Lufthansa Essays (Examples)

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Sustainability Report for an Airline

Words: 2998 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36100853

Organization Behavior

Sustainability eport for Lufthansa Airlines

Sustainability eport

Sustainability eport for Lufthansa Airlines

The purpose of this report is to analyze and discuss the sustainability practices and efforts of one of the leading airlines of the world -- Lufthansa Group. Every organization incorporates some sustainability practices that show its concern for the society it serves and the environment in which conducts its business (Bleischwitz & Hennicke 2004). Through this paper, an attempt has been made to discuss the key sustainability practices which Lufthansa Group has adopted for proving itself as a socially and environmentally sustainable organization. The paper starts with a brief introduction to the organization and then highlights its major sustainability efforts. The later sections discuss the two most important sustainability practices and give recommendations on how this organization can improve these practices in the light of business sustainability models.

LUFTHANSA AILINES

Lufthansa Group is one of the…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Bleischwitz, R., & Hennicke, P. 2004, Eco-efficiency, regulation, and sustainable business: towards a governance structure for sustainable development. Northampton: Edward Elgar

Epstein, M.J. 2008, Making sustainability work: best practices in managing and measuring corporate social, environmental and economic impacts. 1st Edition. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publications.

Hond, F.D., Neergaard, P., & Bakker, F.G. 2007, Managing corporate social responsibility in action: talking, doing and measuring. England: Ashgate

International Institute for Environment and Development, 2012, Business models for sustainable development. Available from [Accessed April 14th, 2012]
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Iag's Proposed Acquisition of BMI Report on

Words: 2040 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58147007

IAG's Proposed Acquisition of BMI

Report on proposed takeover of Deutsche Lufthansa AG's (Lufthansa) loss making British Midland International airline (BMI) by International Airlines Group Plc. (IAG)

Rationale for Acquisition

Regulatory Clearances

Appendix 3 IAG Financial Results Consolidated

This report will attempt to uncover understanding of this proposed acquisition, recognizing and critically discussing the business justification for the acquisition and the likely long-term motivation (success or failure) of the proposed takeover. Research findings within the report intend to cover details of the strategy from the point-of-view of both companies with outside references to empirical studies from the body of academic literature that addresses the underlying motivation to concentrate on maximizing shareholders wealth through expansion.

Objectives

Identify the business rationale for the takeover from the perspective of Lufthansa and IAG

Complexity of acquisition; address the motives put forward and Managerial Motives for takeover

Evaluating the bid; the expected gains from the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Buyck, C., 2011. Lufthansa sells bmi to British Airways parent IAG. [Online]

Available at: http://atwonline.com/airline-finance-data/news/lufthansa-sells-bmi-british-airways-parent-iag-1222

[Accessed 25 March 2012].

Gregory, A., 1997. An Examination of the Long Run Performance of UK Acquiring Firms. Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, 24(7), pp. 971-1002.
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Sigma and Quality Managemnet Six

Words: 4340 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73927642

The results retrieved by Victor, Boynton and Stephens-Jang point out to a necessity to find a balance between standardized work and continuous learning process. They also indicate that employees who have managed to find this balance reveal higher levels of on-the-job satisfaction, as well as lower levels of stress.

A crucial approach to total quality management is taken by Mohamed Zairi (2002), who looks at quality management in the context of the current threats. He argues for instance the growing threats of competition, as promoted by the intensifying forces of globalization, or the necessity for any organization to operate in accordance with the growing concerns for environmental well-being. In this context, Zairi points out not only to the necessity of TQM for organizational survival, but even more so for the importance of sustainable models of TQM that maintain organizational competitiveness. The basic idea is that of the ongoing necessity for…… [Read More]

References:

Gabor, A., 2001, Quality Revival, Part 2: Ford Embraces Six Sigma, The New York Times

Hahn, G.J., Hill, W.J., Hoerl, R.W., Zinkgraf, S.A., 1999, The Impact of Six Sigma Improvement -- A Glimpse into the Future of Statistics, The American Statistician, Vol. 53, No. 3

Kanji, G.K., 2002, Business Excellence: Make It Happen, Total Quality Management, Vol. 13, No. 8

Harry, M., Schroeder, R., 2000, Six Sigma, Random House, ISBN 0-385-49437-8
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Market Analysis Arik Air Based

Words: 3615 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97373357

(Dunn, 2009)

Arumemi-Ikhide believes that Arik can succeed due to a combination of the opportunity -- helped by economic and air transport reforms in Nigeria -- and the capability to deliver a high quality product." (Dunn, 2009) Also stated by Arumemi-Ikhide is that this "will be a key in differentiating it in the international market and providing feeder traffic. That will be the lifeline for the international network. That's what sets up apart from our rivals." (Dunn, 2009)

Martin Russell states in the report entitled: "Arik Air: The Future of African Aviation" that both the "internal opinion of African air travel and that of onlookers overseas was bleak before the arrival of Nigeria's newest treasure, Arik Air." (2008) Russell states that the aviation industry is African is "hampered by somewhat less predictable weather and frequent storms" resulting in aviation in African being "far from predictable with temperamental skies that readily…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Nigeria's air traffic grows by 31% during 2008; defies global slump (2009) TradeInvest Nigeria Thu, 05 Mar 2009. Online available at: http://www.tradeinvestnigeria.com/news/957188.htm

Lawal, Lateef (2009)FG Invests Over N7b In Air Navigation, Safety, Search & Rescue - Nigeria Masterweb Daily News. Online available at: http://www.nigeriamasterweb.com/blog/

More Frequencies to Foreign Airlines Put Nigerian Carriers at Risk (2009) The Guardian -- Travels 17 Jul 2009. Online available at: http://www.ngrguardiannews.com/travels/article01//indexn2_html?pdate=170709&ptitle=More%20frequencies%20to%20foreign%20airlines%20put%20Nigerian%20carriers%20at%20risk

Dunn, Graham (2009) Arik Air: Pressing Ahead with International Plans. 3 June 2009. Airline Business. Online available at: http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/03/06/323508/arik-air-pressing-ahead-with-international-plans.html
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Derivatives Derivative Security Is a

Words: 2540 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96420115

These strategies can also be used to reduce the risk of a drop in the stock price without regard to tax issues. In deciding whether to employ these strategies, it is necessary to consider the cost of the option and any related transaction costs.

A swap is an agreement in which counterparties (generally two) agree to exchange future cash flows arising from financial instruments. For example, in the case of a generic fixed-to-floating interest rate swap, company a agrees to pay company . periodic fixed interest payments on some "notional" principal amount (say $100 million) in exchange for variable rate payments on that notional. The floating "leg" is typically periodically reset based on some reference rate such as LIOR. Usually, one leg involves quantities that are known in advance (e.g. The "fixed leg" in an interest rate swap) the other involves quantities that are uncertain or variable (e.g. The "floating…… [Read More]

Bibliography

McMillan, Lawrence G., 1986, Options as a Strategic Investment: A Comprehensive Analysis of Listed Option Strategies, 2nd edn, New York Institute of Finance, New York.

Smith, Courtney, 1987, Option Strategies: Profit-Making Techniques for Stock, Stock Index, and Commodity Options, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Coates, C. Robert, 1978, Investment Strategy, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bookstaber, Richard M., 1987, Option Pricing and Investment Strategies, Protus Publishing Company, Chicago.
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Qantas Group S Strategic Analysis

Words: 3076 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73655887

Strategic Analysis of Qantas Group

Qantas Group Overview

Key Problems and Strategic Issues

Diagnosis: Analysis and Evaluation

Porter 5 Analysis

Power of Suppliers: Low-to-Medium

Industry ivalry: High

Power of Buyer: Medium

Barrier of Entry: High

Availability of Substitutes: Low

The study carries out the strategic analysis of Qantas Group to identify the problems that the company is facing in the contemporary business environments and provide the recommendations that will assist Qantas overcoming its problems and record high profitability. The Porter 5 analysis reveals Qantas is facing the intense competitions at domestic and international routes leading to a decline in the profit margins. Moreover, Qantas has not been able to overcome the problems associated with the high costs of operations from the constant increase in the fuel costs. The paper suggests that Qantas should consider both vertical and horizontal mergers to enjoy economies of scales, which will assist in enjoying a…… [Read More]

Reference

Belobaba, P., Odoni, A., & Barnhart, C. (2009). The global airline industry (Vol. 23). Wiley. Com. 12-89.

CFA Institute (2010). Merger and Acquisitions. CFA Institute. USA.

Cowper-Smith, A., & de Grosbois, D. (2011). The adoption of corporate social responsibility practices in the airline industry. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19 (1), 59-77.

Dallas, H. Michael, A.H. & Ireland, R.D. (2012). Strategic Management: Competitive Globalization. Victoria. Cengage.
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Strategy the Airline Industry --

Words: 1430 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 786853

g. Lufthansa); partners with Blackberry and Yahoo for in flight conveniences.

Early aggressive additions to fleet and service did, as analysts predicted, negatively impact the company.

Company will need to carefully evaluate routes, new service, new equipment, and new technology in order to maintain growth potential.

Management

Fairly stable and industry respected; replaced CEO in May 2007.

Needed a new managerial focus after 2004.

Optimistic, keep tight rein on overly aggressive expansion.

Human esources

Jet Blue University, compensates better than most airlines, rewards loyalty for service

Unsuccessful attempt at unionizing

Ensure mission is translated to consumers; empower local employees to make better decisions so clients are not left sitting on tarmac.

Market Share

Huge and rapid growth spurt in early 21st century

Became a model for other carriers; major carriers copied model and took away share

Continued energy and fiscal focus on consumers and next generation of airline ideas.

Marketing…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act, Public Law 107-42. (2001, September 22). Retrieved October 2010, from Office of Transportation - U.S. Government: http://ostpxweb.ost.dot.gov/aviation/Data/stabilizationact.pdf

Jet Blue Press Release - Names Dave Barger President and CEO. (2007, May 10). Retrieved October 2010, from JetBlue.com: http://investor.jetblue.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=131045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=998672&highlight=))

Air Travel Report: Dip in Delays, Spike in Complaints. (2010, October 12). Retrieved October 2010, from CNN Travel: http://www.cnn.com/2010/TRAVEL/10/12/air.travel.consumer.report

Jet Blue Shareholder Information. (2010, October 12). Retrieved October 2010, from Jet Blue: http://investor.jetblue.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=131045&p=irol-irhome
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History of Air Cargo Industry

Words: 3692 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84106237

2).

ir Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. t that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just forwarded freight (Siddiqi). Only Flying Tiger stayed aloft as a strictly air freight company until the 1980s when Federal Express entered the picture. More on FedEx later in this paper.

The Literature -- the History of ir Freight Transportation -- Berlin ir Lift

When the long, bloody war was over it was time for the winning llies to divide up the territory that once was Nazi Germany, the negotiated, agreed-upon divisions gave the llies (U.S., Britain, and France) the Western…… [Read More]

April 20, 2012, from http://www.centennialofflight.gov.

Wilde, Robert. (2005). Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift. About.com. Retrieved April 20, 2012,

From http://europeanhistory.about.com.
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Status of the Industry Marketing

Words: 1349 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12759252



Description of high/low marketing strategy

The marketing strategy of choice, however, is simply to accentuate low costs by cutting frills and eliminating hub-based systems in favor of short nonstop hops for even the largest national carriers. This is the model followed by such successful low-cost carriers as Jet lue and Southwest Airlines.

These airlines are able to go up against giants like United and American by slashing fares, marketing their no-frills image and flying short distances and choosing cheaper, slightly out of the way airports.

For instance, Jet lue flies not to Miami but to Ft. Lauderdale and even though Delta might fly to Miami, Jet lue will still get the fare because of its lower price and no-frills marketing strategy.

Airlines have to realize that this is a price-sensitive market and only spend marketing dollars on advertising low-cost fares and the fact that fliers are not being charged for…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, Ed. (2005). "Low-cost carriers." www.navigant.com

Gooch, Daniel-Robert. (2005). "Air France suspending non-stop Vietnam flights." Commercial Aviation Today, Feb. 28, 2005.

Mercer Management Consulting. (2002). "Impact of low cost airlines." www.mercermc.com
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O'Hare International Airport Chicago Illinois

Words: 3090 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62998269

Its proximity to Chicago as well as Milwaukee makes it convenient for southern isconsin and northern Illinois travelers.

Noise Abatement Program: The O'Hare Noise Compatibility Commission (ONCC) is composed of a number of regional communities and school districts (too many to mention in this research). According to the ONCC 2009 Annual Report noise complaints were "six times higher in 2009 compared to 2008" (www.oharenoise.org). There is an Airport Noise Management System which "collects, analyzes and processes data from…33 noise monitors around O'Hare, FAA radar data, weather data and noise complaints" (ONCC Home Page).

Like other airports, there are certain runways at O'Hare that the airlines are encouraged to use at nighttime -- to reduce noise and disturbance for residents in nearby communities. Beyond receiving and responding to noise complaints, O'Hare's ONCC has approved a sound insulation policy that "targets qualified multi-owner dwellings" (Gilligan, 2009). The ONCC has been installing soundproofing…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AirNav.com. (2010). Chicago O'Hare International Airport / FAA Information Effective 08

April 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010, from  http://www.airnav.com/airport/ORD .

Airport Technology. (2009). O'Hare International Airport (ORD/KORD), Chicago, IL, USA.

Retrieved May 5, 2010, from  http://www.airport-technology.com/projects/chicago/ .
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Munich Massacre of 1972

Words: 355 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58843705

Munich Massacre of 1972 was an organized terrorist attack on 11 Israeli Olympic athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. By the end of day-long the conflict, 11 Israelis, five Arab terrorists, and a German policeman were dead.

On September 5, 1972 at 4:30 AM, Arab terrorists wearing tracksuits and carrying weapons in athletic bags scaled the fence of the Olympic Village in Munich. Security was lax or non-existent, enabling a quick and efficient entry. Upon breaching the Village, the terrorists rendezvoused with an under-cover terrorist, who had been working for the Village, and thus knew exactly where the future hostages were sleeping. At 5AM, the terrorists knocked on the door of Israeli wrestling coach Moshe Weinberg, who immediately recognized that something was awry. He shouted a warning to his players and, with wrestler Joseph omano, tried to keep the terrorists out while some of the players escaped out…… [Read More]

References

Palestine Facts 2010, Israeli 1972 Olympic Team Murdered in Munich, viewed 8 February,

2010, <  http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_munich.php >.
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Value Improving Operations Management at

Words: 1420 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27846102

In terms of environment, British Airways has a rather opaque policy and they have yet to implement measures which safeguard the well-being of the environment. elative to the competition, the British operator strives to regain its strength through a merger with Iberia.

3. ecommendations for Improvement

Before presenting the recommendations for improving the operations management at British Airways, it is necessary to reveal some of the challenges presented by the modern day environment. This endeavor is necessary as the recommendations for improvement will be tailored to the need to satisfy the identified challenges. In this order of ideas, the difficulties raised by the current context include the following:

safety and security issues changing role of employees pollution, global warming and the general impact on the environment intensifying competition

Safety and Security

This threat has always been present within the airline industry, but never at levels as high as today. Flying…… [Read More]

References:

Boyd, C., 2003, Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety, Routledge, ISBN 0415265908

Solon, D., June 4, 2007, Airlines Are Defending Their Record Over Pollution, the New York Times

2009, Official Website of British Airways, http://www.britishairways.com last accessed on October 30, 2009

2009, British Airways Plc., Hoovers, http://hoovers.com/british-airways/--ID__41761 -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml last accessed on October 30, 2009
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Emirates Airlines the Purpose of

Words: 7279 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 953622

" (Knorr and Eisenkopf, 2004) the fifth and final strength identified for Emirates Airline in the work of Knorr and Eisenkopf (2004) is stated to be the Emirates "...award-winning service in all classes, which is matched or exceeded only by very few other carriers such as Singapore Airlines. Sixth, clever marketing - for example, Emirates, not Lufthansa - was named official carrier of the 2006 FIFA World Cup hosted by Germany - has created a very strong brand awareness worldwide. Finally, since the UAE's currency is firmly pegged to the U.S. dollar, Emirates has benefited, at least in recent years, from an additional devaluation-related cost advantage, especially vis-a-vis its Eurozone-based rivals." (2004)

Strengths of Emirates Airline Identified

The work of Knorr and Eisenkopf (2004) state that Emirates Airline weaknesses are really hard to pinpoint however, derived from what is a "notoriously unreliable...source...some posters on travel-related internet blogs are complaining about…… [Read More]

Bibliography

De Chernatony, Leslie (2006) From Band Vision to Brand Evaluation. Butterworth-Heinemann. Google Books Online available at http://books.google.com/books?id=OXud3x0geZMC&pg=PA225&lpg=PA225&dq=Airline+Branding:+Emirates+Airlines&source=web&ots=ZGQqLwylfe&sig=09RfnoYQwwEAywyxHGuF3gRsurE&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result#PPP1,M1

Deyes, Reena Amos (2008) Branding a Key Component for Development of Airlines. Landor - Thinking in the News May 2008. Online available at http://www.landor.com/index.cfm?do=thinking.inthenews_article&storyid=585&bhcp=1

Emirates - a First Class Primer (2008) About FIFA. Online available at http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/marketingtv/partners/emirates.html

Emirates to Launch First Commercial A380 Service to America (2008) Emirates News 9 June 2008. Online available at http://www.emirates.com/english/about/news/2008/2008_06_09_Emirates_to_Launch_First_Commercial_A380_Service_to_America.aspx
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SAP's Internet Marketing Strategy Evaluating

Words: 4815 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46570711



Columbus (3) found that within the customer service arena, one CRM capability in particular demonstrated the greatest impact on profit improvement -- customer service execution.

Integration into Overall Marketing Strategy

SAP seeks to improve global campaigns' effectiveness at generating qualified sales leads, and to do so at lower cost per lead and greater speed over the Internet. To accomplish this SAP conducts an internal evaluation of its Marketing practices and uncovers the following problems during one of its marketing audits:

Regions often choose irrelevant communication tactics for the campaign goal or target customer and these tactics often end up on specific countries' websites.

Regions may sequence communications and target interactions ineffectively.

Regions often fail to share best practices across borders, leading to repetition of common mistakes.

Regions may experience difficulty translating campaign themes into local marketing messages, leading to globally inconsistent messages.

Moreover, Central Internet Marketing finds that regional groups…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Columbus - the Sell-Side E-Commerce Market: It's All About Integration. AMR Research Report. Monday April 1, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on May 9, 2007:

http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/SellSideECommerceMarketIsAllAboutIntegration.pdf

Friedman, Billings, Ramsey - Technology, Media and Telecom: Enterprise Software. SAP Overview Initiating Coverage. Arlington, VA. November 8, 2006.

Murphy, Jim. Introducing the Active Knowledge Framework: Putting Knowledge Management to Work. AMR Research Report
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Ba - Iberia After Nearly Two Years

Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94350950

BA - Iberia

After nearly two years of negotiating, British Airways (BA) and Iberia completed their merger in the spring of 2010 (Arnott, S., 2010). By 2011, the combined entity earned an operating profit of €190 million. The profit was attributed to improved U.S. business due to a partnership with American Airlines, and strong group buying power that helped control jet fuel expense (othwell, S., 2011, 1). The combined entity is known as International Airlines Group (IAG) and has pledged to grow further, something that combined with the operating benefits has added to its share value (othwell, S., 2011, 2). When the merger was first proposed, the two airlines noted that there were synergies to be won, and that the combined entity would be better able to thrive in the current difficult market conditions (Werdigier, J., 2009). The success of the merger can be attributed in part to a good…… [Read More]

References List

Arnott, S., 2010. BA and Iberia Sign Merger Deal, at Last. Business Week. [Online] Available at http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/apr2010/gb2010049_464729.htm [Accessed October 26, 2011]

QuickMBA., 2010. Porter's Five Forces. [Online] Available at  http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml  [Accessed October 26, 2011]

Rothwell, S., 2011, 1. BA-Iberia Group Taps U.S. Business Boom to Outdo Air France-KLM, Lufthansa. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-29/ba-iberia-post-second-quarter-profit.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]

Rothwell, S., 2011, 2. BA-Iberia Overtakes Air France by Market Value as IAG Stocks Start Trading. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-01-24/british-airways-merger-with-iberia-takes-off-as-iag-group-begins-trading.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]
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Aer Lingus Assess Supply Base the Supply

Words: 3158 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66418291

Aer Lingus

Assess Supply Base

The supply base is a function of the airport capacity, specifically the terminal and lanes leased specifically for the use of Aer Lingus jet and air plane usage in addition to the actual supply of jets/planes and the parts used to effectively repair and operate each unit. The supply base is assessed by assessing the supply chain for the airline. The supply chain is a function of all vendors that provide supply to Aer Lingus to maintain operational performance.

Functional capacity is the ability of the supply base to utilize full operating capacity to maximize profit through the efficient use of supply to drive performance. However, the supply base assessment can also be a method to pass-through costs. According to Chandler (2009), "enaud recognizes that it's sometimes a matter of "sanding our folks out to suppliers to help them [avoid] costs." Mike Madsen couldn't agree…… [Read More]

References

"A Change of Direction." International Financial Law Review (2011): n/a. ABI/INFORM Global. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.

Brouwer, Onno W., Joanna Goyder, and Daniel Mes. "Developments in Ec Competition Law in 2007: An Overview." Common Market Law Review 45.4 (2008): 1167. ABI/INFORM Global. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.

Brown, John Murray. "Dublin Eyes State Asset Sell-Off." FT.com (2011): n/a. ABI/INFORM Global. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.

"Business and Finance." Wall Street Journal: A.1. ABI/INFORM Global. 2006. Web. 25 Mar. 2011 .
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History of Air Cargo IT's

Words: 3792 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62401065

It's oeing. Starting from their first aircraft models oeing &W and Douglas DT/C-1 and up to the modern airfreight oeing 747-400, company oeing and oeing-related enterprises had been always on the frontier of air cargo industry, and nowadays oeing airfreights stand for 90% of commercial air cargo companies.

Everything started with mail delivery. Today lots of us associate aircrafts with people transportation, but primary oeing was responsible only for cargo.

The company was started in 1916, when ill oeing and his partner George Westervelt made a first model of future civil aviation's world leader- jet &W. &W had later become the first plane that was delivering cargo and mail to New Zealand. Three years later ill oeing and Eddie Hubbard delivered 60 letters from Vancouver, Canada to Seattle, which became the first event in the history of international air shipping.

Nearly at the same time, company Douglas Aircraft had signed…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allaz, Camille The history of Air cargo and airmail Christopher Foyle Publishing, 2002

IATA International Traffic Statistics: December 2004 and Year-end 2004 available on web: http://www.iata.org/pressroom/industry_stats/2005-01-31-01.htm

Boeing History articles from www.boeing.com
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Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand

Words: 11802 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57365723

Low Cost Airline in Thailand

The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand

Geography of Thailand

Nature of Airlines

Variables under Study

The Profitability of Low Cost Airlines in Thailand

Thai Economy

Operating esults, Selected Airlines, Financial Year 1999

The Economies of Scale Attained By Airline Industry

Human esource Practices

The future of low cost Thailand Airlines

Contrasting Qualities of State Owned and Non-State Owned Airlines

The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand

Thailand is a global source for customers seeking cheap labor or material inputs. The country is rich in natural resources -- tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, and timber being a few examples. The country is a major source for agricultural products1a.

Thailand also has an abundant supply of low-skilled labor with high participation rates in the workforce 86% for males and 67% for females in 1995. At the same time, the country…… [Read More]

References

Aharoni, Y. & Nachum, L. (Eds.). (2000). Globalization of Services: Some Implications for Theory and Practice. London: Routledge. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102764448

Alagappa, M. (Ed.). (1998). Material and Ideational Influences. Stanford, CA: Stanford University. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=35541491

Asia Top Companies by Sales. (2000, June). Business Asia, 8, 38. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001764374

Beirman, D. (2003). Restoring Tourism Destinations in Crisis: A Strategic Marketing Approach / . Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102031189
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Businesses and Information Technology

Words: 12773 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97000525

Strategic Planning in IT

IT Impact on Service Industry Performance

Cooperative Competitive

Competitive Advantage

Implementation of IT Innovations

1992 U.S. VALUE-ADDED AND EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY

AVERAGE ANNUAL GROTH IN GDP PER HOUR,

MAJOR SECTORS OF THE U.S. ECONOMY

Management TASKS IN BUREAUCRACY VS ADHOCRACY ORGANIZATIONS

This paper addresses the following problem statement: "ithout information technology (IT), a business will not be able to compete globally in any industry, nor in any market it wants to enter. It will not be able to effectively and efficiently optimize its success."

In order to evaluate this statement, a number of issues were examined. The rapid pace of technological change and the effects of technology revolution have launched the world into an era of organizations that are experiencing extraordinary growth in both the development and the dissemination of information and communications technologies. This paper reviews the current literature on the subject of the integration…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. (2000). Houghton Mifflin Company.

Andreu, R., Ricart, J.E., and Valor, J. (1991). The Strategic Dimension of Transactional Information Systems: Some Organizational Implications. Journal of Information Systems, 1, 223-32.

Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bailey, M.N. And Quinn, J.B. (1994). Information Technology: The Key to Service Performance. Brookings Review, 12 (3), 36+.
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Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Words: 23212 Length: 80 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46964051

Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Review of the Relevant Literature

Types of Mergers

Identifying All Stakeholders in a Given usiness

Strategic Market Factors Driving Merger Activity

Selection Process for Merger Candidates

Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations

The Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process

Mergers and acquisitions became central features of organizational life in the last part of the 20th century, particularly as organizations seek to establish and maintain competitiveness in an increasingly globalized economy (Nevaer & Deck, 1996). Mergers are generally described as being the formal joining or combining of two corporations or business (Prichett, 1987), although both the framework and the method of merger vary greatly. The reasons for mergers are different based on what a company is trying to accomplish. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ansoff, H. Igor. 1987. The Emerging Paradigm of Strategic Behavior. Strategic Management Journal, 8, 501-515.

Barney, Jay B. 1986. Strategic factor markets: expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Science, 32, 10, 1231- 41.

Beinhocker, E.D. & Kaplan, S. 2002. Tired of Strategic Planning? Many Companies Get Little Value from Their Annual Strategic-Planning Process. It Should Be Redesigned to Support Real-Time Strategy Making and to Encourage 'Creative Accidents.' The McKinsey Quarterly, 49.

Black's Law Dictionary. 1990. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.
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Impact of China on Hong Kong After 1997

Words: 2315 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92236591

China on Hong Kong after 1997

The purpose of this work is to examine and explore the impact that China has had upon Hong Kong since 1997.

Hong Kong has a population of 7,116,302 of which 96% are Chinese. Due to the political shifts on the Mainland a rapid change in population has taken place. Although many nationalities visit and live in Hong Kong the Chinese culture is the one that dominates in Hong Kong. Religions in Hong Kong can be identified as those of Chinese religions, of which 66% of the population adheres to, Non-religious other, 15% of the population, Christian religions 14% of Hong Kong's population, New religions, 4% and Muslim, 1% of the population.

Those of the 66 percentile in adherence to the Chinese folk religion hold beliefs that are a combination of uddhism, Animism, Confucianism, Taoism, and other beliefs. The main language is Cantonese with English…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Hong Kong 2004 Stamp Expo Opens on January 30 (2004) Xinhua News Agency Hong Kong [Online] at http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID=1G1:112187840&num=7&ctrlInfo=Round9%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=

HONG KONG, Oct 29 Asia Pulse - Highlights of today's newspapers:

Friday October 29, 1:51 PM Hong Kong Newspaper Highlights - Oct 29, 2004

Hong Kong" (2004) AMF Australia [Online] available at http://www.au.omf.org/content.asp?id=23699.
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Boeing Had With Their 737 Aiming to

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13248124

Boeing had with their 737, aiming to better understand how

Boeing 737 is regarded as the most commercially successful airplane in the world. Commercial figures back these assertions, while the company strategy, relying on innovation and on building competitive advantages based on technological advances, has been the main argument in constructing this commercial success.

This paper aims to look at things from two main perspectives, First, it investigates the technological advances that Boeing has proposed with its 737 model. It looks at different improvements to the fuselage, the engines, the design etc. all of which contributed to making the 737 more attractive for potential buyers.

Second, it looks at the commercial aspect and analyzes how the number of delivered orders varied over time. The aim of this analysis is to better understand fluctuations in sale, but also to correlate these trends with the technological advances that would have been discussed…… [Read More]

One of the first improvements to the 737 was in 1968, when the thrust reversal system was improved. As known, the thrust reversal proposes that the exhaust that the aircraft produces is directed forward. The 737 proposed a different design for the system, which allowed for the exhaust to be directed sideways, either below or above the wings. This was done through a tailpipe extension that was incorporated and that allowed for this different exhaustion method

During the same time (1968-1970), there were several additional improvements to the initial model, including changes to the flap system that allowed these to be better used during takeoff and landing. The 737-200, launched shortly after these mentioned improvements, incorporated all these changes, as well as changes, which resulted in more powerful engines and greater fuel capacity. The direct result was a 15% increase in payload and greater range (Redding, 1997).

Strangely enough, these improvements did not translate immediately into commercial results: in 1970, Boeing had only 37 orders. The company was also facing financial problems and there were considerations from the top decision makers
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Strategic Information Technology the Three Options for

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46263351

Strategic Information Technology

The three options for organizational strategies that will be discussed are the global strategy, the cooperative strategy and the E-business strategy. A global strategy implies an international presence for an organization. This international presence may translate into production outlets in foreign countries or presence on foreign markets or a combination of the two.

Porter (1986) was one of the first who conducted studies on global strategy. As more and more companies operated in similar economic systems and implemented technological change that made them more efficient and productive, the incentive was to expand on an international level, in order to benefit from emerging markets, from new resources (often at lower costs) and from economies of scale that could thus be generated.

Many of the large multinationals are employ a global strategy. Some of the most eloquent examples include Coca-Cola, Apple Computers and many of the car producers such…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Porter, Michael (ed.). (1986). "Competition in Global Industries." Harvard Business School Press.

2. Beynon-Davies P. (2004). "E-Business." Palgrave, Basingstoke

3. Mowery, David C. (1996). "Strategic Alliances and Interfirm Knowledge Transfer" Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 17
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Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Words: 2774 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58808042

drivers of using biofuel in the airlines industry are closely linked to the evolution of oil prices in the last decade, as well as to the risks associated with the use of petroleum fuel. First of all, the oil prices have continuously increased over the last decades and the evaluations that this would happen date back to after 2003.

As early as 2009, the predictions for the period 2009-2016 reflected oil was expected to increase by 50% (as a trend) from an average at that time of around $50 (Kitov, 2009). This was based on existing statistical facts and evaluations and past data, thus carrying a high level of abstract objectivity. These evaluations were translated in practice, with oil prices currently at $92. All this would translate into an increased cost for the airline carriers.

Even more worrying when it comes to oil is that much of the price is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Prajogo, DI & Ahmed, PK. 2006. Relationships between innovation stimulus, innovation capacity, and innovation performance. R&D Management, vol.36, no.5, pp.499 -- 515

2. Smith, Andy. 2011. Management practices and innovation capacity in enterprises. On the Internet at  http://avetra.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/20.00.pdf . Last retrieved on August 6, 2012

3. Chemers M. 1997. An integrative theory of leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers

4. Ulrich, Dave (1996). Human Resource Champions. The next agenda for adding value and delivering results. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press
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Quality Management Compare and Contrast

Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4995469

"In India, there are no Big Macs because the Hindu people don't eat beef. However, they have the Maharaja Mac, which a Big Mac is made of lamb or chicken meat. There is also a vegetarian burger, the McAloo Tikki" (Adams 2007). However, despite the fact that McDonald's must face what may seem like insurmountable challenges, like selling its 'burgers' in a nation like India where a high percentage of the population is vegetarian or does not eat beef for religious reasons, it still holds to the same quality standards of standardized operating and assembly procedures. This enables the McDonald's style to be exported across borders, even when accommodations must be made.

Meyer similarly keeps a tight reign upon quality control at his organization. But it is quality that his obsession, not that "French fries had to be exactly 0.28 inches thick" (Schlosser 2005). While, "the McDonald's operations manual today…… [Read More]

References

Adams, Beatrice. (2007). McDonald's strange menu items across the world. Trifter.

Retrieved October 15, 2011 at http://trifter.com/practical-travel/budget-travel/mcdonald%e2%80%99s-strange-menu-around-the-world/

Collins, Glenn. (2009). The accidental empire of fast food. The New York Times.

Retrieved October 15, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/dining/16Shake.html?pagewanted=all
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One World Alliance and Antitrust Laws

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54544224

Alliance

Why would large airlines want to join alliances such as One World, Star, or Sky Team? What are the potential advantages and disadvantages?

The main reason why large carriers want to join alliances is because it helps them to: increase their competitive position. These primary advantages are what have been fueling the push for a number of airlines to embrace this model. The way this improves their operations, is to reduce the total amounts of competition on different routes. This enables one carrier (who is the most profitable) to offer these services to consumers. These alliances help all airlines to benefit from this arrangement by reducing costs and competition on key routes. (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)

The biggest disadvantages are that these organizations could form a trust. This is when the airlines will use strategic alliances in order to increase fares. When this happens, it means that there will…… [Read More]

Reference

Hauptman, J. (2008). The Target. Limerick: E-Book Sale Publishing.

Wensveen, J. (2011). Air Transportation. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
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Quality Management a Comparison Between Southwest Airline

Words: 1145 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98271125

Quality Management

A Comparison between Southwest Airline and Domestic and International Business Operations

Southwest airline is an American company that offers services domestically. The company's main competition is other domestic airlines. Ford Motor Company is an American automaker that operates in the United States and worldwide. Ford competes in the United States and globally. The decisions made by the leaders of these two organizations have directly impacted the outcome of these organizations. In this paper I will discuss Southwest airlines and how the organization manages to stay competitive domestically. I will discuss Ford and their strategies for remaining competitive globally. I will also discuss the distribution of power in both of these organizations.

Southwest Produces Competition Domestically

Southwest airline is the most successful low fare airline in the United States. This company has modified the way traditional airlines functions and conducts daily business. "Southwest airlines is the largest airline in…… [Read More]

References

Box, T.M. & Byus, K. (2007). Southwest Airlines 2007. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies. 15 (1) 21-27

Ford (2011). The Ford Story. Retrieved from http://www.thefordstory.com/

Southwest (2010). The Mission of Southwest Airlines. Retrieved from http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/index.html?int=GFOOTER-ABOUT-ABOUT

Taffinder, P. (2007) Leadership Crash Course. Viva Books, New York, NY
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Marketing and Operations Management

Words: 2705 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14313988

airlines operating in and out of the UK. It has 12 sources in Harvard Style.

Company Overview

British Airways (BA) has come a long way by expansion of their services and fleet. Currently the airline is operating from Harmondsworth in the United Kingdom. British Airways is the biggest airline providing airline facilities all over Europe. The airline has strength of more than 365 planes. British Airways offers its clients access to more than 270 destinations all over the globe. These destinations span in more than 97 countries. The major activity zone for the airline is London, more specifically the Heathrow and Gatwick airports [Hoover's, 2003].

Business Environment Evolution

The roots of British Airways can be traced back to around the time of the orld ar I. The formal introduction of the airline took place with the decision of the United Kingdom government to combine two British airlines operating at that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Author not available, August 1, 2002, 'British Airways announces changes to winter services' Airline Industry Information at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0CWU/2002_August_1/89972354/print.jhtml

Fedrick, LM 2002, British Airways Company Information, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville:

http://www.siue.edu/Business/depart/econfin/courses/gba489/CompanyPapers/British%20Airways.doc

Grugulis, I. And Wilkinson, A. 2001, British Airways: Culture and Structure, Research Series, Paper 2001: 4, No. 10. At http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/bs/research/2001-4.doc