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Beauty Is as Old as

Words: 1306 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65060971

S. government has promoted breast implants, at the taxpayers' expense: According to the Army, between 2000 and 2003 its doctors performed 496 breast enlargements (women must pay for the silicon implants) (Schaler 29).

Health safety does not seem to have an impact on those desiring cosmetic surgery, nor does the comments of authority figures. In 1958 Pope Pins XII warned that operations for mere "vanity" or to enhance the "power of seduction, thus leading others more easily into sin," or "to hide a criminal from justice" were not in keeping with the church's teachings (Feldman 66). Some Christian and Jewish clergy agreed. However, not even the clergy could fight the studies saying that people with better looks had a greater chance for success (Feldman 66).

Last month, the FDA reneged on its earlier findings about breast augmentation; after a 14-year ban, it decided that silicone implants do not pose any…… [Read More]

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International Marketing We Are a

Words: 4272 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87044143

5 billion (a$28.2 billion) in 2008 (IK, 2009). The Germans have a long history in the business, with "eau de Cologne" being invented in Koln 210 years ago (IK, 2009). The German market is continuing to grow slowly, despite economic challenges, recording 10.5% growth since 2004 (Ibid.).

There are approximately 525 firms in the industry in Germany, ranging from large international enterprises to small boutique cosmetic and fragrance houses. The industry is centered in Frankfurt. These companies are among the world's leading exporters of cosmetics. The industry association coordinates efforts with respect to both marketing and research and development functions at German firms.

The German cosmetics market is relatively saturated with competitors. Most major international brands have a presence in the market, as do scores of boutique brands. A multitude of channels are used, with indications being that mainstream mass retailers are the preferred channel for Germans in general. These…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Gillespie, Andrew. (2007). Foundations of Economics: Additional Chapter on Business Strategy. Oxford University Press. Oxford, United Kingdom.

European Union. (2008). Bilateral Trade Relations: Australia. European Union. Retrieved September 3, 2009 from  http://ec.europa.eu/trade/issues/bilateral/countries/australia/index_en.htm 

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2009). Summary of Australia's Trade. Government of Australia. Retrieved September 3, 2009 from  http://www.dfat.gov.au/PUBLICATIONS/stats-pubs/mtd/australia_trade_0906.pdf 

Dougherty, Carter. (2009). Europe's Surge Signals Hope for Economic Recovery. New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2009 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/14/business/global/14euro.html
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Redesign Package System for Covergirl

Words: 1534 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44440504



2.6. Sources Consulted

The list of the works assessed throughout the research of this topic is revealed in the eferences section at the end of the report. As a final statement however, it has to be recognized that the previous lines only make up for the proposal and the actual research will be more comprehensive and will even include more sources, as required by the development of the research operations.

eferences:

Arabe, K.C., Green Packaging is Growing, Thomas Net, http://news.thomasnet.com/IMT/archives/2002/10/green_packaging.html last accessed on September 22, 2009

Dyer, D., Dalzell, F., Olegario, ., ising Tide: Lessons from 165 Years of Brand Building at Procter & Gamble, Harvard Business Press, 2004

Freeze, a.., the Environmental Pendulum: A Quest for the Truth about Toxic Chemicals, Human Health, and Environmental Protection, University of California Press, 2000

Jedlicka, W., Packaging Sustainability: Tools, Systems and Strategies for Innovative Package Design, John Wiley and Sons, 2008

Going…… [Read More]

References:

Arabe, K.C., Green Packaging is Growing, Thomas Net,  http://news.thomasnet.com/IMT/archives/2002/10/green_packaging.html  last accessed on September 22, 2009

Dyer, D., Dalzell, F., Olegario, R., Rising Tide: Lessons from 165 Years of Brand Building at Procter & Gamble, Harvard Business Press, 2004

Freeze, a.R., the Environmental Pendulum: A Quest for the Truth about Toxic Chemicals, Human Health, and Environmental Protection, University of California Press, 2000

Jedlicka, W., Packaging Sustainability: Tools, Systems and Strategies for Innovative Package Design, John Wiley and Sons, 2008
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Marketing Case 8 Global Strategies Critically Evaluate

Words: 1957 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79198343

Marketing

Case #8: Global Strategies

Critically evaluate Dolce & Gabbana's decision to launch 15 new stores in China

Dolce & Gabbana's decision to launch 15 new stores in China is a smart one. First, the U.S. Visa process is making it difficult for Chinese tourists to shop here, so D&G will have to take business there in order to get to those Chinese consumers who cannot buy here. Secondly, sales of luxury goods in mainland China were expected to reach $16.9 Billion dollars in 2011, which is a huge market, so G&B is going after some of those Billions. Third, G&B already has 26 stores there, so they are already known in China and G&B already know they can successfully sell in China. Fourth, they can sell a lifestyle of D&G, just as Ralph Lauren did, so that people will buy new products that support that imagined lifestyle.

As we…… [Read More]

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Negative Group Roles and How I Dealt

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26863369

negative group roles and how I dealt with the negative group member

My very first encounter with negative group roles was when I was seventeen years old and while working part-time at a local electronics store. At the electronics store, we were divided into various groups that were headed by different group leaders. Our salary was based on a basic pay as well as commission. This means that our earnings depended much on our push for more sales. The sales force of every individual was highly dependent on the amount of group cohesion and strategy which we put in place in attracting more clients to our stand as well as to our groups. In regard to the sales and promotion functions, we were allowed to engage potential clients via email, phone calls and direct conversations. This means that we had to work together in ensuring that our sales and marketing…… [Read More]

References

Janis, I.L. (1982). Groupthink: Psychological studies of policy decisions and fiascoes (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Janis, I.L. (1989). Crucial decisions: Leadership in policymaking and crisis management. New "York: Free Press

Smith, T (2011). A Euphemism for Marginalization.The New York Times

 http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/09/21/under-obama-is-america-post-racial/a-euphemism-for-marginalization
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Product Safety

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42472287

Public and Community Health

After researching your commonly used products, what do you think about this site?

The website is very innovative in its approach towards environmental and personal safety. First, the website is seamless to use. This is paramount in regards to views and usage of the website. Without a seamless method of navigating the website, consumers could be potentially becomes disgruntled and leave. The website identifies key information with bold, large lettering, designed to impact the consumer. The color scheme is also very inviting as many of the colors create a sense of "freshness" and "cleanliness" within the website. This is evident as the website, in its entirety, generates over 1,000,000 views each month.

The search bar is particular is very easy to use. In regards to this particular website, the search bar is the primary focus for those seeking information. As such, its ease of use is…… [Read More]

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Industry With Which I Have

Words: 3675 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28198741

I think that proper networking and research on who is making quality products, and finding a vendor with a good track record of customer satisfaction would be crucial in getting a positive consumer reaction.

Networking

Networking is invaluable when you do not miss opportunities that are available just from people talking about your product. Some of the smaller stores are involved in fairs and events where products can be introduced to the public without the burden of larger brand name competition.

Additionally, my variety of personal strengths will help me succeed when I launch my new business. I am not intimidated by the possibility that my business might fail. I know that I will work very hard to make my business successful, and if the business is not successful, I will know that I would have done everything possible to make the business succeed.

I am not afraid or intimidated…… [Read More]

Bibliography

The Body Shop. (2004) Where we come from. Retrieved October 2, 2004, from: http://bodyshopinternational.com/web/tbsgl/about_where.jsp

Bath & Body Works, Inc. (nd). Retrieved October 2, 2004, from: http://www.hoovers.com/bath-&-body-works/--ID__104462 -- /free-co- factsheet.xhtml

Biesada, a. (2004) Hoovers Online. The Body Shop International PLC.

Retrieved
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Sustainable Design and the UK

Words: 2304 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 99929807

Fair Trade allowed producers to receive a significant price premium, dependent upon world coffee prices and the mainstream markets. Price premiums for farmers promoted social development and strengthened institutional capacities in the area. However, the ability to improve working conditions for workers was limited (Valkila and Nygren 2009). Price premiums were found to be the main benefit for fruit producers involved in a Swiss partnership (Bezencon 2009).

Conclusion

Fair Trade products and certified end products represent the next logical step in the natural and organic products movement. The impact of fair trade has already been examined in other industries and it is believed that the same principles apply to the cosmetics industry as well. Trends in the cosmetic industry are driven traditionally by the fashion industry. However, social responsibility must now be considered a part of the equation as well. The movement towards socially responsible products is being driven by…… [Read More]

References

Bezencon, V. n.d. Producers and the fair trade distribution systems: what are the benefits and problems? [Online]. Sustainably Development. Abstract. Available at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122542424/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Global Cosmetics Industry (GCI). 2009. European Natural Cosmetics Sales Approaching €2 Billion. [Online]. 1 Oct 2009. Available at:  http://www.gcimagazine.com/marketstrends/segments/natural/63108302.html?page=2  [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Global Cosmetics Industry (GCI). 2009. Global Natural Products Market: The Battle of the Standards Gains Pace. Available at:  http://www.gcimagazine.com/marketstrends/segments/natural/48079987.html?page=1  [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Moore, G., Slack, R. & Gibbon, 2009. PR Firm Names top Ten Ingredients for 2009. [Online]. Journal of Business Ethics. Available at: http://www.fairtrade-institute.org/db/publications/view/581 [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].
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AVON Calls on Foreign Markets

Words: 1959 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53740362

This strategy of investing face-time has continued to scale extremely well in the U.S., yet has faced many challenges in other nations that value data, hard numbers and strong methodologies to validate the claims of products. One nations' buyers of cosmetics in particular, the Japanese, are more focused on the specifics of the how a product is produced and want to know in great detail what the ingredients are in specific measures. The level of data analysis presented by cosmetics providers in Japan is often taken as a measure of the elegancy and exclusivity of a given cosmetic product over another (Grammenou, 2009). Due to these wide variations in how cosmetics are sold, Avon continues to excel in westernized cultures with the U.S. being their flagship market. In Asian cultures were the depth and sophistication of data is an indicator of exclusory and elegance, Avon continues to struggle in other…… [Read More]

References

Shoshanah Cohen, & Joseph Roussel. (2004, November). Avon Gets Its (Supply Chain) Makeover. Fortune, 150(9).

Grammenou, E.. (2009, April). WHAT'S NEXT? FOR COSMECEUTICALS AND NUTRICOSMETICS. Global Cosmetic Industry, 177(4), 38.

Hill, John S., & Still, Richard R. (1990). Organizing the Overseas Sales Force: How Multinationals Do It. The Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 10(2), 57.

Molly Prior. (2010, March). Avon Launches Environmental Effort. WWD, 199(57), 5.
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Internet and E-Technology and Its

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 90460948

com. You are aske to briefly aress each of the following issues. Be sure to substantiate your answers with reliable sources. See Moule Six -- " Ethical Business Practices on the Web to assist in you with your answers.

a. Describe any customer concerns that may affect the use of a website to purchase customize cosmetics.

The greatest concern customers have is if they can trust the quality an valiity of the personalize care proucts they buy online. Trust is the overriing an most critical issue there is when purchasing personal care prouct online (Lalisan, Rubio, et.al.). In conjunction with trust, many consumers want expert-level guiance when it comes to efining which ingreients to use on a cosmetic prouct (Groves, et.al.). A customize cosmetics website must also convince customers that the unique prouction processes use to prouce their proucts is safe, secure an reliable. The aspect of prouct personalization an…… [Read More]

d. What are the main lessons entrepreneurs can learn from the Reflect.com Internet venture?

First, it is critically important to design the entire value chain of a business to meet and exceed customer requirements (Porter, et.al.). Second, just concentrating on one aspect of the business that the consumers see, especially on a mass customization-based website, ignores the more important functional areas of managing one-off production and shipping in addition to customer data management (Gaffney, 1). Third, the demographics and psychographics of the customer base need to align with the purchasing process. In the case of Reflect.com, the ideal customer may be too busy with their job and life responsibilities to create designer make-up for himself or herself.

Question 3 in the summer of 2010 a company was formed to sell customized perfume online. The business targets primarily male gift givers and is designed to enable them to create a customized perfume based on the recipient's personality traits. They feel the business will be a huge success. The founder, Wendy Zhang has said, "This a one-of-a-kind gift. It will make the recipient feel special every time she puts it on. Because she will know that, it is perfectly formulated to accent her personality." In the future
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Women in Business

Words: 1326 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43642171

Entrepreneurial Titans - Mary Kay Ash and Anita oddick

From time immemorial, entrepreneurship has undeniably been a crucial part of human life. Entrepreneurship entails identifying and starting a business as well as organizing and sourcing the required resources to start the business venture. It also entails taking risks and rewards associated with some business ventures. Entrepreneurship may revitalize mature organizations or result in new firms in response to perceived business opportunity. This report will attempt to compare two entrepreneurial titans- Anita oddick and Mary Kay Ash as leaders and managers. Secondly, it will attempt to explain the achievements of both women. It will also evaluate various quotes made by the two women about their business ventures. I will then provide recommendations to both entrepreneurial titans concerning various business matters (igby, 2011).

Similarities

First, oddick was an international businessperson, environmental campaigner and a human rights activist born in Britain. She was…… [Read More]

References

Boyett, J.H., & Boyett, J.T. (2000). The guru guide to entrepreneurship a concise guide to the best ideas from the world's top entrepreneurs. New York: John Wiley.

Crossan, M.M., Gandz, J., Seijts, G.H., & Stephenson, C. (2010). Cross-enterprise leadership business leadership for the twenty-first century. Mississauga, Ont.: Jossey-Bass.

Miller, J. (2012). The new heart at work: stories and strategies for building self-esteem and reawakening the soul at work. U.S.: Trafford Publishing.

Rigby, R. (2011). 28 business thinkers who changed the world the management gurus and mavericks who changed the way we think about business. London: Kogan Page.
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Marketing Plan for Clinique Marketing Plan Clinique

Words: 1815 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 73137801

Marketing Plan for Clinique

Marketing Plan Clinique

Clinique -- Introduction:

Clinique is one of the world's leading brands in skincare, fragrances, cosmetics, and toiletries products. It was introduced by Estee Lauder Corporation in 1968. Clinique is a business unit that represents all the beauty and cosmetics products which Estee Lauder Corporation owns and operates. The company is headquartered in New York, United States of America and sells its Clinique products in more than 80 countries of the world. Clinique is recognized as a premium quality brand which offers extensive range of cosmetics products manufactured according to individual needs of customers from all age groups (Clinique). The following sections present a marketing plan for Clinique brand which may be helpful in analyzing the selling, marketing, and promotional activities of the company and the business environment in which it operates.

A) Current Market Situation:

Market Description:

The beauty and cosmetics industry of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barnes, Cindy; Blake, Helen; & Pinder, David. Creating & Delivering your Value Proposition: Managing Customer Experience for Profit, 1st Edition. Philadelphia: Kogan Page, 2009. E-Book.

Clinique. 3 Step System. 2012. Web. 25 July, 2012.

Henry, Anthony. Understanding Strategic Management, 1st Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print

Lamb, Charles; Hair, Joseph; & McDaniel, Carl. Essentials of Marketing, 7th Edition. Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2012. Print
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Mary Kay Provide a Written

Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42220948

" And sales is one example of this type of professional culture, regardless of what product is being sold (McCarter, 1999). The personal image of Mary Kay may generate some loyalty in the hearts of her sales staff, because of her charismatic figure and rags-to-riches success story, but ultimately saleswomen are there to make extra income, to win bonuses, and they compete against one another for incentives.

In short, the article makes an astute point -- when assessing organizational culture, do not confuse the image the corporation presents to the public with the actual employee culture behind closed doors. An apparently pro-working class company like al-Mart may depend upon a low-wage staff to provide its perpetually low prices, and cosmetic sales are still a 'selling' profession. Mary Kay's success is based upon her saleswomen showing drive and taking the initiative, not upon the power of her eyeliner.

orks Cited

McNamara,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McNamara, Carter. (1997). "Organizational Culture." Management Help. Retrieved 5 Aug 2007 at  http://www.managementhelp.org/org_thry/culture/culture.htm
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Market Driven Management

Words: 25695 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32150042

Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.

It is the intention of this…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.

Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web:  http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm 

Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
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Advertising on Specialty Channels Discuss

Words: 1196 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9499518



Discuss the various reasons marketers have been shifting their marketing dollars to sales promotion from media advertising. Discuss the pros and cons of this reallocation of marketers' advertising and promotion budgets.

Marketers are shifting their marketing budgets to support sales promotion from media advertising in an effort to get greater impact on brand recognition at the upper ends of their sales funnels, and more effectively influence lead generation in the lower areas of their sales funnels. Sales promotion is seen increasingly as having a more immediate impact on lead generation, lead fulfillment and the entire pipeline of sales activity. Media advertising on the other hand is not as easily tracked directly to sales activity and often is seen as "air cover" to drive up awareness of a given brand. Where media advertising is strategic and long-term in scope, in fact it has to be long-term to have an appreciable impact…… [Read More]

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Shopping Tourism Hong Kong a Study of

Words: 3450 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34346765

Shopping Touism Hong Kong

A study of shopping touism: Is Hong Kong a good place fo shopping?

Backgound to the eseach Issue 2

Discussion of elevant liteatue

Poposed eseach Methodology and analysis

Sampling Method

Demogaphic Chaacteistics

Analysis of the esults fom Suvey

Suvey Question 7- Who ae the main companions fo visit in HongKong?

Backgound to the eseach Issue

Within the past thee decades shopping touism at intenational level has been inceased hugely the eason being advancement in the ailine industy as well as lessening in taveling expenses. This is evident fom the latest data which shows that in 2008 intenational aival was 922 million which is an incease of 4.47% since in 2005 it was 800 million (UNWTO, 2009, p.4). Although wold economy faced economic ecession in 2008, yet it did not impact on the touism ate which inceased by 1.99% in the peiod of 2007-2008.

Touism now has…… [Read More]

references and expenditure behaviors: the case of the Taiwanese outbound market. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 320-332.

McCabe, S. 2009. Who is a tourist? Conceptual and theoretical developments. In J. Tribe (Ed.), Philosophical issues in tourism. (pp. 25-42). Buffalo, NY: Channel View Publications.

Mok, C. & Iverson, T.J. 2000. Expenditure-based segmentation: Taiwanese tourists to Guam, Tourism Management, 21(3), 299-305.

Oh, J.Y., Cheng, C.K, Lehto, X.Y. & O'Leary, J.T. 2004. Predictors of tourists' shopping behavior: examination of socio-demographic characteristics and trip typologies. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 308-319.

Timothy, Dallen J., and Richard W. Butler 1995, "Cross-Border Shopping a North American Perspective." Annals of Tourism Research 22, 1 (1995): 16-34.
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Rise of Ricers in the Car Culture Scene

Words: 3417 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77672853

Car Culture: How and Why "Ricers" Came into The Scene

Since the advent of cars, people have always wanted to play around with them and make modifications of their own preferences. Car modification has been taking place ever since we started manufacturing vehicles and the reason has been varied. There are some who did it for prowess or just for some mischief. For example, NASCAR evolved from the building of super-fast cars that were mostly a result of bootlegging. The initial modifications that people would perform on their vehicles were mainly conducted due to criminal activities. In the old cars, there was no matching of cars to engine numbers, transmission, or body frame. This made it possible for thieves to change engines and repaint a vehicle, which in turn meant they have a new car. This car modification was referred to as hot rodding. However, all this changed when the…… [Read More]

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Feature Story on Transwoman and Cause

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 42103345

Edit

Geena Rocero is a model with a purpose. Rocero was born and raised in the Philippines, and recently returned to her homeland to help victims of Typhoon Haiyan. In the midst of a busy schedule, Rocero spends time in her first interview because she feels that sharing her life story is one of the first steps toward helping others. "e're all in this journey together," Rocero exclaims.

Coincidentally, the interview falls on Transgender Day of Remembrance, which commemorates all transmen and transwomen who lost their lives because of targeted attacks. "Transwomen of color are the most marginalized," Rocero reminds us. "70% of hate crime in the LGBT community is committed against transwomen of color. I want this to change. I need this to change. I get so emotional about this and I'm reminded how privileged I am," she says with tears in her eyes.

Rocero works as a model…… [Read More]

When she was a young girl, Rocero knew she was female. Her dream was to become a model. She borrowed her sister's clothes, wore her mom's lipstick, entered local beauty pageants, and eventually self-medicated with hormones. Her parents, especially her mom, supported Geena and helped her to enter beauty pageants. When she was 17, Rocero moved to the United States. She was able to work in the United States and save enough money for the gender reassignment surgery, which she had done at age 19. In fact, while on her upcoming trip to Thailand, Rocero is meeting her surgeon to "thank him for giving me a wonderful vagina."

After her sexual reassignment surgery, Geena pursued her dream of modeling. She moved to New York City in 2005 and while working as a bar hostess, met a photographer who helped her develop a portfolio. That same year, Rocero signed with her first modeling agency. Currently, Rocero is signed with NEXT Model Management. In addition to modeling, Geena has worked as a makeup artist with Benefit Cosmetics, a manager at Inc. Magazine, and a sales representative for First Go Green biodegradable products. Rocero has also worked with the Summit Series, an entrepreneurial organization, to learn how to collaborate with partners on achieving mutual goals. It was because of her broad working experience and her networking with Summit Series contacts that Rocero has been able to develop a plan for promoting her public policy initiatives around the world. Rocero's ultimate goal is to transform public policy at the trans-national level. Her vision is to serve as an ambassador for transgender issues with the United Nations.

Rocero knows she has led a privileged life because of supportive friends, supportive family members, and a supportive spiritual community in both her native Philippines and in the United States. Rocero wants to ensure that the underprivileged people of the world also have access to the support systems and resources needed to live a healthy life. Referring to brutal assaults on transwomen around the world, Geena states, "People are dying. I need to do something."
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Women and Their Bodies the

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66549847

Anyone who chooses to engage in this expensive and controversial surgery for the sake of a boyfriend should consider the real motivation behind his asking and her acquiescence. The surgery may not deliver on what it promises and the sense of inadequacy is psychological and may not abate because of a cosmetic change. I would also include the truth that there is no such thing as the perfect vagina and we should be willing to love what we have and accommodate difference.

PART THREE:

The concept of beauty was different for different groups, White girls considered beauty as a static quality that is personified in the Barbie doll. African-American girls espoused a concept of beauty as the result of the intersection of multiple qualities, attitude, style, personality, and presence form the basis of this nexus. For African-American girls there is no perfect or uniform look to attain, therefore their body…… [Read More]

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Controlling Images Representations of Women

Words: 2352 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 31138850

This has often made it very difficult for black individuals to become high educational and social achievers. Racists then twist the reasons behind this lack of achievement and use it as evidence that members of the group are inferior (Gimlin, 2005). Racism and discrimination are both common threads in prejudiced activity toward black women, and this works to perpetuate the problems that they have faced in the past and that they are still facing in society today.

Conclusion

There is little that can be done to eliminate biological differences between the ethnic groups, but society can change differences that have been created by its own political and economic systems. Some psychologists even argue that racism should be treated like a mental health issue. Racism, therefore, becomes a double-edged sword and both the oppressors and the oppressed suffer from and for it. The oppressors have guilt, shame, and remorse, while the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Collins, Patricia Hill (1998) "Mammies, matriarchs, and other controlling images, black feminist thought" New York: Routledge

Espiritu, Yen Le (2007) "Chapter five: Ideological racism and cultural resistance." In Asian-American women and men: Labor, laws, and love. New York: Rowman and Littlefield

Hook, Bell (1998) "Selling Hot Pussy: Representations of Black Female Sexuality in the Cultural Market" in: R. Weitz (ed) The Politics Of Women's Bodies: Sexuality Appearance and Behaviour. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gimlin, Debra. (2005). "Cosmetic Surgery: Paying for Your Beauty." In L. Richardson, V. Taylor and N. Whittier (ed), Feminist Frontiers, 6th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill
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Breast Ironing in Cameroon Sexual

Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84670624

In most societies, GM is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.

Though a tremendous range of practices fall under the title of female genital mutilation, understanding what is involved in the process really helps one understand why it is internationally condemned as a violation of human rights. The most drastic type of female genital mutilation is infibulation. A standard infibulation process is as follows:

The amount of tissue removed is extensive. The most extreme form involves the complete removal of the clitoris and labia minora, together with the inner surface of the labia majora. The raw edges of the labia majora are brought together to fuse, using thorns, poultices or stitching to hold them in place, and the legs are tied together for 2-6 weeks. The healed scar creates a hood of skin which covers the urethra and part or most of…… [Read More]

From an international perspective, it is difficult to impose human rights on other people who claim cultural tradition as a basis for a ritual, because that opens up claims of racism and cultural insensitivity, which would also violate human rights. One difficulty is that there is no single international standard for human rights.

On December 10, 1948, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which outlines basic human rights. Since that time, there have been nine total core international human rights treaties, some of them dealing specificially with children and with gender discrimination. At the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, United Nations member nations ratified a prohibition against any type of gender-based discrimination. In addition, the Convention on the Rights of the Child discusses a child's right to be raised by her parents in a family environment without undue governmental interference, but also discusses the child's right to be raised by a best interests standard. Clearly, in the case of something like breast ironing, reconciling the two is impossible. In addition, while these declarations of rights are admirable, they are only enforceable on UN member nations, and have only been enforced in the context of state action. Cameroon has criminalized the practice of breast ironing, so it would be difficult, if not impossible, to suggest that state actors are playing a role in perpetuating the process. That is not to say that some have not suggested that other sexual mutilations, most notably female genital mutilation, be treated and prosecuted as torture, but the international community has not responded positively to those calls.

There is also the problem of accountability. Establishing international human rights standards is a lofty ideal, but there has not been a practical means established to deal with offenses. Of course, there are international human rights tribunals established to try government officials for violations of human rights. Research shows that human rights trials do have a positive impact on the citizens of the country in question and can actually have an ancillary positive impact on neighboring countries. In addition, the United States has taken steps to try to enforce international law in a domestic context. 18 U.S.C.S. 2340A (a) provides that: "Whoever outside the United States commits or attempts to commit torture shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both, and if death results to any person from conduct prohibited by this subsection,
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Women in the Boardroom Having

Words: 857 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 7296121

Thus, women have skills that can bring new ideas and fresh prospective to break up the adverse effects of group thinking, which can cost companies consumers.

"hatever their gender, directors first and foremost must be individuals who possess the key skills required by a board, including integrity, sound judgment, financial knowledge and strategic thinking. But boards must also understand their customers, and Strandberg notes that "women represent a significant part of the consumer market. They have a lot of economic power in the marketplace" (Perkins).

However, having women on the board of directors does not bring a sustained improvement within the board room. Its argument of equality: everyone should be equally does not meet the BOD recruitment process. BOD should be elected based on their competencies that can actually provide value to their shareholders and not based on what a gender can bring to the table. Furthermore, the evironment is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Marketing to Women. 2011. 16 May 2012. .

McMull, Greg Parsons and Kathryn. Trends in University Graduation, 1992 to 2007. 2009. 16 May 2012. .

Perkins, Tara. Women in the boardroom: are Canadian companies changing? 2011. 16 May 2012. .
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Team Project Post-Presentation Report --

Words: 483 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45605650

I collaborated with two different team components: I worked on the visual team and also on the editorial team. I am proud of the fact that I was able to help find a consistent tone for all of our content because all of us have somewhat different styles of expressing ourselves. I am also proud that my team mates appreciated my contribution on the visual team and that I was able to fulfil a shared leadership role. In addition to helping our team select the best possible visual images to match our informational content, I also contributed effective editing to help fit all of our information into the presentation. Finally, I am proud that I was able to negotiate differences fairly and confidently at the same time.

Improvement Areas

One thing we could have done differently would be to rehearse a little better. When we practiced our presentation, all of…… [Read More]

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Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong Item Page

Words: 4928 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33709828

Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong

Item Page Number

Tourism in Hong Kong

Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong

Urban Tourism

Destination Marketing

Shopping Tourism

Questionnaire Design

Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong

Shopping tourism is a major aspect of the global tourism trade and as such is an area of tourism that is and should be promoted by destination countries and locations. This is true for Hong Kong as well as in other locations throughout the world. Ashworth (1989) writes that urban regeneration and tourism have become critically important activities beginning in the 1980's. Ashworth specifically notes two elements that link the ideas of the city and tourism and which show the complex relationship that exists between the features of a city and the functions of tourism that serve to result in shopping tourism in the city. The first element is comprised by the specific characteristics of a city and how this…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cheung, Sidney (nd) Cultural Tourism and Hong Kong Identity. Department of Anthropology. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from: http://cuhk.orientalecom7.com/en/publish/workingpaper4.pdf

Discover Hong Kong by Rail (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from:  http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/discover-hongkong-rail.html 

Experience Unique Hong Kong (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from:  http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/cultural-tours.html 

Hong Kong Culture (2012) Tourism Asia Network. Retrieved from:  http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/index.html
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Women's Objectification in Society

Words: 2395 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13932504

Women Objectification

Women's Objectification in Society

Women's Objectification in Society

It is crucial to notice the language we use when we talk about bodies. We speak as if there was one collective perfect body, a singular entity that we're all after. The trouble is, I think we are after that one body. We grew up with the impression that underneath all this normal flesh, buried deep in the excessive recesses of our healthy bodies, there was a perfect body just waiting to break out. (Hornbacher, 1999, p. 47)

In recent years, much attention from both the public media and professional research community has focused on the growing problem regarding the objectification and sexualisation of women. The American Psychological Association's (2007) publication outlining the problem has given the public a greater awareness and understanding of the dynamics between our culture's tendency to objectify women's bodies and the consequences of this for…… [Read More]

References

Bartky, S.L. (1990). Femininity and domination: Studies in the phenomenology of oppression. New York: Routledge.

Calogero, R.M. (2004). A test of objectification theory: The effect of the male gaze on appearance concerns in college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 16-21.

Cusumano, D.L., & Thompson, J.K. (1997). Body image and body shape ideals in magazines: Exposure, awareness, and internalization. Sex Roles, 37, 701-721

Fredrickson, B.L., & Roberts, T. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women's lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173-206.
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Supply Chain Management

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 30176129

I. Major Factors
The management of Dream Beauty Company, a manufacturer of consumer beauty supplies and cosmetics, is concerned with the increased costs of its supply chain management. The firm’s supply chain costs recently reached an all time high of $130,000, which could be attributable to various factors including additional sales and increased costs for order fulfillment. Currently, the Dream Beauty’s total order fulfillment is averagely three days despite the order size. Dream Beauty Company has received 3600 orders, provides excellent customer service, and has a discount policy for the channels it services.

II. Major Problem
Despite its highest standards of customer service and industry benchmark in order fulfillment, Dream Beauty Company is experiencing problems in increased supply chain costs and needs to examine the effectiveness of its three-day order fulfillment cycle.

III. Possible Solutions
Dream Beauty’s major problem can be addressed through several potential solutions because of the various…… [Read More]

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Teenage Breast Augmentation This Is

Words: 5573 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 60862518

In the case of breast augmentation, the parent must guide the minor to the right decision -- and that is usually not to have the surgery unless it is necessary for the teen's overall health. It is up to the adult to think responsibly. There are dangers to any surgery and infections are not among the least of them. Perhaps low self-esteem is a reason for counseling by a professional, but not necessarily reason to alter one's body artificially.

The ethical responsibilities of the parent in a discussion with their underage teen regarding whether or not to have her breast augmented, are even greater and more impacting than the legal issues.

The 1800 girls under the age of 18 who had their breasts augmented last year alone are under the ethical (and rational) reasoning of the parent. These are the parents who are taking out financing to do the surgery…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Agence France-Presse Newswire Service. Germany to Ban Cosmetic Surgery for Children. Paris, 23 April 2008.

Annas, George. The rights of patients: The basic ACLU guide to patient rights. New York City: Humana Press, 1992.

Clough, Craig. "Doc Urges Caution on Teen Breast Implants." 4 April 2008. lifewhile.com. 3 August 2009 .

Duenwald, Mary. "How Young is Too Young to Have a Nose Job and Breast Implants." New York Times 28 September 2004: F5.
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Developing Inglot's Strategic Business Plan

Words: 2505 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 42808498

Strategic Business Plan

Strategic management

Business concept

Competitive advantages

Market analysis

Marketing

Inglot Cosmetics has created a new innovative way for consumers to mix different make-up colors to suit their preferences. The company realized that there is potential in offering consumers the option to mix colors, instead of developing all color ranges. Consumers being health conscious has led to many restrictions within the different markets the company operates. Leveraging on its production facilitates the company has met the European Union regulations. There is potential for the company to expand in markets that it had earlier restricted itself. The South American market especially Brazil is considered to be a high consumer of cosmetic products, and opening a store in that location would be beneficial for the company. However, the market there is highly competitive, as other companies have already setup their stores. Within the next one year, Inglot will have opened…… [Read More]

References

AFANASYEV, M. & MENDELSON, H. 2010. Service provider competition: Delay cost structure, segmentation, and cost advantage. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 12, 213-235.

BHATTACHARYYA, S. & NAIN, A. 2011. Horizontal acquisitions and buying power: A product market analysis. Journal of Financial Economics, 99, 97-115.

FOSFURI, A., GIARRATANA, M.S. & ROCA, E. 2013. Building and Sustaining a Product Differentiation Advantage Through a Community-Focused Strategy. Industry and Innovation, 20, 114-132.

KOTLER, P. 2011. Reinventing marketing to manage the environmental imperative. Journal of Marketing, 75, 132-135.
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Strategic Challenges L'oreal - Company

Words: 1250 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64717909

In other words, the higher the price, the higher the status they confer.

The active products are developed for customers interested in the products' medical properties.

In conclusion, L'Oreal's target customers are sophisticated, educated, beauty oriented people, with medium to high incomes, that appreciate the company's products' quality.

egarding the company's earnings, 54.8% of the cosmetics sales come from consumer products, 25.1% come from luxury products, 13.9% come from professional products, and 5.5% come from active products. More than half of the company's sales incomes, 52.7% come from Western Europe, 27.6% come from North America, and 19.7% come from the rest of the world.

Even if L'Oreal is the worldwide leader in the cosmetics industry, competition is very harsh in this line of business. L'Oreal's most important competitors are Procter & Gamble's Max Factor International, Clinique, Estee Lauder, but also "niche players such as Los Angeles-based cosmetics maker Stila."

All…… [Read More]

Reference List

L'Oreal (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 18, 2007 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%27Oreal .

L'Oreal: The Beauty of Global Branding. BusinessWeek online. Retrieved February 18, 2007 at  http://www.businessweek.com/1999/99_26/b3635016.htm .
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Regime Change and Democratization of

Words: 1807 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42588169

This advertisement policy has to be subtle because any overt bombardment by an American company will likely cause a severe anti-American backlash for the product. However, subtle methods such as billboard ads and culturally sensitive advertisements could be an effective method for American cosmetics to be slowly and carefully introduced to the market. Distribution is another key point to consider because if the product is to be successful it must have a much better distribution infrastructure than local competitors. Furthermore, if distribution outlets employ Iraqis on the local level who are already culturally in sinc with what consumer needs are then it will be much easier to establish a foothold within the market. An effective distribution plan would be to create a multi-tiered marketing effort and give local Iraqis heavy monetary incentive to sell this product locally. Using this method, distribution occurs through local channels that take advantage of personal…… [Read More]

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Bobbi Brown Web Site Analysis

Words: 3198 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 41595893

It is immensely attractive to women particularly for the purposes of supporting another woman who was able to successfully develop her company essentially on her own. Where many cosmetics companies fall afoul of powerful feminist groups, Bobbi Brown's commitment to enhancing natural beauty and her ability to remain CEO even following a major corporate merger sets Bobbi Brown apart from other cosmetics giants in that shopping for Bobbi Brown cosmetics of utilizing her instructional videos and books is not cognitively dissonant with feminist theory.

The Bobbi Brown aesthetic is another major branding point. ather than working with over used extremely commercial looks, Bobbi has never been afraid to do something completely different than what all the competitors were doing with startling success. Following the acquisition of her company by Estee Lauder, the company began to suffer as a result of both extremely inexpensive reproductions as well as an imposing corporate…… [Read More]

References

1. Bobbi Brown available at  http://www.bobbibrowncosmetics.com/home.tmpl 

2. Brown, B. 2007. How I did it: Bobbi Brown founder and CEO, Bobbi Brown cosmetics. Inc. Magazine [online]. Available at:  http://www.inc.com/magazine/20071101/how-i-did-it-bobbi-brown-founder-and-ceo-bobbi-brown.html  [Accessed May 18, 2010].

3. Bobbi Brown Cosmetics unveils pretty powerful spring campaign featuring friends of Bobbi. 2010. [internet] Available at: http://www.mynewsdesk.com/uk/view/pressrelease/bobbi-brown-cosmetics-bobbi- brown-cosmetics-unveils-pretty-powerful-spring-campaign-featuring-friends-of-bobbi-377882 [Accessed May 18, 2010]
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Bobbiebrown Website the Bobbibrown Co Uk Website

Words: 3111 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 21279351

A one stop destination is understood as a store that offers a complete range of complementary products. As an example, supermarkets are one stop stores as they allow their customers to purchase everything from food and detergents to power tools and clothes. Within the cosmetics industry, a one stop destination store would be one in which the customer can find anything for personal care, including deodorants, lipsticks, waxing products and so on. The http://www.ulta.co.uk / website is one which can be considered a one stop destination store and can as such offer benchmarking opportunities in the analysis of the bobbiebrown.co.uk website. As the bobbiebrown.co.uk website only sells makeup products, skincare items, fragrances and tools and accessories, it cannot be considered a one stop destination.

8 -- E-mail newsletter -- customers are presented with the ability of leaving their email address with the company and receiving notifications of new products, offers…… [Read More]

References:

Baker, R, 2009, 9 Ways to Communicate a Rock-Solid Identity, WebSite Marketing Plan, http://www.websitemarketingplan.com/online/Branding.htm last accessed on May 11, 2010

Millis, J.E., Law, R., 2005, Handbook of Consumer Behavior, Tourism and the Internet, Routledge, ISBN 078902599X

Waddell, R., 2006, Major Merch Move, Billboard Magazine, Vol. 118, No. 29

Wang, L., Chen, K., Ong, Y.S., 2005, Advances in Natural Computation: First International Conference, Birkhauser, ISBN 3540283250
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L'oreal's Strategic Direction Amidst the Global Economic

Words: 2929 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14758779

L'Oreal's Strategic Direction

Amidst the global economic downturn, France's cosmetics giant L'Oreal corporation outperformed projections in the first ten months of 2010. ith the first three quarters earnings exceeding +11% in sales revenues, the L'Oreal Group continued a strong trend following € 17.5 billion consolidated sales in 2009, with 23 global brands in 130 countries, and 674 new patents. Innovation has kept L'Oreal's market position in front of its competitors, and the company has upheld its promise to stakeholders and its 64, 600 employees alike to continue as the world leader in cosmetic products. Insight into L'Oreal's rare success in a moment in crisis is revealed in the Company Mission Statement,

"At L'OREAL, we believe that everyone aspires to beauty. Our mission is to help men and women around the world realise that aspiration, and express their individual personalities to the full. This is what gives meaning and value to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Conjoint Analysis Model Demonstration, Dobney.com, 2010. Web.

Edgeman, R. et al. Six Sigma for Government IT: Strategy & Tactics for Washington, D.C. Boise: University of Idaho, nd. Web.

Baker, S. New Consumer Marketing: Managing a Living Demand System. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2003. Print.

Blattberg, R.C. And Thomas, J.C. Valuing, Analyzing and Managing the Marketing Function using Customer Equity Principles. In Iacobucci, D. Kellogg on Marketing. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.
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Controversial Business Practice

Words: 5379 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67842655

Plastic Surgery

Teen Plastic Surgery: A Controversial Medical Practice

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in 2007, more than 87,000 teenagers had cosmetic surgery; and that number has grown exponentially since. Although aesthetic cosmetic surgery is popular amongst United States teens, physicians and plastic surgeons worry that such invasive surgery on teens' still growing bodies can be dangerous. Other developed countries, including Germany and Australia, are considering banning all but medically necessary plastic surgery for anyone under the age of 18. However, the question remains, if such a measure were taken like that in the United States for minors stem the tide of teenagers going under the knife? This paper will address the controversy associated with teenagers and aesthetic cosmetic surgery in the United States, and the business of plastic surgery for teens, from a legal, ethical, and social responsibility standpoint.

Introduction

In a country, and dare say…… [Read More]

References

Ali, K., & Lam, T. (2008). Teens under the knife: Is plastic surgery too dangerous for teens? Current Events, 108(1), 7-14.

American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (2003). National totals for cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank.

www.surgery.org/download/2003-stats.pdf:10. Accessed 25 July, 2011.

Bourdieu, P 1977, Outline of a Theory of practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
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L'oreal Case Study

Words: 3770 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 89900664

L'Oreal Nederland B.V.

Situation Analysis

Identification of Alternative Solutions

Decision Criteria

Recommendation and Implementation

Exhibit 1. Alternatives Analysis

The managers of the Dutch subsidiary of the L'Oreal Group wrestled with a decision about whether to introduce additional products into the Netherlands market. L'Oreal, headquartered in Paris, was the largest cosmetics manufacturer in the world. With a heavy corporate investment in research and development, Paris expected each of the 100 country subsidiaries to distribute the new products; but the country managers were required to take the decision on whether to introduce each product based on the particular situation in their country. The French labs made unilateral decisions about all new product developments and the country managers had no input into the R&D process. Any new product line introduction had to be financed by the current operations of each subsidiary.

Some years earlier, L'Oreal had acquired a rival French company called Laboratoires…… [Read More]

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Bobbi Brown Marketing

Words: 1664 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64891702

Bobbi Brown

Industry Environment

Bobbi Brown is the eponymous cosmetics company of a New Jersey-based make-up artist. The company has existed since 1990, and today is owned by Estee Lauder, and represents around 10% of that company's total revenues (Buck, 2012). Growth in the Bobbi Brown line has come with the launch of branded stores, and a series of brand extensions into fragrances and eyewear. The bread and butter of Bobbi Brown remains the make-up business, however, and that is where the next idea is going to be launched. Bobbi Brown is seeking to capture the anti-aging cream market. This paper will explain the strategy and how it fits within the prevailing industry conditions.

The macro trends in the industry are generally positive. The cosmetics industry worldwide is growing rapidly, at a rate of around 8.5% per year. This growth is fueled by rising per capita incomes, combined with greater…… [Read More]

References

Buck, J. (2012). The mogul next door. New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/t-magazine/bobbi-brown-the-mogul-next-door.html?pagewanted=3 

Logarta, L. (2002). Bobbi Brown is for every woman. Lifestyle. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from  http://www.philstar.com/fashion-and-beauty/162790/bobbi-brown-every-woman 

Sena, M. (2013). Beauty industry analysis 2014 -- cost & trends. Franchise Help. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from  https://www.franchisehelp.com/industry-reports/beauty-industry-report/?PageSpeed=noscript 

EY. (2013). Luxury and cosmetic financial factbook 2013. Ernst & Young. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from  http://www.toknowpress.net/ISBN/  [HIDDEN] -02-4/papers/ML13-365.pdf
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Natio Is a Health and Beauty Products

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78762696

Natio is a health and beauty products maker from Australia, and the company is seeking to expand its business. It has targeted countries in Southeast Asia for expansion as a result of the proximity of the region to Australia and the size of the market. This paper will explore the possibility of Natio entering one of the largest markets in the region -- the Philippines.

The cosmetics industry is a relatively lucrative industry, with competition split among hundreds of competitors. Many such competitors operate worldwide, but there are strong regional players in Asia as well. Consumers tend to be relatively brand loyal. The largest cosmetics industry in Asia is in Japan, worth 10 billion yen a year (Lloyd, 2004). Cosmetics are marketed in department stores, in drug stores/chemists and in standalone stores as well. The market globally is worth an estimated $170 billion USD, and the market in the Philippines…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Lloyd, T. (2004). Blueprint for a cosmetics empire. Japan Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from  http://www.japaninc.com/article.php?articleID=1390 

Personal Care. (2010). Inside Philippines cosmetics market. Personal Care. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from  http://www.personalcaremagazine.com/Story.aspx?Story=6052 

Austrade. (2010). Cosmetics and toiletries to the Philippines. Austrade. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from  http://www.austrade.gov.au/Cosmetics-and-toiletries-to-the-Philippines/default.aspx 

Natio.com.au website, various pages. (2010). Retrieved October 18, 2010 from  http://www.natio.com.au
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Iman Adibazad Strategic Planning & Implementation Str 581

Words: 1476 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28145561

Iman Adibazad

Strategic Planning & Implementation

ST/581

Mahesh Singh, MBA, PMP

Week 5-Implementation, Strategic Controls, and Contingency Plans

Cosmetics, toiletries and perfumes are an important of everyone's daily life, from use of deodorant and shampoo to make-up, skin care products and fine fragrances. Personal hygiene and beauty products are considered essentials today as are the use of products such as sunscreens and decay-fighting toothpaste.

One strategy for Oprah company, to which the management of the company looking for is internalization or extending its market. Following this decision company can export raw materials and beauty products outside of the U.S.

Strategic Management

Cosmetics and cosmetic raw materials produced for export outside the U.S. must meet the requirements imposed by each country in which they will be sold. When a product is to be sold in several countries, the most stringent requirements must be met. Therefore, products sold in foreign countries in…… [Read More]

References

Bell, D. (1973). The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A venture in Social Forecasting. New York. Basic Books. 173-174. Retrieved August 15, 2005 from  http://www.questia.com .

Bennis, W., Peters, T., & Addison, W. (1993). An Invented Life: Reflections on Leadership and Change. Reading: Perseus Publishing. 88.

Lawrence, P.R., & Lorsch, J.W. (1967). Organizations and Environment. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. 157.

M. Lorenzen. (2006). Strategic Planning for Academic Library. Illinois Pugh, D.S. (1968). The Dimensions of Organizational Structure. Administrative Science Quarterly, No. 18, 65-105.
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Beauty Product Analysis the Hidden Dangers of

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57646552

Beauty Product Analysis

The Hidden Dangers of Beauty Products

Whether people realize it or not, they are constantly being bombarded by pollutants in their environment and through the cosmetic and other personal beauty products. Through product reformulations, the products we use on a daily basis have the power to pollute our bodies on an increasing basis. However, cosmetic toxicity is nothing new to the industry. Ancient Egyptians were poisoned by their lead-based makeup and women in Elizabethan times were poisoned by their arsenic-laced cosmetics (Barczac, 1995). Because skin is highly permeable, "less than one-tenth of an inch thick, skin is a porous membrane that is highly sensitive to toxic chemicals. What we put on our skin affects our health just as much as, if not more than, what we put in our mouths" (Epstein, 2013). Through an analysis of the product's one uses on a daily basis, one can begin…… [Read More]

References

Barczac, C. (1995, Summer). The hazards of cosmetics. AEHA Quarterly. Retrieved 22 March

2013, from  http://www.environmentalhealth.ca/summer95cosmetic.html 

Epstein, S.S., M.D. (2013). Major risks from cosmetics and personal care products. Dr. Frank

Lipman: The Voice of Sustainable Wellness. Retrieved 22 March 2013, from  http://www.drfranklipman.com/risks-from-toxic-ingredients-in-cosmetics-personal-care-products/
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Fragrance Industry

Words: 1591 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30237257

Fragrance Industry

Business Environment of Fragrance Industry

Fragrance industry is suffering from the ruinous competition of foreign rivals who apparently are flooding the domestic market at an incredibly low price. The French industry, which once was considered at the pinnacle of the fragrance market, is loosing market from Asian competitors. Moreover, there has been a slow growth in revenue of large fragrance companies due to the mass marketing of fragrance sales from small competitors. The sluggish growth rates in the home fragrance market are due to a combination of factors. First, the fragrance industry is facing several major industry shifts that are causing changes on the bottom line. Faced with the challenges of low revenue and intense competition, innovative companies are looking to enterprise sourcing to both speed up time-to-market on new products and drive down ongoing supply costs (Chemical and engineering news, 2003).

Consumers today are making value-based decisions…… [Read More]

References

1. Flavor And Fragrance Industry Faces Wide-Ranging Challenges. Chemical and engineering news, 2003 vol: 81 iss: 28-page: 56

2. Guner, Osman F.. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, History and Evolution of the Pharmacophore Concept in Computer-Aided Drug Design, Dec2002, Vol. 2 Issue 12, p1321-1333.

3. Baron, Robert A. A whiff of realit. Environment & Behavior, Nov 1994, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p766-775.
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Elizabeth Arden the Founder Florence

Words: 2532 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74300486

Flo retaliated by acquiring Harry Johnson and 11 other employees who then worked for Helena. When Helena opened a salon in New York, Arden opened a counterpart elsewhere. Parallelisms appeared to occur between them in that they both entered the men's skin care industry at roughly the same time. They also both married exiled princes after their first marriages ended in divorce.

Flo or Arden also lost half a million dollars in sales in the first two years since her divorce with Tommy, but being inherently innovative, she managed the crisis, recovered and proceeded to lead the industry. Records bear these out. While many businesses flopped during the Great Depression, Elizabeth Arden not only stayed and spent. It also bought an office building and a penthouse in New York during the stock market crash of 1929 and opened several other salons in the 30s.

Elizabeth Arden demonstrated an unwavering commitment…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Colbert, C. (2004). Elizabeth Arden, Inc. Hoover's Online: Hoover's, Inc. http://www.hoovers.com/free/co/factsheet.xhtl?COID=47820

Consumer Relations. (2000).Elizabeth Arden, Inc. http://www.ffi.cc/corporate_locations.asp

DPA Fragrance Wholesale. (2004). Some History and Background on Elizabeth Arden. CFL Inc.  http://www.fragrancewholesale.com/somhisandback11.html 

Kent, J. (2004). Entrepreneur for the Young and Beautiful. Business Builder in Cosmetics: Oliver Press, Inc.
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Fundamental of Speech

Words: 1235 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21912006

Mary Kay Ash: A Biography of a Woman with 'Skin-Deep Beauty'

Introductions to Mary Kay Ash, founder and chairman emeritus of Mary Kay Cosmetics Inc.

"If you think you can, you can. And if you think you can't, you're right." These lines are the guiding principles and philosophy of Mary Kay Ash as she managed her life as a mother, businesswoman, leader, and philantrophist.

Mary Kay Cosmetics Inc. is a company founded by Mary Kay Ash, a business venture that became successful because of her hard work and perseverance. Although its products promotes beauty and skin care products, things that often symbolize vanity among men and women alike, it will become evident, as you will later find out in this speech, that Mary Kay Inc.'s goals, objectives, and products are more than just a display of vanity, but is 'skin-deep.' Through the various programs (environmental, social, and human-empowerment) organized by…… [Read More]

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Product Decisions Pricing Strategies and

Words: 1532 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 64310674

The ability to create a makeup palate that is suited to the consumer's specific beauty needs, to create a unique image of beauty that is healthy and an enhancement of one's natural beauty should be the focus of a redesigned Avon site.

Conclusion

Avon is a classic product in the United States -- someone in 'your' family may have sold Avon, long ago. Although door-to-door sales is no longer lucrative, and unlikely to be accepted in China for higher-end goods, selling the midpriced Avon in Chinese department stores is an ideal way to create a humanized brand image for Avon and to capitalize upon the mania for customization and goods tailored to 'your needs.' This is one way to use American individualism yet give it a Chinese spin by stressing the need for make up to suit one's skin tone and enhance but not alter one's appearance. The company website…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Avon brands. (2009). Avon. Website. Retrieved August 15, 2009 at  http://www.avoncompany.com/brands/color.html 

Avon China. (2009). Avon Website. Retrieved August 15, 2009 at  http://www.avon.com .cn/PRSuite/home_page.page" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Why Animal Testing Should Be Banned

Words: 2153 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18170868

Should Animals Be Used in Scientific Testing for Medical Research or Commercial Products?
The fear and dread of you will fall on all the beasts of the earth, and on all the birds in the sky, on every creature that moves along the ground, and on all the fish in the sea; they are given into your hands. – Genesis 9:2 (c. 1450 BCE)
Studies published in prestigious medical journals have shown time and again that animal experimentation wastes lives—both animal and human—and precious resources by trying to infect animals with diseases that they would never normally contract. -- People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (2019)
As the epigraphs above clearly show that humankind’s views about using animals for their own purposes have changed significantly over the past several millennia, but despite increasing condemnation by animal rights advocates, animal testing for medical research or commercial products continues around the…… [Read More]

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Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis

Words: 5975 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58497275

The brain while expanding pushes the skull outward in the same perpendicular to the closed structure. This will be marked by the occurrence of 'papilledema' 'pseudoproptosis' as also 'optic atrophy.' (39) This results in the orbital socket being smaller and the eyes getting 'protoposed'. The intercranial pressure is bound to be high. The symptoms in such cases will be optic atrophy, head ache and papilledema. Or in the case of 'Crouzon's disease' where occurs a marked hooked nose and a frontal lobe which makes the disease also called the parrot head disease. Surgery in both these types of situations become mandatory as the result of the cranial pressure could result in death. (39)

egarding the facial surgery discussions always centre on perfecting features and cosmetic changes. The debate must rather be on the goals of the surgery and the overall benefits that can accrue to the patient in terms of…… [Read More]

References

1. Buncke HJ. Facial Paralysis - Reanimation. California Pacific Medical Center. [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Feb 16]. Available from: URL:

 http://www.cpmc.org/advanced/microsurg/procedures/facial-animation.html 

2. Sataloff J, ThayerSataloff R. Occupational Hearing Loss. CRC Press. 2006.

Kim JYS, Bienstock a, Ketch L. Facial Nerve Paralysis, Dynamic Reconstruction. [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Feb 16]. Available from: URL:
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Injections of Phosphatidylcholine Solubilized With

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89968927

Therefore, Hexsel's study will not be included in this analysis for failure to meet the study protocol.

Another human study involved a case study of a single patient. This Brazilian study represented a case study and does not meet the protocol for inclusion in this analysis either (Rittes, 2001). As there have been no human studies in the United States to date, we must rely on studies published in other countries for our meta-analysis. A study conducted in Vienna by Karl Heinrich will be used as one of the studies to be analyzed. This was the only study that could be located involving an actual population of human subjects, as this type of research is prohibited in the U.S. At this time.

The sample population used by Heinrich consisted of 86 individuals who received a standardized series of treatments. This study suffered from significant flaws that make the results questionable.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atoba MA, Ayoola EA, Ogunseyinde O. Effects of essential phospholipid choline on the course of acute hepatitis-B infection. Trop Gastroenterol. 1985; 6:96-9.

Bechara FG, Sand M, Altmeyer P. et al. Intralesional lipolysis with phosphatidylcholine for the treatment of lipomas: pilot study. Arch Dermatol. 2006 Aug;142(8):1069-70. Retrieved March 24, 2007 at  http://www.hubmed.org/display.cgi?uids=16924064 .

Hanin I, Ansell GB, eds. Lecithin. Technological, Biological and Therapeutic Aspects. New York and London: Plenum Press; 1987.

Doris Hexsel "
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Mary Kay

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27588647

Holistic Analysis of Mary Kay

One of the most well-known cosmetics company's operating in the United States today is Mary Kay Inc. Founded by Mary Kay Ash in 1963, the company has provided boundless opportunities for women interested in starting their own business across the globe. The company is currently a corporation, with more than 1 billion independent consultants selling its cosmetics worldwide. The structure of the organization may be considered a matrix. The women working for the corporation as independent consultants are what allow the headquarters location to continue developing and researching new products. The corporation would not survive without the efforts of each and every woman pounding the streets selling Mary Kay products as part of their own business.

The company was founded in part to provide independent women an opportunity to work from home and still provide for their families. In fact, the founder of the company,…… [Read More]

Reference:

MK. (2005). "Mary Kay Ash - Home." Retrieved April 18, 2005:

 http://www.mkacf.org/WomenAndCancer.html
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Country Entry Risk Assessment Alba

Words: 1735 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31680896

They have been committed to the development of what they deem to be Consciousness Cosmetics for more than a decade. Entry into the Portuguese market offers certain benefits, such as the Portuguese people's commitment to high moral standards, which would be conducive to cruelty-free, environmentally responsible products such as Alba Organics. However, there are risks as well that need to be taken into consideration.

The Portuguese market is small and growing at only a nominal rate, in comparison to other EU countries. The population is still primarily located in rural areas. Although the euro is quite stable currently, that could change, affecting Alba's profitability. and, there are three primary, well-established competitors that control the majority of the market share currently, with large financial backing that could out compete Alba.

eferences

About us. (2005). etrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.avalonorganics.com/?title=About+Us.

Alba: FAQs. (2005). etrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.albaorganics.com/index.php?title=FAQ%27s.

Carioca, M.,…… [Read More]

References

About us. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at  http://www.avalonorganics.com/?title=About+Us .

Alba: FAQs. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.albaorganics.com/index.php?title=FAQ%27s.

Carioca, M., Diniz, R., Pietracci, B. (2004). Making Portugal competitive. McKinsey Quarterly, (3). Retrieved July 11, 2005, from Business Source Premier database.

Consciousness in cosmetics. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at  http://www.avalonorganics.com/index.php?title=Consciousness+in+Cosmetics .
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Race and Gender

Words: 1208 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 12965633

ace and Gender

Sociological Principles/Perspectives of ace

ace is the physical difference that various cultures and groups think are socially different. Principles of sociology seek to establish how ethnicity and race are constructed socially; including how each individual identifies with them. Sociology principles explain that interaction at the social level forms the cornerstone for societal interaction. The way of interaction with others demonstrates people's beliefs and what they hold as valuable as members of a group. Behavior patterns show social relationships that are unequal. These are the elements that trigger ethnicity and racial issues. The issues overlap with elements of yet another principle. For instance, social relationships that are unequal are connected to what people see as true about each other as both individuals and as members of social groups. People frequently generate beliefs about others around them; which often comprise of discrimination and prejudice.

USA constitutes people from various…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Brague, J. A. (2011, October 21). Elderly stereotypes. Retrieved September 26, 2016, from Applied Social Psychology:  http://www.personal.psu.edu/bfr3/blogs/applied_social_psychology/2011/10/elderly-stereotypes.html 

Hegewisch, A., & Dumonthier, A. (2016). Pay Equity & Discrimination. Retrieved September 26, 2016, from Institute for Women's Policy Research:  http://www.iwpr.org/initiatives/pay-equity-and-discrimination/#about 

Randall, V. R. (2010, October 3). Why Race Matters? Retrieved October 3, 2016, from University of Dayton:  https://academic.udayton.edu/health/03access/data.htm 

Perez, A. D., & Hirschmann, C. (2009). The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the U.S. Population: Emerging American Identities: Vol 35, Issue 1, 1-51. Retrieved from  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov :  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2882688/