1000+ documents containing “global supply chain”.
Global Supply Chain
nalysis of mazon.com's Global Supply Chain
Date you turn this paper in nalysis of mazon.com's Global Supply Chain
mazon's supply chain management systems and processes are predicated on the synchronization of a diverse base of global suppliers, partners, logistics services companies and warehouse management systems and technologies. ll of these elements of their supply chain strategy and infrastructure are orchestrated around delivering an exceptional customer experience and streamlining the ordering process for customers globally (Lapide, 2013). mazon is consistently rated in Gartner's top 20 list of supply chains globally, as their metrics of performance reflect the company's ability to orchestrate across a broad base of suppliers globally while attaining profitability in a historically low-margin business (O'Marah, 2010). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the key performance drivers, metrics and supply chain challenges of mazon.com. The competitive strategy of mazon.com is predicated on the precise synchronization of these systems,….
At the foundation of Amazon.com's supply chain-based business model is a demand management platform that including real-time forecasting and distributed order management integration tot the supplier level. This provides Amazon.com with the ability to interpret, analyze and aggregate demand for a given product, invoke its supply chain processes, place orders, manage inventory, or procure the item based on customer demand. These are the foundational elements of supply chain best practices as defined by supply chain theorists who underscore the need for creating a demand-driven forecasting and replenishment process that manages inventory effectively while fulfilling customer orders (Lee, Whang, 2004). Demand management and forecasting is a key performance driver within Amazon.com's supply chain system, as it is integrated to their analytics platform, which is used for global reporting of supply chain performance. Amazon.com was prescient in creating a distributed order management system that today runs as a Web Service (Lapide, 2013). All of these elements taken together are orchestrated to create state-of-the-art dashboards that include key performance driver assessment, metrics and analytics that in real-time show supply chain performance.
The key performance drivers, metrics, and analytics that Amazon.com uses are segmented to align with operational, tactical and strategic information needs throughout the organization. The reliance on operational metrics is at the warehouse level and includes cost detail analysis, purchasing cost analysis, inventory turns by item, inventory carrying costs and advanced metrics of Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) of resold products that have a higher average unit price including flat screen televisions and other high velocity, high volume items (Amazon Investor Relations, 2013). These metrics are also tracked from a cost-to-compete an order basis, indirect transaction costs, and replenishment costs (Lapide, 2013). Metrics are also included to track warehouse management performance including optimization of warehouse space, and the effectiveness of material handling technologies including bar coding relative to the recently adopted Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies (Lapide, 2013). Inventory velocity, carrying costs, the Return on Invested Capital and profitability by warehouse location are also reported on monthly (Amazon Investor Relations, 2013).
Amazon's corporate culture is analytically-driven and often defines their strategies from supply chain metrics of performance standpoint first. For many distribution-centric businesses, this is the case, as many seek to create differentiation of their business models at the supply chain process level (Lee, Whang, 2004). This is consistent with high velocity business models that seek to create a unified series of analytics (Hugos, 2003), key performance
Successful supply chain strategies will consider many factors besides price; such as quality, reliability, stability, how well their technology integrates as well as plethora of other strategic considerations. Therefore since many of these factors are intangible in nature it is hard to quantify and contrast alternate supply chain possibilities. For example, if a low cost leader supplier isn't able to meet deadlines consistently then the costs associated with the disruption may greatly exceed any benefits gained from a lower unit price. This type of consideration makes comparative models very difficult to develop.
6. Compare and contrast the contribution approach with the net profit approach in cost/revenue analysis.
The contribution approach separates costs into fixed and variable costs and is often used in variable pricing situations to analyze the benefits of differentiated pricing models. For example, if a firm produces a product for ten dollars and produces this product at ninety percent….
(2007). Chapter 7 Demand Forecasting in a Supply Chain. In Supply Chain Management. Pearson Education.
Nadler, S.S., & Kros, J.F. (2008). An INTRODUCTION to SARBANES-OXLEY and ITS IMPACT on SUPPLY CHAIN Management. Journal of Business Logistics, 241-255.
Rabren, J. (2010). Technology, Integration and Data Drive Supply Chain Visibility. Material Handling Management, 42.
Setijono, D., & Dahlgaard, J. (2007). Customer value as a key performance indicator (KPI) and a key improvement indicator (KII). Measuring Business Excellence, 44-6.
" Fiscal year 2007 was ended with sales worth more than $37 billion and with a total staff number of 103,000 employees.
The Ongoing Battle against Coca Cola
PepsiCo and Coca Cola's endless disputes have been organized by the specialized literature under the syntax 'cola wars'. They generally received this name due to their intensity and their continuous occurrence, but also for the not always positive effects they had upon the two players. "Intense competition between Pepsi and Coca-Cola has characterized the soft-drink industry for decades. In this chess game of giant firms, Coca-Cola ruled the soft-drink market throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s. It outsold Pepsi two to one. But this was to change. Then the chess game, or "war," switched to the international arena, and it became a 'world war'." concise presentation of the PepsiCo - Coca-Cola relationships along the times could be organized under the following mentions:
Estes, J., Coke and Pepsi: Respectful Competition, PR in the News, Public Relations, July 8, 2006
Eyre, C., Pepsi's Mysterious Merger Attempt Unconfirmed, Daily Beverage, July 23, 2007
Fields, H., Coke vs. Pepsi - How Does Your Brain React to Soft Drinks?, U.S. News and World Report, October 25, 2004
Gentleman, a., Coke and Pepsi Stumble in India - Partial Bans Remain on Products, the International Herald Tribune, August 23, 2006
Globalization has brought about several notable positive aspects, including the widespread of technology and information, as well as better living conditions for many of the Earth's population. However, in many cases, the positive aspects were swiftly overturned by negative ones. These may come in the form of hard labor conditions in several developing countries, the proliferation of products that do not meet the required quality much faster or in worsened environment conditions. In our case, we are concerned with the precarious employment conditions that many women face working for multinationals in third world countries.
The authors of "Trading Away Our Rights: Women working in Global Supply Chains" are keen to emphasize not only the conditions women work in, both in term of contractual agreements (often non-existent) and the actual conditions in factories and fields, but also the reasons behind the multinationals' desire to solely exploit and not provide for and the….
1. Oxham. Trading Away Our Rights. 2003. On the Internet at www.oxfam.org/eng/pdfs/report_042008_labor.pdf
2. Anne S. Walker. The Women's Movement and Its Role in Development. Commonwealth of Learning. 2000. On the Internet at http://web.idrc.ca/es/ev-27447-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html
3. Sweatshop Watch Newsletter: Fall 1996, Vol. 2, No. 1. On the Internet at http://www.sweatshopwatch.org/swatch/newsletters/2_1.html
4. Geraldine Reardon. Globalization, Technological Change and Women Workers in Asia. The United Nations University. 1998. Pages 10-15. On the Internet at www.intech.unu.edu/research/past-research / Earlier%20projects/monitoring-impact-442/reardon-report.pdf
Audi produces luxury brand sedans for consumers around the world. As the manufacturer of premium automobiles with its main production facility in Ingolstadt, Germany, but with plants in Hungary, China, Thailand and Brazil as well, the company relies upon more than 1000 suppliers throughout its global supply chain.
Selecting International Strategy
The six components of global supply chains include: strategy and alignment; supply chain assets and routing; process, procedures and systems; planning and communication; outsourcing; and people and culture. A demand-driven plan and business model derived from information retrieved in real-time is preferable and is one that Audi has developed over the years to enhance its standing in the marketplace. It has developed an adaptive and quick-footed supply chain, particularly in Ingolstadt where it uses a Just-in-Time supply deliver system. Innovation has also been key to managing the company’s success over time, with its vehicles reflecting consumer demand in the luxury brand….
The ole and Impact of Information Systems in Supply Chain and Logistics Management: A Global PerspectiveAbstractThe rapid pace of technological advancements has brought about a paradigm shift in the supply chain and logistics sector. Information systems are becoming indispensable tools that facilitate global transportation, logistical operations, and supply chain management. This paper aims to explore the role of information systems in streamlining supply chain and logistics management, with a particular focus on global operations. It delves into the distinguishing factors of international versus domestic logistics and how information systems bridge the gap between the two. The paper also highlights the ways in which these systems aid in global transportation decision-making and managing inventory costs, underlining their significance in achieving operational efficiencies.IntroductionIn an increasingly interconnected and digital world, the role of information systems in supply chain and logistics management is becoming more pivotal. As global supply chains continue to grow in….
ReferencesDavenport, T.H. (1998). Putting the enterprise into the enterprise system. Harvard Business Review, 76(4), 121-131.Keller, G., & Teufel, T. (1998). SAP R/3 process-oriented implementation: iterative process prototyping. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc.Rodrigue, J. P. (2020). The geography of transport systems. Routledge.Rushton, A., Croucher, P., & Baker, P. (2022). The handbook of logistics and distribution management: Understanding the supply chain. Kogan Page Publishers.Sheffi, Y., Saenz, M. J., Rivera, L., & Gligor, D. (2019). New forms of partnership: the role of logistics clusters in facilitating horizontal collaboration mechanisms. European Planning Studies, 27(5), 905-931.Stefansson, G. (2002). Business-to-business data sharing: A source for integration of supply chains. International journal of production economics, 75(1-2), 135-146.Tseng, Y.Y., Yue, W.L., & Taylor, M.A.P. (2005). The role of transportation in logistics chain. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 5, 1657-1672.
he value inherent to freight forwarding in the modern global supply chain can be stated both in terms of finances and efficiency, which ultimately has its own effect on finances and revenues, as well. hese two value elements are largely intertwined in the supply chain itself as well -- freight forwarders are better equipped to locate available shipping space at the best possible price than are individual manufacturers or even distributors (Baluch 2005). Freight forwarders essentially offer a service to both shippers and manufacturers/those in need of shipping, creating greater value for both asset-based entities in the arrangement by creating greater efficiency in the system as a whole (Baluch 2005).
he seven economic drivers of transportation costs can be easily illustrated with the example of a standard laptop computer. Distance for many of these units is considerable, often requiring transport from parts of Asia to Europe and North America, with prices….
The freight bill, or bill of lading, is given by a shipping provider to the manufacturer or shipping originator to acknowledge the receipt of specified goods for transport, usually with certain key details of the shipping agreement including payment terms, pickup and delivery locations and often dates, and a detail of the goods to be transported (MarketTrans 2010). Though not itself a full contract, it is evidence of a contract (whether verbal or written) between the shipper and the carrier, and as it lists certain terms of the carrier's part in the venture and requires the shipper's signature it is legally binding in several regards (MarketTrans 2010).
The essential goal of multi-vendor consolidation is to increase the efficiency of shipping for both
Research indicates that supply chains help organizations attain competitive advantage. In turn, the successes or letdowns of such supply chains are determined in the open market by the end consumers. Rendering the fitting product, at the fitting price, at the fitting time to the consumer is not only the fundamental aspect to competitive success but also the vital element to survival (Christopher and Towill, 2001). Owing to the fact that the intricacy of supply chains in the present day, partly as a result of globalization and out-sourcing, the manner in which supply chains are structured can make a difference between an organization generating profit or loss. Different types of structures avail the management the choice to select the one that best suits consumer expectations. However, it is imperative for such chosen pipelines to go hand in hand with the business strategy of the supply chain (Christopher and Towill, 2002). In….
supply chain challenges facing the company which the chosen application addresses.
4(b) Explain how the chosen application addresses these supply chain challenges
8Q2"IT should be considered as an integral part of the supply chain re-engineering process." Discuss this statement using appropriate references from the course module. Case studies or other source material.
(a) The major supply chain challenges facing the company which the chosen application addresses.
The Levi Strauss e-business and supply chain integration
Levi Strauss is a firm that was very successful and competitive in the manufacture of denim jeans. Like several other companies, it faced a lot of competition and changes in the market conditions. This subsequently led to a decline in its sales and profitability. The company's sales were at a peak value of $1.7 billion in 1996 (Leon-Pena 85). This later declined to about $4.1 in 2002 as pointed out by Girard (Girard). The corporation realized that the trend was….
Barrat, Mark.Understanding the meaning of collaboration in the supply chain, Supply Chain Management, An International Journal, 9(1), (2004), pp.30-42
Croom, Simon R. "The impact of e-business on supply chain management: An empirical study of key developments," International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 25 Iss: 1, (2005) pp.55 -- 73
Frohlich, Markham T. And Westbrook, Roy, "Arcs of integration: an international study of supply chain strategies," Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 19 No. 2, (2001) pp. 185-200.
Golicic, Susan L., Davis, Donna F., McCarthy, M. And Mentzer, John T. "The impact of e-commerce on supply chain relationships." International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 32 No. 10, (2002), pp. 851-871.
supply chains continue to gain in importance as a core attribute of current and future business models across nearly every industry, the need for using IT resources more effectively in orchestrating each transportation mode becomes essential. Orchestrating supply chain processes from transaction to fulfillment provides third party logistics providers (3PLs) with the opportunity to manage and modify manual processes to gain greater performance on a consistent basis (Gilmore, 2002). In the article Global logistics solutions: A Guide to the problems Shippers face (MacDonald, 2007) the author provides an overview of how supply chains need to be managed as a strategic series of process and system assets, with specific attention paid to the orchestration of transportation modes. Four critical problems supply chains face are also discussed including a lack of supply chain visibility and forecasting, the need for continual quality improvement at the process level, more optimization of transportation network….
Gilmore, D. (2002). Achieving transportation excellence. World Trade, 15(11), 36-38.
MacDonald, A. (2007). Global logistics solutions: A guide to the problems shippers face. World Trade, 20(5), 36-38, 40, 42.
Milmo, S. (2002). Logistics and distribution services begin to separate. Chemical Market Reporter, 262(13), 6-6, 28.
Trunick, P.A. (2002, 10). 4 logistics trends driving and driven by 3 PLs. Transportation & Distribution, 7.
Logistics Design Alternatives
Intermodal transportation essentially refers to the process of transporting passengers and cargo by means of multiple, inter-linked transportation modes. It capitalizes on the comparative advantage of the individual modes to bring about high productivity at considerably low freight costs. Intermodalism has gained prominence over recent years, and is currently an integral component of international trade and global supply chain management. The U.S. Penal Code (49 USC, Chapter 55, Sec 5501, 1998) presents the government's commitment towards delivering a National International Transportation System that is not only environmentally fit, but also economically efficient and in congruence with ongoing attempts geared at making the U.S. economy more competitive on the global front. According to David Collenette, the former Transport Minister of Canada, intermodal transportation is about efficiency and safety in transportation. Canada and Mexico are among America's leading trade partners; in fact, trade volumes between the three have risen significantly….
Dewitt, W. & Clinger, J. (n.d.). Intermodal Freight Transportation. Committee on Intermodal Freight Transport. Retrieved 15th October 2014 from http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/millennium/00061.pdf
MIT. (2014). The Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Retrieved 15th October 2014 from http://osp.mit.edu/compliance/export-controls/the-export-administration-regulations-ear
Weigel, K.J. & Schwartz, J.M. (2009). International Government Contractor: News and Analysis on International Public Procurement and Export Controls. Thomas Reuters, 6(4), 1-9.
Yevdokimov, Y.V. (n.d.). Measuring Economic / benefits of Intermodal Transportation. Mississippi State University. Retrieved 17th October 2014 from http://ncit.msstate.edu/PDF/7-Measuring-Economic-Benefits-of-IntermodalTransportation.pdf
The Current State, Objective and Future Trends of isk and disruption management in supply chains
States and Trends of isk and Disruption Management in Supply Chains
After suffering for years, managers' gain ground in supporting supply and demand market of today, yet the effective assessment of managing risk as well as disruption is still an active conversation amongst project managers. Management takes a new position and arranges new strategies to support potential critical paths in product development and distribution. The supply chain is now global, thanks to the help of the internet, and thus needs active plans to support the future growth of distribution of products to a diverse and otherwise complex sociological environment. By evaluating the current state, revealing potential trends and discussing the support of potential disruptions, a better understanding for problem solving and preventative measures will ensue.
The current state of affairs for the supply chain of today….
Bartholomew, D. (2006). Supply Chains at Risk. Industry Week/IW, 255(10), 54.
Blanchard, D. (2009). Portrait of Best-In-Class Risk Management. Industry Week/IW, 258(2), 54.
Chopra, S., & Sodhi, M. (2004). Managing Risk To Avoid Supply-Chain Breakdown. MIT Sloan Management Review, 46(1), 53-62.
Craighead, C., Blackhurst, J., Rungtusanatham, M., & Handfield, R. (2007). The Severity of Supply Chain Disruptions: Design Characteristics and Mitigation Capabilities. Decision Sciences, 38(1), 131-156. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5915.2007.00151.x.
Supply Chain Integration
Defining Integrated Supply Chains in the 21st Century
Collaboration and the ability to orchestrate complex purchasing, procurement, quality management and fulfillment strategies typify integrated supply chains today. These lessons learned and more are found in the article, Integrated Supply Chains to be Explored (Johnson, 2007). Also alluded to in the article is the concept of having a 360 degree view of global supply chains, with the added benefit of being agile enough to adapt to business models that are changing rapidly in the marketplace (Johnson, 2007). These concepts are only a partial definition of what an integrated supply chain is in the 21st century. This paper defines in greater detail what an integrated supply chain is today, where it is going in the future, and what the key elements and challenges are to creating and successfully managing one over the long-term. Presented in the following sections is an overview….
Dyer, J.H., & Nobeoka, K. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 345-367.
Hofman, D. (2004). The Hierarchy Of Supply Chain Metrics. Supply Chain Management Review, 8(6), 28-37.
Johnson, A. (2007). Integrated supply chains to be explored. Manufacturers' Monthly,, 24.
Porter, M.E. (1986). Changing patterns of international competition. California Management Review, 28(2), 9.
Supply Chain Management at Toyota
Toyota essentially follows a very simple supply chain management policy. While ensuring a reasonable level of quality, delivery time and satisfaction of customers, Toyota attempts to reduce costs in its supply chain.
Producing the right product for the market at the right price that can be affordable for the customers are the primary objectives of the supply chain management policy at Toyota at the right time. In order to maximize profits, the company follows a policy of targeting the right customer group at the right time (Liu & Brookfield, 2006).
A pictorial representation of the supply chain management policy of Toyota is listed in the appendix. The company segregates its supply chain and the suppliers. It considers the suppliers as a very integral part of the supply chain. Apart from supplying raw materials for automobile production, the suppliers are also suppliers of technology for the various systems that….
Deloitte.wsj.com,. (2016). Toyota Pioneers New Global Supply Chains - Deloitte CIO - WSJ. Retrieved 6 February 2016, from http://deloitte.wsj.com/cio/2014/08/12/toyota-pioneers-new-global-supply-chains/
Iyer, A., Seshadri, S., & Vasher, R. (2009). Toyota supply chain management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kubota, Y. (2015). Toyota Unveils Revamped Manufacturing Process. The Wall Street Journal, p. 1. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com/articles/toyota-unveils-revamped-manufacturing-process-1427371432
Liu, R., & Brookfield, J. (2006). Japanese subcontracting in mainland China: a study of Toyota and Shanghai Koito. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 11(2), 99-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13598540610652465
Supply chain integration has become the focus of a growing body of research in recent years, a trend that can help fill the gaps in the body of knowledge about what critical success factors characterize fully integrated supply chains and how organizations can leverage this process to achieve and sustain a competitive advantage. It is important to note, though, that there is no universally accepted definition of supply chain integration nor is there a consensus concerning the types of outcomes that can be achieved using this supply chain management approach. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly research concerning supply chain integration, including a definition and overview of the process, a discussion of some real-world examples of supply chain integration in action and a summary of the research and important findings concerning supply chain integration in the conclusion.
Developing and Maintaining Effective Supply Chain Integration Practices
Afshan, N. (2013, December). The performance outcomes of dimensions of supply chain integration: A conceptual framework. Business: Theory and Practice, 14(4), 323.
Amue, G. J. & Ozuru, H. (2014, December). Supply chain integration in organizations: An empirical investigation of the Nigeria oil and gas industry. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 6, 129-133.
Kutner, J. A. (2009, August). Logisticians learn lessons from commercial suppliers. National Defense, 85(561), 53-59.
Leuscher, R. & Rogers, D. S. (2013, April). A meta-analysis of supply chain integration and firm performance. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 49(2), 34-37.
Global Supply Chain nalysis of mazon.com's Global Supply Chain Date you turn this paper in nalysis of mazon.com's Global Supply Chain mazon's supply chain management systems and processes are predicated on the…Read Full Paper ❯
Successful supply chain strategies will consider many factors besides price; such as quality, reliability, stability, how well their technology integrates as well as plethora of other strategic considerations.…Read Full Paper ❯
" Fiscal year 2007 was ended with sales worth more than $37 billion and with a total staff number of 103,000 employees. The Ongoing Battle against Coca Cola PepsiCo and Coca…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
Globalization has brought about several notable positive aspects, including the widespread of technology and information, as well as better living conditions for many of the Earth's population. However, in…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction Audi produces luxury brand sedans for consumers around the world. As the manufacturer of premium automobiles with its main production facility in Ingolstadt, Germany, but with plants in Hungary,…Read Full Paper ❯
The ole and Impact of Information Systems in Supply Chain and Logistics Management: A Global PerspectiveAbstractThe rapid pace of technological advancements has brought about a paradigm shift in the…Read Full Paper ❯
4) he value inherent to freight forwarding in the modern global supply chain can be stated both in terms of finances and efficiency, which ultimately has its own effect on…Read Full Paper ❯
Research indicates that supply chains help organizations attain competitive advantage. In turn, the successes or letdowns of such supply chains are determined in the open market by the end…Read Full Paper ❯
supply chain challenges facing the company which the chosen application addresses. 4(b) Explain how the chosen application addresses these supply chain challenges 8Q2"IT should be considered as an integral part…Read Full Paper ❯
supply chains continue to gain in importance as a core attribute of current and future business models across nearly every industry, the need for using IT resources more…Read Full Paper ❯
Logistics Design Alternatives Intermodal transportation essentially refers to the process of transporting passengers and cargo by means of multiple, inter-linked transportation modes. It capitalizes on the comparative advantage of the…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
Supply Chain The Current State, Objective and Future Trends of isk and disruption management in supply chains States and Trends of isk and Disruption Management in Supply Chains After suffering for years,…Read Full Paper ❯
Supply Chain Integration Defining Integrated Supply Chains in the 21st Century Collaboration and the ability to orchestrate complex purchasing, procurement, quality management and fulfillment strategies typify integrated supply chains today. These…Read Full Paper ❯
Supply Chain Management at Toyota Toyota essentially follows a very simple supply chain management policy. While ensuring a reasonable level of quality, delivery time and satisfaction of customers, Toyota attempts…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - College
Supply chain integration has become the focus of a growing body of research in recent years, a trend that can help fill the gaps in the body of knowledge…Read Full Paper ❯