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It might not be easy for you, especially if you are growing up in a neighborhood where you see it all the time, but you can rise above that, and one of the ways you can do this is by showing your support for your school's dress code. It might really seem lame, but dress codes are there for a reason - to protect you. You probably don't think you need protecting, but what about your younger brothers or sisters? Do they need protecting? You can't be around them 24 hours a day to keep them safe, but you can let the school help you do that so you don't have to worry so much about that. There will always be people who belong to gangs and people who want to cause trouble, but if they don't recognize each other in school based on their clothing, they won't be as…
"If it means that the schoolrooms will be more orderly and more disciplined, and that our young people will learn to evaluate themselves by what they are on the inside instead of what they're wearing on the outside, then our public schools should be able to require their students to wear uniforms." -- President illiam Clinton (McDermott, 2009)
The debate over school uniforms is not likely one that will go away quickly. There are many pros and cons to each side of the argument. On one hand it promotes uniformity, discipline, and can even improve attendance. However, on the other hand it discourages individualism, can be prohibitively costly, and may lessen the child's level of comfort as opposed to wearing clothes that they pick out themselves. Currently about a quarter of the schools in the United States require uniforms and in some districts, such as in New Orleans,…
McDermott, M. (2009, August 7). Real Moms Talk. Retrieved from School & Education: http://www.sheknows.com/living/articles/809991/the-pros-and-cons-of-school-uniforms
Since gang-related clothing is usually color coded, children wearing certain types of clothing may make them unwitting targets for violence" (p. 40). As to the effect these policies have on gang-related violence, Gullatt cites a dearth of timely research in this area but reports the results of a survey of educators in 15 states who said they believed that public school uniforms would diminish the threat of gang violence in the local school and state officials from 16 states concurred that school uniforms would "increase the total school harmony and positively affect the learning atmosphere of the local schools" (p. 40). Likewise, a school district in Illinois was considering implementing a dress code for their schools based solely on the belief that, "With everyone similarly dressed the threat of gang violence related to what students wear is reduced" (Wong, 2000, p. 1). In addition, a study by West, Tidwell, Bomba…
Cronkhite, C.L. (2005, May). Fostering community partnerships that prevent crime and promote quality of life. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 74(5), 7-8.
Goldman, D.S. (1997). Encounters with folklore. Journal of Folklore Research, 34(2), 123.
Griffin, M. & Meacham, M. (2002). Gangs in schools: An introduction to the problem and interventions. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 5(4), 15-16.
Gullatt, D.E. (1999). Rationales and strategies for amending the school dress code to accommodate student uniforms. American Secondary Education, 27(4), 39-40.
public schools a dress code . Your audience a group local school board
Public schools should most certainly employ a dress code with which their students should adhere to. There are a number of reasons to support this point-of-view, one of the most salient of which is the degree of danger that has become endemic in a variety of public school systems which is frequently presented in the form of gangs. It is a well-known fact that one of the most noticeable ways in which gang members attract attention to their respective factions is through their mode of dress. Certain colors and other distinguishing features (such as athletic teams and signs and insignias emblazoned upon their clothing) is used to denote the presence of these gangs. In many cases, such overt displays of a gang's presence may intimidate school children, and, as has been known to happen in more…
United States of America has faced numerous issues with dress codes of students particularly in its public schools. School boards have shown concern regarding violence, discipline or lewd behavior resulting from certain items of clothing. Some have proved the connection of clothing to disturbing behavior. Some schools ban certain items of apparel such as bandanas, tank tops, halter tops, torn clothing, baggy pants, etc. while some school boards have adopted the compulsory uniform policies. Some schools have clear-cut specific policies like banning certain clothes or appearance while some have vague policies that generalize the situation by making clauses like, "clothes should conform to the standards of good taste and decency" (hatti, 1999). People have shown different point-of-views regarding policies related to dress codes. In all cases the dress code policy is the responsibility of states rather than federation. Different states and school boards have adopted different policies regarding dress codes…
Bhatti, J. (1999). Dress Codes Left to School Districts: Fear of Violence Leads to Ban on Some Clothing. The Washington Times, Aug 28.
Billups, A. (1999). Educators Learn from Lawsuits: But the Fear of Costly Litigation
Haunts Teachers and Inhibits Instruction. The Washington Times. Publication Date:
According to Carr, "It is good for the development of young people to undergo some dress discipline, and only right for teachers to set pupils an appropriate example in this respect" (emphasis added) (p. 218).
There are some common sense rules that can be followed by middle school teachers in determining what will be perceived as "professional attire" by others, especially their students. For example, in his essay, "Transition to Teaching: Putting Your Best Foot Forward," Senne (2004) recommends conservative attire and jewelry for both male and female middle school teachers. According to this author, "Female teachers should choose to wear a conservative dress (appropriate length), blouse and skirt, or blouse and dress slacks. Male teachers may opt for a dress shirt, dress slacks, tie, and suit coat. Shoes should be consistent with selected attire" (p. 46). While these are the typical choices for professional attire, they certainly do not…
Bryant, L.E. (2003). Becoming a better teacher: Learning from our mistakes. Communication Studies, 54(2), 130.
Carr, D. (2000). Professionalism and ethics in teaching. London: Routledge.
Cooper, P.M. (2003). Effective white teachers of black children: Teaching within a Community. Journal of Teacher Education, 54(5), 413.
Diez, M.E. (2007). Looking back and moving forward: Three tensions in the teacher dispositions discourse. Journal of Teacher Education, 58(5), 388.
People and Styles of Dress
Style of dress has defined a people's culture and era since the beginning of civilized societies. By leafing through any history book, it is easy to identify the culture and time of history by the illustrations and descriptions of dress. Dress is the defining article that relates time and culture.
If one were to stroll a local college during the 1950's, they would immediately grasp a sense of the society's culture. omen would be dressed in skirts and blouses and proper street shoes, while men would be donned in trousers, shirt and tie. None would be wearing jeans and sneakers as they do today. And certainly none would be pierced and/or tattooed.
hen strolling a local campus today, one will encounter all matter of dress. Jeans, sneakers, tattoos and piercings are abundant, however, one is just as likely to catch glimpses of 1960's style skirts…
Ouellette, Laurie. "Cracking the dress code."
Women's Review of Books; 5/1/1994; Pp.
Henricks, Mark. "Informal wear: does dressing down send productivity up?"
Entrepreneur; 1/1/1996; Pp.
Countless men are losing their jobs and families because of erroneous claims of sexual harassment. Nowadays, women press charges of sexual harassment in the workplace without taking responsibility for the way they act, speak, and dress. However, when deciding sexual harassment cases, judges and juries take into account the complainant's dress because it is a factor in determining guilt. Charging a man with sexual harassment because he made a pass at a woman in a tight blouse and a mini skirt is like convicting him for being alive. Heterosexual men are attracted to women and are generally expected to take the initiative in a new relationship. omen, on the other hand, do not act with honesty and integrity when they show up to work in skimpy outfits. Dressing provocatively sends a message about sexuality; women dress to express themselves. omen wear skimpy clothing mainly to attract attention, to…
Bowen, Marie H. "Provocative Clothing: Sexual Harassment or just sexy?" Labor and Employment. Summer/Fall 1997. Testa, Hurwitz, and Thiebault. http://www.tht.com/pubs/SearchMatchPub.asp?ArticleID=38928 Mar 2003.
Members agree to report any breach of the TPI Code to the Institute, subject to legal restrictions and assist the Institute in any related investigation. Lastly, the Council has the power to discipline members who are in breach of the code, yet this action will only be undertaken if the Council believes is personally responsible for the breach.
Does the Code of Conduct Address the Conceptual and Legal Meaning of Professionalism:
The TPI Code of Conduct addresses some of the conceptual meaning of professionalism. Duty, honor and integrity are addressed in the clauses in a variety of ways. The clauses concerning conflict of interest, the commitment to lifelong learning, reporting of gifts or commissions, ensuring members do not make statements contrary to their bona fide opinions, and taking all steps possible to maintain professional competence cover these two aspects quite well. Caring and altruism, however, are not fully addressed with…
Code of professional conduct, (1 Jan 2007), [Online], Available: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/154/Code-of-Professional-Conduct-2007.pdf [08/05/09].
Guide to the assessment of professional competence, (No date), [Online], Available: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/164/Guide-to-the-APC.pdf [08/05/09].
Hammer, D., Berger, B., Beardsley, R., & Easton, M. 2003, "Student professionalism," American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education no. 67, article 96.
Diagnostic Code V
In regards to achieving a comprehensive diagnosis, stressors can go beyond environmental or physical concepts. It is possible for patients to be experiencing cultural or religious stressors. Thus, there are diagnostic codes that can be used to illustrate the patient's stress coming from such abstract and non-physical components. For example, in the DSM-IV, there is the diagnostic code V 62.89, which pertains to a religious or spiritual problem that the patient is experiencing.
Diagnostic code V 62.89 is related to a significant change in they way a patient practices religion or believes in some spiritual concept. Ultimately, it is defined as a "change in one's spiritual / religious orientation that substantially alters the participant's life" (Value Options, 2006). There could be a number of potential changes significant enough to create stress within the patient's life that could contribute to negative symptoms. For example, if someone was converting…
American College of Emergency Physicians. (2013). V and E. codes. Clinical & Practice Management. Web. http://www.acep.org/Clinical-Practice-Management/V-and-E-Codes-FAQ/
Value Options. (2006). V-Codes: Phases of life. Value Options provider Handbook. Web. http://www.valueoptions.com/providers/Handbook/PDFs/Treatment_Guidelines/V_CODES_PHASE_OF_LIFE.pdf
Anytown, New York 10200
District Senior Management
Director, Curriculum Development
Strategic Game Plan for Change: School Uniforms
Description of the need, purpose, and focus of the change initiative
Following the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, there have been increased calls for accountability among educators who provide the educational services for the country's young learners. In response, across the country, a growing number of school districts have implemented school uniforms as part of their larger efforts to improve student discipline and morale as well as better academic outcomes (Walmsley, 2011). For example, one educator emphasizes that, "The presence of school uniforms brings a sense of duty to the students and respect for the school and teachers. School uniforms help students focus on school and not each other's clothes. Because students dress in uniforms, they're reminded that their 'job' is to be a student"…
Forcey, L.R., & Harris, I.M. (1999). Peacebuilding for adolescents: Strategies for educators and community leaders. New York: Peter Lang.
Kaplan, R.S. & Norton, D.P. (1992, January-February). The balanced scorecard: Measures that drive performance. Harvard Business Review, 71-79.
-. (2001). Transforming the balanced scorecard from performance measurement to s strategic management: Parts I and II. Accounting Horizons, 15(1), 87.
Mclean, R. (2006). Alignment: Using the balanced scorecard to create corporate synergies.
The Bible implores young people to be leaders in their spiritual communities, for youth can be the pallbearers of faith. "Don't let anyone look down on you because you are young, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith and in purity," (1 Timothy 4:12). For a church to remain relevant for today's youth, it must actively communicate with young people using the symbols, language, and activities that the current generation appreciates and understands. The challenge is to retain core church values while still packaging traditional Biblical truths in new ways. In other words, churches need to be careful not to sacrifice core values, but to always help young people see how faith and service are important parts of spiritual growth, social functioning, and overall health and happiness.
The church I currently attend does a good job of keeping young people active…
Huizenga, D. (n.d.). Is church relevant? Ignite Your Faith. Retrieved online: http://www.christianitytoday.com/iyf/faithandlife/mylifeinyouthgroup/25.18.html
Taylor, J. (n.d.). Top ten reasons the church is losing our youth. Justin Taylor: Between Two Worlds. Retrieved online: http://thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justintaylor/2013/02/11/top-10-reasons-the-church-is-losing-our-youth/
"Why Young Adults are Leaving the Church." Relevant Magazine. Retrieved online: http://www.relevantmagazine.com/god/church/features/27595-why-young-adults-are-leaving-the-church
Clothing is a very important concept in India and a person is likely to focus on adopting a certain dress style according to the circumstances he or she comes across. Factors like ethnicity, geography, climate, and cultural background are essential in determining the attitudes that a person is likely to take on with regard to dress style. Dressing styles have evolved from Langotas and loincloths to more elaborate costumes that Indians are probable to wear when they attend festivities. hile most people would like to adopt a superficial attitude when regarding what they want to wear, conditions are different in several Indian communities, taking into account that dress styles are treated with a form of intellectual seriousness there.
The Sari is the most popular form of dress for Indian women and is typically wrapped around the lower part of the body with one of its ends and taken over the…
Bruzzi, Stella, and Church Gibson, Pamela, "Fashion Cultures: Theories, Explorations, and Analysis," (Routledge, 2000)
Decisions by School Superintendents
Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct of Teachers
To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society - President Theodore oosevelt.
That teaching is at one and the same time an intellectual as well as a moral endeavor, is an idea that is well entrenched in the minds of men since centuries past. The sayings of great teachers of ancient times bear ample testimony to this premise, which continues to hold sway across nations and vastly differing civilizations over the years.
In the sense that it takes care of the general well being of young students entrusted to the care of an educational institution and ensures that they are treated fairly and accorded the respect they are due as persons, teaching is most certainly a moral activity. It is concerned with building and maintaining relationships of trust with pupils…
Anderson, D.S., & Biddle, B.J. (Eds.) (1991). Knowledge for Policy: Improving Education through Research. New York: The Falmer Press.
Ave, M. (2002, April 24). Jesuit High teacher fired amid misconduct claim. Retrieved December 19, 2002 at http://www.sptimes.com/2002/04/24/TampaBay/Jesuit_High_teacher_f.shtml .
Barth, R.S. (1990). Improving schools from within. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Benson, P. (1997). All Kids Are Our Kids: What Communities Must Do To Raise Caring and Responsible Children and Adolescents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Training Session Plan: Job Interview Preparation
This training package is about the ability to dress for success in terms of attire for the formal job interview. The training session will span the duration of one hour and include the implementation of the skills needed to understand the importance of one's personal appearance during an interview, better understand the contents of a professional wardrobe, best express an air of personality and professionalism through job interview attire, and implement these tools into real-world interview settings in order to achieve better interviewer perception and additionally better job offer prospects.
Information for the trainer
Job Interview Preparation
Dressing for the Job Interview
Information for the Trainer
Appropriately presenting oneself in the context of a formal job interview is a skill that is…
Crampton, S., 2005, Developing and packaging the total corporate image, in S.A.M.
Advanced Management Journal, 60(3): pp. 30-40. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database. [Accessed on 20 November 2011].
Forsythe, S., 1990, Effect of applicant's clothing on interviewer's decision to hire, in Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20(19): pp. 1579. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database. [Accessed on 20 November 2011].
Grumbine, R., 2010, Using data-collection to enrich courses, in The American Teacher,
Employees handle a large amount of private documentation and must uphold the law of confidentiality legally and ethically.
Despite the stress on confidentiality of client information, communication flow is still important to the organization's ability to get work done. / Thus confidentiality in the service of customers, not in the service of secrecy is the organizational mantra. Additionally, communication is not simply fostered in the organizational culture's common professional dress. Because communication skills are so integral to the organization's work, when dealing with other nations over the phone, creating better communication styles in its employees' dealings with one another has become an integral part of the organization's standard operating procedures and mission statement. There are regular updates regarding company policy for employees and weekly staff meetings to foster a healthy and open communication flow between staff and management. No one need ever feel out of the loop. The organizational flow…
Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.
It is the intention of this…
Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.
Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm
Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
The Field Experience Project that I participated over this course has enlightened me in many ways. Having a different perspective as an observer was a very valuable way of examining the teaching environment. The purpose of this essay is to summarize my experience as an interviewer and observer at the Clay County High School in Clay, V. This essay will first give some background on the circumstances of my situation before capturing some specific items that occurred while I was there.
After describing some of the background information about the school, I will then give an account of my experiences at the school. I will describe the details about my activities and interactions while I was present as an observer. The final part of the essay will discuss some of my specific observations about culture and how culture affected the school that I observed.
Clay County High…
Barth, R. (2002). The Culture Builder. Educational Leadership, 59, 8. pp 6-11. Retrieved from http://cursa.ihmc.us/rid=1207228897993_605800142_8024/Barth - %20Culture%20Builder.pdf
Chenoweth, E., & Galliher, R.V. (2004, October 15). Factors in-uencing college aspirations of rural West Virginia high school students. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 19(2). Retrieved [date] from http://jrre.psu.edu/articles/19-2.pdf
Clay Count High School Website. Viewed 1 March 2013. Retrieved from http://www.claycountyhighschool.org/index.html
US News and World Report. Clay County High School. Viewed 1 March 2013. Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com/education/best-high-schools/west-virginia/districts/clay-county- schools/clay-county-high-school-21332
Additionally, the school's policy to let parents know when there are issues with their children should only be related to issues that pertain to schooling. What goes on in the life of a student and is not related to school should not be the business of the school. It would be, therefore, unethical for Donna to call Melissa's parents and tell them that their daughter is pregnant. That information was told to Donna in confidence and does not have anything to do with the girl's performance at school.
In short, it would appear that Donna should avoid telling Melissa's parents of the pregnancy and intended abortion, because it does not relate to school business and Melissa is old enough to get an abortion without parental consent in her state. While it is understandable that Donna is against abortion given her Catholic beliefs, those are personal and not related to…
De La Torre, M.A. (2004). Doing Christian ethics from the margins. NY: Orbis Books.
Fagothey, a. (2000). Right and reason. Rockford, IL: Tan Books & Publishers.
Sarat, a. et al. (eds.). 2005. The limits of law. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Schools barred from telling parents of abortion (2004). Law of the Land. WND. Retrieved from http://www.wnd.com/2004/12/27841/
Also, like the IBM researcher noted, it also impacts company performance. Some suggest that companies perform better with a formal atmosphere and others, like IBM workers, think they can think and work more clearly if they are comfortable. In the end, whatever type of image the company want to portray, that is the kind of dress code that they will adopt. But who makes those decisions? Some may argue that it is up to an employer to set the dress code. In many ways, this is true. Boards of directors should get together and discuss the major issues in dress. Are many of the company's employees going out from day-to-day visiting other firms and potential clients. Do those clients come from high-powered business environments that relish the suit and tie? Are there internal issues like sexual harassment or ethnic or religious considerations to discuss before adopting a dress code? Finally,…
school uniforms within a school system. Ideas such as school discipline, student behavior, and academic achievement are discussed along with examples of why different schools have implemented student use of uniforms. Various viewpoints are presented, along with proponents and opponents concerns for the actual implementation of uniforms.
IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL UNIFORMS ITHIN A SCHOOL SYSTEM: AFFECTS ON DISCIPLINE AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
Many schools across the United States have adopted school uniforms to meet the needs for a mandatory dress code. There are many opposing arguments on the issue of whether public school students in the United States should be required to wear uniforms or obey dress codes. Improvement of discipline and academic performance, reduction of fashion competition among students are a few of the reasons given in support of implementing school uniforms. However, the opposing viewpoints maintain that requiring school uniforms are a violation of students' First Amendment right to…
Brunsma, David. "Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use and Academic Achievement." Journal of Educational Research 92 (1998) 53-63.
Clinton, William J. Text of Presidential Memo to Secretary of Education on School Uniforms Washington DC: U.S. Newswire, 1996.
Clinton, William J. Transcript of Presidential Radio Address to the Nation.
Washington DC: U.S. Newswire, 1996.
The Effect of the Flappers on Today's Women
The 1920's in the U.S. And UK can be described as a period of great change, both socially and economically. During this period the image of the women completely changed and a "new women" emerged who appears to have impacted social changes occurring in future generations of both men and women. This new symbol of the women was the Flapper. The Flapper was a new type of young woman that was rebellious, fun, bold and outspoken (Zeitz, 2006). This research paper explains the rise and fall of the Flapper in the 1920's, explores its historical and current impact on women in terms of culture, work, gender and social behavior and reflects on its long-term impact of the position of today's women.
Evolution of the Flapper
Flappers, most often characterized as the "New Woman," originally emerged in the 1920s in the…
Allen, F.L. (1957). Only yesterday: An informal history of the nineteen-twenties. New York:
Harper and Row.
Baughm J.S. (1996). American decades: 1920-1929. New York: Manly.
Bliven, B. (1925, September 9).FlapperJane. New Republic, pp. 65-67.
The important aspect to consider is the way that people perceive and accept these differing power distributions. The barrier and problem that Sally experiences in this particular case is that she comes from a society that favors a low power distance model of behavior as the accepted norm; whereas in the society in which she is now staying the cultural norms and accepted context is one of high power distance.
In theoretical terms this means that Sally wishes to reduce the distance between herself and the housemaid on the cultural and normative grounds that all people are equal regardless of their social position. However, this view runs counter to the norms adopted in the high power culture, which reflects the view that the maidservant should know her place in the societal and cultural structure and that it is not correct or acceptable for the maid to address Sally informally.
Definition of gordita. Retrieved April 24, 2009. from http://onlineslangdictionary.com/definition+of/gordita
Business Plan for Tailoring Workshop Company: A Tailor Shop on Wheels
This business plan is for the Tailoring Workshop Company (hereinafter alternatively "the company"), a mobile tailor shop for men clothes that will have a Web site and a mobile app available through the Apple Store. The company will focus on tailoring men's suits only. Customers will be able to contact their personal tailor through the company's Web site or via the mobile app, but there will be no physical brick-and-mortar facilities or retail outlet. Customers will be able to create a free online account that enables them to explore all fabric choices and design collections so they can select the combinations that most appeal to them. The mobile app and Web site will facilitate changes so that customers can instantaneously visualize the results of their choices. In addition to using the company's available designs, customers will also be able…
Craik, J. (1993). The face of fashion: Cultural studies in fashion. London: Routledge.
Dahl, D. (2011). How to write an operational plan for your business. Inc. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/guides/201107/how-to-write-an-operational-plan-for-your-small-business.html .
Davis, J. (2009, October 12). Clothier of generations, Svoboda will close Arlington Heights
men's store bows to age, fashion trends. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), 1.
Organizational Behavior and Teamwork
Southwest Airlines, Inc. has become an example of notable success. One reason for its significant achievement is its application of Reinforcement Theory to its employees. These applications have resulted in a highly motivated workforce, which is intimately tied to Southwest's success among business leaders. Even so, not even Southwest can satisfy its employees' needs according to Maslow's Hierarchy; rather, Southwest can only give some raw materials for satisfying those needs.
Are Southwest Airlines Inc. leadership and policies fulfilling Maslow's Needs Theory stages?
Abraham Maslow's 5-stage needs theory, developed in the United States during the 1940's and 1950's (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010), includes the following stages: biological and physiological needs; safety needs; belongingness and love needs; esteem needs; and self-actualization (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010). The most basic needs that are basic to survival and are at the bottom…
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/careers/career_opportunities.html
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Sustainability. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/index.html
Erdogan, B., & Bauer, T. (2010). Organizational behavior. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from students.flatworldknowledge.com Web site: http://students.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/study/4?e=
IWon. (n.d.). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www1.iwon.com Web site: http://www1.iwon.com/home/careers/company_profile/0,15623,1310,00.html
estern and Muslim Educational Philosophies
The Foundations of Function: Educational Philosophy and Psychology
Meet the Social Realities of ESL Instruction
Education into English as a Second Language (ESL) has become very important in this country, as many people are coming in from non-English speaking countries because they feel that America has much more to offer them. These children are eager to learn, but they often struggle because they do not understand the English language well. Even those that can speak English reasonable well sometimes have difficulties because there are many subtleties in the English language that these ESL students do not understand or even realize. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the ESL education that goes on in the estern world, as well as the ESL education that Muslims deal with.
The similarities and differences will be discussed, and Muslims who come to America will also be discussed.…
Bashir-Ali. K. (2003). Teaching Muslim girls in American schools. Social Education.
Cortes, C. (1986). The Education of Language Minority Students. In Beyond Language: Social & Cultural Factors in Schooling Language Minority Students. Los Angeles, California: Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, CSU, Los Angeles.
Designing inset programmes for Muslim schools. (2003). INSET. Retrieved at http://www.iberr.org/inset.htm
O'Malley, M. & Valdez-Pierce, L. (1996). Authentic Assessment for English Language Learners. New York: Addison Wesley.
Sumptuary Laws in the Roman Empire
The Roman Republic and the Roman Empire were both grandiose and both are a major part of the history of the world. However, they were quite different in many significant ways but they were also similar in some ways as it relates to social structure, the way people dressed and how society proceeded and developed. The major difference between the two was that the Senate and people had a lot of power in the Republic while the Emperor reigned supreme in the Roman Empire. However, the differences are a lot deeper than that in some ways. hile some people conflate the Roman Empire and Roman Republic, there is a lot more than meets the eye when it comes to Roman History.
The main differences between the Roman Empire and the Roman Republic are fairly easy to list. hen it came to the Roman…
Encyclopedia.com,. 'Sumptuary Laws Facts, Information, Pictures | Encyclopedia.Com
Articles About Sumptuary Laws'. Encyclopedia.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 27 Apr.
Fashion Encyclopedia,. 'Sumptuary Laws Regulate Luxury - Fashion, Costume, And
..] and they have to take classes in make up, hair care, poise, and etiquette," (Lorber 1994).
So, I decided to use this expectation as a way to show just how prevalent gender associations are in a social setting. One night I attended a local club in a much different way than how I normally go out. Rather than wearing a dress or skirt with heals and make up, I went out this night in baggy Dickey shorts, borrowed from a friend, and no make up whatsoever. I chose this cultural role as a way to show just how much physical appearance was a part of how we assigned gender identity. I had previously thought that this was an important part of gender, due to the extreme actions many people take in order to adapt their physical appearance to their gender role. Various plastic surgery procedures, such breast augmentation, liposuction,…
Lewis, Oscar. Culture and Poverty. I did not have the proper publishing information to finish the source citation. Include the year published, location, and publisher.
Lorber, Judith. "Night to his Day: The Social Construction of Gender." Paradoxes of Gender. Yale University. 1994.
This polarization of different groups is likely to carry over into the classroom: socio-economic disadvantages often translate into economic disadvantages. If one population is more represented in higher-level classes this can foster prejudice. High-performing minority students may feel uncomfortable if they make up an even slimmer majority in their honors and AP classes.
The segregation in the business indicates how on an adult level there is even more community division. Students are to some extent 'forced' to be in a diverse environment in public schools while adults are not compelled to do so and the shopping throughout the city exhibited relatively homogenous patterns between the dominant composition of the neighborhoods, the owners of the shop, and the shoppers.
However, the high levels of education in the community and the changing population suggest that a more diverse and multicultural perspective is possible, provided there is greater political will within the school…
La Casita. (2013). Yelp. Retrieved:
LOTE. (2013). Pearland High School. Retrieved:
Ethics of Accommodating Religion
As the diversity within businesses increases at an alarming pace with the entire world transforming into a global village, employers, employees and legislators are all concerned about accommodating religious beliefs and observances. ith the signing of Title VII that permits employees to observe the tenets of their religion at workplace, employers are planning how to obey the laws and utilize the religious accommodation as a growing strength for their profitable businesses. This research paper addresses the most debatable issue of accommodating religious beliefs in commercial, professional and industrial dealings. Furthermore, the paper will outline the ways in which religious accommodation can be made possible and positive for both employees and the employers. The paper will also highlight the implication of religious accommodation in the workplace and will present the future direction.
Ethics of accommodating religion
The reason for being at work is to perform a job.…
Murphy H., Hildebrandt W. & Thomas J., Effective Business Communications, Seventh Edition, McGraw Hill Publishers, ISBN: 0-07-114507-9
Mallory M. Balancing faith with work Employees, firms must weigh beliefs vs. offending others., The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, 04-08-2001,-Page: R1.
Religion in the workplace: liabilities and opportunities. Available at: http://www.orcinc.com/readroom/WI-12.pdf (November 15, 2002)
Lynn J., Your Business: Management. Vol. 27, Entrepreneur Magazine, 08-01-1999, Pages: 69-71
Gangs in Public School
Many schools especially in urban and suburban areas continue to register gang-related activities within their premises and involving their students. This study appreciates the dangers associated with such gangs to the schools and other stakeholders around them. Various laws and regulation have been passed in different states in the U.S. allow parents to withdraw their children from certain public schools. Schools reputed for gang-related problems stand to lose students. This paper provides the scope of action steps in which schools take to intervene, prevent, and suppress the scope of violent gang activity while establishing crisis response plans. The strategies are developed to address potential actions of school violence including gang activity.
Gang members bring in their attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts to the school compounds. The dangerous gang issues and activities of a given community take place within local schools. Gang members take on each other within…
Branch, C., (2013). Adolescent Gangs: Old Issues, New Approaches. New York: Routledge.
Garot, R. (2010). Who You Claim: Performing Gang Identity in School and on the Streets. NYU Press
Kinnear, K.L. (2009). Gangs: A Reference Handbook. New York: ABC-CLIO.
Macnab, N. (2012). Uncle Sam's Schoolhouse: Bullying, Predators, and Students. New York: Dog Ear Publishing
Even though many sought change, it took many decades for their reform to take hold and of course, like all change there were many set backs along the way. One popular writer of the time quipped that the women of New York City should be paid as street sweepers for each stroll they took. Reform of the era's fashions may have been hard to come by because dress reform was a dangerous topic. The Victorian era was a male dominated culture intent on maintaining the boundaries between the masculine and feminine genders.
The United States in the nineteenth century was a time when abandoning the accepted norms of fashion could provoke violence and ridicule. Even clothing for children was slow to change. Infants were almost habitually dressed in long night gowns and older children in both urban and rural families wore poorly fitted dress like clothes until they could work…
Global Business Cultural Analysis: Brazil
Cultural backgrounds reflect the ways and standards of living, which is unique and different for each country. In fact, the business world is also profoundly influenced by the cultural differences of the counties. This focus of this research paper, in this regard, is to analyze the cultural perspectives of doing business in Brazil. Therefore, major elements and dimensions of Brazilian culture such as business structures, management styles, communication, ethics, values, and customs are discussed comprehensively.
Moreover, the discussion has also been made on how the local businessmen integrate these cultural dimensions and elements. Indeed, a detailed comparison United States business has been made with that of Brazilian culture and business elements by means of Hofstede's dimension tool (that is particularly used for measuring cultural differences). Finally, the paper concludes with the implications for the U.S. businesses that plans and desires to conduct business in Brazil.…
Aswathappa. (2010). International Business 4E. India: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Beekun, R.I., Stedham, Y. & Yamamura, J.H. (2003). Business Ethics in Brazil and the U.S.: A Comparative Investigation. Journal of Business Ethics, 42(3), 267-279.
Boraas, T. (2001). Brazil. USA: Capstone.
deVries, A. & Blore, S. (2010). Frommer's Brazil. 5th Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Fall Trends for 2015
Christian Dior, which is commonly known as Dior, is a luxury goods firm that has developed over the years to become an important part of LVMH, which is the largest luxury group in the world. The company, which is headquartered in France, was founded in 1946 by Christian Dior, a designer who the company was named after. Since its inception, Dior has experienced tremendous growth and profitability over the years to become a leading company in the fashion design industry. Currently, Dior designs and retails a wide range of products including leather goods, jewelry, fashion accessories, make-up, footwear, ready-to-wear goods, fragrance, and skincare products. As part of designing and retailing these products, Dior operates several labels for men and children's wear products while retaining its Christian Dior label mostly to women's products. The company not only sells its products online but also throughout its wide range…
Annual Report 2014. LVMH Group. accessed September 27, 2015. http://r.lvmh-
Fashion Color Report Fall 2015. Pantone Color Institute Volume 43. accessed September 27,
eligion and Politics
All religions aim to provide a code of life for mankind. Apart from other tenets, this code establishes laws that govern all areas of man's life. Thus the laws established by the religion Islam are termed as Shariah. The term Shariah means all of the Islamic Laws and is derived from four basic sources. These sources are The Holy Quran, Sunnah, Ij'ma (consensus) of the Companions (Sahabah) and Qiyas or analogical deduction. These laws are not just limited to areas such as marriage or divorce; rather, the Islamic laws cover every action performed by an individual or a society. The term Shariah is also synonymous with Fiqh. However the term Fiqh means knowledge of all the Islamic Laws (Shariah). It can also be taken to mean the Knowledge of the sources from where the Islamic Laws (Shariah) have been extracted.
Shariah or Islamic Laws are divine ways…
S.Q. Fatimi, Islam Comes to Malaysia. Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, (MSRI), Singapore. 1963;
EDITH M. LEDERER, Associated Press Writer, U.N. Development Fund for Women protests stoning sentence against Nigerian woman., AP Worldstream, 08-28-2002.
Author not available, Mexico's president to fight death penalty in Nigeria., AP Worldstream, 08-28-2002.
D'ARCY DORAN, Associated Press Writer, Nigerian government 'totally opposed' to death by stoning sentence., AP Worldstream, 08-22-2002
Once the practice of Islamic worship the women of that region began to be subjected to stricter codes, from marriage to dress and the risk of honor becoming an even greater issue grew. The terrorization by the Mongols and Turks was quite different from the terror under Saddam. The Mongols and Turks utilized slavery, rape, beatings and murder. Saddam instead took on an entirely different approach. His first goal was fear coupled with violence to maintain the plans he made for the society and culture. He was less about Islam and more about self-promotion and the glorification of Iraq. This type of leader is most like Josef Stalin of the Soviet Union. One never knew when or why you might be targeted.
Following the fall of the Ba'th government, the population of women in Iraq was at approximately 60%. They are a definite majority and should be in a better…
"AEI - Post-Saddam Iraq Conference Series." Welcome to AEI. Web. 7 July 2010. .
Chesler, Phyliss. "Are Honor Killings Simply Domestic Violence?" The Phyllis Chesler Organization. Web. 7 July 2010. .
Coleman, Isobel. "Women, Islam, and the New Iraq | Foreign Affairs." Home | Foreign Affairs. Web. 7 July 2010. .
"Culture in Post-Saddam Iraq:: Middle East Quarterly." Middle East Forum. Web. 7 July 2010. .
Tattered Jeans as the Fashion of the Popular Culture
In the fashion of popular culture in today's American society, jeans are perhaps the most often used by people of all socio-economic classes and fashion tastes. The jeans made its debut as a form of clothing when Levi Strauss, maker of the jeans brand Levi's, made the first pairs of jeans during the year 1853. The cloth that was used to make the first jeans were made of canvas cloth, which was originally intended to be used for the construction of tents by the coal miners during the Gold ush of the 19th century. When it became apparent that what the people, especially the miners, needed were not tents and shelter but clothing, Strauss made these canvas cloths into men's trousers. Thus, the first pairs of jeans were born, and the popular jeans brand of Levi's was introduced to the world…
Fry, Nick. "Reflections on Fashion: piss stained jeans, the emaciated self and the catwalk catch." 13 March 2003. http://nbprojects.co.uk/nickfry/fashion.htm.
Stretton, Lynda. "Loving Denims." 13 March 2003. http://www.fashionz.co.uk/lovingdenims .
According to Esposito (1999), there is often a "bitter debate" over the role of women in Muslim society (p. 688). The different role of women in different Muslim countries reflects this debate. On the one extreme, the Taliban in Afghanistan have closed women's schools because it is believed that women should not be educated and should instead serve in their "primary roles as wives and mothers," (Esposito, 1999, p. 688). Similarly fundamentalist interpretations, or misinterpretations, of Islamic law are evident in Iran, Sudan, and Algeria, as well as a few other places as well (Esposito, 1999). On the other hand, some Muslim women in Turkey and other countries eschew the veil and other hallmarks of female Muslim identity. Gender roles and norms remain one of the most contentious issues in Islam today, and this issue is also one of the reasons why Islam is both misunderstood and maligned by…
The Oxford History of Islam, ed. John L. Esposito (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
"Women in Islam," (2014). PBS Frontline. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muslims/themes/women.html
Identity and Identity Construction
Identity is socially constructed, a process that begins at an early age. Child rearing practices at home and school and community socialization begin the process of identity construction (Rogoff, 2003). As the individual constructs his or her own identity, exogenous forces also shape that individual's identity such as reactions to the way a person's appearance. For visible minorities, belonging to closely-knit communities in small groups can greatly enhance the process of identity construction, particularly for minority youth (Bratt, 2015). This remains true throughout the young person's life, including the person's transition from adolescence into young adulthood. Adolescence remains the critical point of identity construction, holding "a special role in virtually all cultures as a time of transition between childhood and adulthood," (Cauce, Cruz, Corona, & Conger n.d., p. 14). Therefore, it makes sense to focus on adolescence and young adulthood when investigating biculturality among Muslim American…
John Updike's A&P
John Updike's short story "A&P" mingles themes of sexuality, identity, and conformity. "A&P" is surprisingly complex, given its length. At the outset, the story seems like a peek at a young boy's frustrated sexuality. He describes the scantily-clad girls with curiosity, as an observer of social status and body language. A large portion of "A&P" is devoted solely to the lyrical descriptions of the three girls, their lack of clothing, the color of their skin, their heights, and their interactions with each other. Larry is attracted to them, but more than that, he wants to know their stories: why they entered the convenience store dressed in bathing suits when the nearest beach is five miles away. By noticing the items they select and the aisles they choose to walk down, Larry forms a personal impression of the girls. However, the narrator also addresses them as nonconformists, as…
Emotional labour is a common phenomenon, especially in service industries. Broadly speaking, emotional labour means that an individual at the workplace displays positive or organisationally-acceptable emotions regardless of their true emotional state (Hochschild, 1983). When interacting with customers, for instance, a customer service employee is required to treat customers with empathy, kindness, and calmness irrespective of how the employee is feeling or how the customer behaves or talks. Portraying negative emotions such as anger, frustration, and hostility would potentially injure the reputation of the organisation or negatively affect customer confidence in the organisation. Fundamentally, emotional labour means that while at work, the experience and articulation of feelings should be separated in the sense that one is expected to display the desired emotions, not the emotions they are actually experiencing (Ward and McMurray, 2016).
Does emotional labour mean that service organisations must consider employees with the ability to manage their emotions?…
Egypt, Fashion and Merchandising
Religion, culture, national pride and tradition all play a part in merchandising approaches and fashion businesses in Egypt. The tradition of the family, gender issues, the roles of men and women in society, the extent to which religious beliefs are promoted in the culture—all of this impacts merchandising and fashion. This paper will look at how religion influences merchandising approaches and fashion businesses in Egypt and discuss the effect that religion has on retail and whether or not religious customs appear to be changing.
Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country with a somewhat strong level of Coptic Christian communities. For that reason, the government adopts a secular attitude towards religion, but the religious culture and climate has a strong tradition for dictating dress and merchandising approaches. Other than in Cairo, where events like Cairo Fashion Week (2018) are annually held to promote fashion designs that are…
Perhaps the biggest debate of public education over the past decade besides school vouchers has been the debate over whether or not it is legal to require students to wear a uniform to school. Increased crime, gang violence, poor academic performance in public schools has sparked the movement towards mandatory school uniforms. hile school uniforms may seem the perfect solution to the problem, to some its as good as putting a band-aid on a three-inch deep wound. There are many arguments for and against school uniforms in public schools; the main concern has to do with the legality of making uniforms compulsory for public school students. The focus of this paper will be to discuss the issues presented by those both for and against school uniforms. Additionally, the legality of such a policy if implemented will also be presented. Finally, facts and figures on those schools that have…
Brunsma, David and Kerry A. Rockquemore. "The Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement." 92(1): 53-62. The Journal of Educational Research (1998).
Court Orders School to Enroll Honors Student Who Protested Mandatory Uniform Policy. Retrieved on November 17, 2002 from web site http://www.aclu.org/StudentsRights/StudentsRights.cfm?ID=8077&c=156
Emert Suggests Mandatory School Uniforms. Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from web site http://www.morningsun.net/stories/092099/kan_0920990017.shtml
Holmquist, Micah. "Uniformed Public Schools." Retrieved on November 15, 2002 from web site http://www.stormpages.com/micahth/youth/su.html
Mass Media and Congressional Campaigns in U..
This is a study on the mass media principles and how they are used in congressional campaigns in the U.. It has 12 sources.
In view of the strong economic-based relationship that exists between the congressional elections and the mass media, more rigid laws need to be established in addition to a screening process for each candidate through which they all have to pass in order to represent the American people.
The media plays an important role in contemporary political activity, as it is a key communicator. This communication is supposed to serve the needs of the people as a whole and bring information to them that would serve their interests. However, such media may be the tool of politicians, as they may manipulate certain important information about themselves in order to gain popularity. Ideally, it is the media that is used to…
Annenberg Public Policy Center, 2000. Media in the Home 2000.
Cohen S, Young J (eds) (1980). The Manufacture of News: Social Problems, Deviance and the Mass Media (revised). London: Constable.
Conflicting Theories of Congressional Elections. Accessed on 24-11-2003. http://www.google.com/search?q=cache:g4H8gEwwJjoJ:weber.ucsd.edu/~skernell/strategy/strategy2.pdf+theories+Congressional+campaigns+&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
Gregory Meeks on Principles & Values. 2001. http://www.issues2000.org/NY/Gregory_Meeks_Principles_+_Values.htm
List 4 examples of opportunties you have given students to listen to language at school. Ensure that you include one example that reflects the relevance to the student's culture and background.
A Jewish student, who attends Hebrew School classes in the evenings, shared information about the Hebrew alphabet and history about the Hebrew language with the class as part of a student-directed learning session. The entire class practiced reciting the alphabet, and we watched a short film that was in Hebrew with English subtitles so that the students could hear the language in normal use. This student was able to share the language as well as an important part of her culture with the class in a fun lesson.
One student who aspires to be a comic book artist is very enthusiastic about Japanese anime and Japanese "manga" comic books. He brought authentic Japanese anime videos and manga…
ise of the Secular Turkish epublic
It was in 1923 that the epublic of Turkey appeared on the face of the globe. The Turks consider the preceding years i.e. 1919-1922 as the years of their struggle for independence. The Turkish state that was formed as a consequence of this struggle was a completely new republic despite the fact that various partition schemes were proposed by the triumphant Allies during and after The Great War I (Alaranta 115). This paper will discuss the rise of the Secular Turkish epublic. It will elaborate the state of the empire when Sultan Abdul Hamid II came into power. It will also tackle the actions taken under his leadership to restrain European authority and involvement which eventually led to Sultan's demise. However, the rise of the secular Turkish epublic is mainly due to the countless efforts of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Therefore, this paper would extensively…
Ahmed, N. "Sultan Abdul Hamid II." History of Islam. WordPress, n.d. Web. 29 May 2012. .
Alaranta, T. "Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's Six-Day Speech of 1927: Defining the Official Historical View of the Foundation of the Turkish Republic." Turkish Studies. 09.01 (2008): 115-129. Print.
"AtatUrk, Kemal." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2009. Questia. Web. 30 May 2012. .
Blumberg, Arnold, ed. Great Leaders, Great Tyrants? Contemporary Views of World Rulers Who Made History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. Questia. Web. 30 May 2012. .
Huge esearch Project
The conflict of the individual vs. society is a timeless conflict that plagues each and every one of us. It is an integral part of our genetic make-up so that despite everything we as individuals need to be part of society as our need for interdependence is so great. And that is the reason why the conflict of individual and society persists with no panacea for it, and will continue to be a war waged with either one triumphing over the other as the situation warrants.
Freud's psychoanalytic theory might have stirred up a controversy, but it was able to aptly indicate the everyday conflict that man faces being part of the society. His theory with id as the primal instincts that humans follow, the ego as the regulator and the superego as the philanthropist has enabled us to pinpoint the probable causes of this ubiquitous conflict…
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs motivational model. 2010. 6 December 2011 .
Ebert, Roger. "Forrest Gump." Chicago Sun-Times 6 July 1994.
Elliott, Anthony. Psychoanalytic Theory: An Introduction . North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002 .
Maslin, Janet. "Forrest Gump Film Reiew; Tom Hanks as an Interloper in History ." New York Times 6 July 1994 .
Lengel says, "That's all right...but this isn't the beach." And after a counter-protest by another of the three girls, Lengel lectures, "e want you decently dressed when you come in here." For all the readers know, Lengel himself is turned on by the lovely young women, and is only ranting at them in order to gaze at the splendor on display. In any event, Queenie says, "e are decent"; she is definitely becoming agitated, and as the narrator reminds readers, she is acutely conscious of her apparent high social standing, and needn't put up with a pious loser manager in a store "pretty crummy" store. The Sunday school pedagogue has his last say; "Girls I don't want to argue with you. After this come in here with your shoulders covered. It's our policy." He turns his back on the girls. Sammy hasn't rung up the herring fillets yet; but the…
Updike, John. "A&P." The Early Stories: 1953-1975. New York: Random House, 2003.
Wells, Walter. "John Updike's 'A&P': a return visit to Araby." Studies in Short Fiction 30.2
Student Searches, Free Speech & Expression, and Privacy in the Wired Age
Student searches and in-school discipline for off-campus conduct
Free Speech and Expression on and off campus
Privacy in the wired age on and off campus. (Facebook, twitter, myspace, blogs, cellphones)
What are a students' constitutional rights when it comes to searches and seizures, on and off campus discipline, free speech, expression, and privacy in the wired age when on and off campus? How are students protected by the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights when it pertains to the three items listed above?
Students are often subject to rules and regulations that are associated with school codes of conduct and those rules and regulations are sometimes not reflective of constitutional rights to free speech and free action inside the laws. These long list of potential violations are printed by institutions and are made available to students, in…
In short students and especially minor students and their parents should make themselves aware of the codes of conduct the student is expected to uphold and live within those guidelines even if they feel the guidelines are overreaching as students have little recourse because even most public institutions such as public schools are still considered voluntary and enrollment in them requires certain standards to be upheld. This is not to say it is likely that all new students will read and memorize a code of conduct but they must beware that violations especially that hurt others will not likely be tolerated. It is not likely that the constitutional protection of students will be expanded, rather to the contrary laws that protect others from immoral, unethical and/or illegal or harmful behaviors in a public forum such as the internet, across email, and cell phones will likely be expanded. It also must be made clear that the intent to harm another does not have to be present for that harm to be done or for the individual(s) responsible to be held accountable for it. In other words consider yourself under public scrutiny when you are enrolled in any institution and act accordingly, upholding the law and the moral and ethical standards associated with your role as a student.
Wheeler, T. (2011). Facebook Fatalities: Students, Social Networking, and the First Amendment. Pace Law Review, 31(1), 182-227. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Williamson, L. (2009). Private Rants Become Public When Aired Online. InsideCounsel, 20(211), 67-68. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
16). Some of the options available to patients are (p. 16):
What it Is Colgate Total
Over-the-counter tooth- triclosan and fluoride paste containing the anti- toothpaste bacterial triclosan
Peridex or generic
Prescription mouth rinse chlorhexidine mouth containing'an anti-micro- rinse bial called chlorhexidine
Periochip tiny piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine
Atridox gel that contains the anti- biotic doxycycline
Thread-like fiber that con- tains the antibiotic tetracy- cline
Tiny round particles that contain the antibiotic minocycline
Periostat low dose of the medica- tion doxycycline that keeps destructive enzymes in check
Why it's Used
The antibacterial ingredient triclosan and fluoride reduces plaque and result- toothpaste ing gingivitis. The fluoride protects against cavities.
Peridex or generic
To control bacteria, result- chlorhexidine mouth ing in less plaque and gin- rinse givitis
To control bacteria and re- duce the size of periodon- tal pockets
To control bacteria and…
Adams, T.L. (2003). Professionalization, Gender and Female-Dominated Professions: Dental Hygiene in Ontario. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(3), 267+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002041268
Being a Dental Hygienist Means You Can Clean Up. (2006, February 16). Daily Post (Liverpool, England), p. 25. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013780467
Chojnacki, C. (2006, December 31). Smiles All around Women Clean Up in National Contest for Hygenist of the Year. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), p. 1. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5018805116
Kaldenberg, D.O. (1995). Total Quality Management Practices and Business Outcomes: Evidence from Dental Practices. Journal of Small Business Management, 33(1), 21+. Retrieved November 30, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000281668
Virgin's Organizational Culture
Model of the organization
Organizational culture is built around three aspects: (1) complexity, (2) formalization, and (3) centralization.
Complexity: Complexity depends on the hierarchical structure of the organization, the larger it is generally the more complex it is. Complexity, then, is reduced to three tiers: vertical, horizontal, and geographical.
Vertical: The larger the depth of layer the more 'vertical' the organization is. A complex and broad organization, therefore, would generally have more layers than one less complex (Bartol, Twein, Matthews, & Martin, 2007). Branson was an exception to this. Though leader of exceedingly broad and complex operations, he managed to reduce the structure of verticality by splitting Virgin Groups up into multiple small companies. Branson believed that employees preferred to work under small companies than under large impersonal corporations. By the late 1980s, for instance, he had fragmented his collection of companies into more than 100 loosely…
Bartol, K., Twein, M., Matthews, G., & Martin, D. 2007, Management: A Pacific Rim Focus, Prentice-Hall, Sydney.
Burns, T. & Stalker, G.M., 1961, The Management of Innovation, Tavistock, London.
Cherrington, D.J. Orgnizational Behavior, 1994. USA: Alleyn & Bacon
Cooperrider, D.L., & Godwin, L. 2010. 'Positive Organization Development: Innovation-inspired Change in an Economy and Ecology of Strengths'. Appreciative Inquiry Commons. http://appreciativeinquiry.case.edu/intro/comment.cfm
Other commodities are consumed to derive pleasure or entertainment which explains why one goes for a certain television brand or a type of car. The choice of cars among the youths and the purpose of owning the cars among other gadgets have something to do with what their peers will think of them not the utility part (Scott Atkins, 1995).
Baudrillard, (2012) another individual who studied material culture called it the sociology of consumption. He studied the objects and not the consumer; he asserted that consumption should be taken seriously as an important institution where social class status and prestige are displayed. Certain objects depict a certain class in the society and when one possesses those prestigious objects then there is a message to the society in terms of the social status. The objects therefore have symbolic value as he mentions the objects of the modern consumer, it is implied…
Baudrillard, (2012). The Consumer Society. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://www.the-philosophy.com/baudrillard-consumer-society
Geoff Stahl, (1999). Still 'Wining Space?': Updating Subcultural Theory. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://www.rochester.edu/in_visible_culture/issue2/stahl.htm
Kyle Grayson, Matt Davies & Simon Philpott, (2009).Pop goes IR? Researching the Popular Culture-World political Continuum. Retrieved may 31, 2012 from http://22.214.171.124/www.gesellschaftswissenschaften.uni-frankfurt.de/uploads/images/1495/Grayson_et_al._2009.pdf
Philip Smith, (2000). Culture and Charisma: Outline of a Theory. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://prisme.u-strasbg.fr/sites/10/File/7a_smith_charisma.pdf
Diversity and Ethics Reporting Systems
Diversity Management and Discrimination Issues at Work
Enhanced globalization and immigration, which occurs for economic and socio-political reasons, has led to the development of multicultural societies across the globe. Today, many nations and workplaces have employees from diverse backgrounds. More often than not, cultural differences as well as other inherent differences such as gender often lead to stereotyping, categorization, and labeling; which set precedence for discrimination at the workplace (Appleby, 2007). In basic terms, workplace discrimination denotes unfair differential or unequal treatment of employees based on their differences in gender, nationality, religion, age, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or disability (Collins, 2012).
Gender discrimination issues are part of the discriminatory issues that arise out of gender differences or special gender-related issues such as pregnancy. It denotes the unequal treatment of employees based on their gender. Examples of issues that often arise in relation to this form of…
Constructive Charge Case
A CASE OF RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION?
Mr. Charles Wright, Chief Executive Officer (date)
From: Mr. Terence North, Manager, Elementary Toy Division
Re: Employee Constructive Discharge Claim
Our legal counsel, Atty. Edison Hawks, today informed the undersigned in writing that a former employee, Mr. Alfred Peterson, had filed a claim of constructive discharge against the company. Mr. Peterson resigned last week from his post at our Production Department when our new policy on shift work became effective. He based his complaint on the provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibit workplace discrimination against religion. Mr. Peterson alleges that the enforcement of the new policy on shift work is discriminatory in that it requires employees to work on Sundays, which his religion observes as a holy day. Prior to this new policy, production employees worked from Mondays to Fridays only. Attached is…
Business Laws (2013). The civil rights act of 1964. Business Laws.com. Retrieved on February 18, 2014 from http://business.laws.com/sexual-harassment/civil-rights-act-of-1964
EEOC (2014). Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission: U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved on February 18, 2014 from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/titlevi.cfm
-. Religious discrimination. Retrieved on February 18, 2014 from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/religion.cfm
Gender in Post-Communist Society
Consider the differences between gendered behavior in the Czech Republic and the U.S.A.… which socio-historical factors affect the Czechs' present-day gender identity and gender issues?
Men are respected as the stronger sex and this determines the way they relate women. A Czech has a striking mixture of firm attachment to the labor market and strong family values, considerable independence and personal efficiency. The women are homemakers and breadwinners. They are also able to command attention. Another interesting part of the Czech gender roles is that love outweighs work. For example, more women devote their time to care for their children at home unlike before and make considerable efforts in finding husbands (Delphy & Leonard, 175).
I noticed that Czech women are nicely dressed in order for them to find husbands while the men act chivalrously in order for them to find wives. Many women abandon their…
Nanette Funk and Magda Mueller, "Feminism East and West," Gender Politics and Post-Communism. Reflections from Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union,(1993) New York and London, Routledge, pp. 318-330.
Berger, John. "Ways of Seeing. London": BBC Penguin Books. pp. 129-154. 1977
Beauvoir, Simone de, "The Psychoanalytical Point-of-View," pp. 49-61. (2010). In the second sex New. York: Vintage Books
Delphy, Ch. And Leonard, D. "The Variety of Work Done by Wives," in (eds.) Jackson, S. And Scott, S. G Gender: A Sociological Reader. New York: Routledge. pp. 170-179.2002
Federal labor laws covered by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission contain fundamental information of which managers must be cognizant and wholeheartedly employ. The labor laws address intuitive issues, but they are by no means intuitively understood as there are many conditions and situations that determine how the laws are applied, and to whom they may be applied. Management must ensure that employees with supervisory capacity receive thorough training in the laws enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
What's more, management must be sure to create a company culture that embraces the federal labor laws and that ensures managers will work in good faith to achieve benefits for the company and for the employees. From the Walmart case study, managers can clearly observe extremely inappropriate intimidation and retaliation of employees attempting to organize. There are many lessons to be learned from the callous, irredeemable behavior of many managers…
Bloom, L. (2010). Learn fromWal-Mart's employee-review lawsuit: The innovators. The Street. Retrieved from http://www.thestreet.com/print/story/10941896.html
Greenhouse, S. (2014, December 10). Walmart illegally punished workers, judge rules. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/11/business/walmart-illegally-punished-workers-judge-rules.html?_r=0
Hartman, L. & Bennett-Alexander, D. (2012, July 1). Employment Law for Business. New York, NY: Business And Economics (7th ed.).
Sachs, B. (2010). Revitalizing Labor Law, 31. Berkeley J. Employment. & Labor Law, 333. Retreived from http://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1425&context=bjell
Training for the Program
Adequacy of the software training
The software requires Java and use of Adobe eader. While it seems daunting at first to sift through all of the information, there are a wealth of resources available. The VITA/TCE Training Supplement offers those looking to participate in the program with updates of any new products introduced into VITA/TCE. Because course instructors and volunteer tax preparers have to complete supplemental training before they can assist taxpayers, this kind of added layers of training assures there is some level of quality being maintained in the program. The fact also that everything is online helps.
Adequacy of the tax law training
The IS website makes it clear, people willing to participate in the program have the opportunity to learn in a site or online. Making information available online along with evaluations of how the curriculum is and supplemental information/training assures not only…
Fishman, S. (2014). Working for Yourself: Law & Taxes for Independent Contractors, Freelancers & Consultants (9th ed.). Nolo.
Hoffman, S. & Seidman, L. (2003). Helping working families. Kalamazoo, Mich.: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
IRS,. (2016). Link & Learn Taxes, linking volunteers to quality e-learning.Apps.irs.gov. Retrieved 17 May 2016, from https://apps.irs.gov/app/vita/
McCaffery, E. (2012). The Oxford introductions to U.S. law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
James inehart: Organization of Work in Capitalist Societies
Organization of Work in Capitalist Societies: James inehart
James inehart opines that under capitalism, people are alienated. They work only because they do not want to remain unemployed, and not because they enjoy working. In inehart's view, workers in capitalist societies are alienated from the purposes and products of their labor, from the overall organization of the workplace, and from the immediate work process itself. In this text, I evaluate inehart's argument based on my current job sphere.
James einhart: Organization of Work in Capitalist Societies
A lot of controversy surrounds the concept of work, what it means to work, and what work means for society (inehart, 2006). In his book, Tyranny of Work, James inehart explains the concept of work within the context of the human condition. In his view, creative labor is the process by which people produce their material…
BLS. (2015). Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Retrieved January 11, 2016 from http://www.bls.gov/jlt/
Rinehart, J. W. (2006). The Tyranny of Work Alienation and the Labor Process (5th ed.). Toronto, CA: Thomas Nelson
While there are many ideas about how schools should look to reform themselves -- from arming teachers with guns (Koonce, 2016, p. 163) to simply closing failing schools with the hope that charter schools fill the void (Koonce, 2016, p. 137) -- there is really no easy or simple solution to how to reform schools in general.
Schools are essentially all unique -- with each one different because each one has its own culture, its own set of teachers, its own special qualities and its own special challenges. Ascribing a one-size fits all method of reform to schools is not likely to provide any kind of real solution. With this in mind, I think that reform must take place on an individual level -- and it can start in the simplest of ways, with teachers, for instance, simply taking the time to reduce the amount of stress that…
Curwin, R. L., & Mendler, A. N. (2008). Discipline with dignity new challenges, new solutions (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Koonce, G. (2016). (Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded
(18 Ed.). McGraw Hill Publishers.
Marzano, R. J., & Marzano, J. S. (2003). Classroom management that works: research-
In order to understand the position of women in Iran as far as their roles, rights and empowerment is concerned, it is significant to understand the wider picture of the prevailing condition in the Middle East and the contrast that there is in the West. These two represent different polarities in the context of culture, perspective on women, roles assigned, rights granted and the positions that women hold in these two societies. There is a still not an in depth understanding of the lives of women in the Middle East and the roles that they are meant to play. In majority of the societies therein, women are hardly seen carrying out any meaningful role, let alone being heard. They are assigned a background role in this Muslim world and the persistent stereotypes and judgments about the social practices form a single dimensional depiction of women that rarely reflects the real…