worldview from Europe, given that it has been founded upon the ideals of newness, expansiveness, and the drive to move forward. Americans are practical, self-reliant, and tough. Turner also suggested that Americans innately 'crave' the frontier to realize the full scope of their ambitions. Americans are hardy, and feel they can overcome any challenges. They disdain hierarchies based upon aristocracy, and instead value a person's merit and ability to rise to a challenge. In contrast, Oscar Handlin stressed America's identity as a nation of immigrants. Founded by people seeking refuge from persecution, Handlin saw the forging of the American character as something difficult, as it required bringing together people of vastly different cultures, all of whom had overcome tremendous challenges to arrive in America.
Americans who take the…
Smithneek, Elizabeth. "Suffrage movement." Learning to Give. [11 Mar 2012]
Drug legalization is a highly controversial issue, which has been given top priority in political agenda. Many oppose legalization of cocaine but there are just as many people favoring legalization on various grounds. It is important to study both sides of the problem to see if legalization is practical or not. Those who oppose legalization of drugs maintain that cocaine is a dangerous drug which if legalized will send the wrong message that "it is OK to try such drugs" (Legalizing drugs may not be bad idea: 17 A). Opponents maintain that it is the responsibility of law enforcement agencies and other authorities to maintain stricter control over drug use in order to maintain "a delicate balance on drug initiatives." (Hemenway, 2002)
Drug legalization is a sensitive issue that many regard as problematic and believe that it is not in the jurisdiction of United States to allow or disallow legalization…
Legalizing drugs may not be bad idea., USA Today, 10-11-1999, pp 17A
HEMENWAY, D. Alexandria Arguments against states legalizing drugs, Arguments against states legalizing drugs., The Washington Times, 11-08-2002.
Teen Plastic Surgery: A Controversial Medical Practice
According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in 2007, more than 87,000 teenagers had cosmetic surgery; and that number has grown exponentially since. Although aesthetic cosmetic surgery is popular amongst United States teens, physicians and plastic surgeons worry that such invasive surgery on teens' still growing bodies can be dangerous. Other developed countries, including Germany and Australia, are considering banning all but medically necessary plastic surgery for anyone under the age of 18. However, the question remains, if such a measure were taken like that in the United States for minors stem the tide of teenagers going under the knife? This paper will address the controversy associated with teenagers and aesthetic cosmetic surgery in the United States, and the business of plastic surgery for teens, from a legal, ethical, and social responsibility standpoint.
In a country, and dare say…
Ali, K., & Lam, T. (2008). Teens under the knife: Is plastic surgery too dangerous for teens? Current Events, 108(1), 7-14.
American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (2003). National totals for cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank.
www.surgery.org/download/2003-stats.pdf:10. Accessed 25 July, 2011.
Bourdieu, P 1977, Outline of a Theory of practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Employers' ole During Union Organization Campaigns
Union organizing has become a major issue in today's working environment because of increased efforts by workers to promote suitable conditions in the workplace and obtain compensation that suits their contributions to the organization. Even though the number of unionized employees or membership of labor unions has declined significantly in the past few years, unionization is still an important component of today's labor force. As employees continue to join labor unions to advocate for their welfare in the workplace, the role of employers during union organization campaigns has been a slightly controversial issue. The controversy relating to this issue is attributable to the tendency by company management to attempt undertaking measures that defeat the union during union organization campaigns. However, the National Labor elations Act defines the role employers should play during union organization campaigns. This paper examines whether employers should sack their employees…
Domhoff, G.W. (2013, February). The Rise and Fall of Labor Unions in the U.S. Retrieved from University of California at Santa Cruz website: http://www2.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/power/history_of_labor_unions.html
Marchetta, J.S. (1983). NLRB v. Transportation Management Corp.: Allocation of the Burden of Proof in Section 8(a)(3) Mixed Motive Discharge Cases. Catholic University Law Review, 33(1), 279-312.
Mehta, C. & Theodore, N. (2005, December). Undermining the Right to Organize: Employer Behavior During Union Representation Campaigns. Retrieved May 26, 2017, from http://www.newunionism.net/library/organizing/ARW%20-%20Employer%20Behaviour%20During%20Union%20Organizing%20Campaigns%20-%202005.pdf
Society for Human Resource Management. (n.d.). How Can We Prevent a Union from Organizing in Our Company? Retrieved May 26, 2017, from https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/tools-and-samples/hr-qa/pages/preventunionorganization.aspx
Paternity leave has emerged as one of the debatable issues in today's society, especially because of the changing nature of the modern workplace. Generally, many new fathers tend to return to work after celebrating the birth of their newborns. Fathers barely take time off after the birth of their children despite of the need to take paternity leave. Actually, based on the findings of a survey on working fathers by the Center for Work and Family at Boston College, fathers rarely take time off after the birth of their children (Hall, 2013). Even in situations where men are offered paid paternity leave, most of them won't take it mainly because of the stigma associated with such measures. The issue of paternity leave has generated numerous arguments and counter-arguments between proponents and opponents respectively. An analysis of these arguments demonstrates that paternity leave is vital to promote the involvement of both…
Cohn, J. (2014, July 14). Leave No Parent Behind. New Republic, 245(12), 7-9.
The article shows how the existing stingy family-leave policies may be shirking the economy. The author demonstrates how the transformation of these policies and inclusion of paternity leave enhances productivity.
Delingpole, J. (2009, September 16). Paternity Leave? It's Not Natural. The Telegraph.
Retrieved July 24, 2014, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/6196220/Paternity-leave-Its-not-natural.html
Chimpanzees and gorillas can be taught human sign language, and sign with one another even without humans present. (MMMC, 2002) They argue that to use intelligence and compassion as a sliding scale of the right to life would cause many humans to be justified out of existence.
However, even if one accepts that too many animals are experimented upon, and researchers should use other means, it is similarly hard to justify the elimination of all animal experimentation, altogether, as this would have meant the end of such recent drug developments in AIDS research, as well as more questionable animal tests, as for instance, the use of rabbits in cosmetic testing, for which there are acceptable substitutes that do not require animals.
Bayliss, Francoise. (2004) "Our Cells/Ourselves: The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research." Stem Cell Network. Retrieved 12 Jan 2004 at http://www.stemcellnetwork.ca/research/projects/project04.php
BBC News. (Feb 12, 2004)"Q &…
Bayliss, Francoise. (2004) "Our Cells/Ourselves: The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research." Stem Cell Network. Retrieved 12 Jan 2004 at http://www.stemcellnetwork.ca/research/projects/project04.php
BBC News. (Feb 12, 2004)"Q & A: Cloned Embryos." BBC Official Website. Retrieved 12 Jan 2004 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/3481159.stm
Bird, Gloria W. And Sporkowuski, Michael J. (1992) Taking Sides. The Dushkin Publishing Group, Inc. Guilford, CT.
CNN.com. (Feb 12, 2004)" Scientists 'cloned human embryos' CNN News Website. Retrieved 12 Jan 2004 at http://www.cnn.com/2004/HEALTH/02/12/science.clone/
" Without a fundamental leg of the Southern structure taken out from underneath the Confederacy, Lincoln gained a strategic advantage. He did so using complete military preconceptions in order to carefully avoid breaking the peacetime rules and regulations set forth by the American Constitution.
Thanks to the free labor of the slaves, the South had more than enough white men willing to fight. Tons of able-bodied young men enlisted and left home, but the economy was not drastically affected due to the fact that there were still laborers available to support the war effort. Therefore, freeing the slaves in the rebellious States, Lincoln was encouraging a mass escape which would strike a crucial blow in the infrastructure of the Confederacy. Unlike other wars both before and after the Civil War, America had rarely shown the man power of a nation in war such as the South had done. The economy…
Andrus, Albert, "The Emancipation Proclamation: Speeches of the Hon. Albert
Andrus of Franklin and Hon. William H. Brand of Madison, delivered in the Assembly, on the evening of March 4th, 1863, on the Hon. James Redington's resolutions in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, of the proclamation of freedom, and the administration of Abraham Lincoln." Library of Congress. (accessed 13 June 1008 at ( http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r-ammem/rbaapc:@field ([email protected] (rbaapc01900div0)),1863.
Davis, Jefferson, Journal of the Confederate Congress. Volume 6. A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875. (accessed 13 June 2008 at (http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llcc&fileName=006/llcc006.db&recNum=18),1862.
Lincoln, Abraham, "Emancipation Proclamation." Library of Congress. (accessed 13
There is a great level of disparity and disproportionality in today's criminal justice system and as noted in this work in writing, this is likely the greatest challenge facing professionals in the contemporary criminal justice system and in the criminal justice system in the near future. It is critically important that this disparity and disproportionality be addressed due to the negative and adverse impacts that result from an overzealous imprisonment of individuals from minority racial and ethnic groups in the United States.
Harrison, Paige M. And eck, Allen J. (2006). Prisoners in 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice in: Garland, rett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the lumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
Spohn, Cassia C. (2000). Thirty…
Harrison, Paige M. And Beck, Allen J. (2006). Prisoners in 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice in: Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
Spohn, Cassia C. (2000). Thirty Years of Sentencing Reform: The Quest for a Racially Neutral Sentencing Process. In Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at:
The ealities of the Supernatural:
Any person who picks up a Harry Potter novel will surely come to realize that J.K. owling must have spent a great amount of time conducting research into the occult and the supernatural in order to produce such powerful and influential literary characters and situations. Obviously, owling has borrowed heavily from much older sources concerning the supernatural, sorcery and witchcraft, some dating back to Medieval times. As one of the world's oldest religions, witchcraft is a pagan faith, non-Christian rather than anti-Christian, and is based upon the belief that nature and the universe can be controlled and manipulated via magic and the invocation of divine spirits. As a practice, witchcraft has existed for many centuries, and before the 12th century a.D., sorcery and magic were generally overlooked by the church, but by 1300 a.D., witchcraft became equated with sorcery, at least in the view of…
Bleiler, E.F. (1973). Supernatural Horror in Literature, by Howard Phillips Lovecraft. New York: Dover Publications.
Crow, W.B. (1972). A History of Magic, Witchcraft and Occultism. UK: Abacus.
May, Jill P. (1995). Children's Literature and Critical Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.
Rowling, J.K. (1998). Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. New York: Scholastic Press.
Discuss the legal and ethical issues involved in Roe v. Wade
With the advent of 70's and particularly, aftermath of the decision of the Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade during 1973, abortion policy has become a controversial issue in the merican politics. (Levine; Staiger; Kane; Zimmerman, 1996) The decision in Roe v. Wade reinforced the right of women to privacy with regard to her own body, incorporating the termination of pregnancy. (Pozga, 2010) Roe v. Wade delineated more specifically the rights of fetus as well as the mother on the basis of the magnitude of viability. (Killion; Dempski, 2000)
The decision in Roe v. Wade which accorded constitutional protection to abortion, which voided the state laws which banned it, was a decision which had several legal and ethical concerns. This verdict in Roe v. Wade damaged the cornerstone of the ethical principles against the issue of killing. The…
An ultrasound neither informs legally nor medically -- irrespective of that, it notifies them aesthetically. Women are compelled to view at an image of a fetus; however, the woman who desire to abort already has prior knowledge of the ultrasound image of fetus. Additionally, there is the concern for ultrasound prices. As per the law the patient is expected to take the burden of the compelling procedure. The law entails a fine of $2,500 for not complying with the legal necessities. Such incorporation of ultrasound is visualized as a method to financially dissuade women for resorting to a legal medical procedure. Irrespective of the ethical issues of the abortion the government is not expected to emphasize moral issues on its citizen legally. This law on this ground is regarded as appalling & the offensive government encroachment that is framed to embarrass women desiring to avail legal healthcare. (Fox, 2012)
Such laws pertaining to necessities of ultrasound for abortion is lacking in significant arenas and is not the most successful methods to insure that an abortion thinking mother gets advantages from the powerful influence of ultrasound. Particularly, all of these laws need that some ultrasound information be accorded to the woman from the doctor who is attending the woman. The attending doctor definitely desires that the women must select the option for abortion since the doctor will be paid for abortion. It is pertinent that any need that this person offer ultrasound information would be distorted and skewed by the attending doctor to persuade the mother to abort her baby. Secondly the limitation of the law is that it compels a mother to attain information that she does not require. This imposes problematic public relations. (Glessner, 2012)
An analysis of several laws enacted reveal that they are insufficient in assuring that a woman desirous of undergoing abortion will really view an ultrasound image of her child. Some of these laws simply necessitate that woman be told of
What happens at this point is the issues are then prioritized, and the death penalty can potentially be considered less important than personal taxes, abortion, or whatever other issue the voter deems as important. This results in an extremely clouded concept of what the majority of the population actually supports in this country -- not just on the death penalty, but any issue. Ultimately this point of this argument, though not invalid in a humanistic point-of-view, is invalid because of its lack of solid, empirical ground to stand on. In fact, it is in danger of being ignored all together if we are to take a macrocosmic view of the country in terms of the constitution and the freedoms from religious policy that we enjoy. Of course if we take this point-of-view then we have to ask how we come to any decisions about our laws at all if not…
Comparative Studies Show There is No Effect. Econometric Models, In Contrast, Show a Mixture of Results. Why the Difference? And Which is the More Reliable Method?" Skeptical Inquirer Jul.-Aug. 2004.
Trollinger, William. "My Friend's Execution -- Witnessing an Execution Confirms
Feelings About Capital Punishment." Christian Century 11 Nov. 1998. A strong telling of the moral side of the debate against the death penalty. Also an intimate portrait of a Death Row inmate.
Argumentative Essay: Should Entertainment Address Politics and or Social Issues
Entertainment refers to activities which provide diversion or give people enjoyment, amusement, laughter or fun. Entertainment can be provided by a third party or an individual can choose to create their own, as is the case with participating in a game or a hobby. Where entertainment is provided by a third party, the individual being entertained is a passive consumer. The diverse nature of entertainment and people's varied differences has led to the development of a big industry to cater to these needs. The entertainment industry currently consists of motion pictures, music, television, gambling, fine arts, sports, gaming, toys, print media and broad casting (Thoman).
Role of Entertainment in Addressing Politics and Social Issues (Arguments For)
Several reasons exist on why entertainment should address both political and social issues. Entertainment currently enjoys a huge place in the society and the…
Education and acism
There are many controversial issues related to education and racism, none the least of which is identifying the relationship between racism and student achievement (Constantine, 2002). The aim of this paper will be an examination of what attitudes and beliefs impact a students ability to achieve and succeed in the classroom, as well as an examination of what methods must be adopted to combat racism effectively in the classroom.
acism is an important topic to examine, particularly as more and more school systems within the United States are becoming racially and ethnically diverse (Constantine, 2002). Many teachers, school counselors and even students often feel unequipped to address the needs of students that come from diverse cultural backgrounds (Constantine, 2002). Conflict and chaos in the classroom often results when the needs of racially and ethnically diverse students are ignored.
One critical factor relating to the controversy surrounding racism…
Constantine, M.G. (2002). Racism attitudes, white racial identity attitudes and multicultural counseling competence in school counselor trainees. Counselor Education and Supervision, 41(3)162.
Donaldson, K.B. (1996). Through students' eyes: Combating racism in United States schools. Westport: Praeger.
Sue, D.W., Arrendondo, P. & McDavis, R.J. (1992). "Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession." Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 20: 64-68.
isolate one issue that could be called the most controversial issue of the last decade, then it would have to be stem cell research. Federal funding for stem cell research has come under serious criticism on ethical grounds. Stem cell research has been the most explosive genetic research subject in recent years. It has occupied political, legal, ethical and social debates without any specific resolution to the question if stem cell research is ethical and if yes how and if no, why. The debate is grounded in the source of cells required for the research. Stem cells are obtained from two or three different sources like the umbilical cord and the very early stage embryo but the main contentious source is the early embryo which is rich in stem cells but has not yet turned into a person because at this stage it is simply a cyst called blastocyst. We…
The President's Council on Bioethics, White Paper: Alternative Sources of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, May 2005, at [http://www.bioethics.gov/reports/white_paper/index.html].
 ibid, Personal Statement of Michael S. Gazzaniga, p. 76 and Personal Statement of Dr.
Janet D. Rowley, p. 90.
 Pittenger, M.F., Mackay, A.M., Beck, S.C., Jaiswal, R.K., Douglas, R., Mosca, J., Moorman, M.,
Health policy issues are now becoming more contentious throughout the world. The advent of the internet has created a much needed awareness of human rights and liberties. No longer are countries able to fully sheath society from information. A critical component of this information relates directly to health care and the overall well-being of societies constituents. Policy issues relating to health are now becoming paramount to voters and decisions makers. The Affordable Care Act is one of many illustrations that detail the desire for universal healthcare for all. In addition, many countries are mandating a standard health care system for all of their citizens irrespective of socio-economic status. Although costly, it appears that many constituents are willing to pay for the ability to extend healthcare to all. Outside the universal healthcare within individual countries, many are now looking to address worldwide health epidemics. Aspects such as food shortages, proper treatment…
1) Bell, B, Thornton, K. (2011). From promise to reality achieving the value of an EHR. Healthcare Financial Management, 65(2),51-56
2) Jamoom, E., Patel, V., King, J., & Furukawa, M. (2012, August). National perceptions of ehr adoption: Barriers, impacts, and federal policies. National conference on health statistics.
3) Rosenberg, Charles E. The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America's Hospital System (1995) history to 1920 table of contents and text search
4) Pollack, A. (2015, September 20). Drug Goes From $13.50 a Tablet to $750, Overnight. Retrieved October 1, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com /2015/09/21/business/a-huge-overnight-increase-in-a-drugs-price-raises-protests.html?_r=0
male/female perspective on the issue of abortion as it appears in Ernest Hemingway's most subtle short story, 'Hills like white elephants'. The author has made use of symbolism to highlight the problems experienced by most married couples due to lack of proper communication. Hemingway chose this topic because he believed in this interesting iceberg theory which has been explained in the concluding part of this paper.
HILLS LIKE WHITE ELEPHANTS: MALE/FEMALE PESPECTIVE ON ABOTION
The theme of abortion is predominant in the story titled, "Hills like white elephants." The author, Ernest Hemingway, however has not mentioned the actual word 'abortion' throughout the entire short story but instead has used symbols and vague dialogues to convey his message to the readers. The reason why Hemingway probably refrained from using the actual term was because he firmly believed in using dialogues and language, which required deeper study. The author wanted the readers…
Jeffrey Meyers, Hemingway A Biography, Harper Row Publishers, 1985 pp196 197
Sheldon Grebstein, Hemingway's Craft Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1973
Ernest Hemingway, Hills like White Elephants, 1927
Lamb, Robert Paul, Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue. (American author Ernest Hemingway). Vol. 42, Twentieth Century Literature, 12-22-1996, pp. 453(28)
US Aid to Afghanistan
The issue of United States' aid to Afghanistan is a topic of interesting consideration given the current U.S. budget deficit and ongoing economic uncertainty. Over the years the United States has spent billions providing money and food aid to help build strength and confidence in Afghanistan's rising new government. Unfortunately, the results of this have not been entirely positive nor have they been driven by the purest of motives; there is some level of profiteering occurring using aid money, and there is also a practical U.S. interest in the stability and viability of the Afghan nation and people. If the United States were providing purely humanitarian aid without military or political involvement and requirements, the situation would be quite different. As it is, U.S. aid in the country is a complex and controversial issue.
Since Afghanistan was taken over by the Taliban, the country has been…
Agnieszka, Flak. "INTERVIEW-Afghanistan Food Aid at Risk as Donors Trim Support |
Agricultural Commodities | Reuters." Reuters.com. 24 Dec. 2011. Web. 04 Feb. 2012.
Less need for more landfill space reduces the cost and resources needed to secure new landfill space. "Composting also extends municipal landfill life by diverting organic materials from landfills and provides a less costly alternative to conventional methods of remediating… contaminated soil." (EPA, 2008)
It is evident that the advantages and benefits of composting are quite substantial, and arguably outweigh the disadvantages or issues involved with the process. Nevertheless, the previously discussed issues can be impeding to achieving the full benefits of composting, and thereby need to be dealt with suitably. For a government intending to implement a mandatory composting regulation, it would be necessary for them to also ensure that all residents within the region are properly educated on the procedure. Also, the government would need to make appropriate arrangements for residents living in apartments, business owners who are not in charge of their building's waste management, and…
Brown, Sally. "ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS of COMPOST USE." BioCycle. June 2007 http://www.jgpress.com/archives/_free/001355.html .
CBS Broadcasting. "SF Mandatory Compost Law Is Food for Thought." CBS. 2 August 2009 http://cbs5.com/food/recycling.composting.sf.2.1039894.html .
Coker, Craig. "Environmental remediation by composting." BioCycle. December 2006 http://www.jgpress.com/archives/_free/001206.html .
Environment Canterbury. "Types of Composting Systems." New Zealand Government. 2 August 2009 http://www.ecan.govt.nz/Our+Environment/Waste/ReuseRecycleRethink/Composting/CompostingTypes.htm .
Ethical Issues in Marketing Field
Ethics can be defined as standards employed by people to choose the right course of action amongst diverse, often conflicting possibilities. Ethics are reliant on a logical and rational set of principles to arrive at a decision, which in essence, is a cognitive procedure or practice. Ethical standards are an imperative element for any company or organization, especially in contemporary times, where a progression of the internet and information is accessible to any individual and as such individuals are prone to being online for extended periods (Sandilands, 2016). Ethics impact a business in various ways. One of the ways is the manner in which organizations carry out their advertising. Majority of the businesses will need to advertise their products or services with the principal aim of increasing their customer base, and thereby, their revenues. Businesses are obligated to undertake such activities ethically. Ethical advertising is…
Anastasia. (2015). Social Responsibility & Ethics in Marketing. Retrieved from: https://www.cleverism.com/social-responsibility-ethics-marketing/
Carroll, A., Buchholtz, A. (2012). Business and Society: Ethics, Sustainability, and Stakeholder Management. Cengage Learning.
McKenzie, N., Baker, R. (2016). Surf clothing label Rip Curl using 'slave labour' to manufacture clothes in North Korea. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 June 2016 from: http://www.smh.com.au/business/surf-clothing-label-rip-curl-using-slave-labour-to-manufacture-clothes-in-north-korea-20160219-gmz375.html
Sandilands, T. (2016). Marketing Issues That Have Ethical Implications. Chron. Retrieved from: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/marketing-issues-ethical-implications-24089.html
Few hospitals offered both the expertise and the necessary facilities.
Location of the donor and the recipient also impacted availability. Human organs cool and degenerate quickly when removed from the donor. Transportation in the 50s, 60s, and 70s was in the early stages of rapid jet aircraft travel and was too slow for the transportation of organs. The donor needed to be in close proximity to the recipient which was possible with living family members and donors. Research during this time focused on immunosuppressant drugs and on methods to maintain a viable organ outside the host.
In his discussion of justice in respect to the allocation of scarce goods, Jon Elster (1992) identified three levels of scarcity: natural, quasi-natural and artificial. The availability of twins with one needing a kidney transplant and one willing to donate a kidney generates a natural scarcity similar to the availability of natural black pearls.…
However when used in this way these terms can take on negative connotations because they treat everyone of a certain race as a monolithic group and this is not the case. Not all people who belong to a certain race hold all the same beliefs as other people who also belong to that race.
Discrimination causes tension between people of different races and ultimately can lead to race wars and the inability of people to interact with one another without apprehension. For instance, I have been in situations where it was assumed that I believed I was better than people because I am a white male. In some ways I understand people's feelings towards me because they have been historically discriminated against; however, I don't believe that I am better than anybody because of my race. The idea that others believe that I have a superiority complex is disheartening. At…
"race." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010. Merriam-Webster Online. 18 June 2010
Specter, GMO, and "Seeds of Doubt"
Michael Specter raises the specter of Malthusian catastrophe -- a world overrun by a population that cannot be fed -- in order to quiet the claims of Shiva, the iconic anti-GMO leader from India, who categorically dismisses Monsanto as a multinational thuggish corporation that is out to gain control of the world's seed supply. Specter's article focuses in on claims made by Shiva, such as the correlation between GMO and the rise of autism, and faults her for bad science, noting that her facts come from a research magazine that charges scientists to publish in it. This is somehow meant to invalidate the claims that Shiva makes, and Specter's condescending rebuttal of there being a similar correlation between autism and the growth in sales of organic foods shows his own pretensions, his own bias, and his own juvenile rhetoric rooted in a subtly snide…
Specter, Michael. "Seeds of Doubt." The New Yorker, 25 Aug 2014. Web. 5 Mar 2016.
Healthcare Contact Workers
Controversy of Healthcare Contract Workers
enefits of Hiring Contract Workers for Healthcare
Drawbacks of Hiring Contract Workers
Lack of Loyalty and Motivation
Healthcare Contract Workers
Controversy Surrounding Healthcare Contract Workers
This paper is designed to analyze the role of healthcare contract workers. This paper discusses the reasons of being hired by different companies. The advantages that a company has by appointing temporary employees are also highlighted. As every aspect has two sides, therefore disadvantages are also discussed. There are many controversies that temporary employees have to face while working in any company. Companies believe that there resources might be wasted if they invested more in temporary employees hence they have to survive on their own. They face reliability issues and permanent employees do not trust them a lot. This paper gives an overall analysis on the difficulties…
Dawe, T. (n.d.). What are the Disadvantages of Hiring Temporary Workers?
Erickson, T. (2012, September 7). Harvard Business Review. The Rise of the New Contract Worker.
Hutton, S. (2011, July 25). Advantages of Hiring Contract Employees. Solutions to controlling Employee Costs in Unpredictable Economic Times.
Schaefer, P. (2005). Business Know- how. The Pros and Cons of Hiring Temporary Employees.
controversial than a person could ever imagine. Historical interpretations must be questioned so that faulty historical thinking can be identified. One of the most complicated aspects in historical interpretations is that they are precisely that -- interpretations. This means that people cannot help but look back at history through the lens of today's history; this affects interpretation and today's interpretation will be different than yesterday or tomorrow's interpretation because it will be a completely different time. Historians have a very difficult job because they must be able to take in information and interpret it in responsible ways. Historians need the humility to listen and trust others and the courage to interpret (Cathcart 1995, p. 16)
In studying the past, historians use primary and secondary sources as well as oral history. A primary source is considered to be something that is created by a person who witnessed an event. Examples of…
Attwood, B. 1996. 'Teaching Historiography.' Australian Historical Association Bulletin, No.
82, pp. 43-46.
Cathcart, M. 1985. 'Symposium: Why History?' Australian Book Review, pp. 16-18.
Reynolds, H. 1984. 'The Breaking of the Great Australian Silence: Aborigines in Australian
controversy persists concerning the use of medicinal marijuana for patients with debilitating and/or terminal diseases such as HIV / AIDS, cancer, Crohn's, etc. According to the Associated ress, states such as California, Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington (state) are all in favor of medicinal marijuana, although the federal government retains ultimate power to enforce federal laws concerning marijuana, its growth, and the use thereof. Many state political authorities argue that the federal government should not have the power to "bust" marijuana users who grow the drug, if the user(s) is/are prescribed the drug by his/her doctor. As only one-fifth of the states of the United States have voiced an opinion on the issue, the states that have, offer many seemingly legitimate reasons why the issue should be left in the hands of each individual state, while the federal government argues that it should maintain control.…
Possibly the most controversial topic on the issue is the issue's structure or form; should marijuana be "grown" and smoked by patients or should it be provided by doctors in "pill" form to be ingested by those with debilitating and/or terminal illnesses? States like California say that the growing of "pot" in or around a patient's home, in small to moderate amounts, by the patient prescribed, should be allowed, while the federal government says that in order to control the drug, medicinal marijuana, if legalized, should be "manufactured" by pharmaceutical companies, in pill or capsule form, throughout the United States, and distributed only by drug stores and pharmacies. The "structure" on how the drug should be made and distributed is most certainly the prime topic at hand concerning the issue of medicinal marijuana for possible relief of symptomatic debilitating and terminal illnesses and diseases.
Another issue of conflict concerning medicinal marijuana is: should each individual state in the United States hold the power to write, regulate, enforce laws, etc., concerning the use of the drug for medicinal purposes, or should the federal government ultimately hold the power to write, regulate, enforce laws, etc., concerning medicinal marijuana, just as it retains the right to penalize those who grow, use, distribute, etc., marijuana illegally? According to the Associated Press, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor says that legal power concerning the use of medicinal marijuana should be left in the hands of individual states. "The states' core police powers have always included authority to define criminal law and to protect the health, safety, and welfare of their citizens," said O'Connor. However, according to the Coalition for Medical Marijuana-New Jersey, federal authorities argue that currently, "marijuana has no accepted medical uses in the U.S." At least, that was the response when Attorney General Paula Dow asked federal officials in April 2011, "their plans to punish New Jersey's Medicinal Marijuana Program participants." According to many patients with debilitating, terminal diseases, the use of marijuana aids in pain relief, appetite stimulation, etc., and therefore, should be legalized by the federal government. According to the Associated Press, an Oakland, California woman, suffering with scoliosis, says she was partially paralyzed until she was prescribed and began using marijuana for medicinal purposes.
In conclusion, as the United States slowly makes the transition to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes, controversy concerning the structure of the drug -- if it should be grown or manufactured and distributed, in order to control its use, will be among the issues that must be worked out between the "powers that be": the states, individually, and the federal government. The states and the federal government must also come to a conclusion on which will retain ultimate power to manufacture, distribute and ultimately control marijuana once it is legalized nationwide for medicinal purposes.
Advertising Controversy and Assessment Overview
Stage 1 Controversial Advertising
The advertisement in this controversial case aimed to actually cause some sort of stir by having models pose in proactive poses. These marketing techniques are directed at young women aged 16- 35 and fashion conscious men who are seeking to say in step with the current fashions of the day. The advertisement in this case was very effective for several reasons. The first reason for its effectiveness is because the picture is very risque and promotes a challenge to sexual and violent taboos. This cutting edge style certainly appeals to a demographic that looks to set itself apart by pushing the social envelope using sex and violence as a tool to stir emotions. The scale of the controversy also depicts the success of the ad campaign and created a definite buzz amongst the fashion industry. This ad could be…
Alden, D. L., Steenkamp, J. B. E., & Batra, R. (1999). Brand positioning through advertising in Asia, North America, and Europe: The role of global consumer culture. The Journal of Marketing, 75-87.
Campbell, C., Pitt, L. F., Parent, M., & Berthon, P. R. (2011). Understanding consumer conversations around ads in a Web 2.0 world. Journal of Advertising,40(1), 87-102.
Clarke, I., & Honeycutt, E. D. (2000). Color usage in international business-to-business print advertising. Industrial Marketing Management, 29(3), 255-261.
Ehrenberg, A., Barnard, N., Kennedy, R., & Bloom, H. (2002). Brand advertising as creative publicity. Journal of Advertising Research, 42(4), 7-18.
Even though the 1963 Equitable Pay Act specifically prohibits employers from paying a worker less for the same work based on gender; there continue to be amendments to that Act, and discussion surrounding the problem of equitable pay. For some reason -- or more probably many reasons -- equitable pay in America has not been accomplished. ecent 2009 reports show that women earn about 23% less than men (National Committee on Pay Equity 2010). How is it that such a wage disparity exists when women have proven themselves proficient in every occupational field, including government that women continue to earn as much as 23% less than men more than forty years after the Equitable Pay Act? This research essay will investigate this subject in an effort to answer that question.
In 1963, the Equitable Pay Act read:
SEC. 206. [Section 6]
(d) (1) No employer having employees subject…
Dall, Caroline Wells Healey (2009). Women's Right to Labor: Or, Low Wages and Hard
PayEquity.org (2010). The Wage Gap Over Time: In Real Dollars Women See a Continuing Gap, found online at http://www.pay-equity.org/info-time.html , retrieved 22 October 2010.
United States Department of Labor (2010). Equal Pay Act of 1963, As Amended, found online at http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/equal_pay_act.htm , retrieved 22 October 2010.
National omen's Rights Convention of 1850 in orcester, Massachusetts, a convention dedicated to rallying important voices around the country for the cause of social reformation regarding the position of women. That the Convention took its name for the women's rights movement is indicative of the major compelling force behind that the new "idea" of womanhood had roused, not just among women but also among men of important social standing. omen were finding their voices and advocating social reform on a variety of levels -- a point reflected by the newspapers and commentators of the day -- and men were showing their support by joining in at the Convention and advocating for social change alongside their female "counterparts." Yet, not everyone viewed the Convention in the same light. This paper will show how the omen's Rights Convention served as a lightning rod of "controversy," indicating that midway through the 19th century…
"A Convention." U.S. Women's History Workshop. Web. 7 October 2015.
Blackwell, Elizabeth. "Editorial Note." Pioneering Work in Opening the Medical
Profession to Women: Autobiographical Sketches by Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell. NY: Longman, Green, 1895. Web. U.S. Women's History Workshop. 7 October 2015.
"Grand Demonstration of Petticoatdom at Worcester -- The 'Woman's Rights'
New ules for Lease Accounting: The Controversy
The Accounting Lease Controversy
The Advantages of the new system
Voices Against the New Lease Accounting Model
The Accounting Lease Controversy
The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) jointly issued exposure drafts on August 17, 2010 proposing a new lease accounting paradigm. The EDs propose changes to simplify lease accounting and improve transparency. The new lease accounting model is based on the core principle that all leases gives rise to liabilities for future rental payments and assets that should be reported on the entity's balance sheet. The objective of the new approach is to ensure consistent lease accounting across sectors and comparability of financial reporting. This paper analyzes the economic impact of the proposed new lease accounting paradigm on the financial statements and derived financial ratios of the reporting entity (Accountancyage.com).
In 2013, the lease accounting…
Accountancyage.com,. 'Conceptual Differences Hamper Lease Accounting Project'. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.
Bauman, Mark P, and Richard N Francis. 'Issues In Lessor Accounting: The Forgotten Half Of Lease Accounting'. Accounting Horizons 25.2 (2011): 247-266. Web.
Cheng, Jierong. 'Small And Medium Sized Entities Management'S Perspective On Principles-Based Accounting Standards On Lease Accounting'. TI 06.01 (2015): 71-76. Web.
Durocher, Sylvain, and Anne Fortin. 'Proposed Changes In Lease Accounting And Private Business Bankers' Credit Decisions'. Accounting Perspectives 8.1 (2009): 9-42. Web.
Thus, these authors warn that the abuse of authority must be consistently checked and fought in order to keep it from expanding. This is currently being evidenced in our society. The Bush administration has repeated thwarted the power of Congress and the Supreme Court by attempting to pass laws that directly by-pass the national legislature and promoting a system that takes away presidential checks. The Bush administration repeated refuses to provide subpoenaed documents and to allow information access and disclosure. It is evident from their behavior that without such accurate disclosure the government is drifting closer and closer to the realities discussed within this book.
In the final analysis, Blair's new book is a haunting reminder of the world of 1984, and the contemporary establishment of his book, featuring a four-term Bush administration only highlights the urgency of the issues and themes he discusses within his book. The fact is…
Dawn Blair, America 2014 - an Orwellian Tale, Counsel Oaks Books, 2004
Orwell, George. 1984. New York: Signet, 1992. In addition, Fromm's Afterword was indispensable to this study.
Baruch, Elaine Hoffman. "The Golden Country: Sex and Love in 1984," in 1984 Revisited: Totalitarianism in Our Century. Harper & Row, 1983, pp. 47-56.
Pelican Bay State Prison: War Zone
How does the video you selected support a social structure theory?
One social structure theory relates and highlights all the happenings in this video. Social disorganization theory appears to dominate the entire movie. This concept represents social change, lack of social agreement, and social conflict as the main causes of criminal activity and deviance; it is carefully associated with the environmental theory of criminology. Poverty is regarded to be the minimum stage or point in our social society. On the poverty stage, there are high levels of lack of employment, drug use and addiction, criminal activity and people without abilities to discover efficient and permanent employment. It does not imply that this does not exist in the higher stages of our society: they exist although the magnitudes are significantly lower. Absence of education is attributed to learners who fail to be successful in the…
Decker, S.H., Alarid, L.F., & Katz, C.M. (2013). Controversies in criminal justice: Contemporary readings. Los Angeles: Roxbury Pub. Co.
Stanley, E.A., & Smith, N. (2011). Captive genders: Trans embodiment and the prison industrial complex. Oakland, CA: AK Press.
Walsh, A., & Hemmens, C. (2011). Introduction to criminology: A text/reader. Thousand Oaks, Calif: SAGE
Against Drilling for Oil in Alaska
The subject of oil drilling in Alaska has been controversial. With declining oil reserves attention of society, and the oil companies, to identify potential new oil reserves. Although oil drilling in Alaska currently only makes up about 7% of U.S. oil supplies, surveys have indicated there could be sizable reserves within Arctic National Wildlife efuge (ANW) (Bourne, 2015). There have been articles published which support the idea of exploring and granting drilling licenses, but there are also dissenting articles which argue against the idea. Interestingly, an article that appears to support the drilling is presented by Bourne, (2015), published in National Geographic, which presents a number of arguments in favor of drilling. Conversely, an article that supports a ban on drilling in thru ANW is published by Jans (2015) in USA Today. Each article will be reviewed and the arguments assessed.
Bourne (2015) looks…
Bourne, JK, (2015), What Obama's Drilling Bans Mean for Alaska and the Arctic, National Geographic, accessed at http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/02/150205-obama-alaska-oil-anwr-arctic-offshore-drilling/
Jans, N, (201, Jan 29), Why Obama is Right to Spare ANWR, USA Today, accessed at http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/01/29/obama-spare-anwr-nature-wilderness-animals-oil-drilling-sell-column/22553125/
Clock Speeds and FID Chips
When examining why different industries may have different clock speeds, it is first necessary to consider what is mean by the term. Fine (1998) stated that "Clockspeeds are to business genetics what lifecycles are to human genetics," this demonstrates the concept, where the clock speed is represents the different speeds with which the various industries move. Fine (1996) presents some examples of different industries to demonstrate how and why industries may have divergent clock speeds comparing semi-conductor manufacturers with automobile manufactures.
High tech firms such as Intel may invest many billions of dollars in facilities to manufacture products such as IT wafers. The manufacturing plants are likely to have a limited lifespan until they become obsolete, and as such Intel will need to have sufficient funds to build the subsequent generation of manufacturing plants for the new items. This means that the return ion…
Fine, C, (1996), Industry Clockspeed and Competency Chain Design: An Introductory Essay, accessed at https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/2614/SWP-3893-36119547.pdf?sequence=1
Fine, C, (1998), CLOCKSPEEED: Winning Industry Control in the Age of Temporary Advantage, Perseus Books
Foster, Scott, (2004, June 11), RFID fuels supply chain efficiency at Conros, Computing Canada, Vol. 30 Issue 9, p34-34.
United Airlines, (2015), Home Page, accessed at www.unitedairlines.com
The Paleolithic arts and culture assumes its significance from more studies conducted on the issue. Shea, John (441-450) argued that recently found stone artifacts of Middle Paleolithic occupations of Kebara Cave (Mount Carmel, Israel) depict that the Middle Paleolithic populations used technology-assisted hunting as the artifacts had clear representation and meanings regarding the use of tools and this use of tools was not limited to hominids. This suggests that the paintings, artifacts, and the cultural significance of carvings is more than usually thought by some researchers. The way of life that was prevalent in that era clearly impacted the artifacts. Further the cognitive development of human is also represented in the artifacts as these were drawn, carved, and developed by using same tools and technology materials used by those people.
The Paleolithic era people have produced many artifacts that have provoked an archeological controversy in the academic and research-based…
Halverson, John, et al. "Art for Art's Sake in the Paleolithic [and Comments and Reply]." Current Anthropology 28.1 (1987): 63-89.
Leroi-Gourhan, Andre. "The evolution of Paleolithic art." Scientific American 218 (1968): 58-70.
Lewis-Williams, J. David, et al. "The Signs of All Times: Entoptic Phenomena in Upper Paleolithic Art [and Comments and Reply]." Current Anthropology 29.2 (1988): 201-245.
Pfeiffer, J.E. (1985). The emergence of humankind (p. 38). New York: Harper & Row.
ethical issues for business organizations in the twenty-first century. The forces of globalization have increased the degree to which diverse groups in society have grown dependent on one another. Hence, their expectations influence the freedoms and responsibilities of other groups. The expectations of various stakeholders have placed greater responsibilities on business organizations to be ethical in their communication with their stakeholders. Business organizations are under growing pressure to be ethical in their employment practices and in the sourcing of raw materials and labour for their operations. In addition, they are expected to recognize their responsibility towards the economic and social development of the communities where they operate and those that they influence through their operations. Hence, business organizations are also responsible to act ethically in relation to their use of the resources of the environment and to the extent that they influence it in adverse ways, such as by polluting…
Alder, C.S., & Gilbert, J. (2006). Achievign ethics and fairness in hiring: Going beyond the law. Journal of business ethics, Vol. 68, pp. 449-464. doi: 10.1007/s10551-006-9039-z.
Dresp-Langley, B. (2008). The communication contract and its ten ground clauses. Journal of business ethics, Vol. 87, pp. 415-436. doi: 10.1007/s10551-008-9929-3.
Duska, R.F. (2006). Contemporary reflections on business ethics. Springer Publications.
Low, W., & Davenport, E. (2009). Organizational leadership, ethicsand the challenges of marketing fair and fair trade. Journal of business ethics, Vol. 86, pp. 97-108. doi: 10.1007/s10551-008-9763-7.
Utilitarian Abortion Considerations:
The utilitarian perspective applied to the abortion issue would focus on whether
permitting or prohibiting elective abortion would contribute more positively the interests of society Mill, 2003 p160). The principal difference between the utilitarian and deontological perspectives is that utilitarianism is wholly unconcerned with the underlying motivation for decisions. Whereas deontological formalism values the state of mind of the individual, utilitarianism focuses on the ultimate consequences of the act, irrespective of motivation Russell, 2002 p 99).
Within the utilitarian ethical perspective, rule utilitarianism would promote the choice associated with the overall benefit to others and to society if it were adhered to religiously in all circumstances, irrespective of isolated cases in which the rule produced a negative result Russell, 2002 p101-2). For example, in a society where relative birth and death rates were such that the continuation of society were in jeopardy, the utilitarian perspective might require…
(Dershowitz, 2002 p112).
Therefore, the contemporary utilitarian approach to morality in human life is to consider other definitions of "goodness" and "benefit" rather than equating morality with the interests of the greatest number. In many respects, that is the perspective exemplified by the modern American justice system (Dershowitz, 2002 p112). Under that view, the moral rightness or wrongness of elective abortion would seek to weigh the manner in which permitting abortions might benefit society and how that decision would affect all of the individuals directly involved in specific situations. If the initial assumption is that society is benefited by the respect for the autonomous rights of individuals to make personal decisions about abortion without interference from the state, utilitarianism would support the freedom to make that decision.
Under the act utilitarianism perspective, therefore, certain types of abortions (such as in cases of rape, incest, or medical necessity for the life of the mother)
ethical issues have been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a variety of challenges are impacting the way executives and employees are behaving inside the workplace. A good example of this can be seen by looking no further than Tyco. What happened is Dennis Kozlowski was the CEO of the company from the early 1990s until 2002. This is when a wide scale fraud was reported, as he used the company's funds to live a lavish lifestyle. (Hitt, 2009)
To help support the fraud he encouraged some of his closet executives to participate in covering up these issues. At the same time, he had a seat on the board of directors and was effective at preventing them from independently investigating these events. This helped him to live a celebrity lifestyle by showing to the world how he was new generation of CEOs. They were focused on creating large…
Wall Street's Role. (2008). PBS News Hour. Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business/july-dec08/econtrouble_08-20.html
Barr, A. (2007). Subprime Crisis. Market Watch. Retrieved from: http://articles.marketwatch.com/2007-04-10/finance/30757552_1_mortgage-brokers-broker-home-loans-harry-dinham
Bryce, R. (2004). Pipe Dreams. New York, NY: Public Affairs.
Goodwin, W. (2010). Previous BP Accidents. NPR. Retrieved from: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126564739&ft=1&f=2&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+NprProgramsATC+%28NPR+Programs%3A+All+Things+Considered%29
Nature Agency Video
The issue that is presented in this video is pertaining to the authority of the agents in business law. Such issues are very common since not much attention is paid to the rules of law in small businesses. As for this scenario, we see that the "agent" (Janet) signed a document that bound Quick Takes (the company she works for) to pay the partner for some procured equipment. Later on, we find out that the Janet was in fact, not authorized to sign that document, since the owner of Quick Takes did not allow her to sign contracts that bind the company for make payments.
On the other hand, there is also a side issue, which is not that significant; and that is that one of the employees (who is a very competent salesperson) has not been informed of the whole situation. Before we proceed towards making…
Agency Law -- Agent Law. (2012). HG.org Worldwide Legal Directories.( http://www.hg.org/agency-law.html )
LaMance, Ken. (2012). Scope of Agent's Authorities. Legal Match. ( http://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/scope-of-an-agents-authority.html )
Principles of Business Law. Diploma in Business Management. P 292.( http://www.scribd.com/doc/55716810/100/A-Authority-Of-Agents )
For example, the plants produced through genetic modification can pollinate with the conventionally produced plants and can make them genetically modified as well. (Kaplan 1-15)
In addition to that, the genetically modified crops that were developed with a strong ability to resist herbicides, so that a large amount of strong weed killers can be used of them, have enabled the weeds to develop strong resistance against the herbicides and hence these genetically modified crops have led towards the production of 'super weeds' which are very difficult to control. There is a high probability that the genetically modified plants will lead towards the development of the 'super viruses' as the genes from the plants, which are designed to resist strong viruses, travel to other plants. (Kaplan 1-15)
Exclusion of People from the Experiment
If we keep aside the above discussed threats, another issue that confronts the genetic modification of plant is…
Bhuiya, Shayla. "Ethical Concerns in Development, Research and Consumption of Genetically Engineered Crops." Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy, 3. (2013): 60-64. & lt;http://www.synesisjournal.com/vol3_g/Bhuiya_2012_G60-65.pdf>.
Kaplan, David. What's Wrong with Genetically Modified Food?. Brooklyn: Polytechnic University, 2004. 1-15. Retrieved from http://www.csid.unt.edu/files/What's%20Wrong%20With%20Genetically%20Modified%20Food.pdf
Kitzinger, Jenny and Charlie Davison. Public perceptions of social and ethical issues around genetically modified foods: a focus group study. Cardiff: Cardiff University, 2001. 6-32. Retrieved from http://cf.ac.uk/jomec/resources/GMREPFIN.pdf
Krimsky, Sheldon. Ethical Issues Involving Production, Planting and Distribution of Genetically Modified Crops. Medford: Tufts University, 2000. 11-26. Retrieved from http://www.tufts.edu/~skrimsky/PDF/GMOethics.PDF
life [...] legal and ethical issues of the beginning and ending of life. Legal and ethical issues abound surrounding how we begin and end our lives. Abortion and euthanasia are two of the most controversial subjects facing Americans today, and how we resolve them indicates what type of society we will perpetrate and uphold.
Abortion has been legal in this country since 1972 when the Supreme Court ruled on oe vs. Wade, but the decision has remained contentious for a number of reasons, and anti-abortionists continue to fight for an abortion ban. The ethics of abortion for each side are quite clear. Pro-choice proponents of abortion believe it is a woman's right to choose what happens to her body and her unborn child, while anti-abortion proponents feel it is the right of the unborn child to live. One expert writes, "Throughout the history of the United States, religious revival has…
Alexander, Mary S. (1993). Defining the abortion debate. ETC.: A review of general semantics 50.3: 271+.
Berger, Joyce, ed. (1990). To die or not to die? Cross-disciplinary, cultural, and legal perspectives on the right to choose death. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Fletcher, Joseph. (1967). Moral responsibility: Situation ethics at work. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
Jacoby, Kerry N. (1998). Souls, bodies, spirits: The drive to abolish abortion since 1973. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
So let's change the interpretation a little bit so that it will be the way we wished it were." Well, that's not what history is. History is what happened, and history ought to be nothing more than the quest to find out what happened. Now, if you want to get into why what happened, that's probably valid too, but why what happened shouldn't have much of anything to do with what happened. (Limbaugh 1994)
The push for the elimination of negative stereotypes, and to encourage the diversification of perspectives through education of our youths is certainly a noble and worthwhile effort. However, there cannot be an absolute answer for all of the problems. Certainly racism, for example, needs to be abolished, and the tone and viewpoints of our educational tools is the perfect place to begin this alteration. However, is it necessarily beneficial to erase all evidence of racism from…
Cheney, Lynne V. 1994. The end of history. Wall Street Journal. 20 October 1994.Evans, R.W., & Pang, V.O. (1995). National Standards for United States History: the Storm of Controversy Continues. Social Studies, 86(6), 270-274.
Faulconer, T., & Freeman, A.C. (2005). Teachers, Classroom Controversy and the Media. Social Education, 69(6), 323+.
Garvey, J. (1995, December 15). The Earth Is Flat: My Textbook Says So. Commonweal, 122, 7+.
Heritage Foundation (2006). http://www.heritage.org/ .
The initial charges against the six are very serious, and may set a precedent for the rest of their lives. I tend to be in agreement with advocates for civil rights, in that these charges were somewhat harsh. The new developments in the sentences are also not likely to mitigate the increasing racial tensions relating to the controversy.
Community leaders and educators would also have done well to consider the events leading to the attack. Racial tensions have been increasingly high in the town, with nothing done by education officials or others to mitigate the situation. One example is that white students hung nooses on a tree under which black students were standing earlier. This incident itself resulted in fights between white and black students at the school. The most severe of these is then the assault by the Jena 6. The difference between how white and black offenders are…
Fears, Darryl. (2007, Aug 4). La. Town Fells 'White Tree,' but Tension Runs Deep. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/03/AR2007080302098.html
Kovach, Gretel C. (2007, Sept 15). "The Jena 6." Newsweek. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20793079/site/newsweek/page/0/
Jones, Andrea. (2007, Sept. 19). Atlanta students rally to free Louisiana teens. The Atlanta Journal - Constitution. http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/atlanta/stories/2007/09/18/rally_0919_web.html
Richards, Clark. (2007, Sept 25). Six Lessons from the Jena 6 Controversy. Associated Content. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/392710/six_lessons_from_the_jena_6_controversy.html
Still another depicts him with a black patch over his eyes and he is carrying a machete. The fact that the cartoons mock the prophet is part of the reason for the anger in the Muslim world; but moreover, many Muslims despise estern values, estern politicians and the est in general (partly because of the est's support of Israel), and so Muslims are outraged that estern journalists would publish these cartoons. The angry Muslims believe estern values have crept into their culture already, and they resent it (Arab politician wearing estern-style suits and ties, for example). Now with the U.S. invasion of Iraq, and the est's support of the U.S., add derogatory cartoons into the mix and an explosion of rage occurs; it is a clash of principles and values.
My personal opinion: I agree with journalist Reza Aslan, that the conflict isn't just about "secular democratic freedoms" versus "arcane…
Aslan, Reza. (2006). Depicting Mohammed. Slate. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from http://www.slate.com .
Cohen, Patricia. (2009). Danish Cartoon Controversy. The New York Times. Retrieved April
5, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com .
One reporter for the New York Daily News rants, "Come on, let's be serious…if anything is clear, it is that the trip of the famous couple to Havana has exposed the travel ban as what it is: a senseless, anachronistic and anti-democratic policy, contrary to U.S. interests and values," (uiz, 2013).
What was done to resolve the controversy?
There has yet to be a clear resolution to the controversy, but the expression of symbolic free speech on the part of Beyonce and Jay-Z has deepened the discourse about the purpose and effectiveness of the Cuba embargo. The celebrity visit has caused new dialogue about Cuban-American relations and the meaning behind the ongoing travel ban Many Americans do not give much thought to the travel ban; but Cuban-Americans take the ban personally. Now that the Cold War is over, it does not seem to make much sense to have an embargo.…
Boesveld, S. (2013). Beyonce and Jay-Z's Cuba jaunt sparks uproar as U.S. politicians accuse Obama of breaking tourism embargo. National Post. April 9, 2013. Retrieved online: http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/09/beyonce-and-jay-zs-cuba-jaunt-sparks-uproar-as-u-s-politicians-accuse-obama-of-breaking-tourism-embargo/
Brown, H. (2013). How the GOP response to Beyonce's Cuba trip highlights broken policy. Think Progress. April 9, 2013. Retrieved online: http://thinkprogress.org/security/2013/04/09/1838661/rubio-beyonce-cuba/?mobile=nc
Hudson, D.L. (n.d.). Posts tagged 'nonverbal expression.' Inside the First Amendment. Retrieved online: http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/tag/nonverbal-expression
Peralta, E. (2013). Treasury: Jay-Z and Beyonce Traveled to Cuba on U.S.-Approved Trip. NPR: The Two-Way. Retrieved online: http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/04/09/176732458/treasury-jay-z-and-beyonce-travelled-to-cuba-on-u-s-approved-trip
Controversy Surrounding the Client
This client is not the typical, everyday individual. He is an outspoken controversial white supremacist who often engages in blatantly controversial public behavior. The client is also planning to meet with the press and speak his mind regarding the recent charges brought against him involving murder and violation of civil rights. He is currently out on a $1 million bond and going through a criminal court case. As such, he is hated by many within the larger Southern California community, considering that the city is largely made up of large minority populations. Although the client lives in Laguna Beach, a wealthy suburban offshoot of Los Angeles just to its south, the region is still easily accessible from the city. This means that minority and civil rights groups may all be a threat to his security and his estate, as they may be…
Fennelly L.J., (2004). Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention. Elsevier Butterworth. Oxford:UK.
Vellani, Karim H. (2010). Crime Analysis for Problem Solving Security Professionals in 25 Small Steps. Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. Web. http://www.popcenter.org/library/reading/pdfs/crimeanalysis25steps.pdf
Along with India, South Africa is perhaps the most prominent country using DDT that has large developed populations. Neither country has reported negative consequences, and many thousands of lives have been saved in both cases.
Ultimately, the use of DDT as a combatant against the spread of malaria has wide-ranging benefits that far outweigh the side effects. Carefully tracking the trajectory of DDT's history demonstrates that most developed nations, including the U.S., took advantage of DDT's benefits during the Global Malaria Eradication Campaign in the 1960s to eliminate the threat of malaria entirely. Their subsequent ban of DDT and the imposition of economic restrictions by the United Nations upon countries still using DDT represent a selective memory at best. The actions of developed nations regarding DDT could also be considered a hypocritical thought process.
egardless, malaria continues to pose a substantial threat to many countries, mostly in Africa. Only closed-mindedness…
Carson, R. (1962). Silent Spring. New York: Houghton-Mifflin.
Chanon, K & Mendez-Galvan, J. (2003). Cooperative Actions to Achieve Malaria
Control Without the Use of DDT. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, vol. 206, issues 4-5. Retrieved April 6, 2011 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL
Curtis, C.F. (1994). Should DDT Continue to be Recommended for Malaria Vector
Analysis of the Issues: The ethical concern for the rights and welfare of viable infants is certainly a legitimate concern, but the central ethical analysis that pertains to stem cell research revolves around the issue of defining human life appropriately. Objective criteria like anatomical development, cognitive awareness, and above all, sentience of any degree and in any form are all legitimate bases for the definition of life and for identifying the period of gestation corresponding to the earliest conceivable safeguards necessary to prevent suffering.
On the other hand, purely subjective doctrinal claims without objective criteria of any kind are wholly inappropriate bases for defining scientific concepts like when life begins. The fact that human development varies among individuals and that it may be impossible to know exactly where sentience and other elements of "humanness" first begin in the fetus does not mean that it is impossible to identify periods of…
Dershowitz, a.(2002) Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age.
Boston: Little Brown, 2002
Healy, B. On Health: The Other Stem Cells; U.S. News & World Report (Jun. 14/04), p. 77.
Hellemans, a., Bunch, B. (1998) the Timetables of Science. New York: Simon & Schuster.
hat produces value in managed care is a good health outcome rather than medical intervention. Not every visit to a doctor is necessary; nor is every test conducted, every medication prescribed, or every placement in an intensive care unit going to produce an effective outcome. Ideally, medicine should be ruled by rationality and efficiency in the choice and implementation of evaluations and treatments. This means that the variability between providers not only should be but can be eliminated, and the only factors that should make a difference in deciding who to treat and what treatment to undertake is the nature of the patient's disease or injury (Birenbaum, 14)."
hat these opposing views tell the insured, the uninsured, and those of us who rely on the expertise and ethical practices in an industry that has our very lives in their hands, is that they're not making decisions in our best interest…
Beck, Christina S., Sandra L. Ragan, and Athena DuPrae. Partnership for Health: Building Relationships between Women and Health Caregivers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997. Questia. 23 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=78592347 .
Birenbaum, Arnold. Managed Care: Made in America. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1997. Questia. 23 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=27467039 .
rice discrimination is typically a means to increase profits, thus meaning that such concepts involve sellers having sufficient market power in order to be able to charge difference prices on account of diverse circumstances. Employing price discrimination practically influences buyers to want to buy more and thus benefits both buyers and the company using this technique.
Many people are likely to consider price discrimination to be unfair because of how it categorizes individuals. However, when considering the bigger picture, this marketing strategy enables a company to gain more profits for the products it is selling and provides numerous people with the opportunity to buy things that they otherwise could not afford. A person who has a fixed budget would take advantage of price discrimination by directing his or her finances to accomplishing a series of objectives. He or she would not have access to many concepts if it were not…
Price discrimination is generally likely to have a beneficial effect on the social order. However, this largely depends on how it is used and on the reasons why some companies employ this strategy. It can also have negative effects on society in particular cases when companies are simply interested in destroying their competition by employing these techniques.
Huffman, Mark, "Coupon Clipping Back in Style"
"Chapter 9. Price Discrimination," Retrieved May 30, 2013, from the University of Georgia website: http://jdorfman.myweb.uga.edu/doc/Chapter%209.pdf
The application of SAT for College Entrance Examination has been widely debated, with several supporters for its continued usage and several opponents for its discontinuance. The paper shall deal with both sides of the argument and shall reach at a conclusion.
The SAT is the country's historical, widely prevalent, and misapplied, of College Entrance examinations. The SAT-I is constituted of two phases, Verbal and Math, each marked on a 200-800 point scale. The 138 questions include specifically many choices and the ten questions relating to Mathematics need students to pen down the answers. By pattern, the test denotes more speed that many test undertakers are prevalently finding it short of answering them within the stipulated time. The SAT-II, previously attainment tests, is one hour subject-based exams, which is completely in a multiple choice pattern (excluding the SAT-II written exam, which is comprehensive of one 20 minute essay). The…
Bissell, Andrew. (2001) "Opponents of the SAT fail the test of logic. http://www.digisys.net/fhspub/00-01/march30/stories/sat.htm
Cavanagh, Sean. "Researchers Call SAT Alternative Better Predictor of College Success," Economist, January 29, 2003.
Danowitz Sagaria, M.A. (Ed.). (1988). "Empowering women: Leadership development strategies on campus" (New Directions for Student Services No. 44). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Dorans, N.J. Lyu, C.F. Pommerich, M. And Houston W.M. (1997) "Concordance between ACT Assessment and Recentered SAT I Sum Scores" College and University, 73, 24-31
Did he have the right to make such promises knowing that the company may be moving to Mexico? The simple answer is no. It was unethical to make such promises knowing full well that the company may be moving to Mexico. However, it is not always simple. He made the promises knowing that the company MIGHT move to Mexico. The negotiations are still ongoing so at the time the promises were made he had no concrete knowledge that a move would be taking place. Because he had no knowledge of an actual move being planned, and only knew it was being negotiated he was under no legal obligation to not make those promises. Luckily ethical obligations and legal obligations are often two different things. Ethical obligations are not as concrete nor do they require proof beyond the shadow of a doubt. It is without question that the promises this company…
ERWIN, WESLEY J. Supervisor Moral Sensitivity. Counselor Education and Supervision; 12/1/2000;
Kensicki, Peter R. 'Utmost Good Faith' Implies Good Ethics. National Underwriter Property & Casualty-Risk & Benefits Management; 7/31/2000;
Reamer, Frederic G.,the Social Work Ethics Audit: A Risk-Management Strategy.
Social Work; 7/1/2000;
The DSM explicitly "strives to be atheoretical, using merely observationally referent terms. The hope with this is to make the manual as acceptable as possible to professionals with different theoretical orientations (Gilles-Thomas 1989, Lecture 2). Specific criteria and systematic descriptions are offered as guidance for making diagnoses. "Essential features, associated features, prevalence rates, sex ratios, family patterns, and differential diagnoses are listed" and it is noted when "alternative or additional diagnoses…should be considered," such as the possibility that a manic episode could mask itself as schizophrenia (Gilles-Thomas 1989, Lecture 2). This might occur if the clinician was unacquainted with the patient and the patient's past history of depression, for example, and/or mood disorders in the patient's family.
Also key to the efficacy of the DSM in approaching the ideologically and theoretically charged world of abnormal psychology is its multiaxial system. The multiaxial system "allows for a more holistic and comprehensive…
Abnormal psychology. (2009). a2psychology. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://www.a2zpsychology.com/articles/abnormal.htm
Gilles-Thomas, David L. (1989). Definitions. Abnormal psychology: Lecture 1. University of Buffalo. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://ccvillage.buffalo.edu/Abpsy/lecture1.html
Gilles-Thomas, David L. (1989). Classifications. Abnormal psychology: Lecture 2. University
of Buffalo. Retrieved September 23, 2009 at http://ccvillage.buffalo.edu/Abpsy/lecture2.html
1st Amendment Issues
A highly controversial decision rendered on January 21st of this year by the Supreme Court, affirming the right of corporations and other organizations to enjoy consideration as "persons" and the 1st amendment protections afforded by that status, threatens to undermine the foundation of this country's democratic process. With their closely contested 5-4 decision in the case of Citizens United v. FEC, the high court's conservative members have effectively shattered existing precedent regarding the ability of corporations to channel shareholder funds to political campaigns. In their effort to protect the duly granted right of individuals to contribute money as a form of political speech and expression, the justices in the majority have effectively opened a Pandora's box of unintended consequences. By extending the rights held by individual citizens of this nation to corporate conglomerates and multinational entities, the Roberts court has redefined the menace of judicial activism once…
In this context the argument is made from a moral and religious point-of-view that the unborn child is alive and that abortion is tantamount to murder. As Bohan (1999) states in the House of Atreus: Abortion as a Human ights Issue, "No society that truly believes in human rights can fail to recognize the right to life of the unborn. Human rights are, by definition, rights, which inhere in one simply by virtue of being a human "(Bohan, 1999, p. 64).
From the religious perspective the main argument against abortion revolves around the view of the religious and spiritual value of human life. In Christianity this refers to the Commandant, "Thou shall not Kill." The sanctity of life applies as well to the unborn child and in many religions life begins at the moment of conception. Form this normative perspective the murder of a human being is seen to be…
Abortion is every woman's right. Retrieved March 16, 2009 at http://www.socialistworker.org/2004-1/496/496_06_Abortion.shtml
Abortion Laws Worldwide. Retrieved March 16, 2009 at http://www.womenonwaves.org/set-1020.245-en.html
Baer, J.A. (Ed.). (2002). Historical and Multicultural Encyclopedia of Women's Reproductive Rights in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Bohan, J.F. (1999). The House of Atreus: Abortion as a Human Rights Issue. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
U.S. Government and ethical issues of outsourcing
Description of Ideas-5
Analysis of Concepts-6
Evaluation with easons-7
U.S Government and Ethical Issues of Outsourcing
USA is at present one of the fastest growing countries as a target for outsourcing. Of late outsourcing which was once the buzzword of corporate America has been looked down upon in recent years because of growing concerns of ethics involved in outsourcing the same. Majority lament the outsourcing of jobs to low-wage economies like Asia, Philippines and elsewhere. In a slowing economy with unemployment figures hovering around 10%, outsourcing jobs is viewed as extremely undesirable. However some experts are of the opinion that outsourcing per se is not bad as it helps business to lower costs to remain in business, particularly during periods of recession. When outsourcing permits a company to cut down on costs and make production at less cost, it augurs well…
Breslin, David A. (1999) "On the Ethics of Outsourcing" Program Manager; vol. 28, no. 6,
Ching, Jacqueline. (2009) "Outsourcing U.S. Jobs"
The Rosen Publishing Group.
Similarly, George Caleb Bingham depicts visually how merican political campaigns shifted their focus from appealing mainly to an elite body of male voters toward pandering to the public. Bingham portrays a group of voters clamoring to be heard, marking changes in the ways merican citizens viewed their role in the political process.
Using lofty language, Daniel Webster writes a Second Reply to Robert Y. Hayne regarding the debate over states' rights vs. federal authority. The debate continues until this day, and has always been a unique feature of merican politics. In fact, the Webster passage foreshadows the arguments that preceded the Civil War over whether states had the right to perpetuate the institution of slavery or whether the federal government had the ethical obligation to override state sovereignty. Webster's argument is clear and focused, urging a cohesive union…
Although it was rare for women to become vocal in political affairs before the 20th century, Margaret Bayard Smith wrote a compelling passage about the hotly contested 1823 election. The narrative describes the bitterness inherent in negative campaigning, still extant in American politics today. One of the most compelling aspects of Smith's writing is its description of the American political process as being able to temper a mob mentality with sound, civilized judgment: the true democratic process.
Similarly, George Caleb Bingham depicts visually how American political campaigns shifted their focus from appealing mainly to an elite body of male voters toward pandering to the public. Bingham portrays a group of voters clamoring to be heard, marking changes in the ways American citizens viewed their role in the political process.
Using lofty language, Daniel Webster writes a Second Reply to Robert Y. Hayne regarding the debate over states' rights vs. federal authority. The debate continues until this day, and has always been a unique feature of American politics. In fact, the Webster passage foreshadows the arguments that preceded the Civil War over whether states had the right to perpetuate the institution of slavery or whether the federal government had the ethical obligation to override state sovereignty. Webster's argument is clear and focused, urging a cohesive union united under common goals.
While we know that global warming would no doubt, at the levels Epstein cites, be conditions for increased disease and even death; there is no sufficient data to suggest that global warming is going to reach the levels that Epstein is suggesting in his article. His article is alarmist in nature.
Schneider's (2002) article, in contrast to Epstein's, relies heavily on scientific data, pointing out that existing data is inconclusive as to what the future of global warming is (pp. 62-65). Schneider, who conveys the sense that he is resisting the temptation to be alarmist, is holding onto the principles of science, maintaining that there is insufficient evidence with which to make predictions on the future of climate changes at the levels discussed in the Kyoto Protocol.or that of a "non-scientific" study which is the focus of Schenieder's argument on the lack of evidence to support much of the published…
Schneider, Stephen (2002), Global Warming: Neglecting the Complexities, Scientific
American v286 no1 p62-5 Ja.
Epstein, Paul R. (2000), Is Global Warming Harmful to Health?, Scientific American v283 no2 p50-7 Ag.