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John E Brock v Johnson Breeders Inc Appellate Court Case Opinion Breach of Contract
Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65047974
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Appellate Court Case Opinion Breach of Contract
The appellate course opinion (state) that will be analyzed in this text is that of John E. Brock (Plaintiff) v. Johnson Breeders, Inc. (Defendant). This was selected owing to the lessons it presents in relation to repudiation of a contract. The case selected is in line with the course’s objective of further enhancing understanding of not only the creation, but also the management as well as termination of contracts.
The plaintiff was contracted by the defendant to grow chickens for the defendant (a chicken breeder) for a period of 24 years. As per the specifics of the contract, the defendant was to supply baby chicks to the defendant – whereupon the defendant would avail and apply the necessary labor, conditions, and equipment to raise the chicks to maturity (Justia, 2015, p. 3). The defendant would then pick the chicks once they attained…

Barnett, R.E. (2010). The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Contracts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Blum, B.A. (2007). Contracts: Examples & Explanations. New York, NY: Aspen Publishers.
Emanuel, S. (2010). Contracts. New York, NY: Aspen Publishers.
Justia (2015). Brock v. Johnson Breeders, Inc. Retrieved from
Lawson, R. (2017). Damages for Breach of Contract. New York, NY: Sweet & Maxwell.
Paterson, J.M., Robertson, A. & Duke, A. (2012). Principles of Contract Law. Mason, OH: Thomson Reuters.
Virgo, G. (1999). Principles of the Law of Restitution. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Oral Contracts in the United States
Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 94364729
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Oral contracts are contractual agreements made entirely on the basis of spoken communication (Stim, 2016). This is dissimilar to a written contract, where the existence of a contractual agreement is evidenced by a written document. Whereas written contracts are the norm, oral contracts are fairly commonplace. Indeed, many powerful individuals have participated in handshake deals. However, there is often controversy over whether oral contracts are legally enforceable. This paper discusses the concept of oral contracts in the U.S. and explains the extent to which they are legally binding. Attention is also paid to the notion of implied contracts.
Concept of Oral Contracts in the United States
In the U.S., contracts for the sale of goods or services and commercial transactions are governed by the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) (Tepper, 2014). The UCC stipulates provisions for the enforceability of oral contracts. As there is no federal law governing contracts, the UCC…

Klass, G. (2010). Contract law in the USA. The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International.
McKendrick, E. (2014). Contract law: Text, cases, and materials. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Stim, R. (2016). Contracts: The essential business desk reference. 2nd ed. U.S.: Nolo.
Tepper, P. (2014). The law of contracts and the Uniform Commercial Code. 3rd ed. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Contracts Law
Words: 2081 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 63457211
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Contracts Law: Disney World Jurassic Park Amusement ide

The first question at issue in this study has to do with the termination of an employee for poor sales performance who entered into a non-compete agreement with the company, specifically that of Disney. The employee, Simpson agreed that he would not directly or indirectly compete with Disney as an agent, employer, broker, or contractor for one year from the date of termination. Simpson has argued that he has a wife and three children and that the non-compete agreement should not apply as he has a right to earn a living and this includes anywhere in the United States. Three questions are posed: (1) Is the restriction likely to be found reasonable by a court of law? (2) Does the agreement restrain trade? (3) What change if any would you make to the restrictive wording above for the future?

In answer to…


An Introduction To Corporate Regulation and Standardization (2013) Legal Practitioner. Retrieved from:

Corbin, A. (1919) Conditions in the Law of Contract. Yale Law School. 1 Jan 1919. Retrieved from: 

Entire Agreement (2013) Contract Standards. Retrieved from:

Glazov, J. (2009) Liquidated Damages In Construction Contracts Part 1 -- What Are Liquidated Damages And Why Have Them. Construction Law Today. Retrieved from:

Contracts Law
Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12245150
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Contracts Law

Case Study- Contracts Law

There were two offers. There is an offer is a meeting of the minds can be reached by the recipient of the offer accepting the terms of the offer. The first offer was by Galaxy Computer store and consisted of Galaxy placing an ad in the paper for Pentium 4 computers for $3,000. The second offer was by Gabrielle and consisted of her offering a her old computer as a trade-in, $1,000 down, and monthly payments in lieu of $3,000 in exchange for the computer. Because Gabrielle made a counter-offer to Galaxy's offer, there were two offers.

There was acceptance of the contract. Acceptance means that the party to whom the offer was directed consents to its terms and agrees to the formation of the contract. There was no acceptance by Gabrielle of Galaxy's offer of a computer in exchange for $3,000. Instead, Gabrielle…

Contracts and Fraud Contracts Are One of
Words: 1110 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43899555
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Contracts and Fraud

Contracts are one of the cornerstones of our modern legal system. They are necessary to conduct reliable economic transactions between individuals. When people make a formal agreement such as buying a car they must be assured that the requirements of both parties will be fulfilled: the seller will receive his or her money and the buyer will receive a vehicle. A critical component of contract law is the need for a contract that is not fraudulent in nature, since contracts depend upon a system of trust between both parties. "If fraud or misrepresentation occurred during the negotiation process, any resulting contract will probably be held unenforceable. The idea here is to encourage honest, good faith bargaining and transactions. Misrepresentations commonly occur when a party says something false (telling a potential buyer that a house is termite-free when it is not) or, in some other way, conceals or…


Election of remedy. (2013). U.S. Legal. Retrieved: 

Fitzpatrick, D. (2013). Unenforceable contracts: What to watch out for. Nolo. Retrieved:

Contract Cases
Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82026974
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Contract Law: Contract Law

Marx et. al. v. The Globe Newspaper Co.

Full article available on the web at

The case -- article summary, facts, and overview

They want us to labor in "sweatshops in cyberspace," alleged Elizabeth Bunn of the Boston Globe.

Bunn was director of a writer union's Technical, Office and Professional Department and spoke regarding the 2000 dispute between freelance writers, illustrators, and photographers of the Boston Globe and the newspaper's editorial staff. The union representing the freelancers of the Globe began the court case of Marx et. al. v. The Globe Newspaper Co. In 2000. They filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of these one thousand freelancers.

The union sought an injunction in Massachusetts Superior Court against the Globe's unfair and deceptive trade and union negotiating practices regarding a contract between the freelancers and the newspaper. "The lawsuit was filed after the Globe attempted…

Works Cited

National Writer's Union. "Freelance Contributors Sue Boston Globe" June 12, 2000.

Full article available on the web at 

National Writer's Union. "Tasini et al. Vs. The New York Times et al. Complaint." 1993.

Full case available on the web at

Contract Modification -- the Situation Involves a
Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72301047
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Contract Modification -- The situation involves a buyer, Tabor, and a seller, Martin. The two enter into a contract to deliver 50 file cabinets at $40/cabinet in five equal installments, or 10 cabinets per delivery for $400. After two deliveries, Martin tells Tabor that inflation has caused costs to increase and he can only deliver the remaining 30 cabinets if Tabor pays $50. Tabor agrees in writing. Can Martin legally collect the additional fees? The answer is dependent upon the wording of the initial contract and whether Tabor's agreement in writing makes the agreement part of the contract or if Martin is in breach of the original contract and Tabor only agreed to the new price to ensure delivery of his needed items. If there are no price adjustments in the original contract, then Martin cannot legally force Tabor to pay anything more than the agreed upon price. If he…

Works Cited

Contract Obligations. (2010). Legal Match. Retrieved from: http://www.legalmatch .com/law-library/article/contract-obligations.html

Introduction to Contracts and Consideration. (2012). National Paralegal College. Retrieved from:  / courseware_asp_files/contracts/Consideration/IntroductionAndConsideration.asp

Read This Before Entering Into A Contract Intoxicated. (2012). Contract Law. Retrieved from: 

Who Lacks the Capacity to Contract? (2011). NOLO Law for All. Retrieved from:

Law Business Case Brief Case
Words: 923 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92748676
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It is merely a separate agreement between the assignor and assignee in which the assignor gives its rights under the contract to the assignee for good and valuable consideration. Since an assignment is not a modification to the original agreement, it does not need to be in writing and signed by the parties to the original agreement. However, if the terms of the original agreement are altered by the assignment, such as if Kethan's terms of employment changed (different salary, different working hours, different responsibilities) then the assignment could arguably be a modification of the original agreement. However, in this case nothing about Kethan's work environment changes.

Further, the court determined that due to Kentucky public policy and case precedent, noncompetition agreements are assignable because Kentucky public policy favors enforcement of noncompetition agreeements as long as they are reasonable. This policy is designed to protect businesses from unscrupulous employees who…

Contract Is A Set of Legally Enforceable
Words: 1246 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68024917
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contract is "a set of legally enforceable promises," (p. 304). From this simple definition, it would seem that a verbal contract did indeed exist between the two parties in question. Jacob did tell Henry he would be receiving an extra week of vacation. The form of the contract might be verbal, and the contract might indeed by informal and simple. However, there is a legal contract in this case even if injustice cannot be established. The courts would unfortunately have a difficult time establishing willful breach, although it is possible that Henry would be able to secure his extra week of vacation.

There are four cornerstones of contract law. The four elements of contract include the agreement, the consideration, the contractual capacity, and the legal object (p. 304). The agreement is the offer, which in this case is Jacob's offer to grant Henry an extra week of vacation. This case…

Law Terms
Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59211360
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Promissory estoppel is a term in the common law doctrine that is used by courts to implement promises made and consequently relied upon. This law doctrine is usually used when there is no formal contract though the involved parties have acted as if there is such a contract. As courts dictates the terms of how these promises should be implemented, they use this doctrine to enforce contract on the agreement in the interest of fairness. Notably, this doctrine emerges when injustice can be prevented only by the enforcement of a promise that could be unenforceable due to lack of consideration. In most cases, promissory estoppels doctrine is applicable in the context of charitable donations.

When this law doctrine is used, the promisee's reliance is regarded as an adequate and independent basis with which the promise is enforced. As a result, the doctrine can be seen as a legal advice that…


"Accord and Satisfaction." (n.d.). NPC. Retrieved from National Paralegal College website:


Contract Elance Has a Services Agreement Which
Words: 1788 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29438732
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Elance has a Services Agreement, which acts as part of company's Member Contract between Client and Provider. The agreement is considered effective after a client awards and provider accepts a job on the firm's website. In this case, the Member Contract is implemented once the client agrees to purchase and the provider agrees to deliver a job on the site. In order to ensure the suitability of the Member Contract, the Service Agreement is based on the company's conditions, terms, rules, guidelines, and policies that include the organization's terms of service. Notably, the client is responsible for managing, accepting, evaluating, and making payments for suitable Provider Services based on the Member Contract in an apt and professional way. One the contrary, the Provider is responsible for the quality and performance of Client Services based on the Member Contract in a professional and timely manner. This Services Agreement or Member…


"Hypothetical Case Scenarios -- Procurement, Patient Choice and Competition Regulations."

(2013, May 20). Monitor. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from 

Mack, D.J. (2011, October). Basics of U.S. Contract Law. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from 

"Services Agreement between Client and Provider." (2010). Elance. Retrieved October 5, 2013,

Contract Formalizes the Agreement Between Two Parties
Words: 1697 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93417493
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contract formalizes the agreement between two parties regarding buying a certain item, entering into a certain service, or accepting a certain condition. Contracts cover a huge span of agreements including the sale of goods or real property, the terms of employment or of an independent contractor relationship, the settlement of a dispute, and ownership of intellectual property developed as part of a work for hire.

For a contract to be enforceable, it must constitute six factors:

Mutual consent -- both seller and buyer must be in full and comprehensive agreement of what the one is selling and the other is receiving

Offer and acceptance -- these must be clearly spelled out and comprehended by both parties

Mutual consideration -- the item / service must be one of value and turn out to be so, too.

Performance or delivery -- both must be intact. There must be, in other words, no…

Larson, A. (October, 2003) The Statute of Frauds and Contract Law. Expert Law. 

* Reality of Conset (Chap. 13)

Contract Have Been Well Established Over the
Words: 735 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25589450
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contract have been well established over the course of time and have remained constant during that time. Traditionally, contracts have been defined as consisting of an offer and acceptance supported by consideration but there other elements that must accompany these basic elements in order for a contract to be formed and enforceable (Perillo, 2009).

In contractual parlance, an offer is the manifestation of a party to enter into a bargain so that another party develops an understanding that his assent is being invited. Such action is the initial step in the formation of a contract and no other element can be satisfied until an offer is made. The second step in the formation of a contract is the manifestation of the acceptance. Acceptance can be relayed in any manner sufficient to advise the maker of the offer that he assents to the terms of the offer. Any attempt by the…


Badawi, A.B. (2010). Harm, Ambiguity, and the Regulation of Illegal Contracts. George Mason Law Review, 483-531.

Harris, D. And David Campbell, Roger Halson. (2006). Remedies in Contract and Tort. Oxford, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Perillo, J.M. (2009). Calamari and Perillo's Hornbook on Contracts. Egan, MN: West Publishing.

Contract Law

Contract Is a Legally Enforceable Promise That
Words: 2214 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33709781
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contract is a legally enforceable promise that allows commerce to flow smoothly throughout society. ithout contracts, businesses and consumers would be embroiled in constant disputes with potential for fraud and frequent misunderstandings but the fact that contracts are available does not eliminate disputes and resulting litigation. The courts are full of cases involving transactions between parties that have been formalized by the existence of a contract but the existence of a contract, or what the parties believed was a contract, does not ensure that matters will progress without problems.

Although contracts are in their simplest form promises there are elements that must be contained in contracts that distinguish them from simple promises. All contracts must contain: 1) an offer; 2) an acceptance; and 3) consideration. In a perfect world, every contract would have clearly identifiable offer, acceptance and consideration but in reality this is not always possible and the terms…

Works Cited

Air Great Lakes Pty Ltd. v. KS Easter (Holdings) Pty Ltd., 2 NSWLR 309 (Supreme Court of New South Wales 1989).

American Law Institute. (1981). Restatement (Second) of Contracts. Philadelphia: American Law Institute.

Balfour v. Balfour, 2 KB 571 (English Court of Appeal 1919).

Biotechnology Australia Pty Ltd. v. Pace, 15 NSWLR 130 (New South Wales Court of Appeal 1988).

Contract Authorizations who and how
Words: 999 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36554849
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authorized to enter into contracts on behalf of a business organization?

Corporations and Limited liability Companies (LLCs) are recognized as legal entities in their own right, this means they have their legal identity, and can enter intro contracts in their own right. However, while the corporation has its own identity, it is still reliant on officers or agents of the company make agreements on its behalf. This paper examines how may be determined who can enter into contracts on behalf of a business organisation, why those people can undertake that task, and how it should be documented.

In general terms, an individual should be authorised by a company before signing contracts on behalf of the company. The authorisation regarding who this will cover should be addressed within the bylaws of the company, the resolutions of the board of directors (Schultz, 2010). Where authorisations are laid down in the bylaws, altering…


Chirelstein, M. (2013) Concepts and Case Analysis in the Law of Contracts. Foundation Press.

Hillman, R. (2013) Principles of Contract Law. St. Paul: West Academic.

Raja, U., Johns, G. and Ntalianis, F. (2004) 'The impact of personality on psychological contracts', Academy of Management Journal, 47(3), pp. 350 -- 367.

Schultz, D. H. (2010) Who Can Sign Contracts for a Corporation? Available at: .

Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition a Contract Is
Words: 1554 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35279465
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Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition

A contract is a planned and legal agreement made between two or more parties with intent. It could be oral or written and may involve business individuals, employers and employees, or tenants and land lords. elations built through contracts emerge from offers given, reception, intentions, considerations and genuine consent, and legal agreement from which the contract began. Every person involved in a contract gains responsibilities and rights similar to those of other individuals in the contract. Legally, all parties benefit equally from the contract, meaning all members are entitled to equal rights whatsoever. While contracts remain enforceable whether they are spoken or written, a written contract ensures legal security to all parties involved. This is because a spoken contract will only depend on the loyalty of people involved but with not future reference whatsoever. A written contract on the other hand will have recorded details on…


CCH Incorporated. (2007). Government contracts reference book; New York: CCH Incorporated,

C. Ralph. (2012). Intellectual property in government contracts: 2012 statutory and regulatory supplement. New York: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business Publications

C. Terrence. (2007). Understanding government contract law. New York: Management Concepts Publishing

F. Steven. (2011). Feldman and Keyes' government contracts in a nutshell, 5th (West Nutshell Series). Minnesota: West Publications

Laws and International Trade
Words: 3140 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76863000
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Intrenational Business

Governing Language

Governing Law and Forum Selection


Boilerplate Language in International Contracts

USA-Brazil Trade: ules of Trade

Other Important Agreement and Laws Governing U.S. and Brazilian Trade

Comparison of Arbitration in South Carolina and Brazil

Conflicts arising out of contracts between international trading parties are on the increase with the rise and increase in international business and international trade. The courts that would hear and decide matters related to business conflicts between trading partners would look to the express terms of the contract as well as the applicable law within which the contracts have been formed and agreed upon by the two parties belonging to two different countries when one party considers the other party's actions to be a breach of the contract. The legal contract and the contents of the contract would be the basis on which courts would decide in arbitration cases and in cases…


Ahmadi, Maryam, and Leila Ahmadi. 'Intellectual Property Rights Of Nanobiotechnology In Trade Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (TRIPS)'. j bionanosci 6.1 (2012): 56-64. Web.,. 'News - Brazilian-American Chamber Of Commerce Of The Southeast (BACC-SE)'. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Nov. 2015.

Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen, Hanafiah Harvey, and Scott W. Hegerty. 'Brazil -- "U.S. Commodity Trade And The J-Curve'. Applied Economics 46.1 (2013): 1-13. Web.

Berger, Klaus Peter. Private Dispute Resolution In International Business. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2006. Print.

Basic Elements of a Contract
Words: 1084 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 59240068
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Contracts, Contract Law, And Society

Contract Law

Contracts are legally-binding agreements between two or more self-regulating parties for the purpose of furthering their commercial goals (Eisenberg, 1994). The elements of contracts, together with the laws that provide protections for the parties involved, are theoretically straightforward and appeal to common sense principles, but in practice the forging of contracts and their enforcement can at times be complex. The theories and principles that underlie contract law also remain somewhat controversial and refractory to unequivocal definitions (Schwartz & Scott, 2003). To gain a better understanding of why contracts are so important to society this essay will review the essential element of contracts and the theories supporting their use, from a social, economic, and legal perspective.

Elements of a Contract

The four basic elements of a contract are: (1) mutual assent, (2) consideration, (3) capacity, and (4) legality (Legal Information Institute, 2010). Mutual assent…


Contractors State License Board. (2012). What should I look for in a contract and binding agreements? California Department of Consumer Affairs. Retrieved from: .

Eisenberg, M.A. (1994). Expression rules in contract law and problems of offer and acceptance. California Law Review, 82(5), 1127-1180.

"Legal Elements of a Contract." (n.d.). Kansas State University. Retrieved from .

Legal Information Institute. (2002). U.C.C. -- Article 2 -- Sales (2002). Retrieved from: .

Basic Elements of a Contract
Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88544214
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Contract Law

For most of us living in Western societies contracts pervade most of our waking hours, yet how often do we really think about the countless transactions that we engage in every day? Buying a cappuccino at the corner Starbucks, streaming a video on Netflix, or coming home to a mortgaged house can involve countless contracts, both unstated and written. In fact, our ability to stream videos over the internet in our own home probably involves layers upon layers of contracts. Given the importance of contracts in our everyday lives, it should come as no surprise that volumes of statutes have been crafted at both the state and federal levels which attempt to define the legal parameters of exchange relationships. Contrary to expectations, however, some controversy remains due to opaque or contradictory judicial rulings (Chirelstein, 2010, p. 1). This report will examine the basic elements of contracts, the laws…


Arkansas Department of Health & Human Services v. Alhborn, 547 U.S. ____ (2006).

AT&T Mobility v. Concepcion, 563 U.S. ____ (2011).

Chirelstein, M.A. (2010). Concepts and Case Analysis in the Law of Contracts (5th ed.). New York, NY: Foundation Press.

Epstein, D.G., Markell, B.A., & Ponoroff, L. (2012). A Short & Happy Guide to Contracts. St. Paul, MN: Thomson Reuters.

Elements of a Valid Enforceable Contract
Words: 1343 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 18968911
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Contract law exists to ensure that agreements between two or more parties are honored by every party. In this regard, contract law is based on the principle that agreements between two parties are legally enforceable since every part needs to honor his/her part of the deal. Despite the constant changes in contract laws because of the uniqueness of contractual situations, there are some basic elements that must exist for a contract to be established between the parties. The existence of these elements is usually used as the premise for addressing contractual issues that may arise between the parties during execution of the terms of the agreement. The use of these elements help in determining the existence of a valid contract, especially when issues emerge during the fulfillment of each party's obligations or when one party denies the existence of a contract with another.

One of the situations in this scenario…


FindLaw. (n.d.). What Contracts are Required to be in Writing? Retrieved February 28, 2017, from 

Walston-Dunham, B. (2012). Introduction to Law (6th ed.). New York, NY: Cengage Learning.

An Option Contract Scenario
Words: 1398 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31945625
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Contract Law

A written offer, which remained open for five days, was provided to sell B. Greenacre for $1,000 by A. On the eve of expiry of the offer, B obtained a report from the county recorder of deeds that he (the recorder) had obtained a deed of Greenacre from A to C. executed on that day. Following assumptions that the recorder was probably wrong, B notified A of acceptance of the written offer on the fifth day. While the information provided by the recorder was found to be erroneous, A denied the existence of a contract between him and B. This scenario has generated several concerns on whether A was right, especially if the report was reliable. Additionally, there are questions on whether the report may have been reliable despite being erroneous.

The above scenario is an example of a contract law issue and specifically deals with the issue…


Eisenberg, M.A. (2004, January 1). The Revocation of Offers. Wisconsin Law Review, 271-308. Retrieved from Berkeley Law Scholarship Repository website: 

Laurence, B. (n.d.). Contracts and Contract Law: Legal Contracts. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from

Lawful Ways to Terminate a Flawed Contract
Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9246640
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Contract Dispute -- Car Sales

Contract Dispute

The purpose of this essay is to review the field of contract regulations and laws as they relate to the termination of a contract. The matter discussed in this paper has to do with a change in the manufacturing specifics of car models available for purchase. A customer did not want to buy a car with a 5.9 liter V8 engine as he desires to be more conservation with fuel than this model would permit. The customer requests a vehicle with a 3.2 liter engine, and the sales contract is written accordingly. After the fact, both the car dealer and the consumer learn that the car is no longer available with a 3.2 liter engine or a 3.9 liter engine. In fact, all of the engines currently being manufactured for this model of car are 3.5 liter in size. A number of contract…


Macaulay, S., Braucher, J., Kidwell, J.A., and Whitford, W. (2010). Contracts: Law in Action I (3rd ed.). LexisNexis.

Research Guide and Introduction to the UCC from Duke University Law School Retreived 

The American Law Institute -- UCC 2007 Edition. Retrieved  & node_id=86&product_code=1UCCOTC07

Text of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) at the Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School. Retrieved

Contract Disputes and the Benefits
Words: 1159 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 10549462
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Thus, "Preserving the relationship with a business partner may be worth far more in the long run that the potential cost of trying to prove that your position on a contract clause is legally sustainable today," (University of Phoenix). This strategy can then be implemented in order to keep Scan and Citizen Schwartz both out of costly financial legal obligations.

Thus, a manager could attempt to work within the limitations of the contract to avoid even having to go to litigation within the constraints of contract disputes. With negotiation, rather than litigation, the manager can potentially succeed in minimizing liabilities and therefore financially benefit from the maintaining of the contract itself. The manager can then "Maintain the contract in being and accept its validity, but object to and seek to negotiate further within the contractual framework, the actions, proposals, or interpretations of the other," (Marsh 98). Now, this is not…


University of Phoenix. "Legal Environment of Business." Simulation.

Jennings, Marianne Moody. (2006). Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment. Thompson Learning Co.

Marsh, P.D.V. (2001). Contract Negotiation Handbook. 3rd ed. Gower Publishing Company.

Contract Endzone Inc Has Sued
Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42982436
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Typically, a contract will be the written version of the agreement. An agreement without a contract is often not enforceable by law. The intent to create legal relations in this instance is clear on the part of EndZone, as per their email, but is not clear on the part of Maverick. The email iterates the consideration, timing and price contained within the agreement. However, EndZone would need to prove that Maverick has agreed to these terms. Maverick did not respond to the email, and only purchased $1,000 worth of goods over that time period. EndZone must provide a preponderance of evidence and it is unlikely that a sent email, unresponded to, and allegation of an oral agreement are unlikely to constitute that preponderance. Given that EndZone will be unable to demonstrate clear consideration in the form specific products and specific prices for those products, they will be unable to prove…

Works Cited:

Uniform Commercial Code. Retrieved July 4, 2009 from

Contract Is a Legal Document Where Two
Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23643705
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Contract is a legal document where two or more parties jointly agree that there will be a trade of goods and/or services through a unilateral or a bilateral exchange. An effective contract will be made up of six major elements that specify how goods and/or services will be exchanged, how the exchange will be compensated, and establish a timeframe for the exchange. It is suggested that a contract include details as to how any breach will be dealt with and include a clause that will detail how the contract can be terminated. An enforceable contract is made up of six elements and will also detail how and when a contract will be fulfilled or voided.

A contract is made up of six essential elements that include offer, acceptance, objection, mutuality of obligation, consideration, and competency. The first thing that must be accomplished in creating a contract is to define the…


Breach of Contract: Defenses. (2010). Retrieved 8 February 2012, from 

Legal Elements of a Contract. (n.d.). Retrieved 8 February 2012, from

Treitel, G.H. (2007). The Law of Contract. Sweet and Maxwell: United Kingdom.

Contract There Are Three Elements
Words: 517 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66904060
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Additionally, no terms of the contract can be changed, including in terms of new clauses being added.

3. A bilateral contract involves two parties that exchange a set of promises that determine the rights and obligations of each of the parties. As such, each of the parties will have a set of promises that they oblige to undertake if the contract is enforced. There are also returns for each of the parties in this type of contract.

A unilateral contract is the type of agreement where only one of the parties of the contract promises to fulfill a set of obligations to the other party. Beyond this, one of the main differences to a bilateral contract is that the acceptance does not need to necessarily be communicated to the offeror, but can rather be implied through the party completing the promise made in the agreement.

4. There are several rules…

Contracts Chapter 1 Introduces the
Words: 2886 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40571875
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All other issues are derived from this rule. Many of the modern contracts have express conditions, which are explicit contractual provisions that the parties need to abide by. The related elements that this incurs are detailed in the subchapter referring to express conditions. An interesting element of contract performances is those particular contracts that are divisible. In those cases, the parties' performance can be apportioned into pairs of matching or corresponding parts.

The part of this chapter discussing breaches of contracts starts with a classification of breaches into material and minor breaches, with each of the two being discussed in detail. Anticipatory breach is referred to and is defined and categorized in another part of the chapter.

Chapter 6 discusses general remedies for contracts and starts with basic measures that can be undertaken. The damage measures are described as being determined either based on the expectation of damages, or as…

Contract-Capacity and Legality Tommy Mccartney
Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 89750577
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Some of the contracts which minors can't disaffirm include education loan contracts, insurance (health and life) contracts, armed forces enlistment contracts etc. Further, in some states, if a minor who seems (in terms of appearance) to be of majority age misrepresents his age at the time of entering into a contract with a competent party, such a minor is treated as an individual who has attained the majority age and in such a case, the minor may not be able to disaffirm the contract. In most cases, when a minor enters into a contract whereby he or she is provided with a necessity by a competent party, his or her right to disaffirm such a contract becomes limited. Though the minor may still disaffirm such a contract (technically speaking), he or she still remains liable for a significant value of the consideration. This exception is designed to ensure that minors…

Laws and Wages Legislation and Wages An
Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90409740
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Laws and Wages

Legislation and Wages: An Intricate Dance, but Who's Leading?

Government and employment have always had and will necessarily continue to have a complex and mutually influential relationship, not least in the area of wages. What people are able to earn has always been a pressing issue in any capitalist system, and can influence the formation and the actions of government in numerous direct and indirect ways. In the other direction, legislation enacted by the government can both directly impact employees' wages and have indirect impacts through the changing of burdens that employers must contend with in compensating employees and operating their businesses. This paper briefly examines the relationship between government and wages, and specifically between legislation and employers' abilities to pay wages and utilize wages as an effective workforce motivator and stabilizer. This examination shows that good intentions can sometimes have questionable results, even when the ethical…


Bernstein, D. (1993). The Davis-Bacon Act: Let's Bring Jim Crow to an End. Accessed 12 December 2012. 

Cornell. (2007). Lilly M. Ledbetter, Petitioner v The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. Accessed 12 December 2012. 

US DOL. (2012). The McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act (SCA). Accessed 12 December 2012. 

US DOL. (2012a). Compliance Assistance - Wages and the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Accessed 12 December 2012.

Contract Proposal This Paragraph Serves as the
Words: 1789 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81942286
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Contract Proposal

This paragraph serves as the introduction to this contract proposal report. The contract will be written from the government's perspective as far as the fencing project goes and will cover the seven main points asked for in the assignment parameters. In order, those parameters are the purpose of the federal program and the historical context therein. Second, the small business set-aside program (SBSP) will be evaluated based on eligibility to participate and other details. Third, the dollar threshold reserved for business contracts in this scenario will be described. Fourth, an analysis of the contract formats for government contracts will be evaluated to include universal and commercial formats. The format to be used for this situation will be described in this scenario, per the assignment parameters. Fifth, the purpose of source selection will be evaluated for the purposes of this plan. Sixth, the ranking of criteria for the evaluation…


DoD. (2013, August 18). United States Department of Defense ( United States Department of Defense ( Retrieved August 18, 2013, from 

E-Verify. (2013, August 18). USCIS - E-Verify. USCIS Home Page. Retrieved August

18, 2013, from 

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Laws Governing Business Entities Laws Governing Business
Words: 1940 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34619310
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Laws Governing Business Entities

Laws Governing Business Organizations

Every business organization in a developed market is governed by laws, which are rather closely monitored to ensure the good fairing of the organization in the business market. Such laws provide for the standard form of the generally established legal entities in the worldwide economy. Such defined entities include, partnerships (general and limited), Limited Liability Company, cooperatives among others. This document outlines such laws and consequently defines their importance in performance of any organization or company established in a stable and developed business economy.

Organization By-laws

laws of most companies and organizations are articulated as below. This list provided below generalizes what is common and basic to most of the organizations or rather legal entities.

Every business organization should specify its official name to ensure proper identification with the concerned legal authorities. Each company has its own specific name, which is considered…


Anders J. Persson. The Contract of Employment: Ethical Dimensions. Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 66, No. 4 (July, 2006), pp 407 -- 415.

Charles R. Geer. Counter cynical Hiring as a Staffing Strategy for Managerial and Professional Personnel: Some Considerations and Issues. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 9, No. 2, (Apr., 1984), pp. 324 -- 330.

David E. Bowen, Gerald E. Ledford, Barry R. Nathan. Hiring for the organization not the job; The Executive, Vol. 5, No. 4 (November 1991), pp 35 -- 51.

Douglas Smith, Smith (1999). Company Law. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis.

Contract Issues in Proof of
Words: 2353 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84999897
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Kidnapping, extortion and detention are real dangers for businesses that operate both overseas and in domestic markets. Top management of these firms often overlooks these things by saying that it will never happen to us. They seem to not understand how much damage it can do to a business. "With more than 1,000 annual kidnappings of business professionals and executives all around the world and number of terrorist's attacks, such policies is an absolute necessity in the eye of life and health insurance professionals who travels internationally" (Gordon, 2009). Kidnap and ansom insurance policies give a cushion to a business with regard to independent investigations, collaborations, arrangement and delivery of funds, and number of other services pivotal to a safe, speedy and satisfactory resolution. Any business of any size can be a target for extortion threats against them or their employees. People are inclined to think business extortion and kidnapping…


Eisenberg, Melvin a. (2002). Contracts. Chicago: Thompson.

Gilbert's Law Dictionary. (1997). Chicago: Harcourt Brace.

Gilroy, Tony and Hackford, Taylor. (2000). Proof of Life. United States: Castle Rock


Contract Procurement Noncomete and Nondisclosure
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 79280413
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So, even though the scope of this clause is broad such that it encompasses disclosure to any person in perpetuity, a court of law will likely enforce it against Writer with an injunction and monetary damages.

D. GOVERNING LAW. It is intended by the Parties that this Agreement be valid and enforceable under the laws of the state of Texas and that the laws of this state shall govern this Agreement's interpretation.

*Note: The choice of law clause is very important because different states treat noncompetition agreements with varying degrees of acceptance. Since most films originate in California, it is likely that both the Company and Editor are California residents and it would probably make more sense to use California law; but California law is very strict on noncompetition agreements

. Therefore, since the film will be shot in Texas, it makes sense to choose Texas law instead.


Contracting Officer Integrity in Business
Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58948729
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The government official has a legal as well as an ethical responsibility to put the interests of the public first, as a public servant. To fail to do so will result in greater cost to the taxpayer, and perhaps even an inferior product. This type of waste takes money away from other, more worthy public projects as well, including aid to the poor.

Government contracting officers have unique responsibilities and special, additional privileges as a result of their duties: "Of all government personnel, only a Contracting Officer has the authority to enter the government into a binding contract. He or she will be the one to sign the final contract agreement, and only a Contracting Officer has the power to change the terms of the contract" (Government contracting personnel: Understanding roles played, 2011, ONVIA). The contracting officer is thus acting on behalf of the entire government, and has unique powers…


Business ethics in government contracts. (2011). ONVIA. Retrieved

February 17, 2011 at 

Government contracting personnel: Understanding roles played. (2011). ONVIA. Retrieved

February 17, 2011 at

Law and the Legal Systems
Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29918446
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11. The issued rose in this case is unauthorized use of a company vehicle, which resulted in an accident. Prater was told to bring the truck home over the weekend to work on the body only. His boss never gave him permission to use the truck for any other purpose. Besides, the insurance on the truck would probably only pay for the accident if it occurred on company time. Prater could be charged for stealing the truck and unauthorized use. The ruling in this case should be for the plaintiff. Prater should have to pay for the accident and repairs to the truck.

Week 8

5. In this case, the city is still the rightful owner of the piece of restored artwork. It does not matter how long Hoeltzer had the artwork, it is still the property of the city. Therefore, the city has legal title to the artwork unless…