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Hemingway & Lessing Compare and Contrast Martial
Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98625
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Hemingway & Lessing

Compare and Contrast: Martial and Romantic Relationships

Ernest Hemingway and Doris Lessing each examine marital and romantic relationships their short stories Hills Like hite Elephants and To Room Nineteen respectively. Hemingway's story is set in a bar in Northern Spain near a train station and centers around a conversation between a man and a woman as they wait for a train to Madrid one afternoon ostensibly so the woman can get an abortion. Lessing's story takes place over the course of a number of years and examines the evolution of the relationship between a Matthew and Susan Rawlings, an English couple who married in their late twenties and had four children during the course of the union.

Hemmingway does not name the man in his story and refers to the "girl" as Jig. The content of their character is revealed chiefly through their dialogue. The conflict between…

Works Cited

Hemmingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 400-404. Print.

Lessing, Doris. "To Room Nineteen." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 525-549. Print.

Hemingway a Profound Sense of
Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63440890
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Moreover, the girl changes the subject quickly to having another beer.

While the man in the story remains utterly insensitive to his girlfriend, her state of mind is less clear. On the one hand, her self-esteem seems dreadfully low. She repeats, "I don't care about me," and she asks the man if getting the operation will make him happy. When she states, "I don't care about me," she could also mean "I care about you more," but she never says that." She utters the finishing lines of the story: "I feel fine...There's nothing wrong with me. I feel fine." Her words most likely indicate her further suppression of her anger and true feelings. However, the girl might also have come to a decision about ending their relationship. It is entirely possible that her hill-gazing has inspired her to make major changes in her life. After all, the open-ended story does…

Hemingway Is Classified as a Modernist in
Words: 3093 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48270004
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Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in seeing the relationship between technique and meaning. In literature, writers developed new structures as a way of casting a new light on such accepted elements as character, setting, and plot. Much of modernist fiction shows this increased demand on the reader. Ernest Hemingway gives the illusion of moving in the other direction by simplifying language to the point where it seems ascetic, but in truth his language is complex in its way, building meaning into every word and the placement…

Works Cited

Aldridge, John W. "The Sun Also Rises?

Sixty Years Later." The Sewanee Review XCIV (2)(Spring 1986), 337?45.

Baker, Carlos. Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.

Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956.

Hemingway in Our Time In
Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57432405
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It is certainly difficult to determine in Hemingway actually wanted Adams to be a mirror image of who he was or if he wanted the character to reveal his experiences and his feelings from the war period.

Nick Adams does not necessarily have to be considered to be Hemingway's attempt to show the world who he is, as it would be more natural for people to understand Nick as the writer's idea of a perfect individual, even if the character has several visible flaws. Adams constantly tries to compensate for the situations when he feels that his power is put to test by getting in control and putting across his superior influence. Although the author is well aware of the human condition and of the fact that death is inevitable, he makes it possible for Nick to be less vulnerable to being a human by expressing the character's certainty regarding…

Works cited:

Hemingway, Ernest. (1925) "In Our Time."

Hemingway if Literary Genius Can Be Described
Words: 1324 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15336882
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If literary genius can be described as one person's ability to influence the thinking of others and to do it only with written words, then Ernest Miller Hemingway was certainly deserving of the title. With his direct, declarative and streamlined style of writing, a style he first learned while writing as a newspaper journalist, Hemingway observed the world around him and the people in it, and then wrote of his observations on the nature of mankind.

Born on July 21, 1899 in the family home at Oak Park Illinois, Hemingway was the second of six children for his parents. His father, Dr. Clarence Hemingway, was a family physician, and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway a music teacher. As a boy he was taught by his father how to hunt and fish, and it was in his childhood that he developed a passion for exploring nature that would not only…

Reference List

CNN. 2000. Hemingway, the early years. 2/17/02

Desnoyers, Megan Floyd. No date. Ernest Hemingway: A Storyteller's Legacy. John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library. 2/17/02

Hemingway's Critique of War Ernest
Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6481679
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In the letter, those were rooms 112 and 113 (in the play, 108-109); "It seemed eminently more sensible to live in a part of a hotel which you knew would not be struck by shell fire" the author wrote in the letter (ashington, 2009, p. 1). The point ashington makes vis-a-vis Column is that room 109 wasn't just a "safe" place, it was a place with "good things" like sex, perfume, alcohol, hot water, and yes, food.

The brilliance of Hemingway's narrative -- not just in war themes but also throughout his work -- cannot be over-emphasized. In A Farewell to Arms Hemingway uses the character Frederic as narrator, and Frederic's narration is mainly descriptive, but in its simplicity, it packs a punch. Critic Katie Owens-Murphy explains that when Frederick -- an ambulance driver, not a soldier -- is asked about the war by a bartender, he first replies, "Don't…

Works Cited

Capshaw, Ron. (2002). Hemingway: a static figure amidst the red decade shifts. Partisan Review, 69(3), p. 441.

Fantina, Richard. (2003). Hemingway's masochism, sodomy, and the dominant woman. The Hemingway Review, 23(1), p. 84.

Hewson, Marc. (2003). "The Real Story of Earnest Hemingway": Cixous, gender, and 'A

Farewell to Arms.' The Hemingway Review, 22(2), p. 51.

Hemingway Fitzgerald the Great
Words: 2071 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3288813
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Unable to serve in the army, he too, like Jake is haunted by a feeling of vulnerability. His mother financially supports his career as a novelist, and he is highly dependant upon Frances, the woman with whom he is involved, even while he is lusting after Lady Brett. Likewise, Jake's feelings for Brett are characterized by male vulnerability: "I was thinking about Brett and my mind stopped jumping around and started to go in sort of smooth waves. Then all of a sudden I started to cry. Then after a while it was better and I lay in bed and listened to the heavy trams go by and way down the street, and then I went to sleep" (39).

In love, Jake is frustrated. However, Jake is far from impotent in other manly pursuits. Especially when he is away from Paris, the city of romance and love, he finds a…

Works Cited

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. May 11, 2009. 

Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 2006.

Hemingway Eichmann Stranger in a
Words: 2643 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42408228
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With him, this vital energy goes its own way, independent of the pessimism and the disillusionment so typical of the age.' Hemingway did not go to the awards ceremony due to illness, some time before that same year his plane crashed and he lived to read his own obituaries. y then he was already experiencing the results of his fast paced lifestyle and at the end of his life he dealt with sicknesses such as mental depression, and eventually a form of paranoia. This was written of his last days 'After Hemingway began talking of suicide his Ketchum doctor agreed with Mary that they should seek expert help. He registered under the name of his personal doctor George Saviers and they began a medical program to try and repair his mental state. The Mayo Clinic's treatment would ultimately lead to electro shock therapy. According to Jefferey Meyers Hemingway received "between…


1. We didn't start the Fire, Billy Joel, 

2. Frederick W. Turner III, 1971

3. Morgan Kathryn, Associate Director for Special Collections Alderman Library, University of Virginia / Charlottesville, Virginia / 22903

4. Shelton Robert, Bob Dylan: "20-year-old singer is bright new face at Gerde's Club" September 29, 1961 New York Times.

Hemingway's A Moveable Feast
Words: 2564 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 29561006
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Hemingway both describes these characters in the relation with him as well as in the relation with other subjects. Regardless however of the perspective, the hurdles the characters overcome make them successful both in the mind of the reader and in terms of the artistic legacy they left behind.

Gertrude Stein can be seen as an example of a person that overcame adversities and became successful. This is particularly taking into account the preferences in her private life and her long-term female companion, Alice Toklas. Back in the day, such preference was not necessarily condemned but it was not overlooked either. However, in the case of Gertrude Stein, her qualities and determination made her one of the most appreciated women of the French society. Hemingway points this success in his writing, "When you have two people who love each other, are happy and gay and really good work is being…

Overall, "The moveable feast" is one of Hemingway's most entertaining and at the same time full of meaning creations of his late years. The complexity of the writing and the portraits of the characters are essential for providing an overall image of the world in the 1920s. Furthermore, the focus on Paris to such a great detail allowed the city to be an actual character in Hemingway's creation. The perspectives proposed by Hemingway together with the themes and subjects link the existence of the author and his depicted friends to the American dream and to the way in which adversities can be overcome in order to achieve success.


Hemingway, Ernest. A Moveable Feast. New York: Scribner, 2003.

Hemingway the Snows of Kilimanjaro
Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15878269
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For many critics, no other short story by Ernest Hemingway is as overtly autobiographical as the Snows of Kilimanjaro. Richard Hovey goes as far to say that the story "must have been (Hemingway's) effort to purge himself of long-accumulated guilts" (83).

This paper examines how the parallels between the story's protagonist Harry and Hemingway reveal a theme of the conflict between financial comfort and the artistic calling. It shows how Hemingway depicts a writer, literally rotting from within, as he reflects on his own moral corruption and the loss of his artistic integrity.

As the story begins, the reader quickly learns that the protagonist, a writer named Harry, is dying. A scratch sustained earlier has become infected and has poisoned his blood, causing a gangrenous infection. Harry knows that death was coming, but he could no longer muster any horror or fear. Instead, all he feels is "a great…

Works Cited

Atkins, John. "Dealing with the Fear of Fear." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

DeKoster, Katie. "Ernest Hemingway: A Biography." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

Fielder, Leslie. "Hemingway's Men and (the Absence of) Women." Readings on Ernest Hemingway. Katie DeKoster, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997.

Hemingway, Ernest. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987.

Hemingway and Faulkner
Words: 835 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54286019
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Honor is frequently mentioned in Ernest Hemingway's short story entitled "The Happy Life of Francis Macomber." Clearly the characters and Hemingway tie strong meaning to honor. Francis Macomber has a strong desire for honor and courage, especially after seeing his wife sneak into another man's tent. Francis and Wilson go hunting two times in this story. On the first excursion, Wilson the "professional hunter" (p. 4) is brave, and defeats the lion before it can injure the terrified Macomber. According to Hemingway, Macomber "…had just shown himself, very publicly, to be a coward" (Hemingway, p. 2). Margot Macomber aids in demonstrating the importance of honor when she not only makes fun of her husband for being afraid, but beds with the much more "honorable" Wilson after the first hunting trip. On the second hunting trip Macomber and Wilson encounter a wounded buffalo and end up in almost the same situation…

Fitzgerald and Hemingway the Writings of F
Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97769744
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Fitzgerald and Hemingway

The writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway have quite a lot to do with one another. Besides the fact that both men were writing during the same historical period in time, both men were interested in some of the same themes and expressed their feelings through their writings. Two novels, F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night and Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, deal with American male protagonists who find themselves in foreign lands following the First orld ar. Each turns his back on his American nationality and becomes an expatriate, wallowing in the grandeur of foreign pleasures while at the same time serving no real function in the world outside of their indulgences. The men are part of what would come to be known as "The Lost Generation." This was a group of people who were so impacted by the blood, gore, and…

Works Cited:

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. Tender Is the Night. London, 1953. Print.

Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 1996. Print.

Losing it Earnest Hemingway Has
Words: 1811 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84718040
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This conflict led Krebs to want to seek a staid, trouble free existence in which there were as few responsibilities and hardships incurred as a result as possible. In addition to the evidence already discussed that reinforces the truth of this thesis, such as the fact that Krebs lost the facets of his memory and life before the war that he once valued, that he spurns his parents' desires to get a good job and to readily marry, and that he has become exceedingly apathetic to the point of losing his love for his mother and himself, there is other evidence to support this claim. Hemingway spends a substantial amount of the text discussing Krebs' desire for young girls, yet his lack of interest in actually pursuing them. This aspect of his characterization is accounted for by the several allusions to sex and his involvement with prostitution in the war.…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Earnest. "Soldier's Home." Strong Brain. 1925. Web.

McDonnell, John "Hemingway and the Iceberg Theory." McDonnell Writing. 2010. Web. 

Petrarca, Anthony. "Irony of Situation in Ernest Hemingway's "Soldier's Home." The English Journal. 58 (5): 664-669.

Keats and Hemingway Although the Literary Texture
Words: 342 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81780577
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Keats and Hemingway

Although the literary texture John Keats' poem "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" and Ernest Hemingway's "A Very Short Story," have profoundly different tones, given that one was written during the Romantic period of the 19th century in England, and the other during the modernist period of 20th century American literature, both works have similar tales and attitudes towards love -- a military man seeks beauty and solace in the arms of a woman. Yet the man's love comes to naught because of a woman's faithlessness.

The Keats has a distinctly 'unreal' or crafted poetic tone, in contrast to the Hemingway attempt to have the quality of ordinary speech and life. Keats' poem is a ballad in the modern style. Hemingway's reads almost like a newspaper story in its quiet, factual description of its characters. Keats' poem is about a fairy queen, rather than an attempt at capturing…

Neon Rain by James Lee Burke Agree or Disagree to Be Hemingway Disciple
Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98065573
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Burke Hemingway

Burke as a Disciple of Hemingway

In interview, New York Times best-selling novelist James Lee Burke (2002) has been quoted as identifying Ernest Hemingway as among his favorite authors. This is in clear evidence in the first of 19 books which would go on to feature Dave Robicheaux, a Vietnam veteran, a recovering alcoholic and a renegade Louisiana Sheriff's Deputy. In Robicheaux, and in the world that we are introduced to with 1987's The Neon Rain, Burke truly betrays his affinity for Hemingway's thematic and stylistic impulses.

As Lowe (2012) observes, "Burke's novels are painted with vivid descriptions of the land, pithy dialogue and sudden acts of physical violence. The combination of action, description and dialogue makes for a page-turning read. The common criticism made against his work is that there is too much violence." (Lowe, p. 1)

This is a criticism perhaps not unlike that often visited…

Works Cited:

Burke, J.L. (1987). The Neon Rain. Pocket Books.

Burke, J.L. (2002). The Man Behind Dave Robicheaux.

Burke, J.L. (2011). Thoughts on Faulkner and Hemingway.

Lowe, J. (2012). James Lee Burke Interview.

Fitzgerald Hemingway and Cather I'm
Words: 1521 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92369359
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Hemingway, Fitzgerald and Cather share a bond when it comes to style and framing fiction with language. ords are not simply meant to describe a character or scene; they can help round the story through how they are arranged. Fitzgerald illustrates how language can blossom around particular aspects of characters and ideas. Hemingway and Cather demonstrate how short, concise sentences can enhance a scene by increasing tension. Style emerges as an afterthought but as we study it, we realize it is a deliberate act that is so subtle that most readers overlook it when it comes to reading. Nouns and sentences are structured in a way that helps the reader make an emotional connection with the reader. These writers have different styles but this does not make one better or worse than the other. The variety we see in them represents the vast capability of writing styles around the world.…

Works Cited

Cather, Willa. My Antonia. New York: Bantam Books. 1994. Print.

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Macmillan Publishing Company. New York. 1974. Print.

Hemingway, Earnest. "Hills like White Elephants." The Heath Anthology of American

Literature. Vol. II.

Imitate Short Passages by Hemingway and Salinger
Words: 353 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90109726
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Sun Also Rises" by Ernest Hemingway, and a passage in "A Perfect Day for Bananafish," by J.D. Salinger.


Hemingway's short, staccato style and "macho" man image has often been parodied, reviewed, and dissected. "The Sun Also Rises" has been called one of his best books. This passage parodies Hemingway's macho style, and outlook on women as the weaker sex.

Paris again, and another broad in another taxi. How do I get myself into these things? Last thing I knew, I was in Pamplona, running with the big dogs. Now, I'm in a taxi with Brett, who's married to somebody else, and flirting with me. She's not half bad looking for a dame. Maybe I should just kiss her. Let her know I'm interested. What the hell. "Don't touch me, please don't touch me," she says to me, and I'm a pretty damned good…

Human Commonalities in Literature in
Words: 1134 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30023599
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In stark contrast to Hemmingway's Old Man and the Sea is Kurt Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron which is not only set in the future, but a bleak, tyrannical, almost farcical future. 2081 is not a year in which any sane person would hope to see if Vonnegut's future comes true; it is a dystopian future where everyone if forced to be equal, no matter how ridiculous the attempt to do so. The Bergeron's, George, Hazel, and their son Harrison live in a world where intelligent people have buzzers in their heads to keep them from being too smart, while beautiful people must wear masks to cover their faces so other, less attractive people don't feel bad. As Vonnegut himself stated "Nobody was smarter than anybody else. Nobody was better looking than anybody else." (Vonnegut) Every natural advantage is handicapped by the government to make everyone exactly equal. And everyone seems content…

Works Cited

Hemmingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. Germany: Max Hueber. 1960. Print.

Johnson, Samuel. "Preface to Shakespeare." Rutgers University. Web. 25 Mar. 2012.

Autobiographies a Memoir or Autobiography Can Take
Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53145897
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A memoir or autobiography can take on a myriad of different literary forms; for both Gertrude Stein and Ernest Hemingway self-reflection is best achieved through the eyes of other people. The impact of Hemingway's A Moveable Feast and Stein's The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas is remarkable: the creation of autobiographical material that is neither narcissistic nor self-centered. The authors achieve their literary feats in part by writing in a straightforward style of prose that characterizes the remainder of their respective canon of work. hat impressionistic elements do add nuance and flourish to Hemingway and Stein's memoirs never becomes purple prose. Moreover, both A Moveable Feast and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas are constructionist, or constructivist, texts in that the authors assemble a "self" for the reader. The "self" is not monolithic, but rather, pluralistic and multi-faceted. In spite of their rather basic use of prose elements, both…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. A Moveable Feast. Scribners.

Stein, Gertrude. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas. Harcourt, Brace, 1933.

Freudian Reading of The Short and Happy
Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24276752
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Freudian Reading of "The Short and Happy Life of Francis Macomber"

Diagnose Hemingway on the basis of the characters in Macomber. Freud felt that the work exemplified the author's mental state, so on the basis of the biography and the characters in the story, what might you conclude about Hemingway himself?

"The Short and Happy Life of Francis Macomber" is one of many of Ernest Hemingway's compelling and dense short stories. This paper will attempt to psychoanalyze Hemingway by critically reading and interpreting the themes, characters, and narrative of the short story. Hemingway was a man who was concerned with virility and masculinity as a writer and in his life. This story centers around a weak man married to a strong woman. Hemingway's female characters are often exceptionally alluring, but not because they are perfect or healthy. The women of Hemingway's stories and novels are imperfect, flawed, and often perceptibly…

Old Man and the Sea
Words: 778 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3312030
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Early in the book, the fishermen look at him with sadness, or with derision (Hemingway 1980, 11), but there is still a camaraderie and togetherness in their group that indicates they are all brothers in the same quest for a living.

Finally, religion and spirituality is an important aspect of the novel that many critics acknowledge. Critic Bloom continues, "In the Old Man and the Sea, Santiago, the principal figure, is a primitive Cuban, at once religious and superstitious. Yet neither his religion nor his superstitious beliefs are relevant to his tragic experience with the great marlin; they do not create it or in any way control its meaning (Bloom 1999, 13). Thus, the religion and spirituality that form the backbone of the novel form the backbone of the people, as well. They believe, but their spirituality does not control every aspect of their lives. Hemingway alludes to this faith…


Bloom, Harold, ed. 1999. Ernest Hemingway's the old man and the sea. Philadelphia: Chelsea House.

Hemingway, Ernest. 1980. The old man and the sea. New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction.

Waggoner, Eric. 1998. Inside the current: A Taoist reading of 'The old man and the sea.' The Hemingway Review 17, no. 2: 88+.

Old Man by the Sea
Words: 1375 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34678150
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This battle is Santiago's personal struggle and it has meaning to him. In his struggle with the fish, Santiago says, "But I must have the confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel" (Hemingway 68). This shows that the catching of the fish is like a personal test for Santiago. He is challenging himself to be the best he can be, and he does ultimately succeed. Santiago is also recognizing his own flaws by his reference to the bone spur in DiMaggio's heel. In this, he is saying that he must take this moment and do his best regardless of his own flaws. In the end, Santiago does catch the fish but on the way into shore, it is eaten by sharks. Ultimately then, he fails in his task. However, as he…

Works Cited

Gurko, L. "The Heroic Impulse in the Old Man and the Sea." The English Journal 44 (1955): 377-82.

Hemingway, E. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner, 1996.

Shwartz, D. "The Old Man and the Sea and the American Dream." Perspectives USA 13 (Autumn 1955): 82-88.

Conflict Character Change and Stasis
Words: 2271 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96410842
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Now that he is dying, Harry thinks that he has waited too long to write the things he really wants to write, and that he will never be able, now, to write all that he has left for a later time. As the article "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (ikipedia, August 31, 2006) suggests "This loss of physical capability causes him to look inside himself - at his memories of the past years, and how little he has actually accomplished in his writing." He realizes that although he has seen and experienced many wonderful and astonishing things during his life, he had never made a record of the events; his status as a writer is contradicted by his reluctance to actually write.

As the now pain-ridden and dying Harry thinks to himself bitterly, for example:

So now it [his writing career] was all over... So now he would never have a…

Works Cited

Evans, Oliver. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro: A Revaluation." PMLA. Vol. 76, No. 5 (Dec. 1961). 601-607.

Excerpt from 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro'" [online text]. Powell's Books. 2006.

Retrieved September 8, 2006, from: 


Life Sucks and Then You Die Is
Words: 2181 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39066198
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Life sucks and then you die, is a popular saying among Gen-Xers to describe the futility of it all. The phrase may be original, but the sentiment certainly is not. Long before Generation X came on the scene, Ernest Hemingway was writing about heroes who faced the harsh unfairness of finite life with dignity and grace. This "grace under pressure" became known as the Hemingway Code.

Hemingway scholar Philip Young explains that the code "is made of the controls of honor and courage which in a life of tension and pain make a man..." (63). Feminist scholars have suggested that this definition of the code is sexist and that women in Hemingway's work, too, display honor and courage (Tyler 29).

Rovit and Brenner agree with Young's basic definition and add an additional component. Hemingway's code, they say, also has to do with "learning how to make one's passive vulnerability (to…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. 1929. New York, NY: Scribner Paperback Fiction, 1995.

Nagel, James. "Catherine Barkley and Retrospective Narration." Critical Essays on Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms. Ed. George Monteiro. New York, NY G.K. Hall & Co., 1994. 161-174.

Oldsey, Bernard. "The Sense of an Ending in A Farewell to Arms." Modern Critical Interpretations: Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms. Ed. Harold Bloom. Modern Critical Interpretations. New York, NY: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987. 77-96.

Rovit, Earl and Gerry Brenner. Ernest Hemingway. Rev. ed. Twayne's United States Authors Series. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1995.

Symbolic Imagery in the Works
Words: 2909 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 20473340
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aiting is a critical aspect in this story and there are several images that point to this notion. alls, doors and clocks are powerful images. Arthur aldhorn believes that the walls are significant symbols in "The Killers." They represent an "irresistible obstacle" (aldhorn 37) which "adds to the total image of terror without becoming an effect for its own sake" (37). They are symbols of the prison in which Ole lives. He has no choice in this world and, as a result, nowhere to go. On the other hand, the door proves to be a symbol of hope and the future for Nick. Hal Blythe believes the doors are a "passages through what appear to be barriers" (Blythe). Blythe states that Hemingway "laced his narrative with the door motif to suggest that Nick is free to make choices" (Blythe). The images in this story are powerful because they seem to…

Works Cited

Adams, Michael. "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised

Edition, 2004.

Blythe, Hal. Hemingway's The Killers. The Explicator. 2003. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 22, 2009.

Brooks, Van Wyck. Earnest Hemingway. Modern American Literature. Vol. II. Curley, Dorothy, at al, eds. New York: Frederick Unger Publishing Co. 1969.

Male Female Perspective on the Issue of Abortion
Words: 2271 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54913292
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male/female perspective on the issue of abortion as it appears in Ernest Hemingway's most subtle short story, 'Hills like white elephants'. The author has made use of symbolism to highlight the problems experienced by most married couples due to lack of proper communication. Hemingway chose this topic because he believed in this interesting iceberg theory which has been explained in the concluding part of this paper.


The theme of abortion is predominant in the story titled, "Hills like white elephants." The author, Ernest Hemingway, however has not mentioned the actual word 'abortion' throughout the entire short story but instead has used symbols and vague dialogues to convey his message to the readers. The reason why Hemingway probably refrained from using the actual term was because he firmly believed in using dialogues and language, which required deeper study. The author wanted the readers…


Jeffrey Meyers, Hemingway A Biography, Harper Row Publishers, 1985 pp196 197

Sheldon Grebstein, Hemingway's Craft Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1973

Ernest Hemingway, Hills like White Elephants, 1927

Lamb, Robert Paul, Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue. (American author Ernest Hemingway). Vol. 42, Twentieth Century Literature, 12-22-1996, pp. 453(28)

Psychological Themes and Symbolism in
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As Hemingway also states,.".. The old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favors, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought" (30). Moreover, to Santiago, there is something magical about the sea. By contrast, the younger fishermen, those who laugh at Santiago's bad luck, think of her only pragmatically, unromantically, as a means of commerce.

Despite his persistent streak of bad luck, Santiago still tells himself to fish the best he can, out of respect to the sea, and himself. "I could just drift, he thought, and put a bight of line around my toe to wake me. But today is eighty-five days and I should fish the day well" (p. 41). As he fishes, alone but determined, Santiago identifies with some…

Knowledge & Violence the Connection
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Thus, Hemingway suggests that the link between secondhand knowledge and violence is that the violence becomes muted when passed on secondhand, making it nearly impossible for others to understand the violence, and so, therefore, rendering the violence useless.

Like Krebs, Mrs. Mallard's sister and husband's friend both have secondhand knowledge of violence in "The Story of an Hour," despite the fact that that knowledge is misinformation, for when they reveal that knowledge to Mrs. Mallard, the knowledge is real to them. Because both Josephine and Richards have only secondhand knowledge of Mr. Mallard's tragic and violent death, the violence of such a death is muted when passed onto Mrs. Mallard, allowing her to misconstrue the pain that her husband, whom she had "sometimes" loved into a joyous occasion. That she did, indeed, misconstrue his pain is emphasized by the fact that Mrs. Mallard "knew that she would weep again when…

Works Cited

Chopin, Kate. "The Story of an Hour." Reading About the World. 1998. Department of English, Washington State University. 2 September 2009.

Hemingway, Ernest. "Soldier's Home." Ernest Hemingway: The Collected Stories. Ed.

James Fenton. New York: Everyman's Library, 1995. 87-93.

Modernism to A Clean Well-Lighted
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As a result of his impotence, Jake sees Lady Brett's sexuality as threatening, rather than an expression of a feminist sensibility. Brett's independence is shown as futile, a kind of a symptom of the 'world upside down' of gender relations created by the war, but the implication by Jake (and by Hemingway) is that her strength is not fulfilling for her as a woman, and she is really looking for a male to subdue her, such as the bullfighter Romero.

Jake's cool and distanced character makes him a superior, if not a less disinterested narrator than Cohn. Cohn is emotional and romantic, and lashes out with his fists or tears. He lacks the ability to engage in cool, self-searching analysis to understand his own psyche or the psyche of others, although he has enjoyed some success as a writer. Because of the anti-Semitism he has experienced, like Jake he has…

Clean Well-Lighted Place One of
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This perspective gives us insight into the human condition in that it reveals that life experience is worth something and that notion is something young people simply cannot grasp fully. The young are more confident because they have not experienced as many hardships. For example, the younger waiter is "all confidence" (96) while the older waiter is not. In fact, he can relate to the old man more than he would like to. He knows there is nothing worse than going home to nothing. The younger waiter wants to hurry home while the older waiter feels as if he is doing a good deed by providing a "light for the night' (97) for the old man any anyone that might be like him. The older waiter knows why the clean and bright cafe is appealing to the people that come around at night and he does not mind keeping the…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place," Literature: The Human Experience: Reading and Writing. Eds. Abcarian & Klotz. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's. 2006. pp. 96-9.

Myth of Narcissus Is Often Misunderstood Many
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myth of Narcissus is often misunderstood; many of the readers of the myth interpret the events as Narcissus gazing down at his own reflection in the water and falling in love with himself. The reality of the myth is that through some insufficiency of his own character, Narcissus is unable to identify that the reflection in the water is himself. The lack inside of Narcissus causes him to believe it's another person and he falls in love with this vision. A similar lack pervades through the characters of the story "Indian Camp" by Ernest Hemingway and "Good Country People" by Flannery O'Connor. In these stories, characters abound with paucities in nature but surfeits in egotism. This paper will examine the similarities in the imbalance of the moral fiber of these characters, the language that surrounds them to display this phenomenon and attempt to demonstrate how such visions of superiority have…

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. "Indian Camp." The Nick Adams Stories. New York: Scribners, 1977. 16-


O'Connor, Flannery. "Good Country People." A Good Man is Hard to Find, New York:

Harcourt Brace, 1981. 167-195.

Advice in Advice to a Son and
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Advice in "Advice to a Son" and "It Was a Dream"

Both Ernest Hemingway's "Advice to a Son" and Lucille Clifton's "It Was a Dream" aim to inspire, yet key differences in style influence the impact of the authors' message and intent. Both poems seek to provide advice and approach the matter in different ways.

Hemingway's "Advice to a Son" provides a list of dos and don'ts that have helped him achieve his goals in life. "Advice to a Son" draws from Hemingway's experiences in multiple wars and conflicts, his multiple marriages, and his writing career. He also refers to historical events and the impact that they had on the world. Hemingway tells his son to not "enlist in armies/Nor marry many wives" and to "Never trust a publisher" because they will rob one of their money due and "you'll sleep on straw." Hemingway also provides a sense of reassurance…

Raymond Carver's Cathedral Which Is
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This essay is well-written and well-constructed. The writer refers to the primary source material liberally and provides in-text citations as well as a bibliography. However, the writer could use active voice more often. For example, the sentence "The use of different point-of-view for the narration of the story has great influence on how the elements of characterization and setting are presented" could be rewritten and presented in active voice: "...great influence on how the authors present elements of characterization and setting." The sentence that follows is also slightly clumsy and would be improved through using more parallel verb forms. It reads: "The first person narrative can use more direct characterization to establish the people in the story while the objective point-of-view relies on indirect interpretation." It could be changed to read: "The first person narrative uses direct characterization to establish the people in the story, while the objective point-of-view…

American Literature in the Early to Mid Twentieth Century
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Yank in "Hairy Ape" by Eugene O'Neill

In the play, "Hairy Ape," by Eugene O'Neill, the character of Yank portrays the individual who seeks to conform in his society and is always in need to belong with other people. Robert Smith, or Yank, is illustrated as an individual who personifies anything that is deviant in the society: O'Neill portrays him as "broader, fiercer, more truculent, more powerful, and surer of himself than the rest. They respect his superior strength -- the grudging respect of fear. Then, too, he represents to them a self-expression, the very last word in what they are, their most highly developed individual." This passage from the play shows how, because of both his physical appearance and personality, Yank is immediately identified as 'distinct' and 'different' from other people.

Looking into his portrayal in the play, Yank also shows apparent dislike for conformity, deviating from all the…

True War Story and Soldier's Home by
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True War Story" and "Soldier's Home" by Tim O' Brien and Ernest Hemingway, respectively, are stories that tackles the issue of social, psychological, and emotional complications that a war veteran/soldier experiences during and after the war. The two stories have its differences and similarities, and one of its differences is the way the authors focused on their main character's dilemma and the way each of them narrated their stories. O' Brien used a more personal, first person account of the main character's life as a soldier in the Vietnam War, while Hemingway used the third person to illustrate the detached attitude of Krebs in the story. But there are also similarities in both stories, that is, both authors tell us of the hard time the characters had in fitting in and going back into their normal lives after the war. O' Brien's character poses the dilemma that he was unable…