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Florida State Agency Class Action Suit
Within the confines of the statewide bureaucratic and legislative structure, the strict regulatory statutes guiding the implementation of this agency's human resource policies must be adhered to at all times. In cases such as that described in the interoffice memorandum recently drafted and distributed by certain department directors -- who have routinely been forced to work in excess of the proscribed 40 hours per week, despite their status as "excluded career service employees" who cannot legally receive overtime compensation -- the agency's process of due diligence must be rigorous and exacting. The following policy analysis is intended to provide transparency for all parties involved, by describing the various regulatory statutes and provisions of the Florida Administrative Code which are applicable to the aforementioned complaint, before ascertaining whether or not an oversight or omission has been permitted to occur. By comparing the precise set of…
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (29 U.S.C. § 201-219). Retrieved from Florida administrative code. (2013). Chapter 60, 60L. Personnel Management System, § 60L-
34.0031. Regular Time and Overtime. Retrieved from Florida Department of State
Introduction and Demographics
Resources -Federal, State, Local
The state of Florida is faced with a serious crisis in which there is no easy solution. The state is currently failing to provide adequate shelter and affordable housing for its rapidly increasing homeless population.
According to the Department of Children and Families' most recent Florida Annual Report on Homeless Conditions in Florida, approximately 67,600 people are homeless on the streets of Florida on any given night. The same report reveals that there are 228 shelters throughout Florida that have a total of 8,561 available beds for homeless people, and an additional 11,122 beds are provided by transitional housing facilities. This means that the state of Florida is currently able to serve less than 30% of its homeless on a temporary basis. Permanent housing opportunities are even harder to come by.
Florida's homeless population includes parents, children,…
Florida Annual Report on Homeless Conditions in Florida, Deaprtment of Children and Families.
The Christian Science Monitor, July 2000.
National Coalition for the Homeless, http://nch.ari.net/facts.html.
Said, Barbara; Daskal, Jennifer; Housing and Welfare Reform: Some Background Information; November, 1998.
Florida was ruled by Spain for over 200 years. There was little to view by the 1750's. St. Augustine remained a small military town of two thousand soldiers and settlers. The most prosperous merchants were those who operated food services for the troops. On the Gulf side, Pensacola was barely more than a few wooden houses and a fort. The mission system was in ruins. (Florida's past: People and events that shaped the state, V. 1, 2, 3 by Gene M. urnett (Pineapple Press, c1988).)
The greatest weakness of Spanish Florida was its inability to attract families to live there. The rulers of Spain forbade the colonialization of non-Catholics and any trade with English America. Spaniards refused to settle in Florida. Investors felt their money would be better spent in Cuba and Mexico. This was Spanish Florida, obviously under populated and underdeveloped. Its cultural and economic contributions limited…
Florida's past: People and events that shaped the state, V. 1, 2, 3 by Gene M. Burnett (Pineapple Press, c1988).
Slavery in Florida: Territorial Days to Emancipation" by Larry Eugene Rivers.
The New History of Florida by Michael V. Gannon (University Press of Florida, c 1996)
History of Florida by Charlton W. Tebeau (University of Miami Press, 1980).
Florida Green Industries. June 2002. 7 Dec. 2007 http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/bmp/turfBMP.pdf.
Carbonate-Rock Aquifers." Aquifer Basics. United States Geological Survey. 31 Jan. 2005. 8 Dec. 2007 http://capp.water.usgs.gov/aquiferBasics/carbrock.html.
Cervone, Sarah. "Florida Aquifers." Planet Management in Florida aters. University of Florida. 2003. 6 Dec. 2007 http://aquat1.ifas.ufl.edu/guide/aquifers.html.
Cervone, Sarah. "Florida Geology." Plant Management in Florida aters. University of Florida. 2003. 8 Dec. 2007 http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/guide/geology.html.
Cervone, Sarah. "Florida Sinkholes." Plant Management in Florida aters. University of Florida. 2003. 5 Dec. 2007 http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/guide/sinkholes.html.
Domestic astewater." Florida Department of Environmental Protection. 14 Nov. 2007. 8 Dec. 2007 http://dep.state.fl.us/water/wastewater/dom/index.htm.
Fact Sheet: Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. 5 Dec. 2007 http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&_lang=en&_sse=on&geo_id=04000US12&_state=04000US12.
Floridan Aquifer System." Ground ater Atlas of the United States. U.S. Geological Survey. 6 Dec. 2007 http://capp.water.usgs.gov/gwa/ch_g/G-text6.html.
Forstall, Richard L. "Florida: Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990." U.S. Census Bureau. 27 Mar. 1995. 7 Dec. 2007 http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/fl190090.txt.
Hydrologic Cycle." NASA's Observatorium. 1999. 9 Dec. 2007 http://observe.arc.nasa.gov/nasa/earth/hydrocycle/hydro1.html.
Best Management Practices for Protection of Water Resources in Florida. Florida Green Industries. June 2002. 7 Dec. 2007 http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/bmp/turfBMP.pdf .
Carbonate-Rock Aquifers." Aquifer Basics. United States Geological Survey. 31 Jan. 2005. 8 Dec. 2007 http://capp.water.usgs.gov/aquiferBasics/carbrock.html .
Cervone, Sarah. "Florida Aquifers." Planet Management in Florida Waters. University of Florida. 2003. 6 Dec. 2007 http://aquat1.ifas.ufl.edu/guide/aquifers.html.
Cervone, Sarah. "Florida Geology." Plant Management in Florida Waters. University of Florida. 2003. 8 Dec. 2007 http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/guide/geology.html.
It must be executed and acknowledged by an officer or authorized agent of the association. No such lien shall be effective longer than 1 year after the claim of lien was recorded unless, within that time, an action to enforce the lien is commenced
hat rights do Condominium Associations have against unit owners and against non-owner lenders foreclosing against unit owners.
Condominium Associations have statutory fee to foreclose against unit owners for non-payment of fees and assessments, but foreclosing lenders are not liable for same until they officially take title to unit.
The Tadmore case makes it clear that first mortgage holders have substantial protection by statute. However, associations still have the right to pursue owners for assessments and to file and foreclose their own liens. Associations choosing to wait for bank foreclosure may be exacerbating the problem of unpaid assessments rather than solving it. (Morris)
Florida Statute 718 (Fla. Stat. 2008)
Deutsche Bank National Trust v. Coral Key Condominium Association
(at Carolina), Inc. And Luna No. 4D09-3392 (4th DCA 2010)
Opinion Issued April 14, 2010.
The intents of the program are manifold, not the least of which is to help students to better realize the impact which they can have on the improvement of the global community through the application and extension of the education which they will receive at the University. Perhaps more importantly though is the chance to see a real and tangible outcome from one's efforts, whether this is manifested in an athletic booster club's donation of sports equipment to a local high school in need or in the construction of a technology sophisticated library facility for a Florida community, or even the collective of departmental efforts to instruct a contraception program in the developing sphere where HIV / AIDS is rampant.
In all of these applications, the University has proudly recommended itself as a context where the future community and world leaders in the improvement and progress of current conditions are…
In this case, two juvenile brothers murdered their father using a blunt object and then burnt his body to hide the evidence. Alex, the youngest of the brothers, claimed that the murder was done intentionally but was a result of years of abuse, both physical and emotional, by their father. The two were found guilty and were sentenced a serve less than ten years in prison.
Alex King could have also been charged with first degree murder, or charged as an adult, as Tate was. According to Florida law, this would have carried a mandatory sentence of life in prison without the possibility of parole.
The best defense that could have been used, and ultimately was used by Alex's defense team, was that he acted out of self-defense. Further, he could have used the defense that he was only an accomplice to the act since it was his brother…
Cass, Ronald (2001). Rule of Law in America. Baltimore:
Cook, John Raymond (2000). Asphalt Justice. New York: Praeger
Culler, Francis (1982). Reaffirming Rehabilitation. New York:
Basically, the assessment stays the same from year to year, with only carefully documented changes. This allows NAEP to offer a clear snap shot of student academic progress over time.
Just today, January 15, 2009, what was feared by many over the past several months would occur in Florida has come true. The biggest bite of budget cuts, $466 million, is to come from public school and pre-kindergarten programs. In addition, the state's higher-education programs will see about $184 million in cuts. Daytona State College, alone, will lose about $2.1 million.
Besides the immediate impacts such short-sidedness will bring in daily educational programming, is the much more devastating long-term effects. When children do not do well in second grade, that poverty of education follows them throughout all of their years of schooling, and eventually hits the state hard when the students graduate. These are the country's future leaders that are…
UPI. (November 19, 2008) "U.S. slipping in education rankings." Retrieved January 15, 2009. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/11/19/US_slipping_in_education_rankings/UPI-90221227104776/
United States Department of Education. Nation's Report Card.
U.S. Department of Education. http://www.ed.gov/index.jhtml
Ha: There is a positive correlation between transaction leadership styles of academic deans and the job satisfaction of business faculty members in the Florida College System.
Research Question 3: How do basic employment and related demographic considerations impact job satisfaction within the targeted population?
H3: There is no significant correlation between the years of teaching experience and job satisfaction of business faculty members in the Florida College System.
Ha: There is a positive correlation between the years of teaching experience and job satisfaction of business faculty members in the Florida College System.
H4: There is no significant different among the educational levels of business faculty members with respect to overall job satisfaction in the Florida College System.
Ha: There is a significant difference among the educational levels of business faculty members with respect to overall job satisfaction in the Florida College System.
H5: There is not a significant difference between…
Newhall, S. (2012). Preparing our leaders for the future. Strategic HR Review. 11(1). doi:10.1108/14754391211186250.
Rowold, J., & Heinitz, K. (2007). Transformational and charismatic leadership: Assessing the convergent, divergent and criterion validity of the MLQ and the CKS. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(2), 121-133. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. Retrieved from http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1048984307000045 .
Wagner, J.A., & Hollenbeck, J.R. (2002). Organizational behavior: Securing competitive advantage (4th ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt College.
"[footnoteRef:9] [9: (Hamby)]
Again, however, Perry's mission in Florida was multi-pronged. Aside from the debate and a chance to discuss the issues, Florida presented Perry with an opportunity to impress potential campaign donors. It was predicted, around that time, that Perry would overtake Romney as the leading beneficiary of extra disposable income in Florida.[footnoteRef:10] the data collected suggests that Perry's Florida events were composed of a majority of fundraising events which further supports this position. Most of Perry's fundraising events were conducted over meals in which donors purchased tickets to attend. [10: (Associated Press)]
Herman Cain surprised many with an upset victory in a straw poll in Florida following the debate of September 22. Cain won with 37% of the vote, more than double his nearest competitor Perry at 15.4%, and far ahead of the rest of the pack, which featured Romney third, at 14%, Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum fourth,…
Associated Press. "Before Perry, Romney was favorite for Florida donors." 21 September 2011. HT Politics. Web. 21 November 2011.
Bagg, M. "Republican presidential candidate, Jon Huntsman, visits West Palm Beach." 9 September 2011. News Channel Five. Web. 19 September 2011.
Bennett, G. "Rick Santorum to campaign at Palm Beach County GOP picnic Saturday." 4 November 2011. The Palm Beach Post. Web. 19 November 2011.
Broward, R. "Rick Perry Visits Fort Lauderdale." 21 September 2011. Red Broward. Web. 21 November 2011.
Nichols, 1974, Equal Education Opportunities Act of 1974, Requirements of the Vocational Education Guidelines, 1979, Requirements based on the Fifth Circuit court decision in Castaneda v. Pickard, 1981, Requirements based on the Supreme Court decision in Plyler v. Doe, 1982, Americans with Disabilities Act (PL 94-142), Florida Education Equity Act, 1984, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
The Consent Decree puts the burden of making sure each student, even though they do not speak English or are of another race or culture, on the teacher and the school the student attends. If the student does not speak English sufficiently to compete or keep up with other students, it is the responsibility of the school to teach the student English sufficient to compete and learn as well as his or her peers.
Office of Academic Achievement through Language Acquisition - Consent Decree. Florida Department…
Office of Academic Achievement through Language Acquisition - Consent Decree. Florida Department of Education, February 10, 2007. http://www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/cdpage2.htm.
This is mainly done by the plants using non-renewable sources of energy. The plants also differ in the competency of the amount of watts produced. Due to the extent of sources used, some plants produce enormous amounts than others. A good example is the nuclear plant at Crystal iver; it contributes to 15% watt production compared to the solar plant at Indiantown that contributes to 3% of power production.
The data collected through this research is concrete. Statistical information has been extracted from vital databases such as the Bureau of Economic Analysis, SEDS Database and the Institute of Energy research. Though the information is rightfully available, it is not possible to create Florida's electric power network due to poor infrastructure on the transmission network and the availability of many plants and substations.
Castleberry, G.W. (2008). Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems. An Approved Continuing Education Provider.
Castleberry, G.W. (2008). Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems. An Approved Continuing Education Provider.
Federal Energy Administration (F.E.A). (1994). Inventory of Power Plants in the United States. New York: DIANE Publishing.
Institute of Energy Research. (2009). Real GDP per Capita 2008: Bureau of Economic Analysis. News Release: GDP by State.
Kirkland, K. (2007). Electricity and Magnetism. New York: Infobase Publishing.
In a state of perfect competition, an equilibrium price will be set for the juice that matches the aggregate marginal cost. This is likely to decrease the production capacity of producers who are producing above this cost. The subsidy distorts this market to an extent, allowing more Florida producers to continue to remain in the business. Under natural market conditions, however, the amount of acreage under development in Florida would decrease as the result of Brazilian competition.
Another issue is the erosion of pricing power that the growers have experienced over the years. As the retail side of the industry has experienced consolidation, the buying power of retailers has increased significantly. This has the effect of transferring most of the risk of orange juice price fluctuation to the producer, whereas through much of the 20th century this risk was offloaded onto the consumer. The FDOC had worked to hedge against…
Florida Law Enforcement
Sen. Jeff osky and ep. Julie Krupa
Director, Florida Criminal Statistics
Analysis of Florida crime and arrest data: 2001 to 2011
Per your request, the following breakdown of murders by male Floridians during the period 2001 through 2011 is provided in Table 1 and depicted graphically in Figure 1 below.
ecapitulation of Murder Statistics for the State of Florida: Male -- 2001 through 2011
ecapitulation of Murder Statistics for the State of Florida: Male -- 2001 through 2011
Crime in Florida: Uniform Crime eports (2013)
The murder rate in the State of Florida for the period 2001 through 2011 equals 626 murders per year. As can be seen from the statistics in Table 1 and depicted graphically in Figure 2 above, there was a spike in the murder rate beginning in 2005 that peaked in 2008 which has since declined to lower than…
Crime in Florida. (2013). CBS Miami. Retrieved from http://miami.cbslocal.com/2013/05/
Crime in Florida: Uniform crime reports. (2013). Florida Department of Law Enforcement.
Retrieved from http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/Content/FSAC/Menu/UCR-Home.aspx.
Forida’s Terrorism Incident Response Annex: Is It Adequate?
The State of Florida’s Terrorism Incident Response Annex (2014) is an adequately formed and produced procedure for how to respond to a terrorist incident. The Terrorist Event Response Process consist of two actions that are unique to emergency operations involving crisis and consequence management, as the Annex (2014) points out. The 2 actions are: “1) Identifying the event as a known, suspected, or threatened terrorist or cyber terrorist attack; and, 2) Assuring notifications to agencies are made” (p. 3-1). According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, 2002), these two-step procedure sets up the motions for adequate response to be set in motion, as there are many facets to efficient response to terrorism. Identifying the event and alerting the responsible agencies of the event are crucial. This paper will discuss Florida’s Terrorism Incident Response Annex and show why it is appropriate and…
Long, 463 U.S. 1032, 1040 (1983)) since the independence of a state court's state-law judgment is not clear.
Furthermore the Court stated that the Florida Supreme Court treated state and federal law as interchangeable and interwoven and therefore would give jurisdiction to the U.S. Supreme Court based on a ruling made in the Michigan v. Long case.
he most weight was obviously put on the wording used and how it can be interpreted and how it was interpreted. Since there are grammatical differences between "before" and "during," the decision cannot be upheld. It is clear that if the interrogator used the phrase: ".. An attorney will be presented to you before questioning" it is not the same as if it would read: ".. And attorney will be presented to you before and during questioning." his is misleading and can be interpreted as if the defendant would have the right to…
Thomson Reuters . (2009). "Miranda" Rights and the Fifth Amendment. Retrieved April 28, 2010, from Criminal Law: Your Rights: http://criminal.findlaw.com/crimes/criminal_rights/your-rights-miranda/miranda.html
U.S. Constitution. (1789, March 4). Bill of Right. Retrieved April 29, 2010, from U.S. Constitution: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html
Wikipedia.org. (n.d.). United States Declaration of Independence. Retrieved April 29, 2010, from United States Declaration of Independence: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Declaration_of_Independence
Political, management plans are important for several reasons, firstly, the residents in any given county or state, want legislation in place in case of an emergency, they will vote in or keep current political figures that make sure these needs are being met. Therefore, as long as plans like the Florida Emergency plan exist, there is a certain amount of job security for local political figures. On the other hand, it affects public policy directly, by giving rules and regulations in times of emergency, a guide to determine when, what, how and where. This allows the affected individual to be handled appropriately, and the official aiding them the proper guidelines to follow in the given situation, so no one gets lost in protocol or paper work, everyone knows their job and what is expected of them at all times.
Florida Division of Emergency Management (2004, February). The State of…
Florida Division of Emergency Management (2004, February). The State of Florida Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan 2004. State Emergency response Team,. Retrieved 06/15/2007, at http://floridadisaster.org/documents/CEMP/floridaCEMP.htm
Vote Spotter App Report: Palm Harbor, Florida
The "Vote Spotter" app provided the partisan affiliation and voting record on key legislation results for congressional members of the U.S. House and Senate for Palm Harbor, Florida shown in Tables 1 and 2 respectively below (the Vote Spotter app did not indicate that any of the Floridian congressmen sponsored or co-sponsored any legislation).
House of Representatives
Voting Record on Key Legislation
HB 5946 (exempts Olympic prizes from taxes)
HB 5931 (prohibits prisoner release payments to Iran)
HB 3438 (allows delay of expensive regulations)
HB 3590 (keep income tax deductions from medical expenses)
Yes: HB 5461 (requires report on Iranian officials' assets)
Table 2 -- U.S. Senate
Voting Record on Key Legislation
Yes: SB 2040 (override the veto of legislation allowing terrorism lawsuits)
Yes: U.S. Senate Joint resolution (support sale of military equipment to Saudi…
inning the Election in Florida's 15th District
Running and winning a political campaign today has moved steadfastly from issues to an overwhelming focus on how much money a candidate can spend. In most political races, the dollars allocated to a campaign far exceed the salary that will be paid once the successful politician is voted into office.
ith this in mind, it is important to understand that in order to win an election in Florida's 15th district it is key that a campaign strategy is designed and expertly implemented. The strategy must focus on maximizing the impact of the candidates message to the people, generate as much frequency to voters in the district as possible and keep advertising costs to an absolute minimum.
Before we focus on the campaign it is important to analyze and understand the needs and trends of voters in Florida's 15th district. According to…
Complete Campaigns.com. Ed. Complete Campaigns. 07 Apr. 2003 http://www.completecampaigns.com/home.asp.
Keena, J. Bradley. "Recalculating Campaign Finance." The World & I 01 Dec. 1998: 80.
Marshalling Black Voting Power to Increase African-American Higher Education." Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (1998): 94.
Pinkleton, Bruce E., et al. "An Exploration of the Effects of Negative Political Advertising on Political Decision Making." Journal of Advertising (2002): 13.
Palmetto Leaves and Egalitarianism
Harriet Beecher Stowe has a historical link to the politics of slavery. hrough her regionalist work Palmetto Leaves she gives an artful yet impassioned plea for the education and equality of freedmen.
In the work she examines life and state-building in Florida. Her personal style of describing events and purpose through the everyday events of her surroundings come out in the book. Stowe preaches an early minimalist ideal of taking personal and collective responsibility for ones life, surroundings and desires are also expressed.
Stowe foreshadows her topic of interest, the fair treatment of freed slaves, in the first chapter with her plea for the welfare of a desperate stray dog. Using the language of the Bill of Rights she expresses not knowing if the poor stray dog from the steamer wanders with, "...no rights to life, liberty or the pursuit of happiness." (Stowe, p. 10) With…
The things that Stowe leaves out are those more modern ideas of a true egalitarian state where these Negro men were not judged as if they were children just leaving preschool and setting out for the first time on their walk home, though a different tone would be hard to find in this time. To many people Stowe's attitude was progressive for even judging the men as human. Stowe's work fits into the time as continued segregation leaves blacks and whites, especially those who are wealthy enough to own winter homes separate from one another and very unlikely to learn any intimate details about the lives of the other.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Palmetto Leaves. Boston, James R. Osgood & Co. 1873. Florida
Heritage Collection. 02 May 2003. http://fulltext.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=fhp&idno=NF00000034&format=pdf .
Florida state government is divided up into branches that each hold a precise and specific mandate. As with the federal government, Florida's state government consists of three branches -- the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch. Each branch has its own special duties and responsibilities. Moreover, the state also has local government agencies that serve both general and special purposes (American Government, n.d.). This paper will discuss each of these elements of the Florida state government.
The basic structure of the Florida state government can be summarized by explaining the responsibilities of the Florida Governor and Cabinet, the Florida Legislature and the Florida Judicial branches of government (State and Local Governemnt, n.d.).
The Governor is the chief executive of the state government -- just like the President is the chief executive of the nation. In Florida, the Governor is responsible for overseeing the state budget…
American Government. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/gov/12.asp
The Florida Constitution. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?submenu=3
Forms of Municipal Government. (n.d.). NLC. Retrieved from http://www.nlc.org/build-skills-and-networks/resources/cities-101/city-structures/forms-of-municipal-government
State and Local Government. (n.d.). White House. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/state-and-local-government
Hybrid Gangs in South Florida
On Public Policy towards Volatile Movements
South Florida has an increasing prevalence of criminal gangs in their communities and it is posing a growing threat to their security and safety. It is clear that in that region criminal hybrid gangs are spreading violence and fear in their neighborhoods making places like their parks unusable, and even bringing corrupt behavior passages to work and school, stopping legitimate businesses consisting of tourism, and bringing down property values. Right now, there are more hybrid gangs in Florida than ever before, with approximately 400 in South Florida alone, as stated by the latest state study. Hybrid gangs are not a new threat, nevertheless the most recent state study displays the problem is getting worse especially in South Florida. In 1991, there were 160 gangs in the south Florida region, but by 2007 the number jumped to beyond 1,500 with…
The community fails to acknowledge the fact that a hybrid gang is an organized group with a recognized leader whose activities are either criminal or, at the very least, threatening to the community in South Florida. They are not being educated enough to understand. Communities lack acknowledgment of understanding the characteristics of hybrid gangs. They do not understand that Hybrid gang show their uniqueness and unity in obvious ways for instance jewelry, colored clothing, jargon, and signals (Crews, 2014). The lack of acknowledging the problem in South Florida, has caused people to not realize that their key source of income for most hybrid gangs is narcotics which fuels a lot of the violence.
Communities fail to acknowledge Hybrid gang members of all ages and that they are used by the gang in the unlawful sale of narcotics and other illegal actions. It is a wrong belief that hybrid gang only function in less wealthy districts. Hybrid gang exist in virtually every community in South Florida and the communities want to ignore the elephant in the room. South Florida does not acknowledge that the gangs belong to one of two alliances, either "People" or "Folks." They do not even realize that both associations are alive and well on South Florida's streets, and in most circumstances are unpleasant rivals. The "Individuals" hybrid gang all wear their identifiers to the left side, while the "Folks" hybrid gangs wear their identifiers on the right (Roles, 2013). Not knowing these characteristics have caused the community to be in ignorance.
They also do not acknowledge that firearms and gang violence go hand in hand. In one study based on responses from 835 male inmates in 6 juvenile correctional facilities in 4 States, researchers found that movement from nongame membership to gang membership brought increases in most forms of gun-involved conduct. Forty-five percent described gun theft as a regular
International Business in South Florida
Premise and Conclusion
The location of any business entity, but especially one engaged in international commerce, is a complex and critical pre-condition for serving customers, providing a nurturing and productive environment for employees, and achieving profitable operations. Of the many factors management must consider, the following are generally thought to be the most influential: access to capital, favorable tax advantages, excellent transportation and technological infrastructure, and a skilled multilingual and multicultural workforce. (web eFlorida 2010)
South Florida, comprising Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties, does not present a perfect record on any of the success factors, but a close examination of the efforts made and the resulting accomplishments leads to a favorable recommendation for the formation or expansion of international business functions in the region.
Access to Capital
Depending on the stage of company development, a business may need venture capital, commercial bank lenders, or…
Enterprise Florida, Inc., 2010, a public-private partnership serving as Florida's primary organization devoted to statewide economic development. www.eFlorida.com
Florida International Bankers Association, 2010, a non-profit trade association founded in 1979. http://www.fiba.net
Florida Development Finance Corporation. 2010 Created by special state statute as an issuer of tax-exempt revenue bonds. www.floridafinance.org
Fodor's South Florida, 2010. Word of mouth tips from fellow travelers. www.fodors.com/guidebooks/9781400004775/
ildlife which does not have natural predators in Florida was introduced by people who had bought those animals or reptiles and could not control them, or had to leave the state, and therefore abandoned them in the Everglades. The best example is the one of a Burmese python which was let go in the Everglades and had attached an alligator. Both animals did not survive the encounter, yet it shows that human are the main threat to the environment.
To summarize the environmental issues in Florida, we can say that the main issue is the development and encroachment into the Everglades. The lush mangrove and saw grass marshes of South Florida are the last of a great wilderness that, until the 20th century, stretched for hundreds of miles. Our Everglades refuge countless species, including endangered Florida panthers, Cape Sable seaside sparrows and American crocodiles. Many years of encroaching development have…
NAI. Everglades. NDI Wild Places . 26 April 2010 .
NAI2. Saving the Everglades. 2010. 26 April 2010 .
Natural Resources Defense Council. Florida Everglades. 20 September 2009. 26 April 2010 .
Parker, Karen. Wildlife 'rescues' can do more harm than good. 19 April 2010. 26 April 2010 .
This is a paper about employment in Florida. There are two references used for this paper.
The labor market throughout the country is constantly changing. It is interesting to look at Florida's economic and employment history, as well as the trends and changes in its job market.
Florida's economy has "greatly expanded and diversified since the early 20th century, when it was dominated by farming. Agriculture remained important in the early 1990s, but tourism was the leading economic sector, and manufacturing also contributed heavily to the economy (www.k2mall.com/2/florida/fl/fl3.html)." The United States government has been a leading employer with instillations such as the "John F. Kennedy Space Center on Cape Canaveral, and Eglin Air Force Base near Pensacola (www.k2mall.com/2/florida/fl/fl3.html)."
Miami's location has been beneficial to Florida's economy as it continues to grow into an "international financial center for the Caribbean region (www.k2mall.com/2/florida/fl/fl3.html)." The influx of retirees…
Burger, Frederick. "A Sunny Outlook Helps Reshape Florida's Economy." (accessed 25 March 2004). www.siteselection.com/features/2000/nov/fl/).
Florida. (accessed 25 March 2004). www.k2mall.com/2/florida/fl/fl3.html).
Black omen in the Florida Legislature:
A Short History of Cherry, Meek, and Joyner
There is little question that the history of women's participation in the United States Political scene has been a rocky one. Indeed, from the birth of the nation, women have had to struggle for the most basic rights of governmental participation -- from the acquisition of the vote, to the winning of the most basic issues of equality under the laws of the land. However, when one enters into the history of women's participation in the halls of government, the struggles of women in general, and Black women in particular are even more pronounced. Given this reality, it is interesting to view the political lives of three of Florida's legislators -- Gwendolyn Cherry, Carrie Meek and Arthenia Joyner -- all Black women who have surpassed tremendous odds and difficulties in order to take their place in…
HOFA. Humanists of Florida. "Resolution on the Equal Rights Amendment." 08 Sept. 2002. Retrieved from Web site on November 17, 2004, from
status of Florida State's health care facilities and anticipates what kinds of steps should be taken to cater to the future population based on their developed needs. It has 15 sources.
With improved health care facilities and advanced medical innovations, populations of the world are increasing in their age as they live longer. As a result of this there has been a marked increase in the demands for health care facilities. The U.S. is one of the world's most advanced countries also sees this trend and mostly in its largely populated states. One of these is Florida. Florida one of America's biggest states, ranking 4th in the recent years has seen gradual change in the health care consumer attitude as well as growth. Not only the urban but the rural population has increased in the demand for health care and the government's legislative is responsible for addressing these needs. In…
Author not available, [March 26, 2001]. Deficit compels Florida governor to accelerate move to managed care. Mental Health Weekly.
Author not available, . Department of Elder Affairs Official Website, accessed on 5-4-03 available at http://elderaffairs.state.fl.us/doea/2A281CONS/C01.html
McDowell, J.C. (Winter 2003). Is There a Doctor in the House? 23 The Journal of the James Madison Institute 10.
Author not available, . Florida Health State, accessed on 5-4-03 available at http://www.floridahealthstat.com/x-insglossary.shtml
economy changed in Miami Florida after the terrorist attacks on New York City after 9/11/01?
According to a recent study conducted by the Florida International University College of Business Administration and the Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce, Florida, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks is paying a high price for security for almost two years now, compelling companies to re-evaluate whether to continue doing business in Miami Florida and if so, then how to move about in making it a success (Robert, 2003).
Furthermore, the economic effect of increased Homeland Security measures along with the U.S.A. Patriot Act has been tremendously negative. According to the author of the study, FIU professor David ernick;
There is a risk that key South Florida industries could be seriously undermined by mandates that drive up business costs, disrupt global supply chains and deter foreigners from vacationing or conducting business here while ultimately doing little to…
CNN.com. Inside Politics. Bush focuses on economy in Florida.
A www.cnn.comFebruary 16,
Florida Economy. Rasmussen Report. 37% in FL say Economy Good/Excellent Florida
Economic Confidence Above National Average.
These united Seminoles were able to retain their power, but with considerable losses. During Newnan's three-week campaign, Seminole settlements, crops, cattle, horses and other livestock were taken or destroyed. The Seminoles have to rebuild their lives. Meanwhile, to survive, the Seminoles and the runaway slaves traded weapons with the British throughout the early 1800s and supported this European country during the War of 1812.
The merican government sent ndrew Jackson to Florida with his army of 3,000 troops. He successfully attacked the Seminoles and left many dead and dying behind in their destroyed villages. The United States seized control of Florida. When the settlers came in, they invaded Tallahassee, a Seminole settlement. The governor asked the Seminole to move and the Seminole refused. In 1823, the governor to offered to sign a treaty with the Seminoles, called the Treaty of Moultrie Creek. It required the Seminoles to give up their…
According to Covington, many changes have taken place for the Seminole Indians since 1858, when less than 300 remained on the peninsula just since the federal government did not have the money nor men to remove them to Indian Territory. Presently, less that 1,500 Seminoles and Miccosukees live in Florida, including those living away from the three larger federal reservations. For many it is indeed a changing life, with more comfortable housing, food purchased at the supermarket, color television sets, the latest fashions in clothing, and late model cars. To some older Seminoles, however, remaining on the reservation guarantees them the good life; it will be the younger Seminoles whose choices decide the future of the tribe. If they no longer have the desire to use their language or if they believe hat life outside the reservation is better, the Seminole land will greatly alter. Yet of all the tribes in the United States, it has been these Seminoles of Florida that have been the most reluctant to adjust themselves to the white world, and they still have reservations to which they can retreat from it.
This was the most interesting aspect of this book, therefore, that this tribe continued to fight against the white domination and against all odds. The Seminoles have been one of the very few sovereign nations that never surrendered nor signed a formal treaty with the U.S. Rather than be controlled by foreign invaders, these tribes moved into the dangerous Florida Everglades and told everyone "to come and get them" if they wanted. The U.S. government tried on several occasions giving up and realizing that the Seminoles would not assimilate themselves into a system that by any standards were patently unfair and racist. There was something in their culture that made them more resistant to external change and having the ability to retain their Native American ways.
This book may have been written for individuals who study the Seminoles in a professional basis, but it was a very interesting book and well written. There were parts that were too detailed that I passed over, but it was almost like a novel where I continued reading to see how it would actually end.
The confidence of Disney was to some extent based on the number of Europeans visiting U.S. Disney parks. The Europeans would be visiting the parks based in U.S. As they were in America but not going to America with the specific motive to pay a visit to the parks. Therefore these figures do not exactly show the popularity of Disney theme parks in Europe. The American Disney Parks are viewed as a part of the American experience and not as a complete holiday destination. All the predictions of attendance are based on parks inside the U.S. And Japan that is also much Americanized. (Euro Disney - Why it failed)
Besides one more striking mistake on the cultural front has been the attention to the wrong details. There will be very few Europeans who will be paying attention to the leather wallpaper when they cannot get their normal breakfast or wine…
Dinechin, Florent de. (1994) "Euro Disney: Marne-le-Vallee, France Earth" Retrieved at http://www.galactic-guide.com/articles/2R56.html. Accessed 3 October, 2005
Disney World Paper" Retrieved at http://homepages.wmich.edu/~j0iskend/disney%20world%20paper.doc. Accessed 2 October, 2005
Euro Disney SCA: Perspectives from two Cultures" (2002) Retrieved at http://exams.infodiv.unimelb.edu.au/2002/economics/325303s2.pdf . Accessed 3 October, 2005
Euro Disney - Why it failed." Retrieved at http://www.patrickzimmer.com/eurodisney.htm . Accessed 3 October, 2005
Blacks in Florida
The history of slavery that has haunted the African-Americans for centuries has allowed the society to forget the heritage of their culture. The shame and considerable violence that surrounds their slave pasts overwhelms people so that they are apt to forget that these peoples had a history before they came or were brought to the 'western' world. Most historians and academics follow the impact of the African-American culture on the U.S. lands and people, much like the influence of the African-Americans on Spanish Colonial Florida as presented by Jane Landers in her article, "Traditions of African-American Freedom and Community in Spanish Colonial Florida" and Hall's "African eligious etentions in Florida" through the basis of slaves being seen as mere 'animals' that had to be civilized. What influence they are seen to have then is seen to emerge from their repressive slave pasts rather than from the time…
Robert Hall and Jane Landers are academics who have studied the influence of African-Americans of the Spanish Colonial region of Florida. Yet, they have narrowed down their study by viewing the heritage of the Africans Americans through the lenses of slavery. Most academics are unable to study the African-American past without bias not because they view the African-Americans as second class citizens but because they associate African-Americans with 'slavery' and cannot see beyond that label. While they realize that the African-Americans immigrated, or were forcefully brought from the regions of Africa to the Americas they are unable to separate the 'slaves' from the 'free' people.
Hall  presents the influence of the African-Americans on Florida by studying the religious facets of the African culture; from the drum beats to black magic to the rich death and burial rites. Hall and Landers  both suggest that the Florida region had been influenced by the African-American more than other states because they were to some extent allowed to retain their moral and religious personalities by the law and church. The slaves colonial Spanish area were till a greater part of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century allowed to continue their own cultural rituals and it was only after annexation of the Florida area to the American states that the slave rights began to be suppressed.
Yet, while both these writers contend that the African-Americans had their basis in Western Africa to some extent they fail to pursue the cultural base. They focus more on the influence of African-Americans on Florida through the kaleidoscope of slavery than actually tracing the origin of the culture from the Africa's. In
Old South: Middle Florida's Plantation Frontier before the Civil War" by Edward E. aptist. 1. What is the big historical question; Summarize the main points of the questions or theories the author is trying to address in his/her work. 2. Where does the work fit in the existing historiography. 3. What evidence does the author use to make the case? 4. riefly summarize the author's findings. 5. How well does he/she make the case? Is the result believable? Why or why not? 6. What (if anything) is wrong with the work? Are there major gaps or inconsistencies?
Creating an Old South: Middle Florida's Plantation
Frontier before the Civil War"
In "Creating an Old South: Middle Florida's Plantation Frontier before the Civil War," Edward E. aptist presents a historical account of the era of migration to Middle Florida during the early 1800's and its creation of the plantation boom. aptist attempts…
Baptist, Edward E. Creating an Old South: Middle Florida's Plantation Frontier before the Civil War. University of North Carolina Press. 2002.
Graham vs. Florida Focal Point Analysis
There are many issues involved in the Supreme Court decisions especially with regard to the Constitution. One important assumption is that the court is moving to create a situation where the rights of humans are being protected and arbitrariness being curbed. In the light of the fact that human rights are now a universal concept and is globally acknowledged, the fact that constitutions and laws that abridge the human rights have to go or be amended cannot be argued against. While the constitution may be supreme, the rights of humans take priority, especially in the global context. In such a case the case of Graham vs. Florida can be seen as a landmark judgement so far as the way prisoners have to be treated is concerned.
The problem is more of legal rationality because the laws are rules that a society creates for the…
Anderson, James; Byrne, Dara N. (2004) "The Unfinished Agenda of Brown v. Board of Education." Wiley: Hoboken, NJ.
Ashworth, Andrew; Wasik, Martin. (1998) "Fundamentals of Sentencing Theory: Essays in Honour of Andrew von Hirsch." Clarendon Press: Oxford.
Cornell. Edu. (2010) "Supreme Court of the United States Graham v. Florida. certiorari to the district court of appeal of florida, 1st district No. 08 -- 7412. Argued November 9, 2009 -- Decided May 17, 2010." Retrieved 10 August 2011 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/08-7412.ZS.html
Cornell University Law School. (2010) "Thomas, J., dissenting Supreme Court of the United
Obesity in Florida
Obesity refers to when a person has more weight than it is required by his height. Excessive fats are being gathered in the body parts in a condition. It has a number of adverse effects. It has been increasing in the various countries over the recent years. Physical training and diet are done in order to prevent obesity. Sugar and fat free products are to be consumed for proper dieting (Murphy, 2012).
What facilitates obesity?
Eating a lot of junk food
Unhealthy items available in nearby markets
Lack of exercises and physical activities.
Florida ranks 27 in state ranking according to the obesity. The obesity rate in Florida is 26.1%. The percentage of males having obesity is 73.6% and the number of females having obesity is 56.5% from 2008-2010 the percentage of average adult having obesity was 26.1% and the percentage of adults who…
Murphy, W. (2012). Obesity. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.
Nies, M.A., & McEwen, M. (2011). Community/Public Health Nursing. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier/Saunders.
Jim Crow Florida:
Views expressed by James Weldon Johnson and Zora Neale Hurston
This paper will examine the lives and beliefs of James Weldon Johnson and Zora Neale Hurston as well as exploring each of these individuals interpretation of class and gender in relation to race. This paper will answer the question as to whether their personal reflections of Jim Crow Florida were similar or different and how so.
Zora Neale Hurston, novelist, dramatist, folklorist, and anthropologist was born in, Eatonville Florida, on the day of the 7th, she "heard tell," of January in 1903. It is fairly certain that she was the fifth child born in a total of eight to her parents. That which Hurston, "heard tell" were her brothers different versions of her date of birth appearing to her that none of the brothers actually remembered exactly when she was actually born.
Her father, after her mother…
Glassman, S. & Seidel, K. eds. "Zora in Florida" Orlando: U. Of Central
Florida P, 1991 [Online] Website avaliable at http://www.literaryhistory.com/20thC/Hurston.htm
Learning Adventures in Citizenship " Zora Neale Hurston" [Online] available at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/laic/episode5/topic2/e5_t2_s4-zn.html
Learning Adventures in Citizenship "James Weldon Johnson" [Online] available at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/laic/episode5/topic2/e5_t2_s5-jw.html
Lawrence v. Texas (2003) and McLaughlin v. Florida (1964)
While McLaughlin v. Florida (1964) is often hailed as a significant case with regard to the constitutional status of interracial intimacy - particularly non-marital; many regard Lawrence v. Texas (2003) an important case as far as same-sex marriages are concerned. This text reviews both cases.
In the case of Lawrence v. Texas (2003), law enforcement officers were responding to a private residence disturbance when they made an unexpected entry into Lawrence's apartment and found him engaging in a sexual act with another man. The said act was consensual and both individuals were past the age of the majority. Lawrence and his partner (by the name Garner) were promptly arrested. It is important to note that at the time, Texas laws forbade deviate sexual intercourse, such as that between two individuals of the same gender. Specifically, "Texas law banned homosexual sodomy…" (Schmalleger…
Schmalleger, F. & Hall, D.E. (2014). Criminal Law Today (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall:
Denhardt & Denhardt report that "one aspect of compensation policy that has received substantial attention over the years is the comparability of wages and salaries in the public and private sectors. Efforts to make such comparisons are similar to comparing apples and oranges, thus early studies tended to show public-sector salaries considerably below those in the private sector -- today ranging between 22 and 38%, depending on grade level." (p. 299)
Accordingly, many agencies are under real economic pressure to improve pay scales of public employees and to close this notable gap. For Orange County, this prompts a recommendation to evaluate compensation strategies lest they should lose many of the best and brightest young public administration candidates to more lucrative private enterprising opportunities. Indeed, though the benefits and transparency of public administration may be appealing, these cannot compete with so wide a gap in compensation opportunities. If Orange County is…
Denhardt, R.B. & Denhardt, J.V. (2008). Public Administration: An Action Orientation. Cengage Learning.
Drage, T. (2010). Charter Review Commission Orientation. Charter Review Commission.
Geuras, D. & Garofalo, C. (2011). Practical Ethics in Public Administration. Management Concepts.
Haynie, M.O. (2010). Orange County Comptroller. www.occompt.com.
The Florida Educator Accomplished Practices are techniques implemented by teachers to ensure classroom success for all students. When implemented, students respond positively and thrive. The professional practices include assessment, communication, continuous improvement, critical thinking, diversity, ethics, human development and learning, and knowledge of subject matter.
The first professional practice is assessment. In order for a teacher to be professional, he/she must continually assess the student's progress in all developmental areas, not only academics but also behavior and social skills. Ways to implement this practice area in the classroom include recognizing a student's readiness to learn (this is especially important in the younger grades) and recognizing potentially disruptive students. As learned in the Psychological Foundation in Education course, more assessments are conducted through observation than on paper and all assessments should be journaled to ensure a proper follow-up when necessary.
ommunication is the next professional practice. This practice is achieved…
Chipola College. The Florida Educator Accomplished Practices (FEAP), Outcomes and Corresponding Courses. Retrieved January 30, 2012. http://www.chipola.edu/sacs07/FEAP%20Assessment%20Tasks.pdf
Florida Department of Education Bureau of Educator Recruitment, Development and Retention. Educator Accomplished Practices. Retrieved January 30, 2012. http://www.fldoe.org/dpe/publications/professional4-99.pdf
Portland State University. Graduate Teacher Education Program (GTEP). Retrieved January 30, 2012. http://www.pdx.edu/ci/gtep
Disaster Preparedness and Emergency esponse for Natural Disasters or Terrorists Attacks in Florida
Emergency management has been described regarding the phases by using words such as prepare. Mitigate, respond and recover. For this paper, we are going to examine the underlying concepts, variation, limitations, and implications of emergency management phases. Moreover, we are going to look at the various preparedness and response strategies applied by the State of Florida when dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks among others. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to show the preparedness and response put in place for these crises for both researchers and practitioners. The paper will also try to give definitions and descriptions of two components, preparedness and response, of emergency management, the temporal versus functional distinctions. Moreover, it is important to understand the interrelationships and responsibilities for each of the phases (mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery) and the diversity…
Adamski, T., Kline, B. & Tyrell, T. (2006). FEMA Reorganization and the Response to Hurricane Disaster Relief: FEMA Reorganization. Perspectives on Public Affairs, 3, 1-36.
Durmaz, H. (2007). Understanding and Responding to Terrorism. Washington, USA: IOS Press.
Edwards, F. L. & Steinhausler, F. (2007). NATO and Terrorism: On scene: New challenges for the first responders and civil protection. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
Elders Affairs. (June 2013). Disaster Preparedness: Guide for Elders. Elder Update -- Special Edition, 24(3), 1-24.
Rather, they are working more hours, though often not within the confines of their home. People are also working more intensely during their younger years, another difference from just a generation ago.
Overall, Florida sees these as positive developments. While there are losses associated with these new workplaces, the growing premium placed on creative endeavors has allowed previously excluded people into the mainstream, and has allowed them to do so without giving up their myriad of interests.
What about the women?
Hochschild's account is not as optimistic as Florida's. For Hochschild, capitalism has indeed resulted in changes in the way people conduct their work and leisure. While Florida sees a major change from a corporate-based to a people-driven capitalism, Hochschild argues that capitalism remains intact. In fact, in American society, capitalism has assumed the dimensions of religion. This can be seen in how "the cathedrals of capitalism" have come to…
State of Florida: Affordable Care Act (ACA) Implementation
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to extend healthcare coverage to more Americans, ideally to cover all Americans. Yet the passage of the bill was relatively turbulent, and resulted in a somewhat inconsistent implementation of its fundamentals on a state-by-state basis. Before the ACA, the state of Florida had one of the highest uninsured rates in the nation and after the implementation of the ACA and the healthcare exchange, “the uninsured rate has reportedly dropped from around 20% in 2013 to 15.2% in 2015,” although this rate is still higher than the national average of uninsured persons (Born, 2017, p.3). Florida is one of the states that has elected to have its citizens research and obtain healthcare coverage on the national exchange, rather than implement a state-specific healthcare exchange. As noted by Norris (2018), using the most recent data available, Florida…
The Herald Tribune also provided that consumers get away with taking raw milk by purchasing ones that are packaged for pets. Small farm owners also get to avoid the law by directly selling their cow milk to neighbours and other willing consumers.
This concern was acknowledged by the State through its Trends and Conditions Statement. Said document stated that "there is an increasing interest in consumption of raw and minimally-processed foods…such as the production of raw milk for human consumption..." Aside from the acknowledgement, the State stressed the need for "active surveillance and compliance activities" to ensure that intake of unpasteurized milk from consumers would be stopped. However, sadly, aside from numerous reports stating the hazardous effects of consuming raw milk, no particular law or action were noted during research of this concern. Said reports are also obviously useless as the Herald Tribune were able to report several farms discretely…
Kennedy, P. (2004) an Overview of U.S. State Milk Laws. Summary of Raw Milk Statutes and Administrative Codes. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from http://www.realmilk.com/milk-laws-1.html
Guidelines for Mobile Food Establishments and Commissary Letter of Agreement. (n.d.) Retrieved September 29, 2009 from http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/fs/mobile_guide.pdf
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Trends and Conditions Statement. (n.d.) Retrieved September 29, 2009 from www.doacs.state.fl.us/LRPP/DACS_Trends_and_Conditions_Statement.doc - 2008-09-29 -
The Everglades subtropical wetlands in Florida are recognized for their unique features and for the fact that they are one of the most beautiful places in North America. The territory is also impressive for the fact that it is one of the largest wetlands in the world. ater and fire are two of the two main elements shaping the land, given that floods and draughts constantly affect it. In spite of the qualities that Florida Everglades has, the land is severely harmed by outside factors and it is essential for society to acknowledge the fact that urgent action needs to be taken in order for it to be brought back to its initial status.
The Everglades are full of sawgrass that moves as a result of the fact that water goes through the marshes. This is the reason for which the region came to be known as "The River…
Levin, Ted, "Listening to Wildlife in the Everglades," National Wildlife June-July 1998
Ridgley, Heidi, "Second Chance for a Dying Estuary - the Monumental Task of Restoring the Everglades Begins 100 Miles to the North," National Wildlife Aug.-Sept. 2002
Stoneman Douglas, Marjory, The Everglades: River of Grass (New York: Rinehart, 1947)
"Everglades: Overview," Retrieved May 20, 2011, from the Florida Everglades Website: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/everglades/FEeverglades1.html
Healthcare Data Compare Healthcare Grade of Maryland to Florida
Healthcare grades: The Commonwealth Fund
The Commonwealth Fund grades all states on access to healthcare, avoidable hospital use and costs, healthy lives, and prevention and treatment. For example, Pennsylvania ranks 12 on access: nearly
percent of nonelderly adult patients are insured and 92% of children. Florida has around 74% and Maryland around 83% of adults insured and 82 and 91% of children, approximately. In Pennsylvania, 86% of at-risk adults have had a checkup within two years versus 87 and 88% in Florida and Maryland respectively; 90% of patients in PA have not had to forego seeing a physician within the last two years because of cost versus 84% in Florida and 89% in Maryland (approximately). The low rates of insurance coverage in Florida reflect higher unemployment and poverty rates, combined with a higher percentage of workers who labor part-time and do…
State scorecard. (2011). Maps and Data. Retrieved September 26, 2011 at http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Maps-and-Data/State-Data-Center/State-Scorecard.aspx
All figures are rounded up or down, based upon the available data
Emergency response is critical component to a natural disaster. In some instances, natural disasters are unexpected in regards to both their duration and destructive capabilities. In other instances, natural disasters can be seen ahead of time, while the damage can still be unknown, as is the case for hurricanes. In either circumstance, a proper response can mitigate hardships within a particular community. The proper response is often a coordinated and integrated approach to remedying a situation. Florida is a state that is particularly prone to natural disasters and in particular hurricanes. In recent occurrences, it was not the actual hurricane that caused so much destruction, but instead the residual effects. For example, flooding, power outages, and debris often cause more damage than the actual hurricane did. It is for these reasons that a robust emergency support system is needed.
In regards to the emergency support system of Florida, it appears…
1) Doss, Daniel; Glover, William; Goza, Rebecca; Wigginton, Michael (2015). The Foundations of Communication in Criminal Justice Systems (1 ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 301.
2) McElreath, David; Doss, Daniel; Jensen, Carl; Wigginton, Michael; Nations, Robert; Van Slyke, Jeffrey; Nations, Julie (2014). Foundations of Emergency Management (1st ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt Publishing Company. p. 25.
Counselling Certificate in Florida
In the following article, the certification rules or a school counsellor in Florida have been discussed in detail.
A Look at the Certification Process
According to the School Counselling Program, there are certain courses and experiences that a student requires to be eligible for Florida State Certification, and if these requirements are not already met, the courses are included in the student's planned program. Students must at least do one internship in a public or private school in the field of School Counselling to complete six credit hours. Moreover, they should sit in the Florida State Certification Examination for School Counsellors and get passing scores. Uncertified teachers must also pass the CLAST Basic Proficiency Exam, the Florida Teacher Certification Professional Skills Exam and the General Knowledge Test (only if CLAST exam was given after July 1, 2002). Florida is one among few states that…
(n.d.). Florida Department of Education. Specialization Requirements for Certification in Guidance and Counselling (Grades PK-12) --Specialty Class Beginning July 1, 1990. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from http://www.fldoe.org/teaching/certification/certificate-subjects/administrative-rules/6a-4-0181.stml
(n.d.). USF College of Education -- University of South Florida. School Counselling Program. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from http://www.coedu.usf.edu/main/departments/psf/CE/AcadProgSheets/SchoolCouns2
qualify as a nurse practitioner in the state of Florida, one must have completed the required education and training for expert knowledge and skills. The process entails acquiring a bachelor's degree or a diploma and associate degree from accredited institution offering the nursing program. There is no licensing exam for one to become an NP as one has already done it after completing a diploma or undergraduate training. The state administers examinations to test the competencies of the NPs. However, they must acquire a license for prescribing drugs or medication. Individuals are eligible to enroll for a national certification exam in their area of specialization to be certified as an NP. The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners and American Credentialing Center certify the NPs (Buppert, 2008).
The Nurse Practitioners of Florida have the freedom to prescribe drugs that include habit forming drugs, harmful to the patient or toxic, and have…
Atlas, S.W. (2010). Reforming America's health care system: The flawed vision of Obamacare.
Stanford, Calif: Hoover Inst. Press Bonewit-West, K., Hunt, S.A., & Applegate, E.J. (2013). Today's medical assistant: Clinical & administrative procedures. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.
Buppert, C. (2008). Nurse practitioner's business practice and legal guide. Sudbury, Mass: Jones
Salary Inequities for Nurses in Florida
Inequities in Nurses' Salary Schedules
In the decade between 2004 and 2014, the estimated number of open positions for registered nurses was anticipated to be 2.1 million. This number reflects both attrition and the growth of the healthcare and medical fields that are responding to an aging national population. Best practices in staff recruiting in the medical arena call for an "adequate supply of nurse and high-quality patient care through competitive, transparent wage-setting, collective bargaining, and nurse/patient ratio standards" (Lovell, 2006).
An interesting phenomenon has occurred in research on the state of nursing in the U.S.: just over 20% of the nearly 50 studies conducted to analyze the nursing workforce recommended wage increases in order to attract more nurses into professional preparation programs and into the workforce. The U.S. Government Accountability Office conducted a study to look critically at the key factors that influence…
____. (2012). Florida Registered Nurse Salaries. Salary.com. Retrieved http://www1.salary.com/Florida/registered-nurse-salary.html .
____. (2002, July). Projected supply, demand, and shortages of registered nurses: 2000-2020. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, National Center For Health Workforce Analysis. Retrieved http://www.google.com/
____. (2012). Registered Nurse (RN) Hourly Rate. PayScale. Retrieved http://www.payscale.com/research/U.S./Job=Registered_Nurse_%28RN%29/Hourly_Rate .
Brian Short v. State of Florida
Is it legal for the State of Florida to prohibit the marriage of two very short people to each other, using the rationale that two short people are likely to produce short children and short children are less likely to help maintain dominance in state athletic programs and in more danger of falling into holes and not fitting properly into seatbelts?
elevant Legal Concepts from Text
The Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the making or enforcing of any laws "which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States" (U.S. Const. amend. XIV).
elevant Case Law from Text
"Marriage is one of the "basic civil rights of man," fundamental to our very existence and survival" (Loving v. Virginia). "To deny this fundamental freedom on so unsupportable a basis as the racial classifications embodied in these statutes, classifications so directly subversive of the…
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority, 365 U.S. 715 (1961).
Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967).
Meister v. Moore, 96 U.S. 76 (1877).
U.S. Const. amend. V.
Identifying and Associating With Professional Coalitions:
Vaccinations and the State of Florida
For school-age children, the state of Florida, according to the most recent data on its website (2018) requires a relatively standard battery of immunizations, including inoculations for diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (Tdap), measles mumps and rubella (MMR), polio (IPV), Hepatitis B, chickenpox (Varicella). Some of these vaccinations have incurred controversy over the years, including claimed links to autism. Currently, for children medically able to be vaccinated Florida only permits religious exemptions from vaccinations. In other words, parents cannot opt their children out of vaccines purely due to personal conviction and stated fears. All 50 states permit vaccine exemptions for medical reasons (“Vaccination Exemptions,” 2018). These may include children with compromised immune systems or children with allergies to ingredients in the vaccines.
However, only three states—Mississippi, West Virginia, and California—only permit medical exemptions to vaccines. The other 47 states…
15. I see teachers tease students.
16. I tease other students.
17. I see students hurting others physically.
18. I hurt others physically.
19. I hurt others emotionally.
20. I am interested in coming to school.
21. I am a good listener.
22. I am involved in extra-curricular activities.
23. I do my homework.
24. I get good grades.
25. Adults listen to me.
26. I am lonely.
27. I feel lonely when I'm at school.
28. I share my feelings easily.
29. I used tobacco within 2 weeks.
30. I used alcohol within 2 weeks.
31. I used drugs within 2 weeks.
(not at all) to 10 (a lot).
Low Substance Culture:
32. Students in this school use tobacco.
33. Students in this school use alcohol.
34. Students in this school use drugs.
What methods will be used to answer the evaluation…
Be the change action plan. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/BTC-Plan.doc.
Ferber, S., Robertson, B., Leigh, G., Fleuridas, C. & Marachi, R. (2007). Summary of Challenge Day student survey. Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/CDStudentSurveyData.pdf.
Frequently asked questions. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/our_program/faq.html#Q1 .
Maklin, M. (2002, May 20). for-profit PC workshops. Insight on the News, 18(18), 45.
Third Grade Science Instruction Plan
The Florida state standards for science education and knowledge achievements in the third grade essentially consist of background knowledge in all of the major branches of scientist inquiry and knowledge -- earth science, physical sciences, and life sciences (FDE 2010). This includes fundamental knowledge regarding the nature of matter and an introduction of types of matter, an understanding of energy and a knowledge of different objects that emit energy in the forms of heat and light and the basics of the energy life cycle amongst organisms on earth (FDE 2010). There are also numerous specific learning objectives identified in each of these and other areas of scientific knowledge that are defined by the state as necessary; the following lesson description touches on several of these areas (FDE 2010).
Earth in Space and Time
One popular way of introducing earth as it exists in space is…
DOE. (2010). Third grade sciance standards. Department of Education. Accessed 30 November 2010. http://doe.sd.gov/contentstandards/documents/PhyScience_3-5.pdf
FDE. (2010). Grade level expectations. Florida Department of Education. Accessed 30 November 2010. http://www.fldoe.org/bii/curriculum/sss/pdf/sci3.pdf
SSS. (1996). Sunshine State standards. Accessed 30 November 2010. http://www.explorelearning.com/index.cfm?method=cResource.dspStandardCorrelation&id=139
TC. (2010). Solar system. Teacher's corner. Accessed 30 November 2010. v
Kimel v. Florida Board of egents
J. Daniel Kimel, Jr., et al. v. Florida Board of egents, et al., 528 U.S. 62 (2000).
Petitioner employees filed suit against respondent state employers alleging that the employers discriminated against petitioners on the basis of age, in violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), 29 U.S.C.S. § 621 et seq. The respondents filed motions to dismiss those lawsuits, alleging that they were immune from suit under the theory of state sovereign immunity. The trial court granted the respondents' motions to dismiss, and the petitioners sought review of that decision. The appellant court consolidated their cases and affirmed the trial courts decisions. Petitioners sought review of that decision.
Petitioners sought review of the decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, which had affirmed the trial court's decision granting respondents' motions to…
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents, 528 U.S. 62 (2000).
Hurricane Floyd was deemed to be a Category 4 storm with 145 mph winds. It was also seen to be bigger than the hurricane Andrew, which had struck south Florida in 1992. Andrew caused a huge disaster and left 26 dead, 160,000 homeless, and property damage of $25 billion. Floyd was determined to be bigger and potentially more dangerous than Andrew, which caused people to panic. Officials had reported by Sunday night Floyd could become a Category 5 hurricane with winds exceeding 155 mph, which led to the officials deciding to evacuate the residents who were most likely to be affected by the storm. However, hurricane Floyd bypassed the state completely with its 140 mph winds skirting the peninsula off the coastline. Floyd did not make landfall and the evacuation orders issued were not necessary.
The issue hurricane Floyd presented was one to do with communication on who should evacuate.…
suspension of the Miami, Florida police chief. The suspension was the result of a political dispute between the police chief and the Miami mayor. The mayor and police chief had been involved in a dispute over suspected illegal gambling that the police chief believed that the mayor was supporting. The chief's actions will be reviewed by a special commission. The question as to the level of involvement by the mayor in the gambling operation is still unresolved as well. The chief has requested that the FBI investigate the mayor's involvement and the chief has requested whistle blower status under the federal statutes. The City Council has expressed concerns that the dispute between the mayor and police chief has resulted in dysfunction in the operation of the Miami police force. The circumstances of this situation are such that minimizing or eliminating the politics would be difficult. Although the nature of the…
Baker, A. (2011, August 13). Effort to Fight Misconduct by City Police is Imperiled. New York Times, p. A20.
Don Van Natta, J. (2011, September 7). In Miami, Long and Bitter Feud with Mayor Pushes Police Chief Close to Dismissal. New York Times, p. A16.
Eligon, J. (2011, August 11). Second Ex-Officer in Rape Case Receives a Two-Month Jail Term. New York Times, p. A20.
Emergency Plan for Jacksonville, Florida During Hurricane Season
First and foremost, when preparing for a hurricane, it is essential that a community have an effective communications plan for before, after, and during the storm. The government should have a plan regarding how to disseminate information to the public, including if there is a loss of power. The public should likewise be prepared beforehand to communicate with family members and work colleagues as well as emergency personnel. This may include being prepared for emergency texts and emails sent by the local government, being aware of the best websites and news channels to seek out for information, and having battery-powered radios in case of a total outage of both power and cellular service.
Given that the conditions of a hurricane are always changing, families should be encouraged to have adequate amounts of food and water on hand, batteries for flashlights, and any…
How to prepare for a hurricane. (2016). FEMA. Retrieved from:
Budget Detail & Narrative
Florida, the United tates and the broader world in particular is facing an energy crisis. Indeed, it is a battle and one with many fronts. There are a number of good reasons out there to find alternative energy. They include the increasing world population, the pervasive use of fossil fuels, concerns about those fossil fuels running out, pollution associated with those fossil fuels and access to energy for everyone. Indeed, there is an increased need for energy that departs from the dirty energy sources like coal and petroleum. Beyond that, these new sources need to be sustainable. This grant proposal covers precisely such an energy source and it is a source that can greatly improve the quality of life and energy costs of people in the southwestern part of Florida much like it is already doing for people around the rest of the…
Spear, K. (2015). Department of Energy: Taller turbines would bring wind energy to Florida. OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved 24 June 2016, from http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/os-wind-energy-orlando-announcement-20150519-story.html
SWFL. (2016). SWFL Sustainability - People, Place, & Profit Improve Our Quality of Life for Today & Tomorrow. SWFL Sustainability. Retrieved 24 June 2016, from http://www.swflsustainability.com/
Windustry. (2016). How much do wind turbines cost?. Windustry. Retrieved 24 June 2016, from http://www.windustry.org/how_much_do_wind_turbines_cost
urban area of Tampa, Florida, and serves as an instrumental case study of how an urban locale can address problems of environmental health and safety. Specifically, this study assesses the failures and successes of Tampa to regulate and reduce water, air and waste pollution through various programs. Through quantitative analysis of city managers' statistics and survey of the population (random sampling), findings indicate that positive steps have been taken through initiatives like S.W.E.E.P. and the attention given to Tampa's estuaries and water sources so as to maintain healthy ecosystems. However, air pollution has yet to be addressed, as the state has eliminated its vehicle emissions testing. Coal-burning power plants like Big Bend also contribute to air pollution and a discussion of the beneficial impact of wind power is provided as a recommendation for addressing this issue.
Environmental Health and Safety Case Study: Tampa, Florida
Urban areas in the U.S.…
Ackermannn, T., Soder, L. (2000). Wind energy technology and current status: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 4(4): 315-374.
Boyle, G. (2012). Renewable Energy: Power for a Sustainable Future. UK: Oxford.
City of Tampa. (2013). Solid Waste Recycling. Tampagov.net. Retrieved from http://www.tampagov.net/solid-waste/programs/automated-recycling
Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among
Salaries within two distinct geographic regions often vary substantially. Employers within a market economy must compete for talent and labor in the same manner in which they compete for customers. Employers must therefore entice perspective candidates with a compelling value proposition relative to peers. This proposition often includes aspects such vacation, retirement plans, and special rights and privileges. A major component of the ability of a company to attract and retain talented candidates is salary. Two economic forces heavily influence pay differences within respective regions of the country. One of which is cost of living within the particular area. Cost of living in particular has many variables that comprise it (Dohrn, 1996). Aspects such as living expenses, taxes, inflation, and transportation are all components within the cost of living calculation. A higher cost of living often demands a salary premium when compares to other, less expensive areas. The second economic…
1) Dohrn-van Rossum, Gerhard,, (1996). History of the hour: Clocks and modern temporal orders. Thomas Dunlap (trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.ISBN 9780226155104.
2) Finley, Moses I. (1973). The ancient economy. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 65
3) Thompson, E. P. (1967). "Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism." Past and Present 38: 56-9
Such decisions are made by the courts based on personal values, not empirical data. In 1999, the American Psychologist published one of the first research studies on the topic of adoptive parenting. "Deconstructing the Essential Father" (Silverstein & Auerbach, 1999) concluded that successful parenting is not gender specific and children do not need fathers or mothers. ather, any gender configuration of adults could parent equally well. The implication that fathers were not necessary was extremely controversial.
Since then, numerous studies, such as one conducted last year by yan of the University of Texas School of Social Work, and Averett and Nalavany of East Carolina University (2009), show that there is no difference in emotional problems experienced by the children who are adopted by heterosexual and gay or lesbian parents. In order to determine their findings, the study's authors used survey results from parents who adopted children through Florida's public…
ACLU. Website retrieved February 21, 2010. www. http://aclu.org
Biblarz, T, & Stacey, J. (2010) How does gender of parent matter? Journal of Marriage and Family 72, 3-22
Brodzinsky DM and the staff of the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (2003) Adoption by lesbians and gays: A national survey of adoption agency policies, practices, and attitudes, Adoption Quarterly 3(5): 5-23.
Family Research Council. Website retrieved February 21, 2010. http://www.frc.org/