Industrial Relations Essays (Examples)

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Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies Respected the Law

Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66424423

Upper Big Branch Mining Disaster

Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies espected the Law

Abiding by federal or state industrial laws is necessary since genuine minded legislators have processed the laws and not the profit-minded shark operating as a company executive. Laws provide a framework at which companies should follow. In most cases, laws specify the necessity of appreciating human life. Furthermore, laws provide an equal balancing of social expectations and company objectives. However, some companies have broken the laws. From their illegal actions, different calamities have been experienced in an industrial situation. The commencing research will highlight an example of this company, Massey Energy and its 2010 incidence that led to the perishing of 29 industrial workers. The research will prove that the self-regulation is not ethical as compared to industrial laws set by the government.

What Massey Energy could have done to avoid this tragedy?

Following April…… [Read More]

References

Blindheim, B., & Langhelle, O. (2010). A reinterpretation of the principles of CSR: a pragmatic approach. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 2, n/a-n/a.

Brenner, F.J., Brenner, E.K., Brenner, P.E., & Steiner, R.P. (1994). Evaluation of procedures to estimate biomass on surface coalmine lands reclaimed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Environmental Management, 18(2), 307-315.

Jenkins, H. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility And The Mining Industry: Conflicts And Constructs. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 11(1), 23-34.

Long, L.A. (2009). History of process safety at OSHA. Process Safety Progress, 28(2), 128-130.
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Industrial Organization vs Resource-Based View of Management

Words: 1708 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29857245

Industrial Organization vs. esource-Based View of Management

Analyzing the Differences Between esource-Based and Industrial Organization-Based Views of Strategy

In identifying the common and differing aspects or themes of the industrial organization (I/O)-based strategy which is also often referred to as the Competitive Forces Approach (CFA) (Porter, Stern, 2001) versus the esource-Based View (BV) (Barney, Ketchen Jr., Wright, 2011) this analysis identifies the differences and similarities between the two views. A major factor that previous analysis of these two views of strategies have either not covered at all or have only partially mentioned is how knowledge creation and its speed of transformation into a competitive asset, predicated on external conditions, is actually an asset (Dyer, Nobeoka, 2000).

Most relevant to managing a 21st century enterprise is the ability to respond intelligently and quickly to unforeseen events, capitalizing on opportunities and mitigating risks. Organizations are having to find a middle ground or…… [Read More]

References

Jay B. Barney, David J. Ketchen Jr., & Mike Wright. (2011). The Future of Resource-Based Theory: Revitalization or Decline? Journal of Management, 37(5), 1299-1315.

Cao, G., Wiengarten, F., & Humphreys, P.. (2011). Towards a Contingency Resource-Based View of IT Business Value. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 24(1), 85-106.

Conner, Kathleen R.. (1991). A Historical Comparison of Resource-Based Theory and Five Schools of Thought Within Industrial Organization Economics: Do We Have a New Theory of the Firm? Journal of Management, 17(1), 121.

Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
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Industrial Economic Regulations According to the Organization for

Words: 1128 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91303075

Industrial/Economic egulations

According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defines economic regulations (industrial regulations) as "intervening directly in market decisions such as pricing, competition, market entry, or exit ("Economic regulations," 2002). The main reason for economic regulation is because it is permits the straightforward businessman to succeed in the economy and decrease business relations within the economy from being broken by the illegal activity that takes place (Black, 2010). However, within the economy the market has four different structures that industries are classified under that the government uses to help control the advantages and limitations of supply and demand. The goal of the four structures is to look at how it "affects the outcomes in the market with impacts on the motivations, opportunities, and decisions of economic buyers and sellers through their behaviors within market competition" states Fischer (n.d.). The OECD defines social regulations as an impact…… [Read More]

References

Black, W. (2010, January 11). Inside the fed's secret war on good regulation. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23879_Page_1_19.pdf

Boyer, P. (2001). Federal regulatory agencies. The oxford companion to United States history. Retrieved May 18, 2011 from http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O119FederalRegulatoryAgencies.html

Department of Trade, Federal Trade Commission. (2011). Ftc guide to the antitrust laws. Washington, DC: Government Website. Retrieved from http://www.ftc.gov/bc/antitrust/antitrust_laws.shtm

Economic regulations. (2002, July 31). Retrieved from  http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=4639
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Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14045361

In Hartlieb and Jones' study, a company's ethical practices in the workplace are projected onto its products/services, making the products "ethical," resulting to the concept of ethical labeling (583).

Further into the 'trend' of promoting ethical work practices in the company, companies are also promoting their corporate image and improving their relevance to their communities by developing corporate social responsibility (CS) programs. Secchi (2009) explored the 'cognitive side' of CSs, and argued that CS programs act as a "reinforcement mechanism…that, when exercised…works as a social tie between user (communities, recipients) and provider (companies)" (578).

These trends in industrial/organizational psychology are reflected in P&G's corporate practices, through its branding, corporate governance, and CS programs. P&G's corporate governance promotes ethical work behavior by allowing its employees to have a stake in the company -- that is, P&G employees are also its stakeholders. P&G's ethical corporate practices are reflected in its branding efforts,…… [Read More]

References

Hartlieb, S. And B. Jones. (2009). "Humanising business through ethical labelling: Progress and paradoxes in the UK." Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 88.

Pastorizo, D., M. Arino, and J. Ricart. (2009). "Creating an Ethical Work Context: A pathway to generate social capital in the firm." Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 88.

Secchi, D. (2009). "The cognitive side of social responsibility." Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 88.

Procter & Gamble official website: www.pg.com.
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Industrial Organization Psychology Scenario The

Words: 2132 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55142920

" (Ivin, 2005)

The notion of utilizing sevant leadeship to enhance team wokgoups to pefom such as in the case study scenaio is a contempoay viewpoint with empiical evidence to show thee is effectiveness in implementing this fom of leadeship within the oganizational development famewok.

Poblem solving within the oganizational hieachy is often elegated to job specific activity to which one may o may not actual solve the poblem inheently active in thei domain. Often, poblem solving becomes a function of the goup think to which individual identities in the poblem solving pocess ae meged into a collective membane fo joint analysis. The use of motivational methods (Dubin, 2004) to incease the motivation to poblem solve has yielded meitocatic oganizations that focus on delivey of pefomance above all othe vaiables.

Additionally, the use of meta-communication (Dubin, 2004) evolves aound impoving oganizational communication such as teamwok communication and infomal netwok communication.…… [Read More]

references. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75(09631798), 315-315-337. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/199345870?accountid=13044

Irving, J.A. (2005). Servant leadership and the effectiveness of teams. Regent University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/305356267?accountid=13044 

Moliver, N. (2010). Psychological wellness, physical wellness, and subjective vitality in long-term yoginis over 45.Northcentral University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/506140189?accountid=13044

Petison, P. (2010). Intercultural communication and relationship marketing: A conceptual perspective. The Business Review, Cambridge, 16(2), 127-127-133. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/818338248?accountid=13044
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Industrial Expansion and Dispered Racial Conflict

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26456098

Industrial Expansion and Dispered Racial Conflict

The major theme of chapter four (Industrial Expansion and Dispersed Racial Conflict) in illiam Julius ilson's book entitled The Declining Significance of Race is the fact that racial migration in the U.S. was directly related to its industrial expansion. This industrial expansion included the usage of new technologies for agriculture in the south, and expanded opportunities for factory work in the north and in the western portion of the country. The primary migration involved African-Americans moving from the south to areas in the north and the west. Doing so resulted in increased racial tension, which really was a result of class conflict in the scheme of labor relations.

The author cites numerous facets of historical evidence to successfully marshal his support for this theme. The migration of African-Americans was generally attributed to a series of push and pull factors (ilson 66) that led them…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wilson, William Julius. The Declining Significance of Race. Illinois: University of Chicago Press. 2012. Print.
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Employee Relations Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes

Words: 1899 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58788488

Employee elations:

Industrial Conflicts and Collective Disputes:

Efficient and good industrial relations are usually dependent on the consistent, just and reasonable treatment as well as participation of the staff in issues and decisions that have an impact on them. The ideological framework of industrial relations involves the maintenance and enhancement of human resources procedures and policies. This framework of industrial relations also ensures that there is unbiased and consistent application of joint and consultative agreements. In this case, it includes the approved procedures of tackling disputes, grievances and issues regarding discipline. Industrial conflict basically refers to all the expressions of displeasure in the employment relationship particularly those that are related to employment contract and the effort bargain.

This type of conflict can also be defined as a pulling out from work by a group of employees or the rejection by employers to permit employees to work (Prit, 2008). The major…… [Read More]

References:

Gernigon, B, Odero, A & Guido, H (2000), 'ILO Principles Concerning Collective Bargaining,'

International Labour Review, vol. 139, no. 1, viewed 4 June 2011,

Industrial Relations -- Naukrihub.com (n.d.), Collective Bargaining Process, Industrial Relations

-- Naukrihub.com, viewed 4 June 2011,
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International Employment Relations Globalization Is

Words: 2780 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46935853

At the same time, this strategy undermined the ability of workers to gain collective power.

All these factors resulted in increased insecurity in terms of the job market and in terms of the relationship between employers and employees. Auer (2005: 6) addresses Kalleberg's point in this regard with an assertion that the common assumption is that the twin factors of globalization and technological advance would fundamentally change the employment relationship and its expectation of longevity.

Auer's view is somewhat less gloomy than that of Kalleberg in terms of the possibility of flexible, non-standard jobs not only supplementing the more standard, full-time variety, but also becoming standard themselves. In addition to providing greater employee satisfaction, standard, long-term jobs also influence the desire of employees to begin families, which in turn has a significant impact upon the economy. Individuals with greater certainty regarding the future of their income tend to be better…… [Read More]

References

Auer, P. (2005). Protected Mobility for Employment and Decent Work: Labour market security in a globalised world. International Labour Office. Retrieved from  http://ilo-mirror.library.cornell.edu/public/english/employment/strat/download/esp2005-1.pdf 

Dickens, L. (2003). Changing Contours of the Employment Relationship and New Modes of Labour Regulation. Retrieved from http://www.oit.org/public/english/iira/pdf/congresses/world_13/track_2_dickens.pdf

Frenkel, S. And Kuruvilla, S. (2002). Logics of Action, Globalization, and Employment Relations Change in China, India, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1003&context=cbpubs

Kalleberg, A.L. (2009, Feb). Precarious Work, Insecure Workers: Employment Relations in Transition. American Sociological Review. Vo. 74. Retrieved from http://www.soc.washington.edu/users/brines/kalleberg.pdf
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Human Resources International Employment Relations

Words: 2449 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2590512



5. How have the trade unions in the industry responded to the changes in employment relations in the industry?

Since 1991, both Labor and Liberal-National governments have encouraged enterprise bargaining, marking a major shift away from a more centralized approach to employment relations. On the other hand, there is still an aspect of external regulation in the automotive sector and more generally, across the industrial relations system. The AIC, a tribunal established by the Commonwealth Government at the turn of the twentieth century continues to have the power to settle disputes through conciliation and arbitration, to certify enterprise agreements and to establish minimum standards across the workforce. The ongoing role of the AIC has meant that the legacy of external directive continues to have an influence in the automotive assembly division, as do other third parties such as trade unions (Lansbury, Wright and Bairdi, 2006).

Over the last two decades,…… [Read More]

References

Lansbury, Russell D., Wright, Chris F. And Bairdi, Marian. (2006). Decentralized Bargaining

in a Globalizing Industry The Automotive Assembly Industry in Australia. Industrial Relations, 61(1), 70-92.

Riemen, Wendy and Marceau, Jane. (n.d.). Running on Empty? Innovation in the Australian

Automotive Industry. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from Web site:
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Lqbor Relations Project Labor Relations

Words: 3894 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34138801

In 1981, President onald eagan fired many striking air traffic controllers employed by Federal Aviation Administration. In the face of various challenges confronting labor unions, the union membership drastically, continue to decline. Since support from political party has declined, many workers believe that union's ability to protect their interests has drastically declined, and thus, many private workers belief that it is no longer necessary to be union members.

oberts, (1997) argue that labor unions have faced hard times and sustained membership loss. The hard times ranging from diminishing influence of bargaining to the intense of global competition and technological changes.

Added to the political influence that contributes to the decline of the union, there are other external dynamics affecting labor unions. Globalization has been identified as the one of the external dynamic that has impact on the unions' strategies.

External Dynamics affecting the Labor Unions

One of the external dynamics…… [Read More]

References

ASHHRA (2010). The Workplace Multigenerational Strategies & Solutions for healthcare employers. American Society for the Administration of Healthcare Human Resources (ASHHRA)

Devinatz V.G.(2011). U.S. Trade Unionism Under Globalization: The death of Voluntarism and the Turn to Politics. Labor Law Journal. 62 (1).

Estreicher, S. (2010). Trade Unionism Under Globalization: The Demise of Voluntarism. Saint Louis University Law Journal .54: 415-426.

Griswold, D. (2010). Unions, Protectionism, and U.S. Competitiveness. CATO Journal. 30 (1): 181-196.
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Human Resources Labor Management Relations Which

Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21648965

Both of these things are issues that affect the workers on an everyday basis. The management side of this issue had the power to make these changes and the labor side of the issue in the form of the union did not choose to bargain about them because they understood that they way the contract was written management had the right to make changes such as these.

In the case of Are Teaching Assistants (TAs), Research Assistants (RAs), and Proctors Employees Under the NLRA, the question at hand was whether or not these different groups were indeed classified as employees of the university and if so whether they were entitled to join the union and have the protections that being a union member would afford them. This issue again affected these people in regards to their everyday working environments. If they were to be classified as employees and thus allowed…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burt, Lindy. 2006. "Industrial Relations Theory: Lessons from a Private Sector Model for Public

Sector Transformation," viewed 9 October 2010,



"History of Labor Unions." 2010, viewed 9 October 2010, < http://www.shmoop.com/history-labor-unions/>
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State Involvement in Employee Relations

Words: 1613 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56947977

Employee elations

Exploring the elationship between the State and Employee elations

Employee relations encompass a wide scope of workplace environment aspects so that employees are protected and provided for. Essentially, employee relations involve all aspects of dealing with people within the workplace. This can include job regulation, hiring, discipline, but also managing employee relations so that the organization flows smoothly with competent employees (Bray et al., 2005). I, as stemming from a pluralist approach, deems that state involvement only restricts the natural power struggle in employee relations that allows the changing needs of employees to be best represented. On the other hand, a unitarist approach can help secure protection from exploitation for developing nations or countries trying to recover from economic hardships. Thus, it is ultimately appropriate to take on a blended approach regarding state involvement; one which is flexible enough to work with both approaches when necessary as it…… [Read More]

References

Ackers, Peter & Wilkinson, Adrian. (2005). British industrial relations paradigm: A critical outline history and prognosis. The Journal of Industrial Relations, 47(4), 443-456.

Bray, D. & Walsh, W. (2005). The study of industrial relations. Industrial Relations. McGraw-Hill. Web. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CEkQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fhighered.mcgraw-hill.com%2Fsites%2Fdl%2Ffree%2F007471550x%2F226849%2Fppt_ch01.ppt&ei=CsdjU_6CGNLqoATCmIL4Dw&usg=AFQjCNG7PDNy-Jk9AQpLRNRHnPFryeHjjQ&sig2=sn-AgL8NDtQIwe9DQBVKBw&bvm=bv.65636070,d.cGU

Cradden, Conor. (2011). Unitarism, pluralism, radicalism, and the rest? Sociograph Working Paper. No, 2. Web. http://www.unige.ch/ses/socio/publications/dernierespublications/sociograph10-1/sociograph_working_paper_7.pdf

De Silva, S.R. (2013). Human resource management, industrial relations and achieving management objectives. International Labour Organisation. ACT/EMO Publications. Web.  http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/publications/srshrm.pdf
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Human Resource Conflict Management and Employee Relations

Words: 1898 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7686226

Integrate the elevant Information Found Both In Organizations Today and in esearch

Human resource management HM is considered to be an integral part of any organization to make it run effectively and efficiently. Fundamentally, the principal objective of HM is to upsurge the economic profitability from employees through making them organized in a productive, inventive and powered force (Price 2007, p.31).

H function includes many activities like planning, recruitment and appraisal (Pulignano, 2010). But this paper will only focus on the employee relations, with certain details about conflict resolution. The objective of this paper is to familiarize the reader to the critical concerns in conflict management. To attain this objective, employees' relations will be highlighted from H point-of-view, which will eventually reveal various levels of conflicts taking place in an organization. Different methods and disputes will be discussed which are adopted by H managers to solve employee alterations. The role…… [Read More]

References

Alasheev, S., 2005. Informal Relations in the Process of Production, in CLARKE, S., ed. "Management and Industry in Russia: Formal and Informal Relations in the Russian Industrial Enterprise." Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Demirbas, D., and Yukhanaev, A. (2011). Independence of board of directors, employee relation and harmonisation of corporate governance: Empirical evidence from Russian listed companies. Volume 33 issue 4, (pp. 444-471)

Gospel, H. And palmer, G., 1993. British Industrial Relations. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.

Hardy, J. And Kozek, W. 2011.Changing workplace relations in foreign investment firms in Poland, Volume 33 issue 4, (pp. 375-394)
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Interview That They Conducted With Labor Relations

Words: 2079 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8979808

interview that they conducted with Labor Relations Ms. Sheila Brown, a Labor Relations Specialist who works with the U.S. government in Columbia, SC. The interview paper involved an interview where she answered questions and answers about her job so that the author could get a better understanding of her type of work. In addition to the interview, the project essay will begin with a literature review that will relate labor relations theory application that links to the actual job processes and/or functions. Then, we will relate the results of Ms. Brown's interview to gain real world insights into her profession and how it functions in the U.S. government. The literature review will give us an idea of how the discipline is different in the private sector.

Literature Review

Ms. Brown is officially known as a Labor Relations Officer/Manager (LROs) or Chief Human Relations Officer (CHRO). These terms can and are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ciccarelli, M.C. (2011). Trust at the top . Retrieved from http://www.hreonline.com/HRE/story.jsp?

StoryId=533342772.

Conaty, B., & Charan, R. (2010). The talent masters: Why smart leaders put people before numbers.

(1st ed.). New York, NY: Crown Business.
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Dunlop's Web Rules the Topic of Industrial

Words: 3412 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91759573

Dunlop's Web ules

The topic of industrial relations has been considerably important for both the employers as well as the employees. The topic is generally discussed in terms of relationship between both employer and the employees and moderating factors that govern outcomes of this relationship. John Dunlop was an eminent British economist who published his famous book called 'Industrial elation System' in 1958. In this book, Dunlop presented the theory called systems theory of industrial relations. Briefly, Dunlop's systems theory observed that industrial relation/s is a system composed of four main elements. Thus, industrial relation system is composed of certain actors, ideology that bonds the industrial system, contexts of the relationships, and certain rules that govern and moderate the relationship of governance of these actors. This also implied that an industrial relation system can be having distinct subsystem from economic or societal system in which the employer operates. Thus, four…… [Read More]

References

Australian Government. (2010). Overview: Fair Work Act 2009. Australian Government: Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations. Accessed 3 Sep 2013, <  http://www.rcsa.com.au/documents/Fair_Work/DM2-552754%20-%20Final%20-%20Overview%20of%20the%20FW%20Act%20module.pdf >

Bisom-Rapp, S 2009. 'What We Learn in Troubled Times: Deregulation and Safe Work in the New Economy'. Wayne L. Rev., vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1197-1250.

Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations. 2013. 'Fair Work Fact Sheets'. Australian Government. Accessed 3 Sep 2013,

Dunlop, JT 1984. Dispute resolution: Negotiation and consensus building'. Greenwood Publishing Group.
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Kirk v Industrial Court Analysis

Words: 2273 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6109686

Occupational Health Law Analysis

Occupational safety would seem to be simple to many but it is actually a quite complex subject and takes on many forms and levels of responsibility. Indeed, both the employees and employer alike have their burdens to meet in terms of preparation, procurement and safety of resources and when they must or must act in a certain way so as to uphold the security and safety of everyone in the company with people directly in harm's way being the ones that must be protected the most vigilantly. This report focuses in large part on an occupational health and safety legal case, that being Kirk v, Industrial elations Commission of New South Wales (NSW). While employees bear a strong burden to protect themselves as well as others in the workplace, there are several dimensions that ultimately fall on the employer without fail at some level or another…… [Read More]

References

Foster, N. (2010). General risks or specific measures? The High Court decision in Kirk.

Australian Journal of Labour Law, 23(3), pp.230-239.

Kirk v. Industrial Relations Commission of New South Wales. (2014). Bourke's Criminal

Law News Victoria, 10(2), pp.1-10.
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Social Conflict Racism and Labor Relations

Words: 1490 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69229072

Labor-capital confrontations had been long brewing since the dawn of the industrial age and the start of urbanization. As the owners of the means of production amassed capital, wealth became concentrated into the hands of the few. Labor movements emerged both in Europe and in the United States, transforming the political, economic, and social landscapes of nations. The environment in which labor-capital confrontations developed must therefore be understood within a broader historical context. Market liberalization and globalization led to increased opportunities for labor exploitation, in stalwart industries such as steel and other heavy manufacturing. At the same time, exploitation of workers led to worker unrest, strikes, and protests. The need for stability soon trumped the drive for unbridled financial gain, and the government of the United States finally helped bridge the gulf between labor and capital through a series of laws and commissions such as the National War Labor Board.…… [Read More]

References

Jeansonne, Glen. Transformation and Reaction. Waveland, 1994.

Pegram, Thomas R. One Hundred Percent American. Lanham, MD: Plymouth, 2011.
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Future of Unions in Labor Relations

Words: 3742 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31229459

Future of Unions in Labor Relations

Unions came about from the struggles and pain that individuals had to go through early on in history. Unions were something that did not spring up overnight, but rather took a great deal of time to develop as individuals began working out for themselves what types of organizations would be the best to protect their rights and ensure that they could not be treated cruelly or unfairly by those that they worked for (Kearney, 2001). The right to collective bargaining took almost 200 years in the United States but today these rights are held in almost every country (Kearney, 2001).

For many years unions were thought to be very important in labor relations. At least, employees have thought so. Much of the opinions had by those who have had to deal with unions in a dispute situation have been less than tolerant of unions…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BBC News. (2004, March 1). U.S. grocery strike is finally over. Retrieved 7 March 2004 at  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3521601.stm 

Bell, S. (1999, April 1). Union strategy, member orientation and union effectiveness: an exploratory analysis. Labour & Industry.

Kearney, R.C. (2001). Labor relations in the public sector. 3rd Ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Pritchard, J. (2002, September 30). As ships idle, longshoremen and shippers exchange threats. Ledger-Enquirer/Associated Press. Retrieved 8 March 2004 at http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/mld/ledgerenquirer/4181155.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp
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Industrial Revolution and Beyond it Is Difficult

Words: 4904 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64200298

Industrial Revolution and Beyond

It is difficult for anyone now alive to appreciate the radical changes that the Industrial Revolution brought to humanity. e imagine that we know what it was like before this shift in economics, in culture, in society: e think of farmers tilling fields and of their children piling hay into stacks for winter forage, or of trappers setting their snares for the soft-pelted animals of the forests, or of fishers casting their hand-woven and hand-knotted nets into the seas from the hand-sewn decks of ships. e imagine the hard physical work that nearly every person in society once had to do in the era before machines substituted their labor for ours -- and this exchange of human (and animal) labor for machine-driven labor is indeed one of the key elements of the Industrial Revolution. But it is only one of the key elements. For with the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atkins, Robert. Artspeak. New York: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Atkins, Robert. Artspoke. New York: Abbeville Press, 1993.

Banham, P. Reyner. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. Cambridge: MIT, 1980.

Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations. New York: Schocken, 1969.
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Industrial Capitalism in the U S

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62931122



Essentially, parenting styles changed dramatically and began to allow children for relative independence vs. relative inter-dependence that was seen before the implementation of industrial capitalism. This move far from traditional agricultural-based family structures lessened the degree of inter-dependence within the family and more towards individual independence within the larger family structure. Mothers and fathers were off working in the factories, leaving them as much less a part of every element of their children's lives. This left children home alone more often, forcing them to find their own relative independence outside the realm of their parents' supervision. Additionally, when children, when required to work, would work outside the context of the home in factories, where there was less supervision from parents. Thus, there was a greater focus on individual needs and individual lives, rather than the more familial unit thinking that was so prevalent before the Industrial Revolution took place.

This…… [Read More]

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Industrial Structure and Specialization of

Words: 2045 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31287116

For A, expansion to the east was logical given the global nature of its activities. Tesco has successfully pioneered expansion to CEE in the retail business where such expansions are fraught with numerous risks. For them, EU accession does not seem to alter much in terms of strategic orientation and perceived benefits from their CEE presence. For Soufflet, accession may open up the opportunity to export to the EU (Gligorov & Podkaminer, 2007). However, despite the seemingly secondary importance of EU and EU accession in network alignment in all cases they give a clear focus and long-term orientation to company strategies and coherence to network alignment (Timmer, et al. 2007). This conclusion as to the secondary but nonetheless strategic importance of EU accession in building industrial networks may be due to bias in our case studies which do not involve industries (with the partial exception of Elektrim) where regulatory aspects…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Foster, N. And Stehrer, R. 2007, Modeling transformation in CEECs using smooth transitions, Journal of Comparative Economics forthcoming.

Gligorov, V. And Podkaminer, L. 2007, Private Consumption and Flourishing Exports Keep the Region on High Growth Track, wiiw Research Report, No. 335, special issue on economic prospects for Central, East and Southeast Europe, Vienna, wiiw.

Peneder, M. 2004, High growth with old industries? The Austrian paradox revisited, in Foster, J. And Hoelzl, W. eds, Applied Evolutionary Economics and Complex Systems, Chelten ham, Edward Elgar, pp. 197-219.

Peneder, M. 2005, Creating industry classifications by statistical cluster analysis, Estudios de Economica Aplicada, 23 2, pp. 451-63.
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Industrial Finance and Corporate Governance

Words: 1209 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24165049

The most important objectives proposed by the ICGN refer to shareholders. Therefore, it is recommended to optimize return to shareholders, which should become the most important objective for a company. In other words, "corporate governance practices should focus board attention on this objective. In particular, the company should thrive to excel in comparison with the specific equity sector peer group benchmark" (ECGI, 2005). Another objective refers to the long-term prosperity of the business. This requires the development and implementation of a corporate strategy that focuses on increasing the equity value on a long-term.

Another recommendation refers to facilitating the exercise of ownership rights by all shareholders. In relation to this, all shareholders must be treated equitably. One of the most important recommendations refers to increasing the shareholders' possibility to be a part in the decision making process for matters of extreme importance to the company's activity.

The importance of corporate…… [Read More]

Reference List

Sapovadia, V.K. (2003). Good Corporate Governance: An Instrument for Wealth Maximization. MBA Department of Saurashtra University Conference, India.  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=955289 . Accessed January 18, 2008.

Corporate governance (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporate_governance. Accessed January 19, 2008.

ICGN Statement on Global Corporate Governance Principles (2005). International Corporate Governance Network. European Corporate Governance Institute. www.ecgi.org/codes/documents/revised_principles_jul2005.pdf. Accessed January 19.

La Porta, R. et al. (1999). Investor Protection and Corporate Governance. Social Science Research Network.  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=183908#PaperDownload . Accessed January 19, 2008.
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Industrial and Consumer Marketing

Words: 2018 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5364846

Fern and Brown (1984) claimed that the distinction between industrial and consumer marketing lacked any clear foundation, while more recently Vargo and Lusch (2011) argued that business-business markets underpin the most recent developments in marketing theory overall. In your opinion, is business- to-business marketing distinct from or, the same as consumer marketing?

Industrial and Consumer Marketing Distinctions

The issue regarding a distinction between business to business and consumer marketing is an important aspect that marketing specialists have tried to clear in the attempt of developing more efficient marketing theories. The importance of determining whether or not there is a distinction between these types of marketing relies on the fact that this information would contribute to developing efficient strategies for companies to use when addressing different markets. In order to develop efficient marketing strategies, companies must identify the principles that rule their type of industry. Therefore, it is important to understand…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Zimmerman, A. & Blythe, J. (2013). Business to Business Marketing Management: A Global Perspective. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=pqBag4CzgwwC&pg=PA65&dq=business+to+business+marketing+principles&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=4uhQU6XrLqSQ5ASUn4GAAQ&ved=0CEYQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=business%20to%20business%20marketing%20principles&f=false.

2. Hutt, M. & Speh, T. (2013). Business Marketing Management: B2B. Cengage Learning. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=8lMAWJXtf6QC&pg=PA14&dq=differences+in+business+to+business+and+consumer+marketing+principles&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=XDhRU6CiJMTiywOfmIHIDQ&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=differences%20in%20business%20to%20business%20and%20consumer%20marketing%20principles&f=false.

3. Donovan, R. & Henley, N. (2010). Principles and Practice of Social Marketing: An International Perspective. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=pM42Oqz8BuUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=marketing+principles&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=aUlRU42-JamCyQOj9oG4Cg&ved=0CEYQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=marketing%20principles&f=false.
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Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75077869

Human Factors and Interior Space Design

The objective of this work in writing is to summarize the article entitled "The Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design." This article begins by noting the importance of the human having tools that fit them well and that this was realized early in the development of the human species. Specifically, this article notes that Australopithecus Prometheus "selected pebble tools and made scoops from antelope bones in a clear display of selecting/creating objects to make tasks easier to accomplish." (p.3) Over the centuries there was improvement in the effectiveness of the tools as discovered by anthropologists and archaeologists including tools such as hammers, plows and axes. During the Industrial Revolution, more advanced machines were developed that assisted man with his work including such as the spinning Jenny and the rolling mills.

The methodology utilized in the study under review is reported to have…… [Read More]

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Industrial Marketing Management

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49814718

CarMax and Amazon.com with an Emphasis on Mergers and Acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions are the means of business expansion on the positive side, but the company can use these methods in order to ensure their long-term survival on the negative side too. Struggling companies can also request other organizations to acquire them because they cannot operate in isolation. The poor liquidity situation and unmanageable debt are leading causes of mostly completed acquisitions (Cartwright & Schoenberg, 2006). Companies create mergers in order to reap synergistic effects, and a marked difference between merger and acquisition is present because a former approach results in the death of all the companies involved in the deal. Merger results in the birth of a new company that can collectively use resources of all the parties. Acquisition is a sophisticated name for a buyout deal that results the company to become a subpart of another organization. A…… [Read More]

References

Cartwright, S., & Schoenberg, R. (2006). Thirty Years of Mergers and Acquisitions Research: Recent Advances and Future Opportunities. British Journal of Management Vol 17 (1), 1-5.

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2013). Strategic Management: Concept and Cases: Competiveness and Globalization. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Palmatier, R.W., Miao, C.F., & Fang, E. (2007). Sales channel integration after mergers and acquisitions: A methodological approach for avoiding common pitfalls. Industrial Marketing Management Vol 36 (5), 589 -- 603.
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American Society in the Industrial Age

Words: 422 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57250512

Industrial Age, sparked by innovations in technology, estward expansion, and the subsequent discovery of massive amounts of raw materials, dramatically altered the nature of American society. hat was formerly a rural and largely agrarian culture rapidly grew into an increasingly urbanized and industrial one. Improvements in transportation infrastructure through the railroads enabled the movements of goods and of people over long distances. Therefore, one of the key ways industrialization changed American society was by making Americans more interconnected via a network of transportation and communications systems. Small farms gave way to large, cash crop farms as individuals looked to the new factories and to the cities for work. Agricultural produce could be shipped over large distances eliminating the need for each family to have its own farm.

The industrial Age altered gender relations. omen worked on family farms, but after the Industrial Age, many women worked outside the home, in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carnes and Garraty. "American Society in the Industrial Age: Introduction." The American Nation: A History of the United States. 11th Edition. Pearson, Longman, 2005. Retrieved 21 July 2005 online from http://wps.ablongman.com/long_carnes_an_11/0,7137,251699-,00.html

'Industrial Revolution." Wikipedia.com. 21 July 2005. Retrieved online 21 July 2005 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution

"Post-Civil War Industrialism: The New Industrial Age." 2005. U-S-History.com. Retrieved 21 July 2005 online at  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h860.html
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History Industrial Revolution What Impact Did the

Words: 901 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38062

History Industrial Revolution

What impact did the Industrial Revolution in England have on the American colonies?

During the mid-eighteenth century, the Great ritain had started the Industrial Revolution; meanwhile the American colonies had not yet begun their journey towards industrialization. The main reason why the American colonies lagged behind the ritish was that the former had abundance of land and at the same time scarcity of labor. However, it should be note here that the Industrial Revolution in England impacted the American colonies in terms of economy and society; both positively and adversely.

In this paper, we shall discuss the positive as well as the negative effects of Industrial Revolution on America.

Economic Effects

It should be noted here that the framework of Industrial Revolution that was implemented in the American colonies was borrowed from England after the American industrialists saw that the Great ritain's economic position improved significantly after…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Bianchetti, Ann, "Teaching History in a Post-Industrial Age," Academic journal article from Social Education, 68 (2002): 5.

Welsh, Jim, "The Machine in America: A Social History of Technology," Journal of American Culture, 31 (2007): 1.
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Family Relations as Portrayed in Commercial Ads

Words: 3259 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10879807

Family Relations as Portrayed in Commercial Ads

Family relations are an important consideration in how companies interact with them. his is based on the knowledge that families form the nucleus of the society. As a result, ad developers have realized the necessity of addressing family relations in ad development. Commercial ad development with family consideration has a deep history relating back to the industrial revolution. Intuitive ads developed at the time focused inherently on the social attitudes (behavior and principles) as reflected on the reach of the ad to the society. In engineering the ad, different members of the family, are presented in their demographic role of a society or a family. his analysis will comprehensively analyze thirty-five ads, twenty-four commercial ads and eleven prints ads by examining the nature of family relationships in the society targeted by the each ad. he study will also analyze the dominant family types…… [Read More]

This print advertises the Kalbe Family initiative

The main context of the advert is a nuclear family matching in front

The dominant family is the nuclear family. The ad communicates on the essentiality of having protection covers for a family http://www.behance.net/gallery/KALBE-FAMILY-REWARDS-PRINT-AD-2012-%28KEY-VISUAL%29/8611195
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How the Industrial Revolution Changed the World Economy

Words: 2713 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49391644

Industrial Revolution Changed the orld Economy?

The Industrial Revolution that started in Great Britain in the latter part of eighteenth century is considered by some historians to be the most significant transformation in the economic environment of human civilization after the Agricultural Revolution. hile there is no disagreement on the view that the 'revolution' had a great effect on the world economy and transformed the lives of a large number of people, its effect was by no means uniform. hile it rapidly took roots in certain parts of the world, e.g., in Great Britain to start with, followed by certain countries of estern Europe, and the United States, large parts of the world -- in particular Africa -- remained untouched by it. In this paper I shall discuss the causes of the industrial revolution; identify the countries that were most affected by it and why; explain the effect of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ashton, T.S. The Industrial Revolution, 1760-1830. Oxford University Press: Oxford,1997

China" Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003

Industrial Revolution." MSN Encarta Online. 2004. June 4, 2004. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761577952/Industrial_Revolution.html

Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Washington D.C.: Howard University Press, 1981
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Interview Functions of Labor Relations Office the

Words: 1090 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82231489

Interview

Functions of labor relations office

The responsibilities of the labor relations manager

In this paper, I present an interview that I conducted with the Labor elations Officer/Manager within the Human esource department of our company. The aim of this interview is to reveal the real world the functions performed by labor relations.

Summary of the interview

My interview with the labor relations officer revealed to me several things on the functions of the labor relations department. Good labor relations are a recognizable as well as a legitimate part of a given organization. A good labor relation involves a rather complex relationship between several people, organizations as well as other organizational variables.

Functions of labor relations office

According to the interview the labor relations office is mandated with the coordination of activities with workers in their formal as well as informal groupings. This includes aspects such as trade unions, representatives…… [Read More]

References

Frederickson, GH (1969).Conflict within and between Organizations . Administrative Science Quarterly

Vol. 14, No. 4, (Dec., 1969), pp. 595-606

Forbath, WE (1994)The Presence of the Past: Voluntarism, Producerism, and the Fate of Economic Democracy: [Commentary]Law & Social Inquiry Vol. 19, No. 1 (Winter, 1994), pp. 201-215

Kathleen A. Curran, KA (1990)The National Labor Relations Board's Proposed Rules on Health Care Bargaining Units Virginia Law Review Vol. (76) 1, pp. 115-164
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Labor and the Industrial Revolution

Words: 3156 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69742315

Other employment prospects in fields such as petty trading, retailing, transportation and domestic service also developed simultaneously in urban areas. In the nineteenth century, when the industrial working class became much larger and more important in the social structure they begin to assert themselves socially, politically and economically, evolving into the social order we see today.

Growth of Cities

According to Jeffery G. Williamson (1990) Britain grew at an unusually rapid growth rate during the first part of the nineteenth century. Census data of the period indicates that some nineteenth-century cities grew at rates "that would bring cold sweat to the brow of twentieth-century housing committees" (p.2). Glasgow grew at 3.2% annum in 1830's, Manchester and Salford at 3.9% in the 1820's; Bradford at 5.9% in the 1830s, and Dukinfield nearly tripled in size the 1820's. These were the fast-growing cities and towns in the industrializing north.

The British population…… [Read More]

References

Comanor, W.S. (2005). Life during the Industrial Revolution. World book. irthebest.com. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from http://www.irthebest.com/industry_Industrial_life.html

Emsley, C., Hitchcock, T., & Shoemaker, R. (2011, March). Communities -- Irish London. Old Bailey proceediongs online. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from  http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/static/Irish.jsp 

"Industrial revolution: The industrial revolution in Great Britain." (2006) The Columbia electronic encyclopedia. Pearson Education Publishing as Infoplease. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858818.html

Kreis, S. (2001). The origins of the industrial revolution in England. The history guide. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture17a.html
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History Legal Framework of Labor Management Relations

Words: 1746 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90647132

History of Labor Relations in the United States:

From Industrialization to the Present Day

According to the textbook, Labor Relations, by Arthur A. Sloane & Fred Witney, the history of labor relations in the United States, has seen the increasingly professional nature of the labor union towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. This phenomena has caused union and management to form a more amicable relationship between one another, by in large, in many industries. However, this positive relationship, over the course of the history of the United States history, has been a relatively recent development. Legally speaking, labor unions have gained more rights in terms of their bargaining power with management, and workers have gained the right to freely organize and join such unions. ut these legal rights came only with great difficulty.

The American public's attitude towards unionization has also alternately…… [Read More]

Because of the blow dealt to the economy by the Great Depression many American workers began to distrust the nature of American industrialization, even capitalism. The 1930's were thus a fairly prosperous time for the labor movement in the sense that long-standing legal prohibitions were struck down that impeded the labor movement and worker autonomy in an unfavorable economy. After World War II, however, the balance between employees and employers began to shift slightly again, in favor of management. But management never retained the same unregulated place in industry as it had before the Great Depression. The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 ceded some bargaining power back to management at the expense of union membership, as did the La Griffin Act of 1957. But these acts clarified the terms of the earlier acts, rather than openly prohibited labor's right to exist, to organize, and to negotiate as an entity with managerial organizations of industry.

Today, this negotiation between the rights of labor and management continues. Union behavior as a management structure has become controversial. Even the long-merged AFL and CIO's organizational structure has undergone substantial revisions in recent years. (125) Nationally, it has been alleged, the major union structures often resemble the corporations they deal with, having elected heads and delegates from different industries and areas of the country. Local versions of unions often mimic this structure, or have their own structure, dependant upon local needs. (157) Membership in local unions was hard hit in the nation, particularly when the national arms of the AFL and the CIO were accused of having 'connections' or links to mob-related activities during the 1950's. Even relatively independent union organizations were viewed as suspect because of this perceived connection.

However, unionism as a force in America could never really die. The gains unions had accomplished for workers in terms of limiting hours were not forgotten, and even during the darkest days of labor and accusations leveled upon its increasingly bureaucratic structures, the memory of The Great Depression remained fresh in many workers' memories, even during the relatively prosperous 1950's and 1960's. Although unionization in America today has become increasingly fragmented, professional, and atomized, with the creation of professional and governmental unions and organizations, unions remain forces to be reckoned with in the landscape of industry.
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Technology and Social Change the Industrial Revolution

Words: 1205 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20478641

Technology and Social Change

The Industrial evolution completely changed the way that human beings live and work. Before the Industrial evolution, society was dominated by agrarian economies. The Industrial evolution created a new way of life in which an increasingly large percentage of the population either owned or worked in factories involved in mass production. Populations became increasingly concentrated in urban areas; fewer people worked on farms or owned farms. Instead of making their own goods and services, people now bought the majority of the items they needed in stores.

The current Knowledge evolution is technologically driven, just like the Industrial evolution. It is fueled by the Internet and radically expanded accessibility of information to everyone who has an Internet connection. In some ways, like the Industrial evolution, it is extremely democratic -- just as many people made their fortune through capitalism, the knowledge economy of World Wide Web has…… [Read More]

References

Gouras, M. (2003). Bulking up for a hardware battle. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved:

 http://articles.latimes.com/2003/dec/26/business/fi-hardware26 

How women use the web. (2013). Mashable. Retrieved:

 http://mashable.com/2010/07/28/women-on-the-web/
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Employee Relation Plan

Words: 1505 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57965244

Employee elation Plan

The first question that has to be considered is the objective of any employee relations program. This is generally listed out in a document that is circulated among all the staff as they are supposed to follow it. This involves certain laws, regulations and case laws, and has to be viewed as governing the policy of the organization including the required management delegations for the administration of the employee relations program. In general this defines the policy through which management officials along with the employee relations staff are expected to follow and the actions they are expected to take for ensuring the correct performance or resolve conduct problems among the employees. (Employee elations Program) One of the biggest problems of today is regarding harassing, violent and/or threatening behavior in the work environment. This has become a major problem in the American workplace today.

Harassment takes various forms…… [Read More]

References

About the Program" (2004) Retrieved at  http://cper.berkeley.edu/program/index.html . Accessed on 25 August, 2004

BPA Program. (2000) "Employee Relations Program" Retrieved at http://www.bpa.gov/EBR/BPAManual/chapters/400-700A.doc. Accessed on 25 August, 2004

Collins, Kathy. (April 17, 2000) "Measurement Drives Employee Relations Program at GM" PR and Marketing Network" Retrieved at http://www.prandmarketing.com/pr/prn0417measure.htm. Accessed on 25 August, 2004

Employee Relations" Retrieved at http://www.enr.state.nc.us/hr/html/employeerelations.html. Accessed on 25 August, 2004
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Foreign Relations of the U S

Words: 3375 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80732255



A second lesson was found in Kennedy's management of the crisis. The basic lesson learned was that, in the midst of such a crisis, leaders need time away from the glare of the media to resolve their own thinking and communications, and they need the self-confidence to limit their objectives to only what is needed to resolve the crisis, not "win" it.

It is believed that the Soviet's lesson was that you can't mess with nuclear weapons. In other words, when it gets to the point that you know you might destroy millions of innocent people, that is the depth of fear that leaders must realize, confront, and not back away from. What they must do is back away from the unnecessary and catastrophic events their pride might trigger.

The lessons learned by European leaders were probably not good ones. Kennedy did not consult with them during this crisis. They…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Barnett, R.J. "America in Vietnam: The Four Interventions (excerpted from the book: Intervention and Revolution)." 1968. thirdworldtraveler.com. 28 JUly 2009 .

Brenner, P. "The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: Turning History on its Head." 2002. George Washington University. 29 July 2009 .

U.S. Dept. Of State. "Kennan and Containment, 1947." n.d. U.S. Department of State. 28 JUly 2009 .

"What ended the cold war?" 8 August 2003. Everything2.com. 28 July 2009 .
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Human Resources Labor Relations the

Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87475280



1. Initial IBB Preparations.

2. Preparing with constituents.

3. Opening statements.

4. Identifying issues.

5. Developing a list of standards.

6. Identifying interests on each issue.

7. Identifying options for each issue.

6. Identifying the acceptable option.

8. Accepting the option as a tentative agreement. (Alfano, 1997)

During initial IBB Preparations the parties should choose a facilitators and the sharing of costs should be discussed. A plan should be laid out should an impasse occur and a schedule for meeting should be set as to time, place, and choosing someone to keep the minutes or record of the meetings. A list of standards needs to be developed for evaluation of proposed solutions for elimination of the unacceptable and toward finding the acceptable solution. The development of this list allows for the sharing of beliefs and better understanding each other

IBB Preparation Checklist

1. Employer and Union representatives meet to agree…… [Read More]

Works Cited;

Alfano, John C. (1997) Maine Labor Relations Board April 1996 Revised: March 28, 1997

Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service, 2000. Annual Report 1999 -- 2000. October.

Addison, J.T., and M.L. Blackburn, 1999. Minimum Wages and Poverty. Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 52 (3), April.

Osterman, P. (1994): How common is workplace transformation and who adopts it?, in Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 47(2), pp. 173-188
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Nature of U S -mexican Trade Relations it Is

Words: 4198 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37626195

nature of U.S.-Mexican trade relations, it is difficult indeed not to think of the statement of Mexican President Porfirio Diaz at the turn of the last century, "Poor Mexico, so far from God, and so close to the United States." For Mexico does continue to seem to occupy a benighted position vis-a-vis its richer and more powerful neighbor to the north, a position that is in no small measure defined and continually recreated by the nature and mechanisms of international trade between the two nations. This paper examines the nature of the trade relations between the United States and Mexico in the light of several classical economics theories and models as well as in respect to recent developments in the wake of the 1992 signing of the NAFTA accord and the last decade's worth of increasing globalization.

Economic Theories and Models

We begin by discussing and summarizing some of the…… [Read More]

References

Danaher, K. & Burbach, R. (eds.) (2000). Globalize this!: The battle against The World Trade Organization. Los Angeles: Community Archives Publications.

Esty, D. (1994). Greening the GATT: Trade, environment, and the future. Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.

http://www.econ.iastate.edu/classes/econ355/choi/ho.

http://internationalecon.com/v1.0/ch60/60c110.html
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Factory Owners During the Industrial Revolution You

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87653577

factory owners during the Industrial Revolution. You are having trouble recruiting and retaining workers, and getting them to do what you want them to do. What techniques would you use to accomplish your goals of achieving efficient and profitable production?

oday, because of the apparently unjust conditions of workers during the early days of industrialization, modern sympathies tend to lie with the factory workers in their efforts to unionize and secure their rights during the early days of the Industrial Revolution. However, even from the capitalist's perspective, unmotivated employees were not as productive as loyal and motivated laborers, thus it was perhaps mistaken to be blatantly unconcerned about workers rights. In fact, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the capitalist factory owners were often frustrated by the need to impose discipline upon workers who were used to agricultural methods and rhythms of labor. his began, initially, by paying workers…… [Read More]

Take a look at the three organizational charts at the websites below. How do these charts represent bureaucracy? How are they similar, and how are they different?

Bureaucracy is a word that has become almost synonymous with red tape and poor and inefficient procedures based not upon reality but upon protocols. However, some bureaucracy is necessary for large organizations to function. For example, for the Argone National Laboratory (http://www.ipd.anl.gov/anl_org_chart/) the organization in question demonstrates the series of bureaucratic channels, with one large organization enveloping several smaller departments of specific areas of equal expertise. The U.S. Department of Energy is technically in charge, overseeing the University of Chicago's operation of the lab in question. The university lab's official head has ultimate control over the smaller cell organizations, while each laboratory beneath the director acts as a department in and of itself, although still under official administrative control. Thus, smaller, but still crucial organizational hubs that serve different but equally necessary functions under the larger, official bureaucratic heads and within a larger bureaucracy.

The functional chart for Argone stands in contrast to the human-focused organizational chart offered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human services. Although both charts show top-down hierarchies, there is an emphasis on personality as well as function in the Heath and Human services diagram, and thus the chart is more complex -- it is both more specific, but also, because it contains more information a bit more difficult to understand for a layperson from the outside, about the many different functionaries within each individual cell of the bureaucracy. (http://www.os.dhhs.gov/about/orgchart.html)
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President Obama and Governor Romney Approach to International Relations Issues

Words: 2679 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90964753

Obama & Romney -- Foreign Policy Approaches

If "realist" stands for a person who pursues "security" based on "self-interest," "determinism," and "morality" on the international scene (quotes chosen from Chapter 1); and if "liberal" stands for "capable of cooperating," "cooperation," the impact of "non-governmental groups" (NGOs), "having many interests" and "international society," then President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney both reflect some of each of these traits, albeit Obama leans more toward a liberal, cooperative approach to international relations and Romney stalks a position based more based on power and self-interest and -- although he doesn't spell it out in specifics -- he embraces the concept of American exceptionalism (that is, the U.S. has the moral role of providing leadership for the world because American values are on a higher plane than other values). This paper reviews and critiques positions each candidate has taken on foreign policy issues, referencing the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allison, Graham. "The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50." Foreign Affairs, 91.4 (2012): 11-16.

Baker, Peter, and Bilefsky, Dan. "Russia and U.S. Sign Nuclear Arms Reduction Pact."

The New York Times. Retrieved October 13, 2012, from   http://www.nytimes.com   2010.

Baker, Peter. "Romney and Obama Strain to Show Gap on Foreign Policy." The New York
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Government-Business Relations Since the End

Words: 2462 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27199523



(Reich, 2009)

The Japanese Government to usiness Model

The Japanese government has more direct control of private business. The difference is that it is doing so, as a partner to ensure that the business is able to maintain successful long-term economic growth. The government does not offer subsidies or any kind of bail outs. Instead, they help companies through loans, tax breaks and other forms of assistance. This helped to contribute to the success of the Japanese auto industry by allowing executives to focus on how their organization can grow in the future. (Johnson, 1985)

usiness, government and the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan

The Liberal Democratic Party helped to liberalize the relationship that the government would have with the auto industry. As it would be successful in helping Japan to eliminate protectionism; this is something that would allow Japanese cars to become more competitive in markets around the world.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Automobile Industry Introduction. (2010). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from Plunkett Research website: http://www.plunkettresearch.com/Industries/AutomobilesTrucks/AutomobileTrends/tabid/89/Default.aspx

CAFE Overview. (2010). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from NHTSA website: http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/cafe/overview.htm

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Guidelines. (n.d.). Retrieved May 6, 2010 from NHTSA website:  http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/import/fmvss/index.html 

G8's Gradual Move. (2008, January 25). Retrieved May 6, 2010, Council of Foreign Relations website: http://www.cfr.org/publication/13640/
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Primary and Secondary Publics in Public Relations

Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34548602

Public relations came about as a result of the need to reach out to customers with the aim of informing me them about products and services being offered, especially after the Industrial revolution. In order to meet this need, professionals had to be involved thus giving birth to public relations. When public relations started, there were several developments that took place such as the identification of the two-way symmetric model as a form of public relations practice. This model emphasized on the evaluation of feedback from publics and then resolving the conflicts through two-way communication and eventually arriving at mutual understandings. This new approach to public relations was the most significant since it complements the earlier three approaches of publicity, public information, and two-way asymmetric (Stuart et al., 2007). This latest model is built on principles of communication as listening and on conflict resolution and the search for mutual benefits…… [Read More]

References

Geoffrey, P., (2009). Event Reports, ANA Multicultural, JCPenney builds on

180 years of history to reach the modern customer. Retrieved from:  http://www.warc.com 

Stuart, B.E., Sarow, M.S., and L. Stuart. (2007). Integrated business communication in a global marketplace. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Richard, E., (2002). The Art of Cause Marketing: How to Use Advertising to Change
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British Jamaican History Political Relations Between

Words: 2935 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57766581

British-Jamaican

The original inhabitants of Jamaica are long forgotten, their name barely a footnote in Caribbean history. The main legacy of the Arawak Indians has been the word "Xamayca," meaning "land of wood and water," ("A Brief History of Jamaica"). Xamayca gradually became rendered as Jamaica, an island nation with a tumultuous but vibrant history. The first non-native settlers on Jamaica were the Spaniards. Christopher Columbus included it in Spain's territorial acquisitions in 1494. Soon thereafter, a small Spanish settlement existed on the island until 1655. The Spaniards killed every last Arawak, either via use of force or exposure to disease. Moreover, the Spaniards bought African slaves and brought them to Jamaica to work on the budding sugar plantations. Growing interest in sugar was fueling the Age of Imperialism. Britain was poised to strike the Caribbean.

In May 1655, a convoy of British ships arrived and startled the Spanish settlement.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"A Brief History of Jamaica." Retrieved online: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~beckf20s/classweb/History.html

"Brief History of Jamaica." Retrieved online:  http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Jamaica-history.htm 

Draper, N. The Price of Emancipation: Slave-ownership, compensation and British society at the end of slavery. Cambridge studies in economic history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Holt, Thomas C. The Problem of Freedom. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
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European Union Member States Relations With Their Overseas Territories

Words: 17554 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16781713

political framework of EU and OCT

European Union (EU) and Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) are in association with each other via a system which is based on the provisions of part IV of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU), consisting of detailed rules and measures which are laid down in the document issued on 27th November 2001 title Oversees Association Decision. The expiry date of this association decision is 31st December 2013. Stress has been laid down by the European Council in its conclusions issued on 22nd December 2009 that the relationship between OCT and EU should continuously be updated in order to reflect latest developments not only in EU and OCT but thorough out the world. The commission has also been encouraged to make revisions to the Overseas Association Decision and present it in front of the council prior to July 2012 (Hill et al.,…… [Read More]

References

Agnew John, "Geopolitics re-vision world politics," Routledge Taylor & Francies Group, pp 1-5

Alan Taylor, American Colonies: New York: Viking, 2001, pp. 57 -- 8.

Baldwin, David. Ed. Neo-Realism And Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Balzacq, T. (Ed.). Understanding securitization theory. The design and evolution of security problems. Oxon: Routledge, 2010.
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Race and Ethnic Relations

Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67788884

Race and Ethnic Relations:

Giddens suggests that the central problem in this piece is climate change that is brought by the emission of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. One of the major factors that have contributed to the problem is that the three dominant energy sources across the globe i.e. gas, oil, and coal produce huge amounts of greenhouse gases. The pollution of the atmosphere through industrialization processes, which are major characteristics of today's society, has also contributed to the problem of climate change. Industrial revolution was primarily fueled by the scientific and technological advances that turned coal into a vibrant source of energy. These advancements resulted in the change from burning wood as a basic source of fuel to increased dependence on coal. The change into use of coal as a major energy source resulted in an entirely new way of life that is based on machine production.…… [Read More]

Work Cited:

Giddens, Anthony. "Climate Change: Running Out, Running Down." Social Problems Related to Population and the Environment. 549-55. Print.
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United States the Sioux Indians 1850 Industrial

Words: 1354 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60470209

United States, the Sioux Indians 1850, industrial a nature society ( assimilated) relationship environment. Include elements making contrast. 1.The environmental values societies.

Sioux vs. Industrialism

The issue of industrial societies contrasting indigenous communities when concerning the position that each of the two had in regard to the environment is particularly controversial in the context of the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century. Although Sioux Indians adapted to change at the time, they still had trouble employing behavior similar to the one put across by the American government. Native Americans in general were especially concerned about the environment, as they believed that they were connected to it through their ancestors and through their culture as a whole. hereas the 1850 American government was focused on exploiting resources with no regard to the environmental damage that it left behind, the Sioux Indians were virtually standing powerless and watching…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Cunningham, William P. & Cunningham, Mary Ann, "Principles of environmental science: inquiry & applications," (McGraw-Hill, 2007).

Fleck, Richard F., "Black Elk Speaks: a Native American View of Nineteenth-century American History," Journal of American Culture 17.1 (1994).

LaDuke, Winona, All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1999).
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Slavery and Race Relations Slavery

Words: 1838 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29591358

But tat doesn't really cange te istory or te reality of any event. Emancipation sould ave been our first concern but fortunately it was not even one of te main concerns let alone te first one. Lincoln along wit oter political eavyweigts were more interested in appeasing te Sout and various efforts were made to please te Soutern elite since secession was an imminent possibility.

So for various political and economic interests, te ugly practice of slavery was allowed to continue in te country tat claimed to be te campion of democracy. Te blacks and Americans will forever remember Abraam Lincoln as te man wo emancipated te slaves and abolised tis abominable practice once and for all, but te trut is tat Lincoln did tis only for political reasons. As researc indicates: "Despite te common perception to te contrary, te Civil War was not fougt primarily on te slavery issue.…… [Read More]

http://www.britannica.com/presidentsWebapp/article.do?articleID=9116928

Abraham Lincoln: Inaugural address:

http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/ebooks/pdf/LinFirs.pdf.
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A concise Analysis of Labor Relations Law

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89720181

National Labor elations Act of 1935, and discuss how it protects employees.

The National Labor elations Act

The conventional union law, which constitutes much of labor law, concentrates on workers and worker rights collectively. One may distinguish this from employment legislation which deals largely with matters pertaining to individual workers' rights. Of the many rules and legislations that constitute labor law, the most important would be the 1935 NLA (National Labor elations Act), codified at 29 U.S.C. § 151-169. This piece of legislation aims at serving U.S. national interests with respect to labor relations in the nation. As one may observe in times of extensive labor strikes, tense employer-workforce relations can swiftly have serious, nationwide negative impacts. Well-defined policies with regard to management and labor foster the nation's best interests of maintaining maximum economic production. Peace in the manufacturing sector is critical to a successfully operating economy. Thus, the Act…… [Read More]

References

(n.d.). HR and Employment Law Hot Topics Index. National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) - HR Topics for human resources. Retrieved September 19, 2016, from http://topics.hrhero.com/national-labor-relations-act-nlra/#

(n.d.). LII / Legal Information Institute. National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) - Wex Legal Dictionary / Encyclopedia - LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved September 19, 2016, from http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/national_labor_relations_act_nlra
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What Are the Major Difficulties for the Development of Chinese Private Industrial Enterprises

Words: 2707 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57426217

China and the Economy

Chinese Enterprise therefore is needed to better facilitate growth in China. In regards to China, private enterprise growth has lagged substantially behind that of State owned enterprises (SOE). Private enterprise, particularly in emerging markets will be a catalyst for future economic growth and development within the region. Free trade allows for the transfer of goods and services when demanded by specific economies. It also allows the countries best suited for such activities to flourish. Private Enterprise is important within the Chinese region as it continues to provide services to developed nations. The citizens of developed countries benefit as they have access to cheaper products and services. With the advent of globalization, Chinese manufactures are better equipped to expand overseas to expand their manufacturing competitive advantage.

The question regarding private enterprise is important as China is quickly becoming a dominant economic power. As such, private enterprise will…… [Read More]

References

1) China NBS (No.1 2012): Announcement of National Bureau of Statistics of China

2) China Statistical Yearbook 2010, 2009 figure from China NSB Statistical Data (NSB 2009-revised -China GDP figure

3) DeGlopper, Donald (1987), Chapter 9 -- Science and Technology, A Country Study: China, Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2012

4) Tschang, Chi-Chu (4 February 2009). "A Tough New Year for China's Migrant Workers." Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/feb2009/gb2009024_357998.htm. Retrieved 10 September 2012
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Sociological Views of the Division of Labor in Nineteenth Century Industrial Capitalism

Words: 1364 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77256521

Marx/Durkheim/Simmel

At the time of the Industrial Revolution, philosophy had already dealt substantially with the notion of "division of labour" although the terminology was slightly different. Our modern sense of the division of labour is, of course, largely derived from nineteenth century industrial capitalism, and it was based on this paradigm that sociological thinkers like Marx, Durkheim, and Simmel would analyze the phenomenon. But we might note by way of introduction that they were inheriting an earlier tradition that emerged from earlier pre-industrial forms of capitalism, what began to emerge in England in the Elizabethan period and thereafter. Thus the Elizabethan idea of a "great chain of being" -- which posited an order and hierarchy to social relationships -- would gradually come to be altered by thinkers like Thomas Hobbes and Bernard Mandeville. By the early eighteenth century, Mandeville would lay down the basic principles of an idea of division…… [Read More]

Works Cited.

Coser, Lewis. Masters of Sociological Thought. Second Edition. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, 2003. Print.
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Why Don't Class Politics Predominate in Advanced Industrial Societies Advanced Capitalism Social Differentiation and Politics

Words: 1539 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48546093

Politics Predominate in Advanced Industrial Societies? Advanced Capitalism, Social Differentiation, and Politics

The focus of this work is to examine the question asking why it is that class politics fail to be predominant in advanced industrial societies. Towards this end, this work will review the work of Karl Marx entitled "Classes" (1867) and the work of Calhoun, et al. (2012) entitled "Contemporary Sociological Theory."

Summary of the Theories

The work of ourdieu (1976) entitled "Outline of a Theory of Practice" demonstrated the development of the core of his theory as an effort to "understand the clash between enduring ways of life and larger systems of power and capital, the ways in which cultural and social structures are reproduced even amid dramatic change, and the ways in which action and structure are not simply opposed but depend on each other." (Calhoun, et al., 2012, p.325-26) In addition, ourdieu is reported to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Calhoun, Craig, et al. (2012) Contemporary Sociological Theory. 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Marx, Karl (1867) Classes. Chapter 14.

Weber, Max (1914) The Distribution of Power within the Political Community: Class, Status, Party. Chapter 22.
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Alberta Government Federal Government of Canada Relations

Words: 2362 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30025836

Alberta province of Canada is considered one of the strongest economies in North America, being culturally diverse as well as politically and environmentally stable. Its varied landscape, sunny climate and varied geography make it a most ideal locality and provide its people an excellent quality of life. Alberta is endowed with abundant natural resources, natural sceneries, and capable manpower that altogether make it the perfect place to live and work in. These outstanding features are collectively referred to as the Alberta advantage (Government of Alberta 2002). Its people are vibrant, resourceful and productive entrepreneurs, whose goods and services rank among the most excellent in the world. This level of excellence draws from the inherent pioneering spirit of the earliest settlers of the province. The present principal industries of the province are agriculture and related industries, forestry, telecommunications, oil and gas. Its oil and gas industry, which began in the late…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brown, Jim. 2003: Canada's Chretien Downplays Kyoto Economic Impact. CNEWS. http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Politics/2003/10/20/23/511-cp.html

CBCNews, 2002: Consumers Will Feel Pinch of Kyoto, Say Opponents. CBC. http://www/cbc/ca/stories/stories/2002/09/03/ab_kyoto020903

CTV News Staff. 2003:Three-quarters of Canadians Support Kyoto: Poll. CTV.ca. http://www/ctv/ca/servlit/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/10340/4051181_29423251/:hub=Canada

Government of Alberta. 2002: Canadians Divided on Kyoto Ratification. http://www.gov.ab.ca/home/index.cfm"Page=332.
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Republicans Attack on National Labor Relations Board

Words: 2502 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49523530

GOP Aacks on NLRB

Labor Movemen & Srucure of he NLRB

In his paper I explore he sae of he curren relaionship beween he Republican Pary and he Labor movemen in he Unied Saes. In par one I briefly race he hisory of he labor movemen in he Unied Saes and he passage of he Naional Labor Relaions Ac and he emergence of he Naional Labor Relaions Board. . In he paper's second secion, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he sae level-wih special aenion paid o Wisconsin and Ohio. In par hree, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he naional level wih respec o heir aacks on he Naional Labor Relaions Board, focusing specifically on he House's refusal o appoin and approve anymore Board Members and heir recen passage of he Proecing Jobs from Governmen Inerference Ac. Finally, I explore boh he fuure prospecs of union busing sraegies and…… [Read More]

to the Board's duties and mission. The site houses a copy of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 and its subsequent amendments, in addition to an explanation of the duties of the NLRB, its dispute resolution process, directions regarding how to file a complaint, and the life cycle of labor law violations.

Zieger, R.H., & Hall, G.J. (2002). American workers, american unions: The twentieth century. (pp. 13-56). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Zieger and Hall catalogue the history of the American Labor Movement by beginning with a frank look at the state of unregulated industry in the first quarter of the twentieth century. They move on to catalogue the rise and fall of the American Labor Movement including the emergence of the strikes, the legal battles, the issue of race and labor, and finally the nature of labor in the United States at the beginning of the 21st Century. Zieger and Hall provide an extensive historical and legal overview of the rise of the unions.
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Comparing the State of Labor Relations in the US and India

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73176743

Union vs. Nonunion Environments Labor elations

Although non-unionized employees work in organizations, they are not members of any labor unions. The notion means that they are not represented by any work union at their workplaces. Conversely, unionized workers are engaged in certain unions that represent them at their workplaces. Such labor unions are pertinent because they serve as bargaining liaison. U.S. is among nations where both unionized and non-unionized workers are present. It is important to affirm that there are varied labor relations in these different working environments. The purpose of this paper is to compare the labor relations system in the U.S. and another country regarding union and non-union working environments. In this case, labor relations in India are compared to that of the U.S.A.

Evidently, India is among countries where labor unions are limited. There exists a difference in labor relations in both countries. As seen from the…… [Read More]

Reference

Holley, W., Jennings, K. & Wolters, R. (2011). The Labor Relations Process. New York: Cengage Learning

Lewin, D. & Kaufman, B. E. (2011). Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations. New York: Emerald Group Publishing
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Today's International Relations and World Politics

Words: 1652 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33969143

Biggest Challenges

The Three Biggest Challenges Facing the International Community & How They Affect International Relations

In my opinion, the three biggest challenges facing the international community are:

Inequality

Terrorism, and

Nuclear Proliferation

These challenges have assumed crucial importance in recent times and have significantly affected international relations. If the international community fails to tackle these issues satisfactorily over the next few decades, they may become uncontrollable with overwhelming consequences for the whole world. This essay looks briefly at these three issues in turn and explains how they affect the current and future international relations.

Inequality

Economic and social inequality has assumed grotesque proportions in recent times and the indications are that it is on the rise. For example, the richest 1% in the world (50 million people) have income equivalent to the poorest 57% (2.6 billion people) and four fifths of the world's population live below what countries in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohn, Marjorie. "Understanding, Responding to and Preventing Terrorism." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) (2002): 25+.

Eland, Ivan. "Bush Administration Bluster Exacerbates Nuclear Proliferation." The Independent Institute. May 2, 2005. May 3, 2005.

Elliott, Larry and Charlotte Denny. "Top 1% earn as much as the poorest 57%." Guardian Unlimited. January 18, 2002. May 3, 2005.

"Inequality." World Revolution.org. 2005. May 3, 2005.
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Employment and Labor Relations

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89402269

mployment and Labor Relations

Key Legislation

The National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (or Wagner Act) protects the rights of most workers in the private sector of the United States to organize unions, to engage in collective bargaining over wages, hours, and terms and conditions of employment, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands. The Act does not, on the other hand, cover those workers who are covered by the Railway Labor Act, agricultural employees, domestic employees, supervisors, independent contractors and some close relatives of individual employers.

The Wagner Act established a federal agency, the National Labor Relations Board, with the power to investigate and decide unfair labor practice charges and to conduct elections in which workers were given the opportunity to decide whether they wanted to be represented by a union. The NLRB was given more extensive powers than…… [Read More]

Effective Communication of Laws, Regulations and Organizational Policies

An employee handbook (or employee manual) details guidelines, expectations and procedures of a business or company to its employees. Employee handbooks are given to employees on one of the first days of his or her job, in order to acquaint them with their new company and its policies. While it often varies from business to business, specific areas that an employee handbook may address include a welcome statement, which may also briefly describe the company's history, reasons for its success and how the employee can contribute to future successes. It may also include a mission statement, or a statement about a business' goals and objectives.

Orientation procedures usually involves providing a human resources manager or other designated employee completed income tax withholding forms, providing proof of identity and eligibility for employment (in accordance with the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986), proof of a completed drug test (by a designated medical center) and other required forms. An area devoted to definitions of full- and part-time employment, and benefits classification also describes timekeeping procedures, such as defining a "work week." This area may also include information about daily breaks, for
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Social Psychology 2nd Morality and Group Relations

Words: 2970 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70706901

Social Psychology 2nd

Morality and Group elations: Possible Bias

The article entitled "Morality and intergroup relations: Threats to safety and group image predict the desire to interact with outgroup and ingroup members" as written by Brambilla et al. is comprised of three different research studies. However, each of these studies explores different facets of the same phenomena: how morality within and outside of groups varies by type of threat, and what sort of behavior these threats elicit from these same groups (Brambilla et al., 2013, p. 813). There is an extreme amount of relevance to the research conducted within this article and the principle research question of the present author, who is attempting to ascertain the meaning of relationships with moral development and reasoning in social groups.

Prior to stratifying the analysis of this paper to the three respective studies, it is necessary to mention various salient factors regarding the…… [Read More]

References

Fiske, S.T., Gilbert, D.T., Lindzey, G. (2010). Handbook of Social Psychology. New York: Wiley.

Tuffin, K. (2004). Understanding Critical Social Psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Brambilla, M., Sacchi, S., Pagliaro, S., Ellemers, N. (2013). Morality and intergroup relations: Threats to safety and group image predict the desire to interact with outgroup and ingroup members. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 49: 811-821.

The purpose of this article is to extend on previous rsearch relating the issue of group morality to the perceived threat and influential behavior within an ingroup as actuated on the part of an outgroup. The researchers studided an ingroup of Italian nationals and an outgroup of Indians who were living Italy. Therefore, there ethnic differences between these groups as well as those which may have been perceived related to nationality.
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Labor Relations Have Changed Tremendously

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96377356

The open and free market economies proved successful from a management perspective, and government supported the primacy of the profit motive.

The consequences of these fluctuations has been a system that favors management in the United States. Labor unions have been systematically ridiculed socially, lumped together with communism and therefore derided by the American public. Similarly, labor unions have lost their political clout to a certain degree, and management has secured political power over laborers. Wages have remained deplorably low, so low that income disparity in the United States resembles that of Third World nations. Income disparity in the United States is the steepest of any other industrialized nation. Countries with strong labor laws such as the nations of northern Europe tend to be more egalitarian societies with fewer class distinctions and less of a wealth gap. The American model allows unbridled business growth at the expense of social justice.…… [Read More]

References

Freeman, R. (1996). Solving the new inequality. Boston Review. Retrieved April 13, 2007 at http://bostonreview.net/BR21.6/freeman.html
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Women Participation in Marine Industry the Relation

Words: 2063 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49781867

Women Participation in Marine Industry

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Women represent a considerable portion of the world's labor force. However they face the hurdles of wage discrimination, harassment, and occupational segregation which ultimately limit their economic advancement. Historically, marine industry does not tend to be a successful career path for women. However, with the passage of time women have penetrated quite deeply in this marine industry. This essay highlights the participation of women in marine industry and the role played by policy making organizations like International Transport Federation (ITF), Seafarers International Research Center (SIRC), International Labor Organization (ILO), and International Maritime Organization (IMO). It explains the extent to which these various marine bodies are addressing the issue of gender.

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Traditionally marine industry has been…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Belcher, P. Sampson, H., Thomas, M., Veiga, J. & Zhao, M. (2003). Women Seafarers: Global

Employment Practices and Policies, Geneva: International Labor Organization.

Dcomm (2003). Women seafarers: Fighting against the tide? As on land, so by sea: Women join

the ranks of seafarers, World of Work Magazine, 49, Retrieved September 29, 2012, from http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/magazines-and-journals/world-of-work-magazine/articles/WCMS_081322/lang -- en/index.htm
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Political Science International Relations Definitions

Words: 2290 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42689123

Economists can demonstrate how, in the aggregate, consumers and industry benefit from free trade. In the process of creative destruction, however, some industries and workers are displaced by the changes wrought by free trade.

The measurement of benefit in the case of Volkswagen continues to reverberate today, after over 25 years. When VW entered the Chinese market, it did so over the objections of its local labour unions and politicians. Part of the objection came because the State of Lower Saxony controlled 20% of the shares, and the government was concerned about the loss of jobs in its domestic sector. The managers of VW saw it differently: by creating a successful and growing subsidiary in China, the reasoning went, the company could increase its generated cash and derive strategic benefits from finding a lower-cost supplier of parts.

There were, however, forces to overcome:

Unions threatened to strike in Germany unless…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Chase, S. (1947). A Generation of Industrial Peace: Thirty Years of Labor Relations at Standard Oil Company. New York: Standard Oil Company.

Chunli, L. a. (2003). The Chinese Automobile Industry and the Strategic Alliances of China, Japan, the U.S.'s Firms. Cambridge: MIT International Motor Vehicle Program.

Dubois, C.P.-D. (2007). Thrombin-initiated platelet activation in vivo is vWF independent during thrombus formation in a laser injury model. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 953-960.

Economist. (2007). 2008 World Almanac. London: Economist.
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Company's Investment Success Especially in Relation to

Words: 2129 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11566243

company's investment success especially in relation to other companies. The paper aims at establishing how a company's competitiveness can be calculated in relation to others in the same industry and the factors that hinder the calculations or hinder a true picture of the same

Compare industry average and a main competitor

For convenient comparison of industry average, majority of companies place Industry average values next to a company's financial measures for convenient comparison. To get a clear picture, a company can obtain industry average from its competitor by carefully examining (its competitors) stock screen results. (Gray, 2004)

However it is notable that various industries have their peculiarities with some operating under very heavy debts which would companies in other industries. For instance, software companies enjoy high profit margins that other companies envy and that all software companies must attain to stay in the game.

For that case, to see whether…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gray, A. (2004) Introduction to Marketing, 7th Edition, New York, Prentice Hall

Riahi, A. (2003) The Capital Structure Paradigm: Evolution of Debt? Equity Choices; New York, Praeger

Riahi, A. (1999) Capital Structure: Determination, Evaluation and Accounting

Titman, S (1988) Journal of Finance, Volume 43, Issue: 1, Publisher: American Finance Association; Blackwell publishing
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Family Relation Dynamics

Words: 1578 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15410632

Family elations esearch

The Sociology of Families and Households is a film that will be examined in this paper. The film is full of controversial topics as well as complex socioeconomic issues that will be discussed in detail. A textbook, Public and Private Families, written by Andrew Cherlina share a lot of concepts of the film will be brought in to the discussion as well.

The various relationships that exist between Marxist theory, sociological perspectives, structural functionalism, as well as the family and early feminist theory are examined throughout the program. It examines the rapid decline in marriage over the last few decades as well as the great increase in couples choosing cohabitation. Divorce is increasing and the fertility rate is on the decline in the U.K. All of these factors have combined to affect the traditional family in Britain and has created new challenges for them in how everyday…… [Read More]

References

The Sociology of Families and Households. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.educationaltrainingvideos.com/The-Sociology-of-Families-and-Households.html

Cherlin, A. (2013). Public and Private Families: An Introduction (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Sociology of the Family. (2013). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.academicroom.com/topics/sociology-family

Parker, S. (2013, October 25). Why family issues are economic issues. Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.wnd.com/2013/10/why-family-issues-are-economic-issues/
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International Relations and Biology

Words: 7088 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58334919

Scientific and Political Aspects

of Genetically Modified Foods

While there is little controversy over many aspects of biotechnology and its application, genetically modified (GM) foods have become the target of intense controversy. This controversy in the marketplace has resulted in a firestorm of public debate, scientific discussion, and media coverage. The countries most affected by this debate are Middle Eastern and third world countries, who stand to reap the benefits of solving widespread starvation, and countries such as the United States, as strong suppliers of genetically modified foods. The world's population is predicted to double in the next 50 years and ensuring an adequate food supply for this booming population is already a challenge. Scientists hope to meet that challenge through the production of genetically modified food plants that can help in warding off starvation as the world's population grows.

Although "biotechnology" and "genetic modification" commonly are used interchangeably, GM…… [Read More]

Bibliography

"A Rice Dilemma." Social Issues Research Center. 2002. Social Issues Research. 13 Dec. 2004



Bredahl, Lone. "Attitudes and Decision Making With Regard to Genetically Engineered Food

Products -- A Review of Literature and a Prescription of Models for Future Research." Journal
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Union Labor Disputes Canada Wal-Mart

Words: 6077 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74391495

But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.

Wal-Mart…… [Read More]

References

Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.

Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.

Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.
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Roles and Responses of Key

Words: 2429 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1910319

ubsequent AWAs stipulated that the employer had to abide by fundamental regulations dealing with occupational health and safety, workers' compensation or training arrangements. However, the AWA had to adhere to (and was not expected to exceed) the most minimal Australian Fair Pay and Conditions tandard neither did it take dispute resolution procedures into equation. Even though the AWA has been reformed in parts by consequent Acts, the essence remains unchanged and critics condemn it as endeavour on the behalf of powerful corporation to inhibit the growing influence of trade unions.

In 2006, it was discovered that from a sample of 4% of 6,263 AWAs made during that year, 100% of AWAs removed at least one protected Award condition; 64% of AWAs eliminated annual leave; 63% of AWAs have removed penalty rights; 40% of AWAs cut out leave of public holidays; 16% of AWAs removed all bonus and promotional conditions and…… [Read More]

Sources

ACTU (2003) Future of Work: Industrial Legislation Policy http://www.actu.org.au/congress2003/finalpolicies/irlegislation_final.html

Baird, M. & Williamson, S., (2009) 'Women, Work and Industrial Relations in 2008', Journal of Industrial Relations, 51(3).

Burgess, V., (8 April 2005 ) Percentage of Union and Non-union Certified Agreements in the Federal Public Service Australian Financial Review, CPSU bulletin

Callus, D & Lansbury, L (2002) Working futures: the changing nature of work and employment relations in Australia University of Sydney. Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training (ACIRRT) )
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Emotional Labor Implications on a Call Centre

Words: 3259 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72146890

Emotional Labor

Implications on a Call Centre

During the last two decades Contact or call centers have emerged as the answer to cost effectiveness for all sort of businesses that require back end customer services (Boreham et al., 2007). These call centers hailing from different countries are very similar with respect to markets, offered services, structure of the organization and type of workforce. This industry has flourished very quickly but usually these call centers are about ten to twelve years old hence still in infancy. Despite the similarities that exist across the globe in standards, processes and customers; are these call centers actually catering to the emotional side of this work.

Being a repetitive task with only a set of responses most of the time with no creativity and innovation in the services process added with long hours and no formal education on the subject, do these call centers affect…… [Read More]

References:

Ashforth, B.E., & Humphery, R.H. (1993). Emotional Labor in Service Roles: The influence of Identity. The Academy of Management Review, 18(1), 88-115.

Blau, P. (1989) Exchange and Power in Social Life, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Chu, K.H. -L. (2002) The Effects on Emotional Labor on Employee Work Outcomes. Unpublished Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Hochschild, A.R. (1983) The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Los Angeles, California, United States of America; University of California Press.
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IR Portfolio of Work Amcor

Words: 1502 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63094941

The economic condition of a country could also affect the Amcor Company. In the time of recession, the company was generally affected by the costs of labor, which affected the company profitability.

Industrial elations and Procedures

The industrial relations cover all aspect of formal relations with Amcor Company's employee and its representatives. The purpose of industrial relations is to achieve a harmonize workplace. The workplace policies and procedures are communicated to Amcor Company through NSW Government Industrial elations in Australia. The NSW Government Industrial elations website contains all the relevant information that the company needs to comply with the workplace policies and procedures.

Contract of Employment

The following provisions are provided in the contract of employment of Amcor Limited.

Details duties required by employees,

Set out whether the duties are full time or part time,

Agreement or award applying to the position,

All payments and fringe benefits related to the…… [Read More]

References

Amcor Limited (2012). Maintaining a safe workplace. Amcor Limited Australia.

Australian Government (2012). Introduction to the National Employment Standards. Fair Work Ombudsman. Australia.

Australian Government (2012). South Australian Industrial Relations Tribunal. Australia.

Frazer, A. (2004). Interpretation in Industrial Agreements, and the High Court Redundancy
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Benefits Role and Criticisms of Labor Unions

Words: 3319 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16689905

Role of Labor Unions in Industrial Relations

In their definition, labor unions have always been known as organizations that have always aimed at getting their members both financial and non-financial benefits. The role of labor unions is however bigger than that and they have been known to aid in helping employers improve the productivity and discipline of their workers. Labor unions respond to issues differently. This is explained by the differences in industrial relations contexts and also policies of different states as well as strategies of the various employers around the country.

Employees come together to form a labor union to achieve a common goal. Labor unions have several goals. Some of the goals include agitating for higher retirement benefits as well as other benefits for its members. They also seek to increase the number of workers assigned for specific job tasks. They ensure that employees work under good and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baglioni, G. And C. Crouch (eds.) (1990) European Industrial Relations. The Challenge of Flexibility (London: Sage).

Barrow, C. (2013). Industrial Relations Law. New York: Routledge.

Blanpain, R. (2007). Decentralizing Industrial Relations and the Role of Labor Unions and Employee Representatives. New York: Kluwer Law International.

Blanpain, R., & Baker, J. (2010).Comparative Labor Law and Industrial Relations in Industrialized Market Economies. New York: Kluwer Law International.