Unfortunately, many companies and industries have not learned from the mistakes of the Ford company; as this is an issue that continues to happen with a number of large companies. A prime example of an industry that continues to use a cost benefit analysis even when it involves human life is the airline industry. Many companies within the industry have known in the past that some parts of the planes that were being manufactured were defective and could result in crashes and ultimately death. Yet they still allowed these planes to be used. They, like Ford, did not take into consideration the lasting impact of still allowing these products to be used even when they were found to be defective. For instance, it has taken Ford many years to overcome the decisions and choices it made in regard to the Ford Pinto.
The purpose of this discussion was to…… [Read More]
policy makers with information regarding the potential savings in safety of Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) (Oei, 2005). The problem and opportunity is presented with, "In many countries in Europe accidents and casualties related to speeding are a manifest problem" (Oei, 2005). And, "Police lack the manpower to contain the problem, as well as, infracture measures are unpopular, costly, and time consuming" (Oei, 2005). The authors present the purpose of this study is "to review other types of measures that are effective" (Oei, 2005), which would include types of ISA. The main objective is to provide information regarding the potential savings of ISA, which is important for decisions concerning more research to be conducted.
ased on reviewing the conclusions, the research questions answered were: How can ISAs save on safety? How do the ISAs effect driver perceptions, behavior, and acceptance? How are the calculations of average speed reduction validated? The data…… [Read More]
AB InBEV is the world's largest maker of alcoholic beverages and they have other interests (such as bottling for other beverage makers) which increases their overall revenues. Because the company has a business plan which includes operational efficiency, a strong financial matrix, well-trained and knowledgeable employees and a customer-first focus, they have been able to maintain and even gain market share during difficult economic times. ith unique strategic capabilities that have positioned AB InBEV as the leader, it is possible to see the company be an even larger part of the beverage industry in years to come.
The latest quarterly report for AB InBEV (3rd quarter 2010) shows that the company continues to see a rise in revenues across the board[footnoteRef:1]. Although some high end products (mainly high-dollar spirits and specialty beers) have taken a hit in the market[footnoteRef:2], AB InBEV has been mostly insulated from this outcome because of…… [Read More]
In each of the four Ps, Hewlett Packard does not do a fantastic job of differentiating its product. The product may be superior to that of some competitors, but the price does not convey that. In addition, the distribution is mainstream through the same channels most of its competitors use. The promotions lack a distinct look and feel as well, with the messages not varying much from those of HP's main competitors. There is certainly nothing of the level of differentiation found in Apple's spots, which have their own distinct look and feel.
Both companies have enjoyed considerable success in the personal computing industry. It is likely that Apple's promotions are more effective, but this assessment could reflect that the goals of Apple's promotions are clear. Apple seeks to create a strong brand image and with that brand loyalty. By those measures, Apple has been exceptionally successful. The success…… [Read More]
I would propose modifying the development and/or regulatory review processes to help reverse the trend towards "me too" drugs by overhauling the system that allows for drug companies to "chemically rejigger an oldie but goodie, craft a new name, mount a massive advertising campaign and sell the retread as the latest innovative breakthrough" (Mattina, 2015). The overhaul would require companies to show how their new "innovation" is different from a previous drug and what makes it more beneficial. These re-inventions of the wheel allow companies to skate past competitors who heavily invest in actually innovative drug developments by reaping the spoils of their labor after simply altering a chemical or two and claiming the innovation for themselves. In order to level the playing field and make it more of a fair practice for every company, there needs to be a system of reporting that validates and justifies the…… [Read More]
If we look at one of the absolutes, such as abortion in cultures in which choice is at least generally available about reproductive options abortion is at least relatively unstigmatized and access to it is legal and there are no significant economic barriers, a woman may still have religious or ethical or emotional reasons why she would perceive abortion negatively.
A woman, for example, who has suffered through a number of miscarriages of wanted pregnancies may find herself for various reasons unable or unwilling to carry a pregnancy to term. In such a case, having an abortion may be the right choice for that woman but may still be very painful.
In general, the ways in which sexuality and fertility shapes a woman's relationship with self -- as well as with family and the larger community -- is largely determined by the degree of choice that she has over having…… [Read More]
The interpretation of "spiritual truths" can largely influence how a disseminator selects a particular message, and can also be a particular lesson taught to disciples -- to aid them in their own ability to interpret spiritual understanding. This intrinsic sense of what is necessary to be communicated to an audience (Mitchell, 2010) should also be taught to an audience itself, so that it can understand and become closer to the spirit of God -- which is one of the main goals of virtually any disciple-maker's message.
y utilizing the aforementioned sources to impart this particular message -- to help further the understanding of the voice and spirit of God for disciples, so that they may heed and live a life in accordance to it -- it then becomes necessary to utilize the proper form to communicate this message. Of the four most widely used forms of communicating a message (the…… [Read More]
HIT Projects and Decision Makers
Describe an example of a HIT project implemented at your organization and analyze how that project was identified and moved forward.
One of the most commonly used health information technology (HIT) systems currently in use throughout America's medical industry is the SigmaCare electronic medical records (EM) system. After being implemented within my organization over three years ago, the SigmaCare EM system provided immediate enhancements to the hospital's overall ability to process patients efficiently while producing positive patient outcomes. Administrative and operational tasks were expedited through the use of SigmaCare's proprietary esident Data Exchange (DX) software, which allows for the creation of real-time links between hospital departments to eliminate redundant data entries. The process of implementing SigmaCare's EM system throughout the hospital was orderly and organized, guided by the collaborative efforts of administrators and mangers utilizing the SigmaCare Orientation eadiness Engagement (SCOE) program, which equips hospitals…… [Read More]
T for Decision Makers in espiratory Care
X for COPD
Craig osebrock, MD, and James Donohue, MD
T for Decision Makers in espiratory Care
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory-linked condition associated with airflow limitations to the lung tissue of a patient. Numerous disease states can be linked to the condition including asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and triggers associated with the presence of inflammatory inhalants. Epidemiologically, the strongest causative factor in COPD globally is cigarette smoke (Lopez, 2006). The authors present the prescription pharmacological factors associated with COPD treatment focusing on clinical pharmacology, clinical data and meta-analysis data to demonstrate treatment options and effectiveness. The primary recommendation for COPD management is cessation of smoking and avoidance of tobacco and nuisance particles. Following a discussion of smoking cessation, the authors discuss the types and use of pharmacotherapy in treating COPD.
Table 1 within the publication describes the recommendations for managing…… [Read More]
Espresso Maker Case Study Analysis
How would you describe the target segment? What do you think were their needs? (the WHO)
Having successfully segmented the lucrative coffee and specialty drink market during the early 1980's, through the perfection of "instant" -- or soluble -- Nescafe-brand coffee, the Nestle company achieved a dominant position in terms of market share. Despite this accomplishment, however, members of Nestle's executive management structure soon recognized that the market was poised to undergo a significant shift in terms of demographic expansion. According to the case study, "cafes and coffee bars were growing in popularity across Europe and the U.S., beyond their traditional geographies (Italy, Spain and France) & #8230; (and) high-end consumers required a foamier coffee, achievable only with the use of pressurized water" suggested that inexpensive "instant" coffee drinks were being replaced by the growing Espresso trend. With expanded economic standards becoming the norm as…… [Read More]
People may expect their decisions to be put into immediate action, and if they are not, then again, resentment and a lack of unity are created within the organizational fabric.
Democracy is important, but also effective praxis. "Remember, consensus is not about everyone agreeing on one idea, but in ensuring that the process to reach a solution is universally understood to be valid. It is support for implementing any action or resolution that is key to its success. You are interested in not only the best possible solution, but also the one that will be most successful in implementation, through communication and consideration of the impact on all staff members." (Schachter, 2006, p.1)
Thus, motivation is thus a tricky, delicate process and how to motivate people must be a key part of selecting the right decision, not merely because an idea is factually correct. hen engaging in a long, hard…… [Read More]
decision-makers and managers in health care with efficient course of action that give them opportunity to advance the quality in health cares by involving in designing and implementation. The analysis centers on certain people who have a strategic duty for quality based on capacity building tool in health care quality. This approach is adapted is because of the perceptive that there is an enormous amount of willingness and action for quality improvement locally in many countries but this move is carried out in an insufficient policy and strategic environment in many occasion. The practice suggested here gives opportunity to decision makers and managers to only focus on the component of quality they decide on. There could be further influence for quality in restructuring the care delivery in transversely settings in some countries, not like others which prefers to begin with the activities of patient safety. Objective for that reason has…… [Read More]
Consumers, being human, have whims that cannot be assessed with financial data, or even predicted by the best of marketing departments.
This is also true of motivating individual employees. After all, an organization is only as good as its people. Thus, a good manager, will not merely look at the bottom line but also what motivates employees on an individual and intuitive basis. Often this is reflected in personal, anecdotal experience, rather than pure data. For example, challenges rather than ease spur some employes on, for other employees it is recognition of their wisdom, experience, or commitment to the organization. "I can excel or I can do the bare minimum. It makes no difference. I get paid the same. hy do anything above the minimum to get by?" said one disgruntled employee. (Judge & Robbins, 2006, p. 238) This employee, a teacher, felt that her school district did not solicit…… [Read More]
After about a minute, espresso will drip through the coffee holder into the carafe. At this point, if you wish to steam milk for a cappuccino, latte or macchiato you should begin steaming the milk.
Place the amount of milk you desire into a small carafe (not provided). Position the carafe of milk such that the steaming wand is inserted into the milk. Then, turn the steam knob located on the upper right hand side of the cappuccino machine until you hear steam emerging and see the milk begin to bubble. Keeping the wand inserted into the milk at all times, move the milk up and down. For best results, bring the tip of the steaming wand near the surface of the milk to introduce air into the milk. Then, when the milk carafe begins to feel warm in your hand, turn the steam knob to the off position. Remove…… [Read More]
renowned film makers of this century Federico Fellini. Fellinni was born in Rimini on 20 January 1920. He was the son of Ida Barbiani who was of Roman origin and his father was Urbano who was a travelling salesman. Even while he was in high school, Fellini became famous as a caricature artist and this helped him get the job of a film promotional artist at the Fulgor cinema.
His directorial career was dotted with many accolades, several Oscar winning movies and almost all his films were critically acclaimed. The more famous films that were directed by Fellini were La strada - which won an Oscar and was among the first films in a series of films that sealed his place amidst the greatest of the film makers. Other famous films by the director were Le notti di Cabiria- an Oscar winning film, La dolce vita- won the Palme d'Or…… [Read More]
By delving into and categorizing the different treatments, ocial psychologists test and arrive at conclusions of socially helpful interventions and treatments. Other professionals such as social workers and therapists can then incorporate these treatments in their practices whilst policy makers can formulate laws (if applicable) incorporating them into the institution.
A) select one that makes use of the distinction between automatic cognitive-processes and controlled processing, and by using that article explain why that-distinction is important in current social psychological research. Are the methods-used to measure these two processes different? If so, how and why? (Do not-forget to cite the title of the article.)
Payne (2006) dwells on implicit and instinctive bias that compels people to make snap judgeship. These judgments can sometimes be dangerous and self if not socially destructive such as race stereotypes that can lead people to see a weapon where none exists and can result in faulty…… [Read More]
Generic drug makers therefore are competing in the market according to the skills in which they specialize. They specialize in efficient production and distribution of drugs, rather than in developing new drugs.
A generic drug maker can go out of business simply on the basis of not executing their business plan well. However, generic producers have built their business plans around the FDA's current set of regulations. A change in those regulations could have an adverse effect on generic drug makers. For example, if the monopoly protections that come from a new drug approval are extended out further, that would reduce the ability of the generic producer to make money on any given drug. This is especially the case of the drug in question becomes obsolete during the time period prior to the generic having access to that market. In such a situation, the generic maker would not have access…… [Read More]
It also requires conscious effort at objective because of the inherent of the method applied. Sampling plans narrows its frame to that particular sample, this to shows the group of people who are participating in the study. It samples can be selected through probability and non-probability (Mack & Woodsong, 2005).
In most cases research design is used in the education sector and it takes different meaning depending with how it's applied. it's normally used interchangeable with the term research method. However, according to Berliner (2002) research design should reflect the whole process of research, starting from the conceptualizing main problem to the question of the research, methods and the conclusion. Identifying a study's research design is important because it communicates information about key features of the study, which can differ for qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods. However, one common feature across research designs is that at one or…… [Read More]
decision makers, top management has an effect on the ethical practices within an organization. What does that say about the organizational culture or climate?
The fact that top management has an effect on the ethical practices within an organization means that business organizations typically reflect the ethical and moral values of their executives and top-level decision makers. In that respect, the organizational culture or climate, as relates to ethics, is substantially determined by the lead and examples set by its top-level executives and managerial decision makers (Caldwell, Hayes, Bernal, & Karri, 2008). Therefore, organizations lead by individuals with questionable ethical or moral values will probably reflect those questionable ethical or moral values at lower levels of the organization. Conversely, organizations lead by individuals with strong ethical or moral values will tend to reflect higher values that correspond to those of their leaders (Caldwell, Hayes, Bernal, & Karri, 2008).
How might…… [Read More]
The way that a society treats its criminals is indicative of the moral character and worthiness of that society. While it is easy for us to ignore and disregard the criminals amongst us by leading them to prison and throwing away the key, an important lesson is lost in this disregard for the human experience. In California the intolerance of violent crime and action has led to the development of the Three Strikes Law, which was implemented in 1994. As a policy maker I am firmly opposed to this law as I find it to be inhumane, impractical, excessively expensive and carried out in poor taste with a snobbish attitude towards those of us who have temporarily lost our way. A new policy is needed that can help address the important facts and details particular to the State of California and its unique needs.
Prisoners are…… [Read More]
The main advantage is that the stories are well documented and written in an objective manner.
008, GSK Outlines Plans to Become More 'Biotech-like', Fierce Biotech, http://www.fiercebiotech.com/story/gsk-outlines-plans-become-more-biotech/008-06-10 last accessed on June 3, 009
009, GlaxoSmithKline Plc., Hoovers, last accessed on June 3, 009 -- Hoovers is a centralized database that reveals information on multiple organizations. The benefit is that the data offered is extensive and comprises features such as industry forecasts, competition nature and organizational financial highlight, alongside with description of the respective company. The downside of the source is however given by the reduced amount of free information and for more extensive data, the user has to create a paid account.
009, The Industry Handbook -- Biotechnology, Investopedia, http://www.investopedia.com/features/industryhandbook/biotech.asp last accessed on June 3, 009 -- Investopedia.com has been developed as an initiative of the highly popular and leading business publication Forbes. It can be useful for novice as…… [Read More]
Coffee Makers Incorporated Transfer Prices Case Study
The Current Position
Coffee Makers Incorporated has two divisions which purchase parts internally form a third department. Two parts; 101 and 201 are produced internally. The current transfer price for those parts is $1,000 and $2,000 respectively. The departments which are buying the parts; dept. A is buying part 101 and dep. B is buying part 201, want to change the purchase pattern, as external suppliers can supply the parts at a price less than the transfer price (dept. C) is charging.
Currently Dept A buys 3000 of the 101 parts from department C. topped up with 1,000 parts from external suppliers, department B. purchases 1,000 parts from dept. C and 1,000 parts from external suppliers. Both departments want to make a change to reduce their own costs, moving more purchases to the external supplier.…… [Read More]
Transfer Pricing Case Study; Coffee Makers Incorporated
The decision to make or purchase a good that can, or already is supplied internally requires careful consideration. Different departments may look at the issue differently, especially if the internal transfer pricing does not reflect the market conditions. However, although different departments may have different budgets, the firm will also need to take a broader view and consider the bottom line for the firm.
In this case Coffee Makers Incorporated (CMI) is considering the position of three divisions; Divisions A and B. are both buying parts from Division C. Division A buys part 101, for a transfer price of $1,000, and Division B. buys part 201 for a transfer price of $2,000. Both divisions are under pressure to increase their profitability so when the opportunity for division A to purchase part 101 externally for $900, and division B. has the opportunity to…… [Read More]
Unemployment in America
Policy makers in the United States continuously seek the silver bullet(s) -- plural solutions because there is clear recognition that the issue is multifaceted -- that will achieve healthy levels of employment in the nation. Certainly there some paths to increasing employment in the country are less expensive than others, and proposed solutions range across a wide array of complexity and practicality. Invariably, today, education becomes a focal point for discussions and debates about how to increase employment in any nation. This is due largely to the potential promise that solutions based in education can act as levers that are sufficiently effective to induce change.
Solutions to unemployment must be developed through the perfection of the alignment between the education young American receive -- in both secondary (high school) and post-secondary (college / university) educational systems -- and the actual labor market.
In his article…… [Read More]
Integrated Corporate Communication (ICC) and Corporate Communication (CC)
The established limitations are severely customized by globalization: the size of the company (where there is not a major link with the area of the performance, delocalization and outsourcing and being dependent on the network), design of the product and sales (where the relation with the competitors may be competitive cooperative) somewhat similar to the frequency of motor industry), competitive relations of space-time, the consumer models (which is focused with a turn down in the analogical media. The increasing significance of digital media and internet is also included. The most important of them is the advertising of television and the television itself); the importance of communication in the competitive environment, less protectionist measures of the economic systems, open spaces of competition, complex differentiation (Walther, 2007).
The incorporation of the global markets struggle to remove the inert environment and change them with the…… [Read More]
Bacterial vaginosis is one of the major contributors of vaginal infections during pregnancy and accounts for 40% of these cases. Generally, bacterial vaginosis is associated with several obstretic complications like pre-term labor and delivery, untimely rupture of membranes, postpartum endometrisis, and chorioamnionitis (Wang et. al., 2010, p.444). Metronidazole has traditionally been used as the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis because it is an agent of the nitroimidazole antibiotic family. This drug has been used for several decades because it efficiency in treating the condition ranges between 80 and 90% and can be administered across all pregnancy stages while tolerated by pregnant women. The ability of the drug to achieve the high levels of efficacy is attributed to the fact that it can be found in the cord blood, fetal tissue, and amniotic fluid in high concentrations.
The authors of the article reported the findings of two…… [Read More]
This increased their word of mouth advertising and eventually led to a very large order from a grocery chain, Fresh Market. This word of mouth marketing helped expand their distribution channels as well.
The greatest opportunity for a small business, like Sweet Grass, is to focus on what they do best and serve a niche market. Sweet Grass isn't trying to be the largest dairy producer, with an all-encompassing product mix, instead, they are satisfied by providing consistent high quality cheeses. And it is cheese that they do oh so well.
Small businesses have the ability to focus all of their efforts on a limited line up of products. They can discover what they do best, and differentiate themselves from the rest of the market by doing just that. Small businesses may not be able to compete in areas such as cost or large deliverable quantities, but quality is an…… [Read More]
Homeland Security Intelligence
With the advent of new technologies, human lifestyle is improving and people have found better ways to achieve their goals. The impact of technology is found at national level and many security threats are emerged. Keeping in view the possibility of increased security challenges in the time to come, there is serious need to revise the security policies and bring them all together under information communication strategy so that reporting chain and effective control can be determined.
Policy Memorandum of Homeland Security Intelligence
Homeland Security is the matter of national integrity and must be catered for as the utmost priority of government officials and policy makers. The implementing authorities should align their practices with the objective of protecting national integrity and give the feedback to policy makers if there is any issue of concern.
It can be argued that the establishment of a country consists of high…… [Read More]
A significant amount of effort is dedicated towards the process of developing new public programs since such programs are not similar to business enterprises. Therefore, the process of public budgeting requires consideration and inclusion of public policies. In essence, public policies should be translated into discussions regarding the annual budget through evaluation of the monetary demands of such policies on public revenue. During this process, policy makers should be bound by the financial requirements of the various alternatives. As part of translating public policies into discussions on annual budget, policy makers should eliminate certain policy alternatives from consideration if the alternatives create huge fiscal demands on public revenue. The need for policy makers to eliminate such alternatives is fueled by the fact that the government is permitted to collect revenue only as long as the benefits of the generated revenue exceeds the loss realized by contributors of the…… [Read More]
Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.
It is the intention of this…… [Read More]
Integration - Causal Chains and Strategy SLP
The balanced scorecard approach is a useful tool, applicable to most organizations for identifying strategic action plans. One of the most important advantages for a balanced scorecard is that it is able to provide information in a synthetic manner, making it easy to digest for decision makers, who often don't have the time to analyze all the deeper details, especially when the decision sometimes needs to be made on the stop or in a very limited period of time.
In the case of the Cattaraugus Rehabilitation Center Mission (CRCM), a first look over the balanced scorecard gives immediate information about the strategic objectives of the organization, over four pillars: financial, customer, internal and learning. These range from containing costs and improving patient outcome to personnel objectives (recruiting and retaining the best employees) and to financial objectives such as increasing revenues.
Another argument in…… [Read More]
Something that is divine is able to do all and be all. In describing Divinity in terms of who God is, God is Divine because He has perfect power, perfect knowledge, and perfect goodness. He is without flaws.
ho is the Divine God? In the next section, the lesson will cover that God is the Maker of heaven and earth. He is described in Genesis 1:1 as the Creator, in Genesis 18:25 as the Judge, and in Psalms 23:1 as the Shepherd. hat this means is that the Divine God is the Maker of all, the Judge of all, and the Shepherd of all. For a believer, a Divine God serves dual roles in one's life the Judge of His creation, but also as the One who leads and protects them when they seek Him. Ravi Zacharias's comment from the previous section also illustrates the Divinity of God. For example,…… [Read More]
Sociology: (One page) Race distinguish humans biologically. 1) hy a persistent social issue? 2) hy misconceptions race persist, people dispel misconceptions? On Sociology: (One page) 1) How policy makers concepts half-full half-empty argue social change? 2) Do effective strategy? hy ?.
In spite of the fact that society has experienced great social progress in the recent decades, race continues to be an important problem. It would be absurd for someone to consider that the connection between race and biology means that individuals belonging to particular races are superior when compared to individuals belonging to other racial groups. In contrast, racism is actually a problem and it is presently the reason for numerous conflicts. In spite of the fact that race is not an important biological concept, race is a social category and it practically determines the degree to which some individuals are more privileged than others.
The concept of race…… [Read More]
The case does not elaborate on what processes MicroEar has put in place in terms of sales. The case notes that they have processes but there are no specifics provided as to what they are and how they work. The case notes that "sales representatives increased contacts with decision-makers from 5 to 20 per day," for example, but does not explain how this happened. Indeed, this claim is actually a bit strange in that the company previously sold directly through its own stores to consumers and now sells through wholesalers. If "decision-maker" is defined as the buyer, this would reduce contact with decision-makers. If "decision-maker" is defined as the influencer (physician, etc.), then an increase would make sense since they are no longer talking to customers, which should free up more time to spend with decision-makers. That is not the result of process but rather a change in business…… [Read More]
The problem with this strategy was that it determined higher indirect costs that the company did not take into consideration when making this decision.
c) General Motors is one of the most successful U.S. companies. But GM was forced to modify its strategy because the global competition conditions. This is mostly the case of Toyota, which developed into an important competitor of GM on the European, U.S., and Asian market. The numerous advantages of Toyota and its products and services include: lower prices, better supply chain management that is based on Japanese methods, and higher quality management (Klum, 2011).
These advantages helped Toyota become the leader of the Asian market. This helped the company also improve its international position. In addition to this, General Motors' sales and profits significantly reduced. Therefore, the company had to modify its strategy in order to reduce its costs. The company's managers considered that this…… [Read More]
Health Program Bronx
Racial Disparities in the Healthcare System
America's healthcare system is one of the most visible indicators of the broad array of social, economic and racial inequalities that still impact American life. For racial minorities such as African-Americans and Latinos, health outcomes are disproportionately worse than they are for white patients. This denotes a core inequality that goes to the root of our society. Outreach, education and advocacy programs such as the one described here in relation to minority populations living in the Bronx helps to provide a valuable case demonstration of this public health issue.
The pressing racial issues that are evidenced in our imbalanced healthcare system serve as the impetus for the agenda and actions taken up by the REACH Bronx organization. This action-group is actually described as a coalition of groups and demonstrates the considerable push from a wide variance of parties to…… [Read More]
Collapse of the Big Three
America was once the leader and pioneer in the auto industry, a title that the country had for decades and a title that was so dear to America's heart that it was unfathomable to think that title might ever be lost. It's commonly misconstrued that America invented the automobile, when in reality that honor goes to German Karl Benz in 1885 (ozema, 2010). "Americans did, however, industrialize the love of the automobile. America loves big, fast cars, and for many decades American car companies shared the biggest slice of the auto industry pie" (ozema, 2010). America made having a car and the business of making cars firmly entrenched in American culture. This was a fact which kept the economy stimulated and which provided a consistent level of financial stability for the nation and the civilians within it. However the decade of the eighties marked the…… [Read More]
There are many more challenges involved in the development of forecasting models and the development of predictive analytics as they relate to the impact of both CoffeeTime's and competitor's advertising spending. The following are additional considerations in the development of more thorough predictive analytics and statistical forecasting models of the Indian market for CoffeeTimes' beverages and sandwiches:
Advertising spending increasing overall market growth or cannibalizing competitive sales? This is a major question that needs to be addressed through more econometric modeling, specifically looking at the aggregate impact of industry-wide spending on increasing the total market size for served coffee in key segments of the market vs. forcing consolidation of the market and cannibalization of sales. This dichotomy of market direction could best first be tested from the standpoint of attempting to predict aggregate demand and consumption for coffee in India for three to five years. Next taking the approach of…… [Read More]
In tems of image and maket chaacteistic eseach this would need to be entiely done fom a pimay eseach pespective, assuming CoffeeTime is inteested only in thei specific bands' image and maket chaacteistics. Thee ae seconday data studies howeve available fo these attibutes fom a boade standpoint. CoffeeTime's stategic needs fo infomation needs to dictate this decision.
Finally, what additional stategy (o vaiation on a given stategy) would you ecommend to the key decision make in the simulation to solve the challenge given? Pepae a 350-wod memo to the simulation's key decision make advocating you ecommendation.
Based on the initial analysis completed of the Indian maket fo coffee consumption, thee is a futhe seies of eseach stategies needed to moe fully intepet and espond to coffee consumption though India. The steps equied fom a eseach plan pespective ae as follows:
Focus goups in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangaloe, Pune…… [Read More]
This will help an organization to see what individuals will work well inside specific segments. When this happens, managers will be able to determine which individuals can most effectively assist the firm in achieving its longer term objectives. (Plachy, 1986, pp. 65 -- 90)
Examining individual potential is when executives are not looking at past or current challenges associated with employee behavioral issues. Instead, they must be effectively communicating with the person to identify the root causes of the problem. This is because most individuals will feel that their ideas are not respected (which causes them to do less for the organization). To address these areas of concern, executives must ask themselves a number of questions to include:
How can you recognize employee efforts?
How can you help everyone to focus their efforts?
How can you assist the individual to make positive decisions?
How you can help the person to…… [Read More]
Production, Costs, And Profits
Business is booming at a local fast food restaurant. It is contemplating adding a new grill and French fry machine, but the day supervisor suggests simply adding more workers. How should the manager decide which alternative to pursue? What would happen if too much labor is hired without an addition to capital? Explain using economic terms.
It is difficult to answer this question without understanding the current capacity of the restaurant. In order to truly answer this question, one would have to understand if there are already workers dedicated to running the grill and French fry machines in a way that they already operating at or near full capacity. If the answer to that question is no, then increasing production may be a simple matter of increasing the number of employees, so that an employee could be dedicated to running the food preparation equipment, thus maximizing…… [Read More]
GE Aviation Division, Aircraft Engines
This paper discusses General Electric Corporation (GE), specifically the arm which focuses on the production of aircraft engines. Until 2005, the GE Aviation division (GEA) operated under the designation of General Electric Aircraft Engines (GEAE). We will analyze GEA from a product standpoint, as well as from a business operations standpoint. We will firstly discuss the beginnings of GE as a maker of aircraft engines. We will discuss some of the products GEA has built which have resulted in its leadership position as one of the world's best makers of aircraft engines. The product related discussion will conclude with a look into what the future may hold related to engine technology and projects that GEA will focus upon. Secondly, we will examine GEA's unique business human resource management model. Specifically, we will examine GE's leadership education organization and its belief in the practice of rotating…… [Read More]
U.S. Agency International Development (USAID) http://www.usaid.gov / Write response questions . Write response/background report outline point form. Use headings subheadings organize response. Apply APA style guidelines grammar, spelling, punctuation, citing referencing.
Nature of the organization's mandate
Philosophical perspective, with respect to promoting global health
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the result of the Cold War doctrine related to international assistance. During the Kennedy Administration in the 1960s, the interest for assistance to low income countries and those affected by increased degrees of poverty has determined a need for a concerted action that would alleviate, to a certain extent, the pressures of impoverished national budgets and destroyed economies. In this sense, it was considered that developed countries, and especially the United States as the largest economic power of the Cold War, had the "moral duty" to assist countries in need (Committee on International elations, 2003). Despite this…… [Read More]
Programs and Services
§ Briefly describe the major programs and services, and the population intended to be served.
Before choosing the programs it is pointed out that about three decades ago, the term 'organizational culture', came in vogue. It resulted in a study of the different styles of organizing. Today the organizational change can be achieved easily and the methods of conducting programs themselves can be a part of a project that involves multiple organizations. Non-profits also came into the scrutiny of these concepts. (Wright, 1994)
The theory now is to see that maximum benefits and opportunities are extended to the subjects by the organization in this case the disadvantaged groups, particularly women and children. The programs seem to be created and managed on the general principles that all organizations follow. There does not seem to be any specific study that was done to incorporate the persons who belong to…… [Read More]
Policy and Science
Fiddler on the oof
Science has traditionally been presented as the a priori fact-finding, theory-establishing stage one of policy making. Stage two of this conventional approach has policy makers utilizing the "empirical truths" that science offers in support of policies to be enacted to solve a policy problem. Yet both policymaking and empirical research are -- by their very nature -- ongoing human endeavors. Policymakers want the best that science has to offer -- when they need it -- for decision-making, policymaking, and policy implementation. Science marches to its own tune, with agendas set by dynamics such as funding for research or public and private priorities and pressures (Kingdon, 1984). And, increasingly, in a funding environment that is cooling off, the ability to do research is often determined by its application -- public service adding a positive valence -- and the ability to enact policy is dependent…… [Read More]
Obesity a Disease?
Introduction, Background, and Definition
Persuade the scientists
Persuade the advocacy groups
Persuade the federal agencies
Persuade the insurance companies
Persuade the drug makers
Recommendations & Conclusions
Is Obesity a Disease?
hat is a disease? According to the Merriam-ebster Online Dictionary, the second two definitions of "disease" are "2: a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: SICKNESS, MALADY; 3: a harmful development (as in a social institution)" (Merriam-ebster OnLine, 2003). Definition number two describes how the being is personally affected by a disease, and definition number three describes how society as a whole is affected by a disease. It is recommended that the epidemic of obesity in America be given a disease status to confront this "harmful development" that "impairs normal functioning" in society.
By declaring obesity a disease, American society can face up…… [Read More]
Drilling in the Alaskan Wilderness, the primary ethical issue is environmental, putting petroleum production development against preservation in Section 1002 of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. Secondary ethical issues relate to specific impacts that development would have on inhabitants of the ANWR, including the Inupiat Eskimos, the Gwich'in, wildlife such as caribou, and wilderness that is represented within this area. This is an ethical issue because decisions must balance a sense of right and wrong without clear answers when deciding how much wilderness will be protected and what level of development will occur.
Members of Congress are the primary decision-makers. The ANWR falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Fish & Wildlife Service, making federal legislators the group that is responsible for setting the overall direction for this protected area. Stakeholders of the ANWR include the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in. Both of these groups rely…… [Read More]
Ethics and Public Policy
This paper discusses the application of the major ethical theories of consequentialism (utilitarianism), deontology, and virtue ethics to a specific policy question, namely how to improve the nutrition of the nation's poor and to reduce the rise in food insecurity. It also discusses the implications of ethical theories such as determinism and moral relativism. First, the theory is discussed in the abstract, followed by an exposition of how the theory relates to real-world practice. The paper concludes with a more general reflection on the implications of ethical theories for public policy-makers. The specific merits of virtue ethics are stressed vs. The more extreme and polarizing views of deontology and consequentialism.
An ethical dilemma: Food insecurity
One of the dilemmas facing public policy-makers regarding food insecurity and the need to improve the diet of poor Americans is the balance between individual liberties and the need…… [Read More]
While Citibank may be committed to such a rollout, it needs to consider staggering the rollout over the course of years. This will help regional management become more involved in the rollout in each country, which will reduce the risk of each individual rollout. In addition, lessons learned from the initial rollouts can be applied to the subsequent ones, increasing the odds of success with the later rollouts. The rollouts can also be undertaken on the basis of back office concerns (rolling out Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia as one group given linguistic similarity; Taiwan as another for example). This can only be accomplished by understanding the differences between the markets and how best each market may be served.
It is also recommended that Citibank consider the spinoff marketing impacts of credit cards in its calculations. Credit cards can serve two important functions for Citibank in Asia. The first is that…… [Read More]
Nursing homes, residential care facilities, and home health care will be core issues on the agenda for representatives in that area. In areas with substantial populations of non-native English speakers, a nurse might need to lobby for a greater wealth of bilingual health care services.
Community nurses are also becoming increasingly aware of the issues related to health care access including the growing number of underinsured or underinsured citizens. When communicating with lawmakers who have little first-hand knowledge of what health care costs are like or how health care integrates with the community, nurses need to focus on the issues that legislators understand. Policies related to access to health care can be framed in ways that achieve direct and immediate results. For example, a nurse might propose a strong network of community health and outreach centers that provide information on preventative care in multiple languages. Similarly, a nurse might work…… [Read More]
"..three asymmetric methods that could be used to exploit the Court: (1) misusing the Court's investigative processes, (2) filing questionable or fraudulent complaints, and (3) manipulating mass media (Austin, W. Chadwick, Kolenc and Anthony Barone, 2006, p. 291)."
Finally, the issue of how the court might deal with the problem of international terrorism is not well understood (Yarnold, Barbara, 1991). The court's authority to extradite and prosecute terrorists from third world countries needs to be better defined Yarnold, p. 1). The United States has not signed on to the ome Statute, and understanding the U.S. role of protecting its own, should the U.S. continue to reject
The ome Statute is becoming clouded by the strength and power of the international community and courts (Dietz, Jeffrey, 2004, p. 137). Under the powers of the ICC, any American prosecuted in the court would be denied the protections guaranteed Americans under the Bill…… [Read More]
Institutions are defined as the existence of formal rules, on the one hand, and informal conventions and norms (such as impolitic societal rules that constrain behavior and impose forms of conduct) on the other. A system of enforcement structures are set in place to ensure that society abides to both and the strength of that enforcement system generally determines the extent to which individuals of a particular society will abide by its rules and conventions.
Enforcement may be carried out by various means depending on the specific set of situations. It may be carried out by self-enforcement (such as when one imposes upon oneself dietary restrictions of eating in order to lose weight). Enforcement may also be carried out by a second party as retaliation (as, for instance, another refusing to cordially greet the other is impolitely dealt with). Thirdly, and most strongly linked to maintenance and support of institutions,…… [Read More]
According to Green and Tool (1993) "Marketing research is the systematic and objective search for, and analysis of, information relevant to the identification and solution of any problem in the field of marketing." The main aim of marketing research is to enable the beneficiary to take some steps, some that may be risky, though with confidence hence the need for observing absolute objectivity. It is due to this need that marketing research does adopt a scientific method and approach that will help turn the personal opinions, prejudices and notions into hypotheses and consequently test them in an empirical manner. The alternative views are also given due considerations independently as long as they can be of interest to the researcher.
Significance of marketing research
In the field of marketing, research is not just for the aim of learning but is a very central component in the good decision making…… [Read More]
Future Air Traffic Timetable Estimator
As Wall Street and the media make us very well aware, profits within the airline industry have been steadily declining due to the fact that passenger travel miles have been regularly plummeting. One major problem was the infamous hijackings and attacks on September 11, 2001. These terroristic events single-handedly ruined a major level of trust on commercial aviation carriers and since these carriers have been on the brink of either shutting their doors forever or experiencing their worst financial difficulties in their corporate histories. Although some smaller and more technologically advanced airlines have been showing that success can be had in the airline industry, it is vital for companies, the industry and the federal overseers to conduct detailed research and analysis of scenarios and phenomenon such as new predicating the airport and airspace traffic patterns and settings. In regard to these industry needs, this report…… [Read More]
Thackery, John. "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" Electronic Business: Automotive Electronics. Oct 2002 v28 i10 pp. 64(5)
Even before reading the article, "ybrid autos REV up" an informed consumer of the media should know that quite often automobile and electronics magazines are highly favorable of the industries they chronicle. The industry is essentially their 'bread and butter' of such magazines -- i.e. without cars, fancy car gadgets, and car aficiandos, there would be no audiences for such segmented magazines. The credentials of John Thackery, the article's author, are not immediately obvious, but the article's title "ybrid autos REV up: but will SUV-addicted buyers opt for an environmentally friendly car that saves on gas but commands a premium price?" suggests a highly positive slant is being given to the vehicles, for…… [Read More]
3. What is Father Prior's strategy for achieving his vision? What competitive advantage might Mystic Monk Coffees' strategy produce?
Father Prior wants to appeal to the Catholic communities in the U.S. And throughout North America to support the monks by buying their coffee. He has seen significant growth in sales as a result of outreach strategies to the Catholic churches. The competitive advantage that Mystic Monk coffee has is this strong association with the Catholic Church.
4. Is Mystic Monk Coffee's strategy a money-maker? What is MMCs business model? What is your assessment of Mystic Monk Coffee's customer value proposition? its profit formula? its resources that enable it to create and deliver value to customers?
Yes, the strategy is a money-maker with an assured customer base that buys their coffee to support the church. It is a highly profitable product, generating a good gross margin (11%). The customer value proposition…… [Read More]
Women on Strike in the UK: Legal Implications
Labor issues continue to be a major source of controversy and upset for millions of British citizens and for policy makers in London, not simply due to the practical problems that persist as part of the financial turmoil but also because labor laws and priorities in the legal system are not clearly defined or consistently enforced. While many laws are clearly defined for rights employees have on an individual basis and duties employers have to employees as a whole, when it comes to the coordinated efforts of groups of employees engaged in "industrial actions" such as organized labor strikes or walkouts the law I not entirely clear. It seems as though such actions are not actually illegal, but neither are such actions or workers that engage in them explicitly protected by any existing laws of the land.
For women especially,…… [Read More]
GIS Systems: Asset Management
A Geographical Information System (GIS) is not simply a useful tool to find one's place geographically. The best way to think of GIS as it is used in finance is as a kind of a 'smart map' that can link multiple databases and show the relationships between different bits of information (Armstrong 2008). These smart maps offer windows into the information resources of the database when users submit queries, and engage in the analysis and editing of the information (Armstrong 2008). This makes GIS a powerful business intelligence and knowledge management tool. GIS technology enables financial professionals to graphically visualize patterns, relationships and trends in the marketplace (Armstrong 2008). GIS technology is an acknowledgement of how the presentation of information affects how the mind can process information. The same data can look very different and yield different patterns than it would if it were presented in…… [Read More]
However, some gang members specialize in multiple criminal activities such as street robbery, human trafficking and drug trafficking.
Street gangs are the major concern to parents, school administrators and the communities because they recruit students and the youths across the United States to enhance the growth of gang memberships. Street gangs are the most prevalent type of gangs in the United States because they influence a strong control in the large geographical regions. Typically, street gangs are characterized with criminal activities, which include brutality and drug trafficking. Presence of street gangs is broadened with their special relations with DTO (Drug Trafficking Organization) in Mexico, Canada, Columbia and other Central American countries. Type of street gangs includes regional-level street gangs specially known for their drug dealing. Functional regional-level street gangs include Latin Disciples, Florencia, Fresno Bulldogs, Tango Blast and United Blood Nation. Local street gangs also known as neighborhood-based…… [Read More]
"Anything goes" is an interesting way to describe the current state of the nation's approach to punishment. Do you feel it is accurate? If yes, why? If not, why not? What other aspects of our nation's current approach to sanctions -- besides those listed and discussed by Blomberg and Lucken -- do you feel bolsters your position?
I do not feel that the "Anything goes" penal strategy is accurate for the nation's approach punishment. It is not a perfect way of ensuring that there is justification especially after punishment. The main aim of punishment in the society is to promote justification, which will then lead to harmony within the people. However, the "anything goes" penal strategy involves the prisoners undergoing any type of punishment as regarded by the states (Blomberg & Lucken, 2010). The option of the punishment does not always involve the input of the citizens and other…… [Read More]