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Financial Comparison Financial Analysis Is a Tool
Words: 1718 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41879325
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Financial Comparison

Financial analysis is a tool that allows third parties to analyze corporate financial statements. One of the main reasons that the Securities and Exchange Commission requires that statements are compiled and presented in a consistent manner is to ensure that third parties will be able to use the statements to compare different companies. These comparisons can, among other things, help with investment decisions. This paper will compare PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Company, the two leading soft drink marketers in the world. PepsiCo is actually the larger of the two companies, because it is more diversified, with its snack food properties. These properties also alter the company's finances, creating certain points of difference between the two companies. This report will cover a number of different forms of financial analysis, arriving at a conclusion about which company has the stronger financial position.

PepsiCo

The first set of ratios to be studied…

Works Cited:

FTC. (2010). FTC puts conditions on PepsiCo's $7.8 acquisition of two largest bottlers and distributors. Federal Trade Commission. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from  http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2010/02/pepsi.shtm 

Leckey, A. (2010). Coca-Cola Co. outlook strong after big acquisition. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from  http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/31/business/la-fi-leckey-20101031 

Loth, R. (2012). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from  http://www.investopedia.com /university/ratios/#axzz1vG92KPwm' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>

Health and Social Sciences Grade Course Health
Words: 2334 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84059300
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Health and Social Sciences

Grade Course

Health, Well Being and Social Care in UK

Sociological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK

Psychological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK

Psycho-Social Needs of Service Users in UK

Health and Social Sciences

This report casts light upon the various aspects of physical and mental health of people living in United Kingdom. The selected sample chosen for this study belongs to the settings of people who do not belong to UK from their old generations and they are spending the lives of homelessness there. In other words, the paper is about physical and mental health of people who belong to other areas of the world but are settled in UK for education of job purpose. Since they are outsiders, they do not have permanent place to live in, they make temporal arrangements depending upon their requirements. Their priorities are different…

References

BBC News, 2011. Archbishop calls for NHS bill to cover spiritual health. [Online] Available at: <  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-15570290  > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]

Department of Health, 2012. Public Health, adult social care and the NHS. [online] Available at: <  http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/index.htm  > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]

International Health Insurance, 2012. 3 Easy Steps to Health Insurance. [Online] Available at: <  http://www.international-health-insurance.com  / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]

Men's Health News, 2012. The Hardest Workout You're not Doing. [online] Available at: <  http://news.menshealth.com/the-hardest-workout-youre-not-doing/2012/02/10  / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]

Financial Resource Management Reaching a Financial Decision
Words: 2362 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99186204
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Financial esource Management

eaching a financial decision regarding heath care services

All forms of industries deemed financial management as expressive in origin till the 1960's. Its basic and sole role was to ensure financing for completing the business's operatives and functions. The department for business planning or marketing would project a net total for meeting the services and meeting daily demands; managers would calculate the assets required to complete a given project needed, equipment's, supplies and building. Financial management is a field which focuses on business securities as well as the markets in which they are in key demand. Also, more emphasis is made on how businesses can tap new markets and unlock their hidden potential. As a result, financial management books were pretty explanatory and predictable in origin during those times. (Sandrick, 2008).

These days, financial management plays a pivotal role in day-to-day operations of a business. The responsibility…

References

Allen, S., and M. Bombardieri. 2008. "A Healthcare System Badly Out of Balance." The Boston Globe, November 16.

Glaeser, E.L. 2004. "The Governance of Not-for-Profit Organizations." The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law 6 (3).

Halvorson, G.C. 2005. "Healthcare Tipping Points." Healthcare Financial Management (March): 74 -- 80.

Helvin, L.K. 2008. "Caring for the Uninsured: Are Not-for-Profit Hospitals Doing Their Share?" Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics (summer): 421 -- 70.

Financial Analysis There Is Little
Words: 1442 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 17196483
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Thus, the Board ultimately had little control over this particular cost, which is how it is found itself in a difficult financial position this year. The general lack of control over the budget is a definite weakness for the Bridgeport Board of Education.

In lieu of financial statements, there were two main resources available to help assess this organization's health. Its budget book was the primary source, as it detailed the Board's financial situation with respect to its inflows and outflows. News items are also helpful. Since the Board is not a public company, it is not required to disclose items of financial significance, but such items may come to light through the local news media.

The organization's approach to creating shareholder value is to spend its money on the programs that deliver on its strategic objectives. These include graduating students at a college-ready level, reducing the dropout rate to…

Works Cited:

Bridgeport Public Schools Budget Request 2009-2010.

Bridgeport Board of Education website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 12, 2009 from  http://www.bridgeportedu.net/ 

Lambeck, L. (2009). Bridgeport schools face health insurance funding gap. Connecticut Post. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from  http://www.allbusiness.com/education-training/education-administration-school-boards/13333032-1.html 

Brewer, R. (2008). Bridgeport school funding dilemma: No easy solutions. 06106. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://06106blog.org/2008/03/07/bridgeport-school-funding-dilemma-no-easy-solutions/

Financial Project FedEx NYSE FDX
Words: 2204 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 60966058
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The horizontal analysis showed that FedEx's profits in 2009 were just 5% of their profits in 2007. Given that EBIT contributes to the T3 component of the Z-score, which is the most significant component by weighting, this would explain why the Z-score dropped so much. The other major contributor to the Z-score is the drop in the company's market cap. The market cap is deemed important in part because the market's view of company reflects the most known information at the time. The market has a strong ability to predict financial distress. A depressed stock price indicates that investors need a greater percentage return on the expected future cash flows from the company in order to invest -- an indicator that the market believes the firm's risk level has increased. The market cap contributes to the T4 component, which is the smallest component of the Z-score. However, the decline in…

Works Cited:

2009 FedEx Annual Report. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/FDX/791567587x0x312397/557bd7f3-8372-4afe-a664-1fdb82a488b0/FedEx2009AnnualReportl.pdf

Loth, R. (2010). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from  http://www.investopedia.com /university/ratios/

Market cap and other financial information from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from  http://moneycentral.msn.com/companyreport?Symbol=U.S.%3aFDX 

Altman Z-Score calculator from CreditGuru.com. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://www.creditguru.com/cgi-bin/calculator/calcAltZ.pl

Financial Ratios Calculation & Interpretation
Words: 899 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 28373990
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This ratio eliminates the stock figure from that of current assets and like the current ratio; it is used to measure the liquidity of a firm. The quick ratio may in some instances be preferred over the current ratio as it is inherently difficult to turn some assets into cash. In regard to the two companies, the quick ratio brings out Plume Inc. As being more risky as it is more likely to default on its short-term obligations. According to Tracy (2009), the quick ratio of a firm should ideally be grater than 1.

Part B: Health and isk Analysis in Brief

Looking at the debt to asset ratio, Arrow Company comes across as being more risky than Plume Inc. This is basically because its higher debt to assets ratio exposes it to a larger amount of debt which both investors and creditors may be wary of. Further, the higher…

References

Gill, J.O. (1999). Understanding Financial Statements: A Primer of Useful Information.

Cengage Learning.

Tracy, J.A. (2008). How to Read a Financial Report: Wringing Vital Signs Out of the Number. John Wiley and Sons.

Financial Analysis Mcdonald's Like Many
Words: 2973 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87490352
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Conduct a benchmarking analysis

As explained by Prasnikar, Debeljak and Ahcan (2005) benchmarking depends on comparing between two activities of an organization and another. In our case, we shall compare McDonald's activities and those of its competitors, Burger King and Wendy's.

• Best practices

McDonald's as a main player in the fast food industry is concerned with best practices with the industry. To this end, the corporation has adopted some best practices that include sustainability, nutrition and well-being, employee experience ad environmental responsibility. Accordingly, McDonald's protects the environment by going green and using methods that protect and conserve the environment. McDonald's also encourages its suppliers to uphold effective environmental. The company treats it employees well and offers them good working conditions as a way retaining them. Employees are offered training and promoted accordingly. McDonald's also adheres to ethical conduct its operations and food items are produced ethical. Similarly, the company…

Financial Analysis Performance Task
Words: 1124 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55129214
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Financial Analysis

Reitmans

Alimentation Couche-Tard

Sales

COGS

Gross Profit

Depreciation + Exp

Operating Profit

Investment Income

Interest

EBIT

Tax Exp

Net Income

Cash

AR

Inventory

Prepaid Exp

Current Assets

Investments

Capital Assets

Goodwill

Future Income Tax

LTA

Total Assets

Taxes payable

Current LT Debt

Current Liabilities

LT Debt

Other LT Liabilities

Total Liabilities

Equity

L + E

Reitmans was able to improve its profitability in 2005, compared with 2004. The company's gross profit improved to 13.55% from 9.99%; its operating profit improved to 9.7% from 5.98%; and its net profit improved to 7.33% from 4.7%. This shows that the improvement in the company's profitability is largely attributable to the improvement in the top line, with the cost of goods sold being a lower percentage of revenues in 2005 than 2004. hether this is a function of driving down costs with suppliers or increasing prices to consumers cannot be ascertained from…

Works Cited:

Reitmans 2005 Annual Report. In possession of the author.

Financial Analysis This Report Will
Words: 2275 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93675121
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5 times the actual value of equity.

The return on investment is calculated by dividing the total net profits by the total assets value and shows the "overall effectiveness to generate profits from total investment in assets." At the Colorado Group, the return on investment amounted to 20.4% in 2006 and 21.5% in 2005. The small decrease from 2005 to 2006 can be explained by the fact that that the net profits decreased significantly during this period of time and that the decrease of the total assets value was by no means similar in value.

The gross profit margin is calculated by dividing the net sales minus the cost of goods sold by the net sales value and shows the "profitability of a company's sales after the cost of sales has been deducted." In this case, in 2006 this ratio was equal to 54.4%, as compared to 55.9% in 2005.…

Bibliography

1. Financial Ratios. Cardinal Stritch University Library. On the Internet at  http://library.stritch.edu/guides/financialratio.htm 

2. The company's 2006 Annual Report

Financial Ratios. Cardinal Stritch University Library. On the Internet at

Financial Counseling Profile Tackling Mid-Life
Words: 3022 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71855935
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She is well-connected within the community and is confident that her business would be profitable within a year or two. She has a strong, charismatic personality and is also connected to Milwaukee's artistic community through her husband's architectural work restoring some of the city's beautiful historic buildings. She has a considerable portfolio, and occasionally sold stock photos or worked as a wedding photographer when she was in law school.

Laura realizes that in the current market, individuals and companies may be cutting back on "luxuries" like professional family and staff pictures. However, she has a range of expertise in architectural and interior photography as well as portrait and event photography. She is willing to diversify her skill set and pursue further education if necessary, although in her field an additional artistic degree would only be desirable for teaching or competing for gallery showings at a national level.

According to her…

References

College Board. (2010). Trends in college pricing, 2010. Retrieved from  http://trends.collegeboard.org/ 

Hung, a., & Yoong, J. (2010). Asking for Help: Survey and experimental evidence on financial advice and behavior change. RAND Working Paper WR-714-1.

Morris, Kenneth M., Alan M. Siegel, and Virginia B. Morris. (1995). The Wall Street Journal Guide to Planning Your Financial Future. New York: Lightbulb Press.

Parisse, a., & Richman, D. (2006). Questions Great Financial Advisors Ask… and Investors Need to Know. Chicago: Kaplan.

Financial Appraisal of Ryanair Ryanair's Financial Appraisal
Words: 1943 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27338554
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Financial Appraisal of yanair

yanair's Financial Appraisal

In this report we provide an elaborate financial appraisal of yanair for a naive investor with no financial expertise.

The key conclusions of this report are:

- yanair has a very strong as well as continuously expanding market position which is enabled by its expansion of its fleet by 40 new aircrafts to a total of 272 as well as the opening of new routes (328) and bases.

-One reason as to why yanair has achieved as well as maintained its very strong position is its dedication to quality service care and service provision. These approaches have ensured that the company has an exceptional financial performance as well as improved efficiencies.

The Strategic Issues that are facing yanair

The current increase in fuel prices by about 37% which the company attempted to offset by the instituting a 12% increase in average fare. The…

References

Paladin (2011).Paladin Labs 2010 Annual report

Research and Markets (2011). Paladin Labs Inc. (PLB) - Financial and Strategic SWOT Analysis Review

 http://www.marketresearch.com/GlobalData-v3648/Paladin-Labs-PLB-Financial-Strategic-6262568/ 

Ryanair (2011).Ryanair 2011 Annual report  http://www.ryanair.com/doc/investor/2011/Annual_Report_2011_Final.pdf

Financial Data of Each Company
Words: 1902 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85797461
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By adding up the two figures one obtains the company's total net worth. The basic rule of a balance sheet is that the assets on one side have to add up to the same amount as the liabilities and the owners' equity combined, on the other side.

Investors need to know the contents of a balance sheet because important financial ratios may be calculated with the data therein. These ratios help at building a picture about the state of liquidity and growth potential of the company in question.

Another example of financial statement is the cash-flow statement, which reveals all sources and uses of a company's money during a specified period. The sources of cash include revenues, long-term financing, sales of non-current assets, increases in current liability accounts or decreases in current asset accounts. The uses included operating losses, debt repayment, equipment purchases and increases in current asset accounts.

The…

Reference:

1. Information on Financial Statements and Audit www.investopedia.com www.allbusiness.com/articles/content/17951.asp www.anderson.ucla.edu/course/2004-2005/fa12301/download/Intro_to_audit.pdf

2. Yahoo!'s financial statements www.morningstar.com

Financial Accounting the Reasons Companies Create and
Words: 1059 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7703224
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Financial Accounting

The reasons companies create and maintain accounting systems

Accounting is the language of business. The ability to record transactions is critical for companies in regards to keeping track of critical performance metrics. The subsequent management of revenues and expenses is critical for the sustainability of the business. Accounting systems, therefore, are needed for accurate assessment of business progress. Businesses create these systems to help facilitate their overall strategic objectives. For instances, if accounts receivables are high, management may be inclined to increase credit terms to discourage customers from borrowing. A natural reaction from this strategic move could possibly be an increase in customers paying in cash. Through tightening credit, management was able to avoid potential delinquencies while increase the cash on hand. These decisions can be made through accurate and timely accounting systems.

In addition, accounting systems can help businesses determine methods by which to improve operations. Aspects…

Financial Analysis the Current Ratios
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82913177
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In the case of Arctic, the company is relying, in terms of long-term financing, almost exclusively on retained earnings. Retained earnings can be defined as earnings that are "retained by the company to be reinvested in its core business or to pay debt," basically, a form of not paying out dividend to the shareholders and reinvesting profit. Retained earnings amount for 65.1% of total asset value, a similar proportion as the one in 2003.

Retained earnings play the same role at Polaris as well. In 2004, these amounted up to 46.2% of total asset value. On the Polaris 2004 balance sheet, on the other hand, the retained earnings are accounted for as shareholders' equity.

As a conclusion in terms of debt usage, both companies use no or almost no long-term bank debts to finance their activity and there is no financial leverage worth analyzing. In both cases, the shareholders' equity…

The return on assets is calculated by dividing net income by the total assets value. The return on assets was 13.1% in 2004 for Polaris, with 16.5% in 2003. We can observe a 3.4% difference in the return on assets here and this can be explained by noticing that the total assets value increased with over 18%, while the net income actually decreased in value. This means that the newly acquired assets have not yet begun to generate income from their activity.

At Arctic, the return on assets was 10.6% in 2004 and 11.8% in 2003. The slight decrease in Arctic's return on assets value can bear the same explanation as in Polaris's case: net income decreased, while the total assets value has actually increased over this period.

The return on equity value will actually measure the amount of profitability that the shareholder obtains from the company. It is calculated by dividing the net income

Financial Review Lowe's Home Improvement
Words: 1528 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22830459
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25 per share on the initial offering date in 1961 and held as a long-term investment. The original 100 shares has grown to 48,000 shares through stock splits and stock dividends. And this does not include the reinvestment of cash dividends.

Action

Shares

Shares After

Split

Closing Price

Before Split

Oct

1961

Bought 100 Shares

April

1966

100% stock dividend

2 for 1)

Nov

1969

Stock Split

2 for 1)

Nov

1971

50% Dividend

3 for 2)

July

1972

33 1/3% Dividend

4 for 3)

June

1976

50% Dividend

3 for 2)

Nov

1981

Stock Spilt

3 for 2)

April

1983

Stock Split

5 for 3)

June

1992

100% Dividend

2 for 1)

April

1994

Stock Split

2 for 1)

June

1998

Stock Split

2 for 1)

June

2001

Stock Split

2 for 1)

Lowe's has been a publicly owned company since October 10, 1961. Its stock has been listed…

(2 for 1)

Lowe's has been a publicly owned company since October 10, 1961. Its stock has been listed on the New York Stock Exchange since December 19, 1979. Shares are traded under the ticker symbol LOW.  http://www.lowes.com/lkn?action=frameSet&url=www.shareholder.com/lowes/index2.cfm 

Clearly Lowe's Home Improvement Warehouse is a strong investment yes, though care should be made, as with every market investment to demonstrate staying power in the progress of the stock and invest in the market as a long-term investor.

Financial Accounting a Ratio Analysis
Words: 1423 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72738509
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The industry average current ratio is 2.5 (MSN Moneycentral, 2009), so the Gap has less capacity to meet its current obligations than many of its peers. However, in the retail industry most firms have a large portion of their current assets tied up in inventory, which distorts the current ratio figures higher. The Gap's figure of 1.855 is strong and indicates that the company will have little difficulty in meeting its upcoming obligations.

Overall, the liquidity measures provide an indication of the company's short-term health. Low amounts of working capital or a poor current ratio can indicate that the firm is in short-term distress. The figures for the Gap in 2008 do not indicate a firm in financial distress. Rather, they indicate that the company will have little difficulty in meeting its upcoming financial obligations. The company has strong working capital figure and a high current ratio. The latter is…

Works Cited:

The Gap Inc., 2008 Form 10-K. Retrieved August 17, 2009 from  http://www.gapinc.com/public/Investors/inv_fin_sec_filings.htm 

MSN Moneycentral: The Gap Inc. (2009). Retrieved August 20, 2009 from  http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/compare.asp?Page=ProfitMargins&Symbol=GPS

Financial Analysis Rationale for Choosing the Company
Words: 1641 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59157551
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Financial Analysis

ationale for choosing the company for which to invest

The company selected for this financial research report is Intel Corporation. The rationale for selecting this company is because Intel is considered to be one of the major pioneers and forerunners in the field of technology. Intel Corporation dominates about 80% of the market share that is made up of microprocessors.

atio analysis

It is imperative to note that the financial statement of a company alone offers limited understanding and insight into the performance of the company itself. So as to attain a much profound and richer comprehension of what is going on within a company, there has to be a relevant basis of comparison. Comparison can include making an analysis of financial ratios of the company as well as the industry benchmarks it offers the stakeholders, with tools to detect any strength and weaknesses of the company. This…

References

Annual Report (2012) Intel 2012 Annual Report, Retrieved from the web at  http://www.intc.com/intelAR2012/business/competition/ 

Annual Report (2013) Intel 2013 Annual Report, Retrieved from the web at  http://www.intc.com/intelAR2013/business/competition/ 

Annual Report (2014) Intel 2014 Annual Report, Retrieved from the web at  http://www.intc.com/intelAR2014/business/competition/ 

Intel PR. (2015). Intel to Acquire Lantiq; Advancing the Connected Home. Intel Newsroom. Retrieved from:  http://newsroom.intel.com/community/intel_newsroom/blog/2015/02/02/intel-to-acquire-lantiq-advancing-the-connected-home

Financial Analysis of Georgia Power
Words: 1058 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77999350
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61). ("Quick Ratio,"2010) ("Georgia Power," 2010) the greater the number the better the short-term liquidity position the company is in. In this particular situation while Georgia Power is not facing a liquidity crisis, their level of short-term liquidity is lower than it should be.

Analysis

When you put all of the different pieces together, it is clear that there they are saying that Georgia Power is good long-term investment. This can be seen by the 4.7% return on equity that they are delivering to shareholders. The total amounts of debt are reasonable with the company having a total debt ratio of .654. This is below the number of 1.0, which indicates that the company has more than enough assets to cover any kind of liabilities. However, when you look a little further, the short-term indicators such as: the quick ratio; shows a different picture. In this particular aspect there was…

Bibliography

Debt Ratio. (2010). Retrieved February 25, 2010 from Investopedia website:

 http://www.investopedia.com /terms/d/debtratio.asp' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>

Financial Analysis and More Specifically Financial Ratios
Words: 862 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59341766
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financial analysis and more specifically financial ratios has been noted by Finkler, Marc and Baker (2007, p.253) to be important to managers since it can help them in making informed decisions. In this paper, we present the concept of ratio analysis as applied to healthcare facilities.

The concept and purpose of ratio analysis

Financial statement analysis is noted by Flex Monitoring Team (2005) to be very important to managers, boards, payers as well as lenders for them to effectively make the right judgments on the financial health of their organizations. atio analysis is one of the most accepted methods of assessing the financial health of an organization. The data that is used for ratio analysis is derived from income statements and balance sheets. It is a fact that most health care systems, hospitals as well as various other healthcare organizations routinely employ ratio analysis in evaluating their financial condition and…

References

Eichler HG, Kong SX, Gerth WC, Mavros P, Jonsson B. (2004)Use of cost-effectiveness analysis in health-care resource allocation decision-making: how are cost-effectiveness thresholds expected to emerge?. Value Health. 2004 Sep-Oct;7(5):518-28.

Finkler, SA.,Ward, DM ] and Baker, JJ (2007).Essentials of Cost Accounting for Health Care Organizations. Jones & Bartlett Learning,

Flex Monitoring Team (2005). Financial Indicators for Critical Access Hospitals. Available online at http://www.flexmonitoring.org/documents/BriefingPaper7_FinancialIndicators.pdf

Financial Comparison of Pepsi and Coke The
Words: 1873 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62388706
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financial comparison of Pepsi and Coke. The comparison of the two companies is facilitated by the use of GAAP, which means that the financial statements of the two companies are constructed, broadly, according to consistent methodologies and criteria. As a result, there should be direct comparability between the statements of these two companies.

Two main techniques will be used for this comparison. The first is horizontal analysis, where the results of the company are compared against past results from the same company. The second is vertical analysis, where the results of each company are compared on a year-over-year basis according to how the different line items are weighted. The two companies can also be compared on this basis. Horizontal analysis allows the two companies to be compared on the basis of which company is growing faster or controlling costs better. The vertical analysis allows the two companies to be compared…

Overall, it is reasonable to conclude that the trends in the financials of these two companies favor PepsiCo, simply because the company appears to have responded to its financial challenges more quickly. For example, Pepsi had a massive increased in selling, general and administrative expenses in FY2010, but recovered to contain those expenses in FY2011. Compare this with Coca-Cola, where the firm's selling, general and administrative expense increased significantly in FY2011. It is worth considering, however, that the trends we are seeing may be reversed in the coming 2012 fiscal year. Both companies have the opportunity, having identified negative trends, to reverse those trends with solid financial management. When sales increase at a relatively slow rate, the best response is to cut the costs more rapidly. Both of these firms appear to take the view that revenues are cyclical and therefore it is not important to worry about slowdowns, but that is not the case at all. Both firms need to be more aggressive, because the vertical analysis shows that expenses as a percentage of revenues are increasing. This means that both companies have seen their margins reduced over the past couple of years.

Conclusion

Both Pepsi and Coke have had trouble recently on account of costs that are increasing much faster than revenues. However, we can see from this analysis that the costs associated with PepsiCo have been contained better than the costs that Coca-Cola faces. This tells us that Pepsi may well be responding better to a negative environment than Coke is. The company has maintained its margins better and in general outperformed its rival, based on horizontal and vertical analysis, over the past couple of years.

Healthcare Case Study Having Grown
Words: 2957 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78799623
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Trust and transparency with the public. Given the leadership position that Methodist Healthcare has it is imperative that it cultivate trust as a core part of its branding strategy with the public segments and audiences it serves.

Financial management and cost controls in place and integrated new IT system and architecture. This is a major critical success factor for Methodist Healthcare to aggressively pursue as it moves to create a more unified approach to financial management across its many medical specialty areas.

Strategic Objectives of Methodist Healthcare

The following are the strategic objectives of Methodist Healthcare. For each of these objectives a strategy for each objective's accomplishment is provided below:

To clearly differentiate Methodist Healthcare in the market

Strategies for accomplishing this objective:

While this first objective is very broad, Methodist Healthcare needs to define who they are different for. Uncovering the unmet needs of physicians is a first step,…

Healthcare Financial Statements
Words: 1396 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86456802
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Healthcare Financial Statements emphasizes on how accountants belonging to a healthcare organization make use of the accounts rule to evaluate their organization's financial statements. This paper also outlines the troubles a company could be into if its manager has no knowledge of interpreting the financial statements. This paper also highlights the steps taken by managers who have no background of finance.

Healthcare Financial Statements

All organizations whether they are linked to business, education or healthcare make excessive use of Accounts and Financial Statements to keep a check on their finances. If financial statements are not maintained then a check on the company's profit or loss or simple money expenditure cannot be analyzed. Hence, it is extremely important for healthcare organizations to acquire professional accounting services. Personnel who are in charge of the accounting department need to establish what and how the procedures will be carried out. An organization that is…

References

Advanced Financial. Eclipsys Technologies Corporation. 2003. Available on the address http://www.eclipsys.com/solutions/Software/DATASHEET_SearchAmerica_med.pdf. Accessed on 20 Feb. 2004.

Alan R. And Robert D. Applying New AICPA Accounting Rules On Special Reports. Healthcare Financial Management. Apr. 1998.

Don't Sit Back When The Accountants Hold The Floor! Available on the address http://melbrooks.co.za/bus_broc.htm. Accessed on 20 Feb. 2004.

John B. The New Health Care Organizations Guide: Practical Implementation Issues. The CPA Journal. 1 Jul. 1997.

Financial Analysis of Mcdonald a Financial Analysis
Words: 2657 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25254279
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Financial Analysis of Mcdonald

A financial analysis McDonald's Cor

Company Overview

McDonald Corporation is a global company that conducts business in 117 countries. McDonald operates 32,737 restaurants and 26,338 franchises in the highly competitive fast food industry. Since 1940, McDonald has built a loyal customer base by continuing dedicating to customer service and providing high quality fast food for customers. Presently, McDonald could boast of over 60 millions customers and the company serves average of 64 millions customers daily. In the United States, and other countries where McDonald is operating, fast food business is very competitive. Despite the competition that McDonald is facing, the company has been able to record revenues of more than $16 billions in restaurants and revenues of more than $7 billions in franchise restaurants business. McDonald operates in six geographical locations. The company business operations are in the U.S., Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and…

References

Infinancials (2011). McDonald's Corp. Market valuation multiples. Infinancials.

Mizen, P. (2008). The Credit Crunch of 2007-2008: A Discussion of the Background, Market Reactions, and Policy Responses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review. 90(5):531-67.

Putilina, I. (2010). A Financial Analysis of McDonald's Corporation. Economic Research Center.

Stapleton, R.C & Subrahmanyam, M.G.(2009). Interest Rates and Foreign Exchange Risks: An Overview of Hedging Instruments and Strategies. University of Lancarster.UK.

Financial Analysis of Chevron From the Perspective
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financial analysis of Chevron from the perspective of a potential creditor. The issue surrounds primarily the creditworthiness of Chevron rather than the type of credit that would be issued. Specifically, the issue is whether "we" would lend Chevron 10% of its net assets. The net assets for Chevron are $209.474 billion, so the amount in question is $20.9 billion in new debt. The report will first analyze the financial statements of Chevron in general terms, focusing on trends and ratios, and drawing conclusions about the overall financial health of the company based on that analysis. The second part of the paper will outline some of the criteria that a lending institution would have for lending to a company, and then that criteria will be applied to Chevron specifically.

Chevron operates in the hydrocarbon industry, where it is one of the world's largest companies with sales of $241.9 billion and net…

Works Cited:

2011 Chevron Annual Report. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from  http://www.chevron.com/annualreport/2011/ 

Chevron. (2013). Corporate officers. Chevron.com. Retrieved April 20, 2013 from  http://www.chevron.com/about/leadership/corporateofficers/ 

MSN Moneycentral. (2013) Chevron. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from  http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=CVX&ocid=qbes 

Moffat, M. (2013). What is the price elasticity of demand for gasoline. About.com. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from  http://economics.about.com/od/priceelasticityofdemand/a/gasoline_elast.htm

Financial Strategies of Healthcare Organization
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Develop a financial strategy for using global nursing strategies to increase fiscal responsibility. Include the positive and negative financial impact of bringing foreign healthcare providers into a financial organization. Examples such as physicians, nurses, and therapist should be evaluated and assessed for financial viability.
Healthcare institutions may be faced with fiscal constraints at some point in their growth process therefore necessitating austerity measures and sound business practices that will help minimize costs and enhance operational and financial efficiency inside the hospitals (Dong, 2015). Many questions arise as to how the financial management culture in healthcare institutions can influence care quality. This research paper attempts to identify the global nursing strategies that would increase financial responsibility in healthcare institutions as well as the financial impact that hiring foreign healthcare providers into the financial organization has.
According to Dong (2015) there is a significant statistical relationship between the financial performance of a…

Financial Statements Hawaiian Airlines 3 Years Access
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financial statements Hawaiian Airlines 3 years. Access information contained Hawaiian Airlines balance sheet income statement calculate: • Liquidity ratios o Current ratio o Acid-test, quick, ratio o eceivables turnover o Inventory turnover • Profitability ratios o Asset turnover o Profit margin o eturn assets o eturn common stockholders' equity • Solvency ratios o Debt total assets o Times interest earned Show calculations ratio

Hawaiian Airlines Financial Analysis

Hawaiian Airlines is a relatively small airline operator at a global level, being the 11th by size in its own country. Still, the notable element about the company is that it is the flag carrier, which virtually means that the company receives governmental support in order to conduct its operations (Bennett, 2006). Hawaiian Airlines is an integrant party of the larger company Hawaiian Holdings, which has placed itself within the market as the company ensuring a quick access to a good time in…

References:

Bennett, S. (2006). A sociology of commercial flight crew. Ashgate Publishing

Cento, A. (2008). The airline industry: challenges in the 21st century. Springer (2012). Investopedia.  http://www.investopedia.com  accessed on October 4, 2012

Website of Hawaiian Airlines,  http://www.hawaiianairlines.com  / accessed on October 4, 2012

Financial Reports and Lending Decisions
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There are several things I would want to know before lending money to anybody. One of these is the audited financial statements for the past three years. The reason I want to see the audited financial statements is because the auditing process ensures the reliability and truthfulness of the statements. Statements that are unaudited are simply not worth the paper they are printed on – the auditing process will uncover irregularities, and I\'m going to need that in order to lend money. Furthermore, the auditor\'s report puts a stamp of approval – knowing that a professional auditor has signed off on the financial statements is an important part of the process of ensuring that I am making my decision to lend or not lend based on sound information about the financial condition of the company (Crawford, 2018).

On the surface, the information that Jason provided seems fine enough. I would…

Financial Statements by Business Entities The Purpose
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financial statements by business entities. The purpose of this is so that one can understand about the business cash, how the business acquired or generated it, how it was used and in what ways and tomorrow's business plans, financial position of a business, performances and its position. The paper will go ahead to analyze if there is any significance of cash for the survival of a business and the impacts of the various financial sets. The arguments that will prevail will be based on the importance of the different financial statements to a business survival.

Cash is a crucial constituent of a business and I do agree that a business cannot survive without it. 'As a matter of fact the main aim and goal of a business is to generate cash and profits not only in the short run but also in the long-term.' (Minnery, 2006) Every business has everyday…

Works Cited

Elliot.B, 2005, Financial Accounting and Reporting; Financial Times/Prentice Hall, United Kingdom

Graham B. 1998, The Interpretation of Financial Statements Harper Business, amazon

Minnery.B. 2006, 'Don't question the importance of cash flow' The independent, viewed date 28 May 2006, www.independent.co.uk

MoneyInstructor.com. 2009, The importance of cash flow statement; viewed; Aug 19, 2009 www.moneyinstructor.com/doc/importance....

Financial Statements in This Text
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Balance sheet items can also be used by investors to determine the financial health of a given company. This can be done through the analysis of the relevant financial ratios including but not limited to liquidity ratios.

4. The Cash Flow Statement

Of the financial statements discussed in this text, the cash flow statement is typically the last financial statement prepared. A cash flow statement in the opinion of Cunningham et al. (2011) "shows the changes in a business' cash during an accounting period by listing the cash inflows and outflows from its operating, investing and financing activities..."

easons for Preparing the Financial Statements in the Order Above

One of the main reasons why financial statements have to be prepared in a prescribed logical order has got to do with the need to transfer some pieces of information from one financial statement into the next. In this case, entries in…

References

Cunningham, B., Nikolai, L.A., Bazley, J., Kavanagh, M., Slaughter, G. & Simmons, S. (2011). Accounting: Information for Business Decisions. South Melbourne, Victoria Australia: Cengage Learning.

Porter, G.A. & Norton, C.L. (2010). Financial Accounting: The Impact on Decision Makers (7th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Financial Statements of Barnes and Noble and
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financial statements of Barnes and Noble and Borders Group for fiscal year 2009. The companies' statements provide information about their financial health, as well as discuss plans for the coming fiscal year.

The balance sheet reveals detailed information about each company's assets, liabilities and owners' equity (net worth). It is based on the accounting equation Assets = Liabilities + Stockholders' Equity; the two sections of the balance sheet must equal each other just as they do in the equation. This equation represents the basic accounting premise: assets, the means used to operate the company, are balanced by a company's financial obligations, along with the equity investment brought into the company along with its retained earnings (Investopedia, n.d.).

As both the Barnes and Noble and Borders Group statements show, there are four main financial statements:

The balance sheet, which shows what a company owns and what it owes at a fixed…

Works Cited

Investopedia Staff (n.d.). Reading the Balance Sheet. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from  http://www.investopedia.com /articles/04/031004.asp

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2007. Beginners' Guide to Financial Statements. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from  http://www.sec.gov/investor/pubs/begfinstmtguide.htm 

Investor Dictionary, (n.d.). Off-balance sheet activities. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from  http://www.investordictionary.com/definition/off-balance-sheet-activities 

Siegel, J.G., & Shim, J.K. (2006). Barron's Accounting Handbook. New York: Barron's Educational Series.

Financial'statements of XYZ Company
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Discuss at least 1-2 ratios that you believe are important to ascertain the financial position of the company. Do you believe this company has the means to pay its debt?

Financial ratio analysis makes it possible to examine the financial health of a company. The financial statements of a company provide limited understanding and knowledge into its performance. So as to attain a much stronger and richer insight of what takes place, there has to be a relevant basis of evaluation and appraisal. Various financial ratios are key to ascertaining the financial position of XYZ Company. One of these ratios are profitability ratios, which indicate the ability of a firm to convert its sales into profits. The return on assets of the company is 12.0%, return in equity 21.82% and gross margin 32.21%. This indicates that the company is profitable and therefore in a financially stable position. For instance, for…

Financial Accounting vs Managerial Accounting
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Financial Accounting

Financial accounting is mainly concerned with the financial statements that are given to the stockholders, lenders, financial analysts as well as other important factions outside the company. The accounting principles come hand in hand with financial accounting since they are used in reporting the results of the corporation's past transactions. These transactions are reported on balance sheets, the statement of changes, the statement of cash flow, and the income statement. Financial accounting is mainly used as a representation of the financial health of an organization to the stakeholders. The audience of financial accounting includes board of directors, financial institutions, and the stakeholders. The financial accounting presents a specific period in the history of the organization. The information helps the audience to review the performance of the company (Needles, Powers, & Crosson, 2013).

Managerial Accounting

In contrast, managerial accounting focuses on the provision of information inside the company to…

Health Information Systems
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PDI's financial condition.

Review relevant financial information.

Like most companies providing solutions to the biopharma industry, PDI has felt some of the negative effects of what is happening throughout the industry.

[PDI's Finances]

PDI is a commercialization partner providing solutions to the biopharma and medical devices and diagnostics industries. The industry is very volatile right now and the need for contract sales has been diminished. This was a large portion of PDI's business. This coupled with the slow down of blockbuster drugs by the FDA dampened PDI's earnings potential. ome of the risk sharing deals that PDI implemented for Evista and Lotrel also did not produce the results they had hoped for.

When we examine the company's finances, we find that they are still a healthy organ1zation. Analysts are rating the company as a hold. During the 2nd Quarter, PDI's net revenue was $143.9 million, an increase of 89.9%. Their…

Sources

The following sources were used for financial information on PDI. http://www.pdi-inc.com.Investor Relations. http://www.hoovers.com

Annual Report

Financial'statement analysis of Verizon
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Organizational Context

Verizon is a national telecommunications company, headquartered in New York City. The company was formed from the breakup of Bell and subsequent mergers and acquisitions. The company has divisions for media, network and technology and customer/product operations. The latter is by far the largest component of the company, encompassing Verizon Wireless, and a number of companies aimed at the enterprise market. Verizon competes against AT&T and Sprint, both of which are large companies in their own right, with similar businesses, in particular in wireless and telecommunications. These divisions reflect an organizational structure that is focused on product. The wireless business is nationwide, but the landline-oriented businesses are focused mainly in the northeast, which is the traditional geography for Verizon's predecessor business Bell Atlantic.

Recent Financial Performance

Verizon's business has fluctuated over the past three years. In FY 2016, it recorded $125 billion in revenue, down from $131 billion…

Financial Statement and Ratio Analysis
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Borers Group

Day's Sales in Inventory

Inventory Turnover

Working Capital

Current Ratio

Cash Ratio

Sales/WC

OCF/current maturities

Borers Group

Debt Ratio

OCF/Total Debt

Borers Group

Net Margin

ROA

ROE

Gross Margin

ROA an ROE are n/a because there were no returns, as the company recore a net loss for the year.

Borers Group

EPS

OCF/Cash Diviens

The results above illustrate that Borers has not ha a goo couple of years. The company is losing money, an this is reflecte in the loss per share, an the lack of returns on assets an equity. The gross margin seems aequate to eliver profit, but it has ecrease in the past year. The net margin, however, has been negative in both years, because the company has poste losses Borers has a lot of ebt, with a high ebt ratio, an low operating cash flow to ebt ratio. While its immeiately liquiity is not…

d. The decrease in inventories has been one of the means by which management has adapted to the declining revenue. It was significant in ensuring that the company had positive cash flow from operations in 2010, but its influence was arguably less than in 2009, when it was the most critical factor. Borders might be at the point of diminishing returns when it comes to using inventory liquidation as a means of delivering positive operating cash flow.

e. There is no question here. Rock on.

f. It's an audit report. They have a standardized format, and this report fits that format. Despite the date, the report can be taken entirely seriously -- E&Y really did audit this company's statements and they actually mean it when they say that they found the statements to accurately reflect the company's financial condition.

Financial and Strategic Analysis A Case of Apple
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Strategic and Financial Analysis: Case of Apple

Apple Inc. is a U.S. multinational company specializing in designing and selling different types of electronic products that include computer software, personal computers, and range of hand-held electronic gadgets. Over the years, Apple has grown to be an iconic designer of consumer electronic products. Established by Steve Jobs in 1976, however, Apple's business nearly collapsed in1980s because of the stiff competitions from other companies. In 1990s, Apple was forced to design an innovative personal computer and entered the fragmented DM (digital music) industry using a diverse set of a distribution channel. (Apple, 2014).

In the last decades, Apple has recorded an unparallel success in digital music players, and iTunes software. Apple uses a sophisticated distribution strategy to achieve competitive market advantages in the electronic industry. resently, Apple sells its products globally through the retail stores, and online stores, which assist the company to…

Porter, M. (2006) The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy, Harvard Business Review. January pp 23-41.

Thornton, P.H, Domingo, R.S, and Urbano, D. (2011) Socio-Cultural factors and entrepreneurial activity: An Overview. International Small Businesses Journal, 29(2): 105-118.

Thomson, N, & Baden-Fuller, C. (2010) Basic strategy in context European text and cases. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.

Financial Statement Analysis
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Marginal Analysis

CEO

Re: Financial Analysis

I have completed my financial analysis of Company G. It is my general impression than Company G. is in good financial health. Thirteen financial ratios were calculated and this analysis shows that the company is generally a mid-range performer. With respect to the liquidity of Company G, that is questionable. The current ratio is within industry norms, but declined in the past year. The acid-test ratio is a weakness, and it has declined in the past year significantly. In the long run, we enjoy a favorable debt ratio. It has increased slightly but still outperforms industry norms. As we have a relatively low level of debt, our interest coverage remains very healthy, and has increased in the past year.

Inventory turnover remains a concern. It was below industry norms last year, and this year has declined further. Sitting on this much old inventory invites…

Financial Statement Analysis
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liquidity, the key ratios are the current ratio and the acid-test ratio. These are measures of the firm's ability to meet its coming obligations, based on current asset (current ratio) and current assets less inventories. The current ratio stands at 1.79, down from 1.86 last year. These figures are both below the industry average, and are trending downwards, indicating that performance is sub-optimal. The acid-test ratio is 0.43, compared with 0.64 last year, again a downward trend. The 0.43 figure puts the company in the lowest quartile of the industry, so the acid-test ratio is a weakness and a point of significant concern. While it is a big hyperbolic to consider a current ratio of 1.79 as a weakness, we should be concerned about the downward trend, especially when couple with such a sharp dropoff in the acid-test ratio. Overall, there is reason to be concerned about the liquidity of…

Nursing Healthcare Business
Words: 5470 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 30995758
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Healthcare

We can compare the healthcare workplace to what is seen by a person when he/she looks through a kaleidoscope: since there are numerous different patterns that appear as the moments pass by. The shortage of nurses which has been publicized widely and the high turnover rates amongst the nurses are some of the unwanted patterns which have occurred. The dependence of healthcare institutions on the nurse-managers for the retention and recruitment of nurses is steadily increasing (Contino, 2004).

There are a number of routes through which the critical care nurses have become the leaders. Most of these routes don't have any educational or managerial training as a part of the process. There is a need for effective strategies for the care leaders who provide critical care in order to inspire the staff and manage the departmental operations in an effective manner to get positive results. One of the strategies…

References

Adams, J., Erickson, J., Jones, D., & Paulo, L. (2009). An evidence-based structure for transformative nurse executive practice, Nursing Administration Quarterly, 33(4), 280-87

Advisory Board Web site. (2004). Available at:  http://www.advisory.com .

Ales, B.J. (1995). Mastering the art of delegation. Nurs Manage. August; 26: 32A, 32E.

American Organization of Nurse Executives (2005). AONE Nurse Executive Competencies. Nurse Leader, 3(1), 15-22.

Analyzing Financial Statement Analysis
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Financial statements are essential in measuring and assessing the real financial strength and position of a company. These financial statements provide quantifiable data for reports and help an individual to obtain an understanding of a company's forthcoming forecasts and risks (Weygandt et al., 2008). The purpose of this paper is to review the financial statement of Doctors Hospital in the two years 2013 and 2014 and analyze these financial statements and its financial well-being. In addition, the paper will outline the role played by advanced practice nurses in the financial welfare of the organization.

Implications of Economics for Advance Practice Nurses. The ole of the Advance Practice Nurses in the Financial Wellbeing of Healthcare Organizations

In general, very minimal studies have been undertaken in the United States regarding cost effectiveness and economic impact of primary care delivered by advanced practice nurses. esults from different research studies indicate that, on the…

References

Baker, H. K., Powell, G. E. (2005). Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing.

Hughes, R. G., & O'Grady, E. T. (2008). Advanced practice registered nurses: The impact on patient safety and quality. In Naylor, M. D., & Kurtzman, E. T. (2010). The role of nurse practitioners in reinventing primary care. Health Affairs, 29(5), 893-899.

Naylor, M. D., & Kurtzman, E. T. (2010). The role of nurse practitioners in reinventing primary care. Health Affairs, 29(5), 893-899.

Nursing World. (2012). ADVANCED PRACTICE NURSING: A NEW AGE IN HEALTH CARE. American Nurses Association. Retrieved 14 January, 2016 from:  http://www.nursingworld.org/FunctionalMenuCategories/MediaResources/MediaBackgrounders/APRN-A-New-Age-in-Health-Care.pdf

Analyzing the Healthcare Finance Issue
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Healthcare Finance

What are the four sources of long-term debt financing? What are the five characteristics of long-term debt financing?

Long-term debt is employed to finance business investments that have lengthier payback periods. There are four sources of long-term debt financing, which include: term loans, bonds, hire purchase and debentures. There are different features of long-term debt financing. One of the characteristics is that long-term debt typically has a greater principal balance than other debt obligation. This is for the reason that individuals do not normally get long-term loans for smaller buys. The second feature is that long-term debt more often than not comes with lower rates of interest compared to short-term financing. This is for the reason that debt such as mortgages and loans for cars are in general indemnified with the property as security to decrease the risk of the lender. Collateral is another characteristic of long-term debt.…

References

Horngren, C.T., Datar, S.M., and Rajan, M. (2012). Cost Accounting: A Managerial Emphasis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Fourteenth Edition.

Houston, G. (2014). The Similarities Between a Cash Budget and Long-Term Financial Planning. Chron. Retrieved 26 May 2016 from:  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/similarities-between-cash-budget-longterm-financial-planning-25110.html 

Kokemuller, N. (2016). Characteristics of Long-Term Debt. The Nest. Retrieved 26 May 2016 from:  http://budgeting.thenest.com/characteristics-long-term-debt-24810.html 

Xi, T. (2016). Differences & Similarities of Aggressive & Conservative Asset Mix Strategies. Zacks. Retrieved 27 May 2016 from:  http://finance.zacks.com/differences-similarities-aggressive-conservative-asset-mix-strategies-8693.html

Analyzing the Healthcare Finance Issue
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Healthcare Finance

What are the four sources of long-term debt financing? What are the five characteristics of long-term debt financing?

Long-term debt is employed to finance business investments that have lengthier payback periods. There are four sources of long-term debt financing, which include: term loans, bonds, hire purchase and debentures. There are different features of long-term debt financing. One of the characteristics is that long-term debt typically has a greater principal balance than other debt obligation. This is for the reason that individuals do not normally get long-term loans for smaller buys. The second feature is that long-term debt more often than not comes with lower rates of interest compared to short-term financing. This is for the reason that debt such as mortgages and loans for cars are in general indemnified with the property as security to decrease the risk of the lender. Collateral is another characteristic of long-term debt.…

References

Horngren, C.T., Datar, S.M., and Rajan, M. (2012). Cost Accounting: A Managerial Emphasis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Fourteenth Edition.

Houston, G. (2014). The Similarities Between a Cash Budget and Long-Term Financial Planning. Chron. Retrieved 26 May 2016 from:  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/similarities-between-cash-budget-longterm-financial-planning-25110.html 

Kokemuller, N. (2016). Characteristics of Long-Term Debt. The Nest. Retrieved 26 May 2016 from:  http://budgeting.thenest.com/characteristics-long-term-debt-24810.html 

Xi, T. (2016). Differences & Similarities of Aggressive & Conservative Asset Mix Strategies. Zacks. Retrieved 27 May 2016 from:  http://finance.zacks.com/differences-similarities-aggressive-conservative-asset-mix-strategies-8693.html

Company's Financial Statement
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Financial Statement Analysis

In this particular essay, I undertake the financial analysis of five companies, all of which are set in the retail industry. Three of the companies, Tesco Plc, Sainsbury's and Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc are some of the largest food retailers in the United Kingdom. Ocado which is the fourth company is the largest online food retailer in the whole world and lastly Crawshaw Group PLC is also in the business of operating a chain of retail food stores. Every company will be discussed individually and it will encompass information regarding the history of the company, the products and the services, the consumers and also other information.

Tesco Plc is a company that is based in Britain and is the largest food retailer in the United Kingdom. It is one of the biggest retailers in the globe as it is the third in position in the retail industry…

References

Accounting for Management. (2014). Return on common stockholders' equity ratio. Available:  http://www.accountingformanagement.org/return-on-common-stockholders-equity-ratio/ 

Bloomberg. (2015). Crawshaw Group Plc company information. Retrieved from:  http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/snapshot/snapshot.asp?ticker=CRAW:LN 

Bloomberg. (2015). Wm Morrisons Supermarket plc. Retrieved from:  http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/snapshot/snapshot.asp?ticker=MRW:LN 

Investigating Answers. (2014). Operating Leverage. Available:  http://www.investinganswers.com/financial-dictionary/ratio-analysis/operating-leverage-2795

Health of Indigenous Australian Using Ecological and
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Health of Indigenous Australian Using Ecological and Holistic Health Paradigm

Patterns of health and illness

Physical Health

Mental Health

Spiritual Health

Social Health

Impact of Broader Environments

Natural

Built

Social

Economic

Political

Critical eflection

Health is a basic component of human life that comprises of multiple facets. The description of health has witnessed dramatic change during past few years, as it has become a holistic phenomenon. Previously, it was considered that a healthy person is the one who does not suffer from any ailment or illness. However in recent times, the physical, psychological and communal aspects of human life have been amalgamated to give a broader perspective to human health which is identical to the concept of indigenous communities (Hjelm, 2010).

Numerous organizations are working extensively for providing adequate health care to the world population since many decades. However, it is appalling to notice that discrimination on social, economic and…

References

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012, Australia's health 2012, AIHW, Australia.

Biddle, N & Yap, M 2010, Demographic and Socioeconomic Outcomes Across the Indigenous Australian Lifecourse: Evidence from the 2006 Census, ANU E. Press, Australia.

Caltabiano, ML & Ricciardelli, L 2012, Applied Topics in Health Psychology, John Wiley & Sons, Great Britain.

Carson, B, Dunbar, T & Chenhall, RD 2007, Social Determinants of Indigenous Health, Allen & Unwin, Singapore.

Healthcare Financial Management to Quote Jonathan Clark
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Healthcare Financial Management

To quote Jonathan Clark at the beginning of his article, "Improving the revenue cycle can be a daunting task due to the scope and complexity of the interdepartmental process." Of the suggestions offered by the authors, which concept(s) give you the greatest insight into creating an improved evenue Cycle process in the organization where you work (or one in which you are familiar)? Be sure to identify which article or author you are referencing.

In his comprehensive advisory article to improve the medical industry's revenue capturing capabilities, entitled Strengthening the evenue Cycle: A 4-Step Method for Optimizing Payment, Jonathan Clark provides a series of sensible solutions to the ongoing dilemma of payment optimization. David Hammer also provides guidance to healthcare finance professional in his article The Next Generation of evenue Cycle Management, by reminding them that the key performance indicators (KPIs) which dictated policy in previous years…

References

Clark, J. (2008). Strengthening the revenue cycle: a 4-step method for optimizing payment. Healthcare Financial Management, 62(10), 44.

Hammer, D.C. (2007). The next generation of revenue cycle management. Healthcare Financial Management, 61(7), 49.

Seddon, J. (2008). Think system. Management Services, 52(2), 10.

Wilson, D.B. et al. (2004). 3 steps to profitable managed care contracts. Healthcare Financial Management, 58(5), 34.

Health Reforms Health Rearms for a Long
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Health eforms

Health earms

For a long time, the Health Care concern has been a centre of discussion in the society as well as among the representatives in a bid to find out which would be the best way to cushion Americans from the ever increasing burden of having to take care of themselves medically. Efforts have been made but still there is no single solution to the issue hence a combined effort between the citizens and the government is very essential in ensuring that the ultimate goal is achieved and each American has adequate Health care assurance. This is the aim of the Health eforms that was passed into law at the behest of the current president, Obama.

Provisions of the Health eform

There are several benefits that the Health eforms are expected to bring to the American population in general. One of the central changes is the fact…

References

Ben LaBolt, (2010). Senator Obama Introduces Bill to Strengthen Emergency Medical Care

Systems. Retrieved November 13, 2011 from http://www.emsvillage.com/articles/article.cfm?id=2185

Bill Atkinson, (2010). What Obama's health care bill means for EMS. Retrieved November 13,

2011 from  http://www.ems1.com/ems-advocacy/articles/779154-What-Obamas-health-care-bill-means-for-EMS/

Health Structures in Government Levels Health at
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Health Structures in Government Levels

Health at different Government Levels

Health Structures at Government Levels

Health at Government Levels

A national government has a task in ensuring quality health assurance standards across its region are up-to-date. Similarly, increased rates of unexpected epidemics have put governments under the surge of dealing accordingly with factors that can affect the nation directly and indirectly. Different governmental levels of health are identified and objectified in various agency websites. In this context, I have identified with a state level website; Illinois Public Health Institute website. Information presented to the website articles prioritizes in reducing and preventive, curative diseases, complementing health policies and championing for environmental changes.

Website Article eview

The Illinois Public Health institute articulates its review and implication to health quality through partnership programs. The website has supported state-oriented health involvement in ameliorating health levels, in Illinois. The institution has show-cased partnering programs with…

References

Baum, F and Kahssay, H.M. Health development structures: an untapped resource. World Health Organization. Vol 1 Issue 1. Pg 96-114.

Ladeia, M.L., Jacob, P., Borges, M.C., Rogero, M. M and Ferreira, S.R.G. (2011). Studies of Gene variants related to Inflammation, Oxidative, Stress, Dyslipidemia and Obesity: Implications for a nutrigenetic approach. Journal of Obesity. Vol 1, Issue 1. Pg 1-31.

5th March 2012. Illinois Public Health Institute. Retrieved from URL http://www.iphionline.org / Accessed on 27th March, 2012.

Health Care in the Wake on New
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Health Care

In the wake on new and very contentious health care reform, many firms have undergone extensive transformations. These transformations have been predicated on both cost control and quality management. In particular quality management has had a profound impact on the underlying business operations of many health care firms. For one, firms are now finding methods in which to enhance the overall patient experience while also mitigating potential loses due to negligent means. The focus on quality management has also made firms more efficient in regards to the overall delivery of service. In particular, my firm has done extensive work with reducing elderly accidents within the facility. This quality management initiative has not only reduced costs associated with accidents, but it also has enhanced the trust and patient experience of all stakeholders within the firm (Kelly, 2011).

Identify the milestone you chose in the history of quality improvement in…

References:

1) Draper, Elaine, Joseph LaDou, and Dan J. Tennenhouse. 2011. "Occupational Health Nursing and the Quest for Professional Authority," New Solutions 21, 47 -- 81

2) Kohn, L.T., Corrigan, J.M., & Donaldson, M.S. (Eds). (2000). To err is human: Building a safer health system. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

3) Kelly, D.L. (2011). Applying quality management in healthcare: A systems approach (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press

4) Lucia, Patricia R.; Otto, Tammy E.; Palmier, Patrick A. (2009). "Chapter 1

Health Care Drivers for Increased
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097

United States

0.109

0.093808

0.036112

0.068

Utah

0.1071

0.1401

0.035696

0.073

Vermont

0.1326

0.0988

0.040851

0.114

Virgin Islands

NA

NA

NA

Virginia

0.1048

0.0829

0.080009

0.092

Washington

0.1229

0.0669

0.027831

0.068

West Virginia

0.1293

0.0774

0.036499

0.055

Wisconsin

0.0954

0.0357

0.032367

0.097

Wyoming

0.1251

0.1453

0.053867

0.075

Notes

All spending includes state and federal expenditures. Growth figures reflect increases in benefit payments and disproportionate share hospital payments; growth figures do not include administrative costs, accounting adjustments, or costs for the U.S. Territories.

Definitions

Federal Fiscal Year: Unless otherwise noted, years preceded by "FY" on statehealthfacts.org refer to the Federal Fiscal Year, which runs from October 1 through September 30.&nbsp; for example, FY 2009 refers to the period from October 1, 2008 through September 30, 2009.

Sources

Urban Institute estimates based on data from CMS (Form 64) (as of 12/21/11).

From this entire chart, the entire increase in expenditure of…

References

Clark, Cheryl et al. "State Medicaid Eligibility and Care Delayed Because of Cost." New England Journal of Medicine, 368 (2013): 1263-1265. Print.

Ellwood, Marilyn Rymer et al. An Exploratory Analysis of the Medicaid Expenditures of Substance Exposed Children Under 2 Years of Age in California. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1993. Print.

Goodnough, Abby. "October 25th." The New York Times. 25th October. 2012. Web. 29th March 2013. [ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/26/us/spending-on-medicaid-has-slowed-survey-finds.html?_r=0 ].

Grannemann, Thomas W. And Mark V Pauly. Controlling Medicaid Costs: Federalism, Competition, and Choice. Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1983. Print.

Healthcare Leadership & Prejudices Healthcare
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Conclusion

Prejudice and ethical/leadership issues with healthcare are nothing new but the fight to keep those standards and ethics on an even keel and prevent racism, bigotry and predudice of any sort including based on class, money, political ideology, nationalism, and so forth should be stomped out and eviscerated whenever it can be. People are people and should treated with dignity and respect regardless of their race, gender, beliefs and so forth. Even convicted murderers and rapists should not be treated disdain due to their actions because doing otherwise lowers the ethics and standards of the healthcare community that can and should still apply at all times.

eferences

Callahan, M. (2008). Healthcare providers constricted by financial, legislative, and regulatory issues. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 24(3),

143-146.

Cobaugh, D., Angner, E., Kiefe, C., ay, M., Lacivita, C., Weissman, N., & ... Allison, J.

(2008). Effect of racial differences…

References

Callahan, M. (2008). Healthcare providers constricted by financial, legislative, and regulatory issues. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 24(3),

143-146.

Cobaugh, D., Angner, E., Kiefe, C., Ray, M., Lacivita, C., Weissman, N., & ... Allison, J.

(2008). Effect of racial differences on ability to afford prescription medications.

Health Care Finance Financial Analyst Eric Feigenbaum
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Health Care Finance

Financial analyst Eric Feigenbaum (2009) notes that while we like to think of hospitals in terms of compassion, patient care and dedication to altruistic aims, they are businesses concerned with revenues and expenses like any other business (Feigenbaum 2009, p.2). In today's hectic world of economic downturn and financial struggles felt from individuals of every demographic and social status, revenue and expense accounting are issues that must be addressed carefully by nearly every business in every market. The same holds true for the health care industry and health care providers. With financial uncertainty come threats for health care providers in managing revenue and expenses during the upcoming years. However, with these threats remain certain opportunities for health care providers to take on in order to combat the uncertainty that comes with managing revenue and expenses when the amount of each is not ideal.

With the appropriate management…

References

Bristow, W. (2009). How to thrive during a recession. Doctor's Digest. 81(1): p.16.

Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.

Feigenbaum, E. (2009). Categories of expenses and revenues in the hospital business setting. Demand Media, 2(1), pp. 2-5. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Johnson, N., McNichol, E. And Oliff, P. (2011). Feeling the recession's impact on health care. Handbook of Health Economics 3(2), pp. 54. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Health Management and Financial Statements Describe the
Words: 558 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23146347
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Health Management and Financial Statements

Describe the four basic financial statements. What are some ways in which accounting for health care organizations (HCOs), especially not-for-profit (NFP) ones, tends to differ from accounting in other industries?

According to the textbook Essentials of Health Care Finance, "the primary outputs of financial accounting are four financial statements that detail the organization's current financial position and how the organization reached that position over some period of time (usually 1 year)" (Cleverley, Song & Cleverley, 2012). These four financial statements are 1.) Balance Sheet, 2.) Statement of Operations (or income statement or statement of revenues and expenses), 3.) Statement of Cash Flows, and 4.) Statement of Changes in Net Assets (or statement of changes in net assets). Health care organizations (HCOs) utilize each of these four financial statements under guidelines known as the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to ensure an accurate financial accounting of…

References

Cleverley, W., Song, P., & Cleverley, J. (2012). Essentials of health care finance. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Friedman, M. (2013, September 16). Groups trying to make hospital prices clear. Arkansas Business. Retrieved from  http://www.arkansasbusiness.com/article/94632/groups-trying-to-make-hospital-prices-clear

Healthcare Spending by the New York State
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Healthcare spending by the New York State persistently surpasses its earnings. That difference continues to be expanding and is also anticipated to broaden unless of course there happen to be severe, continuous modifications in spending budget actions. Lieutenant Governor ichard avitch, in "A 5-Year Strategy to Deal with the State of New York's Spending budget Deficit" released during March 2010, approximated this structural disproportion within the state's spending budget to become no less than $13 billion. The structural inequality isn't simply the consequence of the economic downturn that started during 2007, and a commonly strengthening economic climate is not going to get rid of it.

To help the State of New York in providing the solutions and dedication to quality that its residents rely on, structural modifications are needed. The aim of this paper is actually to summarize one particular realignment - solving an outright inequity involving the state as…

References

California Public Employees' Retirement System, "Facts at a Glance: Health," September 2010,  http://www.calpers.ca.gov/eip-docs/about/facts/health.pdf .

Citizens Budget Commission, Out of Balance: A Comparison of Public and Private Employee Health Benefits in New York City, December 2009,  http://www.cbcny.org/sites/default/files/REPORT_Survey_12162009.pdf .

City of New York Office of Labor Relations, "New York City Summary Program Description, Health Benefit Program," 2010, http://www.nyc.gov/html/olr/downloads/pdf/healthb/full_spd.pdf.

Government Finance Officers Association, "Recommended Practices, Health Care Cost Containment 2004,"  http://www.gfoa.org/downloads/corbaHealthCareCostContainment.pdf  .

Healthcare and the Uninsured According
Words: 1691 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91952671
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Polls examining public support of the bill and specifically the public healthcare option vary significantly. ith regard to physicians, the New England Journal of Medicine surveyed over six thousand medical doctors and found there was a majority in favor of federally provided public healthcare insurance (Keyhani & Federman). Other polls have suggested an opposition to the public option (Marmor).

The public option would provide an affordable alternative to the current private health insurance options and would provide impetus for competition and positive change. hether "America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009" will be passed is currently uncertain. hat is certain is that the healthcare and health insurance system is currently not sufficient to provide healthcare support for nearly 48 million uninsured Americans. Alterations need to be made to increase access and affordability for those individuals who desire health insurance.

Conclusion

The healthcare and health insurance system in the United States…

Works Cited

Harrington, Charlene, Carroll L. Estes, and Cassandra Crawford. Health policy. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2004.

Keyhani, Salomeh, and Alex Federman. "Doctors on Coverage -- Physicians' Views on a New Public Insurance Option and Medicare Expansion." N. Engl J. Med 361.14 (2009): e24.

Kotlikoff, Laurence J. The healthcare fix. MIT Press, 2007.

Marmor, T. "The Obama Administration's Options for Health Care Cost Control: Hope vs. Reality." 7 Apr 2009. 1 Nov 2009 .

Financial Policy Medical Associates Financial
Words: 1409 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 38084258
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Once the written request is received, we will pay within 30 days (PCC.com, no date). If you paid by credit card, we will issue the refund to your card directly. If you paid cash, we will issue you a check.

Part B:

This policy is ideal for a small generalist office.

The policy should outline the Medical Associates position clearly, so that the patient has an understanding of how billing and collections work from our end. This is important because of medical offices are somewhat unique in this regard compared to other businesses. The multiple means of payment, often for a single bill, necessitate this written explanation for the patient.

The main objective of the financial policy is to effectively communicate the means and methods of payment to the patients. Not only should it clarify the role of the office, but it should also clarify for the patient their role…

Works Cited

Valerius, Bayes, Newby & Seggern. (2008) Medical Insurance: An Integrated Claims Process Approach. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008.

Website: MedicalCodingandBilling.com. Various pages. Retrieved February 20, 2009 at  http://www.medicalcodingandbilling.com/pract_management.htm 

No author. (no date). Writing a Financial Policy. Physician's Computer Company. Retrieved February 20, 2009 at http://www.pcc.com/practmgmt/business/finpol.php

No author. (no date). Financial Policy. Napa Valley Orthopaedic. Retrieved February 20, 2009 at  http://napavalleyortho.com/financial_policy.html