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Normally students do not become familiar with bibliographic formats until middle school -- now even elementary school children can see what a bibliography looks like by using Destiny.
One of the concerns about students using the Internet as part of the research process is that they may stumble upon age-inappropriate materials. However, through Destiny, students can use its eb Express feature once they select a book. This "connects the reader to pre-selected, teacher-approved, grade-leveled eb pages that correspond to the subject of the book that the reader selected" ("Destiny," Greenwich Public Schools, 2010). Destiny also provides the searcher with suggestions of other topics for research related to the book, which makes it an excellent jumping-off point for preliminary research and open-ended research papers.
Destiny is relatively easy to install and to operate. "Both on-site and web-based training and our technical support are available by toll-free telephone, email and the web"…
Destiny. Follet Software. March 22, 2010.
"Destiny Online Library Catalog Q&a." Greenwich public schools. March 22, 2010.
ith the discovery of gold and other valuable minerals, a wave of Easterners started to pour into the est. These people believed that it was their right and duty to expand. The idea of Manifest Destiny played a big role in America's political actions overseas. People believed that they were uniquely positioned to spread democracy throughout the world and this idea could clearly be seen as playing a role in twentieth century American foreign policy (hat is Manifest Destiny, 2009).
The Civil ar and the period following it had a great influence on immigration and transportation in this country. New inventions and technologies that came about because of the war, led to many people relocating in order to better themselves and their families. This trend led to many other problems that the nation then had to face, including the settlement issues in the west and conflicts with the Indians over…
What is Manifest Destiny? (2009). Retrieved July 27, 2009, from WiseGeek Web site:
Nino, like Amelie, is a kind of professional voyeur. During the day, he sells sexual pictures of people, and during the evening he creates photographic collages of stranger's faces in the name of his art. Nino's creation of art is only through snips of life, rather than through actually experiencing life. Like the title character, Nino gazes at others and manipulates their lives from his hidden position.
Amelie cannot allow herself to openly express her affection for Nino, as this would take her into the position of a 'subject,' rather than a voyeur. She hides in a puddle of water whenever Nino sees her, becoming a reflective mirror rather than an observable human being. In the water, Nino can only see himself, although some might observe that the conventional relationship of the 'male gaze' and the subject female. Voyeuristic cinema renders the woman into a kind of projection of male…
Amelie. Directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet. 2001.
Mulvey, Laura. "Visual pleasure and narrative cinema," Screen. 16.3 (Spring 1975): 6-18.
May 17, 2010. http://www.scribd.com/doc/7758866/laura-mulvey-visual-pleasure-and-narrative-cinema
Joseph Conrad, through his main character, does not stray too much from this perception, despite the occasional observations by Marlowe according to which the natives receive meaningless chores and are sometimes badly treated. For Marlowe, the African experience translates itself in a knowledge journey, one in which he not only discovers the particularities of an existence far from the civilized world, but also the characteristics of his own personality and approaches to the challenges he receives on his journey.
It is worth pointing out and emphasizing the large difference between the ways in which the two main characters of the literary works, Marlowe and Orestes, are exposed to the unknown and to the challenges that derive from that. Orestes is exposed to the unknown of no individual choice. Certainly, according to the ancient norms, it is destiny that he needs to fulfill and for which he needs to avenge his…
Christianity: The Origin, Purpose, and Destiny of a Christian
Just as the gospels present the account of the life and ministry of Jesus, the book of Acts presents the creation and growth of Christianity. Whereas in the gospels the apostles were consistently clueless about the points Jesus was attempting to make, the ascension of Jesus and the entry of the Holy Spirit transforms these cowardly men into heroes of the faith. The book presents some highs in the church but many more lows as persecution runs as high as the courage of Christian followers.
Imagine being arrested and entering a court of law with the only crime being charged was that of being a Christian. In order to prove their case, the prosecution pulls out the book of Acts with its recounting of the definition of the Christian and its clear definition of what a Christian was and should be…
Bock, Darrell. Acts: Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament Michigan: Baker Academic, 2007.
Bruce, Frederkick. The Book of Acts. Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1988.
Bercot, David. Will the Real Heretics Please Stand Up. Kindle Locations 308-310. Scroll Publishing Co.. Kindle Edition.
Conzelmann, Hans. History of Primitive Christianity. Abingdon Press, 1973.
Fighting Against Destiny
Oedipus ex is a Greek tragedy in which Oedipus and Thebes are punished for the sins committed by Oedipus' father, Laius. Written by Sophocles and first performed in 429 BCE, it is the second play produced in Sophocles' Theban plays but comes first in the chronology. In the play, it appears as though much of the issues plaguing Thebes have been precipitated by Oedipus' ascension to the throne. Laius, Creon, divine powers, and Oedipus contribute to the plague that infects the well-being of Thebes.
Greek tragedy is meant to reaffirm that life is worth living and are about people in conflict with the universe. Actions in Greek tragedies arise from inner conflict and these actions must arouse pity and fear; it is also dictated in tragedies that the hero, who is good yet not perfect, must fall. Furthermore, the audience must experience catharsis once the events have…
Brown, L. (2005). "Aristotle on Greek Tragedy." Retrieved from http://larryavisbrown.homestead.com/Aristotle_Tragedy.html
Gantz, T. (1993). Early Greek Myth. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
"Greek Theatre History Notes." (2011). Retrieved from http://www.krucli.com/greek_drama_notes.htm
Loy, J. (2002). "The Riddle of the Sphinx." Retrieved from http://www.jimloy.com/puzz/sphinx0.htm
Fate vs. free will is one of the most prevailing themes in Sophocles' Oedipus the King. From the outset of the play, Sophocles presents the title character's fate as being preordained, and possibly immutable. The gods have determined that Oedipus will kill his father and marry his mother, thereby causing a great tragedy of events over which Oedipus appears impotent and unable to change. The Oracle of Delphi is the one who first points his fate out to Oedipus. However, Tiresias the blind prophet is the second to remind Oedipus of his fate, at a critical moment he chose to ignore. Tiresias states, "And of the children, inmates of his home, / He shall be proved the brother and the sire, / Of her who bare him son and husband both, / Co-partner, and assassin of his sire," (Sophocles). The truth that the Oracle at Delphi and the blind…
Devereaux, George. "Why Oedipus Killed Laius." International Journal of Psychoanalysis 34: 132-141.
Dodds, E.R. "On Misunderstanding the Oedipus." Greece and Rome. Volume 13, Issue 01, April 1966,pp 37-49
"Oedipus Plays: Oedipus Rex Themes." Retrieved online: http://www.litcharts.com/lit/oedipusrex/themes
Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. Translated by F. Storr. Retrieved online: http://www.ancient-mythology.com/greek/oedipus_rex.php
Eternal punishment is clearly outlined and explained in Matthew 25:46: "Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life." The concept of eternal punishment is unpalatable, signaling perhaps an unjust God who "permanently installs a place of suffering in the final, eternal order," ("Annihilationism," n.d.). Yet, eternal damnation is certainly supported by scripture. Unfortunately from an eschatological perspective, there is also ample scriptural evidence in support of annihilationism: the doctrine that the damned do not rot eternally in hell but, rather, are obliterated. Anniliationism presumes that the wicked are not privileged to receive the bounty of God in Heaven; and they subsequently perish entirely. Souls are not innately immortal; only righteous souls have the ability to achieve immortality and do so only in heaven. The optimistic tone of annihilationism is echoed also in universalism: a Christian eschatological degree that suggests that all souls shall…
"Annihilationism," (n.d.). Theopedia. Retrieved online: http://www.theopedia.com/Annihilationism
Martin, C. (2012). Hell, Hades, Scheol, Gehanna. Retrieved online: http://acharlie.tripod.com/bible_study/hell_hades.html
Pinnock, C.H. (n.d.). The destruction of the finally impenitent. Retrieved online: http://grcog.homestead.com/destruction_of_the_finally_impen.htm
"Sheol," (n.d.). Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved online: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13563-sheol
New Deal Program in Florida
Why was the program needed in Florida?
Florida's economic boom went downhill despite the growth in the early 1920s. Severe hurricanes damaged a significant part of Florida, including Fort Lauderdale, Palm Beach, and Miami areas. A consequent outbreak of the Mediterranean fruit fly spread across Florida State thereby killing most of the citrus crop. Crop destruction and severe hurricane damages led to the downfall of Florida's economy. The 1929 Great Depression characterized falling stocks whereby investors lost all their invested monies. National banks also shut their doors leading to lose of savings that individuals banked in these financial institutions. The Great Depression affected more than 90,000 families in Florida State (Hiltzik, 2012). It was difficult for the state to sustain and support her residents due to the natural and economic disasters. As President Franklin D. oosevelt assumed office in 1933, he came up with the…
Grunwald, M. (2012). The New New Deal: The Hidden Story of Change in the Obama Era. New York: Simon and Schuster
Hiltzik, M. (2012). The New Deal. New York: Simon and Schuster
Stuart, J. & Stack, J. (2008). The New Deal in South Florida: Design, Policy, and Community Building, 1933-1940. Florida: University Press of Florida
Defined as “an aggressive program of expansion,” Manifest Destiny characterizes American national identity (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). Manifest Destiny refers to both a philosophy and a strategy: a means of crafting the notion of American exceptionalism as well as the methods used to construct American geo-political power. The geographic shape of the United States today owes itself to the principles and widespread embrace of Manifest Destiny, in which Washington laid claim to lands that had to be taken by force, from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 through to the acquisition of Texas and northern Mexico, to the takeover of Hawaii. The consequences of Manifest Destiny continue to reverberate more than two centuries after the initial rise of territorial expansion programs. Manifest Destiny emboldened the American experiment, fueling its economy, bolstering its military and political power, and exacerbating social unrest and disparity.
The relative ease with which the United States acquisitioned…
Historians differ on the origin of tarot cards. Most believe that Egypt was the first to use similar images and symbols. Tarot is also represented from the early Greek, oman, Norse and Indian cultures to the Italian and French medieval courts. The first clear reference to tarot is based on an Italian sermon from about 1500 A.D. (Pratesi). egardless of origination, it is agreed that many civilizations -- ancient to modern -- have commonly used the tarot to divine the future. It is not unusual, then, to see references of these cards in literature. Writers integrate it into their plot; poets use it as imagery. Italo Calvino's Castle of Crossed Destinies provides an excellent example of tarot not only used within the plot, but as a narrative metaphor. He weaves his narration around a group of medieval travelers staying at a castle who find themselves incapable of speaking.…
Calvino, Italo. Six Memos for the Next Millennium. Boston: Harvard University Press,
Calvino, Italo. Castle of Crossed Destinies. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1967.
Markey, Constance. Italo Calvino. Gainesville, FLA: University of Florida Press, 1999.
Spear of Destany
The history of civilization is full of legends and myths that have cut across cultural barriers and are nowadays some of the most well-known stories related to the old times of religion and civilization. One of these myths include, among others, the Holy Graal, the Shroud of Turin, or the Spear of Destiny, both of them linked to the life and death of Jesus Christ.
The present research provides a detailed account of the history of the Spear of Destiny, or the Holy Spear, which is considered to have been the one that eventually killed Jesus on the Cross. The accounts of this artifact is important and to some extend crucial for the history of Christianity in particular because of the role it played in the final hours of Jesus' life and, at the same time, due to the mysticism and meaning that has been attributed to…
Above Top Secret. (2014). The Spear of Destiny and Its Victims: From Jesus to Hitler . Retrieved March 14, 2014, from http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread914336/pg1
Bible Probe. (n.d.). Search for the real Holy Lance. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from http://www.bibleprobe.com/holy_lance.htm
Charney, N. (2013, Dec 21). Hitler's Hunt for the Holy Grail and the Ghent Altarpiece. Retrieved March 14, 2014, from http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/12/21/hitler-s-hunt-for-the-holy-grail-and-the-ghent-altarpiece.html
Don Schwager. (n.d. ). Daily readings and Meditation. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from The Gospel of John: a commentary & meditation: http://www.rc.net/wcc/readings/john1931.htm
The term "manifest destiny" was coined by John L. O'Sullivan during the administration of President James Knox Polk in the middle of the 19th century. However, the concept of manifest destiny seemed to have guided the original settling of the European colonies in North America, with the accompanying sense of entitlement to the lands and people therein. Manifest destiny suggested that God ordained America to be special, and wanted Americans to conquer and amass as much land as possible. Territorial acquisition became the cornerstone of American politics in the 19th century. Under President Polk, the boundaries of the United States stretched as far as they could possibly go, warranting war with a neighboring state: Mexico. Therefore, the events leading up to the Mexican War were directly linked to the overall concept of Manifest Destiny.
However, there were other precursors to the Mexican War. ebellions in California led to…
University of Virginia (2013). American president. Retrieved online: http://millercenter.org/president/polk/essays/biography/1
"War Fever and Antiwar Protests." Digital History. Retrieved online: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3266
164). "Worry, believe it or not," Ellis continues, "has no magical quality of staving off bad luck. On the contrary, it increases your chances of disease or accident by unnerving you" (Ellis, 1997, p. 164). Thus, worrying about and subsequently avoiding fearful situations really accomplishes nothing but perpetuating the fearful situation and the worry; the situation will continue to exist if it isn't addressed. If the situation causes one distress, it follows that one will continue to feel distress unless the situation somehow, magically, disappears. Indeed, Elko & Ostrow (1991) point out that those with anxiety are prone to 'worry about worry,' worry about the outcome itself, and even perform worse than those that do not worry. Moreover, in situations where one is the leader, such as in Lincoln's case, fearful situations almost never disappear, because leaders are precisely the individuals that are expected to spearhead fearful situations.
Boyd, George a. (2010). The Seven Faces of Destiny. Retrieved from http://www.mudrashram.com/destiny2.html
Elko, P. Kevin and Ostrow, Andrew C. (1991). Effects of a Rational-Emotive Education
Program on Heightened Anxiety Levels of Female Collegiate Gymnasts. The Sport
Psychologist, 5, 235-255.
Buddhists, who similarly believe in the concept of Karma, also have a strong commitment to the belief that their actions have consequences. hile Buddhists have a much different value system than Hindus or especially estern religions that tend to see good and bad as black and white, while Buddhists see it as wholesome or unwholesome (Sach 80), they still have a code of morality, such as valuing peace over harm. Karma represents this moral dichotomy. Thus, both the Eastern religions of Hinduism and Buddhism support the theory that one creates one's own destiny. If they did not, they could not have their system of moral rights and wrongs. ithout the chance to make positive or negative decisions, a belief system cannot coherently state that one cannot make one's own decisions, creating one's own destiny. How could a belief system maintain that one would be punished for his or her actions…
Mannion, James. Essential Philosophy. Avon: F+W, 2006.
Rice, Hugh. "Fatalism." 2006, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 8 October 2008.
Stanford University. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/fatalism/
Sach, Jacky. Essential Buddhism. Avon: F+W, 2006.
OZ and Transition
The izard of Oz provides Americans with a text that helps them make the transition from the country to the city and sets the stage for the commodified American popular culture of the 20th century. This paper will show how, thanks to its pristine (Emerald) beauty and adventurous episodes, Oz makes "the city" much more appealing than the muted, old-fashioned of America. It will also explain why Dorothy returns to Kansas (someone has to take back home the message of how amazing "the city" is).
Baum's Oz shows that everyman can become a king if he pursues his own desires: thus, the Scarecrow is awarded leadership over the Emerald City, the Tinman leadership over inkie County, and the Cowardly Lion kingship over the forest. Each character, of course, rises to meet his own personal challenge -- but, nonetheless, these are clear examples of how the American Dream…
Baum, F. The Wizard of Oz. Chicago, IL: George M. Hill Company, 1900.
Ellison, Ralph. Invisible Man. NY: Random House, 1952.
Jones, E. Michael. Sexual Liberation and Political Control. South Bend, IN: St.
American Way of War
The history of the American Way of War is a transitional one, as Weigley shows in his landmark work of the same name. The strategy of war went from, under Washington, a small scale, elude and survive set of tactics practiced by what seem today to be relatively "quaint" militias, to -- in the 20th century -- a full-scale operation known as "total war." True, "total war" was not a concept invented by the Americans in the 20th century. The North eventually practiced "total war" against the Confederates when Sherman's campaign left utter destruction of civilian territory in its wake. The ancient Romans practiced it when, under the direction of Cato, they destroyed Carthage because its mere existence, they felt, posed a threat to their prosperity. In the 20th century, however, "total war" received an enormous boost of technical support when the inventors of the atom…
Butler, Smedley. War is a Racket. LA: Feral House, 2003.
Chollet, Derek and James Goldgeier. America Between the Wars. NY: Public Affairs,
Debs, Eugene. "Anti-War Speech," 16 June 1918. Web.
Secular Humanism and Christianity
Secular humanism, a worldview that celebrates man's capacity for rationality, suggests that the scientific disciplines explain the origin of the universe and life on Earth. Humanists embrace the scientific method and critical thought as tools used to describe the beginnings of humanity (Kurtz, 2002). In this worldview, man's sense of identity is drawn from his surroundings. This includes the family, the local community and society as a whole. Humanists believe that identity is realized once one accepts and embraces one's place in the world. For the secular humanist, the issue of identity is closely tied to man's ultimate purpose. In short, it is the realization of one's personal potential and the use of that potential to better one's surroundings. Under humanism, morality is not so easily divided into a battle between the forces of good and evil.
As with the issue of origin, humanists…
Kurtz, Paul. (2002). Secular humanism: a new approach. Free Inquiry, Vol. 22(4).
Perlman, Alan M. (2006). Good without God: secular humanism and morality. Retrieved Dec.
2, 2011 from http://articles.exchristian.net/2006/10/good-without-god-secular-humanism-and.html
It was also the driving force behind the annexation of vast territories by the United States in the West, including Texas, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Arizona, which were conquered from Mexico, and Louisiana, which was purchased from France (Lubbrage, 2003).
The newly acquired territories became a bone of contention between the Southern and Northern states as the slave-holding South wanted to create more slave-holding states in order to restore the balance of power with the North, while the North resisted the expansion of slavery mainly because of a fear of "Slave Power." Hence, Manifest Destiny, at least indirectly contributed to the start of the Civil War.
The Fugitive Slave Law
During the drafting of the U.S. Constitution in 1787, the delegates from the Southern slave states refused to join the Union unless certain specific provisions on slavery were agreed. One of the provisions relating to slavery introduced in…
The Free Soil Party Platform." (1848). Professor Mark Lause's Links. Retrieved on December 13, 2007 at http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Quad/6460/doct/848frsl.html
Hawes, R.F. Jr. (2007). "Nullification Re-visited." The Libertarian Enterprise. Number 411, April 1, 2007. Retrieved on December 13, 2007 at http://www.ncc-1776.org/tle2007/tle411-20070401-03.html
Lubragge, M.T. (2003). "Manifest Destiny: The Philosophy That Created a Nation." From Revolution to Reconstruction. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/E/manifest/manif1.htm
Swogger, M.J. (1997). "Causes of the Civil War: The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law." Suite 101. Retrieved on December 13, 2007 at http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/american_civil_war_retired/4390
In other case the motive was rooted first in ideological assumption -- and that assumption was that ASP superiority was a given.
The issue of race and class finally came to a head as America continued its expansion westward. But the issue was political as well: hat right did the Federal Government have over State Government to say whether slavery should be abolished? ho was really in power in America -- the States and local government -- or federal national government? The Civil ar, of course, answered the question brutally and bloodily in 1865. But racism and classism did not end. In fact, the problems of race and class would continue even after the war for as long as American policy was determined by ASP elitism. That policy has not changed to this day.
In conclusion, issues of race and class were ingrained into the American fabric from the very…
Horsman, Reginald. Race and Manifest Destiny: the Origins of American Racial Anglo-
Saxonism. Harvard University Press, 1981. Print.
narrative analysis of historical content, themes, patterns, and events related to "race and empire in U.S. History. For this reason, six books have been considered. The paper will cover the narrative analysis of historical content related to race and empire in U.S. History, summary of the chronological themes, and the strengths and weaknesses for each book.
Manifest destinies: the making of the Mexican-American race
The key to the approach of Gomez is the thought that Mexican-Americans do not from ethnicity, in fact a race. The difference lies in societal construction. Rather than having inborn worth, race is history reliant and given meaning by social processes, institutions, and persons. In the view of Gomez, the identity of Mexican-American is a result of social attitudes and legal definitions during the era, after the war between U.S. And Mexico. In fact, for Mexicans, there was no proper racial model[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Gomez,…
8. Hardy, T.J.. Race as an Aspect of the U.S.-Australian Alliance in World War II. (Diplomatic History, 2013)
9. Mora, A.P.. Jose Angel Hernandez. Mexican-American Colonization during the Nineteenth Century: A History of the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. (The American Historical Review, 118(3), 818-819., 2013)
10. Guyotte, R.L., & Posadas, B.M.. Filipinos and Filipino Americans, 1870 -- 1940. Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration, 347, 2013
The prevailing notion through the repetition of the line, "Be Careful," which is repeated four times in the eight line poem is that one should not take things for granted and act out of line. Even in the smallest details one should have good thoughts as bad thoughts will turn into bad actions and thus bad habits and the cycle will continue indefinitely. Be Careful is thus an effective poem and one in which its point is not only verbally articulated, but articulated through the form and expression of the poem as well. It is remarkable that such a short and simple repetitive poem can have such an emotional impact and even have a twist at the end as destiny is an important aspect of life that everyone tries to make the best. Destiny is the entire future and how the future effects not only a person, but others around…
The ability to plan, without the ability to organize and control has some value for a manager. However, without a plan, organizing leading and controlling is of very little value. Overall, it maybe argued that organizing is one of the most important, as an individual who is able to organize may be building on other functions.
4) GE's Jack Welch said: "Manage your destiny, or somebody else will." What does this mean for strategic management? What does it mean when Welch adds,"...or somebody else will"?
If an individual to take charge of their destiny it requires to look at the future and decide what they want to achieve. This looking forward in order to determine the goal is only the first stage, as in order to manage your destiny almost also decide how that goal can be achieved, put the plan into place, including identifying steps which need to be…
Therefore the commerce under analysis is not a mere relation of exchange, but is a relation in which two forces become actively involved. Since it is man who initiates the process then it results that man is free to act as he wishes and not determined in his actions. The fact that this process is initiated in times of hardship demonstrate the fact that will and freedom are not enough in order to find the path towards the truth, freedom and serenity, and that god is needed in order to achieve this goal. If the exchange relationship is the mechanism through which god ad man communicate and unite, then prayer is the instrument which the process needs for its fulfilment.
Prayer is considered to be the active manifestation of religion, its incarnation. That is why the author argues that it is "real religion" as opposed to moral senses (the ethic…
Hegel, G.W.F. Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, trans., E.B. Speirs and J. Burdon Sanderson. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd., 1895
Renard, J. The Handy Religion Answer Book . Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 2002
Sabatier, a. Outlines of a Philosophy of Religion. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1897
With localized colonial governments, world leaders demonstrated that empires could be founded on mastery of regional trade routes. At the beginning of the 20th century nations like Japan were at the forefront of the new model of imperialism.
Q3.Explain WWI? World War 1.
World War One was a natural outcome of the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the subsequent imbalance of power those downfalls entailed. Moreover, the First World War was a direct consequence of the ages of imperialism, colonialism, and industrialization. The war paved the way for emerging states to create a free market economy based on capitalism or on the other hand, a closed-market system based on state-controlled resources.
Q4.The Paris Exhibition had two famous sculptures: one of Paris in an evening gown and the other of Rodin's the Thinker. Elaborate upon the meaning of both and its lesson for us in the…
They cannot fight their biological destiny, no matter how hard they try, and that is another reason that I believe sex and gender are biological, and not simply psychological or mental.
However, I firmly believe that how society looks at gender is social, and has nothing to do with biology or nature. Society has placed certain "rules" about sex and sexuality on men and women. Men are supposed to be manly, strong, the providers, and most of all, supremely "male" and all that means. It means men are supposed to be unemotional, not show their feelings, enjoy sports and violence, and never show weakness. Women are supposed to be feminine, weak and dependent, good-looking, and emotional, and a man who shows these tendencies is labeled "gay" or "weird" by other men. These are all social constructs that most of society firmly believes in and abides by. Thus, anyone who is…
Transamerica. Dir. Duncan Tucker. Perf. Felicity Huffman, Kevin Zegers. The Weinstein Company, 2005.
Vincent, Norah. Self-Made Man: One Woman's Journey Into Manhood and Back. New York, Penguin, 2006.
As such, Yunus' business model for Grameen Bank directly contradicts Social Darwinism, since the former is giving collateral free loans to individuals who are not fiscally fit -- and who are oftentimes exceedingly destitute -- and enabling them to get the financial means to survive.
Additionally, it is critical to examine the role that women play in both Social Darwinism and in Yunus' enterprise with Grameeen. Women are the bearers of children, and regardless of what Social Darwin advances about the fittest of a species, no species can survive without the means of replicating itself. For humans, of course, such a conception prioritizes women over men. Therefore, it is highly significant that the bulk of the individuals receiving loans form Grameen are women. From a Social Darwinism perspective this fact is extremely noteworthy, since women can produce a more direct effect on the livelihoods of their children.
Still, it is…
"PBS New Heroes Ep1 01 Kailash Satyarthi Child Slavery India." (2011). Youtube.
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmHyARnDxI0
"PBS New Heroes Ep2 03 Fabio Rosa Low Voltage Electricity Brazil." (2011). Youtube.
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LfmFEBRmgLU
Buddhism emerged in India around 2500 B.C. At a time when conditions were critical in the area as a result of significant social and religious conflicts. Even with the fact that this culture contradicted a great deal of traditions in India during the period, it received wide-spread appreciation. The fact that it was initially not as well-organized as other religions that it interacted with did not stop it from pervading the Indian society.
The sense of self is a very important concept in Buddhism, as the religious ideology promotes it as being a constantly changing idea. Buddhist teachers emphasize the need to acknowledge that it would be wrong for someone to consider his identity as being equivalent to a particular value all the time. Identity changes over the years and ideas that seemed intriguing in the past might seem less impressive in the present.
Buddhism addresses life as a trial…
Bainton, R.H. (2000). "Christianity." Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Renard, J. (2002). "101 Questions and Answers on Buddhism." Random House Value Publishing.
In this sense, the time and setting of these two plays are less significant because each of the two addresses universal questions of fate, destiny, free will, and the meaning of life, which are as current today as they were over 2000 years ago, when Oedipus Rex was written, for instance.
The arker Face of the Earth reflects many of the themes and plot elements that also occur in the ancient Greek play by Sophocles entitled Oedipus Rex. In both cases, although the protagonists are faced with challenges by the powerful forces of destiny, their fate is direct consequence of their choice regarding the exercise of free will. Both Augustus and Oedipus are victims of their own bloody choices. Because their actions are no longer controlled by rational thought, they exercise their free will poorly hence they must accept the consequences of their actions and suffer the painful fate that…
Dove, Rita. The Darker Face of the Earth. Story Line Press, 1996
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Pocket, 1994
Vellacott, P.H. "The Guilt of Oedipus." Greece & Rome 2nd Ser., Vol. 11, No. 2. (Oct., 1964): 137-148.
control over one's own destiny is an illusion of misconstructed ideals and metaphysical analysis. Beginning with Sigmund Freud's fascination with the power of the unconscious which he explicitly details through his work Dora (1963), the influence that the unconscious has on an individual is explicated and determined to practically guide everything that one does, but without really giving the illusion that one is in control. The unconscious controls the self, but does it define who one is? When there is no sense of control or free will, things fall apart. One wants to know that one can influence the way that one's life turns out, but in reality, a very small number of things are actually under one's control. By attributing all sense of control and destiny to the unconscious, one either loses the definition of who one is as a person, or gives up any sort of power in…
Cunningham, Michael. The Hours. New York, NY: Picador Publishing, 1998. Print.
Freud, Sigmund. Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. 1963. Print.
Camus, Albert. The Guest (Creative Short Stories). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Publishing. 1957. Print.
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. USA: Tribeca Books. 1915. Print.
Secular Humanism and Christianity
The first thing to remember about Secular Humanism is that it does not have a creed -- in fact, it rejects them: the Nicene Creed of the early Christian Church, for example, would not be believed by a Secular Humanist, for their religion is science. Secular Humanists have no defined beliefs concerning the origin of the human race, because they have seen no empirical data that is convincing enough to prove anything one way or another: some may believe in evolution and some may even believe in a Creator. Secular Humanists believe in the right to free inquiry (whether "ecclesiastical, political, ideological, or social") (Stevens et al. 2011).
Identity, therefore, is subjective and follows for the most part in the tradition of modern philosophical thought: humanism, after all, truly "exploded" in the West following the Renaissance and became the skeptic's preferred system of belief. Identity is…
New Revised Standard Version Bible. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2009.
Radest, Howard. The Devil and Secular Humanism. NY: Praeger Publishers, 1990.
Stevens, Fritz, et al. "What is Secular Humanism?" 2011. Council for Secular
Humanism. Site accessed 25 Sep 2011 from http://www.secularhumanism.org/index.php?section=main&page=what
Personal Matter" by Kenzaburo Oe
Fatalism and Destiny in "A Personal Matter" by Kenzaburo Oe
Differences in culture have persistently influenced the works of literature among writers across the globe. African-American writers write about the racial prejudice and injustice of discrimination in a predominantly white American society. American writers, meanwhile, center on the issue of individualism and the society's role in reinforcing or discouraging this ideology. Notably, these writers talk about their experiences reflective of the estern cultural experience, and an analysis of the works of writers from the Eastern societies and cultures reflect an altogether different sentiment about life and living.
Take as an example the work of Kenzaburo Oe entitled, "A Personal Matter." Published in 1968, Oe's novel is a personal narrative of the travails that he and his family went through during post-orld ar II Japan, a period wherein the country's citizens are experiencing suffering as a…
Oe, K. (1968). A Personal Matter. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Company.
Antonio cannot avoid the darker side of human emotions. He dreams that a mob calls out for Ultima's blood. Through this dream Antonio subconsciously acknowledges that his desire for revenge against Tenorio is just savage.
His religious believes are not so strong anymore, this is also contrasted in his discussion with his father on the topic.
Antonio takes his first Communion and waits for God to answer the questions that haunt him about the moral understanding of the world but the answers doesn't seem to be reveled. Antonio's despair of understanding why evil exists actually leads him to greater spiritual understanding. In his conversation with his father Antonio expresses the desire to be both a Luna and a Marez, but Gabriel admits that the vaquero's way of life is fading, so he is ready to end the long conflict with Maria. Antonio meditates out loud that it is possible to…
Bless me, Ultima, by Rodolfo Anaya, Warner Books (April 1, 1999)
Analysis of the novel and the characters from the Internet at http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/id-41,pageNum-2.html
Biblical Principles in the Field of Psychology
Biblical Principles in Psychology
This question is still a subject of debate in the academia. One of the two definitions of psychology is through the biblical vantage point and thus using religious material to enrich it would be welcome in the broad sense that psychology finds a place in the biblical arena. Outside this consideration, psychology is generally considered as the subject interested in studying human and animal behavior. Nevertheless, the soul is a very important subject in the study of psychology. First off, psychology attempts to address issues such as the nature of human soul, explores the origin of a soul, and attempts to establish the purpose of man's soul and what might be at the final destiny of a soul.
There have been mixed reactions to whether biblical principles should be used in the field of psychology. For…
Cosgrove, M. (1979) "Psychology Gone Awry" Grand Rapids: Zondervan
Wayne, J. (2010) "Modern Psychology and the Bible" Available Online:
Christianism passion "Atala" Chateaubriand. cites vivid examples .
Christianism and Passion in "Atala"
Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand's novella "Atala" is meant to emphasize the contrast between Christian communities and Native communities in North America during the eighteenth century. The text contains a great deal of Romantic narratives concerning the American background and practically turns the scenery into a heaven-like location. Even with the fact it is, at times, difficult to determine whether Chateaubriand wants readers to understand that Native American cultural values need to be respected or whether they need to be condemned, the truth is that the writer actually intends to highlight that Christianity is, to a certain degree, the only viable solution to a society that is unable to accept its destiny.
"Atala" relates to how primitive societies have a tendency to promote pious attitudes in spite of the fact that people are typically accustomed to associating them with…
Chateaubriand, Francois Rene, "Atala and Rene," (University of California Press, 01.01.1952)
Taylor, Joshua C. "Nineteenth-Century Theories of Art," (University of California Press, 08.02.1989)
George Hanbury, Alka Sapat, and Charles ashington and published in the article "Know Yourself and Take Charge of Your Own Destiny: the 'Fit Model' of Leadership," found that there is a direct correlation between the way that those in authority deal with their subordinates. There are different theories and ideas about how the correct leader for a group should be determined. One theory, the "fit model" of leadership states that people who are the best fit for a position of leadership should be the ones who are chosen to fill those roles. Fitness has to do with the knowledge that a person has of an organization or the purposes of that organization. They must have a personality as well as a psychological profile which is complimentary to the general makeup of the employees or subordinates within the given setting. It also refers to their ability to lead in a general…
Hanbury, G., Sapat, A., & Washington, C. (2004). Know yourself and take charge of your own destiny: the 'fit model' of leadership. Public Administration Review. 64(5). 566-76.
otherwise referred to as weltanschauung) refers to a person's perspectives, his or her beliefs, ethical conduct, themes, values, emotions, the way that he or she perceives objects / events in the world that are ultimately colored by his religious or ideological perspective. For instance, someone acculturated with communistic / socialistic beliefs would perceive workers to be unfairly employed / exploited by their owner, whilst another, operating from the beliefs of a divinely inspired and ordained hierarchy may see it as logical that gap should exist between worker and owner since both belong in different classes. In short, it is the framework of beliefs through which the individual perceives the world and interacts with it.
Origin of man: Christianity believes that we are created by God to populate the world. That the universe was an empty, desolate space and that in 7 days, God created all matter (as for instance "And…
Oedipus is one of the most famous names in Greek mythology. His name has become both a psychological complex as well as a familiar joke. His story has come to be a synonym as well for the capriciousness of fate. But a truer picture of the character of Oedipus suggests that, rather than being an unwitting victim, Oedipus a clear hand in his own demise. Despite its reputation, Sophocles' play "Oedipus the King" is a tragedy of character rather than of an innocent condemned by fate. Oedipus' tragic flaw his confidence and his arrogance that he understands what is happening to himself and his city. Of course, Oedipus really understands nothing.
The play begins by Oedipus, king of Thebes talking to his "children" or citizens, bemoaning the fact that Thebes is now under a plague. (ines 1-5, source from iterature and Ourselves) The priest tells Oedipus, "Now we pray to…
Later, the young man Oedipus found his way to the capital and freed Thebes from the curse of the Sphinx. He did so as a confident action, confident of his own intelligence where other men had failed and been killed by the cursed monster. As a gift, Thebes gave him the hand of Laius' widow, Jocasta. This is where the term 'Oedipus Complex' comes from, according to the Gale Online Encyclopedia of Psychology. Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) "describes a subconscious feelings in children of intense competition and even hatred toward the parent of the same sex, and feelings of romantic love toward the parent of the opposite sex. He felt that if these conflicting feelings were not successfully resolved, they would contribute to neuroses in later life. The name "Oedipus" refers to Oedipus Rex, the classic Greek play by Sophocles, which tells the story of Oedipus, who is abandoned at birth by his parents, King Laius and Queen Jocasta. He later comes back and, as foretold by prophecy, kills his father and marries his mother before finding out his true identity. Freud saw in the play an archetypal dynamic being played out, and so coopted the character's name for his description."
However, Freud's passive Oedipus has little to do with the active Oedipus of the text. Perhaps a better reading of Oedipus is provided by Michael Pennington, who states, "The Oedipus complex is...inappropriate to the play. Oedipus sleeps with his mother and kills his father circumstantially, proving only his political sense and a violent temperament." (Pennington 100) Pennington states that it was simply astute of Oedipus to marry Jocasta, he did not do so out of desire. Oedipus chose to free Thebes of the Sphinx out of intelligence and ambition. It takes a particular character of man to act out of anger and kill an older individual in a dispute of early Greek 'road rage.'
It also takes a particular kind of individual character to blind himself. Oedipus' stated reason
Did America justly fulfill its manifest destiny? Explain your opinion.
America did fulfill its destiny. This occurred with the country uniting as one nation embracing these ideas of personal freedom and equality. While at the same time, it went from a series of small backward colonies to becoming a world power. These objectives were realized over the course of American history. (Kennedy, 2012)
The biggest reasons for the westward expansion were based upon the desire to obtain land and have access to various natural resources (i.e. gold, silver, coal and oil). This was a part of America's expansion into becoming a new nation that embraced the ideas of personal freedom. A classic example of this peaceful expansion occurred with the purchase of Alaska from ussia in 1867. To this day, it is continuing to contribute economically and militarily. (Kennedy, 2012)
However, the westward expansion often involved the use…
National Vital Statistics System. (2012). CDC. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss.htm
Brewer, P. (2004). Near Zero Deficit Accounting with Sigma Six. Journal of Corporate and Accounting Finance, 15 (2), 67 -- 72.
Kennedy, D. (2012). The Brief American Pageant. Mason, OH: Southwestern.
However, over the years, history book publishers have not followed suit and described the soladeras in a positive way. For instance, one of Casaola's most well-known photos is of a harried soldadera in a train station. The photograph's saturated colors make the scene deeply emotional and compelling, with a feeling of urgency and dynamic motion. The spontaneity of the picture and transparency of reality provide an historical accuracy and high degree of precision. Yet, the caption of one history book, for example, relates how many of the soldaderas were forced to ride on the rooftops of the trains, instead of inside the wagons. Many of the women died early deaths when the train sped through dangerous ravines and cliffs. This was anything but a supportive interpretation of the photograph and not why Casola took the photographs.
On the other hand, Casola's photographs, especially this one in the train station, did…
Coerver, Don M.. Suzanne B. Pasztor and Robert Buffington. Mexico: an encyclopedia of contemporary culture and history Santa Barber, CA: ABC-Clio.
Fuentes, Andres. "Battleground Women: Soldaderas and Female Soldiers in the Mexican Revolution." The Americas 51 no. 4 (1995): 525-553.
King, Benjamin. "Iconography and Stereotype: Visual Memory of the Soldaderas" http://www.umich.edu/~historyj/pages_folder/articles/Iconography_and_Stereotype.pdf (Accessed May 3, 2010)
Macias, Anna. Against All Odds: The Feminist Movement in Mexico to 1940 Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1982
I see the effects of the past on the present in both my personal life and in the life of my community. For example, the discovery of oil in my country has completely changed the demographics and lifestyle. Those who were lucky enough to reap rewards from the lucrative industry can live lavish lifestyles, travel abroad, and even move, live, and work in estern countries while maintaining a home in Kuwait. The most significant thing I have learned is that while we are masters of our destiny, the past still molds and shapes who we are. The American Dream tells us that we can become whatever we want, as long as we are willing to work for it. However, I do not believe that. e can come whatever we want to a certain extent. The past shapes our beliefs, values, goals, and ideals.
hen I asked my parents about their…
Platt, Lyman D. "The Importance of Oral Histories." Genealogy.com. Retrieved online: http://www.genealogy.com/2_oralhs.html
Irony as Meaning in La Haine
Mathieu Kassovitz's (1995) film La Haine deals with very controversial and impassioned issues that were relevant in France at the time of the film's production and remain very much at the forefront of French minds today. Police violence, racism, and what can best be termed classism -- a belief in the fundamental inferiority of individuals that live on the lower rungs of the socio-economic ladder -- are rampant amongst French society generally and in the minds of the police specifically, and this film illustrates this without pulling any punches. At the same time, La Haine does not simply provide one side of the story, but rather is deeply reflective of the goods, bads, and in-betweens that exist on all sides of the issue. Kassovitz blends poignancy and comedy in an extremely ironic way to tell this story, and ultimately it is through the…
Earp, J. (n.d.) La Haine. Accessed 22 April 2011. http://dvds.estefanfilms.com/lahaine.htm
Kassovitz, M. (1995). La Haine. Canal+.
Nesbit, J. (2008). Haine, La. Accessed 22 April 2011. http://oldschoolreviews.com/rev_90/haine.htm
Papamichael, S. (2004). La Haine. Accessed 22 April 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/films/2004/08/04/la_haine_2004_review.shtml
However, Cardinal Gibbons, even after this encyclical by the Pope, "took a dim view of strikes (by the Catholic immigrants)" and any "concrete action by American Catholics was slow in coming, (due to) the conservatism of the clergy and the parochial concerns of the lay leaders" (Carnes 654).
The Catholic church responded in other ways to the crucial needs of immigrant Catholics in the United States, especially in the area of social reform and support. Mother Frances Cabrini, an Italian immigrant, founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart in order to teach Italians in the parochial schools run by the Catholic church, to care for the thousands of homeless children that had been forced to live in the streets because of the deaths of their parents from hatred, and to place nurses in hospitals. Such organizations as the Saint Vincent de Paul Society made it possible for Catholics to…
Carnes, Mark C. And John A. Garraty. American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Volume II, Since 1865. Boston: Longman Publishing, 2002.
Evanston, J.K. The Catholics in America. New York: Random House, 1965.
Hennesey, James. American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.
Thomas, William A. Catholicism and Hatred in America, 1860 to 1900. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1975.
Apart from this, further developments will be made in the fields of physics, medicine and engineering. Sensors will be seen everywhere and people will be able to go towards the space with the elevator and this will be made possible by just clicking on a single button. All these developments are in process are will come into view in the future (Kaku, pg. 45).
As it is mentioned above that the all the drawbacks of technology are not negligible and many people are now fully aware that how techn ology is harming the society as well as the environement in which we all survive. but, in spite of being aware about this fact, a number of organizations, nations and individuals are using technology in every moment of their life. The reason behind is that people are only thinking of their personal motives and well-being . They completely ignore the benefit…
Chiang, Jong-Tsong. "High-technology targeting: its modes' strategies and paradigms." Technology in Society (1998): 1-23.
Kaku, Michio. Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by 2100. NY: Knopf Doubleday., 2011.
McKibben, Bill. Staying Human in our Engineered Age. Henry Holt & Co., Inc., 2004.
Teich, Albert H. Technology and the Future. NY: St. Martins Press, 2008.
Indeed, the trajectory of the narrative involves exacting revenge on those who prevented her marriage from taking place.
Although the Bride's marital aspirations might suggest that she holds a conservative sensibility, this is far from the case and she is ultimately more aggressive than Jen. While Jen also exhibits physical prowess, her sacrificial gesture at the film's conclusion signifies how she maintains a strong reverence for the Confucian moral code, assimilating her within the wuxia genre. Physically, the Bride resembles a dominatrix; she is taller than many of the characters and fights in a relentlessly savage manner (even going so far as to bite her adversary in one scene.) in contrast, Jen is more diminutive and her face and eyes are softer and less predatory. Where the Bride looks much more imposing than an average person, Jen has an average size that is not dissimilar from the other characters. Indeed,…
U.S. National Strategy
What three United States national interests do you think will be at great risk over the next five years? Describe those interests and identify which instruments of national power can be leveraged to protect or advance those national interests and how those instruments can be used.
As President Obama stated in his addresses to Congress in February 2009, the most important problem that the country faced was the economy, which was in the worst recession since the 1930s. This affected both domestic and foreign policy, since the country would probably have to reduce military spending and its commitments overseas as it did during the Great Depression, so for the Obama administration economic recovery was the primary goal. He did promise that "the weight of this crisis will not determine the destiny of this nation" (Obama Address, 2009, p. 1). He promised that the government would deal with…
Address to Joint Session of Congress. Remarks of President Barack Obama, As Prepared for Delivery, Address to Joint Session of Congress, Tuesday, February 24th, 2009.
Comprehensive Regional Strategy on Somalia: A Strategy for U.S. Engagement Report to Congress, February 2007.
JP 3-0 Chapter I.
JP 3 Extract Chapter 2.
Angelology Satanology Define religious (ethical) dualism show difference kind dualism ( idea God Satan eternal equal forces struggled struggle eternity) Bible teaches God Satan. Show biblical teaching origin destiny Satan contradicts common understanding religious (ethical) dualism.
Theology promotes the belief that there are two entities, good and evil and that they are equally powerful. In contrast, Christianity and the Christian bible claim that God is much more powerful than Satan. Dualism in general thus contradicts the bible by claiming that the forces of good are equally powerful to the forces of evil. The devil was the first individual to have committed a sin and it originally appeared in the heart of Satan. Although Satan was initially called Lucifer (the light bearer), his glory ended when he decided to act in disagreement with God's word.
Vanity was one of Satan's principal characteristics at the time when he decided to…
Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might e Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack
Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and…
Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).
Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
Description of Company
My company, idgetCo, designs and manufactures widgets here in Dullsville, USA. The company has been in operation since 1927, and moved to Dullsville shortly after II to take advantage of the large clustering of industry around the steel plant in Steelville. The steel plant and many of the other businesses have now closed, but idgetCo has long been an innovator in widget design, so remains a thriving business. The company is now the largest employer in Dullsville. Operating as a differentiated provider, we are able to meet the needs of our customers -- mainly manufacturers -- who now are spread throughout the NAFTA region.
There are a number of stakeholders for idgetCo, and we believe that it is important to take the needs of each into consideration when embarking on major strategic endeavors (Leigh, 2013). Internally, we see our stakeholder universe as consisting of management,…
Gillan, S. & Starks, L. (2000). Corporate governance proposals and shareholder activism: The role of institutional investors. Journal of Financial Economics Vol. 57 (2000) 275-305
Holzer, B. (2008). Turning stakeseekers into stakeholders. Business & Society. Vol. 47 (1) 50-67.
Kokemuller, N. (2013). How do stakeholders influence business activities? Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 28, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/stakeholders-influence-business-activities-18754.html
Leigh, J. (2013). The differences between primary and secondary stakeholders. eHow. Retrieved April 28, 2013 from http://www.ehow.co.uk/facts_7267188_difference-between-primary-secondary-stakeholders.html
theory counseling exist, giving a background fit views personality. My views: Life experiences play a vital role's life. These experiences negatively positively effect future. Our life choice, decide destiny.
In today's mental health services, almost anyone either with a university degree or by paying some fees upon following specific courses, can call himself a therapist or a counselor. That professional training is not required when practicing psychotherapy is either something to be worrying us a lot or something we should be thankful for. In the first case, people may be misleading themselves into thinking they can treat patients with mental health issues simply because they've been accredited by nonaccredited training programs. When information is poor and experience is less, we must consider that patients' situation can either not improve or even worsen. On the other hand, there may be a lot of individuals out there with prolific abilities into treating…
Corey, G. (2012). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
May, R. (1950). The meaning of anxiety. New York, N.Y.: The Ronald Press Company.
Stewart, I. (1992). Eric Berne. London, California, New Delhi: SAGE Publications Inc.
The more important someone's rank in society was, the bigger the obligations became and thus, the responsibility increased.
Mesopotamia was a region between the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates where the swing of world's first civilization emerged. Various cultures occupied the region and were brought together solely by their customs and religion. Trade came in as the result of agriculture, it brought prosperity and urbanization. The rise of cities led to economic and political developments, one city being conquered by another until the establishment of the first Mesopotamian empire by Sargon that lasted about 150 years until outside powers such as the Hittites (who raided Babylon) gained control over some areas. During the Middle Bronze Age, the Assyrians conquered much of Mesopotamia and, with the rise of the Babylonian dynasty, trade was once again favoured and brought along warfare.
The Alexandrian Empire was favoured by a number of its king's…
communist answer Martin's "Four Subsidiary Philosophical Questions" -- ontological, epistemological, axiological, teleological questions? You find questions Chapter 1 Martin text, Presentation Module 1.
Communism: Four subsidiary philosophical questions
Although the 'four subsidiary philosophical questions' are often applied to religious systems of thinking, they can also be applied to secular worldviews such as Marxism. The ontological starting point of Marxism, or the question of 'who am I' is that every individual is fundamentally a material being, defined by his or her economic status. The world is divided into the 'haves' and the 'have-nots,' who are engaged in a perpetual struggle over the world's scarce resources. Although ideologies such as religion or nationalism may be used to mask the importance of economics, historical circumstances -- and therefore the nature of humanity -- are primarily defined by material possessions. People are defined by their class. Similarly, the epistemological questions of how does one…
Chambers, W. (1987). Witness. Washington, DC: Regency Publishing.
Martin, G. (2006). Prevailing worldviews of western society since 1500. Marion, IN: Triangle
Publishing. ISBN: 97811931283168.This is the name of the book
Le Viol (rape) by surrealist painter Rene Magritte. The painting was done in 1934 and it was clearly meant to shock the viewer as it is a repulsive representation of a woman's face. However, instead of eyes she has breasts, instead of a mouth she has pubic hair that one assumes is covering a vagina, and instead of a nose Magritte has placed a human belly button in that spot.
There are many possible suggestions that an alert observer could present in terms of what the artist had in mind when he created this piece (it was first a drawing and later Magritte produced an oil on canvas painting from the drawing). One idea that has value is that Magritte was not-so-subtly protesting against rape. He presented a woman's face as her anatomy, as though perhaps it would be her destiny to have her breasts and her vagina be a…
Breton, Andre (1896-1966) From the First Manifesto of Surrealism.
Breton, Andre (1896-1966). From the Second Manifesto of Surrealism.
Gale Biography In Context. (1998). Rene Magritte. Encyclopedia of World Biography.
Retrieved November 29, 2012, from http://0-ic.galegroup.com.
Ethics of Society, Technology, And the Environment
Ethics of Society, Technology and Environment
Being the member of the human society in 21st century is like to be the witness of the breathtaking technological revolution. Society, technology and environment are the three vertices of a same triangle and hence connected to each other. As a result they tend to have inter-related influences and affects. With the advancements and immense developments in the fields of science and technology, the life particularly in 21st century has taken an almost new turn. The glance on the ancient or earlier times would prove that, the life then, was completely different.
By ethics we mean, those specific standards which determine the functioning of the system for which they are defined. Ethics of society, technology and environment are thus those set generalized standards for the safety and preservation of the environment and nature along with the technological…
Kaku, Michio. Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2100. New York: Doubleday, 2011. Print.
Keogh, Martin, ed. Hope Beneath Our Feet. North Atlantic Books, 2010. Print.
"What Can You Do? -- Environmental Protection Agency. EPA online,
7 July. 2011. Web. 11 July. 2011.
Ballenstedt's work confronts an issue of growing prominence in 21st century merica: employment. Her writing does more than address the issues of employment in of itself, but includes discussion of retirement or the end of employment, and yet another issue of returning to work after retirement. This article is a specific meditation on the situation of federal retirees returning to work after retirement and what kinds of economic and social consequences the government and the country would face if such action were taken on a massive scale.
ccording to Ballenstedt, the Office of Personnel Management is pushing policies that would increase incentives for federal retirees to return to the workforce. Ultimately, other experts have considered this situation and believe that additional monetary incentives to retired federal employees wishing to return to the workforce would cost the government a lot of money and may end up hurting the government, the…
Among the factors the authors believe contribute to the successful fit of a leader within an organization, they list factors such as leadership style and personality traits that are more personal and distinctive per individual. They also cite factors such as perceptions of the manager, and demographics of the city wherein the organization is. It is a logical yet rare occurrence to read in research about leadership mention about how the physical space, not just where the organization conducts business, but the greater and larger community space affects leadership efficacy. Such techniques and methods of thinking are present in areas such as organizational & industrial psychology, but they have yet to catch on in a large-scale, meaningful way.
The authors were able to use their data to construct a fit model. They interpreted the data and made several conclusions regarding factors that affect the tenure of a manager/leader. Several of the factors were culturally-based or biased, such as gender, ethnicity, and whether the leader was born in the United States. They conclude that leaders who are more introverted, retain inner motivation, as well as highly perceptive and adaptable, make the best leaders and they are the kind of leaders who lead for a long time. The conclusion may come as a shock or seem counterintuitive that a good leader is not extroverted, but introverted, but extroversion can intimidate or put off subordinates for many reasons. Following this research as a guide, the author contends that leaders could use more introversion and perceptual agility rather than extroverted aggressive tendencies, but the leader needs to be extroverted enough to handle speaking in front of groups, delegating tasks, and other basic components of organizational leadership/management.
Hanbury, G., Sapat, A., & Washington, C. (2004) Know Yourself and take Charge of Your Own Destiny: The Fit Model of Leadership. Public Administration Review, 64(5), 566 -- 576.
religious dualism and contrasts it to ibles teachings and understanding of the existence of oth God and Satan. It explores the authenticity of dualism as a doctrine while providing strong iblical evidence of the supremacy of God. The paper highlights iblical origin of Satan and prophesies of his end. Satan's limitations are also highlighted as a proof that he is not God's equal but is in fact subservient to Him.
Religious dualism is a doctrine that acknowledges existence of two powerful and eternal supernatural beings of equal powers antagonize one another, often depicted as a representative of good and evil (Mizii 1999). However, it is important to understand what the ible says about dualism. Satan might have little power over human beings, but he is not equal to God in any way, in the book of John, the ible says, "you, dear children, are from God and have…
Floyd, Shelby G. "Temptation and Sin." www.preachthewordatheartland.com. October 2008.
http://www.preachthewordatheartland.com/docs/james/7 -- Temptation%20And%20Sin%202-17-02.htm (accessed March 6, 2012).
Mizii. "Religious dualism." www.mizii.com. 1999.
http://www.mizii.com/jesusi/inlight/religion/belief/dualism.htm (accessed March 6, 2012).
Same Sex Marriages Should Be Legally Sanctioned
Some of the most pervasive problems that exist within American society today are the problems of prejudice, stemming from fear of what is different and seems to be alien. Only by making what is alien seem to wear a more familiar, human face, can such deep-seated hatred be uprooted and destroyed. Prejudice, and the violence that is the result of such hatred, is particularly virulent against those individuals whom identify as homosexual, even if they wish to form stable and legitimate marital unions until death do them part. One of the reasons for this is because homosexuality is still seen as a vice, rather than as a legitimate bond between two loving people. The solution to this problem is to legally sanction same-sex marriages, giving same-sex unions equal legal and moral legitimacy as heterosexual unions.
Conservative opponents of same-sex marriages are quick to…
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Mythological Origin Story For Constellation Goddess
In the most ancient times when Men had yet to assert their dominion over the Earth and its inhabitants, and vengeful Gods still controlled the destiny of all creatures, the land of Telzah was ruled by the goddess Anre. As beautiful as she was benevolent, Anre was beloved throughout Tezlah and the people's devotion to her extended even beyond her land's borders. Rather than use her awesome powers to extinguish life wantonly and enjoy herself at humanity's expense, habits her fellow gods and goddesses had long grown accustomed to, Anre was known far and wide for her willingness to aid the injured and assist the fallen. Tales were often told of encountering Anre on one's travels, the extraordinary beauty of her earthly visage belying her any attempt to conceal her divinity, and invariably these stories ended with the provision of food and water, or…
Nurses expressed empathy when I complained of pain or discomfort and promptly advocated for me when the need arose.
While hospitalized in an acute care setting, I feel that because I am a nurse, I did not receive the same degree of scrutiny a non-clinician patients or physician may have been given.
While hospitalized in an acute care setting, I feel that because I am a nurse, I received more consideration than a non-clinician patient may have been given.
While hospitalized in an acute care setting, I feel that because I am a nurse, I received less consideration than a physician may have been given.
I feel that the type, quality, and consistency of care I received while acutely hospitalized did not differ from treatment any other person would have been given.
My experience as a patient contributed to shaping my perception as nurse of the health care environment.
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Growing question in hospitals: Como esta?," Post and Courier (Charleston, SC). July 24, 2006. Retrieved October 23, 2008, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1=148588515.html
Hample, Henry. "When Doctors and Nurses Become Patients. Inside MS, June 22, 2000. Retrieved October 23, 2008, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G163690617.html
Plato: Ok then maybe it does not matter if people are inherently good or
bad, but how does all this matter into the things in life that matter?
Confucius: But this does matter because the way people act towards each
other- the way people govern or treat others with selfishness is what
matters in this world.
Plato: But how can virtue then be taught if people are selfish, or
Confucius: hat do you mean? I thought we agreed that people can become
virtuous and that people can be in touch with heaven.
Plato: So are you saying people are good?
Confucius: No, I did not say that. hat are you saying?
Plato: That virtue is not something we can find, and it is not something
that is innate. It is something that is given (Cahn 19).
Confucius: Given by who?
Plato: Given by what you call the heavens,…
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5 May 2007 .
Stevenson, Leslie, and David L. Haberman. Ten Theories of Human Nature. 4th
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