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Cyber Bullying: An Impact on Adolescents College Students
In this literature review, the author will be reviewing literature regarding cyber bullying and how it impacts upon college students. This is especially fertile ground for research because there is not much information about how such electronic aggression affects college students. The focus of most of the research has been upon younger adolescents. In such individuals, concern is widespread that new forms of electronic communication open up new avenues for aggression among young people. This subject is particularly interesting to the author. In training to be a customer service representative, this author was exposed to anecdotal data that showed that customers were more aggressive in instant messages, emails and on the phone than in person. The findings of most of the studies in the literature review really reflect anecdotal information about technology being a driving factor in electronic bullying.
Bennett, D.C., Guran, E.L., Ramos, M.C., & Margolin, G. (2011). College students' electronic victimization in friendships and dating relationships: Anticipated distress and associations with risky behaviors. Violence and Victims, 26(4), 410-429.
Bonanno, R.A., & Hymel, S. (2010). Beyond hurt feelings: investigating why some victims of bullying are at greater risk for suicidal ideation. Merill-Palmer Quarterly, 56(3), 420-440.
Dooley, J., Pyzalski, J., Cross D.(2009). Cyber bulling vs. face-to-face bullying a theoretical and conceptual review. Journal of Psychology 217(4): 182-188.
Gradinger, P., Strohmeter, D., Spiel, C. (2009). Traditional bullying and cyber bullying:
Bullying may be a practice that has been around since the beginnings of human history, but with the increasing access that people have to technology a new medium is now used by aggressors. Cyber bullying is an act that involves using computers, cell phones and other sorts of media to consistently harass others. The object of the bullying, to cause physical or psychological damage to another, is the same, but the perpetrators have changed. Girls are both more likely to use cyber means to bully and they are also more likely to be the targets. Because the practice is so new, there are no prevention programs which specifically target cyber bullying. Also, because this type of aggression occurs in a private setting, it more often goes unnoticed by parents and other concerned adults. esearchers need to further understand the nuances of cyber bullying and determine the best methods to…
Agatson, P.W., Kowalski, R., & Limber, S. (2007). Students' perspectives in cyber bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41. 59-60.
Belsey, B. (2004). Cyberbullying: An emerging threat to the "always on" generation. Retrieved February 20, 2011 from http://www.cyberbullying.ca/pdf/Cyberbullying_Article_by_Bill_Belsey.pdf
iSafe. (2010). Cyber bullying. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://www.isafe.org/imgs/pdf/education/CyberBullying.pdf
Li, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in schools: a research of gender differences. School Psychology International, 27(2). 157-170.
Bullying and Cyber Bullying are major issues in the world today, particularly in young people who are either in middle school or high school. Bullying happens at others stages in life, but it seems to be between ages 12 and 17 that kids have the worst problems with being bullied. It is truly tragic what happens to kids who are targeted by bullies. The definition of bullying is "unwanted words or physical actions that can make a person feel bad; includes physical violence, spreading rumors, social exclusion or isolation, manipulation, teasing, and threats." These terms only hint at the terrible actions of a bully and the impact they have on their victims. Teens who are bullied have to deal with misery nearly every day they are at school. They are harassed both at school and at home through their cellular phones and computers. Not enough parents are aware of what…
Cyber Bullying and Its Impact
Over the past decade, attention has been drawn to cyber-bullying by the media and researchers. esearch on cyber-bullying has covered the various behavior aspects; focusing mainly on demographic and personal factors of the involved individuals. Particularly, the research has been targeted at factors among adolescents; who account for a majority of cyber-bullying cases. Nonetheless, it is important that other populations are studied too -- even adults where cyber-bullying may not be as common -- so that evaluations are made on the previous findings. Several personal factors linked to adolescent cyber-bullying, e.g. level of self-esteem, have been noted to change as one gets older (Obins et al., 2002). It is necessary therefore that studies be done whether or not such factors remain linked to cyber-bullying in various groups of different ages. Moreover, while research on cyber-bullying on adults is taking shape, they are limited to identifying…
Adams, C. (2010). Cyber-bullying: How to make it stop. Instructor. 120(2), 44-49.
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32, 265-277.
Boulton, M., Lloyd, J., Down, J., & Marx, H. (2012). Predicting undergraduates' self-reported engagement in traditional and cyber-bullying from attitudes. Cyber psychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(3), 141-147.
Brack, K., & Caltabiano, N. (2014). Cyber-bullying and self-esteem in Australian adults. Cyber psychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 8(2), article 7.
The effects of the recent trend known as cyberbullying was investigated. Current literature was examined on the subject in order to establish a general basis of the various potentialities of this harmful activity. Upon synthesizing a working knowledge and hypothesis from this data, a comprehensive research method was developed whereby participants were asked to temporarily forgo their privacy in online and electronic environments. y allowing the research team to assiduously record massive amounts of peer-to-peer social media and electronic interactions, participants accurately depicted the frequency and harshness of cyberbullying activity.
As society has come to realize, bullies can have some profound affects on the overall developmental lives of their victims. The concept of bullying itself implies that someone with a perceived sense of superiority antagonizes another individual that he or she identifies as weak. This type of deplorable behavior can occur in many forms including physical, psychological, emotional and…
Dilmac, B. (2009). Psychological Needs as a Predictor of Cyber Bullying: A Preliminary Report on College Students. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 9 (3), 1307-1325.
Eckert, P. (1999). Jocks and Burnouts: Social Categories and Identity in the High School. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
Foss, C., & Cerve, K. (2010, November 7). Is Your Child a Victim of Cyberbullying? Tribune Business News .
Leary, M.R., Kowalski, R.M., Smith, L., & Phillips, S. (2003). Teasing, Rejection, and Violence: Case Studies of the School Shootings. Aggressive Behavior, 29 (3), 202-214.
Testing Assumptions About Cyberbullying: Perceived Distress Associated With Acts of Conventional and Cyberbullying
Bauman & Newman (2012), in light of the considerable attention that cyber bullying has received in the recent past and the assumptions the phenomenon had received, undertook to test assumptions about cyber bullying. Cyber bullying in essence has much to do with using the knowledge of information and communication technology to harm other people's social status, relationships, and reputation. Conspiracy that clouds cyber bullying continues considerable attention from popular media. Protracted legal tussles have been witnessed in instances when reports of isolated cases have been made. Bauman & Newman (2012), sought to establish whether experts speculation that the potential from cyber bullying was in deed greater than the dangers posed by conventional bullying. The fact that this assumption had not been empirically informed their resolve to conduct this study.
Five hundred and…
Bauman, S. & Newman, M.L. (2012). Testing Assumptions About Cyberbullying: Perceived
Distress Associated With Acts of Conventional and Cyberbullying. Tucson: Arizona University Press.
There is no one-size-fits-all method for writing cyber bullying essay titles. Papers on cyber bullying can range from academic and scholarly in tone and format to argumentative or opinion-based editorials. They can be factual, satirical, persuasive, or skeptical. Depending on how your essay is in tone, the approach you take to coming up with a title will vary. For this kind of essay, it is recommended that your essay title simply reflect in tone and style the substance and type of essay you’ve written. Here are some examples of the various ways these titles could look.
Top 25 Best Cyber-Bullying Essay Titles
1. 10 Ways Parents Can Prevent Cyber Bullying among Adolescents
2. Don’t Want to Get Bullied Online? Stop Taking Social Media So Seriously and Live Your Life!
3. A Case Study in How Cyber Bullying Can Lead to Suicide: The Life and Death of a Young Midwestern…
One definition of Cyber bullying is that it is the employment of technology by a person to intimidate, upset, harass, demean and humiliate another person. Targets chosen by cyber bullies are no different from those picked by face-to-face bullies. These targets share characteristics such as being lonely or loners, vulnerable, socially uncomfortable, and hence mostly isolated. Some bullies choose to remain anonymous so as to escape accountability for their actions but still inflict the harm they intended. The devastating effects of cyber bullying are far reaching because the audience is larger than just the person targeted. This bullying can happen in many ways. Blogs and websites designed specifically for bullying a child are some of these ways. These avenues are used to expose embarrassing pictures, threatening messages and even private Instant Messages (IM). Bullies also use these forums to embolden others like them to "gang up" against the…
Billitteri, T. J. (2008). Cyberbullying. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Carter, J. L., & Texas Woman's University. (2012). The effects of a cyber bully prevention program on middle school students' online behaviors and self-esteem. (Dissertation Abstracts International, 74-7.
Erceg, E., Cross, D., & Thompson, S. (2015). Friendly schools plus friendly families: A parents' guide to dealing with and preventing bullying and cyber bullying.
Gerdes, L. I. (2012). Cyberbullying. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
Independent and dependent variables used in the study
In an experiment, the independent variables are the variables manipulated by the experimenter, while the dependent variables are the aspects of the experiment that are 'dependent' or affected by the independent variables. In Hinduja and Patchin's 2011 research for the Cyberbullying esearch Center, the independent variables under study were the rates of cyberbullying, while the dependent variables were the characteristics associated with teens who engaged in bullying.
The study found that cell phones were the preferred method to use in cyberbullying and girls were found to be far more likely to engage in the practice. There was no distinction in terms of the racial profile of cyberbullying victims or perpetrators -- all were equally apt to engage in the crime. Other characteristics correlated with cyberbullying were a negative school atmosphere. egarding the victims, victims were more likely to have low self-esteem…
Hinduja and Patchin. (2011). Cyberbullying research center. Retrieved:
Trochim, William. (2006). Nonprobability sampling. Retrieved:
Amanda Todd Story
Cyber bullying is a relatively new concern that our society has to deal with. The Amanda Todd story fully illustrates the potential consequences of what cyber-bullying can have on young adults. Although the Amanda Todd story is extreme and well publicized, there are potential millions of cases that are less extreme and go unnoticed. This analysis will provide a background on the Amanda Todd story as well as the phenomenon of cyberbullying that is increasingly becoming a societal concern amongst the younger generations as the role of social media expands further and further into personal lives.
Amanda Todd was a young female living in Vancouver who was the victim of cyber bullying. hen she was in 7th grade she was very active in internet chat groups and, at one point, allowed a stranger to flatter her into flashing her exposed breasts into a camera (Grenoble, 2012). Roughly…
Bully Police USA. (N.d.). A Watch-dog Organization - Advocating for Bullied Children . Retrieved from Bully Police USA: http://www.bullypolice.org/
Donegan, R. (2012). Bullying and Cyberbullying: History, Statistics, Law, Prevention and Analysis. The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications, 33-43. Retrieved from elon.edu.
Glover, P. (2012, May 24). THE CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CONSEQUENCES OF CYBERBULLYING. Retrieved from I Keep Safe: http://www.ikeepsafe.org/educational-issues/the-civil-and-criminal-consequences-of-cyberbullying/
Grenoble, R. (2012, October 11). Amanda Todd: Bullied Canadian Teen Commits Suicide After Prolonged Battle Online And In School. Retrieved from Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/11/amanda-todd-suicide-bullying_n_1959909.html
Post Discussion: Technology and Bullying
Students of the Digital Age want to use technology in all aspects of their lives because they are familiar with it and understand it. This can be incorporated into daily educational tasks -- however, there should be some cautionary factors in place. Some cautionary factors can be positive while others can be negative. One way to include digital media would be to open a learning environment that is less rigid than the traditional "brick and mortar school" concept -- that allows students to manage their time on their own, so long as they complete assignments using the various multi-sensory media available to them (Koonce, 2016, p. 249). While this would be a good, positive factor, one negative factor is that there has been almost no data compiled as to how this would work in a real world scenario -- and the need for quality controls…
Brody, J. (2015). Screen addiction is taking a toll on children. The New York Times.
Retrieved from http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/07/06/screen-addiction-is-taking-a-toll-on-children/?_r=0
Koonce, G. (2016). (Ed). Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded
(18 Ed.). Mcgraw Hill Publishers.
Bullying is not a new phenomenon. Yet, today's teens and children have to deal with an entirely new type of bullying online that is often more persuasive and even more harmful. The effects of cyberbullying are well documented. However, the reasons why so many youths today turn towards bullying each other online are often left of the discourse. In order to have so many victims, it is clear there are also a lot of aggressors. This research aims to explore the reasons behind some children turning to incidences of bullying others. It explores the problem through general strain theory, which essentially suggests that bullies themselves are victims of strain and thus take out their negative aggressions through bullying. Using a self reported survey with a Likert scale, this research aims to add more to the growing body of research suggesting why kids turn to cyberbullying.
Statement of the…
Bauman, Sheri & Newman, Matthew L. (2012). Testing assumptions about cyberbullying: Perceived distress associated with acts of conventional and cyber bullying. Psychology of Violence, 3(1), 27-38.
Crotty, Michael. (1998). The Foundations of Social Research: Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process. SAGE Publications.
Gradinger, Petra, Strohmeier, Dagmar, & Speil, Christiane. (2009). Traditional bullying and cyberbullying: Identification of risk groups for adjustment problems. Journal of Psychology, 214(4), 205-213.
Hinduja, Sameer & Patchin, Justin W. (2010). Cyberbullying and strain. Cyberbullying Research Center. Web. http://www.cyberbullying.us/cyberbullying_and_strain_research_fact_sheet.pdf
Cyber Bullying and School Supervision
The article reviews the policy vacuum that currently exists when it comes to the legal expectations and obligations of schools to supervise and monitor discourse that occurs online and at the same time balance the safety of students, education and the way they interact in virtual space. The author clearly illustrates using examples how cyber bullying is something very anonymous hence it is very difficult to curb. There are some illustrations that the author gives regarding how difficult it is to deal with cases of cyber bulling as a result of inadequate laws protecting against cyber bullying. I agree with the author when he states that cyber bullying can only be curbed especially in schools if the teachers as well as parents play a collective role in controlling how students use the internet.
Cyber bullying is increasingly becoming a menace around the world. The article…
Shariff, S.&. Hoff, D.(2007).Clarifying Legal Boundaries for School Supervision in Cyberspace . Published International Journal of Cyber Criminology, Vol. 1, Issue 1. Retrieved October 24, 2013 from http://www.cybercrimejournal.com/shaheenhoff.pdf
hat is Cyberbullying?
Cyberbullying is described as "…an individual or group willfully using information and communication involving electronic technologies to facilitate deliberate and repeated harassment or threat…" to another person (or persons) by texting, emailing, and posting on social media sites (like Facebook) mean-spirited, cruel, and often untrue messages (including images) (Dilmac, 2009, 1307). Cyberbullying is "pervasive" in North America but cyberbullying incidents have been reported worldwide, so it is not unique to any particular region, Dilmac explains (1308). And while cyberbullying differs from traditional bullying -- often the perpetrator is anonymous in cyberbullying while traditional bullies are well-known at school or in the workplace -- the results of this nefarious activity are similarly hurtful and embarrassing, Dilmac continues (1309).
How does cyberbullying affect females and males?
About four in ten teenagers report they have experienced cyberbullying in the past year and more females (51%) than males (37%) have…
Catanzaro, Mary F. "Indirect aggression, bullying and female teen victimization: a literature review. Pastoral Care in Education, 29.2 (2011): 83-101.
Dilmac, Bulent. "Psychological Needs as a Predictor of Cyber Bullying: a Preliminary Report on College Students." Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9.3 (2009): 1307-1325.
National Crime Prevention Council. "How are Teens Cyberbullied?" Retrieved March 26, 2013,
From http://www.ncpc.org/cyberbullying. 2009.
New advents in technology and the increased use of social networks such as Facebook have led to the recent phenomenon of cyberbullying. News reports over the past five years have been filled with stories of young people committing suicide as a result of cyberbullying. For many years mental health professionals have warned of the consequences of bullying including suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors. These recent suicides and suicide attempts have again brought into question the impact of bullying on children and the ways in which social support systems such as school administrators and teachers need to address this issue. The social support theory asserts that appropriate social support provides children with the mechanisms needed to cope with bullying. hile some schools have implemented zero tolerance policies as it relates to bullying other schools do not consider this type of victimization to be a serious issue.
Bullying is defined as…
Bonanno, R., & Hymel, S. (2010). Beyond hurt feelings: investigating why some victims of bullying are at greater risk for suicidal ideation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 56(3), 420-440.
Due, P., Damsgaard M.T., Lund2, R., Holstein B.E. Is bullying equally harmful for rich and poor children?: a study of bullying and depression from age 15 to 27. European Journal of Public Health, 19(5), 464 -- 469
Fung, A.L.C.(2010) The Phenomenon of Cyberbullying: Its Aetiology and Intervention Vol. 13 (2) p31-42,
Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. (2008). Extending the school grounds? -- bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78(9), 496-505.
Cyberbullying refers to the use of electronic means or digital technology to harass, intimidate, or cause harm. While much attention focuses on childhood cyberbullying, adult cyberbullying also occurs and may be referred to as cyberstalking or cyber-harassment. Cyberbullying in all its forms is remarkably common and prevalent, and may become more so as technology progresses and proliferates. The effects of cyberbullying can be drastic, including suicide or identify theft. The law does not always offer substantial protection against cyberbullying, although in some cases civil and/or criminal charges may result in serious repercussions for the perpetrators. Education and awareness helps prevent cyberbullying, but there are also means of preventing cyberbullying using the very same technology used to perpetrate it. While it may be impossible to prevent all types of cyberbullying, it is certainly possible to empower children and inform schools about how to create a culture of safety and support.…
“11 Facts About Cyberbullying,” (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-cyber-bullying
“Cyberbullying Laws,” (n.d.). FindLaw. Retrieved from: https://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-charges/cyber-bullying.html
Cyberbullying Statistics (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/cyber-bullying-statistics.html
Englander, E., Donnerstein, E., Kowalski, R., et al. (2017). Defining cyberbullying. Pediatrics 140(2). Retrieved from: https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/140/Supplement_2/S148
“Enough is Enough,” (n.d.). Cyberbullying statistics. Retrieved from: https://enough.org/stats_cyberbullying
Gladden, R.M., Vivolo-Kantor, A.M., Hamburger, M.E., & Lumpkin, C.D. (2014). Bullying Surveillance Among Youths: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements, Version 1.0. Atlanta, GA; National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and U.S. Department of Education; 2014.
Hirsch, L. (n.d.). Cyberbullying. KidsHealth. Retrieved from: https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/cyberbullying.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (n.d.). Facts about bullying. Retrieved from: https://www.stopbullying.gov/media/facts/index.html#ftn1
Creating Effective Interventions to educe or Eliminate Cyberbullying
Unit 1 MBA 5652, esearch Methods
David E. Couch Jr.
The proposed research study explores the perceptions of secondary students with regard to cyberbullying interventions. The hypothesis of the study is that students' perceptions of cyberbullying will be influenced by the instructional and curricular intervention as measured by increased empathy and willingness to report or intervene when they learn about or witness cyberbullying. The research findings will be of interest to educators and parents, and it will add to the literature on interventions for cyberbullying.
Key terms: cyberbullying, bullying, interventions, student perceptions
Creating Effective Interventions to educe or Eliminate Cyberbullying
Cyberbullying is something new to the youth of the modern world today. In years past, bullying was something that happened within school contexts and at events that students attended where other students their age. In the contemporary high tech world, it…
Bandura, A., Ross, D. & Ross, S.A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through the imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582.
Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Centerwall, B.S. (1992). Television and violence: The scale of the problem and where to go from here. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 267(22), Special Communication. Retrieved from http://cursor.org/stories/television_and_violence.htm
Conway, P. (2015) 15 Apps and websites kids are heading to after Facebook, common sense media.
Sexting and Cyberbullying
Del Siegle's article "Cyberbullying and Sexting: Technology buses of the 21st Century" was published in the Spring 2010 issue of Gifted Children Today. This gives a basic bias to Siegle's presentation of the issue: the article is careful to cite studies showing that gifted children are far less likely to be viewed as bullies by peers or by teachers. What is being analyzed here is, of course, the relevance of these new-technology related issues to "gifted" children, not necessarily to all children, although Siegle does her best to examine adolescent populations more generally in terms of their reported incidence of cybermisbehavior. That being said, Siegle's article takes the form mainly of a survey of existing writings on how children use new technology to bully each other -- her bibliography, however, contains only two peer reviewed sources (and both concentrate solely on gifted children). Otherwise Siegle relies on…
As befits this conceptual approach -- which is largely one of closing the barn-door after the horses have already run off to join a social-media-inspired equine flash-mob -- Siegle then proceeds to offer a list of rules and controls to be imposed upon adolescents by parents and educators, in order to cope with the epidemic of cyberbullying and sexting. Siegle devotes a full page of her three page article summarizing these helpful tips for combating the cyberbullies: they include emphasizing that all rules for face-to-face interaction should apply to cybercommunication, putting usage rules and controls on internet access, monitoring young people's online behavior and controlling it with filtering and blocking software, and educating communities about the threats posed by cyberbullies. The overall impression is that Siegle has rather missed the point about what is most dangerous, and what is most interesting, about these new-media phenomena among youth -- the suggestion that the technology may, in fact, be enabling altogether different patterns of behavior. After all, the Polaroid camera existed in the 1980s and 1990s, but there was no epidemic of high schoolers taking explicit snapshots of each other, even if they were still engaged in sexual behavior. Meanwhile Siegle makes no mention of the fact that, in numerous jurisdictions, high schoolers who have been enagaged in sexting have, somewhat inexplicably and perhaps purely punitively, been prosecuted under child pornography statutes. One sign that a large scale social change may be taking place is always the willingness of otherwise intelligent people to react with utterly retrograde understanding of the phenomena under study -- when the longer history of cyberculture is written, Siegle's article will be counted among those that perhaps missed the point about the extensiveness of social and behavioral change permitted by the ubiquity of these new technologies.
Siegle, D. (2010). Cyberbullying and sexting: Technology abuses of the 21st Century. Gifted Child Today, 33(2), 14-16, 65.
TIPS TO HELP KIDS PREVENT BULLYING
Cool Down -- Try to be calm when resolving conflict!
Describe the conflict, try to be logical!
What caused the conflict -- what can be done about it?
Describe feelings during conflict!
Listen respectfully, wait until other person has finished before talking!
Brainstorm solutions TOGETHER
Comes home with torn, damaged, or missing pieces of clothing, books, or other belongings;
Has unexplained cuts, bruises, and scratches;
Has few, if any friends, with whom he or she spends time;
Seems afraid of going to school, walking to and from school, riding the school bus, or taking part in organized activities with peers (such as clubs);
Takes a long, "illogical" route when walking to or from school;
Has lost interest in school work or suddenly begins to do poorly in school;
Appears sad, moody, teary, or depressed when he or she comes home;
Bullying can be a difficult topic to tackle. That is why this bullying essay will help offer an idea of what will comprise a good paper and what potential areas of research to cover within this controversial and popular subject. From developing a good thesis, carrying it throughout body paragraphs, and closing with a brief and concise conclusion, this essay will show what to do to obtain a high grade. The first step before the thesis, the body, and the conclusion, is a unique and informative introduction. This will help lead to an idea of where to start the paper and when all is finished, an abstract can be created, thus putting a successful end to any writing project.
Understanding a Bully
What Makes Others Bully?
Bullying: The Need to Control
Identifying the Four Common Types of Bullying
Online bullying and online harassment typically happens through chat rooms, text messages, and emails, and it generally happens when teens aren't in school, the studies show.
The findings appear in a special edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Internet Harassment: What to Do?
Focus on safe use of new technology, not banning the technology.
Today's kids and teens are major media users, but they need grown-up guidance about safe media use, note the CDC's Corinne David-Ferdon, PhD, and Marci Feldman Hertz, MS. They predict that "with the development of new cell phones that are small enough to fit into young children's hands and that are designed to be visually attractive to a younger audience, more and younger children will become competent and frequent users of this technology."
That means that research on preventing online harassment "must be rapid and flexible enough to keep up with the evolving nature of…
Be Safe Bullying. (2002). Online Bullying. Retrieved on March 23, 2008 at http://www.besafeonline.org/English/bullying_online.htm
Belsey, Bill. (2004). Cyberbullying.ca. Retrieved March 23, 2008, from Web site: www.cyberbullying.ca
Liz Carnell and Bullying UK. (2008). Formally Bullying Online. Advice for Pupils. Retrieved on March 23, 2008 at http://www.bullying.co.uk/pupils/index.aspx
Li, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in Schools: A Research of Gender Differences. School Psychology
Parents can team up with teachers and schools by asking for school conferences where they can address the issue of bullying, (Barreto). The parents can also keep a record of incidents of harassment and the ways in which the school handled these situations. They should also insist on the putting up of a bullying prevention committee if one is not already in place. In order for the committee to be effective, it needs to have representatives from administration, teachers, school mental health teams and parents.
2. Teachers should be encouraged to involve the students in creating rules for the classroom regarding bullying. They should have a serious talk with the bully and explain the unacceptability of the behavior as well as its negative consequences. Reports of bullying should not be left to deal with bullying on their own in the hope that the experience will make them stronger individuals, bullying…
Barreto, Steven. Bullying and Harassment Stop When Parents Help Break the Silence. 2005.
23 May, 2010
Batsche, G.M., & Knoff, H.M. "Bullies and their victims: Understanding a pervasive problem in the schools." School Psychology Review, 22.6 (1994): 165-174.
Bullying and Conflict in Relation to Learning About Gender and Other Forms of Equity
One of the harsh realities of life in the United States is the potential for bullying behaviors to adversely affect the learning environment for young victims, transforming the school environment from a place of learning into one that is dreaded and feared. Moreover, bullying behaviors can have a profound effect on the manner in which young people are socialized concerning gender roles as well as their perspectives concerning equity later in life. To determine the facts about these issues, this paper provides a review of the literature to develop a discussion concerning the issues of bullying and conflict in relation to learning about gender and other forms of equity and the implications these have for students and teachers. Finally, following this discussion, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in…
Texas House Bill (HB304) - Relating civil liability bullying a child
1. Title of the Suggested Bill
Texas State’s ‘anti-bullying’ house bill possesses the following key features. Its title appropriately alludes to the protection of children’s rights (CAIR Texas, 2017). If enacted, the law would:
a. Offer tools to educational institutions: This bill would authorize educational institutions to examine cases of bullying outside of school, develop a tip line that maintains anonymity, and enable greater educational institution latitude in penalizing pupils who engage in major cyber bullying (e.g., urging a child to kill him/herself).
b. Reduce the number of victims: Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates reveal suicide to be the second main cause of adolescent deaths.
c. Offer tools to law enforcers: Law enforcers can, by means of summonses, increasingly expose anonymous users on social media websites who post or convey intimidating messages. The law will render e-bullying and…
Chink, Spic, Terrorist, Whore, Nerd. These words seem to be just the beginning sparks of what most people characterize as bullying. The words and phrases are familiar enough; high school students across the country hear these insults being thrown out just as commonly as a larger student with his gang picking on a smaller and weaker student. The essence of teenage bullying has not changed; rather, with the amount of digital media and social platforms created today, there seems to be more reason to expect bullying -- both at school and online.
Bullying itself comes in many forms and sizes. It can be one hulking, leader-like personality with the aim at a Machiavellian increase in status in the school's social standing (Hamarus). Another can be the result of a racial slur and the violent actions taken against a differently ethnic individual -- perhaps even using an entire gang…
Hamarus, Paivi, and Pauli Kaikkonen. "School bullying as a creator of pupil peer pressure." Educational Research 50.4 (2008): 333-345. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 26 Feb. 2011.
Kennedy, Helen. "Phoebe Prince, South Hadley High School's 'new Girl,' Driven to Suicide by Teenage Cyber Bullies." NY Daily News. 29 Mar. 2010. Web. 26 Feb. 2011. .
Pierce, Tamora. "Don't Let Bullies Win." Dare to Be Stupid. 30 Mar. 2010. Web. 26 Feb. 2011. .
Rivero, Victor. "The Politicization of Bullying." District Administration 47.1 (2011): 54. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 26 Feb. 2011.
Clemmitt, Marcia. "Cyber Socializing: Are Internet sites like MySpace potentially dangerous?" Congressional Quarterly Researcher 16.27 (2006): 627-47. cqresearcher.com Web. 28 Jul 2006.
Marcia Clemmitt, a veteran social-policy reporter for CQ Researcher, explains the history and current popularity of online socializing. Clemmitt illustrates the gradual replacement of conventional live socializing with online socializing, especially among the nation's younger generation. She explains the many benefits and opportunities provided by online socializing. She also points out the new privacy risks and lifestyle consequences that arise as personal information becomes more accessible to a wider group of people. Regarding the access to online socializing sites at public libraries and schools, Clemmitt includes a short debate between a congressional representative and a scholar in order to show how policymakers see these problems. Overall, the article is for researchers for its rich historical background and its even-handed survey of the most publicized online socializing issues.
Kathy Koch, a CQ Researcher staff writer, addresses the fairness of school policies punishing bullying by students. Koch explains the impetus for such zero tolerance policies, caused by the increasingly aggressive nature of social interaction between school-age children. Koch notes the successes and failures of these zero tolerance policies in preventing bullying incidents at schools. Koch also addresses the long-term wisdom of such strict punishment of students, suggesting that there may be less onerous methods available to prevent bullying among students.
Greenya, John. "Bullying: Are schools doing enough to stop the problem?" Congressional Quarterly Researcher 15.5 (2005): 101-124. cqresearcher.com Web. 4 Feb 2005.
John Greenya, a CQ Researcher staff writer, addresses the many consequences of bullying in schools, including mental problems and retaliatory actions in victims. Greenya illustrates the human face of the problem by recounting specific bullying incidents at various schools across the nation. He then conveys the significance of the problem by documenting the long-term damage left by bullying, such as depression, aggression, and withdrawal. More specifically, Greenya notes the disturbing trend of school gun violence, many of which are committed by former bullying victims in retaliation to bullying. Overall, the article is a great source for factual evidence of bullying events and retaliation by victims.
The author of this report has been asked to compare and contrast three different forms of media that all pertain to the same subject, that being cyber-bullying. The three types of media that will be singled out for analysis and research are podcasts, blogs and videos. For each source, the author will assess the source's use of bias, validity and applicability of information. Beyond the compare and contrast mentioned above, the author will examine the influence of web-based information on global citizenship and multi-cultural understanding. Lastly, there will be a listing of three factors that should be considered when evaluating Internet sources for use in researching information. While there is a lot of "good" when it comes to internet research and the data that is present, there is also a lot of "bad" that muddies up the proverbial waters.
The podcast media that was selected for this…
NCPC. (2015). Cyberbullying - National Crime Prevention Council. Ncpc.org. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.ncpc.org/topics/cyberbullying
Panuska, M. (2015). Internet predators 'emerging' criminals. TimesWV.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.timeswv.com/news/local_news/internet-predators-emerging-criminals/article_413ade31-037c-599b-8242-53f74263c429.html
StopBullying.gov. (2015). Cyberbullying | Blog | StopBullying.gov. Stopbullying.gov. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from http://www.stopbullying.gov/blog/categories/Cyberbullying
YouTube. (2015). THE CYBER BULLYING VIRUS. YouTube. Retrieved 16 June 2015, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5PZ_Bh-M6o
2. Stonewalling, or what many people, referred to as "silent treatment" occurs when the bully or group simply ignores the victim completely. This can be extremely distressing to adolescents. This often occurs with group exclusion.
3. A common form of relational bullying is the spreading of rumors and gossip about the victim. This is a direct attempt to ruin the victim's relationships and exclude them from contact with their peers and even with adults.
4. Taunting occurs when the bully insults or verbally abuses the victim directly. Taunting often continues even when the victim physically breaks down.
5. Conditional friendships occur when the bully places demands on the victim in order for the victim to be allowed in the group were with peers.
The effects of relational bullying are often more psychologically damaging than the effects of more physical forms of bullying. In addition, relational and physical bullying are often…
Beck, a.T., Brown, G., & Steer, R.A. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory II manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Brown, B. (2004). Adolescent's relationships with peers. In Lerner, R. & Steinberg, L. (eds.),
Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley.
Burrows, L. (2011). Don't try to bully gershon ben keren. Jewish Advocate, 202, 2.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, between one-quarter and one-third of all American school children report being bullied in some fashion, with the highest prevalence of bullying occurring during the middle school years (Facts about bullying 2). It is inappropriate to classify every type of aggressive encounter between youths as bullying because young people are undergoing a profoundly transformative period in their lives when experimentation, peer pressure and the search for individual identity assume truly enormous significance. When some types of unwanted aggressive behaviors persist, however, they conform to the definition of bullying provided by the U.S. Department of Education and Centers for Disease Control (Facts about bullying 3) and many of these behaviors are crimes. A growing body of evidence confirms that bullying can have a wide range of adverse effects on both the perpetrator as well as the victim that can extend well into…
Boyd, Danah M., and Nicole B. Ellison. "Social Network Sites: Definition, History and Scholarship (Excerpt)." Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. alters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Calvo-Armengol, Antoni, Eleonora Patacchini, and Yves Zenou. "Peer Effects and Social Networks in Education." The Review of Economic Studies 76.4 (2009): 1239-67. Print.
Common Sense Media. Is Technology Networking Changing Childhood? A National Poll. San Francisco, CA: Common Sense Media, 2009. Print.
Conan, Neal, et al. "Is Creating a Fake Online Profile a Criminal Act?" Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. alters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Cyberbullying Research Center. "Research: Summary of Our Cyberbullying Research from 2004-2010." 2011. December 5th 2012. .
Giles, G., and R. Price. "Adolescent Computer Use: Approach, Avoidance, and Parental Control." Australian Journal of Psychology 60.1 (2008): 63-71. Print.
i-SAFE America. "Cyber…
Boyd, Danah M., and Nicole B. Ellison. "Social Network Sites: Definition, History and Scholarship (Excerpt)." Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. Walters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Calvo-Armengol, Antoni, Eleonora Patacchini, and Yves Zenou. "Peer Effects and Social Networks in Education." The Review of Economic Studies 76.4 (2009): 1239-67. Print.
Common Sense Media. Is Technology Networking Changing Childhood? A National Poll. San Francisco, CA: Common Sense Media, 2009. Print.
Conan, Neal, et al. "Is Creating a Fake Online Profile a Criminal Act?" Everything's an Argument with Readings. Eds. Lunsford, a.A., J.J. Ruszkiewicz and K. Walters. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.
Social Media and Suicide
Internet has become a gadget of everyday use for people of 21st century. As it is offering many benefits to the users in terms of information communcaition, interaction, entertainment, socialization and earning livelihhod, there are certain dark factors related to it. The dark factors are as severe as forcing people to commit suicide. It is no exaggeration to mention that Intenet is used as a medium to harass people and get undue benefits from them.
Social media today is playing major role in enabling people and organizations to communicate and share ideas, views and knowledge with other people. The traditional methods of communication have been modified through social media platforms like chat rooms, social networking sites (Facebook, My-Space, Twitter, Google+ etc.), video sites (YouTube), discussion forums, video chat, text messages, blogs etc. (Lexton et al., 2012). The most well-known social networking website Facebook had…
Biddle, L., Donovan, J., Hawton, K., Kapur, N., Gunnell, D., 2008. Suicide and the Internet. British Medical Journal, 336, 800-802.
"Cyberbullying Does Not 'Cause' Teen Suicide," 2012. Retrieved from http://www.science20.com/news_articles/cyberbullying_does_not_cause_teen_suicide-95444
"Facebook Statistics," 2011. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics
"Facebook statistics by country," n.d. Retrieved from http://www.socialbakers.com/facebook-statistics
Cyber-Crime in a New Age of Law Enforcement
ith the new introduction of the online sphere, law enforcement today faces unique challenges those previous generations could never even imagined. The internet allows the ability to create an online presence that has virtually no relevance to the real world character of the user. People can now create an online presence with the ability to construct a range of pseudonymity that was never before possible (Gyorgy, 2002). Therefore the person that you think you are communicating with may be a different person altogether.
Furthermore, people can set up a range of different personalities and have multiple identities online that they can use for a range of malicious activities. For example, it is possible for an elderly man who has perverted tendencies to portray himself as a young school girl on online chat forums. In these arenas there is seldom any verification…
Gyorgy, P. (2002). The Tale of Cookies (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde). Social Research, 239-245.
Jayakumar, A. (2014, March 13). Target looking into response to cybersecurity breach; retail sales rose in Feb. Retrieved from The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/target-looking-into-response-to-cybersecurity-breach-retail-sales-rose-in-feb/2014/03/13/91d16ece-aae8-11e3-af5f-4c56b834c4bf_story.html
TEDGlobal. (2010, July). Julian Assange: Why the world needs WikiLeaks. Retrieved from TED: http://www.ted.com/talks/julian_assange_why_the_world_needs_wikileaks.html
TEDGlobal. (2012, July). Michael Anti: Behind the Great Firewall of China. Retrieved from TED: http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/michael_anti_behind_the_great_firewall_of_china.html
" We have reached a critical point in our society where interpretation is needed from not only the parents, but also from our government officials. There are too many young adults that are choosing to end their life because of cyber bulling. Many people seem not to understand the harm the Internet can do, therefore, we must increase in educating our generations about the modern world of internet.
It's sad that it takes many tragedies before anything is done to correct the occurring situation. Following the suicide of Tyler Clementi New Jersey Senate released an anti-bulling law. "The bill would require training for most teachers and other school employees on how to recognize bulling, and would mandate all districts form a "school safety team" to review complaints. School administrators who do not investigate and reported-bullying incidents would be disciplined, while harassment, intimidation and bullying would be upgraded to conduct that…
Social psychology is the study of human behavior in social situations, showing how social pressures and sociological variables can impact psychological phenomenon such as identity, motivation, personality, or behavior. A quintessential topic in the field of social psychology is bullying. Bullying can be studied from a public health perspective, showing how the external variables such as how a school is designed and the leadership and organizational culture of the school affects risk factors implicated in bullying behaviors or victimization patterns. Alternatively, bullying can be examined from a purely psychological perspective to reveal the factors implicated in aggressive physical or verbal behaviors or alternatively, to study victim characteristics or why some bystanders refuse to step in when they observe bullying behaviors. This latter issue links in with the social psychology approach. The social psychology of bullying examines factors like why some people perpetrate bullying behaviors due to their upbringing, their sense…
Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217
The science of Developmental Psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that exists between the child and the parent in the course of adolescence. Particularly important is the fact that any individual during its infancy is largely attached to the parent and therefore communicates a lot. However, according to this topic, it is delineated that the attachment and…
Responsibilities of a Critical Thinker in a Contemporary Society
Some thinkers consider critical thinking to be solely a type of mental skill, devoid of any moral value; it is often utilized to rationalize prejudice and to promote self-interest. While moral integrity is understood as good heartedness, it is also susceptible to manipulation to satisfy vested interests in the same way as responsible citizenship can be manipulated. The human mind, regardless of conscious goodwill, is subject to the more powerful and self-deceptive egocentricity of the unconscious part of the mind. The complete development of each and every characteristic, be it critical thought, responsible citizenship, and moral integrity - needs to include cultivation of each other characteristic, in a parallel strong sense (Paul, 1993). The three characteristics of higher thought can only be developed in an environment that promotes intellectual virtues such as integrity, intellectual courage, intellectual fair-mindedness, intellectual empathy, intellectual perseverance,…
Ambert, A. Parents, (1997) Children, and Adolescents: Interactive Relationships and Development in Context. New York, NY: Hayworth Press.
Duffy, A. & Momirov, J.(1997) Family Violence: A Canadian Introduction. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.
Duperrin, B. (2013). Social Media make critical thinking critical. Www.duperrin.com. Retrieved from www.dupperin.com: http://www.duperrin.com/english/2013/06/28/social-media-critical-thinking/
Erdur-Baker, O. (2010). .Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of internet-mediated communication tools. New Media & Society, 12(1), 109-125. DOI: 10.1177/1461444809341260
Civil penalties, if pursued by an organization such as the IAA, can range from a minimum of $750 per song to thousands of dollars per song. Due to the civil lawsuits filed by the IAA, piracy awareness rose from 35% to 72%. The IAA has since stopped its broad-based end user litigation program [IAA 2010].
The Internet has also facilitated the disturbing trend of cyber-bullying and cyber-harassment. Attempts to curb cyber-harassment may prove difficult as "cyber-bullies" may be anonymous and therefore, difficult to identify. In "Cyber-Bullying in Schools: A esearch for Gender Differences," Qing Li states that school violence is a serious social problem that is persistent and acute during middle school [LI 2006]. Cyber-bullying, as defined by Tanya Beran and Qing Li in "Cyber Harassment: A New Method for an Old Behavior," is defined as "the repeated and intentional use of various forms of technology such as cell-phones, pagers,…
BERAN T., LI Q. 2005 Cyber-Harassment: A Study of a New Method for an Old Behavior
JOURNAL of EDUCATIONAL COMPUTING, Calgary, AB, Canada.
CYBERBULLING RESEARCH CENTER 2010 Accessed 3 December 2010
social networking has in the last couple of years stirred a lot of debate among politician and scholars alike. The level of risks and benefits associated with social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace especially to children and teenagers has elicited a mixed reaction among the debating parties. In this paper we present a systematic analysis of the implications of social networking sites for both children and teenagers with a sharp focus on Facebook. We also focus on the benefits as well as the issue surrounding the use of social networking sites by use of relevant illustrations. Overall, we evaluate how the use of computer technology has impacted the society in general and education in particular.
Definition of Social Networking
Several scholars have attempted to define the concept of social networking and its components. Boyd & Ellison (2007) define social networking sites as special web-based services that are…
Berkshire District Attorney. Sexting. Pittsfield, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; 2010.
Availableonline at: www.mass.gov/?pageID_ berterminal&L_3&L0_Home&L1_Crime_Awareness_%26_Prevention&L2_Parents_
%26_Youth&sid_Dber&b_terminalcontent&f_parents_youth_sexting&csid_Dber. Accessed onApril 5, 2011
Tynes, BM (2007),Internet Safety Gone Wild? Sacrificing the Educational and Psychosocial
Social media involves online content that people use via highly accessible technologies. Basically, social media marks a change in the way people read, discover and share information, news and content. Therefore, social media fuses technology and sociology leading to a change in monologues into dialogues and also marks information democratization, making everyone an author instead of being a mere content reader. Social media has become very popular since it enables people interaction through the internet to create relations useful for different reasons including political, personal and business. Businesses consider social media to be an amalgamation of consumer-generated media. The social media takes different forms like, blogs, Internet forums, wikis, pictures, podcasts and video. Therefore, it is obvious that the Internet is a fundamental social medium (Customer Centric Business Strategies, n.d.). This may not change since people endeavor to engage with each other online; hence, social media is going to be…
Ali, S. (2012, August 8). Social Media - A Good Thing or a Bad Thing? Retrieved, from http://www.socialmediatoday.com/content/social-media-good-thing-or-bad-thing
Fernandez, A. (2011). Clinical Report: The impact of social media on children, adolescents and families. Archivos de Pediatriadel Uruguay, 82(1), 31-32.
Gaal, Z., Szabo, L., & Obermayer-Kovacs, N. (2015).The Power of Social Media in Fostering Knowledge Sharing. Proceedings Of The European Conference On Intellectual Capital, 114-121.
Hajli, M.N. (2014). A study of the impact of social media on consumers. International Journal Of Market Research, 56(3), 387-404. doi:10.2501/IJMR-2014-025
Dark figure of crime is a term employed by criminologists and sociologists to describe the amount of unreported or undiscovered crime (Maguire & Reiner, 2007, p. 129). The notion of a dark figure undetected by standard crime reporting system casts doubt on the reliability of these systems. It also raises questions about the true magnitude of criminal activity in the United States.
The main source of crime data in the U.S. is the Uniform Crime Database, which is operated by the Federal ureau of Investigation. The UCR records crimes which are identified through the observation of a law-enforcement officer or reported by a victim or witness to law enforcement authorities. The UCR is not an exhaustive source of crime data because many crimes are neither observed by law enforcement officials nor reported by victims or witnesses.
There are two sources of crime data in the U.S. that try to ascertain…
Lynch, J.P. & Addington, L.A. (2007). Understanding crime statistics: revisiting the divergence of the NCVS and UCR
Maguire, M., Morgan, R., & Reiner, R. (2007). The Oxford handbook of criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, D.A., & Salem, G. (1986). Fear of crime: Incivility and the production of a social problem. New Brunswick, U.S.A: Transaction Books.
Lilly, R.J., Cullen, F.T., & Ball, R.A. (2007). Criminological theory: context and consequences
Bullying has been around since the beginning of recorded history, and probably well before then, as well. However, many people express a belief that people are becoming more aware of and sensitive to bullying. While it may be true that there is a heightened awareness of bullying, the increased sensitivity to bullies may be a misconception. The nature of bullying has changed and evolved with technological changes. With the advent of cyberbullying, victims are no longer able to escape from bullies. Instead, bullies can follow victims into almost any setting. The inability of victims to escape from their bullies for even small amounts of time seems to be exacerbating the impact of those bullies. Victims seem more vulnerable, and victims may be taking dramatic actions, up to and including suicide, in the hopes of ending the bullying. In this article, the author discusses cyberbullying. The discussion begins with a…
Evidence of this can be seen with Krueger (2010), who found that the Internet is a place where many people will turn to for finding like-minded support. At which point, they will become more inclined to engage in these actions. (Krueger 147-150)
To corroborate these views, CS News is reporting how the Internet is also leading to a new form of violence against others (cyber bullying). This is when students will gang up and harass someone online. The basic idea behind this kind of violence is to intimidate someone well beyond when they leave the school or the classroom. As a result, a shift has occurred in how these people are reacting to different situations with: some of the victims committing suicide. This is significant, because it is showing how the overall levels of violence on the Internet is now being directed outward. Where, someone can be influenced to engage…
Media Violence. Surgeon General, 2000. Web. 27 Jul. 2011
"Suicidal Teen was Cyber Bullied." CBS News, 2007. Web. 27 Jul. 2011
Funk, Jeanne. "Violence Exposure in Real Life." Journal of Adolescence 27.1 (2004): 23 -- 39. Print.
Krueger, Kathleen. Dialogues: An Argument Rhetoric and Reader. New York: Pearson Education, 2010. Print.
children go through. This is especially true for children that underwent something traumatic or continue to endure traumatic events. Billy, a 13-year-old Hispanic boy, deals with many stresses in life. From having dealt with physical abuse from his parents to enduring multiple foster care families, to living in a bad neighborhood where there are multiple gang related incidents a week, it makes sense Billy has rebelled and become a product of his environment. That is not to say however, he will continue to vandalize cars and shoplift, but it may help explain why he has done the things he has.
The first societal influence is abuse. When a child goes through physical abuse there a host of consequences. First and foremost, the child loses trust in people. When someone like a parent physically abuses their child, the child sees that the person meant to protect him instead hurts him, destroying…
Jacobs, J. (2013). Juvenile Criminal Record Confidentiality. Papers.ssrn.com. Retrieved 24 May 2016, from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2274871
Pruessner, J. & Baldwin, M. (2014). Biological Aspects of Self-Esteem and Stress.Handbook of Biobehavioral Approaches To Self-Regulation, 385-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1236-0_25
Stoner, A., Leon, S., & Fuller, A. (2013). Predictors of Reduction in Symptoms of Depression for Children and Adolescents in Foster Care. Journal Of Child And Family Studies, 24(3), 784-797. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9889-9
Schools have more esponsibility to Prevent School Violence than ever before
Issues related to school violence have become an increasingly salient issue in modern society. This issue affects schools on many levels. On one level, there rise in the number of tragedies such as mass shootings have increased and these incidents clearly illustrate the need for safer educational environments for children and adolescents. However, there are also more subtle examples of violence that can occur in school environments such as bullying. The evidence that bullying is severe physical and psychological detriment to students has become increasingly clear. Furthermore, technology has also offered new platforms in which violence can occur between students. For example, there have been many cases of online bullying that have occurred on social networks. This analysis will provide a brief overview of different types of violence that can occur in schools as well as a…
Adelman, H., & Taylor, L. (2002). Building Comprehensive, Multifaceted, and Integrated Approaches to Address Barriers to Student Learning. . Childhood Education, 261-268.
Beccerra, S., Munoz, F., & Riquelme, E. (2015). School violence and school coexistence management: unresolved challenges. Procedia, 156-163.
Crews, G. (2014). School Violence Perpetrators Speak: An Examination of Perpetrators Views on School Violence Offenses. Jouranl of the Institute of Justice and International Studies, 41-62.
15. I see teachers tease students.
16. I tease other students.
17. I see students hurting others physically.
18. I hurt others physically.
19. I hurt others emotionally.
20. I am interested in coming to school.
21. I am a good listener.
22. I am involved in extra-curricular activities.
23. I do my homework.
24. I get good grades.
25. Adults listen to me.
26. I am lonely.
27. I feel lonely when I'm at school.
28. I share my feelings easily.
29. I used tobacco within 2 weeks.
30. I used alcohol within 2 weeks.
31. I used drugs within 2 weeks.
(not at all) to 10 (a lot).
Low Substance Culture:
32. Students in this school use tobacco.
33. Students in this school use alcohol.
34. Students in this school use drugs.
What methods will be used to answer the evaluation…
Be the change action plan. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/BTC-Plan.doc.
Ferber, S., Robertson, B., Leigh, G., Fleuridas, C. & Marachi, R. (2007). Summary of Challenge Day student survey. Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/CDStudentSurveyData.pdf.
Frequently asked questions. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/our_program/faq.html#Q1 .
Maklin, M. (2002, May 20). for-profit PC workshops. Insight on the News, 18(18), 45.
Social Media on the Business World
Social media continues to be one of the most disruptive technology platforms there are today, driven by the rapid scalability of web applications coupled with the social dynamics of immediate sharing of data and experiences. The concepts of social media began with the introduction and widespread adoption of Web 2.0 technologies (O'eilly, 2006). The foundational elements of these technologies led to the creation of more advanced social media platforms diverse as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram and a myriad of other social media platforms. Their impact on personal communication is unprecedented, as is their potential to streamline and revitalize how enterprises communicate and collaborate (Kristien, Heene, 2003). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the history of social media, its advantages and disadvantages, explore the myths of social media, dominant websites, the impact of social media on daily life, and also the potential future…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Erickson, L.B. (2011). Web 2.0 and social networking for the enterprise. Research Technology Management, 54(1), 67-68.
Gaytan, J. (2013). Integrating social media into the learning environment of the classroom: Following social constructivism principles. Journal of Applied Research for Business Instruction, 11(1), 1-6.
Kirac, E., & Milburn, A.B., PhD. (2013). How social media information is changing disaster relief routing plans. IIE Annual Conference.Proceedings, 3984-3993.
New media can seem threatening at first, as it signals deep and meaningful changes in the ways information is created and shared in the society. In "Mind Over Mass Media," Steven Pinker (2010) argues that new technologies are typically perceived as threatening until they become commonplace. Early hysteria and fear about new media soon subsides, as the actual effects of the new media are not as adverse as was initially believed. Even the printing press was considered evil in its day, according to Pinker (2010). New media has improved scientific research and has made vast amounts of quality information available more quickly to more people. One of the reasons why new media is not threatening is that the brain tends to keep information fragmented. Learning how to condense one's thoughts into a PowerPoint presentation does not imply that the same person will consistently condense his or her thoughts in other,…
Language Barriers & Issues
Other cultures/languages iii. Issues specific to a given area/school
Improper terms used
Classroom Decorum (or lack thereof)
Gossiping/Cliquish behavior iii. Lack of Attentiveness
Students not staying on task
Insults b. Physical violence/injury
Groups cornering single victim
Text messages iii. Teasing/Taunting by Groups
Poorly Trained and/or Behaved Teachers
Use of unlicensed teachers
Teachers not adhering to curriculum
c. Teachers injecting personal/political/religious views
Overall inexperience of young teachers
a. Racial minorities tend to be poorer
b. Racial minorities more likely to be in single parent household
c. Racial minorities more likely to be discriminated against
d. Racial minorities often perform more poorly on tests
e. Accusations of institutional bias against minorities in general
f. Racist/stereotyping behavior by students
g. Segregated schools/neighborhoods
VI. Student Pacing
a. Students able to…
"Government representatives are responsive to and reliant upon feedback and suggestions from their constituents" and "the most direct way of impacting a legislator is through a letter-writing campaign. The more letters a legislator receives, the more important the issue becomes" (Keene State College Advocates, 2011).
One of the emerging threats that is now a more commonplace threat is that of cyber security. With technology advancing at a rapid rate, it seems that security is sometimes overlooked. Our society is well-versed in how hackers can hack into e-mail, social networking sites and bank accounts but it is absolutely something that the public needs to be more cautious of. A way to combat cyber threats would be to make sure that the computer is completely secure and use common sense when it comes to certain online transactions. People should band together and use one place to reveal the scams that they may…
Garcia, Mary Lynn. (1997). Emerging threats. Retrieved from http://engr.nmsu.edu/~etti/fall97/security/mlgarcia.html
Keene State College Advocates. (2011, March 09). Write to your legislator. Retrieved from http://kscadvocates.org/write-to-your-legislator/
The much-promised value of social networks is then an illusion, with benefits that could easily be attained through other means.
A second aspect of why social networks have such a negative social impact is because it creates a fertile environment for cyber bullying and abuse that many are too cowardly to do in person (Meredith, 2010). Cyber-bulling is often anonymous, concerted across multiple people in a group targeting an outsider, and faceless, yet vicious in its verbal attacks and threats of violence (Meredith, 2010). The point of cyberbuylling is to ostracize someone and also make them feel terrible so they will leave a school, university or workplace permanently. What is very troubling about this type of behavior is the fact that spreads and becomes commonplace across groups; in effect there is a proliferation of hate that occurs because everyone can stay anonymous (Meredith, 2010). Cyberbullying is reason enough to not…
James Bennett, Mark Owers, Michael Pitt, & Michael Tucker. (2010). Workplace impact of social networking. Property Management, 28(3), 138-148.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Di Cagno, D., & Sciubba, E.. (2010). Trust, trustworthiness and social networks: Playing a trust game when networks are formed in the lab. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 75(2), 156.
Hathi, S.. (2008). BILLIONS LOST FROM SOCIAL NETWORKING. Strategic Communication Management, 12(2), 9.
The Positive and Negative Effects of Freedom of Expression within the Social Media in the U.K.
In essence, social media in the UK provides an amazing platform for people to freely express their views, share information, and interact. Indeed, as McGoldrick (2013, p. 49) observes, “Facebook and other internet-based social networking sites (SNSs) have revolutionized modern communications.” Some of the most popular social media platforms in the country include, but that are not limited to, Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, etc. It is important to note that unlike in the physical world where relations between people are governed by various social rules and etiquette standards, relations on social media tend to present a limitless and unrestricting facade. In recent times, some countries have attempted to limit the way people relate on social media – even closely monitoring content in an attempt to ensure that freedom of expression in social media is…
The governments of China clearly believe that if they do not ban shows where the premise is based on the voting then it could lead their citizens to want the right to vote in the government on their own opinions. The influence that television has, in this case by indirectly helping Chinese citizens move in the direction of being slightly more "democratic," is seen as a threat- it is hard to believe that television could threaten the national security of a world super power.
The current influence that television has on individual's lives is only growing stronger as technology continues to develop. Recent developments have shown that television will now be in "three-dimensions," so that individuals who view TV can be full immersed in the movie or show they are watching ("ho Needs It"). But is that even necessary when nine out of ten homes have televisions in their homes…
Adams, Paul C. "Television as a Gathering Place." Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 82.1 (1992): n. page. Print.
"An Interactive Feature." Economist. 29 April 2010: n. page. Web. 18 Oct. 2011. .
Blockbuster Bankruptcy, . "Blockbuster Bankruptcy 2010." Blockbuster, 2011. Web. 18 Oct 2011. .
Chen, Jason. "Google TV Review: It's Kinda the Future." Gizmodo, 26 Oct 2010. Web. 18 Oct 2011. http://gizmodo.com/5672946/google-tv-review-its-kinda-the-future .
light does not turn on one must take several considerations in determining the cause of the situation. In order to figure out why the light is not turning on, analysis of the situation through the scientific method may be utilized. The first step is to pose the question of why the light does not turn on. esearch must then be undertaken to determine the cause. In this instance, there are three different approaches that can be undertaken. The first is to determine if the light does not turn on simply because the light bulb has burned out; the second is to determine if the light does not turn on because there is no power in the house, and if there is no power in the house, is the outage contained solely to the house or is it there an outage on a larger scale, perhaps citywide.
The first hypothesis to…
"The 20th Century's Ten Greatest Public Health Achievements in the United States." (2011).
What is Public Health. Retrieved from http://www.whatispublichealth.org/impact/achievements.html.
A Chronological History of Electronic Development. (1946). New York: National Electrical
Manufacturers Association. Retrieved from http://www.archive.org/stream/chronologicalhis00natirich/chronologicalhis00natirich_djvu.txt .
improvement of life and livelihood in general. It has been my interest to delve into research from the first day I got in touch with it. I fondly remember the excitement on the day I saw the data that I had collected turn into results that gave indications on the fact on human behavior. It was those numbers that lead us to understand people around us more and tell us how we can not only help them but also adjust our approach towards them for a peaceful society. Since the manifestation of my first research in real life application, I decided that I wanted to do jobs that extensively involve research works and changing people's lives. Therefore, I applied and got into the Evaluation, Assessment and Data Center (EADC) of the Orange County Department of Education (OCDE) as an intern in order to see how research could help people in…
Twelve ESL learners who participated subsequently found that participating in text-based online chat rooms promoted a noticeable difference in their face-to-face conversations, particularly in noticing their own linguistic mistakes.
Psychologists stress little if any learning occurs without attention. "Text-based online chat, a particular form of synchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) involving written oral-like conversation, has the great potential of increasing noticing for two reasons:
1. Compared to face-to-face conversations, CMC allows conversations to flow at slower speeds than face-to-face; consequently permitting "speakers" to have longer times to process receiving and producing the target language.
2. CMC can save texts (previous messages) in format that users may later access. (Lai and Zhao)
The following copy of "ESL Online Talk Community" illustrates concept Lai and Zhao present.
Practice makes perfect, but many ESL students do not have opportunities to practice speaking English. This Website is trying to establish an online community to enable…
4. Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
Anti-Jock, Cyber 'Movement'?
Brian ilson, in his article The Anti-Jock Movement: Reconsidering Youth Resistance, Masculinity, and Sport Culture in the Age of the Internet, uses new social movement theory to examine the nature of a cyber-community that has emerged in opposition to the so-called 'jock culture' endemic in American high schools. ilson divides his analysis of the 'anti-jock' youth resistance into two parts. The first part examines published research on youth resistance and then attempts to weave a cohesive argument by relying on new social movement theory to address the role internet-based social media might be playing. In the second part, ilson briefly reviews what is known about jock culture and applies his theory to the emergent anti-jock websites and webzines to see if new social movement theory is adequate to the task of describing this cyber-community. ilson's approach is therefore qualitative in nature and represents a case…
Wilson, Brian. "The "Anti-Jock" Movement: Reconsidering Youth Resistance, Masculinity, and Sport Culture in the Age of the Internet." Sociology of Sport Journal 19.2 (2002): 206-233.
Value More Freedom or Security
Which do you value, more freedom or security?
This is a debate that has been going on for some time now especially in America with some advocating for freedom while others security. I value security as compared to freedom since there are a lot of threats to our security. These threats include terrorist attacks, natural disasters, cyber attacks, and gang activities. It is certain that when these threats are not addressed and well managed then even with freedom we can do very little. For instance, when there is enough freedom without security, would one settle and feel secure? I believe not, for everyone to be calm and happy there is need for security. It should be noted that in as much as everyone would like to be free, security is a pre-requisite. People need to be free from fear, free from arbitrary attacks and threats,…
data collection includes survey form, structured interviews using closed ended questions, and gathering information regarding a sample size appropriate to analyze and draw conclusion on the basis of the research results. The statistical techniques are used for data analysis to analyze collected data in quantitative research methods. The qualitative data is gathered through case study method and open ended question of an unstructured interview from notable sample. The qualitative methods of research are also equally popular in understating the ignored aspects of a topic. The research question discussed below is addressed on the basis of qualitative and quantitates research methodology.
What is the role of social media in affecting law enforcement?
The usage of internet has increased over the past years. Internet technology has encouraged a revolutionary change. Starting form the desktop computers, laptops, handheld computers, to a variety of internet enabled cell phones has created a huge…
Clarke, B. (2012). Deconstructing the rioters: a case study of individuals convicted and sentenced in Greater Manchester. Safer communities, 11(1), 33-39.
Denef, S., Bayerl, P.S., & Kaptein, N. (2013). Social Media and the Police -- Tweeting Practices of British Police Forces during the August 2011 Riots.
Frank, R., Cheng, C., & Pun, V. (2011). Social Media Sites-New Fora for Criminal, Communication, and Investigation Opportunities. Public Safety Canada.
Fresenko, V.L. (2010). Social media integration into state-operated fusion centers and local law enforcement potential uses and challenges (Doctoral dissertation, Monterey, California Naval Postgraduate School).
Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq were all "constructed" as "imperial conveniences for France and ritain" (Gause, 444). And so, when the ritish and French were authoritative landlords, places like Kuwait (a ritish "protectorate" until 1961) were safe from outside interference. ut once ritain was long gone from Kuwait, Hussein had his chance to move in and he did, until the U.S. And its allies pushed him out in 1991.
Conclusion: After WWI, the winners divided up the Ottoman Empire, and that was the origin of the country of Iraq. The history of the Middle East -- beginning in the 19th Century and continuing today -- is shaped by outside forces, by colonialism, war, greed, and cultural conflicts. An alert reader can see why the invasion of Iraq by the U.S. In 2003 was star-crossed in the first place, and why ritain and the U.S. are hated so fiercely by the…
Gause, Gregory F. 1992, 'Sovereignty, Statecraft and Stability in the Middle East', Journal of International Affairs, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 441-460.
Gillen, Paul, and Ghosh, Devleena, 2007, Colonialism & Modernity, University of New South Wales (UNSW), UNSW Press: Sydney, Australia.
Nieuwenhuijze, Chritoffel Anthonie Olivier. 1971. Sociology of the Middle East: A Stocktaking and Interpretation. Brill Archive: Boston, MA.
Public Broadcast Service. 2008. 'Kuwait: Country Profile', retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/kuwait605/profile.html .
Cyberbullying Essay Outline
A. Bullying involves an imbalance of power between the victim and the bully.
B. Bullying is more than just isolated incidents of negative behavior; it requires repetitive behavior.
C. Cyberbullying occurs electronically, via the internet, cell phones, and social media.
II. Imbalance of power
A. Bullies have some type of power over victims.
B. There are different ways that bullies can exert power over victims.
1. Social power
2. Financial power
3. Sexual power
4. Group power
C. Bullying cannot be mutual, but bullies and victims can switch roles over time.
III. Bullying is repetitive.
A. Not all mean actions are bullying.
B. To qualify as bullying, behaviors have to be repetitive.
C. Not all acts of bullying have to be committed by one bully to be considered part of a repetitive pattern of bullying.
IV. Cyberbullying occurs electronically.
A. Cyberbullying can occur several ways:…