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Hong Kong Ocean Park: Advertising and Promotion Plan
I brand manager a renown consumer product marketing company responsible Hong Kong Macau markets.
Ocean Park has been a well-known brand in Hong Kong since 1977 Ocean Park Hong Kong, 2008.
This advertising promotion plan is for the Hong Kong Ocean Park which has three in-park themed hotels. These hotels are named Ocean Hotel, Fisherman's Wharft Hotel and Spa Hotel Frew, 2005.
Each hotel has its own unique blend of features which make it distinct and present a tremendous opportunity for marketing and particularly advertising. The hotels are set for launch in the last quarter of 2011 in Hong Kong. The total budget is HK$2million which covers all promotional activities for the month of December 2011. This will be used for digital media advertising and billboards. These have been analyzed to be the most cost-effective media for advertising. Hong Kong and Mainland…
http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/45563/hotels_in_hong_kong_a_market_analysisACCESS ASIA LTD. 2001. Hotels In Hong Kong: A Market Analysis [Online]. Available: [Accessed 14th November 2011].
CAREY, K. 1992. OPTIMAL HOTEL CAPACITY: THE CASE OF BARBADOS. Social and Economic Studies, 41, 103-126.
CHALKLEY, B. 1997. Hong Kong: Colony at the Crossroads. Geography, 82, 139-147.
CHENG, J.Y.S. & NGOK, K.L. 2000. Hong Kong in the Eyes of Chinese Cadres. Asian Affairs, 27, 93-109.
Evidence of this can be seen in several industries in which Hong Kong is not longer as competitive as it once was (Edmonds, 2004).
There are several reasons for the diminished international business reputation Hong Kong has experienced in recent years. Like other countries Hong Kong has been affected by the problems present in the overall global economy. In addition, the political climate in Hong Kong has changed the level of economic freedom that allowed businesses to excel in the country. In addition to these reasons for the diminished reputation, there are industries that have failed to provide proper it training to employees.
Several studies have found a positive correlation between Information technology training and competitive advantage. According to an article entitled "Information Technology as Competitive Advantage: The ole of Human, Business, and Technology esources "
IT creates advantage by leveraging or exploiting preexisting, complementary human and business resources. In…
Baldwin, G. 1994. Property Management in Hong Kong. Property Management, Vol. 12 No. 4, 1994, pp. 18-23
Epstein, M.J., & Buhovac, a.R. (2006). What's in it for You (and Your Company)? Show off Your ROI Skills by Sizing Up Your Company's it Spending. Journal of Accountancy, 201(4), 69+.
Heller M. 2003. 6 Ways to Boost Employee Morale.
Retrieved November 13, 2008 from; http://www.cio.com/article/31976/_Ways_to_Boost_Employee_Morale
Hong Kong Healthcare in the Decade Ahead
Improving Gender Inequality and Poverty and the elationship to Access
Hong Kong SA is a globally recognized leader in health care provision and policy. However, looking forward over the next decade, significant areas of improvement exist in relation to enhancing patient access to healthcare. Too often gender inequality and financial poverty limit patient medical options. By focusing on these variables and what practical health policy options exist to influence them, further improvement can be achieved in the Hong Kong health system.
Paul Yip, Director of the HKJC Centre for Suicide esearch and Prevention at the University of Hong Kong writes "The success of a city cannot be measured only by its financial prowess…the well-being of its residents must also be considered." At the turn of the decade, Hong Kong finds itself in a strong position in terms of global healthcare rankings. Hong Kong…
Gould DB. (2001) The reform of health care funding. HKMJ. 7: 150-4.
Government of the Hong Kong SAR, Health Care Bureau (2000). Lifelong investment in health:
consultation document on health care reform in Hong Kong. Retrieved 2010, Dec 10. URL: http://www.fhb.gov.hk/en/press_and_publications/consultation/HCR2.htm
Government of the Hong Kong SAR. Health Care Bureau (2003, Jan 28). Hong Kong health indices among world's best. Retrieved 2010, Dec 10. URL: http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/brandhk/0128005.htm
Hong Kong was colonized by quite a few nations before it was returned to Chinese control. Among the colonizers were Japan in orld ar II and Great Britain. On July 1, 1997 sovereignty of Hong Kong was returned to China from England. Britain had gained control of China in the 1800s after the Opium ar. Their possession was interrupted in the Second orld ar. Hong Kong was a colony of the British Isles for more than a century. It was a place for economic development and great amounts of resources, which is one of the primary reasons for the continued fighting over the land.
Before Hong Kong was returned to China, there were many protests in the nation that the British government was unconcerned with the rights or cares of the people of Hong Kong. Starting in 1995, individual in Hong Kong began preparation for the return, believing that their…
"The Decolonization of Hong Kong" (1997). Retrieved from http://www.hartford-
Pomeroy, William (1997). "British colonialism exits Hong Kong." People's Weekly World.
By 1992, Britain had introduced large quantities of democratic measures in Hong Kong, in an attempt to further their independence before China became their government. However, when Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997, the Chinese government abolished the legislature that the British had established, and created their own provisional legislature. Yet China allowed, in 1998, for the election of prodemocracy parties, and again in 2000 (Lagasse, et al., "Hong Kong").
However, China still states that the treaties which created Hong Kong were signed under coercion by both British and Western influence, and thus, do not have to be honored. Although China appears willing to allow for Hong Kong to be autonomous for 50 years, they do not appear to want to extend that right beyond the 2047 period. As long as Hong Kong is a Special Administrative egion of the People's epublic of China, China will handle, at…
Blatt, Jason. "President Chen Condemns Hong Kong Style Unification Plan." South China Morning Post 14 July 2001: B7.
Ito, Kiyoshi. "Taiwan-400 Years of History and Outlook." Taiwan's 400 Years of History. 1996. Taiwan Communique. 22 Nov. 2004. http://members.shaw.ca/leksu/mainp3e.htm .
Keliher, Macabe, & Meer, Craig. "Taiwan and China: Too Close for Comfort?." Asia Times 24 Oct. 2003: J24.
Kung, Feitau & Chia, Eric. "The Taiwan Timeline." Taiwan's 400 Years of History. 2004. Taiwan Communique. 22 Nov. 2004. http://taiwanresources.com/info/history/chrono.htm.
Hong Kong eal Estate Industry
China and Hong Kong have evolved into fiercely competitive economic superpowers on the international scene across several markets and industries. This has become none more apparent than in the real estate market, which has experienced a recent "boom" in both Hong Kong and China, and seems to be proving some longevity. Although both of these countries are experiencing an influx of foreign investment in residential and commercial real estate, there are vast differences between China and Hong Kong, which are highly influential in investors' decisions regarding whether or not to purchase land, commercial buildings, or residences in these countries. In particular, China and Hong Kong differ substantially in factors relating to political history, especially in regards to Hong Kong's transition since 1997 into one country with two systems, having to compromise new Chinese authority with old British influenced rule of law. Other key factors in…
Newell, Graeme; Wing, Chau Kwong; Kei, Wong Siu; McKinnell, Keith. "Factors Influencing the Performance of Hong Kong Real Estate Companies." Journal of Real Estate Portfolio Management. American Real Estate Society Cleveland State University. 2007. Retrieved March 23, 2011 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1261954211.html
Hong Kong Disneyland's Market
The market that Hong Kong Disneyland operates in is multi-fold. A large aspect of its market is based on its location. Centered on Hong Kong's Lantaue Island, the organization posits itself as the premier destination for leisure and vacationing in the Asian Pacific (Hong Kong, 2016, p. 2). Moreover, the immediate market for which it operates within this space is in "Hong Kong, mainland China and Southeast Asia (Hong Kong, 2016, p. 2). Still, Hong Kong Disneyland also competes within the global marketplace for vacationing and leisure activities. In this regard, it is competing with other locations throughout the world that offer many of the same features that are indicative of this marketplace. Hong Kong itself has multiple theme parks which provide competition for Disneyland (Choi, 2010, p. 573).
The previously mentioned features themselves provide a fair amount of insight into the market in which this…
Choi, K.W. (2010). Constructing a decolonized world city for consumption: discourses on Hong Kong Disneyland and their implications.
Hong Kong Disneyland. (2016). Hong Kong Disneyland annual business review for the fiscal year 2015. http://ahongkongdisneyland.disney.go.com / Retrieved from http://ahongkongdisneyland.disney.go.com/media/hkdlcorp_v0100/en_US/aboutOurCompany/AnnualBusinessReview15.pdf
Matusitz, J. (2011). Disney's successful adaptation in Hong Kong: a glocalization perspective. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. 28(4), 667-681.
Miller, P. M. (2007). "Disneyland in Hong Kong." China Business Review. 34(1), 31-33.
Kimpton Hotels & estaurants
This paper analyzes the internal and external environment of Kimpton Hotels and estaurants for the purpose of recommending the most effective and feasible way to enter the boutique hospitality industry of Hong Kong. The internal environment is assessed by analyzing the core strengths and major weaknesses of the company whereas external environment is evaluated through an analysis of potential opportunities and threats, competitive environment, market overview, and future industry trends which the company may face in the Hong Kong market. A number of strategies are recommended to the company in the light of these analyses.
Kimpton Hotels & estaurants
Kimpton Hotels & estaurants Group Inc. is the largest boutique hotels chain in the United States. It was established in 1981 by William Bill Kimpton. Kimpton Hotels & estaurants is headquartered in San Francisco, California. It operates a large number of restaurants, hotels, and bars…
Kimpton Hotels, (2013). About Us. Retrieved on April 2nd, 2013, from
Kotler, P., & Armstrong, G. (2008). Principles of Marketing, (11th Ed.). U.S.: Prentice Hall
Lamb, C., Hair, J., & McDaniel, C. (2012). Essentials of Marketing, (7th ed.). Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Lancaster, G., & Withey, F. (2007). Marketing Fundamentals, (2nd ed.). U.K: Butterworth-Heinemann
Lost Identity of Hong Kong After 1997 emphasizes on the cultural shift of Hong Kong after China's take over in 1997. This paper mainly focuses on Hong Kong's lost freedom of press and expression and how the Chinese leaders turned away from their words after the hand over of 1997. This paper also highlights the consequence of many journalists who tried to defy the Chinese rule and went against their policy of freedom of speech. This paper finally concludes by stating the after effects of the Chinese rule in Hong Kong and their lost cultural identity.
The Lost Identity of Hong Kong After 1997
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Indian Primer Minister once said, "There is a great deal of confusion in my mind and I shall state quite frankly what it is. All kinds of basic questions crop up from what is going on in the world, an obvious thing…
Allen C. Hong Kong Identity After The End Of History. 19 Mar. 2002. Available on the address http://www.nott.ac.uk/~ldziaps/AllenChunPaper1.pdf. Accessed on 29 Apr.
Basil F. 1997 Transition and The Place Of Hong Kong in the Asian Debate on Democracy and Human Rights. 23 Jul. 1996. Available on the address http://www.ahrchk.net/papers/mainfile.php/papers/30. Accessed on 29 Apr. 2004.
Dan K. Press Freedom In Hong Kong. The Quill. 1 Apr. 2000.
Frances F. Translating Freedom For Post-1997 Hong Kong. Washington University Law Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 1. 1998.
Hong Kong to China: Supported by Its Residents, focuses on the territory of Hong Kong. It discusses how in July of 1997 Hong Kong returned to administration under China, though it retains its own political, economic and judicial systems. The primary focus of the article is discussing the attitudes and impacts this move has on the people living in Hong Kong. The results suggested that a majority of people living in Hong Kong would have supported other options including becoming an independent nation if they had been given a chance.
Was the research firm's questionnaire adequate to address the issue? Why or Why not?
The questionnaire does not fully address the issue it intends to address. The purpose of the questionnaire was to determine how the people of Hong Kong felt about the shift in power. The questionnaire does supply an adequate number of questions to assess whether or not…
A recent market report notes,
In recent decades, famous Hollywood directors, such as Quentin Tarantino and Oliver Stone, have credited the influence of Hong Kong film styles on their works. John oo has relocated his career to Hollywood to become one of its biggest directors. In fact, not only has John oo's style influenced others, but his current films are Hollywood. ("Hong Kong movie skills grow in Hollywood" para. 2)
Precisely why Hong Kong films have had this influence is hard to say for certain beyond noting that filmmakers like Tsui Hark and John oo adapted American genres to the international market in a way that re-energized those genres and showed American filmmakers a new way to approach traditional material. Hong Kong filmmakers like John oo and Ang Lee have transferred to Hollywood to carry the transformation even further.
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.…
Clouse, Robert. Enter the Dragon. Concord Productions Inc., 1973.
Hong Kong Cinema." Tourism in Asia (2007).. December 2, 2007. http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/cinema.html.
Hong Kong Movie Skills Grow in Hollywood." International Market News (11 July 2002). December 1, 2007. http://www.piercelawgroupllp.com/hongkong_movie_skills.PDF.
Kei, Sek. "Achievement and Crisis: Hong Kong Cinema in the '802." Bright Lights Film Journal. December 3, 2007. http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/31/hk_achievement1.html .
American television coverage of the Hong Kong 'handover that took place in 1997. This paper focuses on the portrayal of messages in American television coverage and determines whether or not such portrayal was really needed.
Considering the opposite ends at which Communism and Democracy stand, it is worth asserting that these two forms of rule cannot be merged. In understanding Hong Kong's current political situation, we must realize that Hong Kong was ruled by Britain till June 30th 1997 and now on gaining its freedom, it is now caught up in a struggle between its desires to retain Democracy while being ruled by Communism. This is a situation that was predicted and emphasized upon by American television coverage at the 'handover' of Hong Kong in 1997. However, this coverage was not necessary; as it didn't present any relevance to the common man in the U.S., and was only material to…
Bray, M. (2004) Mass protest in Hong Kong. Thursday, July 1, 2004 http://edition.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/asiapcf/07/01/hk.anniversary/
Chinoy, M. (1997). Hong Kong's new leader is blend of East, West. June 30, 1997. http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9706/30/tung.profile/
Chinoy, M. (1997). Hong Kong's new legislature stirs controversy June 24, 1997. http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9706/24/hong.kong.elected
Cohen, S. & Young, J. (eds) (1980). The Manufacture of News: Social Problems, Deviance and the Mass Media (revised). London: Constable.
Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong is directed at the Hong Kong government and the police force dispensed on its behalf. It is a movement that was unofficially recognized in 2014 and started spontaneously and had a practical inspiration, as the umbrellas of protestors were used as protection against tear gas from police. The protestors were defending themselves from aggressive assault by Hong Kong police and were there to protest unfair elections. The protestors identified with earlier protestors of China, such as those at Tiananmen Square in 1989, where the Chinese government ruthlessly cracked down on protestors. In Hong Kong, which is independent in the sense that it has a special autonomy within China, the fear among the protestors was that corruption in government and politics was going to end in unfair elections, so thousands took to the streets to voice their opposition. As a result of the visual spectacle of…
AFP. "How umbrellas have become the symbol of Hong Kong's pro-democracy protests," Herald Sun, 2014, accessed 6 May 2016 from http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/world/how-umbrellas-have-become-the-symbol-of-hong-kongs-prodemocracy-protests/news-story/fa1275c97de82ecfdfc04140d68dd20f
Chow, V., Phila Siu, "Creative awakening sparked by Occupy Central as sit-ins reclaim streets," SCMP, accessed 6 May 2016 from http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1610547/occupys-umbrella-statue-symbol-peace-says-artist?page=all
Dastagir, A., Brett Molina, "Key social moments of Hong Kong protests," USA Today,
2014, accessed 6 May 2016 from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/09/30/hong-kong-protests/16473507
Hong Kong Food Culture
Unlike many other cities, Hong Kong offers a unique case study in the effects of globalization on local economies and cultures due to its premier status as a nexus between China and the West. Over the years, and even through British rule, Hong Kong maintained its own distinctly Chinese culture even in the face of relentless influence from other countries and explicit attempts to manipulate Hong Kong culture. However, globalization has caught up with Hong Kong, greatly undermining the traditional Chinese culture, a fact seen most clearly in the case of Hong Kong food culture. Nonetheless, Hong Kong retains its Chinese cultural importance, such that one examining the decline of Hong Kong food culture cannot help but see the areas in which the process has been inverted as well, with Hong Kong culture serving to integrate certain foods or drinks into Chinese society. Thus, as globalization…
Elsey, B., & Tse, R.C. (2007). Changing the behaviour of traditional bakers in a chinese multi-
family owned food company through workplace action learning in hong kong. Journal of Workplace Learning, 19(8), 511-525.
Furnham, A., & Li, J. (2008). Gender portrayal in food and beverage advertisements in hong
kong: A content analytic study. Young Consumers, 9(4), 297-307.
Human Resources Management: How to Improve Minimum Wage Policy Management in Hong Kong
The objective of this research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of minimum wage legislation in Hong Kong. When hike minimum wage can help lower skilled worker. This study will conduct an evaluation of the minimum wage hiking and how it can help the lower skilled workers and will additionally compare benchmarking minimum wage legislation with other countries, for example the standard of minimum wage.
Following minimum wage legislation the primary problems that employers and employees faced included for employers the turnover rate of lower-wage workers and how to reduce the cost of training that affects the quality of service and the working attitude and behavior of employee lack of enthusiasm. For employees problems included the increase in the unemployment rate and reduction in fringe benefits including such as medical insurance. Included in this study will…
Blundell, R., and H. Reed, 2000. The Employment Effects of the Working Families Tax Credit. Institute for Fiscal Studies Briefing Note No. 6, April.
Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service, 2000. Annual Report 1999 -- 2000.October.
Bartlett, B., 2000. The Verdict on the Minimum Wage: Guilty on All Counts. Economic Affairs. September.
Bartwell, R., 2000. Age Structure and the UK Unemployment Rate. Bank of England Working Paper 124.
Juvenile Offender in Hong Kong
Juvenile Offender in Hong Kong
The increase in juvenile delinquency has become a world-wide phenomenon, especially in many developed countries. This trend is also evident in cities like Hong Kong and can be seen in a recent report which asserts that the age of juvenile offenders in Kong is getting younger. This study by Pang (2008) states that, "Some juvenile delinquents are now as young as 10 and 11..." (Pang, 2008).
According to the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, another disturbing indication of the increase in youth crime was the number of crimes committed by young females, which increased in 2006. "The young girls, mostly aged 13 to 14, usually like to commit crimes with their friends, like stealing accessories or cosmetics"..." ( Pang, 2008). Furthermore, this study notes that there was a thirteen percent increase in crimes committed by children…
Broadhurst R. ( 2000). Crime Trends in Hong Kong. Retrieved from http://www.crime.hku.hk/rb-crimetrends.htm
Cagape E. ( 2008). Why I think juvenile offenders are getting younger. Retrieved from http://asiancorrespondent.com/17054/why-i-think-juvenile-offenders-are-getting-younger/
Edwin H. Sutherland: Differential Association Theory. Florida State University.
Retrieved from http://criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/sutherland.html
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Item Page Number
Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping tourism is a major aspect of the global tourism trade and as such is an area of tourism that is and should be promoted by destination countries and locations. This is true for Hong Kong as well as in other locations throughout the world. Ashworth (1989) writes that urban regeneration and tourism have become critically important activities beginning in the 1980's. Ashworth specifically notes two elements that link the ideas of the city and tourism and which show the complex relationship that exists between the features of a city and the functions of tourism that serve to result in shopping tourism in the city. The first element is comprised by the specific characteristics of a city and how this…
Cheung, Sidney (nd) Cultural Tourism and Hong Kong Identity. Department of Anthropology. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from: http://cuhk.orientalecom7.com/en/publish/workingpaper4.pdf
Discover Hong Kong by Rail (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/discover-hongkong-rail.html
Experience Unique Hong Kong (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/cultural-tours.html
Hong Kong Culture (2012) Tourism Asia Network. Retrieved from: http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/index.html
This shift in Hong Kong's economy as a response to a more open Chinese economy has been explored in detail by economists and academics.
This relationship is reciprocal and not one-sided, as China benefits from increased numbers of jobs and industry that are imported from Hong Kong, and Hong Kong benefits from the increase in service jobs and a higher quality of life and income provided by the move to away from a manufacturing focus and toward a service-oriented economy. In the following section, this paper will critically examine how Hong Kong can continue this integration with China in order to provide the most profitable outcome in both nations.
The first and most obvious way for Hong Kong to encourage and continue economic integration with China is to continue exporting its manufacturing jobs to the mainland. Despite critics who say that this is a detriment to the overall Hong Kong…
Chang, Ha-Joon. The Political Economy of Industrial Policy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
Cheung, Yin-Wong, Chinn, David Menzie, and Fujii, Eigi. "China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan: A Quantitative Assessment of Real and Financial Integration" USCS Papers, number 565. Available online at http://repositories.cdlib.org/ucscecon/545/
Chu Gregory, "The Return of Hong Kong to China, Two Years Later," Focus 46:1, p. 16.
Edgington, David and Haga, Hiro "Japanese Service Sector Multinationals and the Hierarchy of Pacific Rim Cities" Asia Pacific Viewpoint 39:2, 1998.
China on Hong Kong after 1997
The purpose of this work is to examine and explore the impact that China has had upon Hong Kong since 1997.
Hong Kong has a population of 7,116,302 of which 96% are Chinese. Due to the political shifts on the Mainland a rapid change in population has taken place. Although many nationalities visit and live in Hong Kong the Chinese culture is the one that dominates in Hong Kong. Religions in Hong Kong can be identified as those of Chinese religions, of which 66% of the population adheres to, Non-religious other, 15% of the population, Christian religions 14% of Hong Kong's population, New religions, 4% and Muslim, 1% of the population.
Those of the 66 percentile in adherence to the Chinese folk religion hold beliefs that are a combination of uddhism, Animism, Confucianism, Taoism, and other beliefs. The main language is Cantonese with English…
Hong Kong 2004 Stamp Expo Opens on January 30 (2004) Xinhua News Agency Hong Kong [Online] at http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID= 1G1:112187840&num=7&ctrlInfo=Round9%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Bonding Over Bullets: Gun Fu is the Way to a Better Tomorrow
John Woo redefined the action film genre with his 1986 Hong Kong film A Better Tomorrow. Staring the Asian TV star Chow Yun Fat and movie star Ti Lung, the film transcended the action genre already well-established in the West by using the various tropes of the genre (gangsters, the conflicted family, brother-against-brother, friend-in-peril, reformed hood, betrayal, and so on), mixing in elements of melodrama and morality (both Buddhism and Christianity appear in the film), and layering it with stylized gun violence -- gunplay like swordplay -- in a manner that had never before been seen. The film played, in certain moments, like a dance -- bullets being used like rain to wash away all the problems and issues that otherwise could not be resolved. For both Chinese and Western audiences, the film was something new: it appealed…
Scarce Land in Hong Kong
Land, capital, labour and entrepreneurship constitute the four factors of production. These are referred to as factors of production because people need them in their economic production ventures. Hong Kong, like many fast growing cities with vast population, is running short of land. In fact, it is already, a scarce resource. Problems such as insufficient housing are all due partly to the scarcity of land. Land is also required for public infrastructure and commercial structures. When land is scarce as it is in Hong Kong, it is the people who bear the brunt of high prices for housing. This is an indirect tax on land. Businesses face high costs of operation. It also becomes hard to put up critical infrastructure (So, 2014).
The land matter has been sensitive since the colonial days. Laurence Wong, the president and founder of Many Wells Property Agent Ltd. says…
Toy Industry in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Toy Industry
The world toy industry in the world is growing tremendously and hence the need by many nations to invest in the sector. Among the nations, Hong Kong has been at the lime light, especially for being the leading economy in the industry. In conjunction with the Chinese mainland, the total accountability amount to 75% of the toys manufactured. The success of the operations have been credited to the ever developing market, constant customers, well-organized logistics, knowledge and a broad networking program for the marketing the end products. Famous brands developed for the industry include Playmates, May Cheong, Silverlit, Toy2R and Hot Toys.
Contextually, Silverlit is a family-oriented company but managed through the OEM, ODM and OBM bodies. It is situated in Dongguan but having no manufacturing operations in Hong Kong. Nevertheless, it has a large populous of employees and several branches…
Federation of Hong Kong Industries. Hong Kong Manufacturing SMEs: Preparing for the Future. Industrial Situation Report. 2010.
Strange Roger, Wang Limin and Slater Jim. Trade and investment in China: the European experience. New York: Routledge. 1998.
Solomon, Michael, R. The Truth about what Customers want. Chicago; FT Press. 2009.
The major reason for building leadership training for employee is to drive up the business excellence in both the operations and a goal achievement. Since itz Carlton has built passion for excellence, the company builds approach for senior leaders to lead the organization effectively. As the method to enhance leading style within the organization, the hotel implements Gold standard to reinforce senior executive. The technique includes:
Providing a unique orientation standard for the senior executive
Daily line up meeting
Positive and negative einforcement
The itz Carlton makes the approach plan to develop senior leaders to increase the satisfaction of the guests. Apart of the leading strategy, the Ladies and Gentlemen are well informed on what are they are supposed to do in order to improve the services of the organization. Using the brand awareness, the hotel has been able to stay at the top…
Evans, J.R., and William M.L. (1991). The Management and Control of Quality. 4th ed. Cincinnati: South-Western, 1999.
Feigenbaum, A.V. (2005). Total Quality Control. New York: McGraw- Hill.
Ivanovic, S. Galicic, V. & Susnjar, N. (2010). Leading Effective Meeting in a Hospitability Organization. UTMS Journal of Economics, 1(1): ,13-18.
Peters, T., & Austin, N. (1985). A passion for excellence: The leadership difference. New York: Random House.
Also the overall recession happening in the economies of the world today will make the overall implementation of the policies of wage protection a lot tougher to apply for the company owners and the impact would definitely result in short- and long-term brake wage dynamics across the country. Furthermore, the wage protection structure inadvertently demands skilled labor which in most situations us a good impact but it can and does result in higher levels of unemployment especially in the short-term as employers look to invest directly in skilled labor as opposed to training unskilled labor. This of course also leads to the decreased income or wage percentage of the unskilled labor in many situations. Also, the overall recruitment, termination and compensation finances for the skilled labor increase under the wage protection policy, but not at all for the unskilled labor. Basically the wage protection can discourage training programs in companies…
Oxfam Hong Kong (2009). A Proposal on Minimum Wage Legislation. LC Paper No. CB (2)2571/08-09(17).
Piana, V. (2001). Wages: A Key Concept of Economics. Retrieved from: http://www.economicswebinstitute.org/glossary/wages.htm
Segerstrom, P and Dinopoulos, E. (1999). A Schumpeterian model of protection and relative wages. American Economic Association. American Economic Review.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Hong Kong
The prevalence of mental health problems in people with disabilities is estimated at between thirty and fifty percent, in Hong Kong (Vasa & oy, 2013). Anxiety disorders are the most common mental problems occurring during adolescent and childhood, at least one in ten people having anxiety disorders. In addition, anxiety disorders are the most common manifestations of psychological distress among people with autism. People with autism are much likely to be anxious than their non-autistic peers. Oftentimes, they are described as highly anxious. The co-morbidity of separation anxiety is frequent in people with autism. Similarly, epidemiological studies indicate that approximately eighty percent of people with autism have separation anxieties. This study concentrates on discussing the treatment method or way of Autism and Separation Anxiety Disorder among children and adolescents in Hong Kong.
isk factors owing autism
Young people with autism are more prone…
Mash, E.J., & Barkley, R.A. (2013). Child psychopathology. New York: Guilford Press.
Ozonoff, S., Rogers, S.J., & Hendren, R.L. (2013). Autism spectrum disorders: A research review for practitioners. Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Pub.
Saklofske, DH, & Schwean, V.L. (2009). Handbook of psychosocial characteristics of exceptional children. New York [u.a.: Kluwer [u.a..
Vasa, R.A., & Roy, A.K. (2013). Pediatric anxiety disorders: A clinical guide. New York, NY: Humana Press.
Feng Shui in Hong Kong
Fengshui in Hong Kong was noted in the first book on the subject ever written for a Western audience, by E.J. Eitel in 1873. Eitel was a German missionary and inspector of the Hong Kong schools and reported a number of instances in which Western construction projects had angered the Chinese and provoked riots and disturbances because they had supposedly upset the gods and the spirits of the ancestors. A new road to the Happy Valley was being built and the "Chinese community was thrown into a state of abject terror and fright, on account of the disturbance this amputation of the Dragon's limb would cause to the Feng Shui of Hong Kong" (Bruun, 2003, 56). When Western engineers and workers began to die of fever and the new houses in the Happy Valley had to be abandoned because of malaria "the Chinese triumphantly declared…
Blackman, M. (2008). Asia Future Shock: Business Crisis and Opportunity in the Coming Years. Palgrave Macmillan.
Bruun, O. (2003). Fengshui in China: Geomantic Divination between State Orthodoxy and Popular Religion. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies.
Burnham, S. (2011). The Art of Intuition: Cultivating Your Inner Wisdom. Penguin.
Donavan, D. (2002). "Wang's Legacy: Sex, Lies and Litigation." Forbes.com, November 22, 2002.
Fitness Industry in Hong Kong
Hong Kong is a densely populated, coastal city in Asia, where both Eastern and Western cultures meet. In this city-state of 7 million persons, the potential for the fitness industry (fitness clubs) to find consumer demand is evident in the government's recent emphasis on health and fitness as well as the entertainment industry's usage of body image to convey an impulse among consumers to mimic what they see. At the same time, Hong Kong has a distinctly Asian desire for fitness workouts that are more dance-oriented than in the West. Choreography is a big draw for Hong Kong fitness club users and the more complex the choreography, the more likely the draw. Still, fitness clubs also appeal to older consumers who want to belong to a club and who seek to achieve some activity in their lives, as there is limited open space in Hong…
(Cattelain, 1997; paraphrased) the work of Cattelain additionally states that as of the beginning of "...July, 1997, approximately 66,000 children born to couples of which one is a Hong Kong resident and one is a mainlanders were waiting to come to Hong Kong, and around 2,000-4,000 children who had entered the territory illegally or overstayed visit permits were estimated to be in Hong Kong." (Cattelain, 1997) Marriage between individuals and the resulting bearing of children has proved problematic to the mainland in terms of regulations and it is stated in Cattelain's work that "One of the first issues that the newly created Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) has had to dealt with his pitted an individual right against a community's capacity to absorb large numbers of new immigrants at one time." (1997)
VII. asic Law Regulating Children orn Outside of Hong Kong with Parent in Hong Kong
Tu, Edward Jow-Ching (2007 Cross-Border Marriage in Hong Kong and Taiwan. International Marriage Migration in Asia. 2007 Seoul. PAK/IPAR Conference.
Chen, Yu-Hua (2007) the Rise of Cross-Border Marriages and Its Impact on Fertility in Taiwan. Comparative Workshop of low Fertility organized by Asia Research Institute and Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. 22-23 February 2007. National University of Singapore. Online available at http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/showfile.asp?eventfileid=265
Cattelain, Chlo (1997) Family vs. Society: Hong Kong's Battle Over Right of Abode for Mainland-Born Children. HRIC. 30 June 1997. Online available at http://iso.hrichina.org/public/contents/article-revision%5fid=4156&item%5fid=4155
Chan, Bernard (nd) Post-1997 Hong Kong: The Social and Environmental Impact. Asia Financial Group and Asia Insurance Co. Ltd. And the Hong Kong Council of Social Service.
Confidence in Hong Kong's legal system is a direct result of its links with the rest of the world. if, in our haste to use Chinese, we change the standard and the meaning of the law, and non-Chinese speakers get pushed out of practice, then we risk losing those links.' The traditional Chinese structure has focused on mediation for civil and commercial cases, with lawyers widely viewed as troublemakers, and on executive punishment for criminal cases; there has been no history of justice through an adversarial process. As the Asian Wall Street Journal warned, "A drift into linguistic balkanization -- part English and part Cantonese, plus jargon grafted from the Chinese mainland -- could unmoor Hong Kong from the international business community." (Callick, 1998, p. 84)
Part of doing business with a foreign county is seeing how they see you. It was essential to impress upon the American companies with…
Austin, Michael. "Saul and the social contract: constructions of 1 Samuel 8-11 in Cowley's 'Davideis' and Defoe's 'Jure Divino.'." Papers on Language & Literature 32.4 (1996): 410+.
Hong Kong Telecom
For instance, a study by the Harvard Team determined that fully 11 per cent of the lowest income group (with a monthly household income below U.S.$1,282) suffered from poor health compared with just 3 per cent of the highest income group (i.e., households with an income above U.S.$5,128) (amesh). As this author points out, the current approach to the delivery of healthcare services in Hong Kong has some definite strengths - as well as weaknesses -- that must be taken into account when formulating strategy for the future. In this regard, amesh emphasizes that, "Hong Kong's accessible and equitable health-care system has been achieved at a rather modest cost, and the concentration of public subsidies on in-patient care, which is expensive, has fostered a system that is both efficient and equitable. Centralized provision in public facilities reduces scope for supplier-induced demand and duplication of facilities, thus reducing overall costs" (p.…
Barnes, J.K. (2006). Telemedicine: A conflict of laws problem waiting to happen. Houston Journal of International Law, 28(2), 491.
Cravens, D.W. (2000). Strategic marketing, 6th ed. New York: Irwin McGraw-Hill.
Eger, J.M. (2006, March-April). Building creative communities. The Futurist, 40(2), 18-20.
Gauld, R. (2005). Comparative health policy in the Asia-Pacific. Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.
Shopping Touism Hong Kong
A study of shopping touism: Is Hong Kong a good place fo shopping?
Backgound to the eseach Issue 2
Discussion of elevant liteatue
Poposed eseach Methodology and analysis
Analysis of the esults fom Suvey
Suvey Question 7- Who ae the main companions fo visit in HongKong?
Backgound to the eseach Issue
Within the past thee decades shopping touism at intenational level has been inceased hugely the eason being advancement in the ailine industy as well as lessening in taveling expenses. This is evident fom the latest data which shows that in 2008 intenational aival was 922 million which is an incease of 4.47% since in 2005 it was 800 million (UNWTO, 2009, p.4). Although wold economy faced economic ecession in 2008, yet it did not impact on the touism ate which inceased by 1.99% in the peiod of 2007-2008.
Touism now has…
references and expenditure behaviors: the case of the Taiwanese outbound market. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 320-332.
McCabe, S. 2009. Who is a tourist? Conceptual and theoretical developments. In J. Tribe (Ed.), Philosophical issues in tourism. (pp. 25-42). Buffalo, NY: Channel View Publications.
Mok, C. & Iverson, T.J. 2000. Expenditure-based segmentation: Taiwanese tourists to Guam, Tourism Management, 21(3), 299-305.
Oh, J.Y., Cheng, C.K, Lehto, X.Y. & O'Leary, J.T. 2004. Predictors of tourists' shopping behavior: examination of socio-demographic characteristics and trip typologies. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 308-319.
Timothy, Dallen J., and Richard W. Butler 1995, "Cross-Border Shopping a North American Perspective." Annals of Tourism Research 22, 1 (1995): 16-34.
The country has traditionally relied on growing its workforce as a means of increasing its economic capabilities. hile Hong Kong has done the same in the past, its policy has diverged at this point. Faced with an influx of labour from the PRC, Hong Kong now faces a situation where it needs to focus on bringing in high-end labour, rather than the unskilled labour that is currently flooding in. Singapore shares a similar need, but has less space for new arrivals. A more open border with Johor Bahru on the mainland gives Singapore the ability to house labour out of the country that Hong Kong does not enjoy, but could encourage businesses to relocate there as well, to Malaysia's benefit.
Singapore has also focused on trade more than Hong Kong has. Traditionally, Singapore has adopted a role as a trade hub, where Hong Kong was a finance and insurance hub.…
CEDB. (no date). Home page. Commerce and Economic Development of Hong Kong. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://www.cedb.gov.hk/about/index.htm
Chen, S. (2013). Singapore GDP growth beats initial estimate as Asia recovers. Bloomberg. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-22/singapore-economy-expanded-more-than-expected-in-fourth-quarter.html
Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office. (2009). Hong Kong's growth strategy linked to six new industries. Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Canada. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://www.hketotoronto.gov.hk/newsletters/hkn0910/policy.htm
Lim, L. (2008). Singapore's economic growth model -- too much or too little? University of Michigan. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/ecs/scape/doc/24Oct08/Linda%20Lim.pdf
English in Teaching and Learning Math in Hong Kong
With the intermingling of cultures, business, and globalization in general, it is difficult to imagine that English would not be spoken or at least understood in some form in any part of the world. If nothing else, Internet communication has opened up myriad opportunities for people to learn about any amount of cultures and languages they wish. In terms of business, as mentioned, the world has also become increasingly globalized. Businesses that can expand globally tend to be stronger financially and have greater longevity than those who cannot. Often, an ability to communicate internationally is at the heart of business success. For this reason, the medium of instruction in schools, and especially non-English speaking countries, have come to the forefront of educational attention. In Hong Kong, social and political changes have given a unique dynamic to whether or not English should…
Education Commission (2005, Dec.). Report on Review of Medium of Instruction for Secondary Schools and Secondary School Places Allocation. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of The People's Republic of China. Retrieved from: http://www.e-c.edu.hk/tc/reform/resources/MOI&SSPA_report_Eng.pdf
Poon, A.Y.K., Lau, C.M.Y. And Chu, D.H.W. (2013, March). Impact of the Fine-Tuning Medium-of-Instruction Policy on Learning: Some Preliminary Findings. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, Vol. 4, Iss.1. Retrieved from: http://infonomics-society.org/LICEJ/ImpactoftheFineTuningMediumofInstructionPolicyonLearningSomePreliminaryFindings.pdf
Tsui, A.B.M. (2008). Medium of Instruction in Hong Kong: One Country, Two Systems, Whose Language? Medium of Instruction Policies: Which Agenda? Whose Agenda? Edited by James. W. Ollofson and Amy B.M. Tsui. Taylor & Francis e-Library.
Zeng, W. (2007). Medium of Instruction in Secondary Education in Post-Colonial Hong Kong:
Wal-Mart in Hong Kong
The Wal-Mart store is one of the leading American subsidized markets for domestic goods that have been subsidized. In the recent past, it has been considering expansion of their stores to other countries and one of them would be Hong Kong in China.
eason why choose Hong Kong to expand
One reason why the Wal-Mart should invest in Hong Kong is the promising economic trends that are there. The total world trade that was experienced in January to July 2007 was a staggering $391.9 billions, which was a 12.4% increment as compared to the same period of the previous year as shown in Consulate General of India, (2007). This was perpetuated by the steady demand from mainland China and particularly for industrial export products like the electronics and electronic components.
The other reason is that there is a British legal system that has been…
Consulate General of India, (2007). Business Opportunities in Hong Kong. Retrieved August 3,
2011 from http://www.indianconsulate.org.hk/images/BOHKVol7Iss9_10.pdf
Hong Kong Trade Development Council, (2008). Profiles of Hong Kong Major Service
Industries. Retrieved August 3, 2011 from http://info.hktdc.com/main/si/advert.htm
For that reason, a logistic related PE in Hong Kong in our case may find it challenging to align itself with certain standards embraced either in the United States or Western Europe in regard to due diligence.
It is also important to note that for the logistic related PE, general partner returns variability is yet another risk factor. It can be noted that for the eight years preceding 2005, Asia's fund returns variance was relatively higher in comparison to the U.S. And Western Europe variance (INSEAD 2010). While the variance in the U.S. And Europe stood at 15% and 13% respectively, Asia's fund returns variability was registered as 23%. Though this could be driven partly by manager-selection skills, such a selection could turn out to be an uphill task for such a logistic related PE given the nature of the market.
It may also be prudent to note that according…
INSEAD (2010). INSEAD -- AXA Private Equity Survey of Top LPs and GPs in Asian Private Equity. Retrieved January 8, 2012, from INSEAD website: http://www.insead.edu/facultyresearch/centres/global_private_equity_initiative/publications/documents/INSEADAsiaPESurvey.pdf
INSEAD (2010). Asian Private Equity (A): The Quest for Return. Retrieved January 8, 2012, from INSEAD website: http://www.insead.edu/facultyresearch/centres/global_private_equity_initiative/publications/documents/AsianPrivateEquity-A-TheQuestforReturn.pdf
U.S. Vs. China, cultural, historical differences
The history of China mainland and Hong Kong
Hong Kong has always grown under the wings of China owing to several reasons. One of the main ones is that the country was under the governorship of their close neighbors, China. Therefore, most of the direction that the country has currently is attributable to the influence of China. It was during the Qin Dynasty that the destiny of the country took shape. This is because it was during this period that the country was adjoined to become part of China. Throughout the subsequent dynasties like that of Tang, the country came to become one of the leading trade regions. However, it was the activities of the country under the Qing Dynasty that brought attention to the world of the existence of this small but potentially powerful country.
China is the country with the leading population…
com.ph. 2010)." Overall this is in line with HKIA's official policy of functioning as a green and environmentally friendly airport. To quote HKIA's website Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is fully committed to the 4s of waste management -- eduction, e-use, ecycling and esponsibility. Our waste management efforts include reusing and recycling around 12 tons of wastes every day (Hong Kong International Airport 2010)." In addition, HKIA has been participating in the Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department's Wastewise program since 2003. Wastewise sets the city of Hong Kong's annual waste reduction and recycling targets. HKIA has received the Gold Wastewise Label annually from 2003 to 2007. In 2008 they received the Wastewise excellent class and recycle materials such as cardboard, paper, plastics, scrap metals, glass bottles, food waste, vehicle tires, spent lube oil, fluorescent lamps, rechargeable batteries, printer / fax cartridges as well as used cooking oil (Ibid).
AECOM. (2010). Hong Kong International Airport - Airport Master Plan 2030 Study,
Hong Kong. Available: http://www.aecom.com/Where+We+Are/Asia/Transportation/_carousel/Hong+Kong+International+Airport+-+Airport+Master+Plan+2030+Study,+Hong+Kong . Last accessed 25 Dec 2010.
Bloomberg. (2004). High Times for Hong Kong's Airport . Available:
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_52/b3914061.htm . Last accessed 25 Dec 2010.
A survey questionnaire design is employed to gather data to be used in the lazy user model test, with details on the sample population in which the questionnaire is to be administered. An innovative method to increase response rate is offered, followed by a data analysis plan. Finally, a conclusion and recommendation will complete this research project.
2. Literature Review
2.1 Information Technology and the Internet
The Information Age has changed our world in many different areas, from mankind's first steps into the space frontier, to the development of consumer items of convenience. Computers where once virtually inaccessible to the average person, and at that time were used only for information processing and logical calculations on a grand scale for large corporations and military endeavors. Indeed, only in the military did the information age really begin to develop, with the need for advanced military operations driving the information technology race.…
Bellaaj, M. (2010). The competitive value of the internet: an empirical investigation. International Journal of Technology Marketing, 238.
Bagozzi, R.P. (2007). The Legacy of the Technology Acceptance Model and a Proposal
for a Paradigm Shift. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 8, 244-
Chau, M., Wong, C.H., Zhou, Y., Qin, J., & Chen, H. (2009). Evaluating the use of search engine development tools in it education. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 288-299.
User Pays System Within the Hong Kong Social Welfare Programs
As an economically developed country with high standards of living, Hong Kong, like many developed countries in the West and the Far East, is facing an increasing problem in its traditional social welfare system. Hong Kong has a large middle-class and significant lower-class populations who need to be protected from unexpected economic problems, while the government also needs to maintain its competitiveness in the global arena. Fiscally austere policies aimed at building a business-friendly atmosphere may be good for economics overall but may leave the middle -- and the working-class insecure, while increasing government expenditures for social welfare programs may hurt the economy. In the face of this dilemma and other problems involving the economy and the welfare system, the government of Hong Kong plans to introduce and promote the "user pays" system. It is the position of this paper…
Azizi, M. (2000). The User-pays System in the Provision of Urban Infrastructure: Effectiveness and Equity of Criteria. Urban Studies (Routledge), 37(8), 1345.
Fine, M., & Chalmers, J. (2000). 'User pays' and other approaches to the funding of long-term care for older people in Australia. Ageing And Society, 20(1), 5-32.
Gargett, S. (2010). The Introduction of a Targeted User-Pays Approach to Funding High-Level Residential Aged Care in Australia: An Empirical Investigation of the Impact on Price. Health Economics, Policy And Law, 5(4), 481-508.
Wong, T., Wan, P., & Law, K. (2010). The Public's Changing Perceptions of the Condition of Social Welfare in Hong Kong: Lessons for Social Development. Social Policy & Administration, 44(5), 620-640. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9515.2010.00732.x
For many years, I was of the mindset that all workplace situations were identical. I had almost gotten a formula attitude about it and thought that it was the same rote rhetoric when it came to motivating sales people worldwide. When I went to Hong Kong and spent the year putting together suggestions to motivate that sales force I realized exactly how important it is to accept and use cultural advantages to put together the total package.
Based on this knowledge I will be careful in the future to recognize cultures within the workplace, whether it is a few people from a different culture or if the entire workforce at the company is from a different culture. I know now that using those differences can allow me to provide the absolute best recommendations possible when it comes to any project.
A initially encountered resistance to the idea of becoming more…
Block, Valerie. Asian-Americans face great wall; Perceptions, cultural traditions hinder advancement to top corporate ranks.(Special Report: Women in Business)(Asian women face stereotypes as managers)
Crain's New York Business; 11/3/2003
Meyers, Mike. Will Hong Kong Thrive?; Businesses are confident they'll prosper after Beijing takes power.(NEWS) Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN); 12/22/1996
Policy Analysis Critique
ationale for the chosen policy
Avian influenza is a virus causing lethal infection in human beings (Sims et al., 2003). It can be transmitted from patients to other human beings. It is a deadly virus with track record of 6 deaths in Hong Kong in 1997. That incident was just the start of this health issue. The virus spread enormously and caused H5N1 infection numerous times in Hong Kong. The dawn of 21st century witnessed multiple instances of H5N1 virus (Ellis et al., 2004).
It was expected that the virus could be found in the poultry animals and was infectious. In order to prove it, there were certain laboratory tests conducted on chickens. These tests helped prove the presence and effects of H5N1 virus (Shortridge et al. 1998). Subsequently, it was proved that the chickens were highly pathogenic (Shortridge et al., 1998). It was also proved that…
Ellis TM, Bousfield RB, Bissett LA, Dyrting KC, Luk GS, Tsim ST, Sturm-Ramirez K, Webster RG, Guan Y, Malik Peiris JS. Investigation of outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in waterfowl and wild birds in Hong Kong in late 2002. Avian Pathol, 2004 Oct; 33(5): 492 -- 505.
Ferguson NM, Fraser C, Donnelly CA, Ghani AC, Anderson RM. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic. Science 2004; 304:968-9.
Ferguson NM, Galvani AP, Bush RM. Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution. Nature 2003; 422:428-33.
Fielding R, Leung GM, Lam TH, Lam WWT. The use of live animal markets and perception of risk among the Hong Kong population. Department of Community Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, 2004.
Occupational Health and Safety in Catering Industry in Hong Kong
Occupational Safety and Health
The incidence rate of workplace accidents in the catering industry in Hong Kong is higher than that of other sectors, even those associated with inherently high risk to workers. Despite corrective action within the catering industry, the accident rate remains stubbornly high. This research identifies causal factors in occupational accidents in catering companies and delineates effective strategies that can be emulated by catering businesses in Hong Kong in efforts to reduce their accident rates and worker injuries.
Hong Kong is known for its international cuisine and, characteristically, a high number of restaurants -- many offering catering services -- exist in the city. Yet, the polished environments of the dining areas of world-class restaurants contrast greatly with the restaurant kitchen and backroom workspaces. The catering industry in Hong Kong attains extraordinarily high rates of accidents and has,…
Bailey, K. (1994). Methods of social research, (4th ed.) New York, NY: The Free Press.
Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide for small-scale social research (3rd ed.). Open Up Study Skills. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International. Retrieved http://valsci-edu.weebly.com/uploads/2/7/9/1/2791482/
Dyer, J.G, Schatz, I.M., Rosenberg, B.A., and Coleman, S.T. (2000, January). Constant comparison method: A kaleidoscope of data. The Qualitative Report, 4(1/2).
Lowe, Kate. "Hong Kong's Missing History." History Today, 41.12 (1991) [8 Jun 2012]
Category of the source
"Hong Kong's Missing History" is an electronic version of a journal article. History Today is a journal that is geared towards a popular audience, but is written by journalists with strong academic backgrounds in history.
This article was written upon the eve of the takeover of the prosperous, capitalist British colonial possession of Hong Kong by China. It suggests that the cosmopolitan identity of Hong Kong is unique, and still evolving, and cannot be subsumed under either a British or a Chinese national character.
Q3. A quick list of key points
Hong Kong's status as part of China is described as inalienable, in terms of legitimate historical clams. However, despite the dubious nature of Great Britain's dominion over Hong Kong for so many years, the people of Hong Kong did not necessarily…
One of those buildings was the International Foreign Trade Center -- Shenzhen's first skyscraper and the tallest building in China (36).
Hong Kong is commonly referred to as a place where "East meets West" because of its hybrid nature. That is, there is a culture mix occurring that is part traditional Chinese as well part ritish due to its colonization by the ritish. Hong Kong is quite a modern place, yet there is an infusion of traditional Chinese practices that makes the place unlike any other in the world. One example of how East may meet West in Hong Kong is how the art of feng shui may be utilized in constructing a modern piece of architecture. The old Chinese traditions are used to support newer ways of thinking and living. The architecture in Hong Kong is contemporary and reflects a more Western style as opposed to a Chinese traditional…
Campanella, Thomas. The Concrete Dragon: China's Urban Revolution. Princeton Architectural Press; 1st edition. 2008. Print.
Chen, Ming-Jer. Inside Chinese Business: A Guide for Managers Worldwide. Harvard Business Review Press. 2003. Print.
China Tour Online. "Shenzhen History." Retrieved on June 13, 2012 from http://www.chinatouronline.com/china-travel/shenzhen/shenzhen-facts/shenzhen-history.html. Web.
Ching, Julia. Chinese Religions. Orbis Books. 1993. Print.
The United States Constitution. Accessed online 11 June 2012, from:
1. Primary Source -- National Constitution
2. The national constitution of the United States of America. National Constitution of the U.S. organized into seven separate articles outlining the founding principles, government structure, and the rights of the individual in the U.S.
3. Key Constitutional Purposes:
Establish the formal basis of a national charter based on specific ideals
Outline the fundamental structure and obligations of government bodies
Promote the explicit definition of fundamental rights of the People
4. This source will be useful because it provides the original formal basis of the fundamental principle and values embodied by the United States as a new nation and of the respective rights of citizens, states, and the federal government.
5. Limitations: The major limitation of this source is that it does not include the subsequent amendments, especially the first…
WO and argue against this concept and its application within City Super in Hong Kong. The argument in this paper is that McNair propagates that retail institutions evolve over time implying cost leadership strategy is suitable for emerging retail institutions to adopt to enter the retail industry. In addition, Walmart is a good example for demonstrating cost leadership strategy because of its success. However, I found service quality to be a critical element in enhancing the perception of overall merchandise quality in supermarkets especially when studying the case of City Super in Hong Kong.
The Wheel of etailing had been initially created by Professor Malcolm P McNair within 1958. McNair claimed that whenever new retailers get into a customer marketplace, they function below the idea of becoming lowly priced, reduced margin businesses. They do that since it will be the most economical method to obtain because numerous clients as you…
Background information on City Super. (2012). Available at and accessed from: http://www.citysuper.com/
Corporate Profile of City Super. (2012). Available at and accessed from: http://www.citysuper.com.hk/corp_profile.php
Goldman, A. (1975) 'The Role of Trading Up in the Development of the Retailing System', The Journal of Marketing, Vol. 39 (January), pp.54-62.
Hollander, S. (1960) 'The Wheel of Retailing', Journal of Marketing, Vol. 25, No. 1 (July), pp.37-50.
Crossvergence: Questioning the Hofstede paradigm
One of the most well-known and popular methods of analyzing differences between cultures is that of Geert Hofstede's framework, which conceptualizes different cultures as having fundamental, core values regarding power distance, masculine and feminine norms, individualism, uncertainty avoidance, and future orientation. However, Kelley, MacNab, & Worthley (2006) in their article "Crossvergence and cultural tendencies: A longitudinal test of the Hong Kong, Taiwan and United States banking sectors" criticize the Hofstede framework as overly rigid and static. Cultures are not enclosed entities, but rather are permeable structures. The authors apply the concept of crossvergence to the Hong Kong and Chinese banking sectors, comparing the cultural differences between Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the United States -- the latter "an often assumed, dissimilar region" from these Asian nations -- during the years 1985-2000 (Kelley, MacNab, & Worthley 2006: 68).
One of the problems with using Hofstede's framework when…
Hofstede, G. 2011. Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede Model in context. Online Readings in Psychology and culture, 2 (1): 1-26. Available:
http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=orpc [15 Jun 2013]
Kelley, L., MacNab, B. & Worthley, R. 2006. "Crossvergence and cultural tendencies: a longitudinal test of the Hong Kong, Taiwan and United States banking sectors." Journal
of International Management, 12 (1): 67 -- 84.
budget template that is being produced for Shatin Hospital, which is a rehabilitation hospital. This hospital is run by the Hospital Authority, which is the main health care provider in the country. The proposal is basically highlighting the issue of labor and increase stress on the hospital administration staff. The project proposal is therefore to reform one pair of the geriatric and the medical wards into a nurse led ward.
Justifications for change
The current hospital that I am working in is located in Shatin, Hong Kong where the aging population and the lack of hospital beds are creating a lot of strain on the delivery of health care . There is a crucial shortage of labor and the nurses and the doctors are being overworked to quite an extent.
Need for Service
The need for service is present because the rehabilitation hospital that is present works in sync with…
Arias, E., Curtin, L.R., Wei, R. & Anderson, R.N. (2008). Us decennial life tables for 1999 -- 2001, United States life tables. National Vital Statistics Reports, 57 (1).
Catangui, E.J. & Slark, J. (2012). Nurse-led ward rounds: a valuable contribution to acute stroke care.British Journal Of Nursing, 21 (13), p. 801.
Census and Statistics Department. (2009). Thematic household survey report. 41. [report] Honk Kong: Census and Statistics Department.
Cohen, J. & Deliens, L. (2012). A public health perspective on end of life care. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The fact that China tried to cut off exports of tea to the British -- unless the British would stop bringing in opium to China -- shows again that laws and morality in China were of higher importance than the economy. The war that ensued in 1839 (the first "Opium ar") because the Chinese attempted to blockade the factories and keep the foreigners out. The British also won the second "Opium ar" in China and the law changed in China to allow opium as a legitimate trading item. It took a war to get the Chinese in the right frame of mind to change the law.
This is a key to the argument put forward in this paper. The Chinese didn't seem at all bothered when their trading partners were banned from coming into the country due to laws and morality. So the economy has been hampered, so what? The…
Perdue, Peter. (year unknown). The End of the Canton System. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from http://ocw.mit.edu .
Perdue, Peter. (year unknown). Canton Happenings. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from
Shanghai Tang Strategic Case Analysis
Strategic Case Analysis: Shanghai Tang (ST)
Fashion and Clothing Industry Overview
Shanghai Tang (ST)
Global Business Expansion
Analysis of Environmental Factors
Suitability of Shanghai Tang Strategy
The strategic review of Shanghai Tang is conducted in order to explore brand presence, business focus, and other related functional strategies. The business is quite well placed in terms of its growth, revenues, and profitability. The company has also expanded its business line in other business. It is regarded as a flair for growth. However the expansion in unrelated businesses also creates an impact on the focused approach for young businesses. The fashion industry overview provides a significant account of the industry trends and key variable influencing the business. The micro and macro environmental analysis along with the SWOT analysis also provides a significant understanding of the business. The assessment of Shanghai…
Bhardwaj, V, & Fairhurst, A2010, Fast fashion: response to changes in the fashion industry, The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 165-173.
Caniato, F, Caridi, M, Moretto, A, Sianesi, A & Spina, G 2013, Integrating international fashion retail into new product development, International Journal of Production Economics.
Choi, TM 2011, Fashion supply chain management: industry and business analysis, IGI Global, USA.
Gillespie, K, Jeannet, JP & Hennessey, HD2010, Global marketing, South-Western Pub, USA.
Feng Shui's Course In Hong Kong
Hong Kong goes its own ways. Not entirely, of course, and obviously much less so since 1997, but it retains a certainly cultural autonomy. One way in which Hong Kong has continued traditional beliefs and practices that have faded on the mainland is the degree of dedication to the practices of feng shui. There are several reasons why Hong Kong has maintained such traditions. Some of these arise from the fact that islands tend to be both conservative and independent, holding to traditions as a strength.
Mainland Chinese officials see their current and future strength as arising from their economic modernization, as essentially arising from their flight from tradition. Hong Kong, while certainly attached to economic prosperity and legally a part of China, has because of its geography also maintained an attachment to its past.
Hong Kong, no matter how many legal times it…
Carroll, Robert. Feng Shui: The Skeptics Dictionary. www.skepdic.com/fengshui.html. 2010.
Chua-Eoan, H., StonerT. & Wong, B. (1987). How to keep the dragons happy. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,964725,00.html#ixzz1apwioL5e
Disneyland Hong Kong Feng Shui, http://www.disneyland-hong-kong.com/disneylandhongkongfengshui.htm.
attend the University of Hong Kong Law School. I am applying for admission to the University of Hong Kong Law School for a number of reasons. First, I feel the law school at the University of Hong Kong is one of the best law schools in the world, and I would feel very privileged to attend it. In addition, during my education and employment in the United States, I have worked with law offices in California and in Hong Kong in a variety of areas, so I feel I have the necessary background that will make me successful in the school. Finally, I was born in Hong Kong, and my family immigrated to the United States when I was 14. I would like to continue my education in my homeland, and work in international law when I complete my degree.
My background includes schooling in the United States, and work…
Cultures also define significant roles and set up expectations of the behaviors that accompany them. When these role definitions become rigid, they tend to be counterproductive because both individuals and social groups are constantly in the process of change and adaptation to the differences that are part of life (Schein, 2011). For the young child, knowing what is expected can contribute markedly to feelings of security, However, if expectations are too rigid, it can also be inhibiting to growth and lock in the developing individual so that full use of potential for adaptation to change is impossible. Attitudes and behavior develop in response to unconscious needs and drives for protection from pain, preservation of personal integrity, allowance for essential growth, and assistance in dealing with reality (Keith-Lucas, 2010). Coping mechanisms -- denial, projection, regression, fantasy, and so on -- relate to their source of stimulus and may seem inappropriate to…
Bonasera, C.M. (n.d.). Pitfalls in the helping process. Retrieved from http://www.charlesmbonasera.com/files/PITFALLS_IN_THE_HELPING_PROCESS5.pdf
Keith-Lucas, A. (2010). Biblical Insights into the Helping Process. Social Work & Christianity, 37(3), 321-329.
King, P. (2004). Helping people is a democratic process. 1948. Public Health Nursing (Boston, Mass.), 21(6), 572-573.
Mortenove. (2010, November, 7). Stages in the helping process. Retrieved from http://mortenove.wordpress.com/2010/11/07/stages-in-the-helping-process/
online retailing operates, what kind of problems they face and the kind of environment they operate in. The author has also focused on Asian online retailing and special focus on Hong Kong online retailing. It has 22 sources.
Access of basic necessities of life has followed the conventional method of buying and selling. This pattern changed in the last decade with the emergence of information technology age. When consumers have the ability to access information instantly, technologists thought why not access to products has as well. Thus emerged the concept of retailing online.
Online market had initiated with selling of information but today one can interact on the internet and buy physical products without any fear, atleast in some parts of the world. The main concern for consumers today is not whether their regions have access to the internet or not but rather focused on how fast and how online…
Author not available, Poor Customer Service Kills Online Shoppers' Holiday Spirit, and Online Retailers' Bottom-Line, Says Jupiter., Business Wire, 12-19-2000.
Author not available, E-COMMERCE LEARNS FROM 1999 SEASON., United Press International, 12-26-2000.
Author not available, EXECUTIVE Business BRIEFING., United Press International, 05-02-2001.
Ricadela, Aaron & Mitchell, Gabrielle C. News: Electronic retailing proves tricky -- Allure of Internet sales leads to revenue-sharing ventures, partnerships with hosts., Computer Retail Week, 10-20-1997, pp 02.
According to Green and Tool (1993) "Marketing research is the systematic and objective search for, and analysis of, information relevant to the identification and solution of any problem in the field of marketing." The main aim of marketing research is to enable the beneficiary to take some steps, some that may be risky, though with confidence hence the need for observing absolute objectivity. It is due to this need that marketing research does adopt a scientific method and approach that will help turn the personal opinions, prejudices and notions into hypotheses and consequently test them in an empirical manner. The alternative views are also given due considerations independently as long as they can be of interest to the researcher.
Significance of marketing research
In the field of marketing, research is not just for the aim of learning but is a very central component in the good decision making…
Andrea Rodrigues, (2011). GM India Could Begin New LCV Production at Halol Facility after
Diwali. Retrieved August 28, 2011 from http://www.indiandrives.com/gm-india-could-begin-new-lcv-production-at-halol-facility-after-diwali.html
Emma An, (2011). Outlook for Domestic Steelmakers Turns Cloudy. Retrieved August 28, 2011
The Kimpton Hotel will have higher costs in contrast with other locations. This is because Hong Kong is one of the most expensive real estate markets in the world. As it is sitting, at a cross roads between mainland China and the West based upon the cultural traditions and history it embraces. At the same time, the location of One Exchange Square; is considered to be prime real estate. This is due to the fact that it sits on the water front of the Victoria Harbor. (McMillan, 2012)
Estimate cost of leasing for One Exchange Square Hong Kong (total of 8th floor) yearly
Its total square footage is 2 million ft. The structure consists of 88 floors. The hotel will be located on the 8th floor. Currently, UBS is the primary renter for the facility with them paying a total of $42 million per year to lease…
Five Star Hotels. (2013). Hotel Club. Retrieved from: http://www.hotelclub.com/shop/hotelsearch?type=hotel&hotel.keyword.key=Hong%20Kong&hotel.rooms .adlts=2&hotel.rooms.chldAge=&hotel.rooms.chldAge=&hotel.rooms.chldAge=&hotel.rooms.chldAge=&hotel.rooms.chldAge=&hotel.rooms.chlds=0&hotel.type=keyword&hotel.rating=5&hotel.chkin=14/05/13&hotel.chkout=15/05/13&search=Search&DCSext.tld=hotelclub.com&curr=USD&locale=en_AU&lpid=plhot
Hotel Industry in Hong Kong. (2007). HK EX-News. Retrieved from: http://www.hkexnews.hk/listedco/listconews/sehk/2007/0319/01881/ewp115.pdf
McMillan, A. (2012). Hong Kong Headache. Reuters. Retrieved from: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2012/02/20/ubs-hongkong-rent-idUKL4E8DF2SC20120220
McMillan, A. (2010). In Hong Kong. New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/10/greathomesanddestinations/10iht-rehk.html?_r=0
While at the same time, it will make imports in Hong Kong / China cheaper in relation to goods that are manufactured in both locations. Over the course of time, this will cause the trade surplus that Hong Kong / China enjoys decreasing as both markets begin to buy the cheaper foreign imports. ("The Impact of China's Revaluation of the Yuan," 2005)
Yet, both Hong Kong and China are facing a similar situation as Japan, due to the fact that they rely heavily on foreign trade. Where, many of the different markets are somewhat open to exports, with restrictions. This is similar to a policy that Japan engaged in during the 1970's and 1980's, where once the peg was removed off of the U.S. dollar, the yen appreciated in value. Under normal circumstances, this should have solved Japan's trade surplus problems. However, because their markets were still restrictive to foreign…
The Impact of China's Revaluation of the Yuan. (2005, July 24). Retrieved March 23, 2010 from Forecast Global Economy website: http://www.forcastglobaleconomy.com/subscribers/CommentsFiles/Comment022.htm
Fung, K (2007). China's Renminbi: Our Currency Your Problem.
Fueled by massive inflows of foreign direct investment, rising exports, and one of the highest personal savings rates (around 40% of GNP) in the world, this exceptional economic performance has translated into a tripling of per capita incomes. A better material existence is apparent from the provision of food, clothing, and housing for the vast majority of China's 1.3 billion people to the widespread availability of basic consumer durables such as refrigerators, washing machines, and television sets for an increasingly large number of households.: China's growing prosperity was evident by explosive construction throughout the country (Shanghai reportedly has 20% of the world's high-rise construction cranes currently in operation) and by a proliferation of services such as restaurants, fashionable boutiques, movies, and discos in the cities. For the growing and increasingly consumer-oriented middle class, shopping and dressing fashionably is definitely "in." (Ahearn, 1998)
The businesses of China are managed by people…
China's Post-Tiananmen Windfall (2001) Human Events 23 Apr 2001. ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
Gries, Peter Hays (2005) China Eyes the Hegemon. 2005 Published by Elsevier Limited on behalf of Foreign Policy Research Institute. Summer 2005. Online available at http://www.ou.edu/uschina/gries/articles/texts/Gries2005ChinaEyesHegemon.pdf
Larsen, Rick, and Kirk, Mark (2005) Congress and the Updating of the U.S.-China Relationship. The National Bureau of Asian Research. Vol. 16, No. 5 Dec. 2005. Online available at http://www.nbar.org/publications/analysis/pdf/vol16no5.pdf
Boon, Lin, and Tan, Benjamin (2002) Impact of Industrialization on Acculturation of Managers in the Global Marketplace. 1 Jan 2002. Singapore Management Review. Online available at http://www.allbusiness.com/legal/international-law/102407-1.html
Work Life Balance - the ole of HM
Human resources management come with massive demands chiefly in light of the fact that it involves dealing with people, a task that is complex in itself. To enhance organizational growth, pleasure on the part of workforce is very crucial. This is a necessity that human resources sectors in organizations have to grapple with on a day-to-day basis through the initiation and implementation of means of achieving workers satisfaction and overall performance (Frame & Hartog, 2003). Creating room for work life balance constitutes come of the mechanisms that employers use in achieving this goal (Clutterbuck, 2003). Work life balance is a concept whose relevance in the organization and more so in the world of advancing technology holds a lot of water. It brings to both parties in the business environment numerous benefits (Ehnert, 2009). The concept has a wide range of practice ranging…
Avgar, Ariel C., Givan, Rebecca Kolins and Liu, Mingwei, A Balancing Act: Work -- Life Balance and Multiple Stakeholder Outcomes in Hospitals (December 2011). British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 49, Issue 4, Pp. 717-741, 2011
Business: The Ultimate Resource. (2003). Beijing: Citic Publishing House
Cascio, W.F. (2010). Investing In People, Electronic Resource, FT Press
Cieri HD, Holmes B, Abbott J & Pettit T (2005), Achievements And Challenges For Work/Life Balance Strategies In Australian Organizations, The International Journal Of Human Resource Management16 (1)
HK & Singapore
A country's economic growth "may be defined as a long-term rise in capacity to supply increasingly diverse economic goods to its population…" (Kuznets, 1973). There are a number of methods by which economic growth can be encouraged. These include reducing barriers to business expansion (such as interest rates, tax rates and bureaucracy), increasing transparency in government, increasing population, trade policy, technological innovation and increased exploitation of resources. Singapore and Hong Kong are first-world city states with large populations and limited natural resources. Although both have experienced population increases, density is very high and there is limited room for domestic consumption growth. Likewise, there is limited room for growth in resource exploitation, as neither has excess natural resource capacity. Transparency International ranks Singapore as first in the world for least corruption, and Hong Kong is a strong 13th, so there is little room for improvement (Transparency International, 2010).…
Chung, S. (2005). Technology innovation and economic growth: Korean experiences. World Bank Workshop. Retrieved February 6, 2011 from http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/144056/Technology_Innovation_and_Economic_Growth.pdf
Kuznets, S. (1973). Modern economic growth: Findings and reflections. American Economic Review. Vol. 63 (3) 247-258.
Li, T. & Florida, R. (2006). Talent, technological innovation and economic growth in China. University of Toronto. Retrieved February 6, 2011 from http://www.rotman.utoronto.ca/userfiles/prosperity/File/Talent_Technological_Innovation_and_Economic_Growth_in_China.w.cover.website.pdf
Padovano, F. & Galli, E. (2001). Tax rates and economic growth in the OECD countries. Economic Inquiry. Retrieved February 6, 2011 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb5814/is_1_39/ai_n28821192/