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Dental Case Study
The patient in the case that is presented is a Latino male just over 13 years old. He has sickle cell anemia, and suffers from an intellectual disability. This paper reviews the case study from a dental health perspective.
hat is sickle cell anemia? The genesis of this disease is found within the abnormal hemoglobin in the blood stream; the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body change shape when the individual has sickle cell anemia. Hemoglobin S. has the effect of changing the shape of the red blood cells so that they become "…fragile, sickle-shaped" and they bring less oxygen to the tissues of the body (National Library of Medicine). Moreover, the shape of the changed red blood cells means that cells can become "stuck more easily in small blood vessels" and they also break into many pieces which of course reduces the amount…
Moursi, Amr M., da Fonseca, Marcio A., and Truesdale, Amy L. (2012). Clinical Cases in Pediatric Dentistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
National Library of Medicine. (2011). Sickle Cell Anemia. Retrieved November 13, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov.
Raposa, Karen A, and Perlman, Steven P. (2012). Treating the Dental Patient with a Developmental Disorder. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Dental Amalgam: The isks and Alternatives
Some of the most common dental restorative materials currently in use are dental amalgams, but these compounds contain approximately 50% mercury making their use controversial, particularly with young children who may be harmed by long-term exposure. Although there are some viable composite resin alternatives available, dental amalgams with mercury remain the treatment of choice for many practitioners. To determine the current risks and potential alternatives to dental amalgams, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning these issues, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Dental amalgams are a commonly used dental restorative material, but amalgams contain a number of compounds including mercury (Hg) (Geier, Carmody, Kern & King, 2011). A report from Bradbard (1999) notes that despite the mercury content, dental amalgam has a long track record of use.…
Bellinger, D.C., Daniel, D., Trachenberg, F., Taveres, M. & McKinlay, S. (2007, March). Dental
amalgam restorations and children's neuropsychological function: The New England
Children's Amalgam Trial. Environmental Health Perspectives, 115(3), 440-449.
Ben-Gal, G. & Weiss, E.I. (2011, December). Trends in material choice for posterior restorations in an Israeli dental school: composite resin vs. amalgam. Journal of Dental Education, 75(12), 1590-1595.
Dental Assistance (dental Surgery)
I started out as a dental assistant at 19, then became an instructor, and was promoted to a program director before opening my own teaching program in 2000. I work part time at a community college and teach my dental auxiliary courses on the weekends. In that way, I have an extensive background of practice, reflection, observation, and application that is connected to my job. Since I really have two jobs -- dentistry and teaching -- and the essay wishes me to employ just one, I will focus on the overarching one: dentistry.
Note that these four terms - practice, reflection, observation, and application - represent those used by David Kolb's experiential learning theory and indeed my essay format will be designed according to Kolb's theory so as to best illustrate the contributions of experience to my dentistry background.
Kolb considers experience a source of learning…
Feigenbaum, A. Total Quality Control (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991
Learning Theories.com Experiential Learning (Kolb)
In general, studies of commercial resin matrixes indicate volumetric shrinkage in the curing process as great as seven percent, with most undergoing shrinkage of two or three percent (Seghatol & Durand, 1999).
In dentistry, the comparatively small dimensions of the products composed of polymers and the specific point-load stresses sometimes encountered by dentures magnifies the undesirable effects of even small percentages of incomplete polymerization and volumetric shrinkage. Moreover, dental materials are typically designed to fit with much closer mechanical tolerances than two or three percent if they are expected to perform as designed throughout their intended lifespan (Ashby & Jones, 1996).
Ultimately, even with different compositions of monomers selected for their favorable response to heating, curing dental polymers in commercial microwaves cannot provide a complete solution. Commercial microwaves are universally designed so that their magnetrons cycle on and of instead of emitting a constant flow of microwave energy. For this…
Ashby, M., Jones, D. (1996). Engineering Materials. p. 191-195. Oxford: Butterworth-
Heinermann. Seghatol, M., Durand, J. (1999). "Microwave polymerization system for dentistry." United States Patent # 6737619; Retrieved, November 20, 2008, at http://www.freepatentsonline.com/6737619.html
Urban, V., Machado, a., Oliveira, R., Vergani, C., Pavarina, a., Quezia, B. (2007). "Residual monomer of reline acrylic resins: Effect of water-bath and microwave post-polymerization treatments." Dental Materials, Vol. 23, No. 3; pp. 363-368 (3/07).
he purpose of rhetoric's is to persuade the reader to accept the authors' point-of-view. o that end, the authors take great pains in constructing their argument with emotion and pathos and certain structural stylistic skills that, he thinks, will best persuade the readers and grab their attention. Certain articles have to be written in a more authoritative tone than others, and other articles may have to be crafted in a more humorous or entertaining style than others depending on the targeted reader.
he authors in question, Laheij and colleagues (2011), seem to have a mixed readership. On the one hand, the gist of their article ("Healthcare-associated viral and bacterial infections in dentistry") is slanted towards the professional dentist where they exhort him or her to focus on dentil hygiene. On the other hand, their article may also be said to have a peripheral impact on the lay reader…
The article is an excellent example of how rhetoric can be used in enlivening the most boring of subjects. The authors -- skilled rhetoricians -- used persuasion and other skills to bring a potentially boring subject down to the level of lay readers and to make even the most disinterested reader aware of the potency of microorganisms that infilterate the dental environmtn. Their knowledge in and use of the various rhetorical strategies and appeals held them produce a communicable and persuasive piece of writing.
Laheij, AMGA. et al. (2011) Healthcare-associated viral and bacterial infections in dentistry. J Oral Microbiol. 2012; 4: 10.3402/jom.v4i0.17659.
Dental Care in Ethnic Populations Over 65
Borrell, L.N., Burt, B.A., and Neighbors, H.W. (2004, May). Social Factors and Periodontitis in an Older Population. American Journal Public Health. 94(5), 748 -- 754. PMCID: PMC1448332
This article discusses the relationship between age, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and educational level with respect to oral dental health and particularly focuses on periodontitis. Research and conventional wisdom have long pointed to poorer health outcomes for people with lower socioeconomic status than for people with higher socioeconomic status.
Studies on the differences in received dental care for older individuals -- particularly those aged 65 and older -- indicate that oral health is poorer and dental care less frequent for this population. In this article, the authors evaluate various characteristic for blacks, Hispanics (Mexican-Americans), and whites in these age groups: 50-59 years; 60-69 years, and >70 years. The indicator "Time since last dental visit" is telling: 47.7%…
Having a professional to talk to is very important, and a dentist can sometimes be extremely busy and not as available for consultation without making a separate appointment and paying extra. A hygienist generally has a bit more time to talk to patients, and while I would be limited in my duties and my ability to advise patients, I would not be limited in my joy and my encouragement of them. Everyone has a passion for something and I certainly understand those who do not see the fascination with dental hygiene as a career. Not everyone has a desire to stick their hands into people's mouths every day. However, I feel that my calling is to make people want to smile, and this is something that I can do for many of them as a hygienist. There are others ways to try to accomplish the goal of making people smile,…
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is increasingly being recognized as a province of general oral hygiene, making dentists and dental hygienists responsible for recognizing warning signs. HPV is a risk factor for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, a form of oral cancer. It may also be a risk factor in other oropharynx diseases, including cancers of the tonsil and tongue (American Dental Association, 2013). As many as 63% of oral cancers diagnosed have been linked to the presence of HPV. Thus, it is imperative for dentists and other oral health practitioners to help prevent the spread of HPV and identify its presence in patients.
Many Americans will test positive for HPV, but symptoms will often go undetected. Moreover, some dentists have resisted taking responsibility for testing or asking patients about their potential exposure to HPV because "in most cases, the body's immune system can fight off the virus -- but the test…
American Dental Association (2013). Statement on Human Papillomavirus and Squamous Cell Cancers of the Oropharynx. Retrieved online: http://www.ada.org /1749.aspx
"HPV/Oral Care Facts," (2013). Retrieved online: http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/hpv/hpv-oral-cancer-facts.html
Lyden, T. (2013). Oral HPV test: Would you discuss sex life with your dentist? Retrieved online: http://www.myfoxtwincities.com/story/22527765/oral-hpv-would-you-discuss-sex-life-with-your-dentist
The use of amalgam for dental fillings is nothing new. However, the use is also relatively controversial in some circles. While there are many companies and organizations that discuss the safety of amalgam fillings, there are many more that say these kinds of fillings are dangerous and should not be used. Which option is correct and whether it varies from person to person has to be considered. That is the main reason behind this paper - there is controversy, and until there has been information provided and examined it is hard to come to a conclusion about the use of amalgam in dental fillings. People outside of the dental profession may not be familiar with amalgam, and they may refer to their fillings as "silver" fillings because of their color. Despite the coloration, however, these fillings are not silver and contain many other types of chemicals, including mercury.…
American Dental Association (ADA, 2012). Statement on dental amalgam. Retrieved online: http://www.ada.org /1741.aspx
Bellinger, David C., Daniel, David, Trachtenberg, Felicia, Tavares, Mary & Sonja McKinlay. (2007). Dental amalgam restorations and children's neuropsychological function: The New England Children's Amalgam Trial. Environmental Health Perspectives, 115(3): 440-446.
Brent R.L. & M. Weitzman. (2004).The current state of knowledge about the effects, risks, and science of children's environmental exposures. Pediatrics, 13:1158-1166.
Canadian Dental Association (2012). Dental Amalgams FAQs. Retrieved online: http://www.cda-adc.ca/en/oral_health/faqs_resources/faqs/dental_amalgam_faqs.asp
Dental Amalgam: Annotated Bibliograpy
Hol, P.J., Vamnes, J.S., Gjerdet, N.R., Eide, R., & Isrenn, R. (2001). Dental amalgam and selenium in blood. Environmental Researc, 87(3), 141-146. doi:ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1006/enrs.2001.4308
It as been surmised tat Selenium (Se) can protect against mercury (Hg) toxicity in umans tanks to te Hg-Se complex linked to selenoprotein P. In blood. Te study in tis peer-reviewed scientific journal measured Se concentrations in persons wit ealt problems due to dental amalgam fillings. Te Se concentrations of blood samples of 80 study participants were taken over te course of te study. Two groups were studied, one of wic consisted of 21 ealty controls wit amalgam fillings and 20 patients wo claimed symptoms from existing amalgam fillings; te second of wic consisted of 19 ealty controls wit amalgam fillings and 20 symptomatic patients wit te fillings. In te first group te concentration of Se in te blood was lower…
This is an article from one of the most respected daily newspapers in the United States on the use of mercury in dental amalgams. Mercury is a known toxin but the American Dental Association (ADA) points out that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Institutes of Health, the World Health Organization has not found any health risks from its use in dental work. Dental composites have risen in popularity as alternatives to amalgams for aesthetic as well as safety reasons, because they are tooth-colored. Amalgam is cheaper and ostensibly more durable, although some dentists prefer composite because it does not expand and adheres to the tooth. The article presents both sides of the amalgam vs. composite debate without taking a definite side on either issue.
The article is presented to a lay audience and is related from the perspective of someone who may be making a health-related decision regarding the pros and cons of which
The importance of public health dentistry
In the current debate over healthcare, the importance of dental health is often forgotten. However, untreated dental complaints can have a severe impact upon a patient's overall health status. What is tragic about dental health issues is that most can be prevented with proper preventative care. There is a seismic gap between what the profession knows about good health practices and the care it is able to provide, versus the care underserved members of the population are receiving. A 2000 report by the Surgeon General's stated that "while the majority of Americans have adopted safe and effective means of maintaining oral health over the past half century, many experience needless pain and suffering, affecting their overall health and well-being, and exacting financial and social costs that significantly diminish the quality of life" (Why choose a career in public health dentistry, 2011, AAPHD).…
Macek, Mark D., Keith E. Heller, Robert H. Selwltz, Michael C. Manz. (2004). Is 75% of Dental Caries Really Found in 25% of the Population? Journal of Public Health
Dentistry. 6(1): 20-25.
Why choose a career in public health dentistry. (2011). American Association of Public Health
Dentists. Retrieved July 12, 2011 at http://www.aaphd.org/docs/whydentalpublichealth2.pdf
It is established that proper dental hygiene such as brushing teeth, flossing, drinking fluoridated water, and using a fluoride rinse are helpful, but no studies have been conducted to determine how effective each of these measures actually are. Additionally, there is no current evidence as to the optimal time frame for proper treatment and prevention.
Theoretical Framework / Methodology: This study will require a clinical application with short-term followup. The study would involve introducing a common acidic substance to the participant's mouth. The various groups would then use one of the many recommended methods for reversing the acidity. The control group would do absolutely nothing differently from their normal routine. After the process is complete, enamel measurements would be taken to determine the total amount of breakdown present.
Time Scales: Breakdown takes substantial time, so this study would be optimally done overnight. The participants would be exposed to the substance…
This could hardly be seen as a way to lower the healthcare costs of people in this country.
Still, though, it is apparent that something must be done. Healthcare is extremely expensive anymore, and there are more and more people in this country that no longer have health insurance. Because of the lack of insurance that is available to these people, they do not go to the doctor when they really should. As a result, they get sicker until they finally have to go to the emergency room or they end up in the hospital. They certainly cannot pay for these kinds of services any more than they can afford insurance, but hospitalization costs much more than insurance premiums. Since these people cannot pay for the emergency services that they have received, rates for insurance and for procedures must be raised to cover the costs of those that default on…
Alter, J. (2001). Fighting the HMO meanies: managed care is the only industry in America that can't be sued. That makes no sense. Newsweek.
Birger, Jon. "Out Of The Box Yearning for consistency? Johnson & Johnson has delivered 57 consecutive years of rising sales -- and 68 years of increased dividends. Better yet, the company has reinvented itself." Money 30(8) (2001): 84.
Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. 1 November 1998. U.S. House of Representatives Minority Staff Report. September 21, 2005. http://bernie.house.gov/prescriptions/international.asp.
Decarlo, T. (2000). Why you need the right to sue your HMO. Redbook.
This part II should include Exegesis about the Economic Justice.
The world is wrestling today -- as it always was, but perhaps it is more noticeable today -- between extremes of progress and stultification, between extremes of poverty and wealth, and between extremes of greed and lassitude. People, on the one hand, are grasping for more, and then you have, on the other hand, people who have the wealth of half the world and keep in their small nook. It is not only countries that are suffering but individuals, too. And the Church, committed to spreading the Word of God and, consequently, committed to world progress, resolves, as is mentioned in the Vatican Pastoral Constitution, to intervene:
In the economic and social realms, too, the dignity and complete vocation of the human person and the welfare of society as a whole are to be respected and promoted. For…
Experts believe that this is due to overall better care that reduces the need for expensive treatment.
The future of dental care will also expand in the area of cosmetic care. Today, more than ever before in American history people are coming to the dentist for cosmetic care. This can include braces, whitening, bleaching or other procedures that are meant to enhance appearance.
The cosmetic concerns have increased over the years and are projected to continue to increase as the future takes hold.
The technological ability to provide improved cosmetic procedures will be a driving force in the increase in that area of the industry.
As America continues to evolve it becomes evident that the quality of life is improving for the general population. At the turn of last century dental care was something to be tolerated only after the teeth became so infected or rotted out that they…
Delta Dental the Future of Dental Care in the U.S. (accessed 10-17-06)
____(2006)'Dental Office of the Future' Drives into Town to Provide Care to Disabled.
Gadbury-Amyot (2005) examined how well a multifaceted approach to formal ethics instruction that includes community-based service-learning can improve learning and influence the students' attitudes and perceptions about their role as oral healthcare providers in such areas as access to care, disparity, and working in a diverse community. Students noted that service-learning was both professionally and personally enriching and made a significant impact on their person view as providers of health services and community participants. They also reported on the positive aspects of the "hands-on" experience and hoped to have additional opportunities to participate such activities and indicated a desire to address current access to oral health care dilemmas. The combined classroom information with the community-based service-learning component begins a needed dialog for these professionals to meaningfully consider ethical issues and potential resolutions. Immersion is thus found to work best, with hands-on issues. That is, most students will benefit most from…
Bertolami, C.N. (2004) Why our ethics curricula don't work. Journal of Dental Education. 68(4):414-25.
Fox E, Arnold RM, Brody B. (1995) Medical ethics education: past, present, and future. Academy of Medicine;70:761-9.
Gadbury-Amyot, C.G., Simmer-Beck, M., McCunniff, M., and Williams, K. (2005)
Using a multifaceted approach including community-based service-learning to enrich formal ethics instruction in a dental school setting. Journal of Dental Hygiene. 64(5):217-24
The patient would then have the autonomous right to demand antibiotics from the general practitioner.
Fourth, the dentist's preferred practice is not relevant in this dilemma and could not, for example, justify prescribing antibiotics where the potential negative consequences of their use outweighed their purpose. With respect to this principle, the combined application of principles 1 through 3 would override most concerns or rights arising in connection with Principle 4. Fifth, aesthetic values are equally inapplicable to this particular dilemma. Finally, sixth, resource efficiency also militates for the use of prophylactic antibiotics. By comparison, the cost savings attributable to the avoidance of a single instance of preventable bacterial infection could be anywhere from ten times to several thousands of times the cost of providing prophylactic antibiotic treatment before surgery. Together with the rest of the Ozar-Sokol analysis, this principle also requires deferring to the dentist.
Finally, both virtue ethics and…
dental hygienist ?
I still remember everything about her: the way she smiled, the easy way she chatted as she worked, the toothbrushes and good advice she never failed to impart before I left. I was privileged to have had an exceptional dental hygienist while I was growing up. Susana was always nice and personable, professional and knowledgeable, and helped me to develop the good dental hygiene habits I have today. She made my trips to the dentist fun, and is one of the chief reasons that I decided to pursue this profession which I only associated with her most of the time I was in primary and secondary school.
Susana helped to steer my career decision towards the path of a dental hygienist in many ways. Early on, when she asked me what I wanted to be when I grew up I impetuously told her I wanted her job.…
California Employment Development Department provides a comprehensive assessment of the dental assistants' (SOC Code 31-9091) career path and outlook for the future at http://www.labor marketinfo.edd.ca.gov/. At present, dental assistants in California earn in the range of $28,937 to $44,718, with a median salary of $36,021. Like most other professions, benefits for dental assistants working in California depend on the employer and generally require full-time employment status. Currently, the need for dental assistants in California is projected to be slower than the average need for all occupations, with the position of dental assistant experiencing a 12.1% increase (about 5,300 jobs) during the period 2010 to 2020 (Dental assistants in California, 2014). On an annual basis, the California Employment Development Department projects an average of 530 new job openings for dental assistants; in addition, another 920 jobs are projected to become available as a result of et replacement needs for a total…
Dental assistants in California. (2014). State of California Employment Development
Department. Retrieved from http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/OccGuides/Detail .
School to Employment Pathways System. (2014). Postsecondary Education Commission.
The physical extent of the LA is in one building. The number of users is eleven.
odes and workstation types
The total number of nodes you need for your LA network is 9 wherein four computers are for the Receptionist, Scheduler, Billing Clerk and Senior Accounting Staff. Since the building has a four dental office and each one has its own set up of dental equipment we need to have 4 computers, one for each room and since you have a network, any one can have an access especially those people who are involved in Dental and lastly you need to place one computer in the X-ray room.
The most highly recommended workstation is PETIUM 4 with IC Card (3COM Giga Ethernet) this is the most useful nowadays because of its speed and efficiency.
The number of server you need is only one. You may place a variety…
NOS is operating software that has networking components built into its structure. And the best NOS that you can use are the 2003 server because it has an active directory installed and can control the entire administration of your network.
X. LAN Management
LAN Management must have an Administrator, which can control the entire operation of your network especially in terms of technical aspects. Technician is also needed for technical support.
Dentistry and Public Health
There seems to be a lot more to prevent teeth decay than what is known. Even with oral hygiene and dentistry, tooth decay is still the most common phenomena linked to obesity, heart disease and diabetes.
This is where public health comes in and is linked to dentistry. Public Health is composed of at least 3 factors:
The first is germs where a dentist needs to be aware of the prevalence of germs in his own instruments and environment and the necessity of preventing and controlling these germs.
The second concern is fluoridation of water. Much tap water is not fluourized and commercial mouthwashes too may have ingredients that may cause oral cancer. The public health dentist is aware of these
Finally, dental sealant's applied to biting edge of teeth is another way that dentists can prevent oral decay
Oral health predates dentistry since everyone…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
Supertoothndk.org. Supertooth and Good Food Friends -- Home.
Dental Education: Why I am Interested in XXX Dental School
There are several reasons why I would like to attend XXX for my dental education. First, I live in Los Angeles, California. While it is beautiful here and there are fine schools nearby, I would prefer the experience of attending school away from home where I feel I can concentrate on my studies and not have the distractions that so often come from being close to one's home town, friends, and family. Basically, I am looking for a different atmosphere than what this part of California provides, and am hoping that XXX will accept me and give me the opportunity to pursue my education there.
Another reason I would like to attend XXX is that it is a very high-quality school that is known nationwide for its high standards in academics. This is very important to me, as I am…
Select any two commonly used dental materials and their characteristic parameters (based on your background information on stress strain relation of materials).
Dental amalgam is a mixture of elementary mercury (at about 43% to 54%) and an alloy powder (at about 46% to 57%) that consists primarily of silver, tin, and copper. Considerable attention has been given in the dental industry to the fact that dental amalgam contains heavy metals. Dental amalgam is durable and long lasting; it holds up well to the forces of biting and generally wears well. The substance is self-sealing and resists leakage, as it exhibits little to no shrinkage. Dental amalgam restoration is typically completed in one visit, and the frequency of repair and replacement is low. Dental amalgam restoration resists future decay at a high level, but when dental decay does occur in tooth surfaces repaired by dental amalgam, it…
____. (1993, January). Final Report of the Subcommittee on Risk Management of the Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved http://www.health.gov/environment/amalgam1/selection.htm
Calheiros, F.C., Daronch, M., Rueggeberg, F.A., and Braga, R.R. (2014, June). Effect of temperature on composite polymerization stress and degree of conversion. Dental Materials. Elsevier. Retrieved http://www.demajournal.com/article/S0109-5641%2814%2900075-X/abstract
Ornaghi, B.P., Meier M.M., Lohbauer, U., and Braga, R.R. (2014, May). Fracture toughness and cyclic fatigue resistance of resin composites with different filler size distributions. Dental Materials. Elsevier. Retreived http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0109564114001043
Dental School Personal Statement
Thank you in advance for your consideration of my application to enroll in your fine dental school. My interest in dentistry has not been a life-long calling. In fact, after my freshman year in college -- while majoring in Biology -- I began to think about how dentistry would be a wonderful career to pursue, and it certainly had more attraction for me than my employment during that freshman year -- working at BB&T Bank. So I enrolled in night classes at a dental assistant's school.
Learning about oral anatomy was exciting and intriguing for me, and the more I learned about what dentists do for their patients the more I became committed to pursue an education in that direction. I have always enjoyed activities and positions which allow me to work with my hands, and so this was an additional motivation for me to pursue…
16). Some of the options available to patients are (p. 16):
What it Is Colgate Total
Over-the-counter tooth- triclosan and fluoride paste containing the anti- toothpaste bacterial triclosan
Peridex or generic
Prescription mouth rinse chlorhexidine mouth containing'an anti-micro- rinse bial called chlorhexidine
Periochip tiny piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine
Atridox gel that contains the anti- biotic doxycycline
Thread-like fiber that con- tains the antibiotic tetracy- cline
Tiny round particles that contain the antibiotic minocycline
Periostat low dose of the medica- tion doxycycline that keeps destructive enzymes in check
Why it's Used
The antibacterial ingredient triclosan and fluoride reduces plaque and result- toothpaste ing gingivitis. The fluoride protects against cavities.
Peridex or generic
To control bacteria, result- chlorhexidine mouth ing in less plaque and gin- rinse givitis
To control bacteria and re- duce the size of periodon- tal pockets
To control bacteria and…
Adams, T.L. (2003). Professionalization, Gender and Female-Dominated Professions: Dental Hygiene in Ontario. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(3), 267+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002041268
Being a Dental Hygienist Means You Can Clean Up. (2006, February 16). Daily Post (Liverpool, England), p. 25. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013780467
Chojnacki, C. (2006, December 31). Smiles All around Women Clean Up in National Contest for Hygenist of the Year. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), p. 1. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5018805116
Kaldenberg, D.O. (1995). Total Quality Management Practices and Business Outcomes: Evidence from Dental Practices. Journal of Small Business Management, 33(1), 21+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000281668
The public clinics have long queues
There is a family care trend with humane treatment in private clinics
More modern equipment even attracts lower wage earners
Small sized private clinics seem to be the wave of the future in Beijing
November 15, 2010: every child in Beijing schools received a dental checkup and a new toothbrush and paste with instructions for brushing
The annual health care event in Beijing last May cited pampered only children who are given sugary and fatty foods by indulgent parents and grandparents as reason that dental health is falling among youngsters.
Industry special: Pain relief toothpaste said to be a boon to one in three in China
Proctor and Gamble's statement that use of their dental products is increasing and private dental clinics shows increased awareness
Rural Areas Problematic
Too few practitioners
Less awareness due to literacy levels and education
Low income does…
Project Management, Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
Explaining Dental Biofilm to a Client
While showing Pamela the pink/purple disclosing stain on her teeth, she comments "oh-that is from my lunch earlier today. I did not have time to brush before the appointment." espond to her comment by explaining what the disclosing solution showed.
Lark, while I understand your concerns about the results of your recent dental biofilm examination, I would like to take some time to explain the diagnosis in more detail to help alleviate those concerns. First, it is important to remember that dental biofilm is not a disease, nor does it result from poor dental habits on your part, as these naturally occurring collections of bacterial communities are simply microorganisms functioning as nature intended. You have probably heard of plaque, while that oral health issue is widely known, and the data obtained from empirical studies during the last…
Che'rel F, Mobilia A, Lundgren T, Stephens J, Kiger R, Riggs M, Egelberg J. Rate of reformation of tongue coatings in young adults International Journal of Dental Hygiene 2008 January;(6):371 -- 375
Collins FM. Biofilm formation, identification and removal. Pacific Endodontic
Research Foundation 2006 March;3(1)1-7
Hiyari S, Bennet, KM. Dental diagnostics: Molecular analysis of oral biofilms. The Journal of Dental Hygiene 2011 Fall;85(4):256-63
Desire to Pursue a Dental Education
My desire for Dental School admission is basically based on my desire to help the less fortunate members of our society. As an immigrant to this country, I have faced many challenges during the last few years and know from experience what it is to be of unfortunate circumstance.
I was born and raised in Korea. In 1996, during my 10th grade year in high school, my family and I moved to the United States. During my first three years in this country, I faced many difficulties and challenges adjusting to a new language and culture. However, I have learned that persistence and dedication can overcome most of life's challenges. I have succeeded in adjusting to the American culture and have mastered the English language. Moreover, I have excelled in my studies.
After high school, I began my educational studies by enrolling at Santa…
communicates trends affect industry (career path've chosen-Dental Hygiene) ten years. Make create a complete, relevant, effective attention getter; include complete transitions main points; wrap a memorable conclusion.
Current trends affecting the dental industry
Although many occupations are being outsourced, you can't outsource your dental care!
With the aging of the population and increased demand for physical 'perfection,' the demands placed upon the dental industry and career opportunities are likely to increase.
Demand for dental profession: Demographic trends
It has been estimated that "roughly 60 to 70% of the adult American population seeks routine dental care -- a rate that is believed to be holding stable," indicating that there will be a sustained need for the profession in recent years (Lavers 2013).
B. Demand will increase because of population growth in populations with high levels of need: "Based upon census data, the number of people ages 60 to 79 is projected…
Dental hygienist. (2013). U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved from:
Goff, J. (2012). Looking ahead: Industry insiders forecast future trends. Dental Products Report.
Retrieved from: http://www.dentalproductsreport.com/dental/article/looking-ahead-industry-insiders-forecast-future-trends
Washing Procedures in a Dental Office
One of the challenges of teaching a lesson plan founded upon "Standard D2.1: Know how to evaluate potential causes and methods of transmitting infections and how to apply standard precautionary guidelines" according to CTE Standards: California Career and Technical Education Standards (232) is that the lesson plan must simultaneously be informative yet also teach critical skills to students. It must balance the need to convey practical information but not solely consist of lectures: a purely academic understanding of the topic will not necessarily affect student behaviors in the field. To impress upon students the importance of proper hygiene, I would first give an overview of healthcare-related infections to students. I would show photographs of what infections look like, both on the human body and also in microbial form. This would be a profound visual stimulus to students about the consequences that infections can render.…
DePaola, L. (2012). "Infection control in the dental office." Retrieved from: http://www.richmondinstitute.com/article/infection-control/infection-control-in-the-dental-office
Hand-washing procedure. (2013). Lesson Plan.
Standard D2.1. (2013). CTE Standards: California Career and Technical Education Standards. Retrieved from: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/ct/sf/documents/ctestandards.pdf
Quality Development in Advanced Practice field knowledge in nursing: Proposal on Enhancing the dental health of children suffering Congenital Heart Disease
One of the most prevalent development abnormalities found in children is heart disease, and it occurs in about 8-10 in every 1, 000 births. Dental supervision of children with congenital heart problems calls for special care, due to their increased susceptibility to contagious endocarditis, which is associated with bacteremia caused by persistent dental processes. Additionally, these patients always have developmental enamel abnormalities that raises caries risk, and always have deprived oral health. This latter condition may be said to be due to cardiac health problems, whose care and attention may lead to the under-estimation of oral health and inadequate consideration. Additionally, continual administration of liquid drugs containing sucrose as sweetener may cause caries and gingivitis cases in children (Andersson et al. 2013a). Dental ailment may cause dental extractions in…
Andersson, A-C., Elg, M., Perseius, K-I. & Idvall, E. (2013a) Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvements initiatives in Swedish healthcare. BMC Health Services Research, 13(48)
Andersson, A-C., Idvall, E., Perseius, K-I. & Elg, M. (2013b) Sustainable Outcomes of an Improvement Program: Do Financial Incentives Matter? Total Quality Management & Business Excellence
Balmer, R., Booras, G. & Parsons, J. (2010). The oral health of children considered very high risk for infective endocarditis. Int J Paediatr Dent. 20(3):173-8
Frankl, S.N., Shiere, F.R., Fogels, H.R. (1962). Should the parent remain with the child in the dental operatory? J Dent Child.29:150-163.
PEDODONTICS & EPIDEMILOGY CHAPTERS
Pedodontics & Epidemiology
There is not a ton of complexity as it relates to how this research was completed. Indeed, there was a blend of qualitative and quantitative research in a literature review, compare and contrast format. That being said, care was taken to only use scholarly resources and to generally complete the research in a way that was open, honest, genuine and easy to replicate. In the case of this brief treatise, there is a compare and contrast of two different documents on the same overall subject with an honest discussion about what is being said, how the two reports differ, how they are the same and so on. More detail of that will come in the discussion section. No special methodology beyond a compare and contrast of the relevant and available literature is employed. Note that any references or conclusions drawn are from the…
Dental Materials and Their Parameters Characteristics
Dental materials are very critical for health of human teeth; however, some dental materials are frequently used for the teeth while some are rarely used. Temporary dressing and dental restorative materials are commonly used materials that dentists use to restore the healthy teeth. Part of the characteristics of restorative materials is that they should consist of soft and natural hard tissues. Typically, density, dimensional changes and appearance of restorative materials are very important when choosing restorative materials. Dimensional changes are very important in choosing restorative materials and manipulation of materials involves mixing two or more components. Moreover; density is a fundamental property for the design of restorative materials and the use appropriate alloy is very critical to avoid the displacement. The use of resin-based product, hue, chroma and natural acid are very important to assist teeth to resist solubility and erosion. One of the…
McCabe, J.F. & Walls, A. (2009). Applied Dental Materials. UK. John Wiley & Sons.
Alomari Q, El Daraa E. (2010). A randomized clinical trial of in-office dental bleaching with or without light activation. J Contemp Dent Pract. 11:E017 -- E024.
Wang, L. D'Alpino, P.H.P. Lopes, L.G. et al. (2003). Mechanical properties of dental restorative materials: relative contribution of laboratory tests. Journal of Applied Oral Science. 1(3): 162-167.
Dental Health Program for Low-Income Children
Oral Health Promotion
A child's socioeconomic status and gender are significant predictors of susceptibility to life-long dental disease (Broadbent, Thomson, Boyens, and Poulton, 2011). Male children and children from low-income households are less likely to brush daily, floss, or visit the dentist as adults, despite suffering from more prevalent and severe dental disease (p < 0.001 for all associations). When the bulk of the 81.5 billion-plus yearly oral health care burden in the United States consists of restorative dental services provided by dentist (Baelum, Van Palenstein Helderman, Hugoson, Yee, and Fejerskov, 2007, p. 878), any program that encourages daily plaque removal in young children would therefore tend to lower oral health care costs over the long-term.
Dental disease during childhood also has an impact on the child's immediate overall health. The pain and discomfort associated with tooth decay can lead to malnutrition, low body…
Baelum, V., Van Palenstein Helderman, W., Hugoson, A., Yee, R., and Fejerskov, O. (2007). A global perspective on changes in the burden of caries and periodontitis: Implications for dentistry. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 34, 872-906.
Broadbent, Jonathan M., Thomson, W. Murray, Boyens, John, V., and Poulton, Richie. (2011). Dental plaque and oral health during the first 32 years of life. Journal of the American Dental Association, 142, 415-426.
Committee on Clinical and Scientific Affairs. (2010). Report on early childhood caries. Canadian Dental Association. Retrieved from http://www.jcda.ca/uploads/pdf/ccsa/ECC-Report-FINAL-April-2010_for-jcda-website.pdf
Gussy, Mark G., Waters, Elizabeth G., Walsh, Oria, and Kilpatrick, Nicola M. (2006). Early childhood caries: Current evidence for aetiology and prevention. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 42, 37-43.
According to the study, the clinical evidence does not recommend the application of implanto-prosthetic zirconium abutments in a patient's molar region.
Nakumura et al. (2010) conducted a systematic review of Zirconium as a dental implant abutment matter. The focus of their study was to assess the already published data on the concept of concerning zirconia dental implant abutments.
The work was focused on the study of the mechanical properties of zirconium abutments, the peri-implant soft tissues that surround zirconia abutments, plaque accumulation on the zirconia as well as the survival of the zirconia abutments.
The selected studies indicated that the that the zirconium abutments were very reliable in the anterior region from both mechanical and biologic perspectives.The studies also concluded that in comparison with titanium, zirconium abutments may be a material surface that is less attractive for phenomenon of early plaque retention.
The study further indicated that 3 clinical follow-up…
Ekfeldt a, Furst B. Carlsson GE (2011) Zirconia abutments for single-tooth implant restorations: a retrospective and clinical follow-up study. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 22,; 1308-1314 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.02114.x
Gomes, a., Montero, J (2011).Zirconia implant abutments: A review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Jan 1;16 (1):e50-5.
Nakamura K, Kanno T, Milleding P, Ortengren U.(2010).Zirconia as a dental implant abutment material: a systematic review. Int J. Prosthodont. 2010 Jul-Aug;23(4):299-309
Velazquez-Cayon R, Vaquero-Aguilar C, Torres-Lagares D, Jimenez-Melendo M, Gutierrez-Perez JL.(2011).Mechanical resistance of zirconium implant abutments: A review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Dec 6.
Bell (2011) reported on work at the University of Illinois School of Dentistry which led researchers to conclude that raisins, consumed either alone or added to sugared bran flakes, lowered the pH in the mouth, thus making that environment less hospitable for bacteria-causing caries. aisins thus may be an alternative hygienists can recommend to patients and parents as a food that satisfies the craving for sweetness but is a healthier choice for teeth.
There are no "wykked worms." Tooth decay is not something that just happens. Caries are both preventable and treatable. Dental hygienists have an important mission to not only provide oral care but to educate patients about nutrition and decisions under personal control that support good oral health.
Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M.,…
Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M., van Loveren, C., and van Schothorst (2009. Summary and general conclusions/outcomes on the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. Obesity Reviews 10, 55-58.
Anderson, C.A., Curzon, M.E.J., Van Loveren, C., Tatsi, C. And Duggai, M.S. (2009). Sucrose and dental caries: A review of the evidence. Obesity Reviews 10, 41-54.
Bell, S. (2011). Here come the raisins. RDH Magazine 3. [Online] Available: http://www.rdhmag.com/index/display/article-display/3826569535/articles/rdh/volume-31/issue-3/features/here-come-the-raisins.html [March 11, 2011]
Associated Press. (2009). Cut back, way back, on sugar, says heart group. MSNBC Online. [Online] Available: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32543288/ns/health-diet_and_nutrition / [March 12, 2011]
For example, if the mother has a computer at home and uses it regularly the hygienist can suggest some Web sites that contain information about the oral health effects of tobacco use. The mother might want to learn more about oral health in general, which would encourage her to monitor Jason's habits and scrutinize his behavior to the point where she might notice if he had been smoking. If Jason's oral health deteriorated over time, the hygienist might need to make more overt statements to the mother such as, "Jason assured me that he is not using tobacco, but I am concerned about the lesions in his mouth." The hygienist also needs to confide in the presiding dentist.
3. Which of the ethical principles apply to this situation? Explain your response from both the dental hygienist's perspective and the patient's perspective.
The dental hygienist is experiencing an ethical dilemma. On…
Poor dental health can be a portal that allows bacteria and other infectious organisms into blood stream. Poor dental health care can also lead to poor outcomes of dialysis. Heart disease patients have special needs when it comes to dental care. Spreading this knowledge would motivate patients with these diseases to visit Eastside clinic regularly.
If staffing of more employees is not able to attract more patients to the clinic then the clinic would make a greater loss than it is currently making.
Kool Smiles being a profit making organization might be more efficient and have a more cooperative and friendly staff which can attract Eastside clinic patients towards them.
Promotions through dental vehicles would lead to extra costs such as repairmen of vehicles and fuel costs for which the clinic might not have funds.
The clinic might not have enough funds to employee more people
Vissers, J. & Beech R. (2005). Health operations management: patient flow logistics in health care. USA: Routledge.
Pierce, S. (2010). Dynamic Capacity Management For Health Care. USA: Taylor & Francis.
Kovener, A. & Knickman J. (2005). Health care delivery in the United States. USA: Springer.
Wall, A. (1996). Health care systems in liberal democracies. USA: Routledge.
In an effort to provide better care for its patients, arises the need to design a network able to support a new multi-location dental care practice. In this report, we will provide a clear set of requirements for the network solution, and then identify the information that is to be protected as well as their related security requirements. Also, we will identify the types of network components, devices and equipment that would be involved in meeting the needs of the stationary offices and all four mobile dentists, and then we will provide a network design diagram that shows an appropriate network configuration to meet the requirements. Finally, we will explain the benefits of the proposed network solution, and identify the risks and risk mitigation strategies associated with the proposed network solution.
With five dental offices currently operating, we need to design a network that will integrate databases of…
DAUTI, B.A. (2007, April 26). METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORK AND WEB PORTAL FOR THE CITY OF GJILAN. Retrieved August 18, 2012, from UMUC Europe Web site: http://ac-support.europe.umuc.edu
Dr. Cole, E. (2007, October 26). Types of Networks. Retrieved August 18, 2012, from Sans Technology Institute Web site: http://www.sans.edu
Stines, M. (2003). Remote Access VPN - Security Concerns and Policy Enforcement. Retrieved August 18, 2012, from SANS Institute Reading Room site: http://www.sans.org
White, C.M. (2011). Introduction to Metropolitan Area Networks and Wide Area Networks. In C.M. White, Data Communications and Computer Networks (pp. 276-320). Course Technology Cengage Learning.
Another solution that is being looked at is the idea of setting up medical homes that include dental services (Friedman, 2012). These consist of providers offices where patients and their medical histories are identified, preventive services and treatments are constant, and there is a guarantee of sustained access. These are considered to be like one-stop-shops where people can go to get the services that they need in order to get health and stay healthy. Continuity in health care is a very important aspect. People need to have continues well care in order to stay as healthy as they can and avoid serious illnesses that are not good for anyone.
One way that is mentioned in the article Access to Dental Care: a National Scandal (Friedman, 2012), to address the challenges in the political climate associated with the production or distribution of resources is in the area of health Promotion and/or…
Friedman, E. (2012). Access to Dental Care: A National Scandal. Retrieved from http://www.hhnmag.com/hhnmag/HHNDaily/HHNDailyDisplay.dhtml?id=25400060
A few general observations are called for now. Trying to get through to a child is one thing, but if the dentist himself/herself is the only person instilling good habits and protocols, the child will likely not stick with the good habits. It is imperative that the parent set the guidelines and it is equally important that the child sees the parent practicing what they preach. If the parent is simply giving lip service but is not doing what he/she tells the child to do, it will almost certainly not stick (at least not as well) as it would if the parent is doing what they are asking the child to do. This is not unlike most good habits.
The parents should also make it a point to show proper technique and monitor the child discreetly as they do their brushing and flossing to make sure that the child is…
Trends in globalism, stakeholder knowledge and technology -- all part of the 21st century environment, have changed marketing from a more monolithic approach to the market to a model that has actually been in place for centuries yet has now found a way to move from the small business environment to the larger organizational model simply because its strengths are just what is needed to perform in a new environment. This concept, entrepreneurship, has its origins in the French verb entreprendre, meaning "to undertake" (Hultman, C., et al., 2011). In a sense, every organizational idea starts with a core idea and thus has some entrepreneurial tendencies. These ideas have a core relationship in that they require innovation and risk in order to come to fruition (economic gain). More than anything else, the idea of entrepreneurship is a mind-set, a mode of operating as opposed to a strict method; a…
Audretsch, D. (2007). The Entrepreneurial Society. New York: Oxford University Press.
Foreman-Peck, J., & Zhou, P. (2010, August). The Strength and Persistence of Entrepreneurial Cultures. Retrieved from Cardiff Business School: http://business.cardiff.ac.uk/research/academic-sections/economics/working-papers
Frazier, L., & Madjidi, F. (2011). ICT and Social Entrepreneurship. Research in Information Technology, 8(2), 3-10.
How to Start a Cigar Lounge. (2012). EHow.com. Retrieved from:
A dentist must also understand the compositions of the products used to treat various oral issues. It is essential to understand the different types of fillings available, and know which is the best type to use in each case.
Senior citizens can present a number of problems to an uncaring dentist. Many have had bad experiences while visiting dentists in the past, and therefore have not had a proper checkup in years. The fears of these patients can ultimately result in poor oral hygiene, and problems which could have been averted had proper treatment had been received.
I will strive to put these patients at ease as I work to erase years of neglect.
Better Life understand many people have a fear of going to the dentist due to past experiences, and I want to change that. I know that there is no such thing as a small…
Statue and ules and egulations Concerning Dental Hygienists and Dentist in Hawaii and Florida
American Dental Hygienist's Association is the largest governing body for maintaining the dental hygiene and care. The members of ADHA body get pleasure from professional support, educational programs and other variety of opportunities for them to participate and strengthen their decision making process and professional expertise. Government affairs division of ADHA works in close association with state constituent to support issues that are important for the dental care of public and dental hygiene profession. This covers licensing, scope of practice, patient access to care, water fluoridation and other dental care services. The dental hygienists interest is promoted through the governmental affairs division through federal and state policy efforts. The legalization of the ADHA affairs sustain close collaboration with other institutions where public or private to institutionalize the oral health policy document and improve the quality of…
ADHA's corporate website, (2011) User Guide to ADHA's Government Affair Division,
Retrieved on 28th Sept 2011 through:
Chapter 448 hrs dentistry, Retrieved on 28th Sept 2011 through:
Business eport on Dental Prima
The Firm's Specific Advantages for its Internal Environmental Assessment
Accessing Foreign Markets and their Buyers
Key Global Environmental Issues
Political, Economic, Social and Technological Environments
Key Challenges and Opportunities in Foreign Markets
Market Entry Modes
Structure and Control Mechanisms
Logistics & International Business Operations
Prima Dental is based in Gloucester in the United Kingdom and has a legacy of more than 150 years. It is among the oldest of dental companies in the UK (Primadental.com, 2016). The company produces a wide range of high-tech tools that are used for dental treatments the company has business all over the world. The company has been achieving double-digit sales growth in the last few years and considers itself a global leader in precision dental products. The core competencies of the company include its extensive research work that helps it to come up with new and innovative…
Amante Garcia, B. and Martinez Martinez, M. (2014). Internationalization: Changes and challenges chasing internationalization targeting. J. Technol. Sci. Educ., 4(1).
Bateman, I., Lovett, A. and Brainard, J. (2003). Applied environmental economics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Cadle, J., Eva, M., Hindle, K., Paul, D., Rollason, C., Turner, P., Yeates, D. and Cadle, J. (2014).Business Analysis. Swindon: BCS Learning & Development Limited.
Chanakira, M. (2012). Factors Affecting the Choice of Market Entry Modes in the African Telephony Industry. International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics, 1(2), pp.1-15.
Moreover, nurses are in a position to identify cases of poor oral health among patients visiting the primary care unit of a healthcare center. For this reason, Kaylor et al. (2011) recommend nurses as an intervention measure in improving oral health in the community, since they can identify women at risk of poor oral health. They identify that nurses can work with low-income women in the community and educate the population on oral health. The review of literature advocates that oral health can be improved in the community by mobilizing community resources like local government, healthcare providers, and primary care providers like nurses in educating the population on the importance of oral health. This is through making contact with at risk populations in the healthcare set up and providing education on oral health. Nurses also can reach out to at risk populations through community-based programs that promote public health. Lastly,…
Formicola, a.J., Ro, M., Marshall, S., Derksen, D., Powell, W., Hartsock, L., & Treadwell, H.M. (2004). Strengthening the Oral Health Safety Net: Delivery Models That Improve Access to Oral Health Care for Uninsured and Underserved Populations. American Journal of Public Health, 94(5), 702-704.
Kaylor, M., Polivka, B.J., Chaudry, R., Salsberry, P., & Wee, a.G. (2011). Dental Insurance and Dental Service Use by U.S. Women of Childbearing Age. Public Health Nursing, 28(3), 213-222.
Krisberg, K. (2004). Prevention key to rural oral health outreach programs. Nation's Health, 34(4), 11-12.
Zabos, G.P., Northridge, M.E., Ro, M.J., Trinh, C., Vaughan, R., Howard, J., & ... Cohall, a.T. (2008). Lack of Oral Health Care for Adults in Harlem: A Hidden Crisis. American Journal of Public Health, 98, S102-S105.
The research thus concludes the essence of having quality and effective legislation addressing the aspects of overall oral health of the people.
Additionally, the Canadian Dental Association also relates several issues of the overall body health to the oral health of the individual. In view of the article on the relation "oral health -- good life," the article gives information on the essence of good oral health, indicating some of the illnesses of ill oral health (Chattopadhyay, 2011). In this article, the relation between the ill oral health and the overall health of the body is that the mouth is the ingress to the body. Therefore, an individual with ill oral health is at the highest risk of having infection that affects the whole body system severely. According to this article, it emphasizes the need for dentists-patient relation as the dentists is the only person with the skill, expertise and…
Chattopadhyay, a. (2011). Oral health epidemiology: Principles and practice. Sudbury, Mass:
Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Ramseier, C.A., & Suvan, J.E. (2010). Health behavior change in the dental practice. Ames,
Infections of the implantation area the mainly widespread of the dental implant complications. Implant infection is a state which is known as peri-implantitis which has a sign of swelling or inflammation of the tissues adjacent to the implantation area. Peri-implantitis is a type of periodontal disease that is able to result to inflammation, bone loss and failure in dental implant in any case it is not treated appropriately. A flame is part of a fire. Inflammation is a situation where a tissue gets swollen, red, and frequently hurts. About dental implants, it is an inflammation that can be caused by trauma or infection. Inflammation causes several special defensive cells to move to the inflamed area. Inflammation is capable of resulting to bone loss together with dental implants, where bone loss is a dangerous situation. The supporting bone holds the dental implant in the jaw.
Generally, the purpose of the…
Hayek (2005) Comparative study between the effects of photodynamic therapy and conventional therapy on microbial reduction in ligature-induced peri-implantitis in dogs. Journal of Periodontology 76, 1275 -- 1281.
Loe, H., Theilade, E. & Jensen, S.B. (1965) Experimental gingivitis in man. Journal of Periodontology 36, 177 -- 187.
Mombelli, A., Nyman, S.R. & Lang, N.P. (1994) Experimentally induced peri-implant mucositis. A clinical study in humans. Clinical Oral Implants Research 5, 254 -- 259.
Renvert, S., Roos-Jansa"ker, A.M., Lindahl, C., Renvert, H. & Persson, G.R. (2007) Infection at titanium implants with or without a clinical diagnosis of inflammation. Clinical Oral
California Career and Technical Education Standards (2564)
Industry Sector Health Science and Medical Technology (426)
Pathway D. Support Services (78)
Strand D1.0 Students understand the responsibilities of their roles and perform their tasks safely by using appropriate guidelines (51)
Standard D1.3 Know the process for evaluating compliance with corporate, legal, regulatory, and accreditation standards, ethics, and codes.
Standard Performance Objective: Given tasks in the dental office, student will demonstrate competency in performing their duties properly and safely within prescribed guidelines, referring to appropriate text in manuals as necessary.
Lesson Objective: At the end of the lesson the student will be able to prepare trays for several procedures, including routine dental exam, simple extraction, and treatment of caries with 100% accuracy within 30 minutes.
Equipment/Supplies: Instruments for dental procedures, including items for patient safety such as paper drape, clips, lead shield, rubber dam, and protective eyewear.
Comment: Savage and Walsh…
California Department of Education (2006). California career technical education model
curriculum standards: Grades seven through twelve. Sacramentao, CA: CDE Press.
DePaola, L.G. (2012). Infection control in the dental office. The Richmond Institute. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15641333
Savage, N.W., and Walsh, L.J. (1996). Integrating infection control into the dental curriculum. Australian Dental Journal 42(6), pp. 395-398.
Assessment of risk factors for oral cancer and patient education activities; and 6. Interest in additional training.
I selected this article because of the importance of the topic. All too often, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are considered primarily superficial. Meanwhile, dental hygienists are in position to contribute tremendously to patient health and welfare to the extent they perform oral cancer screenings routinely. According to the research findings, adherence to such diagnostic practices is sporadic at best and substantially dependent on time constraints, the focus and instructions of employing dentists, awareness of need and importance of the issue, and lack of adequate awareness training in hygienists' educational programs. The results also indicated that many experienced dental hygienists are among the least likely to focus on oral cancer screening simply because the topic was not regularly covered in dental hygienist training programs until relatively recently. Others expressed frustration…
Another caution that exists for people suffering from lupus is to exercise caution before and after receiving dental treatment. Lupus patients could develop serious heart infections from the streptococci that might be released into their bloodstream during routine dental procedures, even bi-annual teeth cleanings (Blau and Schultz, 174). The infection can travel to the heart when the patient has certain other manifestations of lupus, and, if the patient has developed a condition called verrucous endocarditis, then it can be deadly if the streptococci infect the heart (Blau and Schultz, 174). Therefore it is strongly recommended that prior to and following dental procedures and cleanings that lupus patients receive antiobiotics that can help them to be prepared to defend their body against the streptococci (Blau and Schultz, 174-175).
The antibiotic -- usually amoxicillin, or another member of the penicillin family, or erythromycin in cases of penicillin allergy -- is taken an…
Blau, Sheldon Paul, and Dodi Schultz. Living with Lupus: All the Knowledge You Need to Help Yourself. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books, 1993. Questia. 21 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=91348486 .
De Rossi, Scott S. DMD, and Glick, Michael, DMD. Lupus Erythematosus: Considerations for Dentistry. Journal American Dental Association, vol 129, March, 1998, 330-339.
Family assistance programs provide assistance for employees and families in need. These have the benefit of strengthening employee commitment and loyalty to the workplace by boosting employee morale. The work-to-family program, for example, helps employee scope with caring for children or aging parents by providing assistance as part of insurance benefits. There is also a family assistance program to address partner violence, which has a severe effect on employee productivity and well-being. A further assistance program is offered to families of military personnel deployed to combat environments. Such programs provide both financial and moral support to families who must cope with such separation in the long-term.
It is vital for employers to provide employees with these kinds of assistance, since they cultivate both loyalty and well-being among employees. Both these factors tend to increase the ability of employees to deliver good service.
Department of Health and Human Services…
Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. Retrieved from: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/index.html
Frugal Trader (2011). Defined Benefit Pension vs. Defined Contribution Pension. Million Dollar Journey. Retrieved from: www.milliondollarjourney.com/defined-benefit-pension-vs.-defined-contribution-pension.htm
Hall, D. (2011, Jun 14). Employee and Family Assistance Program. Retrieved from: www.livestrong.com/article/300731-employee-family-assistance-program/
Jennifer, K. (2012). Government Regulations on Discretionary Benefits in the United States. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/list_7385963_government-discretionary-benefits-united-states.html
A fully functional tooth developed for the mouse as a result of the experiment. The authors proposed the use of such technology as a model for future organ replacement therapies. "The bioengineered tooth, which was erupted and occluded, had the correct tooth structure, hardness of mineralized tissues for mastication, and response to noxious stimulations such as mechanical stress and pain in cooperation with other oral and maxillofacial tissues" (Ikedaa 2009, p. 113475).
The ability to regenerate fully functional adult teeth could yield considerable improvement in the ease and lifestyle quality for individuals who would previously have to have dental implants.
The clinical implications for the success of the study extend far beyond that of the field of dentistry. Stem cell therapy has the potential to restore the partial loss of organ function of neural cells in patients with Parkinson's disease and to generate new organs for…
Ikedaa, Etsuko. (2009, et al.). Fully functional bioengineered tooth replacement as an organ replacement therapy. PNAS. 106 (32): 113475-113480. Retrieved November 4, 2010 at http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/07/31/0902944106.full.pdf+html
The pain was unbearable. I hardly slept that night. Regardless of the fact that I had earlier on ingested two pain killers, the toothache refused to fade away. To this day, this particular night remains the longest I have ever had. Anyone out there who has experienced the agony of a toothache perfectly understands what I mean. For the entire night, the toothache kept subsiding and then coming back in full force. I was actually forced to weak up at 5AM and wait for daybreak so that I could have my parents accompany me to the dentist. To cut the long story short, the offending tooth was eventually extracted at the dentist's office later that morning. To me, it appeared as if the dentist was God sent. In fact, at that moment, he was the only person that really mattered to me. He possessed the 'power' to 'blow away'…
Fluoridation: A Public Health Debate
Fluoridation (the adding of fluoride to water) has been a hotly debated health issue for over half a century. Some advocate fluoridation by citing the many oral benefits available through the process, heralding the betterment of public hygiene that has been achieved from the procedure's inception. Detractors, on the other hand, point out the possible side effects from the abuse of fluoridation, the health problems being experienced around the globe by countries with fluoridated water, and the indelible rights of man. Because the decision to fluoridate drinking water or not affects so many of the worlds population it is definitely a worthy topic to sink ones teeth into.
The concept of fluoridation began in the early 20th century by a Colorado Springs, Colorado dentist named Frederick McKay. Upon moving to the area from the East Coast, McKay noticed that several of his patients "exhibited strange…
http://www.ada.org -- retrieved February 18, 2002
http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/oh/fl-info.htm -- retrieved February 18, 2002
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov -- retrieved February 18, 2002
www.nofluoride.com -- retrieved February 18, 2002
According to Martin Giniger, a dental professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, there is a growing array of whitening products has arrived on store shelves, costing between $15 and $30 each, compared to professional treatment from a dentist at a cost of $300 or more (Uhlman Pp). Giniger says that peroxide gels are safe when used as directed any that problems arise usually involve gum irritation or tooth sensitivity (Uhlman Pp).
Dentist administered teeth bleaching has earned the American Dental Association seal of approval, but over-the-counter whitening systems have not been approved yet due to insufficient clinical studies (Fishman Pp). Custom-fitted trays prepared by the dentist for home use cost about half as much as those performed in the dentist's chair, however, requires several checkups (Fishman Pp). Over-the-counter whitening kits generally contain as little as 5% peroxide and most, according to the ADA, are minimally…
Nuss, Ellen F. "How safe is tooth bleaching?" The Dental Assistant. 5/1/2004; Pp.
Laser treatments OK'd for tooth decay." FDA Consumer. 7/1/1997; Pp.
Howe, D.K. "To Bleach or not to Bleach?" American Fitness. 7/1/2001; Pp.
Uhlman, Marian. "Demand Rises for Teeth-Bleaching Processes as Americans
I know they found that the bacteria can only come from the mouth, but I just wonder if they are positive that was what caused the baby's death.
I would also be interested to find out why this positive correlation between gum disease and stillbirth has only been found up until now in animals. Have they just never tested humans for this before? Or have they tested them before and found not correlation until now. If the latter is the case, then why is this particular patient's outcome more viable than other tests that had the opposite results?
I am the type of person who always wants to know the how's, why's where's and when's, so I may be expecting too much from one small article. However I cannot help but wonder if some of the claims in the article are a bit sensationalized in the sense that they are…
Merolla, Lisa. Gum Disease can Lead to Stillbirth. Cosmos, January, 27-2010
The world of dentistry today is particularly exciting because of the new technological improvements the profession has witnessed in recent years. As a child, I remember seeing an elderly friend of my grandmother put her dentures in a glass for cleaning. Now such uncomfortable equipment is almost unheard of, in a world of dental implants. The sophistication of x-rays to detect dental problems in their earliest stages has increased exponentially.
In my view, and what I would like to contribute to the profession personally in my future work as a dentist, is the ability of dentists to encourage patients to engage in preventative care. Dentists have a uniquely privileged position as health care providers in that they frequently treat patients of all ages. They can advise the tiniest children to take better care of their teeth by brushing and flossing every day. They can help adolescents avoid junk food and…
¶ … Invention and Summarize the Significance of the Underlying Technology Innovation
The device titled the Thornton Adjustable Positioner or TAP is an oral/dental device worn in the patient's mouth during sleep to move the lower jaw slightly forward to create an open airway for proper breathing while sleeping. The device or some like them have been previously tried on minor sleep disturbances such as snoring, yet, their efficacy has been unknown for more serious problems such as mild to severe sleep apnea. Sleep apnea, a disorder that creates oxygen deprivation during sleep and can moderately to severely affect the health of the individual first by depriving the individual of restful sleep and in more severe cases by creating oxygen deprivation that can lead to other chronic diseases or even acute death from asphyxia.
Up to this point the most commonly prescribed device for sleep apnea is a device that…