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Unfortunately, many companies and industries have not learned from the mistakes of the Ford company; as this is an issue that continues to happen with a number of large companies. A prime example of an industry that continues to use a cost benefit analysis even when it involves human life is the airline industry. Many companies within the industry have known in the past that some parts of the planes that were being manufactured were defective and could result in crashes and ultimately death. Yet they still allowed these planes to be used. They, like Ford, did not take into consideration the lasting impact of still allowing these products to be used even when they were found to be defective. For instance, it has taken Ford many years to overcome the decisions and choices it made in regard to the Ford Pinto.
The purpose of this discussion was to…
Ford Pinto. (n.d.) Retrieved May 6, 2006 from;
Leggett C. (1999) Te Ford Pinto Case: The Valuation of Life as it Applies to the Negligence-Efficiency Argument. Retrieved May 6, 2006 from;
policy makers with information regarding the potential savings in safety of Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) (Oei, 2005). The problem and opportunity is presented with, "In many countries in Europe accidents and casualties related to speeding are a manifest problem" (Oei, 2005). And, "Police lack the manpower to contain the problem, as well as, infracture measures are unpopular, costly, and time consuming" (Oei, 2005). The authors present the purpose of this study is "to review other types of measures that are effective" (Oei, 2005), which would include types of ISA. The main objective is to provide information regarding the potential savings of ISA, which is important for decisions concerning more research to be conducted.
ased on reviewing the conclusions, the research questions answered were: How can ISAs save on safety? How do the ISAs effect driver perceptions, behavior, and acceptance? How are the calculations of average speed reduction validated? The data…
Key, J.P. (1997). Module R14 Qualitative Research. Retrieved from Oklahoma State University: http://www.okstate.edu/ag/agedcm4h/academic/aged5980a/5980/newpage21.htm
Oei, H.L. (2005, May 2). Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA), Speed behavior, Safety effect. Retrieved from Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) and Road Safety: http://www.iatss.or.jp/pdf/research/26/26-2-05.pdf
Qualitative Research Design. (n.d.). Retrieved from Explorable.com: http://explorable.com/qualitative-research-design.html
AB InBEV is the world's largest maker of alcoholic beverages and they have other interests (such as bottling for other beverage makers) which increases their overall revenues. Because the company has a business plan which includes operational efficiency, a strong financial matrix, well-trained and knowledgeable employees and a customer-first focus, they have been able to maintain and even gain market share during difficult economic times. ith unique strategic capabilities that have positioned AB InBEV as the leader, it is possible to see the company be an even larger part of the beverage industry in years to come.
The latest quarterly report for AB InBEV (3rd quarter 2010) shows that the company continues to see a rise in revenues across the board[footnoteRef:1]. Although some high end products (mainly high-dollar spirits and specialty beers) have taken a hit in the market[footnoteRef:2], AB InBEV has been mostly insulated from this outcome because of…
AB InBEV. "Interbrew and AmBEV Establish InterbrewAmBev: The World's Premier Brewer." Anheuser Busch (2004). Accessed February 20, 2011 from http://www.ab-inbev.com/pdf/EN_InterbrewAmBev.pdf
AB InBEV. "Dream & Deliver: Annual Report 2009." Anheuser Busch (2009). Accessed February 20, 2011 from http://www.ab-inbev.com/pdf/AB_InBev_AR09.pdf
AB InBEV. "Guide to Our Business." Anheuser Busch (2009). Accessed February 20, 2011 from http://www.ab-inbev.com/pdf/AB_InBev_AR09_GuideToBusiness.pdf
AB InBEV. "Unaudited Interim Financial Report." Anheuser Busch (June 30, 2010). Accessed February 20. 2011 from http://www.ab- inbev.com/pdf/100812_HY_Report_EN.pdf
In each of the four Ps, Hewlett Packard does not do a fantastic job of differentiating its product. The product may be superior to that of some competitors, but the price does not convey that. In addition, the distribution is mainstream through the same channels most of its competitors use. The promotions lack a distinct look and feel as well, with the messages not varying much from those of HP's main competitors. There is certainly nothing of the level of differentiation found in Apple's spots, which have their own distinct look and feel.
Both companies have enjoyed considerable success in the personal computing industry. It is likely that Apple's promotions are more effective, but this assessment could reflect that the goals of Apple's promotions are clear. Apple seeks to create a strong brand image and with that brand loyalty. By those measures, Apple has been exceptionally successful. The success…
Apple.com. (2011). Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.apple.com/mac/
"Happy Baby." (2010). YouTube/HP. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I5s1QNfXGn4
Kahney, L. (2002). Apple: It's all about the brand. Wired. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.wired.com/gadgets/mac/commentary/cultofmac/2002/12/56677
No author. (2010). Acer and HP grow market share in Q4, Apple holds steady. Electronista. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://www.electronista.com/articles/10/01/13/gartner.report.places.apple.in.5th.place/
I would propose modifying the development and/or regulatory review processes to help reverse the trend towards "me too" drugs by overhauling the system that allows for drug companies to "chemically rejigger an oldie but goodie, craft a new name, mount a massive advertising campaign and sell the retread as the latest innovative breakthrough" (Mattina, 2015). The overhaul would require companies to show how their new "innovation" is different from a previous drug and what makes it more beneficial. These re-inventions of the wheel allow companies to skate past competitors who heavily invest in actually innovative drug developments by reaping the spoils of their labor after simply altering a chemical or two and claiming the innovation for themselves. In order to level the playing field and make it more of a fair practice for every company, there needs to be a system of reporting that validates and justifies the…
DiMasi, J., R. W. Hansen, H. G. Grabowski, 2003 "The price of innovation: new estimates of drug development costs," Journal of Health Economics 22: 151-185.
Mattina, J. (2015). Impact of 'me-too' drugs on health care costs. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnlamattina/2015/01/19/impact-of-me-too-drugs-on-health-care-costs/#3070fdeb2610
If we look at one of the absolutes, such as abortion in cultures in which choice is at least generally available about reproductive options abortion is at least relatively unstigmatized and access to it is legal and there are no significant economic barriers, a woman may still have religious or ethical or emotional reasons why she would perceive abortion negatively.
A woman, for example, who has suffered through a number of miscarriages of wanted pregnancies may find herself for various reasons unable or unwilling to carry a pregnancy to term. In such a case, having an abortion may be the right choice for that woman but may still be very painful.
In general, the ways in which sexuality and fertility shapes a woman's relationship with self -- as well as with family and the larger community -- is largely determined by the degree of choice that she has over having…
Hooks, B. (2000). Feminist theory: From margin to center (2nd ed.). Brooklyn, NY: South End Press.
Kesselman, a., McNair, L.D., & Schniedewind, N. (2008). Women images and realities: A multicultural anthology (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
The interpretation of "spiritual truths" can largely influence how a disseminator selects a particular message, and can also be a particular lesson taught to disciples -- to aid them in their own ability to interpret spiritual understanding. This intrinsic sense of what is necessary to be communicated to an audience (Mitchell, 2010) should also be taught to an audience itself, so that it can understand and become closer to the spirit of God -- which is one of the main goals of virtually any disciple-maker's message.
y utilizing the aforementioned sources to impart this particular message -- to help further the understanding of the voice and spirit of God for disciples, so that they may heed and live a life in accordance to it -- it then becomes necessary to utilize the proper form to communicate this message. Of the four most widely used forms of communicating a message (the…
Barna, George. Growing True Disciples: New Strategies for Producing Genuine Followers of Chris.t Colorado Springs: WaterBrook Press. 2001.
Bloomberg, Craig, 1st Corinthians NIV Application Commentary. Michigan: Zondervan. 1995.
ESV Bible. "1 Corinthians 1-2, 2 Peter 1, and Romans 15-18." Crossway. http://www.esvbible.org / (accessed November 10, 2011).
Mitchell, Dr. Michael. Leading, Teaching, and Making Disciples. (Kindle Locations 6432-6459). Bloomington: CrossBooks. 2010. Kindle Edition. Chapter 9
HIT Projects and Decision Makers
Describe an example of a HIT project implemented at your organization and analyze how that project was identified and moved forward.
One of the most commonly used health information technology (HIT) systems currently in use throughout America's medical industry is the SigmaCare electronic medical records (EM) system. After being implemented within my organization over three years ago, the SigmaCare EM system provided immediate enhancements to the hospital's overall ability to process patients efficiently while producing positive patient outcomes. Administrative and operational tasks were expedited through the use of SigmaCare's proprietary esident Data Exchange (DX) software, which allows for the creation of real-time links between hospital departments to eliminate redundant data entries. The process of implementing SigmaCare's EM system throughout the hospital was orderly and organized, guided by the collaborative efforts of administrators and mangers utilizing the SigmaCare Orientation eadiness Engagement (SCOE) program, which equips hospitals…
Madsen, M. (2010). Knowledge and information modeling. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 151, 84-103.
Peleg, M. (2011). The role of modeling in clinical information system development life cycle. Methods of Information in Medicine, 50(1), 7-10.
Philip, A., Afolabi, B., Adeniran, O., Oluwatolani, O., & Ishaya, G. (2010). Towards an efficient information systems development process and management: A review of challenges and proposed strategies. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 3(10), 983-989.
Szydlowski, S., & Smith, C. (2009). Perspectives from nurse leaders and chief information officers on health information technology implementation. Hospital Topics, 87(1), 3-9.
T for Decision Makers in espiratory Care
X for COPD
Craig osebrock, MD, and James Donohue, MD
T for Decision Makers in espiratory Care
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory-linked condition associated with airflow limitations to the lung tissue of a patient. Numerous disease states can be linked to the condition including asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and triggers associated with the presence of inflammatory inhalants. Epidemiologically, the strongest causative factor in COPD globally is cigarette smoke (Lopez, 2006). The authors present the prescription pharmacological factors associated with COPD treatment focusing on clinical pharmacology, clinical data and meta-analysis data to demonstrate treatment options and effectiveness. The primary recommendation for COPD management is cessation of smoking and avoidance of tobacco and nuisance particles. Following a discussion of smoking cessation, the authors discuss the types and use of pharmacotherapy in treating COPD.
Table 1 within the publication describes the recommendations for managing…
Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, Murray CJL, eds. (2006) Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. New York: Oxford University Press; Washington, DC: The World Bank.
RT: For Decision Makers in Respiratory Care - May 2008
RX for COPD
People may expect their decisions to be put into immediate action, and if they are not, then again, resentment and a lack of unity are created within the organizational fabric.
Democracy is important, but also effective praxis. "Remember, consensus is not about everyone agreeing on one idea, but in ensuring that the process to reach a solution is universally understood to be valid. It is support for implementing any action or resolution that is key to its success. You are interested in not only the best possible solution, but also the one that will be most successful in implementation, through communication and consideration of the impact on all staff members." (Schachter, 2006, p.1)
Thus, motivation is thus a tricky, delicate process and how to motivate people must be a key part of selecting the right decision, not merely because an idea is factually correct. hen engaging in a long, hard…
Blue Letter Bible. Online Searchable Bible in Various Translations. Retrieved 11 Nov 2006 at http://www.blueletterbible.org/
Robbins, Stephen: Judge, Timothy (2006) Organizational Behavior. 12th Edition
New York: Pearson.
Schachter, Debbie."The importance of good decision making." Information Outlook.
decision-makers and managers in health care with efficient course of action that give them opportunity to advance the quality in health cares by involving in designing and implementation. The analysis centers on certain people who have a strategic duty for quality based on capacity building tool in health care quality. This approach is adapted is because of the perceptive that there is an enormous amount of willingness and action for quality improvement locally in many countries but this move is carried out in an insufficient policy and strategic environment in many occasion. The practice suggested here gives opportunity to decision makers and managers to only focus on the component of quality they decide on. There could be further influence for quality in restructuring the care delivery in transversely settings in some countries, not like others which prefers to begin with the activities of patient safety. Objective for that reason has…
Committee on Quality of Health Care) in America, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC, USA (2001) Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century National Academies Press;
Kelley E, Hurst J. (2006) Health care quality indicators project. Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, (OECD Health Working Papers, No. 23). This OECD project uses the same multidimensional framework for quality that is used in this document.
Leatherman S, Sutherland K., (2004) Quality of care in the NHS of England. British Medical Journal, 328:E288 -- E290.
World Development Report. (2004) Making services work for the poor. Washington, DC, World Bank,
Consumers, being human, have whims that cannot be assessed with financial data, or even predicted by the best of marketing departments.
This is also true of motivating individual employees. After all, an organization is only as good as its people. Thus, a good manager, will not merely look at the bottom line but also what motivates employees on an individual and intuitive basis. Often this is reflected in personal, anecdotal experience, rather than pure data. For example, challenges rather than ease spur some employes on, for other employees it is recognition of their wisdom, experience, or commitment to the organization. "I can excel or I can do the bare minimum. It makes no difference. I get paid the same. hy do anything above the minimum to get by?" said one disgruntled employee. (Judge & Robbins, 2006, p. 238) This employee, a teacher, felt that her school district did not solicit…
Blue Letter Bible. Online Searchable Bible in Various Translations. Retrieved 11 Nov 2006 at http://www.blueletterbible.org/
Finance must excel now, more than ever: with continuous business volatility now a fact of life, the CFO must have a finance organization that can help to drive adaptive decision-making and overall company performance." (2002) CFO: Magazine for Chief Financial Officers. September 2002. Retrieved 11 Nov 2006 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3870/is_9_18/ai_92866117
Robbins, Stephen: Judge, Timothy (2006) Organizational Behavior. 12th Edition
New York: Pearson.
After about a minute, espresso will drip through the coffee holder into the carafe. At this point, if you wish to steam milk for a cappuccino, latte or macchiato you should begin steaming the milk.
Place the amount of milk you desire into a small carafe (not provided). Position the carafe of milk such that the steaming wand is inserted into the milk. Then, turn the steam knob located on the upper right hand side of the cappuccino machine until you hear steam emerging and see the milk begin to bubble. Keeping the wand inserted into the milk at all times, move the milk up and down. For best results, bring the tip of the steaming wand near the surface of the milk to introduce air into the milk. Then, when the milk carafe begins to feel warm in your hand, turn the steam knob to the off position. Remove…
renowned film makers of this century Federico Fellini. Fellinni was born in Rimini on 20 January 1920. He was the son of Ida Barbiani who was of Roman origin and his father was Urbano who was a travelling salesman. Even while he was in high school, Fellini became famous as a caricature artist and this helped him get the job of a film promotional artist at the Fulgor cinema.
His directorial career was dotted with many accolades, several Oscar winning movies and almost all his films were critically acclaimed. The more famous films that were directed by Fellini were La strada - which won an Oscar and was among the first films in a series of films that sealed his place amidst the greatest of the film makers. Other famous films by the director were Le notti di Cabiria- an Oscar winning film, La dolce vita- won the Palme d'Or…
By delving into and categorizing the different treatments, ocial psychologists test and arrive at conclusions of socially helpful interventions and treatments. Other professionals such as social workers and therapists can then incorporate these treatments in their practices whilst policy makers can formulate laws (if applicable) incorporating them into the institution.
A) select one that makes use of the distinction between automatic cognitive-processes and controlled processing, and by using that article explain why that-distinction is important in current social psychological research. Are the methods-used to measure these two processes different? If so, how and why? (Do not-forget to cite the title of the article.)
Payne (2006) dwells on implicit and instinctive bias that compels people to make snap judgeship. These judgments can sometimes be dangerous and self if not socially destructive such as race stereotypes that can lead people to see a weapon where none exists and can result in faulty…
Brewer, M.B., Brown, R..J., Gilbert, D.T., Fiske, S.T., & Lindzey, G. (2003). The handbook of social psychology. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Fiske, S.T., & Neuberg, S.L. (1990). A continuum of impression formation, from category-based to individuating processes: Influences of information and motivation on attention and interpretation, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 23, 1-74.
Legault, L. et al. (2011) Ironic Effects of Antiprejudice Messages: How Motivational Interventions Can Reduce (but Also Increase) Prejudice Psychological Science 22(12) 1472
Oskamp, S. (2000). Multiple paths to reducing prejudice and discrimination, Psychology Press: U.S.
Generic drug makers therefore are competing in the market according to the skills in which they specialize. They specialize in efficient production and distribution of drugs, rather than in developing new drugs.
A generic drug maker can go out of business simply on the basis of not executing their business plan well. However, generic producers have built their business plans around the FDA's current set of regulations. A change in those regulations could have an adverse effect on generic drug makers. For example, if the monopoly protections that come from a new drug approval are extended out further, that would reduce the ability of the generic producer to make money on any given drug. This is especially the case of the drug in question becomes obsolete during the time period prior to the generic having access to that market. In such a situation, the generic maker would not have access…
Vargas, L. (2001). "Maquiladoras: Impact on Texas Border Cities," in the Border Economy, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Retrieved on December 2, 2011 from: http://www.dallasfed.org/research/border/tbe_vargas.html
Investopedia. (2012). Net present value. Investopedia. Retrieved May 18, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/n/npv.asp
Investopedia. (2012). Perfect competition. Investopedia. Retrieved May 18, 2012 fromhttp://www.investopedia.com/university/economics/economics6.asp#axzz1vG92KPwm
Whitehouse, J. (2011). How to calculate economic profit with the marginal decision rule. eHow. Retrieved May 18, 2012 from http://www.ehow.com/how_8696173_calculate-profit-marginal-decision-rule.html
decision makers, top management has an effect on the ethical practices within an organization. What does that say about the organizational culture or climate?
The fact that top management has an effect on the ethical practices within an organization means that business organizations typically reflect the ethical and moral values of their executives and top-level decision makers. In that respect, the organizational culture or climate, as relates to ethics, is substantially determined by the lead and examples set by its top-level executives and managerial decision makers (Caldwell, Hayes, Bernal, & Karri, 2008). Therefore, organizations lead by individuals with questionable ethical or moral values will probably reflect those questionable ethical or moral values at lower levels of the organization. Conversely, organizations lead by individuals with strong ethical or moral values will tend to reflect higher values that correspond to those of their leaders (Caldwell, Hayes, Bernal, & Karri, 2008).
Caldwell C., Hayes L.A., Bernal P., and Karri R. (2008). "Ethical Stewardship:
for Leadership and Trust." Journal of Business Ethics, 78(1): 153-
Tourish, D. (2005). "Charismatic Leadership and Corporate Cultism at Enron: The
The way that a society treats its criminals is indicative of the moral character and worthiness of that society. While it is easy for us to ignore and disregard the criminals amongst us by leading them to prison and throwing away the key, an important lesson is lost in this disregard for the human experience. In California the intolerance of violent crime and action has led to the development of the Three Strikes Law, which was implemented in 1994. As a policy maker I am firmly opposed to this law as I find it to be inhumane, impractical, excessively expensive and carried out in poor taste with a snobbish attitude towards those of us who have temporarily lost our way. A new policy is needed that can help address the important facts and details particular to the State of California and its unique needs.
Batabyal, A. (2014). It's time to rethink three strike and similar laws. Rochester Business Journal, 3 Jan 2014. Retrieved from http://www.rbj.net/article.asp?aID=205046
California Courts, The Judicial Branch of California (nd). Viewed 2 Feb 2014. Retrieved from http://www.courts.ca.gov/20142.htm
Cohen, D. (2013). Latest FBI Crime Statistics Released. Right On Crime, 20 Sep 2013. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/inside-the-criminal-mind/201104/do-prisons-really-make-offenders-worse
Egelko, B. (2013). Prop. 36 3 Strikes Change working lawyers say. 9 Sep 2013. Retrieved from http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/Prop-36-s-3-strikes-change-working-lawyers-say-4800057.php
The main advantage is that the stories are well documented and written in an objective manner.
008, GSK Outlines Plans to Become More 'Biotech-like', Fierce Biotech, http://www.fiercebiotech.com/story/gsk-outlines-plans-become-more-biotech/008-06-10 last accessed on June 3, 009
009, GlaxoSmithKline Plc., Hoovers, last accessed on June 3, 009 -- Hoovers is a centralized database that reveals information on multiple organizations. The benefit is that the data offered is extensive and comprises features such as industry forecasts, competition nature and organizational financial highlight, alongside with description of the respective company. The downside of the source is however given by the reduced amount of free information and for more extensive data, the user has to create a paid account.
009, The Industry Handbook -- Biotechnology, Investopedia, http://www.investopedia.com/features/industryhandbook/biotech.asp last accessed on June 3, 009 -- Investopedia.com has been developed as an initiative of the highly popular and leading business publication Forbes. It can be useful for novice as…
2009, Website of GSK, http://www.gsk.com last accessed on June 3, 2009 -- The official of the British pharmaceutical company is a highly useful research tool as it contains vast information on the organization, its strategies and its products. It is however insufficient as it does not contain any information on the overall industry and as the organizational information are presented from their angle, without mentions of organizational problems.
2009, myalli.com, http://www.myalli.com / last accessed on June 3, 2009 -- the website presents the features of the Alli weight loss program in a manner that makes it attractive to the prospective buyer. The main role of the website was that of promoting the product, familiarizing the population with its existence and boosting sales. Despite the offering of extensive data on the product, the website under the patronage of GSK reveals the disadvantage of only praising the product and not seeming objective.
GSK 2008 Annual Report, Retrieved from
Coffee Makers Incorporated Transfer Prices Case Study
The Current Position
Coffee Makers Incorporated has two divisions which purchase parts internally form a third department. Two parts; 101 and 201 are produced internally. The current transfer price for those parts is $1,000 and $2,000 respectively. The departments which are buying the parts; dept. A is buying part 101 and dep. B is buying part 201, want to change the purchase pattern, as external suppliers can supply the parts at a price less than the transfer price (dept. C) is charging.
Currently Dept A buys 3000 of the 101 parts from department C. topped up with 1,000 parts from external suppliers, department B. purchases 1,000 parts from dept. C and 1,000 parts from external suppliers. Both departments want to make a change to reduce their own costs, moving more purchases to the external supplier.…
Atkinson, AA; Kalan, RS; Matsumura, EM; Young, SM, (2011), Management Accounting: Information for Decision-Making and Strategy Execution, Prentice Hall
Libby R; Libby P; Short, D, (2010), Financial Accounting, McGraw-Hill
Transfer Pricing Case Study; Coffee Makers Incorporated
The decision to make or purchase a good that can, or already is supplied internally requires careful consideration. Different departments may look at the issue differently, especially if the internal transfer pricing does not reflect the market conditions. However, although different departments may have different budgets, the firm will also need to take a broader view and consider the bottom line for the firm.
In this case Coffee Makers Incorporated (CMI) is considering the position of three divisions; Divisions A and B. are both buying parts from Division C. Division A buys part 101, for a transfer price of $1,000, and Division B. buys part 201 for a transfer price of $2,000. Both divisions are under pressure to increase their profitability so when the opportunity for division A to purchase part 101 externally for $900, and division B. has the opportunity to…
Unemployment in America
Policy makers in the United States continuously seek the silver bullet(s) -- plural solutions because there is clear recognition that the issue is multifaceted -- that will achieve healthy levels of employment in the nation. Certainly there some paths to increasing employment in the country are less expensive than others, and proposed solutions range across a wide array of complexity and practicality. Invariably, today, education becomes a focal point for discussions and debates about how to increase employment in any nation. This is due largely to the potential promise that solutions based in education can act as levers that are sufficiently effective to induce change.
Solutions to unemployment must be developed through the perfection of the alignment between the education young American receive -- in both secondary (high school) and post-secondary (college / university) educational systems -- and the actual labor market.
In his article…
Friedman, T.L. (2010, November 23). U.S.G. And P.T.A. The Opinion Pages. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/24/opinion/24friedman.html?_r=1& ;
Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/29/opinion/sunday/is-algebra-necessary.html
Integrated Corporate Communication (ICC) and Corporate Communication (CC)
The established limitations are severely customized by globalization: the size of the company (where there is not a major link with the area of the performance, delocalization and outsourcing and being dependent on the network), design of the product and sales (where the relation with the competitors may be competitive cooperative) somewhat similar to the frequency of motor industry), competitive relations of space-time, the consumer models (which is focused with a turn down in the analogical media. The increasing significance of digital media and internet is also included. The most important of them is the advertising of television and the television itself); the importance of communication in the competitive environment, less protectionist measures of the economic systems, open spaces of competition, complex differentiation (Walther, 2007).
The incorporation of the global markets struggle to remove the inert environment and change them with the…
Argenti, P. And Forman, J. (2002) The Power of Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Argenti, P.A. (2009) Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Argenti, P.A. (2009). Corporate communication. Singapore: McGraw-Hill
Argenti, P.A., Barnes, C.M. (2009). Digital strategies for powerful corporate communications. New York: McGraw-Hill
Bacterial vaginosis is one of the major contributors of vaginal infections during pregnancy and accounts for 40% of these cases. Generally, bacterial vaginosis is associated with several obstretic complications like pre-term labor and delivery, untimely rupture of membranes, postpartum endometrisis, and chorioamnionitis (Wang et. al., 2010, p.444). Metronidazole has traditionally been used as the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis because it is an agent of the nitroimidazole antibiotic family. This drug has been used for several decades because it efficiency in treating the condition ranges between 80 and 90% and can be administered across all pregnancy stages while tolerated by pregnant women. The ability of the drug to achieve the high levels of efficacy is attributed to the fact that it can be found in the cord blood, fetal tissue, and amniotic fluid in high concentrations.
The authors of the article reported the findings of two…
Academic Press. (2011). Genomics in cancer drug discovery and development. San Diego, CA:
Becker, C. & Lilja, H. (1997, January 3). Individual Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Forms As
Prostate Tumor Makers. Clinica Chimica Acta, 257(1), 117-32.
This increased their word of mouth advertising and eventually led to a very large order from a grocery chain, Fresh Market. This word of mouth marketing helped expand their distribution channels as well.
The greatest opportunity for a small business, like Sweet Grass, is to focus on what they do best and serve a niche market. Sweet Grass isn't trying to be the largest dairy producer, with an all-encompassing product mix, instead, they are satisfied by providing consistent high quality cheeses. And it is cheese that they do oh so well.
Small businesses have the ability to focus all of their efforts on a limited line up of products. They can discover what they do best, and differentiate themselves from the rest of the market by doing just that. Small businesses may not be able to compete in areas such as cost or large deliverable quantities, but quality is an…
Aschwanden, C. (Mar 2005). New name, old diet. Health, 19(2). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Alt HealthWatch database.
Carb-crazed? (24 Sept 2004). Current Events, 104(3). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Academic Search Premier database.
Steinmehl, E. (Mar 2005). Eat less protein, get stronger bones. Health, 19(2). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Alt HealthWatch database.
Walker, R. (5 Aug 2004). Handcrafter cheese from Georgia? The Atlanta Journal - Constitution. K1.
A significant amount of effort is dedicated towards the process of developing new public programs since such programs are not similar to business enterprises. Therefore, the process of public budgeting requires consideration and inclusion of public policies. In essence, public policies should be translated into discussions regarding the annual budget through evaluation of the monetary demands of such policies on public revenue. During this process, policy makers should be bound by the financial requirements of the various alternatives. As part of translating public policies into discussions on annual budget, policy makers should eliminate certain policy alternatives from consideration if the alternatives create huge fiscal demands on public revenue. The need for policy makers to eliminate such alternatives is fueled by the fact that the government is permitted to collect revenue only as long as the benefits of the generated revenue exceeds the loss realized by contributors of the…
"Budget Preparation." (n.d.). International Monetary Fund. Retrieved November 8, 2013, from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/expend/guide3.htm
"Chapter 4 -- Budgetary Control." (n.d.). FAO Corporate Document Repository. Retrieved November 8, 2013, from http://www.fao.org/docrep/w4343e/w4343e05.htm
Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.
It is the intention of this…
Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.
Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm
Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
Integration - Causal Chains and Strategy SLP
The balanced scorecard approach is a useful tool, applicable to most organizations for identifying strategic action plans. One of the most important advantages for a balanced scorecard is that it is able to provide information in a synthetic manner, making it easy to digest for decision makers, who often don't have the time to analyze all the deeper details, especially when the decision sometimes needs to be made on the stop or in a very limited period of time.
In the case of the Cattaraugus Rehabilitation Center Mission (CRCM), a first look over the balanced scorecard gives immediate information about the strategic objectives of the organization, over four pillars: financial, customer, internal and learning. These range from containing costs and improving patient outcome to personnel objectives (recruiting and retaining the best employees) and to financial objectives such as increasing revenues.
Another argument in…
Something that is divine is able to do all and be all. In describing Divinity in terms of who God is, God is Divine because He has perfect power, perfect knowledge, and perfect goodness. He is without flaws.
ho is the Divine God? In the next section, the lesson will cover that God is the Maker of heaven and earth. He is described in Genesis 1:1 as the Creator, in Genesis 18:25 as the Judge, and in Psalms 23:1 as the Shepherd. hat this means is that the Divine God is the Maker of all, the Judge of all, and the Shepherd of all. For a believer, a Divine God serves dual roles in one's life the Judge of His creation, but also as the One who leads and protects them when they seek Him. Ravi Zacharias's comment from the previous section also illustrates the Divinity of God. For example,…
Dawkins, Richard. "The Improbability of God." Free Inquiry" (2010): 18.3, n. pag. Web.
17 Dec. 2010.
New King James Bible. T.D. Jakes, ed. Shippensburg: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1998.
Zacharias, Ravi. "Atheism, Feminism, and the Bible." Ravi Zacharias Ministries," 2010. Web.
Sociology: (One page) Race distinguish humans biologically. 1) hy a persistent social issue? 2) hy misconceptions race persist, people dispel misconceptions? On Sociology: (One page) 1) How policy makers concepts half-full half-empty argue social change? 2) Do effective strategy? hy ?.
In spite of the fact that society has experienced great social progress in the recent decades, race continues to be an important problem. It would be absurd for someone to consider that the connection between race and biology means that individuals belonging to particular races are superior when compared to individuals belonging to other racial groups. In contrast, racism is actually a problem and it is presently the reason for numerous conflicts. In spite of the fact that race is not an important biological concept, race is a social category and it practically determines the degree to which some individuals are more privileged than others.
The concept of race…
Merton, Robert K. And Nisbet, Robert A. eds.,Contemporary Social Problems: An Introduction to the Sociology of Deviant Behavior and Social Disorganization (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961)
The case does not elaborate on what processes MicroEar has put in place in terms of sales. The case notes that they have processes but there are no specifics provided as to what they are and how they work. The case notes that "sales representatives increased contacts with decision-makers from 5 to 20 per day," for example, but does not explain how this happened. Indeed, this claim is actually a bit strange in that the company previously sold directly through its own stores to consumers and now sells through wholesalers. If "decision-maker" is defined as the buyer, this would reduce contact with decision-makers. If "decision-maker" is defined as the influencer (physician, etc.), then an increase would make sense since they are no longer talking to customers, which should free up more time to spend with decision-makers. That is not the result of process but rather a change in business…
The problem with this strategy was that it determined higher indirect costs that the company did not take into consideration when making this decision.
c) General Motors is one of the most successful U.S. companies. But GM was forced to modify its strategy because the global competition conditions. This is mostly the case of Toyota, which developed into an important competitor of GM on the European, U.S., and Asian market. The numerous advantages of Toyota and its products and services include: lower prices, better supply chain management that is based on Japanese methods, and higher quality management (Klum, 2011).
These advantages helped Toyota become the leader of the Asian market. This helped the company also improve its international position. In addition to this, General Motors' sales and profits significantly reduced. Therefore, the company had to modify its strategy in order to reduce its costs. The company's managers considered that this…
1. The GM's Consolidated Strategy and Enhanced Approach (2011). The Global Mechanism. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from http://global-mechanism.org/about-us/strategyand-approach .
2. Muller, J. (2009). GM's Global Strategy in Doubt. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2009/0622/autos-foreign-aide-gm-global-strategy-in-doubt.html .
3. Klum, E. (2011). General Motors Growth Strategy. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/51055/cars/general_motors_growth_strategy.html .
Collapse of the Big Three
America was once the leader and pioneer in the auto industry, a title that the country had for decades and a title that was so dear to America's heart that it was unfathomable to think that title might ever be lost. It's commonly misconstrued that America invented the automobile, when in reality that honor goes to German Karl Benz in 1885 (ozema, 2010). "Americans did, however, industrialize the love of the automobile. America loves big, fast cars, and for many decades American car companies shared the biggest slice of the auto industry pie" (ozema, 2010). America made having a car and the business of making cars firmly entrenched in American culture. This was a fact which kept the economy stimulated and which provided a consistent level of financial stability for the nation and the civilians within it. However the decade of the eighties marked the…
Anderson, P. (2008, November 11). Expert Examines Impact Of Big Three's Collapse. Retrieved from Npr.org: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=96875257
Dunbar, W., & May, G. (1995). Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing.
Gatesman, A. (2005). Why are Foreign Manufactured Cars Gaining Market Share in the U.S. market? . Retrieved from Iwu.edu: http://www.iwu.edu/economics/PPE13/gatesman.pdf
Gordon, E. (2005, May 4). The Decline of the 'Big Three' U.S. Auto Makers. Retrieved from npr.org: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4630187
There are many more challenges involved in the development of forecasting models and the development of predictive analytics as they relate to the impact of both CoffeeTime's and competitor's advertising spending. The following are additional considerations in the development of more thorough predictive analytics and statistical forecasting models of the Indian market for CoffeeTimes' beverages and sandwiches:
Advertising spending increasing overall market growth or cannibalizing competitive sales? This is a major question that needs to be addressed through more econometric modeling, specifically looking at the aggregate impact of industry-wide spending on increasing the total market size for served coffee in key segments of the market vs. forcing consolidation of the market and cannibalization of sales. This dichotomy of market direction could best first be tested from the standpoint of attempting to predict aggregate demand and consumption for coffee in India for three to five years. Next taking the approach of…
In tems of image and maket chaacteistic eseach this would need to be entiely done fom a pimay eseach pespective, assuming CoffeeTime is inteested only in thei specific bands' image and maket chaacteistics. Thee ae seconday data studies howeve available fo these attibutes fom a boade standpoint. CoffeeTime's stategic needs fo infomation needs to dictate this decision.
Finally, what additional stategy (o vaiation on a given stategy) would you ecommend to the key decision make in the simulation to solve the challenge given? Pepae a 350-wod memo to the simulation's key decision make advocating you ecommendation.
Based on the initial analysis completed of the Indian maket fo coffee consumption, thee is a futhe seies of eseach stategies needed to moe fully intepet and espond to coffee consumption though India. The steps equied fom a eseach plan pespective ae as follows:
Focus goups in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangaloe, Pune…
references of Indian consumers.
Pricing clinics in Mumbai. Delhi and Pune. What is entirely not addressed to this point in any of the research strategy for the Indian market is pricing across the spectrum of cities in the sampling methodology. Pricing elasticities, pricing thresholds and the message pricing plays in branding within the Indian economy all need to be addressed. The focus on pricing as it relates to frequent coffee consumption also needs to be addressed.
Psychographics by demographic segment need to be defined. Psychographics is the study of how consumers group themselves into various groups, and this is an area that CoffeeTime must address as it strives to acquire new customers in the 25-34 and 34-45 segments, two generations of consumers with markedly different approaches to defining themselves through group affiliation. Understanding which psychographic segments are most attuned to coffee drinking as part of their lifestyles needs to be further explored and quantified as part of the overall branding strategy.
Unmet needs analysis as it relates to competitors both from an independent and franchised outlet standpoint. Answering the question of which independent and franchised coffee shops aren't offering and what their competitive strengths and weaknesses are, from the potential customers' perspective is, also needs much greater emphasis. The development of a competitive monitoring research effort, through the use of online and in-person surveys, needs to be immediately developed to accumulate in-country knowledge of the market to give CoffeeTime a greater chance for market success.
This will help an organization to see what individuals will work well inside specific segments. When this happens, managers will be able to determine which individuals can most effectively assist the firm in achieving its longer term objectives. (Plachy, 1986, pp. 65 -- 90)
Examining individual potential is when executives are not looking at past or current challenges associated with employee behavioral issues. Instead, they must be effectively communicating with the person to identify the root causes of the problem. This is because most individuals will feel that their ideas are not respected (which causes them to do less for the organization). To address these areas of concern, executives must ask themselves a number of questions to include:
How can you recognize employee efforts?
How can you help everyone to focus their efforts?
How can you assist the individual to make positive decisions?
How you can help the person to…
Plachy, R. (1986). When I Lead Why Don't They Follow. New York, NY: Bonus Books.
Production, Costs, And Profits
Business is booming at a local fast food restaurant. It is contemplating adding a new grill and French fry machine, but the day supervisor suggests simply adding more workers. How should the manager decide which alternative to pursue? What would happen if too much labor is hired without an addition to capital? Explain using economic terms.
It is difficult to answer this question without understanding the current capacity of the restaurant. In order to truly answer this question, one would have to understand if there are already workers dedicated to running the grill and French fry machines in a way that they already operating at or near full capacity. If the answer to that question is no, then increasing production may be a simple matter of increasing the number of employees, so that an employee could be dedicated to running the food preparation equipment, thus maximizing…
Baker, S. (2000). Marginal cost and the output rate under competition. Retrieved February 7,
2012 from University of South Carolina website: http://hadm.sph.sc.edu/Courses/Econ/MCost/Mcost.html
Rittenberg Libby and T. Tregarthen. (2009). Chapter 8: Production and Costs. Sections 1-
4 Principles of Microeconomics. FlatworldKnowledge.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from: http://catalog.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/reader/21#
GE Aviation Division, Aircraft Engines
This paper discusses General Electric Corporation (GE), specifically the arm which focuses on the production of aircraft engines. Until 2005, the GE Aviation division (GEA) operated under the designation of General Electric Aircraft Engines (GEAE). We will analyze GEA from a product standpoint, as well as from a business operations standpoint. We will firstly discuss the beginnings of GE as a maker of aircraft engines. We will discuss some of the products GEA has built which have resulted in its leadership position as one of the world's best makers of aircraft engines. The product related discussion will conclude with a look into what the future may hold related to engine technology and projects that GEA will focus upon. Secondly, we will examine GEA's unique business human resource management model. Specifically, we will examine GE's leadership education organization and its belief in the practice of rotating…
Aircraft Engines | Aircraft Systems | Aviation Services. (2011).GE Aviation. Retrieved December 25, 2011, from http://www.geaviation.com/
Deutsch, C.H. (2007, January 4). The GE way isn't for everyone. The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/04/business/worldbusiness/04iht-ge.4102488.html
Esler, D. (2009, February). Betting Big on Business Aviation. Aviation Week. Retrieved from
U.S. Agency International Development (USAID) http://www.usaid.gov / Write response questions . Write response/background report outline point form. Use headings subheadings organize response. Apply APA style guidelines grammar, spelling, punctuation, citing referencing.
Nature of the organization's mandate
Philosophical perspective, with respect to promoting global health
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the result of the Cold War doctrine related to international assistance. During the Kennedy Administration in the 1960s, the interest for assistance to low income countries and those affected by increased degrees of poverty has determined a need for a concerted action that would alleviate, to a certain extent, the pressures of impoverished national budgets and destroyed economies. In this sense, it was considered that developed countries, and especially the United States as the largest economic power of the Cold War, had the "moral duty" to assist countries in need (Committee on International elations, 2003). Despite this…
Committee On International Relations. (2003) "Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2002" Committee On Foreign Relations. Available at http://transition.usaid.gov/policy/ads/faa.pdf
Kissinger, H. (2011). Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster
USAID (2013) Key Accomplishments. Available at http://www.usaid.gov/results-and-data/highlights
USAID (2013) Budget and Spending. Available at http://www.usaid.gov/results-and-data/budget-spending
Programs and Services
§ Briefly describe the major programs and services, and the population intended to be served.
Before choosing the programs it is pointed out that about three decades ago, the term 'organizational culture', came in vogue. It resulted in a study of the different styles of organizing. Today the organizational change can be achieved easily and the methods of conducting programs themselves can be a part of a project that involves multiple organizations. Non-profits also came into the scrutiny of these concepts. (Wright, 1994)
The theory now is to see that maximum benefits and opportunities are extended to the subjects by the organization in this case the disadvantaged groups, particularly women and children. The programs seem to be created and managed on the general principles that all organizations follow. There does not seem to be any specific study that was done to incorporate the persons who belong to…
Alternativestodv. (2013a) "Administrative Staff" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/staff.html
Alternativestodv. (2013d) "History of the organization" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/advhistory.html
Alternativestodv. (2013c) "Financial Information" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/financials.html
Alternativestodv. (2013b) "ADV Federal 990 form" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/images/ADV_Federal_990_Form.pdf
Policy and Science
Fiddler on the oof
Science has traditionally been presented as the a priori fact-finding, theory-establishing stage one of policy making. Stage two of this conventional approach has policy makers utilizing the "empirical truths" that science offers in support of policies to be enacted to solve a policy problem. Yet both policymaking and empirical research are -- by their very nature -- ongoing human endeavors. Policymakers want the best that science has to offer -- when they need it -- for decision-making, policymaking, and policy implementation. Science marches to its own tune, with agendas set by dynamics such as funding for research or public and private priorities and pressures (Kingdon, 1984). And, increasingly, in a funding environment that is cooling off, the ability to do research is often determined by its application -- public service adding a positive valence -- and the ability to enact policy is dependent…
Haller, S.F. And Gerrie, J. (2007). The role of science in pubic policy: Higher reason, or reason for hire. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 20,(2).
Kingdon, J.W. (1984). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.
Pressman, J.L. And Wildavsky, A. (1984). Implementation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Wildavsky, A. (1979). Speaking truth to power: The art and craft of policy analysis. Boston, MA: Little, Brown Publishers.
Obesity a Disease?
Introduction, Background, and Definition
Persuade the scientists
Persuade the advocacy groups
Persuade the federal agencies
Persuade the insurance companies
Persuade the drug makers
Recommendations & Conclusions
Is Obesity a Disease?
hat is a disease? According to the Merriam-ebster Online Dictionary, the second two definitions of "disease" are "2: a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: SICKNESS, MALADY; 3: a harmful development (as in a social institution)" (Merriam-ebster OnLine, 2003). Definition number two describes how the being is personally affected by a disease, and definition number three describes how society as a whole is affected by a disease. It is recommended that the epidemic of obesity in America be given a disease status to confront this "harmful development" that "impairs normal functioning" in society.
By declaring obesity a disease, American society can face up…
Body Mass Index Charts. Partnership for Healthy Weight Management. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on November 25, 2003, at http://www.consumer.gov/weightloss/bmi.htm .
Brownell, Kelly; Liebman, Bonnie. "The pressure to eat: why we're getting fatter." Nutrition Action Health Newsletter. July-August 1998. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on November 25, 2003, at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0813/n6_v25/21128354/p1/article.jhtml?term= .
Critser, Greg. "Let them eat fat." Harper's Magazine. March 2000. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on November 25, 2003, at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1111/1798_300/60102141/p1/article.jhtml .
Knoll Pharmaceutical Company begins nationwide distribution of new anti-obesity agent, MERIDIA." Business Wire. February 12, 1998. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on November 25, 2003, at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0EIN/1998_Feb_12/20231879/p2/article.jhtml?term=
Drilling in the Alaskan Wilderness, the primary ethical issue is environmental, putting petroleum production development against preservation in Section 1002 of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. Secondary ethical issues relate to specific impacts that development would have on inhabitants of the ANWR, including the Inupiat Eskimos, the Gwich'in, wildlife such as caribou, and wilderness that is represented within this area. This is an ethical issue because decisions must balance a sense of right and wrong without clear answers when deciding how much wilderness will be protected and what level of development will occur.
Members of Congress are the primary decision-makers. The ANWR falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Fish & Wildlife Service, making federal legislators the group that is responsible for setting the overall direction for this protected area. Stakeholders of the ANWR include the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in. Both of these groups rely…
Ethics and Public Policy
This paper discusses the application of the major ethical theories of consequentialism (utilitarianism), deontology, and virtue ethics to a specific policy question, namely how to improve the nutrition of the nation's poor and to reduce the rise in food insecurity. It also discusses the implications of ethical theories such as determinism and moral relativism. First, the theory is discussed in the abstract, followed by an exposition of how the theory relates to real-world practice. The paper concludes with a more general reflection on the implications of ethical theories for public policy-makers. The specific merits of virtue ethics are stressed vs. The more extreme and polarizing views of deontology and consequentialism.
An ethical dilemma: Food insecurity
One of the dilemmas facing public policy-makers regarding food insecurity and the need to improve the diet of poor Americans is the balance between individual liberties and the need…
Athanassoulis, N. (2014). Virtue ethics. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved http://www.iep.utm.edu/virtue/
Alexander, Larry and Moore, Michael. (2012). Deontological ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy. Retrieved from:
While Citibank may be committed to such a rollout, it needs to consider staggering the rollout over the course of years. This will help regional management become more involved in the rollout in each country, which will reduce the risk of each individual rollout. In addition, lessons learned from the initial rollouts can be applied to the subsequent ones, increasing the odds of success with the later rollouts. The rollouts can also be undertaken on the basis of back office concerns (rolling out Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia as one group given linguistic similarity; Taiwan as another for example). This can only be accomplished by understanding the differences between the markets and how best each market may be served.
It is also recommended that Citibank consider the spinoff marketing impacts of credit cards in its calculations. Credit cards can serve two important functions for Citibank in Asia. The first is that…
Nursing homes, residential care facilities, and home health care will be core issues on the agenda for representatives in that area. In areas with substantial populations of non-native English speakers, a nurse might need to lobby for a greater wealth of bilingual health care services.
Community nurses are also becoming increasingly aware of the issues related to health care access including the growing number of underinsured or underinsured citizens. When communicating with lawmakers who have little first-hand knowledge of what health care costs are like or how health care integrates with the community, nurses need to focus on the issues that legislators understand. Policies related to access to health care can be framed in ways that achieve direct and immediate results. For example, a nurse might propose a strong network of community health and outreach centers that provide information on preventative care in multiple languages. Similarly, a nurse might work…
"..three asymmetric methods that could be used to exploit the Court: (1) misusing the Court's investigative processes, (2) filing questionable or fraudulent complaints, and (3) manipulating mass media (Austin, W. Chadwick, Kolenc and Anthony Barone, 2006, p. 291)."
Finally, the issue of how the court might deal with the problem of international terrorism is not well understood (Yarnold, Barbara, 1991). The court's authority to extradite and prosecute terrorists from third world countries needs to be better defined Yarnold, p. 1). The United States has not signed on to the ome Statute, and understanding the U.S. role of protecting its own, should the U.S. continue to reject
The ome Statute is becoming clouded by the strength and power of the international community and courts (Dietz, Jeffrey, 2004, p. 137). Under the powers of the ICC, any American prosecuted in the court would be denied the protections guaranteed Americans under the Bill…
Aksar, Y. (2004). Implementing International Humanitarian Law: From the AD Hoc Tribunals to a Permanent International Criminal Court. London: F. Cass. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108538096
Austin, W.C., & Kolenc, a.B. (2006). Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf? The International Criminal Court as a Weapon of Asymmetric Warfare. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 39(2), 291+. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5016812758
Danner, a.M. (2003). Navigating Law and Politics: The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the Independent Counsel. Stanford Law Review, 55(5), 1633+. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006263
Institutions are defined as the existence of formal rules, on the one hand, and informal conventions and norms (such as impolitic societal rules that constrain behavior and impose forms of conduct) on the other. A system of enforcement structures are set in place to ensure that society abides to both and the strength of that enforcement system generally determines the extent to which individuals of a particular society will abide by its rules and conventions.
Enforcement may be carried out by various means depending on the specific set of situations. It may be carried out by self-enforcement (such as when one imposes upon oneself dietary restrictions of eating in order to lose weight). Enforcement may also be carried out by a second party as retaliation (as, for instance, another refusing to cordially greet the other is impolitely dealt with). Thirdly, and most strongly linked to maintenance and support of institutions,…
Bergman, P. (1980). Sociology of Knowledge, Oxford Univ. Press: Oxford.
Crossley, N. (2006) Contesting Psychiatry: Social Movements in Mental Health Routledge
Gerard, A. Institutions, path dependence and decomocratic consolidation, Journal of Theoretical Politics 13(3): 249 -- 70
Harris, H.W., Felder, D., & Clark, M.O. (2004). A Psychiatric Residency Curriculum on the Care of African-American Patients. Academic Psychiatry 28 (3): 226 -- 239
According to Green and Tool (1993) "Marketing research is the systematic and objective search for, and analysis of, information relevant to the identification and solution of any problem in the field of marketing." The main aim of marketing research is to enable the beneficiary to take some steps, some that may be risky, though with confidence hence the need for observing absolute objectivity. It is due to this need that marketing research does adopt a scientific method and approach that will help turn the personal opinions, prejudices and notions into hypotheses and consequently test them in an empirical manner. The alternative views are also given due considerations independently as long as they can be of interest to the researcher.
Significance of marketing research
In the field of marketing, research is not just for the aim of learning but is a very central component in the good decision making…
Andrea Rodrigues, (2011). GM India Could Begin New LCV Production at Halol Facility after
Diwali. Retrieved August 28, 2011 from http://www.indiandrives.com/gm-india-could-begin-new-lcv-production-at-halol-facility-after-diwali.html
Emma An, (2011). Outlook for Domestic Steelmakers Turns Cloudy. Retrieved August 28, 2011
Future Air Traffic Timetable Estimator
As Wall Street and the media make us very well aware, profits within the airline industry have been steadily declining due to the fact that passenger travel miles have been regularly plummeting. One major problem was the infamous hijackings and attacks on September 11, 2001. These terroristic events single-handedly ruined a major level of trust on commercial aviation carriers and since these carriers have been on the brink of either shutting their doors forever or experiencing their worst financial difficulties in their corporate histories. Although some smaller and more technologically advanced airlines have been showing that success can be had in the airline industry, it is vital for companies, the industry and the federal overseers to conduct detailed research and analysis of scenarios and phenomenon such as new predicating the airport and airspace traffic patterns and settings. In regard to these industry needs, this report…
Bhadra, Dipasis, Wells, Michael, Gentry, Jennifer, & Hogan, Brendan. (2005). Future Air Traffic Timetable Estimator. Journal Of Aircraft. Vol. 42, No. 2, March -- April.
Thackery, John. "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" Electronic Business: Automotive Electronics. Oct 2002 v28 i10 pp. 64(5)
Even before reading the article, "ybrid autos REV up" an informed consumer of the media should know that quite often automobile and electronics magazines are highly favorable of the industries they chronicle. The industry is essentially their 'bread and butter' of such magazines -- i.e. without cars, fancy car gadgets, and car aficiandos, there would be no audiences for such segmented magazines. The credentials of John Thackery, the article's author, are not immediately obvious, but the article's title "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" suggests a highly positive slant is being given to the vehicles, for…
However, the article does provide credible statistical evidence to suggest the car's popularity, noting "Toyota has sold a total of 100,000 of all types of HEVs worldwide in the last five years and boasts that it will crank out 300,000 HEVs annually by 2005, as more car buyers show a preference for lower emissions and better mileage." As further testimony to the likely future popularity of the cars it also notes as well that in addition to Toyota, Honda and Nissan have also begun to offer hybrid cars. Other automotive manufacturers plan to introduce electric cars in the next few years, including Ford, General Motors and Daimler Chrysler. All of these manufactures, incidentally, have linked advertisements to this article on the World Wide Web.
The intended audience of this article, however, is clearly more interested in the car's purported power than environmental impact. Although the article does quote a director of alternative power technologies at J.D. Power & Associates, Westlake Village, who notes "the total HEV industry could be as large as one-half-million units by 2007," instead the author is more keen to emphasizes that forward-thinking car makers are "building a new breed of HEVs with smaller sticker premiums and more modest emission-reduction and mileage-enhancement targets." Thackery gently mocks the Toyota Prius, for example, stating that the car "sells on its appeal as a statement of the driver's environmental piety," but the more revved up HEVs, of the future, which are incidentally are more likely to be made by American car manufacturers, "are more attuned to market realities in a country where gas guzzling is an accepted addiction. 'If you do the math, you can see that we can actually save significantly more fuel converting a 20-mpg vehicle into a hybrid than a 30-mpg vehicle, especially if it's a vehicle that sells in high volumes, not a niche vehicle,'" one GM executive is quoted as saying, in defense of GM's future, more modest emissions standards for its electronic vehicles, in contrast to the Toyota Prius.
Thus, the article overall presents solid and credible information about how hybrid cars work, and their burgeoning popularity. But this American car and electronic niche magazine, aimed at car and gadget aficionados rather than the average cost-conscious middle class American car consumer may be too quick to sneer at the petite and cost-conscious hybrids such as the Prius, and too quick to endorse the more mildly conservationist and conserving 'mild-HEVs' that American manufactures plan to make in the future. Although its information its solid, its tone must be regarded with a pinch of proverbial (electrically charged) salt.
3. What is Father Prior's strategy for achieving his vision? What competitive advantage might Mystic Monk Coffees' strategy produce?
Father Prior wants to appeal to the Catholic communities in the U.S. And throughout North America to support the monks by buying their coffee. He has seen significant growth in sales as a result of outreach strategies to the Catholic churches. The competitive advantage that Mystic Monk coffee has is this strong association with the Catholic Church.
4. Is Mystic Monk Coffee's strategy a money-maker? What is MMCs business model? What is your assessment of Mystic Monk Coffee's customer value proposition? its profit formula? its resources that enable it to create and deliver value to customers?
Yes, the strategy is a money-maker with an assured customer base that buys their coffee to support the church. It is a highly profitable product, generating a good gross margin (11%). The customer value proposition…
Women on Strike in the UK: Legal Implications
Labor issues continue to be a major source of controversy and upset for millions of British citizens and for policy makers in London, not simply due to the practical problems that persist as part of the financial turmoil but also because labor laws and priorities in the legal system are not clearly defined or consistently enforced. While many laws are clearly defined for rights employees have on an individual basis and duties employers have to employees as a whole, when it comes to the coordinated efforts of groups of employees engaged in "industrial actions" such as organized labor strikes or walkouts the law I not entirely clear. It seems as though such actions are not actually illegal, but neither are such actions or workers that engage in them explicitly protected by any existing laws of the land.
For women especially,…
Ambrogi, S. (2011). Striking UK workers challenge coalition. Accessed 7 March 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/30/us-britain-strikes-idUSTRE7AT0UJ20111130
Directgov. (2012). Breach of contract. Accessed 7 March 2012. http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/Employees/EmploymentContractsAndConditions/DG_10027521
Zirin, D. (2012). UK Labor Leader Threatens Strikes During the London Olympics. Accessed 7 March 2012. http://www.thenation.com/blog/166507/uk-labor-leader-threatens-strikes-during-london-olympics
GIS Systems: Asset Management
A Geographical Information System (GIS) is not simply a useful tool to find one's place geographically. The best way to think of GIS as it is used in finance is as a kind of a 'smart map' that can link multiple databases and show the relationships between different bits of information (Armstrong 2008). These smart maps offer windows into the information resources of the database when users submit queries, and engage in the analysis and editing of the information (Armstrong 2008). This makes GIS a powerful business intelligence and knowledge management tool. GIS technology enables financial professionals to graphically visualize patterns, relationships and trends in the marketplace (Armstrong 2008). GIS technology is an acknowledgement of how the presentation of information affects how the mind can process information. The same data can look very different and yield different patterns than it would if it were presented in…
Armstrong, K. (2008). Using GIS technology for document and asset management.
Iron & Steel Technology, 48-53. Retrieved from http://www.atsi.com/pdf/using_GIS_technology.pdf
However, some gang members specialize in multiple criminal activities such as street robbery, human trafficking and drug trafficking.
Street gangs are the major concern to parents, school administrators and the communities because they recruit students and the youths across the United States to enhance the growth of gang memberships. Street gangs are the most prevalent type of gangs in the United States because they influence a strong control in the large geographical regions. Typically, street gangs are characterized with criminal activities, which include brutality and drug trafficking. Presence of street gangs is broadened with their special relations with DTO (Drug Trafficking Organization) in Mexico, Canada, Columbia and other Central American countries. Type of street gangs includes regional-level street gangs specially known for their drug dealing. Functional regional-level street gangs include Latin Disciples, Florencia, Fresno Bulldogs, Tango Blast and United Blood Nation. Local street gangs also known as neighborhood-based…
Esbensen, F., and Osgood, D.W. (1999). Gang Resistance Education and Training
(G.R.E.A.T.): Results from the national evaluation. Journal of Research in Crime
and Delinquency 36(2):194 -- 225.
Esbensen, F.A. (2000). Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement. Youth Gang Series.
"Anything goes" is an interesting way to describe the current state of the nation's approach to punishment. Do you feel it is accurate? If yes, why? If not, why not? What other aspects of our nation's current approach to sanctions -- besides those listed and discussed by Blomberg and Lucken -- do you feel bolsters your position?
I do not feel that the "Anything goes" penal strategy is accurate for the nation's approach punishment. It is not a perfect way of ensuring that there is justification especially after punishment. The main aim of punishment in the society is to promote justification, which will then lead to harmony within the people. However, the "anything goes" penal strategy involves the prisoners undergoing any type of punishment as regarded by the states (Blomberg & Lucken, 2010). The option of the punishment does not always involve the input of the citizens and other…
Blomberg, T.G., & Lucken, K. (2010). American penology: A history of control. New Brunswick [N.J.: AldineTransaction.
The focus of this proposal is to use the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test whether the video games influence behavior. There has been a general public concern on the risk factor of video games on the youth's behavior especially children under 18 years of age. Science Daily (2013) shows that video games are the risk factors to aggression and criminal behavior. Despite this assertion, there still a paucity of valid and reliable academic research on the risk factors of video games on behavior. This proposal attempts to fill the gap by using ANOVA to test whether the video games influence behavior.
Do video games influence the aggressive or criminal behavior?
ANOVA is an appropriate statistical test for the proposal because it will be used to test for a significant difference of two means. Using the ANOVA for the proposal, the researcher will be able to produce valid…
Jackson, S.L. (2012). Research methods and statistics: A critical thinking approach (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Office of the Surgeon General. (2001).Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. USA.
Science Daily (2013). Violent Video Games Are a Risk Factor for Criminal Behavior and Aggression, New Evidence Shows. Science News.
Technology of Humility
Jasonoff's (2003) article attempting to standardize a balanced approach in developing technologies offered a four tiered framework to help understand who her theory may be practically employed. The purpose of this essay is to use these four focal points to highlight a specific technology that is currently teetering on the line between a technology of hubris and a technology of humility. To best understand this argument, I will first differentiate between technologies of hubris and technologies of humility in order to give context to the argument. I will then analyze the internet as a specific technology under the four guidelines presented in the guiding article.
Jasonoff claimed that technology needs to be balanced by all forces who may be impacted by the development of technology. She claimed that the outdated understanding methods such as an underlined social contract no longer can successfully act as this force. hen…
Jasanoff, S. (2003). Technologies of humility: citizen participation of governing science. Minerva, 41, 223*224.
Maynard, A. (2007, November 11). Nanotechnologies of humility. Retrieved from http://2020science.org/2007/11/11/nanotechnologies-of-humility/
Newell, T. (2012, May 21). Humility and hubris in science and technology. Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/terry-newell/humility-and-hubris-in - sc_b_1529498.html
Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:
Reducing The Barriers
There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…
Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from http://icos.groups.si.umich.edu/Institutional%20Theory%20Oxford04.pdf
Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.
Role of Conferences in the trategic Development of the Hotel Industry
Case tudy of Five tar Hotels in Jordan
Jordan has a rich cultural and archaeological patrimony. Many natural wonders and a particularly welcoming people make tourism a natural resource and vehicle for Jordan's economy.
Conversely, the Jordan tourism industry has demonstrated poor performance in past few years relative to the volatile political situation in the region.
Analyzing both the natural potential for success and the historical evidence for failure within Jordan's tourism industry through scientific research methodology may well provide viable alternatives to current widely held practices and beliefs.
This study will delve into the specific revenue producing areas of developing conferences in Jordan, how to conduct them, facility use and maximization, and the issues that surround successful delivery of this medium. This thesis will also provide data on the means of offering the world a safe, beautiful, and…
Swan TW, 'Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation', Economic Record, 32, 1956.
Tourism Forecasting Council, Forecast, Commonwealth Department of Tourism, August 1994.
Wilcox DA, 'Lessons for Tourism Industries from the 1984 Olympics at Los Angeles' A Report by Economics Research Associates to THC'94, 1994