1000 results for “General Motors”.
General Motors Company, commonly called as GM is one of the largest automobile manufacturers in the world. It is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan. It has business operations in more than 157 countries around the Globe. It was founded in 1908 as General Motors Corporation; and renamed as General Motors in 2009. The top brands of the company include Chevrolet, Isuzu, GMC, Jie Fang, Cadillac, Vauxhall, Baojun, Buick, Holden, Opel, and Wuling. General Motors operates through fully-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures outside the United States. It has currently employed more than 212,000 individuals from different nationalities and regions that work in 396 different facilities and sections (General Motors, 2013).
General Motors is the largest automaker in the world on the basis of sales volume. It has around 21,000 dealers and business associated in all the six operating regions of the world. General Motors enjoys strong brand equity…
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. (2010). Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Cadle, J., Paul, D., & Turner, P. (2010). Business analysis techniques: 72 essential tools for success, 1st Edition. London: British Computer Society
Cornelius, N. (2001). Human resource management: a managerial perspective, 1st Edition. London: Thomson Business.
Davidson, P., Simon, A., Woods, P. & Griffin, R. (2009). Management, 4th Australian Edition. Brisbane: John Wiley and Sons.
The second decision was implemented and the same treatment would be applied to both Opel and Vauxhall. The first alternative would not have been extremely viable for the simple reason that both German and British manufacturers are subjected to the same environmental features and this means that there is no logic reason as to why they should be treated separately; they both fall under regulations of the European Community, they both pose risks of financial losses and they both could revive and support the company's overcoming of the crisis.
Having made the decision of how to treat the two companies in relationship to each other, a question is now being posed relative to what the Detroit headquarters should decide in terms of the future of Opel and Vauxhall as integrant parties of General Motors. On the one hand, the parent organization considered selling the two subsidiaries and as such renouncing…
Stoll, J.D., Fuhrams, V., Walker, M., September 11, 2009, at Last, GM Sets Deal to Cede Control of Opel, the Wall Street Journal
Welch, D., August 24, 2009, Can GM Sell Opel and Not Fully Walk Away? Business Week, http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/aug2009/db20090824_086842.htm last accessed on November 5, 2009
September 10, 2009, Opel and Vauxhall to Go to Magna, War and Peace, http://www.warandpeace.ru/en/news/view/39142 / last accessed on November 5, 2009
November 3, 2009, GM Decides to Keep Opel, Kills Sale Agreement with Magna, Wards Auto, http://wardsauto.com/home/gm_keep_opel_091103 / last accessed on November 5, 2009
Overall GM is currently confronting some of the most difficult obstacles that it has ever had to overcome. Government intervention is no guarantee that the company will be able to overcome these obstacles. Billions of dollars have been given to the company in an effort to save it from further demise. However, capital alone will not save the company, there must be a strategic effort of the management to properly restructure the company to ensure that GM can recover. Such a recover is going to require a very specific Strategic Plan. Such a plan will be detailed thoroughly in the remainder of this report.
Chapter III Strategic Plan
Although there is a great deal of negativity surrounding GM and the ability of the company to recover from its current situation, with the proper strategic plan the company can improve its situation. However, to develop an effective…
Company Profile. General Motors Official Website. Retrieved May 8, 2009 from;
Flint, Jerry. 05/11/2009. GM'S FUTURE. Forbes. Volume: 183 Issue: 9-Page: 38
Henry Ford and the Model T: A Case Study in Productivity (Part 1). General Retrieved May 8, 2009 from; http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/index.php?lesson=668&page=teacher
The crisis affects all aspects of life, but among the most prominent victims of the difficulties was the automobile industry. Once the largest employer of the country, the automobile makers are now closing their plants and sending the workers into unemployment. The aim of this paper was to look at General Motors' microenvironment in light of the crisis and establish if the media coverage of the crisis within the automobile industry is accurate. Sadly, the findings indicate that General Motors is indeed facing some of its most drastic challenges since its foundation.
The American automobile and engine manufacturer is facing reduced sales and a declining stock price, which generates a need to reduce costs. This has been attempted through the commencement of downsizing processes, but it is less likely that the current approach will suffice. What has to be noted however about General Motors is that their difficulties emerged before…
Fowler, B., February 10, 2009, GM Cuts 10,000 Salaried Jobs, Trims Employees' Pay, Yahoo News, http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090210/ap_on_bi_ge/gm_job_cutslastaccessed on March 3, 2009
February 26, 2009, General Motors Corporation, New York Times, http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/news/business/companies/general_motors_corporation/index.htmllastaccessed on March 3, 2009
General Motors 2007 Annual Report, Retrieved at http://www.gm.com /corporate/investor_information/stockholder_info/onMarch 3, 2009
2009, General Motors Corp., Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=GM.Nlastaccessed on March 3, 2009
Although some external players, such as potential new executives, may prefer this plan, there is little evidence that the major stakeholders have interest in major culture change.
The third alternative is to place emphasis on operational issues first and foremost. Under terms of its new deal with the UA, GM will be closing plants and shedding workers, and it is trying to sell off some of its underperforming units (Hummer, Opel, Saab, Saturn and Vauxhall). This alternative thus places less emphasis on market and corporate transformation and more on making the company truly leaner but reducing supply chain inefficiencies. This will also allow them to focus marketing efforts on their core brands, which will help them recapture some of the market share they have lost in recent years. This option assumes that dealing with legacy issues was just the first step to improving the company's finances, that culture change is…
Shepardson, David & Aguilar, Louis. (2009). UAW Health Care Trust will own 17.5% of GM. Detroit News. Retrieved July 21, 2009 http://www.detnews.com/article/20090526/AUTO01/905260409
Moore, Heidi. (2009). Meet GM's new CEO: Fritz Henderson. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 21, 2009 from http://blogs.wsj.com/deals/2009/03/30/meet-gms-new-ceo-fritz-henderson/
No author/Associated Press. (2009). A Leander GM Zooms out of Bankruptcy. MSNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2009 from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/31826205/ns/business-autos/
hen the sales of all American SUVs began to plummet as the price of fuel escalated, GM was the hardest-hit of all the Detroit-based auto manufactures. In 2006, GM recorded the second-largest loss of any corporation in U.S. history ("General Motors, 2008, Histomobile). On December 21, 1955 it was the first American company to make over one billion dollars in a year ("General Motors," 2008, Histomobile).
Today, GM "is feeling good about the automaker's progress, especially in the troubled heart of its business: making and selling cars in North America," as it reached a historic agreement with the United Auto orkers "to push responsibility for retiree health care off GM's books, a burden" that had been adding an estimated "$1,400 to the cost of every car and truck" GM manufactured in North America (Taylor 2008:1). But only time will tell if the latest GM cars designed to create new consumers…
General Motors." (2008). Histomobile. Retrieved 20 Jan 2008 at http://www.histomobile.com/histomob/internet/307/histo02.htm
Clark, Andrew. (8 Nov 2007)." GM records second-biggest loss in U.S. corporate history with $39bn deficit." The Guardian. Retrieved 20 Jan 2008 at http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/nov/08/generalmotors.usnews
Explore GM History." (2008). GM. Official Website. Retrieved 20 Jan 2008 at http://www.gm.com /corporate/about/history/
Loomis, Carol. (6 Feb 2006). "The Tragedy of General Motors." CNN.com. Retrieved 20 Jan 2008 at http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2006/02/20/8369111/index.htm?postversion=2006020612
General Motors and Honda Financial Analysis
This text seeks to compare the finances of General Motors (GM) to those of Honda Motors (HMC) in an attempt to determine why the latter has been more successful than the former. In so doing, the paper will amongst other things utilize a number of financial management concepts and measures of performance including but not limited to financial ratios and managerial capabilities.
Although the biggest headache for GM right now could be its stock price which is essentially on a retreat, the company's second quarter earnings were also not impressive. According to Mespell (2012), GM's "second quarter earnings plunged by nearly half." The company's market share has also been on a downward trend so far.
GM's lagging performance can be attributed to a number of things. To begin with, the number of new models the company has churned out in recent times are quite…
Albrecht, W.S., Stice, E.K. & Stice, J.D. (2010). Financial Accounting: Concepts and Applications (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Business Week (2012). Honda Motor Co Ltd. (Honda: PLUS Mkt Grp). Retrieved 7, August 2012, from Business Week website: http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=2785290&ticker=HNDA:PZ
Gibson, C.H. (2010). Financial Reporting and Analysis: Using Financial Accounting Information (12th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Mespell, M. (2012, August 2). GM Upbeat Despite Low Second Quarter Earnings. Retrieved 8, August, 2012, from MSN website: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/48474882/ns/local_news-fort_wayne_in/t/gm-upbeat-despite-low-second-quarter-earnings/#.UCQtDp3ibRs
General Motors Company and Alternatives to ealize Growth
According to management theorists Treacy and Wiersema, companies must always ask how they can provide value to their customers (Value Disciplines Model, 2011, Value-Based Management). Such value may be provided by operational excellence -- for example, a company that provides a high-quality product at a relatively low price, because of its ability to capitalize upon efficiency and brand marketing due to economies of scale. A company can also provide value to the customer through offering customer intimacy, or through product leadership by offering a unique type of item. However, due to the size of companies such as General Motors, its value discipline model must be based in its operational excellence. In the highly competitive market of car sales, offering low prices and/or high quality (and preferably both) by operating on an economy of scale is the only way to succeed.…
Byrt, Frank. (2011, January 27). Ford, GM, and Toyota gear up for battle. The Street. Retrieved January 27, 2011 at http://www.thestreet.com/story/10986663/1/ford-gm-and-toyota-gear-up-for-battle.html
General Motors. (2011). Company information. The New York Times. Retrieved January 27,
2011 at http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/companies/general_motors_corporation/index.html ?scp=1-spot&sq=General%20Motors&st=cse
Porter's generic strategies. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved January 27, 2011
"Workers like the flexibility, but not if they have to trade off guaranteed hours, health insurance or a secure retirement.
" the reality of the independent contractor relationship for the new hiree excludes paid vacations or sick days, health insurance or tuition assistance. Additionally, because of increased competition for jobs, most new contractors are working for about twenty percent lower wages than just a few years ago.
A large concern for new hires is that companies often misclassify contract workers as independent contractors in an effort to avoid paying benefits. The more control a company has over the hiree, the more likely the hiree is an employee of the company and not an independent contractor. Therefore employees who were fired and are being brought back to perform the same job in the same conditions for less pay on a contract basis is still an employee regardless of classification. However, according…
Press Associates (2009).Teamsters: GM, Chrysler Endangering Carhaul Drivers' Jobs. Retrieved from http://www.teamster.org/content/teamsters-gm-chrysler-endangering-carhaul-drivers '-jobs
Tahmincioglu E.(2009). Need a job? Contract work could be new normal. Retrieved from http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/36826679/ns/business-careers/page/2/ .
After years of unquestioned industry dominance, GM was not prepared to shift its approach to making cars to cope with the competitive edge possessed by Japanese automotive manufactures such as Toyota since the 1980s. "To be sure, GM has seen sales jump from time to time, but always because of costly incentives, like zero-interest financing after the Sept. 11 attacks, or the 'employee pricing' last summer. Ford and Chrysler have been forced to follow GM's lead on incentives, though the Asian automakers have largely avoided them by offering more attractive vehicles." (Isidore, "Many problems dog the No. 1 automaker," 2005) More attractive vehicles do not necessarily mean more luxurious vehicles -- far from it. Rather by offering inexpensive, reliable and mid-sized cars tailored to the average consumer desiring fuel efficiency, Toyota has gained an industry edge. It anticipated the desires of the public, and also deploys a largely non-union workforce,…
Isidore, Chris. "GM's perfect storm: Many problems dog the No. 1 automaker, but CEO
Wagoner says forget about bankruptcy." 18 Nov 2005. CNN/Money. [13 Jan 2007]
Isidore, Chris. "GM's big shakeup: Automaker ups job cuts to 30,000 jobs as it shuts plants, facilities in plan to save $7B a year." 21 Nov 2005. CNN/Money. [13 Jan 2007] http://money.cnn.com/2005/11/21/news/fortune500/gm_cuts/index.htm
GM's market share is a source of strength because it provides the company with considerable muscle and brand recognition. That is leads the Chinese market and is a major player in the U.S. market provides it with opportunities for economies of scale, and to introduce new products. The company's size gives is considerable bargaining power with suppliers. This in turn allows it some degree of cost control, especially now that legacy costs have been reduced. In addition, GM has a high degree of brand recognition. hile its reputation is not always good, the names are well-known to consumers around the world.
GM's reputation does need to be considered a weakness. The company's reputation for quality is lower than that of competitors, which makes it difficult to shift towards any strategy other than cost leadership. GM is at present unsure of its vision. hile the case was made above why this…
Anant, S. (2010). GM chalks out plans for rural sales; Chevy SUV by year-end. Financial Chronicle. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from http://www.mydigitalfc.com/cars/gm-chalks-out-plans-rural-sales-chevy-suv-year-end-777
AP. (2009) GM may need more money, COO says. MSNBC. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28619470/
Bloomberg. (2009). General Motors' revival strategy. YouTube. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXCcVUOawJ0
Borges, B. (2010). GM drives with social media. Optimize This. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from http://www.findandconvert.com/blog/2010/gm-drives-with-social-media/
Direction of the Business
During the economic downturn of the global economic crisis (2008-2010), General Motors (GM) was adversely impacted by a failure to downsize its operations and focus on core products. As Yip and Hult (2012) note, GM marketed too many models around the world at time when a consolidation strategy was needed. Toyota, for example, succeeded in focusing on core models and even though it sold fewer units it was not hit as hard by the economic downturn. GM on the other hand “fragmented its development funds” and as a result the company “in its effort to increase global efficiencies in cost and design, continues to struggle in its proliferation efforts” (Yip, Hult, 2012, p. 18).
Core strategy. The core strategy of GM at this point is to reduce costs and maximize profitability—the aim being to achieve “9- to 10-percent margins on an EBIT-adjusted basis by early next decade”…
What is Strategy?
Strategy represents the development of an advantageous, unique position, entailing diverse activities. An ideally-positioned organization requires no strategy. At strategic positioning’s core is doing activities competitors aren’t. If identical activities proved effective in manufacturing every variety, accessing every client, and satisfying every need, one could conveniently shift between them; further, efficacy of operations would prove to be a performance determinant. Strategy success relies on doing a large number of tasks well and ensuring integration among them. The lack of a fit between activities implies weak sustainability and the absence of a unique strategy. Consequently, management goes back to the easier activity of supervising independent functions, (Porter, 1996).
What does strategy mean to you?
Strategy implies trade-offs within competition. Its crux is deciding what to refrain from doing. In the absence of trade-offs, one requires no alternatives or strategy. All sound notions can be swiftly reproduced. As mentioned…
The company's $291 billion in debt has recently been downgraded to below investment grade and it has about $16.5 billion of debt coming due this year (Snide). GM and General Motors Acceptance Corp (GMAC)., the carmaker's finance unit, each have about $23 billion of cash available. In addition, the company had about $50 billion in unused credit facilities at the end of last year. The company must carefully watch its cash and liquidity position and, if need be, raise additional cash. A painful, but obvious opportunity is the sell of GMAC.
Porretto, J. (2005, May 7). GM's Wagoner needs quick turnaround. Associated Press. Retrieved May 9, 2005 from Web site: http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/050507/gm_s_future.html?.v=2
Robison, P. (2005, May 6). GM, Ford stumbled to junk on designs, unions, Japan's challenge. loomberg. Retrieved May 9, 2005 from Web site: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000087&sid=ar0Cm.CPxVWM&refer=top_world_news
Snide, M. (2005, March 22). Godzilla V.Mothra: General Motors's debt vosts durge as GE…
Porretto, J. (2005, May 7). GM's Wagoner needs quick turnaround. Associated Press. Retrieved May 9, 2005 from Web site: http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/050507/gm_s_future.html?.v=2
Robison, P. (2005, May 6). GM, Ford stumbled to junk on designs, unions, Japan's challenge. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 9, 2005 from Web site: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000087&sid=ar0Cm.CPxVWM&refer=top_world_news
Snide, M. (2005, March 22). Godzilla V.Mothra: General Motors's debt vosts durge as GE pulls support. The Auto Channel. Retrieved May 9, 2005 from Web site: http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2005/03/22/018106.html
Still, the future stated goal of GM is to develop an electric or hybrid version in all of its existing brands lines -- Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC.
Outcome of changes
GM's most notable success has been overseas, where it is currently ahead of all of its competitors in the rapidly expanding Chinese market. "While GM is outpacing Ford in overseas competition, GM cannot solely depend on China for growth. While the emerging market contributed to GM's global recovery last year with 2.3 million in sales, it may not experience the same momentum this year  because the Chinese government has ended incentives on small cars and rural purchases" (Benedicto 2011). Still, evidence of GM's health is seen in the fact that it recently announced that it will issue profit-sharing checks this month for hourly workers, the largest in a decade (Vlasic & Bunkley 2011:1). Talks with the UAW will…
Benedicto, Tanya. (2011, February 26). Should the new GM thank Waggoner? The Wall Street
Journal. Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://blogs.forbes.com/tanyabenedicto/2011/02/26/should-the-new-gm-thank-wagoner/
Bunkley, Nick. (2011, January 11). GM plans 2 plug-in hybrids. The New York Times.
Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/12/business/12volt.html?ref=generalmotorscorporation
General Motors vs. Toyota
General Motors, a European car company, and Toyota, a Japanese car company, are competing for worldwide supremacy in the manufacture of automobiles. However, as with any competition, are factors that make one superior from the other. And in the case of General Motors and Toyota, if I were an investor, I will choose to invest with Toyota. Following is a discussion on why it is more ideal to invest in Toyota than in General Motors during these days.
The first thing that investors usually consider when trying to invest in a particular business is the marketability of a company's products and how those products do in the international market. This is important because it is the products' ability to fit in the diverse consumer markets where the success of a company lies. As with General Motors and Toyota, the latter currently fulfills this strategy. This is…
Tierney, C., Garsten, E. (2005). Toyota, GM Locked in Fight for Worldwide Supremacy.
Retrieved on April 23, 2004, from Detroit News Online.
Yan, J. (2004). Toyota Adopting Three-Stage Plan.
While they still mention the financial artifice used by the company to repay the loan with other TAP money, they look at the issue from an accounting standpoint and explain the logics of the move.
Each of the three authors inserts himself in the story line and concludes his work with his own interpretation. Ed Morrissey for instance argues that the massive usage of governmental funds forces GM to increase the transparency of its dealings, which is in fact a positive aspect. Gillespie on the other hand is more sarcastic and, for consumer safety, states his hope that the engineers and technicians are better trained in mathematics than the CEO. The editors at Consumerism Commentary state that the severity of the solution found by General Motors is not that dramatic as argued by others. "It does look bad if a company appears to use TAP funds to pay off a…
Gillespie, N., 2010, Reason tv: how did GM payback its TARP loans so fast? Well, it didn't…Big Government, http://biggovernment.com/ngillespie/2010/05/02/reason-tv-how-did-gm-pay-back-its-tarp-loans-so-fast-well-it-didnt / last accessed on August 13, 2010
Morrissey, E., 2010, How did GM pay off its bailout loans? Hot Air, http://hotair.com/archives/2010/04/23/how-did-gm-pay-off-its-bailout-loans / last accessed on August 13, 2010
2010, GM used bailout funds to repay loan: mostly irrelevant, Consumerist Commentary, http://www.consumerismcommentary.com/gm-used-bailout-funds-repay-loan / last accessed on August 13, 2010
hen GM gave up control to Cerberus, they got in a pickle...It [Cerberus through GMAC] has taken away flexibility from dealers" (elch 2008). "GMAC also said it will suspend bonuses to dealers who earned the lender's Platinum designation for bringing the firm strong buyer volume" (elch 2008). This essentially discourages dealers who engage in hard-sell tactics, and encourages consumers to take on 'more car' than they can afford. But the belt-tightening comes at a time when GM desperately needs to raise its sales: "GM is burning through at least $1 billion a month. It had access to about $21 billion cash and $5 billion in available credit at the end of June but an analyst Friday said the automaker will probably need $10.3 billion in fresh cash through next year to maintain a minimum liquidity of $14 billion (Snell & Tierney 2008)
Cerberus is likely to play an increasingly critical…
Snell, Robert and Christine Tierney (2008, Oct 11). Cerberus eyes full ownership of GMAC; analysts skeptical. The Detroit News. Retrieved 5 Nov 2008 at http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081011/AUTO01/810110426/1148/rss25
Vlasic, Bill. (2008, Oct 14). Cerberus's role crucial as GM-Chrysler merger talks continue
International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 5 Nov 2008 at http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/10/14/business/14auto.php
Welch, David. (2008, Oct). GMAC tightens the auto-finance screws. Business Week. Retrieved 5 Nov 2008 at http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/oct2008/db20081013_422132.htm
Lack of electronics vertical integration to the extend that GD has. GD has divisions that four on combat systems, aerospace, information systems and technology, and marine. GD is known for its expertise in systems and software development in weaponry systems management.
General Dynamics Land System (GDLS) is a formidable competitor and is based on the acquisition in 1982 of Chrysler Corporations defense operations. In addition, GDLS has been consistently acquiring electronics companies with expertise in weaponry systems integration and management to further the strength of GDLS' integration to core GD business units.
Acquire electronics companies with expertise in weapons systems integration and management to further make GMD as vertically integrated as GD.
Create a more aggressive lobbying team in Washington D.C. And open up a regional headquarters there to concentrate on government business, thereby increasing the influence GMD has on DoD contracts.
Develop a series of prototype vehicles that…
S.-based manufacturers. What specifically occurred with GM however was the willingness to pay for healthcare for all UAW members now either retired or let go due to lack of product sales driving production (Vlasic, 1). GM is also very similar to other manufacturers in that their reliance on unions for key skilled workers, compounded by intense political pressure not to pursue skilled talent in other nations, forced GM into a no-win situation with the unions. They could not pursue outsourcing due to intense political pressure and the corporate tax implications of a massive layoff, and re-tooling for high levels of automation in plants would be even more expensive than agreeing to the unions' demand. As a result of these and less strategic, yet just as critical factors, GM faces a question of financial viability for the first time in its history.
Another, broader and more strategic trend which has been…
Jacoby, Jeff. GM's Healthcare Dilemma. The Boston Globe (Boston.com). June 16, 2005. EBSCOHost Academic Search Premier. May 29, 2007 from location:
Vlasic, Bill. GM: Health Care Key to UAW Talks. The Detroit News. January 9, 2007. EBSCOHost Academic Search Premier. May 29, 2007 from location:
She is perceived as vulnerable by her lovers, both her Englishman and her American, and exploited in different ways. Over the course of the novel, because it is told from Fowler's perspective, the reader never gains a sense of who Phuong is as a human being, only what he sees in her, and what he projects onto her image. Phuong becomes more of a metaphor for South Vietnam itself, less of a character and how Europeans saw it as exotic, vulnerable, and feminine, and how Americans saw it as ripe for the taking, in danger of being overtaken by communism, and thus in need of American democratic moral guidance and salvation. Phuong is also treated poorly by her own sister, dominated by almost every other character in the novel, which further reinforces her status as a metaphor for Vietnamese peasants who cannot articulate themselves either in the face of European…
Greene, Graham. The Quiet American. New York: Penguin Classics, 1973.
External Analysis Module 2 SLP [Pick the date]
General Motors is one of the most prestigious names in the history of automobiles. Founded in 1908, it was basically known for catering the taste of American manufacturers. Once GM was considered to be a vital cell of U.S. economy. Infact, it was said; "where GM goes, so goes the nation." The notion doesn't stand true anymore as GM was bankrupted in 2009 which was later on bailed out because of Government aide. GM is gigantic organization which has a potential of being a market leader if it exploits the opportunities available to it and mitigates the threats caused to it because of changing global scenario.
General Motors has various opportunities in hand which if exploited properly may turn out to be beneficial for this company. As of now, India, China, ussia and Brazil are the fertile regions for GM.…
Datamonitor Inc. (14 June, 2011), General Motors, Company Profile,
Retrieved from www.datamonitor.com
Bergh, K. Lefkovitch, J. Scotti, S. & Warne. Blair (Feb, 2009), General Motors-Internal Case
Durant and General Motors
Alex Madsen's book "The Deal Make: How William C. Durant Made General Motors" is a biographic account of Durant's life, documenting his failures as well as his achievements and giving an insight into the dynamic life of this entrepreneur. Durant is best known as the founder of General Motors, but his story is far from normal. The book starts at the end, telling the story of his funeral in Manhattan in 1947 (Madsen, 2001). At his funeral there were many long standing friends and colleagues who are life's he had touched (Madsen, 2001). Durant was remembered as a vibrant and risk taker, impatient and determined.
The book then goes on to look at his life. It is noted that while working at a range of early jobs, including stacking lumber at a mill and as a travelling cigar sales person he demonstrated many of the…
Madsen, A, (2001), The Deal Maker: How William C. Durant Made General Motors, Wiley
Three of the most important ones are succinctly revealed below:
(a) The declining demand for the company's vehicles -- this issue led to the necessity for more financial resources, which eventually materialized in the acceptance of aid under TAP
(b) The growing competition placed by international manufacturers -- this situation raised an impending necessity to reorganize the company in a means that it better addresses the needs and wants of customers
(c) The fact that the consumers were turning to foreign cars translated in the inability of GM to understand and serve the needs of its customer base
5. Strategic Options
As the gravity of the situation was intensifying, the managerial team at General Motors found itself in a position in which they had to identify several strategic courses of action, and select the most adequate one. Some of their alternatives would have included slashing down the car prices, implementing…
Gutierrez, C., December 20, 2008, GM and Chrysler Covered by TARP, Forbes, http://www.forbes.com/2008/12/20/auto-bailout-update-markets-equity-cx_cg_1219markets29.html last accessed on January 11, 2010
Haglund, R., 2009, Analyst Says TARP Funding Hurting General Motors, MLiv e, http://blog.mlive.com/autoblog/2009/03/analyst_says_tarp_funding_hurt.html last accessed on January 11, 2010
Krebs, M., 2009, Good-Bye Pontiac, Saturn, Saab, Hummer, Auto Observer, http://www.autoobserver.com/2009/04/good-bye-pontiac-saturn-saab-hummer.html last accessed on January 11, 2010
Schafer, D., Reed, J., 2009, GM Still Confident of Opel-Magna Deal, FT, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f2a69666-bcd1-11de-a7ec-00144feab49a.html last accessed on January 11, 2010
Aligning current practices
Instead, to distinguish GM from both foreign and domestic competitors, "we are certainly in the process of creating a family of diesels which could be used in a light-duty application - i.e., 1500 Tahoes, Yukons and Escalades. And we very much believe in the diesel as one of the solutions to fuel economy issues. And we know that with a diesel we could get these vehicles to maybe 25, yes 25, miles per gallon, and with plenty of horsepower and torque." ("The Solstice's Proud Daddy: Interview ith Bob Lutz of G.M." 2005) But diesel should be only one prong of a solution to create newly innovative cars to meet environmental challenges and changing consumer desires, and these vehicles and sports cars like the Solstice do not address the desires of the core, middle-class consumer of fuel, which further research must explore, via GM's marketing and…
Brunell, Don. (10 Jun 2005) "As GM Goes, so Goes the Nation." Association of Washington Business. Retrieved 18 Oct 2005 at http://www.awb.org/cgi-bin/absolutenm/templates/?a=990&z=10
Fahey, John. (24 Aug 2005) "The Gas Guzzler Relief Act." Forbes. Retrieved 18 Oct 2005. http://www.forbes.com/home/manufacturing/2005/08/24/autos-fuel-cafe-cz_jf_0824fuel.html
Maynard, Michelle. (11 Oct 2005) "As Delphi Goes, so does GM?" Business. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/11/business/11delphi.html
The Solstice's Proud Daddy: Interview With Bob Lutz of G.M." (16 Oct 2005) Automobiles. The New York Times. Retrieved 18 Oct2005 httpp:/ / www.nytimes.com/2005/10/16/automobiles/16interview.slutz.html
Team Implementation - General Motors
Team implementation -- General Motors
The American automobile industry has historically been one of the largest employers of the country. During the recent years however, the industry has suffered massive demises and was forced to downsize its staffs. Some of the challenges which faced the automobile industry included the forces of globalization which intensified competition, the changing consumer demands, the fluctuating prices of oil or the very threat of global warming.
But the more recent and most severe challenge was raised by the internationalized economic crisis. Commenced within the American real estate sector, the crisis soon expanded to the automobile industry, the furniture, electronics and virtually all commercial sectors of the economy.
General Motors was one of the companies worst affected by the economic recession. The organization was forced to downsize, restructure its debt and request financial aid from the United States Government. These solutions…
Dettmann, T.R., Effective teams… some guidelines, CF Systems, http://www.cfsystems.org/drupal/docs/Teams.PDF last accessed on December 8, 2011
Kiev, A., 2008, Hedge fund leadership: how to inspire peak performance from traders and money managers, John Wiley and Sons
Lumsden, G., Lumsden, D., Wiethoff, C., 2009, Communicating in groups and teams: sharing leadership, 5th edition, Cengage Learning
Phillips, J., Gully, S.M., 2011, Organizational behavior: tools for success, Cengage Learning
Ford's value in 2007, was 0.01, compared to GM's value of 0.64. Comparatively, GM is using its assets in a much more efficient manner than Ford is.
oth General Motors and Ford have shown specific problems in their operational activity, as this is reflected in the financial ratios that have been analyzed. The most important problem that Ford seems to have was reflected by both the asset management and profitability ratios. Indeed, from our investigation, we were able to determine that not only Ford is not using the assets it has efficiently in order to generate higher revenues and sales for the company, but the values in 2007 were almost error-like small (0.01 in most cases).
At the same time, General Motor's asset management and profitability ratio values were somewhat higher and, generally, showed an ascending trend, but I don't think we can go as far as saying…
Both General Motors and Ford have shown specific problems in their operational activity, as this is reflected in the financial ratios that have been analyzed. The most important problem that Ford seems to have was reflected by both the asset management and profitability ratios. Indeed, from our investigation, we were able to determine that not only Ford is not using the assets it has efficiently in order to generate higher revenues and sales for the company, but the values in 2007 were almost error-like small (0.01 in most cases).
At the same time, General Motor's asset management and profitability ratio values were somewhat higher and, generally, showed an ascending trend, but I don't think we can go as far as saying that General Motor is doing a good job in this area, simply because it is only a comparative approach and the fact that it is outperforming Ford does not necessarily mean that, on an absolute scale, it is actually managing its assets efficiently. Additionally, the values usually are much smaller than 1 and generally to small to draw a positive conclusion from this.
One of the significant problems that General Motors seem to have, and this was reflect both in the liquidity ratios and in some of the asset management ratios, is the very high levels of inventory. This shows a complex set of problems at General Motors. First of all, it production is not being efficiently sold and it is being stocked up rather than launched on the market. Such a policy shows either that there is no interest on the market for General Motors products or that the policy is wrong. In both cases, high levels of inventory lead to additional costs and to the risk that the company will not be able to sell these products at the current price levels.
Strategic Plan for General Motors Upper Mid Sedan Vehicle Segment
To maintain and consolidate the status of the company as the number one auto manufacturer in the U.S. y employing the core values of continuous improvement, innovation and integrity and teamwork. To foster consumer enthusiasm and also enhance the team by giving them individual respect and responsibility.
Economic: Currently the U.S. economy is experiencing a slowdown. The buying power of the American consumers is shrinking and that is causing the sellers of goods to suffer. The automotive industry, being seller of high priced and high involvement product, is suffering as a result of this slowdown. The consumers are spending less and less on upgrading their cars or buying second hand cars. This will cause the sales of light vehicles in 2002 to go down from the 17 million units' barrier that has been achieved…
1. GM official web site, accessed on 7-26-2002: www.gm.com
2. Author not available, [FEBRUARY 1, 1999]. COVER STORY: Reviving GM. Business Week.
3. Kiley, D. [11/07/2001]. GM exec predicts market share gain. USA TODAY. B10
4. Stoddard, H. [03-01-2002]. How's fourth best sound?., Ward's Dealer Business, 16.
Ethics and Social esponsibility
General Motors (commonly known as GM) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer. It is the world's largest corporation in the automotive industry with respect to unit sales. GM is headquartered in Michigan, United States and operates with fully-owned subsidiaries as well as joint ventures in 157 countries of the world. The manufacturing units are being operated in 31 countries. It employs more than 202,000 people who work in its 158 different operational areas in all six operating regions of the world. General Motors was established in 1908 by William C. Durant. It has a very well-established brand image across the Globe with a high level of brand acceptability and loyalty by its customers and stakeholders (General Motors, 2012).
Having business operations at the Global scale, General Motors operates in a highly complex and uncertain business environment. There are a number of environmental factors that…
Banerjee, S.B. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: the good, the bad and the ugly, 1st Edition. Cheltenham, Glos, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
General Motors, (2012). Environment. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from
General Motors, (2012). Our Company. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from
General Motors, (2012). Our Commitment. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from
Furthermore, the customer is most likely not to be biased hence the credibility of the feedback. The sources of information will be integrated by analyzing the data and comparing the feedbacks to determine if they show consistency; before drafting the final report.
The performance appraisal method of evaluating the behavior for rating has a critical technique of analyzing information incorporated. Therefore, in developing the tool, the first approach is to establish the information that is required (Flynn, 2010). Once determined, the questioned are phrased and documented into questionnaires and interviews, which will then be administered to the supervisors, the co-workers and customers for feedback purposes. Additionally, the previous reports on the company's trends will be incorporated to show how the behavioral changes in the department affect the returns of the company. The information gathered is then consolidated into a report for the final scaling which is the report of…
Josiane Fahed-Sreih, (2009) "The HR Scorecard: Linking People, Strategy and Performance,"
Management Research News, Vol. 32 Iss: 3, pp.297-299
Maurer, S.D. (2002). A practitioner-based analysis of interviewer job expertise and scale format as contextual factors in situational interviews. Personnel Psychology, 55(2), 307-327.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/220142693?accountid=35812
Resolution: General Motors (GM) versus United Auto orkers (UA) in health care negotiations between unions and management
Given the recent overall negative financial environment in the American automobile industry, the disputes between labor and management at General Motors, regarding worker's health care and benefits have proven to be some of the most significant, contentious, and 'watched' disagreements arising between labor and management in recent times in American labor negotiations. As GM goes, it is often said, so goes the nation.
"Imagine that you are running a domestic automaker ... And burdensome union contracts limit your ability to cut costs." The burdensome nature of the currently existing union contracts means that GM is forced to pay even its retired workers coffer-draining health care benefits, even while the company is losing money. Also, it seems, according to many industry analysts, GM may have lost its vision for the future. (Akst, 2005)
Akst, Daniel. (24 Jul 2005) "The Green Machine that could be Detroit." The New York Times. Retrieved 24 Jul 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/24/business/yourmoney/24cont.html?hp& ; ex=1122264000& en=3e1619f41f62e54e& ei=5059& partner=AOL
Hakim, Danny (21 Jul 2005) "Despite a June Surge in Sales, G.M. Posts Another Losing Quarter." Retrieved 24 Jul 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/21/business/businessspecial3/21auto.html
* = Data not available
(Forbes, Toyota income statement, 2013).
Examining the income statements, Toyota's income fell from the previous three quarters, and the fall was somewhat substantial. Given that GM's net income did not demonstrate the same pattern, it does not appear to be the result of cyclical changes in the automotive sales cycle. In addition, Toyota's total revenue and net income appear to be more directly and positively correlated that GM's revenue and net income.
A company's balance sheet is another way of summarizing the company's financial health. A balance sheet is a "financial statement that summarizes a company's assets, liabilities and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. These three balance sheet segments give investors an idea as to what the company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by the shareholders" (Investopedia, Balance sheet, 2013).…
Chu, M. (2012, March 27). Is GM a good stock to buy right now? Retrieved February 12, 2013
from Insider Monkey website: http://www.insidermonkey.com/blog/is-gm-a-good-stock-to-buy-right-now-11565/
Forbes. (2013). General Motors Company (NYSE: GM): Balance sheet. Retrieved February
12, 2013 from Forbes website: http://finapps.forbes.com/finapps/jsp/finance/compinfo/FinancialIndustrial.jsp?tkr=gm&period=qtr
Aristotle Ran GM
Query and Book Review
Morrison, Thomas V. (1998) If Aristotle Ran General Motors. Owl Books.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote his most formative text upon "Ethics." Thus to apply his four fold philosophy about the dimensions of human experience to self-help in the context of business development may seem strange. Yet Aristotle also emphasized human excellence, stressing that the intellectual dimension and orientation of human life is to aim at truth; the aesthetic human striving aims for beauty; the moral human impulse is for goodness; and the spiritual is for unity, or unified growth and development. All of these principles, suggests the author in the step-by-step fashion to the genre, are exemplified in companies that succeed in the current business environment.
Thus, as suggested by Thomas V. Morrison, a company that has recently endured adversity, such as Martha Stewart Omni media, continues to succeed because it has…
Motor Processes in Sport
Tom is an 18-year-old goalkeeper who recently moved up in class from youth to adult football. He was an early maturer and has a history of being more advanced in soccer than his peers but now a weakness is exposed. He never learned to kick with his left foot and this has been a problem at this level. The current paper discusses the proposed reasons for his difficulty and outlines a plan of intervention.
Understanding the Effects of Early Maturation as They Apply to Tom
The traditional view holds that early maturation in boys has more positive consequences for psychosocial adaptation than late maturation. The early literature by researchers like Mussen and Jones (1957) described early-maturing boys during late adolescence (17 -- 18 years) as having higher self-esteem and self-confidence, a more positive self-image, and as being more socially mature, which may have led to more…
Baddeley, A. (2003). Working memory: Looking back and looking forward. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience 4 (10), 829 -- 839.
Banister, E.W. (1991). Modeling elite athletic performance. In H. Green, J. McDougall and H. Wenger (Eds.), Physiological testing of elite athletes (pp. 403 -- 424). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Brewer, J., Balsom, P.D., & Davis, J. (1995). Season birth distribution amongst European soccer players. Sports Exercise Injury, 1, 154-157.
Castaneda, B. & Gray, R. (2007). Effects of focus of attention on baseball batting performance in players of differing skill levels. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29 (1), 60-77.
Additionally, aside financial resources, they also used their assets. The most relevant example in this sense is the selling of part of its interests in Mazda. It as such transformed its assets into liquidities -- the 20% shares in Mazda were converted into $540 million (Murphy) -- that better allowed them to pursue their innovation objectives.
The matter of technological innovation is not only a core focus of Ford's, but of all players within the American automobile industry. The reasons for the rivalry in terms of &D are numerous, the most outstanding however being constituted by the desire to attract and satisfy as many customers as possible, managing as such to increase organizational revenues. "&D efforts in the U.S. Auto industry are channeled into a variety of processes such as stamping, casting, machining, and assembling. Within the time-frame of our investigation, &D efforts had to embrace sudden changes in taste…
Brighton, G., July 17, 2006, Ford to Drive Revolution with £1bn R&D Project, PSFK, http://www.psfk.com/2006/07/ford_to_drive_g.html last accessed on May 6, 2009
Murphy, J., November 18, 2008, Ford Cuts Mazda Stake, The Wall Street Journal
Ramrattan, L.B., 1998, R&D Rivalry in the U.S. Automobile Industry: A Simultaneous Equation Model Approach to Bain's Hypothesis, American Economist, Vol. 42
Ramsey, J., October 7, 2007, Ford is Biggest Spender on R&D, AutoBlog, http://www.autoblog.com/2007/10/07/ford-is-biggest-spender-on-randd / last accessed on May 6, 2009
GM / UAW
The general maxim is, "What's good for General Motors is good for America." The accuracy of that maxim has been severely hampered over the years by General Motors' dealings with United Auto Workers.
The labor/management synergy in America is one of most important facets -- and variables -- in our nation's economy. As was illustrated in an extreme example in last summer's baseball labor relations tensions, management and labor work towards a common end, yes, but their means to that end may be entirely different.
Management often holds the upper hand in any dealings with labor, as it controls its workers' livelihood and ability to live comfortably. Labor has only one trump card: the strike. And United Auto Workers used that weapon on December 28, 1936 when it struck the Cleveland Fisher Body Plant, a key plant which supplied the tops for nearly all General Motors cars.…
With such result, estimates for the 2,400 F-111 (including their exports) were significantly reduced, but nevertheless, General Dynamics still managed to obtain a $300 million profit with this project.
Grumman started also to build the F-14 Tomcat, using many of the F-111 innovations, but build solely for its purpose of serving as a carrier-borne fighter.
General Dynamics eorganization - it was in May 1965 that the company reorganized its activities into 12 operational divisions, having as a base their production lines. The board took the decision to have all future planes built in Fort Worth and thus ended the plane production in San Diego, which had been Convair's original plant. At the San Diego location the production of space and missile development continued.
The second CEO in this period, David S. Lewis required the headquarters of the company to be moved to St. Louis, event that took place finally in…
Canada's Air Force, Historical Aircraft - Canadair F-86 Sabre, retrieved online October 6th at http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/site/equip/historical/sabrelst_e.asp
Defense News Top 100, retrieved online October 5th at http://www.defensenews.com/static/features/top100/charts/top100_08.php?c=FEA&s=T1C
General Dynamics Annual Report 2007, retrieved online October 6th at http://library.corporate-ir.net/library/85/857/85778/items/284657/GD%20AR%202007.pdf
HLTH Press releases, HLTH Announces Agreement to Sell ViPS Unit to General Dynamics for $225 Million, retrieved on October 6th at http://investor.shareholder.com/hlth/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=313710
Multi-National Report on Ford Motor Company:
Ford Motor Company is a worldwide company that operates in both the Automotive and Financial Services sectors with its major operations being to build up, devise, produce and service cars and trucks. hile Ford's automotive sector basically sells vehicles under various brand names such as Ford, Volvo, Mercury and Lincoln, the financial services sector provide several automotive financing products both through and to automotive dealers. Ford's automotive sector is responsible for marketing trucks, cars and vehicle parts through the retail dealers, distributors and dealers in North America. Additionally, this sector offers a series of after-sale vehicle products and services in several segments like car accessories, maintenance, repairs and extended service. On the contrary, the financial services sector provides retail financing, wholesale financing and financing to profit-making customers.
Ford's financial services sector also provides other financing services incorporating loans to dealers for operational capital, developments…
Dornbach-Bender, Rhett, Bill Slade, and Joe Thorpe. "Strategic Report for Ford Motor Company." Oasis Consulting. Oasis Consulting, 20 Apr. 2009. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .
"Ford Motor Company -- Case Study." Business Organizational. Business Organizational, Feb. 2005. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .
Linn, Allison. "For Ford's Mulally, Big Bets Are Paying Off: Company Lauded for Avoiding Bankruptcy, Government Aid in Recession." Msnbc. Msnbc.com, 26 Oct. 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .
Thomaselli, Rich. "Marketer of the Year: Ford Motor Co." Advertising Age. Crain Communications, 18 Oct. 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. .
Therefore, they use strict evaluation criteria to make choice among different alternatives. Keeping in view the strength of customers' bargaining power, Toyota and other automakers are expending huge amounts on advertisements and promotional campaigns to create awareness about their brands and convince these customers to prefer them over all other brands (Jenny & Scammon, 2010).
5. Internal Environmental Analysis for Toyota Motor Corporation
5.1. The esources Types:
Like other types of business corporations, Toyota also relies on four different organizational resources. These are: financial resources, human resources, informational resources, and physical resources. Financial resources are the money invested by the company's shareholders and the profits left after paying off liabilities. These resources enable the company to run its day-to-day operations, run marketing campaigns, and make strategic investments to keep it innovative and competitive in all aspects. Secondly, the human resources are the intellectual capital that plays a major role in…
Bearden, W.O., Ingram, T.N. & LaForge, R.W. (2007). Marketing: Principles and Perspectives, 5th Edition. Boston, Mass: McGraw-Hill
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. (2010). Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Brassington, F. & Pettitt, S. (2006). Principles of Marketing, 4th Edition. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall
Frederic, M., Agnes, V. & John, M. (2011). Pest Analysis, 2nd Edition. U.K: Gardners Books
The company is now considered the second largest automaker in the world. Within one year after its inception, the company brought well-known brands under its name such as Cadillac, Cartercar and Pontiac. The company was originally owned by William Durant but excessive debt cost him the ownership in 1910 when the bank took it over. Durant then started the Chevrolet Motor company. In 1920s, the company sales surpassed those of Ford Motor Company due to brilliant leadership of Alfred Sloan. In the next decade, the company expanded and started Greyhound bus service. During the Second World War, the company faced threat of nationalization from Nazi government. But due to personal and business contacts, the company abandoned its German operations in return for a complete tax write-off. Its post war growth was impressive as General Motors became the first ever U.S. company to pay $1 billion in taxes. It was also…
History of Ford Motor Company: http://wardsautoworld.com/ar/auto_history_ford_motor/
History of General Motors: http://www.gm.com /corporate/about/history/
Ford Motor Company (herein referred to as Ford) has grown from a somewhat obscure automaker to one of the world's most recognized motor vehicle brands. Founded in the year 1919 by Henry Ford, the company's main business remains the production of trucks and cars. However, through some of its subsidiaries, the company also concerns itself with motor vehicle financing.
The Ford Motor Company: A Brief Overview of its Vision, Mission and Primary Stakeholders
Ford's mission according to Lewis et al. (2006) is outlined as:
We are a global family with a proud heritage passionately committed to providing personal mobility for people around the world. We anticipate consumer need and deliver outstanding products and services that improve people's lives.
I am convinced that the statement above successfully captures the company's purpose. In so doing, it also succeeds in outlining the firm's overall goals going forward. On the other hand, the company's…
Carter, C., Clegg, S.R., Kornberger, M. & Schweitzer, J. (2011). Strategy: Theory and Practice. London: SAGE Publications.
Dyck, B. & Neubert, M. (2008). Management: Current Practices and New Directions. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Henry, A. (2008). Understanding Strategic Management. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, P.S., Goodman, S.H., Fandt, P.M. & Michlitsch, J.F. (2006). Management: Challenges for Tomorrow's Leaders (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
The big three will likely weather the tsunami, as completely different entities than they have been in the past, possibly even more strikingly different than they were before and after the Japanese management style implementation in the 1980s. ith these and other changes likely in the industry in the near future The industry will once again prove flexible and innovative in changing with the times.
Brown, Shona L., and Katleen M. Eisenhardt. 1997. The Art of Continuous Change: Linking Complexity Theory and Time-Paced Evolution in Relentlessly Shifting Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 42, no. 1: 1.
Chrysler Sale Could Herald Auto Industry Restructuring. 2007. Manila Bulletin, May 16, NA.
Klier, Thomas. 2005. Determinants of Supplier Plant Location: Evidence from the Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives: 2.
Klier, Thomas H. 1995. The Geography of Lean Manufacturing: Recent Evidence from the U.S. Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives 19, no. 6: 2.
Brown, Shona L., and Katleen M. Eisenhardt. 1997. The Art of Continuous Change: Linking Complexity Theory and Time-Paced Evolution in Relentlessly Shifting Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 42, no. 1: 1.
Chrysler Sale Could Herald Auto Industry Restructuring. 2007. Manila Bulletin, May 16, NA.
Klier, Thomas. 2005. Determinants of Supplier Plant Location: Evidence from the Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives: 2.
Klier, Thomas H. 1995. The Geography of Lean Manufacturing: Recent Evidence from the U.S. Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives 19, no. 6: 2.
Now "battered by soaring gas prices and plummeting sales" Ford has been "forced to slash production of the trucks that have been its lifeblood -- from half of its vehicles today (and 70% in 2005) to a projected "one-third by 2012" (arner 2008). Congress is calling for Ford along with the other American car companies demanding a bailout to show a real commitment to raising fuel economy standards and creating a leaner, meaner production machine.
Ford must point to its previous good-faith attempts to raise fuel standards to support its calls for government assistance. Many point to previous CEO Bill Ford's inability to sell his vision to other members of the company: "no matter his personal convictions, Bill Ford had neither the operational skills nor the management talent to make his green aspirations a reality. Instead, the chairman tried to tack environmental changes onto a business model focused obsessively on…
Bray, Jim. (2008, October 28). Ford flexes its marketing muscles with new crossover. The Post
Chronicle. Retrieved 19 Nov 2008 at http://www.postchronicle.com/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi?archive=102&num=181770
Currie, Alan. (2008). Ford, GM, Chrysler chiefs should have gone by fuel-efficient car to bailout.
Telegraph. Retrieved 19 Nov 2008 at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/breakingviewscom/3488678/GM-Ford-and-Chrysler-chiefs-should-have-gone-by-fuel-efficient-car-to-bail-out.html
Marketing Plan for Ford Motors Company
The logic is really very simple -- when a model is supposed to be for women, it has to be designed by women.
It is clear that cars are now being purchased in USA for both men and women, and many times, women have their own cars. This fact had been realized as early as 1956 when there was a model called Dodge La Femme for women to drive and probably that was the reason why it failed. (Women and SUVs) There was a difference in the thinking of men who designed the car and women who were supposed to drive it.
The market for cars among women is large and it had been 20% of the new vehicles during 1984 and this has gone up to 28% in 1990. The decisions are taken by them in 80% of the cases of purchase. (Women…
Concept cars for women. 4 March, 2004. Retrieved from http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/4B81525E-DCB6-4BBB-8B67-82DAD22E03E4.htm Accessed on 18 July, 2005
Kile, Heather. Women and SUVs. Retrieved from http://fubini.swarthmore.edu/~WS30/HKFinalProject.html Accessed on 18 July, 2005
Ten Cars Women Love. Retrieved from http://cars.msn.co.uk/CarNews/carswomenlove/?MSID=af118d01110c47c484a9a1ae4f5e590b Accessed on 18 July, 2005
Women and minority automobile buyers. Road and Travel Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.roadandtravel.com/businessandcareer/careers/minoritycarbuy.htm
Business -- Intercultural Communication -- ata Motors
ata Motors sought to win a 2004 bidding war for acquisition of Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd. in South Korea. hough not initially favored to win the bidding war, ata Motors won over the decision-makers through shrewd adjustments to South Korea, education the decision-makers about ata Motors, display of ata Motors' strengths and listening to Daewoo employees. ata Motors succeeded where the other nine bidders failed, enabling ata Motors to effectively expand its business into the Southeast Asia automotive market.
ata Motors is an East Indian automobile titan founded as ata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd. (elco) in 1945. ata Motors is a highly successful intercultural communications business because of its ability to learn from significant events, such as the 1999 recession, and to use strategic planning to internationalize and flourish. Despite the challenges of the economy, technology, competition and the local customs/laws…
Though Tata Motors was initially not the most favored bidder, Tata Motors won that bidding war through shrewd adjustments to the South Korean economy, technology, competition and local customs/laws. Though not the initially favored bidder, Tata Motors paid attention to the needed adjustments and visibly made them. For example, while still in the bidding war, Tata Motors sent a due diligence team of operations, marketing, human resources and IT managers to South Korea to make sure that the acquisition decision would be made according to important business decisions and by people who would actually run the company if Tata Motors won the bidding war. In addition, Tata Motors educated the decision-makers at Daewoo about East India and about Tata Motors so the decision-makers would be more familiar and comfortable with the prospect of choosing Tata Motors' bid. The "education" consisted of several messages: that Tata Motors had significant global business connections; and that Tata Motors was not a run-of-the-mill company but was instead a company of unique and admirable ownership structure, management, ethics and strong company governance. Tata Motors also displayed its strong work ethic to the decision-makers through its small due diligence team, which worked long hours and even on weekends. Finally, Tata Motors' team asked the opinions of Daewoo's drivers and operators, who were surprised and gratified by Tata Motors' interest in their opinions. In the end, Tata Motors won with a modest bid through its highly intelligent approach to winning over the decision-makers in that bidding war.
Tata Motors' acquisition of Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd. is a lesson in intercultural communication. Though not the favored bidder among 10 bidders for acquisition of Daewoo in 2004, Tata Motors wished to expand its business into the Southeast Asian market and took great pains to make it happen with this acquisition. Tata Motors sent a due diligence team of operations, marketing, human resources and IT managers to South Korea, educated the decision-makers at Daewoo about East India and about Tata Motors, displayed its strong work ethic and asked the opinions of Daewoo's drivers and operators. Its highly intelligent approach allowed Tata Motors to win the bidding war with a relatively modest bid, teaching the importance of measures that are more than dollars and cents.
Introduction of the company - Ford
Ford Motor Business began in 1903 by Henry Ford and it has constantly remained within family group possession ever since that period. The business created and applied assembly line manufacturing from the launch of the Model T. In the year 1909, and created planes and automobiles for U.S. Allies in The Second World War. Ford has worked globally since 1904, in the event it opened a division in Canada to acquire entry to Commonwealth marketplaces. With regard to the initial half in the Twenty-first century, Ford continued to be the prominent automobile manufacturer in the marketplace it had successfully developed. In 1956, Toyota released its initial automobile in the United States of America, and started acquiring marketplace share. In hindsight this became the turning point within the U.S. marketplace, and since the Twenty-first century came to an end Ford experienced declining marketplace…
Barry, S. (2009). Extraordinary slowdown' in sales brings pounds 10.2bn loss; But Ford 'is set to break even in 2011. Western Mail. Cardiff UK. pp31-32.
Blitterswijk, M.V. And Karadzhov, R. (2011). Financial and Strategic Analysis of Ford Motor Company and Tata Motors. CBS - M.Sc. Finance and Strategic Management.
Dornbach-Bender, R., Slade, B. And Thorpe, J. (2009). Strategic Report for Ford Motor Company. Oasis Consulting.
Solid Works. (2010). Ford Motor Company: Little things can make a huge impact on quality. Partner Case Study: Solid Works with Varatech Sigmund.
4 the Competition
Ford Motors Company activates in a mature and highly competitive market and threats come not only from within the United States, but also from abroad. Due to globalization and market liberalization, the automobile manufacturers from Asia are easily capable to sell their products to the American consumer. Brands play a pivotal role in competition as customers tend to make purchases based on it. The competition is also intensified by the vast offering of substitute products, often materialized in public transports or personal automobiles running on alternative combustibles. Another source of rivalry is that the products often seem to look alike, and there are few features that offer one vehicle a point of difference.
The effects of the intense competition are various and often depend on the unique characteristics of the company, its served customers and the market where it operates. There are two most common outcomes. The…
Brand, M., 2006, the Auto Industry View of Ford's Downsizing Plan, NPR, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5168201 last accessed on October 2, 2008
Nolan, J., August 7, 1997, the Battle of the Overpass, the Detriot News
Rioux, S.M., Bernthal, P.R., Wellis, R.S., the Globalization of Human Resource Practices, Development Dimensions International, Retrieved from http://www.ddiworld.com/pdf/theglobalizationofhrpractices_es_ddi.pdf on October 2, 2008
2008, Automotive News, http://www.autonews.com / last accessed on October 2, 2008
Ford Motor Company is - according to its financial statements for the last year - in relatively good financial shape, especially if one considers the current weak state of the economy, the past recessionary months and the still extremely shaky state of the recovery. This paper analyzes the current strengths and weaknesses of the company as it moves toward increasing globalization.
A useful tool in analyzing the external environment in which Ford is presently situated can incorporate Michael Porter's Five Forces model, which is graphically summarized below: (http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_fivefoces.htm)
Ford is vulnerable to the threat of both new entrants (in terms generally of new car models as well as specifically of new environmentally friendly cars) as well as the threat of substitute products from other car companies eager to attract the same consumers that Ford wishes to attract. Honda, for example, is likely to become one of Ford's primary…
Hamel, Gary and C.K. Prahalad. Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business Press, 1997. http://www.businessweek.com/2000/00_19/b3680166.htm
Ford Motor Company's efforts to redefine strategies to address key strategic issues during the upcoming fiscal year. The essay also reviews Ford's business-level strategy, the company's value chain activities and identifies Ford positioning with respect to the five forces of competition.
Ford's current business- level strategy was developed as a result of challenges the company has faced in the last decade. Ford saw their market share in the U.S. decline from 23.7% in 2000 to 15.5% in 2006. Over the same period Ford's North American division reported billions in losses from the Ford, Lincoln and Mercury product lines. To return the North American division to profitability, Ford launched an ambitious restructuring plan, the Way Forward. (Kirtane, Shukla, Wang and Zhan, 2006).
Over the last decade, Ford's business-level strategies were ambiguous, with the result that they were neither a successful differentiator nor cost leader. Ford failed to innovate on many of…
Cisco Systems Inc. (2007). Ford's innovative customer relations programs increase owner satisfaction and promise 20% growth in annual savings. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Ford Motor Company. (2011). Our value chain and its impacts. Ford corporate website. [online] Available at: < http://corporate.ford.com/microsites/sustainability-report-2010-11/operations-value> [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Herman, C. (2007). Ford zooms past competition in quality. ABC News. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Johnson, D. (2011). Future Lincolns to be better differentiated from Ford counterparts. Left Lane. [online] Available at:< http://www.leftlanenews.com/future-lincolns-to-be-better-differentiated-from-ford-counterparts.html > [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC
Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a British multinational corporation that designs, develops, manufactures, promotes, and sells automobiles under the brand names of Jaguar and Land over, including ange over brand. Jaguar Land over is the United Kingdom's largest automobile corporation that took its roots from a couple of strongest automobile brands: Jaguar and Land over. Currently, Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a renowned subsidiary of India's most successful automobile group -- Tata Motors. It is headquartered in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom. Tata Motors acquired Jaguar Land over in 2008 from Ford Motor Company. The major subsidiaries of Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC include: Jaguar Land over Holdings Limited, Jaguar Land over Limited, Jaguar Land over India, and Chery Jaguar Land over. Jaguar Land over was the result of a union between Jaguar Cars and Land over which Ford Motor Company did…
Cranfield University, (2014). Jaguar Land Rover: High Performance Leaders Programme. Retrieved on April 2nd, 2014, from
Harrison, J.S., & John, C.H. (2014). Foundations in Strategic Management, 6th Edition. USA: Cengage Learning.
Henry, A. (2011). Understanding Strategic Management, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization: Concepts & Cases, 8th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
new branch of science called Sports Science that respectively makes use of motor learning and motor control in the sports industry.
Motor learning and motor control is a field of science that is being studied from a sports point-of-view. Motor learning is connected to all the processes and conditions that affect one's ability to acquire skills, while motor control ascertains neuromuscular performance of individuals. Many people are taking great interest in the learning of motor skills and expertise, and the development of coordination. This new field of sports is based on the use of the knowledge base in the movement and sport sciences, cognitive sciences, and also physical therapy.
Sports science is a new area of study that is forcing people to explore the scientific explanation for David Beckham's superb soccer skills, and even wondering what would Wimbledon be like if say Pete Sampras had to use an…
Computational Learning and Motor Control Lab, available at http://www-slab.usc.edu/,accessed on: November 20, 2003
Graduate Programs: Masters in Motor Control, available at http://www.indiana.edu/~kines/ms_motor.html , accessed on: November 20, 2003
JCU - Motor Learning and Motor Control, available at: www.jcu.edu.au/school/phtm/ises/lev3sub/sp34hbk.html, accessed on: November 20, 2003
Motor Behavior Specialization - Doctoral Degree Program, available at http://www.hhp.ufl.edu/ess/grad/motrbeh1.htm, accessed on: November 20, 2003
General Motors in China:
Chinese Motor Vehicle Industry Structure:
The motor vehicle industry in China had over 200 carmakers in 2004 with most of them being small Chinese firms. In addition to being small and domestic companies, the carmakers were solely owned by the Chinese government and had a market share of approximately 40%. As new joint venture firms emerged during this period, the Chinese government was reluctant to see its manufacturers of motor vehicles eliminated. Generally, this motor vehicle industry structure was mainly dominated by small domestic firms that were owned by the government. These firms experienced serious threats from new joint ventures on supporting their existence while attracting managerial skills and foreign technology.
Therefore, the Chinese motor vehicle industry was seemingly modest in the global context as it grew in heady rates (Teslik, 2007). Since this industry had a modest structure, it produced great uncertainty regarding future prices…
Bursa, M. (2011, March 7). March Management Briefing: China's Emerging Auto Industry (Part
1). Retrieved July 4, 2012, from http://www.just-auto.com/analysis/chinas-emerging-auto-industry-part-1_id109555.aspx
Holweg, M., Luo, J. & Oliver, N. (2005, August). The Past, Present and Future of China's
Automotive Industry: A Value Chain Perspective. Retrieved from University of Cambridge website: http://www-innovation.jbs.cam.ac.uk/publications/downloads/holweg_past.pdf
General Motors was founded in 1908 and has been the largest manufacturer, designer, building and marketer of cars and trucks throughout the world since 1921. It sells vehicles in more than 200 countries worldwide and maintains assembly, manufacturing, distribution or warehousing operations in 53 of these countries. In 2000, it sold 8.6 million cars and trucks - constituting 15.1% of the entire world vehicle market (the world's biggest share) at $4.5 billion net sales and $184.6 billion in revenues. (General Motors). It envisions itself as the enduring world leader in transportation products and related services, whose goal is "to maintain this position through enlightened customer enthusiasm and continuous improvement, driven by the integrity, team work and innovation" of its employees. (General Motors)
The organization operates in four regions. The first, which has the largest market at 27%, is the GM North America. This region designs, manufactures and markets vehicles for…
Business Wire. Raytheon Chosen by General Motors to Provide Dealership
Technical Training, 1999
2. Insider. XV8 Power: Another Intriguing Concept Engine from the General.
McMullen Argus Publishing, Inc., 2002
Ford Motor Company
Objective of this report is to use Ford Motor Company 2012 Second Quarter to carry out research on the company's production inventory levels, price and sales data and operational cost information.
Ford Motor Company (Ford) is one of the largest global automotive companies. The company manufactures and distributes automobile across six continents, and the company operates financing business through Ford Motor Credit Company. At the end of the 2011 fiscal year (FY2011), the company recorded total revenue of $136 billion, an increase of 5.7% over FY2010. Ford Motor also recorded the total net profit of $20 billion at the end of the 2011 fiscal years recording the increase of 4.3% over FY2010. The strength of Ford Motor lies with its strong brand that the company sells at premium price. Among its brands are Lincoln, and Ford which are among the strongest brand in the world. (Datamonitor, 2011).…
Datamonitor, (2011). Company Spotlight: Ford Motor Company. MarketWatch: Automotive. USA.
Ford (2012). 2012 Second Quarter Earning Review JULY 25, 2012 (Preliminary Results).
Jiambalvo, J. (2001). Managerial Accounting. Chapter 7: Capital Budgeting Decisions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Mcgraw-hill (2010). Chapter 6: Elasticity, Consumer Surplus, and Producer Surplus. USA.
Ford Motor Company and its human resources management practice. The company's human resources strategy is very closely tied to its strategy. As with other automakers, Ford's labor costs can be quite high, but there are also related costs of labor, such as benefits and pensions that can result in the total labor cost today being very high, even when much of the company's production is automated. Ford also must work closely with its main unions in order to negotiate the terms of each contract, something that also influences the company. Ford seeks to compete largely as a cost leader in its industry, but needs to have relatively low labor costs in order to pursue this policy profitably.
The HR position at Ford constitutes a number of different tasks. Labor relations is listed as the foremost specialty within the HR department, and with good reason given how critical it is to…
Boxall, P. (2003). HR strategy and competitive advantage in the service sector. Human Resource Management Journal. Vol. 13 (3) 5-20.
Walker, G. & MacDonald, R. (2001). Designing and implementing an HR scorecard. Human Resource Management. Vol. 40 (4) 365-377.
Richard, O. (2000). Racial diversity, business strategy and firm performance: A resource-based view. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 43 (2) 164-177.
Fine Motor Skill Development in Children
Fine motor skills are important for a variety of activities such as writing and feeding, so its important they develop properly in young kids. This paper talks about the importance of fine motor skills and how it can be improved with proper intervention and the right activities.
Fine motor skills and their importance
Fine motor skills are the skills that involve the use of small muscles in the hands such as fingers. The biggest challenge in fine motor skills is the coordination of the hand with the eyes and brain and it is more complicated than what many people imagine. It develops at a young age, typically before five or six and it plays an important role in the way our hands function during adolescence and adulthood.
The development of fine motor skills is vital in young children because it is these skills that…
Smith, Jodene. (2003). Activities for Fine Motor Skills Development Grd PreK-1. Westminster, CA: Teacher Created Resources.
No author. (2011). Fine motor control. Medline Plus. Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002364.htm
Curtis, Kathleen; Newman, Peggy. (2005). The PTA Handbook: Keys to Success in School and Career for the Physical Therapist Assistant. New Jersey: Slack Incorporated.
Charlesworth, Rosalind. (2010). Understanding Child Development. Mason, OH: South-western Cengage Learning.
Caffeine Improves Visual-Motor Performance
Acute Caffeine Ingestion Improves Visual-Motor esponses
Caffeine represents the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world, so understanding how this chemical affects an individual's physiology is essential to providing the best healthcare advice for the general public. Towards this goal, the response times of college students were studied before and after ingestion of water, ed Bull, or coffee. The task involved clicking a mouse button as fast as possible in response to a computer monitor screen changing color. Compared to water, response times improved by almost 6 and 13 seconds for ed Bull and coffee, respectively. Based on published information, which suggests the ed Bull and coffee ingestion would provide approximately 80 and 122 mg of caffeine, respectively, these results indicate a dose-dependent improvement in task performance as the caffeine dosage increased. Although between subjects variability was high, these results are remarkably consistent…
Bruce, M., Scott, N., Lader, M., & Marks, V. (1986). The psychopharmacological and electrophysiological effects of single doses of caffeine in healthy human subjects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 22, 81-7.
Brunye, T.T., Mahoney, C.R., Leiberman, H.R., & Taylor, H.A. (2010). Caffeine modulates attention of network function. Brain and Cognition, 72, 181-8.
Caffeineinformer. (2014). Drip Coffee: Caffeine levels. Retrieved 16 Mar. 2014 from http://www.caffeineinformer.com/caffeine-content/coffee-drip .
Jacobson, B.H. & Thurman-Lacey, S.R. (1992). Effect of caffeine on motor performance by caffeine-naive and -- familiar subjects. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 74, 151-157.
General Motors and the United Auto Workers Labor Agreement
Judgment in Managerial Decision making
General Motors and the United Auto Workers have been among the America's largest manufacturers of motor vehicles and related parts. Following pressure of the two leading manufacturers going bankrupt they had to negotiate a change in the labor agreement as an urgent move. The workers and the communities are to be adversely affected by this part of restructuring.
Some of the decisions reached during the negotiation affected the workers negatively in as much as they were mainly to prevent the collapse of the two manufacturers. General Motors reached a decision to close or idle 17 of its facilities, where Chrysler was to close eight plants. The GM seeks to reduce its 60,000 strong UAW workforce by up to 20,000. On the top of that Chrysler is to reduce positions because of the plant closures, however the…
Chris Isidore (2011) GM, UAW reach deal. Retrieved May 15, 2014 from http://money.cnn.com/2011/09/17/news/companies/gm_uaw_agreement/
Kimberly S. Johnson and Tom Krisher, (2010) UAW members approve General Motors concessions. Retrieved May 15, 2014 from http://abcnews.go.com/Business/story?id=7717372
Holy Motors Movie Analysis
Holy Motors: An Analysis
Director Leos Carax has done it again. He has shocked the film industry with an abstract film focusing on the damaging power of our obsession with gazing into another's life. Voyeurism is a destructive force in the 2012 film Holy Motors, one which destroys the life of Oscar, the never-ending actor.
This intense French film was a major shocker in 2012. It is a very unique story told with incredible cinematic genius. Oscar, an actor, constantly drives around to different appointments, where he plays a number of odd roles. Sometimes he plays his roles in front o a large audience, while at other times they seem to be in front of only a few individuals or even no one at all. There seems to be no rhyme or reason to his roles, as he is random characters without much explanation of what…
Stakeholder Analysis Ford Motor Company
Key Stakeholders Ranked by Level of importance
Corporate officers -- Responsible for establishing the goals and mission of the company and ensuring that managers and employees at all levels are properly carrying out the strategy of the company. (Luca, 2007)
Customers/Car owners -- customers make an investment when purchasing a vehicle and they expect the vehicle to be safe and reliable. Customers depend on their vehicles for work, school and general transportation. As such they have an interest in Ford's ability to develop good dependable vehicles.
Managers -- Managers carry the information received from corporate officers to employees and make certain that the goals established are realized.
The General Public -- Everyday people are killed or injured in car accidents. Because Ford cars are popular and a mainstay on roads throughout the world, the general public is interested in knowing the…
Ford and World Safety Leaders Work to Launch Intelligent Vehicles Quicker, More Affordably. http://corporate.ford.com/news-center/news/press-releases/press-releases-detail/pr-ford-and-world-safety-leaders-work-34762
Luca, Anastasia. 2007. Organizational Stakeholders
MSNBC (2007). "Home Depot CEO Nardelli quits"
McNamara, Carter (2008). Boards of Directors
General Motors Company, commonly called as GM is one of the largest automobile manufacturers in the world. It is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan. It has…Read Full Paper ❯
The second decision was implemented and the same treatment would be applied to both Opel and Vauxhall. The first alternative would not have been extremely viable for the simple…Read Full Paper ❯
" Conclusion Overall GM is currently confronting some of the most difficult obstacles that it has ever had to overcome. Government intervention is no guarantee that the company will…Read Full Paper ❯
The crisis affects all aspects of life, but among the most prominent victims of the difficulties was the automobile industry. Once the largest employer of the country, the automobile…Read Full Paper ❯
Although some external players, such as potential new executives, may prefer this plan, there is little evidence that the major stakeholders have interest in major culture change. The third…Read Full Paper ❯
hen the sales of all American SUVs began to plummet as the price of fuel escalated, GM was the hardest-hit of all the Detroit-based auto manufactures. In 2006, GM…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors and Honda Financial Analysis This text seeks to compare the finances of General Motors (GM) to those of Honda Motors (HMC) in an attempt to determine why…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors Company and Alternatives to ealize Growth Value discipline According to management theorists Treacy and Wiersema, companies must always ask how they can provide value to their customers…Read Full Paper ❯
"Workers like the flexibility, but not if they have to trade off guaranteed hours, health insurance or a secure retirement. " the reality of the independent contractor relationship for…Read Full Paper ❯
After years of unquestioned industry dominance, GM was not prepared to shift its approach to making cars to cope with the competitive edge possessed by Japanese automotive manufactures such…Read Full Paper ❯
GM's market share is a source of strength because it provides the company with considerable muscle and brand recognition. That is leads the Chinese market and is a major…Read Full Paper ❯
Direction of the Business During the economic downturn of the global economic crisis (2008-2010), General Motors (GM) was adversely impacted by a failure to downsize its operations and focus…Read Full Paper ❯
What is Strategy? Strategy represents the development of an advantageous, unique position, entailing diverse activities. An ideally-positioned organization requires no strategy. At strategic positioning’s core is doing activities competitors…Read Full Paper ❯
The company's $291 billion in debt has recently been downgraded to below investment grade and it has about $16.5 billion of debt coming due this year (Snide). GM and…Read Full Paper ❯
Still, the future stated goal of GM is to develop an electric or hybrid version in all of its existing brands lines -- Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC. Outcome…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors vs. Toyota General Motors, a European car company, and Toyota, a Japanese car company, are competing for worldwide supremacy in the manufacture of automobiles. However, as with…Read Full Paper ❯
While they still mention the financial artifice used by the company to repay the loan with other TAP money, they look at the issue from an accounting standpoint and…Read Full Paper ❯
hen GM gave up control to Cerberus, they got in a pickle...It [Cerberus through GMAC] has taken away flexibility from dealers" (elch 2008). "GMAC also said it will suspend…Read Full Paper ❯
Lack of electronics vertical integration to the extend that GD has. GD has divisions that four on combat systems, aerospace, information systems and technology, and marine. GD is known…Read Full Paper ❯
S.-based manufacturers. What specifically occurred with GM however was the willingness to pay for healthcare for all UAW members now either retired or let go due to lack of…Read Full Paper ❯
She is perceived as vulnerable by her lovers, both her Englishman and her American, and exploited in different ways. Over the course of the novel, because it is told…Read Full Paper ❯
Xcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw Ertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm External Analysis Module 2 SLP [Pick the date] General Motors is one of the most prestigious names in the history of automobiles. Founded in 1908, it was…Read Full Paper ❯
Business Durant and General Motors Alex Madsen's book "The Deal Make: How William C. Durant Made General Motors" is a biographic account of Durant's life, documenting his failures as…Read Full Paper ❯
Three of the most important ones are succinctly revealed below: (a) The declining demand for the company's vehicles -- this issue led to the necessity for more financial resources,…Read Full Paper ❯
M." 2005) Aligning current practices Instead, to distinguish GM from both foreign and domestic competitors, "we are certainly in the process of creating a family of diesels which could…Read Full Paper ❯
Team Implementation - General Motors Team implementation -- General Motors The American automobile industry has historically been one of the largest employers of the country. During the recent years…Read Full Paper ❯
Ford's value in 2007, was 0.01, compared to GM's value of 0.64. Comparatively, GM is using its assets in a much more efficient manner than Ford is. V. Conclusions…Read Full Paper ❯
Strategic Plan for General Motors Upper Mid Sedan Vehicle Segment Mission Statement To maintain and consolidate the status of the company as the number one auto manufacturer in the…Read Full Paper ❯
Ethics and Social esponsibility General Motors General Motors (commonly known as GM) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer. It is the world's largest corporation in the automotive industry with…Read Full Paper ❯
Furthermore, the customer is most likely not to be biased hence the credibility of the feedback. The sources of information will be integrated by analyzing the data and comparing…Read Full Paper ❯
Resolution: General Motors (GM) versus United Auto orkers (UA) in health care negotiations between unions and management Given the recent overall negative financial environment in the American automobile industry,…Read Full Paper ❯
Total Ops. 8,485,608 7,061,704 3,638,889 3,445,640 * = Data not available (Forbes, Toyota income statement, 2013). Examining the income statements, Toyota's income fell from the previous three quarters, and…Read Full Paper ❯
Black Studies - Philosophy
Aristotle Ran GM Query and Book Review Morrison, Thomas V. (1998) If Aristotle Ran General Motors. Owl Books. The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote his most formative text upon "Ethics."…Read Full Paper ❯
Motor Processes in Sport Tom is an 18-year-old goalkeeper who recently moved up in class from youth to adult football. He was an early maturer and has a history…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
Additionally, aside financial resources, they also used their assets. The most relevant example in this sense is the selling of part of its interests in Mazda. It as such…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - Latin-American
GM / UAW The general maxim is, "What's good for General Motors is good for America." The accuracy of that maxim has been severely hampered over the years by…Read Full Paper ❯
With such result, estimates for the 2,400 F-111 (including their exports) were significantly reduced, but nevertheless, General Dynamics still managed to obtain a $300 million profit with this project.…Read Full Paper ❯
Multi-National Report on Ford Motor Company: Ford Motor Company is a worldwide company that operates in both the Automotive and Financial Services sectors with its major operations being to…Read Full Paper ❯
Therefore, they use strict evaluation criteria to make choice among different alternatives. Keeping in view the strength of customers' bargaining power, Toyota and other automakers are expending huge amounts…Read Full Paper ❯
The company is now considered the second largest automaker in the world. Within one year after its inception, the company brought well-known brands under its name such as Cadillac,…Read Full Paper ❯
Ford Motor Company (herein referred to as Ford) has grown from a somewhat obscure automaker to one of the world's most recognized motor vehicle brands. Founded in the year…Read Full Paper ❯
The big three will likely weather the tsunami, as completely different entities than they have been in the past, possibly even more strikingly different than they were before and…Read Full Paper ❯
Now "battered by soaring gas prices and plummeting sales" Ford has been "forced to slash production of the trucks that have been its lifeblood -- from half of its…Read Full Paper ❯
Marketing Plan for Ford Motors Company The logic is really very simple -- when a model is supposed to be for women, it has to be designed by women.…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - College
Business -- Intercultural Communication -- ata Motors ata Motors sought to win a 2004 bidding war for acquisition of Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd. in South Korea. hough not…Read Full Paper ❯
Ford Motor Introduction of the company - Ford Ford Motor Business began in 1903 by Henry Ford and it has constantly remained within family group possession ever since that…Read Full Paper ❯
4 the Competition Ford Motors Company activates in a mature and highly competitive market and threats come not only from within the United States, but also from abroad. Due…Read Full Paper ❯
External Environment Ford Motor Company is - according to its financial statements for the last year - in relatively good financial shape, especially if one considers the current weak…Read Full Paper ❯
Ford Motor Company's efforts to redefine strategies to address key strategic issues during the upcoming fiscal year. The essay also reviews Ford's business-level strategy, the company's value chain activities…Read Full Paper ❯
Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC Company Profile: Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a British multinational corporation that designs, develops, manufactures, promotes, and sells automobiles under the brand names…Read Full Paper ❯
new branch of science called Sports Science that respectively makes use of motor learning and motor control in the sports industry. Sports Science Motor learning and motor control is…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors in China: Chinese Motor Vehicle Industry Structure: The motor vehicle industry in China had over 200 carmakers in 2004 with most of them being small Chinese firms.…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors was founded in 1908 and has been the largest manufacturer, designer, building and marketer of cars and trucks throughout the world since 1921. It sells vehicles in…Read Full Paper ❯
Ford Motor Company Objective of this report is to use Ford Motor Company 2012 Second Quarter to carry out research on the company's production inventory levels, price and sales…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
Ford Motor Company and its human resources management practice. The company's human resources strategy is very closely tied to its strategy. As with other automakers, Ford's labor costs can…Read Full Paper ❯
Fine Motor Skill Development in Children Fine motor skills are important for a variety of activities such as writing and feeding, so its important they develop properly in young…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
Caffeine Improves Visual-Motor Performance Biological Investigation Acute Caffeine Ingestion Improves Visual-Motor esponses Caffeine represents the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world, so understanding how this chemical affects…Read Full Paper ❯
General Motors and the United Auto Workers Labor Agreement Judgment in Managerial Decision making General Motors and the United Auto Workers have been among the America's largest manufacturers of…Read Full Paper ❯
Holy Motors Movie Analysis Holy Motors: An Analysis Director Leos Carax has done it again. He has shocked the film industry with an abstract film focusing on the damaging…Read Full Paper ❯
Stakeholder Analysis Ford Motor Company Key Stakeholders Ranked by Level of importance Internal Stakeholders External Stakeholders Corporate officers -- Responsible for establishing the goals and mission of the company…Read Full Paper ❯