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Engineering Curriculum Content
Acquiring Engineering education is essential in training good quality engineer who afterwards becomes equipped to take up challenging task and responsibility as they undertake their duty. As one who is bestowed with responsibilities of administering an institution with limited resources and assigned to take part in revising the engineering curriculum that can accommodate more number of graduates, it is important to have necessary curriculum contents.
As time passed by, Engineering has continued changing in order to accommodate new challenges as well as the growing technology. Indeed there has been current technological breakthrough in the following areas: nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials science, information and communications technology, and photonics, among others, (Advisory Committee on Engineering and Technology Education in Georgia., 2008). While responding to the changes that are taking place in engineering, engineering education is also experiencing changes. While engineering is increasingly becoming more specialized, many other materials…
Advisory Committee on Engineering and Technology Education in Georgia. (2008).
Final report: Investigation of engineering design as a focus for Georgia technology education. The Georgia Department of Education, Atlanta, Ga.
Akmal, T., Oaks, M.M., & Barker, R. (2002). The state of technology education: A national report on the state of the profession. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 39(4), 1- 20.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, (1986) Goals and priorities for research in engineering design: Goals and priorities for research in engineering design: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, July, p.4.) in (Moriarty, 1994, p. 135).
Ethics and Morality elated to the Field of Engineering
The purpose of this paper is to define engineering ethics in brief, here the discussion will also be about why successful engineers should be able to inspire trust and confidence in others where their integrity and honesty is concerned. Some references will also be given regarding why college students have to be loyal before they step into the practical world. All of this would be supported by brief examples regarding engineering ethics.
Ethics for engineers
The field of engineering ethics is related to applied ethics as well as the system of moral principles which apply towards the practice of engineering. "The purpose of ethics in engineering is to set up obligations by engineers towards the society, clients and the profession itself " (Schurman, 2003). Many professional societies of engineering have prepared a set of codes of ethics, these codes…
Schurman, R. (2003). Engineering Trouble. California: University of California Press.
Meskell, L. (2005). Embedding Ethics. New York: Berg Place of publication.
Shenhav, Y. (1999). Manufacturing Rationality. Oxford, U.K: Oxford University Press.
Macfarlane, B. (2004). Teaching with Integrity. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
2009). This gives a strong idea of where the ethical onus lies in the practice of engineering.
Another rather more expansive case study can be derived form the current state of bridges in the United States, and the general state of disrepair of many bridges that are still n regular heavy use (Harris et al. 2009). A rating system has been developed that determines when a bridge should be put out of commission, but it is not especially definitive in terms of assessing load restrictions or mandating repairs prior to continued use, and thus is largely ineffective in much of what it aims to accomplish (Harris et al. 2009). While also ultimately an issue of the failure of an engineering project in its pragmatic intents, this case is considerably different to that of the Aberdeen incident in terms of the degree and type of responsibility borne by engineers. It is…
Harris, C., Pritchard, M. & Rabins, M. (2009). Engineering ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
IEEE. (1996). IEEE Guidelines for Engineers Dissenting on Ethical Grounds. Accessed 12 December 2010. http://www.onlineethics.org/Resources/ethcodes/EnglishCodes/IEEEguidelines.aspx
NSPE. (2010). Code of Ethics. Accessed 12 December 2010. http://www.nspe.org /Ethics/CodeofEthics/index.html
TAMU. (2010). Introducing Ethics Case Studies Into Required Undergraduate Engineering Courses. Accessed 12 December 2010. http://ethics.tamu.edu/
. standards on foreign companies.
Cascio, W.F. "Decency Means More than 'Always Low Prices': A Comparison of Costco to Wal-Mart's am's Club." Academy of Management Perspectives
(August 2006). Accessed 18 June 2012 from:
This source is an article that appeared in the professional Journal, Academy of Management Perspectives. It provides a comparison of Wal-Mart and Costco from the perspective of their respective ethical approaches to various issues. Generally, the author contrasts the manner in which Wal-Mart takes unfair advantage of its market position with the way that Costco does not. pecifically, Wal-Mart pressure suppliers for prices that are too low to permit continual research and product development, which harms all stakeholders, including customers and supplying companies.
The author also details the way that Wal-Mart deliberately refuses to allow many part-time employees to work enough hours to qualify for employment benefits such as health insurance. According to the author, this…
Johnston, S., McGregor, H., and Taylor E. "Practice-focused Ethics in Australian
Engineering Education." European Journal of Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 4
(2000): 315 -- 324.
This source is an article that appeared in the professional Journal, European Journal of Engineering. It focuses on the need for professional engineering companies to improve their compliance with engineering ethics principles on the part of their employees. The author determined that there was a substantial gap between the theoretical awareness of ethical principles among Australian engineers and the actual compliance with those principles in professional practice. It detailed some of the ways that engineering firms must promote better practical application of ethical concepts in professional practice.
This post-mortem report is directed to the British Petroleum (BP) board of directors concerning the BP Texas City refinery explosion incident that took place on March 23, 2005. A series of explosions occurred during the restarting of the hydrocarbon isomerization unit in the Texas City refinery. The main technical reason behind the initial explosion was the flooding of the over-pressurized distillation column, which ended up in a geyser of combustible vapor release in the vent stack. A car engine near the tower then ignited the vapor, causing ghastly explosions that resulted in 15 deaths and 170 injuries. This post-mortem report is especially relevant given that the very same Texas City refinery had a fire on October 30, 2012 at its esid Hyrdotreating Unit. The fire was extinguished with no major injury or damage occurring, but it was officially rated as a Level 2 emergency within the refinery and…
British Petroleum (2005). BP Issues Final Report on Fatal Explosion, Announces $1 billion Investment at Texas City. Retrieved online: http://www.bp.com/genericarticle.do?categoryId=2012968&contentId=7012963
"CSB Investigation of BP Texas City Refinery Disaster Continues as Organizational Issues Are Probed," (2006). United States Chemical Safety Board. 30 Oct 2006. Retrieved online: http://www.csb.gov/newsroom/detail.aspx?nid=215
Galveston County Health District, June 2, 2010, Blast Rips Texas City. [http://www.gchd.org/press/2005/03BPFire.htm, Accessed May 9, 2012]
Mauer, R., Tinsley, A.M., May 8, 2010, Gulf Oil Spill: BP Has a Long Record of Legal, Ethical Violations: McClatchy Newspaper. [http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2010/05/08/93779/bp-has-a-long-record-of-legal.html, Accessed May 9, 2012]
The second approach was accepted.
Manufacturing, Assembly, and Implementation of Selected Design
During preliminary testing, it was determined that the main engineering problems would be: (1) limiting the force of the mechanism, and (2) determining the best way to attach an appropriate weight so that the release point would allow energy to be converted into forward propulsion as efficiently as possible. In that regard, string with attached metal hooks was used to hold back the trapping bar at the halfway position and a slipknot was used to permit the activation and release of the bar. A small piece of tin was added to the middle of the horizontal segment of the trapping bar and positioned at an appropriate angle to launch a small weight backwards.
Testing, Evaluation, and Conclusion
Testing the selected design revealed the importance of limiting the energy and speed of the trapping bar, mainly to launch the…
Among the many theoretical frameworks that have developed in order to provide the best financial management practices, engineering economy "analysts and engineers with the tools to determine which course of action results in the lowest cost, greatest profit, or other aspects, often using comparative cost studies." Very often, engineering economy is used to evaluate projects relating to their costs and their future-value, so, in this sense, it can also be considered a decision-taking tool.
As one of the papers on the subject describes engineering economy, a proper definition of engineering economy should start from the two words forming the term. As such, economy is generally defined as "thrifty and efficient use of resources." In this sense, engineering economy answers the question "is it in the best interest of the enterprise to invest its limited resources in a proposed technical endeavor, or would the same investment produce a higher…
1. Halpern, Paul. Canadian managerial finance. Harcourt Brace & Company. Canada. 1994
3. Tockey, Steve. Engineering Economy, a Required Component of Software Engineering. On the Internet at http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~sullivan/EDSER-1/PositionPapers/tockey.pdf www.rpi.edu/~carbom2/Chapter%201.ppt
According to the official website of the Texas Society of Professional Engineers, the mission of TSPE is to promote the ethical, competent and licensed practice of engineering, and to enhance the professional, social and economic well being of its members. Ethically, all engineers must fulfill their professional duties, in a way that puts the safety, health and welfare of the public first. They must perform services only in areas of their competence, issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner, act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustee, avoid deceptive acts and conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness of the engineering profession. (TSPE, 2002)
Engineers thus have a responsibility to the public, to their fellow professionals, to the law, to their employers, and also to the other professionals whom they work with to…
Texas Society of Professional Engineers. (2002) Official Website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at www.tspe.org
Engineering Specialization Management
The rapid evolution of computer networking is completely redefining the role of computer and system engineering within companies globally, in addition to making the management of these systems critical for long-term success. Management Information Systems as a field is rapidly expanding due in large part to the need of enterprises to integrate their many of their legacy systems, many of them built in-house, with new Enterprise esource Planning (EP), Supply Chain Management (SCM) and Customer elationship Management (CM) systems (Wyckoff, 1997). Combined spending on all of these technologies and supporting services is $57B in 20121 growing to $72B in 2015 (Buckley, 2009).
Interest in Computer Science and Management Information Systems
I was fortunate to discover my natural abilities early in my academic career, excelling at chemistry, math, science and operations research, in addition tot the ability to learn compute languages quickly. Being able to quickly categorize different…
Buckley, M. (2009). Viewpoint computing as social science. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 52(4), 29.
Ford, N. (1999). The growth of understanding in information science: Towards a developmental model. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(12), 1141-1152.
Li, D., Paranto, S., & Rong, Y. (2010). Management information systems curricula: A comparison between china and the U.S.A. Research in Higher Education Journal, 6, 1-19.
Patterson, D.A. (2006). Computer science education in the 21st century. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 49(3), 27-30.
5. tranverse rod
6. spring bolt
7. knurled nut
8. tranverse cross-support
9. resting plate
10. rubber buffer
11. ball heads
12. cable holder
Figure 2 (Jackson, 2002)
The bomb release trapeze operated according to very simple mechanical principles and relied on gravity. Upon activation of the bomb release lever, a simple cable-catch attached directly to the exterior of the bomb released the hook and allowed the bomb to fall under its own weight. The trapeze prevented the bomb from detaching until the device had swung out 180 degrees from the aircraft fuselage at which point notches on the inside of each longitudinal tranverse arm (visible in Figure 1 near the bomb attachment) allowed the pins holding the bomb to the tranverse arms to fall away from the tranverse arms.
IV. Operating Description
The principal function and purpose of the device was…
Crosby, F. (2007). The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World. London,
Jackson, R. (2002). The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London, UK: Parragon.
Jackson, R. (2003). Modern Military Aircraft: Development, Weaponry, Specifications.
Engineering Arbitration Case
Kevin F. O'Neill vs. Birkelbach Investment Securities, Inc. And William James Murphy
Case Number: 12-00271
Hearing Site: Chicago, Illinois
The case was filed on January 25, 2012. The claimant alleged that the respondent violated the following Acts: the Securities Act Rule 10b-5; the Illinois Blue Sky Law; excessive trading and churning of investment account; unauthorized trading; unsuitability; negligent supervision; breach of fiduciary duty; and Fraudulent misrepresentation.
The claimant also alleged that the respondent accrued $3 million worth of unauthorized trades in his non-discretionary investment account in an eight-month period as well as short-term trading of mutual funds without the Claimant's consent.
On November 29,2012, Respondent, William James Murphy, filed for bankruptcy therefore all proceedings against him were stayed
On February 27, 2013 Claimant filed a Request for Sanctions and on Feb 28 an amended request for sanctions.
1. Since Birkelbach Investment Securities had…
Engineering Ethics to Prevent Suicidal Attempts
Death and mortality rates in the recent decades have escalated at an unprecedented rate all across the globe. Suicide is one of the integral attempts of numerous people in order to end the beautiful gift of life given by God. However, while taking the United States into account, it is prudent to note that suicide is amongst the leading causes of death where the ratio of people committing suicide is very high on annual basis. In fact, the rates of suicidal attempts are much more than homicide and murder rates.
Bridges, skyscrapers, tall structures and buildings are amongst the integral constructed sites from where the natives commit suicide. The accidental incidents on these structures are usually undersigned and unintended but on many instances these events are forced (triggered through suicide). Severe mental catastrophe, trauma or overall circumstances are the principal reactive and responsive aspects…
Dyble, Louise. Paying the Toll: Local Power, Regional Politics, and the Golden Gate Bridge. USA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. Print.
Gorp, Anke van. Ethical Issues in Engineering Design; Safety and Sustainability. Netherland: 3TU Ethics, 2005. Print.
Poel, I.V. D, & Royakkers, L. Ethics, Technology, and Engineering: An Introduction. USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Print.
Schinzinger, R. & Martin, Mike, W. Introduction to engineering ethics. USA: McGraw Hill, 2000. Print.
If Liz is supportive of the CDC plan, she has a greater duty to disclose her situation to the Committee. If Liz cannot make a full-faith effort on behalf of the Committee because of her concerns about her employment, she must disclose her concerns to the Committee. Likewise, if Liz cannot fulfill her work responsibilities because of her personal beliefs and association with the Committee, Liz has an obligation to notify CDC so that they can appoint someone without any such conflicts to perform the role for which Liz would have been responsible. Liz may not remain silent and simply shirk (or fake) her performance in the CDC effort.
Liz has every right to oppose the CDC project in her personal time although from a practical matter, it may cost her the job. The safest alternative course of action for Liz might have been to simply respond truthfully that she…
The most important thing that it provides is friction which slows cars and obligates drivers to travel more safely and attentively. It is immensely beneficial to retail shops that adjoin such parking. The second best form of parking is that which is in parking garages. Garages provide longer parking than on-street parking, and provide more protection for the car from weather and perhaps vandalism. Garages take up far less downtown land than off-street surface parking. Also the fact that they are vertical helps define and enclose the public realm. The least kind of parking that people like is that of surface parking lots. These lots fail to define space. They create ugly, dead zone gaps in the downtown fabric while leaving pedestrians feeling exposed and unsafe. They also tend to attract undesirable behavior from students and teenagers. They tend to increase downtown maintenance costs by far more than on-street or…
4.3 Management of Parking Lots. (n.d.). Retrieved from Sustainable Urban Transport Web site:
Manville, Michael and Shoup, Donald. (2005). Parking, People, and Cities. Retrieved from Web
site: http://shoup.bol.ucla.edu/People, Parking, CitiesJUPD.pdf
Following this period of exploration one must tackle the seismic interpreters with their predictions and drill exploration wells. If these wells are on-shore, then the cost can be modest, but if the prospected reservoir is off-shore in ultra deep water, drilling a well is very expensive and it becomes an interesting strategy game to balance the risk of drilling a dry well against the risk of missing a big cat. Seismic data gives the wide contours of the reservoir but with low data motion. Near the exploration wells one can remove a very detailed picture of the reservoir rock and fluids, using down-hole logging tools that use quite advanced methods like gamma-rays, NM and electrical resistivity, in order to map-out the reservoir properties very close to the well. Obviously there remains a lot of uncertainty in the reservoir properties even after combining seismic data, well-log data and educated guesses…
Al-Shalchi, Wisam. (2008). Development of Akkas Gas Field in Iraq. Retrieved April 29, 2010,
from Scribd Web site: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6435129/Development-of-Akkas -
Boyce, John R. And Nostbakken, Linda. (2007). Exploration and Development of U.S. Oil and Gas Fields, 1955-2002. Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Web site:
The varying degrees of ferromagnetism and the different temperatures at which this trait is exhibited are themselves due to changes in electron patterns in the individual molecules of the alloy; these same changes in the bonds that are thus formed have concurrent changes in the elasticity of the different steel alloys. Determining the correct type of alloy for any application in which steel is preferred must account for temperature and a variety of other factors in order to arrive at an accurate knowledge of the elastic propensities of any given type of steel.
Data concerning the different elasticities of varying steels has been well-established in the research literature. Chromium and molybdenum alloy steels (Cr-Mo steels) have the highest elasticity, with an e-modulus of elasticity of thirty-one million psi; carbon steels are a close second with just under thirty million psi (Engineering Toolbox 2010). Nickel steels have an e-modulus of just…
Engineers Toolbox. (2010). Young midlus for metals and alloys. Accessed 8 December
ngineering Drawing Has Five Major Parts:
Title block. 2. Grid system, 3. Revision block, 4. Notes and legends, 5. ngineering drawing (the graphic portion).
The title block of the drawing contains the information necessary to identify the drawing and describe its validity. The title area has three blocks: a. The first area (which contains the drawing title, the drawing number, and the location, site, or vendor); 2. The second area (which contains information about approval and authorship of drawing); the Third Area (which cross-references other drawing related to this particular illustration).
The Grid System involves drawings either drawn to, or not drawn to, scale
(presented in ratio-style). Diagrams drawn to scale render accurate and detailed information about the illustration, whereas drawings devoid of scale present only functional or structural overview of the component.
These scales use a grid system in order to help locate a specific point of the drawing.…
Engineering tutorials: Transformer configurations. Retrieved on 3/6/2011from:
IEEE (1993). Graphic Symbols for Electrical and Electronics Diagrams (Including Reference Designation Letters): Section 22. IEEE & ANSI, New York, NY.
enetic engineering is one of the more controversial and complex areas of science and engineering, and it intersects with sustainability in a variety of ways. Proponents of the science say that it can lead to greater sustainability through the more efficient use of land and the creation of bigger and better food supplies. Critics point out that the promise of such crops has been around for some time with little results, while there are very real negative effects.
Local overnment World Congress focuses on solutions (James Brooks, Nation's Cities Weekly): A total of almost two thousand leaders of municipalities from around the world met in Korea in November of 2007 to unveil and discuss various sustainability methods. From city planning to power use and many other applications, there were a great deal of different technologies demonstrated and discussed at the meeting in an effort to create more sustainable practices at…
Genetic engineering is one of the more controversial and complex areas of science and engineering, and it intersects with sustainability in a variety of ways. Proponents of the science say that it can lead to greater sustainability through the more efficient use of land and the creation of bigger and better food supplies. Critics point out that the promise of such crops has been around for some time with little results, while there are very real negative effects.
Local Government World Congress focuses on solutions (James Brooks, Nation's Cities Weekly): A total of almost two thousand leaders of municipalities from around the world met in Korea in November of 2007 to unveil and discuss various sustainability methods. From city planning to power use and many other applications, there were a great deal of different technologies demonstrated and discussed at the meeting in an effort to create more sustainable practices at the local level. A great deal of change can be wrought at this level of society, members of the meeting stressed, and by sharing information and encouraging development in cities around the world, it is hoped that more efficient practices will continue to emerge.
Sustainability is something that must be worked for in all areas of life; improvements in transportation efficiency through better city planning could reduce a great deal of emissions. Engineers have also developed technologies that could regain much energy that is lost or wasted at a city level, including the generation of electricity from the trend of pedestrian feet, and this is certainly a meeting of engineering and sustainability.
Figure 1. Golden Gate Bridge's Safety Net
The safety net was an essential risk management feature for the bridge project because the bridge needed to be 220 feet tall to accommodate commercial and naval vessels and falls from this height would certainly be fatal (Design and Construction 4). Unfortunately, this turned out to be the case during the final phases of construction. Despite this expensive security precaution, a catwalk collapsed on February 17, 1937, plunging 22 workers 220 feet into the bay below, killing ten of them (one man was saved when his leg became entangled in the safety net) (Stansen 5).
Construction began on January 5, 1933 and was completed on May 27, 1937 (Design and Construction 1).
Obstacles and Barriers
The first major obstacle encountered by the design engineers was the fact that the Golden Gate bay is more than one mile wide and…
"Design and Construction." The Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge. 21 Apr. 2014. Online.
Fireman, Janet and Shelly Kale. "Bridging the Golden Gate: A Photo Essay." California History
89(3): 12 Sept. 2012, Summer. Print.
"Golden Gate." WGBH Educational Foundation. 2014. Online.
This type of system has effectively integrated technology into the classrooms in these school districts with uniform accessibility for all students as well as district-wide implementation of software. The centralized management in this system provides a central point of control as well as updates and backups for all users. The network is secure and protected from viruses and it takes fewer personnel to manage the network.
The innovation of accessibility from home is one that will benefit each and every individual involved for example, the parent who wants to earn their GED can now do that from home at night with this system, the child who needs tutoring can be tutored from home, the child whose parents are still at work and need homework help will be able to access that resource very easily. There are so many possibilities in the educational community in relation to home and school coordinated…
Strassman, Paul (1995) "The Roots of Business Process Re-engineering" 1995 June
Rietz, Raymond (2004) T & L. Education Webinar; Computing Access: "The Key to Achievement and Cost Effective Management" 2004 May 5 Citrix and Wyse Production [Online] available at http://webcast.on24.com/event/5824/1/documents/slidepdf/combined_5824v3.pdf
Wyman, Greg (2004) T & L. Education Webinar; Computing Access: "The Key to Achievement and Cost Effective Management" 2004 May 5 Citrix and Wyse Production [Online] available at http://webcast.on24.com/event/5824/1/documents/slidepdf/combined_5824v3.pdf
The essential goal of fault tree analysis is to determine the cause of system failures in the event of a past failure, or as a preemptive tool to determine the probabilities of failure based on specific events. By mapping out the events and components of a system, an FTA can be used to calculate these probabilities and so point out point in the system that might leave it more susceptible to failure. The FTA has both a preventative and a post-mortem function, then, and few would disagree that the former is the more impressive and necessary of the two.
Product traceability is important because it allows a producer to know exactly which components from specific sources made into which individual units. In the event that a hazard or simply a flaw is noted in such a traceable component, all units with that component -- but none without this component…
The first image displayed on the website for the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, rather eccentrically for an engineering organization, is two hands holding a clump of soil. Yet despite this earthy image, the society also stresses its technical nature, as members in the biological, agricultural, and other food related sciences could engage in virtual web conferences with one another, through web space accorded to the organization. Thus, the technical as well as the agricultural aspects of the organization enable members to improve their professional credentials and connect with other engineering professional in the agricultural field. Members can also make use of the organization's technical library and database of technical experts.
The ASAE also offers such perks for members as a group insurance plan and an e-newsletter. The offer of a group insurance plan illustrates that many members may not be members of a large corporate entity, and…
ASAE -- American Society of Agricultural Engineers. (2004) Official website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at www.asae.org
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, (2004) Official Website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at http://www.ieee.org
.....doubt, I would think, between the two of us that Tulane University is a great institution that has proven time and time again how elite and adept it is at developing and teaching the leaders and workers of tomorrow. Whether it be engineers, scientists, mathematicians or other people that enter and then work in the STEM space, our curriculum is certainly better than most. Even with that, it is important to compare, consider and contrast how we present ourselves on the Tulane website and how this compares to universities of similar size and scope. We must always make sure that the online "face" we present is accurate, complete and contemporary. Beyond that, it must compare favorably to the colleges that we directly compete with for the best and brightest students.
For the purposes of this brief letter, the colleges that will be compared and contrasted are our own (University of…
Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames
The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…
(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).
(2005). "Steels for Strength." http://www.machinedesing.com/BDE/materials/bdemat6/bdemat6_8.html. (Sept. 21, 2005).
Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,
e-engineering this process has taken on added urgency given the economic uncertainly in many nations of the world today. There are companies today using Six Sigma methodologies to understand how they can be more effective in capturing, escalating and closing on leads. The challenge from a re-engineering standpoint is that ownership of the lead management and escalation process is often shared (Thomas, 1996). In redefining this process, it is critical for single points of accountabil8ity by each step in the process be mapped, assigned and measured. The critical link in this process is measurement over time and improvement in performance based on accountability and clarity of roles. e-engineering lead management is as much about changing a company's culture as it is about changing a process itself. For lasting change to this process to occur after re-engineering is complete, senior executives must champion change and illustrate through their actions that they…
Cafasso, Rosemary (1996, March). To market, to market. CIO, 9(11), 48.
Retrieved November 20, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 9389389).
Samia M. Siha, Germaine H. Saad. (2008). Business process improvement: empirical assessment and extensions. Business Process Management Journal, 14(6), 778-802. Retrieved November 20, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1596445461).
Thomas, Claude a, Dunn, Dan T. Jr. (1996). Reengineering marketing. Review of Business, 17(3), 41. Retrieved November 19, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 9698129).
The website for the Society of Professional Engineers provides a link to the application one may fill out to become a member of the organization. To obtain full membership privileges, one must be licensed and registered as an engineer. The laws vary from state to state regarding licensing. They and are exclusively under the control of the individual state legislatures. But generally, according to the TSPE website, "the licensure laws for professional engineers require graduation from an accredited engineering curriculum followed by approximately four years of responsible engineering experience, and finally the successful completion of a written exam," in the engineering filed of the candidate's choice." (Official ebsite of TSPE, 2004)
Some states may waive the written exam "on the basis of education and experience, but the trend is toward an examination requirement," which is often taken in the applicant's senior year of college in the field of…
Texas Society of Professional Engineers. (2002) Official Website. Retrieved 29 November 2004 at www.tspe.org
Engineering the oman Colosseum
While the Colosseum stands, ome shall stand; when the Colosseum falls, ome shall fall; when ome falls, the world shall fall. -- The Venerable Bede quoting an Ancient Anglo-Saxon Peasant Prophecy
Perhaps the most enduring symbol of the greatness of the oman Empire can be seen today in the ruins of the Colosseum. This massive amphitheatre is situated in the middle of modern ome near the oman Forum and has become an iconic representation of the oman Empire at its zenith. Although estimates vary, analysts believe that at least 50,000 and perhaps as many as 80,000 spectators were accommodated in its capacious dimensions and the Colosseum has become the benchmark by which all subsequent stadia have been judged. Flush with the treasures and riches of Jerusalem, the builders of the Colosseum spared no expense in its design and construction, but despite its impressive seating capacity and…
Barbi, Gulomar, "The Colosseum," The World and I, 22(9) (2007, September), 37-40.
Burn, Robert, Roman Literature in Relation to Roman Art, London: MacMillan, 1888.
"Colosseum building materials," The Colosseum [online] available:
Enginees should focus on the impovement of the pefomance of the economy. This elates to the tansfomation of the theoies of contolling the wold and adopting new famewoks in the opeating in conjunction with the planet. New enginees need to adopt and implement new theoies of focusing on the economic, social, and political concepts in elation to both technical and nontechnical disciplines (Cameon 2010 p.40).
Leades in Bitish Engineeing
Accoding to Lewis (1998, p.88), the technology style of the 19th centuy stetches fom the peak of one long wave to the peak of the next. The concened style would have made its fist appeaance in 1870s and would have held geat influence in the late Victoian peiod. It was maked though the diffusion of cheap bulk steel that emeged in the mid-Victoian peiods, advances in science-based industies such as engineeing and chemicals, spead of electic powe and the adoption of…
references of the current population without compromising the needs of the future population. This relates to the achievement of sustainable development thus improving living conditions of the citizens. Global warming is a problem affecting growth and development of the economy. This is through increasing the sea water level because of the high temperatures thus melting of ice caps. In order to minimize the effects of global warming, it is ideal to focus on the transformation of the engineering systems in the United Kingdom (Nuvolari et al. 2009 p.700).
Possible predictions about the future of British engineering
In order to address challenges affecting the current and future populations, it is essential to train engineers with the ability to make intelligent decisions in relation to maximum protection and quality life on the planet than endangering forms of life. Engineers will have to make decisions with reference to professional environment in relation to interactions between technical and nontechnical disciplines. The modern system should focus on the preparation of the engineers to become valuable facilitators of sustainable development and implementers of appropriate technology. This aims at addressing social and economic challenges facing the current engineers because of the modern systems and mindset of engineers in the context of the United Kingdom. This is essential in becoming an effective and efficient body of engineers with the aim of providing leadership to the world engineering body (Burgess 1972 p.10).
Future development in relation to the engineering systems and subsystems in the United Kingdom should focus on adequate implementation of technology in addressing essential needs of the future population. Technological developments should also focus on the improvement of conditions such as sufficient water, protection of the environment, and adequate infrastructure. This is vital in the achievement of the millennium development goals and objectives as outlined by the United Nations under the influence of its General Assembly. Future engineering should focus in the achievement of sustainable development thus addressing current and future needs of the world's population. It is vital to note future engineering should integrate numerous aspects in addressing social, economic, and political effects on the planet.
Social Engineering as it Applies to Information Systems Security
The research takes into account several aspects that better create an overview of the term and the impact it has on security systems. In this sense, the first part of the analysis reviews the concept of social engineering and the aspects it entails. Secondly, it provides a series of cases that were influenced by social engineering and the effects each had on the wider picture of information security. Thirdly, the research looks at what policies are set in place to avoid this type of practice and how has the information security society responded to the threat posed by social engineering. Finally, possible solutions to the issues social engineering raises are also presented in the context of the increased technological environment in which business is conducted in the world we live in today.
General aspects on social engineering
A non-academic definition of…
Allen, Malcolm. "Social Engineering: A Means To Violate A Computer System," SANS Institute, 2006, available online at https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/engineering/social-engineering-means-violate-computer-system-529
Dimension Research. "The Risk Of Social Engineering On Information Security:
A Survey Of It Professionals" in Dimension Research, Sept. 2011, available online at http://www.checkpoint.com/press/downloads/social-engineering-survey.pdf
Honan, Mat. "How Apple and Amazon Security Flaws Led to My Epic Hacking" in Wired. 8 June 2012, available at http://www.wired.com/2012/08/apple-amazon-mat-honan-hacking/
Spamming involves receiving deceptive mail like one has won the lottery then engineers ask for information to receive payment so as to gain financially or for social gains. For fake spyware, they claim to have utilities that are anti-spyware but are actually the spyware that can hack into your system. The engineers in this case pretend to be genuine and are out to offer solutions.
Protecting individuals from social engineering
There are various ways to prevent social engineering when one is using the internet. People should update themselves on the new techniques that social engineers are using. People should always contact their banks or any other financial institution using unknown sites or links. A website can never be assumed to be legitimate just by looking at it, it is important to ensure from experts that a website that is being used to give crucial information is a secured website.
Social- engineer. (2010). Security Through Education. Retrieved October13, 2010, from http://www.social-engineer.org/
Podgorecki, A. And Alexander, J. (1996) Social Engineering: Internet Fraud. New York:
Thapar, A. (2008. November 19). Sophisticated Engineering Techniques in Business. Time magazine, 160(5), 24-26.
This underlines the notion that engineering does not exist in a vacuum, but rather is only useful insofar as it is utilized. The importance of computers in aerospace has only grown as the decades have passed, so full technology literacy both in utilization and in describing needs are important skills for the aerospace engineer (Bishop 1994).
One of the most important ethical considerations for aerospace engineers set forth in the Engineers Australia Code of Ethics (2000) is the necessity for engineers to keep their clients and/or employers well aware of any discoveries or developments that will have a negative impact on the project. Given the costs of development and production that most aircraft and spacecraft entail, such news is likely to be most unwelcome, yet it is the ethical obligation of the engineer to put the safety and integrity of the craft above all other concerns, even if the issues…
Bishop, A. (1994). "The Role of Computer Networks in Aerospace Engineering." Library trends, Spring 1994. pp. 694-729.
Engineers Australia Code of Ethics. (2000). Accessed 13 November 2009. http://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/shadomx/apps/fms/fmsdownload.cfm?file_uuid=F0647595-C7FE-7720-EA17-70AC27062E0B&siteName=ieaust
Garner, G. (2002). Careers in engineering. New York: McGraw Hill.
Raymer, D. (2006). Aircraft engineering: A conceptual approach. Washington, D.C.: AIAA.
Another human factor related to this is the fact that engineering tends to be a very specialized field. In general, home and business owners do not have the expertise to discern between quality and lack thereof in engineering.
Indeed, while the quality of cheap engineering may be lower, this is not necessarily to say that expensive work entails higher quality. ome inscrutable engineers may for example use cheap materials for the sake of greater financial gain. The home or business owner is therefore safest when he or she thoroughly investigates the services being used. An engineer with both a good reputation and a price that is not too low should for example provide the best service.
Other factors that play a role in workplace or home accidents are related not as much to engineering as to the specific actions and neglect perpetrated by the users of the material. The human…
Department of Materials Science and Engineering. "Learning from failure: Engineering disasters." State University of New York, 17 June, 2005. http://www.matscieng.sunysb.edu/disaster/
Elsberry, Richard B. "Getting to the root causes of accidents." Electrical Apparatus, Aug. 2000. Database: FindArticles.com
For example, The Council on Gender Parity in Labor, which is concerned with gender equality, has found that that "...gender inequity in science, engineering and technology fields is a workforce problem that inhibits the full utilization of the labor force. "(Gatta M. And Trigg M. 2001)
Bailyn L., and Etzion D. Experiencing Technical ork: A Comparison of Male and Female Engineers. 1986. July 4, 2006. http://onlineethics.org/div/abstracts/Bailyn-study.html
Becker T.J. Breaking Down Gender Barriers: New Book Looks at Roadblocks
Impeding omen Scientists and Engineers.2004. July 4, 2006. http://www.gtresearchnews.gatech.edu/newsrelease/roadblocks.htm
Comments for the MIT Faculty Newsletter on the omen's Report. July 4, 2006. http://web.mit.edu/sts/sites/rwilliams/writings/womens-report.html
Dehyse M.P. Educated oman: The Grad School Adventures of Micella
Phoenix Dehyse. 2004. July 4, 2006. http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/career_development/previous_issues/articles/2800/educated_woman_the_grad_school_adventures_of_micella_phoenix_dewhyse_chapter_23_grad_school_and_the_single_soul
Etzkowitz H. Barriers to omen in Academic Science and Engineering. 1994.
July 2, 2006. http://people.mills.edu/spertus/Gender/EKNU.html
Gatta M. And Trigg M. BRIDGING THE GAP: GENDER EQUITY IN SCIENCE,
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. 2001.…
Bailyn L., and Etzion D. Experiencing Technical Work: A Comparison of Male and Female Engineers. 1986. July 4, 2006. http://onlineethics.org/div/abstracts/Bailyn-study.html
Becker T.J. Breaking Down Gender Barriers: New Book Looks at Roadblocks
Impeding Women Scientists and Engineers.2004. July 4, 2006. http://www.gtresearchnews.gatech.edu/newsrelease/roadblocks.htm
Comments for the MIT Faculty Newsletter on the Women's Report. July 4, 2006. http://web.mit.edu/sts/sites/rwilliams/writings/womens-report.html
Computer system engineers also have the role of identifying risks within the manufacturing industry in which case they serve as proactive troubleshooters, finding out possible problems and making plans on how to solve evade them. Problems are commonly experienced at interfaces, especially internal, thus to carry out this role the computer systems engineers need to closely scrutinize subsystem-to-subsystem interfaces. While these engineers are trying so hard to design subsystems that will work they also have to keep an eye on each subsystem so that it does not interfere with the others. In order to avoid such problems, computer systems engineers need to posses a wide experience, have relevant and useful knowledge of the domain, and have the interest of learning continuously (Sheared 1996).
Due to the broad viewpoint possessed by computer systems engineers there are is a tendency of companies asking them to coordinate groups and help in the resolution…
Alford, R.S. 1988. Computer systems engineering management, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
Harris, E.C. 2009. Engineering ethics: Concepts and cases (4th ed.), Cengage Learning, Canada.
Kossiakoff, A. & Sweet, W.N. 2003. Systems engineering principles and practice, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.
Sheared, S.A. 1996. Twelve systems engineering roles, accessed 18 July 2010
It is impossible to create requirements and test artifacts by reverse engineering with complete accuracy as explained in this paper. Still, it's a valuable aide for gaining knowledge of existing systems, even though understanding the system as actually built and uncovering known usage modes are difficult.
Reconstructing the design of existing software is especially important for complex legacy systems, but can be a challenge because documents are often not available, dispersed and focused on isolated algorithms and data structures. This makes the formation of a higher-level structural models a time consuming, piece-meal activity. Reverse engineering has been touted as the solution to these issues, but the reality is that it can only automate some design recovery:
'Design recovery recreates design abstractions from a combination of code, existing design documentation (if available), personal experience, and general knowledge about problem and application domains . . . Design recovery must reproduce…
Biggerstaff, T.J. (1989, July). Design recovery for maintenance and reuse," Computer, pp. 3649.
Muller, H.A., Wong, K. And Tilley, S.R. Understanding software systems using reverse engineering technology. Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria. Retrieved February 15, 2005 from Web site: http://www.utdallas.edu/~yxq014100/group/paper/visual-sw-arch/understanding-software-systems-using-reverse-engineering-technology.pdf
Rayson, P, Garside, R. And Sawyer, P. Recovering legacy requirements. Computing Department, Lancaster University. Retrieved February 15, 2005 from Web site: http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:k0X09yv5sx4J:www.comp.lancs.ac.uk/computing/users/paul/publications/rgs99_refsq.pdf+%22Reverse+engineering%22+accuracy+legacy& hl=en
Failed Engineering Project
Many projects fail. That is the nature of progress. Thomas Alva Edison was one of the greatest failures that ever attempted a project (Beals, 1999), but he is also regarded as one of the greatest successes . His life is proof that failure can be a learning experience such as discovering a new adhesive (NAEP, 1999), but more often the failure leads to disaster and knee jerk regulations. Many failures come as the product of faulty planning and improper diligence on the part of the engineers involved. One such tragedy that was directly attributed to the structural engineers involved was the collapse of the Hyatt egency walkways in July of 1981. This paper will discuss the project criteria, success criteria, and why the structure failed.
Kansas City, being the middle-most large city in the United States has long been a popular destination for conferences. Due…
Beals, G. (1999). Thomas Edison quotes. Retrieved January 24, 2011 from http://www.thomasedison.com/quotes.html
Engineering.com. (2006). Hyatt Regency walkway collapse. Retrieved January 24, 2011 from http://www.engineering.com/Library/ArticlesPage/tabid/85/articleType/ArticleView / articleId/175/Walkway-Collapse.aspx
NAEP. (1999). Engineering failures?. Retrieved January 24, 2011 from http://www.nativeaccess.com/allabout/projects_failures.html
These decisions certainly paid off, for during the summer of my junior year, I was asked if I would like to return as an engineering intern at the Massachusetts Highway Department as a result of my performance the year before.
Outside of my current academic work, I recently participated in a number of campus activities, such as Relay for Life. I also traveled abroad to the city of Beijing to study and take courses unrelated to my current field of studies; I was also an active member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and Alpha Phi Omega as a volunteer in the city of Syracuse, New York. Thus, because of these and other experiences, I have become a very well-rounded person and am confident that I can successfully complete all of the courses at the graduate level for the…
There is, however, a more practical side to this paradigm shift:
These four were not surprising, given the economic and regulatory conditions of 2007 to 2009 and their impacts on building owners. Faced with energy spikes in 2007 and 2008 and the recession beginning in 2008, owners found it difficult to set reliable utility budgets and obtain financing for capital projects. (Rozgus)
Furthermore, as regards to the write-in answers on the surveys, the top four were all ralted energy efficiency or sustainability, they were: LED lighting and lighting controls, Alternative energy, LEED and green technology or regulations, and Energy efficiency.
The authors conclude that if sustainability and lifecycle issues such as environmental performance, reliability, maintainability, and lifecycle cost, are important to the owner, then these issues will have to be more clearly defined in the engineering contracts. Consequently the associated extra costs and fees that would be required to support…
Systems Engineering Documentation
When a scientist is developing a new pharmaceutical, an inventor is creating an alternative to an existing product, and a researcher is determining an easier method to develop a chemical process, they continually take notes or document each of their actions. This significantly reduces the amount of errors when others repeat the work to move ahead in the process and allows for the exact specifications to be copied when successful results are achieved.
Systems engineering follows this same pattern. In fact, documentation is an essential aspect, because of the creation of new designs and end products that meet the identified need of the customer. In Systems Engineering and Analysis, Benjamin Blanchard explains the importance of documentation as a design aid. Throughout the systems design process, which starts on a theoretical plane with an idea and evolves into a more specific set of steps and procedures, engineers often…
Positive and Negative Engineering
Summary of "For Both Positive and Negative Engineering"
Are we justified in using genetic engineering to create one type of person over another? This is the complex question addressed by the author in the article. The two fundamental issues raised by positive engineering are whether we are justified in attempting to change human nature, and whether genetic engineering is an acceptable means of achieving this change. The author asks, since negative changes are made regarding genes and positive changes are made to environments, why positive changes should not be made at the genetic level. The author aimed to address the different sources and reasons for resistance to the idea of positive engineering, as well as to focus on the justifiable doubts to this concept.
One of the key reasons people may be resistant to the positive engineering is an objection to "playing God." Determining what characteristics…
hough the methods for solving environmental problems might be new, the skills necessary to develop and implement these solutions are not. Along with the desire and ability to take in a wide array of information and make complex decisions based on this information, environmental engineers must have the ability to plan ahead using the possible developments in this information. Long-term planning abilities, as well as the ability to communicate environmental issues and their solutions to non-engineers, are both essential skills that environmental engineers must possess (Lindner & Nyberg 1973). Without these abilities, the work of environmental engineers would not be effectively developed or implemented; they must be practically applied in the long-term in order to be useful.
he role of the environmental engineer developed essentially as a response to an ethical issue -- namely the degradation of the environment -- and thus every aspect of en environmental engineer's job can…
Though the methods for solving environmental problems might be new, the skills necessary to develop and implement these solutions are not. Along with the desire and ability to take in a wide array of information and make complex decisions based on this information, environmental engineers must have the ability to plan ahead using the possible developments in this information. Long-term planning abilities, as well as the ability to communicate environmental issues and their solutions to non-engineers, are both essential skills that environmental engineers must possess (Lindner & Nyberg 1973). Without these abilities, the work of environmental engineers would not be effectively developed or implemented; they must be practically applied in the long-term in order to be useful.
The role of the environmental engineer developed essentially as a response to an ethical issue -- namely the degradation of the environment -- and thus every aspect of en environmental engineer's job can be seen as in dialogue with certain ethical issues. This is directly and explicitly observable in the Institution of Engineers of Australia Code of Ethics (2000), which lists working "in conformity with accepted engineering and environmental standards" as a basic ethical tenet of all engineering, and as the primary goal of environmental engineering is to create and uphold these environmental standards it can be seen that environmental engineers necessarily hold up their ethical duties when they perform their jobs successfully. There may, of course, be certain dilemmas that arise in the course of environmental engineer's cuties; pressures to downplay environmental effects from corporate interests, or to divert problems and cut corners, could be very high in this type of work. Truly adhering to the engineering principles of the work however, also mandates adherence to the roper ethical behaviors and standards of the job.
Of all of the areas of engineering, environmental engineering is one of the most rapidly expanding and diversifying fields. There is a great amount of good that can be done in the field, as well as a great deal of interesting and innovating work that would be personally and intellectually fulfilling for the right candidate. From both a personal and a global perspective, then, environmental engineering is an exciting and increasingly relevant new field.
Departmental managers should play a role in determining the specific areas of special competence required of engineers reporting to them and they should contribute to the in-house development of testing tools used to ensure competence in those areas.
Monitoring their professional status is also an ethical responsibility of every firm employing professional engineers (Harris, Pritchard, & abins, 2008). At a minimum, that means maintaining accurate records of certification status and dates; but it also means that the organization must apply the same level of concern to ensure that all in-house standards and testing requirements are met, beyond those formally required by law. In practice, every supervisor and department head must play an active role in that regard by singing off on individual employee compliance with periodic testing requirements.
More specifically, those elements of testing should be linked directly to performance by specifying different testing modules to correspond to every specialty…
Harris, C.E., Pritchard, M.S., and Rabins, M.J. (2008). Engineering Ethics: Concepts
and Cases. Cengage Publishing.
ridge Design and Engineering
ridges are an integral but often overlooked part of today's commuting society. Most drivers feel completely secure and grounded when on any well-designed bridge, even though they may in fact be hundreds of feet in the air above a large gap or body of water. ridges are not only functional for travel, but may be the key to growth and survival of many areas that would otherwise remain in isolation. ridges also have a way of becoming important historical and artistic landmarks, and many bridges receive engineering and even artistic awards. Many cities like San Francisco, for example, are as recognizable by the their bridges as by any other city landmark. There are many different kinds of bridges used today. Three of the more common and interesting types of bridge in common usage today is the suspension bridge, the cable stayed bridge, and the reinforced concrete…
Cable Stayed Bridge." Super Bridge. NOVA. 1997. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bridge/meetcable.html
Caprani, Colin. "Cable Stay Bridge History." Cable Stay Bridges. Thesis. http://www.clubi.ie/ccaprani/thesis/
Christien, et al. "Suspension Bridge." Wikipedia. 2003-2004. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspension_bridge
Concrete Arch Bridges."
Another concept that arises in the discourse on sustainability is what responsibility one generation has for the next in terms of caring for the environment and preventing problems like pollution or climate change. Thus, there are ecological, economic, and social issues as well as political problems at stake. The author also points out the legal and institutional issues involved in sustainability discourse as well as the technological implications.
Sustainability is at once a theoretical and practical concept. Both abstract and concrete, sustainability has different implications depending on the field of application. Therefore, an engineer will conceive of sustainability differently from an attorney or a consumer. The author outlines the various ideological underpinnings of sustainability discourse and presents a comprehensive model for a systems approach to sustainability science. Sustainability represents the intersection between science, philosophy, economics, ethics, and politics. Therefore, sustainability must be understood as a multi-dimensional and multi-disciplinary issue.
Hansa, a.M. (2010). Sustainability classifications in engineering: discipline and approach. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3:4, 258-276, First published on: 14 September 2010.
Electricity is probably one of the most basic privileges we know as humankind today. Almost everything we do in our professional or private lives is in some way powered by electricity. Since Edison's invention of the electric light bulb, electricity has developed to power almost every aspect of business and pleasure today. The many inventions and developments of electricity over the last century or so has made it so complex that few people who do not study it in fact know how it works or can repair wiring when something goes wrong. This is why I am interested in the field of electric engineering. Since electricity and the many things we can do with it today hold great fascination for me, it is my aim to make this my major when enrolling for undergraduate study.
I have always been interested in the field of electricity and the engineering that makes…
He was an amazing man with an amazing mind, and as current projects show, many of his designs are just as viable today as they were in the 15th century when he conceived them.
Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/catapaults.html
Flying Machines." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/ornithopters.html
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm
Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.
Kemp, Martin and Wallace, Marina. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=519
Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=511.
Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=519
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm.
Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008. http://www.universalleonardo.org/work.php?id=511.
Maxine Annabell. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008.…
Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/catapaults.html
Flying Machines." Lairweb.org.nz. 2000. 15 April 2008. http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/ornithopters.html
Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." LeonardoBridgeProject.org. 2008. 15 April 2008. http://www.leonardobridgeproject.org/Sands-Leonardo-Bridge-Project.htm
Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.
1. What are the leading causes of death in the United States?
Accidents are considered to be the fourth leading cause of death after heart disease, cancer and strokes.
2. When the overall cost of an accident is calculated, what elements make up the cost?
The elements making up the cost of an accident are lost wages, insurance administration, medical expenses, motor vehicle damage, fire-related losses, and indirect costs.
3. What are the five leading causes of accidental deaths in the United States?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, and fire-related accidents.
4. What are the leading causes of death in the United States of people between the ages of 25 and 44?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, fire-related accidents, heart, and cancer disease.
5. Explain how today’s rate of accidental work deaths compares with the rate in the early 1900s.
Per a population of 100,000, accidental work deaths have reduced…
Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…
David Carrington, Paul Strooper, Sharron Newby, & Terry Stevenson. (2005). An industry/university collaboration to upgrade software engineering knowledge and skills in industry. The Journal of Systems and Software, 75(1-2), 29-39.
George T. Dasher. (2003). The interface between systems engineering and program management. Engineering Management Journal, 15(3), 11-14.
R. Harrison, a.W. Colombo, a.A. We-st, & S.M. Lee. (2006). Reconfigurable modular automation systems for automotive power-train manufacture. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 18(3), 175-190.
Steve Hoberman. (2009). How to Produce Adequate Definitions: Clear and complete attribute definitions improve data deliverables. Information Management, 19(5), 45.
Other areas of water engineering include flood prevention and a multitude of environmental specialties, many of which relate to other areas of water engineering. Finding ways to divert runoff to prevent erosion, for example, has both civil and environmental applications, and involves identical principles in most situations (Kalle 2009). Effective strategies for collecting and draining runoff water in a way that doesn't simply divert the problem can be a lot more complex than it might at first seem, especially in environmental situations, and this is precisely why water engineers remain must have a comprehensive view of many different areas of engineering, including fluid mechanics, a knowledge of different materials for conducting water, effective ways of filtering and/or treating water, etc. The amount of knowledge required to take on any major water engineering project virtually guarantees that the engineer will have the knowledge and skill set for other jobs, too, meaning…
BLS. (2009). "Engineers." Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed 17 November 2009. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm
DOT (2003). "Civil Engineering Occupations." Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Accessed 17 November 2009. http://www.occupationalinfo.org/defset1_880.html
Kalle, M. (2009). "Water engineer: Job description and activities." Accessed 17 November 2009. http://www.prospects.ac.uk/p/types_of_job/water_engineer_job_description.jsp
NACE (2009). "New & Emerging Occupations: Science and Engineering Occupations." National Association of Colleges and Employers. Accessed 17 November 2009. http://www.jobweb.org/studentarticles.aspx?id=1795
.....men and women behind everything from public infrastructure to consumer product design, engineers have a distinct ethical obligation to uphold standards of safety. However, there is more to engineering ethics than the assurance that safety standards are met or exceeded. Engineers also need to ascribe to a policy resonant with corporate social responsibility: working in accordance with global values like environmental conservation and sustainability. Another key component of engineering ethics is related to the globalized nature of the work that engineers do: engineers frequently find themselves working in countries and cultures that are different from their own. The occasional conflicts that arise between local and home values may present unique ethnical conundrums that engineers can overcome with critical thinking and cultural awareness.
Safety is the most apparent of all ethical obligations place upon engineers throughout their careers. The first provision of the American Society of Civil Engineers, as with…
Social Engineering and Information Security
We are in an age of information explosion and one of the most critical problems facing us is the security and proper management of information. Advanced hardware and software solutions are being constantly developed and refined to patch up any technical loopholes that might allow a hacker attack and prevent consequent breach of information security. While this technical warfare continues, hackers are now pursuing other vectors of attack. Social engineering refers to the increasing employment of techniques, both technical and non-technical, that focus on exploiting the cognitive bias in humans as the weakest link in computer security. What is shocking is the fact that in spite of the great vulnerability to human exploitation, there prevails a seemingly careless attitude in this regard in the corporate world. While more and more money is spent on beefing up hardware security and in acquiring expensive software solutions, little…
1) Christopher Hadnagy (2011), 'Social Engineering: The Art of Human Hacking', Wiley Publishing Inc.
2) Greg Sandoval, (Feb 2007), 'FTC to Court: Put an end to pretexting operations', Retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://news.cnet.com/FTC-to-court-Put-an-end-to-pretexting-operations/2100-7348_3-6159871.html?tag=lia;rcol
3) Mindi McDowell, (Oct 2009), 'National Cyber Alert System: Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing attacks', retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/tips/ST04-014.html
4) Sonja Ryst, (July, 2006), ' The Phone is the latest Phishign Rod', retrieved Mar 5th 2011 from, http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jul2006/tc20060710_811021.htm
Dr. Hayden believes the reason for this change at the school level is due to greater recruitment efforts, financial and academic support, and more women role models to provide encouragement. Dr. Hayden sees a similar situation happening in the engineering field.
Dr. Lin, a male electrical engineer, on the other hand, somewhat ironically, seems to feel that women face a tougher challenge in engineering than Dr. Hayden stated. According to Dr. Lin, women can succeed as an electrical engineer if "they are determined." This is clearly a male-oriented view of how to succeed. According to typical male beliefs, success is an individual achievement. If you work hard you will succeed. If you do not succeed, it is because you did not work hard enough. However, Dr. Hayden emphasized in her response to the same question the role of peer mentors, academic support and other outside resources. This is typically a…
Baker, Wayne. Achieving Success Through Social Capital. New York: Jossey-Bass.
Dr. Hayden. Personal Interview. California Poly Pomona. 2006.
Dr. Lin. Personal Interview. California Poly Pomona. 2006.
Fuller, Georgina. "Recent Graduates Expect More from their Employers" Personnel
Ur topic engineering department international hotel part introduction engineering department international hotel 200 words, part Identify key management competencies required department Utilizing Sandwith's Competency Domain Model (refer Kay ussette (2000) Hospitality Management Competencies -- [email protected]) key management competencies required department? What competencies required succeed department? 350 WODS Please simple academic.
Engineering at an international hotel: Challenges for management
Engineering at an international hotel is could be described as the '7-11' of operations management, in terms of the hours employees must work. Unlike an office building, hotels are always operating at near-full capacity regarding their heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting. Guests may be coming in at odd hours from flights; the night desk clerks must welcome guests and handle the needs of late-night revelers, and the hotel laundry is often washing guests' sheets well before dawn. "Without minimizing the contribution of other departments, of which there may be as many as…
Corrigan, Carl. (2011). An introduction to hotel engineering. Maintenance Resources.
Retrieved May 6, 2011 at http://www.maintenanceresources.com/referencelibrary/ezine/hoteleng.html
Fuel Cells in Green Engineering
The energy tomorrow is beginning to be available today. Fuel cells, which just a very few years ago were a pipe dream, are becoming g a reality, and they are used in areas ranging from space exploration to toy motivation (Joy). The promise of the fuel cell can be seen in the fact that they use the most abundant source of energy on the planet, Hydrogen atoms (Birch). They are also being seen as the energy savior because they emit a common, non-toxic waste which can also be utilized as a saving grace around the globe, water (Joy; Patturaja). A fuel that uses the most abundant element on the planet and emits clean, pure water does seem like science fiction, but there are already being used with it as a motive force.
The space shuttle has always been powered by hydrogen fuel cells (Joy). Although…
Birch, Amanda Sue. "Microbial Fuel Cells: Converting Waste to Water and Watts." Engineering and Technology for a Sustainable World. (2010). Print.
Fields, Scott. "Making the Best of Biomass: Hydrogen for Fuel Cells." Environmental Health Perspectives. (2003). Print.
Joy, Linda E. "A Basic Overview of Fuel Cell Technology." Automotive Community. (2007). Web.
Khan, Abdul Majeed. "Electricity Generation by Microbial Fuel Cells." Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. (2009). Web.
Comprehensive Staffing Plan
Engineering and manufacturing requires many individuals who are adept at skilled labor. Additionally, there are unskilled laborers who can also be of use to a company that engineers and manufacturers goods. In a city such as this one, however, there are large challenges, such as a lack of a skilled workforce and many people who are on public assistance. College graduates and professionals are not that common, because many of them leave and move to others areas where high-tech hubs can be found. While the company in question here cannot focus its efforts on stopping that tide of workers who are leaving, there are ways in which it can reach out to and recruit people who have the skills - or are developing the skills - for which the company is looking. That can go a long way toward a company that workers want to…
Anonymous (2009, June). Onboarding: A critical element in strategic talent management. (2009, June). Workforce Management, 88(7), S10. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1785568191).
Bernthal, P. (n.d.) Calculating ROI for Selection Systems, accessed November 28, 2011 at: http://www.ddiworld.com/DDIWorld/media/white-papers/calculating_roi_for_selection_wp_ddi.pdf?ext=.pdf
Kluemper, DH, & Rosen, P.A. (2009). Future employment selection methods: Evaluating social networking web sites. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(6), 567-580. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1871932911).
Wright, E., & Domagalski, T. (2010, May). Common sense hiring. SuperVision, 71(5), 15-17. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 2018927241).
Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process
In a Multi-Cultural Context
In the peer-reviewed article Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process In A Multi-Cultural Context (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010) the authors contend that the accelerating nature of software development leaves little time for cultural assimilation and integration of teams to an optimal level. The authors have defined the specifics of how software development is changing very rapidly due to mobile platforms, cloud computing and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Exacerbating the challenges of creating software so rapidly are the cultural challenges as well, especially the multicultural and inter-organizational issues of software engineering (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors argue that a three layer model is needed to increase the performance of software engineering globally (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors have taken on a very complex problem that takes into account the multifaceted nature of software development in large organizations while also managing the complexities and nuances of…
Jaakkola, H., Anneli Heimburger, & Linna, P. (2010). Knowledge-oriented software engineering process in a multi-cultural context. Software Quality Journal, 18(2), 299-319.
Cal Tech Engineering
The prospect of studying engineering is exciting to me because I have an unquenchable thirst to get to the bottom of things, and engineering provides the framework and tools to analyze and address the scientific issues that fascinate me. More importantly, it provides the ideal opportunity to apply my scientific and math-oriented skills in ways that will make a difference in the world.
For the last year, I have worked as a computer programmer in the IT branch of the Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem (ARIJ) contributing to the development of information technology in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Together with the rest of the programming team of the "GPS Palestine" program, I worked to develop a functional GPS system within the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The project began after the Israeli telecommunication companies launched an integrated GPS system functioning with various smart phones such as the iPhone 4.…
Social Engineering Attacks Counter Intelligence
Social Engineering Counter Intelligence
Describe what social engineering and counterintelligence are and their potential implications to our national security in regard to the leaked Afghan War Diary and the Iraq War Logs.
Social engineering is the theft of classified information. Then, using it to change everyone's opinions and perceptions about what is happening. Counter intelligence is preventing hostile enemies or organizations from obtaining access to sensitive material. These areas are viewed from two different perspectives. The first one is that of more liberal attitudes. They believe that any kind of secret files, are allowing the U.S. government to hide the truth. This is when it has no accountability for engaging in different actions. These voices, feel any kind of disclosures of classified information, is critical to understanding the larger issues and letting the public (i.e. world) know what they are up to. (Mulrine, 2013) (Harding,…
Wiki Leaks. (2010). ABC News. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wikileaks-109000-deaths-iraq-war/story?id=11949670
Wiki Leaks Releases. (2010). VOA News. Retrieved from: http://www.voanews.com/content/wikileaks-releases-400000-classified-us-military-files-105568738/128719.html
Fowler, A. (2011). The Most Dangerous Man in the World. Carlton: University of Melbourne Press.
Harding, L. (2011). Wiki Leaks. New York, NY: Public Affairs.
As a consequence, social unrest can then be avoided only by subsidies. The town is socially and entinancially heavily burdened. Another problem is that the spontaneous rainwater flow, mixed with wastewater in a heavy downpour, pollutes the river or lake once again and provides more problems for gaining potable water.
Scenario 3: As a result of climatic and geological conditions there is little potable water available; the resources are quickly exhausted. The possibilities for development by the town are therefore restricted. The cost of a long-distance water supply is prohibitive.
This paper examines possible applications of rainwater utilization and application in an urban context. In doing so, it examines some of the more available technologies for this purpose, and draws on Germany's experience in dealing with the related issues. As part of this discussion, variants of practice and boundary conditions of decentralization issues are raised.
Questions and demands
ailway Integration Proposals
Each town serviced by the New Somerset and Dorset Line has a variety of ways in which a railway link can be incorporated into the town infrastructure. The various considerations arising from establishing a rail link, such as land use issues, have to be addressed on a town-by-town basis in order to create a feasible and effective project. This proposal examines closely the challenges unique to each city on the proposed route from Bath to Castle Cary via Midsomer Norten and Shepton Mallet. The proposed new line will link these towns together, and will bring benefits to local communities. However, there are some serious engineering considerations that need to be taken into consideration before planning any work.
Considerations: Shepton Mallet
Shapton Mallet is a small town in Somerset county, southwester England, with an estimated population of 10,055 as of 2007 (Somerset County Council). The town…
Somerset County Council. "Electoral Division Profile." Retrieved online: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=shepton%20mallet%20population&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&ved=0CDoQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sine.org.uk%2FEasysiteWeb%2Fgetresource.axd%3FAssetID%3D37890%26type%3DFull%26servicetype%3DAttachment&ei=dNuvUI71JMmHhQfn8oHwDA&usg=AFQjCNFkpmAoSEaJUBYNrukiIs99ukC6NQ