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Post Civil War Expansion
The American expansion from the post-Civil War years to the turn of the 20th century was a form of imperialism. Essentially, the U.S. simply took over a number of areas and groups of people, without any real regard for them or true need for the land. It was not an expansion that was agreed-upon and equal, but rather something that required one group of people to come in and take what belonged to someone else, for their own material gain. One of the main examples of this was the Native American policy, as the settlers who come to the United States took over more land and pushed the Native Americans onto reservations where they had little space and no room to expand. All they had and worked for was essentially taken from them, not because it was really needed, but because the people who came to…
Global Economy & Factors Affecting Harley-Davidson (HD)
Motivations for expansion are primarily business and economics related. Expansion will open new markets for HD. Considering that HD is already an established global brand, entering new markets and an overall expansion process should benefit from the necessary supporting structure and stature to ensure reduced risks.
There are other motivating elements as well. As the analysis shows, HD is a recognized leader on the market. Companies look to HD as an element of leadership for the future in an industry that is often subjected to negative lobby from environmental organizations, among others. So, the motivation for expansion is also to consolidate this leadership statute and ensure that the HD brand is promoted worldwide as one based on values and firm beliefs.
As any expansion process, this one is also likely to have risks. The first to be considered are operational risks. These operational…
1. Harley-Davidson, Inc. -- Optimizing Talent: A Culture of Empowerment. Knowledge Center. On the Internet at http://www.catalyst.org/knowledge/harley-davidson-inc%E2%80%94optimizing-talent-culture-empowerment . Last retrieved on October 6, 2014
2. Teerlink, Rich; Ozley, Lee, (2000). More Than a Motorcycle: The Leadership Journey at Harley-Davidson. HBS Press
3. Harley-Davidson. More than a Motorcycle. On the Internet at http://managementmania.weebly.com/harley-davidson.html . Last retrieved on October 6, 2014
4. Ziegler, Angie . "One Company. One Team. One Direction." Organization and Behavior Lecture . Marquette University, Milwaukee . 4 April 2012
They focus on a handful of core geographic regions, so they are able to announce upcoming openings by announcing them first to existing customers in other parts of the same general region. The cost of this part of the program is low since you are providing the advertising space on premises. Only printing costs are incurred, so a few thousand dollars at most. The effectiveness will be in part determined by the proximity of the new location to the existing one.
Another element of pre-promotion is at the site of the new location. While this is under development, the opportunity should be taken to plaster the site with signage announcing your imminent arrival. In my neighborhood, a new coffee shop and steakhouse are opening soon and both have made sure to have large, visible signs in their windows to alert passersby. As the brand's reputation grows, this strategy increases in…
Wansink, Brian and Ray, Michael L. (1993). How Expansion Marketing Affects Brand Usage Frequency: A Programmatic Evaluation. Marketing Science Institute. Retrieved May 12, 2008 at http://www.msi.org/publications/publication.cfm?pub=368
Porter, M.E. (1980), "Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors." New York, Free Press.
No date) Restaurant Public Relations Builds Credibility, Restaurant Advertising Breeds Skepticism. Quantified Marketing.com Retrieved May 12, 2008 at http://www.quantifiedmarketing.com/learning_center/pr_advertising.php
ise of the Papacy: An Examination
With the collapse of the oman Empire, the bishop of ome did indeed grow in more power and prestige through the 6th and 9th centuries, creating a new way of life with new expectations. No one really expected the papacy to grow in power and prestige as rapidly as it did, however. This paper will look at the factors which led to its dominance in both Western Europe until the eformation while examining both the positive and negative ramifications of this new regime.
If one were to examine ome by the end of the fifth century, it would look like a city which contained a range of small barbarian kingdoms which were competing for the ability to rule, the once-great oman empire. Two of the main barbarian groups were the Ostogoths who were displaced from the north of the Black sea, and the Lombards,…
Criswell, D. (2005). The Rise and Fall of the Holy Roman Empire. New York: Publish
Heather, P. (2005). The Fall of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Louth, A. (2005). Greek East and Latin West. Detroit: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press
Essentially, Foerster understood the complicated nature of human services and presented a model for policy change that would be able to balance all of the unique elements of each department.
There were also elements of the Cobb and Elder Model which could be identified in the case study. Here, Cobb and Elder believe that policy makers must take on a greater level of responsibility. Major stakeholders, like popular politicians must support issues in order to gain agenda-setting status. As such, it is clear that Commissioner Tom Foerster's support was crucial in getting the policy changes needed to better serve the community of Allegheny County. His support helped set the need for an agenda to be made, and he took it on as his responsibility to see the policy process from the design stages to implementation and then finally to success. He was greatly influenced by the environment of the Great…
Anderson, Don. (2009). Public Policy Praxis: A Case for Understanding Policy and Analysis. 2nd ed. Pearson Publishing.
Burns, Melanie. (2013). The policy process model & agenda setting. University of Minnesota. Web. http://blog.lib.umn.edu/burn0277/pa5012/2013/03/agenda-setting.html
Moij, Jos. (2003). Smart Governance? Politics in the Policy Process of Andhra Pradesh, India. Overseas Development Institute. Web. http://www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/2464.pdf
Scheufele, Dietram a. & Tewksbury, David. (2007). Framing, agenda setting, and priming: The evolution o three media effects models. Journal of Communication, 57(2007), 9-20.
Drotos Electronics Expansion Proposal
Drotos Electronics is one the largest electronics companies in the United States and in Germany. Currently, plans are being considered for expanding manufacturing capacities to Mexico. However, this expansion has facilitated expression of many concerns regarding this potential move. Concerns include the possibility that this expansion will allow an opportunity for increasing the power of drug cartels, environmental concerns, jobs that promote low pay and poor working conditions, and political concerns over opposition to expansion beyond the United States. This research will address those concerns and explore further how they will affect the current expansion proposal.
Drug Cartel Power
Author and filmmaker Natalia Almada, provided one of the most realistic portrayals of the power of the Mexican drug cartels and their ability to rule by fear. Almada provided perhaps one of the most graphic accounts of the violence utilized by Mexican drug cartels to gain power…
Behre, C. (2008). Mexican Environmental Law: Enforcement and Public Participation Since the Signing of Nafta's Environmental Cooperation Agreement. Transnational Journal. 12 (2) Retrieved from http://www.law.fsu.edu/journals/transnational/vol12_2/behre.pdf
Heckler, J.(2012). Borderlands: Life, Death, and Mexico's Drug Wars. Walker Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.walkerart.org/magazine/2012/natalia-almada-el-velador-film
Stevenson, M. (2012). Mexico Suspects Cartel in Pepsi Subsidiary Attacks. Manufacturing.net. Retrieved from http://www.manufacturing.net/news/2012/05/mexico-suspects-cartel-in-pepsi-subsidiary-attacks
As long as the company does not have more than 10 Japanese employees, there is no requirement to submit employment regulations or obtain business insurance. This filing simply informs the bureau that you will be hiring Japanese workers for the business and that the workers will not be expected to work more than 40 hours per week.
As Modest Middles continue to grow in the country and more retailers are carrying the product, it may be beneficial to determine whether manufacturing within the company or licensing the manufacture of the products to another company within the country is a plausible step. This option will be re-evaluated at a later time.
Breastfeeding in public around the World. Female Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.007b.com/public-breastfeeding-world.php
Asian Markets: Further Upside Expected. TT News. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.rttnews.com/1830226/asian-markets-further-upside-expected.aspx
IIP Patent Database (2009). Institute of Intellectual Property. Accessed on 2/29/2012…
Breastfeeding in public around the World. Female Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.007b.com/public-breastfeeding-world.php
Asian Markets: Further Upside Expected. RTT News. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.rttnews.com/1830226/asian-markets-further-upside-expected.aspx
IIP Patent Database (2009). Institute of Intellectual Property. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.iip.or.jp/e/e_patentdb/index.html
Outline of Right Obtainment. Japan Patent Office. Accessed on 2/29/2012 at http://www.jpo.go.jp/cgi/linke.cgi?url=/tetuzuki_e/t_gaiyo_e/pa_right.htm
Online Business Expansion Plan: Hot Dragon
Viability of Product or Service
Hot Dragon is a company that provides spicy mustard and hot sauces of various types. The company is going to start offering its hot sauces and spicy mustard online, so it can be directly shipped to customers. That will be more convenient for those customers, since they will not need to be concerned with heading out to a store to buy the products. Instead, all they will need to do is place an order online, and the products will show up at their door. That will also be helpful to the company, because it will not need to have a storefront and pay the overhead that comes with that. The viability of a storefront for a small company is often not realistic, but there is certainly no reason why the company cannot have a web presence (Allison & Kaye,…
Allison, M. & Kaye, J. (2005). Strategic planning for nonprofit organizations. (2nd ed.). NY: John Wiley and Sons.
Bradford, R.W. & Tarcy, B. (2000). Simplified strategic planning. NY: Chandler House.
Burkhart, P.J. & Reuss, S. (1993). Successful strategic planning: A guide for nonprofit agencies and organizations. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.
Fahey, L. & Narayman, V.K. (1986). Macroenvironmental analysis for strategic management. NY: West Publishing.
Federal Government Expansion
Throughout American history the size and power of the federal government has been continually debated. This is because there are concerns that if it becomes too big it could have an impact on the scope of authority reserved for the states and stifle civil liberties. However, despite these worries the federal government has continued to expand its power. To fully understand what is happening requires focusing on four events from the Civil War to the Civil ights era that highlight these changes. This will be accomplished by focusing on how these developments affected the political, social and economic landscape. Together, these elements will illustrate the way these transformations occurred during this time frame.
The Fourteenth Amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1868. This basically negated the Supreme Court's Dred Scott v. Stanford decision in 1857. As they stated that African-Americans are not…
The Fourteenth Amendment. (2012). Cornel University Law School. Retrieved from: http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiv
The Civil Rights Act of 1964. (2012). National Archives. Retrieved from: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/civil-rights-act/
The New Deal. (2012). U.S. History. Retrieved from: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1851.html
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act. (2004). Linfo. Retrieved from: http://www.linfo.org/sherman.html
Philadelphia Airport Expansion Plan
Over the last several years, a variety of U.S. airports have been experiencing tremendous amounts of congestion. Part of the reason for this, is because many locations are built in areas that have seen rapid increases in the number of homes and businesses around facility. While at the same time, the total amounts of passenger and cargo traffic have risen exponentially. Over the course of time, this has caused the amount of safety incidents to increase dramatically. Evidence of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). They found that between 1995 and 2006, the total number of runway mishaps rose by 37%. This is because many airports are often congested and unable to handle the tremendous amounts of traffic. Once this happens, it means that the chances of particular facility seeing some kind of incident will increase…
FAA Approves Philadelphia Airport Expansion Plan. (2011). Philly.com. Retrieved from: http://articles.philly.com/2011-01-05/news/27010909_1_city-owned-airport-busiest-airlines-runways
History of Philadelphia International. (2011). PHL. Retrieved from: http://www.phl.org/history_1980.html#90
Harvey, A. (2011). South Philadelphia. Philadelphia Neighborhoods. Retrieved from: http://sct.temple.edu/blogs/murl/2011/06/25/southwest-philadelphia-airport-expansion-may-mean-losing-homes/
Klein, Z. (2011). Philadelphia Airport Plans. Construction Law Signal. Retrieved from: http://www.constructionlawsignal.com/by-state/pennsylvania-1/philadelphia-airport-plans-multi-billion-dollar-expansion/
How did the U.S. acquire the territory in question?
On the auspicious date of April 30, 1803, the United States of America bought eight hundred and twenty eight thousand square miles worth of land from the French government of Napoleon onaparte. Thomas Jefferson, the President of America, wanted to secure this deal.
Wars were rampaging overseas in the continent of Europe and Napoleon had intentions to safeguard what he had acquired there. The area was a vast stretch of land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Spain had ceded Louisiana to France and this did not have positive implications for the young American government. The diplomatic world was discussing the accession as early as 1802. The clauses of the Treaty of San Ildefonso were not shared and this escalated concerns, primarily in the Jefferson regime. The United States of America depended on the port of…
Eric Foner on the role of westward expansion. (2011). Retrieved May 18, 2012, from Modern Voices: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4i3099.html
Kelly, M. (2011). Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase. American History .
Stief, C. (2011). Louisiana Purchase. Geography .
Streich, M. (2008, December 28). The Louisiana Purchase and Napolean in 1802-1803. West European History .
A business that has been doing well in its current location may decide to taste new waters in an attempt to grow. This can be through establishment of the same business in a different region in a country or even expand to a global scale. Such a decision is made when the business owner who has been successful in a sole proprietorship wants to try out new areas with the hope that the business will still do well in this new regions.
The business will therefore need to make several changes in terms of the new business form that it will undertake in its expansion. The business has to consider employing new workers and even having a new way of thinking in terms of the initial business plan. The business leadership will have a task to come up with a new business plan on how the business will…
Friedman, M. (2007). The New York Times Magazine;The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits .New York Times company
Rank, J. (2010) Encyclopidia for business; Business Ethics
Bax, A. (2011). expanding your business to a new market. For entrepreneures, 2(5), 3.
Services and Capabilities
Implementing Service Expansion
Evaluation of the Current Situation
Formulation of the Desired Future State
Lessons from Acxiom
Expanding service offerings can be a daunting undertaking. It requires meticulous planning, particularly considering the organisation's current situation and its desired projections. This paper provides a plan for integrating new additional services into Smith's organisation. Attention is specifically paid to the steps the organisation can follow to seamlessly add new services, showing the appropriate transition path from its present state to its desired future state.
Implementing Service Expansion
Service expansion can be achieved by following three broad steps: 1) evaluation of the current situation; 2) defining the desired future state; 3) and implementation. The following section looks at each step individually.
Step 1: Evaluation of the Current Situation
The first step is the most crucial one. It involves the assessment of both the internal and external environment. The internal…
Bughin, J., Chui, M., & Manyika, J. (2013). Ten IT-enable business trends for the decade ahead. Retrieved from: http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our - insights/ten-it-enabled-business-trends-for-the-decade-ahead
Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. 4th ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hill, C., & Jones, G. (2010). Strategic management: An integrated approach. Boston: Cengage Learning.
By offshoring tasks, companies can also focus on their core business, allowing them to grow more rapidly, increase organizational value, and complexity. In an increasingly competitive world, these benefits can mean the difference between success and failure.
Globalisation and international expansion are two driving forces in organizational change, in today's world and likely will continue to be of increasing importance as the world becomes more competitive. As such, corporate strategies must be put into place that will effectively utilize the opportunities that arise from these forces, as well as safeguard against emerging threats. Increasing competition from foreign competitors is one of these threats, while international expansion offers great opportunities. Product diversification is also a corporate strategy that must be undertaken to meet the needs of consumers in different geographic regions. In addition, to remain competitive, corporate strategy can use outsourcing, as a byproduct of increased globalisation..
Hill, C.W. (2007). Global Business Today. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Hitt, M., Hoskisson, R., & Kim, H. 1997, "International diversification: Effects of innovation and firm performance in product-diversified firms," Academy of Management Journal vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 767-798.
Kennedy, R. May 2009, "The tough game you have to play," Financial Executive vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 23-26.
Leandri, S. (1 May 2000), Proven strategies for international expansion, [Online], Available: http://www.expansionmanagement.com/cmd/articledetail/articleid/15317/default.asp .
These decisions of business model structure are predicated in part on the cultural variations of the foreign country to an organizations' home nation as well. Cultural variations between regions also lead more to distrust than trust and this is especially true when work is accelerated, assuming no cultural differences exist (Yeung, Selen, Zhang, Huo, 2009). While globalization is often seen as flattening the world from a common set of business processes, cultural variations, and within these cultural differences, deeply held religious values in Muslim nations for example, are far from as homogenous as the flat world mentality would have one believe. Instead there are significant gaps culturally that are actually catalysts of greater, albeit more attuned and focused, efforts at strategic growth globally.
The misconception that manufacturing is outsourced purely for cost reduction can be seen in the many uses and roles of factories within global manufacturing networks (Fedrows,…
Susan Christopherson. 2007. Barriers to 'U.S. style' lean retailing: the case of Wal-Mart's failure in Germany. Journal of Economic Geography: Transnational Retail, Supply Networks, and the Global 7, no. 4, (July 1): 451-469.
Jeffrey H. Dyer and Kentaro Nobeoka. 2000. Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks 21, no. 3,
(March 1): 345-367.
Ferdows, Kasra. 2006. Transfer of Changing Production Know-How. Production and Operations Management 15, no. 1, (April 1): 1-9.
American Territorial Expansion: The Louisiana Purchase
American territorial expansion was the top priority of ashington DC for every decade of the 19th century, including the Civil ar years. The new territory all came to Americans through treaties or conquest, and thus promoted the isolationist "Manifest Destiny" prerogative of strengthening the American continent. The earliest and largest territorial expansion of the 19th century was the Louisiana Purchase, doubling the size of the American states. The Louisiana Purchase was made with the short-term bolstering of Thomas Jefferson's government in the near-term, yet with deep concerns for the security of the new land and how and who should settle the land in the long-term.
The Louisiana Purchase was not a decision taken lightly by then President Thomas Jefferson, who felt that it would be difficult for the young America to take full possession of the territory, and thus sign the country…
1803, and the United States. "Louisiana Purchase." Gateway New Orleans: N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. .
Jefferson, Thomas. "Treaty with France (Louisiana Purchase). 1909-14. American Historical Documents, 1000-1904. The Harvard Classics." Bartleby.com: Great Books Online -- Quotes, Poems, Novels, Classics and hundreds more. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. .
"Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase - The Louisiana Purchase (American Memory from the Library of Congress)." American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. .
"The Louisiana Purchase -- Thomas Jefferson's Monticello." Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. .
Genting Group International Expansion Approach and Strategy
In the recent past, Genting Malaysia Berhad seems to have embarked on an ambitious expansion strategy that has seen it set up operations in the UK, New York and Miami. The group's expansion into the UK was marked by its October 2010 acquisition of the United Kingdom gaming operations of Genting Singapore Plc. This gave rise to Genting UK which happens to be the largest casino operator in the United Kingdom. To further enhance its presence in the region, Genting entered into a strategic partnership last year with the NEC Group. The chief purpose of this alliance was to set up a mixed-use installation in Birmingham. Yet another crucial addition to Genting Malaysia Berhad's gaming empire in the U.K was Genting Club Riverlights. Opened last year in November and seen as a move by the group to consolidate its provincial presence, the club…
International expansion is one of the growth strategies that are embraced by companies in order to improve their bottom-line/profitability. In this paper, we present an elaborate international marketing strategy for ed Bull energy drink. The marketing plan begins with an introduction into the concept of international expansion and marketing and a brief overview of the company. A review of the main conclusions and recommendations is then presented. This is then followed by a discussion of internalization strategy. In this section, the context as well as context and reasons for the firm's internationalization initiation or expansion decision, as well as a discussion of the stage of internationalization at which your chosen firm finds itself. The next section is a discussion of the foreign market segmentation and targeting strategies. Under this section, we justify our choice of a market concentration or diversification strategy, incremental vs. simultaneous entry, the number of countries you…
Doodle, I. And Lowe, R., 2004. International Marketing Strategy: Analysis, Development and Implementation, ThomsonLearning, London.
EastBridge Import & Export Co., LTD, The Import Procedure of Food and Drink, Viewed 14 March 2012, http://www.eastbridgechina.com/En/Show.asp?id=33.
Encyclopedia of the Nations, China Country overview, Viewed 30 April 2012, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/China.html .
Euromonitor International, Red Bull plans Asian expansion, Viewed 14 March 2012, http://www.marketresearchworld.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1232&Itemid=77
International Expansion (Wal-Mart)
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the prime retailer in the world, the world's second-largest company after Exxonmobil and the nation's leading nongovernmental company. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. operates retail stores in a variety of retailing layouts in all 50 states in the United States. The Company's selling operations and functions serve its customers mainly through the operation of three segments. The Wal-Mart Stores segments comprise its discount stores, Supercenters, and locality Markets in the United States. The Sam's club segment comprises the warehouse membership clubs in the United States. The Company's subsidiary, McLane Company, Inc. gives products and allocation services to retail industry and institutional foodservice customers.
The Threat of New Entrants: The discount retailing market was dominated by large players, which by themselves served as substantial barriers to entry for new players. At the micro-level this was accomplished by:…
About Wal-Mart. (2004). Retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://walmartstores.com .
Anderson, F. (1994). U.S. Discounters Head North and South of the Border. (Cover Story). Discount Merchandiser, 34, (9), p64.
Bianco, A., Zellner, W. (2003). Is Wal-Mart Too Powerful? BusinessWeek, (3852), p100.
Biddle, R. (2004, Mar. 28). Wal-Mart:Bully or Benefactor? Megachain an Economic Godsend in Many Areas Daily News, pV1.Financial Report. (2003). Retrieved March 15, 2011 from http://financeyahoo.com
Expansion & estructuring within a Company
Describes your leadership style model
In this company, I serve as the Managing Director. The main objective of the organization is to expand and restructure its structures, communication, concepts, and culture with the aim of increasing the level of revenues and profits at the end of the financial year. In order to achieve this objective, it is appropriate to adopt and implement my leadership style (Democratic/Participative Leadership). Democratic leadership/participative refers to the leadership style that enables members of the group to take part in the decision-making process. This indicates that the team members will take participative role in the achievement of the objectives and goals in relation to expansion and restructuring of the company (Judge & obbins, 2007).
This leadership proves to be effective and efficient through depiction of higher productivity, quality contributions, and enhancement of morale of the employees. Democratic leadership increases…
Judge, T.A., & Robbins, S.P. (2007). Organizational Behavior (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River,
NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Yuki, G. (2006). Leadership in Organizations (6th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ:
FedEx is a corporation offering worldwide delivery services to other corporations, government entities, individuals and anyone who is interested in quick, efficient and safe delivery of documents and other packages throughout the world. As such, FedEx is constantly looking to expand into additional marketplaces and geographies. Understanding the local economies and cultures of the areas of expansion are key to a successful launch and ongoing profitability when servicing the new areas.
Considering all the various factors that can ensure a profitable expansion venture is an important part of the decision process. A recent report determined that "companies have more than enough data to tell them when, where and who is buying their product" (Neeley, arnica, Lorinc, Castaldo, McCullough, Nowak, Toller, Beer, Evans, Melanson, Barmak, McCullough, Shufelt, 2013, p. 36) but that is only part of the equation. Knowing who is buying your product does not necessarily equate into…
Kohls, B.M.; (2012) Going global, Economic Development Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 3, pp. 27 -- 34
Neeley, P.; Warnica, R.; Lorinc, J.; Castaldo, J.; McCullough, M.; Nowak, P.; Toller, C.; Beer, J.; Evans, M.; Melanson, T.; Barmak, S.; McCullugh, M.; Shufelt, T.; (2013) 35 Radical ideas to kick-start Canada's economy, Canadian Business, Vol. 86, Issue 5, pp. 36 -- 62
Pofeldt, E.; (2013) Grow the right way, Money, Vol. 42, Issue 10, p. 48
The company has decided that in order to expand globally, it will need to send two expatriates to two different countries. We will need one person in Dubai in order to run our EMEA business, and one person in Hong Kong in order to run our APAC business. This report will present a significant amount of discussion with respect to the business cultures in those cities, in the regions as a whole, and what the company needs to do to ensure a successful expatriate deployment.
The first thing that the company must know is that we cannot send people who have no international experience on this type of assignment. The initial expansion requires people on the ground who understand what they are getting into – they have travelled extensively and done business in the regions in question. The reason for this is that so much rides on these individuals…
Global Economic Conditions
Apple operates in over 100 countries already, but there are still some markets available for the company. The one that has been chosen for the next international expansion in Myanmar. Apple already has a presence in most other Southeast Asian countries, but Myanmar has only recently become a democracy. It is a poor country, but relatively large, and is starting to see some strong economic growth. Foreign companies are starting to make their market entry. The trends for Myanmar are all quite recent. Five years ago there was little economic activity in the country, regular brownouts and a military junta. Today, there are signs of economic life. Moreover, where five years ago there was almost no broadband and it was prohibitively expensive, broadband in the country has been rolled out to most populated areas and is affordable.
Myanmar\'s economic story is mostly internal, but there is some…
If this could have occurred, it would have meant that Lincoln Electric may have avoided overpaying for certain companies. As, they could have waited for the local economy to slow and then revisit if making this kind of purchase would have sense strategically speaking. This would have helped management to focus on how to increase their overall bottom line and to see how the business itself is affected by the shifts in the economic cycle. Once this happens, it will allow executives to avoid a potential crisis based on the underlying fundamentals. As, they have a chain of accountability and various procedures to guide them. (Augustine, 2000, pp. 227 -- 235)
At the same time, executives needed to focus on if a particular purchase would have made sense strategically speaking. As, they want to evaluate the culture and philosophy of the company they were thinking about acquiring. In this case,…
Augustine, A. (2000). Harvard Business Review on Crisis Management. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Gilson, S. (2010). Creating Value through Corporate Restructuring. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Gotschal, W. (2007). Reorganizing a Failing Business. Chicago, IL: ABA Section of Business Law.
Knapp, M. (2010). Contemporary Auditing. Mason, OH: Western Cengage.
1920-1945, significant expansion reforms higher education. Reflect opportunities attend college women time period. omen made 40% undergraduate enrollments 1940. This remarkable women permitted earn a bachelor's degree 60 years prior 1940.
Throughout history there have been a series of advocates lobbying with regard to women being provided with equal rights, but matters seemed to be different at the onset of the twentieth century. omen actually appeared to be looked at from a different perspective and the numerous movements meant to have society acknowledge the important role women played in the social order were more powerful than ever at the time. The women's suffrage movement is closely connected with their right to attend educational institutes. Although many women today successfully attend higher education, some of them know little to nothing regarding the efforts that women in the past needed to go through in order to make it possible for them to…
Rury, John L., "Education and Social Change: Contours in the History of American Schooling," (Routledge, 21.08.2012)
"Women in the Twentieth Century and Beyond," Retrieved April 24, 2013, from the Illinois Valley Community College Website: http://www2.ivcc.edu/gen2002/twentieth_century.htm
"Why choose a women's college?," Retrieved April 24, 2013, from the Simmons Undergraduate College Website: http://www.simmons.edu/undergraduate/admission/womenscollege/
It is important to note, from the onset, that there are many commercial benefits that our company could reap by expanding internationally. Thus, the expansion into Mexico is not only timely, but also well considered. However, in engaging in the said expansion, the company ought to be aware of the pertinent aspects of both the U.S. and Mexican law. It is with this in mind that this memo highlights the most likely compliance issues or concerns in as far as the various aspects of law and ethics specific to Mexico are concerned.
Pertinent Aspects of U.S. Law
There are a number of laws and certain legal provisions specific to our expansion into Mexico. Key amongst these include, but they are not limited to; USMCA (which replaced NAFTA a month ago), Customs and Border Protection (CBP) laws, and laws relating to engagement in corrupt practices and money laundering.…
Deloitte (2019). 1.0 Investment Climate. Retrieved from https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/cn/Documents/international-business-support/deloitte-cn-csg-a-guide-to-investing-in-mexico-2019-en-190428.pdf
Department of Justice (2020). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/criminal-fraud/foreign-corrupt-practices-act
Gomez, O.D. (2018). Labour and Employment Compliance in Mexico. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer.
Graycar, A. (2020). Handbook on Corruption, Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Human Rights Watch (2020). Mexico Events of 2019. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/mexico
Stuart, O. (2018). How Will the Shift from NAFTA to USMCA Affect the Auto Industry? Retrieved from https://www.industryweek.com/the-economy/article/22026500/how-will-the-shift-from-nafta-to-usmca-affect-the-auto-industry
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – EEOC (2020). Employee Rights When Working for Multinational Employers. Retrieved from https://www.eeoc.gov/laws/guidance/employee-rights-when-working-multinational-employers
U.S. Department of State (2019). U.S. Relations with Mexico. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-mexico/
Business Expansion and Sustainability
Taking in consideration the hiring process situation at the firm, certain concerns should be addressed for attaining business growth as well as successfully running the firm.
Job equirements and its impact on organization
Certain number of things should be considered before determining the job description and its effect on the hiring process in an organization in this situation. First and foremost, the employer must decide the job description at hand. What does the individual's job consists of? What's the skills and qualification required? Then the most effective recruitment process to appeal to the competent candidates. Should it be in a newspaper ad? Ad's on the internet? Hiring from schools? It's imperative to look for competent candidates in multitude of places and from number of sources as well (ecruitment Strategies, n.d.).
Before taking the consequent step, the tasks at hand must be scrutinized and information pertaining the…
Acas (2010).Recruitment and induction. Retrieved from http://www.acas.org.uk / media / pdf/l/e / Recruitment _and_ induction_(October -2012)-accessible -version -may- 2012. pdf
Breaugh, J.A. (2008). Employee recruitment: Current knowledge and important areas for future research, Human Resource Management Review, 18, 103-118. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2008.07.003
Flinders University (n.d.) Adressing Selection Criteria. Retrieved from http://www.flinders.edu.au/careers-files / CELC/Publications/Careers %20Advice%20&%20Guides/Addressing%20Selection%20Criteria.pdf
Louw, G.J. (2013). Exploring recruitment and selection trends in the Eastern Cape, SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 11,1-10.
hile most see these and other similar reforms as necessary, serving merely as a legal upgrade for law enforcement, one provision of the act's section regarding wireless communication has created much controversy. This section allows foreign intelligence agencies to wiretap citizen's phones and computers without a court order. Bringing the country back to the short-lived standard of 1928, when a fraction of the technology that is used on a regular basis today was even invented, this portion of the act leaves room for the undocumented surveillance of United States citizens (Podesta). Similarly, President George . Bush announced that in the days and months following the September 11th terrorist attacks he ordered the wiretapping of several United States residents without approval from congress, admitting and defending his expansion of the role of executive. Thus, while both public and private wiretapping have a long history of use in the United States, the…
Americans see 9/11 as most important event of their lives." Breitbart.com. 10
September 2007. Breitbart.com. 7 August 2008. http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=070910151708.55q95fzq&show_article=1 .
Balz, Dan and Deane, Claudia. "Differing Views on Terrorism." The Washington Post.
11 January 2006.
international business expansion process.
International recruitment and selection brings a number of challenges for business organizations. They not only face difficulties in hiring the desired skillful staff from the host country, but may also have to deal with severe financial and cultural diversity issues. Through this research study, an effort has been made to highlight the major challenges and issues which make the international recruitment and selection process more complex and challenging for multinational organization.
The research report starts with an ample introduction to the esearch question and proceeds by highlighting the core objectives of the research study. The research question clearly states the major objective of this research study in a quite precise and succinct manner. The most important section of the research report is Literature review which has been written after a comprehensive research from a number of academic and industry journal articles and books; most of which…
Ashamalla, M.H. 1998, International Human Resource Management Practices: the Challenge of Expatriation. CR, 8 (2): 54-63.
Andeason, A.W. 2003, Expatriate Adjustment to Foreign Assignments. The International 6 tyJournal of Commerce and Management, 13 (1): 42-60.
Andersen, T.M., & Svarer, M. 2006, Flexicurity -- the Danish Labor Market Model. Available from [Accessed July 26th, 2012]
Baudler, C.R. 2011, Employee Engagement: Through Effective Performance Management by Edward M. Mone and Manuel London, Personnel Psychology, 64 (3): 813 -- 816.
International Expansion Proposal
Expansion Report: The report contains information requested by the CEO regarding the possible expansion and recommendation thereof into either the .S., Asian or European marketplace.
In the interest of gaining the optimal perspective for the most profitable expansion of the company, research was conducted into the economic stability and consumer health of each expansion area. It was found that the nited States has the healthiest economy of the three expansion options. Additionally, the nited States has increasing interest and demand for the product and a positive response is feasible.
In order to optimize profit and ensure a smooth transition into the nited States, importation would be the optimal initial option. The importation would be handled through local businesses who sell the product to the customers and order from our company in advance. Once sales reach an optimal level, it is advisable for the company to pursue a…
U.S. Census Bureau News. January 13, 2012. http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/current_press_release/ft900.pdf
U.S. Surfski Championships. Wave Chaser Paddle Series. 2011. http://ussurfski.com/
Valhalla Products. Valhalla Surf Ski. 2011. http://valhallasurfskis.com/index.htm
Dell Computer Corporation Expansion Overseas
In the past ten years, foreign expansion has become a major part of the business community. Many companies are seeking to expand globally in an attempt to maximize profits. This research paper will explore the foreign expansion of the Dell Computer Corporation. e will explore the ways in which this relatively young company has expanded overseas. e will examine the history of the company, the industry and the ways in which the company has expanded.
History of Dell
Dell Computer Corporation was founded by Michael Dell in 1984 and was incorporated in 1987 and has grown substantially in recent years. ("Dell Computer Corporation (NASD) - Business Description") The growth of the company has been unprecedented in lieu of the relatively young age of the corporation. ("Dell Computer Corporation (NASD) - Business Description") The headquarters for the corporation is located in Austin, Texas Dell's products include…
About Us. http://www.gateway.com/about/coinfo/corpbg.shtml
Company Overview. Dell Computer Corporation Corporate Web site. © 2001-2002 Dell Computer Corporation. http://www.dell.com/html/us/corporate/brochure/global.htm
Computer Hardware Industry and Profile." Yahoo Finance. http://biz.yahoo.com/ic/12.html
Dell Claims Major Inroads in Chinese Market." ComputerGram International. Issue: Sept 30, 1999. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0CGN/3758/55943311/p1/article.jhtml?term=Dell+foreign+expansion
The original farm was a seasonal operation with periods of no production in the winter months. The ability to dry and produce value-added products will allow the business to smooth its income and realize revenue all year round. The new production facility will change the nature of the business from seasonal to year-round. The business will be able to stockpile product during the busy season and sell it on a continual year round basis.
The owners of the business will be directly responsible for the daily operation of the business. They will make joint decision as a body of shareholders, but each will have their own division to manage and operate. Each of the owners will have a stake and a role in the ability to make this new enterprise a success. They will have knowledge of what is happening on the production floor and will have a view of…
5 aday.gov. Introducing the next generation of 5 a day. http://www.5aday.gov/. Accessed April 19, 2008.
BizCommunity.com. Ten trends to watch in packaged goods in 2008. November 28, 2007. http://www.bizcommunity.com/Article/196/176/22078.html . Accessed April 19, 2008.
IBM. IBM survey reveals eroding consumer confidence in packaged goods brands. June 28, 2007. http://www-03.ibm.com/industries/consumerproducts/doc/content/news/pressrelease/3166295123.html . Accessed April 19, 2008.
Kellogg's. Kellogg's Lego Fruit Flavored Snacks. http://www2.kelloggs.com/Product/ProductDetail.aspx?product=8213 Accessed April 19, 2008
According to the article listed above, what were the most important strategic moves that propelled Netflix’s successful international expansion?
According to the article the most important strategic moves related to Netflix’s expansion were associated to its planning. First, Netflix did not attempt to enter all markets simultaneously. Instead, it elected to enter into markets that shared many of the same market characteristic of the United States. Namely, the company was looking for a strong rule of law as it relates to intellectual property, streaming rights and so forth. Next, the market needed a burgeoning middle class similar in to size and scope of the United States. The middle class needed a sufficient amount of discretionary income that was allocated to entertainment purchases. The middle class also needed to have strong employment figures throughout an economic cycle. The country itself needed to be innovative and have the streaming capabilities needed to…
1. Schechner, S. (2014, Sept. 7). Netflix tries charm in France to smooth expansion; Online media firm also moves into Germany, Austria, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from www.wsj.com
2. Segal, D. (2013, Feb. 8). The Netflix fix. The New York Times. Retrieved from www.magazine.blogs.nytimes.com
3. Spangler, T. (2014b, Apr. 8). Amazon streams more video than Hulu or Apple, but it’s still miles behind Netflix. Variety. Retrieved from www.variety.com
" (Lee, 2009)
Core labor standards are stated by Lee (2009) to be "more or less the basic labor rights: that is, the International Labor Organization (ILO) core labor standards that have been confirmed by the UN Global Compact and adopted or discussed by the GRI and ISO 26000." (Lee, 2009) Those standards include the following: (1) a guarantee of the three labor rights (organizing, collective bargaining, and collective action) based on freedom of association, (2) a ban on forced labor, (3) a ban on child labor, and (4) no discrimination in labor. (Lee, 2009) Stated as important secondary standards are those as follows: (1) responsibility for employment; (2) industrial safety and health; and (3) training and education. (Lee, 2009) Lee states that western multinational companies "...are capable of investment, innovation, and reporting for SR, because they have been exposed to the CSR movement for some time. Thus companies in…
Malaysia (2009) Office of the United States Trade Representative. 8 Oct. 2009. Online available at: http://www.ustr.gov/countries-regions/southeast-asia-pacific/malaysia
Thailand (2009) Office of the United States Trade Representative. http://www.ustr.gov/countries-regions/southeast-asia-pacific/thailand
Singapore (2009) Office of the United States Trade Representative. http://www.ustr.gov/countries-regions/southeast-asia-pacific/singapore
Hong Kong (2009) Office of the United States Trade Representative. http://www.ustr.gov/countries-regions/china/hong-kong
The differences in culture with the American culture will meant the American staff that may go to help open the branches in China will have to take quite some time to learn the culture and the ways of the people there.
The other difficulty will be the language barrier that may exists between the Americans and the Chinese. It may even call for a translator in the initial days as transactions between the American sales people and the Chinese customers, or interaction between the staff themselves may be a big challenge.
On the technical side, the Wal-Mart may have it hard when it comes to acquainting themselves with the market trends and the competition from the older players who are already in operation in China. It will take a lot of research work to be able to know the finer details of the market trends and the ways through which…
Abacus CPA, (2007). Register a company in Hong Kong / Hong Kong Company Formation.
Retrieved June 24, 2011 from http://www.abacushkcpa.com/english/english_Company_Formation_Hong_Kong_Limited_Company_55.htm#55
Center for Creative Leadership, (2009). Developing a Leadership Strategy: A Critical Ingredient
for Organizational Success. Retrieved June 24, 2011 from http://www.ccl.org/leadership/pdf/research/LeadershipStrategy.pdf
Lincoln Electric Expansion to India
The purpose of this assignment is to evaluate whether Lincoln Electric should expand its operations to India or not. In this assignment, firstly the facts are presented. Secondly, an analysis is presented about the Lincoln Electric's business strategies and its suitability to operate in India. Lastly, some recommendations are given which can help Lincoln Electric to expand in India successfully.
Lincoln Electric (LE) is a U.S.-based company headquartered in Cleveland. LE is a manufacturing concern generally deals in consumables and equipment related to arc welding. Lincoln Electric is a large set-up having 39 plants world-wide.
Due to fast-paced growth of India, Lincoln Electric is considering to expand its operations to India. This is a proposal and LE has to evaluate it considering the business opportunities in India. It is a fact that India provides foreign businesses to reduce their costs by offering…
Ancient Kingdoms- Expansion and Empire Building
Ancient kingdoms and their expansion strategies were uniform throughout the ancient world. Persia, Rome, Athens and Sparta had expanded their kingdoms by means of conquests, wars and consolidation. The enlargement of kingdoms had but one purpose i.e. security as Thomas Hobbes notes: "If there is no power erected, or not great enough for our security, every man will and may lawfully rely on his own strength for caution against all other men" (99). Greece, Russia and all other major empires of the ancient world had their focus on just one thing, security which they sought through either conquests or consolidation with weaker nations.
It is strange but true that all major empires especially Sparta, Athens and Persia have histories that were interconnected. It was always believed both by the rulers and the ruled that mightier forces had the right to rule and for this…
History of the Peloponessian War, Thucydides
Herodotus, Translations of the Histories, by A. de Selincourt
Hobbes, Thomas. "Of Commonwealth." Leviathan. Ed. Nelle Fuller. New York:
Everyman's Library, 1973.
As a matter of fact, this means venturing into unknown territories by the company and because of this the company has to work to eliminate this weakness by studying the market segments and their needs so you can meet those needs.
Marketing objectives are based on understanding the strengths and weakness and the business environment that the company operate in. The objectives are also linked to the overall business strategy. For instance, in the case of ABC Textile Company business objective is to penetrate in the international market be able to pose a serious competition in the industry. So as to achieve this objective, the company will be targeting a new promising market segment especially those in the rural areas to help achieve this growth.
Having realized the target market, the company has to position itself in it. To do this, the product should have a core message that differentiates…
Garth (2000) Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved on May 2nd 2013 from: http://soq.sagepub.com/content/1/2/241.extract
Starbucks and the Potential Expansion into Sri Lanka
The expansion of any company will require careful consideration. The expansion plan will need to facilitate a number of factors, including allowances for the country into which expansion is taking place, as well as the needs of the company in terms of acquisition of resources and training of staff. The plan will need to build on the strengths of the organization, take advantage of opportunities, and minimize the potential dangers that exist as a result of weaknesses and threats. In order to assess the way in which Starbucks may expand into Sri Lanka, it is necessary to look at the company itself before looking at the way in which it may expand.
Starbucks is a global brand of gourmet coffee shops. Starting from 1 shop located at Pike placed in Seattle in 1971, it the company has now…
While some entrepreneurs have a valid reason and perhaps valid opportunities to expand their businesses, such a move could have its own unique pitfalls if not well executed. Some of the things to watch out for when expanding a business entity include, but they are not limited to, the most appropriate business form to embrace, the best financing avenues to explore, and the most workable long-term strategy to implement.
There are a number of steps that Kelly should take to prioritize her business growth strategy. One of these, according to Liabotis (2007) is implementing a valid customer growth strategy. Some of the customer growth strategies that Liabotis mentions include, core business driven growth, the sub-segmentation of customers, and further exploitation of adjacent opportunities. Kelly also ought to enhance her market knowledge. This she could do by sourcing for insight from both existing and target clients and familiarizing herself…
Dahl, D. (2010). How to Develop a Business Growth Strategy. Retrieved 19th July 2015, from http://www.inc.com/guides/small-business-growth-strategies.html
Liabotis, B. (2007). Three Strategies for Achieving and Sustaining Growth. Retrieved 19th July 2015, from http://iveybusinessjournal.com/publication/three-strategies-for-achieving-and-sustaining-growth/
Unlike the French, most English and Spanish conquerors believed that it was abnormal for one to worship in any other way that was not Christian. The French managed to live along side of the Huron tribes, making it possible for Huron tradition to exist in the present. In contrast, the Spanish and the English imposed their cultural values on the people they conquered, to the point where they were assimilated and were left with no cultural identity other than the one that was forced on them (Sayre 131).
The aftermath of European expansion in America is still felt today, through the fact that most of the continent speaks English, French, and Spanish, in accordance with the three major nations that conquered territories on the continent. The fact that the Native American population presently living in America is very small in comparison to people of other races is largely owed to…
1. Sayre, Gordon M. Les Sauvages Americains: Representations of Native Americans in French and English Colonial Literature (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997).
Capital Project for Expansion to New Countries
Wal-Mart is an American multinational corporation that is publicly traded. The company is known for its chain of large discount stores and warehouses. In 2010, the company was able to announce the title of 'World's Largest Public Corporation' in terms of its revenue. Since its founding in 1962, Wal-Mart has successfully built 8,500 stores in fifteen countries. However, despite such great success, the company has experienced a few failures; the company did not succeed in Germany or South Korea. Of the most success outside of the United States are stores located within South America and in Asia (WalMart.com, 2011).
Type of New Investment & Issues Surrounding It
Because of Wal-Mart's drive to expand its physical borders, it will continue to try success in a variant of countries. Among the many issues that Wal-Mart may have in entering a new country, it may…
StudyFinance.com. (2011). Overview: Capital budgeting. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from http://www.studyfinance.com/lessons/capbudget/index.mv?page=06
WalMart.com. (2011). About us. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from http://walmartstores.com /AboutUs/
WalMart.com. (2008, August 11). Walmart announces investments in Argentina for over 100
million dollars for 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from
Industrial Expansion and Dispered Racial Conflict
The major theme of chapter four (Industrial Expansion and Dispersed Racial Conflict) in illiam Julius ilson's book entitled The Declining Significance of Race is the fact that racial migration in the U.S. was directly related to its industrial expansion. This industrial expansion included the usage of new technologies for agriculture in the south, and expanded opportunities for factory work in the north and in the western portion of the country. The primary migration involved African-Americans moving from the south to areas in the north and the west. Doing so resulted in increased racial tension, which really was a result of class conflict in the scheme of labor relations.
The author cites numerous facets of historical evidence to successfully marshal his support for this theme. The migration of African-Americans was generally attributed to a series of push and pull factors (ilson 66) that led them…
Wilson, William Julius. The Declining Significance of Race. Illinois: University of Chicago Press. 2012. Print.
Chabros International's Expansion To North Africa
Chabros International is a company based in Lebanon that sells wood products and veneer that began its operations in the 1960's. The company was started by the current owners father and father's brothers. The company was envisioned, at the beginning, as a small local company that would deal in local wood products and veneer. During the ensuing years the company had very little growth, but it produced a living for the family, and, when his father died in 1987, Chami took over the company (Chabros, 2012).
Chami was more ambitious than his father had been and he wanted to take the company further that his father had ever thought possible. The first issue he faced is that Lebanon was still in the midst of a civil war that had plagued the country since the mid-1970's. It was difficult to find reliable suppliers, and it…
Bilan, V. (2012). Middle East recovering from Arab spring fever? The Arab world: In search of subjectivity. Retrieved from http://therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com/2012/03/12/middle-east-recovering - from-arab-spring-fever/
Chabros. (2012). About us. Retrieved from http://www.chabros.info/DynamicPage.aspx?id=1&PageId=1
Economist. (2012). Asia competition barometer: Petrochemicals and chemicals. Retrieved from http://www.managementthinking.eiu.com/asia-competition- barometer-petrochemicals-and-chemicals.html
EIU. (2012). Morocco business environment. Retrieved from http://store.eiu.com/product.aspx?pubid=160392201&pid=1930000193&gid=160 392201
Globalization on Firms Expansion in Foreign Markets
The objective of this paper is to advance knowledge on globalization using empirical evidence to present the impact on the expansion of firms on foreign markets. By drawing support from different kinds of literature, the paper argues that the globalization acts as two-edged swords: Globalization is both beneficial and detrimental to firms with reference to the acquisition of foreign markets. Thus, firms are required to design effective business strategies and innovations to enjoy market opportunities from global markets while carefully managing inherent risks and threats associated with globalization. (Amonrat,. & Patriya, 2007).
Impact of Globalization of Firms Market Opportunities
As firms extend their businesses outside their home countries to access markets, well, services and resources across the borders, the negative and positive effects of globalization are increasingly affecting them. Globalization is defined as an ongoing economic, social and political process among nations. (Clougherty,…
Awuah, G.B. & Amal. M. (2011). The impact of globalization. European Business Review. 23.1 (2011): 120-132.
Amonrat, T . & Patriya, T. (2007). Globalization Effects and Firms Performances. Journal of International Business Research. 6.(2): 43-58.
Brooks, I. Weatherston, & Wilkinson, G.(2012). Globalization, challenges and changes. Pearson Education.
Chetty, S.(2014). Effectuation and Foreign Market entry of Entrepreneurial Firms. European Journal of Marketing, 49 ( 9/10): 1436-1459.
Gourmet Limited Expansion
Our company, Gourmet Limited (GL) deals in various consumables for instance we have the bakery department, meats department, produce section, cheese and dairy section as well as wine section. This gives us a wide coverage in terms of the edibles that may be needed on a daily basis by the clients that visit their stores. It is with the variety that we offer and the customer base that we have in mind that I came up with the idea of expanding the company areas of specializations into Agribusiness.
What is agribusiness?
This is a business concept that has been in operations for a long time now and known to many. According to Business Directory (2012), agribusiness is a business venture whose most if not all of the revenue is derived from agriculture. Most agribusiness will engage in processing, farming, manufacturing, distribution as well as packaging of products.…
Business Directory, (2012). Agribusiness. Retrieved June 09, 2012 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/agribusiness.html
Expansions to more countries and acquisitions of other firms.
High quality research and Good packaging and Proper product promotion and product awareness campaign
New products development by GL apart from the agriculture-based products
Policymaking Decisions and Processes of Allegheny County:
According to "The Expansion of Human Services in Allegheny County, 1968-95," policy making decisions and processes experienced significant transformations following changes in the quality and quantity of amenities that occurred in the human service sector. These changes occurred in Allegheny County when Thomas Foerster served as a commissioner for nearly three decades. Since the county does not have Home ule, it does not have an intrinsic right to self-govern beyond the parameters of the state constitution and the General Assembly grant. Generally, commissioners in Allegheny County were primarily mandated with the responsibility of managing county property, finances, and care maintenance.
Policymaking decisions and processes in Allegheny County during this period were mainly based on the state constitution and the General Assembly grant. This was primarily because the county did not have Home ule that could grant it the right to self-govern beyond these…
"Editorial: Commissioner Foerster." (2000, January 12). Post-gazette.com. Pittsburgh Post-
Gazette. Retrieved May 27, 2013, from http://old.post-gazette.com/forum/20000112edfoerster1.asp
Morgan, D. (2013, May 13). Expansion of Human Service (Allegheny County 1968-95).
Retrieved May 27, 2013, from http://waistedapp.com/finance/expansion-of-human-serviceallegheny-county-1968-95/
Expansion for Christianity and Islam in the Early Middle AgesThe death of Jesus on the wooden cross and the fallen fruit from the tree for Adam is symbols of both the religions that have become instruments of salvation for their respective believers. However, it was unbearable for the non-believers and against their status quo that they had been living in for years of ignorance that the advent of such religions came to obscure. They could not take it that some messengers of Christianity and Islam came to rule their world by saying they should obey one God and not do unholy things God has forbidden. Therefore, the thesis of the paper stands as: the expansion of Christianity and Islam in the early middle ages was harsh and intolerable for the non-believers.Development of IslamAfter the death of Justinian, the great builder who took hold of yzantines, the said empire was distorted…
Bibliography\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Charles Martel (the \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Hammer\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\") at the Battle of Tours.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" PowerPoint. Customer provided file, n.d.Considine, Craig. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Religious Pluralism and Civic Rights in a \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Muslim Nation\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\": An Analysis of Ptophet Muhammad\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Covenants with Christians.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Religions, 2016.Duignan, Brian. Premodern Monarchies. August 6, 2019. https://www.britannica.com/topic/monarchy/Premodern-monarchies (accessed December 13, 2021).\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Early Islam.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" PowerPoint. Customer provided file, n.d.El-Wakil, Ahmed. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Whievere Harm a Dhimmi I Shall be his Foe on the Day of Judgement\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\": An Investigation into an Authentic Prophetic Tradition and its Origins from the Covenants.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Religions, 2019.Fordham Univeristy. Medieval Sourcebook: Pact of Umar, 7th Century? January 20, 2021. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/pact-umar.asp (accessed December 13, 2021).Fordham University. Medieval Sourcebook: Al-Baladhuri: The Battle of the Yarmuk (636) and After. January 20, 2021. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/yarmuk.asp (accessed December 13, 2021).Laeheem, Kasetchai. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Relationships between Islamic Ethical Behavior and Islamic Factors among Muslim Youths in the Three Southern Border Provinces of Thailand.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 2019: 305-311.Pohlsander, Hans A., and Suny Albany. Constantine I (306-337 A.D.). n.d. https://www.roman-emperors.org/conniei.htm (accessed December 13, 2021).Stefon, Matt. Relations between Christianity and the Roman Government and the Hellensitic Culture. November 26, 2020. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Christianity/Relations-between-Christianity-and-the-Roman-government-and-the-Hellenistic-culture (accessed December 13, 2021).\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"The Early Germanic Kingdoms and Christianity.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" PowerPoint. Customer provided file, n.d.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Western Europe and Byzantium.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" PowerPoint. Customer provided file, n.d.
1800-1914 is characterized by the rapid development of capitalist and market relations in both hemispheres of the globe. In the 19th century most of the European states already had a developed system of colonialism in Africa and Asia that was essential for the development of industry, as the colonies became the customers of the metropolitan products produced on the base of raw materials brought from colonies. The struggle for the suppliers of the raw materials was essential during that epoch, because the existence of suppliers would guarantee the prosperity of industrial production and goods exchange.
The development of production and market relations are integral components of each other and with the growing wealth of business, their interests began to penetrate into politics as well, because they have to get the support and ensure their stability and prosperity from the side of government. This was relatively new for the 19th century…
In that regard, even the protections available in more sophisticated societies cannot prevent major governmental corruption, exploitation, or unethical business practices in the private sector.
Therefore, the prospect of expanding our company presence to Kava does not obligate us to become more directly involved in Kava government or politics, but it does impose an obligation on our part to encourage the most beneficial organizational values and practices at every level. Business management principles must be shared in a manner that best cultivates a fundamental respect for human rights, equal rights, ethical principles of fairness and equity.
Naturally, in addition to attempting to instil socially responsible organizational values in Kava, our ethical responsibility requires us to determine a fair method of apportioning the measurable value that we derive from our Kava operations between the Kava people and our financial interests. It should go without saying that we will restrict our operations,…
Certainly there were myriad slave rebellions, in the American South and elsewhere, before Douglass's time. But Douglass came along when the time was right for social change, when the South had been recently defeated and American slavery was in its most precarious state ever. Therefore, Douglass and Abolitionists like him: black and white; male and female, seized the moment, and in 1865 slavery was outlawed.
The name Frederick Douglass is a household word in most American households. However, it was not until publication, in 1999, of Alfred F. Young's historical biography of the Shoemaker and the Tea Party (Boston: Beacon Press) that a brave shoemaker who risked his life in the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party, George Robert Twelve Hewes was known to history at all. Though he, too, was a man of his era, Hewes was not nearly as representative as Douglass. Nor was Hewes's era representative…
Dredging the Port of Miami
Dredging refers to the activity needed to be conducted for removal of unwanted deposits present in water pathways. However, even though this activity facilitates marine traffic regularity, it isn't without its drawbacks[footnoteef:2]. Dredging poses a great threat to the aquatic environment, and should be carried out very carefully, facilitated only using the assistance of the appropriate dredges and dredgers. As a port for international cargo, the Port of Miami is a significant section of the Miami economy. A project, to expand the port area by means of dredging, has been planned for. This is intended to provide ingress and egress for the new larger PanaMax ships that will be coming through the improved Panama Canal, and thus is expected to draw more business in cargo shipping to the locality[footnoteef:3]. The proposed expansion zone is, however, also the site of a key ecosystem. Thus, arguments and…
Administrative and political distance risk is most seen from the standpoint
of legal and financial institutions, the monetary systems and political
associations and the role of foreign governments in defining the barriers
to entry for foreign businesses. Geographic distance risks have more to do
with the physical distance and varying climates. The geographic distance
set of risks also capture the lack of potential infrastructure due to
remoteness. The economic distance risk assessments include the different
information or knowledge process workflows throughout a culture and the
blind-spots this causes for many companies in creating the strategies to
move into another company. There are many risks also present in the
economic distance of given foreign nation, emanating from the differences
in consumer incomes and wide variations in costs and quality of natural,
financial, and human resources.
In assessing the risks of global expansion, it is critical to consider the
use of analytical…
Ghemawat (2001) - Distance Still Matters: The Hard Reality of Global
Expansion. Harvard Business Review. Pankaj Ghemawat. Harvard Business
School Press. Cambridge, MA September, 2001.
Determining Issues With the Expansion of Business
Quality assurance and compliance are significant factors in starting and sustaining a successful business. Without these aspects, a business may experience internal or external risks that might negatively affect the business' future (Thareja, 2007). As one of Western Australia's current growing small airline companies, the company is considering an increase in fleet plans to include five turbo prop aircraft that will be used to reach major west coast city airports and remote mining sites. As the company intends on regular public transport and charter operations, as well as for activities and maintenance to be internal when possible, issues in key personnel, training, facilities, aerodrome, documentation, applicable regulations, and risk management will need to be properly and thoroughly addressed. The purpose of this brief is to inform readers as to the main issues in each of these areas.
Large and small…
Australian Government: Civil Aviation Safety Authority [online]. (2011) [Accessed 21 April
2011]. Available from: .
Australian Government: Civil Aviation Safety Authority [online]. (2011) [Accessed 21 April
2011]. Available from: .
easons for product line expansion
Product line is a group of related products manufactured by a single company and the products are closely related in one way or the other. There are several reasons that can puch a firm towards the expansion of a product line.
Increase sales; Some firms expand their product lines with an intension of increasing the firm's overall sales. This is because when the company expands its product lines, it increases its production and therefore more products will be produced hence increasing the company's sales. (Mc Grath Michael, 2010).
Profit growth; Some firms expand their product lines to increase their profitability through greater sales volume which might be obtained from new products since most people prefer purchasing products from brands which they are familiar with. The expansion of the product lines may be with an aim of enabling a specific item in the firm…
Ecofine.com, (2011). Differentiation strategy. Integrated knowledge. Retrieved October 26, 2010
from http://www.ecofine.com/strategy/Differentiation%20 strategy.html
Kim. T. Gordon,(2004). Pros and Cons of expanding your product line
Retrieved October 26, 2010 from http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/71094
HM Issues in Global Business Expansion
Introduction to Human esource Management
In the last several decades, human resource management (HM) has evolved into a major component of modern business organizations (George & Jones, 2008). In principle, HM functions have always been part of professional business management; however, it became a distinct professional field with dedicated specialists only since the latter part of the 20th century. Generally, HM consists of all of the processes and functions that relate to personnel management, from the entire cycle in between recruitment and retirement or alternative ends of careers such as voluntary departure and involuntary termination. More specifically, HM departments typically handle the hiring process, new-employee orientation and training, the resolution of personnel issues and conflicts, benefits administration, employee performance review, and post-employment debriefing processes (George & Jones, 2008).
Contemporary Human esource Management in the Age of Globalization
In the age of globalization, HM departments…
George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational
Behavior. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West Legal Studies.
Oleg has several options with respect to the future of Lenta. He can expand Lenta within St. Petersburg, expand to Moscow, hold steady with the current size of the company, or he can take Lenta into some smaller cities around St. Petersburg. Another option is to grow outside of St. Petersburg into other major cities, but avoiding the Moscow market for now.
There are several factors that need to be taken into consideration. In favor of the more conservative options is that Lenta is still a relatively young company and has internal issues that it may wish to resolve before tackling major expansion. It is presently been expanding rapidly, and using some debt for this, and that is reflected in the balance sheet. The company is already highly-leveraged and thus exposed to further volatility in the Russian market. Internally, there are issues that Lenta has with retention of personnel.…
Keys to Success in Multinational Companies
Designing of comprehensive best practices policies
Eating and/or drinking
Emergency Evacuation Procedures
The Key Benefits of Creation of the Policies
amification if such policies are not created
Significant ways in which the best practices policy contribute towards the long-term sustainability of the company
Determine whether or not the best practices policy provides a competitive advantage
International expansion is often the goal of many large companies. However international expansion means functioning in alien business environments with attributes very different from the domicile country of business. But for expansion of business, every corporate would want to venture into new markets (Ackerman, Pipek & Wulf, 2003).
At this juncture, companies have to take crucial decision based on information and data gathered from the new markets. In such situations companies are often bombarded with a constant and voluminous stream of…
Ackerman, M., Pipek, V., & Wulf, V. (2003). Sharing expertise. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Bowie, N., & Schneider, M. (2011). Business ethics for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
National Science Foundation (NSF). (1994). Anthropology News, 35(4), 37-45. doi:10.1111/an.19188.8.131.52.5
Singh, S. (2010). Handbook of business practices and growth in emerging markets. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific.
Bilateral Trade Agreements: China and Korea
Bilateral trade agreements occur as significant initiatives for the growth of economies in various nations. The China-South Korean trade pact has endeavored to deepen the strategic and cooperative partnership between the two nations. Today, China is South Korea's largest trading partner. Bilateral pacts established the U.S. in China, and South Korea has enabled the U.S. to deepen its trading ties with these Asian countries leading to an increase in trade deficits (White House, 2015). These trade pacts have established a platform for economic progress of these nations leading to increased cooperation and collaboration.
Bilateral trade pacts are easier to negotiate based on the aspect that they only involve two nations. As a result, they can materialize quick enough to enable both the nations to benefit economically. The U.S.-China bilateral agreement has enabled the two nations to benefit economically on a large scale. U.S.…
BBC News (2014, Sept 2). EU enlargement: The next seven. BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-11283616
The White House (2015, Sept 25). Office of the Press Secretary. FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Economic Relations. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/09/25/fact-sheet-us-china-economic-relations
The World Bank (2015). Data: Turkey. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/country/turkey
39 It was against this background that ASEAN Foreign Ministers during their retreat at Cebu in the Philippines in April 2005 decided to lay down three main criteria for the membership of the EAS: 1. Substantive relations with ASEAN; 2. Full Dialogue Partner status; and 3. Accession to the ASEAN's Treaty of Amity and Co-operation. The Foreign Minister of Singapore had stated that, India obviously qualifies on all three counts and it will be included in the first EAS. e hope that Australia and New Zealand which have not acceded to the TAC, will agree to the TAC in the coming months (Battese & Coelli, 1992-page 18). If so, we would welcome them to the EAS in Kuala Lumpur. The Minister further added that ASEAN alone will decide the future members of all subsequent summits and ?this is to ensure that ASEAN remains in the driver's seat of the EAS…
Anderson, Kym; Bernard Hoekman; and Anna Strutt. 1999. "Agriculture and the WTO: Next Steps." Revised version of a paper presented at the Second Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Avernaes Conference Centre, Helnaes, Denmark, June 20-22, 1999.
Barshefsky, Charlene. 1999. Press briefing at the WTO Ministerial Conference, Seattle, WA.
Bhagwati, Jagdish. 1999. "Globalization: The Question of Appropriate Governance." Sang-don Suh prize-acceptance speech, Taegu. Republic of Korea, October 7, 1999
Birdsall, Nancy, and Robert Z. Lawrence. 1999. "Deep Integration and Trade Agreements: Good for Developing Countries?" In Kaul, Grunberg, and Stern, ed., Global Public Goods, 128-51.