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They have to determine what needs changing, and then figure out how they are going to change it. Only then can they really accomplish something of importance and worth.
While Powell is clearly involved in military issues, and protecting and defending his country, he is concerned about other issues as well. Education is one of the issues that he sees as important, and he is also interested in helping those in this country who are poor and in need of assistance. Another issue he is concerned about is what he calls 'inclusiveness.' In other words, everyone in this country should be included in what this country does (Ferullo, 2000).
ecause of his childhood and some of the segregation that he had to deal with growing up and in the early years of his career, Powell realizes the difficulties that minorities in this country face today. If one is not white,…
Cable News Network (2003).
Career and Personal Development. (n.d.) General Colin Powell: 18 Lessons from a very successful leader. Retrieved at http://www.littleafrica.com/career/powell.html
Dobbins, J.E. & Skillings, J.H. 2000. Racism as a clinical syndrome. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(1).
Ferullo, Mike. Cable News Network. (2000, August 1). Retired General critiques GOP on affirmative action. Retrieved at http://www.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/07/31/powell.speech/
"Great leaders are almost always great simplifiers, who can cut through argument, debate and doubt, to offer a solution everybody can understand." -- olin Powell
The quotation provided by the man who is the subject of this paper signifies that he is a great thinker. Though many subject Mr. Powell to a lot of criticism, especially in the wake of his tenure at the State Department, he is a man to be revered not only for his intelligence, but also for his courage and commitment. This paper will therefore examine various questions relating to olin Powell and his leadership style, and will strive to see whether he was, indeed, a good leader.
olin Powell began his life in the United States as the son of Jamaican immigrants. He was born in the South Bronx in 1937, and grew up in this area, which, according to some,…
Colin Powell. (2011). Biography.com. Retrieved October 25, 2011 from .
Colin Powell. (2011). Biography.com. Retrieved October 25, 2011 from .
Powell, C. (2011). A Leadership Primer. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from < http://www.blaisdell.com/powell/ >.
Learning From Great Leaders
"The Art of Rhetoric" makes the point that Pericles had great powers of persuasion, and that he could directly affect the will of the people through his rhetorical strategies. hen the Athenian citizens got too proud and even arrogant, he would settle them down into reality -- but when they were struggling to believe, he could lift them up to a higher place. This was the sum and substance of "The Art of Rhetoric" and the lesson from this narrative is that the clever, creative, careful and strategic use of words -- and language in general -- can manipulate people in the way the speaker wishes them to be maneuvered. This paper verifies the validity of this theory through the literature and through the successes that political leaders and business leaders like Lee Iacocca and others have utilized by having the power of persuasiveness.
Business Week. (2013). Top Commencement Speeches / Jack and Suzy Welch. Retrieved January 14, 2014, from http://www.linkedin.com .
Goldsmith, O. (1817). The History of Greece, from the Earliest State, to the Death of Alexander
The Great: To which is Added a Summary Account of the Affairs of Greece. Digitized by the University of Madrid, 2010.
Leggett, B. (2013). Influence Through "Soft Power." IESE Business School / University of Navarra. Retrieved January 14, 2014, from http://www.iese.edu .
One of the great leaders in history that I consider to have exemplified the true characteristics of a great leader is Martin Luther King. He is a leader who had risked his life just to fight for other peoples' freedom, a cause that very few people during his time would dare to fight for. ecause of King's courage and belief that all men are created equal, he promoted for equality especially for the people of the black race. I consider Martin Luther King also as a hero because if not for him the people in the U.S. would perhaps be as segregated as it was before; where people of different races do not agree with each other and were always against each other. Especially for those who are not purely of American race, without King, racial discrimination would perhaps still widely exist in the U.S. Jack White, from his…
White, Jacke. Martin Luther King.
Brink, Nelson. Nelson Mandela.
For centuries, great leaders, entertainers, mothers, teacher and a variety of others have searched for the meaning of love. However, even the best philosophers, with the profound thoughts, could not fully define love.
Perhaps the reason for this is that love is such a broad subject. There are dozens of answers to the question, "What is love?" Love can be selfless, selfish, giving, jealous, unconditional, temporary, and many other things.
People establish relationships with many different types of people, including family members, neighbors, co-workers, friends, spouses, significant others, and more. People have been taught that the love is different depending on whom they love.
The emotion of love is the same regardless of whom it is felt for. Lovers want their loved ones to be happy, accept them as they are, and appreciate some aspect about them. However, even though love is the same, it feels different depending on…
Great leadership, this is a trait most people do not have. Among the many leaders of the world present and past, only a few could be deemed great. That is why the literary world becomes a place to cultivate what an ideal leader is. From Robert the blind man in “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver, to “The Things They Carried” character, Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, these leaders harken back to real leaders of the past like Lincoln and Kennedy. It is with these shining examples in mind that an idea of what a great leader is, takes shape and even provides inspiration for new leaders that break the mold of what is typically expected like Daenerys Targaryen from Game of Thrones. These new leaders will perhaps inspire the greats of tomorrow.
Many consider John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln amazing leaders because of their ability to stand up for what is right…
The United States after the Great ar
orld ar I, also known as the Great ar, officially came to an end in 1918 and reshaped the country in a variety of ways. One of the most immediate changes was the way the world perceived the United States. Before the war, most of the country and its leaders preferred an isolationist stance to any international conflict. In 1914 the U.S. had only a small army and a pitiful navy, yet as the war progressed many Americans began to disapprove of the German's use of submarines to sink neutral ships such as the infamous sinking of the Lusitania (Hickman). However, it is interesting to note that the German's were actually correct in their assertion that the Lusitania was being used to carry military ammunition, as divers have recently uncovered from the wreckage, which did actually make the ship a legitimate…
Arnesen, E. "Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America' by Cameron McWhirter." 18 November 2011. Chicago Tribune. Web. 27 October 2012.
Greenhill, S. "Secret of the Lusitania: Arms find challenges Allied claims it was solely a passenger ship." 19 December 2008. Mail Online. Web. 27 October 2012.
Hickman, K. "World War I: Sinking of the Lusitania." N.d. Military History. Web. 27 October 2012.
Kaldor, N. "Inflation and Recession in the World Economy." The Economic Journal (1976): 703-714. Web.
In contrast, a high-stress job, such as in a police department or hospital may create a sense of solidarity between friendly colleagues that is extremely strong to the point that it can influence job performance ratings. Bias can influence superior's perceptions of how much a friend deserves a promotion or a raise, and there is a strong sense of being part of an 'in-group' that is intrinsic to the profession in an 'us vs. them' mentality. A lack of financial resources may further raise the stakes in terms of the need to promote friends. However, such high-stakes jobs demand a high degree or professionalism, and promotion of in-group members may not always yield higher-quality performance, as measured in an objective fashion.
If the in-group is too tight, and too reliant upon standard operating procedures, solutions to using scarce resources can result in a lack of creativity and a failure to…
Leader-Member Exchange Theory (LMX). (2009). Changing Minds. Retrieved March 12, 2009 at: http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/leader_member_exchange.htm
Manzoni, Jean-Francois & Jean-Louis Barsoux. (2000). Appendix 1: What Leader-Member
Exchange Theory tells managers. From Set-Up-to-Fail Syndrome: How good managers cause great people to fail. Cambridge HBS Press. Excerpt retrieved March 12, 2009 http://www.set-up-to-fail.net/pdf/lmx.pdf
Leader's Self-Insight 1.1: Your Learning Style: Using Multiple Intelligences
I scored evenly on all of the types of intelligence measured by this self-assessment: logical-mathematical, verbal-linguistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and musical. This indicates that I am a well-rounded person with the ability to work in multiple environments on different tasks.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.2: Your Leadership Potential
I scored slightly more (7) on the even-numbered indicators than on the odd ones (6), indicating I have leadership capabilities such as "vision and change." However, the scores were about even.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.3: Are You on a Fast Track to Nowhere?
On people skills, I scored 3 out of the 4 qualities. I believe I have solid interpersonal skills. On working with authority, I scored 2. I believe I need to work more on my assertiveness and courage when dealing with persons in positions of authority because I remain afraid to speak up and express…
Daft, R.L. The Leadership Experience.
Both Palestine and Israel experienced serious losses as a result of the divergences between the two countries.
Chapter 13 focuses on a series of matters and particularly on media's influence on the world in regard to the Palestine-Israel conflict. The estern world stood indifferent as the two countries starting fighting for the territory and caused significant damage. In spite of the fact that society came to perceive Palestinians as terrorists as a result of their determination to recover their lost lands, their power grew in the recent years, most probably as a result of the fact that they developed a feeling of respect for their cause.
3. The Choirs of Kandahar is essentially a continuation of Chapter 2.
4. The Carpet-eavers begins with the United States' and Great Britain's successful overthrow of the democratically elected prime minister of Iran, Mohammed Mosaddeq. From there, it moves on to the events leading…
Fisk, Robert, the Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East
For Ann to succeed as a leader in her department and proceed in her ascend to more demanding roles within the hospital, there is an existing need for her to understand herself and how her peers view her. In so doing, she will be better placed to get their support by modifying her behavior.
Yet another leadership complexity for Ann has to do with her visibility given her senior position as the head of the Nutrition and Dietetics Department. Traditionally, being promoted to head a department within the hospital has been seen as some sort of grooming for a bigger management role. In that regard, Ann needs to clearly distinguish between goals that could derail her and those that could pave her way to success. Further, it can also be noted that if indeed she is promoted to a more senior and demanding role, Ann would be required to develop…
The stench of heat and death was almost unbearable: "We lay there in the mud and retched from the stench of dead animals and watched the rats crawl over us" (Farwell 279). Farwell thus shows profound empathy for ordinary soldiers, forced to fight in a land far away from home under brutal conditions, amongst people they barely understood. Yet despite his willingness to acknowledge the role of Africans fighting the war, he does not seem to extend them the same emotional sympathy. Some of Farwell's more controversial assertions are his idea that in some areas, such as in German-controlled East Africa, colonial domination proved a boon to the natives. "German rule provided African people with new alternatives and a wider range of choices," he questionable asserts, because of the roads, mines, rail roads, new crops, and modern amenities bought to the nation (Farwell 117). He also shows British sympathies at…
It is difficult to show which theory works best in practice, as every company has a unique environment and workforce (Daft, 2004). However, few would argue that Theory X is an outdated leadership style that does not promote success. According to Kopelman et al. (2008): "At the heart of McGregor's argument is the notion that managers' assumptions/attitudes represent, potentially, self-fulfilling prophecies. The manager who believes that people are inherently lazy and untrustworthy will treat employees in a manner that reflects these attitudes. Employees, sensing that there is little in the job to spur their involvement, will exhibit little interest and motivation. Consequently, and ironically, the manager with low expectations will lament that 'you can't get good help nowadays,' oblivious as to the actual nature of cause and effect. Closing the serf-reinforcing cycle, the manager feels vindicated; that is, his low expectations were warranted. Conversely, the manager who believes that…
Benson, Gary L. (1983). "How Employee Assumptions Influence Managerial Behavior." Supervisory Management March: 2(7).
Bittel, Lester. (1989). McGraw-Hill Management Course. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Braden, Pamela. (2007). West Virginia University, Division of Business and Economics. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.wvup.edu/jcc/mgmt410/TheoryZ.pdf .
Daft, R.L. (2004). "Theory Z: Opening the Corporate Door for Participative Management." Academy of Management Executive 18, no. 4: 117-122.
leader succeed. Explain type leadership characters interviewing a candidate a CEO position.
Characteristics of Leaders
There are several characteristics that successful leaders are considered to have. Most theories on leadership state that such traits refer to integrity, self-esteem, confidence, empathy, organizational skills, good judgment, initiative, courage, endurance, they are proactive, they have visionary skills, communication skills, and others. There are numerous combinations of skills that characterize the great leaders of the world.
However, there are individuals that posses such skills, but that do not become leaders. Certain theories consider that leadership is an innate skill that cannot be developed. In the case of individuals that have such skills but do not become leaders, this situation can be attributed to the fact that they lack the desire to lead. They are not interested in becoming an example for others, or in managing groups or teams.
Other leadership traits are represented by…
1. Brooks, C. (2012). What Are the Characteristics of a Leader? Business News. Retrieved April 17, 2013 from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/2727-leadership-styles-skills.html .
2. Murray, A. (2012). Leadership Styles. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2013 from http://guides.wsj.com/management/developing-a-leadership-style/how-to-develop-a-leadership-style/ .
The military strengths enable the leader at hand to have a fair share of the leadership duties and capabilities in the society (Wagner, 2008).
Who do you think is the most indispensable leader in the world today, what category (from the list below) does this person belong?
I think that Barrack Obama is the most indispensable leader in the world today. Mr. Barrack Obama is one of the leaders that have come to the forefront in the general success of leadership in the present world. In most instances, Barrack Obama has come out as a leader with the capabilities of capturing the entire world with his personal skills and attributes. The strengths of this president are bestowed within the running and management of the affair of the United States of America. The entire world knows that there are fruitful avenues of managing the available avenues of growth and development…
Buzan, T., Dottino, T., & Israel, R. (2007). Grass roots leaders: The BrainSmart revolution in business. Aldershot: Gower.
Dixon, B. (2012). Social media for school leaders: A comprehensive guide to getting the most out of Facebook, Twitter, and other essential web tools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Feinstein, S. (2008). Barack Obama. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers.
Johansen, R. (2012). Leaders make the future: Ten new leadership skills for an uncertain world. San Francisco, Calif: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
He made a particularly notable commitment as head of the University of altimore to expand opportunities for lower-income students who had to work during the day so they could take classes at night.[footnoteRef:2] He also took the time to write a biography of his old friend whose military career he admired. [2: Hugel, 21]
Showing similar grit and determination, Puller refused to be deterred in his desire to see action when World War I ended and instead asked of the Marine Corps where he could be useful: again and again throughout World War II he continued to distinguish himself in shows of valor. He showed loyalty (as manifested in the close relationship he fostered with his old friend) and humility (in his respect for Pullen's very different but equally notable accomplishments). Military leaders have often been criticized for excessive rigidity in their thinking, but both men showed great flexibility in…
Hugel, David H. "The teacher and the warrior: A story of two young Virginians who met as
Marine recruits." Leatherneck, 93 (Feb 2010) 2: 18
Snider, Dan. "Dissent and strategic leadership of the military professions." Strategic Studies,
Comparing Characteristics of Leaders and Managers
The term leader and manager is often used in an interchangeable manner and it is likely that at some point most leaders have undertaken a management role. However, when looking at leaders and managers there are some distinct differences. These can be considered in terms of their characteristics and the way these characteristics manifest. A common theme in much literature is the way in which leaders may be identified as they have followers and inspire others
This refers to the concept of leaders having charisma. In this context there are many examples of leaders both good and bad. Leaders which fit in with this context include, John F. Kennedy former U.S. President, Nelson Mandela the South African leader, Richard Branson founder of the Virgin empire and Howard Schultz the CEO and inspiration behind Starbucks. These are all examples of charismatic leaders
Worst Faults a Military Leader Can Exhibit:
Incompetence, selfishness, and living in the past
"If America is to meet the multiple challenges of the 21st century, it is crucial that we develop a system that places the right people in the right places in government at the right moment."[footnoteRef:1] ut just as critical as being the 'right' type of leader is avoiding making some of the most typical mistakes of poor leaders of the past. Incompetence and disorganization; fighting the last war rather than the current conflict (i.e., living in the past); selfishness and a focus on the personal ego rather than the actual needs of the nation are the three worst faults a leader can exhibit. [1: J. McCausland, "Developing strategic leaders for the 21st century," Strategic Studies Institute, 2008. Available: http://www.StrategicStudiesInstitute.army.mil / (26 Sept 2013), xi]
On a very basic level, military leaders must have basic organizational skills.…
Bartone, P, Barry, C., & Armstrong, R. "To Build Resilience: Leader Influence on Mental
Hardiness. Defense Horizons, 69 (2009): 1-8.
Hermann, Margaret. "Assessing leadership style: A trait analysis." Social Science Automation
Many people did not like him because of his tactics, but he spread Greek culture around the world and helped the world modernize and become more global and more interested in trade and culture between nations.
However, most experts agree that Alexander was one of the greatest leaders ever. The Columbia Encyclopedia notes, "Incontestably, he was one of the greatest generals of all time and one of the most powerful personalities of antiquity. He influenced the spread of Hellenism throughout the Middle East and into Asia, establishing city-states modeled on Greek institutions that flourished long after his death" ("Alexander the Great"). He was a great general and a great leader, and he was the first person to really encourage a global culture. Our world would be very different if Alexander had not ruled and won so many conquests.
Alexander the Great." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.
Alexander the Great." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.
Holt, Frank L. Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.
Untereker, Jed, Kossuth, James, and Kelsey, Bill. "The Great Homepage of Alexander." Williams College. 1996. 29 Sept. 2005. http://wso.williams.edu/~junterek/
Leaders Can Effectively Manage Change in an Organization
It has often been said that a manager is what one does and a leader is who one is. The differences between management and leadership transcend difference sin perception of how an organization and emanate from how a management professional chooses to gain support and cooperation in the attainment of objectives. Managers often are given the task of maintaining the status quo and minimizing variation in performance over time. Leaders are by definition the visionaries of an organization that set a compelling long-term goal or objective and then orchestrate an enterprise to their achievement. Implicit in this definition of a leader is also the ability to discern strategies issues, opportunities and risks, and also clearly communicate an organizations' strategy to the departmental or work unit level. Most of all, a leader can infuse any organization with a strong sense of purpose, energy…
Antonakis, J., & House, R.J. (2002). The full-range leadership theory: The way forward. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. 3 -- 33. Boston: JAI Press.
Bromley, Howard R, M.D., M.B.A. & Kirschner-Bromley, V. 2007, "Are You a Transformational Leader?," Physician Executive, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 54-7.
Burke, C.S., Sims, D.E., Lazzara, E.H. & Salas, E. 2007, "Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration," Leadership Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 606.
Butler, C.J. 2005, The relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership behavior in construction industry leaders, University of Colorado at Boulder.
There are four types of leaders, each with a slightly different style, each with slightly different strengths. The four leadership styles are telling, selling, developing and delegating (eck and Yeager, 2001).
The first leader exercises his power by directing or telling employees what to do, when to do it and how to do it. This is the most dominant form of leadership and it can be destructive to a team.
The second leader gets together with the employees and listens to their ideas before coming to a decision. This style of leadership can be criticizes as over-involving the employees rather than making a decision and delegating authority.
The third leader develops his ideas with his staff. The leader supports the employees and solves any problems that come up. In its negative form, this type of leadership is over-accommodating, as some leaders allow the employees to simply flounder around without…
Anderson, Robert. (1977). Grinding It Out: The Making of McDonald's. New York: St. Martin's Books.
Beck, John D.W., & Yeager, Neil M. (2001). The Leaders' Window: Mastering the Four Styles of leadership to Build high-Performing Teams, Second Edition. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Don, Kettl. (2003). Team Bush: Leadership Lessons From the Bush White House. New York: McGraw Hill.
Gates, Bill (2000). We're All Swimming in the Same Pool. Inside Out. Retrieved from the Internet at www.microsoft.com/billgat...mepool.asp.
Going on vacation or taking a day off resulted in coming back to a flood of emails about "mistakes" she had uncovered while you were away, so time off was not even seen as an incentive any more.
As shown, there was really very little in comparison between my classroom and this department. One was a toxic environment due to poor leadership, while the other was a positive and nurturing environment due to leadership. Another writer states, "Successful leadership -- and the trust of those led -- demands a true partnership between leader and followers to create a team that advances our society toward the common good" (Erickson, 2006). In my experience, there was no team with the unethical leader, the staff was divided into "us" against "them," and the leader had no clue that her actions were causing such dissension in the staff.
In conclusion, comparing these two leaders…
Ciulla, J.B. (Ed.). (2004). Ethics, the heart of leadership (2nd ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Erickson, a.L. (2006). Ethical leadership and the public trust: The winner of the 2006 ASPA Wallace O. Keene Conference Scholarship shares her thoughts on four important characteristics of leaders. The Public Manager, 35(1), 62+.
Reilly, E.C. (2006). The future entering: reflections on and challenges to ethical leadership. 163+..
JIM Kouzes, lecturer and author of nine books of leadership, including the best seller, "The leadership Challenge," qualities that make an effective leader have different perspectives.
There are four things that everyone look for in a good leader. Firstly, people want a leader who is honest to them, trustworthy, and has integrity. Secondly, people want someone who looks forward that is forward looking, who has a vision of the future, and thinks about the long-term, also people want someone who can forecast things in case of crisis. Thirdly, people want someone who is consistent, competitive, expertise and knows what they are doing. Fourth, people want a person who is inspiring, energetic, optimistic and positive about the future.
Research on how leaders execute or put all those attributes into action, or execute those qualities has produced five practices that successful leaders indulge those practices on the job and contribute to the…
Brady, Chris. (2007): Launching a Leadership Revolution: Mastering the Five Levels of Influence. New York: Business Plus.
Citrin, James M. (2007): The Dynamic Path: Access the Secrets of Champions to Achieve Greatness Through Mental Toughness, Inspired Leadership and Personal Transformation. New York: Rodale Press, Inc.
Covey, Stephen M.R. The Speed of Trust the One Thing that Changes Everything. New York: Free Press, 2006.
Kouzes, James. (2003): Leadership Challenge. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
un Tzu informs that we cannot punish people until they feel loyalty to us: namely, until they consider themselves members of our group.
10. Keep them guessing
This quality may be pertinent only to leaders of a business / corporation. Her un Tzu advises keeping one's strategies and plans concealed from one's competitor so that one retains competitive advantage.
The Art of War, maintains un Tzu, is "a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected." (pt. 2)
The same goes for the Art of Leadership. It is also "a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected" and its qualities need to be known and inculcated in order to have maximum success in the field.
'Leader' as term may be inchoate, but as many entrepreneurs have…
Bateman, T.S., & Snell, S. (2009). Management: Leading and Collaborating in a Competitive World, Eighth Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Kotter JP. 1996. Leading Change. Boston, MA: Harv. Bus. School
Schein, E. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. CA: Jossey-Bass.
Sun Tzu, (2001). The Art of War Wylie, TX: Pickard & Son, Publishers.
Selection of the Leader
Definition of Leadership by General Tommy Franks
Leadership Philosophy of General Tommy Franks
Learning to Lead
Analyzing Strengths and Weaknesses Using Leadership Challenge Model
Leadership Adventures of General Tommy Franks Using Kouzes and Posner Leadership Framework
Model the Way
Inspire a Shared Vision
Challenge the Process
Enable others to act
Encourage the Heart
Enhancing the Effectiveness in Leadership
Learning From the Experience of General Tommy Franks
Take the Challenge
Accept the Opportunity
Learn to lead with General Tommy Franks
This paper discusses the leadership style and traits of a retired U.S. Army General namely General Tommy Franks. He was regarded as the commander in chief of Central Command of United States from the period of July 200 till July 2003. At that time he was given charge of the Middle East region that comprised of twenty- five countries. His most influential…
Franks, T.R. (2005). American Soldier. HarperCollins.
Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2003). The five practices of exemplary leadership. Pfeiffer.
Manager: A Leader
Leaders and business managers are valued commodity in the workplace. A leader is someone who can offer a compelling invitation for others to take action, while managers manage and accomplish work through others. Leaders lead and motivate people to higher levels, often giving people purpose to what they do, while managers tend to be more mechanical and provide authority based on the administrative level.
Today's leader needs a multitude of characteristics including an ability to develop a vision, and an ability to articulate that vision. Some of the traits of leaders are honesty, energy, a thirst for learning and commitment.
Vision in regards to the leader refers to visualizing a future state. The leader has a clear picture of what the future looks like. Moreover, a leader has a clear picture of achieving that vision (Godin, 11). In addition, an effective leader must also be able to…
Colvard, James E., "Managers vs. Leaders," Government Executive. Washington: Jul 2003. Vol. 35, Iss. 9: 82
Godin, Patty., "Achieving vision: Managers vs. leaders," Manage. Aug 1998. Vol. 50, Iss. 1: 10-12.
Robinson, Graham., "Leadership vs. management," The British Journal of Administrative Management. Jan/Feb 1999; 20-21.
Weathersby, George B., "Leadership vs. management," Management Review. Mar 1999. Vol. 88, Iss. 3: 5.
Leaders Born or Made? Proposed Outline
The question as to whether leaders are born or made has been actively debated for years. The debate continues. However, careful evaluation of leadership behaviors and an informed analysis of literature on management and leadership demonstrate that actually, leaders are both born and made. It is important to note that although individuals could be trained to be effective leaders, some people tend to have what could be referred to as natural aptitude for leadership.
Leaders are Born
The claim that leaders are born, not made, has been around for a long time. Those advancing this argument are convinced that leadership is in the genes, that great leaders possess some genetic characteristics that underwrite their success as leaders.
During the early periods of the 20th century, most were of the view that to be an effective leader, an individual had to be…
Daft, R.L. (2014). The Leadership Experience (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Dyk, B. & Neubert, M. (2008). Management: Current Practices and New Directions. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Hogue, W. (2013). Elements of Leaders of Character: Attributes, Practices, and Principles. Bloomington, IN: WestBow Press.
Johnson, B. & Williams, K. (2004). Introducing Management: A Development Guide (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
This part-time project manager was being asked to fulfill several different roles in the organization concurrently. It is commonly known that for a project to stand a high probability of success, it requires a dedicated project manager (Schulz, 2000).
A second aspect of why this project failed was the lack of focus on goals, objectives and how the project fit into the overarching objectives of the company. The project goals drifted and often didn't have a clear focus on deliverables and quantified performance. The lack of a very clear, well defined mission for a project will often lead to its failure and confusion over status and deliverables (Puccinelli, 1999). This is exactly what happened on this project. Finally the leader did not provide enough visibility into hwo the project on a global level was progressing. The project teams in India did not know the status of software development in Cincinnati,…
Barczak, G., McDonough, E.F., & Athanassiou, N. (2006). So you want to be a global project leader? Research Technology Management, 49(3), 28-35.
Burton, J.P. (2009). The great leader project. Organization Management Journal, 6(2), 69-75.
Krishnan, V.R. (2001). Value systems of transformational leaders. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(3), 126-132.
Puccinelli, B. (1999). Principles of a project leader. Inform, 13(1), 50-51.
.....leadership traits and scores as ascertained and scored using the Northouse LEAD structure and its associated guidelines. The scores that will be summarized and described in here will include leadership and leadership styles, overall strengths and weaknesses, emotional intelligence, dealing with conflict and tension, power and interactions, motivation of others, team development/enforcing of ground rules, developing creativity, team effectiveness, what has been learned and so forth. Each individual scoring realm, as part of the larger paradigm, will be covered one by one. While the author of this report certainly has a ways to go in terms of being a great leader, there are indeed some encouraging signs when it comes to comparing what is stated in VLA and LEAD as compared to the author's self-inventory when it comes to the same.
Summary & Analysis
Leadership & Leadership Styles
The author of this response was especially curious about this aspect of…
Marines build leaders that last. By preparing soldiers that are ready and able to enter into any combative situation, soldiers are not only skilled in ways of warfare, but in ways of leadership as well. This is no mistake -- by establishing a set of core values and leadership skills, the Marines are prepared for almost anything. By integrating important values with distinctive leadership skills, the Marines are one institution that develops successful leaders. This paper will examine how intense training, challenges, responsibility, mentoring, and accepting failure as experience creates model leaders in Marines.
The Marine Corps Core Values are honor, courage, and commitment. (Marines) Simply put, "the qualities of maturity, dedication, trust and dependability commit Marines to act responsibly, to be accountable for their actions, and to fulfill their obligations" (Marines). These core values are just the stepping stones to what obligations lay ahead for each Marine.
Core Values. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/about_marines/corpsvalues.asp
Real Leadership. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/officer_programs/realleadership.asp?format=flash
Nelson, Wallace. "Leadership." Marines. November 1995. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9603154667&db=mth
Freedman, David. "Corps Values." Inc. Online. April 1998. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://www.inc.com/magazine/19980401/906.html
82). While much of his theories are conjecture, it is quite clear from his Appendix, ibliography, and Notes that he has conducted extensive research into Alexander and his life, and bases his theories on this exhaustive research. His theories may be conjecture, but it is clear he bases them on much historical fact, and so, they are easier to believe.
I feel that the author has included enough new information in the book to make it a worthwhile read, even for those who have read other books about Alexander. In addition, it includes so much other history of the time that it would be useful for anyone doing research into this particular historical epoch. Alexander's life is still legendary today, and I think people will get a bigger picture of Alexander the man and what motivated him by reading this book. It was dry and scholarly at times, but it…
Bibliography, and Notes that he has conducted extensive research into Alexander and his life, and bases his theories on this exhaustive research. His theories may be conjecture, but it is clear he bases them on much historical fact, and so, they are easier to believe.
I feel that the author has included enough new information in the book to make it a worthwhile read, even for those who have read other books about Alexander. In addition, it includes so much other history of the time that it would be useful for anyone doing research into this particular historical epoch. Alexander's life is still legendary today, and I think people will get a bigger picture of Alexander the man and what motivated him by reading this book. It was dry and scholarly at times, but it had enough good information that it was still worthwhile to read. It was not always easy to read, and it was not the kind of book you could race through to the conclusion. It took some concentration to reach the end, but when I did reach it I felt it had been overall a good reading experience.
In conclusion, yes, I would recommend this book to my friends if they were interested in Alexander's life or military history. I felt some of the book was difficult to wade through, and that it would not hold every reader's interest. However, anyone who is interested in Alexander or that period in history would probably enjoy this book. I would not recommend it if this period did not interest you, or you did not enjoy history topics. The book was heavy enough that it would simply be boring if a person were not interested at all in Alexander or his time. I would not call this book light reading, and I certainly would not keep it on my bedside table, but I would certainly keep it on my bookshelf if I were a serious student of Alexander and this period in history.
Cartledge, P. Alexander the Great: The hunt for a new past. New York: The Overlook Press, 2004.
Alexander the Great
Western civilization has wide range of historical aspects and it encompasses civilization of ancient Rome, ancient Greece and a Judaic civilization. A civilization is said to exist from Stone Age until today, ranging from China to Egypt, Mesoamerica and Africa.
Alexandros III (356-323 B.C.), Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, was one of the greatest military geniuses in history. e conquered and governed civilizations of that time, ruled by his great desire to conquer the world and thus laid the foundation of universal world monarchy.
Arrian describes Alexander, as a great leader, always leading his army in enthusiastic way. e was first leader and conqueror who reached Greece, Egypt and Asia. e always led best military formation of the time, the Macedonian Phalanx, which was armed with sarisses, the fearful five and half meter long spears. Alexander created ethnic syncretism between the Macedonians and the conquered populations,…
He was considered an excellent king, general, and conqueror. His innovative empire assisted and improved the way of life in his kingdom in many ways. Victorious conquest of vast area of land stretched Greek traditions and language far and wide and immensely affected western civilization.
Apart from the given source, following site was consulted:
Popovic, J.J. Alexander the Great Macedon. Accessed from World Wide Web: http://1stmuse.com/frames/index.html
They always see the things that might go wrong in any situation, and even if it is subtle, this attitude transfers to the staff. They become less enthusiastic, more skeptical, and far less productive. A positive attitude can overcome many other deficiencies, and it can incite a positive, productive attitude in those around a leader, as well.
Competence might seem like a given in a good leader, but that is not always the case. Some organizations promote from within, and may promote someone who has a good record of accomplishment, but no managerial skills. In this case, the leader may fail because they lack competence in this area. A good leader is competent in the overall operation of the organization, but is also competent in management skills, which will make them an even more effective leader.
Initiative is also imperative for a good leader. Without a drive to succeed, projects…
Leadership Qualifications in the orkplace
Proposed Leadership Model
For eras there have been people and leaders have discussed what the qualifications that make a great leader are. Leadership travels all the way back to the period of the ancient Greeks. In the 1500's, there was an Italian statesman named Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince, and in this book he talked about the different methods for leaders to use in obtaining power (Leadership 2003). This all led to the current events dating to the early 1900's and what has been used and developed in today's society. There are a lot of theories of what a leader in the workplace should have and the idea that leaders during history have been people who were seen or looked up to as leaders and deeply appreciated. As people say "There are those that lead and those that follow." An individual with…
Akinboye, J., 2005. Executive behaviour battery. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers.
Borman, W., 2004. The concept of organizational citizenship. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(6), p. 238 -- 241.
Cameron, J.D.E.K.R. & R.R., 2001. Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic: Reconsidered once again.. Review of Educational Research, pp. 30-54.
Charlton, G., 2000. Human Habits of Highly Effective Organisations.. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
Fleenor, Atwater, Sturm and McKee (2014) focuses on the need to develop "effective leaders and leadership behavior" that can positively impact organizations (p. 63). Their study provides a meta-analysis of the pertinent literature on the subject from the past quarter century, primarily published in The Leadership Quarterly, a journal of scholarly critique, theory, and research. The researchers note that theories of leadership are relatively new to academia, and that approaches to the development of leaders is still being refined by scholars and professionals across the board. The study focuses primarily on issues (both intrapersonal and interpersonal) that relate to developmental leadership, utilizing "multi-source or 360-degree feedback responses" in order to deepen the current state of understanding regarding how leaders are trained and formed (Day et al., 2014, p. 63).
This study is particularly helpful because of its approach to the need for youth leadership training and development. The subject is…
Baumeister, R., Campbell, J., Krueger, J., Vohs, K. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1): 1-44.
Day, D., Fleenor, J., Atwater, L., Sturm, R., McKee, R. (2014). Advances in leader and leadership development: A review of 25 years of research and theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 25: 63-82.
Den, H., Deanne, N., & Belschak, F. D. (2012). When Does Transformational Leadership Enhance Employee Proactive Behavior? The Role of Autonomy and Role Breadth Self-Efficacy. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(1), 194-202.
Gage, R., Thapa, B. (2012). Volunteer Motivations and Constraints among College
When faced with adversary, he cannot be fearful of losing face or seeming disloyal but instead must ask 'what actions are necessary to take for the greater good?' Even when a military leader disciplines a subordinate for disobedience, these actions are because of the requirements of safety and the need for adherence to institutional rules, not because of personal anger. Military officers must hold fast to an "objective professional ethic" of responsibilities owed to themselves, to the institution, to their leaders, and to the American public.[footnoteRef:3] When personal and individual obligations conflict with those of the collective ethos, the need to preserve institutional authority must be upheld. For example, "where it would be improper for a manager at IM to invade the privacy of her employees, the officer is morally obligated to do so" rather than place others in the service at risk.[footnoteRef:4] [2: Margaret Hermann, "Assessing leadership constraints: A…
Hermann, M. "Assessing leadership constraints: A trait analysis." Social Science Leadership
Johnson, K. "Ethical issues of military leadership."
Pfaff, T. "Resolving ethical challenges in an era of persistent conflict." SSI.
11- 3). The Chorus' summations are necessary for continuity in the play, answering any questions or expounding upon certain thoughts or themes. The Chorus has the last word in the play, leaving a lasting impression with the audience, which includes a message of desolation to all. The Chorus says, "Let none / Presume on his good fortune until he find / Life, at his death, a memory without pain" (Exodus. 298-300). These are examples of how the Chorus reinforces what the audience may already be thinking. The Chorus connects certain aspects of the play and emphasizes Sophocles' themes.
The resolution of the play is harsh. This, of course, makes the play a tragedy but the extent of the pain Oedipus suffers is monumental. e can say he was headstrong and perhaps deserved something for his arrogance but the circumstances are so bizarre it is no wonder the man took out…
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Fagles, Robert, trans. New York: Penguin Books. 1984.
Jim Collins, this can be done with some restructuring and changing priorities. The breakthrough to becoming a great company does not happen over night in one big event, but instead after a company has built up enough forward momentum to make the leap. The following are some of the parameters that set "great" companies apart, according to Collins.
Good-to-Great leaders are unpretentious about their achievements and ascribe their successes to external rather than personal factors. However, they accept blame for failure. They are determined to accomplish whatever is needed despite the difficulty or degree of challenge. They set high standards for others, motivating them by demanding excellence and acting as a role model. Collins calls this level 5 leadership.
Good-to-Great leaders first and foremost hire the right leadership team, then develop the plan as a collaborative effort among these hand-picked individuals.
Good-to-Great companies do not cover up bad news, but…
I figured that in the lifelong journey of self-development brought about by leadership self-reflection is indeed essential and crucial. It is indeed important to be self-aware before pursuing leadership. It is essential that one fully knows his or her own values before leading others. One should not only be aware of his or her values; he or she should also understand these values and have a strong conviction in standing by these values. In the same way, it is also important to put a conscious effort in leading others.
One should treat leadership with utmost care and put high value to it. Leadership is not to be taken lightly for it is a heavy responsibility. I also believe that it is indeed easy to get carried away when we hold power. Being powerful and important are tempting. Abusing our power becomes easy when we are powerful and important to others.…
servant leadership has existed for a long time. It means a leader's main part is to serve others, particularly employees. However, this kind of leadership remains lacking in the business world, even in churches. With a few rare exceptions, like CEO William Pollard, who cleaned his spill of coffee from the floor, most leaders in the business world expect their employees to serve them. This leads to a feeling of inferiority and constant tension and stress in the workplace. While servant leadership remains as a concept and a behavior seen in some, it still remains a rare occurrence in today's modern world (Blanchard & Hodges, 2002).
Servant-leadership has existed for thousands of years. Lao-Tzu in 5th century BC about the term. "The highest type of ruler is one of whose existence the people are barely aware ... The Sage is self-effacing and scanty of words. When his task is accomplished…
Biddle, C. (2016). Individualism vs. Collectivism: Our Future, Our Choice - The Objective Standard. The Objective Standard. Retrieved 25 May 2016, from https://www.theobjectivestandard.com/issues/2012-spring/individualism-collectivism/
Blanchard, K. & Hodges, P. (2002). The servant leader. Nashville, Tenn.: J. Countryman.
Heskett, J. (2013). Why Isn't Servant Leadership More Prevalent? Forbes.com. Retrieved 25 May 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/hbsworkingknowledge/2013/05/01/why-isnt-servant-leadership-more-prevalent/#33bcd9ad4c36
Charlemagne, otherwise known as Charles the Great: Einhard's "The Emperor Charlemagne," Heinrich Fichtenau's "A New Portrait of the 'Emperor,'" and F.L. Ganshof's "A More Somber Light." The first two of these essays share in common their admiration for the Christian Emperor, whereas Ganshof's shows some of the weaknesses in Charles's reign. In fact, all three of these articles demonstrate how, after his death, the Frank Empire fell apart.
In Einhard's article "The Emperor Charlemagne," the ruler is described in a positive light. Charlemagne ruled for 47 years and during this time the kingdom's landholdings doubled. Charlemagne was also instrumental in conquering the barbaric Germanic tribes and most importantly, made Christianity the state religion.
Charlemagne was known as a magnanimous ruler who made alliances with many other major kingdoms such as Persia, Constantinople, and the Greeks. The king was viewed with respect and awe if not fear and was also known…
leader I am selecting is Howard Schultz from Starbucks. Schultz founded the company based on his vision based on the coffeeshops of Europe, which filled a social function as well as serving coffee. He sought to design a shop for Americans that would serve the same dual function. His original name was Il Giornale, but when he had the opportunity to buy Starbucks from its original owners, he did that and merged the two operations.
Schultz graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Communication from Northern Michigan University, and indeed Communication has long been one of his strengths. Schultz has consistently been able to communicate his vision of the company to all employees, not just his senior management team. This vision is his strength, and that can be seen in a couple of ways at Starbucks. The first is that the company has a consistent look and feel to its…
2011 Starbucks Annual Report. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-reportsannual
Business Week. (2012). Executive profile: Howard Schultz. Business Week. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=194300&ticker=SBUX:U.S .
Meyers, W. (2005). Conscience in a cup of coffee. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved June 19, 2012 from http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/051031/31schultz.htm
64). Additionally, the managers, in their course of work, they communicate with those whom they work. They talk in a formal manner, whereas, the leader presents a persuasion to the people. The leader persuades the people to make them see his perception point, and hence earn their trust. Additionally, in working with others, the manager focuses on directing the groups. The manager gives directives to the people. On the contrary, the leader creates a team, thus treats all as part of the action. In this way, the leader incorporates the views and feelings of all that work with him. Lastly, the manager has an aspect of trying to be the hero in the work place, whereas the leader makes heroes of the people around them.
There are a few similarities between an effective manager and an effective leader in their line of work. In the course of their duties,…
EIlers, H.-C. (2010). "Leaders lead and managers manage" Differences and Similarities. Mu-nchen, GRIN Verlag GmbH. http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:1-201009161608 .
Beerel, a.C. (2009). Leadership and change management. Los Angeles, SAGE.
Bertocci, D.I. (2009). Leadership in organizations there is a difference between leaders and managers. Lanham, Md, University Press of America. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=500777 .
Storey, J. (2003). Leadership in Organizations Current Issues and Key Trends. London, Routledge. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=182563 .
leader candidate leadership (past present) struggled due ineffective management. How / improved / management practices? Please specific practical problems leader faced.
Nokia is certainly one of the best known companies in the world and its past success has made it possible for hundreds of millions of fans to direct their attention toward the company. The company's CEO up until recently (Microsoft purchased Nokia on September 2, 2013), Stephen Elop, is largely responsible for a series of successes that the Nokia saw from 2010 on. However, the fact that he considered that the firm had what it took to compete with companies like Samsung and Apple made it difficult for Nokia to keep its place on the smartphone market. Elop did not realize that the mobile phone industry started to experience rapid progress and that he needed to urge his subordinates to come up with complex strategies in order to prevent…
Cartwright, T. & Baldwin, D. (2011). Communicating Your Vision. John Wiley & Sons.
"Nokia CEO admits failure to foresee fast-changing," Retrieved September 7, 2013, from the Inquirer Technology Website: http://technology.inquirer.net/12903/nokia-ceo-admits-failure-to-foresee-fast-changing-industry
Leader You: Self-Assessment / Johari Window the Johari Window emphasizes aware . Others things unwilling admit. One improve personal relationships increase . The (2) behaviors key improving personal professional relationships: •Openness Feedback -- recognize things aware accept information provide.
I see myself as an individual who is unhesitant about getting actively involved in activities that are innovative but that I consider beneficial for me and for the team as a whole. As a manager I've learnt that decision making is an essential step in assisting the community experience progress and I thus feel that it is always important for me to be prepared to make right decisions, regardless of the gravity of a situation. y being well-acquainted with strategies I can use in critical conditions I consider that I am better trained to deal with situations that others might interpret as having no solution whatsoever.
My life experiences shaped…
Philips, Jean M., Morris Gully, Stanley, "Organizational Behavior: Tools for Success," (Cengage Learning, 07.01.2011)
Robins, Stephen, "Self-assessment Library 3.4: Insights Into Your Skills, Interests and Abilities," (Pearson South Africa, 01.07.2008)
Nearly all of the attempts of Catholic Church to unite Orthodox Christians failed and what they achieved are religious hatred and distrust to Catholic Church.
Nowadays Catholicism has more than a billion followers all over the world. Their spiritual leader Pope John Paul II does a great work to make a dialogue between different confessions and does a lot to reconcile the representatives of different confessions. Bartholomew I, who is the Archbishop of Constantinople, is the leader of nearly 300 million Orthodox Christians (who mostly live in eastern and Southern Europe, Middle East and North Africa). More over Patriarch of Constantinople is simply "the first among equals" and does not have any supreme power over other patriarchs. John Paul II looks for the ways to keep the dialogue with Orthodox Church and looks for the ways for reconciliation, but Orthodox Church is not really enthusiastic in this process. ussian patriarch…
Ware, K. The Orthodox Church [2nd Edition]. London, Penguin Books, 1993.
Lameygh, E. CICM "The Laity in History" in East Asian Pastoral Review, Vol XXIII No.3 1986
Baldwin, M.W. Christianity Through the Thirteenth Century, New York: Harper & Row, 1970. p.182-183
Differences between Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Christian Churches, Article the Associated Press Saturday, May 8, 1999
"Perhaps all of this had nothing to do with the 1927 flood," he writes. "Or perhaps it did." How can he possibly question the facts presented in his own narrative? Clearly, the levies that are supposed to keep the Mississippi River out of New Orleans, and the river's busy port, which is supposed to be one of the most powerful economic engines for New Orleans, are not providing the sustaining support each is supposed to provide.
Barry mentions that because of Hoover's relationship with Moton (albeit Hoover used Moton to gain political support) Moton had access to the hite House, "...more than any black man other than a servant had ever had." So the flood made interesting political "bedfellows" because Barry goes on to assert that though Hoover gave Moton "repeated promises" of help and of land resettlement actions, Hoover did "little for blacks" in his administration. There is nothing…
Barry, John M. (1997). Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How it Changed
America. New York: Simon & Schuster.
John Mackey: hole Foods Leader
Leadership is often defined as having an inspirational function. "Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. A leader does not have to be someone who holds a formal position or title. They can emerge from a group and provide vision and motivation to those around them" (Schutte, Chapter 12, 2010: Slide 3). Leadership is said to be in stark contrast to management, which merely "deals with the complexity of the organization and works with planning, organizing, leading and controlling to bring about order and consistency in the organization. Even though the two roles have different areas of focus, both are necessary for organizational success" (Schutte, Chapter 12, 2010: Slide 3). Leadership defines the vision of the organization; management offers practical ways to embody that vision. Having charismatic and inspiring leadership is essential for an organization that 'breaks the mold'…
"About Whole Foods." Whole Foods. [6 Dec 2011]
Fishman, Charles. The anarchist's cookbook. Fast Company. 2004. [6 Dec 2011]
Charismatic vs. servant leadership
The career of General Colin Powell is by any measure an extraordinary one. Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State and a much-talked about candidate for the presidency in his own right. From the very beginning of his career, Powell eluded conventional definitions of what it means to be black in American politics and created a unique brand of charismatic leadership. Powell self-identified as a Republican but was unafraid to be an advocate for a different point-of-view when debates about the Iraq War raged within in the administration of George ush. Powell saw the involvement of the U.S. In Iraq as a flagrant contradiction of the principles he had learned while serving in Vietnam, which was to have a clear goal for an intervention; to use military force in a rapid fashion; and also to establish the support of the American people for…
Blanken, Rhea. "8 Common Leadership Styles." ASSOCIATIONS NOW, January 2013.
http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/ANowDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=241962 accessed 26 Aug 2013)
Butler, G. "Humane leadership." Marine Corps Gazette, 96(2012) 8, 21-25. Available:
obert Conquest's The Great Terror: A eassessment is a book that is an absolute 'must read' for anyone who is interested in the history of Communism, and more important, the issue of human rights. In fact, it can be said that the book is perhaps one of the most powerful arguments in favor of human liberty, rights and the democratic process of government. It is also of interest to note that Conquest's book contains the only really exhaustively researched, historical record of the reign of terror unleashed by Stalin's purges. Though Conquest wrote the original The Great Terror some twenty years ago, this version assumes higher importance given recent new evidence, which emerged during the glasnost period. And also because the new references help put to rest any doubt over the accuracy of the source material (Conquest, 1990, p.viii), or earlier speculation that Conquest derived his material from the…
Conquest, Robert. (1999, February). Liberals and totalitarianism. New Criterion, 17,4.
Conquest, Robert. (1990). The Great Terror: A Reassessment. New York: Oxford U.S..
Wikipedia. Robert Conquest. 4 Reference Web site. Retrieved Jan 19, 2004:
Hymn to Aten
In Ancient Egypt the king Akhenaten completely altered the lifestyles of all his subjects by demanding that they give their singular devotion to the sun god Aten. Before him, Egyptians had a different system of beliefs with many gods whereas Atenism held that Aten was the central god. Egypt had been a polytheistic society wherein each god had a specified set of abilities and limitations to their powers. Each person chose a god to whom they would dedicate themselves and to which they would give most of their devotion. The god was the choice of the individual, a choice which was no longer available when the pantheon of gods deteriorated to a single all-powerful deity. All Egyptian peoples were forced to embrace the new religion and with it forgo the traditions and customs of their ancestors. The changing religion was only one of the aspects of the…
"The Great Hymn to the Aten." The Western Humanities Vol. 1. Ed. Roy Matthews & DeWitt
Platt. McGraw Hill, 2010. Print.
Hayyat Malik, S. (2012). A Study of Relationship between Leader Behaviors and Subordinate Job Expectancies: A Path-Goal Approach. Pakistan Journal of Commerce & Social Sciences, 6(2), 357-371.
This study explores the relationship between leadership behavior and acceptance of a leader by subordinates. The underlying concept is path-goal theory, which is based on the idea that a leader's style can dictate organizational effectiveness, and that the style should be tailored to specific situations. There were n=200 managers in the study. They were not randomly selected, but rather were pulled from four telecom companies in Pakistan. The author found that leadership behavior does influence subordinate behavior. Another finding was that certain behaviors can be predictors of subordinate acceptance of a leader.
The study ties into leadership studies that seek to identify if there are traits or behaviors that can be used as predictors of effective leadership. The leaders in these organizations were…
Kramer, W. S., & Shuffler, M. L. (2014). Culture's consequences for leadership: The role of context in affecting leadership perceptions and performance. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 7(2), 199-203. doi:10.1111/iops.12132.
Saxena, S. (2014). Are transformational leaders creative and creative leaders transformational? An attempted synthesis through the Big Five Factor Model of Personality Lens. Aweshkar Research Journal, 18(2), 30-51.
Van Dierendonck, D., Stam, D., Boersma, P., De Windt, N., & Alkema, J. (2014). Same difference? Exploring the differential mechanisms linking servant leadership and transformational leadership to follower outcomes. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(3), 544-562. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.11.014.
Leader Effectiveness and Culture: The GLOBE Study
The Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness esearch Program (GLOBE) is a multi-phase, cross-cultural project that was carried out by investigators around the world to investigate inter-relationships between organizational culture, societal culture and organizational leadership (House et al. 2002). obert, J. House saw the need for cross cultural leadership theory as well as research and conceived the action point of a global research undertaking in 1991. The program formally began in 1993 with a team of 160 scholars who studied societal and organizational structure, and the attributes of effective leadership in 62 countries (Ahlstrom and Bruton, 2010). The researchers measured culture at different levels of industry organization and society and presented results in the form of qualitative and quantitative data sourced from responses of 17,000 managers from a number of entities (951 organizations to be specific), from the 62 societies. This text compares…
Ahlstrom, D. & Bruton, G.D. (2010). International Management: Strategy and Culture in the Emerging World. South-Western: Cengage learning
Alon, I. (Ed). (2003). Chinese Culture, Organizational Behavior, and International Business Management. Westport: Praeger Publishers
House R.J. And Hanges P.J., Javidan M., Dorfman P.W., Gupta V. (2004). Culture, Leadership, and Organizations. The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
House R.J. And Hanges P.J., Javidan M., Dorfman P.W., Gupta V. (2002). Understanding Cultures and Implicit Leadership Theories Across the Globe: An Introduction to Project Globe. The Journal of World Business (37) Retrieved 13 January 2015 from http://www.iucedu.eu/group/sem1_L3/2013%20CCAINT/reading/Understanding%20cultures%20House%20Javidan.pdf
Great Depression and the New Deal
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was caused by the stock market crash of 1929. The 1920s had been a roaring good time for Americans: credit was easy and investments were going up. In the 1920s, it was known as the Installment Plan -- and "enjoy while you pay" was a popular expression used to lure buyers into the market who could not otherwise afford to be consumers. Credit was used for everything -- including stock. However, when credit expands in the form of shoddy loans, a credit bubble is created. The bubble, in this case, popped in 1929 when the market realized no more credit was going to be pumped in as a result of too many loans to undeserving customers were being made (i.e., customers who could not pay them back). With the market correction came the margin calls and accounts had…
Brinkley, Alan. Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and The Great
Depression. NY: Vintage, 1983.
Butler, Smedley. War is a Racket. LA: Feral House, 2003.
Jeansonne, Glen. Transformation and Reaction America 1921-1945. IL: Waveland
King might be one of the only persons in history with the rhetoric powerful enough to chip away at Hitler's cold heart, to find out why Hitler believed what he did and just possibly persuade him to think differently. Even if King could not get through to Hitler, it would be a fascinating conversation. The only direct question I might ask to Hitler might be about his interest in the occult. I have heard rumors that his dabbling in the occult led to his distorted ideas about the Aryan race.
Over dessert, I would try to find some common ground between the four of us. That common ground, if anything, would be a defining feature of human nature. Dr. King helped awaken America to the reality of racism. President Roosevelt introduced New Deal legislation that left a long legacy of social services in America. Hitler left a trail of blood,…
Firstly, in Piagetian manner, the subject is confronted with a moral dilemma, that is, a short story in which two or more moral principles oppose each other. He or she is asked to make a choice. Secondly, the interviewer uses intensive probing, that is, why-questions, and questions which stimulate the respondent to consider varying situational contexts. Thirdly, stage scoring of interview is based on well conceived and meaningful measurement units.Through the confrontation with moral dilemmas, the subject is stimulated to consider moral norms rather than merely technical knowledge of solving a problem (most people suggest a technical solution first, which seems an appropriate strategy in most every-day decision making).(Kolhberg)
There are six levels of leaders, according to the combined works of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohberg, and obert Kegan. esearch shows the majority of leaders are level four leaders or level five leaders. Level four leader 'Achiever' is categorized as…
Cherry, Kendra.(2012)About.com guide. Kohlbergs Therory of Moral
Development.Retrieved from website:
Defining an Ethical Leader
Jeffrey Immelt, General Electric
The nature of leadership is multifaceted and often requires the continual mastery of new skills, insights, intelligence and perspectives to stay effective over the long-term. Such is the nature of ethical leadership, which requires a steadfast focus on a core set of ethical principles and values that guide a leader's judgment, ensuring consistency over the long-term. These are also the fundamental aspects of any leader's long-term credibility as well, and their ability to transform their enterprises over the long-term as well (John, 2005). Ethical leaders often resonate with credibility and the willingness to also change quickly in response to the needs of their organizations, employees, stakeholders and customers.
The purpose of this analysis is to define what an ethical leader is, how managers can progress to being more ethical in their leadership style, and how Jeff Immelt, CEO of general Electric,…
Crainer, S. (2009). From Edison to Immelt: The GE Way. Business Strategy Review, 20(3), 18-22.
Gonzalez, T.F., & Guillen, M. (2002). Leadership ethical dimension: A requirement in TQM implementation. The TQM Magazine, 14(3), 150-164.
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Their leadership role deals with service to their clients, hence, they are their leadership role are similar in a way. However, they differ in that; Florence has the attribute of being autocratic, whereas Clinton is persuasive. Florence showed aspects of commanding whereas Clinton worked by means of winning the trust of others to support his initiative. Secondly, it is notable that nightingale is a nurse while Clinton is a politician. Additionally, they lived in different times, hence the level of development explains their difference in the way they approached issues. They both are holistic; however, Clinton is more open-minded as compared to Nightingale.
Self-analysis of myself as a leader
As a leader, a person works with a group. Therefore, the leadership skills that a person exercises should focus on establishing effective working relations and the environment. A quality leader has multidimensional traits, making him or her appealing and effective in…
Parakala, K. (2012). Leadership - the Clinton style. Retrieved from http://www.itsmyascent.com/web/itsmyascent/career-advice/ -
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Leaders come in many different types and flavors with the visionary leaders being the most prominent and cited much of the time. Names that come to mind are Oprah Winfrey, Steve Jobs and Warren Buffett. This report will cover the topic of visionary leadership in general as well as a focus on one leader in particular, that being Bill Gates of Microsoft fame, and how he himself signified and exemplified visionary leadership (USA Today, 2013). The author of this report is asked to what makes Bill Gates a visionary with some specific examples. The author is also asked to clarify and explain what a visionary leader brings to the workplace they operate in. The author is asked whether a visionary leader is needed in every workplace with a clarification of why or why not. Finally, the business conditions that call for visionary leadership are also asked for.
Macke, J. (2013, February 14). Best Buy Is Losing Its Best Chance of Survival: Jeff Macke | Daily Ticker - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/best-buy-losing-best-chance-survival-jeff-macke-181740101.html
Microsoft. (2013, May 31). Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.microsoft.com
USAToday. (2007, September 3). Most influential people - USATODAY.com. USA TODAY: Latest World and U.S. News - USATODAY.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.usatoday.com/news/top25-influential.htm
Politicians and politics are terms that usually elicit fascination in nearly every conversation and discussion. Actually, it seems like people have some fascination with evaluation of political leaders resulting in the fact that biographies of current political figures become best sellers. In addition, the tragedies and triumphs of political leaders attract huge public attention as they become newspaper headlines. One of the major reasons for the increased fascination is because of curiosity about the personal characteristics, individual preferences, decision making processes, and the beliefs and work of these leaders. However, most of the analysis and learning about the personalities and leadership styles of these leaders is always carried out in a cursory manner. People have been forced to rely on analysis of what political leaders say as a means of learning their individual characteristics and leadership styles (Hermann, 2002). Nonetheless, it's still important to examine and understand the…
Hermann, M.G. (2002, November 13). Assessing Leadership Style: A Trait Analysis. Retrieved November 28, 2013, from http://socialscience.net/docs/lta.pdf
Mascuilli, J., Molchanov, M.A. & Knight, W.A. (n.d.). Political Leadership in Context.
Retrieved November 28, 2013, from http://www.ashgate.com/pdf/SamplePages/Ashgate_Research_Companion_to_Political_Leadership_Intro.pdf
McKeown, L. (2012, October 23). 3 Lousy Leadership Traits from the Campaign Trail.