Jane Eyre Essays Examples

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Eyre End Towards an Appropriate

Words: 2245 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38925195

343). This same pious fellow who reports in his letter that he hears God announcing His approach is also the picture of imperial majesty, brave, stern, and exacting, and of course only working for the betterment of those he is bringing into his empire. St. John's rousing finale allows the work to finish as it almost physically completes a conquering of Jane's secular world, as well.

The celebratory nature of Jane's (and apparently Charlotte Bronte's) attitude towards imperialism is off-putting to some scholars, who find Jane Eyre and other "women's texts" to be a feminist re-appropriation of imperial ideals and mechanisms, and it must certainly be acknowledged that Jane is only able to exalt fully in this image of British dominance when she herself has found the freedom she sought and that was so long denied her as a woman (Spivak, p. 243). More important than the timing of Jane's joy, however, is the fact that the joy itself exists at all. It is perhaps easier to conduct a reading of Jane Eyre that finds fault with colonial and imperial tendencies, as the most evident struggle in the novel is Jane's struggle for her own freedom form the patriarchal and…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. (1850). Accessed 4 October 2012. http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/BroJanI.html

Gilbert, Sandra, & Gubar, Susan. The Madwoman in the Attic. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000.
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Restraint of Women in Jane

Words: 2064 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42117732

The comparison between Jan's bright eyes and the "red balls" that hold the same station in Bertha's animalistic face, as well as Bertha's size and girth in comparison to Rochester (his equal in size) and Jane, small young and proper is meant also to show Bertha as a tyrant, though her size has nothing to do with choice it is a point of comparison which separates her from the ideal, Jane's slender (almost weak appearing) frame. The final passage in the work that expresses this comparison, between acting right in the face of restraint and breaking ranks with the proper is when Jane goes back to Thornfield Hall, after having found a rightful place among proper family, she previously did not know existed, and accepting that her fate is back with Rochester. She finds the Hall burned to the ground, at the hands of Bertha, who has thrown herself from the roof and died. Rochester on the other hand was stricken blind in the fire, trying to reach Bertha to save her from the fire.

We saw him approach her; and then, ma'am, she yelled, and gave a spring, and the next minute she lay smashed on the pavement."

Dead?"…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. London J.M. Dent & Sons, 1922.
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Rochester Through Different Eyes an

Words: 1035 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26194234

Wide Sargasso Sea is primarily narrated by Rochester's other wife, Antionette, who has not had the opportunity to develop the same ideas about marriage and love that Jane has. She does not mention Rochester -- indeed, is not aware of him, for the very simple reason that he has not entered her life -- until the third part of the novel, at which point she is already being held in the attic, seeing almost no one except for Grace Poole. Her sanity is also in some doubt for this section of the book, and Rochester is possibly at least partially to blame for the degradation of her mental state. All of this adds up to a confused and distant view of Rochester; Antoinette longs for him to rant her release, but he is not the focus of her anguish. The middle section of the novel is much more revelatory as it is actually narrated by the unnamed Rochester himself. Interestingly, this section does not soften the book's view of this multi-faceted man. Rochester says of his wedding, "It was all very brightly coloured, very strange, but it meant nothing to me. Nor did she, the girl I was to marry"…… [Read More]

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Narration and Conversation in Bronte's

Words: 2828 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39026719

Helen and Miss temple are appealing to Jane because she discovers something in both of them to which she feels she should aspire. Upon overhearing a conversation between the two women, Jane writes, "They conversed of things I had never heard of: of nations and times past; of countries far away; of secrets of nature discovered or guessed at. They spoke of books: how many they had read! What stores of knowledge they possessed!" (76). This passage emphasizes the importance that Jane places not only on knowledge but the sharing of that knowledge. The eloquence of their conversation set a standard to which Jane would measure for the rest of her days. What we must note from these observations thus far is that while Jane is the narrator of this story, she has no qualms sharing the limelight with those of which she is fond. In fact, it is through their discourse that we learn more about our heroine.

The more encounters and friendships she established, the more we learn about Jane. During her stay at Thornfield, Jane feels dejected and her sole recourse for any amount of companionship is with Mrs. Farifax. Jane is pleased to know her but…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. New York: Scholastic Books. 1962.

Kaplan, Carla. "Girl Talk: 'Jane Eyre' and the Romance of Women's Narration." Novel: A Forum on Fiction. 1996. Information Retrieved November 24, 2008. JSTOR Resource Database.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1345845 
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Bronte & Austen Contrast &

Words: 1945 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81362535

Rochester was burned and maimed in a fire set by his first wife who had all this time lived in the attic of the house guarded by a nurse. The man who once had the confident gait is seen standing blindly in the rain as Jane approaches the house after her decision is made to return to Rochester. The scene is reversed as Jane stands talking to Rochester who is now groping through air with a stump for an arm and with blinded eyes straining to see and it is now her turn to assure him of her devotion because she is already fulfilled in the knowing that she is just what he wants:

On this arm, I have neither hand nor nails," he said, drawing the mutilated limb from his breast, and showing it to me. "It is a mere stump -- a ghastly sight! Don't you think so, Jane?"

It is a pity to see it; and a pity to see your eyes -- and the scar of fire on your forehead: and the worst of it is, one is in danger of loving you too well for all this; and making too much of you." thought you…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bronte, Charlotte (nd) Jane Austen [Online] located at http://www.literaturepa ge.com/read / janeeyre.html

Austen, Jane (1951) Pride and Prejudice RE #22 Paperback Edition
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How Bronte and Shelley Develop the Theme of Abandonment in Their Novels

Words: 2509 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63849391

Abandonment in Shelley's Frankenstein and Bronte's Jane Eyre: a Comparison

Abandonment is a substantial theme in literature written by women. It appears in the poems of Emily Dickinson, in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, and in the novels of the Bronte sisters -- Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre. It is not a theme that is only addressed by women in literature, to be sure, but it is one that seems to be utilized most evocatively by them. This paper will provide a comparative analysis of two literary sources -- Shelley's Frankenstein and Bronte's Jane Eyre -- to show how abandonment can cause depression, deep emotions and despair, but how it can also open up new doors for an individual; it will show how unprofitable it can be and yet how beneficial to one's life it can also prove in the long run.

Jane Eyre is a romantic-gothic novel by Charlotte Bronte about an orphan named Jane who is raised by an unloving guardian and treated cruelly by her cousins. The novel begins with an exploration of the abandonment that Jane feels as she is basically unloved at a tender age. She retreats into the world of books and disappears…… [Read More]

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Women's Roles in British Fiction 1850-2000

Words: 1818 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79683535

women's places through the writing of British fiction. Using three classic examples of women's fiction in British literature the writer examines the overt and underlying relationship women have in the world and with society throughout the evolvement of literature. There were three sources used to complete this paper.

Throughout history authors have used their works to explore societal lessons. British literature is well-known for its ability to draw attention to moral, societal or other lessons by which the society reflects on the changes it experiences. The role of females has been a favorite topic of British authors for many years, perhaps spurred on by the various class elements that society has experienced along the way. Three classic works of British fiction provide a blueprint of women's changing role in society by allowing for a time span within their measurement. Charlotte Bronte's, "Jane Eyre"; Virginia Woolf's, "A Room of One's Own"; Helen Fielding, "Bridget Jones's Diary all allow the reader to understand the changing roles of the women who are featured as representative of females in general during that time in British history. The works provide a snapshot of differences and similarities that the female gender experienced over different historical periods.…… [Read More]

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Shades of Colorful Descriptions the Prevalent Mood

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 140493

shades of colorful descriptions, the prevalent mood, characters of Jane and Rochester as portrayed by the author as well as the use of language and image patterns in the novel Jane Eyre penned down by the popular author of the Victorian and the contemporary age, Charlotte Bronte. The Works Cited appends one source in MLA format.

Jane Eyre, the masterpiece by Charlotte Bronte conveniently made it to the victory stand and tops the list of some of the world's best literary works because of the skillful blending of various themes and several thought-provoking issues enveloped in the novel. It follows the rules of the Gothic literature and the intense mythic quality of Jane Eyre differentiates it from the modern literary text. Jane Eyre is no doubt a Victorian Novel, addressing the norms of the Victorian society, the societal pressures compelling women to remain suppressive and inducing chauvinistic attitude in men and the general melodramatic mood that again provides inkling to its readers that the novel depicts the typical Victorian age. Nonetheless, the novel does share and reflect some of the qualities of the modern fictional writing, for instance the use of metaphorical and symbolic language as well as the romantic…… [Read More]

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Gun Gaining One's True Self

Words: 2176 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78959501

The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained I am, the more I will respect myself. I will keep the law given by God; sanctioned by man. I will hold to the principles received by me when I was sane, and not mad -- as I am now. Laws and principles are not for the times when there is no temptation:" (such as, one might add, when the writer's sister is raped, as Dubus' Kathryn)

Rather, Jane continues, laws and faith "are for such moments as this, when body and soul rise in mutiny against their rigor; stringent are they; inviolate they shall be. If at my individual convenience I might break them, what would be their worth? They have a worth -- so I have always believed; and if I cannot believe it now, it is because I am insane -- quite insane: with my veins running fire, and my heart beating faster than I can count its throbs. Preconceived opinions, foregone determinations, are all I have at this hour to stand by: there I plant my foot.'"(http://www.literature.org/authors/bronte-charlotte/jane-eyre/chapter-26.html)

In "Giving Up the Gun," Dubus is thus given a traditional masculine ethos of being in the world, of militarism,…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Available Online. Full text. The Online Literature Library. Last updated Tuesday, 29-Jun-1999. http://www.literature.org/authors/bronte-charlotte/jane-eyre/chapter-26.html

Dubus, Andre. "Giving up the Gun." From Songs from a Moveable Chair, 1999.
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Bertha Mason Madwoman or Just

Words: 2614 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47158539

Did Bertha not subscribe to the "cult of true womanhood" in which a real woman was believed to be without any sexual feelings, to be responsible for the man's sexual behavior, to be religious, obedient to her husband, and to provide a serene haven for him? After all, the man had to do business in a dangerous and corrupt world and needed rest and regeneration in a serene and cheerful household where all his needs and wants were met. Rochester complains, "...I perceived that I should never have a quiet nor settled household..." The ideal Victorian real woman suffers any mistreatment without complaint. She is non-assertive.

It's obvious that Bertha does not fit this role at all and is therefore liable to be labeled "crazy" because she doesn't conform. Waller (2004) discusses sexuality as insanity in 19th century literature and argues that "the rejection of a proper woman's role... is a dangerous undertaking." Thus, Bertha is seen as fallen, degenerate, immoral, and animalistic rather than victimized:

Jane herself feels little empathy for Bertha, and this is striking because from the first pages she demonstrates a hatred of cruelty, repeatedly evokes metaphors of emancipation, and chooses principle over personal gain. Yet…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Anderson, J.Z. (2004). Angry angels: Repression, containment, and deviance in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre:  http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/bronte/cbronte/anderson1.html 

Donaldson, E.J. (2002). The corpus of the madwoman: Toward a feminist disability studies theory of embodiment and mental illness. NWSA Journal, 14, (3).
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Shaw Rhys

Words: 2213 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32923381

Shaw's primary purposes in writing Pygmalion, the story of a phonetics professor who, on a bet, transforms a guttersnipe of a flower girl into a lady, was to educate. The title of the play comes from the Greek myth of Pygmalion, a sculptor who created a statue of surpassing beauty; at his request, the gods animated the statue as Galatea. The myth is updated, and substantially altered, by Shaw; instead of a statue, Galatea is Eliza Doolittle, a Covent Garden flower girl, whose accent immediately marks her out as from the very bottom of the English class structure. Professor Henry Higgins, an expert on accents and pronunciation, represents Pygmalion. He undertakes to transform her speech so that she can be taken for a duchess at a society party and succeeds in spite of the inherent difficulties.

In his foreword to the play, Shaw writes, "It is so intensely and deliberately didactic, and its subject is esteemed so dry, that I delight in throwing it at the heads of the wiseacres who repeat the parrot cry that art should never be didactic. It goes to prove my contention that great art can never be anything else."

Enslavement shapes many of the…… [Read More]

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Vic Women as Outsiders A Comparison of

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39343057

Vic Women

Women as Outsiders: A Comparison of Jane Eyre and "The Horse Dealer's Daughter"

Women are often portrayed as a marginalized "other" or outsider in literature, reflecting the degree to which they are outside the traditional patriarchal concepts of authority and power as well as (for much of Western history) outside the practical and legal means of self-sufficiency and self-direction. As the times have shifted, the particular perspective and definition of women as outsiders has also changed, as can be seen in a comparison of the central figures in Charlotte Bronte's Victorian-era novel Jane Eyre and DH Lawrence's more modern short story "The Horse Dealer's Daughter." Interestingly, both heroines are seen as similarly detached from traditional power structures, yet the degree to which Jane distances herself through her morality actually gives her power, while the increasing amorality of the times leads Mabel (Lawrence's protagonist) down a path of deeper despair, self-directed though it may be.

In Jane Eyre, the title female is an outcast almost everywhere she goes, from an orphan in the home of her uncle's family to the school at Lowood where she eventually finds a niche but where she does not truly belong and finally to…… [Read More]

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Psychology-Gender a Whole Array of

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23041525

I was stricken at the site of gender representation at the management level in this country, for example.

Jane Eyre and characters like her made me develop a sense of reality when it came to gender roles that was partly distorted. I was of course inclined to think that I had every right to get the same opportunities as my male counterparts and generally I did in my country. but, the trust I had developed in my male coworkers and those I came in contact with was a little far stretched because of characters like Jane. The physical part of a relationship between a man and a woman was not treated in detail because the era did not allow such extravagancy, but the sexual aspects that were left unsaid or that were just alluded to were impossible to understand for a child and hard to explain later for a young girl. That is why I sometimes, in my adult life, even after I had begun my sexual life, ran into situations that were ridiculous because I was still not able to grasp the meaning of the notion "sexual attraction" that was not related to other kinds of attraction specific to…… [Read More]

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Motivation Ambition Inspiring

Words: 456 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36722762

Motivation, Inspiration, and Realizing Ambition

'I care for myself. The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained I am, the more I will respect myself. I will keep the law given by God; sanctioned by man. I will hold to the principles received by me when I was sane, and not mad -- as I am now. Laws and principles are not for the times when there is no temptation: they are for such moments as this, when body and soul rise in mutiny against their rigor; stringent are they; inviolate they shall be. If at my individual convenience I might break them, what would be their worth

It may be strange to say that this quote from the Victorian romantic novel Jane Eyre is inspirational and motivational for a person living today. However, at this point of the book, the protagonist Jane is forced to chose between leading a comfortable life as the hero's mistress and lonely life of poverty and independence. Jane Eyre has a choice between being dependant upon a man who she loves and being true to her own precepts, her religious values, and her need to be financially independent. She chooses her moral principles…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Chapter 27. The Online Literature Library.

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Bronte and Rhys an Extended Conversation Most

Words: 2750 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62715414

Bronte and Rhys

An Extended Conversation

Most conversations we hold in person, sitting next to another as we travel on a train to an unknown or familiar destination, or as we enjoy a coffee break at work, or wait at a busy corner for the light to turn green. And then there are long-distance conversations, some by phone, others by instant message or email. And still others through more literary methods, with one author talking to another, even with one author's characters talking to another. This rather attenuated (though certainly not tenuous) form of communication is evidenced in the dialogue between Jean Rhys and Charlotte Bronte, or more accurately between the characters in Rhys's novel Wide Sargasso Sea and Bronte's Jane Eyre.

The theme of Rhys's novel, and to a lesser extent of Bronte's, is that of doubling, of an image and its reflection, of a world that cannot be considered to be complete without twins. Rhys's novel contains a number of explicit references to doubled images, but on a broader level her entire novel is, of course, a double, a sort of doppelganger of Bronte's novel. For Rhys's novel is a second version of Bronte's novel. It is the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bronte, C. (2010). Jane Eyre. New York: Tribeca Books.

Gilbert, S. & Gubar, S. (2000). The madwoman in the attic: The woman writer and nineteenth-century literary imagination. New Haven: Yale University Press.
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Hero Does it Depend on Whether One

Words: 1296 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88580586

hero? Does it depend on whether one is a man or a woman? Is the nature of heroism engendered? Are there different categories of heroism - a heroism of the mind and a heroism of the body, for example? The life and work of the novelist Jean Rhys help us to understand the nature of the heroic. Rhys herself may be considered to be a hero even though her life was not by conventional means a success. Indeed, it might be considered to be a stereotypical failure: She drank heavily, had a number of unhappy love affairs, and seems to have lost her talent or at least her will to write for decades. But in the end. A woman who called herself a "doormat in a world of boots" proved by her life and in her work that doormats are durable indeed.

Rhys's sense of herself as a certainly less-then-conventional-heroic presence is reflected in the descriptions she proffers of her characters, descriptions that seem essentially autobiographical, like this passage from After Leaving Mr. Mackenzie.

She found pleasure in memories, as an old woman might have done. Her mind was a confusion of memory and imagination. It was always places that…… [Read More]

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American West

Words: 2278 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70026311

Women, Men and Environment

While we might like to believe that we are each the masters of our own fate, in fact the environment plays an important role in shaping who we become. Guthrie makes this point in The Big Sky, for Boone, Summers and Teal Eye are all more the product of their environment than they are the creators of the world around them. Guthrie suggests that this being-shaped-by rather than shaping-of the environment is especially strong in the West, but he also at least suggests that the environment is a potent force in shaping the lives of people everywhere.

It has become fashionable in recent years to scoff at the myth of the West and to replace this myth with history. This is in large measure what Guthrie has set out to do. He is intent on telling a real story about a real place, and in particular in telling an environmental story about the fragility of the Plains, with their uncertain and limited rainfall. Looking at a part of the country that was once the West - Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and Wyoming - West looks very carefully at the historical record of the place, at what lured…… [Read More]

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Grendel and After That IT's Elephants All

Words: 2381 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9020257


And After that it's Elephants All the Way Done

Wagner's Grendel is one of the most finely crafted pieces of postmodern fiction because it performs both of the functions with which postmodern literature is tasked. First, it is a work of literature that shines on its own, that offers a significant reward to the reader regardless of whether or not the reader is familiar with literary traditions. Second, the work addresses, incorporates, and analyses traditions of a particular literary form. Grendel is a delight to read while also allowing the reader to explore some of the most important and enduring narrative traditions in Western literature.

Grendel, which was published in 1971, is a parallel novel in that essential to its structure and meaning is another novel. Because it is beautifully written Grendel can stand on its own as a work of art. But because it is based on the Anglo-Saxon epic poem Beowulf, if one does not have a familiarity of that work than one cannot understand Grendel in the way in which the author intended it to be read.

Reading Grendel without having read Beowulf is like watching The Wizard of Oz in black and white. The movie…… [Read More]

Currie, M. (Ed.) (1995). Metafiction. New York: Longman Group.

Fludernik, M. (1996). Towards a 'Natural' Narratology. London: Routledge.
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English Romanticism in the 1790s

Words: 3717 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45643615

"O Sylvan Wye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of nature that he himself has experienced to his sister. By stating."..Nature never did betray / the heart that loved her" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Wordsworth assures his sister that she will also find peace in the middle of nature if she believes in the communion with nature. This prediction is an artifice of the poem and is not simple. "Wordsworth's ability to look to the future to predict memories of events that are happening in the present is ingenious and complicated. But Wordsworth beautifully clarifies this concept by using nature as the ideal link between recollection, foresight, and his relationship with another."(Eilenberg, Susan. Strange power of Speech: Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Literary Possession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Moreover, by imagining the future of his sister, Wordsworth feels that only by a common connection with nature, he and his sister can be tied together even after death, because nature makes them one soul that can read the same book of nature. "My dear, dear Friend; and in thy voice I catch / the language of…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Ed. Beth Newman. Boston: St. Martin's, 1996.

Baudelaire, Charles. Selected Writings on Art and Literature. London:
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Women Struggles in EL the Rights of

Words: 1287 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55195335

Women struggles in EL

The rights of women in society have always been a topic shrouded in a great deal of discussion. In many ways women are still struggling for equality within society and will likely continue to struggle for some years to come. The purpose of this discussion is to focus on how this theme of women's rights has informed English Literature and the manner in which it has been expressed including those thing that have changed and those things that have remained constant. More specifically the research will focus on women's rights in English literature from the Romantic Age until the 21st century.

The Romantic Age

In the real of English literature the Romantic age (1789-1830) was an extremely important time because it marked a new birth in the type literature that was written and the manner in which readers were exposed to the literature. As it pertains to women's rights tis era was vitally important because it marks a time when women writers began to take the forefront and tell their own stories and discuss the inequalities that exists between men and women at the time. One of the most profound lessons in women's right came n…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bronte, Charlotte. (1847) Jane Eyre. London, England: Smith, Elder & Co

Rich, A. (1995) Of Woman Born - Motherhood As Experience And Institution
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Symbolism in Children's Literature Animals

Words: 2131 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40538319

I should wish her to be brought up in a manner suiting her prospects," continued my benefactress; "to be made useful, to be kept humble: as for the vacations, she will, with your permission, spend them always at Lowood." (Bronte, 1922, p. 28)

The young girl was to be defined by her future prospects, being meager, as she was an orphan with little income, she was to be taught an even more extreme form of humility because she would have to use her charm alone to get a good match or secure a position as a governess or ladies maid. There was little love in her early years, whether with her hostile relatives or in her school. As any reader would find it was this poor disposition she gained from her early life that she had to overcome to gain her match.

Just as women were ideally brought up by either love or harshness to meet their place, the young colts are taught the same lessons. Finally the most evident, and disturbing in a modern sense, evidence for the symbolism between the horse and women in this era is the way in which the marriage or ownership match was made.…… [Read More]

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=49023764"(1998). Aristocratic Women and Political Society in Victorian Britain. Oxford: Oxford University. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99268553

Bronte, C. (1922). Jane Eyre. London: J.M. Dent & Sons. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=80978341
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Social Control of Girls --

Words: 1099 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76918043

(Sheldon 2004: 3). In other words, girls are penalized for transgressing societal norms such as the idea that girls should stay at home, or the fear that a loitering girl might be soliciting sexual activity. "Part of the explanation of why girls become involved in activities that are likely to land them in the juvenile justice system, but at a rate substantially lower than for boys, is that girls undergo a childhood and adolescence that is heavily colored by their gender," and they are discouraged rather than encouraged to act out in violent actions (Sheldon 2004: 4). However, the obsession with curtailing teenage female sexuality remains in the form of status offenses. As in Victorian times, making female sexuality criminal, and morally reforming female offenders becomes a way of socially engineering the population as a whole, and making it more 'moral' by encouraging or forcing girls to be chaste.

Furthermore, when women, particularly women of color do engage in violence, even minor acts of violence, they are even more harshly penalized than their male counterparts, and are often portrayed by the media as "somehow more vicious," because they are transgressing the stereotype of how women should behave (Sheldon 2004:14). In…… [Read More]

Bronte, Charlotte. (1966). Jane Eyre. New York: Penguin Classics.

Fessler, Anne. (2006). The Girls who Went Away. New York. Penguin Press.
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Anne Bronte Novel Tenant of Wildfell Hall

Words: 1466 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83900794

Domestic Relations and Domestic Abuse -- the clear-eyed vision of alcoholic dissipation of Anne Bronte's the Tennant of Wildfell Hall

According to the posthumous introduction to her final novel, The Tennant of Wildfell Hall the Victorian author Anne Bronte was often considered the 'nicest' and most conventionally of all of the three female Bronte sisters who lived on past childhood, to become published authors. However, Anne Bronte's novel The Tennant of Wildfell Hall may perhaps be the most ostentatiously feminist of all of the texts published by the various female Brontes, from Emily's Wuthering Heights, to Charlotte's Jane Eyre, Shirley, and even Villette.

Unlike Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights, Anne Bronte's final novel does not romanticize or excuse the brutality of her central male protagonist. Rather, Anne validates the central female character Helen Huntington's determination to escape Mr. Huntington's sway. Nor does Anne's novel ideologically excuse even romantic forms cruelty to wives, as does Charlotte Bronte's rather forgiving view of Mr. Rochester's imprisoning of the madwoman Bertha Mason in Jane Eyre.

Unlike her sister's gothic or romantic sensibilities, Anne wrote with a more realistic eye about the effects of domestic abuse and alcoholism. "I wished to tell the truth, for truth…… [Read More]

Bronte, Anne. The Tennant of Wildfell Hall. From the Online Literature Library. Sponsored by Knowledge Matters Ltd. Last updated Tuesday, 29-Jun-1999 13:54:25 GMT. < http://www.literature.org/authors/bronte-anne/the-tenant-of-wildfell-hall/chapter-03.html.> [14 Mar 2005]
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Human Nature That People Like to Categorize

Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92382254

human nature that people like to categorize and have thinks set clearly to them in 'black and white'. People have always liked to think in terms of dualisms: there is the Cartesian 'body and soul' and 'paradise and hell', and "good and evil' amongst so many other dualisms. Either one category or the other exists. Belonging to that same schematic order of pattern is 'man and woman'. Shades of grey such as sexless individuals perplex and disturb people. They are bound to react with intolerance when faced with these exceptions. Nonetheless, differences of sex are not so clear. This essay is an elaboration on just that, showing that the popular view that there are only two genders in a dichotomous relationship need not necessarily be so. Gender and biological differences of gender are not so clear.

As part of our evolutionary background, people tend to categorize and think in terms of schema. Researchers, such as Kahneman and Tversky, demonstrated that rationality was reducible to mental heuristics. Appraisals are cognitive in that they occur via cognitive heuristics that quickly size up stimuli based on the observers' past experience and socialization / enculturation as well as based on other heuristics such as…… [Read More]

Human rights defence Eunuchs of India - Deprived of Human Rights http://www.humanrightsdefence.org/eunuchs-of-india-deprived-of-human-rights.html

Nagle, J. (1998) constructing ethnicity.... In New Tribalisms by MW Hughey. NY: NY Univ. Press Vicinus, Martha, ed. Suffer and Be Still: Women in the Victorian Age. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973.

Jane Eyre: an authoritative text / Charlotte Bronte; edited by Richard J. Dunn. New York: Norton, c2000.
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Charlotte Bronte's First Novel Entitled The Professor

Words: 1146 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32621914

Charlotte Bronte's first novel entitled "The Professor." The paper describes the novel's basis, its narrator and key characters.

In addition to a description and a general assessment of the book, the paper includes fundamental analysis and interpretation of the literary work.

Positions such as how this novel describes Charlotte Bronte's personal feelings of passion, love and uncertainty are revealed throughout the material.

The Professor" is a novel written by Charlotte Bronte and published in 1857, a few years after her death. As Bronte's first novel, publishers rejected the book. It was available in print only after she died.

The story is based on Bronte's experiences as a student in Brussels in the 1840s.

The tale is narrated by a male character by the name of William Crimsworth. Crimsworth is an orphaned, yet educated man who becomes a teacher at a girls' school in Belgium.

Early in the story, Crimsworth is flirtatious with the headmistress of the school, Zoraide Reuter. Despite the situation, Crimsworth meets someone else, Frances Henri, a student-teacher at the school. Crimsworth falls in love with her.

The headmistress becomes very jealous of the relationship and causes a number of problems in the couple's relationship.

She continues to…… [Read More]

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Feminist Reading of Austen's Persuasion I Will

Words: 2126 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93736056

Feminist Reading of Austen's Persuasion

"I Will Not Allow Books to Prove Anything":

Women Reading and Women Writing in Austen's Persuasion

Feminist criticism is equally concerned with female authorship and with female readership and in the case of Jane Austen, both issues must be addressed. Frantz in 2009 noted that on one level Austen's influence on female readership has been immense: she claims that "readers and authors of contemporary romance claim Jane Austen as the fountainhead of all romance novels," a genre which constituted the "largest share of the consumer market in 2008" but which is assumed to have an exclusively female readership. Yet feminist criticism of the early novel overall has begun to focus specifically on the rationale offered for novel-reading in the eighteenth century, when the printer's apprentice Samuel Richardson wrote Pamela in imitation of what Jenny Davidson describes as "conduct manuals," or books of etiquette for female readers. As Davidson notes in her discussion of Austen, this genre presents female readers with "an elaborate code which governs the behavior of young women" (157). But the problem with a book is that one needs to learn how to read it. The question of female literacy is intimately linked…… [Read More]

Austen, Henry. "A Memoir of Jane Austen." A Memoir of Jane Austen and Other Family Recollections. Ed. Kathryn Sutherland. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. 147-154. Print.

Austen, Jane. Mansfield Park. New Jersey: Gramercy Books, 1981. Print.
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Wind Done Gone A Legitimate

Words: 397 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24147762

The Randall novel also violated several caveats placed by the Mitchell estate upon authorized sequels: "that Scarlett never die, that miscegenation and homosexuality be avoided" and Randall further suggests that "Scarlett had a black ancestor, that Tara was really run by savvy slaves who knew how to manipulate their white masters and that Rhett pursued Scarlett only because she looked like her mulatto half-sister, Cynara, who was the true love of his life" (Katutani 2007).

As noted by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals in its "Comprehensive Opinion Vacating Preliminary Injunction" dated October 10, 2001, finding in favor of Randall's publishers, copyright law does not protect an artist against criticism or commentary -- far from it, copyright was designed to promote freedom of expression, yet that was exactly what the Mitchell estate was attempting to stifle. (17).

Works Cited

"Comprehensive Opinion Vacating Preliminary Injunction." Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals

October 10, 2001. November 7, 2009.


Katutani, M. "Critic's notebook: Within its genre, a takeoff on Tara gropes for a place." The New

York Times. 2001. November 7, 2009.

http://www.racematters.org/thewinddonegone.htm… [Read More]

"Comprehensive Opinion Vacating Preliminary Injunction." Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals

October 10, 2001. November 7, 2009.
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Orson Welles

Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19439546

Orson Welles to Visual Arts

One of the most influential motion picture directors and producers of the 20th century was Orson Welles, whose well-known radio rendition of "War of the Worlds" in 1938 panicked an entire country long before September 11, 2001. Shortly after "War of the Worlds," Welles would go on to direct "Citizen Kane" in 1941, regarded by some film critics as the greatest motion picture ever made. Although "Citizen Kane" would remain his crowning achievement, Welles went on to make several more movies, including some of the biggest money-makers of their time. To determine how Welles' career started and what his contributions to the visual arts have been, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature, followed by a summary of the research, important findings, and an assessment concerning what was learned regarding this topic and rationale in support of that conclusion.

Review and Analysis

The contributions to the visual arts made by Orson Welles span a prolific five-decade long career. In recognition for these contributions, in 1975, Welles received the prestigious Life Achievement Award presented each year by the American Film Institute (AFI). In this case, the award was presented to Welles for "one whose…… [Read More]

Belsey, Catherine. Culture and the Real. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Benamou, Catherine L. (2009). "Everybody's Orson Welles: Treasures from the Special
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Critique of Marriage in 19th Century English Literature

Words: 1588 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63719168

Her blooming full-pulsed youth stood there in a moral imprisonment which made itself one with the chill, colorless, narrowed landscape, with the shrunken furniture, the never-read books, and the ghostly stag in a pale fantastic world that seemed to be vanishing from the daylight. (Eliot, XXVIII)

However it is worth noting the implicit paradox expressed here in the notion of a married woman's "oppressive liberty." Dorothea Brooke marries sufficiently well that she is not condemned to a life of constantly cooking and washing underwear for Casaubon -- instead, she finds herself without anything to do, and this "freedom" from labor is actually what is most oppressive here. In some sense, then, Eliot's analysis of the problems of marriage is subsidiary to a larger point about women's social role and even educational status (an issue that obsessed Victorians in works ranging from the serious, in Tennyson's The Princess, to the silly, in Gilbert and Sullivan's travesty of Tennyson, Princess Ida).

Works Cited

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. 1813. Web. Accessed 20 April 2014 at: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1342/1342-pdf.pdf

Besant, Annie. Marriage, As It Was, As It Is, and As It Should Be: A Plea for Reform. New York: Butts, 1878. Print.

Browning, Robert. "My…… [Read More]

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. 1813. Web. Accessed 20 April 2014 at: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1342/1342-pdf.pdf

Besant, Annie. Marriage, As It Was, As It Is, and As It Should Be: A Plea for Reform. New York: Butts, 1878. Print.