Hipaa Essays Examples

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Passed by Congress in 1996

Words: 1589 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73446934

In addition to barriers to coverage, HIPAA presents problems for patients wishing to keep their medical information private. HIPAA professes to protect patient privacy and information security. While the provisions of HIPAA do outline the strict rules for informed consent, there are a slew of loopholes that would permit the disclosure of information. Those loopholes can be readily taken advantage of by numerous parties, including but not limited to the primary care provider, health care administrator, insurer, employer, and government agency.

When HIV / AIDS information is disclosed, stigma and prejudice are almost guaranteed. For this reason, patients with HIV / AIDS should be offered greater protection under the law. The prevention of HIV / AIDS depends on education and awareness as well as improving patient access to quality care. Paranoia about HIV / AIDS has led to a dismantling of privacy rules that would otherwise be invoked. Patients with non-communicable illnesses may not feel that their medical information is as sensitive as those with HIV / AIDS. However, all patients should be concerned that HIPAA does not protect information privacy and confidentiality as well as it should.


Avert (n.d.). HIV & AIDS stigma and discrimination. Retrieved online: http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma.htm…… [Read More]

Avert (n.d.). HIV & AIDS stigma and discrimination. Retrieved online: http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma.htm

Biel-Cunningham, S. (2003). HIPAA: Understanding Your Rights of Insurance Portability and Privacy. The Body. Retrieved online:  http://www.thebody.com/content/art32201.html 
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Knowledge Concerning Ethical Issues Involved

Words: 4963 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86009486

100). Much of the focus of personnel selection using psychological testing was on new troops enlisting in the military during two world wars and the explosive growth of the private sector thereafter (Scroggins et al., 2008). Psychological testing for personnel selection purposes, though, faded into disfavor during the 1960s, but it continues to be used by human resource practitioners today. In this regard, Scroggins and his colleagues advise, "Many HR practitioners, however, have continued to use personality testing with an optimistic and enduring faith in its ability to discriminate between good and poor job candidates" (p. 101).

In cases where cheating is suspected (such as in the case of an teen applicant possibly using a smartphone or consulting crib notes during testing by visiting the restroom), psychologists have a professional responsibility to conform to relevant privacy laws with respect to the results of such tests, including following the decision-making model provided by organizations such as the Canadian Psychological Association's approach which is applied to these issues in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Application of CPA's Decision-Making Model to Personnel Selection Results

Decision Step


Identification of the individuals and groups potentially affected by the decision.

1. Applicant.

2. Potential employers.…… [Read More]

Barnes, F.P. & Murdin, L. (2001). Values and ethics in the practice of psychotherapy and counseling. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Bersoff, D.N. (2008). Ethical conflicts in psychology. American Psychological Association.
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Ethical and Legal Perspectives in

Words: 1275 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34717617

A deposition is "conducted by parties to a legal action to obtain information that cannot as readily be learned through written records or general investigation. During a deposition, the lawyer for one side orally questions a witness on the opposing side. In addition to the defendants named in a lawsuit being deposed, others called to deposition can be fact witnesses" (Preparing for a deposition, 2011, World Law). Above all, preparation is an essential component of preparing for a deposition. Before entering into the deposition the administrator should consult with the attorney about the specifics of the case and the law as they pertain to the issue at hand. Answers should not be memorized to likely questions, but the administrator should be aware of key talking points he or she wishes to communicate.


Meyer, C. (2013). Discovery. About.com. Retrieved:


Preparing for a deposition. (2011). World Law. Retrieved:


Second student

During such a deposition, the critical component is that all members of the hospital involved in the process are on the 'same page' in terms of what they agreed happened to the patient when she sustained the fall. Before the formal deposition in front of opposing counsel, members of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Health care reform and health it stimulus: ARRA and HITECH (2009). AHIMA.

Retrieved: http://www.ahima.org/advocacy/arrahitech.aspx#difference
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Legal Aspects of Health Care

Words: 521 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40609699

Legal medical measures that had to be taken in advance so that people's live would not be at risk, because individuals would actually postpone treatment for the fear of being judged about something that a patient was embarrassed about. It became more of a public health issue to not enforce the rights of individuals who sought medical attention for a pertinent matter.

Although the privacy, safety, and comfort level of patients are impacted by the application of HIPAA, the medical industry was also directly impacted as well. Pharmaceutical industries were no longer able to direct their products directly at patients, since under this policy, they no longer had the right to look at anyone's information. Medical information was no longer up for grabs for the business industry to exploit its usage. Having absolute confidentiality meant that money that was once made from direct tailored advertisement, could no longer be made. Companies that posed a health hazard by sending sample medication directly to individuals' homes were no longer able to do that, so although their financial numbers went down, it was a policy that needed to be implemented for the sake of some sort of controlling agency in healthcare. Before HIPAA,…… [Read More]

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (undefined). Understanding Health Information Privacy. In  http://www.hhs.gov/ . Retrieved July 23, 2011, from
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Electronic Health Records the Advent of Technology

Words: 1688 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23818821

Electronic Health Records

The advent of technology has had an impact on almost every facet of our lives. Today, thanks to technology, the maintenance of patient records is becoming increasingly easy and efficient. In this text, I will concern myself with electronic health records (EHR). In so doing, I will amongst other things take into consideration the effect of EHRs on health care and the implications of adopting this technology from a privacy and security perspective. Further, I will highlight HIPAA privacy and security rules and how they relate to EHRs.

Electronic Health Records (EHRs): An Overview

Electronic health record according to Kirch (2008) "describes a longitudinal (lifetime) record of a patient's health and health care." However, a more comprehensive definition of EHR has three key components. According to the Institute of Medicine - IOM (as cited in Niles, 2010), these components are "the collection of longitudinal data on a person's health, immediate electronic access to this information, establishment of a system that provides decision support to ensure the quality, safety, and efficiency of patient care." In that regard, EHRs significantly differ from paper-based records. In the opinion of Kirch (2008), the various needs of modern medicine have necessitated the…… [Read More]

Health Resources and Services Administration -- HRSA (2012). What are the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules? Retrieved August 2, 2012, from the HRSA website: http://www.hrsa.gov/healthit/toolbox/HealthITAdoptiontoolbox/PrivacyandSecurity/hipaarules.html

Iyer, P.W., Levin, B.J. & Shea, M.A. (2006). Medical Legal Aspects of Medical Records. Tucson, AZ: Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company.
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Internship Report -- Home Health

Words: 1243 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75745998

3. Tardiness and Missed Appointments without Adequate Notice -- the agency received several complaints from clients or from their family members about service providers who had failed to keep scheduled appointments without any notice. There were also numerous complaints about late arrivals at the homes of patients. The supervisor determined that all of the complaints about missed appointments related to two CNAs; they determined that the tardiness complaints pertained to many service providers but that in the vast majority of cases, the delays were unavoidable and attributable to delays incurred by the service providers at the homes of previously scheduled patients.

4. Unnecessary Referrals for Services and Misstatements of Public Program Eligibility -- in several instances, patients had been referred inappropriately for home health services by their physicians. In most of those cases, the patients and their families had also been misinformed about their eligibility for public assistance for the financial responsibility for home health services.

5. HIPAA violations in the Field -- During several unannounced visits by field supervisors, they discovered inappropriate handling of protected health information (PHI) that should have been secured from potential unintentional disclosure. Because these instances were HIPAA violations, they were immediately referred to the…… [Read More]

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Computerized Hospital Management Systems the Paper Is

Words: 2566 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93793790

Computerized Hospital Management Systems

The paper is about the benefits and costs of a computerized hospital management system from a nurse's perspective. The author is placed in the position of a nurse of a small 100 bed-community hospital who is the only nurse in a team of doctors to participate in the hospital management's decision on whether to buy such management system. In answering six specific questions related to the benefits and economic costs of computerized hospital management systems, the paper shows -- among others - that improved health care and increase in personnel and work efficiency will well outweigh the financial burden imposed on the hospital when buying two specific managements systems: ELECTRA and Microsoft Dynamics GP. In addition, the paper outlines the security standards of data and patient confidentiality, including the need for data storage integrity and data backup and recovery and how the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requirements impact the use of computerized hospital management systems.

A. Explain how using the computerized management systems could increase quality of care

The use of computerized management systems would lead to quality of care improvements in the following areas: Elimination of lost orders; Improved documentation consistency and…… [Read More]

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False Claims Act Is a Piece of

Words: 2400 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4710117

False Claims Act is a piece of legislation from the U.S. Congress that allows any individual with knowledge of a fraud being perfected against any agency of the U.S. Government to file a claim on behalf of the Government against the individual or business that has or is committing such fraud. The individual filing such claim on behalf of the U.S. Government is identified as the qui tam plaintiff and, if the action is successful, such person is entitled to share in a percentage of the recovery against the fraudulent person or business.

The responsibilities of the qui tam plaintiff do not end with the filing of the lawsuit. Such individual must not only notify the Justice Department of the filing but must agree to cooperate fully with the Justice Department in the litigation. The Justice Department has the option of stepping into the shoes of the qui tam plaintiff and prosecute the action on its own or allowing the qui tam plaintiff to pursue the action on his or her own.

Like similar whistle blower type statutes, the defendant in these types of actions is liable for damages up to three times the actual damages suffered as a result…… [Read More]

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability

Words: 1535 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15794025

The dilemma is often easier to resolve once those emotions and assumptions are put into their rightful context.

For this paper, critical thinking came into play was logic. It is understood that initially the nursing profession had issues with HIPAA. These issues were practical, however, and when the law was matched up against the underlying principles and the Code of Ethics, it became apparent that the guidelines that can be used for resolving any ethical dilemma are fairly consistent. There is still some leeway for professional judgment, as Lo et al. (2005) wrote but the Code of Ethics does a strong job of filling in the blanks left behind by the legislation. Once this was pieced together, the argument for easy resolution of ethical dilemmas became clear.


American Nursing Association. (2009). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. American Nursing Association. Retrieved October 17, 2009 from http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#3.1

Bendix, J. (2009). News: New "red flags rule' focuses on medical identity theft. Contemporary OB/GYN. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/obgyn/Modern+Medicine+Now/News-New-Red-Flags-Rule-focuses-on-medical-identit/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/597492

Lo, B.; Dornbrand, L. & Dubler, N. (2005). HIPAA and patient care: The role for professional development. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2005; 293: 1766-1771.

No author. (2003). What…… [Read More]

American Nursing Association. (2009). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. American Nursing Association. Retrieved October 17, 2009 from http://nursingworld.org/ethics/code/protected_nwcoe813.htm#3.1

Bendix, J. (2009). News: New "red flags rule' focuses on medical identity theft. Contemporary OB/GYN. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/obgyn/Modern+Medicine+Now/News-New-Red-Flags-Rule-focuses-on-medical-identit/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/597492
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Health Care Law Privacy and

Words: 5626 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3283668

S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Furthermore, subpart C explains the privileges and the protections of confidentiality that is attached to the patient's record along with much exception (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011).

The penalty for anyone who breaks confidentiality is imperative. In "November, 23, 2009" was increased to $11,000 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). This goes for anyone in the medical field or has access to this information. A person has to follow HIPAA precisely or face a huge fine. If one thought of this ahead of time, whether or not they own a business, then no issues would arise legally. However, sometimes this does occur, especially for those who want to harm another person, yet in the medical field the goal is not to do this to any individual, regardless, otherwise he or she could face losing their license in the process. This is a downfall to HIPAA because not everyone can pay this much and more that goes with the consequences of breaking the law. Ultimately, the choice is up to the individual and hopefully it is the right one.

One needs to understand the education setting in regards…… [Read More]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Civil Rights. (2011). Your health information privacy rights. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from U.S. Department of Health and Human

Services Civil Rights:
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PHI Security and Privacy

Words: 2053 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69546787

PHI Security and Privacy

Privacy and security is significant for any institution operating under offices because of clients, which prompts for the need of protecting the flowing information. In the context of a hospital, there is need for protecting the client's information in order to assure them of their privacy and security. Privacy is always important when attending to the clients since it provides an environment where the latter can open up to their doctors. Privacy refers to what the protected; information about the patient and the determination of the personalities permitted to use while security refer to the way of safeguarding the information through ensuring privacy to information (Rodrigues, 2010). The patients also need security because of the inevitability of serene environment for their recovery. Even though St. John's hospital presents good strategies in terms of their sound policies, this is not enough in ensuring confidentiality in the information of the clients. The cleaning staff, referred to as the subordinate staff, still have access to the discarded printout meant for keeping the information about the clients. Considering that the cleaning staff have already accessed the information, there is need for appropriate action towards them besides an action by the…… [Read More]

Nass, S.J., Levit, L.A., Gostin, L.O., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009). Beyond the HIPAA

privacy rule: Enhancing privacy, improving health through research. Washington, D.C:

National Academies Press.
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Management Healthcare Define and Describe

Words: 2739 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32263576

Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.

2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.

The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.

3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these impact an organization?

Committees are often seen as one entity as opposed to a group of people. If something very good comes out of a committee then the group as a whole often is recognized, when in reality the success may have been attributed to one or two people. I…… [Read More]

Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21

February 2011, <  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455 >
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Assessing Mental Illness

Words: 1890 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41184962

Mental Illness

The ability for patients to access mental health services these days are more wide ranging than ever before. This is in part due to the fact that the realm of mental health, once simply governed by physicians, is now peopled by staff of all different types and disciplines. In addition, many mental health professionals are now multiply credentialed, so it is not impossible to see a mental health professional who is all at once a family and marital therapist, a chemical dependency practitioner and a social worker. All these elements only serve to improve the ability of patients/clients to receive quality mental health services, whether it be in a large institutional setting, a community mental health center or in a private clinical office.

But what are the different types of mental health professionals who are trained in the identification and treatment of patients with mental health issues? There are many, but for the matter of clarity and brevity, we will focus on just three.

Licensed clinical social workers are one type of mental health professional who may be assigned a clinical case. These are individuals who have received graduate level training in the assessment and management of patients…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bridget, J. 1994, Treatment of Lesbians with Alcohol Problems in Alcohol services in North-West England, Lesbian Information Service.

Faulkner, A. 1997, Briefing No.1 - Suicide and Deliberate Self-Harm. Mental Health Foundation
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Employee Safety Health and Welfare

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47190661

" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, nd) Key provisions of the standards include protection in the areas of: (1) access to medical records; (2) notice of privacy practices; (3) limits on uses of personal medical information; (4) prohibition on marketing; (5) strong state laws; (6) confidential communications; and (7) complaints. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, nd)


The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) is a federal law that places standards that are minimum to be met for "most voluntarily established pensions and health plans in private industry to provide protection for individuals in these plans." (U.S. Department of Labor, 2008) the requirements of ERISA include the provision of plan information and fiduciary responsibilities to participants and makes a requirement of establishment of "a grievance and appeals process for participants to get benefits from their plans; and gives participants the right to sue for benefits and breaches of fiduciary duty." (U.S. Department of Labor, 2008)


The ERISA, FLSA, and HIPAA all have been enacted for the protection of the rights and privacy of the employee, which were seriously violated by some employers prior to the enactment of…… [Read More]

Employee Retirement Income Security Act - ERISA (2008) U.S. Department of Labor - Health Plans and Benefits. 19 Jan 2008. Online available at http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/health-plans/erisa.htm

Office for Civil Rights - HIPAA (nd) U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Online available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/hipaa/bkgrnd.html
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Medical ID Theft and Securing Ephi Medical

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73255136

Medical ID Theft and Securing EPHI

Medical Identity Theft

Medical information can be stolen by 1) the bad guys getting sick and using a victim's information to obtain services, 2) friends or relatives use another friend's or relative's information to obtain treatment, 3) when professionals, such as physicians, fabricate services that did not exist, 4) organized crime, and 5) innocent or not so innocent opportunists (Lafferty, 2007). Bad guys that get sick can take a victim's insurance information to obtain services for treatment. Professionals can fabricate false claims to cover medical errors. Opportunists have access to patient data and the ability to steal, use, or sell that information.

Effective security requires clear direction from upper management (Whitman). Assigning security responsibilities and access controls with audit controls to organizational elements and individuals helps to place accountability on individuals. They must formulate or elaborate security policies and procedures based on the organizational mission priorities, assets, and business operations, as well as on an assessment of threats against the assets and operations. Periodic compliance audits, examinations of the effectiveness of controls and reassessments of threats are essential.

HIPAA, privacy laws, and state laws mandate the security of medical information. HIPAA issues a maximum…… [Read More]

HIPAA Security Series. (n.d.). Retrieved from HHS.gov: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/administrative/securityrule/techsafeguards.pdf

Hoffman, S. & . (2007). SECURING THE HIPAA SECURITY RULE. Journal of Internet Law, 10(8), 1-16.
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Security of Health Care Records

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15432259

" (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012) the key to the preservation of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access -- limiting who can see what -- begins with authorizing users." (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012) Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad." (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012)

III. Risk Reduction Strategies

Strategies for addressing barriers and overcoming these barriers are inclusive of keeping clear communication at all organizational levels throughout the process and acknowledging the impact of the organization's culture as well as capitalizing on all the organizational strengths and the maintenance of realistic expectations. (Kopala and Mitchell, 2011, paraphrased) Other strategies cited include "using effective change management strategies, and having a shared vision. Achieving user buy-in, providing quality adequate training that sufficiently prepares staff and fits staff needs, attending to workflow needs and patterns, having…… [Read More]

Harman, LB, Flite, CA, and Bond, K. (2012) Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. State of the Art and Science. Virtual Mentor. Sept. 2012, Vol. 14 No. 9. Retrieved from: http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2012/09/stas1-1209.html

Kopala, B. And Mitchell, ME (2011) Use of Digital health Records Raises Ethical Concerns. JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation. Jul/Sep 2011. Lippincott's Nursing Center. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingcenter.com/lnc/cearticle?tid=1238212#P77 P85 P86 P87
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Sanford J Townsend-Rocchicciolli J horigan A & Hall

Words: 932 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48563261

Sanford, J., Townsend-Rocchicciolli, J.,Horigan, A., & Hall, P. (2011). A process of decision making by caregivers of family members with heart failure. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 25(1), 55-70.

Describe the population for this study.

participants were recruited from cardiology offices, inpatient hospital units, or adult day care facilities. The participant had to be related to the patient with heart failure (HF), provide one activity of daily living, and/or assist the care recipient with two activities of daily living and do this voluntarily.

How was the sample selected? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this sampling strategy?

This was a convenience sample. The participants were recruited from cardiology offices, inpatient hospital units, or adult day care facilities and had to meet certain conditions. The strengths are that the researchers know and get precisely what they are looking for (in terms of qualifications of participants). The weaknesses are that outcome of study may be simply due to characteristics of these participants and selection of the participants may also reflect bias on the researchers' part... A randomized population would not only avert possible bias of the researchers, but may also have a greater chance of telling whether or not outcome…… [Read More]

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Health Information Healthcare

Words: 906 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71180620

Health Information

Patient Health Information

Information privacy and security in healthcare is an issue of growing significance in the U.S. Having taken up the position of office manager in a healthcare organization that is in the process of automating its health processes, I have identified a number of factors that I may have to take into consideration to ensure that the information systems developed are in compliance with the professional standards of practice, facility policy, as well as the various state and federal laws and regulations that govern the confidentiality and privacy of e-health information. These factors include privacy and confidentiality legislation, the benefits of having an effective system of information flow within an organization, the role of health information in reducing abuse and fraud in such processes of billing, standards governing health information, and ways of ensuring compliance with the said standards.

Importance of Computerized Record-Keeping in Healthcare Organizations

Investing in effective health information systems would yield a number of benefits for the organization, including:

Better abilities to detect and control endemic and emerging health problems; as well as to monitor the heath progress of individual patients more effectively

Empowering communities and individuals with accurate health-related information, thereby making…… [Read More]

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Obligations Regarding Reporting of the

Words: 923 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36699609

Though freedom of religion exists, this freedom does not allow people to break the law. In this particular turning the records over to the mother may endanger the safety of the child. In addition the hospital could be held liable if they turn the records over and something happens to the child because it would be considered a decision that was made in bad faith.

There are also federal laws that protect minors as it pertains to matters of reproductive health. These laws are part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA. Laws containted in this act are designed to allow girls under the age of 18 to have control of their sexual and reproductive health. Under this law teenage girls can receive treatment for STD's and abortions without the consent of their parents. Although this is a federal statute, indivudal states have the right to determine whether or not paretns should be notofied in the aforementioned instances. In some states minors under the age of 16 or 17 must have parental consent as it pertains to abortions. In addiition in some states parents have the right to notified if their child is found to be pregnant by…… [Read More]

Health and Safety Code). HEALTH and SAFETY CODE

SECTION.5. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=hsc&group=&file=.5

Smith, S.K. (2007) Mandatory Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect. http://www.smithlawfirm.com/mandatory_reporting.htm
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Patient Education Brochure Patient Privacy and Electronic

Words: 497 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79684687

Patient Education Brochure

Patient Privacy and Electronic Medical Records:

Patient Privacy and Electron Medical Records:

Patient Education Brochure

Brochure Content

With the implementation of computer-based medical records systems in private offices, physicians have the capacity to maintain clear, organized, and accurate patient records, with pivotal information available with the simple click of a mouse. These systems eliminate the need for bulky paper filing systems that take significant time to sort through and pose the risk of disorganization or accidental loss or misplacement of files. As a patient, you may wonder, "Is my privacy still secure with these systems?" which is a question that merits a definitive response. We assure you -- yes your personal information is not only secure, but now more accurate than ever. As you'll see, the benefits of such systems far outweigh the drawbacks, and we can prove it.

Electronic medical records have not only become a preferred method of filing, but have become a national goal as a way to replace what Congress calls, "the highly-fragmented and inefficient paper system used in most medical settings today" (Healy, 2009, p.1).

In fact, the recent economic stimulus package has assigned billions of dollars to this effort (Healy, 2009,…… [Read More]

Aaronson, J., D.O., Chop, W., M.D., Frey, R., M.D., and Murphy-Cullen, C., PhD.

(2009). Electronic medical records: the family practice resident perspective. Family Medicine, 45(1): pp. 129-132. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
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Human Resources the Main Basis

Words: 1550 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41468623


Family assistance programs provide assistance for employees and families in need. These have the benefit of strengthening employee commitment and loyalty to the workplace by boosting employee morale. The work-to-family program, for example, helps employee scope with caring for children or aging parents by providing assistance as part of insurance benefits. There is also a family assistance program to address partner violence, which has a severe effect on employee productivity and well-being. A further assistance program is offered to families of military personnel deployed to combat environments. Such programs provide both financial and moral support to families who must cope with such separation in the long-term.

It is vital for employers to provide employees with these kinds of assistance, since they cultivate both loyalty and well-being among employees. Both these factors tend to increase the ability of employees to deliver good service.


Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. Retrieved from: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/index.html

Frugal Trader (2011). Defined Benefit Pension vs. Defined Contribution Pension. Million Dollar Journey. Retrieved from: www.milliondollarjourney.com/defined-benefit-pension-vs.-defined-contribution-pension.htm

Hall, D. (2011, Jun 14). Employee and Family Assistance Program. Retrieved from: www.livestrong.com/article/300731-employee-family-assistance-program/

Jennifer, K. (2012). Government Regulations on Discretionary Benefits in the United…… [Read More]

Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. Retrieved from: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/index.html

Frugal Trader (2011). Defined Benefit Pension vs. Defined Contribution Pension. Million Dollar Journey. Retrieved from: www.milliondollarjourney.com/defined-benefit-pension-vs.-defined-contribution-pension.htm
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Peachtree Healthcare IT Architecture Recommendations to Peachtree

Words: 1828 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17296729

Peachtree Healthcare

IT Architecture Recommendations to Peachtree Healthcare

The discussions and cursory analyses in the Harvard Business Review case Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve? (Dalcher, 2005) attempt to implement massive IT projects without considering the implications from a strategic and tactical level. There is no mention of the most critical legal considerations of any healthcare provider, and this includes compliance to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) in addition to highly specific requirements by medical practice area and discipline (Johnston, Warkentin, 2008).

Second, there isn't a framework described for governance of the IT strategies as they relate to Peachtree Healthcare's overarching strategic vision and mission. The lack of focus on governance in any strategic IT implementation will eventually lead to confused roles, cost overruns and chaos relating to the long-term contribution of IT to rapidly changing business priorities (Smaltz, Carpenter, Saltz, 2007). Max Berndt is right to be concerned about agility and flexibility; because if he had standardized healthcare processes and workflows with the company's existing systems, the results would be worse. Yet Service oriented Architectures (SOA) are not the answer to this challenge, there needs to be more thorough planning and evaluation of…… [Read More]

Alhatmi, Y.S. (2010). Quality audit experience for excellence in healthcare. Clinical Governance, 15(2), 113-127.

Cheng, H.K., Tang, Q.C., & Zhao, J.L. (2006). Web services and service-oriented application provisioning: An analytical study of application service strategies. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53(4), 520-520.
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Activity Studies Found Common Features High-Performing Health

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12396916

Activity Studies found common features high-performing health departments manage diabetes. These departments include receiving external funding programming, a -management education program recognized American Diabetes Association, partnership opportunities.

While obesity and obesity-related complaints such as Type II diabetes are a problem all over the United States, in my home state of Georgia, the condition has been of particular, growing concern. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), "64.8% of adults were overweight, with a Body Mass Index of 25 or greater" and "29.6% of adults were obese, with a Body Mass Index of 30 or greater" in the state (Georgia's response to obesity, 2012, CDC). Even more worrisome, amongst adolescents who should be at the most active stage of their lives, "14.8% were overweight (>85th and < 95th percentiles for BMI by age and sex) 12.4% were obese (>95th percentile for BMI by age and sex)" (Georgia's response to obesity, 2012, CDC). These sobering statistics have motivated the Georgia State Health Department to take radical measures including launching public health advertisement campaign entitled "Stop Sugarcoating It, Georgia" intended to "shock families into recognizing that obesity is a problem," given the statistic that 75% of families who are overweight do not…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Rivard, P. (2003). Accountability for patient safety: A review of cases, concepts, and practices.

Massachusetts Coalition for the Prevention of Medical Errors. Retrieved:  http://www.macoalition.org/Initiatives/docs/Accountability%20LitReview%20Final_Rivard_new%20copyright.pdf
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Professionals Who Are Trained in

Words: 2507 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91184450

Beyond the ability of the individual to carry out daily activities, there is the issue of quality of life. So a person who can get up and go to work but finds no pleasure in normal activities is someone whose symptoms still merit concern from the mental health professional (Hood & Johnson, 2006, pp. 27-9.)

Psychiatrists: The Medical Model of Treatment

For many people the most obvious professional to seek treatment from when faced with the symptoms of mental disorders is a psychiatrist. (Maybe because we've grown up reading the psychiatry cartoons in The New Yorker!) Psychiatrists are medical doctors and so their basic response to the symptoms of mental disorders will tend to be a medical one. This encompasses an overall examination of the person's health. (For example, a psychiatrist might run a series of thyroid function tests to determine if a patient's depressive symptoms were related to thyroid problems rather than another underlying issue.) A psychiatrist would also consider underlying biochemical reasons for a person's symptoms. For example, if a patient reported symptoms of depression, a psychiatrist would certainly at least consider prescribing an anti-depressant such as Cymbalta or Effexor. If a patient reported high levels of anxiety,…… [Read More]

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition.

Davies, T. (1997, 24 May.). ABC of mental health: Mental health assessment. BMJ: 314.
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Case Scenario Ethics

Words: 1030 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36450235


State Regulations and Nursing Standards

There's a clear nursing standard of practice that needs to be upheld in this case which is the act of following federal laws, largely the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA). Passed by Congress in 1990, "the law mandates that in healthcare institutions that receive Medicare or Medicaid funding, patients must be informed in writing upon the admission of 1) their right to accept or refuse treatment, (2) their rights under existing state laws regarding advance directives, and (3) any policies the institution has regarding the with-holding or withdrawing of life sustaining treatments (Ulrich, 1999, p.9).

Thus, the implications as a result of the Patient Self-Determination Act are clear: Patients have the autonomy and independence to steer the direction their care takes if any at all. Medical professionals have an ethical, though more importantly a legal responsibility and requirement to obey the wishes of the patient. Mr. E's advanced directive should have been addressed immediately and been honored from the start. Much of the drama and unnecessary speculation of the subject could have been rightfully addressed from the start.

3. Code of Ethics

Self-determination and autonomy apply directly to this case, as elements of the code…… [Read More]

ANA. (2001). Code of Ethics for Nurses With Interpretive Statements. Silver Spring: American Nurses Association.

Mitty, E.R. (2008, March). Advanced Directive. Retrieved from Consultgerin.org: http://consultgerirn.org/topics/advance_directives/want_to_know_more/
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Security Standards & Least Privilege Security Standards

Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87377305

Security Standards & Least Privilege

Security Standards and Legislative Mandates

Industries are required by law to follow regulations to protect the privacy of information, do risk assessments, and set policies for internal control measures. Among these polices are: SOX, HIPAA, PCI DSS, and GLBA. Each of these regulations implements internal control of personal information for different industries. Where GLBA is for the way information is shared, all of them are for the safeguard of sensitive personal information.

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) created new standards for corporate accountability in reporting responsibilities, accuracy of financial statements, interaction with auditors, and internal controls and procedures (Sarbanes-Oxley Essential Information). When audits are done to verify the validity of the financial statements, auditors must also verify the adequacy of the internal control and procedures. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is designed to protect personal health information held by covered entities and gives patients' rights with respect to that information (Understanding Health Information Privacy). The Privacy Rule is balanced permitting disclosure of personal information need for patient care and other important purposes. The Gramm Leach Bliley Act regulates financial institutions to explain how information is shared and requires the safeguarding of sensitive…… [Read More]

Brenner. (2007). How Chevron Met the PCI DSS Deadline. Security Wire Daily News.

Gramm Leach Bliley Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from Bureau of Consumer Protection: http://business.ftc.gov/privacy-and-security/gramm-leach-bliley-act principle of least privilege (POLP). (n.d.). Retrieved from Search Security:  http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/principle-of-least-privilege-POLP 
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Employee Recruitment When Setting Up and Maintaining

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47065124

Employee Recruitment

When setting up and maintaining the human resource files, confidentiality and privacy are always significant at workplace. Today most organizations are taking different steps of ensuring that the information within the organization remains confidential and private, however employees on the other hand are seen not to be concerned of this, therefore it is the work of the top managers to make their employees understand the importance of keeping files such as the human resource files as confidential. The human resources professionals should prevent misuse of personal information by safely storing them to avoid unauthorized access. Maintaining confidentiality of information in organization does not only protect the company from the legal hassles, but it improves the productivity of the employee while providing them with a safer working environment and security (Dogra, 2012).

Maintaining privacy and confidentiality for human resource files is important for varied reasons this is because, it is very easy for customers to file suits which are legal against a given organization whenever they feel like some secret information that regards them have been exposed by the organization or employees. This can on the other hand have a negative repercussion on the reputation of the business as…… [Read More]

Dogra, A. (2012). Confidentiality in the Workplace. Buzzle. Retrieved December 7, 2012, from  http://www.buzzle.com/articles/confidentiality-in-the-workplace.html 

ACAS (2012). Recruitment and selection Promoting employment relations and HR excellence Retrieved December 7, 2012, from http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=746