Hmong Essays (Examples)

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On Specific Book

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94444082

arrival of Hmong to the United States and delves briefly on the earlier conditions of the Hmong in Laos and Southeast Asia, their region of origin.

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures, by Anne Friedan is a book about the encounter between a Hmong family and the American medical community. It also goes into great detail about how the Hmong became allies to the Americans in the war in Vietnam. Hmong is a race of people that originates in China. The Hmong are agrarian, with animism (belief in individual spirits inhabiting natural objects) being their source of religious influence. In the early 1960's, the Hmong people were recruited by the CIA, to help the American Air Force in protecting their radar sites during the Vietnam War and were also entrusted with duties to fight off the…… [Read More]

Reference

Fadiman, A. (1997). The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
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Spirit Lifts Us as a

Words: 1531 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13633332

e know that we do not know everything in the est. However, many aspects of the Hmong are also just coming out of the Middle Ages and there is only so much that can be tolerated and there must be a demand for a middle ground in the way that western medicine and culture deals with medical issues when the science and the treatment regimen is clear. For instance, Sudden Unexpected Death Syndrome needs to be studied (ibid 188n).

As stated in the book, "Although the Hmong believe that illness can be caused by a variety of sources - [...] by far the most common cause of illness is soul loss" (ibid 10). To bring these souls back into the body and to bring bodily health, soul calling ceremonies are seen to be important to the Hmong. There is no reason that such cultural flourishes can be tolerated and incorporated…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fadiman, . The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York: Ferrar, Straus Giroux,
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Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61278390

Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman is a groundbreaking book about cross-cultural communication in health care. The book is about Lia Lee, who was the first in her Hmong family to be born in the United States. Her parents spoke no English. When Lia Lee was three months old, she had her first seizure. Due to misdiagnosis, a string of unfortunate events prevented Lia Lee from receiving the best possible care. Moreover, she was wrested from her family of origin and placed in foster care. The disruption to her life, the misdiagnosis, and the lack of communication between the health care team and her family led to her eventual death after decades in a persistent vegetative state. The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down has become critical reading material for all health care workers seeking to provide the best quality of care in a multicultural…… [Read More]

Reference

Fadiman, A. (2012). The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
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Cultural Differences Often Impedes Progress

Words: 2219 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50376476

Both healers could learn how to incorporate techniques that may be different from their respective cultures into how they treat medical conditions.

Ultimately Lia was put into foster care because the doctor believed that the parents were not caring for her properly. Lia's foster parents were Dee and to Korda. They had children of their own and wanted to care for Lia. Lia needed a great deal of care and affection and her foster mother gave her this affection even to the point of breast feeding Lia. I was not surprised at the level of affection; I was somewhat surprised that the foster mother breast fed Lia right along with her biological child. The foster parents did not belittle the Lees. Te foster parents tried to understand the Lee's perspective on medical care but they also understood the perspective of the American doctors and the fact that Lia needed to…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman a. (1998) the spirit catches you and you fall down: a Hmong child, her American doctors, and the collision of two cultures. Macmillan
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Spirit Catches You and You

Words: 1250 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66177707



The family would certainly have been more comfortable if the hospital made more of an effort to understand their culture and beliefs. The Lees were treated as if they were indignant and unresponsive to the needs of their child which was not the case at all. The hospital could have enlisted the help of affluent Hmong natives who have become more accustomed to American traditions. This person could have helped both parties, the Lees to understand medical necessities and the hospital staff to understand the importance of cultural traditions. Both parties could have used a trusted intermediary, Fadiman (1997) refers to this as a "cultural broker" (p. 265).

Another factor that would have made this experience easier for the Lees would have been if the medical professionals had an understanding of some of the important religious rituals and beliefs of their culture. Of particular importance to the Hmong is the…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman, a. (1997). The spirit catches you and you fall down. New York: Farrar,

Straus, and Giroux.
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Spirit Catches You and You

Words: 1407 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37389708

Medical training is all about treating patients who understand, there is little training for the patients who are not "normal," and so the medical community is ill prepared to deal with other cultures. The American doctors were saddened by Lia's condition, which deteriorated to a vegetative state after a two-hour long seizure, but they never took the time to understand how to really communicate with the Hmong. Even the social workers did not really know how to communicate with them. Much of the clash of cultures was due to lack of a common language, but even more was due to arrogance and sheer ignorance. The social workers and doctors could not conceive of people who did not read, did not know how to tell time, and could not understand even basic commands, even if they were translated effectively. The Hmong were from a poor, agricultural culture, and things Americans take…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman, Anne. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York: The Noonday Press, 1997.
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Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

Words: 2045 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11049893

Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

I believe Anne Fadiman was trying to prove that it is possible to work through tough cultural barriers by showing the mistakes of Lia Lee's doctors. By showing these examples, and also giving examples of how culture can work together, Fadiman is trying to prove that the American medical system needs to have other socially accepted avenues of therapy to work alongside of conventional medicine. The health issues faced by the Hmong Lee family, both from patient's point-of-view and the family's point-of-view are affected by their adaptation to the United States and their feelings toward health care and health care providers. It is hard to know what Lia Lee thought of her epilepsy since the audience never hears her voice an opinion on the matter. It is crystal clear, however, what the Lee family thought the health issue was: quag dab peg, roughly…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman, A. (1997). The spirit catches you and you fall down: A hmong child, her american doctors, and the collision of two cultures.. New York, NY: Farrar, Staus and Giroux.
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Cultures Work That What Is

Words: 2258 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21038446

e. according to American norms and conventions. Part of this, incidentally, was due too to the fault of government itself that failed to provide them with the land, which the Hmong could have fertilized.

I realized that even thoguh America has gone a long way in attempting to appreciate other cultures and in refraining from foisting their own way of life on cultures other than they; they still do so to a certain extent.

I also wonder why people found it so hard to understand that others coming from lives so different than they would need time to acclimate and learn their 'language'.

Most of all I was impressed with the steadfastness, courage, and resilience of the Lees to resolutely cling to her traditions and way of life despite recrimination and hardship.

There are some things that are better in the Hmong culture than in the Western culture, such as…… [Read More]

Reference

Fadiman, A. The spirit catches you and you fall down. Farrar & co., 1997
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Spirit Catches You and You

Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42671162



Within this clash of cultures, the Lee family did not know how to cope with the medical system in place to help Lia and her epilepsy. When they refused to give her the medications, Lia was removed from the home and placed in foster care. When the foster care parents gave her the prescribed medication, her condition worsened in several important ways. The foster parents believe that Lia's parents realized that, and that this is why they did not give her the medication, but did not have the cultural and language skills to communicate this to the medical staff.

Fadiman points out through example after example that the medical staff looked at Lia only as her illness, not as an individual, and certainly not as an individual part of a strongly developed culture that was markedly different than the hospital culture within which the doctors worked. Through a translator, a…… [Read More]

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Growing to Adulthood in the United States

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49069671

growing to adulthood in the United States, an young child and then an adolescence is encouraged to increasingly become more independent. By the age of three, many children are already going to nursery schools and then pre-kindergarten. In a restaurant or store, parents tell their kids to ask for help rather than doing it for them. By the time someone is an adolescent, he/she is expected to begin taking responsibility for school work and activities such as practicing musical instruments or sports. In high school, students are expected to begin planning their future in terms of education and careers. When college is over, they should ready to move into the mainstream and start their future lives and employees and parents of their own children.

Thus, most Americans usually believe that it is important to be autonomous and self-reliant. They know they are members of a community, city and the United…… [Read More]

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TANF Time Limits

Words: 4248 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66121844

TANF Time Limits

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF for short, is one of the more controversial and maligned or one of the most lauded and touted social safety net programs in the United States. Whether it is praised or denigrated depends a lot on who is doing the talking and what their motivations are. TANF has turned in a political football on a scale that dovetails quite nicely with the words of awls (1985) when it was noted in an essay of that author that there are sometimes periods (some of them quite long in duration) that are bereft and full of political divisiveness and vitriol (awls, 1985).

History of TANF & its Predecessor

A bulk of the TANF program is to provide cash-based payments to needy families who are living in destitution or are otherwise in stark financial peril and how those funds are allocated, to…… [Read More]

References

Alcoff, Linda. "The Problem of Speaking For Others." Cultural Critique 20.1 (1992): 5-

32. Print.

Burns, M. (2010, October 28). Welfare Reform Failing Poor Single Moms, Books Claim. Pacific Standard - Politics, Health, Economy, Environment, Culture, Education. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://www.psmag.com/politics/welfare-reform-failing-poor-single-mothers-24778/

CDSS. (2013, April 16). Child Welfare Services Stakeholder Group Questions and Answers. CA CDSS. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from  http://www.cdss.ca.gov/cdssweb/PG51.htm
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Complexities of Culture and Counseling

Words: 2436 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57159570

Culture and Counseling

In her book The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, author Anne Fadiman recounts the life and death of a little Hmong girl living in Merced, California. Lia Lee had what Western doctors call epilepsy, and which the Hmong have a far more lyrical explanation that lends itself to the title of Fadiman's book. The most common neurological disease, epilepsy can be frightening and potentially debilitating. However, in cultures around the world and throughout time, from the Hmong to the ancient Greeks, epilepsy opens pathways to creativity and an increased understanding of the universe. Thus, as Fadiman points out, many epileptics become shamans. When Lia Lee first started having epileptic seizures, her mom Foua, speaking not a word of English, rushed her to the Merced Community Medical Center. There, doctors tended to the eight-month-old child as best they could under the circumstances. Because all she was…… [Read More]

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Cultural Awareness Americans Have Traditionally Celebrated the

Words: 2642 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94745781

Cultural Awareness

Americans have traditionally celebrated the diversity of cultures that comprises the United States. Despite some reservations, much of the country still believes that the amalgamation of different ethnicities contributes to the richness of American culture.

The merging of cultures in the United States has also given rise to conflicts and collisions, as established concepts are confronted and challenged. New belief systems, often developed over centuries, have already redefined prevailing estern cultural concepts.

This paper examines how prevailing estern cultural concepts regarding the soul and spirituality, gender and healing have been challenged and redefined by a growing awareness of cultural alternatives. Some of these concepts, such as gender, were redefined largely within an American context. Many, such as healing and spirituality, have been influenced by Eastern and African cultures and religions.

The first part of the paper looks at the various cultural meanings of healing, as practiced by the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fadiman, Anne. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.

Feminist Research Center. "Empowering Women in Sports." Empowering Women in Sports. March 1995. Feminist Majority Foundation. 17 April 2003 http://www.feminist.org/research/sports6.html.

Grenz, Stanley. A Primer on Postmodernism. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1996.

Some, Malidoma Patrice. The Healing Wisdom of Africa: Finding Life Purpose through Nature, Ritual and Community. New York: Putnam, 1998.
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Spirit Catches You and You

Words: 2568 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35202783

To a culture that didn't use calendars, giving a certain medicine at a certain hour of the day was incomprehensible. Neil and Peggy didn't consider that a somewhat less effective, but easier-to-follow drug regimen may have been better given the state of affairs. Instead, the estern idea of doing as much as medically possible for as long as medically possible prevailed. hen Nao Kao and Foua failed to comply, Neil and Peggy viewed them as unable or unwilling to follow what was to them, directions that could save Lia's life. If Neil and Peggy had asked Nao Kao and Foua why they didn't comply, perhaps a productive dialog could have been created. hen the author asked Peggy and Neil about it, they said that they had had no idea that Nao Kao and Foua would even consider traditional medicine, because they looked so Americanized.

Despite Neil and Peggy's perceptions, Nao…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Management Sciences for Health. (2005). Techniques for Taking a History. Retrieved December 7, 2011, from Reducing Health Disparities in Asian-American and Pacific Islander Populations:  http://erc.msh.org/aapi/tt10.html 

Rabin, R.C. (2010, November 2). Respecting Muslim Patients' Needs. The New York Times .

Yurkiewicz, S. (2011, April 8). "What Do You Think Caused Your Disease?." Retrieved December 7, 2011, from This May Hurt A Bit: PLoSBlogs:  http://blogs.plos.org/thismayhurtabit/2011/04/08/what-do-you-think-caused-your-disease/
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Defend or Reject Buchanan and Brock Would

Words: 1829 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26195799

Defend or reject: Buchanan and Brock would rightly defend the decision of the court to remove Lia Lee from the custody of her parents and place her in a foster home

Deciding for others: competency

This essay involves defending or rejecting the statement that Buchanan and Brock (2008) would rightly defend the decision of the court to remove Lia Lee from the custody of her parents and place her in a foster home. Although the statement might seem clear, the term "rightly" introduces an ethical twist to the whole discussion and the need to have an ethical theory to qualify right and wrong within the decision.

Plan for the Essay

The essay first defines the incidents surrounding the circumstances of Lia Lee and the verdict of the court. The dispute of competency follows next and the essay analyzes the issues at hand incorporating the views of Buchanan and Brock (2008).…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman, A. (1998). The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York: Macmillan

Buchanan A.E., Brock DW. (2008). Deciding for others: Competency, in Steinbock, B., Arras, J., London, A.J. (eds.), Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine. McGraw-Hill.

Freeman, J.M. (2007). Ethical theory and medical ethics: a personal perspective. Teaching and Learning Ethics, 617-618.

Beauchamp, T.L. (2003). Ethical Theory and Bioethics, Contemporary issues in Bioethics, 6th ed., New York: Wadsworth.
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Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30738776

Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down is a book by Anne Fadiman about cross-cultural communications, or lack thereof, in the American health care system. The book is about a child named Lia Lee. Lia Lee was the first in her family to be born in the United States. Her parents are Hmong, which is a hill tribe that was settled mainly in Laos and which helped the American government during the War in Vietnam. The Hmong were displaced and persecuted, and thus afforded refugee status. This book is about how the immigrants spoke no English, had different values toward health care, and were therefore excluded from receiving the quality of care needed. As a result, their daughter was taken away from them and eventually Lia Lee became a vegetable and recently died.

When Lia Lee was an infant, she had her first epileptic seizure. However, doctors misdiagnosed the disease…… [Read More]

Reference

Fadiman, A. (2012). The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
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Cultural Issues

Words: 2449 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42698935

CULTURAL ISSUES in four texts

Cultural issues usually surface in a multicultural society like that of America's because co-existence of people from various different ethnic backgrounds can lead to undesired and unexpected conflicts. But these issues have also become important for those not living in a multicultural society because of the fact that world is rapidly turning into a global village. The closer the people of the world come, the more cultural issues they are likely to encounter. For this reason, it is important to study the reasons why cultural clashes take place and find out how cultural differences affect our perceptions. The authors of the texts chosen for this paper have skillfully and appropriately highlighted these issues.

Though the stories presented in these sources differ still the one thing that connects them to each other is the fact that they all revolve around cultural clashes resulting from racial, ethnic…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anne Fadiman, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997.

Malidoma Patrice Some, The Healing Wisdom of Africa: Finding Life Purpose Through Nature, Ritual, and Community, J.P. Tarcher, 1999

Stanley Grenz, A Primer on Postmodernism, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.; February 1996

Remember the Titans, Movie, 2000
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Old Chinese Proverb That I Believe Encompasses

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91689905

old Chinese proverb that I believe encompasses my feelings for the nursing profession. With the healthcare industry in its current state of disruption, it has become very important to re-evaluate the relationship of patient care and patient satisfaction. "Sometimes patient satisfaction needs to be measured one patient at a time. This usually has nothing to do with the impersonality of the plan, the aloofness of the provider, or the quality of the specialists to whom one is referred. Rather, it involves the basic rationing philosophies of HMOs, particularly the for-profit variety." (Birenbaum, 107) We can't forget that the business objectives of HMO's aim to purchase services and materials at the lowest price possible and trying to lock in a price in advance. HMO's have therefore changed the philosophy of the healthcare industry. As nurses, we have to make the best of this atmosphere. This essay therefore serves as the final…… [Read More]

From the perspective of professionalism, I have learned that as a nurse, it is best to continue to function in the day-to-day with an open mind and to also be prepared to look for a viable solution through detailed research. For example, I have discovered that the Hmong philosophy may not have been all that far fetched. Shamanism is actually the foundation of many modern medical cures including various technologies, sciences and medicines. Shamanism has also been unofficially credited with having discovered the fact that the ability of people who have suffered a state of amnesia, epilepsy or other 'soul splitting' similar to Lia's are actually one way that the body allows for time to heal from brain trauma induced by accidents or other physical abuses. "There is a doorway within our minds that usually remains hidden and secret until the time of death. The Huichoil word for it is neirika. Neirika is a cosmic portway or interface between so-called ordinary and non-ordinary realities. It is a pathway and at the same time a barrier between worlds." (Halifax, 1991)

Lia's father may not have been right about the doors slamming as the stimulus, but he may have been on to something with the notion of a splitting of the soul. Long before modern psychology or medicine, Shamanism discovered that children used soul splitting events like epilepsy, amnesia, sleep and even comas to heal from events like mentally traumatic or emotional disturbances such as the loss of their parents or siblings. Just like modern medicine and psychology, shamanic journeys that realigned the human soul have been proven to have healed some forms of depression, helped in coma recoveries and more. When Lia was alive and well years after the western world had assumed she would not live more than a few months at best, the western world could have benefited by admitting that in this case at least, the Hmong way of life may have been superior. I believe that what I have learned from this class and from the story will advance me as a future nurse because I will apply the ideas of open mindedness with detailed research.

As the HMO payment philosophy
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Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

Words: 567 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51803669

spirit catches you and you fall down.

Notions of epilepsy amongst the Hmong nation are diametrically different to those of the West.

The Hmong believe that epileptic individuals are particularly fancied by malevolent spirits (called 'dabs') that enter their bodies, make them sick, and allow them to communicate with the spirit realm in order to serve as mediums to help others in their present existence and to communicate with those who are dead.

This religious belief is called shamanistic animism, which asserts that malevolent spirits are constantly seeking human souls to inhabit, particularly those of vulnerable or unloved children (although Lia, in this case, was the favorite child) and that epilepsy is but one instance of the spirit's inhabiting the human body.

In Hmong culture, epilepsy is referred to as quag deb peg (I.e. "The spirit catches you and you fall down."). Perceived as an honorable condition, the epileptic individual…… [Read More]

Reference

Fadiman, A. The spirit catches you and you fall down. Farrar & co., 1997
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Spirit Helping Re-Imagining Fadiman's the

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13011049

2008). Developing cultural competency -- the ability to understand or even achieve the point-of-view of a different culture -- is an essential skill for doctors, and even more so as globalization continues to bring people of disparate backgrounds and belief into contact more and more every day. Proper training and exposure to the techniques of eliciting perspective-demonstrating comments has become increasingly standard practice in Western and non-Western medical schools, which can only lead to the better health and overall well-being of patients worldwide (Ho et al. 2008). Had these methods been employed in this scenario, the outcome for all concerned could have been very different.

When it comes to the parents' decisions and attitudes throughout the ordeal of their daughter Lia's illness, there are also some choices that could have been made better and more effective. The very perspective that created the term "cultural competency" is inherently Western, however, as…… [Read More]

References

Fadiman, A. (1998). The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York: Macmillan.

Ho, M.; Yao, G.; Lee, K.; Beach, M. & Green, A. (2008). "Cross-cultural medical education: Can patient-centered cultural competency training be effective in non-Western countries?" Medical Teacher 30(7), pp. 719-21.

Schulze, H. (2009). "From biographical research to cross-cultural competencies in counseling." Tiltai / Bridges 45(1), pp. 115-24.
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Immigration the United States Is

Words: 1929 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29790676

Advocacy groups, whether private or government-sponsored, ease transition from home to America but being uprooted poses severe psychological and sociological problems that are not easy to fix.

The United States remains one of the only nations to openly welcome immigrants as a national policy; Canada is another. For centuries the United States has relied on immigrant labor to fuel industry and add nuance to the nation's cultural fabric. The United States is no longer viewed as a melting pot because of the increased pride among immigrants in their native cultures and languages. Balancing assimilation with preservation of culture is still the most difficult task for immigrants, many of whom hope for a more stable life in the new world while still retaining the values and lifestyles of their ancestors.

Refugees continue to hold a unique social, economic and political status in the United States. As Tumulty notes, the Hmong assimilated…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Branigin, William. "Immigrants Shunning Idea of Assimilation." The Myth of the Melting Pot. Washington Post. May 25, 1998. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/meltingpot/melt0525a.htm 

Clemetson, Lynette. "Bosnians in America: A Two-Sided Saga." The New York Times. April 29, 2007. Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/29/us/29youth.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&adxnnlx=1213585920-/U4w96yxQS4h7/bEHNl%20Ug

Federation for American Immigration Reform. "How Mass Immigration Impedes Assimilation." Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=iic_immigrationissuecenters641a

The Great Immigration Panic." The New York Times. June 3, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/opinion/03tue1.html
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Spirit Catches You the World

Words: 1976 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45402548

They cannot ignore the socioeconomic issues of adversity so often present and, where necessary, need to act as advocates, mediators and social brokers (Compton, Galaway, & Curnoyer, 2005).

The concern is that the issue of healthcare for culturally diverse individuals is so complex, there are no exact rights and wrongs. For example, in Fadiman's book, no person(s) can be said to be ultimately correct or incorrect in his/her behavior or actions; everyone did what he/she thought was right. In order to help others who have different cultural backgrounds and experiences, as the Hmong, it is essential to be 1) proactive. That is, to forecast the transforming demographics in the U.S. over the coming decades and put plans into place that will best serve these individuals and 2) collaborative. The best results occur when professionals from different backgrounds and expertise share best practices and learn from each other. What could have…… [Read More]

References

Compton, B., Galaway, B., & Curnoyer, B.R. (1994). Social work processes (7th ed.).

Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Fadiman, Anne (1997) the Spirit Catches You, and You Fall Down. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Gladwell, M. (2002). The tipping point: How little things can make a big difference. Boston: Little Brown
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Special Rights for Specific Religious

Words: 929 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63191077

Furthermore, the policy seems to put a burden on the hospital to help provide those services, which seems to put an undue burden on the hospital. Writing policies that guaranteed access would be permitted, but did not in any way guarantee facilitation of that access would seem to be a better policy.

One of the least understood religious groups in the United States is the Church of Scientology. There is a strong belief that members of this religious group are adverse to modern medical care, a belief that I shared before researching their organization. However, from the information that I could find, Scientologists are not opposed to modern medicine. On the contrary, the Church of Scientology has an official policy of not being involved in either medical diagnosis or treatment of medical illnesses. They believe that underlying illness inhibits a person's spiritual journey, so that they encourage members to seek…… [Read More]

References

Church of Scientology. (2012). Do Scientologists use medical doctors? Retrieved March 6,

2012 from Scientology Newsroom website: http://www.scientologynews.org/faq/do-scientologists-use-medical-doctors.html

Hmong shamans help at Valley hospitals. (2009, November 10). Retrieved March 5, 2012 from Fresno Bee website: http://www.fresnobee.com/2009/10/10/1669868/hmong-shamans-help-at-valley-hospitals.html
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Spirit Faidman Anne 1998 the Spirit Catches

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93210658

Spirit

Faidman, Anne. (1998) The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

The title of Anne Fadiman's book on the implications of multiculturalism in modern nursing sounds more like a religious testimony than a textual asset to the modern nursing profession. However, Faidman tells a tale of Biblical proportions, and the emotional nature of The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down is epic in its intensity. Moreover, the title is indeed descriptive, for it encompasses in its scope not simply faith, but also functions as a description of the symptoms of epilepsy that affects the patient at the book's core. The title describes how the parents of the patient viewed the symptoms of their child, in direct contrast to the representations of the modern medical system in America, whom treated this young child of recent immigrants. (Faidman, 1998)

The main theme of Faidman's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Faidman, Anne. (1998) The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Hendricks, C., Byrd, L. et al. (2001). "Self-esteem matters: Racial and gender differences among rural southern adolescents." Journal of Black Nurses Association, 12(2).
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Frederick Douglas Theories Differ on

Words: 4038 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51860847

Graff Asserts that literacy played a less significant role in the industrialization of American than was one thought. He argues that training people to read and write was not enough. Literacy alone was not enough to advance the industrialized nation (Cattau).

Douglas did not need to know how to read to perform his job in the shipyard. He only needed to know how to write four letters. He did not need to how to read and write proficiently. The workforce may have needed little bits of knowledge to perform their jobs, but this is different from being able to read and write fluently, which supports Graff's ideas on the importance of reading and writing to the industrial age. It relied more on the availability of a workforce, rather than the need for a literate workforce. The only ones that needed to learn to read and write were the managers and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Akinnaso, F. Linguistic Unification and Language Rights. Applied Linguistics. 1994. Vol. 15. No. 2, pp. 139-168.

Brandt, Deborah. "Remembering Writing, Remembering Reading." CCC 45.4 (1994): 459-479.

Cattau, D. Harvey Graff argues for a clearer view of our sentimental notions. June 13, 1995. The Dallas Morning News. http://people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/graff40/outgrowingmyths.html Accessed May 29, 2008.

Douglas, Frederick. Learning to Read and Write. Online. http://www.gibbsmagazine.com/learning%20to%20read.htm. Accessed May 29, 2008.
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Spirit Catches Have a Friend

Words: 790 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66136276

Then, if the parents did not listen to the doctors, they assumed more of the responsibility of what happened. How could the doctors expect the medicine to be taken correctly when the parents did not read, did not know mathematical symbols and were given change after change. They were blindsided by their own diagnosis and the arrogance that everyone would follow their treatment exactly. Nor can the doctors be excused for not understanding the Hmong ways. Reading National Geographic (pg. 57) is not the way to learn about a culture! Dr. Murphy's comment that "[p]eople in the early years of their medical careers have invested an incredible amount of time and energy and pain in their training, and they have been taught that what they've learned in medical school is the only legitimate way to approach health problems" surely does not cover their actions, either. The story about Dr. Fife,…… [Read More]

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Moral Legal Political and Practical

Words: 9721 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27501741

The line of legitimacy, separating socially approvable use of force from violence, cannot be effectively drawn without an agreement on what constitutes the optimum amount of force necessary to maintain social order and to protect human rights against encroachment. A society subscribing to infinite morality which condemns all use of force as immoral is doomed no less than a society accepting the absolute pragmatism of tyrants. "

As Oleg Zinam proposes, these two extreme social attitudes to morality are equally unprofitable to the societies that adopt them. The attitude of absolute pragmatism can easily lead to the acceptance of political assassinations, as long as such acts may help the final political purpose. An example of absolute pragmatism can be the regime initiated by Hitler, who ordered the extermination of all Jews in an attempt to "purify" the human race by excluding anyone who did not fill in the Arian ideal.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ben-Yehuda, Nachman. 1997. Political Assassination Events as a Cross- Cultural form of Alternative Justice.

International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol.38: 25-30.

Feliks, Gross. 1974. The Revolutionary Party. Essays in the Sociology of Politics. Westport: Greenwood

Press.
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Gran Torino Is a 2008

Words: 1481 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31178474

Ironically, when Walt's last Will and Testament are read, he has left his house and estate to the Church; a final tribute to his wife's years of devotion, and even perhaps, we are given to believe, to Father Janovich's unwavering belief in the goodness of humans.

Walt is almost a quintessential example of someone who has become so embittered by the temporal world that he cannot see the beauty of life or the nature of spirituality. Walt likely went through life much as most of the Post World War II generation; life was planned, this is what you did; you fought for your country, came home, got a job, raised a family, retired, drank at the local pub, and let your wife handle the Church and all the emotional issues. Trouble is -- this paradigm often results in a great deal of burying emotions, of distancing from one's family, and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Gran Torino (2010). Box Office Mojo. Cited in:

 http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=grantorino.htm
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Childhood Prejudices

Words: 1953 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45240383

Childhood Prejudice

In an experiment, a Caucasian girl named Morgan was shown pictures of two girls - one white and one black.

hen asked who was smarter, Morgan pointed to the white girl. She was then shown a picture of a white and a black boy and was asked who threw garbage on the floor. She then pointed to the black boy (Stern-LaRosa and Bettman 2000).

Morgan is only three years old.

The experiment shows how early prejudice can affect people's perceptions, and the various negative ways in which they are manifested.

Morgan, however, is far from a lost cause. Experts agree that children often look to adults for guidance, and that there are many strategies to help children like Morgan work through their attitudes towards difference.

Definitions of prejudice

Studies of prejudice and discrimination usually center on a group of common ideas. Most experts begin with stereotypes, which are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohen, Warren. 1999. "Sticks and stones." U.S. News and World Report. March 1, 1999, p. 61.

Doyle, Anne B. And Frances Aboud. 1995. "A Longitudinal Study of White Children's Racial Prejudice as a Social-Cognitive Development." Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 4(2): 209-228.

Powlishta, Kimberly et al. 1994. "Gender, Ethnic, and Body Type Biases: The Generality of Prejudice in Childhood." Developmental Psychology, 30(4): 526-536.

Stern-Larosa, Caryl and Ellen Hofheimer Bettmann. 2000. Hate Hurts: How Children Learn and Unlearn Prejudice. New York: Scholastic.
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HIV AIDS in South

Words: 1153 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76499556

Needless to underline the difficulty of the this challenge.

Another author who is concerned with why the prevention programmes fail in this specific cultural environment is Catherine Campbell. She believes that while external help is fundamental, so is mobilizing the local community is the direction of prevention. Peer education made in informal scenery is believed to be the first necessary step. Another step would imply reaching the target represented by children and teenagers. This means "promoting peer education in a formal school setting" as well. "Mobilizing stakeholders to prevent HIV" is the third measure which she takes into consideration. "In the past few years, some development practitioners and agencies have attempted to acknowledge the complex and contested nature of local communities through the growing popularity of the concept of the "multi-stakeholder community." The recognition that geographical areas are often home to a range of different "stakeholders" represents an important first…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Attwood, G. REFLECT- Learning circles in the Malealea Community Development project

Campbell, C. Letting them die: why HIV / AIDS intervention programmes fail. Google Books. Retrieved October 5, 2010 from http://books.google.it/books?id=xZME3SMJUwcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=catherine+campbell+letting+them+die&source=bl&ots=L2WZ6lJaV2&sig=Le2k1h7d68hGxxDTBo8HM_nisYs&hl=it&ei=iPqtTIvdGczEswbxxv29DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

Dunton, C. - Audio

Epstein, H. The invisible cure. Retrieved October 7, 2010 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSPk8K5zK3I
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Connected Immigrant Communities Chaney 2010

Words: 4201 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69242488

Meng and Meurs (2009) examine the effects of intermarriage, language, and economic advantage. They find that immigrants who have some skill in the dominant language of the country to which they immigrate tend to intermarry and earn more income (Meng and Meurs). Marrying outside of one's culture may influence language acquisition due to social and economic needs to advance within the adopted culture.

Moua and Lamborn (2010) note that ethnic socialization practices by parents of immigrant adolescents strengthen the ethnic heritage connection between adolescent, parent, and ethnic community. These include native language use, marriage ties, taking part in cultural events, sharing history, and preparing traditional foods (Moua and Lamborn). As noted previously, immigrant parents tend to congregate in ethnic communities, where they are essentially immersed in the ethnic culture. The native language is often the most utilized if not the exclusive language in the home. However, children are acculturated into…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Akresh, I. "Contexts of English Language Use among Immigrants to the United States." International Migration Review (2007): 930-955.

Bacallao, M and P. Smokowski. "The Costs of Getting Ahead: Mexican Family System Changes After Immigration." Family Relations (2006): 52-66.

Blatchley, L and M. Lau. "Culturally Competent Assessment of English Language Learners for Special Education Services." Communique: Newspaper of National Association of School Psychologists May 2010: 1-8.

Bleakley, H and A. Chin. "Age at Arrival, English Proficiency, and Social Assimilation Among U.S. Immigrants." American Economic Journal of Applied Economics (2010):  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813069/pdf/nihms-132959.pdf .
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Structural Inequality & Diversity Root

Words: 5575 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73975506

" (Dafler, 2005) Dafler relates that for more than thirty years children who were 'half-caste' "were forcibly removed from their families, often grabbed straight from their mother's arms, and transported directly to government and church missions." (Dafler, 2005) This process was termed to be one of assimilation' or 'absorption' towards the end of breeding out of Aboriginal blood in the population. At the time all of this was occurring Dafler relates that: "Many white Australians were convinced that any such hardship was better than the alternative of growing up as a member of an 'inferior' race and culture." (2005) it is plainly stated in a government document thus:

The destiny of the natives of Aboriginal origin, but not of the full blood, lies in their ultimate absorption by the people of the Commonwealth, and [the commission] therefore recommends that all efforts be directed towards this end." (eresford and Omaji, Our…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Dafler, Jeffrey (2005) Social Darwinism and the Language of Racial Oppression: Australia's Stolen Generations ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, Vol. 62, 2005.

Erich Fromm Foreword to a.S. Neill SummerHill (New York, 1960).

Hawkins, Social Darwinism; Shibutani, Tamotsu and Kwan, Kian M. Ethnic Stratification: A Comparative Approach. New York: The Macmillan Company (1965).

Jacques Ellul, the Technological Society (New York, 1967), 436.
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Culture Realms of Southeast Asia

Words: 3053 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22250029



The population in Indonesia is 202,110,000, with people speaking the Javenese language. The religion of Indonesia is unni Muslim, and the majority of people there live to be 63 years old, with 1 out of 100 people owning cars. Indonesia is a mixed economy with many socialist institutions and central planning but with a recent emphasis on deregulation and private enterprise. Indonesia has extensive natural wealth, yet, with a large and rapidly increasing population, it remains a poor country. In Indonesia, underemployment is widespread, a result of about 2.3 million workers annually entering the labor force. Once the world's largest rice importer, Indonesia is now nearly self-sufficient.

The oil sector dominates the external economy, generating more than 20% of the government's revenues and 40% of export earnings, however, the economy's growth is highly dependent on the continuing expansion of non-oil exports. The Indonesian form of currency is called the rupiah,…… [Read More]

Scholastic Inc. Atlas of the World. (United Kingdom: Miles Kelly Publishing Ltd., 2001), 157.

Scholastic Inc. Atlas of the World. (United Kingdom: Miles Kelly Publishing Ltd., 2001), 156.

Sunsite.nus, "South-East Asia Information"; Available at http://sunsite.nus.edu. Accessed 21 Sept. 2007.
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Epilepsy Medically Speaking the Disease

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53275703



In the world of medicine today, there is still much about the inner workings of the human brain that are relatively unknown. Yet advancements in brain scanning and other techniques are giving researchers greater insight on how epilepsy works and why the brain responds as it does to the seizures. Obviously, with advances in genetic testing and the existence of the Human Genome Project, epilepsy could one day be cured and thus help millions of sufferers to live a "normal" and non-disabling lifestyle.

Annotated ibliography

Chadwick, David. Living with Epilepsy. London: Optima Publishing, 1987. (An excellent book which explains in-depth how a person can cope and live with epilepsy. It also provides information on support groups for those afflicted with the disease).

Preston, Robb. Epilepsy: Causes and Treatments. Miami, FL: Symposia Specialists, Inc., 1980. (Another excellent book that discusses all the major aspects of epilepsy. It also provides much information…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Chadwick, David. Living with Epilepsy. London: Optima Publishing, 1987. (An excellent book which explains in-depth how a person can cope and live with epilepsy. It also provides information on support groups for those afflicted with the disease).

Preston, Robb. Epilepsy: Causes and Treatments. Miami, FL: Symposia Specialists, Inc., 1980. (Another excellent book that discusses all the major aspects of epilepsy. It also provides much information on what a person should do when someone is experiencing an epileptic seizure).

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down." Book Review. Internet. 2003. Accessed September 19, 2005. http://www.spiritcatchesyou.com/bookdescription.htm.(A very thorough review of Anne Fadiman's book which describes Lia Lee's battle with epilepsy, both medically and culturally).
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Local Participation in Tourism Development

Words: 7386 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82371250

Successful sustainable development also requires an evaluation of major trends and problems in the tourism industry rather than focusing on minor new developments that may have localized impact only (Butler, 1998).

Taken together, the foregoing indicates that irrespective of the precise definition that is used, sustainable tourism development is based on three main principles, economic, environment and social which are described below:

1. Economic: This principle refers to something that affects to the majority number of people and enhance the economic situation which is related to sustainable management of economic in tourism sector. This can regarded as opportunities to educate and train employees, support local suppliers, trade, producers and so on (Chapman, 2007). This principle is consistent with the observation by King (2008) that, "tourism in Thailand, as with tourism in the Asian region more generally, is a highly diversified, complex, and changing phenomenon, the impact and consequences of which…… [Read More]

References

'Bung Kan Is Thailand's 77th Province.' 2011, March 23. Pattaya Daily News. [online]

available: http://www.pattayadailynews.com/en/2011/03/23/bung-kan-is-thailand%E2%80%99s-77th-province/.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. 2004. Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.

Cater, E. 1993. 'Ecotourism in the Third World: Problems for Sustainable Tourism
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Healthy Again Health Promotion Program Parts B

Words: 754 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74704870

Healthy Again Health Promotion Program

Parts B & C -- Competency Statements and elevant Objectives

Nurse professionals will endeavor to work as a team in collaborative relationships whenever possible.

Nurses understand and engage in effective communication

Work with team and colleagues to ensure a safe and effective medical environment

Authenticate relationships between colleagues, patients, and stakeholders through mutual respect and honesty

Engender and actively pursue a cycle of learning and improving self and through professional means, others

Create a culture of respect, advocacy, caring, and trust (American Nurses Association, 2013).

Nurses will adhere to the ANA Nursing Code of Ethics in all work situations, and will communicate to supervisor in the event of additional resources or interpretations (American Nurses Association, 2013).

a. Understand and adhere to basic nursing ethical guidelines through advocacy, communication and deliberate leadership by example

b. Deliberately and regularly work to provide patient autonomy, beneficence, fidelity and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Code of Ethics for Nurses. (2012). Retrieved from:  http://www.nursingworld.org/ 

MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/CodeofEthicsforNurses/Code-of-Ethics.pdf

American Nurses Association. (2013). Professional Standards. Retrieved from:
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Theoretical Foundations of Nursing First Half

Words: 2037 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10078501

diverse population nurses must attend to, the concept of 'transcultural' nursing is important to understand. Instead of viewing health as a universal concept, transcultural nursing attempts to understand the conceptual building blocks of the nursing profession as cultural products that are socially-constructed. It strives to understand the similarities and differences between different health attitudes and practices (Leininger 1991). First developed by Madeline Leininger, transcultural nursing is founded upon the idea that the "health care providers need to be flexible in the design of programs, policies, and services to meet the needs and concerns of the culturally diverse population, groups that are likely to be encountered" (Transcultural nursing, 2012, Current Nursing).

Nurses must be culturally astute and adapt their practices to patient's cultural needs as well as to physical needs. This concept has been somewhat controversial within the nursing profession given that Western medicine's emphasis on preserving life and optimizing treatment…… [Read More]

References

Adult obesity facts. (2013).CDC. Retrieved:  http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html 

Dorothea Orem's self-care deficit theory. (2012). Nursing Theories. Retrieved:

http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/self_care_deficit_theory.html

Milligan, F. (2008) Child obesity 2: recommended strategies and interventions. Nursing Times;
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Hospital Administration

Words: 822 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14165473

Multicultural Patient Care

The Market Orientation of the Family Birthing Center is no doubt, diverse. It is also an excellent avenue for health care reforms as the community hospital is forced to cater to the needs of people that speak 40 different languages, to do it well, and to serve as an example for other hospitals that multicultural patient care is possible and could be done in the best possible way (Noonan & Savolaine).

As the demographics of the United States continue to change to include more foreign nationals, health care professionals need to become increasingly aware of multicultural issues. Developing a greater cultural awareness of a particular client population can aid health care providers in improved care giving. ith the steady increase of people from other countries coming to the United States, health care professionals have been asked to assess and respond to the needs of a more diverse…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Noonan, M.D., and Savolaine, R. (2001. Winter). A neighborhood of nations. Marketing Health Services.

Peterson, R. (1996. April 1). A patient care team approach to multicultural patient care issues. Journal of Nursing Care Quality.

Post Staff Writer. (2002. May 12). International Deliveries; Maternity Wards Adapt to Special Needs of Region's Rush of Immigrants. The Washington Post.
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Gifted and Talented Education

Words: 4434 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67512945

gifted and talented education for minority students. The writer explores the screening process for gifted and talented programs and the various problems that screening process causes when it comes to locating and educating minority students. The writer also explores the societal mindsets and the urban areas that play a part in the overlooking of minority gifted students. The bulk of the exploration is done with a literature review on previous studies, research and decisions regarding the screening and education of minority gifted students. There were ten sources used to complete this paper.

Each day across the nation millions of students sit in classrooms and are educated. The classrooms contain a large number of students and the lessons are designed and geared to reach the largest students in each setting. This means that for the most part the lessons are aimed at the average intellect and average abilities student. Within the…… [Read More]

References

MacMillan, D.L., & Reschly, D.J. (1998). Overrepresentation of minority students: The case for greater specificity or reconsideration of the variables examined. The Journal of Special Education, 32, 15-24.

Singh, N. (1996). Cultural diversity in the 21st century: Beyond e pluribus unum. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 5, 121-136

U.S. Department of Education. (1996). Application for new grants: Program for children and youth with serious emotional disturbance. CFDA No. 84.237G. Washington, DC:Author.

U.S. Department of Education. (1997). To assure a free appropriate public education to all children with disabilities: Nineteenth annual report to Congress on the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Washington, DC: Author.
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Cultural Differences of Adolescent in the United States

Words: 4157 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66223470

Cultural Differences of Adolescent in the United States

The United States, ever since the time when its history began, has been an accumulation of different cultural patterns who took refuge here for independence in expressing the thoughts. esiliency or adaptability is featured as a phenomenon of fruit yielding adaptability in spite of difficult or intimidating surrounding. In this paper we shall analyze the cultural differences among adolescents in the country. In 1996 Gordon discovered that adaptable young men have concrete self-confidence in their realizing capabilities and concrete sentiments of association in the school surrounding as against their non-adaptable associates. Consistently Arellano and Padilla in 1996 discovered that cooperative families and tutors saved students from vulnerable educational surroundings. Again Liebowitz, Catellani, and Cuellar in 1999 discovered the relatively important foreseer of sexual attitude to be the persistence of morals existing betwixt the young men and their family. Outcomes threw light on…… [Read More]

References

Brook, J.S; et al. (1998) "Drug use among African-Americans: Ethnic identity as a protective factor." Psychological Reports- 83:1427-1446

Brook, J.S; Whiteman, M; Balka, E.B; Win, P.T; and Gursen, M.D. (1998) "Drug use among Puerto Ricans: Ethnic identity as a protective factor." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences- 20(2): 241-254

Carlin, J.F. (1979) "The Catastrophically Uprooted Child: Southeast Asian Refugee Children." In Basic Handbook for Child Psychiatry- Volume I, edited by J.D. Noshpitz et.al. New York: Basic Books.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. (2001) "HIV / AIDS Surveillance Report"- 13(2):144.
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Social and Cultural Issues in the Vietnamese War

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81427349

Clint Eastwood's Movie

This movie features the story of three people; alt, Sue, and Thao. In this movie, the issue of socio-political aspects of human life features. The movie depicts alt as a famous Korean ar Veteran while Sue and Thao were Vietnam ar victims. alt is one of the major characters in the movie. He is an American Assembly line worker who lives in Highland Park, Michigan. He is handling a 50-year-old marriage after having been with his wife through a tumultuous life. He fought in the Korean ar and survived. hen America launched a war against the Vietnamese, Sue and Thao took part in it: they managed to survive.

Social and political issues

In this war, a social aspect is seen in the life of alt. In his place of residence in Michigan, poor Asian immigrants inhabit the place. Their presence has raised concerns about the security of…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Sterritt, David. The Films of Clint Eastwood: Chronicles of America. New York: Paperbag,

2012. Print.
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California Medflies the Medfly Problem

Words: 1630 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83370224

S. federal government: Unhappy with loss of 'face' in dealing with Japan internationally as well as revenue loss due to trade complications regarding agricultural products and other goods

California residents: Damaged by loss of revenue and possible trade war reducing choice

Step 6:Viable solutions from the above evaluations include:

Cold storage alone without the use of pesticides by far seems to be the most viable and natural solution, despite its long-term costs and somewhat inefficient storing methods during off-seasons. To placate growers concerns about costs, one possible measure might be to seek government assistance in building these facilities on the part of the growers, given the vital role the Californian agricultural community plays in maintaining good relations with Japan for continued U.S.-Japanese economic relationships. The increased interest in organic produce amongst American consumers and concern in Europe about 'frankenfoods' such as GMOs (genetically modified organism) might actually mean that a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dawson, Anne Dawson, Sarah Hassenpflug, James Sloan, & Izumi Yoshioka. With the assistance of Andrew Procassini. "Combating the Medfly Menace." Monterey, CA: Center for Trade and Commercial Diplomacy, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 1998.
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Spirit Catches You and You Fall There

Words: 1274 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9378610

Spirit Catches You and You Fall

There were a number of different delivery systems models in place and which attempted to effect positive care for Lia Lee and her family in Anne Fadiman's The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. One can successfully argue that more than one model was used throughout the duration of the book for the simple fact that there were a number of barriers preventing success from any of the models due to the simple fact that Lia's family were Laos immigrants with little cultural understanding of the United States. However, it is fairly evident that the model that was initially used and used more than any others in this work of literature was the medical model. The medical model is commonly used within westernized society and is the oldest of the three traditional models (which includes the public health and the human services model,…… [Read More]

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Asthma Case Study

Words: 1413 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15184944

Cross-Cultural ssues for African-Americans

The chapter on African-Americans primarily discusses three main cross-cultural issues. The first and most obvious one is the physical difference between white and black Americans, which is more pronounced than between Caucasians and any other minority group. This leads to an immediate, visual acknowledgment of difference and the predominance of severe racism that keeps people from being promoted, thinks they are less worthy, and makes them work harder for the same recognition. The second main cross-cultural issue seems to be one of group guilt. The chapter seems to suggest that blacks see individual whites as individually responsible for their actions, but whites seem to see blacks as responsible for the actions of all other blacks, seeing them not as individuals but as a profiled group. n addition, if some blacks are incompetent or criminal, they are all seen that way. The third and most cultural of…… [Read More]

If the office doesn't accept people who speak their minds, maybe we should keep our mouths shut more? If it's company policy not to get all up in someone's face and talk them down, then maybe we should respect that. It seems fair to have rules about how people should behave, even if it goes against the grain for blacks who are from a far more open culture. If a lot of tact is necessary for the job, though, we need to have it. On the other hand, if only black people are supposed to be tactful and polite, that's a problem. Having to always be submissive is degrading. It always made me angry when a little white girl could talk back to the teacher and he'd listen to her, but when I talked back it was seen as giving lip or even being aggressive just because of my cultural voice. I was interested to see that one person they quoted said that he hated being asked why he didn't act black (and thus they insinuated that he could, if he wanted) because he just wasn't like that, and someone else said they hated having to not act black. I don't think there's an across the board answer for whether people want to be accepted as a stereotype, or not.

In the end, the chapter was a very positive thing, if only to get people thinking about racism. There's a lot of racism in the workplace, I'm sure, because I saw a lot of it at school. I guess my one critique to the author, but even more to blacks everywhere would be: we needed to decide how we want to be treated, and then address it openly. Do we want to be seen as our color and take pride in it, and "act black" or do we want to fit in? Do we want to be treated as a group, or as individuals? Do we want to act like everyone else, or like ourselves? If we're willing to behave differently than everyone else, are we willing to accept the consequences?

Blank, Renee & Slipp, Sandra. (1994). African-Americans. In Voices of Diversity: Real People Talk About Problems and Solutions in a Workplace Where Everyone Is Not Alike. New York: Amacon.
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Culture's Impact on Healthcare Culture Midwestern White

Words: 481 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84020793

Culture's Impact On Healthcare

Culture: Midwestern, (White Female)

The following are the top 5 characteristics of my culture:

Conservative political values. May cause a closed mine and limit the imagination. Political lines are dogmatic and prevent free thinking.

Family orientated. This bias may cause the individual to be too loyal on one's family. It is very difficult to see our families for who they truly are.

Open minded: Too much open-mindedness may lead to foolish mistakes and jumping on any bandwagon that may come along.

Love of the outdoors and social activities. Too much of this behavior, may lead to not refining the indoor skills that are important in life.

Trusting to new experiences. Too many new experiences may lead to becoming ungrounded.

Part

Question 1

The Midwestern culture is very conservative and many within the culture base their decisions on popular notions and ideas. Health care to Midwestern culture…… [Read More]

References

Arterberry, K. (nd). Cultural Competence. Provided by customer.

Hearnden, M. (2008). Coping with differences in culture and communication in health care. Nursing Standard, 23, 11, 49-57.