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My food journal can be used as an anthropological tool, highlighting a number of different facets of my life. My background is that I am half-Turkish and half-Saudi, but grew up in Paris. So I have been exposed to a number of different types of food. I went through a period where I was unable to cook for myself, since I had no kitchen, but eventually I moved into my own place. This allowed me to renew my love of food. Eating out had become a chore, but now it is something that I want to do. There is also the element of food as celebration, something that comes from both Turkish and Saudi culture, and those are things that I have missed, even in Paris.
My food diary shows a variety of food/social categories. Mary Douglas (1972) wrote that a meal can be deciphered, operating on the…
Douglas, M. (1972). Deciphering a meal. Myth, Symbol and Culture. Vol. 101 (1) 61-81.
Fischler, C. (2011). Commensality, society and culture. Social Science Information. Vol. 50 (3-4) 528-548.
Hendry, J. (1999). Intro to sociological anthropology: gifts, exchange and reciprocity. In possession of the author.
Sobo, E. (no date). The sweetness of fat. In possession of the author.
Place of publication: London and New York
Date of publication: 2009
alden Bello's book The Food ars is not a meaty book in terms of length, but it covers an issue all of us are and should be concerned with: food. Bello is certainly qualified to discuss this topic. He has a background in sociology and is currently a professor of that discipline at the University of the Philippines. ith a Harvard education to his credit, as well as authorship of several other well-received books and scholarly essays, Bello knows what he is talking about. In addition, he is deeply passionate about his topic, and this comes through clearly on these pages. He discusses questions that affect all of us deeply regarding food issues, particularly in terms of the political and economic aspects of it and how these issues affect all of us globally.
Bello, Walden. The Food Wars. New York: Verso, 2009.
Donnelly, Jack. "Cultural Relativism and Universal Human Rights." Human Rights Quarterly,
Vol. 6, No. 4 400-419. 1984.
Waltz, Susan. "Reclaiming and Rebuilding the History of the Universal Declaration of Human
Food for Thought Meal Project
My meal for the Food for Thought project is themed around one of my favorite foods: Mexican food. The meal starts with Chicken Quesadilla for an appetizer, a Mexican Burrito Bowl for the main dish and Flan for dessert. I found three recipes online for each part of the meal, and to plan a meal for ten guests I had to do calculations to know how much of each ingredient I needed. Then I created a cookbook, which you can read below, to show how each recipe is prepared and cooked.
Appetizer -- Chicken Quesadilla (Serves 5 People)
You Will Need:
chicken breasts (cook them and shred into small pieces) - $8.99
bag of cheese (use the Mexican blend) - $3.99
dozen soft flour tortillas - $3.50
stick of butter - $0.50
jar of salsa - $3.25
tablespoons of sour cream - $0.80
This prevented the construction of a dam on the river that was going to be used to produce hydroelectricity. This is significant because it is showing how there is tremendous amounts of competition over the natural resources. Once this occurs, it means that sustainable food supplies become more difficult to obtain, which will result in food security issues. ("Water and Food Security," 2011)
To deal with these problems, many countries have begun to implement various programs that are designed to encourage the conservation of natural resources such as water. Evidence of this can be seen in Japan. As, they have been recycling waste water and using it on plants. The basic idea behind this approach is that this can protect the water table by: ensuring that agriculture and the rest of the economy are receiving the resources that it needs. The only difference is that there is no segregation of…
Addressing Food Security. (2011). PEMSEA. Retrieved from: http://www.pemsea.org/eascongress/international-conference/food-security-and-livelihood-management
Water and Food Security. (2009). NTS Alert. 1 -- 6.
Food everage Service
Working at 'Graduates' Restaurants: What I learned
Customer needs and expectations
"The essence of fine dining -- as in any great experience -- is often the expectation of something special... Restaurateurs must encourage their staffs to outdo themselves in pleasing the customer and to equal or surpass expectations. [If they do this] the reward would be happy customers and repeat business rather than disillusioned customers not inclined to return" (ernstein 1989:1). Customer needs and expectations regarding fine dining are very different from the expectations diners bring to fast or convenience food restaurants. Customers are not simply paying for fine food, they are also paying for a service. They desire expertise and assurance that the investment of time and money they are making in the restaurant is 'worth it.' Customers who do not often go to fine dining establishments hope the experience will be worth the risk of…
Are you a fifty one percenter? (2010). Management Concepts. Available:
http://blogs.managementconcepts.com/lm/ps/tag/customer-service / [14 May 2012]
Ask Danny Meyer. 2006. INC. Available:
What Are Allergies, Different Types, Treatments, Diagnosis
how was it processed
Controlling reaction, most common, symptoms, warnings,
How to manage allergies at home, school, work etc.
F. esearch -- how it was processed
G. eaction to research -- personal reactions
Food allergies are all the rage lately, especially according to some reports that espouse numbers about U.S. citizens that are alarming to some experts. Those numbers state that "the most reliable statistics show that food allergies affect between 6 and 8% of children and nearly 4% of adults -- and rates appear to be climbing" (Howard, 2010, p. 122).
However, these numbers may be somewhat misleading, due to the fact that many people who believe they have a food allergy, may in actuality, only have a food intolerance. A recent report found in the Journal of the American Medical Association states that out of 1200 studies concerning food…
Food Allergy (2011) Preventing and treating food allergy, accessed on May 14, 2011 at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodAllergy/understanding/Pages/treatment.aspx
Harvard Women's Health Watch (2011) Food allergies and food intolerances: Both are on the rise -- and it's important to know the difference, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 4 -- 6
Howard, M.; (2010) The food allergy news everyone needs, Redbook, Vol. 215, Issue 3, pp. 122-129
Riedl, M.A.; Schneider-Chafen, J.J.; Newberry, S.J.; Bravata, D.M.; Maglione, M.; Suttorp, M.J.; Paige, N.M.; Towfigh, A.; Hulley, B.J.; Shekelle, P.G.; (2010) Diagnosing and managing common food allergies, JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 303, Issue 18, pp. 1848 -- 1856
Some say that there are over 350 Italian local bread types. Similarly Pasta is also key ingredient in food items. Antipasto, primo, secondo and dolce are main courses in Italian meal. Antipasto comprises appetizers which can be served hot or cold. Pasta is usually included in the primo, or soup and pasta course. Secondo is the main meal and is usually fish or meat. Beef or Veal is most commonly used in preparing secondo. Dolce is desert and there could be another side dish called contorno which is usualy salad.
Another specialty of Italy is its wine and a wide variety of locally produced wine is available in the country. The wine and food for Italians is lethal combination. They have even many special food and wine fairs.
Italian lunch and dinners are sumptuous and Italians love to eat the two meals of the day. Italians love to serve food…
The Thailand Food Connection Part 1 of 2'. (September 14, 2004). Manila Bulletin.
Freeman, N. India. Retrieved on March 04, 2007 from Sally's Place Website: http://www.sallys-place.com/food/ethnic_cusine/india.htm
Furfaro, R. Italy. Retrieved on March 04, 2007 from Sally's Place Website: http://www.sallys-place.com/food/ethnic_cusine/italy.htm
Chrones, T. Turkey. Retrieved on March 04, 2007 from Sally's Place Website: http://www.sallys-place.com/food/ethnic_cusine/turkey.htm
For many years, I have been conscious about what foods I buy and where I buy them. I have been trying to incorporate more organic foods into my diet, and eat as much vegetarian food as possible. However, this exercise encouraged me to pay closer attention to what I buy and why. Many of my food choices are made from habit. I buy broccoli more often than any other green vegetable because I have never learned how to use kale or collard greens. I purchase certain brands of food because I remember my mother liked those brands. Other items I buy only because they are on sale, and the price is attractive to me.
Ethnicity plays a small role in what I buy. My mother is Chinese, and this makes it relatively easy for me to know what to buy at the Asian grocer when I go there.…
The Food History of Switzerland's Cuisine
hat is the geographical location of Switzerland and why it would have an affect on the Switzerland cuisine? (i.e., what is Switzerland's weather condition and what do they eat mostly, etc.)
The famously neutral nation of Switzerland is located in the center of Europe. According to the official Swiss Tourist Board, this "landlocked, mountainous" quality of nation has given the country its unique identity, not simply politically but culturally and in terms of its food. Because of its central position in continental Europe Switzerland's weather is influenced by the four main European air currents, from the Atlantic, the eastern continent, the northern sub-polar region and the Mediterranean south. The climate is temperate on the Swiss Central Plateau, and warmer and dryer in the South. The mountain climate, hilly terrain, and strong sense of the beauty of the outdoors have meant that Switzerland…
"About: Switzerland: Food." About culture. 2005.
"Swiss Food." 2005. Switzerlandisyours.com.
Food and Water Supply: wanda
Identifying Methods to Improve the Food and Water Supply in wanda
The recent events following Hurricane Katrina served to emphasize just how important clean food and water are to the American public; fortunately, though, the profound deprivations in New Orleans were short-lived, but the same plight is faced on a daily basis by the peoples of many developed countries of the world. Tens of millions of people continue to go without adequate nutrition and access to safe water supplies, and the deaths and diseases associated with these inadequacies in basic human needs are well-known. While the problems facing policymakers and nongovernmental agencies seeking to improve food and water production capabilities in emerging nations are profound, there have been some methods identifying in the past that have proven effective for these purposes. To this end, this paper provides a plan to assist the developing country of…
Chen, L.C., Kleinman, A., & Ware, N.C. (1992). Advancing health in developing countries:
The role of social research. New York: Auburn House.
Enhancing support of African development. (1996). UN Chronicle, 33(2), 6.
Goldstein, J. (1990) Demanding clean food and water: The fight for a basic human right. New York: Plenum Press.
Food Service Food Waste
Throughout the world, food wastage has become a significant problem. It is estimated that across America, tones of food are wasted on a daily basis. For this reason, the relevance of formulating sound food waste management strategies cannot be overstated. As a foodservice manager, I explore the various strategies I could embrace in an attempt to address the problem of food wastage in a foodservice outlet.
Strategies to educe Food Wastage
It is important to note from the onset that both retail and commercial food outlets waste food worth billons of U.S. dollars p.a. The cost of the said wastage as of 2010 according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was $30-$40 billion p.a. (City of Hillsboro, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2010). In seeking to address the problem of food wastage (and hence make some cost savings), I will largely rely on strategies that have…
City of Hillsboro, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. (2010, August). Food Waste Prevention Case Study: Intel Corporation's Cafes. Retrieved from http://www.ci.hillsboro.or.us/Sustainability/SustainabilityWeb_Upload/download/FoodWasteCaseStudy.pdf
FOODWaste.ie. (n.d). Case Studies of Organizations Managing Food Waste Properly. Retrieved from http://www.envirocentre.ie/includes/images/Case-Studies-of-Organisations-Managing-Food-Waste-Properly.pdf
Kirk, D. (2012). Environmental Management for Hotels: A Student's Handbook. Woburn, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
The condition in which meat is produced in the United States is appalling and makes me consider the choices I have made as a consumer. Some of the most disturbing aspects of the meat industry -- chicken and beef -- where the inhumane conditions that the animals bred for consumption were kept under. The scene that made me reconsider my meat choices was not any of the beef being slaughtered or meat being processed for hamburgers, but rather the scene in which a cow had a plug inserted into its side that allowed a person to look directly into it while it was still alive.
One of the most shocking aspects of Food, Inc. (2008) was the control that Monsanto has over farmers and veggie libel laws. It is appalling that Monsanto is more concerned with making a profit than the well being of the public and also the well…
Food, Inc. (2008). Directed by Robert Kenner. United States: Magnolia Pictures, DVD.
Marx, K. (1848). The Communist Manifesto. Retrieved 13 April 2013, from http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html
ecently I had the opportunity to try an Ethiopian restaurant that is fairly new to the neighborhood. I have eaten Ethiopian food before, and so was very familiar with the tastes, textures, and overall eating experience. This restaurant had an Ethiopian flag outside, and inside it was decorated with photographs of Ethiopia and handicrafts from the country. The atmosphere was casual, relaxed, and homey. On the stereo played Ethiopian music of many different varieties including songs with captivating vocals. As with the menus of most Ethiopian restaurants, this menu listed a variety of meat and vegetable dishes and explained how to eat the food properly. Most menus do not need directions, but for those who have never eaten Ethiopian food before, some advance knowledge is helpful. Ethiopian food is eaten entirely with the hands and fingers: no utensils are used at all. The stable starch of the Ethiopian diet…
"Ethiopia." CIA World Factbook. Retrieved online: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html
"Health Care and Obesity: A Global Dilemma," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.morssglobalfinance.com/health-care-and-obesity-a-global-dilemma/
"Obesity," (2012). BBC. Retrieved online: http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/conditions/obesity.shtml
Food is an expression of culture. Food plays a role in social interactions and ritual, as well as in daily life. Therefore, a culture's food transcends the mundane meanings of self-sustenance and survival. Visiting the restaurants owned and operated by persons from a specific culture offers a window into that society, however small that window might be. Culture is defined as a "full range of learned human behavior patterns," which are integral to the creation of individual and group identity (O'Neil, 2006). Culture is transmitted via processes like socialization and acculturation; and culture is also disseminated via the construction of social norms. Communication is integral to the definition of culture. Not only is language itself an expression of culture, but the ways in which people communicate nonverbally is too. As the text points out, issues such as power distance, particularism, and contextual cues will all become components of cultural communication…
Food and Culture Resources (2012). Welcome to food, culture, and tradition. Retrieved online: http://www.food-links.com/
O'Neil, D. (2006). What is culture? Retrieved online: http://anthro.palomar.edu/culture/culture_1.htm
There are two liquids especially agreeable to the human body, wine inside and oil outside."
There is an inscription in Egyptian characters on the pyramid which records the quantities of radishes onions and garlic consumed by the laborers who constructed it."
Greek historian, Herodotus, describing his visits to the pyramids at Giza.
Few foods hold as an esteemed position in Mediterranean cuisine and lifestyle as garlic and olive oil. Now that modern science and medicine has confirmed what the ancients assumed about the health benefits of garlic and olive oil, they are receiving even more attention in modern cuisine and medicine. Both garlic and olive oil are noted for their curative properties as antioxidants. Modern science has proven what Dioscorides knew thousands of years ago, that garlic "clears the arteries." Moreover, garlic and olive oil are some of the most versatile -- not to mention tasty --…
Brothwell, Don, and Patricia Brothwell. Food in Antiquity: A survey of the Diet of Early Peoples. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Grieve, M. "Garlic." Botanical.com: A Modern Herbal. 18 Apr. 2003. http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/g/garlic06.html .
Pellechia, Thomas. Garlic, Wine and Olive Oil: Historical Anecdotes and Recipes. Santa Barbara: Capra Press, 2000.
Olive Oil History." Global Gourmet. 1997. The Electronic Gourmet Guide. 18 Apr. 2003. http://www.globalgourmet.com/food/egg/egg0397/oohistory.html.
..for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance" while a drug is "intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease" and "intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals" (Is it, 2002, FDA). Cosmetics thus alter the appearance of the individual and are aesthetic or hygienic in nature, while drugs promote health through wellness and disease prevention, and fundamentally change the nature of a human or animal's body.
However, a product can function as both a cosmetic and a drug. For example, anti-dandruff shampoos contain a chemical with medicinal purposes that treat a medical condition. Toothpastes can whiten a consumer's smile but also contain fluoride, a chemical that promotes good oral hygiene (Is it, 2002, FDA). The purpose of the product -- whether drug, cosmetic, or both -- is conveyed through explicit product labeling and also…
A brief overview of CMV's drug approval process. (2010). FDA. Retrieved April 22, 2010
Can you explain the approval process for animal drugs? (2010). FDA. Retrieved April 22, 2010
One of the best ways to learn about culture is to go through the stomach: by learning about a culture's cuisine. Both through my own experiences and via the experiences and advice of others, I have come to appreciate diversity in ways that can never be done by reading or intellectual learning alone. For example, I recently ate at a Sri Lankan restaurant. There are few Sri Lankan restaurants outside of Sri Lanka, so this was a special eating experience. The culture is imparted through the flavors, but also by the decor and the service. My recent experience in an Ethiopian restaurant solidified my knowledge that food is one of the best ways to be introduced to a culture. When reading the posts of my classmates, I can related well to their experiences. One of my classmates writes about eating in Toronto, one of the most multicultural cities in…
Hunger and the issue of food security vs. food insecurity represent two distinct issues in America. Hunger is the physical outcome of not having access to food. Food security refers to both the financial and social conditions that limit or restrict access to food for individuals or for a population overall (USDA, 2018). Food insecurity refers to the reduced quality or quantity of food available for all—i.e., quality food scarcity or disrupted diet patterns would qualify as food insecurity (USDA, 2018). The latter are typically due to economic situations, such as personal poverty. As Coleman-Jensen, Rabbit, Gregory and Singh (2018) show, approximately 1 in 8 Americans are food insecure, or roughly 40 million Americans, about a quarter of whom are children. The primary outcome of food insecurity is hunger at the individual level, which weakens one’s physiological condition. Thus, food insecurity is viewed as “a household-level economic and social…
Adams, E. J., Grummer-Strawn, L., & Chavez, G. (2003). Food insecurity is associated with increased risk of obesity in California women. The Journal of nutrition, 133(4), 1070-1074.
Anderson, V. (2018). Atlanta Struggles To Fulfill MLK\\\\'s Legacy In Health Care. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/04/04/599253766/atlanta-struggles-to-fulfill-mlks-legacy-in-health-care
Bhattacharya, J., Currie, J., & Haider, S. (2004). Poverty, food insecurity, and nutritional outcomes in children and adults. Journal of health economics, 23(4), 839-862.
Chung, W. T., Gallo, W. T., Giunta, N., Canavan, M. E., Parikh, N. S., & Fahs, M. C. (2012). Linking neighborhood characteristics to food insecurity in older adults: The role of perceived safety, social cohesion, and walkability. Journal of Urban Health, 89(3), 407-418.
Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M. P., Gregory, C. A., & Singh, A. (2016). Household Food Security in the United States in 2015. ERR-256, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M. P., Gregory, C. A., & Singh, A. (2018). Household Food Security in the United States in 2017. ERR-256, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
Dinour, L. M., Bergen, D., & Yeh, M. C. (2007). The food insecurity–obesity paradox: a review of the literature and the role food stamps may play. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(11), 1952-1961.
Evans, S. (2019). Addressing the Root Causes of Food Insecurity in the U.S. – Disparities and Discrimination. Retrieved from https://hungerandhealth.feedingamerica.org/2019/04/addressing-root-causes-food-insecurity-u-s-disparities-discrimination/
Food and Cultural Nuances
I am writing about Mexican culture. Mexicans are predominantly Christians, which plays a significant role in their worldview. This worldview is the result of colonization efforts by the Spanish. Thus, the worldview of this culture is prone to hard work and sacrifice, as well as conventional Western morality. Many Mexicans believe that if they work hard and sacrifice in this life, they will gain rewards in the afterlife.
The Mexican worldview is at variance with that of my culture, which is Southeast Asian Indian. While Mexican culture is primarily Occidental, mine is rooted in eastern thought and philosophy. The predominant religion of my culture is Hinduism. This religion is much less preoccupied with material items than Christianity is, which is a large point of differentiation in the worldviews of these cultures.
The health beliefs of Mexican culture are multifaceted. One the one hand,…
Cultural India. Indian food. www.culturalindia.net Retrieved from http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-food/
Operations Decision for Short-Run and Long-Run Production and Cost Functions
Busy weight-conscious consumers are increasingly searching for easy-to-prepare low-calorie alternatives, and it is not surprising that this industry has experienced sustained growth in recent years (Myers, 2016). In order to gain and sustain a competitive advantage in this industry, however, requires careful attention to demand levels and competitors’ pricing strategies. This paper outlines a plan that can be used to assess the effectiveness of the market structure for a low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company, a discussion concerning two factors that could account for changes, an analysis concerning the major short run and long cost functions for this company as well as suggestions about substantive ways in which the company may use this information in order to make decisions in both the short-run and the long-run. In addition, an examination of the possible circumstances under which the company should discontinue operations…
About us. (2017). Blue Apron. Retrieved from https://www.plated.com/careers.
Hurley, J. & Liebman, B. (2014, January-February). Freeze for all: What\\\\'s hot in ‘healthy’ frozen entrees. Nutrition Action Healthletter, 41(1), 13-15.
Jagpal, S. (2008). Fusion for profit: How marketing and finance can work together to create value. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mason, T. (2009, January 25). Catering for time-door cooks. Marketing, 17.
Myers, D. (2016, March 15). Nine companies that are revolutionizing healthy frozen meals. The Daily Meal. Retrieved from https://www.thedailymeal.com/eat/9-companies-are-revolutionizing-healthy-frozen-meals .
Pricing under monopolistic and oligopolistic competition. (2017). JBDON. Retrieved from http://www.jbdon.com/pricing-under-monopolistic-and-oligopolistic-competition.html .
Riley, G. (2016). Key summary on market structures. Economics. Retrieved from https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/reference/key-summary-on-market-structures .
Swann, P. & Gill, J. (1999). Corporate vision and rapid technological change: The evolution of market structure. New York: Routledge.
There are many different perceptions that people have towards their food. On one end of the spectrum "people live to eat" and they place a high value on the quality, taste, presentation, and the environmental factors that enhance or detract from their experience of their favorite meals. However, people on the other side of the spectrum, take more of an "eat to live" approach to their personal nutrition. People in this camp are focused more on the quantity, convenience, and potentially some of the health consequences of their meals. In my opinion, these two perspectives represent the poles of the spectrum in which there may be a variety of points that exist in between these two extremes. One article written by David Sedaris, "Tasteless," exemplifies something I believe is close to one end of the spectrum while another article written by Anthony Bourdain, "Food is Good," is in…
Bourdain, A. (N.d.). Food Is Good. Retrieved from The New Yorker.
Sedaris, D. (2007, September 3). Tasteless. Retrieved from The New Yorker: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/09/03/070903fa_fact_sedaris
This is due to the fact that they will have attracted and retained many customers leaving very few people visiting the restaurants. This high command of the market share really cripples these restaurants. estaurants no longer dominant the food industry and if food trucks continue gaining popularity then they will eventually loose the battle of trying to be dominant in the market. They will end up loosing most of their customers to the food trucks if no regulations whatsoever are put in place to govern the food trucks industry (Needleman, 2012).
The œbrick-and-mortara restaurants are attempting to ban the food trucks. This is because these trucks are bringing alt of competition to these restaurants. The food trucks are capturing many customers as well as dominating a very large percentage of the market share. They are also creating price wars within this industry. This means that the restaurants are really facing…
Richards, L. (2010). What Are the Characteristics of a Competitive Market's Structure? Retrieved May 23, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/characteristics-competitive-markets-structure-23832.html
Needleman, S.E. (2012). The Wall Street journal. Street Fight: Food Trucks vs. Restaurants. Retrieved May 23, 2013 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10000872396390443404004577576992254177540.html
Heading Towards a Future of Food Insecurity
We have all had the experience of going to the grocery store, picking up a box of cereal or a bunch of bananas, and finding ourselves surprised, or even shocked, at how much more it costs than it had just a week before. Most of us, after that initial surprise, will chalk that rise in prices down to inflation and either put the item back or sigh and put it into our cart, thinking that such increases in price are a natural part of life due to inflation.
However, there are a number of other reasons why food prices rise, and one in particular ensures that the prices for basic foodstuffs will continue to rise for the foreseeable future. This paper examines how the price of food will continue to rise in tandem with the rate and degree of climate change.…
Peters, G. (2011). A Look Behind Rising Food Prices: Population Growth; Rising Oil Prices; Weather Events. Retrieved from http://ourfiniteworld.com/2011/02/16/a-look-behind-rising-food-prices-population-growth-rising-oil-prices-weather-events/ .
The Telegraph (2012). Extreme weather will push food prices higher, consumers warned. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/consumertips/household-bills/9520973/Extreme-weather-will-push-food-prices-higher-consumers-warned.html .
The following graph documents recent increases in food costs, a relationship that necessarily reflects a range of causes but reflects as the primary cause the effects of climate change:
downgraded for use only as animal food. Historic flooding in Pakistan damaged grain crops there as well. Right now severe drought is threatening the wheat crop in parts of China.
Food Intake Analysis
Food Inake Analysis
Who does not want to be healthy? However, to achieve such an admirable goal, it will require diligence, motivation, and consistency. To many, this is quite a daunting task that is met with much resistance because of the level of commitment and consistency that it requires. Insomuch, with all the various types of fast foods available and society's life style, the challenge to reach and to maintain an ideal rate seems impossible. According to the Center for Disease Control (2012), the U.S. obesity rate at 35.7%; this demonstrates a significant increase since the 1990s. Since I am concern about my health and refuse to become a statistic, I will analyze my food intake for three days.
Below is my recorded 3-day food intake. Based on the data, several adjustments will should be made to reach the recommended dietary reference intake (USDA, 2012).…
Build a Heathy Body (n.d.). Let the pyramid guide your food choices.
Retrieved from http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2000/document/build.htm
Center for Disease Control -- CDC. (2012). Adult obesity facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
MyFitnessPal. (2012). Charts and reports. Retrieved from http://www.myfitnesspal.com/
The topic for this project is sustainability in the way food is processed and packaged. This paper will investigate the cost effectiveness of processing and packaging food in a sustainable manner over the long-term. Industries are slowly making sustainable changes in the packaging of products, but not necessarily in the processing of the foods (Pollan, 2002). Sustainability has been a major marketing factor in the way food is delivered (Author). Research has demonstrated that the current food system plays an important role in causing climate change and how better food choices could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This makes the production of the food supply an important factor in sustainability with environmentally and social affects.
The "Our Common Future" report describes sustainability as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (owden, 2011). As the meanings…
Author, U. (2012). Connecting family, community, and health from a food system perspective. Retrieved from Iowa State University: http://www.liopold.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/grants/M2010-30.pdf
Author, U. (n.d.). Soil Association. Retrieved from Feeding the Olympics.
Bowden, C. (2011, Aug 16). Woodbury University. Retrieved from The Sustainability Reading List: Sustainability_Reading_List_2_0-1/pdf.
Davis, A.S. (2012). Increasing cropping system diversity balances, productivity, profitability and environmental health. PloS ONE, 7(10), E47, 149.
Food should be banned from the New York City subway system. There are a few reasons why the food ban should be enacted, chief among them are the health concerns cited by state senators. Proponents of eating food on the subway system generally have weak arguments based around their own personal desire to eat food on the subway, rather than any coherent responses to the central sanitation and public nuisance argument.
According to the text of the bill (S6312), the purpose of the bill is to "mitigate the growing rat infestation in the NYC subway system." The bill would establish fines and other punishments for eating food on the subway system. There are a number of problems with the rat issue in the subway system. In general, people experience a sense of revulsion at the sight of rats, in particular the large, greasy variety found in the subway…
AP. (2012). MTA chief says he opposes subway food ban. ABC News. Retrieved May 10, 2012 from http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?section=resources/traffic&id=8543501
Prendergast, D. & Buiso, G. (2012). Pol push to ban eating in the subway. New York Post. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/pol_push_to_ban_eating_in_the_subway_ZvKq3qRxecSkAMTWoE6wmJ
S6312-2011: Prohibits the consumption of food in New York City subways. New York Senate.gov. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://open.nysenate.gov/legislation/bill/S6312-2011
All of these attributes are more likely to be provided by multiple sourcing.
However, multiple sourcing can make it difficult to encourage a continued commitment by suppliers to offer consistent and competitive prices. Adjusting or 'tweaking' the menus seasonally offers a potential risk management strategy. Frequent menu changes means Ms. Nok will never be at the mercy of an individual supplier and without bargaining power if, for example, the price of beef suddenly escalates. On the other hand, she will be unable to reduce her orders substantially without incurring a large price 'hike' given that she does not have an exclusive, close relationship with a supplier. Having bulk vegetables, meats, and fish from a single supplier that can be seasoned in unique ways to allow for diversity might be one way to make single sourcing work, and if sympathetic high-quality producers were found with which to establish a relationship, this…
Food Security and Feeling Secure in the World:
The critical links between food security and social justice
When evaluating the relative security of a nation, it is only natural to focus upon 'showier' aspects of security, such as the need to ensure that a nation's borders are protected from a military onslaught or terrorist attack. However, security must be conceptualized in a broader fashion to also include socio-economic equality and the right to feel safe and secure in one's person. The issue of food security and food distribution is an area of increasing concern in America and in the world at large. Food security affects the health of the nation and also the relative contentment of people and their belief in the ability to secure the American dream of social mobility. General issues of community health and hygiene are intimately related to food security, given that the concerns about access…
Access to healthy affordable food. (2014). Public Health Law Center.
Food security in the U.S. (2014). USDA. Retrieved from:
Food Served in Public Schools
he school nutrition environment, consisting of school meals and competitive meals, has actually properly gotten terrific attention due to the fact that kids eat, usually, one-third of their everyday calorie consumption at school (Briefel et al., 2009).
Improving the dietary consumption of our country's kids is of crucial value given that one-third of school-age kids are obese or overweight (Ogden et al., 2010).
Paper's Scope and significant areas:.
his research will clarify Kid Nutrition Reauthorization from FRAC. he research addresses school meal quality and gain access to (Hartline-Grafton, 2010). Moreover, the present research concentrates on competitive meals, which are extensively readily available in schools, mostly exempt from federal nutrition criteria, and have an unfavourable influence on the wellness and health of all pupils, particularly pupils from low-income households.
he semi-structured type of interview is utilized in the research in addition to the standardized…
Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Delva, J., & Johnston, L.D. (2009). The school food environment and student body mass index and food consumption: 2004 to 2007 national data. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(3 Supplement), S45-S56.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and U.S. Department of Education. (2005). Making It Happen! School Nutrition Success Stories. FNS-374. Available at: http://www.fns.usda.gov/TN/Resources/makingithappen.html . Accessed April 20, 2013.
Wharton, C.M., Long, M., & Schwartz, M.B. (2008). Changing nutrition standards in schools: the emerging impact on school revenue. Journal of School Health, 78(5), 245-251.
Food Menu and Nutrition
Food Menu Overview
The objective of this study is to create two food menus as follows: (1) one healthy food menu; and (2) one unhealthy food menu, from a local fast food restaurant. Following the creation of these menus, this work will write a nutritional analysis of the meal created, discuss the reaction of the writer to this information and describe how this will affect the food choices of the writer in the future in terms of food choices from fast food restaurants.
The food choices that one makes when dining at fast food restaurants make a great difference in the amount of nutrition received from dining at fast food restaurants as well as the total calories that are consumed and the other factors that make foods either healthy or unhealthy for consumption. One might assume that dining at a fast food restaurant is in general…
McDonald's USA Nutrition Facts for Popular Menu Items (nd) Nutrition McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/getnutrition/nutritionfacts.pdf
Nutrition Calculator (nd) McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://www.mcdonalds.ca/ca/en/food/nutrition_calculator.html
Food, Technology and Class
The digestive divide:
Food, technology, and class and the changing eating habits of Americans and people around the globe
Much has been written about the 'digital divide,' or the fact that poorer people tend to have less access to cutting-edge technology and are thus disenfranchised from many educational, vocational, and personal opportunities for self-improvement. However, this digital divide is also seen in the different eating habits of the social classes, only in reverse. Today, wealthier people have access to simpler, healthier food that requires less technology to produce. Once upon a time, bitter greens like arugula and fish like salmon were the foods of the poor while the rich dined on heavily spiced meats and alcohol. Today, the equation has been reversed. Wealthy people can afford to eat organic produce and wild-caught fish. But walk into any disadvantaged neighborhood and you will find a bodega that…
Blatt, Harvey. (2008). America's food: What you don't know about what you eat.
Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2008.
Mintz, Stanley. (1986). Sweetness and power. Penguin.
Winne, Mark. (2008). Closing the food gap. Boston, MA, USA: Beacon Press.
Food Chain and eb
Provide an example of a food chain in the area where you live.
Grass ? Deer ? Mountain Lion
Humans are parts of food chains and food webs, too. here on a food web would you typically find humans (near the bottom with the producers, at the top with the carnivores, or somewhere in between)?
Human beings are found near the top of food webs and chains. e are not carnivores, but omnivores, meaning we can eat both plants and animals. There are some animals which prey on human beings, but there is no animal that feeds exclusively or nearly exclusively on animals.
hat are some of the advantages of being part of a food web rather than a food chain?
As a member of a food web rather than a food chain, the organism has more options about what they can possibly eat. For example,…
Mason, K. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/brochures/foodweb/LMfoodweb.pdf
Scott, W.B. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.seagrant.umn.edu/downloads/x106.pdf
Energy moves between producers and consumers/decomposers, and the nutrients from soil or air (minerals, etc.) move into the producers and the consumers. All are linked together, regardless of the biome, but food levels have tropic levels and positions. This starts with a basal species that feeds on no other living creature, then moves up to where something consumes something else in order to survive:
(Yellow line is transfer of energy; red arrow is transfer of nutrients).
Simple Biome Food Web of an Arctic shore area
1. Within our example, the primary producers are the zooplankton and phytoplankton which are consumed in part by every other animal in the food web except the top carnivore. The top consumers are the carnivores (polar bears, orca) that subsist on the top mammal and bird consumers (seals, walruses, penguins). This level also consumes the fish level, but also, at times the crustacean (D) levels.…
Food and Beverage Management
Articles eview myriad of ingredients go into the stew that is successful food and beverage service, including: good equipment, good location, excellent product, pleasant atmosphere, quality middle-level management, forward-thinking administration-level hierarchy, and sincere / consistent customer service. And moreover, a vitally essential component which completes the recipe for food and beverage success is a terrific staff, which springs from the planning that goes into finding talent, followed by the training and maintenance of staff excellence through intelligent processes. This paper reviews those issues, and the research which delves into how notably competent H and hands-on management can bring - and keep - high-caliber employees on board successfully.
Article #1: "How the achievement of human-resources goals drives restaurant performance," by Daniel J. Koys, Cornell Hotel & estaurant Administration Quarterly
Attitude" has a different meaning in the 21st Century than it did in previous years. To often today,…
Kay, Christine; & Russette, John (2000). Hospitality-management Competencies.
Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 41, 52.
Koys, Daniel J. (2003). How the achievement of human-resource goals drives restaurant performance. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 44, 17025.
When Paul le Von took over the food service director (FSD) at St. Mark's Hospital in Salt Lake City, he faced a number of challenges. Like other FSDs who are new to a job, le Von wanted to make numerous dramatic changes in a short period of time - renovating the facility, upgrading the menu, creating more responsive customer service - to show he was worth his salt. Also, he knew that in order to get the things done that were first on his agenda - such as a customer service overhaul "...a friendlier way of talking with customers, more like a waiter in a restaurant" (Bond, 2002) - he full cooperation with
hat is now produced and sold as corn on the cob is really a refined variety of the plant genus teosinte, a wild grass grown for millennia in the lands now known as the Americas. Corn, or maize as it was also known, became a key cultural staple of Mesoamerican societies such as the Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas. These cultures viewed corn not only as a food source but also as a symbolic link between the human and divine worlds. Contact with European civilizations changed the relationship between Mesoamerican cultures and corn. The grain was introduced to Europe and it soon altered the agricultural economy of the world. Currently, Mexico grows a substantial percentage of the world's corn. However, the United States, China, and Brazil grow the most: about 73% or 456 million tons per year (Salvador). Corn is grown all over the globe and its by-products feed…
Morales, Juan Jose. "Corn and the Maya." Mundo Maya Online. Retrieved June 14, 2004. http://www.mayadiscovery.com/ing/history/default.htm .
Salvador, Ricardo. "Maize." The Maize Page. 1997. Retrieved June 14, 2004. http://maize.agron.iastate.edu/maizearticle.html.
Wal-Mart specifically is pioneering the development of adio Frequency Identification (FID) projects with up to two thousand of its key suppliers today (Kumar, 2007). The goal of this pilot is to enable food and beverage suppliers to coordinate more effectively with Wal-Mart on mixed pallet mode shipping of products (Kumar, 2007). This is critical for Wal-Mart from the standpoint of supporting their expansion strategies into smaller, more diverse stores in terms of selection. The focus of Wal-Mart going forward will be on smaller stores in urban and suburban locations in the U.S., and smaller stores throughout their most successful global locations as well. The use of FID as a technology to enable greater logistics and supply chain performance is already showing signs of supporting much greater levels of shipping accuracy and cost control. FID tags can be read on pallets traveling at 40 miles per hour through warehouses and from…
R Cigolini, & T. Rossi. (2006). A note on supply risk and inventory outsourcing. Production Planning & Control, 17(4), 424.
Joanna Cosgrove. (2003, February). Riding the retail wave. Beverage Industry, 94(2), 35-46.
Sameer Kumar. (2007). Connective technology as a strategic tool for building effective supply chain. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 10(1), 41.
Liao, C.. (2009). Consumers' behavior in the food and beverage industry through data mining. Journal of Information & Optimization Sciences, 30(4), 855.
3.The social movements of the 70s and 80s were largely characterized by a strong militarism against the war and especially those in which the United States was engaged. In this sense, these often were violent and radical in the sense that a lot of people suffered as a result of such protests. One of the most important movements and one which still exists today is the Punk movement (Clark, 2004). Although it is most famous for its image of the different music this movement adopted, its initiatives are considered to be wider in range and scope. In this sense, they tend to rebel mostly against the capitalist nature of the economies, the pressures third world countries have to endure as a result of globalization, but most importantly they tend to be anarchists. In general, it can be said that the 70s and the 80s saw an increase in…
Clark, D. 2004. The raw and the rotten: punk cuisine. Ethnology. University of Colorado..
Common Dreams.org. 2006. War Protesters to "Turn Themselves in" to Federal Agents, Stand Up for First Amendment Food Not Bombs and its co-founder Keith McHenry are subjected to FBI spying. 1 August 2008, http://www.commondreams.org/news2006/0330-05.htm
Crass, C. n.d. San Francisco Urban Politics and Food Not Bombs. Practical Anarchy. 1 August 2008, http://www.practicalanarchy.org/fnb_crass2.html
Food not Bombs. 2008. The story of FNB. 1 August 2008. http://www.foodnotbombs.net/story.html
Therefore, it is true that the aspect of trade of wine and quality, as well as publication of the paintings, used the grapes and wine themes for the marketing brand associated and the underlying culture within the painter's lives.
Why the artists from Classical Antiquity to Modernism have been using particularly this theme?
From the Classical Antiquity to the modernism era, people developed an attitude that keeps certain groups of painters making a name through the themes they apply in their paintings. Therefore, the grapes and wine theme is already in deep roots within the basis of sales possible. Every painting that applies the use of the grapes and wines theme receives significant support and acceptance within the society; hence, the reason it has such wide application by the classical antique and modernism-painting activists.
Why the modern artists have been continuing to use themes particularly from Classical antiquity and from…
These unhealthy food advertisements are not only the reverse of dietary suggestions but they are also unnecessary in prevention of obesity.
According to the findings, broadcast media marketing has a significant impact as compared to non-broadcast advertising. In fact, television advertising constitutes the highest percentage of food advertisements to children given that most of these adverts are during children-related programs. However, more than eighty percent of these television adverts with persuasive marketing are for unhealthy foods and contain promotional characters and premium offers. While various televisions adverts were in breach of Children's Television Standards, one of the findings proposed regulatory changes to food advertising to children. Most of the non-broadcast food advertisements were also tilted toward unhealthy foods with most of them being in areas close to schools.
As mentioned earlier, commercial television advertising has taken the center stage of majority of research on food marketing to children in Australia.…
Chapman, K., Kelly, B., & King, L. (2009, March). Using Research Framework to Identify
Knowledge Gaps in Research on Food Marketing to Children in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 33(3), 253-257. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2009.00384.x
Identify and analyze the role/s of various key stakeholders in policy development, implementation and evaluation. The roles of key stakeholders in policy development, implementation and evaluation all revolve around their own objectives. The "actors" in policymaking can be divided into five distinct categories: elected officials, appointed officials, interest groups, research organizations, and the mass media (Finders University, 2010; 35).
Non-government organizations (NGO) play a big role in the propagation of interest in food policy (Finders University, 2010; 36). NGOs can being many different types of people together for a cause (such as the case in Lang's (1997) article). The coming together of middle-income individuals, politicians, scientists, activists -- among other groups -- "helped to set the scene for public vigilance regarding the actions of government and food industry" (2010; 36).
When it comes to problems in policies, the media is a major factor. The media is incredibly adept at sensationalizing…
Flinders University. (2010). Graduate Studies in Public Health. "Food Policy for Public
Health Practice." Guide To Learning.
Klijn, E. (1996). Analyzing and Managing Policy Processes in Complex Networks: A
Theoretical Examination of the Concept Policy Network and Its Problems.
S. Food and Drug Administration, because they were in wide use before the 1938 Act (grandfathered in, as it were). (Dunn 1938)
The problem was that Act contained a definition for a "new drug" (one in need of prior approval to market), as any drug "the composition of which is such that such drug is not generally recognized, among experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs, as safe and effective for use under the conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the labeling." FDCA § 201(p) (1). The manufacturers set out to establish then, that anything GRAS/GRAE therefore was not a new drug, and needed no FDA blessing.
Many medicines are ancient, and the active ingredients of many drugs on were first introduced before 1938. To make matters worse, between 1938 and 1962, the FDA considered drugs that were identical, related, or similar…
food increasingly popular a leisure activity. Background Information: Food people solely 'food fuel'. Food,, aspects a leisure activity: shopping [ farmer's markets], eating, cooking, reading, TV viewing, blogging .
Food as a Leisure Activity
Conditions in the contemporary society have made it possible for people to change their perspective regarding some concepts and things as simple as food have come to represent a leisure activity. Individuals are no longer interested in eating with the purpose to satisfy this need, as many people presently regard cooking and eating as an art. Moreover, one needs to focus expansively on these concepts in order to harvest all the benefits associated with making and eating food. Food has reached a whole new level in first-world countries, considering that the financial condition that people in these countries have virtually enabled them to see food as being more than just a necessity. Numerous individuals are actively…
Adema, Pauline, "Vicarious Comsumption: Food, Television and the Ambiguity of Modernity,"Journal of American and Comparative Cultures 23.3 (2000)
Allen, Gary J., The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries, (ABC-CLIO, 2007)
Counihan, Carole, Food and culture: a reader, (Routledge, 2008)
Roberts, Kenneth, Leisure in contemporary society, (CABI, 2006)
Food Choices in Australia Today
Consumers in many developed nations are experiencing a veritable epidemic of obesity, a trend that has been exacerbated both by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle as well as the types of foods that are consumed. Fast food and high fat content have also contributed to these trends, and the healthcare costs associated with treating obesity are enormous. Furthermore, unhealthy food choices during the formative years in early childhood can also result in a lifetime of weight-related problems, making the need to identify factors that influence food choices in a given setting a timely and important enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a discussion concerning three of the most important factors that have been identified by researchers as potentially influencing food choices in Australia households, which are food availability, individual preferences for flavor and taste and, increasingly, the environmentally responsible manner in which foods are produced.…
Bellisle, F. (2012, January 3). The determinants of food choice. EUFIC Review. Retrieved from http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/review-food-choice/ .
Craig, L. (2005). The money or the care. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 40(4), 521-523.
Introduction. Contributors: Emma Costantino - author, Sian Supski - author. Journal Title: Journal of Australian Studies. Issue: 87. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 1+.
Grainger, C., Senauer, B. & Runge, C.F. (2007). Nutritional improvements and student food choices in a school lunch program. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 41(2), 265-267.
A farmer in each year can produce enough food to feed a hundred people, according to Pollan (2001), but this productivity comes with a heavy price: "The modern industrial farmer cannot grow that much food without large quantities of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, machinery, and fuel. This expensive set of 'inputs,' as they are called, saddles the farmer with debt, jeopardizes his health, erodes his soil and ruins its fertility, pollutes the groundwater, and compromises the safety of the food we eat" (Pollan, 2001, p. 190). These accrued costs accumulated through generations may lead to catastrophic consequences such as global warming and scarcity of edible food and drinkable water.
The drive to industrial efficiency blinded us to several hidden costs of food production. Orr (1994) identifies six of the costs that, if we intend to maintain sustainable growth, need to be curbed. The first obvious cost of industrial food production is…
McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002) From cradle to cradle: remaking the way we make things. New York: North Point Press.
Orr, D.W. (1994) Earth in mind: on education, environment, and the human prospect. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Pollan, M. (2001) The Botany of desire: a plant's eye view of the world. New York: Random House.
In developing countries, consumers are more affected for two reasons. One is that consumers are more likely to buy raw ingredients. ithout manufacturing entities to absorb some of the commodity price increases, consumers are left to absorb almost all of the increase (Ibid.). As a result, food prices have increased more in the developing world than in the developed world. Additionally, consumers in these countries already expend a significantly higher percentage of their income on food than do consumers in estern nations. Thus, demand for food in the developing world is price elastic and consumers suffer because they are unable to meet their food needs.
In the developed world, increased food prices suppress demand in other sectors of the economy, which can cause minor shocks in employment and investment in some businesses and industries. In the developing world, food price shocks can result in starvation and civil unrest. The recent…
Lapidos, Juliet. (2008) "Why are Global Food Prices Soaring?" Slate. Retrieved December 4, 2008 at http://www.slate.com/id/2187882/
Wiewel, Wim & Persky, Joseph. (2002) Suburban Sprawl M.E. Sharpe, Armonk NY, 2002.
Barnier, Michael. (2008) "Europe is Key to Solving Food Crisis" Tehran Times. Retrieved December 4, 2008 at http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=184060
Clayton, Mark. (2008) "As Global Food Costs Rise, are Biofuels to Blame?" Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 4, 2008 at http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0128/p03s03-usec.html
Take trail mix... It is an energetic, "idealized" snack food. This comes primarily from the target populations the manufacturer focuses it is marketing. Other channels for influence include consumers looking for "quick" fixes, such as families looking for fast and fun food. It would be interesting to explore the link marketing of "fast" snack products such as this have on families with young children, and compare this with the influence the product had on the political and behavioral habits and beliefs of the college students consuming it.
Lastly, symbolic systems help us better understand how products are systematically introduced and marketed to consumers. This helps shapes attitudes and beliefs. Also important to note however, as learned in class, is whether societies tend to accept or reject certain items even if marketed well. For example, oark (2007) noted that in many cultures certain foods or animals are taboo. Consider for a…
Chex Mix Peanut Lovers" Taquitos.Net (2007), Reviewed 7, June, 2007:
Coen Flynn, Karen. Food, Culture, and Survival in an African City, New York,
NY: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.
Foods Market Marketing Plan
Whole Foods Market, El Paso, Texas
The Whole Foods chain was founded in Austin, Texas during 1980, with just 19 employees and a single storefront. Today Whole Foods has grown to 310 stores throughout the United States and United Kingdom. The unique value proposition While Foods offers customers is the revolutionary concept of providing natural foods, locally grown and sourced from suppliers who can meet exacting requirements, free of artificial flavoring and preservatives. The mission of the company is summed up in the intersection of While Foods, Whole People and Whole Planet. The combining of these three elements is the cornerstone of the supply chain, sourcing, logistics, retailing and customer service success the company has achieved (Lewis, 2006). In defining the marketing plan for opening a While Foods Market in El Paso, Texas, the most critical success factors are to define the optimal product…
Beckeman, M., & Olsson, A. (2011). The role of swedish retailers in food innovations. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 21(1), 51.
LaMotta, L. (2006, Oct 30). Whole foods makes marketing move with animal-friendly labels. PRweek, 9(43), 9-9.
Lewis, H. (2006). Branding and marketing whole and natural food to 2012: Management briefing: The whole and natural food market to 2012. Bromsgrove, United Kingdom, Bromsgrove: Aroq Limited.
food, memory Recipe
Food is a basic requirement in an individual's life, and most of the human activities are means of ensuring that there is food security for the entire society. Food varieties vary from one community to another, and various dishes are known to be served during certain occasions. Basically, in events planning, one of the weighty considerations made, is the type of food to be served during the occasion. Food is considered to be one of factors that are used to bring people together in families and in society (Berg 8).
Most families have set aside a particular time of the day or evening when they all gather for family meals. Some families find it difficult to gather around daily for family meals due to non-flexible daily schedules. Extended families organize occasional gathering for instance once a year with a solemn aim of having a meal together. On…
Berg, Grethe. The Importance of Food and Mealtimes in Dementia Care: The Table Is Set. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2006. Print
food production and distribution in the world today?
Despite Malthusian predictions to the contrary, there is generally enough food currently available to adequately feed the world's six billion people. In fact, Searchinger (2011) recently observed that, "Economists have made such a fuss about how complicated the food crisis is that they have created the impression that it has no ready solution. . . . This view is wrong" (p. 14). Indeed, agricultural crop production has continued to keep pace with population growth, with record-setting grain production being achieved in 2010 (Searchinger, 2011). The real problems with food production and distribution in the world today relate to rising demand during a period when an increasing amount of food crops are being diverted for the production of biofuels. In this regard, Searchinger emphasizes that, "Since 2004, biofuels from crops have almost doubled the rate of growth in global demand for grain and…
Kaufman, C. & Heri, S. (2007). Liberalizing trade in agriculture and food security - Mission impossible? Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 40(4), 1039-1041.
Miller, C. (2003). In the sweat of our brow: Citizenship in American domestic practice during
WW II-victory gardens. The Journal of American Culture, 26(3), 395-397.
Searchinger, T. (2011, July). A quick fix to the food crisis. Scientific American, 305(1), 14.
vegetable oil and fried foods. There are two references used for this paper.
There are a number of foods which are causing health concerns today. It is important to examine whether foods fried in vegetable oil contain a toxic compound.
Frying foods in vegetable oil is a common practice throughout the United States, and has previously been considered good for the heart due to the oil's high concentration of linoleic acid.
However, researchers are discovering this can result in the formation of a toxic compound. "University of Minnesota researchers A. Saari Csallany, a professor of food chemistry and nutritional biochemistry, and graduate student Christine Seppanen has shown that when highly unsaturated vegetable oils are heated at frying temperature (365 F) for extended periods -- or even for half an hour -- a highly toxic compound, HNE (4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal) forms in the oil. Csallany and her colleagues have found three…
The Exotic Blends Co.: R & D. (accessed 03 May, 2005). www.theexoticblends.com/research/research.html).
Unknown. "Food Fried in Vegetable Oil May Contain Toxic Compound."
Science Daily. 02 May, 2005. University of Minnesota. (accessed 03 May, 2005). www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/05/050502190054.htm).
Food Supply Safe and Adequate?
The question to be answered in this essay is whether or not America's food supply is adequate and safe. The two issues are related.
One of the reasons America has an ample food supply is because of advances made in the biochemistry of agriculture. This affects food coming from both animals and plants.
New advances in herbicides have helped farmers increase the size of their crops. The newer herbicides are biodegradable and rapidly change from something that poisons some living things to chemicals not known to cause harm to plants or animals. Some people worry any time chemicals are added to the food chain, but farmers will argue that they need to make the most effective use of their efforts and their land.
Similar arguments can be made about fertilizers. Most people know that unless farmland is enriched, eventually it will become so depleted that…
Sure enough, both the traps (one old and one new) with the new bait boxes inside were filled with crawfish; the rest of the traps (including the new one)
that had the old bait jars inside had only a few crawfish, each. My dad admitted that he was as happy to find out that it was the jars all along, and not the traps themselves, because that meant he could continue using his father's old handmade traps, too. He decided right there to go get new bait boxes the next time we went into town, for all his traps. That day, my father also taught me some of the basics of crawfishing, such as never setting too many traps in the same place until June, because that is the end of their mating season; catching too many in one place in May could deplete the river for the rest of…
Global Food System
Multinational agribusiness is thriving, yet nearly 40 developing countries urgently need food to feed their starving populations (Lean, 2008). Food security is being held hostage by giant food and biotech companies (Lean, 2008). Profits take priority over solutions for the expanding global food crisis, and farmers in the developing world are not benefitting from their labors (Lean, 2008).
The profits and earnings of giant agribusinesses have increased dramatically, pleasing shareholders commodities traders across the globe (Lean, 2008). Few programs of scale sufficient to assist hungry people are established and implemented by agribusiness. Programs that are developed are a step in the right direction, but are too small to have much impact -- many critics see these programs as a form of public relations to ease the collective conscience and to signal corporate social responsibility. Many highly profitable companies engage in Fair Trade practices that ensure farmers in…
Austin, J.E. & Reavis, C. (2002, October 2). Starbucks and Conservation International [Case]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School. Prod. #: 303055-PDF-ENG. Retreived http://hbr.org/product/starbucks-and-conservation-international/an/303055-PDF-ENG
Banco, J. (2010). Is fair trade really fair? Inspired Economist. Retreived http://inspiredeconomist.com/2010/09/03/is-fair-trade-really-fair/
Gonzales, D. (2014, March 31). Making the food trade work for all. Food for All. Huffington Post. Retreived http://www.huffingtonpost.com/daniel-gonzales/making-the-food-trade-wor_b_5065465.html
Graef, F., Sieber, S., Mutabazi, K., Asch, F., Biesalski, H.K.,Bitegeko, J., Bokelmann, W., Bruentrup, M., Dietrich, O., Elly, N., Germerd, U., Grote, U., Herrmann, L., Herrmann, R., Hoffmann, H., Kahimba, F.C., Kersebaum, K-C., Kilembe, C., Kimaro, A., Kinabo, J., Konigg, B., Konigs, H., Lana, M. Levy P.C., Lyimo-Macha, A.J., Makoku, B. Mazoko, G., Mbagav, S.H., Mbogorou, W., Milling, M.H., Mtambow, K., Mueller, J., Mueller, C., Mueller, B.K., Nkonjan, E., Reif, B., Ringlern, C., Ruvyg., S., Schaefer, M. (2014, February). Framework for participatory food security research in rural food value chains. Global Food Security, 3(1), 8-15. Retrieved http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211912414000029
In terms of product line the similarities are only identified in terms of a large business segment namely food production industry. The business line of Dean Foods is milk and dairy and Kellogg is focused on cereals and related processed foods. Seaboard and Tyson has similarities in their business segment in relation to meet processing of pork. However Seaboard is pursuing a diversified portfolio in relation to wheat, sugar, and citrus. Whereas the business diversification of Tyson is in meat chicken, poultry, and other portion-based food segments. The overall industry holds a large number of businesses and all four companies have a different business segment. Hence the similarities for business line are not advisable.
The Industry however faces similar political, economic, social, legal, environmental, and technological environments to certain degree. The micro and macro environmental effects of economy are experienced in the industry thorough out the corporations. The companies are…
Dean Foods. (2012, February 27). Recap: 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved from deanfoods.com: http://www.deanfoods.com/media/55677/df_2011_annualreport.pdf
Kellogg Co. (2012). About Kellogg Company. Retrieved 04-01, 2013, from Kelloggs.com: http://www.kelloggcompany.com/en_US/our-heritage.html
Seaboard Corporation. (2012). Seaboard Corporation 2012 Annual Report.Retrieved March 29, 2013.
Food History of North America Cuisine
What is the geographical location of North America and why it would have an effect on the North America cuisine? (i.e., what is the weather condition in North America and does that play an affect as to why they eat the foods they eat and what foods do they eat mostly).
North America is a vast area that has many different geographical areas and so, they have an amazing affect on the food that North Americans eat. The long shorelines provide every kind of seafood from Alaskan king crab to Maine Lobster. The interior of North America is made up of prairie, both in the U.S. And Canada, and it is fertile, flat soil that is easily farmed. The area provides food to the entire world.
Because the area is so vast, the weather is different throughout North America, and influences the foods…
Jones, Oakah L. "5 / Hacia El Norte! The Spanish Entrada into North America, 1513-1549." North American Exploration: A New World Disclosed. Ed. John Logan Allen. Vol. 1. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. 241-291.
Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. "7 / A Continent Revealed: Assimilation of the Shape and Possibilities of North America's East Coast, 1524-1610." North American Exploration: A New World Disclosed. Ed. John Logan Allen. Vol. 1. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. 344-399.
Sutherland, Amy. Cookoff: Recipe Fever in America. New York: Penguin Books, 2003.
Tannahill, Reay. Food in History. New York, Crown Publishers, 1988.
Food History of French Cuisine
What is the geographical location of France and why would it have an affect on the French cuisine? (i.e., what is the weather condition in France and does that play an affect as to why they eat the foods they eat and what foods do they eat mostly?).
The geographic location of France makes it an ideal place for agriculture that can affect cuisine. Why? Because France's climate is mild, and the growing season is long. That means farmers can grow more food throughout the year, and that means that more fresh food is available for cooking and eating all year round. It doesn't often get too cold in France, and in the summer it can get quite warm, which helps food ripen and mature.
The countryside is also fairly level and has good soil, and that helps create a good growing situation, too.…
Fromkin, David. "Once upon a Time in France." New Criterion Mar. 2001: 72.
Hartman, Dr. Paul V. "Historical Origins of French Cuisine." Personal Web Page. 1996. 14 Oct. 2005.
Tannahill, Reay. Food in History. New York, Crown Publishers, 1988.
At the same time, they could be giving customers greater amounts of free items than are necessary (i.e. napkins, paper cups and plastics utensils). This is problematic, because it means that the underlying costs for these items will begin to increase exponentially. At which point, the expenses for food and other items will skyrocket. Given the fact that they are up so much, this is a sign that this is what is occurring. As a result, managers need to be able to control the amount of food that is being thrown away and how condiments are dispersed to customers. If they can be able to achieve this objective, this will help to reduce these costs. This is when the underlying profit margins of the restaurant will begin to increase. (rown, 2003, pp. C4-1 -- C4-16)
The lack of skilled labor is an indication that managers may not be paying enough…
Beriss, D. (2007). The Restaurants Book. New York, NY: Berg.
Brown, D. (2003). The Restaurant Manager's Handbook. New York, NY: Atlantic Publishing.
Mediterranean Food History
Food History of Mediterranean Cuisine
hat is the geographical location of the Mediterranean and why it would have an affect on the Mediterranean cuisine? (i.e., what is the Mediterranean's weather condition and what do they eat mostly, etc.).
Although the list of Mediterranean countries encompasses some of the oldest national cultures of the world, the so-called Mediterranean diet has gotten much popular recent press, because of its supposed contribution to an individual's longevity -- today, all people wish to be as long-lived as the influence of the countries that spawned the diet and enjoy the lowered risk of a heart attack the Mediterranean food and lifestyle supposedly conveys! However, the adaptation of the Mediterranean diet was a product of necessity, not a carefully controlled decision by the populace of the region to live longer and to create the perfect diet. (Barry, 2005)
All of the Mediterranean countries…
Alexiadou, Vefa. (2005) "Greek Food and Tradition." Retrieved 12 Oct 2005 http://www.yasou.org/food/FandTrad.htm
Barry, Colleen. (2005) Cheshire Medical Serivces. Retrieved 12 Oct 2005 http://www.cheshire-med.com/services/dietary/nutrinew/mediter.html
'Best of Sicily" (2005) Best of Sicily. Retrieved 12 Oct 2005
The book Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity makes a clear argument against the existence of "a world hunger crisis." Lappe and Collins support their main thesis that rather than a "global food shortage," we are facing an unequal distribution system. The book discusses the development of our current food production and distribution systems. It supports the idea that there is in reality enough food production to supply everyone on earth with an adequate amount of calories, but that there is much wasted energy in the production, packaging and distribution of food to certain parts of the world. The main thesis of the book is that there is actually no real food shortage, just an unequal distribution to certain parts of the world.
Lappe and Collins open Chapter four with the idea that in order to meet the nutritional needs of a society, a food production system…
Lappe. Franics Moore and Joseph Collins. Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. New York:
Random House, 1981.
foods you shouldn't feed baby. (2008). Parents. Retrieved:
Lack, Evonne. (2011). Ten best foods for babies. Baby Center. Retrieved:
Solid foods: How to get your baby started. (2012). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved:
Your baby's first meals are the one and the only time you will have total control over baby's eating habits: Choose those meals wisely
Introduce solid baby foods safely
List the available in this order with contact information.
Community Resource #1
Community Resource #2
How to avoid common hazards:
Everyone knows that breastfeeding is the best food for infants, but some parents experience confusion about what is the best, first 'real food' to give their children.
Why the first foods you feed your baby are so important:
Every parent wants their children to get a good start in life: just as with adults, "you are what…