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Robert Towne's Chinatown is a vision of what the "American Dream" actually is, as opposed to what it should be. In the minds of most Americans, the American Dream is most commonly perceived as the attainment of financial security through success in their career. This success, supposedly, is linked to honesty and hard work. The notions of mobility and migration are also associated with the Dream. Namely, once sufficient success is reached the pursuer of the American Dream can move away from the "bad" areas of town, thus migrating to the more opulent and desirable regions. There have been numerous theories modeling the structure of American society, and many of these specifically rely upon divisions drawn along the lines of race and class. Robert Park's representation of Chicago is one example of how a city might be loosely organized along these two guidelines. A consequence of models like Park's is…
1. Chinatown. Feature Film. Paramount Pictures, 1974. 131 min.
2. Davis, Mike. The Ecology of Fear. New York: Metropolitan Books, 1998.
3. Park, Robert. The City. New York: Library of Congress, 1925.
Los Angeles and the Bi-Polar Economic System
Los Angeles serves as a microcosm for the rest of the United States. Its cultural beginnings are a mish-mash of competing ideologies overrun by the same human failing that eats into the heart of all cultures: greed and excess. As Fogelson notes in The Fragmented Metropolis, such was the case from the days of the early missionaries to the rancheros who secured for themselves huge tracts of land following Mexico's independence from Spain. Then throughout the early 20th century, Los Angeles became a place ruled by a criminal underworld, where vice was available 24-7 and where people routinely bought their way to the top. In effect, the divide between rich and poor in Los Angeles has always been the result of a moneyed "class" making sure that it stayed "moneyed" while the poor grew poorer. As the wealthiest 1% in America continue to…
Gehry House in Los Angeles
Frank Gehry's Personal House
Born in early 1929, Frank Gehry would later become one of the most prominent post-modernist architects the world had ever seen ("Frank Gehry: Biography" 1). He went to school at both Harvard and USC for architecture and is renowned for his unique style of combining textures, tones, and shapes. He is truly "among the most acclaimed architects of the 20th century, and is known for his use of bold, postmodern shapes and unusual fabrications" ("Frank Gehry: Biography" 1). The architect is responsible for some of the most amazing public buildings and private residences throughout the United States. Some of his crowning achievements here in Los Angeles include the Walt Disney Concert Hall. Yet, it is the construction of some of his most lavish private residences, like his own personal house in Santa Monica in Los Angeles, California, that truly attests to…
Craven, Jackie. "Gehry House Built by Frank Gehry. Buildings by Frank Gehry. 2011. Web. http://architecture.about.com/od/greatbuildings/ig/Buildings-by-Frank-Gehry/Gehry-House.htm
"Frank Gehry and His Most Powerful Design Tool." Someone Has Built it Before. Archdialog. 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. http://archidialog.com/2012/10/05/frank-gehry-and-his-most-powerful-design-tool/
"Frank Gehry: Biography." Biography. 2013. Web. 28. Jan. 2014. http://www.biography.com/people/frank-gehry-9308278
"Frank Gehry's First Deconstructivist Buildings." Historic Homes. Web Urbanist. 2013. Web. 30. Jan. 2014. http://weburbanist.com/2008/02/03/the-house-that-shaped-an-architectural-generation-frank-gehrys-first-deconstructivist-building/
Impression of Los Angeles
Family Guy in the City
Mario Fernandez Restaurant Owner in South Central (Ex-gang member)
(Crenshaw Boulevard. 5pm. He in his mid-20s and is babysitting his two twin little boys Michael and Oscar who are both four years old and very fond of their daddy. He reveals to me that he used to live a dangerous life in the streets of L.A but decided to change his lifestyle)
Diverse! L.A. is like a big old melting pot that has got some of everybody from some of everywhere! I stayed in the east for a while with the cold but nothing beats the nice weather all year around.
I feel like this city is a busy ton of rich famous but still very hot beautiful and amazing. A lot of people don't realize how big LA is because it is very flat and lay out but yea it's…
Iconography of Los Angeles: The Freeway City
The name 'Los Angeles' has become shorthand for a whole condition of modern civilization, a state of unplanned, disordered, sprawling, polluted, congested chaos. The great mega-city of Los Angeles seems to embody the problems of the modern world on a mega-scale. ut how and why did we come to see Los Angeles this way? In particular, what role has the imagery and reality of transport - above all freeways and motor transport - played in shaping perceptions of this vast and extraordinary modern metropolis?
Los Angeles is not a new city: founded in 1781 and incorporated in 1850, it is the second-oldest city in California and one of the longest-established urban centres in the United States. Yet a recent writer on Los Angeles transport has asserted that it 'is known throughout the world as the prototype of the late twentieth-century city'. Elsewhere Los…
Banham, Rayner, Los Angeles: the Architecture of the Four Ecologies (London: Allen Lane, 1971).
Crouch, Winstan W. & Beatrice Dinerman, Southern California Metropolis: A Study in Development of Government for a Metropolitan Area (Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1963).
Davis, Mike, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (New York: Verso, 1990).
Fogelson, Robert M., The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967).
Cultural Assessment Los Angeles County
Metropolitan areas have demands that are unique to them. In a metropolitan area primarily there is commuting, on a large scale each day and thus there is a large daily movement of population from the suburbs to the central city for business, and many other needs that could be or tourism, shopping, schooling and so on. These shifts in the population also is determining the cost sand the means of transports, accommodation and host of problems that is related to the large travel of such population and the attendant medical needs and hygiene.
The governments in the area of Los Angeles County are responsible for the maintenance of the civic amenities that concern the health and other civil amenities required. The law is that all county is required by State law to "aid and relieve all indigent persons within its boundaries who are incapacitated by…
Abel, Emily K. (2007) "Tuberculosis and the Politics of Exclusion: A History of Public
Health and Migration to Los Angeles." Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, NJ.
Jones, Helen L; Wilcox, Robert F. (1949) "Metropolitan Los Angeles: Its Governments."
Haynes Foundation: Los Angeles.
High isk Youths in Los Angeles
Los Angeles is one of the cities that have had numerous challenges, particularly violence that has been a major issue for more than two decades. While the city is relatively safe and tranquil, unprecedented violence in some of its high crime zones continues to be a problem. The situation of gang violence and crime has reached unprecedented levels and requires significant response. One of the major factors that have characterized increased crime levels in Los Angeles is high risk youths. Actually, many youths in this city are engaged in criminal behaviors and activities that continue to raise numerous questions and concerns on how to effectively deal with crime and violence problem in Los Angeles. The most suitable approach for dealing with this problem involves examining the challenges faced by youths in this city that lead to high risk lifestyles and how education can be…
Bogie, A., Ereth, J. & Healy, T. (2013, April). A Profile of Youth in the Los Angeles County Delinquency Prevention Pilot. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://casala.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/LA-County-Delinquency-Prevention-Pilot-04.2013.pdf
"Citywide Gang Activity Reduction Strategy: Phase III Report." (n.d.). The Advancement Project. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://councilcommittee.lacity.org/stellent/groups/boardcommissions/@councilcmte_contributor/documents/contributor_web_content/lacityp_019564.pdf
Maloney, S. (2014, September). Positive Youth Development in a School-Based Setting. Retrieved April 13, 2016, from http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/rgs_dissertations/RGSD300/RGSD346/RAND_RGSD346.pdf
McCroskey, J. (2006, April). Youth in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice System: Current Conditions and Possible Directions for Change. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.educationcoordinatingcouncil.org/ECC_DOCS/Links_Docs/JuvJustice%20Report%20-%20CPC.pdf
Eras in the Development of Los Angeles
Many marvel at how Los Angeles was able to develop from a remote pueblo into one of the country's largest commercial hubs. Truth is that colonialism and the spread of Christianity had a hand, influencing how people interacted with each other, and with their land; and in turn shaping the development of the regional metropolis that we live in today. The permanent exhibition, Becoming Los Angeles, presents the 500-year history of Los Angeles right from the Spanish Era through to the post orld ar II period. I visited the National History Museum in Los Angeles County to get a glimpse of the same. The subsequent sections summarize the major historical happenings that characterize the six historical eras of the town's development.
The Spanish Mission Era
In the last decade of the 15th century, Spain embarked on a mission to convert natives in the…
National History Museum. "Becoming Los Angeles." The National History Museum, 2015. Web. http://www.nhm.org/site/explore-exhibits/permanent-exhibits/becoming-los-angeles
odney King iots
Los Angeles, a city of cars, stars, and ethnic neighborhoods, rests on the edge of a continent and shimmers with the promise of dreams fulfilled. But, as the late L.A. native and journalist George amos publicly confided on the front page of the Los Angeles Times, in the aftermath of the 1992 race riots, "Los Angeles, you broke my heart. And I'm not sure I'll love you again." (amos, 1992). Three years later a graduate student working on a thesis confronted him with those words and asked whether anything had changed. After a moment of reflection he had to admit that nothing had erased the stain of that period, because "… the issue of race & #8230; tears at L.A. It divides us. It angers us. It defines us. It hurts us." (amos, 1995).
Although other cities have been rocked by racial riots in the past, it…
Ramos, George. (1992, May 4). When loving L.A. turns to heartache: A native son's affection for the city is lost amid the flames and the violence. For him, everything has now changed. Los Angeles Times. p. A1.
Ramos, George. (1995, Mar. 6). No sign of the spark to rekindle a love gone cold. Los Angeles Times. p. 3.
Street Gangs and Loitering Laws
Los Angeles politicians have recently come together behind a proposed city ordinance that would allow police to arrest loitering street gang members. Mayor James K. Hahn, voiced his support for this new weapon in the battle against gang violence and drug trafficking. "Law abiding citizens shouldn't be afraid to go get a carton of milk at night," he said. "This ordinance will put gang members on notice."
Although the presence of gangs in Los Angeles is a prevalent problem that often leads to criminal activity and may pose a threat to public safety, pre-emptive police practices such as anti-loitering laws only stigmatize and indiscriminately target young men based on racial profiling instead of on criminal conduct. LAPD drug busts and massive raids have proven unsuccessful in establishing accountability and has resulted in police brutality and overly harsh enforcement on petty offences such as minor drug…
Davis, Mike. City of Quartz. New York: Vintage Books, 1992.
Winton, Richard. "Los Angeles; Politicians Back Call for Gang Loitering." The Los Angeles Times. 12, February 2003.
Savage, David G. "High Court Rejects Ban on Gang Loitering." The Los Angeles Times. 11 June 1999.
Megan Garvey and Richard Winton. "City Declares War on Gangs." The Los Angeles Times. 4 December 2002.
1. What the City Observatory demonstrated in its quantifiable mappins
The City Observatory reports that the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan region includes 2,715 storefronts in its core. Although these storefronts are distributed throughout the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy area, they are primarily clustered around the waterfront urban core area of Boston. This number of storefronts places the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan region in league with other American cities such as Los Angeles, Chicago, New Orleans and Philadelphia.
By contrast, with 9,905 storefronts listed, the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island storefront index is the largest listing in the country. The majority of the storefront listings for the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island metropolitan region are distributed throughout but are concentrated in the region’s central business district. In fact, at present there are more than 9,900 customer-facing businesses located within a 3-mile radius of Times Square. This number of storefronts is far higher than the average…
Cost of living in Los Angeles. (2019). SmartAsset. Retrieved from https://smartasset. com/mortgage/what-is-the-true-cost-of-living-in-la.
Cost of living in Nashville. (2019). BestPlaces. Retrieved from https://www.best places.net/cost_of_living/city/tennessee/nashville-davidson.
Cost of living reality check. (2019). Quicken. Retrieved from https://www.quicken.com/home-budget-cost-living-reality-check.
Living in Boston. (2019). Walkscore.com. Retrieved from https://www.walkscore.com/ MA/Boston.
Living in Nashville. (2019). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved from https://realestate. usnews.com/places/tennessee/Nashville.
Living in Nashville-Davidson. (2019). Walkscore.com. Retrieved from https://www.walk score.com/TN/Nashville-Davidson.
Los Angeles cost of living. (2019). BestPlaces. Retrieved from https://www.bestplaces.net/ cost_of_living/city/california/los_angeles.
Los Angeles guide. (2019). Discover Los Angeles. Retrieved from https://www.discover losangeles.com/.
This is her suffering.
LUIS J. RODRIGUEZ, THE REPUBLIC OF EAST LA (2002)
"Unfortunately, Rosalba endured many scary nights staying in dingy hotel rooms with other migrants, mostly women, in downtown Los Angeles. She not only didn't have a man to help but no obvious skills except what she learned on the rancho. She had to survive being cast into a peculiar universe of neon and noise. This was a place where women sold themselves for sex or get stoned, and where people on city buses never say anything to you unless they happen to be drunk or crazy" (229).
In this extract, several things become clear about the nature of Los Angeles and its inhabitants. The migrant, whose group Rosalba joins, represents the suffering of poverty. The "peculiar universe of neon and noise" shows just how far Rosalba feels removed from this artificial, seemingly wealthy world. She has nothing…
Like Monte in Rodriguez's Pigeons, Lucia recognizes that immigrant Mexican men feel like failures is they cannot take care of their families once they arrive in America. The author uses this described tension related to income and support to show Lucia's need to be independent and depend on no man.
In these seven passages, I found it interesting that each character maintained personality while focusing on a similar goal. Each of the authors used occupation, unemployment, expectations, or responsibility as a literary vehicle and it was fascinating to see how each story incorporated these conflicts. I enjoyed looking closely at this theme since so many characters seem to become real people when you see them committing to the real life struggle and responsibility of their work or occupation. I found that outlining characters this way connected characters that had few other similar attributes and gave a varied but intimate view…
Cain, James M. The Postman Always Rings Twice, Double Indemnity, Mildred Pierce, and Selected Stories. New York: Random House, 2003.
Fante, John. Ask the Dust (P.S.). New York: HarperCollins. 1980.
Isherwood, Christopher. A Single Man. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Murray, Yxta Maya. Locas. New York: Grove Press, 1997.
Mildred tries to imitate the economical management in her own family. Like in Faye's case, whose marriage had been a "business arrangement," her own marriage to Monty has the same business character: Mildred chooses Monty for his relations that could help her daughter to make the most of her musical talent. Also, Mildred's other attempt in getting a husband for money is telling for the way she is constantly selling or trying to sell herself, and not only her prettiness, but also her cooking talents. The analogy between her career as a waitress, and then a restaurant manager, trying to sell food and the way Mildred tries to sell herself as a wife to ally Burgan, using the same cooking talents as a weapon, is striking. It is here that we most clearly detect the parallel between private life and mass economy. Love, like in est's book, is nothing else…
Cain, James. Mildred Pierce. New York: Alfred A Knopf Inc., 1941
Jurca, Catherine White Diaspora: The Suburb and the Twentieth Century American Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
West, Nathanael. The Day of the Locust. New York: New Directions, 1950
The same thing with our super-modern companies and school: although they have found sophisticated ways to conceal their garbage from people's eyes, the garbage still exists and is contaminating to the atmosphere. As is known, despite their tremendous care taken to avoid lethal gas emission, the landfill may still produce emission of methane gas that is produced by the decaying waste material and modern garbage, concealed thoguh it is by our institutions, produces the same results.
Recycling is still our only option. It has a superior effect on reducing lethal emissions since it reduces the amount of energy used by the industry most of which produces fossil fuels like gasoline, diesel and coals that transform themselves into carbon dioxide, methane, and other toxic greenhouse effects. In this way, recycling acts as preventative rather than as implementation after matter (Morris, 1996). Incinerators and landfills used in recycling projects also produce reduced…
Pennsylvania. Department of environmental protection. Recycling saves our environment.
Rogers H (2002) Gone Tomorrow: The Hidden Life of Garbage USA: New Press
San Luis Obispo County (2004) Comparison of environmental burdens. San Luis Obispo County Integrated Waste Management Authority San Luis Obispo, California
Moreover, population groups "…pull up roots and seemingly go out of their way to avoid one another…" throughout Southern California, Worster writes (242). An example of the concept of "pulling up roots" is the community of Watts, which in the 1960s, Worster continues, was "an almost entirely black populace" but by the mid-1990s is "predominately Mexican-American" (p. 243). And Little Tokyo, positioned just south of Los Angeles' City Hall, is now home to a "dwindling population of Japanese-Americans" who have scant interaction with the colonies of artists "who began reclaiming and inhabiting factory and loft buildings" in Little Tokyo. Armenians that once dominated the eastern fringes of Hollywood have "relocated to suburban Glendale" and South Koreans have "settled in the Mid-Wilshire district" which has caused the "displacement of a sizable community of Central Americans," Worster explains. This movement of cultures and ethnicities around the sprawling great Los Angeles region…
Berry, Mary Frances, 2000, Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination. DIANE Publishing: Darby, Pennsylvania.
Crash. Lion's Gate Home Entertainment. Rated R. (2005)
Erie, Steven P., Freeman, Gregory, and Joassart-Marcelli, Pascale, 2004, W (h)ither Sprawl? Have Regional Water Policies Subsidized Suburban Development? In Up Against the Sprawl: Public Policy and the Making of Southern California, Eds. J. Wolch, M. Pastor, and P. Dreier. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN.
Frommer, Marcos, 1992, 'An Interview with Mike Davis,' Chicago Review, vol. 38, issue 4, 21-44.
The reason for this shortfall, as noted by the Balance Budget website, emanates from pension costs, previously agreed to cost of living pay increases, rising health care costs overall and a general weakness in the overall economic recovery that has ensued, albeit very slowly, since the end of the so-called "Great ecession" period that ended in approximately 2009 for the nation as a whole. The balance budget website notes that the shortfall in question is equivalent to 20% of the total police officer salary budget, 60% of the total firefighter budget and over 100% of the city's expenses for their libraries and parks (L.A. Budget Challenge, 2013).
Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, in this budget summary document, notes that budget shortfalls will be addressed through expenditure cuts and increase efficiency. He makes mention of "painful" layoffs but not addressing the real problem of employee-level costs per person being the issue…
City of Los Angeles. (2012, October 29). The City of Los Angeles: LA City Controller: Adopted Budget. The City of Los Angeles: LA City Controller: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://controller.lacity.org/AdoptedBudget/index.htm
City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles. The City of Los Angeles: Office of Mayor: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://mayor.lacity.org/Issues/BalancedBudget/index.htm
City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The City of Los Angeles. The City of Los Angeles. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://www.lacity.org/index.htm
City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The City of Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Council Committees: Budget and Finance. The City of Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Council Committees: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://councilcommittee.lacity.org/budget/index.htm
The establishment of the MWD right after the aqueduct was approved is another milestone, because the MWD administers the water even today, and regulates how much water goes to each of its member water districts. The final milestone in the Colorado iver Aqueduct is the Seven States Water Management Agreement, which was signed in April 2007. The agreement spells out how the river's water will be managed in the future, and allows for more freedom for some of the member states to access water. Many people feel it is the most important milestone of Colorado iver management since the original Compact was signed in 1922. Obviously, all the milestones help spell out how the water is managed and who gets how much of the stored water in Lake Powell and Lake Mead. However, the agreement also encourages water agencies to develop alternative forms of water management, some of which the…
Editors. (2007). California's Colorado River allocation. Retrieved 25 Feb. 2008 from the Metropolitan Water District's Web page: http://www.mwdh2o.com/mwdh2o/pages/yourwater/supply/colorado/colorado04.html.
Editors. (2008). The Colorado River. Retrieved 25 Feb. 2008 from the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Web site: http://wsoweb.ladwp.com/Aqueduct/historyoflaa/coloradoriver.htm.
Hofer, G. (2007). A new day on the Colorado. Aqueduct. 1-2.
Schulte, S.C. (2002). Wayne Aspinall and the shaping of the American West. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.
Figurine of the Goddess adjet
In the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, there is a sculpture in the Egyptian wing that depicts one of the Egyptian goddesses. The piece is entitled "Figurine of the Goddess adjet." It is located in Hammer Building Room 303 of the museum amongst the other Egyptian art exhibits. It was given to the museum from the Hearst family, famous for their collection of ancient, historically-significant pieces of art and it is obvious that despite its age, the sculpture has been carefully preserved. This particular piece is from the 26th dynasty of Egyptian rule and is estimated to have been created between 664 and 525 BCE. It is unknown exactly who sculpted the figure. Since the actual date of the sculpture is unknown, it is logical that the sculptor is also a mystery.
Although the figure is fairly small, only standing 13 inches high, it…
Janson, H.W. & Janson, A. (2008). Janson's A Basic History of Western Art. 8th.
In the end, more than 30 people were killed and most of them were African-Americans. The damage done to property was estimated to be close to $40 million. There can be no doubt that the riots brought attention to problems that had been stirring beneath the surface but Lowery maintains that many of the problems that caused the feelings of anger within the community still persisted.
The Los Angeles riots of 1965 were historical in that they marked the end of an era and the beginning of another one. In once sense, they were bringing a close to the chapter of African-American heritage that involved prejudice and oppression. The neighborhood of atts represented the epitome of everything that African-Americans wanted to overcome. The arrest of one man fueled the flames of an underlying tension that grew from persistent neglect. In another sense, the riots were bringing to light a…
Bailey, Thomas. The American Pageant. Lexington D.C. heath and Company. 1994.
Cater, Richard. "Recalling Watts: The Mother of all Urban Uprisings." New York Amsterdam News. August 1998. Information Retrieved January 25, 2009. EBSCO Resource Database.
Daivdson, James, et al. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Compnay. 1990.
Lowery, Charles. And Marszalek John. "From Emancipation to the Twenty-First Century." 2003. The African-American Experience. Greenwood Publishing Group. Information Retrieved January 25, 2009. http://aae.greenwood.com
Los Angeles Times Review by Sharkey, Betsy:
The Help is a successful film because it uses humor to take the edge off the pain of racism.
The cast contributes to the success of The Help.
The theme of "courage and conviction" is what adds emotional depth to The Help.
The film is realistic, depicting mundane life events showing how racism impacted the everyday lives of Americans.
LitLovers Author Bio of Kathryn Stockett
Great novels and films like The Help are based on transforming personal experience into creative writing.
Stockett grew up in Mississippi, and everyone she knew had black housekeepers like the ones we meet in The Help.
Stockett conducted research in the library, because she set her book in the 1960s and not in her own generation.
The relationships between white householders and black domestic servants can sometimes be emotionally intimate.
Washington Post Review by Hornaday, Ann. "Black, white,…
Frequently, veteran officers with no formal authority over other officers in the field teach new officers the "way we do things" and to "forget what you learned in the academy."
The phenomenon is pervasive enough that even the most dedicated and professional police supervisors and administrators have to work continually to promote high ethical standards. However, where police supervisors and administrators condone fundamental ethical and legal violations by police officers, the most likely outcome is a completely compromised police organization (eese, 2000). All the other factors contributed but the involvement of supervisors and administrators was the most significant cause of the ampart scandal.
Delattre, E. (2006). Character and Cops: Ethics in Policing. Washington, DC:
American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy esearch.
eese, . "The ise and Fall of a Public Leader: The Case of Willie Williams and the LAPD" Journal of Public Management & Social Policy, Vol. 6 No.1;…
Delattre, E. (2006). Character and Cops: Ethics in Policing. Washington, DC:
American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Reese, R. "The Rise and Fall of a Public Leader: The Case of Willie Williams and the LAPD" Journal of Public Management & Social Policy, Vol. 6 No.1; 2000.
Williams, G. "Incubating Monsters? Prosecutorial Responsibility for the Rampart
This report analyzes the case between Bryan Stow v. Los Angeles Dodgers revealing the detailed information about the incident, the trial, and verdict. The report also examines the party that is wrong in the case.
Fact: On 31 March, 2011, Bryan Stow, aged 42, a paramedic from Santa Cruz, California, who was the plaintiff in this case, traveled with his three fellow paramedics to the Dodger Stadium to watch the opening day game between the San Francisco Giants, and the Los Angeles Dodgers. Stow, who was the fan of SA Giants was walking in the parking lot of the stadium following the 2-1 Dodger victory. Suddenly, Louie Sanchez punched him on the head provoking Stow to lay flat on the ground. While Stow laid on the ground, Sanchez, and his friend named Marvin Norwood subsequently kicked Stow on the head making him sustain traumatic brain injuries. Bryan Stow was a…
Silver Lake ethnic neighborhood of Los Angeles. Silver lake is a hilly located in the east of Hollywood and northwest of Downtown Los Angeles. When walking along the broad way street of the region, it is like Mexico City. This is because everyone speaks Spanish, from the vendors hawking, little girls' partying, dressing code, mode of interaction and the way families conduct their weekly shopping. There are colorful murals, shop for fresh corn tortillas, shopping malls, architecture buildings, studios and handmade tamales. From a distance, there are sounds of mariachi bands the preferred music within the region.
Silver Lake had more women, children and old people because most men and young people are working and searching for jobs in large cities within Los Angeles. The region has a variety of ethnic and socioeconomic groups even though Mexicans dominate the largest part. The region has a high number of electric gatherings…
New Cathedral in Los Angeles
The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, otherwise known as the New Cathedral, in Los Angeles, has been heralded as one of the most significant buildings in the city. This structure marked the first time in more than three decades that a cathedral of such massive proportions had been built in America. Madrid-based architect Jose Rafael Moneo was commissioned to design the cathedral in 1996. Construction began two years later, and was completed in 2002. The following analysis will address the architectural influences of the New Cathedral, examining how it relates to other churches. Additionally, the many factors that shaped the architect's vision will be considered.
The massive Roman Catholic structure is positioned on top of the highest hill in downtown Los Angeles, and next to one of the nation's busiest freeways. The cathedral was designed to have broad public appeal, taking into consideration…
Our Lady of the Angels Official Website. http://www.olacathedral.org/ .
Ouroussoff, Nicolai. "A Modern Sanctuary."LaTimes 23 September 1997.
Rutten, Tim. "A Shared Devotion to the New Cathedral." LATimes 29 November 2001.
Wood, Daniel B. "Cathedral reflects a new vision of church." The Christian Science Monitor 9 Sept. 2002.
Lenny Bruce: "Two Five Letter ords:" an exhibit at the Museum of Movie and Television in Los Angeles
Long before there was John Stewart and Comedy Central, long before David Letterman gritted his gap-toothed smile on CBS, Lenny Bruce held comedic sway as the nation's satirist of record. But unlike John Stewart, or even edgier comedians like Chris Rock and Margaret Cho, Lenny Bruce during his heyday was considered a transgressing presence upon the American comedic stage, rather than a popular mainstay of talk shows and popular entertainment. Today, comedians of strong words and even stronger personalities are common. But before Bruce, much of American comedy was decidedly non-abrasive. Even the Marx Brother's cutting humor was more intended in silliness, than to have an explicit cultural or social bite to it.
Bruce, as the Museum's exhibition presentation of "Two Five-Letter ords: Lenny Bruce" shows, was openly eviscerating, even when presented…
Collins, Ronald and David Skover. The Trials of Lenny Bruce, the fall and rise of an American Icon, 2004.
"Two five letter words: Lenny Bruce." The Museum of Television and Radio. Press Release. Official Website of Museum 2004. http://www.mtr.org/welcome.htm [15 November 2004]
performance of the Hollywood film industry, keeping in view all the relevant details and structures, which the directors and the moviemakers of the Hollywood film industry present in their movies. The idea of artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles will be mainly discussed and elaborated further in the paper. The ideas, arguments and the statements regarding the Hollywood fame culture and artificiality will be supported by the examples of the movies.
Sunset Boulevard by William Holden is selected as an example to reflect the ideas on the Hollywood's fame culture and its artificiality. The names and descriptions of other movies will also be included so as to give a true and fair view of the statement regarding the culture of fame and artificiality in Hollywood fiction and in Los Angeles. In the end, conclusion based on all the relevant facts will also be presented which will prove that…
As retrieved from Illusions of Immortality: A Psychology of Fame and Celebrity
By David Giles (Author) pg 2 On April, 15 2004
As retrieved from L.A. Story (1991)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/078401163X/inktomi-dvdasin-20/ref%3Dnosim/102-8On April, 15 2004
ASCO show in Ios Angeles museum of art (LACMA)
Mind Expansion: The Art of ASCO
In many ways, the work of the defunct performance art group Asco, which is currently enjoying an art show at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art as part of the Pacific Standard Time series, can be thought of as expanding the very definition of the term art. One look at the various still images from the exhibit, which showcased the group's penchant for "no-movies" -- which involved the dissemination of visuals and postcards of scenes from movies that did not actually exist -- certainly indicates that the conventional definition of the term art does not necessarily apply to this sort of work. In many of the existing images of the no-movie stills, the various members of Asco (which include Willie Herron, Harry Gamboa Jr., Patssi Valdez and a man known as Gronk) are dressed…
Additionally, the creation of a trust fund for housing could help to alleviate some of the economic burden on developers in Los Angeles. As compared to other major metropolis' such as San Jose, New York, and Chicago, Los Angeles uses the least amount of federal block grant funds on affordable housing on a per person basis, with just $23 per resident (In Short Demand). In addition to adopting an inclusionary zoning ordinance, the city should also implement an in-lieu fee to help fund it. Such a fee could be an alternative method to the institution of including an affordable unit in new developments, and could be directly applied to a housing trust fund. Estimates indicate that a $7 per square foot in-lieu fee would produce a surplus of upwards of $20 million a year, and could be used to remedy the housing shortage that not only affects Latinos, but other…
Kushner, James. Gov. Discrimination: Equal Protection Law & Litigation. Eagan: Clark Boardman Callaghan, 2008. Print
Los Angeles Housing Department, "Program Components -- City of Los Angeles Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance. 2004. Web. http://cityplanning.lacity.org/Code_Studies/other/ProposedICPolicyMatrix.PDF
Los Angeles Housing Department. In Short Supply: Recommendations of the Los Angeles Housing Crisis task Force. 1999. Web. http://www.ci.la.ca.us/lahd/shrtsup2k.PDF
Liu, Cathy. "Ethnic Enclave Residence and Employment Accessibility of Latino Workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington D.C." University of Southern California, 2008. Web. http://www.usc.edu/schools/sppd/lusk/research/pdf/wp_2008-1001.pdf
Transportation and Sustainability in Los Angeles
Increase utilization of green technology for vehicles
The horrific traffic situation in Los Angeles is not only detrimental to society in the sense that its immense levels of congestion cost commuters millions of dollars in lost time daily, but also because it can cause physical harm. One study has identified several risk factors that are significantly increased by freeway pollution levels such as cardiovascular problems, respiratory disease, cancer, heart attacks and flat-out premature death (Cronan). It further finds that some brain cells in mice showed inflammation consistent with Alzheimer's disease when exposed to these pollutants.
It would be one thing if the levels of pollutants in the city were consistent with the levels found in other cities; however the levels of air pollution found in Los Angeles are among the highest in the country. In fact, Forbes…
The area of the L.A iver that could use beautifying is the area along the railyards and near Union Station in downtown Los Angeles. The railyards are quite unattractive, and the area could be revitalized by revitalizing this section of the river.
It is extremely important to revitalize and restore the L.A. iver, because it is an important part of our environment and our existence. estoring the river will help store more flood runoff, which our water challenged area dearly needs, and it will enhance water quality from the current conditions in many areas of the river. estoring the river also beautifies the area and creates more parks and green spaces for citizens to enjoy, and it creates a much more appealing area in neighborhoods. Now, the railyards are ugly, noisy, and unappealing. estoring this area would create a much more appealing area.
Changes in the current area would…
Editors. "Los Angeles River Revitalization." LARiver.org. 2009. 23 Oct. 2009.
The Los Angeles Biltmore Hotel was built during 1921-1923, costing ten million dollars to build. It was built by architects Schultze and Weaver, who were responsible for creating New York's Waldorf Astoria and the Park Lane Hotels. This particular hotel was designed to eclipse all other hotels in Los Angeles. The architecture was modeled after an architecture style that was popular in New York during this time; it is known as the Beaux Arts style.
The hotel is so remarkable because it continues to have a strong presence even today. The hotel is grand and stately and it is immediately evocative of yester-year. Just walking through the grand lobby one can sense the history that has come before. The Academy Awards used to be hosted at the Biltmore, back when the ceremonies were smaller. There are even large black and white photographs still framed and hung where the…
Although Chicago's schools remain mired in a host of convoluted social and economic problems, the overall trend has been positive since these initiatives were implemented; however, analysts suggest that it remains unclear whether these modest gains can be attributed solely to the mayoral oversight or a combination of other factors as well (Merl, 2005).
According to analyst, Kenneth K. Wong, a professor of public policy and education at Vanderbilt University, there should be no doubt, at least in the cases of Chicago and Boston -- where mayoral control has been in place the longest -- that the successes enjoyed to date can be attributed to the "right kind of mayoral takeover -- with clear authority and a highly motivated municipal leader; the key to the successful implementation of this regimen for these two cities, at least, has been the fact that "the mayors have been willing to put their political…
Bulkley, K., & Kirst, M. (2000). 'New, Improved' Mayors Take over City Schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 81(7), 538.
Cassel, R.N. (2001). The Person-Centered High School in America Must Be a Microcosm of a Fully Democratic Society. Education, 121(4), 632.
Crowson, R.L. (1998). Community Empowerment and the Public Schools: Can Educational Professionalism Survive? PJE. Peabody Journal of Education, 73(1), 58.
Darling-Hammond, L. (1994). Who Will Speak for the Children; How 'Teach for America' Hurts Urban Schools and Students. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(1), 21.
57). This makes the idea that the minority communities that are using the community as a "springboard" for assimilation because there are less of the domestic non-Hispanic whites in the areas in which immigrants would typically assimilate.
There has even been the development of what is referred to as planned communities. Irvine California serves as a good example of such a development. Irvine was developed from ranch lands from a single developer that constructed "urban villages" in Orange County (Maher, 2004, p. 782). The particular site selected for this 1-997 study was in many ways a "typical" Irvine neighborhood. A planned community developed in the mid-1970s, Ridgewood comprised 246 single-family homes on a collection of cul-de-sacs connected by three public through streets: on average, residents were highly educated- 39% had graduate or professional degrees- and most of those who were employed worked in professional, managerial, technical, or sales positions (Maher,…
Maher, K. (2004). Borders and Social Distinction in the Global Suburb. American Quarterly, 781-806.
Zhou, M., Tseng, Y., & Kim, R. (2008). Rethinking Residential Assimilation: The Case of a Chinese Ethnoburb in the San Gabriel Valley, California. Amerasia Journal, 55-83.
Acceptable Use Policy
AUP Policy eview: Los Angeles Unified School District
With continuously evolving technologies, it is important for organizations to set up standards that helps mitigate potential liability in regards to staff potentially of using or misusing such technologies. It is obvious that an Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) is a very important policy within modern organizations in order to define what acceptable employee behavior when accessing company resources is. AUP's help provide staff the technological resources that they need, while setting clear limits as to what is off-limits. For the purpose of this evaluation, the Los Angeles Unified School District's AUP in regards to its school computers and networking systems will be analyzed and critiqued in order to provide recommendations for future changes.
Organizations that include technology devices within their operations need to have AUP's second-place to make sure that such devices are not abused or misused in a…
King, Michelle. (2012). Social media policy for employers and associated persons. Los Angeles Unified School District Policy Bulletin. Web. http://www.lausd.net/lausd/offices/Office_of_Communications/BUL-5688.0_SOCIAL_MEDIA_POLICY.pdf
Mitchell, Bradley. (2011). How to create and AUP: Acceptable Use Policy. Computing: Wireless Networking. Web. http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/intranets/ht/ht_createaup.htm
Los Angeles Unified School District. (2012). Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) for district computer and network systems. Los Angeles Unified School District Policy Bulletin. Web. http://askitd.net/departments/iss/security/aup
imagery in the movies Chinatown and Blade unner and compare the film-noir type of imagery against the actual statistics available in the latest Census results from Los Angeles that characterize the complexion of Los Angeles in 2010. In all three arenas, we see a Los Angeles area that is multi-ethnic, grime and dirt included. In many ways, while the movie imagery is different, in many ways all three characterizations have more in common than have differences. In all three portraits, the dirty, gritty and repressive city scape has the potential to swallow up the inhabitants in the Los Angeles darkness that is almost as thick as palpable as the ninth Egyptian plague of darkness. The films accurately and effectively discuss the "feel" of the city and the city's neighborhoods. The author will provide examples from the films to illustrate this, as well as the similarities and differences.
U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Dept of Commerce. Los Angeles city, California QuickLinks. Washington,
D.C.: U.S.G.P.O., 2012. Web. .
The architects are not simply referencing a general Neoclassical style but evoking specific elements of Roman architectural style that suggested wealth and success.
The Los Angeles Stock Exchange on Spring St. (which no longer houses the stock exchange) includes the neoclassical elements of symmetry and alternating bands of vertical and horizontal elements. It also features three bas-relief panels carved into the granite over the central entrance that reflect Roman and Greek styles of decoration on public buildings. These bas-reliefs, like the carvings on the Continental Building are meant to summon up a certain kind of wealth and triumph, in this case the capitalist economy. Buildings in the Classical world would not have had to be so direct in broadcasting their function and stature. But the architects of this neoclassical building understood that a 20th-century clientele needed more explicit cues (Hickey). Classical buildings shared a common vocabulary that had been lost…
Brain, David. Discipline and style. Theory and society 18: 807-868, 1989.
Carlihan, Jean Paul. The Ecole des Beaux-Arts: Modes and Manners. New York: Association
of Collegiate Schools of Architecture, 1979.
Christ, Karl. The Romans. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.
Obesity in Los Angeles County
The United States, while being one of the most technologically developed countries in the world, is not a healthy nation. Typically, when we think of disease pandemics we think of things like Swine Flu, Ebola, Lyme disease, etc. However, in the 21st century, we have a new pandemic that affects our children, adults, and eventually the whole population. Because of a more sedentary lifestyle, a proclivity for fast food, a high-fat diet, and hundreds of sugary drinks, obesity is now statistically so rampant that it is having a serious effect on American's health. Almost every researcher, whether medical or academic, as well as the public health sector, agree that there are statistical links between what we ingest and the consequences to our overall health profile. Certainly, all we need to is walk down any grocery store aisle, open up most magazines and newspapers, or watch…
About Health People. (2012, December 17). Retrieved from HealthyPeople.gov: http://healthypeople.gov/2020/about/default.aspx
Executive Order on Physical Fitness. (2010, June 22). Retrieved from The President's Council on Physical Fitness: http://www.fitness.gov/about/order/index.html
Overweight and Obesity, (2008) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved
from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa / obesity / economic_consequences.htm
"It is the poor man's underworld; a cross-section of American futility, the place where men who have lost hope go after they have jettisoned their dreams." ~ Hal Boyle, Evening Independent
In any great metropolitan city there will be areas where the wealthiest, the most prosperous people get to live. They will all conglomerate in this one part of the city in order to bask in their luxury with other people who have similar financial resources to play with. hen they think of the less fortunate, if they do at all, it will be in short bursts, usually around the holidays when they donate a dollar or last season's coat to a drive hosted by their company, club, or favorite charity. In this same metropolis, there will be a less advantageous part where the middle class dwells. These homes will not be as fancy and their job titles…
Boyle, Hal. "Skid Row; The West's Bowery." The Evening Independent, 1947. Print.
Brightwell, Eric. "The Nickel Aka Hell's Half-Acre - Los Angeles' Skid Row at the Amoeblog."
The Nickel Aka Hell's Half-Acre - Los Angeles' Skid Row at the Amoeblog. Amoeba, 25 Oct. 2010. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.
Gorman, Anna. "L.A. Could Resume Controversial Cleanup Sweeps in Skid Row." Los Angeles
homelessness and mental illness are inextricably intertwined. One way that mental illness impacts people's lives is that it oftentimes renders them unable to carry out the functions of daily life, such as keeping a job, paying their bills, and managing a household. In addition to disrupting the events of daily life, mental illness "may also prevent people from forming and maintaining stable relationships or cause people to misinterpret others' guidance and react irrationally" (National Coalition for the Homeless, 2009). What this means is that a population that is already vulnerable because of an inability to consistently manage self-care lacks the same safety net as much of the rest of society.
People with mental illnesses are at greater risk of homelessness. This is particularly true for people with serious mental illnesses, particularly those that might impact their reality testing, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression (National Coalition for the…
Folsom, D.P., Hawthorne, W., Lindamer, L., Gilmer, T., Bailey, A., Golshan, S., Garcia, P.,
Unutzer, J., Hough, R., and Jeste, D.V. (2005). Prevalence and risk factors for homelessness and utilization of mental health services among 10,340 patients with serious mental illness in a large public mental health system." American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 370-376.
National Coalition for the Homeless. (2009, July). Mental illness and homelessness.
Retrieved April 13, 2013 from National Coalition for the Homeless website: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/Mental_Illness.pdf
Leadership, will provide
Performance management: Addressing three critical problems at the Los Angeles Tribune
A decline in advertising revenue
A loss of advertising revenue is one of the most critical concerns for the Tribune, given that without advertising the paper cannot function in either the short or the long-term. Unfortunately, because fewer people are reading print newspapers, advertisers are shifting online to venues which offer larger audiences and which are often free. The paper must convey the unique value of advertising through the Tribune to advertisers, given its audience and general outreach (Chapter 3, 145).
In the short-term, calculating the needed increase in overall revenue is of paramount importance. In the long-term, given the likely trends regarding advertising in the newspaper world, the desire to advertise in print at all will likely evaporate. Instead of fighting these trends, the Tribune must grow its online advertising base. Offering a…
More precisely, this notion may be interpreted as being a certain de facto acceptance of the Mexican population as part of the American cultural heritage. There are many discriminatory criteria which have marked the history of the United States. The nationality and the family descent was often a reason for social exclusion. Therefore, the identification of Mexicans as being Americans as well represented an important step in their integration in the society.
The notion of "Latino" has often been used especially in recent history to define "people originating from, or having a heritage related to, Latin America, in recognition of the fact that this set of people is actually a superset of many nationalities. Since the term "Latin" comes into use as the least common denominator for all peoples of Latin America in recognition of the fact that some romance language (Spanish, Portuguese, French) is the native tongue of the…
California Historical Eras. N.d. 6 March 2008 http://calrepublic.tripod.com/history.html#californio
Five Views: An Ethnic Historic Site Survey for California. A History of Mexican-Americans in California: The Chicano Movement. 2004. 6 March 2008 http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/5views/5views5e.htm
Immigration. Becoming Part of the United States. 2005. 6 March 2008. http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/alt/mexican2.html
Jenkins, P. (1997). A history of the United States. New York: Palgrave.
eal estate speculation and "flipping" (buying a fixer-upper and doing the fixing-up, then selling shortly after purchase for -- it is hoped -- a substantial profit) does not exactly occur at a fast pace in an area where home prices are already well beyond the reach of most people. Speculators aren't typically eyeing properties worth two to three million dollars and trying to turn them around for a quick profit, that is. As this was the kind of activity that was in part driving the housing bubble in the rest of the nation it makes sense that such a trend would not be fully visible in the 90210 zip code. It also makes sense that greater volatility and sharp upswings in prices would be seen during the depths of the housing crisis in 2008 and 2009, as it is during such periods that high-end areas like 90210 are more likely…
DataQuick. (2012). Southern California Home Resale Activity. Accessed 4 December 2012. http://dqnews.com/Charts/Monthly-Charts/LA-Times-Charts/ZIPLAT.aspx
Movoto. (2012). Beverly Hills, CA Market Statistics and Real Estate Trends. Accessed 4 December 2012. http://www.movoto.com/statistics/ca/beverly-hills.htm
Parsons, J. (2012). Real Estate Charts. Accessed 4 December 2012. http://www.jparsons.net/housingbubble/
Trulia. (2012). Beverly Hills, 90210 Market Trends. Accessed 4 December 2012. http://www.trulia.com/real_estate/90210-Beverly_Hills/market-trends/
John Woo (1997)
In 1997, John Woo directed Face/Off movie that is action thriller movie. The report studies the roles played by actors and the plot of the movie critically. It sorts out the quality of sounds used in the movie and the styles adopted by actors and directors. The movie uses concept of face changing faces which are not new yet the movie makes an effort towards elaborating the concept. The movie is based on blood-shed genre with thrilling adventure that goes on as the characters fight to get to the bomb ticking in L.A. Movie is not only about the story but it is also about the cinema experience that is based on quality of acting, style, direction, sounds, lights, timing and use of technology. The report covers different technical aspects as used in the movie Face/Off by John Woo.
Dargis, M., (2009). "Action! The New York Times." Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Face/Off, (2012), Retrieved from:
Maslin, J., (2003), "Face/Off (1997); Review Summary," Retrieved from:
Anna Devere Smith's Twilight: Los Angeles: Similarities And Differences Between Victims, Victimizers, And Viewers
After reading and reflecting on Anna Devere Smith's play Twilight: Los Angeles (1992), I find that I both agree and disagree with the critic Robert Brustein's comment, in The New Republic (Vol. 210, no. 18, May 2,1994, pp 29- 31) that within Twilight: Los Angeles: "Smith's subjects divide essentially into victims, victimizers, and viewers, although it is sometimes difficult to determine which is which." Brustein also suggests, within that review, that Smith might be better thought of "as a sociologist than artist." I disagree with that second comment, since sociology is, after all, an academic study of groups within society, and Twilight: Los Angeles is an artistic rather than an academic text (despite Smith's having used interview research methods similar to those of a sociologist. Instead, I suggest that, as the author of Twilight: Los Angeles,…
Brustein, Robert. "Victims, Victimizers, and Viewers." Review of Twilight: Los
Angeles. The New Republic. Vol. 210, no. 18 (May 2, 1994). pp. 29- 31.
Smith, Anna Devere. Twilight: Los Angeles. In Contemporary Plays by Women
of Color: An Anthology. Roberta Uno and Kathy A. Perkins (Eds.). London:
San Diego Can Emulate Los Angeles and Become a orld Player
The political leadership holding the reins of power in San Diego -- which touts itself arrogantly as "America's Finest City" -- has not put a very impressive foot forward when it comes to the stewardship of the city's fiscal, infrastructural, moral, and public assets over the last ten to fifteen years. There is a new scandal breaking out every few months, it seems, including the messy corruption trial in session at the present time, in which three city councilmen are accused of taking bribes (cash under the table) from the owner of seedy strip clubs.
Meanwhile, beyond the political scandal which recently forced the mayor to resign and has brought in federal investigators to review the mishandling of millions of dollars in public funds it appears that, as author Steven P. Erie writes in Globalizing L.A., San Diego has…
Erie, Steven P. Globalizing L.A.: Trade, Infrastructure, and Regional Development. Stanford:
Stanford University Press, 2004.
The CalTrade Report. "San Diego Needs an Airport to Compete Globally, Experts Say." May
30, 2005, Accessed from http://www.caltraderreport.com.
" In order to see how this influences the show's representation of the interpersonal relationships of the family, one may examine a scene from the first episode, in which the editing choices serve to identify the shop as a particular kind of expressive space.
The special role of the shop as a space of differential relationships and conversations can be seen in the first episode when Kourtney and Khloe are in the shop discussing a dinner Kourtney had with Scott the night before, where Scott acted aloof and generally impolite. The two sisters discuss Scott's astrological sign and the way it relates to Scott's personality, and later, when Scott arrives, the three of them discuss the variability of Kourtney and Scott's relationship in positive terms, highlighting the fact that they can make up so readily. All the while, Kris has been in the store, but she does not speak throughout…
Armenians watch calls for full-scale investigation of armenian deputies and high ranking officials. (1999, Nov 20). Armenian Reporter, pp. 16.
Bruce, L. (2011). One mom, six kids, a reality empire. Hollywood Reporter, 417(00183660), 48-
Der-Sarkissian, J. (2005, Jan 15). Should the armenian community of greater los angeles have an armenian public charter school? Armenian Reporter, pp. 16.
After receiving such pressure, a huge scandal broke within the ranks of the LAPD based on charges of corruption and misconduct. Although the LAPD still maintains a heavy presence within these streets, they are not as vehement as seen in the case of the HAMME era.
Many of those affected by L.A. street life are actually not gang members themselves. The aftermath of gang violence has proven to be too much for many Los Angeles residents, including former gang members, to handle. Many former members are left questioning the idea that the gang life is truly a family atmosphere. Former gang members all over the United States have begun to take action as to prevent future generations from making the same mistakes, (andle, 2003). Many of these former criminals also believe that being open with children about gang violence will help open up dialogue about the negative aspects of gang…
Alonso, a. (2008). A brief history of the Los Angeles-based Crips. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from Street Gangs: http://www.streetgangs.com/crips/
Crips. (1995). What we celieve in. Nationwide Rip Ridaz. Quality Records.
Davis, Mike. (1992). City of Quartz. Vintage Books.
Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence (2006). Gangs. Find Articles Retrieved April 2, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2602/is_0002/ai_2602000260
The odney Kind riots resulted in 50 deaths, 4000 injuries, 12,000 arrests, and $1 billion in property damage ("The Los Angeles iots, 1992").
While riots give a voice to the oppressed, it remains questionable whether they create meaningful structural change. Ten years after the odney King riots, "South Central remains one of the city's poorest neighborhoods. Unemployment remains well above 20% even after the boom of the 1990s," ("The Los Angeles iots, 1992"). iots reflect poorly on their communities, frightening away potential investors, social service institutions, and other means of community enrichment.
However, cities and their governments can learn from these four significant events in American urban history. Law enforcement officials must be trained to anticipate riots. Police departments should eliminate racial profiling and more vigorously prosecute officers using excessive force. Minorities should become well-represented at all levels of city government including law enforcement and criminal justice but also in…
The 1965 Watts Riots." Retrieved Mar 12, 2007 at http://www.usc.edu/libraries/archives/la/watts.html
Herman, M. (nd). "Newark Riots-1967." The Newark and Detroit Riots. Retrieved Mar 12, 2007 at http://www.67riots.rutgers.edu/n_index.htm
Los Angeles Riot Still Echoes a Decade Later." (2002). CNN.com.
The Los Angeles Riots, 1992." Retrieved Mar 12, 2007 at http://www.usc.edu/libraries/archives/la/la_riot.html .
The First Nuclear Test
Of course, the first nuclear test occurred before the 1950s and was part of the United States' effort to develop an atomic weapon during World War II. This test occurred at 5:30 A.M. On July 16, 1945, at a missile range outside of Alamogordo, New Mexico. Even that test was enough to convince a large group of scientists that the atomic weapon was a dangerous and powerful weapon. "The Franck Report," a petition issued by Leo Szilard and 68 other scientists urged President Truman to first demonstrate the capabilities of the atomic bomb before using it as a weapon against the Japanese, because of the mass destruction that came with the bomb.
This test, known as the Trinity Test, was a tremendous success. "The energy developed in the test was several times greater than that expected by scientific group. The cloud column mass and top reached…
Adams, Cecil. 1984. "Did John Wayne die of cancer caused by a radioactive movie set?" The Straight Dope. http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a2_016.html (Accessed August 19, 2008).
American Cancer Society. 2006. "Radiation exposure and cancer." Cancer.org. http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3X_Radiation_Exposure_and_Cancer.asp?sitearea=PED (Accessed August 19, 2008).
Ball, Howard. 1996. "Downwind from the bomb." The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DEED61438F93AA35751C0A960948260&sec=health&spon=&pagewanted=1 (Accessed August 19, 2008).
Brodersen, Tom. 2002. "Compensation available to fallout cancer victims." Sharlot Hall
The office and administrative expenses would remain constant even to that point, as would the insurance expense.
Exhibit B: Cash Flow Statement, Year Two
At this point, the business is earning a healthy return and Mr. Ahn is receiving will be able to bring in a reasonable salary. The nature of the business may well change at this point. At the maximum revenue of $144,000 per year the pretax profit would be $63,600. As a result, it is likely that a clinic will be formed with other practitioners in order to minimize expenses and increase profitability.
e did not include taxes in our cash flow examples because the company is going to be set up as a sole proprietorship. This means that the income from the company will be rolled into the income for Mr. Ahn, as well as his liabilities. Mr. Ahn's personal expenses are therefore not included in…
No author (2007). Traditional Chinese Medicine. Alternative Medicine Foundation. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.amfoundation.org/tcm.htm
No author (2005). Regulation of TCM in the United States. Medscape Today. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511877_7
No author (2008). HIV / AIDS, the U.S.-China Partnership for Public Health at Work, and Traditional Chinese Medicine in the U.S. Fact Sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.hhs.gov/news/facts/chinahiv.html
Census information from U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en
atts riots in South-Central Los Angeles (that took place from August 11-17 in 1965) cost approximately $40 million in property damage and caused 34 deaths and over 1,000 injuries. This paper puts that horrendous event in perspective, from causes that led up to the riots, to the actual damage, and the government's response afterwards.
hat were the long-term causes of the social upheaval in atts in 1965?
The social and economic conditions in South-Central Los Angeles well before the disturbances should be understood in terms of explaining why the tension had built up and why atts was a tinder box ready to explode. riter Josh Sules wrote a thorough background essay on the history of South-Central Los Angeles (in the book, Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History: A Reference Guide to the Nation's Most Catastrophic Events), pointing out that the " ... underlying causes" can be traced back to…
Civil Rights Digital Library. "Watts Riots." Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://crdl.usg.edu . 2016.
Dawsey, Darrell. "25 Years After the Watts Riots: McCone Commission's Recommendations
Have Gone Unheeded." The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://articles.latimes.com . 1990.
Edy, Jill A. "Watts Riots of 1965." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved February 11, 2016, from http://www.britannica.com . 2016.
1990, United States government passed the Hate Crimes Statistics Act. This mandated that state, local and federal law enforcement agencies report data on crimes that reflected a bias against a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, and/or ethnicity/national origin. Several years later, people with disabilities were added to this list. Data collection was placed under the auger of the FBI, which complied by publishing an annual report through its Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. This program started to publish a review of national hate crimes in 1990 entitled Hate Crime Statistics, 1990: A Resource Book. By 1992, the publication reflected the reported data of all states. Because certain states, such as Wisconsin, penalize perpetrators more for the same crime if the motivation for that crime is thought to be categorical hatred, statistics reflect the opinions of law enforcement agencies.
Because of this wealth of new data, in addition to the data…
Twilight and the Day of the Locust
hat is most interesting about the juxtaposition of Nathanael est's The Day of the Locust and Anna Deavere Smith's Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992, is that each is a mirror of the other, and a mirror of what it pretends to be. If that seems convoluted, consider this: est has written fiction that nonetheless plumbs the depths of individual souls, souls that could be taken as representative of all souls. Smith has written 'true accounts' (as true as things remembered can be at some distance from the events themselves) that nonetheless fail to illumine deeply any facet of human emotion. That is to say, they are facile. Her interview with an old Hispanic who hates 'gringos' is too trite to be illuminating. Nor is the book filled with much that is.
The Day of the Locust and Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992, are nominally both…
Smith, Anna Deavere. Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992. New York: Anchor Books, 1994, 320 pp.
West, Nathanael. The Day of the Locust. New York: Signet Classics, 1983, 208 pp.
Loud I Shout
Edward Humes' book follows the cases of seven teenage boys as they work their way through the juvenile justice system. It is clear from the title of Humes' book that something was amiss, something was terribly wrong, in the juvenile justice system in Los Angeles, California, in 1994. Readers don't know what reforms have been instituted subsequent to 1994, but that is not as priority in this assignment. hat is being conveyed and critiqued in this paper is what Humes reports from that era, and it opens up numerous issues and questions for an alert reader to contemplate.
The question that will be addressed in this paper is (1): hen you look at kids who land in adult court, you often find that they've been bouncing through the system for years, basically getting a free pass for lesser crimes until they commit a horrific act. Discuss how…
Humes, E. (1996). No Matter How Loud I Shout: A Year in the Life of the Juvenile Court.
New York: Simon & Schuster.
The provision that persons cannot be deprived of liberty without due process of law takes precedence over the war powers." Both authors therefore agree that the American Constitution prohibits the unwarranted detention of citizens based on their ethnicity alone.
Only the Chicago Daily Tribune article uses the type of language befitting an editorial. For instance, the author uses terms like "prejudice" and "hysteria" to describe the issue. The Los Angeles Times article necessarily avoids strong language like this, and yet still manages to convince readers that the internment camps were legally and ethically wrong. The author achieves a subtle editorial commentary in the selection of quotations. For example, Justice Roberts is quoted as saying that W.R.A. centers are "euphemism for concentration camps" and along with other dissenting justices on the Supreme Court "denied there was any evidence that exclusion of the Japanese was a military measure." In the Chicago Daily…
Merton also incorporated Durkheim's observations of the difference between intrinsic motivation for work and economic profit and purely superficial extrinsic motivation for the tangible trappings of success and/or social status. Since post-Industrial evolution social values tended to focus so much more on acquisition and less on contributing to society through work, individuals experiencing psychosocial strains from the lack of available opportunities for legitimate work often sought to acquire the same outward social status through deviant and criminal means (Schmalleger, 2008).
The documentary traced the evolution of organized neighborhood protection and political rights organizations in vast criminal enterprises after the discovery of the economic profit potential associated with selling illicit narcotics. In Los Angeles, a parasitic relationship developed wherein the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) extracted protection money from the gangs while simultaneously increasing their official budget to upgrade their facilities and equipment on the basis of the increasing firepower and…
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, R. (2005). Psychology and Life/. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Henslin, J. (2002). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macionis, J.J. (2003). Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Schmalleger, F. (2007). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st
Dressed in T-shirt that says 'Life is slum' and frayed jeans.
Oh yes! His beating was intentional. The way they kicked and stomped him -- over and over again. Though beats me why 20% didn't think so. Bigoted idiots.
Three LA Police officers stomped, kicked and beat King with metal batons. The scene was video taped by George Halliday, manager of a plumbing company, from ninety-feet away.
Q. What were your reactions?
Scandalized. I remember thinking it impossible that such acts of police brutality -- Police of all things! You would think they would be above that -- were happening today. In America. In Los Angeles.
California is oen of the most civilized states. This isn't the South after all. Here's where we're supposed to, like, love everyone else and against prejudice. Especially the police. Couldn't get to grips with this at the time. Scary.
That riots started a few…
The community that I am a member of is downtown Los Angeles. This is an incredibly diverse and vibrant community; it is one of the most diverse communities that I have ever been a part of. The community consists of young urban professionals who are unmarried or are co-habitating in large loft spaces. The spaces where most people live in downtown Los Angeles make this in part such a remarkable community: people have wonderful industrial spaces which are converted to living spaces. This means that people have the pleasure of creating unique homes in massive open spaces. The fact that so many of the apartment buildings in downtown Los Angeles are loft spaces means that the community attracts a great deal of artistic types such as painters, designers, architects, actors and musicians.
Another aspect of the community is its close proximity to skid row. The fact that…
Foucault and Davis
The idea of the panopticon came from English philosopher and thinker Jeremy Bentham, after he helped to design a building in which one supervisor could observe all of the workers within. Eventually, Bentham's panopticon was converted into prison design, as people realized the benefits of a building which contains a point from where all of the prisoners inside could be watched by a single guard. While the architectural theory of the panopticon failed to catch on during Bentham's lifetime, many philosophers have since examined the idea from a variety of angles, discussing ideas like social control and authoritarianism. One of those philosophers was the Frenchman Michel Foucault, who wrote a book called Discipline and Punish in 1975 which contained many references to the panopticon as becoming the model for social structures. According to Foucault's view, the panopticon as imagined by Bentham has become more than just a…
Davis, M. (1992). Fortress Los Angeles: the militarization of urban space. Variations on a theme park, 154-180.
Foucault, M. (1984). The foucault reader. Random House LLC.