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7% in 2003 to 8.3% in 2004, and has climbed to the number of 9.2% in the latest fiscal year. Thus, the company has achieved better operating profit compared to Northrop Grumman company.
t is not possible to examine financial and operating position of the company by one or two ratios as the profitability and revenues are not always reflective of the true company ability to exploit and utilize assets available to the company. Asset utilization is the ratio reflecting the management skills of the company to generate revenues compared to the value of assets the company has, or the ratio of total sales to the value of total assets. Lockheed Martin company has achieved the following asset utilization ratios: 1.21 in 2003, 1.39 in 2004 and 1.34 in 2005. Thus, the company exploits assets efficiently, but the asset utilization coefficient has decreased slightly in the last years. Northrop Grumman…
It is not possible to examine financial and operating position of the company by one or two ratios as the profitability and revenues are not always reflective of the true company ability to exploit and utilize assets available to the company. Asset utilization is the ratio reflecting the management skills of the company to generate revenues compared to the value of assets the company has, or the ratio of total sales to the value of total assets. Lockheed Martin company has achieved the following asset utilization ratios: 1.21 in 2003, 1.39 in 2004 and 1.34 in 2005. Thus, the company exploits assets efficiently, but the asset utilization coefficient has decreased slightly in the last years. Northrop Grumman company has achieved 1.06 asset utilization ratio in the year of 2004 and 1.087 in the year of 2005. Thus, the Lockheed Martin company is more capable of generating more revenues for each dollar of assets the company possesses, though the total revenues of the companies are not significantly different. The company has also been decreasing in the recent past its' total debt to equity ratio and thus funded growth without extensive borrowing.
Based on the two ratios, operating profitability and asset utilization, Lockheed Martin company is more well managed, is better dealing with the total company costs and thus achieves better operating profitability, and at the same time is able to generate almost the same amount of revenues as Northrop Grumman but with higher asset utilization ratio.
Ratio Analysis and Statement of Cash Flows Paper
Investments in research and development or customer satisfaction programs may show promise but traditional accounting measures, partially because of legal restrictions, place an emphasis on quarterly or annual returns (Ittner & Larcker 2000). And "under U.S. accounting rules, research and development expenditures and marketing costs must be charged for in the period they are incurred, so reducing profits. But successful research improves future profits if it can be brought to market" (Ittner & Larcker 2000).
hile in the eyes some analysts non-financial measurements are frustrating because there is a lack of statistical reliability when selecting and measuring such subjective criteria, on the other hand, by knowing the value drivers to a specific industry, a more complete and complex picture can emerge. "The choice of measures must be linked to factors such as corporate strategy, value drivers, organizational objectives and the competitive environment. In addition, companies should remember that performance measurement…
Ittner, Christopher & David Larcker. (2000, October 16). Non-financial performance measures:
What works and what doesn't. Knowledge @ Wharton. Retrieved July 27, 2009 at http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=279
Management Consultation: Improving Financial Performance
The scenario presented by the prompt here concerns a company that we will refer to as a Silly Putty, Inc. Charged with the responsibility of producing industrial-sized barrels of Silly Putty for distribution to packaging plants on a multinational level, the company finds itself at a cross-roads. As a managing consultant, I have been brought on board to help the company navigate the most difficult point in its long and storied history. ith commodity costs rising and revenues suffering in the face of a global recession, Silly Putty, Inc. must make difficult decisions concerning its future.
As the discussion here considers whether survivability is a possibility -- and if so, under what conditions -- it is necessary conduct a concise environmental scan. For Silly Putty, Inc., the environment is defined by three overarching factors. The first of these is its basic set of cost inputs,…
Bass, B.M. & Avolio, B.J. (1994). Improving Organizational Effectiveness Through Transformational Leadership. SAGE.
Cameron, K.S. (2006). Strategies for Successful Organizational Downsizing. Human Resource Management, 33(2), 189-211.
Cascio, W.F. (1993). Downsizing: What do We Know? What Have We Learned? The Executive, 7(1), 95-104.
FedEx Express Financial Performance
The financial performance of any organization can be determined through the analysis of its financial statements. Comprehensive income statement, statement of financial position and cash flow statement are the main financial statements. Every end of fiscal year, a company is expected to report its business operations and financial performance throughout the year for the users of its financial statements. These financial statements are utilized to examine and evaluate not only the financial performance, but also the financial position of a company. Suitable and effective analysis of these financial statements makes it conceivable to accomplish valuable financial information, which can be efficiently made use of for decision making. The purpose of this paper will be to analyze the financial performance of FedEx Express.
With respect to revenue generated, in the past three years, the company's revenue amount steadily and gradually increased from $44.3 billion in 2013 to…
FedEx. (2015). 2015 Annual Report.
FedEx. (2014). 2014 Annual Report.
Schmidt, A. (2015). What Are FedEx's Major Costs? Market Realist. Retrieved 2 April 2015 from: http://marketrealist.com/2015/06/FedExs-major-costs/
orporate Social Responsibility Practices in Beijing of hina
Theoretical perspectives of corporate social responsibility
The basic idea of SR is that business and society are interwoven rather than separate entities (Wood 1991). As discussed, a number of theories have been identified in the literature to explain SR. For example, stakeholder theory explains how SR is important, and the social contract and legitimacy theories explain why SR is important (Moir 2001). SR includes a number of theories and many studies have discussed agency, stakeholder and social contract that are behind the concept of SR; these theories and SR approaches under the themes of economics, politics, social integration and ethics (Parsons and Sociales 1961). Garriga and Mele (2004) described four groups of theories consistent with Parson in 1961: instrumental, political, integrative and ethical theories. According to these scholars, instrumental theory relates to the economic features of the interactions between businesses and society.…
CSR and Customers
It is easy to access researches that claim that opportunities to recognize and comprehend political and consumer patterns in the peripheral settings assist in developing the company strategies of a business. Likewise, the SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis assist in building an effective corporate strategy, the business strategists ought to strike a stability/harmony and acquire an ideal strategy that considers the assets of the organization and the opportunities they create or are allowed to create by the external environment (Khijli and Wang, 2006).
With regards to the idea of combined embeddedness, the phenomenon of the current family-based businesses and the success they experience emerges where, in fact, the alterations in the socio-cultural arrangement correspond with the modification procedures in the economical structures and organizational compositions. Assessing this particular phenomenon from the viewpoint of modern utilization of CSR in family businesses and companies, the composition, limits, tasks, responsibilities and development of an organization is significant regarding not only organizational efficiency but also with regards to it managerial strategies. The tactical procedures of a company are highly affected by the business of
In our case, the increase in value could mean that efficiency of sales, in relation with the inventory, has increased (company's inventories are maintained at a lower level than in 2005).
D2. The Assets to sales ratio stands for the total investment used to generate a certain level of sales. Extreme values can be explained in different methods: an abnormally high percentage may indicate that a company is not being aggressive enough in its sales efforts, or that its assets are not being used at the maximum level of efficiency. A low ratio may indicate that an enterprise is selling more than can be safely covered by its assets, risking to maintain an inferior level of inventory, which may also negatively affect the company's activity. The Assets to Sales ratio is computed by dividing the total assets to the total sales. In 2006 the value of the assets represented 90%…
1)Company's official web site - official financial statements, http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=104016&p=irol-corphome
2) Joanne Oatts, Media Correspondent, 8th of February 2007, http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/digitaltv/a42523/sky-to-launch-new-dtt-service.html
3) Reuters news agency http://www.investor.reuters.com/business/BusCompanyFullDesc.aspx?ticker=BSY&symbol=BSY&target=%2fbusiness%2fbuscompany%2fbuscompfake%2fbuscompdescr
Volkswagen's Performance And Organizational Structure
Volkswagen's growth over the past three decades has been a roller coaster characterized by numerous ups and downs. In 2002, the company hired Bernd Pischetsrieder, the former BMW boss to help fix its problems. While the new boss developed strategies towards promoting Volkswagen's growth, the well established plans usually go astray. The company's poor performance is evident in the fact that is share price has decline with approximately 50% whereas its profits decreased by 36%. In addition, more than 50% of Volkswagen's 100 managers are not used to making decisions on their own. This is an indication of the huge problems at Volkswagen, which also requires changes in its organizational structure.
Volkswagen's ecent Performance
The decline in the company's share price and profits as well as a seemingly ineffective organizational structure at Volkswagen is an indication of the numerous problems it currently faces across all…
La Monica, P.R. (2015, September 25). Volkswagen Has Plunged 50%. Will It Ever Recover? CNN. Retrieved January 19, 2016, from http://money.cnn.com/2015/09/24/investing/volkswagen-vw-emissions-scandal-stock/
Reuters. (2015, October 10). Volkswagen Executives Describe Authoritarian Culture Under Former CEO. The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2015, from http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/oct/10/volkswagen-executives-martin-winterkorn-company-culture
Robbins, S.P. & Judge, T.A. (2013). Organizational behavior (15th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Team, T. (2015, March 11). Volkswagen Pre-Earnings: Operating Performance in Focus. Forbes. Retrieved January 19, 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2015/03/11/volkswagen-pre-earnings-operating-performance-in-focus/#469afb6f321f46fb9137321f
environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance and financial performance of companies
Investors are increasingly recognizing the fact that ESG (environmental, social, corporate governance) elements can substantially affect companies' security rates and financial performance. The aforementioned components' contribution to financial markets has been growing with the rise in number of ESG opportunities and risks within the contemporary international economy. Timely and improved organizational policy-related data access and the effect of organizational policy on communities have made it considerably convenient for customers to express their dissatisfaction by simply quitting a brand. When international brands' images are sullied by ESG-related problems, the resultant instantaneous backlash has the capacity of abruptly and negatively impacting income and demand (Eccles, Ioannou & Serafeim, 2014).
Organizations having a poor reputation when it comes to ESG related matters are vulnerable to monetary risks, including a very genuine threat of facing lawsuits in the future, greater remediation and regulatory…
Financial esource Management
eaching a financial decision regarding heath care services
All forms of industries deemed financial management as expressive in origin till the 1960's. Its basic and sole role was to ensure financing for completing the business's operatives and functions. The department for business planning or marketing would project a net total for meeting the services and meeting daily demands; managers would calculate the assets required to complete a given project needed, equipment's, supplies and building. Financial management is a field which focuses on business securities as well as the markets in which they are in key demand. Also, more emphasis is made on how businesses can tap new markets and unlock their hidden potential. As a result, financial management books were pretty explanatory and predictable in origin during those times. (Sandrick, 2008).
These days, financial management plays a pivotal role in day-to-day operations of a business. The responsibility…
Allen, S., and M. Bombardieri. 2008. "A Healthcare System Badly Out of Balance." The Boston Globe, November 16.
Glaeser, E.L. 2004. "The Governance of Not-for-Profit Organizations." The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law 6 (3).
Halvorson, G.C. 2005. "Healthcare Tipping Points." Healthcare Financial Management (March): 74 -- 80.
Helvin, L.K. 2008. "Caring for the Uninsured: Are Not-for-Profit Hospitals Doing Their Share?" Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics (summer): 421 -- 70.
Financial Analysis of Bestwish Limited
Bestwish Limited produces extensive range of quality products such as gift dressing, greetings cards, and plush merchandise of more than 50,000 stocks. The production of different categories of products involve between 2 and 15 processes. The company produces standardized products and custom designed products ordered from customers on contract basis. However, Bestwish Limited is facing challenges to control the costs because of varying production process, reliance on indirect costs and large number of stock keeping units.
Bestwish Limited has just closed the 2010 fiscal year account and the company is finalizing the 2011 budget. Bestwish intends to analyze the 2010 financial statement to present the accurate picture of the company financial performances.
Objective of this report is to analyze 2010 financial statements to assess the viability of Bestwish Limited.
Audit Committee of the Board
Subject: Financial statement Analysis
Drury, C. (2009). Management Accounting for Business, 4th Edition (Cengage Learning EMEA, ) ISBN 1408017717.
Harris, R. And Sollis, R. (2003).Applied Time Series Modelling and Forecasting (John Wiley and Sons) ISBN 0470844434
Glynn, J. Perrin, J. Murphy, M. And Abraham, A. (2003).Accounting for Managers, 3rd Edition.(Thomson Learning) ISBN 186152904X
The Times 100, (2012). Financial statements and reporting A Cadbury Schweppes case study. The Times 100 Business Case Studies.
Therefore, I do believe that qualitative research is necessary. The financial statements can reveal much, but there are definitely instances in which the financial statements require contextual understanding for proper interpretation. Without this understanding, the firm's numbers may only reveal raw data. Raw data can be interpreted any number of different ways, so it is essential that qualitative analysis be conducted in order to place the numbers within a framework that will make understanding easier. or example, Landry's is taking on debt, but we know from the company's statements that this is to finance expansion and that hopefully when those properties are open, the returns will begin to improve.
How the firm makes money is an important consideration. This can help to not only place past performance into perspective but also to provide greater understanding of the firm's future prospects as well. Competitive advantages can be derived sometimes from the…
Free Cash Flow = Cash from Operating Activities -- Capital Expenditures (aka Cash from Investing Activities)
2003: $121,529 -- 189,930 = ($68,401)
2002: $111,637 -- 274,913 = ($163,276)
Overall, at&T is the more profitable of the two companies. That Verizon has the stronger gross margins and at&T the stronger net margins indicates that at&T does a better job of controlling its cost structure than does Verizon.
The telecommunications industry is highly competitive in both the landline and wireless segments. By 2006, wireless spending had match wireline spending. hile this presents significant opportunities for telecommunications, much of that spending comes in the form of cannibalizing, as wireline revenues have been decreasing steady over the past decade, matching the steady increases in wireless spending.
There are four major wireless operators in the U.S. And over 170 regional players (Megna, 2009). Competition is based on coverage area (capital investment), price and customer service. Both firms can be considered industry leaders. As of 2007, at&T had a subscriber base of 65.7 million and wireless revenues of $10.9 billion. Verizon had…
MSN Moneycentral Verizon. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=VZ&lstStatement=Balance&stmtView=Ann
MSN Moneycentral at&T. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=T&lstStatement=Balance&stmtView=Ann
Loth, R. (2009). Financial Ratios Tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/
Chen, B. (2009). Verizon iPhone? Don't hold your breath. Wired. Retrieved October 24, 2009 from http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2009/10/verizon-iPhone/
7. Overall Performance
Lufthansa is one of the strongest corporations of the globe and a major player on the European airline market. Its success is obvious in the satisfaction of their customers or the fact that their employees love working for the company, and it often materializes in opportunities for growth and development. Throughout the past recent years, the German airline organization has managed to increase its customer base, its fleet as well as its product offering. But these are not the sole indicators of prosperity. The financial analysis of Lufthansa revealed a strong economic agent. Despite the existence of some few issues which…
April 3, 2007, World Airlines, Flight International
2009, Investopedia, http://www.investopedia.comlast accessed on February 11, 2009
2009, Deutsche Lufthansa AG, Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/ratios?symbol=LHAG.DElast accessed on February 11, 2009
2009, Website of the Lufthansa Group, last accessed on February 11, 2009
Financial Appraisal of yanair
yanair's Financial Appraisal
In this report we provide an elaborate financial appraisal of yanair for a naive investor with no financial expertise.
The key conclusions of this report are:
- yanair has a very strong as well as continuously expanding market position which is enabled by its expansion of its fleet by 40 new aircrafts to a total of 272 as well as the opening of new routes (328) and bases.
-One reason as to why yanair has achieved as well as maintained its very strong position is its dedication to quality service care and service provision. These approaches have ensured that the company has an exceptional financial performance as well as improved efficiencies.
The Strategic Issues that are facing yanair
The current increase in fuel prices by about 37% which the company attempted to offset by the instituting a 12% increase in average fare. The…
Paladin (2011).Paladin Labs 2010 Annual report
Research and Markets (2011). Paladin Labs Inc. (PLB) - Financial and Strategic SWOT Analysis Review
Ryanair (2011).Ryanair 2011 Annual report http://www.ryanair.com/doc/investor/2011/Annual_Report_2011_Final.pdf
Financial analysis is a tool that allows third parties to analyze corporate financial statements. One of the main reasons that the Securities and Exchange Commission requires that statements are compiled and presented in a consistent manner is to ensure that third parties will be able to use the statements to compare different companies. These comparisons can, among other things, help with investment decisions. This paper will compare PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Company, the two leading soft drink marketers in the world. PepsiCo is actually the larger of the two companies, because it is more diversified, with its snack food properties. These properties also alter the company's finances, creating certain points of difference between the two companies. This report will cover a number of different forms of financial analysis, arriving at a conclusion about which company has the stronger financial position.
The first set of ratios to be studied…
FTC. (2010). FTC puts conditions on PepsiCo's $7.8 acquisition of two largest bottlers and distributors. Federal Trade Commission. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2010/02/pepsi.shtm
Leckey, A. (2010). Coca-Cola Co. outlook strong after big acquisition. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/31/business/la-fi-leckey-20101031
Loth, R. (2012). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from
Financial analysts play a number of roles within an organization. They made assessments of the value of investments the firm has or may have in the future. They can specialize in determining the value of projects. In addition, financial analysts are engaged in risk assessment, and take steps to determining the best ways for the firm to mitigate the risks that have been identified. Overall, financial analysts use a multitude of different knowledge sets including taxes, finance, economics and risk management to assist the company in making the best financial decisions for the firm (BLS, 2010).
a )The net profit would be the gross profit less operating expenses, interest expenses and tax expenses. Thus, the net profit is: $1,000,000 - $345,000 - $125,000 = $530,000. From this the taxes are removed: $530,000 * (1-.3) = $371,000. The preferred stock dividends of $57,000 must then be removed in order to determine…
BLS. (2010). Occupational Outlook Handbook 2010-11 Edition. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved May 21, 2011 from http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos301.htm
Loth, R. (2011). Financial ratios tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved May 21, 2011 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/
A survey will be developed as a part of implementation of the BSC system in this hospital to track customer satisfaction with the services that they receive here.
A positive image of the organization translates into repeat business and a more positive reputation in the neighborhood, Patient satisfaction translates into increased future revenues. It also has some positive impact on risk assessment as well. The more satisfied the customer is, the less likely they will file an adverse lawsuit against the hospital. Patient satisfaction has a direct impact on the profitability of the organization. The number of complains that the facility receives can also be an important measure of the overall customer satisfaction. However, this number alone may not tell the entire story. A customer survey is the best method for addressing overall satisfaction with the facility.
Patient involvement was another important indicator of BSC technologies. Patient involvement means providing…
National Health Foundation of California. 2004. Survey of Hospital Performance Measurement Activities in California. National Health Foundation of California. Available at http://www.nhfca.org/reports/PMSCAExecutiveSummary.pdf [Accessed 30 April 2008].
Walker, K. & Dunn, L. 2006. Improving hospital performance and productivity with the balanced scorecard. Academy of Health Care Management Journal. Annual. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1TOQ/is_2/ai_n25009491 [Accessed 30 April 2008].
92%. This compares to the 0.36% for its peers last year and 17.42% over five years for the sector. UHS has a net profit margin of 3.86% and a five-year average net profit margin of 4.49%. The sector averaged a net profit margin of -0.38% last year, but has a five-year average of 12.27%. hat this indicates is that historically UHS has lagged its peers in terms of bottom line margins. They have, however, been able to sustain those margins during a downturn in the business cycle whereas their competitors have struggled. This stability is a sign of financial strength. It may also contribute to their willingness to be more highly levered than most of their competitors in order to drive growth.
Revenue growth last year was 13.36%. This compares with 6.5% the previous year and 8.19% the previous year. The five-year average growth rate is 8.01%. Revenues grew faster…
Charts from Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=UHS#chart10:symbol=uhs;range=1y;compare= ^gspc;indicator=ke_sd+volume;charttype=line;crosshair=on;ohlcvalues=0;logscale=off;source=undefined
Financials, stock overview and competitor financials from Reuters. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=UHS.N
UHS 2007 Annual Report retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://www.uhsinc.com/temp/UHS%20Annual%20Report_web.pdf
UHS 2006 Annual Report retrieved November 8, 2008 at http://library.corporate-ir.net/library/10/105/105817/items/249016/58689%20UHS%20Fin.pdf
Despite having an exceptional pace of growth throughout the early years of their existence, Saatchi & Saatchi is facing client attrition and declining revenues. What had happened through their continual restructurings was the corporation lost track of their core vision, mission and values. The distance between these three core attributes of their business and financial performance had drifted apart so far that financial results were showing the increasingly disjointed nature of their corporate culture (Greenhalgh, 2004). The reliance on a balanced scorecard to unify their core vision, mission and values back to financial performance was needed (Niven).
As a result of the continued deterioration of financial and customer performance, management at Saatchi & Saatchi put into place financial and customer-driven goals for the company. The financial objectives included the foundation of their company's resurgence and comeback, including growing the revenue base faster than market rates, converting…
Greenhalgh, C. (2004) Building a Strategic Balanced Scorecard: Saatchi & Saatchi Complementary Case Study. Business Intelligence Company. Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http://www.business-intelligence.co.uk/PDFdownloads/strat_bsc/Saatchisr.pdf
MyStrategicPlan (N.D.) Balanced Scorecard: Performance Measurements for Success. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.mystrategicplan.com/strategic-planning-topics/balanced-scorecard.shtml
Niven, P. (N.D.) Financial perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.epmreview.com/Resources/Articles/Delivering-shareholder-value-growing-revenue-and-enhancing-productivity.html
Robin, D. (ND) Vision, Mission and Values: Management Tools for Building a Better Workplace. Daniel Robin & Associates. Retrieved July 20, 2010, from http://www.abetterworkplace.com/027.html
The horizontal analysis showed that FedEx's profits in 2009 were just 5% of their profits in 2007. Given that EBIT contributes to the T3 component of the Z-score, which is the most significant component by weighting, this would explain why the Z-score dropped so much. The other major contributor to the Z-score is the drop in the company's market cap. The market cap is deemed important in part because the market's view of company reflects the most known information at the time. The market has a strong ability to predict financial distress. A depressed stock price indicates that investors need a greater percentage return on the expected future cash flows from the company in order to invest -- an indicator that the market believes the firm's risk level has increased. The market cap contributes to the T4 component, which is the smallest component of the Z-score. However, the decline in…
2009 FedEx Annual Report. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/FDX/791567587x0x312397/557bd7f3-8372-4afe-a664-1fdb82a488b0/FedEx2009AnnualReportl.pdf
Loth, R. (2010). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/
Market cap and other financial information from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/companyreport?Symbol=U.S.%3aFDX
Altman Z-Score calculator from CreditGuru.com. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://www.creditguru.com/cgi-bin/calculator/calcAltZ.pl
Financial Resources Performance
The Managing Director,
King Edwards Electronics,
INTERNAL REPORT. FIXING RISK, UNCERTAINTY AND CASH FLOW DISCREPANCIES
In making investment decisions we are dealing with; and actually shaping; the firm's future, but the future is not certain and investment decisions, whether personal or corporate, are invariably undertaken with imperfect knowledge about the future. The future may turn out to be better or worse than expected. For the corporate firm, the objective of an investment decision is to allocate resources only to those projects which will preferably increase, or at least maintain, the firm's value and the wealth of its shareholders. Clearly it would not make good financial sense to invest in projects which would reduce corporate value (Ang, 2002).
The problem for managers is that at the outset it is often difficult to determine which of the firm's potential investment projects will enhance corporate value…
Ang, J.S. (1991). Small business uniqueness and the theory of financial management. The Journal of Small Business Finance, 1(1), 1-13.
Ang, J.S. (2002). On the theory of finance for privately held firms. The Journal of Small Business Finance, 1(3), 185-203.
Bolton, J.E. (2007). Report of the committee of inquiry on small firms. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Boyer, P., & Roth, H. (1978). The cost of equity capital for small business. American Journal of Small Business, 2(1), 1-11.
Electronic communication has increased the availability and speed at which financial information is made public. Announcements and stock prices are made available in real time. Aggregated and historical information is widely available on information aggregator sites like Yahoo Finance. Annual reports are publicly available, and securities regulators insist that they be made publicly available.
The increased availability of financial information about companies serves to improve both the transparency and liquidity of financial markets. Investors of all types and abilities now have access to the information that they need to make information decisions. That all companies must produce consistent financial statements according to GAAP also helps with the transparency of financial information. ith easy access to this information, investors can become more educated and more confident. Ultimately, this improves investor confidence in the system and liquidity in the market, improving the market's function.
Because publishing this material improves the…
Reitmans 2005 Annual Report, in possession of the author
Alimentation Couche-Tard Annual Report 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2011 from http://www.couche-tard.com/corporatif/modules/AxialRealisation/img_repository/files/documents/relation-investisseur/Rapport%20annuel/Annual%20report%202010.pdf
5 times the actual value of equity.
The return on investment is calculated by dividing the total net profits by the total assets value and shows the "overall effectiveness to generate profits from total investment in assets." At the Colorado Group, the return on investment amounted to 20.4% in 2006 and 21.5% in 2005. The small decrease from 2005 to 2006 can be explained by the fact that that the net profits decreased significantly during this period of time and that the decrease of the total assets value was by no means similar in value.
The gross profit margin is calculated by dividing the net sales minus the cost of goods sold by the net sales value and shows the "profitability of a company's sales after the cost of sales has been deducted." In this case, in 2006 this ratio was equal to 54.4%, as compared to 55.9% in 2005.…
1. Financial Ratios. Cardinal Stritch University Library. On the Internet at http://library.stritch.edu/guides/financialratio.htm
2. The company's 2006 Annual Report
Financial Ratios. Cardinal Stritch University Library. On the Internet at
Conduct a benchmarking analysis
As explained by Prasnikar, Debeljak and Ahcan (2005) benchmarking depends on comparing between two activities of an organization and another. In our case, we shall compare McDonald's activities and those of its competitors, Burger King and Wendy's.
• Best practices
McDonald's as a main player in the fast food industry is concerned with best practices with the industry. To this end, the corporation has adopted some best practices that include sustainability, nutrition and well-being, employee experience ad environmental responsibility. Accordingly, McDonald's protects the environment by going green and using methods that protect and conserve the environment. McDonald's also encourages its suppliers to uphold effective environmental. The company treats it employees well and offers them good working conditions as a way retaining them. Employees are offered training and promoted accordingly. McDonald's also adheres to ethical conduct its operations and food items are produced ethical. Similarly, the company…
For most parts of history, government financial executives have been taken as scorekeepers, and made responsible for collecting, processing and reporting the financial information that used by elected officials and senior managers who use them in making their decisions. The question is whether their role has now changed with the present importance of information technology. (From Scorekeeper to Business Partner: The Evolving ole of Government Financial Executives)
Now there is increasing evidence of the importance that information technology is getting in public administration and this is resulting in more and more insistence from the public that government financial executives have a greater say in all decision making activities of the government. The finance executives are now the individuals to lead the charge for getting an entrepreneurial type of government and have it judged based on its performance. For most of the finance executives now, the changes are leading…
Allison, Gregory. S. "Making the most of the New Blue Book" Retrieved from http://www.gfoa.org/services/gfr/archives/2005/04 / Accessed 26 August, 2005
Ehrenhalt, Alan. (January, 2002) "The Problem with promises" Governing Magazine.
Retrieved from http://www.governing.com/archive/2002/jan/assess.txt
Accessed 26 August, 2005
e. they ignore other key indicators and measures of financial performance. Other equally important measures and/or indicators of performance in this case include but they are not limited to employee morale, client service and satisfaction, quality of goods or products, etc.
Another key limitation of ratios is that they are only useful when it comes to the comparison of firms operating in the same industry. Utilizing ratios in the analysis of financial statements of companies in different industries could lead to a distortion of the information desired. This is more so the case given that entities in different industries are more often than not exposed to different regulations, market conditions, etc. In practice, finding two companies that are identical in every way is impossible.
atios could also be affected by changes in price levels. According to Lasher (2010), financial statements are often distorted by inflation. In the author's words, "during…
Lasher, W.R. (2010). Practical Financial Management (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Siegel, J.G. & Shim, J.K. (2006). Accounting Handbook (4th ed.). New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
The industry average current ratio is 2.5 (MSN Moneycentral, 2009), so the Gap has less capacity to meet its current obligations than many of its peers. However, in the retail industry most firms have a large portion of their current assets tied up in inventory, which distorts the current ratio figures higher. The Gap's figure of 1.855 is strong and indicates that the company will have little difficulty in meeting its upcoming obligations.
Overall, the liquidity measures provide an indication of the company's short-term health. Low amounts of working capital or a poor current ratio can indicate that the firm is in short-term distress. The figures for the Gap in 2008 do not indicate a firm in financial distress. Rather, they indicate that the company will have little difficulty in meeting its upcoming financial obligations. The company has strong working capital figure and a high current ratio. The latter is…
The Gap Inc., 2008 Form 10-K. Retrieved August 17, 2009 from http://www.gapinc.com/public/Investors/inv_fin_sec_filings.htm
MSN Moneycentral: The Gap Inc. (2009). Retrieved August 20, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/compare.asp?Page=ProfitMargins&Symbol=GPS
In the final calculation therefore, the hospital will suffer the most, the MO next, and PHOs the least. The entire triad -- hospitals, physicians, and insurers -- is usually comprised of a power struggle revolving around which one ends up dominating a local market. In the Marcus-Welby case, insurers seems to have been the first to 'get its act together', but if a critical band of physicians band together, they could dictate the terms under which they will join the network, and thus preempt or overturn the high level of prices raised by the insurers.
Requirements for success
Clinical care seems to be the most significant variable (Burns et al., 1994; Zuckerman & Kaluzny, 1991). To the extent the more value the service can offer the greater its amount of success. Findings also demonstrate that the greater the degree of perceived physician-system integration, the greater the system's inpatient…
Burns, L.R. (1995) Models of Physician-hospital organization: Possibilities and pitfalls Health Care Systems, 2, 1-4.
Burns, L.R., Chilingerain, J.A., & Wholey, D.A (1994) the effect of physician practice organization on efficient use of hospital resources, Health services research, 29, 583-603.
Burns, L.R., & Thorpe, D.P. (1993). Models in Physician-Hospital Organization, Health Care Management Review, 7-20.
Shortell, S.M., Gillies, R.R., & Anderson, D.A. (1994). The new world of managed care: creating organized delivery systems Health Affairs, Vol 13, Issue 5, 46-64
I (We) have compiled an accompanying Statement of Financial Performance and Statement of Financial Position as of (at) June 30, XXXX, in accordance with the Statements of Standards (Putra, 2012) and Review Services issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. A compilation is limited to presenting in the form of financial statement information that is the representation of management (owners). I (We) have not audited or reviewed the accompanying financial statements and, accordingly, do not express an opinion or other form of assurance on them (Putra, 2009).
The sale of the appliance is recorded by transaction date in the general ledger, cash receipts journal, sales journal, and have a dated cash register receipt and sales receipt. The general ledger has a debit of cash for $800 and a credit to sales for $800. Transactions are recorded by the Accounts Receivable Clerk and verified and…
Codija, M., n.d. Effectiveness of Internal Control over Cash. [Online]
Available at: http://ehow.com/facts_6822858_effectiveness-internal-control-over-cash.html
[Accessed 29 May 2012].
Penner, S.J., 2004. Controlling budget variances: administrators should identify the budget items they can control vs. those they can't, and have the wisdom to know the difference. [Online]
Financial Analysis of Mcdonald
A financial analysis McDonald's Cor
McDonald Corporation is a global company that conducts business in 117 countries. McDonald operates 32,737 restaurants and 26,338 franchises in the highly competitive fast food industry. Since 1940, McDonald has built a loyal customer base by continuing dedicating to customer service and providing high quality fast food for customers. Presently, McDonald could boast of over 60 millions customers and the company serves average of 64 millions customers daily. In the United States, and other countries where McDonald is operating, fast food business is very competitive. Despite the competition that McDonald is facing, the company has been able to record revenues of more than $16 billions in restaurants and revenues of more than $7 billions in franchise restaurants business. McDonald operates in six geographical locations. The company business operations are in the U.S., Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and…
Infinancials (2011). McDonald's Corp. Market valuation multiples. Infinancials.
Mizen, P. (2008). The Credit Crunch of 2007-2008: A Discussion of the Background, Market Reactions, and Policy Responses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review. 90(5):531-67.
Putilina, I. (2010). A Financial Analysis of McDonald's Corporation. Economic Research Center.
Stapleton, R.C & Subrahmanyam, M.G.(2009). Interest Rates and Foreign Exchange Risks: An Overview of Hedging Instruments and Strategies. University of Lancarster.UK.
Performance Assessment Systems in Organizations
Many companies conduct performance assessment systems to cope with the current fast-paced global economy. The assessment reflects on companies past outcomes known as lagging indicators as well as the current leading indicators to inform the management on the latest developments. These indicators appropriately analyzed, reported and evaluated, help the companies achieve higher profits.
The use of leading indicators is increasingly getting popular with many companies and businesses today. According to Gjerde and Hughes (2007), computed deviations with standard cost systems give the management timely data on shortfalls of production allowing them to put emphasis on the unfavorable outcomes and take corrective measures to enhance profits.
In the case of South West Airlines, they put in place a performance assessment system that saw it successfully execute a cost leadership strategy. The liner recorded a growth in operating income using the performance assessment system and took advantage…
Gjerde, K.P., & Hughes, S.B. (2007). Tracking performance: when less is more. Retrieved March 25, 2012, from www.findarticles.com: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0OOL/is_1_9/ai_n31141879/?tag=co%20ntent;col1 .
McCunn, P. (1998, December). The Balanced Scorecard…the eleventh commandment .
Management Accounting, pp. 34-36.
Mudde, P.A., & Sopariwala, P.Z. (2008). Examining Southwest Airlines' strategic execution: a strategic variance analysis. Retrieved March 25, 2012, from www.findarticles.com: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0OOL/is_4_9/ai_n31151644/?tag=content;col1
financial statements of Barnes and Noble and Borders Group for fiscal year 2009. The companies' statements provide information about their financial health, as well as discuss plans for the coming fiscal year.
The balance sheet reveals detailed information about each company's assets, liabilities and owners' equity (net worth). It is based on the accounting equation Assets = Liabilities + Stockholders' Equity; the two sections of the balance sheet must equal each other just as they do in the equation. This equation represents the basic accounting premise: assets, the means used to operate the company, are balanced by a company's financial obligations, along with the equity investment brought into the company along with its retained earnings (Investopedia, n.d.).
As both the Barnes and Noble and Borders Group statements show, there are four main financial statements:
The balance sheet, which shows what a company owns and what it owes at a fixed…
Investopedia Staff (n.d.). Reading the Balance Sheet. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/031004.asp
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2007. Beginners' Guide to Financial Statements. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from http://www.sec.gov/investor/pubs/begfinstmtguide.htm
Investor Dictionary, (n.d.). Off-balance sheet activities. Retrieved on 4/6/2011 from http://www.investordictionary.com/definition/off-balance-sheet-activities
Siegel, J.G., & Shim, J.K. (2006). Barron's Accounting Handbook. New York: Barron's Educational Series.
According to these analysts, "The implicit assumption underlying the price-to-earnings method is that the fair market value of the closely held business can be approximated from the market value of comparable publicly traded businesses. To implement this method, the valuator must be able to identify a set of presumed-to-be comparable publicly traded companies and obtain sufficient information on each to verify the extent of comparability from an economic, management, and financial perspective. No publicly traded company will be precisely comparable to the closely held business being valued, so informed judgment must be exercised" (p. 81). As a general rule, the smaller in size and the more limited the scope of activities of the business being valued, the less likely there will be a set of publicly traded companies that are comparable, or even a single comparable publicly traded company. Publicly traded companies are for the most part large, measured in…
Allen, M.F. & Cote, J. 2005, "Creditors' Use of Operating Cash Flows: An Experimental
Study." Journal of Managerial Issues 17(2): 198-199.
"Asset/equity ratio." 2009, Investor Glossary. [Online]. Available: http://www.investorglossary.
Major Line of Business
Apple designs and markets consumer electronics. The company has a strategy of integration that sees it as a designer of both software and hardware, which is unique in the industry. Apple competes as a differentiated player, with products priced at the high end of their respective ranges. The major business lines for Apple are as follows. In the 2015 fiscal year, the iPhone contributed $155 billion in revenue out of a company total of $233 billion. The Mac line of computers contributed $25 billion, iPad $23 billion, services nearly $20 billion and other products a further $10 billion. The iPhone saw a strong increase in sales for the fiscal year, while the iPad experienced a substantial decline in sales. Sales are spread around the world. The Americas is the largest geographic segment with $93.8 billion. This is followed by Greater China, with $58.7 billion…
Apple Inc. Form 10-K for the 2015 fiscal year. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/AAPL/1569293306x0x861262/2601797E-6590-4CAA-86C9-962348440FFC/2015_Form_10-K_As-filed_.pdf
Mead, C., Stilwell, V. & Gangar, S. (2013). Apple's $145 billion in cash fails to win AAA debt rating. Bloomberg. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-04-24/apple-s-145-billion-in-cash-fails-to-win-aaa-debt-rating
MSN Moneycentral (2016) Apple Inc. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/analysis/fi-126.1.AAPL.NAS
Niu, E. (2015). Will Apple, Inc. raise its dividend in 2016? Motley Fool. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2015/12/19/will-apple-inc-raise-its-dividend-in-2016.aspx
With the operational environment becoming ever more competitive, and against the backdrop of austerity in resource management, the importance of performance-based management (PBM) cannot be overemphasised. Indeed, PBM has increasingly become a common practice in organisations of different sizes -- small and large -- and in diverse sectors -- manufacturing and service, as well as public and private sectors (Ploom & Haldma, 2013; Lutwama, Roos & Dolamo, 2013; Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016; Wierzbinski, 2016). Organisations now rely on performance data to make decisions relating to various organisational processes, including strategic planning, internal management, resource allocation, reporting, as well as monitoring and evaluation.
Defining PBM can be quite problematic, with the term being often confused with performance measurement (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). In addition, performance management is often thought to involve only personnel management processes such as employee performance appraisal (Turk, 2016). Furthermore, contention exists over whether it…
Verizon is a national telecommunications company, headquartered in New York City. The company was formed from the breakup of Bell and subsequent mergers and acquisitions. The company has divisions for media, network and technology and customer/product operations. The latter is by far the largest component of the company, encompassing Verizon Wireless, and a number of companies aimed at the enterprise market. Verizon competes against AT&T and Sprint, both of which are large companies in their own right, with similar businesses, in particular in wireless and telecommunications. These divisions reflect an organizational structure that is focused on product. The wireless business is nationwide, but the landline-oriented businesses are focused mainly in the northeast, which is the traditional geography for Verizon's predecessor business Bell Atlantic.
Recent Financial Performance
Verizon's business has fluctuated over the past three years. In FY 2016, it recorded $125 billion in revenue, down from $131 billion…
Research conducted to date for example suggests that, for consortia-based procurement exchanges and Sector Procurement Collaboratives the bargaining power of representing multiple groups of buyers and their collective purchasing power provides economies of scale and leverage in bargaining with suppliers (Devine, Dugan, Semaca, Speicher, 2001). The motivations of purchasing consortia are primarily focused upon gaining expected cost savings and collect information on supply markets (Tella, Virolainen, 2005). Although perfectly in line with accepted marketing views and strategies, there is a gap in this research, which does not take into account the long-term effects of inter-process maturity and transaction velocity over time.
According to Johnston et al. (2003, p. 23), the recognition of trust as an important part of the buyer-supplier relationship does not preclude fact of paucity of empirical evidence to suggest the level of such importance. Trust and its dependent behaviors, as well as its impact on inter-organizational activities,…
Matthew G. Anderson, Paul B. Katz. (1998). Strategic sourcing. International Journal of Logistics Management, 9(1), 1-13. Retrieved June 13, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 34024516).
Chad W. Autry, Susan L. Golicic. (2009). Evaluating buyer-supplier relationship-performance spirals: A longitudinal study. Journal of Operations Management
Markus Biehl, Wade Cook and David a. Johnston (2006). The efficiency of joint decision making in buyer-supplier relationships. Ann Oper Res, 145, 15-34.
Nicolas Bloch, Thierry Catfolis. (2001). B2B E-marketplaces: How to succeed. Business Strategy Review, 12(3), 20-28.
Develop a financial strategy for using global nursing strategies to increase fiscal responsibility. Include the positive and negative financial impact of bringing foreign healthcare providers into a financial organization. Examples such as physicians, nurses, and therapist should be evaluated and assessed for financial viability.
Healthcare institutions may be faced with fiscal constraints at some point in their growth process therefore necessitating austerity measures and sound business practices that will help minimize costs and enhance operational and financial efficiency inside the hospitals (Dong, 2015). Many questions arise as to how the financial management culture in healthcare institutions can influence care quality. This research paper attempts to identify the global nursing strategies that would increase financial responsibility in healthcare institutions as well as the financial impact that hiring foreign healthcare providers into the financial organization has.
According to Dong (2015) there is a significant statistical relationship between the financial performance of a…
Financial data provides a lot of information about a company, and the ability to compile and understand this information is one of the core skills of the financial analyst. The financial analyst adds value to an organization, therefore, by bringing this skill. The analyst has the ability to understand financial data, to gain information and insight from it, and then communicate that insight to management. Analysts are trained in financial data, and they have methodologies that help them to understand financial data. This is a skill that most people have no training in, and even fewer have experience in, but it is a skill that can provide useful information to management about the company's performance. When management acts on that information, the value of the financial analyst becomes evident.
There are a number of ratios that a financial analyst uses to evaluate the financial performance of the company. The…
McCann, D. (2012). Good financial analysts are made, not born. CFO.com Retrieved March 10, 2015 from http://ww2.cfo.com/training/2012/06/good-financial-analysts-are-made-not-born/
Strategic and Financial Analysis: Case of Apple
Apple Inc. is a U.S. multinational company specializing in designing and selling different types of electronic products that include computer software, personal computers, and range of hand-held electronic gadgets. Over the years, Apple has grown to be an iconic designer of consumer electronic products. Established by Steve Jobs in 1976, however, Apple's business nearly collapsed in1980s because of the stiff competitions from other companies. In 1990s, Apple was forced to design an innovative personal computer and entered the fragmented DM (digital music) industry using a diverse set of a distribution channel. (Apple, 2014).
In the last decades, Apple has recorded an unparallel success in digital music players, and iTunes software. Apple uses a sophisticated distribution strategy to achieve competitive market advantages in the electronic industry. resently, Apple sells its products globally through the retail stores, and online stores, which assist the company to…
Porter, M. (2006) The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy, Harvard Business Review. January pp 23-41.
Thornton, P.H, Domingo, R.S, and Urbano, D. (2011) Socio-Cultural factors and entrepreneurial activity: An Overview. International Small Businesses Journal, 29(2): 105-118.
Thomson, N, & Baden-Fuller, C. (2010) Basic strategy in context European text and cases. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.
Introduction & Description of the Business
The Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG) is a publicly-traded utility company, incorporated in New Jersey. The company has two subsidiaries, those being PSE&G and Power. The former is a franchised public utility in New Jersey, a provider of "gas and electric commodity service," with a range of customer types including residential, commercial and industrial. Power integrates nuclear, fossil and renewable generating asset operations and wholesale functions. It sells in the wholesale and commodity markets both in the spot market and in the futures market (PSEG 2014 Form 10-K, 2014). PSEG also has a subsidiary on Long Island in New York, operating the Long Island Power Authority's transmission and distribution system (Ibid). Transmission and distribution are two of the major businesses that the company is in.
In terms of the electric and gas distribution business, PSEG has 2.2 million electric customers and 1.8 million…
MSN Moneycentral. (2015) Public Services Enterprise Group Inc. Retrieved March 10, 2015 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/fi-peg?ocid=qbeb
MSN Moneycentral. (2015) First Energy. Retrieved March 10, 2015 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-FE?ocid=qbeb
PSEG Form 10-K, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2015 from http://api40.10kwizard.com/cgi/convert/pdf/PEG-20150226-10K-20141231.pdf?ipage=10102594&xml=1&quest=1&rid=23§ion=1&sequence=-1&pdf=1&dn=1
UXB2B: Chinese Taipei
The case of UXB2B speaks of a rather new technological procedure and application to resolve e-commerce issues related to internet security and e-finance logistics for trading partners in the supply chain industry. However, I digress. UXB2B is an e-commerce company that specializes in the development of e-business applications designed to enable supply chain integration through a streamlined and secure software link. Leadership Information: The CEO of the company has a research background in national defense and an educational background in computer and information science
The software, UXB2B had e-everything as its selling point. For example the software enabled eSales, eProcurement, and eFinance; collectively called "SaaS (Software as a Service)"
SaaS met the requirement that UXB2B sought to bring to the market place. The software enabled e-communication amongst all stakeholders to exchange information to open and close transactions via an interconnected system. t first glance, success in the…
Additionally, a SWOT Analysis or a Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats analysis can reveal critical information necessary to identify an appropriate company to assist in the development of a new model for implementation in the new market. The critical nature of identifying the proper market and company to develop the platform for implementation is primary in the research stage prior to selecting the new company. The company selected will admire to know why their business was selected and what the potential market is for this technology.
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. UXB2B Chinese Taipei The Financial Service Platform. Copyright 2010 APEC Secretariat
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. UXB2B Chinese Taipei The Financial Service Platform. Copyright 2010 APEC Secretariat
Southern New England Telephone, a subsidiary of SBC Communications, Inc.
The difficulties in evaluating the relative success or failure of a company in the telecommunications industry, or any government-regulated service, such as telephone service, are numerous. How does one evaluate the overall success of the company, in relation to financial and legal difficulties, even to outright failures of its subsidiaries on a local level? Also, how does one unravel the legal snarls that plague the communications industry in a climate that often fluctuates from state to local ordinances? "Pity the Regulator," wrote The Economist in 1997, when the Internet and communications snarl was just beginning to grip the nation and the world. However, when writing the recent history of Southern New England Telephone, one might want to extend pity to this subsidiary of SBC as well.
Over the course of the last several financial quarters, there has been…
The Connecticut Triennial Review Reporter. (November 13, 2003). "Draft Decision May Provide Insight into the DPUC's Interpretation of the Triennial Review Order."
The Economist. (September 11, 1997) "The Short Arm of the Law: Pity the Telecom Regulator."
Hamerly, David. "SBC: Industry Report" (2004). Hoover's Reports. Austin: Hoover's Inc.
Press Release: SBC. (February 12, 2004) "SBC Applauds FCC For Action On Internet-Based Communication Services." Washington, District of Columbia.
Financial Case Study
McDonald Corporation specializes in the food service globally. The company started operation in 1940, and in 1967, the MacDonald registered its trademark. The primary product of McDonald includes chicken, hamburgers, soft drink, French fries, dessert and milkshakes. Over the years, the company has expanded its menu and included wraps, fish, salads fruits and smoothies. Presently, the company operates its business through either affiliate or franchise globally and the company realizes bulk of its revenues from the fees collected from franchise. Moreover, the company derives its revenues from the royalties and rents. Since MacDonald has started operations, the company has enjoyed rapid growth. At the end of the 2012 fiscal year, the company recorded the annual revenues of more than $25.7 billion with the net profits of $5.5 billion. The company also recorded the market capitalization of $94.5 billion. The company operates in 119 countries and…
McDonald. (2012) Annual Report, MacDonald Corporation .
Morning Star (2012).McDonald's Corporation MCD. USA.
Financial Analysis of Pepsi and Coca Cola
Synopsis of Companies
Pepsi and Coca-Cola companies boast of having two of the most recognized and preferred or desired beverages in the whole world. These two establishments are very fierce competitors in the beverage industry and incessantly compete with one another with the main objective of becoming the main and top distributor of not just sodas built but other beverages as well. This fierce rivalry that exists between the two companies is referred to as the "Cola Wars" and began in the period leading to the 1980s and has since then continued and become even more intense. In the period leading to the 80's Pepsi boosted and increased its market share, a time which coincided with Coca Cola Company being the top most distributor and supplier of beverages (PepsiCo Annual eport, 2013).. At this point in time, the two companies energetically and dynamically…
Goodman, A. (2013). PepsiCo, Re-Energized. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/agoodman/2013/06/14/pepsico-re-energized/
O'Toole, B. (2014). Green Mountain stock soars on Coke partnership. CNN Money. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/2014/02/05/investing/green-mountain-coca-cola/
Passport. (2013). Coca-Cola Co The SWOT Analysis, In Soft Drinks (World). Retrieved from: http://www.euromonitor.com/medialibrary/PDF/Coca-Cola-Co_SWOT_Analysis.pdf
PepsiCo, Inc. And Subsidiaries. (February 19, 2013). Form 10-K.
Financial Statement Analysis
In this particular essay, I undertake the financial analysis of five companies, all of which are set in the retail industry. Three of the companies, Tesco Plc, Sainsbury's and Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc are some of the largest food retailers in the United Kingdom. Ocado which is the fourth company is the largest online food retailer in the whole world and lastly Crawshaw Group PLC is also in the business of operating a chain of retail food stores. Every company will be discussed individually and it will encompass information regarding the history of the company, the products and the services, the consumers and also other information.
Tesco Plc is a company that is based in Britain and is the largest food retailer in the United Kingdom. It is one of the biggest retailers in the globe as it is the third in position in the retail industry…
Accounting for Management. (2014). Return on common stockholders' equity ratio. Available: http://www.accountingformanagement.org/return-on-common-stockholders-equity-ratio/
Bloomberg. (2015). Crawshaw Group Plc company information. Retrieved from: http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/snapshot/snapshot.asp?ticker=CRAW:LN
Bloomberg. (2015). Wm Morrisons Supermarket plc. Retrieved from: http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/snapshot/snapshot.asp?ticker=MRW:LN
Investigating Answers. (2014). Operating Leverage. Available: http://www.investinganswers.com/financial-dictionary/ratio-analysis/operating-leverage-2795
Financial statements are essential in measuring and assessing the real financial strength and position of a company. These financial statements provide quantifiable data for reports and help an individual to obtain an understanding of a company's forthcoming forecasts and risks (Weygandt et al., 2008). The purpose of this paper is to review the financial statement of Doctors Hospital in the two years 2013 and 2014 and analyze these financial statements and its financial well-being. In addition, the paper will outline the role played by advanced practice nurses in the financial welfare of the organization.
Implications of Economics for Advance Practice Nurses. The ole of the Advance Practice Nurses in the Financial Wellbeing of Healthcare Organizations
In general, very minimal studies have been undertaken in the United States regarding cost effectiveness and economic impact of primary care delivered by advanced practice nurses. esults from different research studies indicate that, on the…
Baker, H. K., Powell, G. E. (2005). Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing.
Hughes, R. G., & O'Grady, E. T. (2008). Advanced practice registered nurses: The impact on patient safety and quality. In Naylor, M. D., & Kurtzman, E. T. (2010). The role of nurse practitioners in reinventing primary care. Health Affairs, 29(5), 893-899.
Naylor, M. D., & Kurtzman, E. T. (2010). The role of nurse practitioners in reinventing primary care. Health Affairs, 29(5), 893-899.
Nursing World. (2012). ADVANCED PRACTICE NURSING: A NEW AGE IN HEALTH CARE. American Nurses Association. Retrieved 14 January, 2016 from: http://www.nursingworld.org/FunctionalMenuCategories/MediaResources/MediaBackgrounders/APRN-A-New-Age-in-Health-Care.pdf
Financial continuity Strategies for NGO Boards
Non-governmental organizations are often caught up in financial woes that make it difficult for their operation despite having a strong mission program. Discussed are professional financial continuity strategies for NGO boards to control the financial performance of their organizations in a timely manner. Firstly, ensuring an effective operation of the board. Their functions are executed through complementary and supervisory operations, and legal obligations on their performance in the organizations structure (Finkler et al., 2016). The board’s primary role is to represent the interests of the stakeholders and those of the organization. Their functions include administration of the organization, financial oversight, and making decisions on policy.
Their governance responsibilities includes approval of annual budgets, preparation of business plans, policy formulation and implementation, strategic planning, and other administrative controls. Internal controls should be exercised not give room for fraudulent activities. Boards should ensure the organization abides…
JD Wetherspoon is one of the largest pubcos in Britain, with 880 properties, and had annual turnover last year of ?1.409 billion (Yahoo! Finance, 2015). The company competes with a cost leadership strategy, something that should be reflected on its income statement. It seeks to undercut competitors using its economies of scale in purchasing, and other cost-saving techniques, ranging from zero guaranteed hours for 80% of its workforce to deliver labour cost flexibility (BBC, 2015), to its focus on real ale, which sells at lower price points than lagers. The company is an industry leader, and has been able to win a substantial amount of market share away from both traditional independent pubs and from other pubcos alike, despite operating in a market characterized by intense competition (Aldalou, 2015). This paper will examine the financial performance of JD Wetherspoon over the past five years, along with the performance…
Aldalou, M. (2015). Wetherspoon sales up but profits under pressure. Insider Media Limited. Retrieved March 15, 2015 from http://www.insidermedia.com/insider/central-and-east/135530-revenues-wetherspoon-profits-under-pressure/
Armstrong, A. (2015). C&C to walk away from Spirit Pubs takeover. The Telegraph. Retrieved March 15, 2015 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/retailandconsumer/leisure/11324235/CandC-to-walk-away-from-Spirit-Pubs-takeover.html
BBC. (2015). JD Wetherspoon aims to triple breakfast and coffee sales. BBC News. Retrieved March 15, 2015 from http://www.bbc.com/news/business-31866708
IBISWorld. (2014). Pubs & bars in the UK: Market research report. IBISWorld. Retrieved March 15, 2015 from http://www.ibisworld.co.uk/market-research/pubs-bars.html
Threats and vulnerability: A case study of Shoe Carnival, Inc.
Shoe carnival overview
Shoe Carnival Inc. is a publicly traded company that offers a range of footwear products for all categories of customers, men, women, children and sportswear. It also offers casual wear products and other assorted products such as handbags. Its headquarters are situated in Evansville, Indiana and it runs over 300 stores across several states mostly concentrated in South, Midwest, and Southeastern states of the U.S. David ussell, who had sold shoes for over 20 years in the traditional way, founded Shoe Carnival after feeling convicted that that was what he wanted to do. In the year 1978, and with is personal savings and some capital from his in-laws, he opened his first store that he called "Shoe Biz." His main idea was to create a shoe store made shoe-shopping fun. The major difference with ussell's…
Funding Universe (2012) Company Histories and Profiles: Shoe Carnival Inc. Retrieved from http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Shoe-Carnival-Inc.-company-History.html
Laboureconomic's weblog (2012) The Effects of Fon Competition: U.S. Firms. Posted May 4, 2011, retrieved from http://laboureconomics.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/the-effect-of-foreign-competition-us-firms/
Lowth, G., Prowle, M., Zhang, M. (2010) The Impact of Economic Recession on Business Strategy Planning in UK. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Vol.6, Issue 9.
Shoe Carnival (2012) Shoe Carnival 2011 Annual Report. February 2012. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CGQQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fphx.corporate-ir.net%2FExternal.File%3Fitem%3DUGFyZW50SUQ9OTM1OTR8Q2hpbGRJRD0tMXxUeXBlPTM%3D%26t%3D1&ei=6E7LT5zEBc7SsgbC0vGaBw&usg=AFQjCNHQ73w5pPAXL97G7uC-A3yGWjEKKQ&sig2=LmOSYlJO7izfAl1ssOpxDQ
There are a number of financial ratios that will be valuable to a small business person. A small business is often concerned with cash flow, so ratios that are the most concern fall into three categories -- liquidity, profitability and efficiency. Liquidity ratios measure the ability of the company to meet its upcoming financial obligations. These ratios are important for ensuring that there is enough cash on hand to pay the bills. The profitability ratios are important because the business will be more successful if it is able to manage its margins. Efficiency ratios are concerned with how fast items like inventory or accounts receivable are turned over. These ratios are a direct reflection of the company's working capital, and improvements in these ratios improve the working capital flow.
These ratios are going to be slightly different from those that a large corporation values. The large corporation actually…
Net income available to common stockholders
Addition to retained earnings
Calculated Data: Operating Performance and Cash Flows
Net operating working capital (NOC)
Total operating capital
Net Operating Profit After Taxes (NOPAT)
Net Cash Flow (Net income + Depreciation)
Operating Cash Flow (OCF)
Free Cash Flow (FCF)
Calculated Data: Per-share Information
Earnings per share (EPS)
Dividends per share (DPS)
Book value per share (BVPS)
Cash flow per share (CFPS)
Free cash flow per share (FCFPS)
LIQUIDITY RATIOS (Section 3.2)
ASSET Management RATIOS (Section 3.3)
Asset Management ratios
Days Sales Outstanding…
MSN Moneycentral (2013) Wal-Mart. Retrieved March 8, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=wmt
Wal-Mart 2012 Annual Report. Retrieved March 8, 2013 from http://www.walmartstores.com/sites/annual-report/2012/WalMart_AR.pdf
Depreciation + Exp
Future Income Tax
Current LT Debt
Other LT Liabilities
L + E
Reitmans was able to improve its profitability in 2005, compared with 2004. The company's gross profit improved to 13.55% from 9.99%; its operating profit improved to 9.7% from 5.98%; and its net profit improved to 7.33% from 4.7%. This shows that the improvement in the company's profitability is largely attributable to the improvement in the top line, with the cost of goods sold being a lower percentage of revenues in 2005 than 2004. hether this is a function of driving down costs with suppliers or increasing prices to consumers cannot be ascertained from…
Reitmans 2005 Annual Report. In possession of the author.
he only observation that could be made here is that one would expect a larger proportion of the total expenses to be allocated to research and development, given the fact that this is such an important part of Microsoft's activity and essential in order to obtain a competitive advantage on the market.
Asset and Capital Structure
Cash and cash equivalents
otal fixed assets
he asset structure at Microsoft reflects some of the particularities in the industry, notably the fact that the inventory levels tend to be quite low, as compared to the other assets. his means that the I industry is not one supporting production on stock. At the same time, the value of the total fixed assets is significantly high, which can be partly explained by the size of the company and the investments in land, buildings and equipment.
The return on assets at Microsoft was 0.24 in 2008, as compared to 0.22 in 2007. As most of the other profitability and asset management figures, the return on assets also shows a better performance in 2008.
Part IV -- Conclusions and Recommendations
Microsoft's results, both in terms of absolute value from the income and cash flow statements and balance sheet and the ratio analysis, show a solid, extremely competitive company, whose results have improved from 2007 to 2008, despite the global economic crisis. Its capacity to retain low levels of inventory, to gradually increase its efficiency in using assets and to bring new products to the market are some of the positive aspects at Microsoft. As a recommendation, the company could consider allocating a larger proportion of its expenses into research and development.
3.2.3 Portfolio Diversification of Investment in Global Property Markets
ecause the global property markets are affected by globalization and specific country / regional factors, means that the overall amounts of risks will vary, the most notable include: transparency and efficiency. Where, each country / region has different on laws and regulations pertaining to the real estate markets. This means that the risks in a number of different markets will depend upon specific market conditions themselves, reflecting these two factors. To protect themselves against these kinds of risks, many investors will often seek to diversify their portfolio. Diversification is: when you are investing a number of different asset classes in real estate, across a variety of countries / regions. The idea is that if a risk occurs in a specific country or region, the other areas that you are diversified in will protect you against the severity of the declines. For…
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(Jabal Omar Development Corporation 2010)
Since 2008, the real estate market in Kuwait has been continually declining. The reason why is because the economy was largely depending upon oil revenues. However, in 2010 the sector began witnessing an increase in prices. This is because of the Kuwaiti government was aggressively promoting the tourism industry. As developers are expecting a strong increase in foreign direct investment, due to the governments push to expand the sector. As a result, holiday and residential areas in Kuwait are continuing to boom. (Finkelstein)
In the housing industry, there are large numbers of shortages that are affecting prices. What has been happening is the residential sector has been facing restrictions over the last several years, surrounding building permits. As the government was slow to endorse them, which created a rush on new areas that were approved for development. At the same time, the government has…
Alexandria Real Estate, 2010.
Egypt Property, 2010, Select Property. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011].
Egypt Real Estate Attracts Interest From Foreign Investors, 2010, New Investors. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011]
Jabal Omar Development Corporation, 2010
The applicability of Activity-Based Costing for decision making is directly linked to the influences that ABC has over process control. In this order of ideas, by better identifying the incurred costs or the overhead, managers can better monitor and control the evolution of products, prices, costs and consequently, profits. ABC identifies the costs incurred by each item in terms of resources consumed. Therefore, with the aid of ABC, organizational managements have the ability to control resource allocation.
Activity-Based Costing reveals yet another significant feature: it has the ability to evaluate the costs of not producing an item. This basically means that with the aid of the ABC, managers are able to know how much they have lost due to machine malfunctioning, product damaging, increased inventory costs or time spent waiting for a machine component to be replaced. "Activity-Based Costing therefore gives not only much better cost control, but increasingly, it…
Barnat, R., 2005, Strategic Control: A New Perspective, Strategic Control, http://www.strategic-control.24xls.com/en139last accessed on October 21, 2008
Chellasamy, P., Ligy, V.K., 2008, Activity-Based Costing - a Tool for Decision Making, Fibre 2 Fashion, http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/7/670/activity-based-costing-a-tool-for-decision-making1.asplast accessed on October 21, 2008
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Drucker, P.F., 2006, Classic Drucker, Harvard Business School Press
Another point of difficulty is that different firms may use different calendars when reporting. For example, the fiscal year at FedEx ends at the end of May, while at UPS the fiscal years ends at the end of December. This makes for a difficult comparison. For example, fuel prices escalated rapidly in early 2008. Comparing a FedEx FY09 and UPS FY08 would be very difficult, given that one of those statements would reflect the fuel price increase and the other would not.
There are also limitations to accounting analysis as a whole. At best, these forms of analysis are only as good as the financial statements from which they are produced. A large number of variables contribute to those statements, including accounting policy, accounting accuracy (or lack thereof), outdated information and changes in the accounting standards (NetTom, n.d.)
Changes in accounting policy or accounting standards can distort data year-over-year, which…
MSN Moneycentral: FedEx Corporation. (2009). Retrieved November 3, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/hilite.asp?Symbol=FDX
MSN Moneycentral: Thomson Reuters. (2009). Retrieved November 3, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=TRI
Loth, R. (n.d.). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved November 3, 2009 from http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/ profitability-indicator/default.asp
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During times of extreme pressure from the supply or demand side, the central bank is prepared to go in and support the currency, to help provide stability. This is significant because traders around the world; will use the major currencies as a way to hedge themselves against different risks. Where, they will view the weakness of one country's currency as a sign that they could be facing a number of different economic challenges. (Fixed vs. Floating Exchange Rate, 2007) a good example of this can be seen with the ritish pound, where the ank of England decided to keep interest rates at .5%. This is important, because the increase in rates could be seen as a sign that economic stability could be returning to the country, which would help to reverse the downward pressure on the pound. However, the fact that they decided to keep interest rates unchanged, means that…
12 Myths of International Trade, 1999, Meti, viewed 3 May 2010,
Bank of England's Decision Affects Pounds Performance, 2010, to Forex News, view 3 May 2010,
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Had the organization employed the techniques of activity-based costing, they would have realized the need to change their approach and had started manufacturing small size and fuel efficient engines, as most of the customers were requiring these items. "If Ford [...] had used activity-based costing, they would have realized early on the utter futility of their competitive blitzes of the past few years, which offered new-car buyers spectacular discounts and hefty rewards" (Drucker, 2003).
Unlike absorption costing, marginal costing uses the traditional division into direct, indirect, fixed and variable costs. The accounting method sees that the final marginal cost of a product will be calculated by summing up the direct costs of labor, the direct costs of materials, the direct expenses and the variable overheads (Brown). The applications of marginal costing revealed that Ford was able to support a price advantage relative to General Motors and Chrysler due to its…
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Drucker, P.F., 2003, Peter Drucker on the Profession of Management, Harvard Business Press, ISBN 1591393221