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As is the case with the sonnet fom, this sonnet is in fouteen lines. The hyme scheme may vay in diffeent tyes of sonnet, and Keats he uses a scheme of ABBA CDCDCD. The Shakespeaian sonnet would nomally end with a couplet, but Keats does not do that, effectively using two quatains followed by a six-line conclusion. The mete fo the sonnet is iambic pentamete, with vaiations that emphasize wods and thoughts. Fo instance, line 10 is "When a new planet swims into his ken," a line that is had to ead in stict iambic pentamete and that begins with a tochee, an accented followed by an unaccented syllable, followed by a spondee, with two accented syllables. Lines 9 and 10 ae thought to efe to the discovey of a new planet by Heschel, which Keats knew about at the time. Line 14 also begins with a tochee, emphasizing the…
references to discovery and to the demesne of Homer keeps the idea before the reader that Chapman has a particular vision of the poetic world and that Chapman's discovery of Homer can be repeated by the reader as well. Just as Chapman has shown Homer to Keats in a different way, so is Keats able to recount this for the reader and show the reader how to follow the same path to achieve the same sort of insight Keats has reached. Doing so would also take the individual into the same world of discovery experienced by explorers like Cortex, astronomers like Herschel, poets like Homer, and later poets like Chapman and Keats. The voyage of self-discovery that is involved can also be taken ay anyone looking into Chapman's Homer or the work of any other great poet.
This poem, of course, is written as an immediate response to the revelation experienced by Keats on first reading Chapman's Homer, so it has a certain excitement expressed by the poet because of what he has just discovered. This leads him to want to make more discoveries about himself and about the world and to delve more deeply into the ancient demesnes he has not understood well before this. The sonnet form allows him to shape an argument from one stanze to the next and to do so as if speaking on the spur of the moment, though the argument is carefully shaped and well-designed to convey the information and excitement the poet has discovered. One of the key elements of Romanticism is an emphasis on the need for spontaneity in thought and action and in the expression of thought, and Keats shows this trait clearly in this sonnet. Another Romantic element is a tendency to exalt the individual and his or her needs and an emphasis on the need for a freer and more personal expression, and for Keats, this is what Chapman has done and why Homer is the great poet in the pantheon of ancient poetry.
" The final line of the ballad, "nd no birds sing" reinforces the idea of loneliness and emptiness, and creates an invisible link with the beginning of the poem, more precisely the first stanza which ends with the same line.
t a closer reading, one notices that the roles of the knight and the lady change throughout the following stanzas, with each of them being successively dominant over the other. In stanzas IV-VI, the first two lines focus on the knight who is clearly in control -- "I met," "I made," "I set her" -- the use of the first person pronoun is a clear indication as far as the power relations in the poem, whereas lines 3 and 4 refer to the actions of the lady. Moreover, stanza VII is completely devoted to her with verbs such as "she found" and "she said." The following stanza grants the lady…
At a closer reading, one notices that the roles of the knight and the lady change throughout the following stanzas, with each of them being successively dominant over the other. In stanzas IV-VI, the first two lines focus on the knight who is clearly in control -- "I met," "I made," "I set her" -- the use of the first person pronoun is a clear indication as far as the power relations in the poem, whereas lines 3 and 4 refer to the actions of the lady. Moreover, stanza VII is completely devoted to her with verbs such as "she found" and "she said." The following stanza grants the lady the dominant position as far as the narrative level of the ballad: "she took me" and "she wept and sigh'd." This power struggle expressed through pronouns is actually very relevant to the task of understanding how this mysterious woman enters and ultimately changes the knight's life. In the beginning, the audience sees a depressed and lonely knight whose anguish is also expressed through the use of setting imagery: "the sedge has withered from the lake," "the harvest's done" and "fading rose." These images suggest that the knight is feeling sad and lonely after his meeting with the Belle Dame. However, one could argue that the knight was feeling depressed before his encounter with the mysterious lady. In fact, it could have been this depression and inner void that determined the knight to escape to the world of imagination where he is able to create a world according to his needs and desires, a world where his dreams can come true. This is why he imagines an encounter with a beautiful woman who shares his feelings, and gives him the sense of worth and pride that he so desperately lacks in real life. Moreover, in his imagination the "pale" knight feels more powerful and in control of his own life.
There are several clues which point to the theory that the knight had in fact imagined this encounter, such as the repetition of the word "faery," "the elfin grot" and the lady's eerie song. Nonetheless, even in his imagination he starts to lose power and head towards unhappiness as his imaginary world seems to be slowly collapsing in front of his eyes: "I saw pale kings and princes too, / Pale warriors, death-pale were they all; / They cried - 'La Belle Dame sans Merci / Hath thee in thrall!'" in fact, the kings, princes and warriors are all avatars of the real world pointing at the fact that one cannot escape their problems by living solely in our imagination. He awakes and realizes that it had all been a dream. Depression sets in again as the knight is unable to seize control over his own life: "And I awoke and found me here / on the cold hill's side."
Keats, John. La Belle Dame sans Merci.
The most widely respected source for the history of the English language, the Oxford English Dictionary, records as early as Chaucer in the fourteenth century a meaning for the word "star" used (as the OED puts it) "with reference to the pagan belief that the souls of illustrious persons after death appear as new stars in the heavens." This metaphor seemingly takes a long time to devolve to the contemporary usage which seemingly alludes to this classical tradition: the OED dates the earliest recorded usage of "star" to mean "a person of brilliant reputation or talents…one who is distinguished in some branch of art, industry, science, etc." To the 1820s (offering examples from 1824 and 1829). It is worth noting these derive just immediately after the astonishingly young death of poet John Keats in February of 1821. Keats, a working-class boy from London who began training as a…
poety of John Keats inspies eades because of thei lyicism, accessibility, and imagey. Many of Keats' poems focus on beauty as subject and theme, fo beauty is a souce of inspiation. Flowes and othe natual objects like bids, tees, and supenatual ceatues appea fequently in the woks of John Keats to convey the theme of beauty. As one of the theads tying Keats' poems togethe, the theme of beauty emeges in seveal of his moe famous woks, including "Ode to a Nightingale," "Ode on a Gecian Un," and "Ode on Melancholy." Beauty is teated as a subject wothy of spiitual discussion, and Keats fequently makes mythological and esoteic efeences in his poems. Keats teats beauty as one of the mysteies of life, which he seeks to undestand though his veses. The beauty of natue is one way in which Keats can access and compehend the tue meaning of beauty. Anothe…
references to death throughout the poem, shows beauty as a victim of time. The beauty of the Grecian urn transcended time, as the urn itself symbolized eternity. Moreover, the pictures on the urn depict beautiful creatures like the Greek gods who themselves represent beauty and immortality. However, the nightingale symbolizes death, and death represents the end of beauty. Keats uses the nightingale to evoke images of sadness and "forlorn" feelings, which contrast with beauty. Death is where "Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes." While Keats connects beauty and timelessness with "Ode on a Grecian Urn," the poet connects beauty with finiteness in "Ode to a Nightingale." In both these works, John Keats depicts the theme of beauty with sensual imagery connected to the passage of time.
John Keats and Melancholic Delight:
To Autumn by John Keats is a testimonial of the omantic Era. The poem is filled with the importance of individual fulfillment at the behest of societal decline. The stoic nature of Keats's To Autumn is viewed by most as despairingly melancholic. However, when looking for hope one finds an eternal hopefulness amongst his opining. Autumn is used to symbolize the dichotomy in existence of life and death happening at once and forever. Keats sees in autumn the irony of life, and the contrast of humanity to the individual.
A general motif of the omantic era became the inevitable decline of humanity. Philosophers and writers alike viewed industrialism as an evil driving innocence further from the reach of the collective. In short, the precipitous pace of history was leaving innocence in its wake. More over, tramping it along the way. "Society embodied forces…
Reference Guide to English Literature. Ed. D.L. Kirkpatrick. 2nd ed. Chicago St. James Press, 1991
Hugo, Howard and Patricia Spacks, The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces, Vol.
2, W.W. Norton and Company Inc. 1995
Sheil, Andrew P.. Keats To Autumn, Explicator, Fall 99, Vol. 58 Issue 1, p15, 5p
John Keats, Ode to Autumn 1819 (222)
To Autumn has sparingly figured in criticisms of Keats's poetry, because when compared with other odes of 1819, Ode to Autumn appears not to provide a strong basis for exposition or discussion purposes. Ode to Autumn's three stanzas mark out the seasons' progress. In stanza one, Autumn's role as the harbinger of the fruits for the season is distinguished. In stanza two, Autumn is personified specifically as a figure taking her rest after the harvest toil. Stanza three monitors the last part of the season as seen in the countryside receding and making way for the early part of the winter season. The seasonal change processes as typified in these three stages is carried out with a delicate movement that almost escapes notice.
The parts of Autumn showcased in the first stanza and the third stanza -richness and fruitfulness, which is in…
De Almeida, H. (1991). Romantic Medicine and John Keats. New York: Oxford University Press.
Fermanis, P. (2009). John Keats and the Ideas of the Enlightenment. Scotland: Edinburgh
Lovell, E. J. (1950). The Genesis of Keats's Ode" To Autumn." The University of Texas Studies in English, 29, 204-221.
Roe, N. (1998). John Keats and the culture of dissent. New York: Oxford University Press.
All breathing human passion far above,
That leaves a heart high-sorrowful and cloy'd, burning forehead, and a parching tongue.
A lines 28-30)
The final lines of the Ode encapsulate the tension and conflict of the poem in a vision of art as the only means of resolving the disparity between the ideal and the real.
When old age shall this generation waste,
Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe
Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st,
eauty is truth, truth beauty, -- that is all
Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." lines 46-50)
The last two lines of the poem lines are famous in their succinct summation of the entire meaning of the poem. All we know or need to know, they suggest, is the beauty of art. This is the only true reality for the Romantic port and the only way…
Bush, Douglas. Keats and His Ideas. The Major English Romantic Poets: A Symposium in Reappraisal. Eds. Thorpe, Clarence D., Carlos Baker, and Bennett Weaver. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1957. 231-245.
Colvin S. John Keats: His Life and Poetry. May 25, 2005. http://englishhistory.net/keats/colvinkeats.html
John Keats. May 23, 2005. http://www.online-literature.com/keats/
John Keats: An Overview. May 24, 2005. http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/keats.html
However, in line with the Paz prompt at the outset of this discussion, Keats merely uses this tradition as a bridge on which to extend toward motivation on behalf of the evolving form. The subject matter is where this work takes a step toward modernity. The manner in which Keats describes the reality of dying is startling for its time primarily because it lacks religiosity. In describing death, the poet tells, "where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; / here but to think is to be full of sorrow / and leaden-eyed despairs; / here beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, / or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow."
The notion of discussing death from a decidedly humanistic rather than spiritual perspective is more daring and innovative than perhaps we are won't to give credit for. It is remarkable that the poet would invert a steadfastly traditional form…
Dickinson, E. (1862). #303 (the Soul Selects Her Own Society). Poets.org.
Eliot, T.S. (1917). The Love-Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. University of Virginia. Online at http://people.virginia.edu/~sfr/enam312/prufrock.html
Keats, J. (1819). Ode to a Nightingale. Arthur Quiller-Couch, ed. 1919. The Oxford Book of English Verse: 1250 -- 1900.
Keats' to Autumn
An Analysis of Keats' "To Autumn"
John Keats' "To Autumn" is a kind of "companion piece" to another English poem, "Ode to Evening," by illiam Collins -- a poem very much in the mind of Keats when he seat to work on "Autumn." Inspired by the English countryside, Keats, like illiams, evokes nature's reflection of the poet's own emergence from youthfulness to adulthood. Composed only two years before his death, there is already in this work a sense of the imminent end awaiting the young poet -- who is even still at his most fruitful. "To Autumn" carries with it the dichotomous theme of life in its fullness, haunted by "mists" and mellowness and a creeping kind of melancholy that portends the harvest. This paper will analyze Keats' "To Autumn" and show how the poet uses imagery, personification, and structure to illuminate and convey the fullness of…
Keats, John. "To Autumn." The Poems of John Keats. New Delhi: Rupa Classics,
Intellect is just an instrument through which the Soul emerges and develops: "Do you not see how necessary a World of Pains and troubles is to school an Intelligence and make it a Soul?" Meanwhile, Tennyson, in his poem "In memoriam," centered on the importance of humility as well, although he did not equate with Intellect the importance of the Spirit or Soul. For Tennyson, intellect is nothing without humility and faith in God, a similar condition expressed in Keats' discourse: "We have but faith: we cannot know; for knowledge is of things we see and yet we trust it comes from thee..." Rossetti shared Tennyson's humble and faithful belief in God, although, as illustrated in the poem "A Better Resurrection," she proved herself incapable of considering herself as worthy of God's grace and forgiveness. Nevertheless, like Tennyson, the poem was created in honor of God and the inherent goodness…
Keats and Hemingway
Although the literary texture John Keats' poem "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" and Ernest Hemingway's "A Very Short Story," have profoundly different tones, given that one was written during the Romantic period of the 19th century in England, and the other during the modernist period of 20th century American literature, both works have similar tales and attitudes towards love -- a military man seeks beauty and solace in the arms of a woman. Yet the man's love comes to naught because of a woman's faithlessness.
The Keats has a distinctly 'unreal' or crafted poetic tone, in contrast to the Hemingway attempt to have the quality of ordinary speech and life. Keats' poem is a ballad in the modern style. Hemingway's reads almost like a newspaper story in its quiet, factual description of its characters. Keats' poem is about a fairy queen, rather than an attempt at capturing…
. . "
"I don't recall having sold the house," Ned said, "and the girls are at home."
In the narration Ned continues on his journey home. Once he is home it is revealed that his house is indeed empty and his wife and daughters are gone. This is just one example of the conflict that exist in this narration between was is reality and what is illusion.
In addition to this aspect of conflict in The Swimmer, there is also a great deal of conflict associated with Ned's ability to swim across the county. This conflict exist because Ned also drank strong alcoholic beverages throughout his journey. It would have been next to impossible for him to swim after he had consumed just a few of these drinks. This is an obvious conflict that would have hindered his journey but the author presents it as fact and not…
Cheever, J. 1954. The Five-Forty-Eight
Cheever, J. 1964. The Swimmer
Cheever, J. 1957. The Wapshot Chronicles. New York: Harper,
Cheever, J. The Angel of the Bridge
After generating a huge number of random solutions to a given problem, the invention machine determines how effective each solution is, then discards most solutions that are not successful and begins making random alterations to others, and combining aspects of the most effective solutions to create a new generation of solutions. This process continues until an optimal solution is reached (meaning all other solutions modeled by the computer perform less efficiently or successful): "Over and over, bits of computer code are, essentially, procreating," mirroring "Darwinian evolution, the process of natural selection" (Keats, 1). The computer does not tackle problems in exactly the same way as humans in every situation, though trial and error are parts of many scientific discoveries and engineering projects. But though its method is limited to only one basic system, it performs this much faster than any human brain.
hen both Koza and Keats refer to the…
Keats, Jonathon. "John Koza Has Built an Invention Machine." Popular Science, April. Retrieved online 9 April 2009. http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2006-04/john-koza-has-built-invention-machine
In other words, by crying out to heaven, and speaking to the bird in the language of emotions and mythology, the Nightingale comes to speak for the poet's own heart and poetic persona, as the poet himself is heard speaking during the poem in open-mouthed cries that stress vowels rather than sharper consonant sounds. (Lancashire, 2002)
In this ode, Keats always focuses on immediate, concrete sensations rather than upon clever wordplay. The driving sense of the poem is its expression of the poetic emotions, "from which the reader can draw a conclusion" about the poet's "ambivalent response," to the joy and relief he feels at the sight of bird that reminds him of his own perceived inner ugliness. (Melani, 2002) In stanza four, this sense of the concrete comes to the forefront as the poet Keats moves from calling to heaven then to suddenly crying out to the bird itself.…
Keats, John. "Ode to a Nightingale." From The Bedford Introduction to Literature. Introduction by Michael Myers. Sixth Edition, St. Martin's Press, 2002.
Lancashire, Ian. "Commentary: Ode to a Nightingale." University of Toronto. Last updated September 9, 2002. http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem1131.html
Melani, C. "Keats Ode." Department of English at CUNY Homepage. Last Updated 2003. http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/nighting.html
Wullschlager, Anne; John Keats' "Ode to a Nightingale": An Easy Publication for a Difficult End. http://ssad.bowdoin.edu:8668/images/external-link.png http://www.clayfox.com/ashessparks/reports/anne.html
Ode on a Grecian Urn" by John Keats; "The Convergence of the Twain" by Thomas Hardy; and "Fern Hill" by Dylan Thomas. Specifically, it will identify the common theme in these three poems, which is time. Time stops in all three poems for various reasons, and adds to the impact of each poem in a special way.
In "Ode on a Grecian Urn," Keats is celebrating the past, stopped in time for a moment on an ancient Grecian urn. Time stands still on the urn, and all the people depicted on it are caught in a fleeting moment of time. Nothing around them can ever change, from the trees, to their love, to their age. "Thy song, nor ever can those trees be bare; / Bold Lover, never, never canst thou kiss, / Though winning near the goal yet, do not grieve; / She cannot fade, though thou…
Hardy, Thomas. Collected Poems of Thomas Hardy. London: Macmillan and Co., 1932.
Keats, John. Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems (1820). Facs. edn: Scolar Press, 1970.
Thomas, Dylan. "Fern Hill." American Academy of Poets. 2002. 9 Nov. 2002. http://www.poets.org /poems/poems.cfm?prmID=1160
Ode on a Grecian Urn by John Keats. Specifically it will discuss the points John Keats makes regarding the power of art to stir the imagination, to survive across time and space, and to give meaning to a world in flux. Keats poem celebrates the urn as an artifact of history and how that artifact is like a snapshot in time, illustrating the lives and the people of long-ago.
This entire poem is about an ancient Grecian urn that stirs Keats' imagination as he views it. He shows the urn as an historical artifact that has survived for thousands of years, and alludes to its endurance at the end of the poem when he writes, "When old age shall this generation waste, / Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe."
Clearly, he wants to show that the urn has survived for thousands of years, and will continue to tell…
Brooks, Cleanth. The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry. London: Dennis Dobson, 1949.
Keats, John. Ode on a Grecian Urn. [poem online]. Bartleby.com. 3 Nov. 2005.
John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn. [book online]. (Bartleby.com, accessed 3 November 2005).
Ode to a Grecian Urn eats
John eats' poem "Ode to a Grecian Urn," contains many messages about life, love, and history. Within its stanzas there are countless allusions to the fact that art, once recorded becomes and ideal of beauty, shattered only by the loss of such art but never degraded by time, memory or corporeal reality. The three themes that repeat throughout the work are those of love, silence, and beauty
The work written in celebration of Greek art is not known to be attributed to any particular piece of art, but is instead associated with eats' memory of the Greek art he had seen in his lifetime. (RPO john eats "Ode to a Grecian Urn" (http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem1129.html) It seems that through the reflection of this form of Greek art, often depicting the youthful ideal in very athletic stances, there is a symbol of representation of perfection, etched forever…
Keats ideal of beauty is probably the most profound of the thematic messages within the work. His message seems to be that the figures on the Urn are the ideal of beauty but are vague enough that the viewer can behold the beauty as he or she sees fit to meet his or her own ideal. Therefore the work will always encompass beauty. "When old age shall this generation waste, Though shalt remain, in midst of other woe / Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st, / "Beauty is truth, truth beauty, -- that is all / ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." (lns 46-50)
Keating, in this work an intense sense of the positive aspects of art, and especially ancient art, that art that cannot be explained or interpreted by any living soul. Furthermore the messages of the work are as enduring as the Urn itself, though only from memory Keats' demonstrates the ideal of the Grecian Urn as well as the ideal of human love and beauty. The silence of the works demonstrate an image of that which cannot be corrupted, the messages are so ancient that the beautiful pastoral locations are unknown and the peoples feats can only be idealized. The reader leaves with an sense of enduring hope that ideal beauty is in the eye of the beholder and even though real beauty, love and silence are corrupted on this corporeal earth their images in ancient history can always remain ideal.
RPO John Keats "Ode to a Grecian Urn" 2003, Retrieved July, 20, 2004 at http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem1129.html .
.." As the youth is in a constant state of seeking, eternally about to experience the joy of a first kiss.
Relatable Human Emotion
Though Keats means for the symbols to be expressed as unknown through the expression of curiosity about who these individuals might be: "hat leaf-fringed legend haunts about thy shape/
Of deities or mortals, or of both,/
In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?/
hat men or gods are these? hat maidens loth? / hat mad pursuit? hat struggle to escape?
hat pipes and timbrels? hat wild ecstasy?" This device makes the images even more approachable, as the individual viewer can then imagine the depictions as anyone or anything, even when the material is ancient. The modern viewer might not know what god is depicted in the eternal art but he or she can apply any modern character, perhaps even an individual he or she knows. It…
Blackstone, Bernard. The Consecrated Urn: An Interpretation of Keats in Terms of Growth and Form. London: Longmans Green, 1959.
Colvin, Sidney. John Keats: His Life and Poetry, His Friends, Critics and after-Fame. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1917.
Hofmann, Klaus. "Keats's Ode to a Grecian Urn." Studies in Romanticism 45.2 (2006): 251.
Keats, John. "Ode on a Grecian Urn." 905-906.
Your answer should be at least five sentences long.
The Legend of Arthur
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty
1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.
2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences
Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.
* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.
* Be sure to…
Most individuals fail to appreciate life to the fullest because they concentrate on being remembered as some of the greatest humans who ever lives. This makes it difficult for them to enjoy the simple pleasures in life, considering that they waste most of their time trying to put across ideas that are appealing to the masses. While many did not manage to produce ideas that survived more than them, others succeeded and actually produced thinking that remained in society for a long period of time consequent to their death.
Creativity is generally regarded as one of the most important concepts in society, considering that it generally induces intense feelings in individuals. It is responsible for progress and for the fact that humanity managed to produce a series of ideas that dominated society's thinking through time. In order for someone to create a concept that will live longer than him or…
The urn is a symbol to him of all great works of art which, picturing beauty, will always reflect truth to those who behold them. To Keats "beauty is truth, truth beauty," and art is the balm which soothes his fevered soul. He died at the age of 25 from tuberculosis.
ordsworth, who lived longer than the other poets, dying at the age of 80, was the leading poet of the nineteenth century. His work, with exquisitely turned phrasing, accurately depict both nature and his emotions. Nature was his inspiration and solace. He believed that nature could heal and commune both the elemental and divine through its natural forces. Like Coleridge, he believed that transcendental meditation was possible and that one could rise to a plane above that of the merely human with contemplation of nature and beauty. His verses rose to new heights in rhythm and meter, unlike the…
Fiero, Gloria K. The Humanist Tradition, Book 5: Romanticism, Realism, and the Nineteenth-Century World. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2002.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem, "To a Beautiful Spring in a Village" represents the Romantic Movement in that the poet expresses appreciation for the "sweet stream." Coleridge is also expounding on his experience of the stream, which is an example of how the Romantic riters wrote. The poem celebrates the stream with its "friendly banks" and "pebbled falls," focusing on every detail and finding joy in all of them. (Perkins 397)
illiam ordsworth's poem, "Lines ritten in Early Spring" is an excellent example of Romantic verse as it, too, places a great deal of respect and awe upon nature. In this poem, ordsworth laments what "man has made of man" while rejoicing in the beauty of nature. The poet is emphasizing the workings of nature when he thinks that "every flower enjoys the air it breathes" and the birds around him "hopped and played" with their every movement seeming to be…
Hall, Donald, ed. Contemporary American Poetry. New York: Penguin Books. 1971.
Perkins, David, ed. English Romantic Writers. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
medieval romance has inspired literature for generations. The magic of the Arthurian romance can be traced to Celtic origins, which adds to it appeal when we look at it through the prism of post-medieval literature. The revival of the medieval romance can be viewed as an opposition against modern and intellectual movement that became vogue in modern Europe. These romances often emphasized the human emotions rather than the human intellect and a return to more classical traditions. Poets and writers in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did not want to feel the oppression from the constraints of their time. Instead, they looked beyond the intellectual to a more mystical and emotional realm. They wanted to achieve another level in their writing -- one that allowed them to stretch their imaginations and their knowledge. The medieval aspects that we find in literature from this era accentuates a different type of thinking…
Carlyle, Thomas. "Past and Present." The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. II
New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1986. pp. 157-70.
Carl Woodring, "The Eve of St. Agnes: Overview." Reference Guide to English Literature.
2nd ed. 1991. Gale Resource Database. Site Accessed April 20, 2005.
Metaphor of the Sea in Keats' and Longfellow's Poetry
One of the most potent metaphors in literature is that of the ocean. The ocean has a timeless, rhythmic quality that has inspired authors of all genres, nations, and eras. For the early 19th century omantic poet John Keats, observing the sea motivated him to reflect upon pagan mythology and the moon's inconstant temperament. In his poem simply titled "On the Sea," Keats writes that sometimes the sea "with its mighty swell / Gluts twice ten thousand Caverns, till the spell / Of Hecate leaves them their old shadowy sound." Keats notes how the sea can sometimes be harsh and threatening while other times be mild and even tender. Although it may fill some caverns up with its threatening presence, at other times "tis in such gentle temper found / that scarcely will the very smallest shell / Be moved for…
Keats, J. (1817). On the sea. Harvard University. Retrieved from:
Longfellow, H. (1920). The sound of the sea. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Retrieved from:
"The Sleeping Beauty" by Lord Alfred Tennyson uses several narrative techniques. The first of which can be seen in the second line of the first stanza. "She lying on her couch alone" (). The phrase uses incorrect English to change the tone of the poem. Although the poem does not try to establish a rhyming pattern in the BC in the first stanza with "grown" and "form," the two words sound well together as though they rhyme. The pattern however is ABABCDCD with BC sounding like they should rhyme. All the "slumberous light" uses personification to describe light.
Many of the lines within the first stanza are filled with imagery of this woman: "A braid of pearl" and "rounded curl." She is so beautiful and magnificent that even the smallest things she does are explained or described on a grand scale. She is the epitome of beauty and wears the…
William Blake, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, & Percy Shelley
For William Blake, religion is but a medium used by self-interested groups and individuals who want to gain power and influence over society. His criticism of religion, particularly inappropriate use of religion by people, is expressed in the poem "Jerusalem." In this poem, Blake expresses his skepticism about religion's purpose for the society, particularly his countrymen: "And did those feet in ancient time / Walk upon England's mountain green?... And was Jerusalem builded here / Among these dark Satanic mills?" Disillusioned by the constant conflicts and disorder in society caused and premeditated by religious leaders, Blake questions whether religion has become constructive, or destructive, in English society.
William Wordsworth offers in his poems veneration for Nature, as expressed in his Romanticist style of writing poetry. An example of Wordsworth's poem that evokes and expresses his affinity with nature is evident…
Apart from taking an authoritative role in the Symposium, many people consider her to be behind the doubts of her existence. She passes her wisdom to Socrates who in turn passes it to his many friends. She distinguishes the difference that existed between good and beautiful in the context of love. She emphasizes the significance of the object of love even in beauty and birth.
Duchess of Malfi by John Webster
The story presents a penetration of the surface of the anarchy of life that does not guarantee a divine moral pattern. Instead, the outcome is a cycle of terror. The Duchess are yet to conquer the horror to realize spiritual victory. My first encounters with the book Duchess of Malfi was through the course CL/EN2051: English Literature Before 1800. The Duchess of Malfi takes place during the 16th Century at the Duchess' palace in Italy. Ferdinand and the Cardinal…
The winds are "driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing" (4) and the poet's thoughts are like "winged seeds" (7) of each passing season. The poet writes, "ild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; / Destroyer and preserver; hear, oh, hear!" (13-4). Critic Jeanine Johnson notes that "Ode to the est ind" "returns to the idea that human development and nature follow parallel cycles. If the seasons correspond to the ages of human life, spring being a time of new birth is childhood, summer is young adulthood, autumn is middle age, and winter being the time nearest death is old age" (Johnson). Each stanza represents a stage of life that is seen as if it were an aspect of nature and when examining the stages of life, one cannot overlook death. Johnson contends, "Human death is permanent. The poet tries to counter his sadness at the thought of dying with an…
Lasaschire, Ian. "Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ode to the West Wind." Representative Poetry Online.
Site Accessed May 13, 2009. < http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/poem/1902.html
Johnson, Jeanine. "An overview of Ode to the West Wind." Poetry for Students. 1997. GALE
Resource Database. Site Accessed May 13,
CBT integrates theory, i.e. The tenets of psychotherapy, with practical, behavior modification exercises. This, in turn, creates real tangible results. As Cooper writes, "If, on the one hand, you look at the particular therapies that have been shown to be effective for particular psychological problems -- as advocates of empirically supported treatments have done -- there is no question that the evidence base is strongest for CBT. hile, for instance, there are scores of high quality controlled trials demonstrating the effectiveness of CBT for depression17, there are just a handful of studies demonstrating the same thing for person-centred therapy. And while CBT has been shown to be effective for numerous psychological difficulties -- such as phobias, panic, PTSD, bulimia, sexual problems and deliberate self-harm -- there is little equivalent evidence for the vast array of non-CBT practices18 (2008).
CBT is an approach that has been empirically proven to be successful…
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (n.d.). The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved from http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cognitive-behavioral+therapy
Cooper, M. (2008). The Facts are Friendly. Therapy Today.net. Retrieved from http://www.therapytoday.net/article/15/8/categories/
Gelso, C., Fretz, B. (2001) Counseling Psychology Second Edition. Orlando, FL:
Hello, my name is Fadi Awwad. Apologies for the late submission -- for some reason the due date was not showing on my Blackboard! The most recent book I read that really subverted the concept of Freytag's Triangle was probably The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon. In the spring semester 2014, I wrote a research paper on Pynchon for a course on postmodern narrative here at UHV. Pynchon is considered the postmodern novelist par excellence, so it is no surprise that The Crying of Lot 49 subverts traditional narrative structure.
Pynchon's short novel tells the story of a California housewife, Mrs. Oedipa Maas, who is given the duty of being executor for the estate of an ex-lover, Pierce Inverarity, who has just died. The central plot of the novel, however, hinges on whether Oedipa has inadvertently discovered the existence of a vast conspiracy called "The Trystero"…
hile most of the poem centers around this face, there are a few stanzas where the poet breaks away and discovers what he knows to be himself after this tragedy. The dreadful aspect of life and even his own early demise surface in the emotions revealed in this poem. It is deeply personal and intense. On the other hand, "Don Juan" is less personal. hile the poem may feel less personal, it cannot be denied that we see a little of Byron in this character. However, this is more than a character sketch. Each poem successfully utilizes the literary techniques of voice, mood, and tone to explore meaning. Shelley is remarkably successful in capturing moments of grief. The mood and tone of the poem are nothing to question. The stanzas examine focus primarily on sorrow and how this sorrow affects the poet. There is nothing else to know about this…
Byron, George. "Don Juan." Textbook. City: Publisher. Year.
Shelley, Percy. "Adonais." Textbook. City: Publisher. Year.
"O Sylvan ye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of nature that he himself has experienced to his sister. By stating."..Nature never did betray / the heart that loved her" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) ordsworth assures his sister that she will also find peace in the middle of nature if she believes in the communion with nature. This prediction is an artifice of the poem and is not simple. "ordsworth's ability to look to the future to predict memories of events that are happening in the present is ingenious and complicated. But ordsworth beautifully clarifies this concept by using nature as the ideal link between recollection, foresight, and his relationship with another."(Eilenberg, Susan. Strange power of Speech: ordsworth, Coleridge, and Literary Possession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Moreover, by imagining the future of his…
Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Ed. Beth Newman. Boston: St. Martin's, 1996.
Baudelaire, Charles. Selected Writings on Art and Literature. London:
Spector, Jack the State of Psychoanalytic Research in Art History. The Art
Madness in Women
In most of the novels and the works in consideration we see the struggle for expression and the quest to overcome masculine oppression (on the part of the author) finds expression as a deteriorating mental state of the character.
Largely guided by their urge to break off from the shackles of the society and the pining for the freedom that has been sadly denied to them, women exhibit a kind of madness in their effort to restore the balance. This is fairly obvious from the many literary works created by women. These works invariably depict the quest for freedom and very often they end up as the lamenting tones of a deranged personality. In most of the novels and the works in consideration we see the struggle for expression and the quest to overcome masculine oppression (on the part of the author) is expressed as a deteriorating…
"An older, more experienced teacher questions whether 15- to 17-year-old kids are really ready yet to handle Keating's brand of freedom. 'Gee, I never pegged you for a cynic,' says Keating. 'I'm not,' says the other teacher. 'I'm a realist.'… Although there's a carefully placed scene in which Keating tries to make the distinction between unfettered self-expression and self-destructive behavior, the principles behind the re-formation of the Dead Poets Society eventually lead to catastrophe. It becomes clear that at least some of the boys really aren't emotionally equipped to incorporate into their own lives the kind of freedom and nonconformism that Keating is selling" (Emerson 2010). The extremity of Neil's reaction shows the vulnerability of his unformed adolescent emotions and his inability to deal with his resistance to his father in a rational fashion.
However, for all of his faults, by the end of the film, Keating's students have clearly…
Dead Poet's Society. (1989). Directed by Peter Weir.
Emerson, Jim. (2010). Dead Poets Society. Retrieved February 13, 2010 at Screening room. http://cinepad.com/reviews/deadpoets.htm
Straker, David. (2010). Charismatic leadership. Changing Minds. Retrieved February 13, 2010 at http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/charismatic_leadership.htm
Hence, the model of preparation applies to Guevara's situation and choices perfectly because all of the prior knowledge and experience he had through his medical visits across Latin America motivated him to be absolutely prepared for a long battle, hence he not only stayed in the area where he could learn the most, he associated with people who had been pursuing the same goal longer then him and knew more about the things that he wanted to be aware of .
Domain knowledge that Guevara gained by staying in Guatemala and preparing was also of significant importance to sharpen the technical skills he needed to possess to succeed. Two of the most important aspects that Guevara aimed to gain through the domain knowledge were:
To familiarize himself with the rules with which a revolution or change within different societies operates in differing environments and the practical wisdom to compete in…
Anthony DePalma. The Man Who Invented Fidel: Castro, Cuba, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times. New York: Public Affairs, 2006.
Barron, F. And Harrington, D.M. "Creativity, intelligence, and personality," Annual Review of Psychology, 1981, 32: 439-476.
Che Guevara. "Colonialism is Doomed" speech to the 19th General Assembly of the United Nations in New York City, 1964.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1996.
Any one who tried to gain enough power and wealth would be considered a threat to the power of the church and was therefore quickly deposed of their wealth.
Weber proposed that even though Catholics tolerated a greater display of outward wealth, Protestant doctrines asked the followers to concentrate on mundane pursuits. It also asks its followers to accept a lower station in life without a hierarchical structure to force the issue. There were no examples of upward mobility or examples of extravagance to follow. The Protestant faith in promoted a pride in one's work and the "work and Save" ethic. The members were self-motivated, not forced into submission by the Church. This was a key difference between these two philosophies. Weber claimed that this attitude was much more productive than the Catholic idea of wealth attainment. The Calvinists had a word which meant ones calling, or duty on earth.…
Ashley, D. And Orenstein, D. 1995. Sociological Theory: Classical Statements, third edition, Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Baechler, J. 1988. The Cradle of Capitalism: the Case of England
John A. Hall & Michael Mann, Europe and the Rise of Capitalism (Blackwell, 1988).
Bendix, R. 1977 http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0520031946&id=63sC9uaYqQsC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&sig=g-kn8gtBIRvG-ss0I_-BmrBz9YE " Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait. University of California Press.
Tim urton's 1999 film adaptation of Washington Irving's 1819 short story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is hardly a faithful or literal adaptation. R.. Palmer, in his introduction to Nineteenth-Century American Literature on Screen, is rather chilly in his dismissal of urton's adaptation; he claims that a simple survey of Hollywood adaptations overall reveals that a number of major figures, most prominently Washington Irving…had never or rarely (and then generally unsatisfactorily) been adapted for the screen. ecause it has been so dedicated to marketing modernity, broadly conceived, Hollywood production offers only a narrow view of nineteenth-century literature. Hollywood's most extensive engagement with nineteenth-century politics and culture is in fact through an essentially twentieth-century form: the western…(Palmer 6).
Of course, Irving's original tale makes a very poor western, despite Irving's own note that the town of Sleepy Hollow was once "infested with…cow-boys" (Irving 288). ut in order to refashion…
Burton, Tim, dir. Sleepy Hollow. Perf. Johnny Depp, Christina Ricci, Christopher Walken. Paramount, 1999. Film.
Crane, Gregg. The Cambridge Introduction to the Nineteenth Century American Novel. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
Franklin, Wayne. "James Fenimore Cooper and the Invention of the American Novel." In Samuels, Shirley (Editor). A Companion to American Fiction 1780-1865. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004. Print.
Irving, Washington. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Other Stories. Edited by William L. Hedges. New York and London: Penguin Classics, 1999. Print.
age and several thousand miles separated Russian Alexander Pushkin and American Flannery O'Connor. This essay seeks to illustrate why they deserve to be considered as icons of world literature. Pushkin's body of works spans poetry -- romantic and political, essays, and novels. Influential music composers like Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Rimsky Korsakov and Tchaikovsky adapted the lyrical and dramatic elements of Pushkin's works. Flannery O'Connor's work, on the other hand, was largely restricted to short stories. The profundity of her work lies in its uniqueness -- not volume. Her stories hide gruesomeness, truth and religious thought that is not immediately obvious at a superficial level.
The short-story "The Queen of Spades," while not necessarily representative of all of Pushkin's work gives us an idea of the narrative skills that keep the reader on edge. (Pushkin, 1834) The twists in the story combine elements of fantasy. ut at heart this is a story…
Pushkin, A., Eugene Onegin. 1833. Trans. Charles Johnston. New York: Viking Penguin, 1983.
Pushkin, A., Boris Godunov. 1831. Trans. Philip L. Barbour. New York: Greenwood
Publishing Group, Inc., 1976.
Pushkin, A., The Queen of Spades and Other Stories. 1834. Trans. Rosemary Edmonds. New York: Penguin, 1978.
Romanticism is many things. It is a concept, a notion, a way of looking at the world and everything in it that strives for ideals and certain values. Many of those values are based on nature and things that are beyond the creation of man. In fact, nature was able to provide a means of shelter for man during the 19th century as the world itself was changing so much in the wake of the industrialization and urbanization. Romanticism, then, is an idealism that is not necessarily linked to God but which celebrates the organic aspects of God's creations -- such as nature. The human condition of romanticism, therefore, is an attunement to nature and an idealization to it. The human condition of romanticism is found in a number of delightful poets in the British Romantic movement include John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelly, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, to name a…
This "seeing" of something that was not there, and that was of course absolutely known to be missing to the subject, helped the brain reconcile itself to the body's new shape and thus remove the need for the pain centers of the brain to continue to send phantom waves of pain. In just a few minutes, amachandran's subjects could overcome pain that had in many cases haunted them for years and even decades.
amachandran based this breakthrough on an established understanding that "that there's a complete map of the body's surface on the surface of the brain." However, the way in which the body is mapped on the surface area of the brain is not as straightforward as scientists had once expected, as amachandran explains:
So every point on the body's surface has a corresponding point in the brain. Now the curious thing about this map is, even though it's…
Ramachandran, V.S. (2011). The Tell-Tale Brain. New York W.W. Norton & Co.
V.S. Ramachandran's Tales of the 'Tell-Tale Brain'. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/02/14/133026897/v-s-ramachandrans-tales-of-the-tell-tale-brain
Fitzgerald wrote his novel during an era which clearly indicated that living in an unreasonable manner, making all sorts of abuses and excesses, recklessly without any kind of consideration has serious and in the same time damaging effects upon people's lives. Immediately after the First World War, the social and political climate reached an energetic climax during the roaring twenties. With a new focus on individualism and the pursuit of all sorts of pleasures and excitements, this period was filled with adventures that had serious negative consequences. The excess of pleasure and drinking which were the main causes that triggered the inevitable destruction of the characters in "Tender Is the Night" reflects Fitzgerald's sensitivity to the excesses of the Jazz Age prior to the Great Depression.
It could be said that in life we experience the phenomenon of rise and fall and that between the two of them there is…
The Odyssey" by Homer, translated by Samuel Butler
Robin Mitchell-Boyask, Temple University - "Study Guide for Homer's Odyssey" (updated 31 January 2002)
English-speaking versions of Hamlet vs. European versions
The many contemporary interpretations of Shakespeare enacted on the modern stage underline the fact that Shakespeare was a playwright for the ages, not simply a man of his own time. However, in the ways in which Shakespeare has been adapted to modernity, it becomes apparent that modern directors are just as intent upon revealing their own personal preoccupations as well as revealing the nuances of Shakespeare's plays. This can be seen when comparing British interpretations with European and other non-English language stagings of Hamlet. Although the most obvious difference between these two categories is that British interpretations are in the original language of Shakespeare while European stagings are enacted in translation, the difference runs far deeper. English productions tend to emphasize the psychological, internal conflict of Hamlet and view the play in terms of its psychological drama. In contrast, European interpretations of…
Dasgupta, Gautam. "Germany's Fourth Wall." Performing Arts Journal, 13. 2 (May, 1991):
Goldman, Peter. "Hamlet's Ghost: A Review Article." Greenblatt, Stephen. Hamlet in Purgatory.
Princeton UP, 2001. Anthropoetics 7. 1 (Spring / Summer 2001).
Secondary Teaching Strategies
Utilize an engaging curriculum -- Doing will keep students focused on learning. Domain I Competency 004 F. "Enhances learning for students by providing age-appropriate instruction that encourages…higher-order thinking skills."
Establish classroom procedures -- These will get students familiar with routines and acceptable behavior. Domain I Competency 006 A. "Analyzes the effects of classroom routines and procedures on student learning…"
Use group work -- This approach fosters an aspect of collaborative, integrative learning that is engaging. Domain I Competency 005 B. "Establishes a classroom climate that emphasizes collaboration."
Models positive behavior -- Doing so provides a model for other students to follow. Domain II Competency 006 I. "Demonstrates awareness of appropriate behavior standards…."
Curb inappropriate behavior immediately -- Doing so redirects attention back on learning. Domain II Competency 006 J. "Applies effective procedures for managing student behavior."
Remove distractions from students -- This provides…
Americanization of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin played a major role in the American evolution and its history and his contributions changed the history of America as we know it.
One of the most interesting and influential characters in American history is Benjamin Franklin. Franklin was a brilliant man that contributed deeply to both the scientific and political community. Much of what there is to know about his life can be found in Gordon S. Wood's book titled "The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin." The purpose of this paper is to examine the life of Benjamin Franklin through the provided text in order to answer these significant questions:
How come Benjamin Franklin was an unlikely revolutionary?
What caused Franklin to join the revolution?
How can we compare and contrast Franklin's mythology with his reality?
Franklin Preferred London to Philadelphia and royal governments to democracy, why?
How come American colonists were suspicious of…
1) Wood, G. (2004). The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin. Penguin Books.
Dimensions of Identity at Work
There are numerous dimensions that reflect one's identity, and which reflect the identity of the author of this document. These dimensions encompass both the primary and the secondary realms of factors that pertain to diversity. These two realms are unequivocally "important to distinguish" (Loden and Rosener, 1991, p. 18) One can actually argue that many of the primary factors supersede the secondary ones in numerous cases -- or perhaps augment them so much that they render the latter almost subservient to the former. As such, the author believes that the five dimensions that are best reflective of herself are the primary ones. These dimensions greatly affect my perceptions and my performance at work, principally by providing the foundation through which I view most facets of life.
Of the multiple dimensions that encompass the primary dimensions of diversity, it seems as though age is certainly the…
Entering the Greek and Roman art section of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, I was first struck by the skillful lighting and the overall professionalism inherent in the displays. There were not as many people in this section as in some of the others I had visited that day. Yet because of the caliber of artifacts exhibited at the Met, I still felt continuity with the greater world of ancient art. Looking around the gallery containing the Archaic Greek vases, painted in the "black figure" technique, I was immediately impressed by the range of imagery that was depicted on the vases. The sheer age of the vases was astounding. I know most of them were restored painstakingly by experts, but these were items about 2500 years old. I was drawn to one vase in particular, a "neck-amphora" made of terracotta construction and finished with…
Keats, John. "Ode On a Grecian Urn."
"Neck-amphora, ca. 540 B.C.; Archaic; black-figure. Attributed to Exekias." Description online at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/17.230.14a,b_27.16
These different elements are used to provide balance, scale and proportion through illustrating the natural movements / actions that are taking place. Repetition, variety, rhythm and unity are demonstrated based upon the way the image is represented and how it changes as it moves further away from the subject. ("John Biglin in a Small Skull")
From a historical context, this is showing the traditions the elite are continuing to embrace (such as: rowing). However, there are economic and political changes with this group of society growing from a new class of affluent that is emerging. This is illustrating how there are ideological shifts in the views and beliefs of everyone. From a social perspective, these areas are highlighting the way society is becoming wealthier with more people having the opportunity to participate in these activities. ("John Biglin in a Small Skull")
"John Biglin in a Small Skull." Met…
"John Biglin in a Small Skull." Met Museum, 2013. Web 24 Apr. 2013
"Kindred Spirits." Met Museum, 2000. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
"The Veteran in a New Field." Met Museum, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
"View from Mount Holyoke." Met Museum, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
Until the 19th century, nature in art was usually, if present at all, merely the in background of portraits. History and human beings were considered the true, fitting subjects of art. However, as nature began to retreat from everyday life with the rise of technology, artists began to look on nature as a source of inspiration. As nature became rarer, artists gave nature more significance and importance -- nature became more symbolically significant, even as 'real' nature was being overrun by factories, cities, and railroads. Rather than something to be tamed, nature was now something precious. But although human beings may not be present in all Romantic depictions of nature, human thoughts about nature clearly are -- an artist always paints his or her own point-of-view, not a literal representation of nature. Even in the most realistic depictions of nature, the artist is always selective in what…
Obviously, some kind of
intense action is taking place in the narrative along with music ("What
struggle to escape?" "What pipes and timbrels?" "What wild ecstasy?"),
perhaps some type of a festival or religious celebration or possibly a
The second scene (lines 11-30) begins with more music ("Ye soft
pipes, play on") while some "fair" youths, perhaps blonde-haired like the
original Greeks, sit beneath some trees. Line 22 indicates that the
narrative is occurring in the spring ("Nor ever bid the Spring adieu"); the
remaining lines indicate once again some kind of amoral celebration, such
as youths, both male and female, enjoying a sexual tryst beneath the trees
The third scene (lines 31-40) clearly indicates that the narrative is
indeed a religious celebration ("coming to the sacrifice," "green altar"
"mysterious priest") and that the sacrifice for this heathen celebration is
a "heifer" or a young cow.…
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Vol. 1. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1995.
role a business advisor a local business 'start-' consultancy company, asked provide a portfolio a potential customer requires advice start a business venture: ____ The epot Task (1) How start a business venture a Fast Food takeaway Wolverhampton City UK (2) Using 'Marketing mix', develop a Marketing Strategy Fast Food takeaway Wolverhampton.
Fast Food Takeaway Venture
The modern day economic agents face incremental challenges from the industry and the market and they often require the assistance of business specialists in order to best respond to these emergent challenges (Boone and Kurtz, 2010). The fast food venture is to be opened in Wolverhampton City, UK and its success would be ensured by a full understanding of the industry and the market and the strategic adaptation based on company capabilities, industry features and market requirements (Brown, 2005).
The first step is represented by the thorough analysis of the market and the identification…
Arnold, R.A., 2008, Economics, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0324595425
Bowdin, G., O'Toole, W., Alle, J., Harris, R., McDonnell, I., 2006, Events Management, 2nd edition, Elsevier Science and Technology Books, ISBN 9780750665339
Boone, L.E., Kurtz, D., 2010, Contemporary business, 13th edition, John Wiley and Sons
Brown, S., 2005, Strategic operations management, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann
Workplace is not safe from numerous types of crimes. These crimes can range anywhere from burglary to homicides and from discrimination on the basis of sex to even rape for that matter. But these crimes are physical crimes and it is easy to avoid them or keep them at bay by making use of physical barriers, security cameras and a few sensible risk/security management tactics. For instance, if only 3 or 4 people work at night-time, it is easy to target anyone of them but if a considerable amount of people work together and have no hostility towards each other, these types of situations can be avoided. Use of security systems is a pre-requisite for the protection of material wealth and belongings. These types of systems can help avoid theft and burglary but if somehow these do occur, it will inform the managers of the incident at the earliest…
McCollonel '(2000). Cybercrime And Punishment. Page 8-9. www.mcconnellinternational.com.
Balkin J. M (2007)Cybercrime: digital cops in a networked environment. NYU PRESS. New York. USA.
Perline I.H. & Goldschmidt J. (2004). The psychology and law of workplace violence:a handbook for mental health professionals and employers. Charles C. Thomas Publisher. USA
Keats J. (2010) Virtual Words: Language on the Edge of Science and Technology. Oxford University Press. USA.
omantic era began in the late eighteenth century as a reaction against the Age of Enlightenment and was a period of great change and emancipation. The movement started as an artistic and intellectual reaction against aristocratic social and political norms of the Enlightenment and against the scientific rationalization of nature. During the Enlightenment literature and art were primarily created for the elite, upper classes and educated, and the language incorporated in these works was highly poetic, completely different from that spoken by the masses. Artists of the omantic era accessed the ballads and folklore that was familiar to commoners, rather than from the literary works popular with the aristocracy. This shift in emphasis was most strongly manifested in the visual arts, music, and literature. This was the beginning of a period of artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativity. The movement stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical correctness in art forms,…
Constable, J. (1821). The hay wain. [Painting] The national gallery. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/john-constable-the-hay-wain
Kartha, Deepa. (2010). Romanticism: Chariteristics of romanticism. Buzzle.com. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/romanticism-characteristics-of-romanticism.html
Nourrit, A. (1832). La Sylphide. Ballet encyclopedia. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from http://www.the-ballet.com/sylphide.php
Shelley, P.B. (1820). The Question. About. Com A Today. USATODAY.com. Retrieved January 6, 2012, from http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/pshelley/bl-pshel-question.htm
Miller and Eliot on Beauty
Comparing and Contrasting "Beauty" in Miller and Eliot
Arthur Miller and T.S. Eliot are two 20th century American playwrights. hile the latter is more commonly noted for expatriating to Britain and writing some of the most memorable poetry of the early 20th century, the former is noted for his famous depiction of the common man's struggle to find meaning and fulfillment in Death of a Salesman. As distinct as the two writers may seem, they both conceive of and treat the theme of beauty -- Miller analyzing its absence in Salesman, and Eliot analyzing its abandonment in several poems like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" and "The asteland." This paper will compare and contrast both writers and show how they deal with the theme of beauty in their works.
The Absence of Beauty in Salesman and "Prufrock"
Beauty is missing from illy Loman's…
Aristotle. "Poetics." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 12 Oct 2011.
Barstow, Marjorie. "Oedipus Rex as the Ideal Tragic Hero of Aristotle." The Classical
Weekly 6.1 (1912): 2-4. Print.
Blasing, Mutlu Konuk. American Poetry: The Rhetoric of Its Forms. New Haven: Yale
Art has always been used as a means of expression and of confirmation of events and movements that take place in the society in that respective period of time. The Neo-Classical and Romanticist art makes no exception to this rule and the two periods have been considered in the history of artistic art as two of the most representative for the expressivity they brought to the world of the arts as well as through the painters they inspired. Jacques-Louis David and Eugene Delacroix are two of the most representative painters of the New Classical period and the Romanticist art and their paintings are significant for the symbols and ideals these two periods provided for the artistic world.
Neo-classical art must be seen in the wider context of the 18th century and the era of Enlightenment when the new perceptions on the role of reason were redefined against the concepts of…
Beauty's totality, therefore, is much more than qualities that one can see or perceive with the senses.
Yet perhaps the most enduring aspect of beauty and its true value to the world and beyond lies in its capacity to foster love. Quite simply, beauty is loved, and love, at the same time, is certainly beautiful. alker comes to this conclusion at the end of her essay, in which her low esteem for herself regarding her personal appearance due to her eye accident is instantaneously overcome by a single statement from her daughter. That statement in and of itself is not as important as the reaction it provoked within the author, who was able to come to terms with her own beauty and the love it inspired as a result, which the following quotation proves.
Crying and laughing I ran to the bathroom, while Rebecca mumbled and sang herself to sleep.…
Sontag, Susan. "Woman's Beauty: Put-down or Power Source." Occasions
For Writing: Evidence, Idea. Ed. Robert Diyanni. Page: 245-246. Print.
Walker, Alice. "Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self." Occasions
For Writing: Evidence, Idea. Ed. Robert Diyanni. Page: 251-255. Print.
Fern Hill (Dylan Thomas)
The "Poetry Explications" handout from UNC states that a poetry explication is a "relatively short analysis which describes the possible meanings and relationship of the words, images, and other small units that make up a poem."
The speaker in "Fern Hill" dramatically embraces memories from his childhood days at his uncle's farm, when the world was innocent; the second part brings out the speaker's loss of innocence and transition into manhood. This explication will identify and critique Thomas' tone, imagery (including metaphors) and expressive language (as it contributes to the power of the poem). ("Fern Hill" uses 6 verse paragraphs; there are 9 lines in each paragraph.)
"Now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs / About the lilting house and happy as the grass was green / the night above the dingle starry / time let me hail and climb / golden…
Bible Meanings. (2011). Lamb. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://www.biblemeanings.info/words/animal/lamb.htm.
Cox, C.B. (1959). Dylan Thomas's 'Fern Hill.' The Critical Quarterly, 1(2), 134-138.
Thomas, Dylan. (2012). Fern Hill. Academy of American Poets. Retrieved December 9, 2012,
from http://www.poets.org .
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?
Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.
Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.
Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…
The choice cannot be repudiated or duplicated, but one makes the choice without foreknowledge, almost as if blindly. After making the selection, the traveler in Frost's poem says, "Yet knowing how way leads on to way/I doubted if I should ever come back" (14-15). And at the end, as one continues to encounter different forks along the way, the endless paths have slim chance of ever giving the traveler a second choice. One can see this as similar to Mrs. Mallard's change. As she looks out into the future, she sees endless possibilities for choice and nothing feels like she would ever return to the determinate state of marriage.
The final two lines of "The Road Not Taken" say, "I took the one less traveled by / and that has made all the difference" (19-20). Unlike in Chopin, the traveler determines to take the path. In Chopin, the path forces…
Carver, Raymond. (1981). Cathedral: stories. New York: Vintage.
Chopin, Kate. (2003). The Awakening and selected short fiction. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Frost, Robert. (1969). The Poetry of Robert Frost: the collected poems E.C. Lathem, Ed. New York: Holt.
oad not Taken, obert Frost uses the setting, mood, and characterization to help illuminate the theme of choice symbolized by the road not taken.
The poem uses various literary devices to describe choice.
The poem is set in the woods, where two roads diverge.
The setting is symbolic.
The roads represent choice.
The poem has a contemplative mood.
Each of the choices is appealing
The traveler knows that choosing one road means choosing not to follow the other road.
The poem has a complex structure with:
Four five-line stanzas;
ABAAB rhyme structure;
Iambic tetrameter; and D. The use of some anapests.
Frost uses an unnamed narrator in the poem
A. Old enough to have made choices
Not an old person because the narrator expects to age
Poetry Analysis: The oad not Taken by obert Frost
In The oad not Taken, obert Frost uses the narrator's voice to describe a man…
Frost, R. (1916). The road not taken. Retrieved May 19, 2014 from Poetry Foundation website:
contemplated an individual's relationship with his or her environment. In Oedipus Rex and Antigone, Sophocles explores the relationship an individual has with the world and society. In each of these plays, Sophocles juxtaposes divinity and humanity and investigates the role of each within Theban society as well as looks into conflicts that arise when the laws of man conflict with divine laws. Through their narratives, Oedipus Rex and Antigone posit man is intended to serve others, including gods, and that they do not exist to be self-serving.
Oedipus Rex revolves around an eponymous anti-hero who by saving the city of Thebes from a Sphinx inadvertently and simultaneously brought forth a plague upon it. By defeating the Sphinx, Oedipus secured his place upon the Theban throne and as such was not only responsible for ensuring laws were abided, but was also responsible for protecting Thebes' citizens. Because of the plague that…
Sophocles. Antigone. The Complete Greek Tragedies. Eds. David Grene and Richard Lattimore.
2nd Edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1991. pp. 160-212.
-. Oedipus Rex. The Complete Greek Tragedies. Eds. David Grene and Richard
Lattimore. 2nd Edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1991. pp. 10-76.