Hipaa Essays (Examples)

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Passed by Congress in 1996

Words: 1589 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73446934

In addition to barriers to coverage, HIPAA presents problems for patients wishing to keep their medical information private. HIPAA professes to protect patient privacy and information security. While the provisions of HIPAA do outline the strict rules for informed consent, there are a slew of loopholes that would permit the disclosure of information. Those loopholes can be readily taken advantage of by numerous parties, including but not limited to the primary care provider, health care administrator, insurer, employer, and government agency.

When HIV / AIDS information is disclosed, stigma and prejudice are almost guaranteed. For this reason, patients with HIV / AIDS should be offered greater protection under the law. The prevention of HIV / AIDS depends on education and awareness as well as improving patient access to quality care. Paranoia about HIV / AIDS has led to a dismantling of privacy rules that would otherwise be invoked. Patients with…… [Read More]


Avert (n.d.). HIV & AIDS stigma and discrimination. Retrieved online: http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma.htm

Biel-Cunningham, S. (2003). HIPAA: Understanding Your Rights of Insurance Portability and Privacy. The Body. Retrieved online:  http://www.thebody.com/content/art32201.html 

Columbia University Medical Center (n.d.). Uses and disclosures of HIV / AIDS information. Retrieved online: http://www.cumc.columbia.edu/hipaa/policies/hiv.html

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (n.d.). Health information privacy. Retrieved online:  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/
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Knowledge Concerning Ethical Issues Involved

Words: 4963 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86009486

100). Much of the focus of personnel selection using psychological testing was on new troops enlisting in the military during two world wars and the explosive growth of the private sector thereafter (Scroggins et al., 2008). Psychological testing for personnel selection purposes, though, faded into disfavor during the 1960s, but it continues to be used by human resource practitioners today. In this regard, Scroggins and his colleagues advise, "Many H practitioners, however, have continued to use personality testing with an optimistic and enduring faith in its ability to discriminate between good and poor job candidates" (p. 101).

In cases where cheating is suspected (such as in the case of an teen applicant possibly using a smartphone or consulting crib notes during testing by visiting the restroom), psychologists have a professional responsibility to conform to relevant privacy laws with respect to the results of such tests, including following the decision-making model…… [Read More]


Barnes, F.P. & Murdin, L. (2001). Values and ethics in the practice of psychotherapy and counseling. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Bersoff, D.N. (2008). Ethical conflicts in psychology. American Psychological Association.

Bonventre, V.M. (2005, Spring). Editor's foreword. Albany Law Review, 68(2), vii-ix.

Charman, D. (2004). Core processes in brief psychodynamic psychotherapy: Advancing effective practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Ethical and Legal Perspectives in

Words: 1275 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34717617

A deposition is "conducted by parties to a legal action to obtain information that cannot as readily be learned through written records or general investigation. During a deposition, the lawyer for one side orally questions a witness on the opposing side. In addition to the defendants named in a lawsuit being deposed, others called to deposition can be fact witnesses" (Preparing for a deposition, 2011, World Law). Above all, preparation is an essential component of preparing for a deposition. Before entering into the deposition the administrator should consult with the attorney about the specifics of the case and the law as they pertain to the issue at hand. Answers should not be memorized to likely questions, but the administrator should be aware of key talking points he or she wishes to communicate.


Meyer, C. (2013). Discovery. About.com. etrieved:


Preparing for a deposition. (2011). World Law. etrieved:


Second…… [Read More]


Health care reform and health it stimulus: ARRA and HITECH (2009). AHIMA.

Retrieved: http://www.ahima.org/advocacy/arrahitech.aspx#difference
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Legal Aspects of Health Care

Words: 521 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40609699

Legal medical measures that had to be taken in advance so that people's live would not be at risk, because individuals would actually postpone treatment for the fear of being judged about something that a patient was embarrassed about. It became more of a public health issue to not enforce the rights of individuals who sought medical attention for a pertinent matter.

Although the privacy, safety, and comfort level of patients are impacted by the application of HIPAA, the medical industry was also directly impacted as well. Pharmaceutical industries were no longer able to direct their products directly at patients, since under this policy, they no longer had the right to look at anyone's information. Medical information was no longer up for grabs for the business industry to exploit its usage. Having absolute confidentiality meant that money that was once made from direct tailored advertisement, could no longer be made.…… [Read More]


The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (undefined). Understanding Health Information Privacy. In  http://www.hhs.gov/ . Retrieved July 23, 2011, from
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Enterprise Security Plan Proposal the

Words: 1088 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39968926

Protections for hardware, software, and data resources. (American Health Information Management Association, 2011, paraphrased)

V. Legal and Ethical Issues

Security professionals are held responsible for understanding the legal and ethical aspects of information security including crimes, investigation of computer crimes and specifically it is stated that certified security professionals "…are morally and legally held to a higher standard of ethical conduct." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011)

There are four primary canons established in (ISC)2 code of ethics for credentialed security included those stated as follows:

(1) Protect society, the commonwealth, and the infrastructure

(2) Act honorably, honestly, justly, responsibly, and legally

(3) Provide diligent and competent service to principals

(4) Advance and protect the profession (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011)

Three credentials are held by information security professions include the following credentials:

(1) CISSP -- Certified Information Systems Security Professional, credentialed through the International…… [Read More]


Kurtz, Ronald L., and Russell Dean Vines. The CISSP Prep Guide (Gold Edition). Indianapolis, in: Wiley, 2003, p. 345.

Summary of the HIPAA Security Rule (2011) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from:  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/srsummary.html

The 10 Security Domains (AHIMA Practice Brief) (2011) Retrieved from:   http://www.advancedmedrec.com/images/The10SecurityDomains.pdf  

Walsh, Tom. "Selecting and Implementing Security Controls." Getting Practical with Privacy and Security Seminars, AHIMA and HIMSS, 2003.
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Computerized Hospital Management Systems the Paper Is

Words: 2566 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93793790

Computerized Hospital Management Systems

The paper is about the benefits and costs of a computerized hospital management system from a nurse's perspective. The author is placed in the position of a nurse of a small 100 bed-community hospital who is the only nurse in a team of doctors to participate in the hospital management's decision on whether to buy such management system. In answering six specific questions related to the benefits and economic costs of computerized hospital management systems, the paper shows -- among others - that improved health care and increase in personnel and work efficiency will well outweigh the financial burden imposed on the hospital when buying two specific managements systems: ELECTA and Microsoft Dynamics GP. In addition, the paper outlines the security standards of data and patient confidentiality, including the need for data storage integrity and data backup and recovery and how the Health Insurance Portability and…… [Read More]


Berczuk, C. June 2008. The Lean Hospital. 1-5. The Hospitalist, June 2008. 1-5. Accessed 16 March 2012.

Cached - Similar

Dugas, M. & Eckholt, M. & and Bunzemeier, H. (2008). Benchmarking of hospital information systems: Monitoring of discharge letters and scheduling can reveal heterogeneities and time trends. 1-6. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2008, 8:15 doi:10.1186/1472-6947-8-15. Accessed 16 March 2012.

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability

Words: 1535 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15794025

The dilemma is often easier to resolve once those emotions and assumptions are put into their rightful context.

For this paper, critical thinking came into play was logic. It is understood that initially the nursing profession had issues with HIPAA. These issues were practical, however, and when the law was matched up against the underlying principles and the Code of Ethics, it became apparent that the guidelines that can be used for resolving any ethical dilemma are fairly consistent. There is still some leeway for professional judgment, as Lo et al. (2005) wrote but the Code of Ethics does a strong job of filling in the blanks left behind by the legislation. Once this was pieced together, the argument for easy resolution of ethical dilemmas became clear.


American Nursing Association. (2009). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. American Nursing Association. etrieved October 17, 2009 from http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#3.1

Bendix,…… [Read More]


American Nursing Association. (2009). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. American Nursing Association. Retrieved October 17, 2009 from http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#3.1

Bendix, J. (2009). News: New "red flags rule' focuses on medical identity theft. Contemporary OB/GYN. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/obgyn/Modern+Medicine+Now/News-New-Red-Flags-Rule-focuses-on-medical-identit/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/597492

Lo, B.; Dornbrand, L. & Dubler, N. (2005). HIPAA and patient care: The role for professional development. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2005; 293: 1766-1771.

No author. (2003). What is HIPAA? HIPAAps.com. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://www.hipaaps.com/main/background.html
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Health Care Law Privacy and

Words: 5626 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3283668

S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Furthermore, subpart C explains the privileges and the protections of confidentiality that is attached to the patient's record along with much exception (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011).

The penalty for anyone who breaks confidentiality is imperative. In "November, 23, 2009" was increased to $11,000 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). This goes for anyone in the medical field or has access to this information. A person has to follow HIPAA precisely or face a huge fine. If one thought of this ahead of time, whether or not they own a business, then no issues would arise legally. However, sometimes this does occur, especially for those who want to harm another person, yet in the medical field the goal is not to do this to any individual, regardless, otherwise he or she could face losing their license in…… [Read More]


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Civil Rights. (2011). Your health information privacy rights. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from U.S. Department of Health and Human

Services Civil Rights:

 http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/consumers/consumer_rights.pdf.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). Health information privacy. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services:
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PHI Security and Privacy

Words: 2053 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69546787

PHI Security and Privacy

Privacy and security is significant for any institution operating under offices because of clients, which prompts for the need of protecting the flowing information. In the context of a hospital, there is need for protecting the client's information in order to assure them of their privacy and security. Privacy is always important when attending to the clients since it provides an environment where the latter can open up to their doctors. Privacy refers to what the protected; information about the patient and the determination of the personalities permitted to use while security refer to the way of safeguarding the information through ensuring privacy to information (odrigues, 2010). The patients also need security because of the inevitability of serene environment for their recovery. Even though St. John's hospital presents good strategies in terms of their sound policies, this is not enough in ensuring confidentiality in the information…… [Read More]


Harman, L.B., & American Health Information Management Association. (2006). Ethical challenges in the management of health information. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett


Nass, S.J., Levit, L.A., Gostin, L.O., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009). Beyond the HIPAA

privacy rule: Enhancing privacy, improving health through research. Washington, D.C:
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Management Healthcare Define and Describe

Words: 2739 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32263576

Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.

2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.

The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.

3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…… [Read More]


Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21

February 2011, <   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455  >

Carlson, Gail. 2009. "Managed Care Understanding Our Changing Health Care System," viewed

21 February 2011,
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Assessing Mental Illness

Words: 1890 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41184962

Mental Illness

The ability for patients to access mental health services these days are more wide ranging than ever before. This is in part due to the fact that the realm of mental health, once simply governed by physicians, is now peopled by staff of all different types and disciplines. In addition, many mental health professionals are now multiply credentialed, so it is not impossible to see a mental health professional who is all at once a family and marital therapist, a chemical dependency practitioner and a social worker. All these elements only serve to improve the ability of patients/clients to receive quality mental health services, whether it be in a large institutional setting, a community mental health center or in a private clinical office.

But what are the different types of mental health professionals who are trained in the identification and treatment of patients with mental health issues? There…… [Read More]


Bridget, J. 1994, Treatment of Lesbians with Alcohol Problems in Alcohol services in North-West England, Lesbian Information Service.

Faulkner, A. 1997, Briefing No.1 - Suicide and Deliberate Self-Harm. Mental Health Foundation

National Patient Safety Agency 2001, Safety First, National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness, five-year report of the National Confidential Inquiry

Shaffi, M., Carigan, S., Whittinghall, J.R. et al. 1985, 'Psychological Autopsy of Completed Suicide in Children and Adolescents', American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 1061-1064.
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Employee Safety Health and Welfare

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47190661

" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, nd) Key provisions of the standards include protection in the areas of: (1) access to medical records; (2) notice of privacy practices; (3) limits on uses of personal medical information; (4) prohibition on marketing; (5) strong state laws; (6) confidential communications; and (7) complaints. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, nd)


The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) is a federal law that places standards that are minimum to be met for "most voluntarily established pensions and health plans in private industry to provide protection for individuals in these plans." (U.S. Department of Labor, 2008) the requirements of ERISA include the provision of plan information and fiduciary responsibilities to participants and makes a requirement of establishment of "a grievance and appeals process for participants to get benefits from their plans; and gives participants the…… [Read More]


Employee Retirement Income Security Act - ERISA (2008) U.S. Department of Labor - Health Plans and Benefits. 19 Jan 2008. Online available at http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/health-plans/erisa.htm

Office for Civil Rights - HIPAA (nd) U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Online available at  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/hipaa/bkgrnd.html

Protecting the Privacy of Patient's Health Information (2003) U.S. Department of Health & Human Services 14 Apr 2003. Online available at
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Medical ID Theft and Securing Ephi Medical

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73255136

Medical ID Theft and Securing EPHI

Medical Identity Theft

Medical information can be stolen by 1) the bad guys getting sick and using a victim's information to obtain services, 2) friends or relatives use another friend's or relative's information to obtain treatment, 3) when professionals, such as physicians, fabricate services that did not exist, 4) organized crime, and 5) innocent or not so innocent opportunists (Lafferty, 2007). ad guys that get sick can take a victim's insurance information to obtain services for treatment. Professionals can fabricate false claims to cover medical errors. Opportunists have access to patient data and the ability to steal, use, or sell that information.

Effective security requires clear direction from upper management (Whitman). Assigning security responsibilities and access controls with audit controls to organizational elements and individuals helps to place accountability on individuals. They must formulate or elaborate security policies and procedures based on the organizational…… [Read More]


HIPAA Security Series. (n.d.). Retrieved from HHS.gov:  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/administrative/securityrule/techsafeguards.pdf

Hoffman, S. & . (2007). SECURING THE HIPAA SECURITY RULE. Journal of Internet Law, 10(8), 1-16.

Lafferty, L. (2007). Medical Identity Theft: The Future Threat of Health Care Fraud is Now. Journal of Healthcare Compliance, 9(1), 11-20.

Whitman, M. & . (n.d.). Case B: Accessing and Mitigating the Risks to a Hypothetical Computer System, pages B1-B24 .
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Security of Health Care Records

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15432259

" (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012) the key to the preservation of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access -- limiting who can see what -- begins with authorizing users." (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012) Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad." (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012)

III. Risk Reduction Strategies

Strategies for addressing barriers and overcoming these barriers are inclusive of keeping clear communication at all organizational levels throughout the process and acknowledging the impact of the organization's culture as well as capitalizing on all…… [Read More]


Harman, LB, Flite, CA, and Bond, K. (2012) Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. State of the Art and Science. Virtual Mentor. Sept. 2012, Vol. 14 No. 9. Retrieved from: http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2012/09/stas1-1209.html

Kopala, B. And Mitchell, ME (2011) Use of Digital health Records Raises Ethical Concerns. JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation. Jul/Sep 2011. Lippincott's Nursing Center. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingcenter.com/lnc/cearticle?tid=1238212#P77 P85 P86 P87
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Sanford J Townsend-Rocchicciolli J horigan A & Hall

Words: 932 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48563261

Sanford, J., Townsend-Rocchicciolli, J.,Horigan, A., & Hall, P. (2011). A process of decision making by caregivers of family members with heart failure. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 25(1), 55-70.

Describe the population for this study.

participants were recruited from cardiology offices, inpatient hospital units, or adult day care facilities. The participant had to be related to the patient with heart failure (HF), provide one activity of daily living, and/or assist the care recipient with two activities of daily living and do this voluntarily.

How was the sample selected? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this sampling strategy?

This was a convenience sample. The participants were recruited from cardiology offices, inpatient hospital units, or adult day care facilities and had to meet certain conditions. The strengths are that the researchers know and get precisely what they are looking for (in terms of qualifications of participants). The weaknesses are that…… [Read More]

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Obligations Regarding Reporting of the

Words: 923 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36699609

Though freedom of religion exists, this freedom does not allow people to break the law. In this particular turning the records over to the mother may endanger the safety of the child. In addition the hospital could be held liable if they turn the records over and something happens to the child because it would be considered a decision that was made in bad faith.

There are also federal laws that protect minors as it pertains to matters of reproductive health. These laws are part of the ealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (IPAA. Laws containted in this act are designed to allow girls under the age of 18 to have control of their sexual and reproductive health. Under this law teenage girls can receive treatment for STD's and abortions without the consent of their parents. Although this is a federal statute, indivudal states have the right to determine whether…… [Read More]

Health and Safety Code). HEALTH and SAFETY CODE

SECTION.5. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=hsc&group=&file=.5

Smith, S.K. (2007) Mandatory Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect. http://www.smithlawfirm.com/mandatory_reporting.htm
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Human Resources the Main Basis

Words: 1550 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41468623


Family assistance programs provide assistance for employees and families in need. These have the benefit of strengthening employee commitment and loyalty to the workplace by boosting employee morale. The work-to-family program, for example, helps employee scope with caring for children or aging parents by providing assistance as part of insurance benefits. There is also a family assistance program to address partner violence, which has a severe effect on employee productivity and well-being. A further assistance program is offered to families of military personnel deployed to combat environments. Such programs provide both financial and moral support to families who must cope with such separation in the long-term.

It is vital for employers to provide employees with these kinds of assistance, since they cultivate both loyalty and well-being among employees. Both these factors tend to increase the ability of employees to deliver good service.


Department of Health and Human Services…… [Read More]


Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. Retrieved from:  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/index.html

Frugal Trader (2011). Defined Benefit Pension vs. Defined Contribution Pension. Million Dollar Journey. Retrieved from: www.milliondollarjourney.com/defined-benefit-pension-vs.-defined-contribution-pension.htm

Hall, D. (2011, Jun 14). Employee and Family Assistance Program. Retrieved from: www.livestrong.com/article/300731-employee-family-assistance-program/

Jennifer, K. (2012). Government Regulations on Discretionary Benefits in the United States. Retrieved from:  http://www.ehow.com/list_7385963_government-discretionary-benefits-united-states.html
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Peachtree Healthcare IT Architecture Recommendations to Peachtree

Words: 1828 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17296729

Peachtree Healthcare

IT Architecture ecommendations to Peachtree Healthcare

The discussions and cursory analyses in the Harvard Business eview case Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve? (Dalcher, 2005) attempt to implement massive IT projects without considering the implications from a strategic and tactical level. There is no mention of the most critical legal considerations of any healthcare provider, and this includes compliance to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) in addition to highly specific requirements by medical practice area and discipline (Johnston, Warkentin, 2008).

Second, there isn't a framework described for governance of the IT strategies as they relate to Peachtree Healthcare's overarching strategic vision and mission. The lack of focus on governance in any strategic IT implementation will eventually lead to confused roles, cost overruns and chaos relating to the long-term contribution of IT to rapidly changing business priorities (Smaltz, Carpenter, Saltz, 2007). Max Berndt…… [Read More]


Alhatmi, Y.S. (2010). Quality audit experience for excellence in healthcare. Clinical Governance, 15(2), 113-127.

Cheng, H.K., Tang, Q.C., & Zhao, J.L. (2006). Web services and service-oriented application provisioning: An analytical study of application service strategies. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53(4), 520-520.

Coetzee, M., & Eloff, J.H.P. (2005). Autonomous trust for web services. Internet Research, 15(5), 498-507.

Dalcher, D. (2005). Breakthrough it change management: How to get enduring change results. Project Management Journal, 36(1), 62-62.
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Activity Studies Found Common Features High-Performing Health

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12396916

Activity Studies found common features high-performing health departments manage diabetes. These departments include receiving external funding programming, a -management education program recognized American Diabetes Association, partnership opportunities.

While obesity and obesity-related complaints such as Type II diabetes are a problem all over the United States, in my home state of Georgia, the condition has been of particular, growing concern. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), "64.8% of adults were overweight, with a Body Mass Index of 25 or greater" and "29.6% of adults were obese, with a Body Mass Index of 30 or greater" in the state (Georgia's response to obesity, 2012, CDC). Even more worrisome, amongst adolescents who should be at the most active stage of their lives, "14.8% were overweight (>85th and < 95th percentiles for BMI by age and sex) 12.4% were obese (>95th percentile for BMI by age and sex)" (Georgia's response to obesity,…… [Read More]


Rivard, P. (2003). Accountability for patient safety: A review of cases, concepts, and practices.

Massachusetts Coalition for the Prevention of Medical Errors. Retrieved:     http://www.macoalition.org/Initiatives/docs/Accountability%20LitReview%20Final_Rivard_new%20copyright.pdf
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Professionals Who Are Trained in

Words: 2507 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91184450

Beyond the ability of the individual to carry out daily activities, there is the issue of quality of life. So a person who can get up and go to work but finds no pleasure in normal activities is someone whose symptoms still merit concern from the mental health professional (Hood & Johnson, 2006, pp. 27-9.)

Psychiatrists: The Medical Model of Treatment

For many people the most obvious professional to seek treatment from when faced with the symptoms of mental disorders is a psychiatrist. (Maybe because we've grown up reading the psychiatry cartoons in The New Yorker!) Psychiatrists are medical doctors and so their basic response to the symptoms of mental disorders will tend to be a medical one. This encompasses an overall examination of the person's health. (For example, a psychiatrist might run a series of thyroid function tests to determine if a patient's depressive symptoms were related to thyroid…… [Read More]


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition.

Davies, T. (1997, 24 May.). ABC of mental health: Mental health assessment. BMJ: 314.

Groth-Marnat, G. (2009). Handbook of psychological assessment. New York: Wiley.

Hood, A. & Johnson, R. (2006). Assessment in counseling: A guide to the use of psychological procedures. Washington DC: American Counseling Association.
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Security Standards & Least Privilege Security Standards

Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87377305

Security Standards & Least Privilege

Security Standards and Legislative Mandates

Industries are required by law to follow regulations to protect the privacy of information, do risk assessments, and set policies for internal control measures. Among these polices are: SOX, HIPAA, PCI DSS, and GLA. Each of these regulations implements internal control of personal information for different industries. Where GLA is for the way information is shared, all of them are for the safeguard of sensitive personal information.

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) created new standards for corporate accountability in reporting responsibilities, accuracy of financial statements, interaction with auditors, and internal controls and procedures (Sarbanes-Oxley Essential Information). When audits are done to verify the validity of the financial statements, auditors must also verify the adequacy of the internal control and procedures. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is designed to protect personal health information held by covered entities and…… [Read More]


Brenner. (2007). How Chevron Met the PCI DSS Deadline. Security Wire Daily News.

Gramm Leach Bliley Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from Bureau of Consumer Protection: http://business.ftc.gov/privacy-and-security/gramm-leach-bliley-act principle of least privilege (POLP). (n.d.). Retrieved from Search Security:  http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/principle-of-least-privilege-POLP 

Sarbanes-Oxley Essential Information. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Data Manager's Public Library: http://www.sox-online.com/basics.html

Tipton, K. & . (n.d.). Access Control Models. Retrieved from CC Cure.org: http://www.cccure.org/
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Employee Recruitment When Setting Up and Maintaining

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47065124

Employee ecruitment

When setting up and maintaining the human resource files, confidentiality and privacy are always significant at workplace. Today most organizations are taking different steps of ensuring that the information within the organization remains confidential and private, however employees on the other hand are seen not to be concerned of this, therefore it is the work of the top managers to make their employees understand the importance of keeping files such as the human resource files as confidential. The human resources professionals should prevent misuse of personal information by safely storing them to avoid unauthorized access. Maintaining confidentiality of information in organization does not only protect the company from the legal hassles, but it improves the productivity of the employee while providing them with a safer working environment and security (Dogra, 2012).

Maintaining privacy and confidentiality for human resource files is important for varied reasons this is because, it…… [Read More]


Dogra, A. (2012). Confidentiality in the Workplace. Buzzle. Retrieved December 7, 2012, from  http://www.buzzle.com/articles/confidentiality-in-the-workplace.html 

ACAS (2012). Recruitment and selection Promoting employment relations and HR excellence Retrieved December 7, 2012, from http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=746
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Professional Roles and Values

Words: 962 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31086568

Professional oles and Values

A good number of patients visiting emergency departments are in a position to make independent decision concerning their care. Nevertheless, a significant proportion of them are extremely incapacitated either mentally or physically to the extent that they cannot solely make decisions regarding their treatment. Some of the conditions associated with this incapacitation include organic brain disorder, hypoxia, or head trauma. Jones et al. (2005) describes an emergency department as a very hostile environment where patients may lose control of the nature of care they undergo. Such is the case scenario in this current study. Mr. E is developmentally delayed and hypoxic. Dr. K considers his situation as an emergency and a ventilator must support it. The fact that Mr. E had already signed an advance directive under the supervision of a patients advocate that he did not want a ventilator or cardiopulmonary resuscitation complicates the matter…… [Read More]


Dickey, S.B. (2003-2004). Nurses should be concerned about the ethical implications of HIPAA regulations (pp. 1-5). Washington, DC: American Nurses Association

Fowler, D.M. (2008). Guide to the code of ethics for nurses. Silver Springs, MD: American Nurses Association

Jones S, Davies K, Jones B (2005). The adult patient, informed consent and the emergency care setting. Accident and Emergency Nursing. 13, 3, 167-170
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Ethical Leadership

Words: 1076 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84201158

Ethical Leadership

Advance directives are a way to help people ensure that their wishes are carried out at the end of their lives, even if they are no longer in a state to communicate these wishes. Indeed, these kinds of directives exist precisely for the purpose of ensuring a person's wishes are established during a time when they are able to state these clearly and without any ambiguity (Mitty, 2012). Importantly, every person has the right to create an advance directive and to have such a directive honored at the end of his or her life. Such a directive therefore also overrides any personal desires among family members, for example, to prolong life by means of intensive or artificial methods. In the case of Mr. E, there are three important factors when considering the validity of his advance directive. First, despite his "mild" developmental delay, Mr. E had the presence…… [Read More]


ANA Board of Directors (2010, Jun. 14). Revised Position Statement. Retrieved from:  http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/Ethics-Position-Statements/etpain14426.pdf 

Mitty, E.L. (2012, Jul). Advance Directives: Geriatric Nursing Protocol. Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing. Retrieved from: http://consultgerirn.org/topics/advance_directives/want_to_know_more

Pathfinder. (2010). Advance Healthcare Directives HIPAA issues. Retrieved from:  http://www.pathfinderfs.com/2010/11/advanced-healthcare-directives-hippa-issues/
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Enhancing Security in the US Health Sector

Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63614601

Confidentiality, Privacy, and Security in HIPAA and HITECH ACTs

The increasing rate of greatly publicized security breaches has sparked changes in the attitudes of consumers and business owners. Business leaders can no more neglect the dramatic consequences that security breaches have on company reputation. In the meantime, consumers now demand more remedies and communication from business after a security breach incident. Therefore, this subject remains one of the greatest priorities confronting businesses in all sectors, including healthcare.

The two cases present two principal security threats: Mobile Devices (BYOD) and Medical ecords Theft. Data theft is greatly vulnerable in cases where employees use mobile gadgets, particularly personal devices, to access company information, share data or ignore to change mobile passwords. According to a recent survey, mobile security breaches have affected over 70% of international firms in the last 12 months only (Gupta et al. 2012). In fact, as more companies adopt…… [Read More]


Dawson, M., & Omar, M. (2015). New Threats and Countermeasures in Digital Crime and Cyber Terrorism. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=3433273.

Gupta, M., Walp, J., & Sharman, R. (2012). Threats, Countermeasures, and Advances in Applied Information Security. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Hea, C. M. P. S. (2010). For the Record: Protecting Electronic Health Information. Washington: National Academies Press.

Hhs.gov. (n.d.). HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Audit Program.  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/enforcement/audit/index.html
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Ethics in a Long-Term Healthcare Business Ethics

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14438008

Ethics in a Long-Term Healthcare Business

Ethics in the health care industry spans a wide spectrum of activities and most of the obligations are cast by law on the professionals and the second by the common practice and morals of the profession. Both are important to the progress of the institution and also the health care industry. Compliance of statutes is of primary importance.


There are many rules and statutes that must be complied with by all organizations and one such recent legislation is the hospital information access system. The HIPAA rules apply to all personnel in the system and extend to laboratory technicians, and lawyers and insurers. The culpability comes if the information was disclosed to a third party who did not have an association with the entity -- the clinic and was permitted to access the information. In such cases where the physician discloses information to another…… [Read More]


Andre, Claire; Velasquez, Manuel. (2013) "Aged-Based Health Care Rationing" Retrieved 8

June, 2013 from http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v3n3/age.html

Chaikind, Hinda R. (2004) "The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability ACT

(Hipaa): Overview and Analyses" Nova Publishers.
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Billing and Coding Tech Technological Developments Within

Words: 855 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99654672

Billing and Coding Tech

Technological developments within society in general has caused many changes in how society operates and solves its problems. The healthcare field is no exception and has utilized some of these improvements. The purpose of this essay is to describe and highlight some of these developments within this field . Specifically this essay will present information that describes how medical billing and coding practices have implemented technology in order to improve effectiveness. The essay will first present problems within medical and billing practices and then highlight ideas on how they may be improved and further developed to help eliminate unnecessary actions and focus on the healing process itself.

Current Problems

White (2010) highlighted some important problems that many are experiencing within medical and billing processes. She noted " billing mistakes can cost your practice money, frustrate your patients and even put your relationship with insurance providers at…… [Read More]


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention." International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Viewed 16 April, 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10.htm 

Gosfield, A. (2002). The HIPAA Privacy Rule: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. AAFP, Dec 2002. Retrieved from  http://www.aafp.org/fpm/2002/1100/p35.html 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "Health Information Privacy." Viewed on 16 April 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/

White, R. (2010). 3 Most Common Billing Mistakes. MedPro Solutions. 18 Aug, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.medpronow.com/blog/bid/45187/3-Most-Common-Billing- Mistakes
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Medical Records Each Individual Entity in This Scenario

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56220442

Medical Records

Each individual/entity in this scenario has an agenda. Sandra: is a child under both State and Federal Law; her immediate concern is hiding her sexual abuse by her stepfather; however, hospital administration must be concerned with her best interests on three counts: first, because she is a patient; secondly, because she is a child; third, because she is an allegedly abused child. Mrs. Anderson: is both the patient's parent and a mid-level hospital administrator; her immediate concerns are obtaining and editing medical records to keep her family together on religious grounds; however, the patient's best interest, both as a patient and a child, conflict with Mrs. Anderson's concerns. The hospital: is bound by both Federal and State law; its immediate concerns are serving the bests interests of its patient, who is also a child, while honoring Mrs. Anderson's rights as a parent/representative of the minor patient. In this…… [Read More]

What Should Be Said To Mrs. Anderson About Her Access To Records, Including Laws Regulating Access To And Disclosure Of Medical Records/Information Of A Minor Receiving Reproductive Care/Treatment.

Mrs. Anderson should be told that she is there solely in her capacity as a parent of a minor patient, that her capacity as a mid-level administrator is irrelevant to her instant rights, that any attempt to use her authority as a mid-level administrator to obtain her daughter's original records is an abuse of her authority, and that altering original medical records by unauthorized personnel (i.e., her), is illegal. She should also be told that her work as a mid-level administrator gives her greater insight into laws and hospital policies: the law and the patient's well-being supersede religious beliefs; that the record is what the record is and it cannot be changed by her; that access to the records is severely restricted by law and by hospital policy; that medical records are rarely released immediately upon request in any event; that medical records are not normally released to individuals in any event; rather they are released from facility to facility for purposes of treatment; that it is the provider's judgment that must determine whether it is in the patient's best interest to release the records; that in the instant case, neither the records nor a copy of the medical records will be released to her because, in the provider's judgment, release would not be in Sandra's best interests.

Though Sandra is a minor and Mrs. Anderson is her parent/representative, HIPAA recognizes that there may be circumstances in which medical records should not be released to the parent/representative of a minor (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). In fact, even if the California law did not provide guidance, HIPAA provides that the hospital has discretion to provide or deny access, so long as that decision is made by a health care professional using his/her professional judgment (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). As it happens, California Health and Safety Code §123115 (a)(2) provides that she is not entitled to inspect or obtain copies of the records when the health care provider determines in good faith that access would detrimentally affect the hospital's professional relationship with Sandra, or Sandra's physical safety or her psychological well-being (California State Legislature, 2003). In this case, release of Sandra's records to her mother would harm Sandra in all three aspects. Releasing the records to her mother could detrimentally affect the hospital's relationship with Sandra because she has advised us that she does not want her mother to
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Social Service Solutions

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52081433

Coffee-Town Problem

Human Service Plan

Coffee-Town is an area with great social service professionals that do a great job of service delivery to help the people of the community. However, even with the great performance there are some shortfalls and shortcomings that are under way whereby people are unable to get the full depth and breadth of the services that they need. In addition, the bureaucracy of all of the different social services and how they do (or do not) fit together is creating a headache and a substantial amount of time spent to get each of the individual services. To ameliorate this condition, there will be suggestions made to absolve the problem in addition to some other suggestions and pointers that will aid the overall progress. While there are challenges that can inhibit changing the status quo for the people that need services and the people that deliver them,…… [Read More]

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Injuries Case Studies Janet Works

Words: 1296 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24384805

Refusal to cooperate with the physician selection on the part of the employee could result in a termination, cancellation or simple refusal of benefits.

This physician, the first to treat the patient regarding the work related injury for which the claim is filed, is known as the physician of record. The physician of record has certain duties and obligations to both the patient and the other parties concerned with the worker's compensation claim. Their primary concern is, of course, the treatment of the condition that caused the claim, and the general health of their patient. As part of this treatment, the physician of record has the responsibility to determine the extent of the disability, as well as the date on which the employee can safely return to work. Their report can also allow for further treatments, such as physical therapy. In addition to treating the patent, the physician must keep…… [Read More]

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Icd 10 and Its Implementation

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28953871

Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced in January that ICD- 10-CM will be implemented into the HIPAA mandated code set on Oct. 1, 2013.

Introduction to the new structure of ICD manual o Statistics

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is a program that is designed in order to record statistics of morbidity and mortality and for the indexing of hospital records of disease.

ICD is published by the World Health Organization (WHO).

It has always been statistically difficult to categorize diseases according to any one specific category since different professions that work with diseases have traditionally classified them according to different categories. The pathologist, for instance, is primarily interested in the natural course of the disease process, whilst the anatomist may prefer to have a classification that groups the disease according to the effected part of the body. The statistical classification of disease and injuries depends upon how the…… [Read More]

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Ethics and the Military as Globalism Becomes

Words: 1395 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44174003

Ethics and the Military

As globalism becomes more of a reality, and as various developing countries increase the amount of interaction they do with developed countries, many cultural issues arise. Doing business is not the same worldwide, and as citizens of a global village, we must realize that there are different cultural norms and behaviors that are acceptable in some countries, unacceptable in others, and even expected in some. In the same manner, there are a number of ethical commonalities that businesses and the military share, particularly in the global world. International companies and the military are being pressurized by different groups of people, mainly from their stakeholders, regarding social and ethical issues. Issues revolving around what the United States, Canadian, British and Australian governments call moral issues, in some countries are part of regular actions, yet cause us to ask: "Is it moral or not, when trading in a…… [Read More]


Health Information Privacy. (2012). U.S. Department of Health and Social Services. Retrieved from:  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/index.html

Intellectual Property. (1993). Army Regulation 27-60, Department of the Army, Washington,

DC. Retrieved from:  http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r27_60.pdf 

American Logistics Association, (2008). DeCA Receives Top Score. Military Partners.com.
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Ethical and Legal Perspectives in

Words: 1296 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2347754

Through its partnership with the Department of Justice and the Human Health Services, the HEAT has expanded data sharing and improved information sharing procedures in order to get critical data and information into the hands of law enforcement agencies to enable them track patterns of fraud and abuse, and increase efficiency in investigating and prosecuting complex health care frauds (Department of Health and Human Services, HHS, 2011). The DOJ and the HHS have established cross government health care fraud data intelligence sharing work group that helps to improve awareness across the government on issues related to health fraud.

Student 2

The Healthcare Fraud and Abuse Control Program (HFAC) is enshrined in the section 1128c of the social security Act. This Act authorized the Health and Human Services and works through the office of the inspector general and the department of justice to ensure that the control and designs towards control…… [Read More]

References List

American Medical Association, (2013). Federal Fraud and Abuse Laws. Retrieved July 29, 2013

from http://www.ama-assn.org//ama/pub/physician-resources/legal-topics/regulatory-compliance-topics/health-care-fraud-abuse/federal-fraud-enforcement-physician-compliance/federal-fraud-abuse-laws.page

Department of Health and Human Services, HHS. (2009). The Department of Health and Human

and the Department of Justice Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program Annual
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EMR for Large Company

Words: 3022 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21201312


There are several criteria by which the company can establish acceptability for the eCube system of EM that is available from Fresenius. The first stakeholder group consists of the patients, who will benefit from the enhanced functionality that comes from the eCube system, in particular the superior health outcomes that come from having accurate medical histories available to physicians and other practitioners while they are working with the patient. Management must strike a balance between business objectives and patient outcomes, and therefore there are multiple different acceptability measures that are possible, both based on profit and patient outcomes. Management will also want to know that the system is relatively easy to install, that there is training available from the vendor for the staff, and that the vendor will deliver full support of the system if there are any problems.

Another stakeholder group consists of the owners/shareholders of the health…… [Read More]


Jena, A., Seabury, S., Lakdawalla, D. & Chandra, A. (2011). Malpractice risk according to physician specialty. New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 365 (7) 629-636.

Kalathil, R. (2011). Data management: New products: eCube combines clinical and billing applications. Neprhology News & Issues. Retrieved November 6, 2013 from http://www.nephrologynews.com/articles/data-management-new-products-ecube-combines-clinical-and-billing-applications

Self, D. & Schraeder, M. (2009). Enhancing the success of organizational change: Matching readiness strategies with sources of resistance. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal. Vol. 30 (2) 167-182.
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1996 the Federal Government Passed

Words: 1257 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76880400


ritten Policies

Covered entities must develop and implement written privacy policies that are consistent with the Privacy Rule (OCR, 2003). This policy must address several components. One is that there must be a privacy official. The privacy official is responsible for developing and implementing privacy policies. There must also be a contact person responsible for the receipt of complaints (Ibid.).

The written policy must also cover other key areas. These included workforce training, which should also include any employee under the direct control of the covered entity, even if they are under contract and not an employee of the entity. There must be data safeguards as well, so the written policy needs to include specific procedures for verification of identity, release of information and disposal of PHI.

There must also be a policy with respect to the handling of complaints. This procedure must be outlined in the notice that…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Office for Civil Rights: Health Information Privacy. Retrieved April 2, 2009 from  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/index.html

No author. (2003). What is HIPAA? HIPAAps.com. Retrieved April 2, 2009 from http://www.hipaaps.com/main/background.html

Francis, Theo (2006). Spread of Records Stirs Fear of Privacy Erosion. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2009 from http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/06362/749444-114.stm

Office for Civil Rights: HIPAA Privacy Rule FAQ. Retrieved April 2, 2009 from
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Management of Healthcare

Words: 1899 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80433693

Healthcare Management -- Discussion Questions

Communication strategies are very important when it comes to promoting the practice of healthcare delivery and ensuring that customer service is offered at the highest level. If a person does not communicate well it can harm him or her both personally and professionally. However, that is still a rather isolated issue that is generally considered to be self-limiting in nature. With companies, and especially with healthcare companies, the issue of poor communication is much larger and more significant. As a healthcare worker, a person has to be able to communicate information to patients, families, and other healthcare workers (Nutbeam, 2000). When a person is a manager in a healthcare setting, though, there is much more pressure to make sure that everyone gets the information they need in a timely manner and that the communication preferences as addressed in such a way that each and every…… [Read More]


Arora, V.M., Manjarrez, E., Dressler, D.D., Basaviah, P., Halasyamani, L., & Kripalani, S. (2009). Hospitalist handoffs: A systematic review and task force recommendations. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 4(7): 433- 440. Retrieved from  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3575739/ 

Mercuri, R.T. (2004). The HIPAA-potamus in health care data security. Security Watch. Communications of the ACM, 47(7): 25-28. Retrieved from  http://www.notable-software.com/Papers/HIPAA.pdf 

Moskop, J.C., Marco, C.A., Larkin, G.L., Geiderman, J.M., & Derse, A.R. (2005). From Hippocrates to HIPAA: Privacy and confidentiality in emergency medicine -- Part I: Conceptual, moral, and legal foundations. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 45(1): 53-59. Retrieved from https://www3.acep.org/assets/0/16/898/904/2196/2280/C798499F-59F2-42A3-A23A-A575767D4234.pdf

Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3): 259-267. Retrieved from  http://heapro.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/3/259.long
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Privacy Restrictions on Use of Patient Data

Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95422380

Clinical Activity: Maintaining Alignment to Legal Changes

Policy and Procedures on Information System

My organization's priorities are maintaining the confidentiality of patients and also protecting the organization as a whole from any security impingements. All information is password-protected with strong passwords requiring six characters or more, at least one capital letter and one lower case letter, a number and a symbol of some kind. Passwords are also regularly changed. There is also an additional level of screening with security questions.

Employees are prohibited from using their work email address to conduct personal business. All work emails are monitored to ensure that employees do not disclose private data of patients, work passwords, or open up potentially corrupted files that could damage the system. Mobile devices must likewise be secured and data must only be accessed on secured networks. All employees are prohibited from disclosing any private data about patients with any…… [Read More]


HIPAA. (2016). HHS. Retrieved from:  http://www.hhs.gov/ hipaa/

HIPAA: Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Rule. (2016). ASHA. Retrieved:


Your rights under HIPAA. (2016). HHS. Retrieved from:
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Smart Phone and Social Media Use in Healthcare

Words: 1307 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1845844


Technology gives us more capabilities than we ever had before, and health care organizations need to ensure that their staff members are aware of the regulations surrounding the use of technology in the workplace, both for work-related activities and private activities. The prompt was of a nurse who took photos of a celebrity and texted them to her friend. This action constitutes a violation of HIPAA, wherein the Privacy ule holds the health care providers must safeguard information from your medical records, any information that is recorded by the health care provider, billing information and any other health information (HHS.gov, 2015). Furthermore, there has clearly been an ethical violation committed with regards to the recording of the patient without their consent, and the distribution of that material. Patient information is always confidential in nature, by ethics even if not by law (Mulholland, 1994). This paper will examine the situation…… [Read More]


HHS.gov (2015) Guidance materials for consumers. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/consumers/index.html

HIPAA (2007). Subtitle B -- Requirements relating to health care access. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2007-title45-vol1/pdf/CFR-2007-title45-vol1-part164.pdf

Li, K. (2014). Health smartphone applications on chronic disease monitoring: Development and regulatory considerations. The University of Hong Kong. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/206932/1/FullText.pdf?accept=1

Milholland, K. (1994). Privacy and confidentiality of patient information: Challenges for nursing. Journal of Nursing Administration. Vol. 24 (2) 19-24.
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Information Technology Managerial and Organizational

Words: 8439 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23687198

Another study found that there are many different strategies that are utilized when information technology is developed within the federal government and many of these tend to come not from the top managers but from the management instead (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000).

Much of this has to do with the fact that the top managers in the federal government are often political appointees and therefore know somewhat less about the inner workings of the organization when it comes to specific technological systems (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000). The middle managers are the ones who generally look for strategies to develop other types of information technology and are often comparable to the end users within other studies (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000). Unlike the managers who deal specifically with management information systems, or the other executive managers within the company, these middle managers actually understand many of the challenges and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, a. & Sasse, M.A. (1999). Users Are Not the Enemy. Communications of the ACM, 42(12), 40-46.

Bocco, G., and Sanchez, R. (1995). Quantifying urban growth using GIS: The case of Tijuana, Mexico (1973-1993). Geo Info Systems 5(10), 18-19.

Bohnet, D. (1995). Integration of socio-economic data into GIS -- a case study of the CRDA. Proceedings of the AfricaGIS 95 conference, Abidjan, March 5-10.

Broadbent, M., Weill, P., & St. Clair, D. (1999) the Implications of Information Technology Infrastructure for Business Process Redesign. MIS Quarterly, 23(2), 159-182.
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Mckesson EHR and Its Implementation in Hospital Setting

Words: 4285 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91082636

Advance Information Management and the Application of Technology

In this modern age, the incorporation of information technology (IT) with the health care system is important. With the need of quality care within the industry, there is great significance in many institutions about the execution of electronic health record (EHs) and information support systems. The use of registries and IT support systems will enable the community hospital to monitor and track patients and improve patient safety and quality of care (Chin and Sakuda, 2012). The advantage of making use of computerized management systems is limited not only to reduced book-keeping and accounts for patients and physicians but is linked to continued access to reasonably priced healthcare, enhanced quality of care, prevention of medical blunders, reduction in health care expenses, improved administrative efficacies, and engagement of patients in their own health care (Chin and Sakuda, 2012).The following proposal will seek to investigate…… [Read More]


Blavin, F., Ramos, C., Shah, A., Devers, K. (2013). Lessons from the Literature on Electronic Health Record Implementation. Urban Institute. Retrieved 16 October 2015 from: https://www.healthit.gov/sites/default/files/hit_lessons_learned_lit_review_final_08-01-2013.pdf

Chin, B. J., & Sakuda, C. M. (2012). Transforming and Improving Health Care through Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, 71(4 Suppl 1), 50-55.

Health IT. (2013). Creating a Leadership Team for Successful EHR Implementation. The National Learning Consortium. Retrieved 16 October 2015 from: https://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/creating-leadership-team-successful-ehr-implementation

HealthIT. (2013). Capturing High Quality Electronic Health Records Data to Support Performance Improvement. Beacon: Health Information Technology.
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Security and Control of Health Data

Words: 3766 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68825610

Health-Care Data at Euclid Hospital Security and Control: A White Paper

Protecting Health-Care Data

The efficiency of the modern healthcare system is increasingly becoming reliant on a computerized infrastructure. Open distributed information systems have been initiated to bring professionals together on a common platform throughout the world. It needs to be understood that easy and flexible methods of processing and communication of images; sound and texts will help in visualizing and thereby cure illnesses and diseases effectively. Another aspect is that the easy access and usage can risk patient privacy, accountability, and secrecy associated with the healthcare profession. Therefore, Information Technology -- IT must be able to focus mainly on improving the health of the patient and should not put the patient's health in danger. (IO Press)

This implies that right data has to be made available to the right person at the right time. IT strongly affects the confidentiality…… [Read More]


A WWW implementation of National Recommendations for Protecting Electronic Health

Information. http://medg.lcs.mit.edu/people/psz/secman.html

Accessed 21 September, 2005

IO Press. Retrieved from http://www.iospress.nl/loadtop/load.php?isbn=9051992661
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Availability and Portability vs Privacy

Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68267387

Portability vs. Privacy

Electronic Medical ecords (EM) refers to the digital version of papers containing all the medical history of a patient. EMs are mostly applied in healthcare institutions for treatment and diagnosis.

Benefits of Electronic Medical ecords

The following are some of the benefits associated with electronic medical records (Thede, 2010). EMs are more efficient than paper records because they encourage providers to:

Track patient's data over time

Spot clients who are due for screening and preventive visits

Conduct patient monitoring to measure their parameters including blood pressure and vaccinations

Improve the overall quality of service provision in the practice

Electronic medical records store information in a manner that makes it impossible for outsiders to access. It might be necessary to print patients' medical records and delivered through the mail to other health care members or specialists.

HIPAA egulations and EM

The federal government passed the Health Insurance Portability…… [Read More]


Thede, L. (2010). Informatics: Electronic health records: A boon or privacy nightmare? Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 15(2), 8.


Jacques, L. (2011). Electronic health records and respect for patient privacy: A prescription for compatibility. Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, 13(2), 441-462.  http://www.jetlaw.org/wp-content/journal-pdfs/Francis.pdf 

Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2012). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community. Maryland Heights, Mo: Elsevier Mosby.
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Data Privacy and Security

Words: 2026 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70051448

ecurity Management Plan

John's Hospital

Privacy of client information is an assurance that every patient wants and this assurance is what the hospital can build patient confidence on. The lack of it therefore may have consequences such as loss of confidence in the hospital, loss of clientele and the emergence of a poor reputation. This paper looks at the t. John's Hospital which has experienced the leakage of confidential information a problem that needs to be addressed. It highlights the steps the hospital must take in its management plan. In the first step, hospital must identify how widespread the problem is and where exactly there are weaknesses in the system. econdly, the hospital's staff must receive adequate training in methods to deal with confidential information especially its destruction. A culture must be developed to deal with this information discreetly. In this same breadth breach must be understood by all staff…… [Read More]

Shred it (2013), Security Breach, Shred --It making sure it is secure, http://www.shredit.com/en-us/document-destruction-policy-protect-your-business (Retrieved 16/11/2015)

Scallan T. (2013), Disaster recovery solutions underscore the importance of security, Health Management Technology, http://www.healthmgttech.com/disaster-recovery-solutions-underscore-the-importance-of-security.php (Retrieved 16/11/2015)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (2000), Health information privacy, HHS.gov,  http://www.hhs.gov/ ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/srsummary.html (Retrieved 16/11/2015)
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ABC Healthcare S Technical Security Recommendations

Words: 3096 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95283387

Technical Security Recommendations for ABC Healthcare IT Infrastructures

ABC Healthcare has been facing a multitude of challenges ranging from the security of the IT infrastructures to the compliance of regulatory policies. In the United States, the lawmakers are increasing putting more restrictive in the regulatory environment because there have been more attacks in the healthcare environment, damaging the organizational information systems and using worms and virus to gain access to non-authorized sensitive data. The issues are making the stakeholders of ABC Healthcare demand for more flexible access to their information systems. Moreover, increasing regulatory pressures within the healthcare environment with regards to the management of the information systems has made ABC Healthcare to decide to implement more prudent information systems security. The goal of ABC Healthcare is to implement good information systems to abide by regulatory policies of HIPPA and SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley). Typically, both SOX and HIPAA mandate healthcare organizations…… [Read More]

Kizza, J.M. (2015). Guide to Computer Network Security. Springer.

Krogh, P. (2009). The DAM Book: Digital Asset Management for Photographers, 2nd Edition, p. 207. O'Reilly Media.

Mell, P. & Grance, T. (2011). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing (NIST SP 800-145). National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
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Healthcare Regulation Research

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79840852

Healthcae Regulation Reseach

Regulation is a key aspect in the health cae industy. Regulation is necessay to safeguad the public inteest. In paticula, egulation in the health cae industy is all the moe significant as it diectly impacts the life and health of consumes (Field, 2006). The vaious egulatoy institutions implement health cae egulations to safeguad the geneal public fom vaious health isks and augment public health and well-being. Health cae egulations and standads ae impeative and fundamental to make cetain that thee is compliance and to povide safe health cae to evey peson that has accessibility to the healthcae system. They ae established and executed at the local, fedeal and state levels (Field, 2006).

Selected Health Cae Regulation

The selected health cae egulation is the HIPAA Pivacy Rule. The HIPAA Pivacy Rule was allotted by the United States Depatment of Health and Human Sevices to limit the usage and…… [Read More]


Pritts, J. (2008). The importance and value of protecting the privacy of health information: Roles of HIPAA Privacy Rule and the Common Rule in health research. National Academies.
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Laws and Regulations That Apply

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71730917


More specifically, it stated that an individual who is under the care of any health organization, public or private, be it mental or physical health is subject to: (i) procedures of privacy rights. Namely that information regarding his health or person cannot be revealed to others without his or her permission, and (ii) that there should be established procedures for the exercise of these privacy rights (Ibid.).

The advantages with HIPAA is that it gives individuals control over their health information, as well as establishing national standards that health care providers must comply with and helps to limit inappropriate manipulation of individual by health care facility or corruption of its ethical procedures.

A problem with HIPAA, however, is that the mechanism used to authenticate a patient and to enable him access to his or her private records is the individual's social security identification. This alone is problematic in that…… [Read More]


United States Department of Labor. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved on Monday, January 17, 2011 from: http://osha.gov/

United States Department of Labor. Safety and health topics. Retrieved on Monday, January 17, 2011 from: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/nursinghome/index.html

What is HIPAA? Retrieved on Monday, January 17, 2011 from:     http://whatishipaa.org/
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Electronic Medical Health Records Utilizing Electronic

Words: 5456 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39373512

However, because they make billing more efficient, the majority of large urban practice groups and hospitals have already made the switch to electronic records, according to Michael R. Costa, attorney and associate at Greenberg Traurig, LLP, in oston, Mass. However, he adds, most of these organizations maintain warehouses where they store paper records that have been transcribed to electronic form. "There is resistance from some about going to a completely electronic format because there are still some questions about privacy," Costa says. "There is definitely still a place for paper-based medical records, but the focus from now on will be on making sure that information can be adequately secured" (Fiske).

Frederick Geilfuss, partner in the health law department of Foley & Lardner, in Milwaukee, Wis. says that while many larger providers have already begun the shift, he has not encountered any institutions that have made a complete transition -- an…… [Read More]


Ball, Marion, Carla Smith and Richard Bakalar. "Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers." Journal of Healthcare Information Management (2007): 76-83.

Brenner, Bill. "Secure Electronic Medical Records: Fact or Fiction?" 3 March 2009. The Standard. 10 April 2009 .

Bright, Beckey. "Benefits of Electronic Health Records." 29 November 2007. The Wall Street Journal. 10 April 2009 http://hfs.illinois.gov/assets/ilhie_112907.pdf

Byers, Jay. "Medical Records Scanning: Convert your paper-based patient records into electronic records." December 2008. EMR Services of Canada. 9 April 2009 .
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Needle Stick Injuries

Words: 4119 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98811208

Patient Identifiers

The Importance of Patient Identifiers

Adverse events as a consequence of medical treatment are now recognized to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality around the world (World Health Organization [WHO], 2005). Somewhere between 3 and 5% of all hospital admissions in the United States result in an adverse event, and in 1999 it was estimated that the majority of the 44,000 to 98,000 deaths caused annually by medical mistakes could have been prevented (reviewed by Leape, 2000, and WHO, 2005).

The sources of adverse events can be divided into clinical practice, defective or poorly maintained products, improper procedures, or an organizational system. The World Health Organization (2005) concluded that systemic failures are the primary source of adverse events, and can be attributed to a particular organization's patient care strategy, culture, attitudes toward managing quality of care and risk prevention, and the ability to learn from mistakes.…… [Read More]

Resources. When taught in-house, hospital PHI guidelines will be included as course material. A formal 2-hour lecture will be presented, followed by a specified period for home study of the course material. A 1-hour supervised exam will then be administered to test the student's comprehension of the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules, and the significance of PSQIA.


Association of Surgical Technologists. (2006). Recommended Standards of Practice for Patient Identification. Retrieved March 16, 2011 from  http://www.ast.org/pdf/Standards_of_Practice/RSOP_Patient_Identification.pdf 

Brady, Anne-Marie, Malone, Anne-Marie, and Fleming, Sandra. (2009). A literature review of the individual and systems factors that contribute to medication errors in nursing practice. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 679-697.

Brady, Anne-Marie, Redmond, Richard, Curtis, Elizabeth, Fleming, Sandra, Keenan, Paul, Malone, Anne-Marie et al. (2009). Adverse events in health care: a literature review. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 155-164.
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Business Law Medical Field There

Words: 1621 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75683193

The responsibility for adequate medical direction under the Ohio evised Code and the Toledo Municipal Code was given to the Director of Health as long as they were a licensed physician, licensed dentist or licensed veterinarian, otherwise it would be overseen by the Medical Officer. The responsibility for enforcement of all federal, state and local public health laws including, but not limited to Part Seventeen, Health Code, were directed to the Director of Health and Environment and/or the Medical Officer (Department of Health and Environment, 2008).

The Director of Health and Environment was given the authority to exercise all powers granted to commissioners of health of city health districts by the Ohio evised Code and the Toledo Municipal Code. Yet, when the Director of Health and Environment is not a licensed physician, licensed dentist or licensed veterinarian, then those powers which require medical direction shall be granted to the Medical…… [Read More]


Department of Health and Environment. (2008). Retrieved November 25, 2009, from American

Legal Publishing Corporation Web site:

http://www.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/Ohio/toledo/toledomunicipalcode?f=templates$ fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:toledo_oh

HIPAA Administrative Simplification Statute and Rules. (n.d.). Retrieved November 25, 2009,
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Release of Information Properly the

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56586783

For the patient, there are equally negative consequences, such as medical identity theft, financial loss and potential damage to their health. Medical identity theft can result in erroneous entries to the patient's health care records, which can affect the patient's medical and financial records for a long time (Federal Trade Commission, 2003 & 2007). In each medical facility, there is a need for trained professionals who can properly process Release of Information (ROI) requests. These individuals must also be able to make properly disclosures of request to first and third parties for the preservation of the integrity of the data and the privacy of the PHI. Moreover, these trained professionals cannot become complacent or corrupt, as this can lead to loss of privacy and security of the PHI (ittleton Police Department, 2004).

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was an attempt by Congress in 1996 to reform the…… [Read More]

Law enforcement categories medical identity fraud into two types: organized crime and individual identity theft.

An example of individual identity theft occurred at the University of Connecticut when a man with HIV utilized his cousin's health insurance information without the cousin's knowledge to receive approximately $76,000 worth of medical care and treatment (University of Connecticut, 2005).

The privacy and security review process identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system of health care information management. Central to the review process is
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Integrative Studies Portfolio Artifacts Health

Words: 1089 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76677760

Conceptual Relevance of Integrative Studies in a Healthcare Career

This course has been tremendously helpful to anybody anticipating a career in any form of health care or health care-related industries and services. It is obvious that it is no longer sufficient for future health care workers and service providers to study only courses directly related to the actual delivery of health care services. In the modern age of health care, it is essential for professionals in any related field to understand the issues facing patients, health care providers, employers, and other stakeholders. In particular, the Integrative Studies course combines the fields and skills associated with essential aspects of professionalism in general as well as particularly in connection with the safe, ethical, and legally complaint delivery of health care services.

The course provides a comprehensive and very useful overview of the business issues that arise in health care and of the…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Government Regulations the Role of Government

Words: 2113 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46728609

Healthcare Government egulations

The role of government regulatory agencies and government regulations in general is particularly important in health care. The reasons for this are many, but the most important of those reasons is that health care delivery is a special case with regard to consumer use, as to some degree all individuals have the right to safe and ethical treatment and treatment that above all else does no harm. Government regulatory agencies and government regulations therefore become a sort of watch dog for healthcare, attempting to make sure that treatment to all patients is safe, ethical and equitable. Government regulatory agencies are especially keen on identifying universal barriers to health care by establishing public insurance, rules and regulations as well as funding and also attempting to eradicate some of the health care disparities that exist today. To do so they have created and regulate many pieces of legislation that…… [Read More]


By the Numbers. (2011). Modern Healthcare, 41(27), 9.

Prial, D. (2007, July 18). A painful prescription. Record, The (Hackensack, NJ).

Rothstein, M.A. (2011). Currents in Contemporary Bioethics. Journal Of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 39(1), 91-95. doi:10.1111/j.1748-720X.2011.00553.x

Webster, P. (2011). Value of e-prescribing questioned. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 183(14), 1575.