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Relational Discourse in a Film of Your
Words: 3622 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80843988
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elational Discourse in a Film of Your Choice

Conceptual Framework Discussion

Forms of relational development

Primary factors draw predominantly from Knapp's version of relationships: utilizing "steps." Nevertheless, this text utilizes the concept of moving up/down-similar to a lift) (Khanna, 2010)

Motion via the stages:

• Motion usually systematic as well as sequential. Nevertheless, sequence has been interchangeable/fluid; a few stages might be neglected.

• Motion might be onward-in the direction of higher intimacy if continuing to move forward.

• Motion might be in reverse-maybe because of decline in intimacy; perhaps because stages skipped and moving back and "obtaining" them

• Escalation "upward" signifies a motion in the direction of higher intimacy (trust/closeness) (not invariably sexual closeness) and relational fulfilment can improve (Khanna, 2010).


Pre-interaction consciousness - after we end up being "conscious" related to the other individual (before contact). Ex: viewing somebody from across a packed area; observing somebody…


Khanna. (2010). Stages of Relational Development. Speech -- 16. Available at:

Ackerman, J.M., Li, N.P. And Griskevicius, V. (2011). Let's Get Serious: Communicating Commitment in Romantic Relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 6, 1079 -- 1094.

Baxter, L.A., & Bullis, C. (1986). Turning points in developing romantic relationships. Human Communication Research, 12, 469 -- 493.

Baxter, L.A., & Pittman, G. (2001). Communicatively remembering turning points of relational development in heterosexual romantic relationships. Communication Reports, 14, 1 -- 17.

Shipman Is Wrong the Author
Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 2922507
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hat this author disagrees with Shipman upon is the issue of hominids being exclusively hand-graspers while apes are necessarily foot graspers. A couple of common observations would indicate that this is based upon circular reasoning. e say apes must be foot graspers, therefore this is holy writ. The issue that this author raises is proven by anyone that has seen apes throw feces or garbage at the zoo bar cages or seen humans without hands trained to manipulate their feet in hand-like ways. Certainly, the issues of bipedalism and hand and foot grasping and manipulation are more complicated and were probably due to environmental issues. Until we know who the ancestor was and where they were from in Africa will we be absolutely certain if the transition to a savannah type of existence to a forest type of existence is absolutely correct. For this reason, examples that she gives such…

Works Cited:

Shipman, Pat. "Hunting the First Hominid." American Scientist. 1 (2002): 25-27.

Behavioral Episodes in Relation to Leopard Seals
Words: 2422 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38843229
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Behavioral Episodes in elation to Leopard Seals

Leopard seals are widely known for their ferocity and have been acknowledged as top predators for a long time now. These are large but slender mammals, with females usually exceeding males in size and weight. The spotty coats, distributed along their bodies, define the leopard appearance and allure to the hunting abilities they possess. With powerful jaws and canine teeth, leopard seals can prey on creatures of whatever size. Their agility and reputation have long formed individuals' negative perception upon the former. This document is to try to dismantle the negative image leopard seals have been inoculated with for such a long time. This proposal looks at some of the facts that have led people forming drastic opinions as well as some episodes that appear to indicate how little we may in fact know in relation to leopard seals.

Statement of Problem


Reference List

Aguayo-Lobo, A., R., Acevedo, J., Brito, J.L., G., Acuna, P., Bassoi, M., Secchi, E., R., and Rosa, L.D. 2011. Presence of the leopard seal, Hydrurga leptonyx (De Blainville, 1820), on the coast of Chile: An example of the Antarctica -- South America Connection in the marine environment. Oecologia Australis 15(1): 69-85. doi: 10.4257/oeco.2011.1501.07

Ainley, D.G., Ballard, G., Karl, B.J., and Dugger K.M. 2005. Leopard seal predation rates at penguin colonies of different size. Antarctic Science 17(3): 335-340.

De Laca, T.E., Lipps, J.H., and Zumwalt, G.S. 1975. Encounters with leopard seals (Hydruga leptonyx) along the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Journal of the United States 10(3): 85-9.

Hiruki, L.M., Schwartz, M.K., and Boveng, P.L. 1999. Hunting and social behavior of leopard seals (Hydrurga leptonyx) at Sea Island, South Shetland Island, Antarctica. Journal of Zoology, London 249(1): 97-109. Retrieved from

Specific Crimes Against Persons
Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8949845
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Crimes Against Persons in Texas

Specific Crimes against Persons: Determining the Presence of Crimes

Although Max shot his friend and hunting companion ich in the shoulder, there is no real basis for criminal charges here. Essentially, the two men were following the laws and regulations for hunting in the state of Texas almost to the tee, but failed to vocally call out his shot before firing, which was Max's only misstep (Hurteau & Love, 2006). There are negligence laws in the state of Texas which would allow Max to be charged if he failed to act appropriately under the regulations for hunting. Thus, if Max did not look for anything orange, or if the two men had not had all the appropriate hunting licensing. Hunters are required to take mandatory safety classes in the state of Texas and then follow very clear guidelines while hunting, including wearing orange or bright…


Charron, T.J. (2007). Prosecuting alcohol facilitated sexual assault. National District Attorney's Association.

Hurteau, Dave & Love, Chad. (2006). The Cheney hunting accident: A Texan's view of tge so-called 'Texas hunting protocol.' Field & Stream. Web.

Foraging Is a Skill That Is Based
Words: 1438 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3694382
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Foraging is a skill that is based on the lives of the ancestral hunter-gatherer society. It is the act of searching the environment for resources, such as food (O'Neil). Although this is an ancient concept, the idea behind this sort of behavior as a genetic inherent trait has been explored (Goldstone et al., 508). Individuals who are looking for ways to save money and for easier forms of attaining food, have wholeheartedly supported the idea of modern foraging. In the article, The Ultimate in Eating Local: My Adventures in Urban Foraging by Tara Lohan, the idea of urban foraging was addressed. Her support for this concept was evident in the advice that she gave her readers and in her advocacy for this form of living (Lohan). Another great supporter of this idea was Michael Pollan, the author of The Modern Hunter-Gatherer. He went as far as considering hunting a part…


Goldstone, Robert L., and Benjamin C. Ashpole. "Human Foraging Behavior in a Virtual Environment." Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 11.3 (2004): 508-14. Print.

Herbert, Wray. "We're Only Human...: Foraging in the Modern World." We're Only Human... Foraging in the Modern World, 14 Aug. 2008. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. .

Lohan, Tara. "The Ultimate in Eating Local: My Adventures in Urban Foraging."Environment. AlterNet, 04 Sept. 2009. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. .

O'Neil, Dennis. "Patterns of Subsistence: Foraging." Patterns of Subsistence: Foraging. Palomar College, 2006. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. .

Wildlife Management There Are Abundant Pressures on
Words: 2229 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52286911
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Wildlife Management

There are abundant pressures on open land, from urban and suburban sprawl to the increase of factory farming. At the same time, it is being recognized that more and more species are being lost as land becomes less diversified and habitats are destroyed. In addition, life is becoming more stressful and people seek ways to engage in recreation for relief. There may be a way to combine more balanced land use with the need for human populations to engage in recreation, and to save significant portions of the natural world at the same time. These methods involved dual uses for open land, both agricultural and forest, and would benefit from additional support by governmental agencies.

Statement of the problem

In an era when it is more profitable to sell rural or close-in suburban land for development than to retain the land for farming or other uses, means must…


Chapman, Art. (2003) Texas ranch to host weekend with Willie, Ronald, longhorns. Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, August 6. Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.

Eisele, Tim. (2003) Managing woodlands a big benefit to wildlife. Wisconsin State Journals, June 11. Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.

Landowners to receive grants for conservation actions. (2001) M2 Presswire, May 2.

M2 Presswire; 5/2/2001 Retrieved May 21, 2004 from HighBeam Research database.

Waterfowl Preservation Improvements in Wetland
Words: 1692 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 98572128
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The researcher especially appreciated the "Rights, rongs, and hy" (Fielder 31-35) section relating to managing duck nests.

Content Analysis

Information about Paul C. Fielder, an avid outdoorsman, who has been a practicing wildlife biologist in ashington State for twenty-three years is plainly positioned to inform the reader. The reader learns that Fielder "manages a ood Duck Nest Box program in the enatchee vicinity of the Columbia River which involves over 100 nest boxes." Fielder's efforts in this program reportedly significantly increased the presence of ood Duck populations in North Central ashington (Fielder 2)

Fielder explains that the individual wood duck hens in ashington lays approximately 6 to 12 eggs per nest; with the average totalling 10 to 11 eggs. "The eggs are pale brown to tannish white and are generally 2 inches by 1-1/2 inches in size" (Fielder 12). The ducklings hatch 28 to 32 days after the female duck…

Works Cited

Ducks Unlimited. 2008 3 Mar. 2009. Ducks Unlimited, Inc. 3 Mar. 2009 .

Fielder, Paul C.. Guidelines for Managing Wood Duck Nest Boxes in Washington State. 2000, Feb. 3 Mar. 2009 .

Frahm, Randy. Duck Hunting. Capstone Press. 2007,M1 .


Adventures in Fugawiland Types of Sites in
Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11678388
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Adventures in Fugawiland

Types of sites in Fugawiland.

There were four sites in Fugawiland. These sites were the shore site, inland site, burial and ceremony site, and the hunting site. Of these, the shore site and inland site were the location of the population based on the weather and the seasons of the year. These seasons were delineated into summer and winter and weather and warmth would determine the location of the population more than the assumed date.

The shore site (located on map areas F, Y, and R) is where the people of Fugawiland would spend their summers. Archaeologists have been able to ascertain that the shore was the location of the fishing and living during the warm months. This has been determined by the fact that remains of trout, as well as fish hooks, small hearths, and lightweight huts have been discovered in the area. Since more pots…

Works Cited:

Adventures in Fugawiland. Price & Gebawer, 2002. Print.

Counseling How Tragedy Affects Characters in Good
Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3594531
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How Tragedy Affects Characters in "Good Will Hunting"

The title character of the film Good Will Hunting (1997) is a young man, played by actor Matt Damon. He comes from a poor part of South Boston. Will Hunting is a charming, handsome, brilliant man with the potential to break free from the shackles of poverty, boredom, and stagnation because, as a janitor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a mathematics professor, Gerard Lambeau, discovers the staggering depths of Will's intelligence. As part of an agreement with the professor, Will must meet with a therapist/counselor to avoid jail time for an assault on one of Will's childhood bullies. Will is very uncooperative and disruptive at first, until matched with Sean Maguire, played by Robin Williams. Sean and Will are able to bond, and eventually, after some trust is built, they are able to make breakthroughs into Will's deviant behavior…

Business Principles of Wyatt Earp Buffalo Hunter
Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5427925
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Business Principles of Wyatt Earp, Buffalo Hunter Case Study

After carefully reviewing the information presented in the case study "Wyatt Earp -- The Buffalo Hunter," which is included within Chapter 1 of Operations and Supply Management: The Core by F. obert Jacobs, the connection between this historical account and fundamental economics becomes quite evident. The buffalo hunting circumstances described by Jacobs -- as relayed by Wyatt Earp himself in Stuart Lake's biographical account Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal -- represent a closed commercial market in which both supply and demand remain relatively constant. In this particular commercial environment, a business (the buffalo hunter and his assembled team of skinners, spotters and other hired hands) cannot effectively manipulate pricing, so the most effective method of ensuring profit margin is to streamline operations. Despite this economic truism, the average buffalo hunter during Earp's era "set out for the range with five four-horse wagons,…


Drury, C. (2007). Management and cost accounting. Cengage Learning.

Jacobs, F.R., Chase, R.B., & Aquilano, N.J. (2009). Operations and supply management. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Lake, S.N. (1931). Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal. Pocket Books.

Yuan, F.C. (2009). The use of a fuzzy logic-based system in cost-volume-profit analysis under uncertainty. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(2), 1155-1163.

National Rifle Association NRA Represents Individuals and
Words: 1280 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56853777
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National ifle Association (NA) represents individuals and groups who are concerned about losing their right to own guns and as a hunter this is of utmost importance to me. They are concerned about losing the right to keep and bear arms which is guaranteed to the citizenry of the United States of America by the Second Amendment of the Constitution in the Bill of ights. In their view, they are protectors of the Constitution and almost always support the epublican party and oppose the Democratic party because they feel their issues are better supported by the politics of the epublican party. Typically, the National ifle Association's main opposition is comprised of gun control advocates (and Democrats). Currently, the National ifle Association is lobbying strongly against The Sportsmen's Act of 2012, as well as paying close attention to gun control bans, and laws regarding assault weapons (NA-ILA, 2012). Without the National…


Henigan, D. (2009, Dec. 23). Who Does the NRA Represent? Retrieved from The Huffington

Post website: 

National Rifle Association (2012, Nov 29). A Brief History of the NRA. Retrieved from NRA


Large Mammal Extinction Ice Age
Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64916309
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However, there simply does not seem to be sufficient evidence for the disease hypothesis. First, there has been no evidence of disease found. Next, even extremely virulent diseases, like the plague or West Nile Virus, do not have the kill rates necessary to cause the extinction of an entire species. In addition, one has to realize that the extinction of large mammals coincided with the extinction of other animals, like birds, marsupials, placentals, testudines, and crocodilians. It is unlikely that a disease would be lethal in such a wide-variety of animal populations, especially when it did not destroy all species of certain animal genus.

The final theory is that a meteor killed the large mammals. There is evidence that meteor impacts caused earlier extinctions like the Permian-Triassic extinction and the extinction of the dinosaurs. Meteor impacts can interfere with food sources, because the resulting dust in the air interferes with…

Delight Is in the Details
Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 40732212
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Other smells that give the shop character include the manure on farmers' boots, the odor of chain saw oil on loggers wearing flannel, wool, Carhart jeans, and dingy ball caps. The self-serve counter also offers up some tantalizing smells, such as hot dogs, pizza, hamburgers, and chili. All these smells combined remind me of the rodeo that comes through town. The aromas in the shop enhance the experience because they unify the entire experience.

The little store is truly a one-stop shop in that you can find almost anything you need. For example, the shelves are lined with the regular products you would expect to see in any shop including pharmaceutical items, such as pink, blue and green thermometers hanging from racks; staple groceries like Wonder bread with its red, blue and yellow packaging; toilet paper; liquor; cigarettes and Skoal; candy bars, ranging from Hershey bars to the healthy fiber…

Environmental Ethics the Japanese Dolphin
Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51985300
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" At the same time, it may be a lesson in perspective given that pigs are smarter than dogs and no less appreciative of human companionship than dogs when befriended instead of raised somewhat inhumanely and slaughtered for food.

The Plight of the Polar Bear

According to environmental experts like Kassie Siegel of the Centre for Biological Diversity, based in California, the natural habitat of the Polar Bear is disappearing too fast to sustain the species in the wild for much longer. Global climate change has caused so much of the Arctic ice to melt that Polar bears are unable to pursue enough food to maintain a healthy body weight, reproduce, or nourish their cubs to adulthood.

Unfortunately, there may be little that can be done for the Polar Bear beyond preserving the species in captivity unless there is a dramatic increase in technology capable of reversing climate change. Andrew…

Peace Keepers of the Northeast
Words: 2241 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 92147282
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This dance was very powerful as it did scare the European people. They did not fully understand the reason behind the dance and the religion, but they were very clear as to what the apocalypse was and they wondered if the Indians were somehow summoning the end of the world. Not soon after this Ghost dance caused such a commotion, an Indian by the name of Handsome Lake who was a leader for the Seneca tribe brought a new message to the Iroquois people. His message was to end the drinking. The Iroquois people had began to drink a lot of alcohol that was often offered to them from the European people during the fur trade. Handsome Lake believed that many of the problems that the Iroquois people faced was related to the alcohol. Many of the Indian people were drunk when they were trying to handle problems of poverty…


Kehoe, Alice Beck. North American Indian Tribes, Chapter 5. 1992 Prentice Hall.

Biolsi, Thomas and Zimmerman, Larry. Indians and Anthropologists, Chapter 9. 1997 Prentice Hall.

Iroquois Website. Retrieved December 19, 2009 from

Evolution and Revolution Comparative History of Social Change
Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29437594
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Ecological-Evolutionary Theory (EET)

Evolution and evolution: Comparative History of Social Change

In understanding the evolution of human societies in the course of history, it is best traced and determined through the different states of economic development that humanity has experienced. Humanity's evolution from being a hunting and gathering to an industrial society can be pointed to numerous variables that served as catalysts that eventually made the conditions suitable for the nature of societies at present, which are mainly industrialized or heading towards industrialization. Tracing the history of social change is tracing the catalysts that led to the following stages of economic development in human societies over time: from hunting and gathering, to simple horticultural, eventually to advanced horticultural, developing to simple agrarian, then to advanced agrarian, and ultimately, to industrial societies.

This transition from different levels of economic development could have been spurred by population growth, wherein the need more…


Nielsen, F. (2003). "The ecological-evolutionary typology of human societies and the evolution of social inequality." Sociological Theory.

Nolan, P. (2003). "Toward an ecological-evolutionary theory of the incidence of warfare in post-industrial societies." Sociological Theory, Vol. 21, No. 1.

Treasure Seekers the Story of
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50965131
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2. The book, the Story of the Treasure Seekers, is about six siblings, who are in quest of a treasure to gain back the lost riches of their family. Each child comes up with his or her own unique plan of looking for the treasure, thus representing his or her own distinct personality. For example, Dora, the eldest child is very cautious and believes in doing things the right way. She is very responsible and also god-fearing. She believes in hard work and honesty and suggests that they look for the treasure by digging in the garden. Oswald, who is the second in line, is very intelligent, kind and also daring and adventurous as one can see when he suggests that they should kidnap people on highways and take money from them. The third sibling Dicky, suggests that they should follow instructions in advertisements in the newspaper, which help you…

Court Opinion United States v
Words: 1054 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 68000698
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U.S.C. § 48 is not aimed at specific instances of animal cruelty, but specifically at the creation and distribution of depictions of such abuse for the purposes of interstate and/or foreign commerce. This is the act that the appellant was unarguably engaging in when apprehended by law enforcement, and the fact that the law is not aimed at those participating directly in acts of animal cruelty does not in and of itself create a constitutional objection.

The statutes specific mention of interstate commerce renders the appellant's claim that the constitutionality of the statute is in question due to a dependence on state definitions also moot. Not only were the acts depicted in the videos the appellant old to law enforcement agencies unquestionably illegal in all fifty states, but the federal government has a duty to regulate interstate commerce specifically because state definitions and regulations differ. Failing to regulate the interstate…


FindLaw (2010a). NEW YORK v. FERBER, 458 U.S. 747 (1982). Accessed 14 January 2010. 

FindLaw (2010b). CHAPLINSKY v. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Accessed 14 January 2010.

Rites of Passages of Puberty Followed by
Words: 1862 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98250052
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ites of Passages of puberty followed by Eskimo and Australian Aborigines.

The indigenous cultures of the past have always held a great regard for the traditional and superstitious. Elaborate rituals are associated with each aspect of life and the people celebrate these rituals as a community. The community being patriarchal in most circumstances the dominance of the male hierarchy is clearly seen and that the rituals are associated then with the male gender is no surprise. Yet, today, we are fascinated with what to the generations of the past was a common issue. esearchers have taken the time to separately understand the ceremonies associated with the cultures and none is as elaborate as the rites of passage as the adolescents-especially the male-enters adulthood. Around the world the transition is celebrated with fervor amongst the different cultures, and though today forgotten, its importance is still acknowledged amongst the remaining indigenous communities…


Australian Aboriginal Religion available at

Charlesworth, M, Religion in Aboriginal Australia. (ed.). University of QLD Press. 1984. available at 

Eliade, Mircea Rites and Symbols of Initiation, (page ix - x) taken from Rites of Passage Frank Herbert 2000 available at

Eskimo-Aleut Religion Available at

Anthropology Blackfeet Nation Indians
Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96956563
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This is a five page paper dealing with the Blackfeet Nation Indians. It will explore the tribe's history and early lifestyles. It will also cover the health and education of the tribe now. Problems facing the tribe and methods used in preserving their culture will also be addressed. There are seven references used.
The Blackfeet Indians are a Native American tribe that live in Northern Montana. They have a history rich in traditions and rituals. There is some controversy on how they became known as Blackfeet, but many believe it is because of the black moccasins they wore. It's not sure how these moccasins became black, but two suggestions are the Indians painted them or they were darkened by prairie fire (
The Beginnings
The original home of the Blackfeet is believed to have been in the eastern woodlands "north of the Great Lakes ("…


(Origins and Early History of the Blackfeet (accessed 10-01-2002) http://

Ritter, John. "Blackfeet plan USA's only offshore bank." USA Today. (2000): 03 April.

Nijhuis, Michelle. "Tribal immersion schools rescue language and culture." The Christian
Science Monitor. (2002): 11 June.

King Asoka Is One of
Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39638120
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.. carved out caves for Buddhist monk worship, lavishly subsidized the order's work, and even arrogated to himself the chore of preventing schisms in Buddhism" (67). His examples include charity and erecting hospitals for men and animals. (Albinski 68-9) Chodorow maintains that Asoka's example "enhanced the prestige of Buddhism" (Chodorow 146). It should be noted that Asoka was a "pragmatist" (147). He did "not abolish capital punishment. His official policy was one of religious tolerance as appropriate for a far-flung empire inhabited by many different communities"(147). His was a different plan of conquest, as it involved religion and general good will toward others. According to Israel Selvanayagam, Asoka's dharma is twofold. One aspect is "practical, concerning interpersonal relationships and emphasizing the duties of each individual at home and in security; the other is doctrinal in a general sense and includes a special concern for sanctity of animals, toleration of other…

Works Cited

Albinski, Henry. "The Place of the Emperor Asoka in Ancient Indian Political Thought." JSTOR Resource Database. Site Accessed May 20, 2008. 

Boorstin, Daniel. The Discoverers. New York: Random House. 1983.

Chodorow, Stanley, et al. A History of the World. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Javonovich, Publishers. 1986.

Craig, Albert, et al. The Heritage of World Civilizations: Combined Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2002.

Project Management Under What Conditions
Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82856183
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First, this smaller cross-functional team must quantify the make clear the exact definition of the binocular series of products, starting with the development of a Market Requirements Document that will, if the product area appears attractive, will lead to the development of a Functional Engineering Specification. Stage 2 will lead to the development of a first prototype, followed by Stage 3, which will be a thorough business case preparation, where the pro forma financial statements of the project, the marketing plans including pricing, distribution, product strategies, and promotional strategies and initial engineering plans as well. Stage 4, product development, is the phase of as project where the initial cross-functional team expands significantly to include several other areas of the company. This is the phase where production processes will be added to the manufacturing centers or factories to support producing binoculars. This is the phase where the majority of time is…

E-Communities' Impact the Impact of
Words: 4918 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52542696
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Twelve ESL learners who participated subsequently found that participating in text-based online chat rooms promoted a noticeable difference in their face-to-face conversations, particularly in noticing their own linguistic mistakes.

Psychologists stress little if any learning occurs without attention. "Text-based online chat, a particular form of synchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) involving written oral-like conversation, has the great potential of increasing noticing for two reasons:

1. Compared to face-to-face conversations, CMC allows conversations to flow at slower speeds than face-to-face; consequently permitting "speakers" to have longer times to process receiving and producing the target language.

2. CMC can save texts (previous messages) in format that users may later access. (Lai and Zhao)

The following copy of "ESL Online Talk Community" illustrates concept Lai and Zhao present.

Practice makes perfect, but many ESL students do not have opportunities to practice speaking English. This Website is trying to establish an online community to enable…





4. Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.

Jacob Francis Tramp I A Senior Chugiak
Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32531627
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Jacob Francis Tramp. I a senior Chugiak High School Eagle River, Alaska. I 1 older sister 1 younger sister boy family. I live mother father. I Eagle Scout. My project building flower boxes kindergartens.

Personal statement: University of Fairbanks

If I were to describe myself in one word it would be this: Alaskan. To me, the word 'Alaskan' sums up all of the positive traits of my character: the fact that I am outdoorsman, adventurous, and undaunted in the face of adversity. I am currently a senior at Chugiak High School in Eagle River, Alaska. My goal is to attend the University of Fairbanks and major in Construction Management.

Most of my extracurricular activities revolve around my passion for the outdoors. Becoming an Eagle Scout was one of the proudest moments of my life, the cumulating effort of a lifetime of scouting. To earn my status, I had to engage…

Learn'so Little About These Ancient Eastern
Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5086656
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learn so little about these ancient Eastern civilizations?

Ancient Greece and Rome are often called the cradles of modern, Western civilization. Greece 'gave birth' to democracy and major philosophic and scientific ideas spanning from the concept of atoms to geometry. Once upon a time, all roads famously lead to Rome, reflecting the importance of Rome in shaping the landscape of the modern globe. But simply because these civilizations were so important in shaping our own worldview does not mean we should discount the contribution of the East.

The recent excavation site of the Dadiwan relics of Qin'an at the Gansu Province is a demonstration of the richness of the early civilizations of the area. The archeological site has yielded some of the earliest findings of agriculture and pottery ever discovered, pushing back the date of the discovery of millet to a far earlier time than originally assumed. New evidence of…

Yanomamo People
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50174573
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Yanomamo people of Central Brazil are one of the oldest examples of the classic pre-Columbian forest footmen. They are believed to be the most primitive, culturally intact people in existence in the world. They are literally a Stone Age tribe. Cataloged by anthropologists as Neo-Indians with cultural characteristics that date back more than 8000 years. They have never discovered the wheel and the only metal they use is what has been traded to them from the outside. Their numbering system is one, two, and more than two.

The Yanomamo live in almost complete seclusion in the Amazon rain forests of South America. Apart from their periodic warfare, they have managed to build and sustain their unique culture through adaptations to their environment for generations.

There are approximately 23,000 Yanomamo spread among roughly 225 villages in the Amazon Basin. Each village acts autonomously, but has alliances with other villages that carry…

Joseph Smith and the Book
Words: 6695 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24061704
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On June 27, 1844, hundreds swarmed the jail and brutally murdered the Smith brothers, leading their followers to conclude that they were martyred (Sisk).

At Joseph's death, righam Young was president of the Twelve Apostles of their church and became the leader of the largest faction within (Sisk 1992). Some who separated from Young's group formed their own, called the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, under the leadership of one of the brothers of Joseph Smith. In 1846, Young's group declared that the "saints" would leave Nauvoo and they settled in Utah the following year and, for the next 20 or so years, many moved to Salt Lake Valley to join those "saints (Sisk)." The growth was so tremendous that many ascribe greater magnetism to Young than to Joseph himself in attracting followers. It is noted that the current-day Mormon Church has millions of such followers…


Bowman, Robert N., ed. Mormonism. Christian Research Journal, 1989.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Joseph Smith: a Prophet of God. Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2004.,4945,104-1-3-2,00.html 

Griffith, Michael T. The Book of Mormon - Ancient or Modern? Could Joseph Smith Have Written the Nephrite Record? Refuting the Critics: Evidence of the Book of Mormons in Authenticity. Horizon Publishers, 1993.

Institute for Religious Research. Translation or Divination? Mormons in Transition. Institute for Religious Research, 1999.

Yanomamo Indian Tribe
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The Yanomami are an indigenous tribe also called Yanomamo, Yanomam, and Sanuma who live in the tropical rain forest of Southern Venezuela and Northern razil. The society is composed of four subdivisions of Indians. (Yanomami Indians) Each subdivision has its own language. "They include the Sanema which live in the Northern Sector, the Ninam which live in the southeastern sector, the Yanomam which live in the southeastern part and the Yanomamo which live in the southwestern part of Yanomami area."


The Yanomamo are one of the largest unacculturated aboriginal groups left in South America, with a total population of around 12,000. Their subsistence is based on hunting and slash-and-burn agriculture. The predominant crops are plantains and bananas. Their diet includes yams, sweet potatoes and the fruit of the peach palm. (eierle, J.M.)

The social construction of the culture is composed of small groups numbering approximately 75 people in…


Barnes, M.H. (2000). Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Beierle, J.M. Society-YANOAMA. Retrieved February 22, 2005 from CSAC's Ethnographics Gallery. Web site:

Boehm, C. (1999). Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Buss, D.M. (1994). The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating. New York: Basic Books.

Rock Art Transference of Power
Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87517918
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Rock art does not have a singular function in the physical images or meaning of the object -- it may be religious or historically commemorative, or use extraordinary or ordinary symbols, depending on how the tribe wishes to make its mark upon the surface of nature, and the type of transfer of tribal power that is being conducted in the specific circumstances.

The main unifying theme in all of the various potential acts of rock art, is that the act of leaving the tribe's mark upon the rock is in itself a rite performed, and adds additional significance to the meaning of the images, whatever that meaning may be for the tribe. Although rock art can provide a variety of symbolic, commemorative, and spiritual functions, and it may involve symbolic images very particular to a tribe or region (like the Mexican rain dog or like suns or spirals in the…

Theodore Roosevelt
Words: 2002 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63451348
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assassination of President McKinley, Theodore oosevelt, not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation's history. He brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong foreign policy.

He took the view that the President as a "steward of the people" should take whatever action necessary for the public good unless expressly forbidden by law or the Constitution." I did not usurp power," he wrote, "but I did greatly broaden the use of executive power."

oosevelt's youth differed sharply from that of the log cabin Presidents. He was born in New York City in 1858 into a wealthy family, but he too struggled -- against ill health -- and in his triumph became an advocate of the strenuous life.

In 1884 his first wife, Alice Lee oosevelt, and his mother died on the same day.…


Blum, John Morton. (1954). The Republican Roosevelt. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Brinkley, Douglas (2009). The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America. New York, N.Y: HarperCollins

Fehn, Bruce. (2005) Theodore Roosevelt and American Masculinity. Magazine of History 19(2): 52 -- 59

Theodore Roosevelt Association Quotations from the speeches and other works of Theodore Roosevelt

Mbuti Pygmies of the Ituri Forest the
Words: 2795 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78428505
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Mbuti Pygmies of the Ituri Forest

The Mbuti pygmies are a nomadic tribe who inhabit the southern and central portions of the Ituri forest, in the epublic of Congo. They are an ethnocentric and homogenous society whose traditions, gender relations, kinship, social organization have remained unchanged until the last fifty years. The Mbuti tribe is divided into two sub-groups, the Efe and the Mbuti. Currently there are between 20,000 and 50,000 Mbuti people in the Congo (Ojo, 1996). The Mbuti pygmies are hunter-gatherers and have practiced hunting and foraging for thousands of years. Many of the foods they find in hunting and foraging expeditions, especially meat and wild honey, are used as trade items with neighboring tribes like the Bila or Bira people. The Mbuti pygmies are primarily net hunters while the Efe sub-groups of the Mbuti tribe use the bow and arrow. According to Denslow and Padoch (1988) in…


(Bayrock E 20110517 Comparison of kinship systems) Bayrock, E. (n.d.). Comparison of kinship systems. Retrieved May 17, 2011, from 

(Denslow J. Padoch C. 1988 People of the tropical rainforest) Denslow, J., & Padoch, C. (Eds.). (1988). People of the tropical rainforest. Berkley, CA: University of California Press.

(Ichikawa M. 1999 Mbuti of northern congo) Ichikawa, M. (1999). The Mbuti of northern Congo. In R.Lee & R. Daly (Eds.), The Cambridge enclyclopedia of hunters and gatherers (pp. 201-215). Cmbridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

(Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia Of World Cultures 1999 Effe and Mbuti) Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia Of World Cultures. (1999). Effe and Mbuti. Retrieved May 16, 2011, from

Five Step Approach The Case
Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57507253
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Additionally, the exact boundaries of the park must be clearly understood and marked, so that no citizens accidentally enter into the park lands and slaughter the Bison while they are protected by the federal government. At the same time, there needs to be some leeway so that the citizens in need can still take the vital source of meat and protein when in need, especially in the winter.

The current policy required NPS officials to try to corral Bison that left the park before they got to private lands. Yet, there is a major problem here because Bison are naturally migratory. Thus this plan is not the most appropriate because the Bison are always going to leave the park at some point in time. Thus, there are a number of policy alternatives here. First and foremost, the park officials can work with the federal government to persuade Montana to adopt…

Huaorani of Ecuador Are a Fascinating Group
Words: 1495 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71877931
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Huaorani of Ecuador are a fascinating group of people that have recently been uprooted from their traditional nomadic way of life and placed in social and political constraints. Inhabiting the Napo, Orellana, and Pastaza Provinces of Amazonian Ecuador, the Huaorani have been traditionally very isolated from the modern world. Even the Huaorani language is an artifact of isolation: it bears no resemblance to any other language known to exist in the world. The Huaorani currently number about 1,370 with an astounding 55% of the population under the age of sixteen, due to recent changes in social organization (Rival, 2000). hile the Huaorani still rely on the bountiful Amazonian rainforest for food, medicines, and shelter, they no longer roam freely and set up camp at will. Due to illegal deforestation and oil exploitation in the Ecuadorian Amazon, the Huaorani have been forces to establish permanent settlements in areas that are still…

Works Cited

Aviles, Mayra D. Narratives of Resistance: An Ethnographic View of the Emergence of the Huaorani Women's Association in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Thesis. University of Florida, 2008. Print.

Rival, Laura M. "Marginality with a Difference, or How the Huaorani Preserve Their Sharing Relations and Naturalize Outside Powers." Ed. Peter P. Schweitzer, Megan Biesele, and Robert K. Hitchcock. Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World: Conflict, Resistance, and Self-determination. New York: Berghahn, 2000. Print.

Rival, Laura M. Trekking through History: the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador. New York: Columbia UP, 2002. Print.

Wiessner, Siegfried. "Rights and Status of Indigenous Peoples: A Global Comparative and International Legal Analysis." Harvard Human Rights Journal 12 (1999): 83-88. Print.

Mbuti Unmovable The Mbuti of the Ituri
Words: 2436 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 58776139
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Unmovable: The Mbuti of the Ituri Forest

For more than 2,000 years, the world has been aware of the Mbuti (Pygmy) hunter-gatherers that reside in the Ituri Forest of northern Zaire. References have been made to Pygmies that date as far back as Ancient Egypt, with mentions made by Herodotus, Aristotle and Homer (McDonald, 2004). Little however, was known about the daily lives of the Mbuti Pygmies until the 1950's. In an effort to find the values of goodness in the world post World War II, the public became interested in an isolated people who seemed far freer and more egalitarian than most self described "civilized societies (McDonald, 2004).The Mbuti are part of a larger group of forest dwellers referred to as the ambuti. According to the most recent statistics, there are reportedly less than 20,000 pure blood ambuti remaining in the world (Turnbull, 1998).

The Mbuti are described…


Adovasio, J., Soffer, O., & Klima, b. (1996). Upper Paleolithic fibre technology: Interlaced

Woven finds from Pavlov I, Czech Republic, c. 26,000 years ago, Antiquity 70,


Driver, J. (1990). Meat in due season: The timing of communal hunts. In L. Davis, and M. Reeves, (Eds.), Hunters of the recent past. London: Unwin Hyman.

Dangerous Game Richard Connell's the
Words: 1322 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90294093
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He jumps up on the rail of the yacht with no one around, running completely on instinct (Connell, 1924). Taking time to reason this out would have told him that he could fall and, since he was the only person on deck at that time of night, that no one would be around to see that he had fallen and rescue him. His instinct also took over when he dropped his pipe while standing on the rail (Connell, 1924). eaching for the pipe was pure instinct. When a person drops something, more often than not he or she reaches for the dropped object in an effort to catch it (Carlson & Heth, 2009; Gray, 2011). While that makes complete sense from an instinctual standpoint, reason would say that ainsford was putting himself far too much at risk because he was leaning out over an open ocean with no one around.…


Carlson, N.R. & Heth, C.D. (2009). Psychology: the Science of Behavior. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.

Connell, R. (1924). The Most Dangerous Game. Classic Short Stories. Retrieved from .

Gray, P. (2011). Psychology. NY: Worth.

Southwestern Humor in American Literature Southwestern Humor
Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41534619
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Southwestern Humor in American Literature

Southwestern Humor in 19th Century American Literature

During the period of 1830-1860, a new genre in America literature has emerged, which is called the Southwestern Humor genre. This new form of literature illustrates and discusses issues and themes that are depicted effectively through humor and exaggeration. Technically defined, Southwestern Humor is identified as "a name given to a tradition of regional sketches and tales based in the 'old South-West': Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas." This genre is also characterized by its use of the following thematic elements: "tall tales, thick regional dialect, ironic humor, and a tradition of tricksterism in... stories and sketches" (Campbell 2003).

Aside from the characteristics enumerated above, Southwestern Humor is also remarkable in its ability to effectively mirror the social landscape of the Southwestern region of the United States. In the study and analysis of Southwestern Humor genre, important themes that…


Campbell, D. "Southwestern Humor, 1830-1860." Literary Movements. 17 May 2003 .

Getting Started with Humor 350." South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Web site. 17 May 2003

The Mighty Hunter." University of Virginia Library Web site. 17 May 2003 .

Thorpe, T.B. E-text of "The Big Bear of Arkansas." 17 May 2003

Edition of the Globe and
Words: 2861 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 54692015
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We have seen in the past how such agreements are put aside by governments, especially in the United States, in those instances where the natural resources become the focus of business.

However, the agreement does return to the aboriginals the hope that they might create for themselves an economy that sustain them and it provides an opportunity for them to recreate themselves in a modern world, but to practice life in a way that is compatible with their own traditions. The challenges they face socially and economically are large and only time will tell if they are as overwhelming for a people who have lost much of what their ancestors had as they are large.

The article does not say whether or not the financial package is one that is lump sum or disbursed over a period of years, and that would make a difference as to what might be…

Inuktitut Inuit's Language in Modern Inuit Communities in Northern Canada
Words: 3303 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41276203
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Inuktitut in Modern Inuit Communities in Northern Canada

The role of language in identity construction of the Inuit in Nunavik (Quebec, Canada), which nourishes the evolution of their ethno-territorial movement in the eastern Canadian Arctic, had been around since the 1970s. This paper is an analysis of the legal-political context of the Quebec State then enables the detachment of the cornerstones of its policy speech in general, and finally those with respect to the indigenous population, in particular to the Inuit language.

There are eight major Inuit communities: those of the LABADO, the UNGAVA, and the BAFFIN, of Iglulik, the CAIBOU, of Netsilik and Copper as well as the Inuit of the Western Arctic (which replaced MACKENZIE INUIT). There are five main dialects Inuit in Canada Inuvialuktun, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut and inuttut grouped under a single language, Inuktitut or Inuktitut. (McGrath 2007) At the last census, 70% of Inuit said they…


Alia, Valerie (2009). Names and Nunavut: Culture and Identity in Arctic Canada. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845451653

Billson, Janet Mancini; Kyra Mancini (2007). Inuit women: their powerful spirit in a century of change. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780742535961

Crandall, Richard C (2000). Inuit art: a history. McFarland. ISBN 0786407115

De Poncins, Gontran. Kabloona. St. Paul, MN: Graywolf Press, 1996 (originally 1941). ISBN 1-55597-249-7

Recreational Activity Popular it Must Transcend Distinctions
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 840662
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recreational activity popular, it must transcend distinctions of wealth and class. As Charles Cotton's The Compleat Gamester states "games and sports of all kinds were common recreations for the people of Tudor and Stuart England." Peter Burke defines culture as a system of shared meanings, attitudes and values, and the symbolic forms in which they are expressed or embodied[1]; by popular culture it is possible Burke's definition refers to the culture of the ordinary people or the "subordinate classes" -- those below the level of the elite. However, this paper views social history by looking at the commonality of leisure, recreation, games and sports of all kinds as the basis to determine whether there was a popular culture in early modern England. For example, cards, archery and tennis included all classes (the lower and upper) and encompassed those who devoted time to leisurely activities as well as those who spend…

Cultural Schema Hypothesis on Aboriginals
Words: 2231 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20294139
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Aborigines are Australia's original inhabitants and until the late 1700's -1800's the aborigine had little contact with Western civilization. Local dialects and the territorial nature of bands provided the different social groups their distinctive identity. The Mardudjara (Mardu) aborigines are part of the Western Desert cultural block in Australia (Tonkinson, 1978). The Mardu culture, societal system, etc. has never been recorded in its pristine state as anthropologic researchers did not study the group until well after alien influences had occurred. Nonetheless, the nomadic lifestyle of the Mardu was dictated by the harsh climate in which they live and they are an extremely interesting group. Nomadic groups like the Mardu often have a perception of gender or a cultural gender schema that fits in functionally with their lifestyle and is based on a division of labor and status that allows the group to maintain an identify, clearly defined roles, and survive…


Bird, R. (1999). Cooperation and conflict: The behavioral ecology of the sexual division of labor. Evolutionary Anthropology, 8 (2), 65-75.

Holmes, L.D., & Holmes, E.R. (1992) Samoan Village (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Tonkinson, R. (1978). The Mardudjara aborigines: Living the dream in Australia's desert. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.


Still Life With a Hare
Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58465586
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Life with a Hare

The painting entitled "Still Life with a Hare," painted by Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin in 1730, is typical for its time in that hunting scenes were quite popular in Europe during this time period, especially in France, but the piece is atypical in its simplicity and tone. Whereas most traditional pieces in this genre depict the game, bloodied and slaughtered amidst hunting implements and the hunter who brought the creature down, this piece instead contains just the hare and a couple of hunting implements: a horn powder flask and hunting bag.

Chardin created what are considered some of the greatest still-life paintings of the eighteenth century, and he chose his subject matter quite deliberately. He was averse to hunting and apparently wanted to express in his paintings the feeling that while he did not share his countrymen's passion for the hunt, he could appreciate the stark beauty and…

Alexander the Great by Paul
Words: 1664 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67094621
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82). While much of his theories are conjecture, it is quite clear from his Appendix, ibliography, and Notes that he has conducted extensive research into Alexander and his life, and bases his theories on this exhaustive research. His theories may be conjecture, but it is clear he bases them on much historical fact, and so, they are easier to believe.

I feel that the author has included enough new information in the book to make it a worthwhile read, even for those who have read other books about Alexander. In addition, it includes so much other history of the time that it would be useful for anyone doing research into this particular historical epoch. Alexander's life is still legendary today, and I think people will get a bigger picture of Alexander the man and what motivated him by reading this book. It was dry and scholarly at times, but it…

Bibliography, and Notes that he has conducted extensive research into Alexander and his life, and bases his theories on this exhaustive research. His theories may be conjecture, but it is clear he bases them on much historical fact, and so, they are easier to believe.

I feel that the author has included enough new information in the book to make it a worthwhile read, even for those who have read other books about Alexander. In addition, it includes so much other history of the time that it would be useful for anyone doing research into this particular historical epoch. Alexander's life is still legendary today, and I think people will get a bigger picture of Alexander the man and what motivated him by reading this book. It was dry and scholarly at times, but it had enough good information that it was still worthwhile to read. It was not always easy to read, and it was not the kind of book you could race through to the conclusion. It took some concentration to reach the end, but when I did reach it I felt it had been overall a good reading experience.

In conclusion, yes, I would recommend this book to my friends if they were interested in Alexander's life or military history. I felt some of the book was difficult to wade through, and that it would not hold every reader's interest. However, anyone who is interested in Alexander or that period in history would probably enjoy this book. I would not recommend it if this period did not interest you, or you did not enjoy history topics. The book was heavy enough that it would simply be boring if a person were not interested at all in Alexander or his time. I would not call this book light reading, and I certainly would not keep it on my bedside table, but I would certainly keep it on my bookshelf if I were a serious student of Alexander and this period in history.


Cartledge, P. Alexander the Great: The hunt for a new past. New York: The Overlook Press, 2004.

Yanomami the Hopi Tribe The
Words: 2279 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46532489
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The territorial distribution among the villages is irregular and the distance between villages may vary from a few hours walk to a ten day walk.

Yanomami are basically peaceful people, however a number of them are brutal warriors. In majority of the cases, their militaristic skills are you to capture a woman in order to maximize the reproductive success of their best warriors. The general trend is that the militaristic villages are usually at a distance of several days walk from each other while the peaceful ones are usually at a distance of merely less than a day. The Yanomami do not live in the form of large populations and the villages will usually split when the population reaches 100 to 150 people. However, when there is war raging out there preferences change and they will not split before they reach a population of around 300 individuals. The reasons for…


Eggan, Frederick Russell: Social organization of the Western Pueblos: Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1950. 17, 373

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed.: Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 30, New York, Pageant Books, 1959: 560-568.

Lowie, Robert H.: The Hopi: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology: New York, Rinehard, 1940: 452-467.

Pro-Gun Control
Words: 3131 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78348320
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Gun Control

Laws & regulations not adequate enough:

Constitutional ight:

egistration & Licensing

Background Checks:

Federal egistration:


National ifle Association (NA):


Gun violence:

Gun crimes:


Sandy Hook and Colorado:

Black Market:

No need for assault rifles:

Government and Private protection:

Hunting Laws:

Political and Social pressure:


Public Opinion:

Counter Argument & ebuttal:

Public will not be able to protect itself:

Hand guns and law enforcement enough for public protection:

The possession of guns is considered as a matter of tradition and heritage of the society. However the usage of automatic guns in violent crimes has initiated a concern for society to urge government for imposition of strict gun control laws. The previous laws should be changed to restrict automatic rifles possession and sales. The high powered weapons should also avoided by the public to evade unnecessary violence. United States is country that allowed its citizen to…


Bright, J.C. (2010). Violent Felonies under the Residual Clause of the Armed Career Criminal Act: Whether Carrying a Concealed Handgun without a Permit Should is considered a Violent Felony. Duq. L. Rev., 48, 601.

Carter, G.L. (2006). Gun control in the United States: A reference handbook. USA: Abc-clio, LLC.

Cook, P.J., Ludwig, J., Venkatesh, S., & Braga, A.A. (2007). Underground Gun Markets*. The Economic Journal, 117(524), F588-F618.

Kellner, D. (2008). Guys and guns amok: Domestic terrorism and school shootings from the Oklahoma City bombing to the Virginia Tech massacre. USA: Paradigm Pub.

Bahram Gur and Azada's Representations
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Bahram Gur and Azada's Representations

The significance of Bahram Gur and Azad scene depiction is on artistic bowls of the medieval time. The bowls refer to ceramics, which illustrate different stories of Persian epic. This form of ceramic in modern times associate with Islamic ceramics, and it is a medieval enameling technique of Persia. These forms of enamel characterized by painting also relate to abundant figurative decorations. Few examples indicate that these paintings originate from the city of Kashan (Richard 25-31). The city was a leading manufacturing centre during the period. Decoration of minai', a painting, which uses both over glazed and unglazed techniques, was famous with the town of Kashan.

Description of Appearance of the Bowls

All minai bowls or vessels are typical white, but at times have turquoise. The technique of decoration is inglaze technique where decorations application is over unfired base, and during firing, the pigments sink…

Works Cited

Richard Ettinghausen, "BahramGur's Hunting Feats or the Problem of Identification," Iran

(17, 1979), 25-31.

Reuben Levy, "BahramGur and Azada," from The Epic of Kings, Shah-Nama the National

Epic of Persia (London, 1967), 298-301.

Animal Species Studied for This Report Include
Words: 2701 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10515392
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animal species studied for this report include the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) and the American lack ear (Ursus americanus). The plant species studied are the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and the Prickly Pear cactus (Opuntia humifusa). Each of these species has been observed at the local zoo, and further research has been conducted to learn about the environment in which each species would live in a natural setting. The behavior which have been observed within the zoo have also been combined with the noted behaviors of these species from a natural setting to give a more complete range of information. From this study, I have learned that there are many similarities between the behavior that can be observed in both plants and animals in a captive setting and their natural behavior. However, there are also many notable differences, based largely on to what degree the zoological habitat varies from that…


ContiE et al. "Wolf." Wikipedia. March 2004. 

Hilty, John. "Eastern Prickly Pear." Insect Visitors of Prairie Wildflowers in Illinois. 2003. 

Marshman, et al. "Opuntia." Wikipedia. March, 2004. 

Naddy, et al. "American Black Bear." Wikipedia. March, 2004.

Paleo & Archaic Periods
Words: 2280 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35084566
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Commitment Expectations
The major topic I have decided to research is the topic of the progression of the ancient people from the Clovis Period to the Late Archaic Period as represented by the artifacts and art that have survived them. Specifically, the paper will use the spear points of the Clovis Period found in Iowa from 11,000 BC and the White Shaman Mural found in West Texas from 2000 BC to describe the evolution of the ancient world—an evolution that begin with the people’s need simply to survive by hunting and using the spear points as a tool; after the progression of thousands of years and the migration of peoples to a region where they had new tools—rock walls—to tell stories and communicate ideas about where life came from, the people were able to address higher needs, such as the establishment of authority in the community and a myth about…

Benin Oliphant European Africa Oliphant Is a
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Benin Oliphant European Africa

Oliphant is a horn which is made of elephant ivory. The word "Oliphant " is an alternate spelling of the word elephant and was the name used in the Middle Ages about hunting horns in ivory made out of the tusk of an elephants. Just at the tip of the horn we get the mouthpiece coming out from fanged jaws of animal head. The surface of the horn is carved all through in low relief; merge images of incredible creatures of European and animals from African like serpents and crocodiles. The base of horn is carved using, the cross of Beja, the Coat of Arms of the Portuguese royal house and an armillary sphere while the base of the horn is fitted with silver-gilt rim.

Ivory hunting horn, of European form, has an opening at the ending. Its decoration is totally in relief, and is made…

Piaf Pam Gems provides a view into
Words: 46193 Length: 125 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 73251446
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in "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a circus acrobat father -- Edith learns to fend for herself from the very beginning. As a natural consequence of her surroundings, she makes the acquaintance of several ne'er do wells. She rises above the lifestyles of the girls she grows up with who prostitute themselves for a living in the hope that they will eventually meet a benefactor with whom they can settle. Edith has a talent for singing and she indulges this interest by singing loudly in the streets.…


Beauvoir, Simone de, and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.pp. lv, 786

Eisenstein, Zillah R. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. The Northeastern Series in Feminist Theory. Northeastern University Press ed. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.pp. xi, 260

Engels, Fredrick. "The Development of Utopian Socialism." Trans. Lafargue, Paul. Marx/Engels Selected Works. Revue Socialiste. Ed. Basgen, Brian. Vol. 3. New York: Progress Publishers, 1880. 95-151.

Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. 1894. Retrieved April 10, 2003 from.