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This highlights one of the clearest philosophical drawbacks for a correctional focus which is geared toward incapacitation. Indeed, we might regard this as an example where 'just desserts' might be an approach affiliated with the overlooked demands of Pittman's case. Particularly, we can see by the language which was used to convict him, the Pittman's case incited an interest in incapacitation based on the sense that his crimes presented a clear threat to society were he not contained. In the case of Pittman, we may make the argument that his crimes are significant enough to warrant the use of incapacitation. However, from a precedent standpoint, it is a disturbing indication of the individual and systemic flexibility given to members of the judiciary to evaluate the viability of trying a minor as an adult. The clear psychological, emotional and experiential differences between developing and developed individuals suggests that there is a…
Anderton, Phil. (2006). ADHD and Justice -- Working in Partnership. ADHD Care Pathway. Online at http://adhdcarepathway.net/adhd/multiagency_working/criminal_justice.php
Best, Richard. (2007). Sharing Law Enforcement and Intelligence Information: The Congressional Role. CRS Report for Congress. Online at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33873.pdf .
Causeway. (2004). Northern Ireland Criminal Justice Programme Wins National Innovation Award. Causeway.gov.uk.
Corrections Today. (2001). Reclaim Ohio: Building Ohio's Juvenile Justice Infrastructure. Access My Library.
Room for Dessert
1. How do you rate the business plan for RFD? How do you rate the business idea itself? (Use a 1 to 5 scale, 1 being weak and 5 being very strong.)
The business idea is worth 4/5 for the following reasons: From the introduction part of the proposal it is clear that Room for Dessert is enjoying good business and high customer numbers. The administration has a busy time answering phone calls from people seeking to reserve a table and from people placing orders. On the other hand, many business people from surrounding offices are coming in to place order, pick their previously ordered desserts, and to purchase some liquor or backing ingredients. Tourists and shoppers also find RFD a favorite spot. Customers find this spot better in terms of ambience, and cost effectiveness compared to other famous spots like Starbucks.
This business plan seeks to…
Food Menu and Nutrition
Food Menu Overview
The objective of this study is to create two food menus as follows: (1) one healthy food menu; and (2) one unhealthy food menu, from a local fast food restaurant. Following the creation of these menus, this work will write a nutritional analysis of the meal created, discuss the reaction of the writer to this information and describe how this will affect the food choices of the writer in the future in terms of food choices from fast food restaurants.
The food choices that one makes when dining at fast food restaurants make a great difference in the amount of nutrition received from dining at fast food restaurants as well as the total calories that are consumed and the other factors that make foods either healthy or unhealthy for consumption. One might assume that dining at a fast food restaurant is in general…
McDonald's USA Nutrition Facts for Popular Menu Items (nd) Nutrition McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/getnutrition/nutritionfacts.pdf
Nutrition Calculator (nd) McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://www.mcdonalds.ca/ca/en/food/nutrition_calculator.html
Dominican Culture: An Overview
The Dominican epublic is unique from all other Latin American nations in part because it's heritage relates to Haitian cultural traditions rather than solely Spanish ones, much like the rest of Latin America (Brown & Standish, 1999). In fact, the Dominican epublic received its independence from Haiti not Spain (Brown & Standish, 1999). This is not to say that Spanish colonial influences are not evident in the country; in fact they are widespread, particularly within the realm of architectural structures and art.
The official religion of the Dominican epublic is oman Catholicism (Brown & Standish, 1999:69). More than 90% of the citizens living in this country are oman Catholic. There are other religions prevalent in the country however including Protestantism and the traditional religious system of native Taino Indians, who practice cohoba religious ceremonies and also Gaga, which is the Dominican version of voodooism (Brown &…
Brown, Isabel K. & Standish, Peter. "Culture and Customs of the Dominican Republic."
Westport, Greenwood Press, 1999.
Kryzanek, Michael J. & Wiarda, Howard J. "The Dominican Republic." Boulder,
Westview Press, 1992.
However, there is a unanimously accepted opinion that the best way to curb this problem is through voluntary actions and consumer education.
Buffet dining another type of restaurant commodity primarily attends clients who are interested in getting economical deals of unlimited quantity and diverse platter of multi-cuisines. The buffets are second on the restaurants hit list, and make considerable business especially in breakfast and dinner platter when families can come and spend time together. Buffets include almost all cuisines, appetizers, salad bars, soups, beverages, seafood and desserts and are instantly served. The variety could be as extensive as 250,000 different meals and snacks served on the buffet table, as at Walt Disney World food-service fantasia everyday (Nation's estaurant news); often food is accompanied by light music or other performing art entertainment. Buffets usually thrive in vacation and tourism spots in tropical areas, islands, and places that draw big crowds…
Jacquelyn Lynn, Feb 2003, You Are What You Eat: A How-To For The Budding Restaurant, Entrepreneur, Pg 1.
Judith Potwara, July 2004, Breaking the chain: a declaration of independents against chain restaurants, Entrepreneur, pg 1.
Fast growing, fast food, August 1, 2005, Retail Traffic.
Jayne Hurley and Bonnie Liebman, March 2005, Fast food in '05, Nutrition Action Healthletter. Page 1.
products that you have selected, the category in which they fall and the primary target market for each of the products.
The Coca-Cola beverage, produced by the Coca-Cola company of Atlanta, Georgia is sold in more than 200 countries. The Company produces the coca-cola (otherwise called Coke) beverage which is then distributed to licensed international Coca-Cola bottlers. It is perhaps one of the most well-known beverages in the world and is synonymous to the American name. Its category is a carbonated soft drink drunk for pleasure. Its target age group is 18-25 that covers around 40% of its total age segments (Zimbio.)
Sweetened condensed milk
Condensed milk is cow's milk from which water has been removed. It is most often sold as sweetened condensed milk where sugar is added. Its category is a condensed beverage that is used for inclusion in baking, or can be added to coffee or…
Marketign week. Coca coal http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/brands/coca-cola/
Van den Berg Evaporated and condensed milk.
Justice is an ambiguous term that refers to a sense of equality and 'fairness'. Social justice refers to the way in which this ideological term is put into practice. At its most basic level, social justice is the way in which a community is governed: the laws, norms and sanctions that are put into place according to the form of government. ith criminal behavior, the issues of safety and moral decision-making become an important component of the debate. If crime is considered an environmentally caused event, as opposed to a personal characteristic and, or, choice, then the type of system is needs to be re-evaluated and reconstructed. The importance of commitment in conventional social control is well established, however, there has recently been an increase in interest and a 'reframing' of many of the core concepts associated with 'the need to settle a score' or punishment. Commitment…
Mill, John Stuart. Utilitarianism. At http://truth.wofford.edu/~kaycd/ethics/mill.htm
Von Hirsch, Andrew. Doing Justice: The Choice of Punishments. (New York, NY: Hill & Wang, 1976)
The Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission and Strategy at Kraft Foods
Key Strategic Controls
Primary Human esource Concerns
Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission, and Strategy
Kraft Foods are a major North American Food manufacturer. The firm has a duel mission, to be the best food and beverage firm in North America selling products that people love and becoming the best investment in the industry. To achieve these goals and overcome, the challenges of the past, the firm has developed a new divisional structure based on products to increase the focus on the individual brands. The culture values the employees, and one of the main areas of focus is the &D, with more than 500 staff employed in 2 &D centers. The past culture of Kraft saw innovation associated with failure, this has now been turned around using an approach referred to "positive discontent',…
Buchanan, D; Huczynski, A, (2010) Organizational Behavior, Harlow, FT/Prentice Hall
CSI Market (2014), Kraft, accessed at http://csimarket.com/stocks/competitionSEG2.php?code=KRFT
Forbes, (2013, March 22), How Kraft Changed the "Change" Perception, Forbes, accessed at http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkotter/2013/03/22/3822/
Kraft Foods, (2014), accessed at http://ir.kraftfoodsgroup.com/
Through acquisitions of Ben & Jerry's Homemade Ice Cream and Good Humor-Breyers Ice Cream, the company has grown to dominate the entire frozen desserts market within the U.S. And has a significant share globally as well. All of these competitors however have taken the traditional approach to frozen yogurt, offering only a very limited set of flavors, most often the most popular in their other products to save on costs. There is no product development occurring in any of these companies with regard to developing high energy frozen yogurt for customers to impulse purchase and take with them. Impulse purchasing accounts for 14% of total yearly sales in 2008 and is expected to increase in 2009 as companies seek to create greater levels of buyer activity based on price and availability, looking to overcome the perception of ice cream as a luxury (Gloria, 2008). The competitive landscape of frozen yogurt…
Carlin, Peter. (1995). Will rapid growth stunt corporate do-gooders? Business and Society Review,(93), 36.
Del Rey, J.. (2009, January). A Nice Consistency. Inc., 31(1), 94.
Gloria, L. (2008, September). Ice cream nostalgia sweetens the palate. Retail World, 61(18), 19.
Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr. (1999). Retail health marketing: Evaluating consumers' choice for healthier foods. Health Marketing Quarterly, 16(4), 53-65.
Carol Tenny wrote in a recent study that, "Verbs describing psychological states often form passive structures in the English spoken in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania." (Tenny 1998-page 591) She also states that there is no prohibition on verbal passives for non-agentive psych verbs produced by universal grammar principles, but English verbal passives are more felicitous as the verb becomes more eventive.
By speaking in a more verbally passive style, Pittsburghers are quite distinct in their word usage. Pittsburghese includes words that may or may not be recognized in other locales or by people traveling to or through Pittsburgh. ords such as; gesundheit, a word used to express goodwill to a person who has sneezed, or gumband, another word for rubberband are examples of Pittsburghese.
ords that are included in Pittsburghese but are also used throughout the area surrounding Pittsburgh (eastern Ohio and northwest est Virginia) includes; berm, which is the shoulder of…
Andrus, J., Johnstone, B., Danielson, a.E., (2006) Mobility, Indexicality, and the Enregisterment of "Pittsburghese," Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 77-104
Bodnar, J.E., Weber, M.P., Simon, R.D. (2000) Lives of Their Own: Blacks, Italians, and Poles in Pittsburgh 1900-1960, Springfield, Illinois: University of Illinois Press
Creative Host opens City of Bridges Cafe at Pittsburgh Airport, (2005) Nation's Restaurant News Vol. 39 Number 32, p. 28 From General Reference Center Gold
Furniss, Charlie.(2007) "Modern languages: more than half of the world's languages could be extinct by the end of the century, and many may not last beyond 2050. But an unikely saviour is at hand: far from bringing about cultural homogenisation, as many had predicted, the internet seems to be keeping endangered languages alive" Geographical, Vol 79 Number 4, pp 53-62
Marketing eport for Ms. Janet Bradley
Keeping in view the increasing obesity rates in Australia and finding the spicy and high-calorie fast foods as the major reason for it, Ms. Janet Bradley has planned to establish a low-calorie fast food restaurant chain that will serve as an alternative to McDonald's, ed ooster, KFC, and other fast food chains. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the micro and macro environment for the new fast food chain in order to recommend strategies which can help it in becoming successful in the industry. The major micro environmental forces which will impact its business are consumer behaviour, suppliers and intermediaries, publics, and competitors. The buyer behaviour has been analysed using cultural, social, personal, and psychological dimensions -- all having a significant impact on the purchase decisions and preferences of the consumers towards fast food products. The restaurant chain will also take a big…
Birn, R. 2004. Effective Use of Market Research: How to Drive and Focus Better Business Decisions, 4th Edition. London: Kogan Page
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. 2010. Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Ellwood, I. 2002. The essential brand book: over 100 techniques to increase brand value. 2nd Edition. London: Kogan Page
Hill, C.W., & Jones, G.R. 2012. Strategic Management Theory, 10th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western, Cengage Learning
Validation of Commercial Baking as an Effective Step to Control/Inactivate Salmonella in Baked Products
Major findings, analysis and conclusions
Description of the baking industry and baking emphasis in the United States.
Purpose and structure of importance
Description of the problem being addressed and its importance to the practice of applied food safety
Process of Consultation
Outline how the client (ABA) will be engaged and carefully define the problem
Identification of key stakeholders
Overview and feedback of findings and results
ecommended actions and dissemination of these recommendations
Plans for implementation and measurement
Major findings. The U.S. had approximately 167,600 baker positions available in 2012 and around 6% of these were self-employed (Bakery business, 2016). Although industry analysts project sustained growth in the U.S. baking industry, this growth will not be on par with other industries (Bakery business, 2016). Currently, the U.S. baking industry is a nearly $310 billion industry that has…
About us. (2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.american bakers.org/.
Albion, R. G. & Williamson, H. F. (1944). The growth of the American economy: An introduction to the economic history of the United States. New York: Prentice-Hall.
Bakery business. (2016). SBDC Net. Retrieved from http://www.sbdcnet.org/small-business-research-reports/bakery-business-2014 .
Baking industry economic impact study, 2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.americanbakers.org/industry-data/.
Hypoglycemia is a condition of low blood sugar, caused by the body's inappropriate metabolism of glucose and insulin. Diabetics who experience temporary hypoglycemia can remedy the problem by ingesting some simple sugars to immediately reintroduce glucose into the bloodstream.
A proper diet for diabetics is one that reduces intake of refined sugars, reduces sodium, and in many cases, helps the person lose weight. Most adults who acquire Type 2 Diabetes have poor lifestyle habits. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by obesity and poor nutrition even if some individuals are at a greater risk for developing the disease. Any person who might be at risk for diabetes should learn proper eating habits as early as possible in their life. Becoming overweight or obese is a difficult process to reverse and may lead to other health problems like heart disease. Persons who are overweight but who are willing to change their eating…
American Dental Association. "Diabetes and Your Oral Health." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.ada.org/public/topics/diabetes_faq.asp
American Diabetes Association. "Hypoglycemia." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.diabetes.org/type-1-diabetes/hypoglycemia.jsp
American Diabetics Association. "What Can I Eat?" Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.diabetes.org/food-nutrition-lifestyle/nutrition/what-can-i-eat.jsp
Oral Health and Nutrition." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.ringsurf.com/online/1173-oral_health_and_nutrition.html
Food History of French Cuisine
What is the geographical location of France and why would it have an affect on the French cuisine? (i.e., what is the weather condition in France and does that play an affect as to why they eat the foods they eat and what foods do they eat mostly?).
The geographic location of France makes it an ideal place for agriculture that can affect cuisine. Why? Because France's climate is mild, and the growing season is long. That means farmers can grow more food throughout the year, and that means that more fresh food is available for cooking and eating all year round. It doesn't often get too cold in France, and in the summer it can get quite warm, which helps food ripen and mature.
The countryside is also fairly level and has good soil, and that helps create a good growing situation, too.…
Fromkin, David. "Once upon a Time in France." New Criterion Mar. 2001: 72.
Hartman, Dr. Paul V. "Historical Origins of French Cuisine." Personal Web Page. 1996. 14 Oct. 2005.
Tannahill, Reay. Food in History. New York, Crown Publishers, 1988.
This is genuine comfort food, rather than processed food or food that is so decadent most customers will not want to eat it more than once of twice.
ho are your competitors?
The primary competitors are other dessert trucks, such as the Treats Truck, Dessert Truck and Sweet Streets. Established NYC bakeries such as Magnolia and Crumbs also have a loyal following which could rival La Duree ("Checking out the marcarella and yoko at the Street Sweets truck," Midtown Lunch, 2009). The Bouchon Bakery is a French bakery famous for its macaroons, as is the Macron Cafe.
How can you stand out from the crowd?
Marketing macaroons as the 'genuine article' from a recipe specific to Paris will be a cornerstone of the marketing. Said David Lebovitz, who lives in France: "I'm also a firm believer in cultural divides; there are some foods from other cultures are best left to…
Bouchon Bakery. Official Website. [April 16, 2011].
"Checking out the marcarella and yoko at the Street Sweets truck." Midtown Lunch.
November 2, 2009. [April 16, 2011].
Moreover, Smith believes that in the real world of American society today, things "…actually turn out quite opposite from the initial statement." In other words, Smith notes that many "criminals" sit in jails and prisons, incarcerated while guilty men who had good lawyers are "free to roam the streets" (Smith, 2010, p. 1). Of course that is a generalization by Smith, but it does seem that every couple weeks new DNA testing shows that the African-American man who was sitting on death row did not do the killing after all, and he is released after 12 years rotting in prison.
Another point Smith makes is that people work hard, sometimes taking two jobs, to make ends meet, and on the other side of town a white collar criminal works a couple hours a week and makes thousands of dollars on some scheme. So, notwithstanding what Pojman posits about good being…
Smith, Stefany. (2010). Common Misunderstandings in Philosophy: Pojman's Argument for Merit or Desert. Associated Content. Retrieved Nov. 17, 2010, from http://www.associatedcontent.com .
Wilson, Carrie. (2010). Let the punishment fit the crime: The law of just desserts." Helium.
Retrieved Nov. 17, 2010, from http://www.helium.com/items/1440031-merit-dessert/print .
However, the main segment of Pizza Hut customers is consisted of people aged 16-35, with medium incomes, medium education, and low gastronomic education. In addition to this, secondary segments are consisted op people aged 35-55, with medium to high incomes, and medium to high education. Pizza Hut is also addressing the vegetarian segment, by developing products for vegetarians, like Veggie lover's pizza, various types of salads and desserts. Also, by continuously developing its product range, Pizza Hut is trying to gain other customer segments, with more sophisticated preferences.
Besides having satisfied employees, Pizza Hut is trying to maintain its customers as satisfied as possible as well. In order to improve its customer relationship management, and therefore, to improve customer loyalty, Pizza Hut has implemented Avaya's Enterprise Manager program, since "fulfilling our promise of fast delivery of hot pizzas to all customers is crucial to maintaining our leadership in…
Spielberg, Susan (2005). Yum plans new products, promotions: Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, KFC to unveil new flavors, menu lines. Nation's Restaurant News online. Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3190/is_7_39/ai_n9772438 .
Garber, Amy (2004). Pizza players cutting out discounting, focusing on new products. Nation's Restaurant News online. Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3190/is_36_38/ai_n6192889 .
Ruggless, Ron (2005). Pizza Hut delivers results, remains no.1 pizza chain: Yum's pizza brand continues to have high expectations for upcoming year with WingStreet, Italian Bistro concepts. Nation's Restaurant News online. Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3190/is_33_39/ai_n14923798 .
In addition, product innovations such as: "McCafe beverage line, new snack offerings, and the national launch of McCafe frappes and real-fruit smoothies have provided a meaningful extension to the McCafe line that was well-received by customers" (McDonald's.com. 2010 Annual eport. PP. 12). The U.S. segment has also benefitted from a move to healthier options: salads, lower caloric meals, and reduced fat choices which have brought in new foot traffic to restaurants.
In Europe the focus has been on Coffee and the McCafe line. Like the U.S., coffee has proven to be a profitable menu item despite considerable competition from Starbucks, Green Mountain, and Dunkin. McDonald's has "expanded the coffee business to 1,300 McCafe locations, which are separate areas inside the restaurant that serve specialty coffees, indulgent desserts and light snacks" (McDonald's.com. 2010 Annual eport. PP. 12).
The APMEA market represents a diverse offering:
A third Angus burger option in Australia…
Kowitt, B. (March 23, 2012). McDonald's CEO Skinner on Retirement: It's the Perfect
Time. CNN Fortune.com. PP. 1-2. Retrieved April 10, 2012 from http://management.fortune.cnn.com/2012/03/23/mcdonalds-ceo-skinner-retirement/
McDonald's.com. (2012). About McDonald's. McDonald's.com. Retrieved April 10,
2012 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/mcd/our_company.html
ut neophytes should not attempt to do this. Halved coconuts can be dried in one of two ways. The first is by letting them dry by the heat of the sun, which takes a longer time. The other and faster way is by heating them. A bamboo house or shack without walls is built at about 3 feet above the ground. It has only a roof and a floor. The halved coconuts are piled on the floor. Some coconut husks are piled beneath the shack but not too close to burn the shack. A torch is used to set fire on these piled coconut husks but they are monitored carefully. More fire is set if it turns low. The halved coconuts turn brown and separate from the shells when ready for scooping. Just enough heat from medium to low is used to avoid burning. When the fruits at the bottom…
Albert, Jose Ramon G. How Important is Agriculture in the Economy? National
Statistical Coordination Board: Philippine Statistics Authority, 2013. Retrieved on May 1, 2014 from http://www.nscb.gov.ph/beyondthenumbers/2013/04122013_jrga_agri.asp
Baas, Stephen and Ramasamy, Selvaraju. Coconut Leaf Pruning in Bicol Region,
Philippines. Technologies and Practices for Small Agricultural Producers, 2013.
Marketing in Action
The Humber Room is a full-service restaurant that provides a gastropub as well as a casual dining experience. Located in Humber College's north campus in Toronto, the restaurant seeks to deliver high quality meals and drinks at affordable prices. This is vital for ensuring an unforgettable dining experience for the restaurant's target market, and achieving its overall goals and objectives.
The Humber Room aspires to be the best full service restaurant in northwest Toronto. The restaurant strongly believes that a certain section of the population yearns for a casual and a fairly relaxed dining environment. The restaurant desires to be the number one choice for this segment.
The Humber Room is not the only full service restaurant in northwest Toronto. There are several competitors, but the major ones include Linx Lounge (located on-campus), Desi Spice…
Maharshtrian cuisine comprises of hot, aromatic meat and fish curries and subtle flavoring of vegetarian cuisine. Peanuts and cashew nuts are widely used in vegetables and the main cooking medium is peanut oil. Another feature is the use of a deep purple berry with a sweet and sour taste, otherwise called kokum, in sol kadhi, an appetizer-digestive, which is served chilled. Non-vegetarian and vegetarian dishes are served with boiled rice or rotis made from rice flour. Dessert is commonly comprises rotis (a type of bread) stuffed with a sweet mixture of jaggery and gram flour.
Goan cuisine boasts of delicacies like tangy pork 'vindaloo', spicy 'sorpotel' and the popular fish curry with rice. Most of their meals are accompanied with local wine or local liqueur, 'Feni'. Meals are simple but most are also chili hot, spicy and pungent. The basic components include rice, fish and coconut and delicacies made from…
Audretsch, D.B. And Meyer, N.S. " Religion, Culture and Entrepreneurship in India." Indiana
University Public Affairs Conference. 2009. 17 Apr.2010.
"Cuisine." Cuisine Tours of India, Culinary Tour India, Indian Cuisines information,
Guests are also served with sticky rice with coconut milk and sugar cane syrup, altogether wrapped in banana leaves. Especially grown glutinous rice with sugar is served as the traditional dessert in these special occasions. Filipino men love to drink gin and beer and eat balut, which is duck egg hardboiled with the embryo intact. Dog meat is another delicacy eaten by the men (aringer).
Filipinos have also adopted foreign cuisines, including Spanish food, Chinese food, American food and Indian food (ruce, 2011). esides imported cuisines, the different regions and provinces have their own distinct dishes for which they are known. Their vegetables are often mixed with seafood or meat or with whatever can garnish the dish. They also prepare mixed dishes like minced pork with fowl and seafood. They use seasonings on dishes, particularly the very famous patis, herring or bagoong and soy sauce (ruce).
Modern Dating among Filipinos…
Baringer, S. (2011). The Philippines. Countries and their culture. Don Herrington.
Retrieved on February 28, 2011 from http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/the-Philippines.html
Borlongan, J. (2007). Filipino culture: hospitable, humble and honorable. Yahoo! News
Network: Yahoo! Inc. Retrieved on February 28, 2011 from
There was a conspicuous lack of cigars, however, perhaps a nod to modern American views on smoking in restaurants.
To finish the meal, it is an essential part of the experience that one has Cuban coffee. This can be obtained at your table, but Versailles also has a coffee counter outside, which is a more authentic experience. The coffee counter is a take-out window at which Cuban coffee can be ordered. The intent is that it is consumed on the spot. If one watches the locals, there is an entire system and lingo for ordering Cuban coffee at Versailles that can be difficult to penetrate without a strong working knowledge of Spanish. However, a simple shot can be ordered. The cost is absurdly cheap compared with espresso in most coffee shops, but the coffee counter at Versailles has very low overhead and high turnover. The coffee is thick and very…
This will not only reduce the burden of tariffs, but will also create more potential for localized market learning over time. The two options are simply too costly long-term for the company to undertake.
Assume Ben & Jerry's decides to think more strategically about all of Asia and seek a mass merchandiser to carry all distribution and share production costs. Is this a good or bad idea based on their existing distribution channel and production strategies?
Given the widespread varation in product needs across all of Asia, partnering with a Woolworth's or comparable mass merchandiser throughout the entire region may be an excellent approach to learning more about logistics and supply chain issues across countries, yet the company would need to have an in-house marketing team at the partner of choice to ensure branding consistency. The uniquely egalitarian, quirky and fun brand takes exceptional skill for anyone to manage over…
Customers can see into the kitchen because of the new glass wall, which adds to the visual experience.
A "variety of seating experiences" created variety in the three-storey space (p. 150). Flow of people and eyes are the core design concepts: encouraging strong interaction between the customer and the environment and also between the customer and the staff. The layout and arrangement of the kitchen space required some tweaking to simplify production processes and facilitate the flow of materials. Bobby Flay maintained "visual control" by separating the appetizers from the entrees and also by passing all plates forward to a "central plating table" for greater "visual control" over the product (p 151). The special arrangement of Mesa Grill also permitted greater visual control over staff, helping to manage both dining room and kitchen. A garde manger section was fully self-contained for greater efficiency. Still, Flay noted that the space would…
Also, this situation required extra costs, like those required for the interior design specialist.
Also, the opening hours detailed in the initial business plan could not be respected. They had to be modified in order to suit the selected location of the business and the new customer segment that Bagel Express addresses.
The financial figures presented in the case study reveal the fact that Bagel Express is a successful business. However, after including extra depreciation, interest charges, and taking into consideration the fact that the business was financed by overdraft borrowings, one may observe that the business lost money in its first year of activity.
The most important opportunity is represented by the fact that property boom in London is no longer a problem and premises reach available prices.
Bagel Express is a successful business and this is probably quite clear to the bagel bar's competitors. Sinclair's idea…
As many of these types of foods are purchased for special occasions, there is also the need for measuring just how many events that typically occur in the projected customer bases' lives during any given year to further estimate market size. Not only does the number of cakes and desserts need to be forecasted, but the flavors and type of cakes and pastries as well. In short, primary research must assist in the primary strategic positioning of the store, validate the store concept, define the market position in terms of pricing and quality levels define the menu and its contents as best as can be measured as well.
In contrast to secondary research where time and costs are typically the major constraints that force companies to use published market research data, the formation of a new business is one is best managed as a longer-term, more thoroughly researched, and more…
BC Stats (2005) - 2001 Amended Census Profile of British Columbia. Published September, 2005. Accessed from the Internet on October 17, 2007 from location: http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/cen01/profiles/59000000.pdf
Figure 2: Richmond
Of Richmond's total population, 54% are immigrants.
Of Richmond's total population, 15% were born in Hong Kong, 10% were born in China and 5% in Taiwan.
This competitor, though well established in the market, has not been able to respond adequately to the needs and expectations of the customers. It has also been identified that they have experience a steady decline in. This has created an opportunity to Vinny's Prima Prego venture in advancing to the upper market since this competitor fails to uphold the tenet of reciprocity.
Vinny's Prima Prego has a number of competitors. There are two types of competition that the restaurant is exposed to. That is national competitors and local competitors.
A number of restaurants are competing Vinny's Prima Prego at the national level. The first restaurant that it competes with is the Olive Garden which is offering customers sauces, ingredients and noodles of their choices. It allows the consumers to gather their dish the way they wish. The quality of food that is provided by this restaurant is average.…
Backman, J (1937).Marketing Controls.Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Oct., 1937),
Clow, KE. & Baack, D (2007). Integrated Advertising, Promotion, and Marketing.
Communications 3rd edition. Pearson Education. pp. 9 -- 10. ISBN 9780131866225
Hopefully, multiple exposures will increase the positive response rate for that item.
If some members of the board are absent, I will gladly redistribute the extra surveys to whoever is there. The surveys are sufficiently brief it is unlikely any survey will be returned uncompleted.
For items requiring a check mark, analysis will require a simple tally...25 subjects checked ladyfingers, 10 checked pizza rolls, only one checked vegetarian hors' doeuvres, and so forth. For the part requiring subjects to rank six items in order of importance, I can get meaningful results by summing the scores for each item across subjects. Since sample size is limited to thirty observations, I feel comfortable with the write in question about price range; it is unlikely that there will be much variance in responses given the sample size and sample demographics. Further, giving subjects an opportunity to offer their own suggestions for price gives…
In certain situations the landed cost can also include customs duties, and other taxes that apply to the shipment in case.
Shipping and insurance -- 7.5% of the product's cost.
Packaging -- 5% of the product's cost.
Profits -- 20% of the product's cost.
Organic bread landed cost - $15+7.5%+5%+20% = $19.2
Organic fruits landed cost - $17 +7.5%+5%+20% = $21.76
Organic vegetables landed cost - $16 +7.5%+5%+20% = $20.48
Organic desserts landed cost - $32 +7.5%+5%+20% = $40.96
Organic cheese landed cost - $45 +7.5%+5%+20% = $57.6
Organic wine landed cost - $46 +7.5%+5%+20% = $58.88
The landed cost is established in accordance with the profits requirements of the company. The company must also identify the profits that distributors in Germany are interested in. This is intended to help Naturally Green develop a pricing strategy that can satisfy the company, its distributors, and its customers. It is important to…
1. Industry Statistics and Projected Growth (2012). Organic Trade Association. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://www.ota.com/organic/mt/business.html .
2. Germany (2012). CIA, the World Factbook. Retrieved November 22, 2012 from
Price and Quantity of Milk When the Following Events Occur:
An advertising campaign highlights scientific studies that find drinking milk can help reduce weight gain.
Demand: the demand of milk will increase because it also serves another purpose i.e. weight reduction. The demand curve will move to the right to depict increase in quantity demanded. People are investing so much in weight reducing items like slim fast shakes, diet pills etc. If milk is able to offer the desired weight reduction, even those who were not using milk previously will now do so because it will serve two important purposes i.e. calcium requirement and weight reduction.
Supply: with increase in quantity demanded, supply will increase too. Supply curve will likewise show an upward shift
There is a mad cow disease epidemic.
Demand: demand or quantity demanded will decrease because mad cow disease can directly affect quality of milk. Demand of…
Strategic Management at McDonald's
McDonald's Strategic Management
Strategic Management at McDonald's
Strategic Management at McDonald's
Organizational Structure and Corporate Governance
Industry Sector Analysis
Michael Porter's Five Forces Model
Key conditions in the External Operating Environment of McDonald's and its Industry
The Value Proposition on McDonald's Products
SWOT Analysis for McDonald's
TOWS Matrix for Alternative Strategies
BCG Growth Share Matrix for McDonald's
Marketing, Financial, and esearch & Development Strategies
Joint Ventures, Strategic Alliances, and Partnerships
Performance Measurement Methods and Benchmarks
Table of Contents
Figure 1: Organizational Structure of McDonald's
Table 1: TWOS Matrix
Figure 2: BCG Growth Share Matrix
Table 2: Gantt chart for Strategy implementation
List of Figures and Tables
This report presents a complete analysis of strategic management practices at the world's largest fast food restaurant chain, McDonald's. The report starts by introducing and…
About McDonald's, (2011). Sustainability Scorecard. Retrieved on November 24th, 2012, from
ADVFN, (2012). McDonald's Historical Stock Chart. Retrieved on November 24th, 2012, from
Baertlein, L., & Dorfman, B. (2012). McDonald's July same-store sales flat, worst in 9 years. Retrieved on November 24th, 2012, from
Hill, C.W., & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management Theory, 10th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western, Cengage Learning
Mediterranean restaurants in Chelsea, NYC
Mediterranean restaurants: Chelsea
Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant is located at 747 9th Ave. It offers traditional Greek food such mezze plates, whole grilled fish, staples like mousakas and pastitio and more unusual offerings such as loukanika horiatika (Greek sausage sauteed in wine sauce). Despite its homespun name, Uncle Nick's is not a diner. It is a Mediterranean restaurant that showcases specifically Greek food, although it does include some dishes more commonly found in American restaurants, such as a 'mixed grill' of friend zucchini, eggplants, and peppers. ut even these are showcased with a scordalia dip (traditional Greek potato and garlic dip) rather than the usual sour cream found at a diner. Instead of the standard diner 'Greek salad,' Uncle Nick's offers feta cheese and tomato drizzled with olive oil. Along with fries, offered 'sides' include the traditional Greek dandelions, and the desserts span from Greek…
Aleo Restaurant. Available at http://www.aleorestaurant.com / [2 Dec 2012]
Nisos' Mediterranean Cuisine. Available at: http://www.nisos-ny.com / [2 Dec 2012]
Periyali. Available at: http://www.periyali.com/menu.htm [2 Dec 2012]
Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant. Available at: ahttp://unclenicksgreekcuisine.com / [2 Dec 2012]
Click http://wps.prenhall./wps/media/objects/663/679611/box_6_1.pdf order access "Heritage Assessment Tool." Assess Heritage Assessment Tool answering questions. In 1,000-1,500 words discuss usefulness applying a heritage assessment evaluating person, summarize learned Heritage Assessment Tool.
Heritage assessment tool
The heritage assessment tool acknowledges the different degrees of impact an individual's ethnic heritage may have upon his or her worldview. For some individuals who are very emotionally connected to their family and extended family, their sense of self is defined by their religion, customs and beliefs as they relate to a larger tradition. For example, someone who is Hispanic-American may spend a great deal of time not only with his or her nuclear family, but also with an extended network of cousins, grandparents, and even friends of the family. Even if not particularly religious, the rituals of the Catholic Church might provide a source of joy during traditional holidays and a source of comfort during…
Heritage assessment tool. (2013). Prentice Hall. Retrieved:
NEW ENGLAND TRADITIONS grew up in a family who moved from Boston, Massachusetts to San Diego, California. Needless to say, Thanksgiving has always been an interesting blend of staid New England cooking, blended with some laid-back California traditions with a baby-boom mother mentality of frozen and canned foods as part of the tradition.
My mother learned traditional New England cooking from her mother, and so we still ate a lot of "pot roast" and "New England boiled dinners" complete with over-boiled cabbage and corned beef, for Sunday dinner. My mother still made real Boston baked beans and brown bread for occasional Saturday night suppers, too.
Thanksgiving was always a big deal in our house, even though the rest of the family was back East, and there was only us to celebrate the day. Sometimes we would invite friends who also did not have family in San Diego. Sometimes we would…
Deliberate and Emergent Strategies
Companies have a number of different options as they chart their course, seeking to maximize their advantages and limit their liabilities. Two of the major strategies that companies can follow are deliberate strategies, which consist of a systematic course of action that is pursued to allow a company to reach a desired object of goal. Another basic strategy approach is that of the emergent strategy, which involves a company's responding to the particular conditions and dynamics of a particular situation. This paper describes three companies (in three different sectors) that are pursuing a deliberate strategy and three that are pursuing an emergent strategy.
Deliberate Strategy deliberate strategy may be seen as one that is initiated from within a company and that accords with the company's intrinsic goals. Of course, it is unlikely to be the case that any company can ever pursue what might…
Griffin, Ricky. Management (7th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. http://portal.cetim.org/file/1/67/Katzy-1998-Design-and-Implementation-of-Virtual-Organizations.pdf . http://www.celestialseasonings.com/whoweare/csdifference.php
U.S. based company concerned earthquake, tsunami nuclear power plant accident occurs Japan? 2. With rapid technology, boundaries industries redefined. What industry company Google ? Who Google's main competitors today competition ? 1 page 1 Reference Case 9: Panera read Company 2012 - Pursuing Growth a Weak Economy, Arthur A. Sources
First of all, all companies today operate in a global business environment, where local influences are often felt and have repercussions worldwide. In this specific case, there are several reasons why the American company should be concerned with such an event. It has a significant impact on the Japanese market, lowering the purchasing power of existing and potential customers.
At the same time, there are potential negative effects on the political and economic system in Japan. The government will need to invest in the saving operations, which will likely impact the budget and lower the chances that Japan can offer…
1. Efrati, Amir (2013). In Online Ads, There's Google -- and Then Everybody Else. Wall Street Journal.
2. Porter, M.E. (2008) The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy, Harvard Business Review, January 2008.
3. Graham, Jefferson, (2012). Talking Tech: Customers clog Panera's free Wi-Fi. USA Today
4. Dampier, Phillip, (2012). Panera Bread Stores Overloaded With Wi-Fi Users Who Won't Leave. On the Internet at http://stopthecap.com/2012/05/17/panera-bread-stores-overloaded-with-wi-fi-users-who-wont-leave/ . Last retrieved on April 9, 2014
Generation Techniques in New Product Development
The process of new product development begins with identification of good product ideas and the use of an appropriate criterion to determine ideas to pursue. This process involves concept generation, which is the most important step since it involves generating and/or obtaining ideas regarding the product. Concept generation in new product development entails developing a set of customer needs, specifying targets, and determining several product alternatives for the design process. Given the significance of concept generation in new product development, there are several concept generation techniques. These techniques can be utilized to create variations of the basic concept in relation to different product form, characteristics, positioning, benefits, and customer target.
Overview of Concept Generation
According to Nobel (2013), concept generation is the process through which product development team creates or obtains ideas relating to the various aspects of a product such as product form…
"Concept Generation." (2003, March 5). Lecture 13. Retrieved from University of Iowa website: http://user.engineering.uiowa.edu/~bme083/lecture/lecture13_030503.pdf
Linsey et al. (2011, March). An Experimental Study of Group Idea Generation Techniques: Understanding the Roles of Idea Representation and Viewing Methods. Journal of Mechanical Design, 133, 031008-1-031008-15.
Nobel, M. (2013). Product Concept Generation. Retrieved from Tufts University website: http://sites.tufts.edu/eeseniordesignhandbook/2013/product-concept-generation/
A dominant healthcare practice for many Mexican-Americans is the hot and cold theory of food selection, where illness or trauma may require adjustments in the hot and cold balance of foods to restore body equilibrium. In lower socioeconomic groups is a wide-scale deficiency of vitamin a and iron, as well as lactose intolerance.
Mexican-American birth rates are 3.45 per household compared to 2.6 per household among other minority groups (Chapa & Valencia, 1993 as cited in Purnell & Paulanka, 1998). Multiple births are common, particularly in the economically disadvantaged groups. Men see a larger number of children as evidence of their virility. If a woman does not conceive by the age of 24, it may be considered too late. Given their predominant Catholic beliefs, the tendency is only to use acceptable forms of birth control, although many will use other unacceptable forms. Abortion is morally wrong. Family planning is an…
Lopez, P. (2003) Mexican-American Health Issues for the 21st Century. Californian Journal of National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2000) Health Disparities: Bridging the Gap. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Purnell, L, & Paulanka, B. (1998). Transcultural Healthcare. Philadelphia: Davis Company.
Purnell, L. & Paulanka, B. (1998a) Purnell Model for Cultural Competence. in
Nava, G. (director) Quintanilla, a. (executive producer) (1997) Selena. Q Productions.
Wind energy itself is a completely renewable source. In fact, it actually relies on solar power as its own source; "The sun's energy in interaction with the Earth's surfaces creates the winds and as long as the sun is up there, wind is a renewable energy source," (Sustainable Table 2010). Modern implication and practice have proven that generating power through wind energy can be a reliable and clean source of providing practical uses of power. esidential and commercials cities have been provided with much power coming from the windy plains of America's greatest desserts. It is a growing strategy for alternative energy solutions, and "Today, wind energy is captured by wind turbines and used to generate electricity," (West 2010). More and more facilities of seemingly endless white wind turbines are being built across the country. Such facilities will provide great sources for energy within the future development of the nation.…
Alternate Energy Sources. (2010). Alternate Energy Sources for a Flourishing Future. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://www.alternate-energy-sources.com/index.html .
Organizing America. (2010). New energy for America. Issues. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://www.barackobama.com/issues/newenergy/index.php
Sustainable Table. (2010). Fossil fuel and energy use. The Issues. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/energy/
West, Larry. (2010). Top 7 renewable energy sources. Environmental Issues. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://environment.about.com/od/renewableenergy/tp/renew_energy.htm
This special treat was their way of expressing how important my visits were to them. We then discussed current events, reminisced about their lives during the Korean War, and talked about their children and grandchildren. For that summer, I became their personal bridge to the mainland. Even more important, they no longer felt ostracized. At the same time, the experience changed my life even more than theirs. I found that my volunteer efforts could further the change I want to see in the world -- an end to discrimination and injustice. [making other people's lives better in some way]
Because of my experience on Sorok Island, I now regularly visit residents at a Los Angeles nursing home. Many of these men and women have the same need as [names]. They want to talk with someone, because their children are too busy to visit or they are alone. These people also…
5 gram per pound of bodyweight. Proteins give the muscle energy to grow but carbohydrates are just as important to promote the muscle to heal.
The following is a 3 day meal schedule recommended to the athlete:
reakfast- High energy cereal with whole milk
Fruit of his choice
Apricot nectar juice
Corn and peas
Snack (3)- left up to the athlete
reakfast- Eggs and whole wheat or grain toast
Fruit of his choice
aked or roasted fish
Corn and beans
Snack (3)- left up to the athlete
reakfast- Hot cereal with whole milk
Fruit of his choice
Steak or ground beef
Coaching Association of Canada. (2010). "Gaining Weight for Athletes." Retrieved on April 16,
2010 from http://www.coach.ca/admin/pdf_admin/pdf/Nutrition_GainWeight_eng.pdf
Riveria, H. (2010). "Weight Gain and Bulking Up Rules for the Natural Bodybuilder."
Retrieved on April 16, 2010 from http://bodybuilding.about.com/od/nutritionbasics/a/bulkingupdiet.htm
Staircase ramps which are comprised of steep and narrow steps that lead up one face of the pyramid were more in use at that time with evidence found at the Sinki, Meidum, Giza, Abu Ghurob, and Lisht pyramids respectively (Heizer).
A third ramp variation was the spiral ramp, found in use during the nineteenth dynasty and was, as its name suggests, comprised of a ramp covering all faces of the pyramids leading towards the top. Reversing ramps zigzag up one face of a pyramid at a time and would not be used in the construction of step pyramids, while lastly interior ramps that have been found within the pyramids of Sahura, Nyuserra, Neferifijata, Abusir, and Pepi II (Heizer, Shaw).
Ancient Greek architecture exists mainly in surviving temples that survive in large numbers even today and is tied into Roman and Hellenistic periods which borrowed heavily from the Greeks.…
Ackerman, J.S. "Architectural Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (1954): 3-11.
Alchermes, Joseph. "Spolia in Roman Cities of the Late Empire: Legislative Rationales and Architectural Reuse." Dumbarton Oaks Paper (1994): 167-178.
Allen, Rob. "Variations of the Arch: Post -- and lintel, Corbelled Arch, Arch, Vault, Cross-Vault Module." 11 August 2009. Civilization Collection. 5 April 2010 .
Anderson, James. "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carree at Nimes." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (2001): 68-79.
Many people who choose to eat at upscale restaurants consider themselves gourmets who enjoy showing off their knowledge of fine food by ordering dishes using correct French pronunciation or by knowing the difference between flambe and flame-broiled. To have the meal pre-ordered takes away the excitement of interacting with fellow foodies or people who enjoy such dining experiences. In addition, no online reservation service can routinely offer diners with table selection or other fastidious details that a live hostess or waiter can.
However, this service could appeal to event planners and people who are responsible for organizing and arranging meals for large amounts of people. By allowing people to order online, conference and other large event planners may be able to provide more flexibility in the menu offerings and hasten the ordering process by having drink, appetizer, entree and dessert choices in hand instead of having to collect even pre-ordered…
Andrews, Whit. (2000). OpenTable.com. Internet World 6.8: 32
Carlson, S. (2000). Internet Booksellers Rely on Low-Tech Legwork of Student Representatives. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 46.26
Fox, Susannah & Jones, Sasha (2009). Generations Online in 2009. Pew Internet & American Life Project.
Fox, Sasha & Vitak, Jenna. (2008). Degrees of Access. Pew Internet & American Life Project.
The health of the business is also seen in how many franchisees and company-owned stores are being built and launched throughout the area of the city this one is located at. There are several within twenty miles of each other. The general manager says that when there is a high concentration of commuters, those between the pages of 35 -- 55 making higher than the area per capita income, that growth often occurs as a result. This is the primary target market for Panera Bread. As these demographics continue to grow in certain areas, Panera is able to move into these communities and quickly create stores and capitalize on the unique needs they fulfill with their beverage and QSR food items.
Competing in a Global Marketplace
The general manager says Panera is only operating in the U.S. At the present time yet has plans to expand into foreign countries including…
5. Eating food that falls on ones shirt - if a person is in public, they should use a napkin to remove the food off of their shirt and have a waiter dispose of it (Dining Etiquette, n.d.).
If one is at a meal or at a business acquaintance's residence, and have just been dished up a serving of appetizing stuffed mushrooms and they are allergic to them, they should politely refuse them if they would seriously be harmed. The hard fast rule is as far as feasible. One should not make a commotion and embarrass anyone. If one suffers from food reaction or has a particular partiality, they should tell the host when they agree to the invite. At a buffet or great assembly it is very easy to pass up getting food that one doesn't consume. However, in a number of circumstances it would be extremely uncomfortable if…
Business Dining Skills for Job Seekers. (2010). Retrieved October 14, 2010, from World ClassBusiness Etiquette Web site: http://www.etiquetteoutreach.com/business-dining-etiquette-tips/
Dining Etiquette. (n.d.). Retrieved October 14, 2010, from Web site:
Echlin, Helena. (2010). Doggy Bag Dilemma. Retrieved October 14, 2010, from Chow Web site:
The infant mortality rate is of 8.97 deaths per 1,000 live births. This rate places Kuwait on the 160th position on the chart of the CIA. The adult prevalence rate of HIV / AIDS is of 0.1 per cent.
In terms of economy, Kuwait is a relatively open, small and wealthy economy. It relies extensively on oil exports -- petroleum exports for instance account for 95 per cent of the total export revenues as well as for 95 per cent of the federal income. The Kuwaiti representatives have recently set the goal of increasing the oil production per day. Currently, Kuwait is facing the pressures of the internationalized economic crisis -- which however, due to recent economic surpluses in Kuwait, affects the economy to a lower extent.
Simultaneously with the increase in oil production, the Kuwaiti authorities are also focusing on diversifying the economic activities in the sense of supporting…
Agency, Kuwait News. "Blair's "Kuwait Vision." 15 March 2010. Zawya.com. .
Al-Ansari, H. And S. AL-Enezi. "Health Sciences Libraries in Kuwait." Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 89.3 (2001): 287-93.
Al-Awadhi, Olusi, Al-Saeid, Moussa, et.al. "Incidence of Musculoskeletal Pain in Adult Kuwaitis." Annals of Saudi Medicine 25.6 (2005): 459=62.
Al-Baho, A. "Resident's Guide to the Curriculum for Training in Family Medicine." December 2008. Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization. .
For example, the number of customers interested in this type of product is a reduced one. Basically, there is no significant market for spicy chocolate that the company can address.
As a consequence, the company must create such a market. The company must create the need for spicy chocolate. Cowgirls Chocolates must introduce this type of product in customers' eating habits.
This is where Public Relations are very important. PR means creating something of high quality and then speaking about it. The company has already created the high quality product, and now they must inform people about it.
For example, the company can sell the product in restaurants specialized in spicy food. The spicy chocolate can be served as a dessert within the restaurant, or it can be purchased for home use.
Also, the company might consider changing the name of the product. Although Cowgirls Chocolates creates a strong image,…
9. Candy Industry Trends Report (2009). Retrieved August 20, 2010 from http://zomgcandy.com/2009/07/06/candy-industry-trends-report-2009/ .
Chocolate Trends (2007). Confectionery News. Retrieved August 20, 2010 from http://www.confectionerynews.com/Markets/Chocolate-Trends-2007 .
Lake, L. (2010). Defining Your Niche Market. Retrieved August 20, 2010 from http://marketing.about.com/od/strategytutorials/a/defineyourniche.htm .
When processed by a transglutaminase enzyme, it can interact with immunological cells and produce cytotoxic inflammation. In autism, it is believed that peptides from gluten and casein cross the intestinal microvillus barrier and enter the blood stream. They also cross the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, certain amino acid sequences of these peptides compete with natural peptides, which bind to opioid receptors. These receptors are G-protein receptors in cell membrane surfaces of neurons. inding to these receptors disturbs the neuronal function and ultimately leads to or contributes to autism (Department of Pediatrics Staff).
Limited Reliable Scientific Evidence
UK researchers investigated more than 30 scientific articles on the effectiveness of the gluten-free, casein-free diet on autistic children (astian, 2004). They found one, which provided reliable scientific evidence that the diet works. The particular study, however, was conducted on only 20 children aged 5-10 who had high levels of protein in their…
Atwood, K.C. (2003). Naturopathy: a critical appraisal. 5 (4) Medscape General
Medicine. Retrieved on June 23, 2010 from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/465994
Bastian, H. (2010). Can a diet avoiding gluten and milk proteins reduce autism?
Medicine News Today: MediLexicon International Ltd. Retrieved on June 23,
One brand of turkey bacon, Oscar Mayer's Louis Rich, was recently given a spot in the Taster's Choice Hall of fame. Such a spot is awarded only to products that are awarded a score of 80 or higher out of 100 in the Taster's Choice taste test (Gold). Despite the opinions of cookbook authors such as James Villas, turkey bacon is clearly a viable substitute for its pork-based counterpart.
Less popular but growing in viability is beef bacon. Bacon purists consider very idea of beef bacon to be ridiculous. Nevertheless, beef bacon is slowly but surely making its way into more and more grocery stores. It is a product that is still easier to find in a butcher shop than a grocery store, but that fact is in the process of changing. For non-pork eaters, beef bacon can be an alternative that is preferable to turkey bacon because it is…
Bacon Today. Bacontoday.com, 2010. Web. 30 May 2010.
"Bacon Makes it All Better." The Early Show. CBS. 4 Nov. 2006. Television.
Gold, Amanda. "One Turkey Bacon Stands Out in the Flock." SFGate.com. 22 Oct. 2008.
Web. 30 May 2010.
The nature of the juvenile justice system may be adversarial at times, but unlike the adult criminal system it is not necessarily so. Agreement is the goal. In fact, depending on the nature of the offense, a juvenile case may be dismissed or dealt with in an informal hearing, rather than subject to formal proceedings at all.
The purpose of the juvenile system is almost always to rehabilitate the offender, rather than to enact social retribution. Given that our society believes that a child usually does not have the moral or cognitive capacity to judge the wrongfulness or rightness of his or her own actions like an adult, there seems to be a need for two systems of justice. For example, a child who burns down a building because he is playing with matches is unlikely to deserve the same type of sentence or treatment as an adult who commits…
Champion, Dean J. (2006). The Juvenile Court System: Delinquency, processing and the law.
Christianity demands that its adherents offer absolute forgiveness. But Ivan says "I don't want the mother to embrace the oppressor who threw her son to the dogs! She dare not forgive him! Let her forgive him for herself, if he will, let her forgive the torturer for the immeasurable suffering of her mother's heart. But the sufferings of her tortured child she has no right to forgive; she dare not forgive the torturer, even if the child were to forgive him!" Some crimes are so beyond the pale against the innocent, believes Ivan, they cannot be forgiven: a sentiment that Ivan's brother Alyosha calls 'rebellion.' Ivan states that the Christian belief that God, rather than the victim of the torturer, can bestow forgiveness is abominable. Furthermore, the soul of the child cannot bestow forgiveness for his suffering because the innocent boy does not really fully understand the horror of what…
hen expanding, the Assemblage will be more focused on setting up locations with a high amount of traffic from our target 21-35 demographic but Manhattan's density and role as an entertainment magnet allow for us to build our business.
The overall marketing objective is to build the brand and set up the expansion and penetration phase. The flagship Manhattan location supports that because of the ability and the diffusion value from visitors taking back memories of the Assemblage to their home cities, to which we will ultimately expand. On the broader level, disturbing in entertainment districts with high youth traffic will allow the Assemblage to best reach the target market. As market penetration occurs, the brand will over time become linked to entertainment and good times in a manner that is consistent across all of our markets.
Altman, H. (1987). ho's gored by gouging? Nation's Business. Retrieved May…
Altman, H. (1987). Who's gored by gouging? Nation's Business. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1154/is_v75/ai_4963234/
Bovay, K. (2008). When to use a product line pricing strategy. EZine. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?When-to-Use-a-Product-Line-Pricing-Strategy&id=1341523
No author. (2010). Pricing strategies. Marketing Teacher. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_pricing.htm
The Ghost of Canterville Hall adapts Oscar Wilde's fairy tale and plays upon the middle school fascination with English ghosts and haunting: it depicts a ghost who has grown tired of haunting a family who needs the help of a young girl to be free of a curse.
The Magic Garden by Irene Corey is designed for theatre-goers between ages 5-9 and unfolds a nutritional tale: the battle of vegetables vs. sweets.
A Midsummer Night's Dream adapted by Aurand Harris uses William Shakespeare in a humorous fashion to introduce children to the Bard in this tale of mistaken identity, love, and mischievous fairies.
Dramatists Play Service
Dragonwings by Lawrence Yep is the story of a Chinese boy who comes to America and his struggles adjusting to life in his new country.
The Children's Crusade by Paul Thompson tells the tale of the failed idealism of young children in the 13th…
The empanada crust, which is sometimes seasoned, is usually made from wheat flour or cornmeal, along with salt, water and a solid lipid such as lard, shortening, or butter ("Empanadas," Practically edible, 2010). Cumin is a popular seasoning for the dough in Buenos Aires and hot chili pepper is often used in Peruvian empanadas ("The empanada: A brief history," Mr. Empanada, 2010). The textures of brands of pre-made empanada dough differ between regions today. For example, the Argentinean La Saltena is almost like phyllo pastry while commercial Mexican empanada dough is very solid, almost clay-like.
Preparation methods for empanadas are as diverse as empanada fillings. Empanadas can be fried, deep fried, or baked. The fried ones must be eaten hot right away while those that are baked can be reheated eaten cold. Because of the greater portability of baked empanadas, fried ones are usually made for special occasions, while baked…
"Empanadas." Practically edible: The web's largest food encyclopedia. March 6, 2010.
"The Empanada: A brief history." Mr. Empanada. March 4, 2010.
The behavior conditioning arises from the punishment not being liked, and therefore the behavior is avoided.
The last form of reinforcement, extinction, occurs when a reaction to a certain behavior is denied and removed, and resultantly the unwanted behavior is decreased, if not terminated. An example of extinction reinforcement includes a child who hides behind furniture in an attempt to gain attention - which is a response that has previously been positively reinforced. hen the child's attention-seeking actions are subsequently ignored, the behavior decreases, if not stops.
Research indicates positive reinforcement is the most powerful of the reinforcement paradigms (Heffner). Other methods of operant conditioning, such as punishment, can potentially summon additional negative responses such as anger and resentment. In situations of positive reinforcement, both parties involved focus on the positive aspects of the experience, which adds to the fulfillment of the desired behavior.
Examples of reinforcement principles from my…
Heffner, C. "Psychology 101." AllPsych Online the Virtual Psychology Classroom. Heffner Media Group, Inc., 01 Apr 2001. Web. 7 Apr 2011.
I looked straight ahead, matching her aloofness. Her scent drove me mad, and I struggled to concentrate on the dinner meeting.
Angelina took out her Blackberry and diligently took notes when the boss spoke, her eyes furiously darting from speaker to gadget. Her fingernails were so long that she gripped her stylus strangely, with her thumb sticking out. Perfect primping covered up any flaws she might have, and none were apparent. Angelina was too skillful to appear human. As she listened and typed, Angelina crossed and uncrossed her legs. Her stockings are mostly black, edged with rich brocade. Her knees are bony, her feet encased in Jimmy Choo. She wears no watch and no jewelry but for a gold chain so thin a spider could have spun it.
Two years ago Angelina graduated cum laude from Harvard Business School and found work easily at our firm as one of the…
Human development and evolution across all cultures mean that there will be a gap between older generations, who tend to cling to outdated ideals and paradigms, and younger generations, who tend away from the traditional and towards new developments. While there are merits in both positions, subscribers to each respective position seldom see the value in the viewpoint of the other. Hence, the conflicts that arise are often difficult to manage and impossible to overcome.
Such conflict is clearly portrayed in Nash Candelaria's "El Patron," and also to a degree in Oscar Hijuelos's "Visitors, 1965. n the former, the traditional viewpoint is represented by Lola's father, Senor Martinez, while the more progressive viewpoint is represented by the other three major characters in the story; Lola, her brother Tito, and her husband, the narrator of the story. The difference in viewpoints can be seen on a variety of platforms, including…
In "Visitors, 1965" on the other hand, the differences between respective generations, traditions, and paradigms are far more complex and multi-dimensional than in Candelaria's story. The story begins with an atmosphere of hope and joy as a result of Fidel Castro assuming power in Cuba. One of the main characters, Alejo, is a cook and the time, and chosen to be in charge of the dessert for Castro's visit to the United States. Alejo observes that "Only in America could a worker get so close to a fat little guy with enormous power" (295).
This event represents the difference in power relations as observed in the United States and in Cuba. The contrast is further strengthened as time increasingly reveals the suffering brought about by Castro's rule. American citizens have enough to eat and receive fair trials, along with humane treatment in prisons, while the same could not be expected in Cuba.
Another dichotomy is the one between cultures as represented by language. This is particularly embodied in the character of Hector. As the story progresses, so does Hector's feeling of displacement between cultures. He is not sufficiently confident to speak his native Spanish, nor is he happy in the United States, which he associates with feelings of loneliness and despair. He relates best to his displaced aunts and cousins from Cuba. In this way, the story offers a vision of the displaced and the necessity of adjustment amidst war and uncertainty.
1). Ironically, these workers who feed others are often hungry themselves, even when they bring home some of the rejected crop they harvest to feed their families. A 2007 study of agricultural workers in the area found that nearly half (45%) met the criteria of food insecurity. 34% of respondents were food insecure without hunger while an additional 11% were food insecure with hunger (irth et al. 2007, p.1). "Nearly half (48%) of eligible respondents reported utilizing the food stamp program, which is comparable to 53% of eligible Fresno County residents. However, food stamp participation varies by season. hereas 55% of eligible respondents utilized the program in the winter, only 37% of eligible respondents did so in the summer. Many respondents interviewed during the summer believed they were not eligible for this program because they were working or earned too much" (irth et al. 2007, p.24). They had little or…
Fresno California. Greenwich Mean Time. February 29, 2009. November 29, 2009.
Drury, Pauline. "Fresno." Ancestry.com. November 29, 2009.
4. I am grateful for my education, even though I complain about dragging myself to school. I am so fortunate that I have this time in my life to focus on learning. Every day I learn something new, whether I like it or not!
5. The animals in my life never judge me; animals always show me kindness and understanding and illustrate that without words it is still possible to speak deep and profound truths.
6. Never let it be forgotten that Thanksgiving is a uniquely American holiday. We are a nation that has had the courage to change, we are a nation that has elected its first African-American president, and we are a nation that has confronted the realities of war and an economic downturn (loose sentence). Beyond our profoundly imperfect beginnings as a nation, beyond our sad history of slavery, beyond the atonement we must still make to…