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He also ordered that the "Negros...are...to be taught to read and write; and to be brought up to some useful occupation..." And they are to be "comfortably clothed and fed by my heirs while they live..."
ashington also wrote in his will that he "...expressly forbid the Sale, or transportation out of the said Commonwealth, of any Slave I may die possessed of." He did order the immediate freedom of "my Mulatto man illiam...for his faithful services during the Revolutionary ar."
Another article from the Papers of George ashington found in the University of Virginia digital materials indicates that while ashington managed his own plantations (when he was not at war or serving as president) "...and was well acquainted with the strengths and weaknesses of individual slaves. He was not impressed with them as a labor force," fretting in some of his correspondence about their "irresponsibility and indolence" (Twohig, 1994).…
Hirschfeld, Fritz. 1997. George Washington and Slavery: A Documentary Portrayal. Columbia,
MO: University of Missouri Press.
Mack, Dwayne. 2006. Book Review: An Imperfect God: George Washington, His Slaves, and the Creation of America. Journal of Black Studies 37 (2): 320-321.
Mazyck, Walter H. 1932. George Washington and the Negro. Washington, D.C. The Associated
There have been many people in American history who have dedicated their lives to the people and progress of the nation, and perhaps none are more notable than our very own one dollar bill - George Washington, who not only conjures up images of freedom and democracy, but of also the birth of America; a founding-father who was the first to govern the people under their own flag.
George Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Va., in 1732, the eldest son of Augustine Washington, and his second wife, Mary all Washington (Encyclopedia, 42).
George never received more than a basic education, despite living a good life on a Virginia farm. Nevertheless, he displayed an ability and interest in mathematics, which led him to becoming a surveyor for Lord Fairfax at the tender age of sixteen.
George's father had died when he was eleven, and his half-brother Lawrence had…
Reprinted in The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series, v. 4, September 1789-January 1790. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1993),131-32.
The Will of George Washington"
Reprinted in The Papers of George Washington, Retirement Series, vol. 4, April - December 1799. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999), 477-492.
George ashington took the oath of office to become the first President of the United States of America on April 30, 1789. Yet his influence on the history and development of the United States and on its office of President started some 35 years earlier, when, as a young man, he led a small force of militia men into a battle later called a massacre. Had one only this beginning to go on, one would likely not expect to find that the rash military leader who broke the rules of war to kill a few French military scouts would become both the storied, inspiring general who led the Continental Army to win the American Revolutionary ar, and the thoughtful, fair-minded political leader who would set careful precedents that have allowed the United States Presidency to become one of the most powerful political positions in the world today. As both the…
Hannaford, Peter. The Essential George Washington. Images from the Past: Bennington, VT, 1999.
McDougall, Walter A. Freedom Just Around the Corner. HarperCollinsPublishers, New York, 2004.
New York Times. "Wilson Follows Washington's Lead." February 22, 1915. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F60F1EFC395C13738DDDAB0A94DA405B858DF1D3
Pederson, Charles. The French and Indian War. ABDO Publishing Co, North Mankato, MN, 2010.
Mexicans were treated as an inferior class and an inferior race of people, in both the rhetoric of the nation and in the actual physical subjugation and displacement they were threatened by as a community. Thus, individuals such as Gualinto came to regard themselves as inferior, or the 'part' of themselves that was Mexican, as inferior.
Such external threats created internal, psycholgical ideological impingements in the vulnerable hearts and minds of young people like Gualinto. He becomes eviserated with self-hatred and feels he must chose between whiteness and success and Mexicanness and failure. The racially polarizing and divisive rhetoric of the Agnlos not only injures the Mexican community in colonially exploitive fashions, rendering them into a nation of colonized peoples vs. The Anglo colonizers, but also creates divisions within the community itself and within the hearts of its people as it steals away the great resource of the revolutionary, ideological…
Paredes, Americo. George Washington Gomez: A Mexicotexan Novel. Houston: Arte Publico, 1990.
" The faculty possesses expertise in addressing current issues and not simply historical or archaic problems. This assures the students at George Washington are relevant and cutting edge. Success in the new dispensation requires that individuals are not only knowledgeable but also knowledgeable in postmodern phenomena. This experience is cultivated and sponsored at George Washington.
The campus life at the University is remarkable. This is the result of the integration of the university with the life and atmosphere of Washington, D.C. One of the tantalizing features of the Mount Vernon Campus is the wooded acreage on which the Campus sits. The university has woven a tapestry of revitalizing green amidst the buildings and halls. This balance provides a serene environment for study and restfulness when necessary. The proximity of the university to city life also allows students to participate in the events of the capital. This particular option holds great…
However, Washington's experience in the Revolutionary war engendered in him, along with his adjutant Alexander Hamilton, deep concerns about the weakness of the Federal Government. Also, Washington, being a general, was very observant of material conditions throughout the nation, particularly infrastructure.
Unlike Jefferson, Washington travelled extensively, for business and pleasure, and saw many pockets of America that Jefferson did not see. He held a particular fascination with the American interior, which was still largely a frontier region at the time. He saw huge commercial potential in the resources of the more fertile West. However, he also noted a lack of ambition and work ethic among the inhabitants. He attributed this to the abundance of land and fertility of the soil.
Thus, the American interior would have to become "Americanized" with the values of industry and self-sufficiency before it could realize its full potential.
The Role of eliefs in Internal Improvement…
Larson, J. (2001). Internal Improvement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Maier, et. al. (2006). Inventing America. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Larson, 2001, p. 9
George ashington's Marriage
George ashington was above common and ordinary, marked by birth and breeding directly descended from the great kings of the Scots, Malcolm II and III, through the thane Gospatrick, with lineage including a Plantagenet connection and ties to the Anglican Church (http://www.sar.org/sarmag/G.htm).The majority of the ashingtons' prosperity came through marriages in the male line to wealthy widows, bringing increased landholdings and greater status (http://www.sar.org/sarmag/G.htm).John ashington was the first ashington in the colonies and his oldest son Lawrence produced the father of George, born in 1732. Family estates included akefield in estmoreland County, Ferry Farm neat Fredericksburg and Mount Vernon near Alexandria (http://www.sar.org/sarmag/G.htm).
hen George's father died, he left Mt. Vernon to his half brother Lawrence, where George spent much time (http://www.sar.org/sarmag/G.htm).Lawrence married Anne Fairfax whose brother, illiam, owned the Belvoir plantation near Mt. Vernon and it through this connection that ashington met George Fairfax's wife, Sally (http://www.sar.org/sarmag/G.htm).He…
Eady, Brenda. "Did they or didn't they?" People Weekly. January 23, 1984.
George Washington." The SAR Magazine. Winter 1999 Vol. XCIII. No. 3. http://www.sar.org/sarmag/GW.htm .(accessed 12-03-2003).
George Washington the Husband." http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/wash/martha_1 accessed 12-03-2003).
Martha Dandridge Custis Washington."
On page 124 of his book, Hirschfeld published a post-war letter from ashington to Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman of African ethnicity, who had served the general very well in the Revolutionary ar (the French were allies of the Americans against the British). Lafayette had written to ashington on February 5, 1783, congratulating the general on winning the war. Lafayette referred to ashington as "…my dear General, my father, my best friend who I love with an affection and respect…" (Hirschfeld, p. 123). Clearly, ashington learned a lot about the black man during the war -- and had earned respect therein. Lafayette added that it would be a good idea now that the war was over to "free the Negroes." ashington responded in April 5, 1783, saying he would be "happy to join you in so laudable a work…" (Hirschfeld, p. 124).
ashington and Illness: Dr. Michael L. Cheatham writes…
Cheatham, Michael L. "The Death of George Washington: An End to the Controversy?" the
American Surgeon. Vol. 74. (2008): 770-774.
Countryman, Edward. "Getting to Know George Washington." Southwest Review Vol. 94, No. 2
Not only did King George remove the self-government rights of the American colonists, but he also reduced those colonists to a status that was even lower than his loyal British subjects (Harvey & O'Brien, 2004). They did not even have the same rights has the average and common British citizen. Some of these rights that the Americans suddenly found themselves lacking were rights to appropriate taxation, trial by jury, and control over their own homes so that soldiers who needed to sleep somewhere for the night during wartime could not simply barge in and insist that they would sleep there through the night (Harvey & O'Brien, 2004). Basically, because of King George's revocation of the American rights to self-government, the American people no longer had any rights at all, and were once again controlled solely by the British (Richardson, 2003). It seems likely that King George was trying to punish…
Ferling, John. 2000. "Setting the World Ablaze: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and the American Revolution." Oxford U. Press.
Hacker, Louis M. 1940 "Economic and social origins of the American Revolution."
Harvey, Tamara and O'Brien, Greg, ed. 2004. "George Washington's South." U. Press of Florida.
Richardson, C. 2003. "The causes of the American Revolution. http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Troy/2774/causerev.html.
Man of Honor or Man of Shame?
hen most people think of George ashington they imagine a noble man of almost mythical proportions. Indeed, to many of ashington's contemporaries, as well, the former President of the United States was commonly considered to be " ... A man of unquestioned integrity (Halstead, 1997)." This is perhaps even more the case in modern times, partly due to the efforts of numerous biographers over the years since his death. Not only did they make a veritable science out of capitalizing on tales of his legendary goodness, as well as his symbolic role as the embodiment of "American virtue (Halsted)," but they seem to have also "struck a chord" with a deep need in the collective American psyche to imagine the beginnings of this nation as an event steeped in nothing but noble division to the ideals of liberty. Be that as…
David Halstead. "George Washington." Ameslab. Web site. 1997. Retrieved on November 28, 2004, from
This makes the book quite inspiring for younger people. ashington certainly experienced a lot in his young age. hile he did not receive the advanced education that most U.S. presidents enjoy today, he saw many things in battles that the most hardened of us would not be able to take. Such experiences early in life, Ellis infers, are what made George ashington the leader he was later to become. This is not to say that Ellis presents a romanticized version of George ashington's youth; rather, he bases his analysis on hard facts - most of which originated from ashington's own quill.
Joseph J. Ellis's His Excellency: George ashington is a book I would most certainly recommend to anyone interested in learning more about one of our country's most important forefathers. It is an inspiring look into the innermost life of a man who is frequently held up as a model,…
Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency: George Washington. New York: Vintage, 2004.
Nevertheless, my passion for medicine remained which led to applying to the Technology Institute of Pharmacy at the university. Unfortunately, due to conditions beyond my control, I requested a transfer to the Nursing Institute at the university, yet because of my brother's failing health, I was forced to remain at home to care for him. Things changed in 2001, when I came to the U.S., knowing that I had a much better chance there to fulfill my dreams of becoming a medical specialist. Soon after, I registered at Northern Virginia Community College to major in science and after working full-time to pay for my studies, I am now in my last semester at NVCC, aiming for an Associate in Science which hopefully will open the door to pharmacy school. Overall, by obtaining a pharmacy degree, I could not only help people in the U.S. But also my own people in…
My initial interest in pursuing a degree in the medical field came about when my brother developed a very serious disease. This event prompted me to wonder about his medical future regarding treatment in the form of surgery or chemotherapy, and due to the fact that we were living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where I was born and raised, the prospects of my brother finding adequate treatment and care for his disease were rather poor. As a result, I decided to create the foundations for a career in medical science. Part of this required that I take the Ethiopian School Living Examination. In 1994, after competing against 167,000 other high school graduates, I received a passing score which made me eligible to attend Addis Ababa University; however, since Ethiopia follows the command economy, I ended up in social sciences rather than in my chosen field of medicine.
Nevertheless, my passion for medicine remained which led to applying to the Technology Institute of Pharmacy at the university. Unfortunately, due to conditions beyond my control, I requested a transfer to the Nursing Institute at the university, yet because of my brother's failing health, I was forced to remain at home to care for him. Things changed in 2001, when I came to the U.S., knowing that I had a much better chance there to fulfill my dreams of becoming a medical specialist. Soon after, I registered at Northern Virginia Community College to major in science and after working full-time to pay for my studies, I am now in my last semester at NVCC, aiming for an Associate in Science which hopefully will open the door to pharmacy school. Overall, by obtaining a pharmacy degree, I could not only help people in the U.S. But also my own people in Ethiopia. While a student at NVCC, I served the Ethiopian Community Development Council by providing outreach services for refugees seeking health assistance.
In conclusion, my personal desire is to expand and enhance my knowledge in the pharmacy field and thus be able to provide my services to communities in the U.S. And abroad, particularly in Ethiopia. Therefore, I am looking forward with much relish to participating in GWU's Sonography Bachelor's Program.
Its effects would have impact on the political decisions of all future generations; any mistake could have had disastrous consequences for the ones to come. Regarding the matter, the president at some point wrote to James Madison that given the historical circumstances and precedents his presidency constituted, he preferred that all decisions be made on a moral basis.. Washington couldn't have been more right; for instance, his refusal to serve a third term, in 1797 became common practice until today. The norm states that no other president could seek power for more than two terms.
His huge burden derived not only from the great amount of social changes that were to take place and not only from the laborious political measures and laws that had to be adopted; as first president of the newly-born nation, he was also to become the symbol of the ones he presided over.
Gregg, Gary L. II and Spalding, Matthew. "Patriot Sage, George Washington and the American Political Tradition." Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books,1989
Middlekauf, Robert. "The Glorious Cause, (The American Revolution, 1763-1789)." London:Oxford Press, 2005
Morgan, Edmund. "The Meaning of Independence." Charlottesville:University of Virginia Press, 1976
Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia, www.wikipedia.org
Works of Art Depicting George Washington in Glory and in esignation.
Many paintings have been made of many different leaders over the years. Particularly, the paintings of the early presidents, such as George Washington, show significant events not only in the professional lives of these statesmen, but also in the lives of those under their leadership. Two paintings of particularly poignant times in the George Washington rulership include "Washington Crossing the Delaware" by Emanuel Leutze and "General George Washington esigning His Commission to Congress as Commander of the Army at Annapolis" by John Trumbull. The first shows a glorious victory for Washington, while the other depicts the end of his rule and the beginning of a new era for the United States. In addition, there are particular visual elements that provide meaning not only to the paintings, but also when they are compared and contrasted. This can be seen in…
Architect of the Capitol (2014). General George Washington Resigning His Commission. http://www.aoc.gov/capitol-hill/historic-rotunda-paintings/general-george-washington-resigning-his-commission
Leutze, E. (1851). Washington Crossing the Delaware
NEH (2015). Emanuel Leutze's Symbolic Scene Of Washington Crossing The Delaware http://edsitement.neh.gov/emanuel-leutzes-symbolic-scene-washington-crossing-delaware
Trumbull, J. General George Washington Resigning His Commission to Congress as Commander of the Army at Annapolis
Life of Honest Graft -- the Life and Times of George ashington Plunkett
The political machine created at Tammany Hall by Boss Tweed of New York City during the Gilded Age of American politics and the Industrial Revolution has become synonymous with political corruption. At the beginning of the book on another Tammany Hall politician, introduced and assembled by the historian illiam L. Riordon, George ashington Plunkett offers an apparently self-serving Tammany style distinction between honest graft, or illegal political corruption for personal profit, and dishonest graft. He states "Everybody is talkin' these days about Tammany men growin' rich on graft, but nobody thinks of drawin' the distinction between honest graft and dishonest graft. There's all the difference in the world between the two. Yes, many of our men have grown rich in politics. I have myself. I've made a big fortune out of the game, and I'm gettin' richer…
Norton, Mary Beth, et. al. A People and a Nation. Sixth Edition. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.
Riordon, William L. Plunkett of Tammany Hall. The Project Guttenberg: 1963. Available online 1 November 2004 at http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/plunkett-george/tammany-hall/#s01
Mary Beth Norton, et al., A People and a Nation, Sixth Edition, (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003)
William L. Riordon, Plunkett of Tammany Hall, (The Project Guttenberg: 1963), available online at
George ashington's Contributions
hen George ashington died on December 14, 1799, he was hailed as America's "savior" and the "father of liberty" (Petri pp). Today, he is referred to as the father of this country. Delivering ashington's eulogy, John Marshall said, "The hero, the sage, the patriot of America, the man on whom in times of danger every eye was turned and all hopes were placed, lives now only in his own great actions, and in the hearts of an affectionate and afflicted people" (Petri pp). ashington was not only a great general, leader, and politician, he was the epitome of a great American and an extraordinary human being.
As Commander in Chief of the colonial forces, ashington transformed an untrained army into a disciplined military force, despite the lack of supplies and equipment and in spite of the continuous political bickering (Petri pp). Remaining focused and determined, ashington led…
Smith, Richard Norton. "The Surprising George Washington."
Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency: George Washington. .Knopf. 2004; pp. 3, 4.
Flexner, James Thomas. Washington: The Indispensable Man.
George ashington: The First American Hero
Today, George ashington is an American icon, a symbol of patriotism, strength, and humility. His honesty has become the source of legend, to the point that it is easy to forget that he was a real human being with significant political and military accomplishments. Perhaps what is equally surprising about ashington as the durability of his image is the fact that he was just as beloved in his own era. Death sometimes erases some of the more unflattering aspects of a historical figure's legacy from the collective memory but ashington was always revered, even in life. In fact, many of his contemporaries wished to make him a king after he helped secure American independence, an honor which he refused. Instead, he went on to become the nation's first Chief Executive.
George ashington first came to political prominence in colonial America due to his military…
Kladky, William P. "Continental Army." Mount Vernon. Web. 24 Feb 2017.
Knott, Stephen. "George Washington: Life Before the Presidency." Miller Center of Public
Affairs, University of Virginia. Web. 24 Feb 2017.
Remini, Robert. A Short History of the United States. HarperCollins, 2009.
One can assume from his writing that he wants his readers to be persuaded with his point-of-view and appreciate the accomplishments of George Washington (Kuegler). It is also believed that his secondary aim of writing the book is to give rebirth to politics of morals and ethics.
Monty Rainey. ook Review. Junto Society.
Thomas Kuegler. Review www.skyline.net.com
All in all, one can say that his book represents dynamism, intellectualism and exceeding pleasure. As mentioned above, his book does not fully cover his life and works, however, it aims to bring alive the politics of those times so as to transform the hearts and minds of all those who read his book (Kuegler).
The most unexpected result of his book is the warmth it provokes amongst those who read it. It is clear that rookhiser does not make an effort to create an acceptable image of Washington to the…
A.J. Bacevich. Book Review: "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington." National
Review, March 11, 1996. www.findarticles.com
Monty Rainey. Review: "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington." Junto Society.
Beirne, Logan. Blood of Tyrants: George Washington & the Forging of the Presidency. New York: Encounter Books, 2014.
The book explores the beliefs and specific actions undertaken by George Washington as he spearheaded the distinct meaning of the United States Constitution in the midst of the battle for independence. Blood of Tyrants delineates the manner in which the role of being President of the United States was fused and amalgamated with that of Commander in Chief, owing to the course of the American Revolution. In particular, subsequent to independence, when determining the role of America's first ever President, the public revered and had a high regard for the excellent leadership demonstrated by George Washington, who was a recognized and sure success. Washington was deemed to be a lively motivating commander, valiant and courageous; he endeavored to ensure the protection of all Americans for the benefit of the new…
George Washington is one of the most well-known figures in the history of United States of America. His finest qualities are everlasting and have need of modest explanation. Not only Washington was a man of incredible uprightness and audacity but he was also a staunch believer in rendering selfless service to the country he was the founder of. His inimitable leadership qualities led his contemporaries to recognize him as "The Father of His Country." Washington possessed an ingenious, consumerist and charitable nature. He ascertained the maximum principles over and over again for his own dealings and hardly ever disappointed others. To cut a long story short, George Washington made it obvious that the individuals of character are enough to manage governments and lead armies in the most excellent manner ("Exploring George Washington's Leadership").
However, as far as my opinion is concerned, I think that Washington's high moral character…
Exploring George Washington's Leadership. (n.d.). Mount Vernon. Retrieved December 28, 2001, from http://www.mountvernon.org/sites/mountver
Washington, W. (1931). The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799 - Vol. 13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved December 28, 2001, from http://www.questia.com/read/58401186/the-writings-of-george-washington-from-the-original
Jefferson asked Lewis to fully explain to the Indians that the white explorers were interested in trade, not in seizing their lands (Ambrose 154). This showed that Jefferson used a steady hand and smart policies regarding the estern frontier and that he understood diplomacy with the Native Americans, whom he respected very much.
The Civil ar: The fact is, most Americans probably believe that the only issue that precipitated the Civil ar was slavery, and though slavery was at the center of the north-south feud, it was not alone as a spotlighted issue. The bottom line issue that tore the country apart was state's rights; in other words, did states have a right to go against the will of the national government? Could a Southern state continue to keep slaves in bondage because their cotton crops (hence, their economic power to survive) depended on slave labor? The answer of course…
Ambrose, Stephen E. (1996). Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson,
and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Jones, Robert Francis. (2002). George Washington: ordinary man, extraordinary leader.
Bronx, NY: Fordham University Press.
However, Charlie is clever, despite the fact that he has not had the educational and social privileges enjoyed by the Colonel (as is indicated in his rough speech patterns in the story, which are very different from the Colonel's formal English and French). The 'Indian' as the author refers to him, begins to understand the worthlessness of the plantation and why the Colonel is so eager to buy, and then swap their two abodes. But before the two men can argue out their differences, the house falls into the cruel, muddy Mississippi, taking all of the Colonel's family with it into the water. The Colonel, bereft of his beloved daughters, dies of grief at the end of the story, and is eventually reunited with the girls and an image of his beloved home in paradise.
Cable, George ashington. (1874). Belles Demoiselles Plantation. Scribner and Sons.
Cornell University Library.…
Cable, George Washington. (1874). Belles Demoiselles Plantation. Scribner and Sons.
Cornell University Library. Retrieved February 16, 2009 at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABP7664-0007&byte=204088333
Traveling in Search of Americas HistoryTour 1The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was created by Maya Lin. The historical event that it honors is the Vietnam War and those who died or went missing as a result of their sacrifice in the war. This war is significant because it was so controversial at home, and the monument honors those who gave their life for the war. It is one of the most famous war memorials in the world. The war was meant to contain communism in Asia. It was unpopular at home, however, because of the draft and the fact that people did not understand why the US was fighting a war in Vietnam that had nothing to do with America. People burned their draft cards and protested the government, especially when it turned out that the US was lying about the death toll. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was a way to…
ReferencesFood that Built America. https://play.history.com/shows/the-food-that-built-america/season-2 Museum and Memorial. Retrieved from https://museumandmemorial.eji.org/ National Womens Hall of Fame. Retrieved from https://www.womenofthehall.org/ Tour the Capital. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iK3GsAcwKaI Tour of Mt. Rushmore. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vz3axgltLn8&ab_channel=BlackHills%26Badlands
George Robert Twelves Hewes was an interesting figure in the American Revolutionary period was born in oston, on September 5th 1742. The environment in which he lived saw many transformations throughout his life and Hewes also experienced more inward transformations as well. Hewes life can be defined by some of the more significant events that we personally witnessed and/or participated in. These events also happened to be defining moments in American History. One such incident that worked to transform Hewes as a person was undoubtedly the oston Massacre in 1770. During this period the city was occupied with a large concentration of ritish troops that were stationed in oston to enforce and collect tax obligations from the colonies.
Hewes worked as a shoemaker and one day he had made shoes for a soldier who claimed they were for the captain and then refused to pay for…
Young, A. The Shoemaker and the Tea Party. Beacon Press, 2000.
The reasons he provides for encouraging the continued unity of the nation are made no less valid by the fact that they are presented in a calculated rhetorical manner. He begins by enumerating the various values and dependencies of the various regions of the new country -- North, South, East, and West -- and stresses that this mutual dependency ought to be reason enough alone for the Union to stay together. Again, his decision to begin with the merits of the union is a calculation to enamor the argument with all possible readers before continuing into the somewhat more controversial portion of his argument. After stressing that all regions both contribute to and depend upon the union of all, he suggests that the prime reasons that the union might not succeed are for geographical regions: "Is there a doubt whether a common government can embrace so large a sphere? Let…
All of the founding fathers of the United States were great because they acted on their values and beliefs, helping to sow the seeds of a new nation. The work of the founding fathers became instrumental for independence from the British Crown. Being willing to stand up to Britain was no small feat, making the deeds of the founding fathers even more admirable. The founding fathers will be celebrated throughout history for their contribution not just to America but to the world. Although many men and women can be considered instrumental to founding the nation, there are seven key players that most historians identify as being the founding fathers. Those seven include George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, James Monroe, and Ben Franklin. All seven of the founding fathers and their contributions are important. Therefore, it can be helpful to compare and contrast three of them—such…
ashington Rules: America's Path To Permanent ar
ritten by a former Army Colonel, ashington rules: America's path to permanent war (Bacevich, 2010) is a striking analysis of America's pro-military psyche and determination to "to lead, save, liberate, and ultimately transform the world" (Bacevich, 2010, p. 12) through worldwide militarism. Commencing post-orld ar II, the global military presence that has become a fact of American life has been supported by Democrats and Republicans alike, though it has significantly drained our resources. hile some critics and this reader take issue with some aspects of Bacevich's book, in many respects it provides a voice of sanity in the face of the U.S.'s now-unbearable global pro-war stance.
Bacevich's book is anything but the compliment, "ashington Rules!" ashington rules: America's path to permanent war (Bacevich, 2010) relates his own educational journey from a pro-military conservative soldier to a questioner who attacks the American…
Bacevich, A.J. (2010). Washington rules: America's path to permanent war. New York, NY: Metropolitan Books.
Bass, G.J. (2010, September 3). Book review - Washington rules - America's path to permanent war. Retrieved on May 31, 2012 from www.nytimes.com Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/05/books/review/Bass-t.html
Boston University. (2012). Andrew J. Bacevich | International Relations | Boston University. Retrieved on May 31, 2012 from www.bu.edu Web site: http://www.bu.edu/ir/faculty/alphabetical/bacevich/
Burns, K. (Director). (2007). The War [Motion Picture].
George W. Bush
George Walker Bush is the second man in the history of the United States to have followed in his father footsteps and become the President. Bush served two consecutive terms as President, starting with January 2001. He was born in 1946 in New Haven, Connecticut, but most of his childhood, he spent in Midland, and then his teenage years in Huston, Texas. George W. Bush was the first child born in George and Barbara Bush's family. At the time of his birth, his father was an undergraduate at Yale (Bush, A Charge to Keep, 15). George W. Bush enrolled at the same university where his father studied and received a BA in history there. ater, he graduated from Harvard, receiving a MBA at Harvard Business School, in 1975. Between his studies at Yale and Harvard, Bush activated as a pilot in the Texas Air National Guard (The…
Lobe, Jim. The Bush Team Reloaded. Middle East Report, No. 234 (Spring, 2005), pp. 10-16 Published by: Middle East Research and Information Project
King, D.S. Edwards III, G.C. The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush. Oxford University Press, 2007
Hamilton, W. Bush Began to Plan War Three Months After 9/11. Washington Post. April 17, 2004; Page A01
52, 53). Thus, in less than a month, Washington improvised an entirely new battle plan and seized the advantage offered to him by the British. Coupled with his relentless dedication to his cause, Washington's ability to react and improvise throughout the war is what allowed the relatively untrained and poorly supplied Continental Army to overcome the might of the British empire.
The third trait, a fatherly devotion to his men, is evident throughout Washington's military career. Though he was careful to maintain a certain distance between himself and his men in order to ensure a modicum of respect (or at least fear), he nevertheless care deeply about their well-being (Harvey, 2008, p. 39). For example, when he became the leader of the Continental Army, one of his first orders was for the men to be issued fresh bedding and food, and he organized colonial women to produce 14,000 new coats…
Harvey, R. (2008). Maverick military leaders, the extraordinary battles of washington, nelson, patton, rommel, and others. Skyhorse Pub Co Inc.
Military Leadership Merits of General George S. Patton, Jr.
One aspect of cultural development which seems to be universal throughout the course of humanity's history is the innate desire of society to lionize the accomplishments of triumphant military leaders. Perhaps owing to a subconscious desire for the implicit protection provided by effectual wartime figures, nearly every civilization from the ancient Greeks to contemporary suburban Americans has placed its generals, admirals, and other military authorities on a proverbial pedestal, lauding their preternatural ability to motivate men during the heat of battle while achieving strategic victories. Among this nation's long lineage of military leaders -- which begins with George Washington's revolutionary heroics and includes famed generals like Andrew Jackson and William Tecumseh Sherman -- one of the most competent and accomplished figures to ever lead American troops on the field of battle was also considered to be among the most controversial. General…
Atkinson, R. (2007). The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943 -- 1944 (The Liberation
Trilogy). New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
Axelrod, A. (2006). Patton: A Biography. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan.
Blumenson, M. (1974). The Patton Papers 1885-1940. Vol. I.
I was able to bring these skills with me to Johnson & Wales, where I not only became more immersed in American business culture but was able to provide a unique counterpoint in class discussions.
I have demonstrated through both my academic and professional careers that I have a strong work ethic and innate managerial talent. I have earned consistently high grades throughout my academic life. I have consistently met objectives and won the praise of my superiors during my time in the banking industry. I am persistent and precise in my approach to planning, and have demonstrated the leadership abilities to make those plans work. I feel that my combination of hard work, leadership, vision, execution and experience will make me an asset to the project management program at George Washington University.
I am pleased to have the opportunity now to attend George Washington University. I am excited that…
George Hanbury, Alka Sapat, and Charles ashington and published in the article "Know Yourself and Take Charge of Your Own Destiny: the 'Fit Model' of Leadership," found that there is a direct correlation between the way that those in authority deal with their subordinates. There are different theories and ideas about how the correct leader for a group should be determined. One theory, the "fit model" of leadership states that people who are the best fit for a position of leadership should be the ones who are chosen to fill those roles. Fitness has to do with the knowledge that a person has of an organization or the purposes of that organization. They must have a personality as well as a psychological profile which is complimentary to the general makeup of the employees or subordinates within the given setting. It also refers to their ability to lead in a general…
Hanbury, G., Sapat, A., & Washington, C. (2004). Know yourself and take charge of your own destiny: the 'fit model' of leadership. Public Administration Review. 64(5). 566-76.
Washington Community 1800 -- 1828 by James Sterling Young. Specifically it will contain a review of the book, bringing new light to the audience reading it. This is a historic look at Washington D.C. In its very earliest years, focusing on the political climate, and how it forged the fledgling city. The author, James Sterling Young, is a historian and political scientist. Currently, he serves as the director of the Program on the Presidency at the Miller Center at the University of Virginia. When he wrote the book in 1966, he was a professor at Columbia University (Editors). One of the major points of the book is how Jeffersonian politics affected Washington during his time as president through 1828. The review will also analyze the role early Washington has played on contemporary Washington.
The author's intent in writing the book is clear from the beginning. In the Preface he writes,…
Barone, Michael. "Boardinghouse Rules." U.S. News & World Report; 01/08/2001, Vol. 130 Issue 1. 21.
Editors. "James Sterling Young." Miller Center. 2010. 9 Feb. 2010.
Scherr, Arthur. "James Monroe and John Adams: An Unlikely "Friendship." The Historian 67.3 2005: 405+.
George W. Bush White House [...] Bush's appointment of Condoleezza ice and her success in the George W. Bush cabinet. The Bush White House has been shedding cabinet members since re-election in November, but one member who has stayed and moved up the ranks is Secretary Condoleezza ice. She seems to be the most strategic choice to replace Colin Powell as Secretary of State, and her tenure should bring cohesiveness to the President's Cabinet that may have been lacking before.
Elected in 2000 after eight years of Democratic leadership in the White House, George W. Bush began his first term as president in January 2001. One of his first appointments was his National Security Advisor, Condoleezza ice. Dr. ice was born on November 14, 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama. She graduated cum laude in political science from the University of Denver in 1974, received her Master's in 1975, and her PhD.…
S. soldiers of the 4th Armored Infantry Division. He surrendered, spitting and cursing -- in French, reportedly." (Dale, 2003)
Somehow the president survived the recent election and many democrats have hinted that maybe the fix was in again. No matter, the president survived and his approval rating were down, they were high enough to beat Senator Kerry and the Democrats.
Date Organization Approve Disapprove No Opinion Sample Size Notes 11/7-10/04
LV (the oper Center, 2004)
Media coverage of the Bush administration has been too busy jumping from one topic to the next so there has been little overall damage to the Bush administration. When ever the situation gets too hot there seems to be a new story to take the heat off of the last one. Unlike the Monica Lewinski situation for Bill Clinton, there has yet to be a sustained…
Dale, Helle (December 17, 2003). Saddam Found. The Washington Times
The Roper Center. (n.d.). General Approval Trend for President Bush (2001-). Retrieved on November 24, 2004, at http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/cgi-bin/hsrun.exe/Roperweb/PresJob/PresJob.htx;start=HS_fullresults?pr=Bush (the Roper Center, 2004)
McPherson also points out that following the Union victory at Laurel Hill, McClellan was given the responsibility of training the newly-named Army of the Potomac at Washington, D.C. Upon arriving in the city, McClellan "found no army to command, only a mere collection of regiments, perfectly raw and dispirited... " He then "took hold with a firm hand to reorganize and train these troops" which demonstrates his excellent skills as an organizer and administrator, two very important traits for a general. In response, national newspapers hailed McClellan as "the man to save his country... And talked of him as the next President." This praise "went to his head and came to regard himself" as a master over Lincoln and every other high-ranking military officer. McPherson refers to this as McClellan's "Messiah complex" which seems quite accurate, especially since McClellan said to Lincoln that "I can do it all" in…
George McClellan." (2007). Internet. Retrieved April 14, 2008 at http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USACWmcclellan.htm.
Guelzo, Allen C. (2004). Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon & Schuster.
McPherson, James M. (1993). Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction.
New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.
"The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/.
Hollings, Ernest F. "Bush's Failed Mideast Policy is creating more terrorism." 6 May 2004. Online office of United States Senator Fritz Hollings. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://hollings.senate.gov/~hollings/opinion/2004506A17.html.
Itum, Khalid. "Pro-Middle East, pro-Bush: An Unusual Anomaly." 30 Oct 2004. Daily Star. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=5&article_id=9712.
Kerry: Bush's Iraq Policy has endangered U.S.." 21 Sept 2004. CNN.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/09/20/kerry.iraq/.
Mann, Damian. "Crowd lauds Bush for his conviction, 'his word.'" Mail Tribune. 15 Oct. 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov. 2004. http://www.mailtribune.com/archive/2004/1015/local/stories/03local.htm.
Mishel, Lawrence and Bernstein, Jared. "Grading the Bush 'Jobs and Growth Plan.'" 2004. Economic Policy Institute. http://www.epinet.org/content.cfm/webfeatures_viewpoints_jobs_growth_testimony.
Sanchez, Marcela. "Morality Justifies Bush policy." 5 Nov 2004. SeattlePI.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/198265_sanchez05.html.
Transcript: First Presidential Debate." 30 Sept. 2004. From FDCH E-Media, reproduced on ashington Post.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov…
Academics Slam Bush Policy." 13 Oct 2004. News24.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.news24.com/News24/World/US_Elections/0,2-10-1665_1604185,00.html .
Curl, Joseph and Duin, Julia. "Focus on Moral values tipped vote for Bush." 4 Nov 2004. The Washington Times. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://washingtontimes.com/national/20-3786r.htm .
Farhi, Paul. "Job Loss May Affect Who Wins the Vote." 1 June 2004. WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4808-2004May31.html .
Gongloff, Mark. "The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/ .
"The rumor claiming that the commercial almost never aired is true," said Clow (www.ciadvertising.com).The Apple board "demanded that it not be aired," Clow goes on, but Apple CEO Steve Jobs insisted that it be played, and so it was. Clow says that this commercial wasn't just a parody of Nineteen Eighty-Four; "one could almost interpret this commercial as a bleak commentary on society," he writes. It shocked the "PC world into paying a little more attention to their competitors in their field," Clow asserts.
In conclusion, TV Guide called the Apple commercial "the greatest commercial of all time," according to CNN. And while Orwell's book isn't the greatest by any means, it has created an endless number of allusions and references, including the phrase "Big Brother," who, unfortunately, is with us today far more than most of us probably realize.
Clow, Lee. "Lee Clow: His Masterpiece." Chiat/Day Advertising.…
Clow, Lee. "Lee Clow: His Masterpiece." Chiat/Day Advertising. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2007, at http://www.ciadvertising.org/SA/fall_02/adv382/qwkag/assign2/master.htm .
Leopold, Todd. "Why 2006 isn't like '1984'." Cable News Network / CNN.com. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2007, at http://www.cnn.com/2006/SHOWBIZ/0202/eye.ent.commercials.
Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four. New York: Plume / Penguin Group, 2003.
Even if this were a philosophical correction to the varying degrees of utilitarianism we have seen in the 20th century, the simple fact is that Constitution has never defined the job of the President in the way it has been exemplified in modern times. Even Barry Goldwater, seen as a Hawk and a warmonger, commenting on this type of presidential job description: "This is nothing less than the totalitarian philosophy that the end justifies the means…. If there ever was a philosophy of government totally at war with that of the Founding Fathers, it is this one" (120).
How do we reconcile this reverence and responsibility for the American President with the cynicism, suspicion and apathy many Americans have about politics? Certainly, the consequences of the 1980s and the decade of greed enter into the calculation, as does the President who resigned while insisting "I am not a crook." Healy…
We may love to hear that a single candidate can restore American greatness -- if it was ever lost; that a candidate can turn around the economy by signing a few bills; or that a single president can change the geopolitical face of the globe -- but it simply isn't so. Instead, "a truly heroic president is one who appreciates the virtues of restraint- who is bold enough to act when action is necessary, yet wise enough, humble enough to refuse powers he out not have." Is this possible -- certainly, but until the American citizenry demands it, it cannot ever be.
Healy, G. The Cult of the Presidency. Washington, DC: The Cato Institute, 2008.
Kant was no exception to the paradigmatic priorities (i.e. objectivity as knowledge) of the era, and brief reference to the episteme is serves accuracy in discursive analysis of this heritage within American politics and policy thought. For instance, Kant's Critique of Judgment is enormously influential in establishing a connection between judgment and political and moral precepts to conduct in communities. Intellectual lineage to Kant's model of Enlightenment 'reason" combines ritish Empiricism with Continental Rationalism; and partly explains why his philosophical proposition that the existence of persistent war against non-liberal states is a requirement to perpetual peace is reiterated in scholarly expiation since the Enlightenment period, making Perpetual Theory of War as lasting as seminal reference (ehnke, 2009, Caranti, 2006 and Murray, 2003). Discourse Analysis toward the study's cause-and-effect analysis is derived from speeches and interviews taken from the ush administration in Table 1.
President ush -- Speeches and…
Behnke, a. (2009). Eternal Peace, Perpetual War? A Critical Investigation into Kant's Conceptualisation of War. Conference Papers -- International Studies Association, 1-18.
Bolton, J. (2010). Obama's Next Three Years. Commentary, 129(1), 24-28.
Brose, C. (2009). The Making of George W. Obama. Foreign Policy, (170), 52-55.
Caranti, L. (2006). Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace? Reflections on the Realist Critique of Kant's Project. Journal of Human Rights, 5(3), 341-353. doi:10.1080/14754830600812357.
Paintbrush & Peacepipe: The Story of George Catlin, and George Catlin and the Old Frontier
Two books, Paintbrush & Peacepipe: The Story of George Catlin, by Anne Rockwell and George Catlin and the Old Frontier, by Harold McCracken, cover almost exactly the same subject matter and differ most significantly in tone and style according to the vastly different audiences to which each is directed.
The first book, Paintbrush and Peacepipe, 86 small pages in length, with 8 brief chapters and 15 illustrations, is written for children. By comparison, the second book, George Catlin and the Old Frontier, with its 209 oversized pages might seem a vastly superior presentation of George Catlin's biography. The artbook format of McCracken's work, with its 36 color and 118 black and white illustrations, is far more authoritative and detailed in its representation of the scope of Catlin's art. Yet, Paintbrush & Peacepipe, in it's minimalist…
McCracken, Harold. George Catlin and the Old Frontier. New York: Bonanza Books, 1959.
Rockwell, Anne. Paintbrush & Peacepipe: The Story of George Catlin. New York: Atheneum, 1971.
Splashes of color like red and several shades of blue are added to the collage in a "dragonfly, wing-like" formation. A cutout photograph of a boy is pasted on the "wing" of a lighter shade of blue, perhaps to note a sense of calm to his surroundings.
The Hawkins' exhibit will consist of 80 objects, a retrospective of his nearly a quarter of a century career. The work is described as "at its core, about the pleasure of intense looking." Third mind is described as referring to another piece of Hawkins' work, "ichard Hawkins: Of two minds simultaneously," which means to be undecided, uncertain or unsure, the description states. Hawkins is aware of the duplicity that this body of work creates, which is stated to be intentional.
The Art Institute of Chicago was founded in 1879 as a school and museum. The museum holds art from African-American artists to silk…
1. The Art Institute of Chicago. "The Art Institute of Chicago: Exhibitions." 2 December 2010 the Art Institute of Chicago 2010. .
2. The Art Institute of Chicago. "The Art Institute of Chicago: Exhibitions." 2 December 2010. The Art Institute of Chicago 2010. .
3. George Eastman House. "Current Exhibitions • George Eastman House." 2 December 2010. George Eastman House 2000-2010. .
4. George Eastman House. "Photographs by Jessica Lange • George Eastman House." 2 December 2010. George Eastman House 2000-2010. .
aid President George W. ush in policy formulation. It is an all-inclusive paper dealing with a wide range of issues such as the American economy in general- discussing issues such as budget deficits, tax cuts, medical assistance and benefits for retired people, the weakening American dollar, allocations for the military, intelligence and homeland security, job growth and the regime and policies of free trade. With regards to security, it features the recent American initiate on the war on terrorism. The issue of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and nuclear proliferation are discussed quite at length.
Another aspect listed in the paper is the 'future', as it was viewed from the era of the Vietnam War. The relevance of the cold war is also outlined as a great American victory. Compelling issues such as the role of oil, OPEC, the Middle East and the socio-political and economic situation after the incidents…
Bush's tax cut' Retrieved from;
http://amateurpundit.hypermart.net/features107_bushtaxing.htm Accessed on March 5, 2004
Economy: Job Creation' Retrieved from;
http://ipsnews.net/africa/interna.asp?idnews=22469 Accessed on March 5, 2004
Everyone is under suspicion, according to the eye of the camera. Everyone is treated as if they are a likely criminal. This has a negative psychological affect on the general population who are not criminals.
For those who are not criminals, they feel as if their privacy is being invaded for no reason. They are reduced to being under suspicion and scrutinized even though they are upstanding citizens. They feel as if they are being treated as a criminal and that their freedoms are being slowly eaten away one by one. More and more the general population expresses concerns about the trend toward and Orwellian world. The telescreens in Orwell's world broadcast propaganda and continually exaggerated positive production numbers and lied about the failing state of the economy. The telescreens made the economy sound like a growth economy, when it was slowly slipping away, sound familiar?
In Orwell's novel, inston…
Froomkin, D. Obama Hasn't Entirely Abandoned the Bush Playbook. February 18, 2009. the
Washington Post. < http://voices.washingtonpost.com/white-house-watch/bush-rollback/obama-hasnt-entirely-abandoned.html >. Accessed December 6, 2010.
London Evening Standard. George Orwell, Big Brother is watching your house. March 31, 2007.
< http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23391081-george-orwell-big-brother-is-watching-your-house.do > . Accessed December 5, 2010.
Washington lobbyists, influence, and money are concatenate forces in the current political dynamic. The 2008 election cycle saw Barack Obama spend in excess of 730 million on his run for the Presidency. John McCain was seemingly dwarfed, spending only 333 million" (OpenSecrets.org. N.D. 1). The spending however was only a portion of the 5.2 billion spent nationally in the 2008 election cycles (OpenSecrets.org. N.D. 1). Further, the situation seems to be accelerating. In 2010, a midterm election year when political spending tends to wane, the election cycle proved "the most expensive in history, with a total cost that is now expected to equal roughly $4 billion" (Kurtzleben 2010, 1) This figure will be seemingly insignificant to the 2012 election spending, which according to Bill Holman, government affairs lobbyist with Public Citizen, could be as much as $8 billion" (Gorenstein, 2011, 1).
The growing ubiquity of money in the…
ABC News. January 21, 2009. President Obama Sets Rules on Ethics and Transparency.
ABC News. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2009/01/president-oba-3.html
Barnes, James. March 21, 2009. Insiders Say Special Interests Here to Stay. National Journal. Retrieved May 6, 2011 from http://www.nationaljournal.com/njmagazine/sl_20090321_6799.php
Barnes, James. March 21, 2009. Who Will Win Who Will lose? National
With the exception of Washington and Colorado, U.S. laws forbid the possession of even small amounts of marijuana, whereas Netherlands has been entertaining a liberal policy for two decades. In this light, Americans would be expected to have a small rate of marijuana usage, while the Dutch due to their expanded availability of cannabis, should have an increased rate of usage. The empirical evidence to support these conclusions, though, is scant.
Dutch drug policy may appear radical, but let there be no misunderstanding, their laws state clearly that marijuana is illegal. In 1976, it had been decided to take the course of de-penalization, a formal non-enforcement policy for offences involving possession of up to 30 grams, and this quantity limit was dropped to 5 grams in 1995. During the 1980s the de facto legalization started, with the inauguration of small retail outlets known as coffee shops that were allowed to…
Cohen, Peter J. Medical Marijuana, Compassionate Use, and Public Policy: Expert Opinion or Vox Populi? (2006, May-June). The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 36, No. 3
Metrik, J. et al. Acute Effects of Marijuana Smoking on Negative and Positive Affect. (2011, April 1). Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 25, No. 1
Mikos, R.A. On the Limits of Supremacy: Medical Marijuana and the States' overlooked Power to Legalize Federal Crime. (2009, October). Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 62, No. 5
Pew Research Center. Majority Now Supports Legalizing Marijuana. (2013, April)
"Historical Notes - Vancouver's Voyage." 7-14 December 1929. Mount ainier Nature Notes. .
"Mount ainier Volcanic Hazards eponse Plan." July 2009. .
Parchman, F. "The Super Flood." 19 October 2005. Seattle Weekly. .
Service, U.S. Forest. "Eruption: May 18, 1980." January 2010. Mount Saint Helen's National Volcanic Monument. .
Signani, L. "The Height of Accuracy." 19 July 2000. Point of Beginning. .
U.S. Geodynamics Committee and the National esearch Council. Mount ainier: Active Cascade Volcano. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 1994.
University, Dept. Of Geological Sciences - San Diego State. "Stratovolcanoes." January 2004. How Volcanoes Work. .
Watson, J. "Principal Types of Volcanoes." 6 Feburary 1997. United States Geological Survey. .
Wood and Kienle, eds. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
"World Top 50 Mountains By Prominance." January 2009. Peakbagger.com. .
Zimbelman, ye and Landis. "Fumeroles in Ice Caves on the Summit of Mount ainier." Journal…
"Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan." August 2006. Pierce County Washington. .
Driedger, C. "Glacier Flow - Mount Rainier." January 1993. U.S. Geological Survey. .
Drieger and Scott. "Mount Rainier - Living Safeluy With a Volcano in the Backyard." 2008. Cascades Volcano Observatory - USGS. .
Duncan and Burns. The National Parks: America's Best Idea. New York: Knopf, 2009.
Kitten thinks the full moon is a bowl of milk. She goes through a series of misadventures trying to reach it, ending in disappointment. A change in fortune leaves Kitten not with her original goal, but with something equally satisfying.
-Stark and thick-lined illustrations that nonetheless contain enormous detail
-Excitement turned to disappointment turned to satisfaction -- excellent emotional journey for young readers
-Demonstrates ambition and willingness to work to achieve goals
Write a story about what you think the moon is made of Draw a picture of the moon made of this substance
Share a time when you were disappointed -- how did it end?
With a partner/team, come up with a way to reach the moon
Bring your favorite drink to class and explain why you like it so much
Wiesner, David. Flotsam. New York: Clarion, 2006.
ISBN: 0618194576 1428702067, 39 pages, color illustrations, Caldecott Medal,…
movie Peaceful Warrior, character "Socrates" ( played Nick Nolte) "There's greater purpose service
Servant Leadership model- leadership style of George Washington
Some people believe that leaders have the ability to lead from the time of birth. This could be true; however, not necessarily the reality on the ground. Additionally, there are different types of leaders depending on their leading requirements and personal attributes. There are dictatorial leaders, directing and commanding leaders, as well as, serving leaders. In description, servant-leadership is leadership, which is a way of being in relationship with others. It seeks to involve and incorporate the followers or employees at all levels in decision-making, strongly adhering to ethical and caring behavior, hence enhances the individual growth of all followers or workers and their performance in the work place. As a young man, President George Washington exhibited admiration of rules and wanted to be a gentle man, this is…
Savage-Austin, A.R., & Honeycutt, A. (2011). Servant leadership: A phenomenological study of practices, experiences, organizational effectiveness, and barriers. Journal of Business & Economics Research, 9(1), 49-55. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Greenstein, F.I. (2011). Inventing the Job of President: Leadership Style from George
Washington to Andrew Jackson. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Edwards, R., & Kelley, T. (2009). Who was George Washington?. New York: Grosset & Dunlap.
Part-Time Faculty Unionization Efforts
At the George Washington University, part-time unionization efforts were sped up when the matter was taken up to the National Labor elations Board by Service Employees International Union, Local 500 through filing a petition. The petition is for the Service Employees to represent most part-time and regular part-time faculty at the George Washington University after they were able to muster enough support and obtained sufficient signatures from the concerned part-time faculty. The minimum requirement for qualifying to hold elections was met with the Service Employees gathering about 30% support from the part-time faculty that was present and scheduled to teach in the Spring semester of 2004. The Service Employees demanded fair elections to be held for the concerned party and through a democratic way a decision should be obtained whether the part-time faculty wants the Service Employees to represent them or not.
(1) Donald R. Lehman, LETTER TO ACADEMIC DEANS: Unionization In The Classroom: GW's Response To Organizing Part-Time Faculty [online website] Available from: http://www.gwu.edu/~newsctr/newscenter/unionization/march04letter.cfm [Accessed on: 06/09/2005]
America was finding its footing, Americans were finding their identity. The spark of revolution trickled down the vine where three men decided to take arms. One took arms by defending the country against the British and securing the role of president of a new country. A second took pen and wrote to inspire the reluctant to declare independence from an unfair Britain. A third took brush and art to establish a painted history of the American revolution along with the first museums to showcase them in.Three notable figures, George Washington, Charles Willson Peale, and Thomas Paine became some of the most influential men of their time.
George Washington was born on February 22, 1732 or February 11, 1731 and died December 14, 1799. He was alive during the time of the American evolution and played a pivotal role in America's victory over Great Britain.He became the first President of the…
Burns, J.M., & Dunn, S. (2004). George Washington. New York: Times Books.
This source discusses the life anf career of George Washington.
Greene, J.P., & Bailyn, B. (1967). The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. American Historical Review, 11(3), 588-90. doi:10.2307/1849163
This is a journal source that discusses the reasons behind the American Revolution.
aron Von Steuben was known as Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben in America, and as Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand, which was the name, he called himself in later years. He was born in Magdeburg fortress in 1730. At the age of ten, he returned to Germany and at the age of 17 he had joined the Infantry unit of the Prussian Army. aron von Steuben, was new to the Revolutionary cause in America, and as a result was able to witness several shortcomings of discipline in the military and identify the causes for it.1 His progress was steady and he served as an officer in the Seven Years War and was later promoted to the General Staff that would be posted to Russia often. Fredrick the Great was impressed with the young aron von Steuben and assigned him to his own headquarters. The experiences the young officer gained with…
Baron Von-Steuben - Revolutionary War General [Online] Available at http://www.studyworld.com/baron_von.htm . Accessed 23 March 2004
The Continental Army [Online] Available at http://www.americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/CONTAR.HTM . Accessed 23 March 2004
Baron Von Steuben. [Online] Available at http://www.*****/History/150.htm. Accessed 23 March 2004
Baron Von Steuben, Arrival at Valley Forge. [Online] Available at http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/The_Great_Republic_By_the_Master_Historia Accessed 23 March 2004
Historians and scholars maintain that had that decision not been made, the war would have a mute point. But as history indicates, not only did ashington strike a decisive victory at Hessians, he then had another victory shortly thereafter at Princeton. ith the extension of enlistments by many soldiers and ashington's decision to spend the winter in Morristown New Jersey, the British had no choice but to withdraw (Billias 1969, p. 123).
ashington's delegation of the fortification of New York to Charles Lee was seen as a serious mistake by many. hat contributed to this decision was Congress' insistence that the gateway to the Hudson River be defended despite the problems that defensibility presented. Another contributing factor was the need for additional troop to bolter efforts in Quebec. Because of the broad and increasing threat levels, internal friction between regions erupted as well as the spread of dysentery, smallpox and…
Bilia, George. George Washington's Opponents. New York: William Morrow, 1969.
Ferling, John. First Men: The Life of George Washington. University of Tennessee Press, 1990.
Toth, Charles. Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: The American Revolution and the European
Response. Troy, NY: The Whitston Publishing Company, 1989.
In his Pulitzer Prize winning biography, His Excellency George ashington, Joseph J. Ellis presents a balanced and comprehensive portrait on the nation's first president that steers a course between hero-worship and debunking. He based his work on the latest edition of the ashington papers, which now include virtually every scrap of written information available except for his last three years as commander of the Continental Army and the second presidential term in 1793-97. For many modern readers, ashington comes across as a cold, distant, patriarchal figure, an iconic face on Mount Rushmore or the dollar bill, but not exactly a people's president like Abraham Lincoln. At the opposite extreme, Leftist and revisionist writers regard him as the creator of a nation that "was imperialistic, racist, elitist, and patriarchal," and prefer to write social history about women, slaves and common soldiers rather than the dead, white male ruling class (Ellis,…
Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency George Washington. NY: Vintage Books, 2005.
Grant, Susan-Mary. Book Review. History Today, Vol. 55, June 2005.
Wesiberger, R, W. Book Review. Pennsylvania History, 2006.
4. Theodore Roosevelt
A lion of a president and a bulldog of a man, I see him as courageous, moral, upright, and staunch. Roosevelt is famed for his many achievements, but the oen that I consider most important is his fight against the economic corruption and greedy businessmen of his country. Few presidents dared to oppose powerful capitalists who, in many ways held the country in the palms of their hands. Roosevelt was not afraid to oppose them. His endeavors in this area included busting hugely competitive businesses that were engaging in corruption to further their ends and earnest regulation of businesses.
Roosevelt is also well-known for his leadership of the Progressive Movement and for his founding the conservation movement as well as for imbuing Americans with a love for sports and exercise in the American nation.
Roosevelt was a man of many talents: naturalist, hunter, explorer, author, and soldier…
Carpenter, J.J. Jefferson's Views on Education Implications for Today's Social Studies 95 (2004): 140-141.
Schwartz, B. George Washington and the Whig conception of heroic leadership American Sociological Review, 43, 1983
Neely, ME The Last Best Hope of Earth: Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993
Roosevelt, T. Citizenship in a republic Speech delivered at the Sorbonne, April 23, 1910
people in American history. Specifically it will discuss the three most significant people in American History since 1865: George Washington Carver, Shirley Chisholm, and Thurgood Marshall, and tell why they are significant and how they affected the course of U.S. history. Each of these three individuals was extremely important to American history. Black, driven, and significant, they helped change the course of education and agriculture, politics, and criminal justice, and they live on today as heroes of the Black community. They show that anyone can make a difference in American society, and that hard work and dedication really do pay off, for individuals, and for society.
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was born on November 30, 1924, in Brooklyn, New York. Her mother and father were both Caribbean, and moved to New York a few years before Chisholm was born. She was the oldest of three daughters. Her mother, uby,…
Haskins, James. Distinguished African-American Political and Governmental Leaders. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1999.
Kessler, James H., et al. Distinguished African-American Scientists of the 20th Century. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1996.
His plan to create a black regiment in the South failed, but black regiments were created during the war, and some of them were vital to certain battles and victories.
Perhaps the most notable black regiment formed during the war was the 1st hode Island egiment, which has become legendary in the fight for freedom. Colonel Christopher Greene commanded the egiment, and it was one of only three black regiments to fight during the war. In fact, many historians feel the war might have ended sooner if more regiments like the 1st hode Island had been formed and utilized. The Kaplans note, "Colonel Christopher Greene's First hode Island egiment distinguished itself for efficiency and gallantry throughout the war -- perhaps the war would have ended sooner if its example had been heeded" (Kaplan, and Kaplan 1989, 64). hode Island was unable to fill its quota of fighting men for the…
Bradley, Patricia. 1998. Slavery, Propaganda, and the American Revolution. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.
Dunmore, Lord. 1775. Lord Dunmore's Appeal to the Slaves of Virginia (1775).
Editors. 2005. Black Loyalists: Our History, Our People. Government of Canada's Digital Collections. http://collections.ic.gc.ca/blackloyalists/story/our_story.htm
Kaplan, Sidney, and Emma Nogrady Kaplan. 1989. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution. Revised ed. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Mention of te nation's capital appears trougout as key pictures (te first picture tat appears on its ome base), as its name, its logo, and in its slogans. A bust of a confidant Wasington is featured on one of its websites. It proclaims itself to be surrounded by "te World Bank, Te International Monetary Fund, and te U.S. State Department." It is, as it wants to sow: "At te center of it all." Consequently, it sows students wo project te image and garb of smart-dressed professionals, alumni wo now work 'around te world,' and promotes itself as disseminating an image of "responsibility, passion, and globalization" troug "etical leadersip and sustainable business practices."
Far more of a formal atmospere tan Smit, GWSB takes pride in pointing out tat its alumni work in ig-profile executive positions and in Government and World Bank services. Hig-brow and sopisticated, GWSB projects itself as conservative and…
In other words, all human beings, regardless of status, are equal, and a leader by virtue of his position is not 'more equal' than his fellow citizens, according to the principles of morality and the principles of democracy. What has made American leaders great is their sense of equality and fellowship with their fellow Americans, not their sense of exclusivity and superiority. Thomas Jefferson praised George Washington for refusing the offer to become America's first king. Washington instead became the first American president. Washington's integrity was pure and Washington's sense of justice was unwavering, and untainted by self-interest and bias: this was Jefferson's highest praise of our first president. Washington's integrity is so unique it even seems to contradict Glaucon's assertion in "The Ring of Gyges" that every man would be a dictator if he were given the chance. Washington rose above his baser instincts, and lived according to…
New states lying north of said parallel would be admitted as non-slave while those lying south would be slave.
The importance of the Missouri Compromise cannot be over-stated. It impacted the boundaries of several other states other than Missouri and led to some of the most hotly contested political debates in United States history.
Interestingly, the boundary established through the Missouri Compromise, that is, the 36?30' parallel, had actually been in use as a boundary line since early colonial days and the Missouri Compromise served to continue its use. The boundary between original thirteen colony members, Virginia and North Carolina, is the 36?30' parallel and the boundary between two of the earlier states admitted to the Union, Kentucky and Tennessee is also the 36?30' parallel.
Map depicting 36?30' parallel
The admission of Texas as a statehood was affected by the Missouri Compromise. Unlike any other state, Texas enjoyed status as…
Dixon, Archibald. The True History of the Missouri Compromise and its Repeal. BiblioBazaar, 2009.
Eastern Michigan University. Bleeding Kansas. http://edit.emich.edu/index.php?title=Bleeding_Kansas (accessed December 4, 2010).
Marshall, Peter C. Envisioning America: English Plan for the Colonization of North America, 1580-1640. Bedford / St. Martin's, 1995.
Mcgreevy, Patrick. Stairway to Empire: Lockport, the Erie Canal, and the Shaping of America. State University of New York Press, 2009.