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The measures should be quantifiable, and should be continually evaluated and adjusted. The fifth element of my five-year leadership plan is to find myself in a management position. Taking on leadership roles within low-level positions is an important first step, but by the end of the five-year plan I want to be in a management position, characterized not only by staff but also by a budget. At this point, I believe I would be in a position to implement another five-year plan.
4. Three steps to undertake right now relate to my five-year plan. The first is to begin taking courses about motivation or communication, in order to improve my skills in these areas. The second will be to ask my supervisor at work to provide me with a project that will allow me to show some of my leadership skills. I may need to suggest a project to the…
Leboeuf, M. (1999). Developing a leadership philosophy. U.S. Army. Retrieved February 14, 2011 from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/leboeuf.htm
McCall, M. (2010). Recasting leadership development. Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Vol. 3 (1) 3-19.
Thank you for your consideration of my application to Woodbury University. I understand and respect the value of receiving instruction and inspiration from professors and instructors in the field of organizational leadership, and it is my goal to be enrolled at Woodbury University in that regard.
What is particular appealing for me in terms of the learning process is knowing that the Woodbury University graduate program specializes on "small study groups that maximize learning and promote personal and professional relationships" that can carry over into life beyond graduation.
I also like the fact that classes are on a five-week format, and that they are intensive, because learning should be an concentrated, rigorous experience with challenges put in front of students -- the kind of challenges that participants will be faced with out of school. The Woodbury University strategy of allowing students to engender meaningful professional relationships while learning…
Philosophy of Leadership
The leadership philosophy that I strive to adhere to is best summed up by the time-honored adage that an effective group is more than the sum of its parts. The primary means that such a situation as this one may occur is through an effective form of decentralized leadership (Thomas 2008) in which all of the parts (or in this case, the subordinates) are encouraged to add their input and their experiences. The job that I take on as the leader is to evaluate these experiences and their worth to whatever the current task at hand is, and then to proceed with the course of action I believe would benefit the group as a whole. For someone in my position, this decentralized, sympathetic form of leaderships is all-inclusive and is projected to evolve based upon the amount and the degree of experience that is gained while…
Sewell, G.F. (2008). "Why Write a Leadership Philosophy." L112 Reading B.
Thomas, T. (2008). "Leadership, Leader and Command Philosophies -- What's the Difference and Why Does it Matter?"
Philosophy of Nursing Leadership Today
Healthcare practitioners have a wide range of theoretical models to draw on in formulating clinical interventions, and nurses in particular have numerous grand theories that can help guide their practice in challenging settings. In an increasingly multicultural environment, a growing number of nursing theorists have also identified the need to deliver healthcare services that are transcultural in nature. In this regard, practitioners such as Madeleine Leininger advocate a transcultural nursing paradigm that provides nurses with a flexible framework in which to evaluate what may be different or similar among patients with respect to their special care needs and concerns. This paper presents a review of the relevant literature concerning a nursing leadership philosophy in general and the role that transcultural nursing, mentoring and the level of support provided by older colleagues can play in promoting improved healthcare outcomes and employee satisfaction in particular. A summary…
Daly, J., Speedy, S., Jackson, D., Lambert, V.A. & Lambert, C.E. (2005). Professional nursing:
Concepts, issues, and challenges. New York: Springer.
Leininger, M.M. (1991). Culture care diversity and universality: A theory of nursing. New York: National League for Nursing.
Leininger, M. & McFarland, M. (2004). Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, research, and practice (pp. 169 -- 177). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Personal Leadership Philosophy
Self-leadership is a concept that can be addressed in regards to the degree of which the processes that influence the self are characterized by responsibility, authenticity, and the increase of capacity. The importance and significance of higher-level standards is encompassed through authenticity (e.g., pondering the why, what, and how of self-influence). Corporate social responsibility shares the commonly understood elements of self-responsibility. Capacity is the growth and expansions of ones self-leadership potential. This can enhance results and create authentic as well as responsible ends (Manz, 2015).
In the same line of thought, individual leadership philosophy changes from individual to individual. Deciding one's personal philosophy is a consistent mental practice, a procedure of steady appraisals toward oneself and the scrutinizing of individual suppositions, convictions and qualities, all of which at last will bring about how we oversee people and circumstances encountered (Mayer, 2012). Individual or leadership toward oneself is…
Manz, C. (2015). Taking the Self-Leadership High Road: Smooth Surface or Potholes Ahead? The Academy Of Management Perspectives, 29(1), 132-151.
Mayer, S. (2012). Developing an Effective Command Philosophy. Leadership Philosophy, 71-80.
Pearce, C., Wassenaar, C., & Manz, C. (2015). Is Shared Leadership the Key to Responsible Leadership? The Academy of Management Perspectives, 28(3), 275-288.
This also, unfortunately, contributes substantially to the high attrition rate (attributable to failure to adapt to the professional environment) among foreign-educated nurses (eid, 2009). Ultimately, the effective establishment of leadership culture in healthcare organizations and with respect to the nursing profession especially, requires first addressing these fundamental issues that undermine the most basic necessary elements for cultivating leadership in organizations.
Personal Philosophy of Nursing Leadership and Management in Clinical Practice
My personal philosophy of nursing leadership and management in clinical practice is that, first and foremost, effective nursing leadership requires technical knowledge and a continual commitment to learning. Since the field is currently threatened by high attrition rates, my personal philosophy emphasizes the importance of addressing the specific factors (as much as practicable) within the workplace to counteract them and help those practitioners experiencing problems negotiating them on their own in a manner consistent with best leadership and management practices.…
Blair G. (2003). Groups that Work. Washington, DC: IEEE Press.
Dalton D. (2003). Rethinking Corporate Security in the Post-9/11 Era. Boston:
Hamric AB, Spross JA, and Hanson CM. (2009). Advanced Practice Nursing: An
Introduction and Philosophy of Leadership
Leadership study is an evolving field, which attempts to understand the role that leaders play within organizations, and how the best leaders accomplish their tasks. One branch of leadership philosophy specifically examines the leadership-member exchange, which highlights the different ways that leaders communicate their visions as a means of understanding effective leadership. Drinon (no date) argues that because there is no one set perfect leadership style, leaders are free to interpret the different elements of leadership to suit themselves, and to suit the organizations in which they work.
My own leadership philosophy draws on two main traditions. The first is a participative style, which allows the group to have input into the different decisions that they make. This is something that Kurt Lewin identified as one of the most effective leadership styles, because the different people within the organization have already bought into…
Ciulla, J. (2014). Ethics, the Heart of Leadership. Praeger: Santa Barbara, CA
ChangingMinds (2016). Transactional leadership. Changing Minds. Retrieved May 3, 2016 from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/transactional_leadership.htm
Drinon (no date). Refining your leadership philosophy and style. KSCPA. Retrieved May 3, 2016 from https://www.kscpa.org/writable/files/DrinonsLeadershipExpress/02..dle-_article_.pdf
Riordan, C. (2014). Three ways leaders can listen with more empathy. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved May 3, 2016 from https://hbr.org/2014/01/three-ways-leaders-can-listen-with-more-empathy
Personal Leadership Outline
Give respect to the creative abilities of people who love competition and technology and watch as they build a better future.
Trusting those I hire and offering people the chance to grow and learn from new opportunities and working as a time is what I value most in business as in life. The benefits of technology and the worldly experience I've enjoyed have opened my perspective to the possibilities that exist in just about any field, and I hope to be creative in turning that approach to business success. I see this as the way to ensure that I am achieving my bottom line of social responsibility and maximum profitability. It is critical for both of those ideas to work together. My leadership style is to demonstrate this in practice and then to preach positively about what I practice. As with sports, tomorrow is going to be…
Adams, C. What business analysts can learn from competitive sports: The power of consistency. March 22, 2011. Viewable at http://www.modernanalyst.com/Resources/Articles/tabid/115/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/1715/What-Business-Analysts-Can-Learn-from-Competitive-Sports-The-Power-of-Consistency.aspx .
Miller, C. 5 of my core business philosophies and values. Adventures in Entrepreneurship. Posted Jan. 7, 2010. Viewable at http://corymiller.com/5-of-my-core-business-philosophies-and-values/ .
The Transformational Leadership Report. Developing tomorrow's transformational leaders today. 2007. Viewable at http://www.transformationalleadership.net/products/TransformationalLeadershipReport.pdf .
Leadership philosophy denotes the values, beliefs, and principles that define or influence how a leader leads their followers. There are many different leadership philosophies, but one philosophy that particularly resonates with the author’s leadership philosophy is servant leadership. Servant leadership is about serving others and prioritising the needs of others. As demonstrated in this paper, servant leadership is a leadership philosophy that is applicable at the workplace as well as in one’s personal life. Servant leadership is crucial for building strong relationships, trust, respect, and collaboration between the leader and their followers. In spite of some shortcomings, servant leadership – if effectively applied – can result in more fulfilling workplaces and personal lives.
Whereas there is no universally agreed definition, leadership essentially means the process of influencing a group of people to accomplish a shared goal or objective (Northouse, 2013). A leader offers guidance, direction, and motivation. Different leaders…
The long-range impact of educational leadership is to empower others in the school community to nurture their talents and abilities and make them leaders in their own capacities. To realize this, the leader needs to adopt the transformational leadership framework, which requires them to be an intellectual stimulator, inspirational motivator, mentor, and coach. The process of leadership incorporates several leadership strategies including direction-setting, developing people, mentoring and coaching, and developing leadership programs. There is a need for continuous learning to enhancing the leader’s handling of people from diverse cultures, religion, and nationalities. The intermediate aim of the leader is to help followers realize their maximum potential.
Educational Leadership Philosophy
Strong educational leadership is a crucial determinant of effective student learning. On the basis of strong leadership, a struggling school can transform and a great one empowered to thrive even more. According to a report by the Wallace Foundation, educational…
Cambridge Assessment International Education (2017). Educational Leadership. Cambridge Assessment International Education. Retrieved from https://www.cambridgeinternational.org/Images/271192-educational-leadership.pdf
Leithwood, K., Louis, K., Anderson, L., & Wahlstrom, K. (2004). Review of Research: How Leadership Influences Student Learning. The Wallace Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/Documents/How-Leadership-Influences-Student-Learning.pdf
Martin, B., Cashel, C., Wagstaff, M., & Breunig, M. (2006). Outdoor Leadership: Theory and Practice. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Spears, U. (2012). Coaching Leadership Families: Using the Leadership Family Model to Coach, Mentor, and Multiply Health Families. New York, NY: Xlibris Corporation.
A philosophy of leadership provides the set of guiding principles throughout the initial US Army Military Training, establishing the framework and foundation from which I will develop a cohesive and strong leader identity. One of the main purposes of cultivating a leadership philosophy now is to determine the set of values from which I will not waver, even as circumstances and situations require flexibility in my responses and creative thinking in my decisions. Another purpose of developing a philosophy of leadership now is that it will allow me to empower others, inspiring them to also rise to every occasion as military leaders. My philosophy of leadership will also enhance my self-concept, as I improve my communications competencies. Strong military leaders are able to provide constructive feedback and support, inspiring trust and raising morale. As an emerging leader, I intend to be at the forefront of change, helping others to remove…
Read two journal articles relating to Team Building through Servant Leadership philosophy.
Submit a written analysis (one to two pages) for each article, and attach a copy of the article.
Neill, M., Hayward, K., & Peterson, T. (2007). Students' Perceptions of the Interprofessional Team in Practice Through The Application of Servant Leadership Principles. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 21(4), 425-432
Neill, Hayward, and Peterson (2007) investigated the perceptions students have concerning interprofessional teams in practice using the principles of servant leadership. The sample that was studied was students from different professions within the health sector, subjected to a similar framework. The students provided care using mobile wellness services. These teams had a central source of communication coordinated by a faculty member of the health profession. An Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale was used to measure the perceptions of interdisciplinary practice. Further, a pretest-posttest research design was employed in checking whether…
Leadership Plans for Upcoming Academic Year
Over the course of the upcoming academic year, I hope to pursue opportunities that will ground my academic work in educational experiences outside of the classroom. I will become part of an undergraduate research program that will enable me to marry my real-life work in the world with what I have learned about marketing theory in school. I also will join more activities that will enable me to connect with other students of similar interests and aptitudes. One difficulty with working full-time and pursuing an undergraduate degree is that time is often scarce; obtaining a scholarship would free up more of my time to delve deeper into extracurricular activities. I have come to realize how the opportunities afforded to me to network with my peers and future employers are essential. I seek new opportunities to lead and to learn from other student and professional…
Course No -- Leadership
It had often been said earlier that leadership is an inherent quality in certain individuals, but there are also leaders who are made through management institutions, by organizations, through institutions like the armed forces and even through political relationships, etc. There are certain qualities that a leader must have or develop to be a leader and remain a leader and those are the subject matter of discussion now.
The situation in the world is changing and it has come to a position in the beginning of the twenty-first century, that certain characteristics are seen as requirements for being able to influence future changes. Some of them are the ability to bring together individuals as much as possible for them to take a collective action, demonstrate collaborative decision and inclusive decision making for the entire group, maintain a flexible and responsive reaction in reference to all…
"Devolution in Practice: An Update" Retrieved from http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Devolution/Pub3623.pdf Accessed 10 September, 2005
"Leadership" Retrieved from http://www.productivesolutions.com.au/leadership.htm Accessed 10 September, 2005
Leboeuf, Maureen K. "Developing a Leadership Philosophy" Retrieved from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/leboeuf.htm
Accessed 10 September, 2005
This is another circumstance, however, that is likely to limit the use of this text in management courses, which is truly a disservice to American industry and consumers. It is ironic that in living up to the principles of clarity and directness that it espouses, this tome will probably be read most by simple admirers of Powell and self-help fanatics, rather than put to extensive practical use in the real world.
Where the book might be lacking in a sense of academic rigor and obfuscation, it is hugely successful in its primary attempt to bring a sense of accountability and nobility back to leadership in this country. The United States has been somewhat short on inspirational and honest leaders in the past decade, and though this book is now seven years old it remains a testament to the type of mentality that apparently still exists even when it has faded…
In order to accomplish this, I will need to in some ways "symbolize the norms" of what others expect (Wren 1995, pg. 188). This does note mean subsuming my identity, but making sure that I am more easily identified with than my mannerisms and extreme intellectualism sometimes allow.
How to ecognize Change
ecognizing change in oneself is supremely difficult, but there are tangible measures in leadership situations that can be used. The best way for me to tell if my expectations have fallen more in line with reality, for instance, would be to see how well and how easily my group accomplishes the set goals. If the goals seem to be creating an inordinate amount of stress and work, then it might be best to reduce expectations again. When it comes to changing the emotive content of my communication, asking a few trusted members of the team for their input…
Bass, B. & Riggio, R. (2006) Transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Covey, S. (1991). Principle-centered leadership. New York: Simon & Schuster.
George, W. & Bennis, W. (2003). Authentic leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Goleman, D.; Boyatzis, R.; McKee, A. (2004). Primal leadership. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
One of the challenges that most religious leaders will face is: dealing with the unique problems impacting their congregation, individuals they are working with and the church. This is a sign that there are tremendous difficulties of exercising effective leadership. As they are forced to serve: the role of confidant and understand these issues that are impacting everyone. For most individuals, achieving these objectives can be demanding by having to address a host of situations at the same time. Once this occurs, is the point that these issues will have an effect on the kind of advice and support that is provided. To address these challenges, a new approach must be taken that will utilize proven tactics.
In the book titled Leadership Handbook of Management & Administration, Berkley (2008) is discussing how these challenges can be dealt with. This is accomplished by looking at a host of issues…
Berkley, J. (2008). Leadership Handbook of Management & Administration. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing.
log 1: Theories and Models of Leadership and Management
An organization is a collection of multidimensional components and there are complex equations between all of these components. It encompasses various individuals, business practices, visions, missions, goals, performance standards, an organizational culture, ethical frameworks, hierarchies based on command and control, working methods, management styles along with relevant theories and models and a considerable number of other factors. Different organizations perform their operations under the influence of distinguished and diverse rules, conditions, circumstances, goals and factors (Cherry n.d.). Since the modus operandi and culture associated with every organization are tailored to its requirements, therefore, the models and theories allied with management style of an organization can also be also distinctive, unique and different from what accomplishes favorable outcomes for another organization.
Ibarra and Hansen (2011, p.p.71) reveals a research-based fact that has consistently shown that diverse teams produce better…
1. Kotter, JP (2007), Leading change: Why transformation efforts fail, Harvard Business Review.
2. Studzinski, J (2010), BVO - World class CEOs master the art of listening. Available from < http://bvo.com/topics/communication-skills-for-leaders/programmes/john-studzinskiworld-class-ceos-master-the-art-of-listening. > [16 July 2012]
3. Ibarra, H, & Hansen, M (2011), 'Are You a Collaborative Leader?' Harvard Business Review [online], 89, 7/8, pp. 68-74.
4. Kent, S (2005, November), Better behavior, PM Network, 19(11), 4+.
This is the importance of the DO in Be-Know-DO-Learn.
And finally, the Army adds "learn" to the strategy. It seems pretty obvious what this part of the strategy means, but on the other hand there is an important ingredient here that may not be obvious. A leader doesn't just go to a prestigious officer's training school like est Point, learn a lot and come out ready to stay an effective leader. He needs to be willing to and have the capacity to "learn continuously." He must have a strong desire to be updated, to see himself as an educated educator; he must ask questions and not just disseminate information.
Ask questions and seek new knowledge. That's what General Savage did very well, and it rubbed off on his men, just the way he planned it. But even the best laid plans of Generals and Colonels can go awry, if there…
Be-Know-Do-Learn. (2006). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Original Publication written by Francis Hesselbein & Eric Shinseki. Retrieved May 14, 2008, at http://hq.usace.army.mil/cepa/learning/2.htm.
Twelve O'Clock High. (1949) Twentieth Century Fox. Director, Henry King.
Vincent, E. (2003). Nelson and mission command: Edgar Vincent analyses the Spectacularly successful, and surprisingly modern, leadership strategy of Horatio
Nelson. History Today, 53(6), 18-20.
Leadership Style of Meg Whitman
Meg Whitman is the Chief Executive Officer at Hewlett-Packard (HP). This is a computer manufacturing firm based in California, USA. She started working at Hewlett Packard way back in 1989, but it is from the year 2009 that she became the CEO of this company. During her youth, she attended Harvard Business School where she got the true learning about leadership. Outside the business field, she also involved herself in politics at some point by vying for the Governor's post in California. She also managed to win the primaries in 2010 but lost the gubernatorial race. Meg Whitman is among the wealthiest women in America with a value of 1.9 billion U.S. dollars. She is also seen to be the most influential woman in the corporate circle. Her stint at HP is the most remarkable. She has turned around HP's fortunes for the better (Whitman,…
Cook, M. (2009). Decision Making in Complex Environments. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.
Frederick, R. (2012). A Companion to Business Ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
Hitt, M., & Ireland, R. (2011). Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization (3rd ed.). Cincinnati: South-Western College Pub.
Odiorne, G. (2010). Management by Objectives; a System of Managerial Leadership. New York: Pitman Pub.
It is to common knowledge that good leaders are made but not born (Fletcher, 2009), but if the desire is driven by a sheer force of will and coupled with the inculcation of the necessary ambition, one can mould his personality into becoming an effective leader. It was history that taught us that the world famous leaders, despite the values they preached or the morals they stood out for, cultivated through an ongoing channel of education, experience, training and self-study. From Napoleon to Luther, it is clearly evident that it is the continuous hardship rather than resting laurels that makes one competent enough to reach for the heavens above.
Before my self-evaluation in context to leadership and its consequential predicaments, I would like to start off by the simple definition of leadership. Leadership is the mechanism that enables a person to inspire and motivate others in order to perform…
Fletcher, M. (2009). Overcoming Barriers to Church Growth: Proven Strategies for taking your church to the next level. Bethany House, 47.
Lawler, J. & Bilson, M. (2009). The individual manager and leader. Social work management and leadership: managing complexity with creativity. Taylor & Francis, 41.
Northouse, P.G. (2009). Leader -- Member Exchange theory. Leadership: Theory and Practice. SAGE, 155.
Zastrow, C. (2009). Strategies for resolving conflicts. The Practice of Social Work: A comprehensive work text. Cengage Learning, 198.
"Our leadership development and training programs push each and every delegate to gain a rigorous personal insight into what makes them tick and then, with that understanding of themselves, to stretch the boundaries of what's comfortable for them" (Leadership development - Leadership skills and training, 2008, Impact Factory). Leadership training through the organization stresses emotional rather than technical skills, unlike GE. Human perception, creativity and out-of the box thinking is what is defined as leadership skills by Impact Factory and by the companies that use its services to train new and older employees alike, employees defined as leaders, and lower level employees as well. Key to success for individuals and the organization as a whole include: "Determining how well you perceive what's going on around you...polishing interpersonal skills and communication skills" (Leadership development - Leadership skills and training, 2008, Impact Factory).
The influence of leadership theory of a 'great man'…
General Electric: Imagination at work. (2008). GE. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008. http://www.gepower.com/commitment/en/integrity.htm
Ethos. (2008). The Impact Factory. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008 at http://www.impactfactory.com/ factory.shtml
Impact Factory. (2008). Impact Factory Homepage. Retrieved 1 Sept 2008 at
autobiography Leadership, written by udolph Giuliani and Ken Kurson as the main resource for this biography of Giuliani. I have chose udy Giuliani for exemplary leadership because of his charisma, his fearless attitude, and the way he managed the crisis in New York City after the terrorist bombings of September 11, 2001. While Mr. Giuliani certainly is not a perfect man, he showed remarkable skill, empathy, and leadership when New York City (and the nation) needed it the most.
In addition, Mr. Giuliani is a charismatic man, and before the terrorist bombings, he was a controversial leader at best. Not everyone liked or admired him. He sometimes seems to have an abrasive and grating personality. I was interested to see how his persona before and after the terrorist attacks changed, and how he came to be a hero in the hearts and minds of a nation that had largely ignored…
Barrett, W. (2000). Rudy!: An investigative biography of Rudolph Giuliani. New York: Basic Books.
Bernstein, A. (1997, September 29). Why Rudy reigns: Crime pays for New York's mayor. The Nation, 265, 11+.
Bielski, L. (2003). Rudy on leadership. ABA Banking Journal, 95(1), 8.
Giuliani, R.W. (2001, September/October). Ideals, principles & values must transcend all forms of prejudice. Presidents & Prime Ministers, 10, 7+.
Systems Perspective, Organizational Behavior Perspective, and Organizational Development Perspective. I have discussed how the three theories apply to my leadership style and how they relate to my definition of leadership which is the betterment of the organization and its people. The three perspectives were key to the success of my Squadron and the care and welfare of the organization, followers and Families. The next chapter will define what I have learned and why it is important to me as I cover my final thoughts.
As I reflect back why I started my pursuit of getting a degree I would have to "Thank" a lot of people. My wife would be the number one reason for me pursuing my completion of the whole degree process as it took a lot of prodding and poking, she's the best. I have many senior leaders and peers that I would like to…
personal philosophy of leadership. Address what role you feel a health care leader should play, what leadership theory they should follow, and why leaders should follow that theory.
My personal philosophy of leadership is that leaders need to remain strong and focused, decisive and relatively uninfluenced by their own or others' emotions. In healthcare, it is particularly important to apply evidence-based practice and rational thought to decisions, rather than rely on charismatic leaders to become figureheads in an organization or healthcare team. Increasingly, healthcare leaders rely on collaborative work environments where leadership philosophies that are collaborative and democratic prove most successful (Chriem, et al., 2013). Collaborative work environments occasionally rely on having a formal leader, but increasingly we are encountering shared power situations in which there is no one clear leader and in which each person's contributions are recognized as equal. This is true in some, but not all, healthcare…
Chriem, S., et al. (2013). Leadership as boundary work in healthcare teams. Leadership 9(2): 201-228.
Rus, V. (1980). Positive and negative power. Organization Studies 1(1): 3-19.
Zheng, X. et al. (2016). Curvilinear relationships between role clarity and supervisor satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology 31(1): 110-126.
Leadership Trait Questionnaire (LTQ) is based on trait theory of leadership, which suggests that individuals possess specific personality or behavioral traits conducive to leadership like expressiveness, sensitivity, and determination. The questionnaire does not measure one's efficacy or effectiveness as a leader. ather, the questionnaire is designed to measure self-perceptions and perceptions of others. Because it takes into account both self-reports and the perceptions of others measured on the same scale, the LTQ is robust and reflects prevailing literature that shows that personality assessed using both self and observer ratings explains more variance in leadership than self ratings of personality alone," (Colbert, Judge, Choi & Wang, 2012, p. 670). Answers on the LTQ will reflect more about the leadership style one exhibits than one's innate abilities or prior successes as a leader.
Some of the qualities listed on the LTQ include self-confidence, trustworthiness, and sensitivity. Most of the qualities on the…
Colbert, A.E., Judge, T.A., Choi, D. & Wang, G. (2012). Assessing the trait theory of leadership using self and observer ratings of personality. The Leadership Quarterly 23(4): 670-685.
Zaccaro, S.J. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist 62(1): 6-16.
This essaydescribes the meaning of leadership and defines the characteristics and qualities of effective leaders. It discusses the manner in which leadership skills can be developed and assesses the importance of leadership in organizations seeking to achieve specific aims. Leadership styles, such as servant leadership and transformational leadership, are analyzed and qualities such as boldness, good judgment and emotional intelligence are examined to show how they support effective leadership. The paper concludes with a discussion of what leadership means to different people and how leadership styles can reflect an individuals own subjective take on leadership and how it should be demonstrated.
What is leadership?
How can leadership qualities be promoted?
How does a bad leadership experience impact a workplace culture?
Real-life leaders in the 20th century
Influential Leaders in Modern Times
Servant Leadership and Youth Programs
The Qualities That Define a Good Leader
Gender-Leader Association and Qualities
From the data, it is evident that I have a "moderate association of Male with Career and Female with Family as compared to Female with Career and Male with Family." For this, the interpretation is described as an 'association between Female and Family' because I was faster when the names were classified as Males names with Career words, and Female names with Family words. To me, work has always been important, and I enjoy working with individuals of both sexes. The results of the questionnaire shocked me as I was expecting to have a strong association with Female and Family and Male and Career (Northouse, 2016). Nonetheless, I learned the importance of formulating a personal leadership philosophy, which looks at exercising civic responsibility. Therefore, as a leader, I need to take action and engage others in making positive differences for the common good. This philosophy has…
Cheung, F. M., & Halpern, D. F. (2010). Women At The Top: Powerful Leaders Define Success As Work + Family In A Culture Of Gender. American Psychologist, 65(3), 182-193.
Christman, D. E., & Mcclellan, R. L. (2012). Discovering Middle Space: Distinctions of Sex and Gender in Resilient Leadership. The Journal of Higher Education, 83(5), 648-670.
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and Practice (7th Ed.), Chapter 15, Gender and Leadership (Pp. 397-426). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications
Leadership and You
Leaders play a crucial role in the society and organizations, especially with regards to helping the organization achieve its objectives and purposes. These individuals use varying approaches to leadership that inform their practices in motivating organizational members towards the accomplishment of common objectives. Through their practices, leaders not only influence the behaviors of their followers or subordinates but also help in shaping organizational culture. The use of different leadership styles and philosophies is also attributed to the difference in concept and practices of the leader. Moreover, leaders can improve their effectiveness through adopting strategies that address the weaknesses of their leadership approaches since every leadership style or approach has certain weaknesses.
Definition of Leadership
Leadership is a term or concept that means different things to different people depending on the context of where the leadership practice takes place. As a result, different people have different definitions of…
Fanning, B. (n.d.). Tony Hsieh and Zappos.com: Leadership and Corporate Culture. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from http://static.squarespace.com/static/52fae3d6e4b071a64a8aac54/t/535c505ae4b009fc847df281/1398558810086/Tony+Hsief+and+Zappos.com+-+Leadership+and+Corporate+Culture.pdf
Mielach, D. (2013, March 6). Defining Leadership: 8 Ways to be a Great Leader. Business News
Daily. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/4069-business-leaders-define-leadership.html
Northouse, P.G. (2012). Leadership: theory and practice (pp.78-128). New York, NY: SAGE
Leadership Development Plan
It is imperative for an effective leader to have a plan in order to succeed. This takes into account a personal plan intended for growth and a professional one intended for improvement. The purpose of this paper is to highlight my personal strengths and weaknesses as a leader, ascertain the areas necessitated for enhancement, and pinpoint the leadership skills and practices that I will employ to become an effective leader. In addition, this paper will also delineate an outline of the goals and objectives that I deem to be a priority as well as a timeline for this leadership development. The general result will encompass an inclusive leadership plan of development that I will utilize to develop myself as an individual and also for any organization that I will eventually work for in the forthcoming periods.
The personal assessment of management skills facilitated clear awareness and discernment…
Bateman, T. & Snell, S. (2015). Management: Leading & collaborating in the competitive world (11th ed., Chapter 1). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Biro, M. M. (2012). 5 Leadership Behaviors Loyal Employees Trust, Forbes.
Bolden, R., Gosling, J. (2006). Leadership Competencies: Time to change the tune? Leadership, 2: 147.
Cameron, K. (2011). Responsible leadership as virtuous leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 98: 25-35.
Leadership Style: What Do People Do When they are Leading?
Hewlett Packard (HP) remains one of the most successful computer and related services company in the Diversified Computer Systems industry. In this text, I concern myself with the leadership style of Meg Whitman -- the CEO of HP. In so doing, I will amongst other things analyze how her leadership style aligns with the company's culture. I will also examine Whitman's strengths, weaknesses as well as personal and organizational values.
Born in 1956, Whitman has over the years earned herself an enviable reputation as an efficient and brilliant corporate executive keen on making a mark in a corporate environment dominated by men. Having cut her teeth at Hasbro, Stride ite, Disney, and most notably eBay where served as CEO for a decade, Whitman rose to become the head of HP. She has also in the past tried her hand in…
Ferris, G.R. & Treadway, D.C. (Eds.). (2012). Politics in Organizations: Theory and Research Considerations. New York, NY: Taylor and Francis Group.
Forsyth, D.R. (2010). Group Dynamics (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Fox, W. (2007). Managing Organizational Behavior. Cape Town: Juta and Company.
Hellriegel, D. & Slocum, J.W. (2009). Organizational Behavior (12th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Leadeship Style Inventoy
Leadeship cises have been bewing since the past centuy. Evidently, the latest global economic lapses of financial makets aised a highe need fo an effective leadeship than it had been befoe. These cises led to a call fo contempoay oganizations to scutinize o assess the leadeship potential among thei employees and new ecuitments. Following the cuent changes in oganizational ules and business games, as well as andomly emeging competitions, the most fundamental pioity fo businesses and/o oganizations is to ascetain new leadeship potentials, develop them, and find the most appopiate ways to gow them. This pape theeby ecommends the need fo developing authentic and visionay leades by utilizing the "Leadeship Style Inventoy (LSI)" and matching the leadeship esults obtained, with distinguished job equiements. It futhe majos on the use of Kiesey Tempeament Sote and DiSC assessment as tools of evaluation, used in detemining an individual's leadeship competence…
references of cooperative extension faculty. Mexico: New Mexico StateUniversity.
Howell, R.E., Michael, J.A., & Wong, S.K. (1993). Leadership development in extension.
Journal of Extension, 31(1), 27-46.
Nahavandi, A. (2000).The art and science of leadership, 2nd Edition. Upper SaddleRiver, NJ:
Leadership and career.
According to Fiedler, the character of the leader determines the ultimate outcome of all forms of decision-making within the organization. Different leaders perceive different situations in different ways: "the key situational factor is the favorableness of the situation from the leader's point-of-view. This factor is determined by leader-member relations, task structure, and position power" (Fielder 1). In other words, whether the followers need direction; the flexibility demanded of the task; and the leader's degree of control over the situation will all influence the methods by which the leader exercises his or her capacity to wield power.
To some extent, I do agree with LPC theory, given that in my own experiences, I have seen many leaders be effective with various personality types. In the case of a workforce which is highly under-motivated (such as a fast food restaurant), a very rigid leader who uses a…
He projects a persona of trustworthiness, likability and brilliance that even his harshest critics admire. But a multiplicity of goals does not always make for a sense of coherent mission, and this sense of mission is required to sustain as well as initiate major changes. One of Obama's most-admired historical figures was Abraham Lincoln and: "Lincoln united his followers with a 'corporate mission' of preserving the Union and abolishing slavery, and this objective became more firm and resolute with the onslaught of the Civil War" (Lewis 2009). Of course, Lincoln had the advantage of having a single crisis to deal with -- Obama has many, spanning from healthcare, to the environment, to the financial crisis, to two wars. Creating a coherent philosophy to unite his ambitious, compassionate social objectives and the need for strong action on terror is no easy feat.
As a leader, Obama's greatest strength is his ability…
Finn, Christine & Sarah Baxter. (2008, November 23). Long-range love of Obama's absent mother. The Times. Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article5213328.ece
Lebovitch, Marge. (2010, February 29). Missing element in Obama's ties with GOP leaders.
Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/25/us/politics/25chemistry.html?scp=1&sq=Obama%20personality&st=cse
Lander, Mark. (2010, June 24). Short, tense deliberation, then a general is gone.
Indeed, without these legitimacy criteria, a leader would not be able to influence followers to either change or progress towards organizational goals: "The acceptance of leadership from another person involves an implicit contract in which followers sacrifice some level of personal autonomy and pledge loyalty and effort to the leader.... The followers must be sure that the leader has the competency to lead effectively and the trustworthiness and loyalty to the group and its goals to lead in the direction promised." (Chemers, 1997, p. 153) Since the focus of management is to build power, the nature of the image that ensues will perforce differ from that of leadership.
It is evident, by the discussion so far, that relationship building, image management, and inspiring confidence are essential parts of the leadership phenomenon. However, it must be noted that ultimately performance and productivity are the goals of effective leadership. Therefore, it is…
Chemers, M.M. (1997). An Integrative Theory of Leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence
Harris, T.E. (1993). Applied Organizational Communication: Perspectives, Principles, and Pragmatics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
e. child care and health insurance). As, they can negotiate lower group rates for: the company and offer them as part of the total compensation package that everyone is receiving. (Northouse, 2010, pp. 89 -- 93)
Was urton a charismatic leader in the company at this time? Explain your answer.
Yes, urton was a charismatic leader. The reason why, is because he would utilize strategies that went above and beyond what traditional leaders were using to motivate employees. This is important, because his ability to use this technique helped him to be able to receive greater concessions out of employees in comparison with other carriers. At the same time, he was given greater amounts of flexibility in making adjustments to: the kinds tasks employees were able to do and their schedules. This gave urton the ability to adapt to changes that were taking place inside the industry. As, this allowed…
Butler, D. (2000). Business Planning. Oxford: Butterworth.
Harris, J. (2002). Organizational Behavior. Binghamton, NY: West Publishing Company
Nelson, D. (2007). Understanding Organizational Behavior. Mason, OH: Thomason
Northouse, P. (2010). Leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
By the same token, by not having any specific policy implications, servant leadership theory does not expressly reject the transformational, situational or results-focused ideas of leadership. It is merely an adjunct to these theories, and is mostly useful for deciding on whether or not somebody should become a leader in the first place.
Situational Leadership and Results-Focused Leadership
These two leadership theories are opposed to one another, but they share the same philosophical underpinnings. The underlying theory of each of these leadership styles is that the leadership style is flexible, and the best leaders have the ability to utilize different styles and techniques depending on the needs of the day. here the two differ is in the understanding of the most important determinant of leadership style. Situational leadership theory argues that leaders need to adapt to the different circumstances, changing their style to suit the challenges with which they are…
The transformational leader- N.M. Tichy and M.A. Devanna ( 1990)
Servant Leadership- Robert Greenleaf
Leadership in organization - G. Yuki (2006)
" (Harmon 2006)
Both Peter and Tom seem to be committed to the nine key areas of leadership discussed in 'Challenge and Charge'.
Those nine traits include such characteristics as; being ethical, displaying courage and honesty, having a vision, teaching others those characteristics and values to which the leader holds true, have high expectations of those which are put into leadership capacities, and understanding those people with which the leader comes in contact with.
Further traits include; being competent and knowledgeable, and perhaps, most importantly, learning to delegate, support and encourage those that the leader puts in charge.
These traits can enhance the abilities of a leader, especially when not only are such traits being espoused, but they are being adhered to as well. The leader can set the example of what is expected by constantly and consistently reminding all those he or she comes in contact with the standards…
Blanchard, Ken, (2006) Leader to Leader Institute, http://www.leadertoleader.org/knowledgecenter/thoughtleaders/blanchard/ondrucker.html , Accessed January 9, 2007
Harmon, Frederick, (2006) Leader to Leader Institute, http://www.leadertoleader.org/knowledgecenter/thoughtleaders/harmon/ondrucker.html , Accessed January 9, 2007
Tom Peters Company, http://www.tompeters.com/blogs/main/leadership.xml , Accessed January 9, 2007
According to the Ohio State University (2004), both could be equally appropriate in terms of overall company outcomes, as they are very similar in terms of valuing and inspiring follower excellence.
When considering the motivation towards leadership for each type of leader, the contrast is sharper. The servant leader, for example, leads from a motivations basis of egalitarianism. The leader's fundamental belief is that he or she is no better than followers. The company's collective goals are then reached by means of an egalitarian team effort, where both leader and followers learn from the experience. Servant leaders are therefore much more focused upon the non-traditional form of leadership, which exists in beign servants themselves (Patterson, edmer and Stone, 2003, p. 6). Followers are provided with a large amount of freedom to exercise the abilities they can bring to the promotion of the business goals. This means that a very high…
Bugenhage, M.J. (2006, Dec). Antecedents of Transactional Transformational, and Servant Leadership: A constructive-Development Theory Approach. University of Nebraska. Retrieved from: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=aglecdiss
Changing Minds (2011). Bass' Transformational Leadership Theory. Retrieved from: http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/bass_transformational.htm
The Ohio State University. (2004, Dec. 22). Transformational and Servant Leadership: Content and Contextual Comparisons. Leadership Center. Retrieved from: http://leadershipcenter.osu.edu/library/publications/leadership-discoveries/2004/december-2004-transformational-and-servant-leadership-content-and-contextual-comparisons
Patterson, K., Redmer, T.A.O., and Stone, a.G. (2003, Oct.) Transformational Leaders to Servant Leaders vs. Level 4 Leaders to Level 5 Leaders -- the Move from Good to Great. Regent University. Retrieved from: http://www.cbfa.org/Patterson.pdf
Our persistent approach to the initial years of the twenty-first century, necessitates to recall the crucial incidents of the previous century and to foresee the events to be come across in future more specifically in the ensuing years. The commercial class considered to constitute the largest section in the society much concerned bout the future events. Taking all the technological advancements that took place during the past century in to consideration the corporations are to strive for maintaining the competitiveness in the international market relentlessly. Taking together all the factors one can visualize the extraordinary variations that have profound impact on the global trade and commerce. The veracity of global economy combined with the dissemination of the information technology provided adequate impetus to the corporations large and small to compete in a new dimension. This lays emphasis of the effectiveness of management and leadership skills as a determinant for…
Big Dog's Leadership Page - Concept of Leadership. Retrieved at http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadcon.html
Classical leadership. Retrieved at http://www.infed.org/leadership/traditional_leadership.htm
Clemmer, Jim. Customer Satisfaction is a Reflection of Employee Satisfaction. Retrieved at http://www.clemmer.net/excerpts/cust_satisfaction.shtml
Employee Motivation in the Workplace. Retrieved at http://www.bnet.com/abstract.aspx?cid=110&sortby=comp&docid=62973
Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)
The Leadership Practices Inventory relies on Kouzes and Posner's work and on what they called The Five Practices, that is challenging the process, inspiring a shared vision, enabling others to act modeling the way and encouraging the heart. Following these five practices, they developed the LPI, an instrument that would help determine leadership practices and capabilities for a person.
The LPI starts with a Five Practices Data Summary, however, I prefer to evaluate and thoroughly discuss each of the practices in part and the scores I have obtained here, compared with the average of all LPI observers rating and use an analytic summary for each case in part. I will leave the leadership behaviors ranking for the very end.
Model the way
In this practice, you have obtained three 10s, one 9, one 8 and one 7 (on a scale ranging from 1 to 10, with…
Most conclusions on this approach were vague or indecisive in terms of social, psychological or mental significance (ice, 1978, 1981; Graen et al., 1972; Ashour, 1973).
Furthermore, over the years, many scholars have come to the realization that leadership is situational and hence there are many realistic settings like the environment, the employees, the resources, etc. that determine the characteristics needed in a leader as well as his/her business approach (Hershey and Blanchard, 1977, 1984). This is why it is important to first understand the different types of scenarios that a leader can face and then use those scenarios as the foundation on which most leadership techniques and approaches are built. This idea of leadership being situational is very helpful in outlining the methods through which leadership can be developed and has taken up a good part of the last three-decade of research (Mckenna, Boyd and Yost, 2007).
Adler, a. (1946). Understanding human nature. New York: Permabooks.
Ashour, a.S. (1973). The Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness: An Evaluation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 9: 335-76.
Bandura, a. (1997). Self-efficacy. The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman. (Bass, B.M. 1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.
Bennis, W., and B. Nanus. (1985). Leaders. New York: Harper and Row.
Leadership for Organizations
The success of organizations and individuals' careers are influenced by the role of leaders. Nowadays firms seek leadership skills in individuals for all sorts of careers while recruiting. Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) believe that it has become critically important to nurture leadership approach at all levels of the organization (Lussier, Achua, 2009, p. 4).
The topic of leadership has been gaining tremendous attention of academic world and media (ass, Riggio, 2006, p. 17). Many experts have written about leadership and the challenges related to it as the subject is highly valued and at the same time a complex phenomenon (Northouse, 2009, p. 1).
In today's world individuals need to develop skills and capabilities required in professional world through personal development. They need to assess their strengths, weaknesses, leadership competencies and goals in order to achieve leadership capabilities (Rothstein 2010).
Leaders need to possess a wide range…
Adams, J.D. (Ed.). (1986). Transforming leadership: From vision to results. Alexandria, VA: Miles River Press.
Allen, K.E. (1995). Making sense out of chaos: Leading and living in dynamic systems. Campus Activities Programming, 52-59.
Argyris, C. (1970). Intervention theory and method: A behavioral science view. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Armstrong, S., & Armstrong, S. (1996). The conductor as transformational leader. Music Educators Journal, 82(May), 22-25.
At the core of leadership is the interaction between the leader and the follower. Much of leadership theory can be understood in terms of how leaders and followers interact and what the underlying assumptions are with respect to the roles and nature of leadership. Because of the many different types of leaders, and successful examples thereof, leadership scholarship has developed multiple branches that seek to explain leadership, but no one branch has yet proved definitive. Instead of understanding leadership through a single paradigm, and it better to understand it in terms of multiple paradigms, and different leadership theories can be applied to the same situation, and any given leader might apply multiple leadership styles at the same time.
Part of the appeal of leadership scholarship is that it encompasses so many unique academic disciplines. Leadership scholarship began life as in business schools but has been studied in the psychological…
Avolio, B., Walumbwa, F. & Weber, T. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology. Vol. 60 (2009) 421-449.
Boyatzis, R., Smith, M., & Blaize, N. (2006). Developing sustainable leaders through coaching and compassion. Academy of Management Learning & Education. Vol. 5 (1) 8-24.
Falk, S. & Rogers, S. (2011). Junior military officer retention: Challenges & opportunities. Harvard University. In possession of the author.
Kocolowski, M. (2010). Shared leadership: Is it time for a change? Emerging Leadership Journeys. Vol. 3 (1) 22-32.
The passive style is described as management by exception where employees do not receive notice for their positive contributions to the organization, but instead are paid attention by their manager only when an error or problem arises. Punishment or disciplinary action is often the medium used in this approach. Active transactional leadership uses contingent rewards. With this approach, employees are praised for their performance and may be eligible for pay increases or other incentives (Bolman & Deal, 1991, p. 419). The type of leadership exhibited clearly determines the type of motivation used and often its success or failure.
The situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard proposes that the optimal amount of task and relations behavior depends upon subordinate maturity. As the authors note, what the manager needs is a simple and logical framework for making decisions that will be successful (Hersey & Blanchard, 1990, p. 412). This theory prescribes…
Bolman, L. & Deal, T. (1991). Reframing organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bossidy, Larry; Charan, Ram; Execution, the Discipline of Getting Things
Done; Crown Business, New York, NY. 2002.
DuBrin, a.J., R.D. Ireland, & J.C. Williams. Management & Organization. Cincinnati: South-Western, 1989.
Leadership Qualifications in the orkplace
Proposed Leadership Model
For eras there have been people and leaders have discussed what the qualifications that make a great leader are. Leadership travels all the way back to the period of the ancient Greeks. In the 1500's, there was an Italian statesman named Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince, and in this book he talked about the different methods for leaders to use in obtaining power (Leadership 2003). This all led to the current events dating to the early 1900's and what has been used and developed in today's society. There are a lot of theories of what a leader in the workplace should have and the idea that leaders during history have been people who were seen or looked up to as leaders and deeply appreciated. As people say "There are those that lead and those that follow." An individual with…
Akinboye, J., 2005. Executive behaviour battery. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers.
Borman, W., 2004. The concept of organizational citizenship. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(6), p. 238 -- 241.
Cameron, J.D.E.K.R. & R.R., 2001. Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic: Reconsidered once again.. Review of Educational Research, pp. 30-54.
Charlton, G., 2000. Human Habits of Highly Effective Organisations.. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
It was after this season that Phil Jackson left the Platoons of Albany and joined the Chicago Bulls as an Assistant Coach, and as it is generally said, the 'rest is history'. (Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment)
In a nutshell, a leader can be seen as a person or an individual who is inevitably the most important person within the group or organization where he is working or associated with in any way. It is this very leader who is most often responsible for the successes and the failures of the group or the team, which is under him. However, it is sometimes said that success and failure also lies in the hands of the followers, and in nay sort of organization or group, it is in the hands of the follower that the leader's goals and dreams are generally carried out or executed. Chris…
DuPree, David. Phil Jackson, Zen and Now. USA TODAY. 6 June, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.usatoday.com/sports/nba/02playoffs/2002-06-05-cover-jackson.htm . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Empowerment: Developing Effective Followers. Retrieved From www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc+the+career+and+leadership+of+Phil+Jackson&hl=en" http://www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Evaluate Performance Constantly. Retrieved From www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%2520PERFORMANCE%2520CONSTANTLY.pdf+how+was+Coach+Phil+Jackson+effective+in+enabling+players+to+reach+their+peak+performance+levels+&hl=en" http://www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%20PERFORMANCE%20CONSTANTLY.pdf . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment. William Morris Agency, Press Releases. Retrieved at http://www.wma.com/0/press/pressreleases/Phil_Jackson_Final.html . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
y providing 'Role clarity' formalization eliminates the confusion pertaining to 'who does what' in an organization. Formalization also results in 'specialization of tasks'. Formalization is a process by which organizations try to standardize employee behavior. Larger organizations are generally more formalized due to greater manageability.
The downside of formalizing is well-known. If an organization wants to implement formalization it would be met with resistance. Managing employee resistance will be a big problem for managers who attempt to standardize work procedures. Employees in a formalized organization strictly perform the duties allotted to them and not more which causes a serious effect on the productivity. The lack of initiative by workers and the consequent loss of productivity and increased operating costs imply a loss of competitive advantage. Also, the one sided bureaucracy witnessed in a formal organization may in some instances lead to opportunistic behaviors by leaders resulting in misuse of power.…
1) Anita Hall, (March 2007), 'Influence: The Essence of Leadership', Retrieved Aug 17th 2009, from, http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/g1695/build/g1695.pdf
2) California State University, 'Influence Tactics', Retrieved Aug 17th 2009, from, [HIDDEN]
tactics are most likely to change followers' attitude?
3) Kotterman, James, (July 2006), 'Leadership vs. Management: What's the Difference?', Journal for Quality and Participation,
Response to Post #1
Your example of Shaar Mustaf, founder and leader of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program, Inc. does exemplify the value of programs dedicated to helping at-risk individuals, especially young people, to overcome some of the most serious challenges they face in becoming productive and law-abiding members of society. However, I am not clear from your post what style or personal philosophy of leadership Mr. Mustaf uses to achieve the worthwhile objectives of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program. I would be curious to know how much of his success and that of the organization and program is a function of his substantive knowledge and the effectiveness of the organization in other areas and how much of the success of the organization and program might be directly related to leadership style or leadership effectiveness on the part of Mr. Mustaf and, more generally, within the hierarchy…
hether involvement is through full time employment or volunteer service, the challenges of today's fire service demand commitment to training, education, experience and self-development. One's professional development is a journey, not a destination. Remember Patience, persistence and perspiration make an unbeatable combination for success.
You've achieved success in your field when you don't know whether what you're doing is work or play.
First In, Last Out Review in Publishers eekly, Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. (2004)
International Association of Fire Chiefs Officer Development Handbook First Edition, November 2003, Published in partnership with the IAFC Foundation, (2003), New York: International Association of Fire Chiefs, http://www.iafc.org/associations/4685/files/OffrsHdbkFINAL3.pdf (Retrieved August 20, 2006).
Salka, John, and Neville, Barret. First In, Last Out: Leadership Lessons from the New York Fire Department (New York, Penguin Group, USA, Inc. 2004).
Thomas M. Cunningham, Emergency Services Information Site: Leadership…
First In, Last Out Review in Publishers Weekly, Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. (2004)
International Association of Fire Chiefs Officer Development Handbook First Edition, November 2003, Published in partnership with the IAFC Foundation, (2003), New York: International Association of Fire Chiefs, http://www.iafc.org/associations/4685/files/OffrsHdbkFINAL3.pdf (Retrieved August 20, 2006).
Salka, John, and Neville, Barret. First In, Last Out: Leadership Lessons from the New York Fire Department (New York, Penguin Group, USA, Inc. 2004).
Thomas M. Cunningham, Emergency Services Information Site: Leadership 101: Integrity, http://www.withthecommand.com/2002-Aug/MD-TMC-leader-integ101.html (Retrieved August 20, 2006)
Leadership - Central Core of Organizational Success
Effective Leadership in Corporations
you didn't mentioned anything about (For each theory explain how it might benefit a named organisation as well as how it could be incorporated effectively into the organisation.
Introduction to Leadership
What is leadership? A leader could be interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influence people to flow the direction, helps them to establishment to goal, guides them towards achieves these goals, thereby allowing them to be effective. A leader is one who influences others to attain goals. he greater the number of followers correlates to the greater the influence. Additionally, the more successful the attainment of worthy goals, the more evident is the leadership. However, one must explore beyond this bare definition to capture the excitement and intrigue that devoted followers and students of leadership feel when they see a great leader in action.…
Transactional leadership was described by Max Webber in 1947, and then by Bernard Bass in 1981. The transactional leadership theory is widespread and commonly used inorganizations (e.g. military). It is based on transactions or deals made between an employee and an organization or between followers and leaders. A transactional leadership is based on a military like clear chain of command with a 'Carrot and Stick' philosophy. In short, it is a proven method of running an organization wherein, through reward and punishment, things are done! The main motivation behind transactional leadership is taught to be in the self-interest of the subordinate. There is an exchange process that is meant to affect a subordinate's behaviour in a positive way.
Transactional leadership works well in organizations that have a need for absolute and immediate response to authority, and where innovation is not a valued variable. A good example of this theory applied to an industry is the type of country-rebuilding that occurs after a war. The operations of the mercenary army company of Blackwater USA. It is not an accident that Blackwater USA leadership mirrors that of the military, since the company is, in effect, an army.
If one is familiar with Maslow's hierarchy of needs, then one will understand that this transactional leadership theory will work on people, whose needs in the bottom half of the
Leadership Styles Among Male and Female Principal
It is the intention of this research to study the leadership and cognitive styles of teachers and instructors of both genders within the educational system and their preference for types of leadership in a principal of that institution.
The research will include teachers and educators from all levels of the educational system from grade school to high school. The study will also include teachers and instructors from all major academic fields of study offered in public and private schools. The studies conducted thus far in the educational arena indicate that teachers are equally inclined towards different cognitive styles.
Teachers prefer a mix of idealist, analytical and realistic cognitive styles of leadership in their Principals. Studies have also indicated that teachers prefer that principals are people oriented and task oriented in their approach to running the school or institution. In addition, teachers also prefer…
Berens, Linda V., and Dario Nardi. Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery. New York: Telos Publications, 1999.pp.
Blake, R.R., H. Shepherd, and Jane Srygley Mouton. Managing Intergroup Conflict in Industry. Houston, Tx: Gulf Publishing Company, 1964.pp.
Blau, Francine D., Marianne A. Ferber, and Anne E. Winkler. The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. Prentice-Hall Series in Economics. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2002.pp. xviii, 446
Bossert, S.T., et al. "The Instructional Management Role of the Principal." Educational Administration Quarterly 18.3 (1982): 34-64.
Of course, Jacobs would have to be a mature leader, as he most likely has adapted his style to make the organization successful. On the scale, however, he could also be qualified as an 2 individual, especially in the earlier stages of the project, who gave high directive and high support to his employees. Furthermore, from the specifics given in the case study, it is clear that Jacobs would be a selling leader and/or a participating leader, due to the various stages of the project. Because of his status, Jacobs could not be a low relationship leader and thus does not qualify as telling or delegating.
According to the table developed by Fiedler on the least preferred co-worker (rendered below), Jacobs would most likely have an effective leader quality, rather than leader position of power.
Thus, he would have good leader-member relations, may be unstructured, but would certainly score highly…
Situational Leadership Model (Blanchard). (2011). Retrieved October 14, from .
Information and table taken from: Fiedler's Least Preferred Co-worker (LPC) Theory. (2011). Changingminds.org. Retrieved October 14, from .
Graphs were referenced from documents attached by the customer.
What are the most challenging issues in your current position?" think budget constraints are perhaps some of the biggest challenges I currently face in my position. The increasing rises in the cost of providing good health care, combined with decreasing reimbursement from insurance and government agencies, pushes us to pay more attention to the "bottom line." In order to respond to this issue, it is imperative that leaders are able to maintain budget control as well as to limit budget variances. However, occasionally it is almost impossible to avoid budget shortages which in turn results in shortfalls in staff development, which subsequently leads to unhappy staff and low morale.
There are many more managers than leaders in this health care organization. Managers manage processes, leaders lead people and leaders are what we need now. Both skills are important, but to be able to adapt this never-ended changing health care system…
In interviewing Ms. PC, many key leadership theories and practices were demonstrated. Key among these were the role of interpersonal skills, integrity, and the servant/leadership or collaborative method in the development of the successful leader. Of course, Ms. PC also mentioned several other key "characteristics" of a good leader, including the ability to have a sense of humor and a willingness to try new things.
Given that Ms. PC is without question a good model of a "successful leader," it is particularly telling that she listed interpersonal and communication skills at the top of the list of importance with regard to her leadership role. This is interesting in that many of the top leadership theories emphases this very point in one form or another (Lavezzoli, 2005). Additionally, many leadership studies have also indicated the major importance of good communication in the successful leadership experience. One example of this can be found in Bernard Bass's work, "Stogdill's Handbook of Leadership: A Survey of Theory and Research," which notes that good communication from leaders is one of the essential keys to obtaining employee/organization trust and confidence (the bedrock of the leadership relationship) (1989). This works simply because through good communication employees can effectively understand the organization's goals, understand just how their individual efforts contribute toward those goals, as well have some sense of the overall health of the organization and the way that individual and group efforts contribute to the level of
Therefore, culturally endorsed leadership theory may require some degree of code-switching (employing different languages or emphasizing and de-emphasizing certain cultural elements) on the part of leaders in order to maintain the balance of general attributes associated with positive leadership. In general, however, there is less of a reliance on the leader as an individual in this type of organizational leadership style, and more of a reliance on universally perceived leadership qualities.
Another fairly efficacious style of leadership for contemporary organizations is transformational leadership. Transformational leadership theory seeks to actuate a change by empowering the various individuals that comprise an organization with the tools necessary to perform their jobs better. Transformational leadership may require a restructuring of a company's objectives, or a reevaluation of the best ways to achieve those values. Oftentimes, transformational leaders are charismatic and are endowed with natural leadership attributes that endear them to people. Their goals are…
Ivey, G.W., & Kline, T.B. (2010). "Transformational and active transactional leadership in the Canadian military." Leadership & Organization Development Journal. 31 (3): 246-262. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Javidan,, Dorfman, P., De Luque, M., & House, R. (2006). "In the eye of the beholder: Cross cultural lessons in leadership from project GLOBE." Academy of Management Perspectives, 20 (1): 67-90.
Traywick, B. (2008). "Reagan's transformational leadership." www.youtube.com Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puB0Bnt5xfY&feature=related
Unlike Plato, Machiavelli had a much less idealistic view of leadership in mind. or, rather, his view of leadership was not wrapped up in a personal view of ethics and virtue. Plato obviously believed, after all, that the best leader would be the wisest and the most moral. It was these qualities that should be encouraged and these qualities that would make said individual a superior leader. Machiavelli argued implicitly that this was an erroneous understanding of human nature and the characteristics that constitute excellent leaders. At the heart of Machiavelli's description of the perfect leader, his idealized prince, is the argument that personal virtue and ethics are completely unrelated to public success (Kemerling). Hence, from this we see that the good leader will not necessarily be the same as the virtuous individual. This assertion stands in stark contrast to Plato's argument about the nature of leadership and highlights the…
Kemerling, Garth. "Machiavelli: Principality and Republic." Philosophy Pages. 27 Oct. 2001. 17 Nov. 2007 http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/3v.htm .
Korab-Karpowicz, W.J. "Plato's Political Philosophy." The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Bilkent University. 2006. 17 Nov. 2007 http://www.iep.utm.edu/p/platopol.htm .
One reason has to do with the intellectual hurdles that senior executives jump in obtaining their jobs. It takes at least an IQ of about 110 to 120 to get an advanced degree such as an MBA. There is thus a high selection pressure for IQ in order to enter the executive ranks." (p. 250)
The text goes on to argue that the result is that there is not a great deal of variation in the intellectual properties possessed by most leaders. In a sense, this is a further confirmation that certain qualities are inborn, insofar as most leaders can be expected to fall within a specific range of proven intellectual capacity. To go a step further to this point though, Goleman et al. indicate that the difference between the excellent, the average and the inadequate leader will be founded on the high variance of emotional intelligence capabilities. This suggests…
Avolio, B.J. (2005). Leadership Development in Balance. Psychology Press.
Goleman, D.; McKee, a. & Boyatzis, R.E. (2002). Primal Leadership: Realizing the Power of Emotional Intelligence. Harvard Business Press, 1st Edition.
Koestenbaum, P. (2002). Leadership: The Inner Side of Greatness, a Philosophy for Leaders, New and Revised. Jossey-Bass; 2nd Edition.
Kouzes, J.M. & Posner, B.Z. (2003). The Leadership Challenge. Jossey-Bass, 3rd Edition.
Gaining the ability to sense and capitalize on these shifts in managerial philosophies over time is directly proportional to the ability of any organization to remain competitive over time (Chang, 2008).
Participating in the Shift in Management Philosophies
The evolution in management philosophies today is forcing a major shift in how companies are competing globally (Polsfuss, Ardichvili, 2008), shifting from being authoritarian and more focused on how to enable collaboration and growth. The predominant focus on how to create corporate cultures that are resilient and capable of withstanding the many risks and difficult economic conditions of the global economy today is more important than having a purely ontologically-based organizational culture. Management is responsible for creating the necessary frameworks, norms, values and expectations that define the entire organizational culture. For management today this stewardship is especially critical, as organizations are struggling with how they can become more agile and capable of…
Rashmi H. Assudani (2008). What does it mean to manage 'knowledge': implications for the strategic management of knowledge in firms. International Journal of Management & Decision Making, 9(6), 646. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1622890401).
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1458948591).
Otto H. Chang (2008). Teaching the Philosophy of Business in the Executive Business Curriculum. Business Renaissance Quarterly, 3(2), 59-73. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1569093801).
Peter Franklin (2004). Problematics in management theory and practice. Strategic Change, 13(7), 383-404. Retrieved February 6, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 762192831).
While the superintendent may feel or even firmly believe that they have covered all of the bases on expenditures and other relevant issues in school budgeting, the failure to connect to other stakeholders throughout the district, who may or may not add to the data that the superintendent has prepared for presentation, is likely to result in some among those stakeholders feeling slighted or ignored and often lead to complicated budgeting which could have been avoided through simply opening the communication channels during this critical process of school administration.
SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
This work in writing has related the various aspects of the school budgeting process which are the responsibility of the school superintendent as well as relating the various concerns of school budgeting and the importance of staying connected to the stakeholders in the community of the school district throughout the entire process of school budgeting. This work has…
Davis, Stephen, Darling-Hammond, Linda, LaPointe, Michelle, and Meyerson, Debra (2005) School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals. Stanford Educational Leadership Institute. (SELI). 2005. Online available at: http://www.srnleads.org/data/pdfs/sls/sls_rr.pdf
Joynt, T. (2002, December). School budgeting: Cost cutting through onion layers. The School Administrator. Accessed May 16, 2005 at www.aasa.org/publications/sa/2002/focJoynt.htm
Howley, C. (2003, October). Sustaining small rural high schools. The School Administrator, 9(60), 16-1.
Almack, John Conrad (1970) Modern School Administration, Its Problems and Progress. Ayer Publishing, 1970.
So far, there are few signs of them reinvesting these profits in infrastructure that would help alleviate the problem, such as more refineries in the U.S. that could create more fuels and help bring prices down. The organizational leadership at this level seems more concerned with continued profits rather than working together with the government and others to help maintain the economy and avoid a recession.
This seems shortsighted, because if a full recession does hit the U.S., consumers will be cutting back even more, and many will have to curtail their driving and travel, especially if they lose their jobs. Thus, this leadership plan is not effective for the long-term. Oil companies may retain record profits now, but in the future, that has to change, and it seems they may not be flexible enough to manage that change when it occurs.
Crutsinger, M. (12 May 2007). Gas prices…
Crutsinger, M. (12 May 2007). Gas prices squeeze consumer. Retrieved from the SuburbanChicagoNews.com Web site: http://www.suburbanchicagonews.com/beaconnews/business/382294,3_3_EL12_ECONOMY_S1.article21 May 2007.