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Cod written by Mark Kurlansky. The author takes a look at how the countries that once flourished on their fishing industries are now really worried because of fact that the fish is near extinction.
The moral of the story is that man is the main destructor of the world but fails to take appropriate action when it is really required and realizes when nothing can really be done.
Mark Kurlansky, author of the book Cod, uses his writing skills to show us the history of the world through the eyes of the codfish. This is rather different from most books because it uses conventional thinking to illustrate the wars, and other conflicts that plague our society. The author uses facts and figures to present information in a unique manner to the reader about the type of world crisis the humble cod fish will be experiencing. The author tells us…
Once the population of codfish was abundant that explorers use to dip baskets into the ocean to catch them. But the fact is that for hundreds of years people did not value their presence thinking that the millions of eggs laid by female cod would mean millions of fish for man to eat -- and make money out of. The good population of cod and the fact that they could be easily dried and preserved was a source of encouragement for the Vikings to cross the cold Atlantic Ocean to America. In fact Christopher Columbus and the other explorers were dependant on this staple diet. Once the source of the invention of frozen food, and an inspiration of the modern efficient fishing systems, is now threatening the laws of the seas. This is just a reminder of the distressing effect man has had on our earth.
Fishiest of all fishy places was the try pots, which well deserves its name; or the pots there were always boiling chowders. Chowder for breakfast, and chowder for dinner, and chowder for supper, till you begin to look for fish-bones coming through your clothes... There was a fishy flavor to the milk too, which I could not account for, till one morning happening to take a stroll along the beach among some fishermen's boats, I saw Hosea's brindled cow feeding on fish remnants, and marching along the sand with each foot in a cod's decapitated head." -- Herman Melville, "Moby Dick" (1851) - quoted in "Cod" by Mark Kurlansky (1997)
Kurlansky made brilliant use of the collections of quotations by other people. The book itself is very interesting because of the incorporation of maps, old photos of fishing activity, quotes concerning codfish from literary personalities like Cervantes, Melville, W.B. Yeats, Thoreau, Daniel Webster, and others. The recipes that have been sprinkled throughout the book from the 1300s to the present from various countries around the world along with occasional original points-of-view make Cod an odd type of a biography but a thoroughly amusing read.
Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World by Mark Kurlansky. Specifically, it will answer this question: "What role did codfish have in the discovery of America?" Cod and America go hand in hand, and after reading this book, it is easy to see why. Cod were the sustenance of life for many of the world's people, from the Basques to the Norsemen, and following the cod led these earliest explorers to the shores of North America.
While most people think it was Christopher Columbus who first discovered North America, but that is not really the truth. ecords show that Norse Vikings, like Leif Eiriksson, found the continent of North America as early as the tenth century, calling it first "Woodland" and then "Vineland" as they moved down the coast. Kurlansky writes, "Woodland could have been Newfoundland, Nova Scotia or Maine, all three of which are wooded. But…
Kurlansky, Mark. Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.
environmental policies is very often a hazardous endeavor. Largely, this is because potential costs and benefits associated with environmental problems can only be speculated upon, rather than empirically determined. It is not clear, for instance, how much reducing a factory's greenhouse emissions will quantitatively help society; nevertheless, making good decisions regarding these issues demands that we weigh calculable figures with estimates, and sometimes, estimates with estimates. This makes the already fierce setting of environmental debates an even more perilous battleground. Imperfect information influences individuals, environmentalists, government officials, and businesses in ways that generally require them to reach their own conclusions, and apply their unique perspectives. This unique attribute of environmental science makes it a wide-ranging field that often requires the groups involved to make informed decisions, derived from such varying disciplines as physics and physiology. Mike Kurlansky's The Cod's Tale helps to demonstrate the enormous tasks environmental scientists are faced…
1. Kurlansky, Mark. The Cod's Tale. New York: Putnam Publishing Group, 2001.
2. Milazzo, Matteo. "Subsidies in World Fisheries: a Re-examination." The Economist Newspaper Group, 1998.
3. Moore, Dene. "North Atlantic Really was Full of Cod." The Toronto Star, May 3, 2005.
Cod: Fish That Changed the orld
Environmental science is not just one science and is not concerned only with the environment. Instead, environmental science covers a wide variety of topics from several different areas. The additional areas also go beyond science and link environmental science to subjects such as politics, history, economics, and human geography. One way to consider the interdisciplinary nature of environmental science is to look at an example from the real world. The book Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the orld by Mark Kurlansky offers a good example. The book describes the impact that cod has had on the world and its basis is environmental science. It also shows the other topics and subjects that became part of the story of cod. This book will now be considered, with a focus on how it shows that environmental science is interdisciplinary.
Cod: A Biography of…
Kurlansky, M. Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World. New York: Walker and Company, 1997.
This historian continues, "A sugar-loaf could weigh anything between one pound and 20 pounds, but whatever it weighed it was worth that weight in silver" (Toussaint-Samat 555). By the sixteenth century, it was discovered that sugar cane grew amazingly well in the New World Christopher Columbus had discovered, especially in the Caribbean areas. Toussaint-Samat notes, "in 1506 one Pedro d'Arrance took sugar cane to Hispaniola, now the Dominican epublic. It grew there so profusely that by 1518 the island had eight sugar plantations" (Toussaint-Samat 556). Sugar grew in popularity as it became more readily available, and it also began to drop in price, so the middle class could afford it. As early as 1600, one early historian notes, "That which was once a remedy now serves us as food'" (Toussaint-Samat 557). Sugar cane became another form of currency, and entire economies were built on it before it dropped in price…
Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: A World History. New York: Walker and Company, 2002.
Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne. History of Food Anthea Bell, trans. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1992.
Wilson, Bee. "Perhaps if We Hated Sugar Less Vehemently, We Wouldn't Eat So Much of it." New Statesman 9 Dec. 2002: 56.
Socker Mad: Bee Wilson on the Swedish Obsession with Mixing Salt and Sugar." New Statesman 28 Jan. 2002: 48.
Sugar and Power:
he Sweet History of Sugar in the Modern Era
"he story can be summed up in a few sentences," asserts Sydney Mintz, Professor at Johns Hopkins University, "in 1000 A.D., few Europeans knew of the existence of sucrose, or cane sugar. But soon afterward they learned about it; by 1650 in England the nobility and the wealthy had become inveterate sugar eaters, and sugar figured in their medicine, literacy, imagery and displays of rank" (Mintz, 1985). Mintz goes on to say that "by no later than 1800, sugar had become a necessity- albeit a costly and rare one- in the diet of every English person, by 1900 it was supply nearly one-fifth of the calories in the English diet" (Mintz, 1985). he history of sugar, as captured by this short excerpt from Sweetness and Power: he Place of Sugar in Modern History, illuminates the evolution…
The history that Mintz has provided of sugar is more than just that- it provides a microcosm of all food products in the world and forces the reflection and perhaps the further examination of ingredients of recipes that people prepare themselves or get at restaurants. There is a story behind everything and it has taught me to take that a step further, and examine the power of the story behind each ingredient. In that story, the food that is prepared may tell an even more significant story and create a journey through time in simply one bite.
APA Formatted Citation:
Mintz, Sydney W. (1985). Sweetness and power: the place of sugar in modern history. New York, New York: Penguin Books.
The Cold War of the communist and the capitalist countries gay way to spying worldwide, together with the political and military meddling in the inside matters of the poor countries. Some of these developments led to a negative consequence which called for much of the distrust and uncertainty towards the government that came after the cold war. Examples of these outcomes are the serious reaction of the Soviet Union towards the famous uprising against communism, which included the Hungarian evolution of 1965, also the invasion in 1961 of the Cuban Bay of Pigs by the U.S. And the Czechoslovakia's Prague Spring in 1968. The lie of Dwight D. Eisenhower, president of the U.S. In 1960, about the extent of the U2 episode led to an even greater distrust amongst the public against the government (Eisenstadt, 1956).
The establishment in the U.S. was disintegrated into political and military framework after…
Bellah, Robert. "New Religious Consciousness and the Crisis of Modernity." In The New Religious Consciousness, edited by Charles dock and Robert Wuthnow, 1976.
Braungart, Margaret M. And Richard C. Braungart. "The Life-Course Development of Left- and Right-Wing Youth Activist Leaders from the 1960s." Political Psychology, 1990, 11:243-82.
DeMartini, Joseph R. "Social Movement Participation, Political Socialization, Generational Consciousness, and Lasting Effects." 1983, Youth atul Society 15:195-223.
Dunham, Charlotte Chorn, and Vern L. Bengtson, "The Long-Term Effects of Political. Activism on Intergenerational Relations." Youth and Society, 1992, 24:31-51.
" (2003) During the 1850s ilbao was drastically changed by rapid industrialization and by the 1860s planned was a new city in which the former method of building houses without a design for the streets was changed and "the new area of planned prosperity was more orderly." (Zulaika, 2003) Zulaika states that the:
central economic ideology was utilitarian laissez-faire - industry should be self-regulated and government reduced to a minimum. The maximum good would come through the unregulated, self-aggrandizing effort of every individual. With the pecuniary reward the only measure of social value, and with profit the only controlling agent, gross social inequalities took root." (Zulaika,2003)
It is related by Zulaika, that these "techniques of agglomeration" stretched across all sectors of life at work including the English factor waterpower system to the steam engine of Watts and the transportation system of the railroad with ilbao and other port cities playing…
Trask, Robert Lawrence (1997) the History of Basque. Routledge. Google Books. Online available at http://books.google.com/books?id=ZZo2gW3fJKgC&dq=Bilbao:+Basque+cultural+history&lr=&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0
Zulaika, Joseba (2003) Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa: Museums, Architecture and City Renewal. University of Nevada Press 2003.
Wolf, Eric (1982) Industrial Revolution (Chapter 9, Europe and the People without History) University of California Press, Berkeley, 1982: in Zuliaka
Wolf, Eric (1982) Industrial Revolution (Chapter 9, Europe and the People without History) University of California Press, Berkeley, 1982: in Zuliaka, Joseba (2003) Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa: Museums, Architecture and City Renewal. University of Nevada Press 2003
While it was possible for Dolores to understand the plight of the asque people, to desire that they receive the freedom to speak their own language, maintain their own culture and be a self-determining nation of people, at the same time, for Dolores, the means simply did not justify the ends. History relates that even a twelve-year period of time was not enough time to dissipate the extremist type of revenge that the ETA is known for perpetrating upon those who oppose them and specifically those which this group views as traitorous to their cause. For a group that is so vehemently in support of their own right to be a group that is self-determined this group certainly did remove that choice when the life of Dolores Gonzalez was so heinously ended in front of her innocent child.
Mart'nez-Herrera, Enric (2002) Nationalist Extremism and Outcomes of State Policies in…
Mart'nez-Herrera, Enric (2002) Nationalist Extremism and Outcomes of State Policies in the Basque Country, 1979-2001, International Journal on Multicultural Societies, Vol. 4, No. 1, http://www.unesco.org/most/vl4n1martinez.pdf
Hooper, John. 'The Basques.' In the New Spaniards. London: Penguin, 2006. 231-51.
Arregi, Joseba I. And Crull, Adnra (1996) Basque Nationalism and the Spanish State in 1995. Fourth World Bulletin, Spring/Summer 1996. Online available at http://carbon.cudenver.edu/public/fwc/Issue10/Europe/basque-1.html.
Nationalism (nd) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Online available at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nationalism/ .