1000 results for “Investigation”.
Corporate Criminal Justice
The following study is a critical analysis of four articles or book passages relevant to the study of criminal justice in a corporate context. Each essay or book excerpt will be analyzed in turn and in the context that each has a significant intellectual contribution to make to the contemporary study of corporate criminal justice. hile this is a relatively new specialization within the corporate and criminal justice fields, it is nevertheless a very important one. The IRS indicates that crime has recently been categorized in terms of motivation, not in terms of the victim (Internal Revenue Service). This means that greed has become an enormous criminal category, one that must consider the excesses of white-collar crime. Additionally, there is the matter of corporate security and management of asset securities. For corporations, this means achieving a delicate balance between complying with the law, relying on federal law enforcement…
Dalton, Daniel R. Security Management: Business Strategies for Success. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann. 1-37.
Internal Revenue Services. Financial Investigations: A Financial Approach to Detecting and Resolving Crimes. INSERT REMAINING CITATION INFORMATION.
Keller, Kimberley S. "Securing Security Expert Testimony: Overcoming the Daubert Challenge to Reach the Witness Stand." Security Journal 17.3 (2004): 21-29.
McCrie, Robert. "Three Centuries of Criminal Justice Privatization in the United States." Police. Ed. EDITORS. PLACE OF PUBLICATION: PUBLISHER, DATE. 12-26.
NIn spite of touch being very significant as a communication means, very little is known on why and when touch takes place and what can be deduced when it takes place in opposite-gender or same-gender interactions. Studies focusing on this topic concerning gender and touch have had a focus on touch occurrences that are observed, those that are reported, the beliefs people hold on touch meanings, the perceptions of observers on the interactions taking place and the empirical assessments made on the responses registered for those acts of touch. elevant methods and questions are few and the literature is also small given the vastness of touch variety. But the relevant literature is actually bigger than the amount that researchers in the field seem to be aware of. They always allude to the same studies over and over again (Stier & Hall, 2004). A study that was semi-structured did an investigation…
Ostrov, J., Woods, K., Jansen, E., Casas, J., & Crick, N. (2004). An observational study of delivered and received aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment in preschool: "This White Crayon Doesn't Work . . ." Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19(1), 355-371.
Stier, D., & Hall, J. (2004). Gender Differences in Touch: An Empirical and Theoretical Review. Journal of Fenoiulity and Social Psychology, 47(2), 440-459.
evidence, it seems possible that an altercation occurred between the husband and wife and the two of them are 'covering' up this incident. deally, a detective with expertise in domestic violence cases should be in charge of the investigation. Separate officers should interview both the wife and husband before the couple has a chance to 'get their stories straight,' and note any inconsistencies between the two accounts. The other officers involved should attempt to exclude any other possible explanations for the injuries, eliminating the possibility that a so-called burglary did occur. The patrol officer who has established a rapport with the children should clearly be a presence during the interview process, given that children can be notoriously difficult interview subjects and it is helpful to have a comforting figure to support them. nterviewed independently, the children might be more forthcoming than either parent about the details of the husband's…
I agree with Jones (2008) and his assessment that police bureaucracies are complex by their very nature. Even if there is an attempt to enact change in a top-down fashion, the multifaceted nature of police organizations means that changes tend to occur in a non-linear format. Also, police organizations are affected by many situational variables and constraints that can inhibit reforms such as the different perspective of officers in the field and managers with less exposure to physical risks. There is also an institutional culture which can be very insular and resistant to change yet which may be necessary to brave some of the stressors of modern policing. Crime itself is a multifactorial problem and as complexity science allows, causal relationships in regards to criminal behaviors are difficult to determine. This is one of the advantages of de-centralized approaches such as community policing, which creates a more atomized and responsive structure for police organizations.
DENISE ARTHUR M4D2
The concept of 'strategic management' is interesting when applied to policing because it takes some of the models previously only relegated to business and applies them to modern-day policing. The police must serve the public like effective business organizations must serve customers. The concept of 'systems thinking' takes into consideration the dynamic social environment in which police organizations must operate, in contrast to the usual static approaches embraced by many government organizations hemmed in by bureaucratic cultures. By decentralizing authority police organizations can be more adaptive.
CEO's Private Investigation
Key issues in the case
This case is about a new CEO known as Cheryl Tobin who contemplates launching an inquiry in a fraud case that might have taken place at the firm. The CEO as a new employee has assumed a legendary position at the company. The position had previously been held by the deceased James awlings who was the reckoning force behind the tremendous innovative achievements and success of the company and acquiring new business opportunities, which enabled them to be ahead of other players in the industry. In fact, the deceased CEO met his death while still negotiating for a business deal after succumbing to aneurysm (Finder, Brandon, Kubasik, Comey, Klein & Teuber, 2007).
Before talking over the CEO position by Cheryl, she was an employee of the Boeing Company heading the company's largest units. Their main rivals included Hammond holdings and she was among the active…
Brown, E. (2008). Inspired Jewish leadership: practical approaches to building strong communities. Woodstock: Jewish Lights Pub.
Eugene, F. (2009). Undercover investigations in the workplace. Boston; Oxford,
Finder, J., Brandon, H., Kubasik, C., Comey, J., Klein, E. & Teuber, W.J. (2007) 'The CEO's private investigation', Harvard Business Review, 85 (10), pp. 47-60, Business Source
Medical Death Investigative Systems
Past and Present Systems
Death investigation of some sort has existed in all countries for centuries, but not always performed by medical professionals (Committee, 2003 as qtd in Moldovan, 2008). The link between law and medicine traces back to the ancient Egyptian culture in 3000 .C. This was followed by the English coroner system in around the 12th century. The 194 Articles of Eyre first used the term "coroner" by the English until brought by the first colonists to the New World, America as basis for a legal investigative function. A medical examiner replaced the coroner system in 1890 then functioning in altimore. A medical examiner is a trained medical specialist in pathology. The field of death investigation became more and more sophisticated in cities and States, like New York. The Office of the Medical Examiner was established in 1918. Its main function was to determine…
National Academy of Sciences (2003). Medico-legal death investigation system workshop. Committee for the Workshop on the Medico-legal Death Investigation
System. Institute of Medicine: National Academy of Sciences Press. Retrieved on October 12, 2010 from http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=10792&page=12
Moldovan, E (2008). The medico-legal death investigator. ProQuest: ProQuest LLC.
Retrieved on October 12, 2010 from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/medicalegal/review.php
Internal Affairs Procedures for Handling Investigations
All professional organizations have an ethical standard that they are required to comply with, but some occupations have a much greater code due to the reliance of the public trust. Certain medical professionals (doctors and nurses) can be held to what seems a stricter standard because lives are at stake, but they do not have stricter standards than law enforcement professionals. Whether the individual enforces the laws at a federal, state or local level, it is important that there be an exacting code of conduct, and a means of evaluating and disciplining improper actions. This paper examines the Florida state procedures with regard to internal affairs in the areas of investigation, determining findings, discipline and decertification.
The first step in the internal affairs process requires that a citizen or another officer makes a complaint against a police officer (Caldero & Crank, 2011, 303). The…
Caldero, M.A., & Crank, J.P. (2011). Police Ethics: Corruption of Noble Cause. Burlington, MA: Anderson Publishing.
Florida Internal Affairs Investigators Association (FIAIA). (2012). About us. Retrieved from http://www.fiaia.org/index.html
Goldman, R.L., & Puro, S. (2001). Revocation of police officer certification: A viable remedy for police misconduct? St. Louis University Law Journal, 45.
Miami Police Department. (2012). Internal affairs division. Retrieved from http://www.miami-police.org/internal_affairs.html
Fire Investigation Unit
How important is it to a city fire department to have an investigation unit? Since police departments in most cities have an investigation unit -- it seems logical given the issues related to fire and arson that fire departments should also incorporate investigation units into their programs. This paper provides positive arguments in favor of an investigation unit, arguments that the fire chief can use in his presentation to the county council.
The field of fire investigation is "…extremely specialized" and there are a very limited number of "truly certified individuals" that have the needed training and experience to conduct "thorough, competent investigations" (United Professional Fire Fighters). In other words, fire departments should hire a proven professional in this field -- or select one or more quality firefighters from the current department to be sent to a training program -- and in either case this will cost the city…
Flannery Associates. (2008). Section 4 -- Fire Investigation & Arson / Unit 1 -- Fire Investigation
& Fire Loss. Retrieved October 26, 2012, from http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~tglan/documents/101docs/FIS101fireinvestigation.pdf.
United Professional Firefighters of Contra Costa County. (2010). Fire Investigation Unit.
Retrieved October 26, 2012, from http://www.iafflocal1230.org .
obstacles to prompt and efficient forensic investigation in major crime scenes. The presence of too many unnecessary personnel in the crime area and poor communication or reporting of the details are these obstacles. The applicable FI rules and an analysis of each issue follow. A conclusion is also provided for each issue.
Too Many Unnecessary Personnel at the Crime Scene
The presence of too many extraneous personnel is considered the biggest hindrance to effective and prompt crime investigation (Schiro, 1999). What makes it worse is that most of these unnecessary people are police officers themselves (Schiro).
The policy mandates the initial responding officer or officers to identify all personnel or persons at the crime scene and to oversee their movements (FI, 2000). Then the officer or investigator in-charge shall evaluate the scene in order to come up with a list of specialized resources needed in the investigation (FI).
Protecting the crime scene is…
FBI (2000). Crime scene investigation. Office of Justice Programs: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved on July 3, 2014 from http://www.fbi.gov/about.-us/lab/forensic-science-communications/fsc/april2000/twgcsi.pdf
Schiro, G. (1999). New crime scenes -- same old problems. Southern Lawman Magazine:
Forensic Science Resources. Retrieved on July 3, 2014 from http://www.forensicsciencresources.com/NewScenes.htm
Yolasite (2012). Crime scene analysis. The Investigation, Retrieved on July 3, 2014 from http://www.theinvestigation.yolasite.com/crime-scene-analysis.php
Recommendation: The training staff must ensure all participants in a "live" fire training exercise "have received the training and opportunities to properly perform the job." And this is pivotal to safety measures for recruits: A student's first experience "in a live burn exercise should not be in an acquired structure" (IIL).
Structures and Facilities (NFPA 1403 4.2 & 4.2.2): Buildings selected for structural fire training exercise must be properly prepared -- which in this case, the row house at 145 South Calverton Road, it was not properly prepared. A previous ventilation drill, which opened several upper floor walls to the outside air (and the wind which was 20 miles per hour at that time) made the building "unsuitable" for live fire training. Adding to the mistakes made in the exercise at 145 South Calverton Road was the serious question as to whether the fire department had permission to burn that…
BCFD Preliminary Investigation Into The Line Of Duty Death Of Recruit Racheal M. Wilson
On February 9, 2007. (2007). Retrieved November 12, 2009, from http://www.minnesotafireservice.com/pubs_open/20070226bcfd_wilsonreport.pdf.
Goodrich, Art. (2007). Baptism by Fire or Death by Diversity? Retrieved November 12,
2009, from http://chiefreasonart.com/about-2/.
oles in an Investigation
In this kind of investigation whereby the police psychologist is investigating the homicide of a high profile member of the community, the police psychologist plays several roles. One is that he or she will be involved in collecting and analyzing of psychological evidence that pertains to the homicide case. In this role, the police psychologist will be involved in a process that starts at the scene of the crime whereby he will use scientific principles and formulas to help in solving the crime. In this role, fingerprint collection and analysis of other identifiers of the crime scene is essential to solving the case. The psychologist will also be involved in analyzing of impressions of the crime scene to see what they match and also run the crime scene impressions and collected fingerprints with comparisons of others in the police database. Identification and analysis of trace evidence…
Durand & Barlow. (2007). Essentials of Abnormal Psychology. Mason, Ohio.: Cengage Learning.
Feldman, F. (2013). A PSYCHOLOGIST'S ADVENTURES, PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL. The American Journal of Psychology, 126(1), 119-124. doi: 10.5406/amerjpsyc.126.1.0119
Hansen, M. (2000). Suicidal Missions: Psychological autopsies to uncover motivation in suspicious deaths are themselves now suspect. ABA Journal, 86(3), 28-29. doi: 10.2307/27841067
Hartwig, M., Granhag, P.A., Stromwall, L.A., & Kronkvist, O. (2006). Strategic Use of Evidence during Police Interviews: When Training to Detect Deception Works. Law and Human Behavior, 30(5), 603-619. doi: 10.2307/4499497
An exemplar of Holocaust literature, Peter Weisss The Investigation is also remarkable for its structure and style. Divesting himself of the need to subscribe to the standard three-act or five-act play, Weiss combines creative nonfiction with a self-conscious nod to Dante. The play is essentially a dramatic reenactment of actual war crimes trials referencing the concentration camps at Auschwitz. Also unlike a traditional play, there is no protagonist. The bulk of the action has already occurrednot just off stage but in reality; audience members know exactly what is being discussed and why. What makes The Investigation remarkable is the way the playwright blurs the line between theater and reality to expose the darkness in the human soul.The opening scene sets the stage for the primary theme of personal accountability and responsibility, as the prosecutor asks pointed questions about how those complicit could not have known that they were sending people…
Weiss, Peter. The Investigation: A Play. Woodstock, IL: The Dramatic Publishing Company.
1 Times and Trayvon
The police unit that responded to the Trayvon Martin killing did not do a thorough inspection. They did not even know that Zimmerman’s car was there until his wife attempted to move it. They did not thoroughly canvas the neighborhood and knock and doors—otherwise they would have probably learned that Trayvon was a guest there at his father’s girlfriend’s place. The unit did not even have a homicide division because there were so few murders in the region. For that reason, it may be understood that there were gaps in the procedural work: they were simply inexperienced and not staffed for such an investigation. Would the case have ended up differently had the police been more thorough in their investigation? It is difficult to say: the trial quickly became politicized, which means a lot of talking heads were less interested in facts than in race war. As…
Investigators need more than just acute analytical skills and organizational acumen, but also deft interpersonal competencies. The ability to gather and collect data from multiple sources often depends on interviews, frequently with hostile audiences. Even interviews with cooperative subjects would require sensitivity to the situation, the ability to establish rapport, and the knowledge of what questions to ask in order to elicit the necessary information. Investigators also need to understand nonverbal communication and cross-cultural communication cues, to avoid biases and misperceptions, which could not only stymie an investigation but also lead to ethical and even legal conundrums. Establishing a reliable network of credible informants and allies, leveraging support, planning for interviews, asking the right questions, analyzing and communicating the answers to colleagues: these are only a few of the interpersonal skills that an investigator can possess. While it is impossible to narrow down the gamut of interpersonal skills required for…
In this essay about special prosecutor Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election, we provide an overview of the information available at the time of publication about that investigation. The essay will explain who Robert Mueller is; what the investigation is trying to find; and why the investigation was instigated. In addition, the essay will discuss the latest news, as of May 21, 2018, about the investigation. In addition to discussing the Mueller investigation, the essay will provide you with a technical guide for writing academic essays. In addition to being formatted in an appropriate academic style, it will include all of the standard parts of an academic essay, including: introduction, thesis statement, evidence and analysis in the body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Robert Mueller- Robert Mueller is the special prosecutor appointed to look into Russian interference in the 2016 Presidential campaign. As evidence increases suggesting that…
They are frequently discussed and re-filled so that they meet the required standards, and then the investigations are launched. Furthermore, as the previous section has shown, the investigation is launched if the product in question makes up 25% of the entire production volume within the European Union. Eggert however feels that this limitation is too low and should be raised to 50%.
Investigation: the levels of transparency are generally reduced and the information used in the investigation is seldom made public. The investigation allows parties to participate in the resolution, but imposes a ten day limit for signing up; similar time limitations are imposed and they are not enforced by constitution and not necessary. Investigations relative to NME -- Non-Market Enemies -- are granted special treatment, but the criteria to establishing which countries are not market threatening is not publicized. Similar to NME, there are also MET -- Market Economy…
Davis, L., 2009, Ten Years of Anti-Dumping in the EU: Economic and Political Targeting, European Centre for International Political Economy, http://www.ecipe.org/publications/ecipe-working-papers/ten-years-of-anti-dumping-in-the-eu-economic-and-political-targeting last accessed on August 25, 2009
Eggert, J., 2006, Observations on the EU Anti-Dumping Regulation, FTA Position for the Expert Meeting, the Free Trade Association, http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/129812.htm last accessed on August 25, 2009
Strange, R., Slater, J., Wang, L., 1998, Trade and Investment in China: the European Experience, Routledge, ISBN 0415182670
2002, Asia-Pacific Development Journal, Vol. 9, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Development Research and Policy Analysis Division, United Nations Publications, ISBN 9211201470
The author talks about several investigations, including the assassinations of John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King, jr., that have been aided by firearm evidence teams.
Evidence Submission Guideline #10: Firearms Evidence. Indianapolis-Marion County Forensic Services Agency Retrieved February 12, 2010 from http://www.indygov.org/eGov/County/FSA/Documents/Firearms.pdf
This documents provides the guidelines for investigators submitting firearm evidence in Indianapolis-Marion County. It has guidelines for every step of the evidence-collecting process. For example, photos that are taken must have a scale (such as a ruler next to it) to show size. In the firearm itself, the investigator is asked to include certain information in their notes such as the appearance of the cylinder, the marks made on each side of the top strap, and diagrams showing the direction of the rotation. There are also directions on how to package cartridges (both fired and unfired) such as making sure they are surrounded by cotton or a similar…
"Detroit police suspends firearms testing, orders audit" USA Today, April 25, 2008 Retrieved February 12, 2010 from http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2008-04-25-318512256_x.htm
Evidence Submission Guideline #10: Firearms Evidence. Indianapolis-Marion County Forensic Services Agency. Retrieved February 12, 2010 from http://www.indygov.org/eGov/County/FSA/Documents/Firearms.pdf
"Firearms Evidence Collection Procedures" Physical Evidence Bulletin, California Department of Justice, Bureau of Forensic Services, Retrieved February 12, 2010 from http://www.cci.ca.gov/Reference/peb/peb12.pdf
Psarreas, Tricia. "Crime Scene Investigations: Firearm Evidence," Helium.com. Retrieved February 12, 2010 from http://www.helium.com/items/1481011-crime-scene-investigation-firearm-evidence
Question #5: Yes. Small samples are totally justifiable however, the statistical tool selected to analyze the data must be able to accommodate small sample size. The statistical techniques employed for small sample size is what applied statisticians call "robust statistics" or certain parametric types such as the t Test. Although the parametric tool is more robust that the non-parametric counterpart, parametric statistical tools with real small samples may produce misleading information because there is no way to determine if the data came from the Guassian population. That is to say, increasing the number of participants from 15 and 14 respectively to at least 30 and 30 might possibly produce result changes. However, there is no real way of knowing unless the study were replicated with a larger group. The advice to any research investigator is to have a sample size of each group of 25 to 30 at least. When…
isk Taking Behavior between Teenage Boys and Girls
Significant evidence reveals that women/girls and men/boys have differing propensity to engage in risky behaviors. The difference in their decision to engage in risky behaviors is attributed to the variation in their innate preferences that are modified by internal and external pressure to conform to gender stereotypes. Empirical evidence points that women and men have different preferences and risk attitudes that influence their decision to engage in risky behaviors (Kotchick et al., 2001). Greca, Prinstein, and Fetter (2001) assert that a significant proportion of the studies show men/boys to be involved more in risk taking activities than the girls. However, this assertion has never been proved by a significant proportion of studies conducted in the past. Therefore, this study will aim at identifying the differences in the ability of teenage boys and girls aged 10 and 11 years to engage in risky…
Booth, A.L., & Nolen, P. (2012). Gender Differences in Risk Behavior: Does Nurture Matter? The Economic Journal, 122(558), F56 -- F78. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2011.02480.x
Greca, A.M.L., Prinstein, M.J., & Fetter, M.D. (2001). Adolescent Peer Crowd Affiliation: Linkages With Health-Risk Behaviors and Close Friendships. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 26(3), 131 -- 143. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/26.3.131
Huebner, A.J., & Howell, L.W. (2003). Examining The Relationship Between Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking And Perceptions Of Monitoring, Communication, and Parenting Styles. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(2), 71 -- 78. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X (03)00141-1
Kotchick, B.A., Dorsey, S., Miller, K.S., & Forehand, R. (1999). Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior In Single-Parent Ethnic Minority Families. Journal of Family Psychology, 13(1), 93 -- 102. doi:10.1037/0893-3126.96.36.199
Accordingly, the Lower Rio Grande Valley National ildlife Refuge, the former Sabal Palms Audubon Sanctuary, and the Nature Conservancy's Southmost Preserve would all be subjected to direct environmental auditing. Comparative figures measuring current findings against archived findings will provide a quantifiable understanding of the impact being levied by the wall in these specific areas. The sanctuaries have been selected for a number of reasons, specifically owing to the claim that these have been directly impacted by the construction of the Border all and based on the assumption that these sanctuaries will already possess a significant set of archived data on environmental features such air, soil and water quality, wildlife migration habits and the environmental safety of human habitation.
It is thus that the proposed study here seeks to support the claim that the border wall constructed in the LRGV is a both a poor response to the immigration crisis and…
Daily KOS. (2010). Walling off the Nature Conservancy. m.dailykos.com.
Mattei, E. (2009). Borderline: When it Comes to the Texas/Mexico Wall, No One's Sitting on the Fence. A Nation Divided. Online at http://blogs.swarthmore.edu/borderwall/?tag=rio-grande-valley
No Border Wall (NBW). (2010). Texas Politicians Ignoring the Danger That the Border Wall Poses to South Texas Levees. No Texas Border Wall. Online at
, 2007, p. 153).
The research showed that DNA evidence can be a valuable tool for the criminal justice system, but the effectiveness of such evidence depends on a number of factors. Among the more salient of these factors was the need to ensure that the DNA sample is collected and stored properly, and that it is transported to a testing facility in a timely and appropriate fashion. Other issues that emerged from the research included the need to maintain a strict chain of custody for all DNA evidence, as well as the need to ensure that the results of DNA testing were interpreted in an informed manner. Finally, the research was consistent in emphasizing that although DNA evidence can help prove innocence and guilt, the accuracy of such evidence depends on the type of DNA testing protocol that is involved and how these results are used in the courtroom.
Black's law dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Bridges, a. (2007). Falsely accused: DNA evidence proves rape accusation was a lie. The Forensic Examiner, 16(4), 83.
Dann, B.M., Hans, V.P. & Kaye, DH (2007). Can jury trial innovations improve juror understanding of DNA evidence? Judicature, 90(4), 152-153.
Gahn, L. (2005, March). DNA evidence collection procedures. Law & Order, 53(3), 72-73.
ethnological investigation and analysis, is centered on cultural and religious activity in a contemporary community situation. Essentially, the aim of this research was to observe various cultural and social behavior patterns as they pertain to religion and spirituality in society. Two faiths were observed over a period of time. A Western religious faith such as Catholicism was compared to an Eastern faith such as Buddhism.
This topic was chosen for a number of reasons. In the first instance religion is a central facet of all cultures and societies. The search for a larger and more existential meaning to life is a cultural trait that can be observed in every culture throughout human history. It is therefore a subject that is central to cultural life and which has enormous ramifications in terms of its influence on other dimensions of cultural activity.
However, religion per se is a very broad and somewhat vague…
EMIC AND ETIC PERSPECTIVES. Retrieved from http://www.uwec.edu/minkushk/anth%20161emic.htm
Ethnographic fieldwork. Retrieved from http://manual.recoup.educ.cam.ac.uk/wiki/index.php/Ethnographic_fieldwork
Hoey B. What is Ethnography? Retrieved from http://www.brianhoey.com/General%20Site/general_defn-ethnography.htm
Humanist profile: John Dewey (1859-1952) (2009) The Humanist, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-207350169.html
crime of burglaries within the locality, the following investigation strategy has been devised, on the basis of community concerns and questions:
What technological aid is required for carrying out this operation?
Geographic Information System or computer-based crime mapping has been adopted on an extensive scale by a number of police forces across the globe. GIS aids law enforcement agencies in locating and keeping an eye on problematic sites (Watkins, et.al, 2002). CCTV (closed-circuit TV) helps them in detecting, preventing, and reducing chaos and crime in the streets. This form of technology may be applied to identify problem points where future robberies may possibly take place.
What course would you assume for examining robbery patterns?
Mapping of crime scenes will be heavily relied on (Writer Thoughts). Sites where robberies have occurred previously will be recorded in the police force's computer database, for enabling us to identify possible sites where robberies might take place in…
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Psychology: Theories, Experiments, and Quizzes. Examining Data and Drawing Conclusions. Retrieved January 6, 2015, from http://psychology.about.com/od/researchmethods/a/drawing-conclusions.htm
(n.d.). NIJ Home Page NIJ Home. Why Crimes Occur in Hot Spots -- National Institute of Justice. Retrieved January 6, 2015, from http://nij.gov/topics/law-enforcement/strategies/hot-spot-policing/pages/why-hot-spots-occur.aspx
Watkins, C., Mazerolle, L., Rogan, D., & Frank, J. (2002). Technological approaches to controlling random gunfire: Results of a gunshot detection system field test. Policing, 25(2), 345. Retrieved, from http://cjonline.uc.edu/resources/criminal-justice-research/technological-approaches-to-controlling-random-gunfire-results-of-a-gunshot-detection-system-field-test/
(n.d.). WikiHow - How to do anything. How to Prevent a Robbery (with Pictures) - wikiHow. Retrieved June 6, 2015, from http://www.wikihow.com/Prevent-a-Robbery
Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime Investigation
HCC Partner is the top healthcare company in the United States, and the management has noticed an intrusion in the systems based on the alerts from their IDS (Intrusion Detection System) logs that causes the management to question the reliability of the system. Analysis of their systems reveals that HCC uses the Snort IDS that is running in Linux system. Moreover, the HCC database administrator has received and downloaded the strange email from the Human Resources Department, which makes the system behaving strangely after they open the attachment.
he objective of this project is to analyze the HCC database server, the network system and other workstations suspected leading to data leakage. he project will investigate whether there is a possibility of evidence of data breach.
A: Plan for Processing the Incident Scene and Potential Crime
he study uses the staircase model for the investigation processing because the model…
The next step is to develop a documentation of the evidence. The study suggests using the digital camera take the photos of all the evidence. The photo must ensure 360-degree coverage of the scene. The photo must reveal the location of all the seized computer systems. The front, back, and, side by all photos must photograph. However, there is a need for a videotaping of the active screen monitor. The photographs should reveal the position of mice, computer components, cables and other evidence.
Casey, E. (2011). Digital evidence and computer crime: forensic science, computers and the Internet. Waltham: Academic Press.
"The Great Storm reigns today as the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Between 10,000 and 12,000 people died during the storm...the added toll on commercial structures created a monetary loss of $30 million, about $700 million in today's dollars" (Smith 2003).
A more recent powerful tropical system that affected the Texas coast was that of Hurricane Carla. Carla illustrated how storms are particularly damaging to the low-lying areas of Texas near the Gulf Coast. "Carla's circulation enveloped the entire Gulf of Mexico with fringe effects along all Gulf Coast states," and one-half million residents of the area had to be evacuated to higher ground ("Texas Hurricane History," 2008, USA Today).
Because of its location in the Southeast, Houston is subject to the El Nino effect, the climate changes that occur because of variations in water temperature in the Pacific Ocean. El Nino years tend to have higher levels of precipitation…
About our office." (2008). National Weather Service (NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/office.htm
The Great Christmas Eve Snow Storm." (2004) National Weather Service Forecast Office
NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/projects/xmasevesnow04.htm
Houston." (2008). Environmental Protection agency EPA. Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at http://www.epa.gov/hiri/pilot/houston.html
scientific investigation includes both independent and dependent vaiables. The independent vaiable is the cause (antecedent) of the dependent vaiable, the pesumed effect (consequence). Fo the pesent study thee ae two independent vaiables: inclusive and self-contained educational pogams. The eceiving, o dependent, vaiables ae child development and social competence as measued by the SIB and ASC tests. Although not included in the pesent investigation additional independent vaiables could have been age, gende, and eligibility categoy.
Pupose and Design of Study Accoding to the authos the study was designed to study the effects of two diffeent types of educational pogams (inclusive vs. self-contained) fo students with significant disabilities with espect to gains and ate of impovement in levels of development and social competence as measued by the SIB and ASC on a pe and post-test basis. The autho's eseach question was stated somewhat appopiately: "What ae the effects of attending inclusive vs.…
Forensic Investigation: Bullet Holes in Glass Lab
Bullet Holes in Glass
Glass broken through a projectile forms two distinct fracture types -- radial fractures and concentric fractures (Orthman & Hess, 2012). The radial fractures will often form on the glass side, on the opposite side of the impact, and will spread outwards from the point of impact (Hess & Hess, 2012). Concentric lines form after the radial fractures, on the same side of the impact, and will often encircle the point of impact (Woods, 2013). adial fractures terminate if they encounter fractures caused by an earlier projectile, which basically means that they can be used to determine the order or sequence of force, or rather, which bullet hole was created before the other. In cases where multiple shots are fired from the opposite sides of a glass surface say a window, forensic investigators will often need to establish the order in which…
Orthman, C.H. & Hess, K. (2012). Criminal Investigation (10th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning
Woods, D.D. (2013). O'Hara's Fundamentals of Criminal Investigations (8th ed.). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers
virtual autopsy table and video depicting an autopsy was very informative in many different ways. The practical knowledge expressed in these two examples was complete and simplified for the lay person. The knowledge was enhanced by the visual aspects of both examples. The subject of autopsy is one that is extremely amplified by the use of visual examples and the inclusion of them in this instruction, has provided a new appreciation and respect for the practice and its necessity within our society's criminal justice system.
I learned that it takes a unique and special professional to perform these tasks on a day-to-day basis, and a certain personality type is also needed as well. One of the most glaring ideas that resonated with me on this subject was the precision that autopsy must have in investigating the causes of death. Autopsy examinations are critical to the criminal investigations that require such…
Australian Museum (nd). Interactive Autopsy. Viewed 18 Nov 2014. Retrieved from http://australianmuseum.net.au/interactive-tools/autopsy/
The Virtual Autopsy Table. Vimeo, 2 Oct 2009. Retrieved from http://vimeo.com/6866296
Crime Scene InvestigationsThe first bit of advice I would give writers on the show to help them depict the collection and analysis of crime scene evidence more realistically would be to pay attention to the small details, for therein usually lies the whole of the story. For instance, the arrangement of furniture, how it was likely moved, whether there are any dents in walls that were likely caused during the crime, where the weapon is lying (if it is found), and so onall of these small details help to create a narrative around what happened. The first point is that something did happenand the scene has to be kept intact until investigators arrive. That means, no police are to be depicted as snooping through a crime scene, touching evidence or examining things as though they were detectives. They first job is to secure the scene until the detectives can come…
HD is extremely debilitating, and if the patient lives long enough, the symptoms can become extremely severe. It is not uncommon for patients who suffer from the disease to suffer extreme depression and sometimes suicide, so developing medications that could delay or slow the disease are extremely important, and laboratory testing should definitely continue in this area.
Laboratory work in the past decades has helped develop a much deeper understanding of the disease. A group of writers note, "Within the last 4 decades, great strides have been made that have furthered our understanding of the neural bases of HD" (Montoya, Price, Menear and Lepage 2006). This is also extremely important in the understanding and eventual eradication of the disease.
All of these results are extremely positive for families who know they suffer from the disease, and for hopefully preventing the disease in the future. Without laboratory testing and research, many of…
Editors. 2010. Huntington's Disease. [Online] Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/huntington/huntington.htm [Accessed 18 May 2010].
Goolkasian, Virginia. 2001. Delving into Huntington's Disease. USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), September, 34.
Klager, Joseph, Ayana Duckett, Susan Sandler, and Carol Moskowitz. 2008. Huntington's Disease: a Caring Approach to the End of Life. Care Management Journals 9, no. 2: 75+.
Lechich, Anthony J., Deborah Lovecky, Carol Moskowitz, Sybil Montas, Ayana Duckett, Anne Pae, Kathy Knoblauch, David Saks, Dorothy Toliver, Eileen Fogarty, and James Pollard. 2008. Survey of Community-based Programs Serving U.S. Families with Huntington's Disease: Perceived Barriers and Facilitators in the Residential Placement Process. Care Management Journals 9, no. 2: 65+.
To that end, proof is sufficient evidence or argument for the truth of a proposition. This might include evidence from witnesses, forensic investigation and so on to prove the underlying conclusion. Testimony is a solemn attestation as to the truth of the matter. Testimony would most likely be used in court in the form of witness recollection in order to further the proof and evidence in a case. Admissibility is any testimonial, documentary, or tangible evidence that may be introduced to the jury or the judge in order to establish or to further a point that has been made in a court case. With admissibility, comes relevance which describes how pertinent, connected or applicable something is to a given matter. A thing is relevant if it serves as a means to a given purpose- relevant evidence, proof or testimony helps the admissibility of the justice process. Also, materiality is…
In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).
There will also be an all-time…
Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.
McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.
Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at http://www.clomedia.com/content/templates/clo_feature.asp?articleid=698&zoneid=29
Piper Alpha Disaster
An Environmental and Safety Management Analysis of the Disaster that Occurred on the Piper Alpha Oil Rig off the Coast of Scotland
Piper Alpha (Seconds from Disaster, 2013)
The Piper before the Explosion
Timeline of Events
Piper Alpha Mechanism
Root Causes of the Analysis
Design and Process Factor
Permit to ork System
Evacuation and Escape
Piper Alpha was a North Sea oil production platform operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd. The platform began the oil production in 1976 and then later converted to gas production as the hub of multiple networked rigs. The piper alpha platform was operated in multiple shifts by the employees who worked the whole platform to continue supply the oil and gas on a perpetual basis. The operations of the Piper Alpha platform included receiving the oil and gases from the other platform nearby and processing these so they could be further refined
On 6 July 1988,…
Allen, B., 2008. Lest we forget: Piper Alpha. [Online]
Available at: http://www.beckyallen.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Lest-We-Forget-Piper-Alpha.pdf
[Accessed 19 April 2013].
Centre of Risk, N.d.. Piper Alpha Accident. [Online]
resolve ethical issues that arise from the intersection of Law, Compliance & Investigations
Ethics, law, and compliance
There is always a need to balance the individual's right to privacy with a government or business' right to investigate breaches of security, whether of a technical or non-technical matter. "New technologies make it possible for employers to monitor many aspects of their employees' jobs that "they could not previously, and "such monitoring is virtually unregulated. Therefore, unless company policy specifically states otherwise (and even this is not assured), your employer may listen, watch and read most of your workplace communication" (Fact Sheet 7, 2012, Privacy ights Clearinghouse). Most companies take advantage of the fact that the law is on their side regarding workplace monitoring. "Of the 43% of companies that monitor e-mail, nearly three-fourths use technology to automatically monitor e-mail. And 28% of employers have fired workers for e-mail misuse" (Fact Sheet 7,…
Adams, Mark. (2012). United States: Losing the expectation of privacy bit by bit, byte by byte
. Jeffrey, Mangles, Butler & Mitchell LLC. Retrieved: http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/190720/employee+rights+labour+relations/Losing+The+Expectation+Of+Privacy+Bit+By+Bit+Byte+By+Byte
Fact Sheet 7: Workplace privacy and employee monitoring. (2012). Privacy Rights
Clearinghouse. Retrieved: https://www.privacyrights.org/fs/fs7-work.htm
Lessons From Target Data Breach
There are several lessons learnt from this case. First, I have learnt that the experience of Target on its data breach continues to jeopardize the confidentiality of stored information and the market value of the firm. Therefore, the company deserves to invest much attention, especially in research. Worry of disclosure of credit card information, private details, and other IDs is often the reason why customers leave companies. After identification of breach, Target Company is compelled to pay court costs, charges and has to get into enhancing its data security. The traders lose assurance in the company and the eventual fall in market value. Many studies have been performed to assess the speculation as further explored in this study (Bayuk, 2010). The primary objective of this document is to evaluate the chance of forecast of a Target data violation and assess its effect on industry value based…
Bayuk, J.L. (2010). CyberForensics: Understanding information security investigations. New York: Humana Press.
Grove, R.F. (2010). Web-based application development. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Peitz, M., & Waldfogel, J. (2012). The Oxford handbook of the digital economy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Infosecurity 2008 threat analysis: Your one-stop reference containing the most read topics in the infosecurity security library. (2008). Burlington, Mass: Syngress
Questions to be answered throughout this process include "What is the salary range for the position? What is the hiring salary range for the position? Do you (the company) ever pay higher that that range? If so, for what reason? What is the average increase being given? After one year?... How often is the employee reviewed? For performance? Salary" (Krueger, 2008).
Negotiation should be used for both salary raises, but also the granting of premiums and benefits. Some of the most notable benefits of engaging in negotiation include the creation of better communication networks between staff members and management (Hinkel, 2005). Then, the levels of trust between the parties increase and finally, as the employee gets a sense of being valued and listened to within the organization, his efforts, performances and commitment to the organizational goals are likely to register significant increases.
The executives at Final Touch should also consider the…
Becker, B.E., Huselid, M.A., Ulrich, D., 2001, the HR Scorecard: Linking People, Strategy and Performance, Harvard Business Press
Hinkel, E., 2005, Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, Routledge
Krueger, B.D., 2008, the College Grad Job Hunter: Insider Techniques and Tactics for Finding a Top-Paying Job, 6th Edition, Adams Media
2009, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://data.bls.gov/PDQ/servlet/SurveyOutputServlet-data_tool=latest_numbers&series_id=JTS00000000TSRlastaccessed on March 23, 2009
To register, sonographers must pass a series of tests proving mastery of ultrasound procedures.
At the same time, sonographers can also receive special training from a variety of different venues including specialized programs ancillary to nursing coursework. The most common means of achieving the required certification is via a two-year Associates degree program ("Medical Sonographer Career and Job Information"). Coursework in specialized sonography programs includes ethical issues in health care as well as instruction in anatomy and physiology. Moreover, sonographers must prove they are able to life, push and pull heavy equipment and should be in general good health ("So You ant to Be a Sonographer").
Medical Sonographer Career and Job Information." Career Overview. Retrieved Feb 6, 2008 at http://www.careeroverview.com/medical-sonographer-career.html
So You ant to be a Sonographer..." Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. Retrieved Feb 6, 2008 at http://www.sdms.org/career/career.asp
Medical Sonographer Career and Job Information." Career Overview. Retrieved Feb 6, 2008 at http://www.careeroverview.com/medical-sonographer-career.html
So You Want to be a Sonographer..." Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. Retrieved Feb 6, 2008 at http://www.sdms.org/career/career.asp
According to David Scott (2009) traditionally, White men, as well as other men, are socialized to equate self-worth with economic terms. They are taught to function at all costs and to be in control. These power issues are linked to the salience of their race and gender. In American culture people are ranked on their proximity to the normal referents of society: White, male, middle-class, Christian, heterosexual, and able-bodied persons. The current economic conditions, along with the constant pressure to live up to the masculine stereotype, such as no emotions and family provider continue to be ripe for ongoing oppression and racism by White men in the work place. As unemployment rises, White men are losing jobs and finding it harder to secure employment. These conditions can lead to frustration and anger by White men who are becoming disillusioned by the American dream. This paper will be an examination…
Howard, J.A. (2000). Social psychology of identities. Annual review of sociology, Vol. 26, Issue 1, 367- 393. Retrieved September 5, 2011, from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=9d41e83e-4e0b-4b27-8fe3-a0aa7ed2dc5c%40sessionmgr111&vid=4&hid=127
Newman, D.M. (2005) Identities and inequalities: Exploring the intersections of race, class, gender and sexuality, 7th ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
Scott, D.A. (2009) White male identity development and the world of work: Using the key model. In G.R. Walz, J.C. Bleuer, & R.K. Yep (Eds.), Compelling counseling interventions. VISTAS 2009. 21-29. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association. Retrieved September 5, 2011, from http://counselingoutfitters.com/vistas/vistas09/Article_3_Scott.pdf
Customers Drive Location: An Investigation into Logistics Planning
Most people believe that a company's location strategy is internally driven, because the company itself chooses its location. However, this approach to location ignores the fact that companies choose locations with their customers in mind; businesses are located where the company believes it will find customers to frequent the business. Furthermore, businesses tend to be either located in close proximity to suppliers, or where they can have ready access to supplies. This paper will look at a specific industry, beverage manufacturing, specifically The Coca Cola Company, and compare the location decisions of the manufacturing company, distributors, and retail locations. It is important for the company to have defined objectives that it can break into pieces that can be accomplished, rather than trying to run a global company from a single location; instead, the company must identify quantitative, measurable results (Hill, 2000). It…
Cohen, M.A., Agrawal, N., Agrawal, V. (2006). Achieving breakthrough service delivery through dynamic asset deployment strategies. Linthicum, 36(2), 259-73.
Cramner, L.J. & Wegfahrt, A.M. (2006). Area development site and facility planning; Easton,
Hill, S. (2000). Hanes printables: Supply chain optimizing. Apparel Industry Magazine, 61(5),
logical investigation into and study of sources and materials with the main aim of establishing facts and attainment of new conclusions. esearch entails a purposeful and intensive search for understanding and knowledge of physical and social phenomena. It is a scientific action carried out to establish something, a theory, a fact, an application or a principle, and involves an academic action comprising of a systematic search for relevant data on a specific subject (Johnson & Christensen, 2010). In this paper, I will reflect on my growth as a researcher through considering the new concepts that I have learnt about the process of research, the prospects and challenges for improvement as a researcher, and the link between social change and research.
Understanding the meaning of research is paramount for a good researcher. From my own point-of-view, a research entails an original contribution to the already subsisting knowledge stock to make new…
Freebody, P. (2010). Methodological choice and design: Scholarship, policy and practice in social and educational research. London: Springer.
Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2010). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches. New York: SAGE.
Locke, L., Silverman, S., & Spirduso, W. (2009). Reading and understanding research. London:
Forensics and Michel Eyraud
When Toussaint-Augustin Gouffe was missing on July 27, 1889 in Paris, France authorities did not give much credence to his disappearance, however, when Gouffe still had not shown up three days later, the case was referred to Marie-Francois Garon, who resolved to find out what happened to Gouffe (Owen, 2008, p. 34). Three weeks later, a body was found near Millery, south of Lyon, and a few days after that, snail gatherers found a broken wooden trunk bearing a shipping label from Paris and smelling of death (Starr, 2010). It was only a matter of time before the victim's body would be identified and his killers were brought to justice, but only after a second autopsy was performed.
Gouffe was described as being 49-years-old, standing at 5'8," and having chestnut hair. However, after the initial autopsy, Dr. Paul Bernard concluded that despite the fact that the victim's body…
Owen, D. (2008). The Little Book of Forensics: 50 of the World's Most Infamous Criminal Cases
Solved by Science. New York: Harper Collins.
Starr, D. (2010, Oct 14). Murder in 19th century France and the birth of forensic science.
Gizmodo.com. Accessed 21 July 2013, from http://gizmodo.com/5662454/murder-in-19th-century-france-and-the-birth-of-forensic-science
Online Investigations for Website Management
When it comes to investigating and implementing tools for website management, there are so many things that can be applied. It is important to appreciate the different types of tools appropriate because there is no such thing as one size fits all. It is also clear that the diversity of proprietary and open source applications available over the Internet is increasing every day. Numerous of these can be of assistance to the website manager. Also, as consumers access websites that are from a growing diversity of devices, receptive Web design turn out to be more and more important. Implementing tools for website management is about building a Web manifestation that scales and purposes well on desktop, mobile devices and tablet. The inspecting size of each device is dissimilar, which generates challenges for Web designers, not only on account of the designs themselves but also by…
Acedo, M., 2014. 25 Teaching Tools For The Digital Classroom. [Online]
Available at: http://www.teachthought.com/technology/25-teaching-tools-to-organize-innovate-manage-your-classroom/
Carr, D.F., 2015. Best Website Management Tools For Small Business. [Online]
Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidcarr/2010/12/15/best-website-management-tools-for-small-business / [Accessed 18 April 2014].
Once again, time is an indicator. When a significant amount of evidence for a theory is readily available, the theory tends to be older and concomitantly more accepted by the scientific community. If there are significant gaps in the evidence, the theory can benefit from further investigation.
The same is true of the complexity level of the theory is not very high. More components can then be added by further investigation.
A theory can also be evaluated according to its ability to serve as an indicator of future phenomena. This makes a theory applicable to further scientific investigation, and furthermore also allow for further development in the theory itself. If the theory is for example a consistently accurate predictor of future events or phenomena, it can be viewed as valid. If it however proves inaccurate in one or some of its predictions, further evidence and modifications will be necessary.
Furthermore, theories can…
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Forensic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that applies the techniques and concepts of chemistry to provide evidence and testify in court. Some federal agencies such as FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and National Institute of Justice use forensic chemistry experts to investigate the crimes committed against the society, which include environmental pollution, food adulteration, and distribution of unsafe chemical substances. In the United States, cocaine and other illegal drugs can put society at risks. Thus, experts in forensic chemistry uses different processes to perform a laboratory test to identify the presence of substances. A chemical analysis carried out in the laboratory can help to detect illegal drugs, which will assist the police or other law enforcement agents to prosecute offenders in the law courts. (Drug Enforcement Administration 1).
Moreover, the forensic chemistry analyzes non-biological materials to detect a trace of evidence from the crime scenes to found unknown material to…
Buffalo State SUNY. Forensic Chemistry, B.S. Program. 2015 02 December. 2015.
The Buffalo State SUNY is one of an accredited universities in the United States that offers a forensic chemistry. The university mandates all students wishing to pursue the study to have a strong background in chemistry, physics, biology and mathematics.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Forensic Science Technicians, United States Department of Labor. 2015. 02 December. 2015. http://www.bls.gov /ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/forensic-science-technicians.htm
Technology Boston Bombings
The Use of Technology in the Boston Bombings Investigations
The Boston Marathon bombing incident was an act of terror that took place on April 15th, 2013 during the annual Boston Marathon. During the event, bombs were positioned in proximity to the race's finish line. The bombs killed two individuals and injured over two hundred fifty others would where close by. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev were the primary suspects in the case that were identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI). A day after the bombings a massive manhunt ensued to find the individuals. However, one of the interesting aspects about the case is how the FBI was able to identify the suspects. An unprecedented amount of digital data was available for use and the FBI and other organizations utilized crowdsourcing techniques to help funnel through the data.
The advent of digital technologies coupled with the falling costs of…
Bio. (2014, April 3). Edward Snowden Biography. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from Bio: http://www.biography.com/people/edward-snowden-21262897
Boston, C. o. (2014). After Action Report for the Response to the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings. Boston.
Johnson, C. (2012, July 16). Scientist's game helps map the brain. Retrieved from The Boston Globe: http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2012/07/15/mit-scientists-crowdsource-effort-map-connections-brain/v1CEwhwl90GDjKzL6oTC4L/story.html
Kelly, H. (2013, April 26). After Boston: The pros and cons of surveillance cameras. Retrieved from CNN: http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/26/tech/innovation/security-cameras-boston-bombings/
First and foremost, response in the event of sexual abuse allegations should truly be within the first 24 hours so as to intervene immediately where these allegations may be substantiated. This means conducting an immediate interview with the child, followed by an interview with a spouse of the accused where such may exist, followed by an interview with the accused.
Of crucial importance and distinction in cases where sexual abuse within the family has been alleged is the understanding that the state will not seek reconciliation but will seek the immediate and long-term removal of the child from the household. Inter-familial sexual abuse is rarely viewed from the perspective of Child Protective Services as being treatable insofar as mitigating the threat to the child.
Child elfare Information Gateway (CIG). (2009). Investigation of Child Sexual Abuse. eNotAlone. Online at http://www.enotalone.com/article/9940.html
Child Welfare Information Gateway (CWIG). (2009). Investigation of Child Sexual Abuse. eNotAlone. Online at http://www.enotalone.com/article/9940.html
The possibility exists that the company could go bankrupt if these fines are levied. Therefore, all of the top people at Google, as well as its top stock holders, have a particular interest in seeing this issue resolved in Google's favor, as their incomes depend on it. Google's lawyers also have an interest in seeing this resolved amicably for the company, as a large portion of their income comes from their work for Google, and because it will shine a favorable light on them as attorneys to be able to win this case for their client.
The top company executives who are present in the audience include the president, vice-president, and the heads of all of Google's departments, including the heads of Google's other products, such as Google +1, Blogger, YouTube, Google Voice, and others. These are all people who could be out of work, or even bankrupt themselves, if…
ecognition Within Criminal Justice Setting
Within the criminal justice profession the act of memory retrieval is essential to the act of investigating cases of all variety -- from the petty theft committed by a purse-snatcher to the wanton violence inflicted by a murderer -- because invariably the state's case against those accused will involve the statements of sworn eyewitnesses. While the American system of jurisprudence has placed a great deal of faith in the ability of ordinary people to recall sequences of events and crucial details under high-stress circumstances, as well as their proficiency at recognizing facial features and identifying markers during the commission of a crime, contemporary research on the subject of memory retrieval suggests that this trust may be misplaced. An article published in 2008 on the divergence between recall and recognition -- written by a team of British researchers led by Charlie D. Frowd and titled "Improving…
Frowd, C.D., Bruce, V., Smith, A.J., & Hancock, P.J. (2008). Improving the quality of facial composites using a holistic cognitive interview. Journal of Experimental Psychology:
Applied, 14(3), 276.
In addition to that, it also has strong exploration and technological capabilities. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007)
Shell PLC is known to have a highly capable workforce, starting from its CEO to CFO and other major and minor employees of the organization. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007)
Lack of control or control weaknesses may occur due to large scale operations. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007)
The presence of the organization in a number of global markets lead to issues in relation to the applicability of various laws in those regimes. In other words, the organization may be required to too many laws due to global operations. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007)
The formulation uniform policies and procedures due to the performance of operations in various global culture is a very difficult task. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007)
The existence of high degree of variation and instability in the energy…
Jonker, J., Zanden, J.L.V., Howarth, S. & Sluyterman, K.E. (2007). A history of Royal Dutch Shell. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Livesey, S.M. & Kearins, K. (2002). Transparent and caring corporations? A study of sustainability reports by the Body Shop and Royal Dutch/Shell. Organization & Environment, 15 (3), pp. 233 -- 258.
May, P.H., Davinha, V. & Zaidenweber, N. (1999). Royal Dutch/Shell. Corporate Incentives and Environmental Decision Making. Texas: HARC, pp. 79 -- 117.
Mcintosh, M. & Thomas, R. (2001). Royal Dutch Shell. London [u.a.]: Routledge.
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BERR. (2009). China and India: Opportunities and Challenges for UK Businesses. BERR Economics Paper No. 5. Retrieved February 13, 2010 from http://www.pdfone.com/view/19_keywordchinasconsumermarketopportunitiesandrisks/china-and-india-opportunities-and-challenges-for-uk-business.html
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Ebrahimi, Helia. (2008). Will pricelings save the west? Designer driven: China is soon expected to the world's biggest buyer of luxury goods. he Mail on Sunday. P. 62.
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Kierans, John. (1996). Rich spend pounds…
The Daily Mail. (2008). Russians are the target of Irish home drive. The Daily Mail. P. 10
Wilson, P.W. (1932). De Valera presses the fight to make Ireland a republic; the country is divided over his plan for secession, and the strategu of Englind in the conflict is to play for time. New York Times. P. 4. Retrieved February 13, 2010 from http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60C14FE355A13738DDDAD0A94DF405B828FF1D3
Wright, Richard. Will globalization make you happy? Foreign Policy. P. 55
The relationship between childhood abuse and complaints from expectant mothers during pregnancy was the focus of Lukasse et al. (2009), which determined that certain common pregnancy complaints showed a higher rate of prevalence in women who had suffered abuse as children. These complaints affected maternal attitude both during the pregnancy and after giving birth, and although they did not generally indicate a likelihood of intergenerational abuse, these complaints were still predictors of other negative parenting patterns.
Though the relationship of religiosity in parents and their children and the children's expression of abusive symptomology was the focus of Kim et al. (2009), the results of their study had rather surprising implications for the research questions at hand. eligiosity in parents and expressiveness as well as religiosity in children who were not maltreated showed a definite set of relationships dependent on other factors of the parent-child relationship, but no such set of…
Cross, W. (2001). "A Personal History of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Parenting Patterns and Problems." Clinical child psychology and psychiatry 6(4), pp. 563-74.
Dong, X.; Simon, M.; de Leon, C.; Fulmer, T.; Beck, T.; Hbert, L.; Dyer, C.; Paveza, G. & Evans, D. (2009). "Elder Self-neglect and Abuse and Mortality Risk in a Community-Dwelling Population." Journal of the American medical association 302(5), pp. 517-26.
Hildreth, C.; Burke, a. & Glass, R. (2009). "Elder abuse." Journal of the American medical association 302(5), pp. 588.
Huefner, J.; Ringle, J.; Chmelka, M. & Ingram, S. (2007). "Breaking the cycle of intergenerational abuse: The long-term impact of a residential care program." Child abuse & neglect 31(2), pp. 187-99.
CSI Profile: Investigating the Crime Scene
Given the proximity of the time of death to the neighbor's call, a 'hot search' would be deployed. This means that the search would be conducted with the assumption that the perpetrator of the crime might still be on the premises. Although there was no information or eyewitness accounts about the individual possibly lurking in the bushes or lingering in the area, the possibility that he (or she) might still be presents warrants caution ("Crime scene search and processing," 2015). Once it has been determined the scene is safe, then the investigators can begin to take the necessary photographs. "Photographs should be taken as soon as possible, to depict the scene as it is observed before anything is handled, moved, or initiated into the scene" ("Crime scene search and processing," 2015).
The first photographs involve panoramic-type shots of the whole crime scene ("Snapping up the evidence,"…
Crime scene response for police officer. (2006). Police Magazine. Retrieved from:
Crime scene search and processing. (2015). Texas Association of Police Explorers. Retrieved from: http://www.co.wise.tx.us/constable/Downloads/Crime%20Scene%20Search%20and%20Processing.pdf
Schiro, G. (2015). Collection and preservation of evidence. Crime Scene Investigator.
William Fay's 1999 spiritual text entitled Share Jesus Without Fear, is an emotional and poignant tale that encourages the followers of Jesus Christ into a harmonious practice of evangelical Christianity. Fay holds a unique position in the evangelical community and presents a self idealized person who can truly understand what it is to be a follower of Christ. This is best summarized when he wrote " but be aware: you are not responsible for causing a person's heart to turn toward God."[footnoteef:2] This idea sets the tone for this manual of sorts that helps the reader assume a position of nonjudgmental awareness and truly accepting faith as the true motivator towards God's will. [2: Fay (1999). Share Jesus Without Fear, p.3.]
The book is an instructional work that is aimed at Christians who are eager to learn about one of the more interesting facets of the Christian religion; evangelism. Fay…
Fay, W. (1999). Share Jesus Without Fear. Broadman and Holman, Nashville, TN.
UNDERSTANDING THE MECHANICS OF THE STUDY:
The pimay independent vaiable o vaiables of the study ae intentional spot, nonintentional spot, and intentional leadeship. The pimay dependent vaiable(s) ae injuy, inceased anxiety, stess and bunout, alcohol and dug use. one elevant vaiable (RV) in the study was the lack of valid and eliable PYD outcome measues is also ecognized as a limitation within the spot psychology field. The pimay unit(s) of analysis ae youth spot pope stuctue; (c) suppotive elationships; (d) oppotunities to belong; (e) positive social noms. The pimay hypothesis showed that diffeences wee pesent acoss these thee contexts, wheeby intentionally stuctued pogams (spot and leadeship) scoed significantly highe on pogam quality fom both the eseaches' and youth's pespectives, as well as on PYD outcomes, than nonintentional stuctued spot pogams.
The pimay natue of the study is to examine the diffeences in pogam quality and positive developmental outcomes acoss 3 youth…
references are not current but they are cited used in the text.
Structured programs scored higher on program quality and positive youth development out- comes than nonintentionally structured programs, with intentional sport scoring significantly higher on some measures of program quality and positive youth development than leadership programs.
Investigations related to incidents that occur at a certain worksite, help both workers and employers recognize the dangers and health risks along with limitations of their health and safety programs. In most cases, the necessary preventive measures are identified and implemented to ensure that those incidents don't occur in the future. Investigating incidents with the aim of identifying their causes and finding preventive solutions increases productivity and the morale of the employees. This is because it shows that the employer is committed to ensure a healthy and risk free workplace. Supervisors are mostly responsible for conducting investigations on these incidents. For the investigation to be successful, the employees and managers should cooperate and work together considering that they all have different perspectives, knowledge and understanding of the incident. The team conducting the investigation should try to see beyond the incident's immediate cause. Most of the time there is the misleading…
Although I could not find any specific job advertisement for a fashion photographer, I found some entry-level positions in the fashion industry. A copy of these appears after the reference list. It appears that a career choice of fashion photography would be extremely rewarding in terms of the interesting situations and people the professional would come into contact with. It also appears to be a highly creative and satisfying job for a person with the right traits.
According to the "Creative Skillset" Website (2012), some colleges and universities offer courses in fashion photography, which are generally led by established photographers who act as visiting lecturers for these courses. While these courses can provide a valuable grounding knowledge of the industry, most fashion photographers begin their careers by assisting established fashion photographers. This provides not only practical experience in the industry, but also practical knowledge of the way in which fashion…
Agarwal, A. (2008). Fashion Photography -- 4 Requirements To Become A Successful Fashion Photographer. Retrieved from: http://ezinearticles.com/?Fashion-Photography-4-Requirements-To-Become-A-Successful-Fashion-Photographer&id=1662089
Careers in Photography. (2012). Fashion Photography. Retrieved from: http://jazzminad.webs.com/
Creative Skillset. (2012). Fashion Photographer. Retrieved from: http://www.creativeskillset.org/photo/careers/photographers/article_3274_1.asp
Career Possibilities for omen in Philosophy
Philosophy is not a hard science requiring that problems be worked out with formulas and centuries-old givens. The American Philosophical Association says that, "Philosophy is a basic field of inquiry. Its range encompasses ideas and issues in every domain of human existence; and its methods apply to problems of an unlimited variety. The major in philosophy can develop not only philosophical skills and sophistications but also intellectual abilities that are readily applicable to pursuits in everyday social and personal life."
The options open to women in philosophy are nearly endless. Because the study of philosophy develops critical thinking and analytical skills, it provides a background for careers requiring problem-solving, along with the ability to view issues from other perspectives and develop logical arguments with a sensitivity to the values of others. Philosophy can be the starting point for any number of careers. This is verified by…
APA. American Philosophical Association: http://www.apa.udel.edu/apa/publications/texts/major.html
GRE. Graduate Record Exam. http://www.uwosh.edu/departments/philosophy/chartgre.html
In modern terminology, and for foreign policy, political science and international law, crimes against humanity are any atrocious act committed on a large scale. They can be prosecuted in most any Federal Court ystem, depending on where they occurred and which population was part of the criminal activity. The implication for international law is that crimes against humanity are subject to universal jurisdiction, which means that tates can exercise their own jurisdiction regardless of where the crime was committed, and that all tates also have the obligation and duty to assist each other in the defense of these sorts of activities. It is also important to note that no human, regardless of affiliation, is immune from prosecution, even heads of state, and on person can plead a defense as obeying orders.
Part 3 -- Is it legally justified to invade/occupy another country in the name of arresting/hitting terrorists? International cooperation regarding…
Dyson, W. (2012). Terrorism: An Investigator's Handbook. Waltham, MA: Anderson
McCormack, W. (2007). Understanding the Law of Terrorism. New York: Lexis Nexis.
Title of agency, not plagiarized
There are ten Fraud Detection Centers across the United States, and these are meant to detect refund fraud and to identify prevention measures. Each of these offices has a Resident Agent in Charge to direct, monitor, and coordinate operations supporting electronic and paper tax filing, and each Center performs activities that include educating Submission Processing Center and Customer Service Center personnel on fraud awareness and detection.
Criminal investigation in the agency started shortly after the Revenue Act of 1913 was passed, and that act imposed a modest tax of 1% on net incomes of individuals, estates, trusts, and corporations. In addition, another tax, or surtax, graduated from 1 to 6%, was applied to income exceeding $20,000. Over time, many laws have been passed that have changed the rates and other aspects of revenue assessment. Tax evasion was noted as early as 1919, when many serious allegations concerning alleged tax frauds were…
Baker, Jeremy and Rebecca Young. "False Statements and False Claims." American Criminal Law Review, Volume 42, Issue 2 (2005), 427.
Berlau, John. "Return of the 'Audits from Hell': IRS Commissioner Charles Rossotti Once Pledged to Champion Taxpayer Rights, but Instead Americans Find Themselves Facing the Resurrection of Random Audits." Insight on the News, Volume 18, Issue 27 (July 29, 2002), 15.
Cochran, Amanda a. "Evidence Handed to the IRS Criminal Division on a 'Civil' Platter: Constitutional Infringements on Taxpayers." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Volume 91, Issue 3 (2001), 699.
Craig Jr., James L. "Guidance on Financial Status Audits: It's Not Just for CPAs." The CPA Journal (2007), http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/1996/0796/features/Guida.htm .
hen an airplane catches on fire and jet fuel is the catalyst, the amount of time that the plane and the object around it will burn is dependent on many different factors. One of the primary factors is the amount of fuel that is still contained on the plane. For instance a jet that is taking a transatlantic flight will have more jet fuel than a regional flight. Investigators would need to know this type of information so that they can estimate how much time it might take for the fuel to burn off or the types of measures that need to be taken to extinguish the fire.
Investigations can also be effected by the presence of cabin fires. According to Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings, (1995) post crash Cabin fires have been extensively researched. A great deal of this research has occurred in…
Aircraft Accident Investigations." Retrieved June 6, 2008 from; http://www.enotes.com/forensic-science/aircraft-accident-investigations
"Fire and Explosion Investigation." Retrieved June 6, 2008 from; http://www.scsi-inc.com/FEI.html
History and Mission. Retrieved June 6, 2008 from; http://www.ntsb.gov/Abt_NTSB/history.htm
Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings, (1995). Retrieved June 6, 2008 from; http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=4970#toc
oles of a Police Psychologist in an Investigation
The following paper describes the roles played by a police psychologist in an investigation of a situation in which a former police officer has been killed. The police force constantly takes risks to save the lives and belongings of the people they serve. This force is known for its bravery and courage but when a situation involves the homicide of a former member of their own group, they are faced with extra trouble as their own safety becomes a concern for them. In addition to that, the pressure from media exacerbates the problem for the police force. In this case, the police force needs psychological support which is given to them by a police psychologist.
Police offers face severe stress in their day-to-day routine. They risk their lives and their families in order to fulfill the duty assigned to them. Their bravery is tested…
CR, V. (2010). Psychological Autopsy -- A Review. Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 10 (2), 101 -- 103.
Mayhew, C. (2001). Occupational Health and Safety Risks Faced by Police Officers. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. pp. 1-2. http://aic.gov.au/documents/E/D/9/%7BED946A67-E4C8-4C46-A294-9B982325EF4D%7Dti196.pdf [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].
Mitchell, J. (n.d.). Critical Incident Stress Debriefing. College Park: University of Maryland. pp. 1-3. www.info-trauma.org/flash/media-e/mitchellCriticalIncidentStressDebriefing.pdf [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].
Scrivner, E. (1994). Controlling Police Use of Excessive Force: The Role of the Police Psychologist. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice. pp. 1-10. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/150063NCJRS.pdf [Accessed: 24 Dec 2013].
Corporate Criminal Justice The following study is a critical analysis of four articles or book passages relevant to the study of criminal justice in a corporate context. Each essay or…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
NIn spite of touch being very significant as a communication means, very little is known on why and when touch takes place and what can be deduced when it…Read Full Paper ❯
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Law - Constitutional Law
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Mythology - Religion
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"The Great Storm reigns today as the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Between 10,000 and 12,000 people died during the storm...the added toll on commercial structures created…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Mathematics
scientific investigation includes both independent and dependent vaiables. The independent vaiable is the cause (antecedent) of the dependent vaiable, the pesumed effect (consequence). Fo the pesent study thee…Read Full Paper ❯
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Death and Dying (general)
virtual autopsy table and video depicting an autopsy was very informative in many different ways. The practical knowledge expressed in these two examples was complete and simplified for…Read Full Paper ❯
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Business - Law
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To register, sonographers must pass a series of tests proving mastery of ultrasound procedures. At the same time, sonographers can also receive special training from a variety of different…Read Full Paper ❯
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Forensics and Michel Eyraud When Toussaint-Augustin Gouffe was missing on July 27, 1889 in Paris, France authorities did not give much credence to his disappearance, however, when Gouffe still had…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Computers
Online Investigations for Website Management When it comes to investigating and implementing tools for website management, there are so many things that can be applied. It is important to…Read Full Paper ❯
Once again, time is an indicator. When a significant amount of evidence for a theory is readily available, the theory tends to be older and concomitantly more accepted…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Computers
Forensic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that applies the techniques and concepts of chemistry to provide evidence and testify in court. Some federal agencies such as FDA (Food…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Computers
Technology Boston Bombings The Use of Technology in the Boston Bombings Investigations The Boston Marathon bombing incident was an act of terror that took place on April 15th, 2013 during the…Read Full Paper ❯
First and foremost, response in the event of sexual abuse allegations should truly be within the first 24 hours so as to intervene immediately where these allegations may…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Computers
The possibility exists that the company could go bankrupt if these fines are levied. Therefore, all of the top people at Google, as well as its top stock…Read Full Paper ❯
ecognition Within Criminal Justice Setting Within the criminal justice profession the act of memory retrieval is essential to the act of investigating cases of all variety -- from the…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
In addition to that, it also has strong exploration and technological capabilities. (Jonker & Zanden et al., 2007) Shell PLC is known to have a highly capable workforce, starting…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Advertising
Retrieved February 14, 2010 from http://www.forbes.com/2010/01/12/car-sales-geely-volvo-business-autos-china.html ACNielson. (2007). 2007 key consumer and market trends. China Fast Forward. Retrieved February 13, 2010 from http://www.pdfone.com/view/14_keywordchinasconsumermarketopportunitiesandrisks/china-fast-forward-2007-key-consumer-and-market-trends.html BERR. (2009). China and India: Opportunities and…Read Full Paper ❯
The relationship between childhood abuse and complaints from expectant mothers during pregnancy was the focus of Lukasse et al. (2009), which determined that certain common pregnancy complaints showed…Read Full Paper ❯
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Mythology - Religion
Sharing Jesus William Fay's 1999 spiritual text entitled Share Jesus Without Fear, is an emotional and poignant tale that encourages the followers of Jesus Christ into a harmonious practice of…Read Full Paper ❯
Youth Development UNDERSTANDING THE MECHANICS OF THE STUDY: The pimay independent vaiable o vaiables of the study ae intentional spot, nonintentional spot, and intentional leadeship. The pimay dependent vaiable(s) ae injuy,…Read Full Paper ❯
Investigations related to incidents that occur at a certain worksite, help both workers and employers recognize the dangers and health risks along with limitations of their health and safety…Read Full Paper ❯
Fashion Photographer Although I could not find any specific job advertisement for a fashion photographer, I found some entry-level positions in the fashion industry. A copy of these appears after…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Law
Career Possibilities for omen in Philosophy Philosophy is not a hard science requiring that problems be worked out with formulas and centuries-old givens. The American Philosophical Association says that, "Philosophy…Read Full Paper ❯
In modern terminology, and for foreign policy, political science and international law, crimes against humanity are any atrocious act committed on a large scale. They can be prosecuted in…Read Full Paper ❯
There are ten Fraud Detection Centers across the United States, and these are meant to detect refund fraud and to identify prevention measures. Each of these offices has a…Read Full Paper ❯
hen an airplane catches on fire and jet fuel is the catalyst, the amount of time that the plane and the object around it will burn is dependent…Read Full Paper ❯
oles of a Police Psychologist in an Investigation The following paper describes the roles played by a police psychologist in an investigation of a situation in which a former police…Read Full Paper ❯