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Cultural Diversity in the Classroom
When I was growing up, there were always some classmates who were just a little bit different from everyone else. It's not that there was anything wrong with these other students, but they were "unique." They were culturally diverse, and that made them stand out. Some of them came from other countries, and others were from my home country but their parents had come from other countries. Because of that, their culture was different from mine and from the culture that was shared by many of the other students. Some also clearly had much more money than other students, and some were learning my language as a second language. That certainly made them stand out. No matter what was different about them, they were all singled out for one of two behaviors: being ignored, or being bullied. The school didn't really address the differences between…
I will let students share aspects of their cultural heritage, as well as any other differences that they want to share, such as spiritual differences.
In addition, I plan to pay special attention to diversity through including it in nearly ever lesson. This means encouraging students to offer different perspectives, and coaching them to understand and accept other opinions. In addition, this will help teach them excellent communication and critical thinking skills, as they learn not only how think from different perspectives, but also how to communicate with diverse groups regarding those perspectives. One of the activities that I plan to use in order to do this would include presenting a scenario to the students. For instance, "You earn $10 by putting away the groceries for his mama. You walk past the pet store, the toy store, and the candy store. Which one do you go into?" After asking students…
"Curriculum." (2008). Retrieved May 31, 2009, from Brigham Young University McCay
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Guion, L., Chattaraj, S., & Lytle, S.S. (2004). Strengthening Programs to Reach Diverse
Audiences: Planning and Implementing Extension Programs for Ethnically Diverse Audiences. Journal of Extension, 42 (1).
Rejection notions of linguistic universality, French-speaking Canadians wish to have all of the signs in Quebec only in French, rather than in French and English.
Within the United States, extending equal education to all individuals becomes difficult, as linguistic proficiency in English may inhibit some student's ability to understand what is being taught in the classroom. hese students may require additional support or accommodation to fully benefit from the educational system in the same manner as their fluent peers ("he challenge of cultural diversity," 2007, Cultural diversity and early education).
he equality of all human beings, presumed to be a universal human right by individuals who embrace the Western, individualistic cultural ethos, may conflict with religious groups who see men and women as intrinsically different and deserving of different rights -- and who reject secular values as an essential condition for developing their own national status and joining the international…
The challenge of cultural diversity." (2004). Barcelona Forum 2004. Retrieved 30 Aug 2007 at http://www.barcelona2004.org/eng/banco_del_conocimiento/documentos/ficha.cfm?IdDoc=2111
"The challenge of cultural diversity." (2007). Cultural diversity and early education:
Chapter 1. Retrieved 30 Aug 2007 at http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/earlyed/chapter1.html#sub11
Thus, more skilled individuals are more likely to possess these.
Ensure that the Culturally Diverse Human Resources is Rare
Any firm's human resource must be rare, especially if it aims to be the source of sustained competitive advantage. Human skills are normally dispersed in the population, but human resources with high skill levels are rare (Jenson, 1980). In the same manner, the responsibility attached to working in a company or firm requires variation in skills to offer variation in contributions (Hunter & Hunter, 1984).
This is also the very reason why redundancy in human resource is extremely avoided. In every organizational structure, the role of each member of the organization, his/her responsibility, his/her direct contribution to the realization of the company's goal is always being assed so at to checked that every member of the organizational chart is rare and that every body is contributing a unique input to achieving…
Adler, Ilya. 2001. Culture shock - Cross-cultural teams can boom or bust-it all depends on management strategy. http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/travel/bzm/bzmadler30.html
Alchian, a. & Demsetz, H. (1972). Production, information costs, and economic organization. American Economic Review, 62, 777-95.
Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99-120.
Becker, G. (1964). Human capital. New York: Columbia U. Press.
Cultural Diversity Concepts
The Dimensions of Cultural Diversity
The concept of cultural diversity includes ethnicity, racial identity, country of origin, sexual preference, gender identity, and socioeconomic class. In principle, each of those aspects of individual identity can affect the manner in which people perceive and respond to one another in any environment where they encounter one another. To a great degree, there is a natural inclination for people from one culture (in any of those dimensions) to treat other people differently. That is particularly true in circumstances where individuals from a dominant majority culture encounter individuals from minority cultures. In the worst cases, cultural diversity results in prejudice and mistreatment or subjugation such as was widely the case in the United States between the dominant Caucasian and minority "Negro" community until the social reforms of the civil rights era of the 1960s. Today, American society recognizes the equal rights of…
Cultural diversity and academic achievement are two areas where psychology has long argued over nature vs. nurture origins as though one excludes the other. The following essay attempts to structure a synthesis between the two showing that both can be integrated into one science. Biology bestows the individual with certain genetic traits; culture defines what is desirable, what is to be believed, how one is to judge, and how one is to behave. As regards academic achievement, all individuals are born with a base rate of intelligence and motivation; culture may augment or deprive the individual of academic opportunities thus shaping the individual's academic achievement.
Cultural diversity related to Biological psychology
Evolutionary development transmits itself via two mechanisms: genetic variation and natural selection. Genes affect transmission of traits, and genetic frequencies changes from generation to generation since environment differentially affect individual. Culture affects behavioral changes that, in turn, get passed…
Cairns, R, B,, Gariepy, J,-L,, & Hood, K. E, (1990). Development, microevolution, and social behavior. Psychological Review, 97, 49-65.
Gottlieb, G, (1991). Experiential canalization of behavioral development: Theory. Developmental Psychology, 27, 4-13,
Richerson, P, (1993). Evolution and human culture. Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston
Scarr, S. (1993). Biological and Cultural Diversity: The Legacy of Darwin for Development. Child Development, 93, 64,1333-13.
Cultural Diversity in Homeownership in America
The objective of this work in writing is to examine cultural diversity in America specifically in terms of home ownership. This work will examine minority home ownership in terms of which countries have an ordinance against minority home ownership. There have been instances of gearing minorities towards bad mortgage loans, charging extra fees and even running of scams. This work will examine the assistance of FHA, HUD and other organizations in assisting minorities with home ownership and will examine the percentages of minority home ownership as well as the centralization geographically of these homeowners as well as the inherent struggles of minority home ownership.
Homeownership in the United States has been traditionally as well as historically impacted by the race and economic status of individuals. While it is understandable that homeownership is affected by economic status, the factor of race has served to…
Bostic, Raphael W. And Surette, Brian J. (2000) Have the Doors Opened Wider? Trends in Homeownership Rates by Race and Income. Federal Reserve. Retrieved from: http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2000/200031/200031pap.pdf
Correa, Vanesa Estrada (2009) Foreclosure Affect Minorities Disproportionately, Report Shows. 15 Oct 2009. University of California, Riverside. Retrieved from: http://newsroom.ucr.edu/news_item.html?action=page&id=2192
Coulson, N. Edward and Dalton, Maurice (nd) Temporal and Ethnic Decompositions of Homeownership Rates: Synthetic Cohorts Across Five Censuses" Penn State University Research Study. Retrieved from: http://econ.la.psu.edu/~ecoulson/oax3.pdf
Nier, Charles Lewis III (2010) Race, Racism and the Law: Speaking Truth to Power!! Dayton Edu. 10 Dec 2010. Retrieved from: http://academic.udayton.edu/race/04needs/housing06.htm
Literature classes focus mainly on the works of dead white guys, and science talks about the accomplishments of dead white guys. While there are token mentions of the works of other races, they are not given equal representation. Furthermore, many of the classics chosen contain antiquated attitudes about race. However, I am against censorship. Stories do not lose their value because of discriminatory depictions of African-Americans; instead they capture a portion of the relationship between the races at that time. For example, Harper Lee is honest about race discrimination in To Kill a Mockingbird, but the racist language she uses captures a feeling and goes to the heart of the book. I would just like to see some more books from the point-of-view of those in the minority. Finally, some schools offer specialized courses or specialized months. An African-American literature course or women's history month, while well-intentioned, do not really…
'Demographics." (2005). Retrieved 17 April 2005 from WordIQ.com
Web site: http://wordiq.com/definition/Chesterfield_County,_Virginia#Demographics
"Meadowbrook." (2004). Retrieved 17 April 2005 from Chesterfield Connections
Web site: http://www.co.chesterfield.va.us/CommunityDevelopment/Planning/
One of the things that I have always had a difficult time understanding is the animosity that exists between different races and ethnicities, and why that animosity would exist. While I understood the historical reasons of racial animosity, I did not really understand how Hispanics and Asians fit into the underlying historical racial animosity between whites and African-Americans. Understanding how different minority groups have historically been pitted against one another by dominant groups, establishing caste-type systems that depended upon the different locations in the United States helped me understand why the various minority groups have not consistently joined together to pursue common goals, even if doing so would have been the most expedient thing to do. Instead, different ethnic groups have had their own civil rights movements, and have worked towards equity in different ways.
I have learned new information about my own ethnic history. I had not…
El Nassar, H. (2008, February 12). U.S. Hispanic population to triple by 2050. Retrieved
October 23, 2011 from USA Today website:
Hanson, G. (2005). Why does immigration divide America? Peterson Institute for International
For instance, the artists and the people who have a background of cultural education should be incorporated in social activities and be given different occupations in society that would make the most of their abilities. Cultural democracy can also be a way to counteract unemployment as a negative effect of the dominating marketplace. It would be ideal for cabinets to exist in the State Department so as to ensure the stimulation and the encouragement of cultural democracy. An essential part of this program should also be constituted by the forwarding of multicultural education, with an emphasis on the role of educational environments in promoting cultural pluralism, mutual awareness, communication and cooperation between the different subcultures extant in the country. The focus of the entire process is therefore on the decentralization of authority, so as to allow for every subculture to have its own, individual voice in the state and to…
Adams, D. And Arlene Goldbard.(1987) Cultural Democracy: A New Cultural Policy for the United States.. http://www.wwcd.org/policy/U.S./proposals/US_policy.html
Comprehensive Cultural Policy for the State of California. http://www.culturalpolicy.org/pdf/acc.pdf
What is Cultural Policy?" Webster's World of Cultural Democracy. http://www.wwcd.org/policy/U.S./proposals/CA_policy.html
Both sets of parents in the Hispanic-American and African-American families were overweight, which they did not see as a problem for them: they said that their parents also had 'meat on their bones.' I connected this with the attitudes of my own grandparents. While not overweight, they were inclined to see chubbiness in children as cute, particularly given the poverty and hunger in which they had grown up. This belief was echoed in the Southeast Asian family I interviewed.
Health protection and health restoration were less suspiciously viewed than I anticipated: in my preliminary research I read that African-Americans who had experienced racism in the medical system were often mistrustful of doctors and nurses (African-American parents more likely to report distrust of medical research, 2009, JAMA and Archives Journals). My personal interviews indicated that health protection and restoration was of great priority, and overall all of the parents trusted their…
African-American parents more likely to report distrust of medical research. (2009, February 3).
JAMA and Archives Journals. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from http://www.sciencedaily.com ? / releases/2009/02/090202174829.htm
Doolen et al. (2009). Parental disconnect between perceived and actual weight status of children:
A metasynthesis of the current research. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse
I would say this is more a part of the Russian-American immigrant cultural values I have been exposed to since I was a child than Russian values, however.
There is a stereotype that Russians are brusque on the outside. I would say that there is a tendency in my family and other Russian families to be direct and not to beat around the bush. Also, people in Russia and of a Russian background tend not to be demonstrative in public, or dwell on social niceties. In private, families are very affectionate, physically and verbally, to their children particularly and loved ones in general. Children are very valued in Russian culture. Although many chores as a child, in comparison to my friends not from Russia, it was also stressed that it was most important that I studied hard, and had my eye focused on the future. My studies were always my…
Cultural Diversity and Ethical elativism
Europe and the United States are cultures where issues of sex and sexuality can be discussed freely and openly in the course of the day. Evidently, carrying out research on sex and sexuality may be easier or hard. In other cultures such as the African, discussing issues related to sex and sexuality is a taboo. These topics have been prohibited among women or youth. For this reason, researchers must exercise caution when conducting studies on these topics in countries where they are a taboo. For example, in the African culture, homosexuality is a taboo punishable by physical chastisement, social isolation, and even death in some cultures (Bond, 2004).
A researcher conducting a study about homosexuality in these cultures is subject to these repercussions. These punishments are aimed at prohibiting the generation of useful details regarding homosexuality in those nations. In addition, researchers are likely to…
Bond, M. & Forgas, J. (2004). Linking person perception to behavior intention across cultures.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 15, 337 -- 352.
Bond, M. (2004). Culture and aggression: From context to coercion. Personality and Social
Psychology journal, 8, 62 -- 78
Significance of the Study to Leadership a leader's ability to adapt to change within global markets determines the multinational company's success (Handley & Levis, 2001). Affective adaption to cultural changes, albeit depends upon available information; essential to the leadership decision-making (Kontoghiorghes & Hansen, 2004). If leaders of multinational companies better understand the challenges and impact of culture and diversity in global markets, they may use the information to improve planning and global decision-making (Lip*****z & Mann, 2005). Ultimately, improving decision-making may help promote effective cultural communication, and build effective global business relations.
NATUE of the STUDY
esearch Design Synopsis
As referred to earlier in this proposal, rather than comparing identified groups of people, qualitative studies propose to develop ideas and theories regarding human experience(s). The following five qualitative research methods denote the options the researcher considered for the proposed study:
Heuristic. (esearch Methodology, N.d., pp.…
Advice on writing up a qualitative study. (N.d.) Introduction Retrieved February 12, 2009 http://www.psy.dmu.ac.uk/michael/qual_writing.htm
Anonymous. (2008.). Keeping Cultural Diversity Alive. Community Banker. America's Community Bankers. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1470132881.html
Berger, P.L. & Huntington, S.P. (Eds.). (2003). Many Globalizations: Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved Febru12,2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107481378
The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). Columbia University Press. New York. Retrieved February 12, 2009 from www.bartleby.com/66/.
VI. Optimal Assessment Tools
Assessing cultural diversity is a process that is best conducted through one of the following: (1) written questionnaires; and (2) focus groups and/or interviews. (Schauber, 2001)
VII. Assessment of Three Organizational Levels
It is necessary that these methods address the three organizational levels which are the three as follows: (1) Individual; (2) Group; and (3) organizational. (Schauber, 2001) These tools are used for the purpose of examining the definitions of diversity held by the participants of the organization in the study in order to discover their view of the utopian diverse organization. Furthermore, Schauber (2001) reports having examined the participant's perception of organizational "...benefits and challenges of working with people from differing cultural groups for both the participants and the organization..." (Ibid)
Two additional reasons cited in support of organizational cultural diversity are the two reasons stated as follows: (1) Organizational diversity may be…
What is Cultural Diversity? (2010) American Multicultural Publications. Online available at: http://www.diversity-books.com/what-is-cultural-diversity.html
Burri-Nenova, Mira (2008) Cultural Diversity. Contribution to the Civil Society Background Paper prepared for the OECD Ministerial Meeting 'The Future of the Internet', 17-18 July 2008. Seoul. Online available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1298909
Schauber, Ann C. (2001) Effecting Extension Organizational Change Toward Cultural Diversity: A Conceptual Framework. 2001 Jun. Vol.39 No.3, Journal of Extension. Online available at: http://www.joe.org/joe/2001june/a1.php
Thus, the first step is to dispel of few of the common myths about cultural diversity, such as the myth that a minority culture should be characterized as a phenomenon that diverges from the mainstream culture, the myth that bilingualism should be considered as a disability rather than an asset, or the myth that multicultural education is only relevant in those classes where there are members of the minority groups (Sanchez, 1995). Thus, the main ways in which the aims of multicultural education can be achieved are to make the students or else other members of the community aware of the process of stereotyping and of what it implies, to expand the students' knowledge about other cultures with an emphasis on the basic equality of every civilization, to stress the value of diversity, to use comparisons between different cultures when trying to teach about similarities and dissimilarities. All this can…
Burnett, G. (1998). Varieties of Multicultural Education: An Introduction. ERIC Digest 98. http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk1.htm
Cohen, Cheryl Bernstein. (1998) ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education. http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk1.htm
Tharp, R. (1998) Research Knowledge and Policy Issues in Cultural Diversity and Education. http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk1.htm
Sanchez, W. (1995) ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services Greensboro NC., American Psychological Association Washington DC. http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html
Other cultural perceptions may impact the way in which illness is perceived and, thus, change the individuals' treatment-seeking behavior (Taylor et al., 2008). For example, some cultures simply do not believe in certain types of illness, like mental illness. If a culture does not perceive a type of illness to exist, people within the culture are unlikely to seek treatment. A care plan should be aware of these cultural barriers and be aware of unacknowledged health problems. The care plan should incorporate, when possible an explanation of these illnesses in a manner that is not in conflict with cultural beliefs, such as explaining mental illness in the context of its physical manifestation.
A nursing care plan should also incorporate long-term development, such as education for the nurses and the patients. By virtue of being in a minority group, some cultural populations may not be aware of the resources available to…
Taylor, C., Lillis, C., LeMone, P., & Lynn, P. (2006). Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Nursing Care (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Walsh, S. (2004). Formulation of a plan of care for culturally diverse patients. International Journal of Nursing Terminologies and Classifications, 15(1): 17-26.
Employers must be extremely diligent to maintain formal records of any employee issues of performance or professional conduct in the workplace that could potentially become relevant in connection with future complaints about the legitimacy and bases of specific decisions. In this case, Maria's employers might be able to establish that Maria had a poor attendance and tardiness record, but Maria's supervisor never entered any specific references to her unprofessional conduct in relation to her manner of communication with coworkers and supervisors, it will be substantially more difficult to raise those issues as defenses to claims of discrimination after the fact, once Maria has already raised them.
Likewise, the issue of Maria's accent detracting from her ability to perform the essential functions of her position would be much easier to respond to with the availability of formal entries that Maria had previously been counseled with respect to difficulties client were…
Dershowitz A. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
Halbert T. And Ingulli E. (2007). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment. Cincinnati:
West Legal Studies.
Cultural Diversity in Professions
The focus of this report is JPMorgan Chase (NYSE: JPM); one of the oldest and well-known financial institutions in the United States. The bank has a rich history that dates back to over 200 years. Today JPMorgan Chase is a global financial giant with assets of $2.4 trillion and operations in over 100 countries. The bank employs roughly 235,000 people around the globe.
The Bank's consumer base has a disparate array of clients ranging from individual consumers, small businesses to corporations and governments. The Bank is a class apart as a financial institute and a leading figure in:
Financial services for all kinds of consumers
Financial transaction processing
Asset management (JPMorgan Chase, 2016).
Availability of diversity-driven content
In the 'About us' section of the Bank there is a tab titled "diversity" followed by the CEO's statement that speaks of "importance of diversity"…
David, P. (2015, October 8). Why Diversity Matters. Retrieved from JPMorgan Chase: https://www.jpmorganchase.com/corporate/news/insights/patricia-david-diversity-matters.htm
Dimon, J. (2016). About Us. Retrieved from JPMorgan Chase: https://www.jpmorganchase.com/corporate/About-JPMC/diversity.htm
JPMorgan Chase. (2016). About us. Retrieved from JPMorgan Chase & Co: https://www.jpmorganchase.com/corporate/About-JPMC/about-us.htm
Mayhew, M. (2016). Why Is Diversity in the Workplace Important to Employees? Retrieved from Chron: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/diversity-workplace-important-employees-10812.html
Culture shapes people’s identities and influences their behavior. It is a people’s way of living, and refers to their shared beliefs, language, norms, values, materials objects passed down generations, and behaviors. The U.S is made up of people from different backgrounds such as the African Americans who make up 13% of the population, Whites 80%, Hispanic or Latinos 16%, Asians 5%, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders 0.2%, and American Indians or Alaskan Natives 1%. Although Native Hawaiians make up only 0.2% of the population, they make a huge contribution to the American society (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). With globalization, organizations and countries experience cultural diversity. Workplaces, countries, and schools increasingly consist of people with different backgrounds in terms of races, cultures and ethnic groups. Cultural differences impact teamwork in organizations, management decisions, and performance differences (Bass, 2008).
Culture also impacts the organizational structures of companies, legitimizing both its functions and existence.…
Cultural diversity refers to the diverse varieties of human cultures that exist in a certain region, society or in the world as a whole. The characteristics of diversity may include ethnicity, traditions, geographic background, language spoken, religious beliefs, race or physical features. This term is also based on the idea that different cultures should respect each other's differences. With the global integration, the need for communication in accordance with other person's cultural awareness has intensified. Many times, any gesture that is considered offensive in one culture is completely accepted in the other culture. Hence, people sometimes develop misunderstandings when communicating with someone from a different culture. Therefore, it is essential that differences are appreciated for an effective communication.
I am a Christian man who is originally from Ukraine. My mother tongue is Ukrainian and I came to United States some 10 years ago. I am very moderate in my religious…
Newsom, D., Turk, J.V., and Kruckeberg, D. (2004). This is PR: The Realities of Public Relations. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Rosener, J.B. (1990) "Ways Women Lead," Harvard Business Review, Vol. 68, No. 6, pp. 119-25
While in high school, she worked as a waitress at a local diner. Most of the population was black, therefore there was little contact with white customers or employees. Margaret feels that she was socially isolated until the 1950s. She was not exposed to white culture; it was foreign to her. She was only exposed to black culture of the time. They were not allowed in certain stores, restaurants, or other places of business. She remembers "white only" restrooms and "black only" fountains. This cultural isolation was oppressive.
Margaret feels that the oppressive attitudes and discrimination that she experienced as a child determined much of how her life proceeded in adulthood. The idea that she could only go so far was ingrained as a child. She never really broke free of this feeling. In her 40s, she moved to upstate New York. Here, she found that many women had succeeded…
Diller, D. (1999). Opening the dialogue: Using culture as a tool in teaching young African
American children. Reading Teacher, 52(8), 820-828. [Available electronically through ERIC/EBSCOhost]
Moll, L.C., Amanti, C., Neff, D., & Gonzalez, N. (1992). Funds of knowledge for teaching:
using a qualitative approach to connect homes and classrooms. Theory into Practice, 31 (2), 132-141.
The solutions are numerous and more diversified.
Knowledge is crucial for business success. There are two types of knowledge: explicit or tacit. The explicit type is easily codified, stored and transmitted to other individuals. As opposed to the former, the tacit one is embedded in people. The size of the tacit knowledge is proportional to the diversity of the workplace. Therefore, organizations face the increasing challenge today of finding ways to grasp into the pool of tacit knowledge they own in order to create competitive advantage. This is the type of knowledge to which competition doesn't have access because it's embedded in unique individuals belonging to a give organization.
Knowledge can be enhanced by the learning process. Its final objective is to be materialized into products and services. This final stage of the process refers to the innovation part. Innovations are the most important tool an organization has in hand…
Brittan, S. (1996, June 6). Keynes and globalization. Financial Times, p. 12.
Hofstede, G. & McRae, R.R. (2004). Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture. Cross Cultural Research, vol. 38(1), pp. 52-88.
Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture Consequences, 2nd ed. London: Sage.
Hofstede, G. (1984). Cultural Dimensions in Management and Planning. Asia Pacific Journal, pp.84-99.
The other feature of American politics is the private ownership of property and laws that protect private ownership of property.
The Chinese political system is different in that it is a communist system. The communist party controls the government. While there are opposition parties in china, they are not officially recognized and are often persecuted. The people of china do not have any real democratic options and every feature of the country is controlled through a centralized government structure. This means that even the economy is centrally controlled and there is no capitalist system like the United States. While China has made reforms in recent times, the system may be better considered as a managed economy with limited capitalist elements on the fringes. It should be noted that in China protest action is often met with a violent and hostile response from the government. The government does not encourage free…
Anderson, M.L., & Taylor H.F. (2010). Sociology the essentials. United States: Wadsworth
Chang K.C. (2010) Food in Chinese Culture Retrieved from http://asiasociety.org/style-living/food-recipes/food/meats/food-chinese-culture
Cobb, R.W., & Elder, C.D. (1972). Participation in American politics: The dynamics of agenda-
It is though cultural understanding that strangers become familiar and open to us. Law enforcement benefits from cultural understanding and steps that are taken to bridge the chasm between police and the communities they serve will ultimately benefit all parties.
Community policing is one method used to span the gap, the concept has generated widespread debate as to its effectiveness. In spite of the debate there are identifiable benefits to community policing. The first benefit of community policing is an increase in public safety (Thacher, 2001, p.765). Community policing brings together divergent elements in such a manner that it fosters the production of a safer environment. The increased safety is not only because police are physically present but also because law enforcement priorities are more in sync with the concerns of the communities they are asked to serve (Meares, 2002, p. 1595).
Another benefit of community policing is a change…
Gibson, J.L. And Gouws, A. (2000). Social identities and political intolerance:
Linkages within the South African mass public. American Journal of Political
Science, 44(2), 278-292.
Meares, T.L. (2002). Praying for community policing. California Law Review, 90 (5),
Unlike the culture of my interviewee, African-American isn't really broken into subgroups. I was born and raised in Buffalo, New York, which is very close to the Canadian Border and the "U.S. Peace Bridge." I grew up speaking English, and it is the only language I speak.
My religion is not typical of most African-Americans, who tend to be Baptist, Methodist, or Lutheran. I was raised as a Catholic and still practice that religion today. I'm not the only African-American I know who is Catholic, but it's not common in my subculture.
Like my interviewee, I think the media is generally doing a good job of representing African-Americans in the media. However, I still see instances when African-Americans seem to be portrayed as being ruthless and slovenly, which in my opinion makes all African-Americans appear to be the same way (association assimilation).
I believe that all cultures have something that…
Judging others excessively does create societal pollution and creates more conflict, discontent, and pain than is necessary. The fact is that judging others in their age, sex, race or nationality is like seeing only with the portion of a single eye; the remainder of what is truly in front of us is not seen; bigotry and racism blinds us from connecting with and enriching others. In that enriching of others, we enrich ourselves. So in the throwing off of stereotypes, however difficult that may be, we actually strengthen ourselves. In the service of others and in striving to understand them, we in effect broaden our own perceptive and become stronger for it. So in spite of bigotry, racism and the cruelty those aspects of human behavior deliver, if a person can rise above them through actually befriending the people they judge, they become stronger, more adept at re-ordering their own…
To resolve this conflict in the situation where demographic and experiential differences are found qualitative researchers, such as those studying different cultures, might employ guides, interpreters and/or other "native" individuals to introduce and help them assimilate into the culture, in order to observe it or in some cases they use time as their tool, immersing for longer periods of time with limited or no interruption to eliminate any bias that might occur in research results because of his or her presence. Even among researchers this is not seen as a perfect set up but it can help resolve some of the intrusion challenges associated with diversity.
One of the major problems, as qualitative researchers see it in historical research is the fact that the researcher has often been seen and thought of as holding a position of authority over the subjects being studied. This idea of "social capital" is pervasive,…
Darlington, Y., & Scott, D. (2002). Qualitative Research in Practice: Stories from the Field/. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
Finkleman, J.M. (2007) Discrimination, Harassment, and Retaliation: The Dysfunctional Side of Diversity. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59 (4) 254 -- 260
Pugh, S.D. Dietz, J. Brief, a.P. & Wiley, J.W. (2008) Looking Inside and Out: The Impact of Employee and Community Demographic Composition on Organizational Diversity Climate. Journal of Applied Psychology. 93 (6) 1422 -- 1428.
Merchant, B.M. & Willis, a.I. (Eds.). (2001). Multiple and Intersecting Identities in Qualitative Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
From WWMT.com comes the news story of Western Michigan University Bronson School of Nursing receiving $2 million in grant money for scholarships to students who are from different cultural backgrounds so that a more diverse culture of student nurses can be achieved (VanTimmeren, 2017). As Bryan (2014) points out, culture is very important in this day and age because it informs people’s perspectives and values about what is good and bad regarding others in society. If people have a very narrow and poorly conceived viewpoint or perspective on other cultures, there is going to be tension in the field. To discourage this tension, the Bronson School of Nursing is looking to bring a wider diversity to its student body with the aim being that the more diverse its student population is the more likely that population is to generate tolerant, accepting, respectful and understanding viewpoints of different cultures.
Although I believe that I have critically met the objectives for a master's degree in working in many ways (particularly academically), I can honestly state that the area in which I progressed the most was in dealing with cultural diversity. Prior to entering this program, I had extremely limited experience dealing with cultural diversity, especially in the workplace. Despite working as a nurse for the past 16 years, the most diversity I had ever experienced in my patient population was the occasional Spanish speaking client -- which would require me to utilize the language line for interpreting my directions and interacting with the patient. However, thanks to my involvement in this particular academic program, I am now much more acclimated with cultural diversity and believe that I have significantly improved my prowess in this aspect of my work as a professional nurse.
My experience with cultural diversity changed…
Therefore, in the light of these current developments, I envisage that the nurses will require much more comprehensive training in issues related to cultural diversity in the future. For example, the nurse will need to become more knowledgeable about the way that various cultures respond to conventional medicine and that alternative medicine and therapies play in the healing process.
The subject of alternative therapies illustrates the way that the role of nursing is changing. For example, it has been found that "…44% of Mexican-Americans had used alternative practitioners at least once in the previous year" and that "Mental or physical illness is seen by many Hispanics to be a consequence of behavior, or simply the result of fate" (Breeding, Harley, ogers & Crystal, 2005).
This means that in future the nurse will need to be trained in greater depth in order to understand the way that other cultures perceive…
Breeding, R.R., Harley, D.A., Rogers, J.B., & Crystal, R.M. (2005). The Kentucky Migrant Vocational Rehabilitation Program: A Demonstration Project for Working with Hispanic Farm Workers. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 71(1), 32+.
Business Case for Diversity. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.chubb.com/diversity/chubb4450.html
Kim, H.S. & Kollak, I. (Eds.). (2006). Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
Varcoe C. ( 2004) Advancing Nursing Scholarship in Diversity: Complexity and Equity. CJNR Editorial, 36 (4).
cultural diversity issue of non-American employees communicating frequently in their own native language creating an environment of sensitivity and bias amongst the non-Hispanic community.
Handling Diversity in an Organization
The contents of this paper focus on the cultural diversity involving Films ecovery Systems, an American company located at the heart of Chicago, Illinois. The paper takes an insight into the issue and also proposes solutions that can resolve the problem. The most important aspect of the paper is that it takes into account the material we find and read in books and compares to what degree the literature is actually applicable in real life situations.
The study of public administration includes a spectrum of many disciplines, which include psychology, sociology, philosophy and also management sciences. Even though, the nature of public administration does not conveniently classify its elements into components, public administration is primarily categorized to highlight the…
Leaders are Learned Optimists - The CLEMMER Group Management
Consulting, available at http://www.clemmer.net/excerpts/leaders_learned.shtml accessed on: March 31, 2004
Robert Bacal, Conflict Prevention In The Workplace, available at http://www.work911.com/products/i-coop.htm , accessed on March 31, 2004
QSM Consulting - Leadership Driving Change, available at http://www.qsmconsulting.com/lds/index.shtml, accessed on: March 31, 2004
It is thought that the class could go to see the neighborhoods where Chinese, ussian and African people live and they could converse with the neighborhood people. The learners are probable to find dissimilarities and resemblances within their individual culture. Another teacher could ask a guest speaker to aid an art class to reconstruct some of their culture's art (Jones, n.d.).
esearch done by many scholars such as Neugebauer (1992) has shown that children become aware of gender, race, ethnicity, and disabilities at an early age. They also begin to soak up both the affirmative outlooks and pessimistic prejudices joined to these facets of individuality by family members and other important adults in their lives during their school years. In order to promote healthy self-esteem, children must be taught how to intermingle reasonably and effectively with dissimilar kinds of people, and the best place for this to be done is…
Borkar, Rujuta. (2010). Cultural Diversity in the Classroom. Retrieved January 11, 2011, from Buzzle Web site: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cultural-diversity-in-the-classroom.html
Jones, Stephen. (n.d.). Incorporating Cultural Diversity in the Classroom. Retrieved January 11,
2011, from Teachers of Color Web site:
Cultural Diversity in Rural Settings for Nurses
On a continuum of cultural awareness to cultural relativity, how do you view yourself and your interactions with others?
As a nurse practitioner, it is easy to see the patient simply as a patient, as a sick person needing treatment, rather than a well person who perceives his or her body as only temporarily ill, but sees his or her person as permanently a part of a family and culture outside of the hospital. As Small and Dennis (2003) counsel, the increase in immigration has resulted in greater diversity of both patients and practitioners within the United States, rather than in traditional urban locations. Thus Small and Dennis remind the nurse that it is not simply enough to treat the patient, but the patient must also understand his or her illness in culturally comprehensible terms. A nurse must be able to communicate to…
Dennis, Betty Pierce & Ernestine B. Small. (Jan-Feb, 2003) "Incorporating cultural diversity in nursing care: an action plan" The ABNF Journal.
"New Position Statement Originated by: Council on Cultural Diversity in Nursing Practice, Congress of Nursing." (1996) Adopted by: ANA Board of Directors.
Starbucks- Cultural Diversity a Management Challenge
This essay shows how Starbucks grew from its one store in Seattle to the global brand it is now. It also covers briefly how the message of diversity has evolved in recent times for Starbucks with Starbucks cooperating with ethnic organizations, promoting a more literal sense of inclusion among various ethnicities, races, ages, genders, and religions. Starbucks has a long history of being a socially conscious company. This has led to some extent, Starbucks to be viewed as a quality company that makes quality coffee.
When people see a Starbucks store, they associate quality and a slightly higher price. That is why people from the rich and famous to the everyman; go to get their cup of coffee at Starbucks. Because Starbucks is one of the largest coffee chains in the world and the largest coffee chain in merica, they must keep…
As Leavy explains, adding social value along with economic value promotes profit and growth within a company (Leavy, 2012). How did Starbucks grow to be so successful and synonymous with quality? The history of Starbucks shows the beginnings of what would one day be a worldwide, easily recognizable brand. As well as in recent history, Starbucks proves it will continue to be the brand for quality coffee for the masses.
Starbucks first opened its doors almost half a century ago, 43 years to be precise. They had a single store consisting of a roaster and retailer of ground coffee, whole beans, spices, and tea. From there after four decades, the company owns 21,160 retail stores in sixty-three countries with 175,000 employees. Most of those retail stores lie in the United States with 12,067 in total, making it one of the largest coffee chains worldwide. The company's mission statement is to nurture and inspire the human spirit, one cup, one person, and one neighborhood at a time (Morais et al., 2014).
Along with its history of ethical practices such as farmer loans and conservation, Starbucks wishes to focus on embracing diversity by including inclusion and diversity into the fundamentals of their leadership competencies. This means they expect all leaders to practice an inclusion
Auditing a Website for Cultural Diversity
'Diversity' in the website
The usefulness of the diversity information
The appropriateness of the photographs and graphic material
Website eliance as Employee, Customer & Supplier
Internal Issues Affecting reflection of Diversity
As a Female Potential Employee Aged 55 years
'Diversity' in the website
For this study we consider the case of Tesco Plc, a global retail chain with business in almost every continent in the world.
The company corporate website - http://www.tescoplc.com is an interesting website. The website of the company has a 'search' option. When the word 'diversity' is put in the search box, it yielded several answers and most of them were related to customers and employees. The results showed where the company used the word 'diversity' in documents related to customers and employees.
One of the documents titled 'Core Purpose and Values' of the company stated
"Understanding people -- customers, colleagues,…
Alserhan, B., Forstenlechner, I., & Al -- eNakeeb, A. (2009). Employees' attitudes towards diversity in a non-ewestern context. Employee Relations, 32(1), 42-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01425451011002752
Aulenbacher, B., & Innreiter-Moser, C. (2013). Making the difference -- " critical perspectives on the configuration of work, diversity and inequalities. Equal Div And Incl: An Int J, 32(6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/edi.2013.03032faa.001
Garib, G. (2013). Leisure managers' perceptions of employee diversity and impact of employee diversity. International Journal Of Hospitality Management, 32, 254-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2012.07.002
Tesco plc,. (2015). Tesco plc. Retrieved 7 November 2015, from http://www.tescoplc.com/index.asp?pageid=10
Cultural Diversity in the United States
The United States is one of the most multi-culturally diverse nations in the world. It has often been described as a melting point in which diverse cultures converge. The country is filled with people drawn from different cultures such as Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and Europeans. This study focuses on the concept and importance of cultural diversity in the U.S. I believe that cultural diversity is desirable in the United States because it fosters harmonious interaction of people: it should be encouraged because it makes American Citizen's appreciate and respect each other's culture.
Culture refers to an integrated system of learned conduct or behavior patterns that are distinct with members of a given society. As such, culture refers to a people's way of thinking or living. It incorporates people's traditions, religions, mode of dressing, language, values, and beliefs. Language allows people to establish a sense…
Pojman, L. (1999). Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong, 3rd edition. Belmont, CA:
Cultural Diversity: What Is It?
Cultural diversity is that quality or characteristic of any society, community, group or family that consists of a variety of cultural and/or ethnic backgrounds. Thus, for example, a nation like America could be said to be culturally diverse because it is represented by various cultures and ethnicities throughout the land. At the same time, being culturally diverse is also about showing respect and appreciation for and towards the various cultural and ethnic groups within the community. Diversity is something that is recognized rather than something is suppressed or ignored. True cultural diversity is not just the physical make-up of the group of community but also the state of mind of the members of that group regarding how they think about and view diversity. Yet, as DiMaggio and Bryson (2000) show, cultural diversity remains a controversial subject for some.
One of the main challenges of cultural…
Day, R. (2007). Facing the Challenge of Cultural Diversity. Retrieved Nov. 2010 from http://farnhamcastle.blogspot.com/2007/09/facing-challenge-of-cultural-diversity.html
DiMaggio, P., and Bryson, B. (2000). Public attitudes towards cultural authority and cultural diversity in higher education and the arts. Retrieved December 2012 from http://www.princeton.edu/~artspol/workpap/WP11%20-%20DiMaggio%2BBryson.pdf
Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy A. (2005). Expanding multicultural education to include family diversity. Multicultural Education,13(2), 6-10. Retrieved August 2013 from ProQuest.
Cultural Diversity in the Professions
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is global investment banking, securities and investment management firm that provides a wide range of financial services geared towards a substantial and diversified clientele, which comprises of firms, financial organizations, governments as well as high-net-worth people (Forbes, 2015). This paper would focus on the company's cultural diversity that is reflected in its content, design and graphics of the website.
Accessibility of the Diversity-elated Material on the Website
There is a link for "Careers" on the website, in which there is a sub-section for "Equal Employment Opportunity and Affirmative Action" (Goldman Sachs, n.d.). Also, the homepage has a link "Who Are We" in which there is another link leading to "Diversity and Inclusion." By typing the word "diversity" in the search bar of the webpage, the results yield "Our commitment to diversity" and the company's culture that has an in-built inclination…
Forbes. (2015). America's best employers: #352 Goldman Sachs Group. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/companies/goldman-sachs-group/
Goldman Sachs. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved from http://www.goldmansachs.com/index.html
Hispanic Association on Corporate Responsibility HACR. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved from http://www.hacr.org/about/
NASSCOM. (n.d.). Introduction. Retrieved from http://www.nasscom.in/diversity-and-inclusion - awards-2016
Cultural bias implies an emphasized distinction or preferential status that indicates a predilection for one culture, over another. It is often discriminative, and is characterized by an absence of integration in a group, in terms of social principles, codes of conduct, and beliefs. Cultural partisanship introduces the accepted behaviors of one group as superior, and more valued, than those of another lesser-respected cultural group. In my surroundings, most of the residents, and hence, patients are white, making us (Afro-Americans and Asians) minorities, feel different if not isolated. Such deferential factors are responsible for establishing where specific individuals live, and what opportunities are available to them, in the healthcare and educational context (Sue et al., 2009)
The presence of cultural bias within the context of healthcare-related recommendations and decision-making gives rise to significant challenges. Well-documented inequalities in health status of different racial and ethnic communities, in addition to nationally-publicized…
Resources and Services Administration (http://www.hrsa.gov/culturalcompetence/)
American Psychiatric Association's Steering Committee to Reduce Disparities in Access to Psychiatric Care (2004) (Natl. Assoc. Social Workers 2007).
These and many more substantive readings from research are listed by the author for assimilating culture-centric education. (Sue, Zane, Nagayama Hall, & Berger, 2009)
As a Counselor, I will need to be aware that being culturally aware implies delivering services in a manner consistent with the recipient's culture, through regards to linguistic variation and cultural discussion. I would seek to be more sensitive to unaccultured ethnic minority clients. In addition, I would use discretion in cases where patients of a particular community or ethnicity are prone to certain clinical problems (for which I would study the ethnic group and its history in more depth) and if certain ethnic groups respond poorly to EBT (Evidence-based Treatment). (Sue et al., 2009)
ecruiting Methods on Cultural Diversity
The Effects of ecruiting Methods on Cultural Diversity
Maintaining cultural diversity in an organization can lead to innovation and an increased competitive advantage in the marketplace. In the past, the term cultural diversity referred to differences in race or religion. Now, the term cultural diversity means much more than that. As the uniqueness of each individual is recognized, the term cultural diversity has grown to encompass many factors about a person and their background. Cultural diversity is no longer delineated by major lines of color and national origin. This research will explore the effects of human resources on cultural diversity within an organization.
Cultural Diversity and the Workforce
acial diversity issues have increased in importance since the Civil ights Movement of 1964. It was recognized that white, Caucasian, males still constituted the majority in the workforce. Until that time, the select group was treated as…
Avery, D.R. & McKay, P.F. (2006). Target practice. An organizational impression management approach to attracting minority and female job applicants. Personal Psychology.
Chrobot-Mason, D. & Leslie, J.B. (2003). The role of multicultural competence and emotional intelligence in managing diversity. 32 (3): 269-263.
Cox, T. (1993). Cultural diversity in organizations: Theory, research and practice. San Francisco,
CA: Berrett-Koehle Publishers, Inc.
Corporate Cultural Diversity
There are numerous studies in the field that reveal the importance of cultural diversity, and its effects on productivity, performance, and corporate success. In an article posted in the Houston Chronicle, Paul Merchant describes some of these effects (Merchant, 013). The article is titled "the Positive Influence of cultural Diversity in Organizational Behavior" and can be also found on the online version of the publication.
The article addresses numerous issues regarding cultural diversity within the workplace. Some of these issues are represented by how companies define and establish their cultural diversity, how organizational behavior can be transformed with the help of cultural diversity, how cultural diversity can be influenced, and how it can be improved through certain programs. The targeted audience of the article seems to be represented by individuals that work in human resources or organizational development departments, but also by people that want to learn…
. Sims, R. (2002). Managing Organizational Behavior. Quorum Books. Retrieved October 23, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=NUhNEWv_aokC&pg=PA321&dq=organizational+behavior+diversity&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=VVlnUqiZKuec0QWL1ICgDg&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=organizational%20behavior%20diversity&f=false .
3. Adler, N. (2009). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Thomson. Retrieved October 23, 2013 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=w_AnUby8L3EC&pg=PA107&dq=organizational+behavior+diversity&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=VVlnUqiZKuec0QWL1ICgDg&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=organizational%20behavior%20diversity&f=false .
And there are always a few racists in any town. But I believe we have a great, open, accepting community. e entertain tourists from all over the planet, and many of them are from ethnic cultures different from ours. They say they feel welcomed here.
Q: hat use does the community foundation make of the local AM station KMHS-AM?
M: I'm glad you asked. e have learning programs for parents and students. And students make up their own little reports and broadcasts. Topics range from the environment, world news, California news and Coos Bay news.
Q: Typically what news items from Coos Bay do you use on KMHS?
M: e interview people who are doing interesting things in town and with businesses. Biologists from the college and local fishermen. The news in this town isn't really very earth shaking. Look at the list of news items on the orld's ebsite…
City of Coos Bay, Oregon. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from http://www.coosbay.org/ .
City-Data.com. (2010). Coos Bay, Oregon. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from http://www.city-data.com/city/Coos-Bay-Oregon.html .
Coos Bay School District. (2010). Middle School -- Grade 8 -- Reading / Language. Retrieved February 2, 2011, from http://cbd9.net.
Coos Bay School District. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay School District. Retrieved February 2,
Not celebrating Christmas, and not having time off from school for Persian religious holidays, has always made me take great notice of the fact that I am "different." As I have matured, however, I have come to appreciate this difference, and to realize that everyone truly is "different" in many ways. It took me quite awhile to come to this realization and to fully accept my culturally diverse identity as a Persian-American, but now that I have I realize that the diversity I struggled with in my youth has actually given me a great advantage in modern society. I am already prepared and well equipped not only to "deal with" cultural diversity, but to actively engage and navigate a world where it is commonplace.
Learning to not only tolerate but to utilize cultural diversity in the workplace can be very difficult. Even something considered as standard by many people such…
Carnevale, a. & Stone, S. (1994). "Diversity beyond the golden rule." Training and development, pp. 22-39.
During, J. & Mirabdolbaghi, Z. (1991). The art of Persian music. New York: Mage publishing.
Fordham. (2007). "Persia." Internet ancient history sourcebook. Accessed 8 September 2009. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook05.html
Woods, S. (2009). "Workplace diversity." Cornell university ILR school. Accessed 8 September 2009. http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/research/subjectguides/workplacediversity.html
Culture can be defined as the common values, traditions and beliefs held by a certain group. It captures how the group's members live, how they relate both with each other and with other groups, and how they perceive life. In that regard therefore, culture can be referred to as the glue that holds members of a particular group together (Cavusgil, Knight & iesenberger, 2007). An enterprise that succeeds in today's global marketplace is one that is capable of; overcoming the strong cultural influence of the society in which it is domicile, appreciating cultural diversity, and incorporating it into its day-to-day operations (Cavusgil, Knight & iesenberger, 2007).
What cultural factors must U.S. sports franchises overcome to increase popularity abroad?
From the onset, it should be noted that sports are a fundamental component of the U.S. culture, and have, like all other sectors, not escaped global scrutiny. There have been…
Cavusgil, S.T., Knight G. & Riesenberger, J.R. (2007). International Business: Strategy, Management and the New Realities. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kegley, C. & Blanton, S. (2009). World Politics: Trends and Transformations, 2009-2010 Update Edition (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Cultural Diversity Issues Presentation
Criminal justice system and racial and ethnic minority groups
The criminal justice system has been for long associated with discriminatory practices and decisions that are informed by race bias and other forms of discriminatory practices. It has for long been a subject of discussion and how this can be avoided particularly in the justice system. The rot has gone so deep in the society until discriminatory phrases have come up along the same line and the society has helped stereotype some races perpetually using these negative phrases. There are, however, arguments propagated for and against the notions that the American justice system is not colorblind.
To show the discriminative nature of the system, there are interesting statistics that have been floated from time to time. Statistics presented by the Bureau of Justice in 2006, it was found out that for every 100,000 black males in America,…
Byrne, M.J., (2009). New Defendants, New Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide among Alleged
Sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System. Retrieved November 21, 2013 from www.clas.ufl.edu/users/llevett/4.pdf
Stephan Thernstrom; Abigail Thernstrom (2011-03-29). "America in black and white: one nation indivisible." pp. 273.
Social Psychology Network, (2011). Social Psychology. Retrieved November 21, 2013 from http://www.socialpsychology.org/social.htm#disciplines
Social and Cultural Diversity
The U.S.A. is widely viewed as a unifying state in which immigrants are accommodated and assimilated into the largely 'white' dominant socio cultural structure. This principle has allowed the country to facilitate a friendly environment for the nation to sustain a pluralistic perspective. The immigrants retain and maintain their beliefs and ideals even as they adjust their lives to be practically functional in their new American society. Multicultural counseling has come up against three core challenges linked to such diversity. There is the culture, attitude and theoretical perspective; then there is the culture of the client and, finally the many variables naturally wound around individual characteristics (olton-rownlee, n.d.).
Oversimplifying the Client's Social asis: Application of universal categories is essential for our understanding of human experiences. However, if we lose sight of differences between individuals, it would lead to a range of ethical breaches. Clients are influenced…
ACA. (2014). 2014 ACA Code of Ethics. American Counselling Association.
Banks, J. A. (1996). Multicultural Education, Transformative Knowledge, and Action. New York: Teachers College Press.
Barnett, J., & Bivings, N. (n.d.). Culturally Sensitive Treatment and Ethical Practice. APA Divisions.
Bolton-Brownlee, A. (n.d.). Issues in Multicultural Counseling. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest. Retrieved from Eric Digests: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-925/issues.htm
Social and Cultural Diversity
When we recognize social and cultural diversity, we respect the fact that our world is made up of many different peoples from many different places. They come dissimilar backgrounds, cultures, religious and political beliefs, ideas about race and ethnicity, ideas about sex and sexuality. In order for our society to exist multiculturally it is essential that we respect one another's culture and we do that by recognize the reality of our own cultural diversity.
Definition of Cultural Diversity
Cultural diversity can be defined as a variety of cultural/ethnic groups within a community or nation. It can also be defined as the respect that a single society shows to each of its various cultures within that society. Thus, if a society is said to be culturally diverse it is implied that it is cognizant of and respectful towards all of its ethnicities and cultures within its community,…
students perceive cultural diversity as an issue worth talking about both in and out of school. The purpose of this study is to better understand the climate in which educators seek to implement curricula designed to promote cultural awareness and diversity in schools. The study will show how students approach this subject, whether they embrace, view it skeptically, are concerned about it, think it important or superfluous and what their overall assessment of culture and diversity is when they leave the classroom and engage in the real world.
This will be a phenomenological study that will utilize first-hand interviews with students in middle school and high school from schools around the area where I live. It will be a random sample that will help to show a general view of what children grades 6-12 think about diversity and at what ages in adolescence and young adulthood their views really start…
Heyer, D. (2009). What if Curriculum (of a Certain Kind) Doesn't Matter? Curriculum
Inquiry, 39: 27-40.
Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy A. (2005). Expanding multicultural education to include family diversity. Multicultural Education,13(2), 6-10.
Policy Issues and Cultural Diversity
Culture constitutes one of the important national resources, and is the accrued capital of the nation's continued creativity and ingenuity. It forms the storehouse of human memory and achievement, and the wellspring of innovation and uniqueness. In today's knowledge-intensive global economy, cultural capital is becoming increasingly valuable and constitutes an important social foundation as individuals in the U.S. and across the globe endeavor to understand the identities of others, whilst preserving their own unique legacy (Center for Arts and Culture, 2001).
Cultural policy represents a process as well as a product, a basis for decision- and rule- making informed by values and social relationships. It connects to every major societal issue: economic stratification, international relations, education, technology, community development, and race relations (Atlas, n.d).
Need for Cultural Policy
Every society requires a powerful cultural life. By way of its capacity to inspire and…
Adams, D., & Goldbard, A. (1987). A new cultural policy for the United States. Retrieved November 2012 from http://www.wwcd.org/policy/U.S./proposals/US_policy.html.
Association of International Educators. (2007). An international education policy for U.S. leadership, competitiveness, and security. Retrieved November 18, 2012, from NAFSA.org. https://www.nafsa.org/_/File/_/neip_rev.pdf.
Atlas, C. (n.d.) Cultural policy: What is it, who makes it, why does it matter? Retrieved March 2012.
Bedoya, R. (2004). U.S. cultural policy: Its politics of participation, its creative potential. Retrieved November 2012 from http://npnweb.org/wp-content/content/files/CulturalPolicy.pdf
The attitude of the followers toward the leader is another significant indicator of leader effectiveness.
esearch on performance-oriented and relationship-oriented behavior gave evidence that both the dimensions of behavior are necessary for leadership effectiveness (Dhar & Mishra, 2001, p.256). One thing that has proven consistent throughout the research of Dhar & Mishra is that regardless of the level of management there are certain characteristics that are necessary throughout in order for that person to be an effective leader. The characteristics that are consistent regardless of managerial level are Ability to facilitate, ability to influence, ability to be accountable, ability to build teams, ability to negotiate, ability to reward, ability to manage time, interpersonal orientation, and analytical skills. In contrast, there was a list of skills stated to be necessary depending on ones organization (Dhar & Mishra).
In conclusion, one could state that even though there are different levels of management…
Dhar, U., & Mishra, P. (2001, September-December). Leadership Effectiveness: A study of Constituent Factors. Jornal of Management Research, 1(4), 254-266.
Cultural Distance: How Is it Measured, And How it Impact on Global Marketing Operations
The persistence of cultural distances is relevant for the global multinational marketing operations exposed to multiple cultures in their everyday activities. This indicates that marketing across border introduces complexities because it forces global marketers to tailor their approaches and practices to each cultural context they carry out their business activities. As a result, this paper will discuss concepts applicable to different aspects of cross-border operations. The primary focus of the paper is on multinational business corporations (Baumann, 2007).
This study shows how Hofstede's model is still the most relevant piece of reference for a successive cross-cultural analysis despite it being a widely criticized. The paper compares and contrasts Hofstede's famous concepts with Turner and Schwartz, Trompenaars and Hampden's valued inventory. It will attempt to provide empirical evidence of how cultural diversity influences the global markets by…
Baumann, A. (2007). Influences of culture on the style of business behavior between Western and Arab managers. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Baumu-ller, M. (2007). Managing cultural diversity: An empirical examination of cultural networks and organizational structures as governance mechanisms in multinational corporations. Bern: Lang.
Cavusgil, T. & Ghauri, P.N. (2009). New challenges to international marketing. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Curry, J.E. (2009). A short course in international marketing: Approaching and penetrating the global marketplace. Petaluma, CA: World Trade Press.
How do gende diffeences affect communication?
Geneally, males and females communicate somewhat diffeently. Males tend to communicate vey diectly and to focus on issues, often without consideing moe pesonal aspects of the convesation o the feelings of the othe peson. Females tend to communicate moe indiectly and often devote consideable attention to the pesonal aspects of communications and the specific thoughts and feelings of the othe peson. Males also tend to discuss abstact ideas and tangible things wheeas females tend to discuss people and elationships. Males ae moe likely to discuss things in impesonal ways wheeas females ae moe likely to establish pesonal appot befoe addessing impesonal issues. I have had expeiences woking with females whee my focus on wok was peceived incoectly as coldness o unfiendliness because of the diffeences in ou pesonal styles that wee pobably functions of gende.
Descibe thee baies to bidging diffeences. What stategies may…
references of some individuals and negative expectations of others. Naturally, those perceptions and expectations conflict with decision-making based on objective merit or the value actually contributed by individuals to the group.
Healey, J.F. (2008). Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group
Conflict and Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge.
Schaefer, R.T. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Groups. New York: Harper Collins.
Diversity of a climate in an organization is reflected in the attitudes of the organization's members towards diversity. As a manager, the diversity climate can be addressed by understanding the level of diversity in the organization, its diversity climate and then implementing strategies to improve both. There are significant benefits to improving an organization's diversity climate. A superior diversity climate has been found to improve the recruitment, promotion and retention of top talent, particularly where that talent is minority in origin (Price et al., 2005). Hicks-Clarke & Iles (2000) also showed that improving the diversity climate of an organization delivers superior human resources outcomes.
The first step to improving an organization's diversity climate is to develop a procedure for analyzing diversity in the organization. The Loden and Rosener's Four Layers of Diversity Model can be used to better understand an organization's diversity. The first layer is related to work status…
Price, E.; Gozu, A.; Kern, D.; Powe, N.; Wand, G.; Golden, S. & Cooper, L. (2005). The role of cultural diversity climate in recruitment, promotion and retention of faculty in academic medicine. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Vol. 20 (7) 565-571.
Hicks-Clarke, D. & Iles, P. (2000). Climate for diversity and its effects and organizational attitudes and perceptions. Personnel Review. Vol. 29 (3) 324-345.
Custom Book for Ashford: Organizational Behavior (p.127)
Jackson, T. (2011). Building a diversity training program. Profiles in Diversity Journal. Retrieved May 4, 2011 from http://www.diversityjournal.com/corporate/diversity-training/building-a-diversity-training-program/
The American workplace has become increasingly diverse, a reflection of the American urban environment. Diversity training serves a few different purposes in organizations. The first is that it promotes an atmosphere of tolerance in the company, but many scholars have also made a business case for diversity. Some earlier writings on the subject outlined that diversity training helps to resolve internal conflict, improve communication flows within the company, align the company better with its market, and can also help improve organizational creativity by introducing new ideas to organizations (Cox & Blake, 1991). Later writers noted that the effects of diversity were complex, something that should be reflected in the way that the organization trains for diversity (Milliken & Martins, 1996).
As awareness of diversity grows, and the case for diversity training increases, it is evident that more companies are including a diversity component in their training programs. Initially,…
Anand, R. & Winters, M. (2008). A retrospective view of corporate diversity training from 1964 to present. Academy of Management Learning & Education. Vol. 7 (3) 356-372.
Cox, T. & Blake, M. (1991). Managing cultural diversity: Implications for organizational competitiveness. Academy of Management Executive. Vol. 5 (3) 45-56.
Milliken, F. & Martens, L. (1996). Searching for common threads: Understanding the multiple effects of diversity in organizational groups. Academy of Management Review. Vol. 21 (2) 402-433.
Swoyer, C. (2003). Relativism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 23, 2014 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/relativism/#2.5
Companies will need to look at regional and national differences, and draw on the similarities between countries to enhance their competitive advantages (Powell, 2005). It is clear that as company, like WTI grows globally, they will benefit from a multicultural workforce. They must put managerial, educational, and cultural proactiveness in place, which will not only improve their opportunities for greater worldwide competition, but by bringing establishing a multicultural workforce, they also improve the interrelationships between their employees. Employees who do this, learn to communicate and other points-of-view and opinions. By doing this WTI, and other large companies, poise themselves to become successful in the emerging globalize culture of the 21st century.
Using Innovative Human Resource Techniques to Manage Diversity - Human resource management, whether specifically titles or not, has been a part of any organization's management since groups banded together for specific tasks. Ancient armies, projects, and even educational and…
Figure 2 -- Simple life cycle utilizing eHRM for employee (Armstron, 2006; Boudreau).
Thus, this simple figure shows that starting with the potential employee's entry of their resume into the electronic system, how the data begins to manage itself and becomes available to those who need it most. Employees and managers all have access to the data, and the employee can update the resume when new skills are acquired, apply for internal jobs by simply sending a note to the manager, manage their payroll, sick-leave, vacation, and retirement data, and work with their own professionals to plan and execute their career.
For managers, the system focuses on skill management and the ability for individual managers to do skill-based strategic planning and what if scenarios without the need to access hundreds of man-hours of time from another department. The manager can quickly see both who within the organization, and on resumes on file, might have a particular desire or skill set which the company is in need of. For the employee
In this way, management should make an effort not only to understand the market within which they operate, but also the representation of this market in their employee base. Through making a conscious attempt to look beyond immediate personality preference, the manager can benefit the small or medium business by cultivating not only his own, but the rest of the employees' intercultural undersatnding and empathy.
To do this, it is suggested by HR Magazine (2005) to focus on the skills needed to do the job rather than a specific personality type to "fit in" with the company culture. If the company is to diversify and grow - issues that are important to the small or medium business - it is important to change paradigms and widen perceptions in terms of race, religion and culture.
The Quest for Equality (within organizations)
Equality is perhaps the greatest and most long-standing quest of…
Diverse Strategies, Inc. (2004). "Corporate Culture and Diversity." EthnicMajority.com
Hartenian, Linda S. (2000, Dec.). "Cultural Diversity in small business: implications for firm performance." Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship. Online Database: FindArticles.com
HR Magazine (2005, Feb.). "Making Diversity Work: 7 steps for defeating bias in the workplace." Online Database: FindArticles.com
Lockwood, Nancy R. (2005, Jun). "Workplace Diversity: Leveraging the power of difference for competitive advantage." HR Magazine. Online Database: FindArticles.com.
Diversity in the United States
Diversity has contributed to America's culture ever since the country was founded. In the beginning, the country consisted of various immigrant groups who brought their individual beliefs, religious practices, unique craftsmanship and inventiveness from all over the world. The United States was considered a melting pot because of its inherent diversity due to the vast immigrations from all over the world. However, even despite the vast amount of immigration and the concept of the melting pot, the country has always had to struggle to appreciate the advantages that diversity has provided for the country. Inequality and racism has been a persistent issues with the American society.
Today the country is still struggling with similar problems despite the fact that major struggles for equality have manifested. Diversity in the United States today includes many more different types of groups who are still struggling for their acceptance…
Keita, G. (2007, April). U.S. diversity breakthroughs and challenges. Retrieved from American Psychological Assoication: http://www.apa.org/monitor/apr07/itpi.aspx
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United States Census Bureau. (2008, August 14). An Older and More Diverse Nation by Midcentury. Retrieved from United States Census Bureau: https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb08-123.html
The Impact of Diversity on our Current Society
The workforce and the society in general, in the United States will continue to diversify among racial groups. Although many organizations are fully aware of the trend, there have been some gaps among this trend and the preparations that need to be done to manage a more diverse workforce and nation. It has been estimated that roughly two thirds of U.S. companies have some sort of diversity training. However, these programs are implemented with a varying effectiveness. This paper will provide a brief background on many of the minority movements that have gotten us to this point as well as make some predictions and recommendations about what can be done in the future to effectively deal with the upcoming issues of diversity
Background on Diversity & Civil Liberties
There has been a long and sometimes bloody struggle for minorities in the…
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Stretch, J.J. (2006). Managing Diversity: Toward a…
Black, J.S., & Porter, L.W. (1991). Managerial Behaviors and Job Performance: A Successful Manager in Los Angeles May Not Succeed in Hong Kong. Journal of International Business Studies, 22(1), 99+. Retrieved March 27, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000126798
Business Case for Diversity. Retrieved March 27, 2009, from http://www.chubb.com/diversity/chubb4450.html
Clarke, R.D. (2005, September). Workplace Bias Abounds: New Study Confirms the American Workplace Has Much Farther to Go to Achieve True Diversity. Black Enterprise, 36, 38. Retrieved March 29, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5011221717
Hicks, D.A. (2003). Religion and the Workplace: Pluralism, Spirituality, Leadership. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved March 29, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110647891