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Cleansing the Baseball Hall of Fame would do nothing but create an empty building in Cooperstown. The Baseball Hall of Fame categorically cannot ban steroids or any other drugs because a substantial number, possibly even the majority, of the men featured in Cooperstown used some kind of drug. As Chafets points out, "the greatest stars anyone has ever seen" were on the juice, and their names are in the Hall of Fame. Suddenly decrying the entry of people like Barry Bonds and Roger Clemens is hypocritical, and sends the wrong message. If the whole goal of the anti-doping movement is to set the right example to young people, then the Baseball Hall of Fame should start by setting an example of honesty. The Baseball Hall of Fame should allow steroids, and should even consider an exhibit on the use of drugs in baseball in order to have a more open…
Chafets, Zev. "Let Steroids Into the Hall of Fame." The New York Times. 19 June, 2009. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com /2009/06/20/opinion/20chafets.html
Nightengale, Bob. "Mike Piazza's deserved Hall of Fame election could pave way for Bonds, Clemens." USA Today. 5 Jan, 2016. Retrieved online: http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/columnist/bob-nightengale/2016/01/04/mike-piazza-hall-of-fame-steroids-barry-bonds-roger-clemens/78273548/
The National Wrestling Hall of Fame is located in Stillwater, OK. The objective of this marketing plan is to double attendance and revenues this year. The plan recognizes that this is a major challenge, but with the right marketing strategy, these objectives can be achieved. The tactics will focus on three areas -- promotions, product and special events. With respect to promotions, we want to encourage visitors who are in Oklahoma City or Tulsa to make the trip to Stillwater, so promotions will focus on making the town itself more attractive to visitors. The product will be tweaked, in particular to provide a more interactive experience. In addition, special events will be added, to draw more people to the hall.
Our offering is differentiated in that we are the only major sports hall of fame in Oklahoma, and in Stillwater. This means that for visitors to the region, we…
National Wrestling Hall of Fame, website. (2012). Retrieved April 30, 2012 from http://nwhof.org/
NetMBA. (2010). Pricing strategy NetMBA.com. Retrieved April 30, 2012 from http://www.netmba.com/marketing/pricing/
No author. (2010). Hierarchy of effects model. Dryden Retrieved April 30, 2012 from http://drypen.in/advertising/hierarchy-of-effects-model.html
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Four Contemporary Artists hat Will Likely Be Successful in the Future
It is difficult to determine which artists will continue to have an impact on society and release music that appeals to audiences aesthetically and financially. Moreover, continuously changing tastes require that a recording artist create music that will stand the test of time and continue to appeal to audiences. Given the changing world of the recording industry -- one where artist development is no longer a priority -- it is important for an artist to know who they are and what they represent before they are even introduced to the public. Regardless on the number of albums that are released by an artist or group, induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is contingent on said artist making a contribution that changes or enhances music as an art form. ake the…
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame nominees come from four distinct categories including performers, non-performers, early influences, and side men. For the purposes of this evaluation in which four current and new artists will be analyzed, emphasis will be placed on artists and/or groups that may potentially be nominated in the "performers" category in the future. In order for an artist or group to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, they must have released their first album within the past 25 years, with an evaluation made on the "influence and significance of the artists' contributions to the development and perpetuation of rock and roll" (Induction Process, n.d.).
One of the most popular new artists currently in the spotlight is Canadian artist, Justin Bieber. Bieber's debut album, My World, was released in November 2009 and was certified platinum in the U.S. two months later. Moreover, Bieber was able to promote himself and his music before the release of his debut album and was the first solo artist in Billboard history to have four singles among the top 40 before his album was even released. Bieber was also able to turn his current success into box office gold through the release of the documentary/concert film, Justin Bieber: Never Say Never, which not only further promoted him as an artist, but also demonstrated the appeal of Bieber beyond the scope of the musical realm (Justin Bieber: Never Say Never, 2010).
Moving across the border to the U.S., it can be argued that Lady Gaga has also had an impact on music and society. Lady Gaga, nee Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, released her first studio album, The Fame, in August 2008. Like Bieber, Lady Gaga has had a great appeal success in the realm of popular music. While her debut album was full of synthpop influenced hits such as "Just Dance" and "Poker Face," Lady Gaga's subsequent albums have advocated equality and acceptance in society, especially when it comes to current social issues such as bullying and issues affecting the LGBT community. Moreover, Lady Gaga is able to express her artistic vision beyond the realm of music and become a fashion icon through the wild ensembles that she puts together. It is likely that in the future, the controversies that arise from Lady Gaga's music, artistic expression, and
Mozart: Composer for the Ages
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg. His full name as recorded on his Baptismal certificate is (in Latin) Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilis Amadeus Mozart. Though seven children were born in the family only Wolfgang and his elder sister survived infancy. Both were instructed in the ways of music by their father. Wolfgang showed early signs of being a prodigy.
His father Leopold was a music teacher and composer and passed on his love of music to his son, encouraging both of his children to perform. Mozart surprised his father at an early age by drafting his own composition, without encouragement (Deutsch, 1965).
Leopold took the children on extensive tours of Europe, having them perform in the Bavarian, Vienna, and Prague Courts. The duo was the equivalent of today's child-stars. Their touring led Mozart to meet important musicians like J.C. Bach. In ome,…
Cairns, D. (2006). Mozart and His Operas. Los Angeles, CA: University of California
Deutsch, O.E. (1965). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. CA: Stanford University
Furthermore, EISA issues aside, according to Linda Sanchez (D-California), "It concerns me when those who work hazardous jobs don't get the care they deserve, whether a coal miner, tire factory worker or football player... " referring to the questionnaire distributed to the NFLPA requesting medical data pertaining to their retirees, she said, "I look forward to timely responses to our questions so we can determine what steps might be necessary that those who made football great aren't neglected."13
Professional football is, by all accounts, a violent sport whose participants frequently suffer significant physical injuries on the playing field. Because of the nature, frequency, and intensity of the collisions inherent to the game, especially at the professional level, the effects of football injuries often persist long after retirement. Most insidious are the cumulative effects of repeated cerebral concussions, only recently identified as a specific injury…
Associated Press. 10/24/07 NFL Adds $10 Million to Medical Fund, Latest Step in Dispute Concerning Retirees and Pensions. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from CBSonline at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/10/24/ap/sportsline/main3404035.shtml?source=search_story
Associated Press. 5/31/07-35 NFL Players Qualify for Dementia-Alzheimer's Assistance Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from FoxNews Web site, at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,276617,00.html
Carpenter, L. 10/13/07 Congress Presses NFL, Union on Benefits. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from WashingtonPost.com at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/12/AR2007101202059.html
Conrad, M. (1999) Sportslaw History: The John Mackey case. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, at http://www.sportslawnews.com/archive/history/HT8.html
Hank Aaron is a household name in baseball, one of the most important and influential players in any sport. The reasons for Hank Aaron's success go far beyond his athletic abilities and talents as a player -- for which he is obviously renowned -- but to his sportsmanship, his civil rights activism, and for his overall character. Aaron contributed tremendously to the sport of baseball by injecting his values and ideals into the game.
Born Henry Louis Allen, Hank was born in Mobile, Alabama in what has widely been described as a "humble" and economically underprivileged circumstances ("Hank Aaron," n.d.). Segregation and overt, politically and socially sanctioned racism was a part of life in the America that Hank knew. Hank admitted he was bitten by the baseball bug at a young age, and was already "showing prowess" when he was just four years old (Vascellaro 2). Clearly a child prodigy…
Rihanna is certainly a controversial individual and she appears to be well-acquainted with what sells in the present. While Lady Gaga is certainly interesting, it seems that she is taking things too far and that her artistic style goes beyond music and into other spheres of influence. In contrast, Rihanna actually focuses on music in addition to selling an image involving sex, violence, rebellion, and glamour. She practically appears to be the embodiment of the early twenty-first century, taking into account that this time period has been all about return of retro attitudes while embracing open minded and even exaggerated thinking.
One needs to keep in mind that it would be wrong to compare artists that are likely to enter the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, as they have each come up with a unique style and have provided society with a series of characteristics that no one else…
Author's note with contact information and more details on collegiate affiliation, etc.
This report is my own work. Any assistance I received in its preparation is acknowledged within, in accordance with academic practice. For any material, from whatever source, quoted or not, I have cited sources fully and completely and provided footnotes and bibliographical entries. The report was prepared by me for this class, has not been submitted in whole or significant part to any other class at UMUC or elsewhere, and is not to be used for any other purpose except that I may submit this material to a professional publication, journal, or professional conference. In adding my name to the following word "Signature," I intend that this certification will have the same authority and authenticity as a document executed with my hand-written signature.
Snort was created by Martin oesch in 1998. Sourcefire, Inc. is the company…
Cox, K.J., & Gerg, C. (2004) Managing Security with Snort and IDS Tools. O'Reilly Media, Inc., Sebastopol, CA.
Murauer, C. (2011) Building Snort for Mac OS X Lion 10.7. Available from http://www.snort.org/ assets/188/Building_Snort_for_Mac_OS_X.pdf' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Pete Rose. Discussed are his career and the different perceptions of him. Six sources used. MLA.
Few names in baseball stir as much controversy and create as much passion as the name Pete Rose. His career is unarguably outstanding. However, the verdict still seems to be out regarding his ethics. The fact that he bet on games really isn't the issue, most people believe and accept that he did. The fact that he was banned for life from baseball, although most people feel it was far too harsh a punishment for his crime, isn't the issue. hat is the issue is his place in baseball history, namely the Baseball Hall of Fame. For the past decade, his banishment from this honorary induction has sparked debates among fans, sports writers, the baseball commission, and the general public. Always cocky and often self-promoting, Pete Rose is indeed a legend in…
Blum, Ronald. "Rose Gets Biggest Cheers Again." AP Online. October 24, 2002. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=AP_Online&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.ap.org&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=5~9~5~1~0~0&dinst=0~0~0&author=RONALD+BLUM%2C+AP+Sports+Writer&title=Rose+Gets+Biggest+Cheers+Again++&date=10%2D24%2D2002&query=pete+rose&maxdoc=90&idx=2.(accessed 11-13-2002).
Deford, Frank. "Smelling like a Rose." Sport's Illustrated. August 5, 2002. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/si_online/scorecard/news/2002/07/30/sc / accessed 11-13-2002).
Giamatti, A. Barlett "Statement August 24, 1989." Dowd Report.Com. http://dowdreport.com .(accessed 11-13-2002).
Ivy, Darren. "Pete Rose: A self-made legend." University Wire. August 12, 1999. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=University_Wire&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.uwire.com&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Darren+Ivy&title=Pete+Rose%3A+A+self%2Dmade+legend++&date=08%2D12%2D1999&query=pete+rose&maxdoc=90&idx=56 accessed 11-13-2002).
"An all-Negro show, headed by the rejuvenated Ink Spots, has everything it takes to be a top entertainment piece. The Spots, making their periodic visit here, were never better. Ella Fitzgerald takes second billing to the Ink Spots, but more than holds up her end with I've got hythm, Do Nothing' Till You Hear From Me ....Ink Spots come on with Shoo-Shoo Baby ["Cow-Cow Boogie"?] followed by Lovely Way to Spend An Evening and Don't Sweetheart Me ... Encore with My Heart Tells Me and beg off to thunderous hand with the inevitable If I Didn't Care" (Billboard Magazine, 2/6/44, courtesy More Than Words Can Say: The Ink Spots and Their Music, Goldberg, 1998).
Were the Ink Spots really the "heavyweight champions of quartet singing"? If you believe soul singer Jerry Butler -- founding member of the Impressions who was quoted in the ock & oll Hall of…
Du Noyer, Paul. The Billboard Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. New York: Billboard
Goldberg, Marv. More Than Words Can Say: The Ink Spots and Their Music. Lanham,
MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1998.
His coaching resume includes serving as head coach of the orld Team in 1977, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1994, and 1999, according to www.cstv.com. It also includes the fact that he was the head coach of the Goodwill Games' wrestling team in 1981; his team won the Bronze medal. He retired from coaching in 1997, ESPN writes, because after a dozen knee and back surgeries, he was no longer physically able to get down on the mat in order to "…demonstrate holds and escapes" (ESPN).
In Gable's book, Coaching restling Successfully, he covers many issues that of course revolve around wrestling, but he also delves into subjects that coaches may need to know no matter what sport they are coaching. For example, the skill of communicating is important for a coach, so he recommends starting "in small groups" that a person feels comfortable with. Once a coach's confidence is built up,…
CBS College Sports. "Dan Gable." Retrieved February 20, 2012, from http://www.cstv.com .
Gable, Dan. Coaching Wrestling Successfully. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1999.
Iowa Wrestling Hall of Fame. "Dan Gable, 1977 Iowa Wrestling Hall of Fame Inductee."
Retrieved February 20, 2012, from http://www.iowawrestlinghalloffame.com/inductees/dan-gable.html .
hen Johnson defeated Jeffries, however, it unleashed white violence against blacks nationwide. "In ashington, D.C., the ashington Bee reported, 'hite ruffians showed their teeth and attacked almost every colored person they saw upon the public streets'."
Similar events occurred in New York City and tiny towns in the deep South. By the time Jackie Robinson left the Negro Leagues, the backlash was not nearly so pronounced. Arguably, the Negro Leagues kept violence at bay, while producing athletes of exceptional quality without risking Jim Crow law violence.
That, of course, is shining a favorable light on a tradition that is not worthy of accolade, and that arguably prevented numerous black ballplayers from receiving a fraction of their worth.
Today, few people understand the sociological factors that prevented black and white baseball players from competition with each other, as opponents or as members of racially mixed teams. They therefore know even…
Ayers, Edward L. 1993. The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press. Place of Publication: New York.
Bennett, Lerone, Jr. 1994. "Jack Johnson and the great white hope: historic boxer. Ebony, April. Available from www.findarticles.com. Accessed 7 February 2005.
Big Labor Day Celebration," (original document) Norfolk Journal and Guide, 8 September, 1917; available at http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5054/ . Accessed 7 February 2005.
Bill 'Bojangles' Robinson." 2004. International Tap Association, 13 December. Available from. http://www.tapdance.org/tap/people/bojangle.htm . Accessed 9 February 2005.
This was the break that got Barry in movie music, and clearly this was a perfect genre for the talented musician and songwriter.
Barry was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1998 and another honor he received was to be named "Officer of the Order of the British Empire" in 1999 (Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television, 2011).
If anyone wants proof of the genius of John Barry, all one needs to do is "…close your eyes and think of the film 'Born Free'. The first thing that comes back to you is the music," according to Don Black, who was Barry's lyricist "…for many of the past 50 years" (Mail Online). "He was passionate about his work" and he "had a way of connecting emotionally with a story," Black explained.
In 2000, Barry told the New York Times, "I like to score the inner feelings of a character…
Works Cited / Bibliography
Billboard "Brit Film Composer John Barry Collecting Honors." Retrieved April 22, 2013, from http://www.billboard.com .
Biography in Context. "Barry's sexy theme gave 007 swing: composer's dangerous, dark vibe still guides the latest Bond scores." Retrieved April 22, 2013, from www.galegroup.com.
Black, Don. "Bond viveur: 007 composer John Barry's huge appetite for love, lunches and glorious music." Mail Online. Retrieved April 22, 2013, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk .
Biographical Introduction: Teo Macero
Producers work behind the scenes and are the unsung heroes of music. While some producers receive public notoriety like Brian Eno and George Martin; others like Teo Macero remain known mainly to music scholars and serious audiophiles. In 2008, when Macero died, The New York Times ran an obituary with the tagline: "Teo Macero, 82, ecord Producer," as if readers would need that crucial bit of vocational data. Indeed, Macero is best known for his work on Miles Davis's masterpieces Kind of Blue and Bitches Brew. He was also a composer, whose approach to music takes into account the big picture rather than attention to minute detail.
Macero was ahead of his time. He incorporated electronic effects and electronic media in ways that made Bitches Brew as momentous and groundbreaking an album as it is. The embrace of new technology is therefore a hallmark…
"George Martin," (n.d.). Beatles Bible. Retrieved online: http://www.beatlesbible.com/people/george-martin/
Martin, G. (2012). Interview with Marc Myers. Retrieved online: http://www.jazzwax.com/2012/09/interview-sir-george-martin-pt-1.html
Ratliff, B. (2008). Teo Macero, 82, Record Producer, Dies. The New York Times. 22 Feb, 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com /2008/02/22/arts/music/22macero.html
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (2010). George Martin Biography. Retrieved online: http://rockhall.com/inductees/george-martin/bio/
" However, osch's writings were by no means one-dimensional, for he addressed many universal aspects of life. Indeed, osch's versatility as a writer is reflected in his ability to write works of fantasy, political thought, biographies, history, social realism, and cultural commentaries. He also published several poems and short stories in Cuban and Dominican newspapers and magazines, and worked for a period of time as literary editor for the influential newspaper, Listin Diario.
The fact that Juan osch was, first and foremost, a humanist who was interested in all aspects of human interest and welfare is clearly reflected in his writings. for, osch did not merely dwell on the miserable plight of the rural poor, but also reflected on the materialism and hypocrisy of the upper classes. For instance, in La bella alma de don Damian (the eautiful Soul of Don Damian), osch depicts Don Damian's soul examining itself with…
Alexander, R.J. Presidents of Central America, Mexico, Cuba, and Hispaniola:
Conversations and Correspondence. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995.
Cambeira, a. Quisqueya La Bella: The Dominican Republic in Historical and Cultural
Perspective. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1997.
Bob Hayes -- Sports Hero
One of my all-time inspirational heroes is Bob Hayes, known as the only athlete to win a gold medal in the Olympics and also a Super Bowl ring. Hayes as a young man with a great deal of athletic talent grew up in a segregated community in Jacksonville, Florida, but he went on to dazzle the world with his accomplishments. This paper details that rise to fame.
Bob Hayes struggled from childhood on to become what he knew he could become, and his career should serve as a positive role model for any young man caught in a socioeconomically underserved neighborhood with odds against him because of the color of his skin and because of racial stereotyping.
Bob Hayes' Life and Times
Hayes was born to Mary (Green) Hayes and George Sanders on the 20th day of December, 1942 in a ghetto on the east…
Gale Biography in Context. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context,
Web. (2013): pp. 1-2.
Pro-Football Hall of Fame. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from http://www.profootballhof.com
Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. "Bob Hayes." Retrieved July 29, 2013, from Biography in Context (2013): pp. 1-3.
Soon thereafter, she started working with CNN channel in handling their Washington bureau. For the forthcoming seven years, Couric was engaged with CNN bureaus across the nation as a producer and also as an on-air reporter. She returned to Washington in 1987 taking up job as a reporter at an NBC affiliate station. She rose from her ranks to hold the number two position as a reporter at the Pentagon for the Washington bureau of the NBC news. ("Katie Couric Biography," n. d.)
For the next three years she was in charge of covering the U.S. invasion of the Panama as also Persian Gulf War in her Pentagon position as also as a new post at the NBC's morning newspaper, Today. In the early part of 1991, she discharged her role as a co-anchor of Today. Her immense popularity with the viewers was because of her pleasant and charming demeanor…
Banting, Erninn. (2007) "Katie Couric"
Weigl Publishers Inc.
Clarke, Kristin. (2002) "First Among Equals: Barbara Walters on Leadership" Executive
Update, Retrieved 21 March, 2009 at http://www.asaecenter.org/PublicationsResources/articledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=13267
Although a gifted and musician and a good and generous human being, by the end of his life, Elvis had fallen into a state of decadence, drunkenness, drug abuse, and physical deterioration (Simon 1995). He had become bitterly disappointed with his life, and almost a desolate person, for celebrity had basically chewed up his creativity (Simon 1995). Guralnick writes that there were "fewer and fewer opportunities to withdraw from the spotlight, and with the ability to withdraw from the spotlight," he simply became consumed by it (Simon 1995). Ironically, his manager Colonel Tom Parker understood that one of the key elements of success is limited exposure of the artist to the public, otherwise, the public will consume the artist. However, Guralnick notes, "I think that it didn't work for Elvis because his creative outlet were not maintained at the same time...but some one like Bob Dylan, for instance, sought to…
All About Elvis. (2006). Retrieved November 06, 2006 at http://www.elvis.com/elvisology/bio/elvis_overview.asp
Doss, Erika. (2002 June 22). Believing in Elvis: popular piety in a material culture.
Business Perspectives. Retrieved November 06, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
O'Meara, Kelly Patricia. (2002 August 05). The crown still fits: nearly a quarter after the untimely death of the King of Rock 'n' Roll, Elvis Presley still haunts Americans - including the new generation -- seeking roots in a genuine American culture.
Again, this is a feature which I found differed significantly in my own experiences. Herein, our coach was frequently moved to considerable frustration and anger by individual losses and would even subject the team to lengthy critical tirades where specific players were singled out for mistakes. These post-game diatribes were often framed by the assessment that our poor performances on any given day might cause a whole's season's work to slip away. This assessment denotes a coach who defined his goals strictly based on tangible success as opposed to such markers as player improvements.
Process v. Results:
The distinction noted above speaks to another difference between successful and effective coaching, with the latter tending to emphasize process and the former, results. This means that successful coaching will gauge its satisfaction based on such results as victories, winning records and late round victories. Effective coaching, by contrast, will gauge this same…
AAP. (2012). Essendon's James Hird plays down Kevin Sheedy showdown. The Australian.
Ashton-Lawson, H. (2010). James Hird's Words to Motivate Bombers: Jobe Watson. Herald Sun.
Clark, J. (2012). Essendon coach James Hird backs mid-year draft. Herald Sun.
Estrop, C.V. (2012). Essendon Coach James Hird Welcomes Test Against Sydney Swans. Couriermail.com.
The article remarks with respect to asphalt that "a baseball will get ruined on a surface like this: it's too dense and hard for asphalt or brick, and the canvas-like surface of the ball will get chewed up. Not to mention other problems: in densely populated areas, there are a lot houses near school yards with glass windows, and we all know what happens when a baseball hits a glass window. To sum it up: while baseball is a romantically American game, and was without question our most popular pastime for about 50 years, you can't play it in the city." (Beccary, 1) Foregoing this blanket statement -- given the evolution of inner-city athletic youth programs in recent decades -- the point of Beccary's remarks remains useful. Namely, the unique game that was stickball would come to fruition in response to the desire to play baseball and the absence of…
Beccary, G. (2007). A Complete History of Stickball. Greg's Words of Wisdom. Online at http://gregswords.wordpress.com/2007/04/07/a-complete-history-of-stickball/
Curry, J. (1989). Beyond Nostalgia: Reviving a Tough Game of Stickball. The New York Times. Online at http://www.nytimes.com /1989/07/09/nyregion/beyond-nostalgia-reviving-a-tough-game-of-stickball.html
Devlin, B. (2009). Making a Phillies Fan: Always Imagining You Were a Phillie. The New York Times. Online at http://bats.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/10/30/making-a-phillies-fan-always-imagining-you-were-a-phillie/
Greene, M. (2004). Stickball Hall of Fame. Streetplay. Online at http://www.streetplay.com/stickball/halloffame/
It became apparent that Edison's invention (electric lamp) led to the creation of another invention (electric generator), illustrating the rapid progress of technological development because of Edison's goal to make maximum use of electricity to make people's domestic lives easier and more improved.
It was also known that Edison dabbled in inventions that helped bring about the motion picture. His previous endeavors on telephone and telegraph innovations allowed him to extend his expertise to developing the motion picture, via the lack Maria laboratory. Using his technical knowledge about lighting and lighting systems, Edison developed the "Kinetoscope" in 1892, which entertained people by letting them view captured continuous images of people 'recorded' conducting their daily activities (the Edison Papers, 2005). This viewing device had once again added to the scientist's numerous contributions in the field of technology and development. With the invention of the Kinetoscope, people were not only entertained, but…
The Edison Papers." Rutgers University web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://edison.rutgers.edu/pictures.htm .
Edison's Miracle of Light." (2000). PBS Online/WGBH web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/edison/timeline/index.html .
Inventor profile: Thomas a. Edison." (2002). National Inventors Hall of Fame web site. Accessed last March 7, 2005. Available at http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/50.html .
The Bees were a British and Australian band that was originally a pop singer-songwriter combinations and then reborn as funk and disco (Bee pp). The brothers Gibb were born in the Isle of Man during the 1940's and consisted of lead vocalist Barry, and twins, co-lead vocalist Robin and keyboardist-guitarist Maurice (Bee pp). The Bee Gees have found their way into every corner of popular music around the world (Taylor pp.)
The Gibb family moved to Brisbane, Australia in 1958 where the Brothers Gibb began performing at local clubs and eventually made their way to a local television show (Bee pp). It was their father taught them how to work an audience once he realized how good they were and threw his support behind them (How 1977). In the beginning, they performed under several names, including the Blue Cats and the Rattlesnakes, however, in 1962, they signed their…
"How Can You Mend a Broken Group." The Rolling Stone. July 14, 1977.
"The Bee Gees." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bee_Gees
Taylor, Chuck. "The Bee Gees: Four Decades of Success." Billboard. March 2001;pp.
Larkin, Colin. Encyclopedia of Popular Music; pp 449.
American football is a professional sport that was derived from the game of Rugby by Walter Camp in 1879 (ellis). Walter played football at Yale University where he attended college. He was involved in developing the football rules as we know them today. The rules of football were taken from the sports of Rugby and Soccer. Football has grown into a sport that is widely viewed and attended in the American society. Today, people go to football games at middle schools, high schools, and college stadiums. The college games have become professional games that are attended and viewed through media by millions of fans across the American nation.
The rules that were adopted and changed included; one side, or team, retained the undisputed possession of the ball until that side gives up the ball as a result of violations. The line of scrimmage was also created. The number of…
Bellis, M. (n.d.). History of Football. Retrieved from About.com Inventors: http://inventors.about.com/fstartinventions/a/HistoryFootball.htm
Ormeland, B. (2012, July 10). NFL Dynasties and Hall of Famers. Retrieved from Sports Central: http://www.sports-central.org/sports/2012/07/10/nfl_dynasties_and_hall_of_famers.php
Sandra Day was born on March 26, 1930 in El Paso, Texas to Harry and Ada Mae, owners of the Lazy--Cattle ranch in Southeastern Arizona, where Sandra grew up (United States Supreme Court 2003) as an only child until she was eight. In those early years, her family lived in isolation and with strained resources. The ranch did not have electricity and running water until she was seven years old and their nearest neighbors lived 25 miles away. Her loneliness forced her to make friends with the ranch's cowboys and pets. She read vigorously, learned to drive at seven, could fire rifles and rode horses well. ecause the hardiness of the ranch prevented her from attaining a formal education, her parents sent Sandra to her maternal grandmother in El Paso (U.S. Supreme Court). Her grandmother was Mamie Scott Wilkey.
She went to the Radford School for girls from…
Cook, Beverley, rev. 1997. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor: Strategist on the Supreme Court. By Nancy Maveety. Landham, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers. Vol 7 # 4 pp 142-145. http://www.unt.edu/lpbr/subpages/reviews/maveety.htm
Gearan, Anne. 2003. Supreme Court's Day: Gay Rights Cases Up. Monterey County: Associated Press Wire
O'Connor Urges Law Grads to Volunteer
Hedding, Judy. 2004. A Brief Biography of Supreme Court Justice Sandra O'Connor. About, Inc. http://phoenix.aboutcom/cs/famous/a/oconnor.htm
ridge Design and Engineering
ridges are an integral but often overlooked part of today's commuting society. Most drivers feel completely secure and grounded when on any well-designed bridge, even though they may in fact be hundreds of feet in the air above a large gap or body of water. ridges are not only functional for travel, but may be the key to growth and survival of many areas that would otherwise remain in isolation. ridges also have a way of becoming important historical and artistic landmarks, and many bridges receive engineering and even artistic awards. Many cities like San Francisco, for example, are as recognizable by the their bridges as by any other city landmark. There are many different kinds of bridges used today. Three of the more common and interesting types of bridge in common usage today is the suspension bridge, the cable stayed bridge, and the reinforced concrete…
Cable Stayed Bridge." Super Bridge. NOVA. 1997. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bridge/meetcable.html
Caprani, Colin. "Cable Stay Bridge History." Cable Stay Bridges. Thesis. http://www.clubi.ie/ccaprani/thesis/
Christien, et al. "Suspension Bridge." Wikipedia. 2003-2004. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspension_bridge
Concrete Arch Bridges."
Vebell was interested in art from a very early age and he attended the Harrison Art School at the age of 14 where he excelled at life drawings. When he graduated from high school, Vebell won three art scholarships and he attended all three schools -- moving from each throughout the day. He launched his professional illustration career in a busy Chicago agency and then enlisted in World War II. It was not long after this that he was recruited to create images for the Stars and Stripes, a military publication that had also featured Norman ockwell's drawings during World War I. In 1945, he participated in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial as a courtroom artists, capturing the likenesses of Goering, Hess, Speer, and ibbentrop (now in the collections of the Museum of the Holocaust in Washington, D.C.). He created paintings and drawings for mass circulation magazines like eaders Digest,…
Arisman, Marshall. "Wilson McLean: 2010 Hall of Fame Inductee." Society of Illustrators. Accessed on November 17, 2010:
Fame/Current-Inductees/2010 -- Wilson-McLean.aspx
ArtNet. "Francis Livingston." 2010. Accessed on November 17, 2010:
H.P. Lovecraft wrote him fan letters and composed a poem about his art. The fine hatching and pebble board were all used to give his images a texture and depth beyond anything seen in the field. Finlay and another illustrator at this time named Lee F. Conrey (see above) both provided lots of imaginative drawings for both magazines and books (BPIB).
Comics were another genre that started hiring illustrators. Born in Humbolt, Minnesota, Austin Briggs studied at the Wicker Art School in Detroit, and then attended the Art Students League in New York City. He settled there and worked for an advertising agency and freelanced for various magazines, like the Dearborn Independent, Collier's, McClures and Pictorial eview. He started his comic strip career as an assistant on Flash Gordon, then took over the Secret Agent X-9 strip, and began anonymously illustrating the Flash Gordon daily in the 1940s and early…
American Art Archives. 16, November 2007. http://www.americanartarchives.com/
Ask Art Blue Book. Oscar Edward Cesare, Artist. 16, November 2007. http://www.askart.com/askart/c/oscar_edward_cesare/oscar_edward_cesare.aspx
BPIP. Jessie Wilcox Smith Biography. 16, November 2007. http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/jwsmith.htm
Comic Art Fans. 16, November 2007. http://www.comicartfans.com/forums/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=1127
omen in American History
The contribution woman have made to the United States over the years is profoundly important, and probably not recognized to the degree that it should be recognized. This paper reviews and critiques the contributions of women from five periods in history: from 1865 to 1876; from 1877 to 1920; from 1921 to 1945; from 1946 to 1976; and from 1976 to the present day.
omen in America -- 1865 to 1876 -- Sojourner Truth
One of the brightest lights in the movement to free the slaves was Sojourner Truth, likely the best-known person in the abolitionist movement. She was actually very active in the movement to free the slaves before and during the Civil ar, and she helped organize and lead the Underground Railroad movement. The Underground Railroad shepherded runaway slaves away from Southern slave states and up into New York State, Pennsylvania, isconsin, Minnesota and…
Baker, Sara Josephine. (2007). Sara Josephine Baker: Physician and Public Health Worker.
Harvard Square Library / Notable American Unitarians. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/baker.html .
Encyclopedia Britannica. (2006). Hull House. Retrieved June 12, 2011, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/275272/Hull-House .
Jewish Virtual Library. (2006). Golda Meir. Retrieved June 13, 2011, from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/meir.html .
History Of the Media in America
Media America, a History
Media incorporates mediums such as advertisements, magazines, newspapers, radio, television, and now -- the Internet. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it was only in the 1920s that people began to actually talk about 'the media,' and a generation later, in the 1950s, of a 'communication revolution,' however, the art of oral and written communication was actually quite important in ancient Greece and ome. It was studied in the Middle Ages, and with greater enthusiasm in the enaissance.
Until Johannes Gutenberg invention of the moveable type in 1450, information was spread primarily orally. That is, it was town criers, ministers from the pulpit, and bartenders who disseminated information or news. "Town criers, for example, broadcast royal edicts, police regulations, and important community events, such as births, marriages of princes, war news, and treaties of peace or alliance."
Less than a…
Breen, T.H. The Marketplace of Revolution: How Consumer Politics Shaped American
Independence. Oxford University Press, 2005.
Briggs, Asa. Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet. Polity; 3rd
With him, this vital energy goes its own way, independent of the pessimism and the disillusionment so typical of the age.' Hemingway did not go to the awards ceremony due to illness, some time before that same year his plane crashed and he lived to read his own obituaries. y then he was already experiencing the results of his fast paced lifestyle and at the end of his life he dealt with sicknesses such as mental depression, and eventually a form of paranoia. This was written of his last days 'After Hemingway began talking of suicide his Ketchum doctor agreed with Mary that they should seek expert help. He registered under the name of his personal doctor George Saviers and they began a medical program to try and repair his mental state. The Mayo Clinic's treatment would ultimately lead to electro shock therapy. According to Jefferey Meyers Hemingway received "between…
1. We didn't start the Fire, Billy Joel, http://www.teacheroz.com/fire.htm
2. Frederick W. Turner III, 1971
3. Morgan Kathryn, Associate Director for Special Collections Alderman Library, University of Virginia / Charlottesville, Virginia / 22903
4. Shelton Robert, Bob Dylan: "20-year-old singer is bright new face at Gerde's Club" September 29, 1961 New York Times.
20). Distractions, whether a simple as a cell phone or as complex as an interpersonal relationship, not only keep one out of the present, as Wooden argues, but also distance the individual from the team as a whole by dividing the individual's attention (Collins, 2012, p. 22). Though a seemingly minor point, the importance of shutting out distraction is highlighted by Wooden's belief that it is team cohesion which unites and multiplies the individual players' abilities. Furthermore, the ability to stay alert, present, and engaged with the team can serve to alleviate the anxiety that arises from competition, because the individual will better function as a seamless element of the team, rather than a lone actor attempting to force him or herself into the flow of the game (Collins, 2012, p. 22).
Because of Wooden's straightforward style and the way he manages to pair down the findings of peer-reviewed research…
Adam, D.C., & Gordon, a.B. (2009). Coaching knowledge and success: Going beyond athletic experiences. Journal of Sport Behavior, 32(4), 419-437.
Collins, K. 2012. Strategies fur using pop culture in sport psychology and coaching education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 83(8), 20-22,31,
Forck, M. 2010. Lessons from a legend. Professional safety, 55(9), 20-21.
Hansen, B., Wade, G., & Hamel, T. (2003). Successful coaches' views on motivation and motivational strategies. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 74(8), 44-
Miles Davis and Modern Jazz
In every artistic medium there are innovators who push innovation to the edge -- who change the paradigm of their art, and who become iconic figures within their world. Classical music had innovators in every generation -- Stravinsky's ite of Spring, Leonard Bernstein, and more. Jazz, too, evolved from a combination of folk and tribal styles through different eras (Dixie, Be Bop, etc.) into what now is really a true 20th century musical phenomenon.
The origins of Jazz have been much discussed -- emerging out of the African slave culture with a musical synergy of tribal (rhythm, scales, syncopation, and improvisation) and the European musical tradition of harmony, instrumentation and chromaticism. One famous musician noted, though, that jazz was uniquely American and that, "No America, no jazz. I've seen people try to connect it to other countries, for instance to Africa, but it doesn't have…
Remembering Miles. (1991, November 12). Retrieved March 2013, from The Rolling Stone Archieves: http:/www.rollingstone.com/Desktop?s=1991111428#/19911114/44
Miles Davis. (2006, June). Retrieved March 2013, from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Indusction: http://www.rockhall.com /inductee/miles-davis
House Resolution 894 Honoring the 50th Anniversary of "Kind of Blue" and Reffirming Jazz as a National Treasure. (2009, December 15). Retrieved March 2013, from clerk.house.gov: http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2009/roll971.xml
Cook, M., et al. (2002). The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Anabolic Steroid and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
Among High School Athletes
Anabolic steroid use has, at least in the past, been prevalent among major college and, especially, professional sports. Major League Baseball implemented a drug testing regimen very recently after backlash from fans made it an issue that the sport believed it had to listen to. The National Football League has a testing program that has been in place since 1989, and other sports have also begun programs to test for anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs (PED) to ensure that there is a level playing field among all of their athletes. Unfortunately this testing has led to consequences for some athletes.
Some notable case of athletes being either stripped of honors or not being selected for honors because they acknowledged PED or steroid use have occurred in recent times. Lance Armstrong was recently stripped of all of his…
Denham, BE. (2006). Effects of mass communication on attitudes toward anabolic steroids: An analysis of high school seniors. Journal of Drug Issues, 36(4), 809- 823.
Green, G.A. (2007). The prevalence of anabolic steroid use by Southern California high school athletes. LA84 Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.la84foundation.org/3 CE/AnabolicSteroidsSouthernCaliforniaHighScho ol.pdf
Liberatore, S. (2009). Q: I have a lot of competitive athletes in my classes. If they decide to use steroids, what effect will this have on their health? The Science Teacher, 76(1), 70.
Martin, J., & Govender, K. (2011). Making muscle junkies: Investigating traditional masculine ideology, body image discrepancy, and the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent males. International Journal of Men's Health, 10(3), 220-233.
Language and Literacy
Jeanne S. Chall was born in Poland on January 1, 1921. She moved to New York at a tender age of seven with her family. Jeanne S. Chall was one of the chief educators and researchers in the field of literacy during the past century. The Harvard Reading/Literacy Lab has recently been renamed in accolade of Dr. Chall.
hat follows is an account of Dr. Chall's life and work. Chall grew up in New York City, taught there, and received her bachelor's degree from City College in 1941. Due to a dearth of teaching posts open during the early 1940's, Chall took an assistantship at Teacher's College, Columbia University, subordinate to Irving Lorge, an intelligence-test researcher. It was there at Teacher's College that Chall first advanced a fascination and liking for educational research.
Chall then went on to seek her master's and doctoral degrees at Ohio State…
THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT CHALLENGE: WHAT REALLY WORKS IN THE CLASSROOM?
The Guilford Press, March 2000
FIBA orld Championship
History of the FIBA
Factors for Success
Data Driven Approaches
2013 Rankings 15
The FIBA has become the premier international basketball league in the world. Over the course of the last few generations the tournaments have been increasing their viewership and fan base. The level of competition in this league has also increased. Since 1989 the league has opened the doors to NBA players which not only increased the league's competitiveness but elevated the popularity of it as well. There are many different approaches to trying to discern which teams will be successful in the league. This analysis will look at statistical approaches as well as cultural approaches to provide insights into what constitutes a successful team in the FIBA.
History of the FIBA
The International Basketball Federation (French: Federation Internationale de Basketball), more commonly known by the French acronym FIBA, is an…
Canada, G. Fist, Stick, Knife, Gun: A Personal History of Violence in America. Beacon Press, 2010.
Card, D. And G. Dahl. "Family Violence and Football: The Effect of Unexpected Emotional Cues on Violent Behavior." The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2011): 103-143.
Chiari, M. "FIBA Asia 2013: Top Stars to Watch in Basketball World Cup Qualifying Tournament." 3 August 2013. Bleacher Report. Online. 5 December 2013.
Debate.org. "Are the Yankees the best baseball team ever?" N.d. Debate.org. Online. 4 December 2013.
Change leaders are defined as "individuals with innovative solutions to society's most pressing social problems," (each for Change, 2012). As such, change leaders undertake roles that are greater than the job itself. The role of the change leader is not only to achieve the goals of the team, but also to affect normative changes that can represent paradigm shifts. Coach Herman Boone of the Williams High football club in Alexandria, Virginia was one such change leader. Depicted by Denzel Washington in the 2000 film emember the Titans, Coach Boone motivated his team to an undefeated season and the championship. He did so not only through effective coaching leadership, but also through the change leadership required for changes to broader social norms related to race and power. When he became coach, Boone found himself working in an environment that remained hostile to change. The community was legally integrated, but completely…
Clay, B. (2010). Six characteristics of highly effective change leaders. Retrieved online: http://www.innovationexcellence.com/blog/2010/08/20/six-characteristics-of-highly-effective-change-leaders/
Fullan, M. (2011). Change Leader. John Wiley.
Reach for Change (2012). What is a change leader? Retrieved online: http://reachforchange.org/en/about-us/social-entreprenurship/
Yakin, B. (2000). Remember the Titans. [Feature Film].
It was a film based on a novel authored by E.B. White and it received widespread critical acclamation. The limited animation technique posed threat to the success of the company later in the 1970's. With the earning of $60million a year Hanna Barbera now failed to produce new characters and shows. Hence in 1987 the Great American Communications Group acquired the company. Further in the year 1991, Turner Broadcasting System was purchased by Hanna Barbera. In 1992, the Cartoon Network was aired by Turner Broadcasting and this set the need for library of cartoons. So the Hanna Barbera buy provided them with 3000 half-hours cartoons. The marketing strategy of Hanna Barbera was now changed with the help of Fred Siebert, the company's president. More importance was given to the international market as a result of shift in its production to Asia. The extension gave birth to new characters and a…
Austen, Jake. TV a-Go-Go: Rock on TV from American Bandstand to American Idol. Chicago Review Press, 2005.
Gerber, Louis. Tom and Jerry Directed by William Hanna & Joseph Barbera, produced by Fred
Inkblot Communications. History of Cartoon Network. 2007. http://www.historyofbranding.com/cartoonnetwork.html
I have been a big fan of the Dallas Cowboys and especially Emmitt Smith for many years. For example, one of the most difficult moments in my appreciation of sports occurred when the Dallas Cowboys released Smith and he ended up on a lackluster Arizona Cardinals. This was after he had just surpassed the late great alter Payton to become the number one rushing running back in the history of the National Football League. "They are the two most punitive judgments that can be handed down for a running back: Too small, too slow. And yet that was the harsh assessment of Emmitt Smith, 5-foot-9 and 199 pounds, by the pro-scouts although he was an All-American at Florida. That same Emmitt Smith who skittered and stutter-stepped his way past the NFL rushing record held by his idol, alter Payton, and finished with 18,355 yards." (Schwartz) There are…
Edensor, Tim. National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg, 2002.
Gonzalez, John. "Smith Blarney." Dallas Observer October 17 (2002): Retrieved on 22 Apr. 2005, from .
Owens, Kerry. "Cowboys." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. 2002 ed. Retrieved on 22 Apr. 2005, from .
Rich, Wilbur C. The Economics and Politics of Sports Facilities. New York: Quorum, 2000.
Fortune Affect Grand Master Flash's Political Message?
Music is one of the most powerful forms of communication. It utilizes different types of information networks to cut across linguistic and social boundaries. In several occasions music has the potential to relate to politics and power. From the songs of sorrow sung by slaves in the south, to the revolutionary nature of jazz, blues, and rhythym and blues (R&) during the activist days of the Civil Rights Movements, music has been an important part of many social and political changes. In the recent past the power of music has definitely been amplified by increasingly globalized communications such as social media. Nowadays more rapidly than ever, music links and influences people from all over the world (Malone and Martinez).
Hip-hop is considered by some to be one of the most important genres of music. It originated in the ronx, New York in the…
Allmusic.com. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. n.d. 8 May 2015. Web
Bakala-ska, prace. Hip hop in American Culture. Thesis. Palackeho, 2012. Web
Bey, Alexander. "Hip-Hop's Musical Evolution of Rap." n.d. http://www.oneonta.edu . 8 May 2015.Web
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. About Hip Hop Youth Subculture. Los Angeles: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, n.d. Web
Dreamed of Creating Magic - and He Does
One of my dreams was to grow up and become a magician. ell, that's what happened. I'm not a science fiction writer. I'm a magician. I can use words to make you believe anything." -Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury is one of the classic authors of our day- one of the fathers of science fiction. At nearly 82 years old, and over 500 works later, he is still going strong. He is still writing, creating and producing.
Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in aukegan, Illinois on August 22, 1920. He was the third son of Leonard Spaulding Bradbury, a telephone line worker, and Esther Marie Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant. Bradbury credits his mother, with jump-starting his love of fantasy and the supernatural. His mother was fascinated with the new motion pictures. She would sneak Bradbury in with her when he was only two…
About Ray Bradbury." June 18, 2002. http://www.raybradbury.com
Biography of Ray Bradbury." June 18,2002. http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_ray_bradbury.html
Eyman, Scott. "Q&A with Ray Bradbury." Palm Beach Post. Sunday March 10, 2002.
Fat Chucks Index." May 21, 2002. June 18, 2002. http://www.fatchucks.com/z4.bb.html
CHISTINE BENNAN is a famous figure in the sports world because of her best selling books, her career as sportswriters, her TV and radio appearances on sports show and her genuine interest in sport related issues. Working with Washington Post and USA Today, Brennan has been relentlessly following and covering sports events all over the world, which is, she is often considered a trusted name in sports journalism. However lately she has been charged with biased reporting and her books have come under attacks for exposing the dark inner world of figure skating.
Brennan is an award-winning writer. Having earned her undergraduate and Master's degree in journalism from Northwestern University in 1980, she joined Miami Herald as their first ever woman sports writer. She worked with the Herald for four years from 1981-1984 during which she covered various sports events but it was not until she joined Washington Post that…
Christine Brennan: Women Legends
Christine Brennan-Lordly and Dame Inc. http://www.lordly.com/talent/lordly/BrennanChristine.html
Shipnuck, Alan, Christine Brennan: The U.S.A. Today columnist who ignited the Augusta debate can't wait to grill Hootie again.(Golf Plus/Masters Preview/The
Scandal/Controversy in Sports
The following will take a look to see if scandal and controversy benefit sports.
Background of Sports Industry and Scandals
Sports in the U.S. is a multi-billion-dollar industry. Companies try to engage with clients by aligning the services and products they offer with this well-known industry via sports funding and endorsement. The benefit of this involvement has been well-recorded in the sports marketing literature (Hughes and Shank, 2005). The effect on business brands in case a scandal surfaces regarding an athletic supporter like a player, coach, or a team however, is less well-known. Several sports scandals, for instance, the rape case surrounding Kobe Bryant and the University of Colorado recruitment scandal raise very serious questions regarding the effect of sports scandals on amateur and professional athletic institutions, participants, sponsors, as well as other stakeholders.
Whereas conventional corporate sports supporters like Nike maintain omnipresence, several other different kinds…
Alessi. (2014). TheRichest - The World's Most Entertaining Site. Top 10 Sports Betting Scandals and Controversies - TheRichest. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.therichest.com/sports/top-10-sports-betting-scandals-and-controversies/
Doorty, A. (2016). Odyssey. Is Scandal Good for Baseball? Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.theodysseyonline.com/are-scandals-good-for-baseball
Fisher, R., & Wakefield, K. (1998). Factors leading to group identification: A field study of winners and losers. Psychology & Marketing, 15(1). Retrieved, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6793(199801)15:1%3C23::AID-MAR3%3E3.0.CO;2-P/abstract
Garg. (2010). The Hoya. Scandals Show Need to Pay College Athletes. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.thehoya.com/scandals-show-need-to-pay-college-athletes/
Today, when they go out to eat it is not unusual for the Warners to pay for the meal of another family in a restaurant, to show their seven young children the value of charity (Battista 2010). Warner has also unapologetically proclaimed his devout Christian faith throughout his long career, crediting God with his success. This has earned him the respect of even his non-believing teammates.
Brenda, a former Marine, is known for being a strict yet loving parent. The Warners are determined to instill humble Midwestern values in their children: one reason that Warner's faith is accorded such respect is because of his sincerity and lack of hypocrisy. Before every meal, the family prays, and children must obey certain rules such as "after ordering at a restaurant, be able to tell Mom the server's eye color," and "throw away your trash at the movie theater and stack plates for…
Battista, Julia. (2010, January 10). Cardinal's Warner walks away after 12 improbable years.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com /2010/01/30/sports/football/30warner.html
Crouse, Karen. (2008, September 26). The rules of the family.
The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010 from
176). She experienced prejudice early on in her life, and it helped build her belief that black people could make it in a white world, but that integration was extremely necessary. She attended Boston University Law School, and passed the bar in 1959. She returned to Houston to practice law, but turned to politics when her law practice stalled. She volunteered for the Kennedy campaign in 1960, and soon became well-known in Houston political circles.
She ran for the state legislature twice unsuccessfully, but she did not give up, and dedicated her entire life to politics and her constituents. She ran again in 1966, and "Her concerns were those of the people-industrial safety, welfare programs, insurance rates, vocational education, low wages, and voter registration" (Hendrickson, Collins, & Cox, 2004, p. 181). When she won the race, she was the first black woman to serve in the Texas legislature. Her character…
Clarke, M. (2005). Race, partisanship, and the Voting Rights Act (VRA). Texas Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights, 10(2), 223+.
Gallagher, Julie. "Waging 'The Good Fight': The Political Career of Shirley Chisholm, 1953-1982." The Journal of African-American History 92.3 (2007): 392+.
Hendrickson, K.E., Collins, M., & Cox, P. (Eds.). (2004). Profiles in power: Twentieth-Century Texans in Washington (New ed.). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
"Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm 1924-2005." The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education Jan. 2005: 45+.
A good example of this can be seen with the organization's program for addressing various health issues affecting families to include: the nutritional needs of mothers / newborns, preventing childhood obesity and vaccinating children against a number of diseases. This is significant, because it shows how Save the Children is playing a vital role, in helping to promote nutrition. Where, children are learning to maintain a balance between malnourishment and obesity, with these two challenges continuing to affect large numbers of children around the globe. ("Success Stories," 2010)
Clearly, UNICEF and Save the Children play a vital role in helping to support and promote various issues affecting them. Where, they will engage in similar activities such: as advocacy, education, health and nutrition. Yet, when you look a little further, it is clear that the mission of these two organizations will begin to deviate. As UNICEF will provide greater control to…
About UNICEF. (2010). UNICEF. Retrieved from: http://www.unicef.org/about/who/index_history.html
Annual Report 2008. (2009). UNICEF. Retrieved from: http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_Annual_Report_2008_EN_072709.pdf
History. (2010). Save the Children. Retrieved from: http://www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8rKLIXMGIpI4E/b.6229507/k.C571/History.htm
Success Stories. (2010). Save the Children. Retrieve from: http://www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8rKLIXMGIpI4E/b.6153013/k.9328/Program_Areas.htm
One brand of turkey bacon, Oscar Mayer's Louis Rich, was recently given a spot in the Taster's Choice Hall of fame. Such a spot is awarded only to products that are awarded a score of 80 or higher out of 100 in the Taster's Choice taste test (Gold). Despite the opinions of cookbook authors such as James Villas, turkey bacon is clearly a viable substitute for its pork-based counterpart.
Less popular but growing in viability is beef bacon. Bacon purists consider very idea of beef bacon to be ridiculous. Nevertheless, beef bacon is slowly but surely making its way into more and more grocery stores. It is a product that is still easier to find in a butcher shop than a grocery store, but that fact is in the process of changing. For non-pork eaters, beef bacon can be an alternative that is preferable to turkey bacon because it is…
Bacon Today. Bacontoday.com, 2010. Web. 30 May 2010.
"Bacon Makes it All Better." The Early Show. CBS. 4 Nov. 2006. Television.
Gold, Amanda. "One Turkey Bacon Stands Out in the Flock." SFGate.com. 22 Oct. 2008.
Web. 30 May 2010.
The Hidden Persuaders ends on a very negative note, stressing how the commercial media has even co-opted teenage rebellion. However, new uses social media do not have to be negative -- anti-smoking and AIDS awareness are examples of campaigns that have been conducted through Twitter, Facebook, and other online venues (Evans 2006). But the problem with social media and marketing remains that it is often hard to see who the metaphorical puppeteer is, orchestrating the enthusiasm or outrage of the latest cause, campaign, or advertisement.
Constantine, a. "A Celebrity Bank Card, if Not the Bankroll." The New York Times.
November 26, 2010. December 5, 2010.
"Children, adolescents, and advertising." Pediatrics. 18. 6 (December 2006). 2563-2569
Evans, . Douglas. "Social Marketing Campaigns and Children's Media Use." The Future of Children. 18.1 (Spring 2008):81-203
Hemp, Peter. "Avatar-based marketing." The Harvard Business Review. 2006.
Joshi, P. "Approval by a blogger…
Constantine, a. "A Celebrity Bank Card, if Not the Bankroll." The New York Times.
November 26, 2010. December 5, 2010.
"Children, adolescents, and advertising." Pediatrics. 18. 6 (December 2006). 2563-2569
The contemporaneous society is extremely competitive and sometimes, even out of envy, people will accuse others of having engaged in immoral actions in order to have achieved their goals. This paper has striven to look at the career of one of the most respected Alaskan businessmen. Having started as a busboy, Al Parrish soon ascended the organizational ladder to high managerial positions. As he completed his professional formation, he felt it was time to give something back to the community and joined the managerial team at Providence Health System.
The analysis of Al Parrish' career reveals that high positions and business success can in fact be achieved without getting one's hands dirty and compromising their moral integrity. William J. Tobin at The Voice of Times says about the vice president and CEO of the Alaskan healthcare facility: "Al has always done a very good job in anything he…
Fritz, J., 2009, How Does a Nonprofit Differ from a Business? About.com, http://nonprofit.about.com/od/qathebasics/f/nopvspro.htm last accessed on June 2, 2009
Klein, R.A., 2002, Cruise Ship Blues: The Underside of the Cruise Ship Industry, New Society Publishers, ISBN 0865714622
July 18, 2004, Alaska's Top 25 Most Influential Business People: Al Parrish, Alaska Journal of Commerce
February 1, 2006, Alaska Business Junior Achievement Hall of Fame Laureate: Al Parrish: "great citizen of the city and of the state," Alaska Business Monthly
Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian ules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage egister by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).
Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…
And the winners are...: The votes are in and business travellers across the region have had their say on Asia's best hotels. Business Asia, 15(2), 20.
Berry, J. & McGreal, S. (1999). Cities in the Pacific Rim: Planning systems and property markets. London: E & FN Spon.
Cannon, M. (1995). The land boomers: The complete illustrated history. Carlton: Melbourne University Press in Berry & McGreal at p. 225.
Crozier, M. (2003). Political legacies: Australian political studies and the University of Melbourne. Melbourne Journal of Politics, 29, 8.
He was a second round draft pick, but he just couldn't seem to connect with the Falcons. However, he never gave up on his dream to be a number one quarterback in the league. His fan web site notes, "You know the lyrics to the song 'I get knocked down, but I get up again - you're never gonna keep me down!'? Brett might not either, but he sure lives by those words" (Editors). In 1992, the Green Bay Packers traded a number one draft pick to take Favre, a move that many thought was totally crazy. However, in his first game, he went in for the injured first-string quarterback, and ended up leading the team to a nail-biting victory over the Cincinnati Bengals, 24-23. In that same year, he became the youngest quarterback ever to play in the Pro-Bowl (23). He took over the head quarterback position after the…
Beowulf. Trans. Charles W. Kennedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Editors. "Bio." OfficialBrettFavre.com. 2008. 14 Feb. 2008. http://www.officialbrettfavre.com/bio/
Editors. "Brett Favre: The Person. BrettFavre.com. 2008. 14 Feb. 2008. http://220.127.116.11/person.php
A capitalistic society that provides open and free competition did not bring about Enron and similar debacles. It was the second part of Friedman's statement: "without deception or fraud" that led to such situations. It was the greed of several individuals who misreported their profits to get a larger part of the pot. Unfortunately, there will always be individuals like this -- it is human nature. That does not make the whole system corrupt. One can say that the competition inherent in the capitalistic enterprise encourages such behavior. Hoarding by one of the cave dwellers would never work. The hope is that lessons are learned from situations such as these -- that nothing works perfectly.
ichard E. Hattwick, professor at Western Illinois University and co-founder of the American National Business Hall of Fame concludes:
competitive market situations encourage the reasonably high standard of business ethics called the ethic of justice.…
Boatright, J.R. 1994. Fiduciary duties and the shareholder-management relation: or, what's so special about shareholders? Business Ethics Quarterly 4:393-407
Friedman, M. The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits. The New York Times Magazine. September 13, 1970. www.nobel.se/economics/laureates/1976/" http://www.nobel.se/economics/laureates/1976//
Hasnas, J. 1998 the normative theories of business ethics: a guide for the perplexed.
Business Ethics Quarterly. 8:19-42
In addition to his role as political leader, Yoast leads from a symbolic framework. He had coached the team through fifteen successful seasons and therefore the entire town of Alexandria, the school staff, and the players all respected him as leader even after he was demoted. Yoast's spunky daughter looks up to her dad as a symbolic leader and because of her passionate involvement with the team, she also serves as a symbolic leader in the movie. Yoast symbolizes effective leadership in Remember the Titans, due to his self-sacrificing approach to teamwork, his ability to triumph in the face of adversity, and his visible successes on the gridiron.
Yoast's demotion itself can be viewed from within a structural and symbolic framework too. Because of to the social and political changes taking place in American society and at the administrative level of the school system, Boone replaced Yoast as a token…
The only thing young about Santiago was his eyes, Hemingway wrote - but an alert reader knows that baseball is for the young at heart, age notwithstanding.
And also, any baseball fan worth his salt knows that the Yankees had a great player named DiMaggio (Joe), who had his own struggles. Those comparisons of DiMaggio and Santiago are part of the meat of the book. hile certainly DiMaggio had hall-of-fame credentials, he also had his share of injuries (including a painful bone spur). Like Santiago, DiMaggio had bad luck (someone stole his bat during the middle of his 56-game hitting streak in 1941, which still stands today). And Santiago can keep his mind off his bad luck (84 days without catching a fish) by thinking about baseball.
Santiago wants to be "worthy of the great DiMaggio, who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in…
Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and The Sea. New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction / Simon
Further bolstering our cost argument is the Senate's regrettable decision to add several pork items to the bill, including the construction of a figure skating hall of fame in Maine. We could convey our dissatisfaction that Congress has played politics with what was supposed to be border security legislation. This message should resound well with the public and will help establish your credentials as a fighter of government waste.
A also believe we can attack this bill based on the cultural perceptions it creates. While 57% of the public may support a border fence, that figure dips to 38% among people between the ages of 55-70. Baby boomers, who lived through the construction and deconstruction of the Berlin Wall, seem to be more opposed to the idea of a wall separating nations. We may be able to gain traction with this politically important group. Further, since NAFTA was passed, America's…
Vogt, Ellison and Arendt
The idea of a utopian society, a perfect Eden, has been a recurring theme in human literature, philosophy, religion, and commentary almost from the beginning of civilization. This recurrent theme is no accident: most cultures have, as a basis for their creation mythos, a utopian view of either the pre-human world or the post-human world. Sociological, this is a functionalist approach that serves to "validate, support, and imprint the norms of a give, specific moral order" and to authorize its moral code "as a construct beyond criticism and human emendation" (Campbell and Fairchild 221).
In opposition, a dystopia, becomes part of the anti-heroic paradigm in that all the benefits of an overall utopian society are almost backwards. hat was good, now seems evil, what was light, dark. Political philosopher Hannah Arendt, in Ideology and Terror: A New Form of Government, sees one of the maxims of…
Arendt, H. "Ideology and Terror: A Novel Form of Government." June 2004. Cooper.edu. May 2011 .
Campbell, J. And J. Fairchild. Myths to Live By. New York: Penguin, 1993.
Ellison, H. "Repent Harlequin! Said the Ticktock Man." Ellison, H. Troublemakers: Stories by Harlan Ellison. New York: IBooks, 2001.
Van Vogt, A. "The Weapon Shop." The Science Fiction Hall of Fame, Vol. 1. Ed. R. Silverberg. New York: Orb Books, 2005.
spending time reflecting on the lives and accomplishments of Fannie Coralie Perkins, Betty Friedan, Eleanor Roosevelt, Margaret Louisa Higgins, and Ida B. Wells-Barnet, a number of responses come to mind. First, it is important to note what makes each of these women unique and how they contributed uniquely to society. Second, it is important to note how they are all similar and how the contributed collectively to the evolution of women in society.
Fannie Coralie Perkins was born in the late 19th Century and lived 85 years (until 1965). Almost 20 years after (1982) her death, Perkins was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame, an honor bestowed upon her posthumously because of the substantial mark she left on history. One of the defining moments that sparked her interest in issues of social justice and, subsequently her life's work, was her witness of the "Triangle Shirtwaist Fire," where several…
Jim Henson -- Career and Influence
Jim Henson is one of the most famous originators of children's entertainment in history; at the same time, he remains one of the most underrated and under-appreciated artists (Collins, 1998; Eide & Abrams, 2005). That is largely because he is primarily regarded as an entertainer when, in fact, he actually contributed much more than merely entertainment to the world. On one hand, his recognition as the creator of The Muppets and Fraggle ock have endeared him to generations of children and parents for the joy and humor he contributed to children's entertainment; on the other hand, it is ironic that the tremendous success of his genre may have obscured his more substantial contributions to child development and welfare precisely because of the success of his entertainment media and initiatives (Collins, 1998; Eide & Abrams, 2005).
In fact, Jim Henson was as much as educator,…
Cluhane, J. "Unforgettable Jim Henson." Reader's Digest. (November 1990): 124-129.
Collins, J. Jim Henson: The TV Creator. Time Magazine, (June 08, 1998).
Retrieved April 14, 2011, from:
Tammy Wynette was born Virginia Wynette Pugh on May 5, 1942, in Itawamba County, Mississippi, right on the Alabama line. Her grandparents raised her on the farm in Itawamba County, and she picked cotton as a child. She was always interested in music and singing, and she went to Nashville when she was twenty to try for a music career. She "met producer Billy Sherrill in 1966," and he helped her get her first hit song, "Apartment #9" (Penman). She had many hit records after that, in fact, she was the first woman in country music to sell a million records (McNett), but her personal life was very rocky.
Tammy was married five times. She married her first husband, Euple Byrd, at seventeen. She met him while still living with her grandparents, and he was a bootlegger. She had three children with Euple, but he did not encourage her singing,…
Strodder, Chris. "Tammy Wynette." Swinginchicks.com. 2004. 3 Dec. 2004.
< http://www.swinginchicks.com/tammy_wynette.htm >
For instance, renowned designer Barbara Matera explained that when Glenn Close first tried on the Norma Desmond costume described above, she "winced under its weight" (New York's Top Costume Shop Reveals Its Secrets 1996:3). The costume's designer, Anthony Powell, instructed Close to turn around and face the mirror, and "upon seeing the stunning result her whole attitude changed" (4). Other anecdotal accounts on the design process from Matera included: "e love shows that have underwear scenes" (referring to bustles, corsets, and pantaloons), and "bird costumes can be very taxing"; these comments provide some insight into the creative challenges that face costume designers and makers today.
Each character that appears in a production must be individually assessed, and gradually each movement of each character and each costume must then be integrated into a cohesive whole that presents the imagery desired. "At any rate," Cole et al. say, "slowly, harmoniously, must the…
Awards & Prizes. (May 2002). American Theatre, 19(5):9.
Barbour, David. (2001). You'll know who. Entertainment Design, 11:27.
Barnes, Denise. (May 28, 1998). Columnist Will Tell Times Readers Where Bargains Are. The Washington Times, 10.
Brennan, Sandra. (2004). The New York Times Movie Guide: Biographies. Available: http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/filmography.html?p_id=79275&mod=bio .
Many women and children live in substandard and marginal conditions in many parts of the world and they need a voice to transmit those conditions and voting power to correct those conditions. Too much masculinity is behind this contagion and chivalry cannot substitute for true justice. Nellie McClung, one of Canada's foremost social activists and its first feminist waged a political battle for Canadian women's rights, specifically the right to vote. In her time, women were not considered persons under the British North American Act but were mere appendages to men. She and the rest of the Famous 5 fought to secure that right and won it. Women's rights and women's movements are expressions of the best instincts of womanhood to serve and help the human race. Women, like men, think and think as dynamically. If women's thoughts are ignored or repressed, evolution is blocked and similarly suppressed.…
"Women who place a low value on themselves make life hard for all women."
"The world has taunted women into marrying."
(Industry Canada 1998)