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The two institutions that Mark Twain attacks and ridicules in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn -- that will be critiqued in this paper -- are religion and government. There are multiple examples of Twain's brilliant use of his narrative and dialogue to illustrate how he really feels about religion and about government. The novel that Twain produced has been used in schools all over the United States because of the many themes that embrace social realities in the 19th century, but his use of irony, parody, satire and even silliness had important impacts on the novel and on his legacy as one of the great authors in American history. Thesis: Through his characters and his dialogue, there is no doubt that Mark Twain was editorially lampooning and outright attacking the institutions of religion and government in 19th century America; this was both intentional and editorially important to the…
Grols-Langenhoff, B. (2006). Social Criticism in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Santa Cruz, CA: GRIN Verlag.
Reichardt, M.R., and Pearce, J. (2009). Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: With an Introduction
and Contemporary Criticism. San Francisco, CA: Ignatius Press.
Scharnhorst, G. (2009). Mark Twain's Relevance Today. ZUSAs Occasional Paper No. 6.
This experience had a profound effect on Huck, as he claimed that "It made me so sick I most fell out of the tree. I ain't a going to tell all that happened" (Twain 226). Huck sees more and more people being killed as he matures and comes to be certain that he does not want to be a member of a society where people see nothing wrong in killing others for reasons that are not necessarily important.
Readers are provided with a succinct image of the world as Huck travels down the river and they mature alongside of him as they acknowledge many things that are wrong with society. Pap stands as the perfect example of the social order, considering that he initially seems that he actually wants to change but fails to do so in the end. It appears that Huck is the only individual who can really…
Champion, Laurie ed., the Critical Response to Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991)
Durst Johnson, Claudia, Understanding Adventures of Huckleberry Finn a Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996)
Mensh, Harry and Mensh, Elaine Black, White, and Huckleberry Finn: Re-Imagining the American Dream (Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2000)
Pinsker, Sanford "Huckleberry Finn and the Problem of Freedom," the Virginia Quarterly Review 77.4 (2001)
The funeral [for Jean] has begun...The scene is the library in the Langdon homestead. Jean's coffin stands where her mother and I stood, forty years ago, and were married; and where Susy's coffin stood thirteen years ago; where her mother's stood five years and a half ago; and where mine will stand after a little time." A little time indeed: Twain died on April 21, 1910.
Another health issue: Twain on smoking and the University of ochester's use of Twain's writing
In his What is Man? And Other Essays book (pp. 216-219), one hundred and fifty years before there would be any reliable information on the link between cancer and tobacco use, Twain talks about superstitions and interesting habits regarding tobacco, and quips, "...me, who came into the world asking for a light." He pokes fun at those who thinks they know what a good cigar should taste like, and…
Browne, Ray B. "Mark Twain and Medicine: 'Any Mummery Will Cure'." Journal of American Culture 27 (2004): 243-245.
Budd, Louis J. (ed.). Mark Twain: Collected Tales, sketches, Speeches and Essays 1852-
1890. New York: The Library of America, 1992.
Budd, Louis J. (ed.). Critical Essays on Mark Twain, 1887-1910. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1982.
Mark Twain, The Riverboat Pilot,
In his American classic Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain relates the adventures of Huck Finn and his companion Jim in such a way that the reader can sense that the story is based on true events, especially through characterization, setting and dialog. In essence, Twain has inserted himself into the novel via some very clever plot constructions and one of the best examples of this can be found in his descriptions of life on the Mississippi River as it relates to Huck Finn and Jim. However, Twain has also inserted his own experiences as a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River into the story, a suggestion that can be supported via numerous extracts from the novel.
In his American classic Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain relates the adventures of Huck Finn and his companion Jim in such a way that the reader can sense that…
Johnson, Allen and Dumas Malone, Eds. Dictionary of American Biography. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.
Kaplan, Fred. The Singular Mark Twain: A Biography. New York: Doubleday, 2003.
Kunitz, Stanley J. And Howard Haycraft, Eds. American Authors, 1600 to 1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1938.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York: Bantam Books, 1989.
Huck even sounds more like Jim than the other characters in the work in terms of his dialect, and the fact that he pretends Jim is his father underlines the degree to which the two of them are bound in a relationship. The NAACP national headquarters' current position endorses the book: "You don't ban Mark Twain-you explain Mark Twain! To study an idea is not necessarily to endorse the idea. Mark Twain's satirical novel, Huckleberry Finn, accurately portrays a time in history -- the nineteenth century -- and one of its evils, slavery" (Huckleberry Finn, PBS, 2011). Twain was a product of his society, but he was also a critic of it, and his ironic language enables the reader to appreciate nuances in his satire of racism that perhaps even many of Twain's contemporary readers did not fully understand.
"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." Teacher's Guide. PBS.
"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." Teacher's Guide. PBS.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/cultureshock/teachers/huck/aboutbook.html [August 5, 2011]
Burns, Ken, Dayton Duncan, and Geoffrey Ward. "The Life That Shaped Mark Twain's Anti-
Slavery Views." American Federation of Teachers, Fall 2002.
Mark Twain's realism in fully discovered in the novel The adventures of Huckleberry Finn, book which is known to most of readers since high school, but which has a deeper moral and educational meaning than a simple teenage adventure story. The simplicity of plot and the events that are described in the book look to be routine for provincial life of Southerners in the middle of the 19th century. But in reality, the problems touched are deeper and more expanded as they refer to nearly every sphere of society's life of that epoch.
I'm not sure that any other writer had shown such a full encyclopedia of American life in 1840 ies -- 1850 ies in just one of his novels. But Mark Twain succeeded to show the conflict of an individual and society, slavery issues, immorality and bigotry of "civilized" society, religious, Philistine and racial prejudices of Southerners, problems…
Mark Twain, The adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Penguin Classics1999
Mensh, Elaine Black, White, and Huckleberry Finn: Re-Imagining the American Dream University of Alabama Press, 2000 p.34
Daniel G. Hoffman From "Black Magic -- and White -- in Huckleberry Finn," Article in Mark Twain: A Collection of Critical Essays Book by Henry Nash Smith; Prentice-Hall, 1963 p.101
Champion, Laurie The Critical Response to Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn Book; Greenwood Press, 1991 p.140
Mark Twain wrote about a trip to Europe and the Middle East in his book Innocents Abroad, and in the course of the book he also reveals much that he observes about American foreign policy in the broadest sense. This means not so much about foreign policy as it is thought of with reference to the policies of the American government but more about the source of such policy, meaning the attitudes of the American people toward foreign climes. On the one hand, Twain criticizes certain behavior on the part of his fellow-travelers which shows them to be arrogant toward as well as somewhat ignorant about many of the regions through which they travel. On the other hand, Twain himself shows many of these same traits as he also assumes the superiority of anything American over anything foreign.
The Innocents Abroad is a book that started as a series of…
Kravitz, Bennett. "There's No Place Like Home: 'Geographies of the [American] Mind' in The Innocents Abroad." American Studies International 35(2)(June 1997), 52-76.
Richler, Mordecai. "The Innocents Abroad' or the New Pilgrim's Progress." New Criterion 14(9)(May 1996), 10-18.
Twain, Mark. Innocents Abroad. New York: Greystone, 1922.
wain did receive some harsh criticism for including a freed slave as one of the central characters of the book: a character wain called Nigger Jim. Yet Adventures of Huckleberry Finn contains resolute messages about social power and race relations.
he title character runs away as a child, dissatisfied and disillusioned with poverty and with what Huckleberry Finn refers to as "sivilized" life. Finn states in the opening chapter about Aunt Polly: "she would sivilize me; but it was rough living in the house all the time, considering how dismal regular and decent the widow was in all her ways; and so when I couldn't stand it no longer I lit out." Huckleberry Finn decries conventional morality too: "hat is just the way with some people. hey get down on a thing when they don't know nothing about it," (Chapter 1). he character of Old hatcher reveals the strong social…
Twain's fiction had not received much critical acclaim until he published the Adventures of Tom Sawyer and especially Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. In fact, the latter book is what made Mark Twain iconic among American writers. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is known as "one of the greatest American works of art," and has been lauded by Twain's contemporaries including Ernest Hemingway ("Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,"). Twain did receive some harsh criticism for including a freed slave as one of the central characters of the book: a character Twain called Nigger Jim. Yet Adventures of Huckleberry Finn contains resolute messages about social power and race relations.
The title character runs away as a child, dissatisfied and disillusioned with poverty and with what Huckleberry Finn refers to as "sivilized" life. Finn states in the opening chapter about Aunt Polly: "she would sivilize me; but it was rough living in the house all the time, considering how dismal regular and decent the widow was in all her ways; and so when I couldn't stand it no longer I lit out." Huckleberry Finn decries conventional morality too: "That is just the way with some people. They get down on a thing when they don't know nothing about it," (Chapter 1). The character of Old Thatcher reveals the strong social commentary woven throughout the novel, embodying the Old South that clings to racism and slavery: "They call that govment! A man can't get his rights in a govment like this. Sometimes I've a mighty notion to just leave the country for good and all," (Chapter 6).
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." Retrieved Mar 5, 2009 at http://etext.virginia.edu/railton/huckfinn/huchompg.html
Mark Twain's short but entertaining story entitled The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County is an interesting tale that presents many useful arguments for dialogue. The purpose of this essay is to explore this short story and discuss the realistic and humorous aspects of this literature. This essay will present an argument that suggests that Twain's story is mostly symbolical and the literary techniques used in the writing of this story are used to help disguise a more secret meaning of the story.
Once the reader is warned by the narrator about the dubious circumstances of visiting Wheeler, we should recognize that Twain is taking us for a ride with an unknown destination. This use of humor, to set up the reader, is very effective and eventually when the anti-climactic ending is revealed, the true humor of the absurdity of this tale is shown.
How real is this…
Twain, Mark. The Celebrated Frog of Calaveras County. The Celebrated Frog of Calaveras County and Other Sketches, 1867. Edited by Angel Price November 1996. Web. http://twain.lib.virginia.edu/projects/price/frog.htm
Mark Twain, "Turning Point"
In "The Turning-Point of My Life," Mark Twain confesses that "the most important feature of my life is its literary feature" (Twain, ii). Although Twain's literary output is perhaps best remembered for fiction like Huckleberry Finn, "The Turning-Point of My Life" is a work of non-fictional memoir. However "The Turning-Point of My Life" utilizes a specific literary device to accomplish much of its storytelling goals. This is the literary device of irony, which can be loosely defined as saying one thing but meaning another, while expecting the reader to note the two different senses and react, frequently with laughter. Irony is, of course, not invariably funny -- many tragedies, like the story of Oedipus, are built upon a larger ironic structure which hardly makes us laugh. But the most important thing, according to literary scholar ayne Booth, is that the author and reader both recognize that…
Booth, Wayne C. A Rhetoric of Irony. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974. Print.
Tarnoff, Ben. "Mark Twain's Eternal Chatter." New Yorker, Nov 13, 2013. Web. Accessed at: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/books/2013/11/the-eternal-chatter-of-the-autobiography-of-mark-twain-volume-2.html
Twain, Mark. "The Turning-Point of My Life." Classic Lit. Web. Accessed at: http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/mtwain/bl-mtwain-turning.htm
Mark Twain's "Pudd'nhead Wilson"
Mark Twain began The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson and The Comedy of Those Extraordinary Twins as an examination of Siamese caught in a farce, but as it developed, it morphed into the tragic story of with the introduction of a stranger and detective by the moniker of "Pudd'nhead Wilson." The story centers around the slave woman passing as a Free white named Roxy, who, with her "son" Tom, becomes involved in a murder trial in which her "true" identity as a "negro" is discovered by the novel use of finger printing. (Chapter Two.) In doing so, while they are freed of any incrimination in the trial of Judge Driscoll, they are restored to the ante-bellum society into which they were born with legislated discrimination. Pudd'nhead Wilson is another of Twain's classic social commentaries, with an ambiguous questioning of the status-quo that leads to a varied cadre…
Barringer, Paul B. The American Negro: His Past and Future. Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton, 1900.
"Pudd'n Head Wilson." The American Monthly Review of Reviews. January, 1894.
Williams, Martha McCulloch. "In Re 'Pudd'nhead Wilson.'" Southern Magazine. February, 1894.
Tom Sawyer, the 'good' rapscallion who only plays at the dark life of a wild boy torments Jim before revealing the fact that Jim is free. Tom does not understand the true meaning of freedom, and so he engages in a kind of sick adolescent joke when Jim is being held captive by Tom's relatives the Phelps.
Over and over again the novel mocks hypocrisy and ignorance: for example, the young Grangerford girl who died young and sketched beautiful and morbid works of art lived in a world where families would pray and shoot themselves. The Shakespearean actors who pretend to have culture (they call themselves the 'duke' and the 'dauphin') attempt to extort the money from the kindly ilks only meet their comeuppance because of Huck's revelation of their schemes. People who make pretences of either faith or aristocracy thus rot in the lowest pits of Twain's hell.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Full e-text available October 9, 2009 at http://etext.virginia.edu/twain/huckfinn.html
Ark Twain and Paul Laurence Dunbar, ace and the Politics of Memory
It is a confirmed fact that even the most rudimentary foundations of racial equality within the United States, as it specifically applies to African-Americans and to Caucasians, did not occur until the midway point of the 20th century when the Civil ights movement began in earnest and advances towards a full-fledged integration were made. It is also noted within Fishkin's text that there were a number of ex-slaves who were decidedly nostalgic regarding the institution of chattel slavery of which they were a part. These slaves perhaps fancied the feeling of the lash on the back, or the welcome sight of their supposed masters raping, torturing, and killing women at their whim while such slaves were powerless to stop them. Or perhaps they simply had privileged positions of fetching the food and cleaning the filth of slave owners…
Fishkin, Shelley. "Race and the Politics of Memory': Mark Twain and Paul Laurence Dunbar." Journal of American Studies Vol. 40, No. 2 (Aug., 2006) pp. 283-309. JSTOR. Cambridge University Press.
Oswald, Emily. " 'Imagining Race': Illustrating the Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar." Book History Vol 9, (2006), pp. 213-233. JSTOR. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
t would be very difficult to find a really clever "situation" in Cooper's books, and still more difficult to find one of any kind which has failed to be rendered absurd by his handling of it."
t is difficult to understand why Twain had displayed such serious animosity against Cooper when others had been sympathetic to his work but Twain does a good job of making a strong case against Cooper's books. He gives examples from Cooper's work to justify his caustic criticism. He finds Cooper lacking in all areas of literary arts including dialogue as Twain writes: "Cooper was certainly not a master in the construction of dialogue. naccurate observation defeated him here as it defeated him in so many other enterprises of his life. He even failed to notice that the man who talks corrupt English six days in the week must and will talk it on seventh,…
In the year 1895, Mark Twain wrote the acerbic essay on James Fenimore Cooper's books criticizing him rather ruthlessly for his numerous literary offenses. From the very beginning of the essay, it was clear that Twain seriously disliked the romantic tradition in writing. He was not particularly against Cooper; he was against the Romantic Movement for taking liberties with literary rules. Twain's chagrin was grounded simply in Cooper's inability to follow the rules as he asserted that in his work Deerslayer, the writer had "committed 114 offenses against literary art out of a possible 115." Twain's biting remarks did not end there. He examined almost 15 of the most commonly used literary devices or skills and charged Cooper with violating all of these. He also criticized others who had anything positive to say about Cooper's work. At one point, he mentions Brander Matthews who had said that Cooper's books "reveal an extraordinary fullness of invention." Twain took great offence to this positive comment and made a biting mockery of it: "Bless your heart, Cooper hadn't any more invention than a horse; and I don't mean a high-class horse, either; I mean a clothes-horse. It would be very difficult to find a really clever "situation" in Cooper's books, and still more difficult to find one of any kind which has failed to be rendered absurd by his handling of it."
It is difficult to understand why Twain had displayed such serious animosity against Cooper when others had been sympathetic to his work but Twain does a good job of making a strong case against Cooper's books. He gives examples from Cooper's work to justify his caustic criticism. He finds Cooper lacking in all areas of literary arts including dialogue as Twain writes: "Cooper was certainly not a master in the construction of dialogue. Inaccurate observation defeated him here as it defeated him in so many other enterprises of his life. He even failed to notice that the man who talks corrupt English six days in the week must and will talk it on seventh, and can't help himself. In the Deerslayer story, he lets Deerslayer talk the showiest kind of book-talk sometimes, and at other times the basest of base dialects."
In short Twain was severely displeased with Cooper's work and the entire Romantic tradition. He felt that Cooper's work had no purpose and it ended nowhere. Twain was a respected critic of his times and we can only assume that his criticism of Cooper was based on something more than personal dislike.
Mark Twain talks mostly about the river and his experiences as a steamboat captain, but much of what he says also applies to the rest of life. The lesson about life that he makes has to do with how people see things for the first time and how they see them after they are used to them. When he first saw the river he was amazed by its beauty and everything was new and fascinating to him. After he had to spend a great deal of time on the river as a steamboat captain he ceased to see the wonder and awe in much of the beauty that the river held and eventually he would cease to notice it altogether. Instead, he would only be looking for the problems that might underlie some of the things he noticed about the river and would not see the beauty anymore.
She was 24 when she died and Twain never lived in the house again (Literature 1835-1910, n.d).
Like many authors that lived in his day, Twain had very little formal education. His education was obtained in the print shops and newspaper offices where he worked as a boy. By the time he was 18, he had served an apprenticeship as a printer at his brother Orion's paper and written a humorous sketch, The Dandy Frightening the Squatter, which was published in The Carpet Bag, a New York periodical. He continued to work as a humor writer under such pseudonyms as Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass, . Epaminandos Adrastus Blab, Sergeant Fathom, and Josh (Literature 1835-1910, n.d).
Although Twain has some financial comfort during his years in Hartford, he made some bad investments in new inventions, and was forced into bankruptcy. In an effort to save money and pay off their debts, Twain…
Byrne, William F. Realism, Romanticism, and Politics in Mark Twain. 27 July 2010, Highbeam,
Literature, 1835-1910. 27 July 2010, U.S. History, Web. n.d < http://www.u-s-
Mark Twain's use of satire in his novel "Huckleberry Finn."
SATIRE IN HUCKLEBERRY FINN
Satire is defined as literature in which vice and folly or certain human weaknesses are held up to ridicule, often with the purpose of instigating reform"
Mark Twain's uses satire and humor often in his novels, and "Huckleberry Finn" is no exception. His rich characters use their dialects and intellects to ridicule just about anything that Twain had strong feelings about. Early on, Huck is adamant in "refusing to learn about Moses because he 'don't take no stock in dead people' (Chapter I). Yet in this instance he argues for the usual meaning of the story and will not listen to a more down-to-earth interpretation"
That is just the beginning of what promises to be an enjoyable look at the world of the 1800s through Twain's twinkling eye. Indeed, we are warned…
http://www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=77054690"Bercovitch, Sacvan. "What's Funny about Huckleberry Finn." New England Review 20.1 (1999): 8-28. Johnson, Claudia Durst. Understanding Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Leonard, James S., Tenney, Thomas A., and Davis, Thadious M., eds. Satire Or Evasion? Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. Lewis, Stuart. "61 Twain's Huckleberry Finn, Chapter XIV." Explicator 30.7 (1972): 115-115.
A www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=21057199"Twain, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York P.F. Collier & Son Company, 1912.
Unknown. "Huckleberry Finn' in Concord." The New York Herald. 18 March 1885, p. 6. http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/twain/nyherald.html
man shows media has ever produced and, in any case, the original product of the genre, Mark Twain Tonight! with Hal Holbrook had an estimated thirty million viewers tuned in on March 6, 1967
and the show itself has already been performed, according to Hal Holbrook himself, for more than 2,000 times
In my opinion, it is by far the best impression of actually meeting Mark Twain that one may receive and "for many, Holbrook has become the "voice" of Mark Twain"
The first argument in defense of this statement is the fact that Holbrook has chosen to tell the story as an old man who remembers writing a certain book and thus developing the novels with which we have become so familiar. We can almost feel that we are sitting in Mark Twain's garden and are listening to his stories over a nice glass of lemonade.
There are three…
1. Dawidziak, Mark. Review. June 2000. On the Internet at http://www.yorku.ca/twainweb/reviews/holbrook.html
Dawidziak, Mark. Review. June 2000. On the Internet at http://www.yorku.ca/twainweb/reviews/holbrook.html
international student fancy words if . Thanks This completed time !!!
Document III, written by Mark Twain (also known as Samuel Clemens) provides readers with the opportunity to look at the event from the narrator's perspective. Clemens provides harsh criticism with regard to the way that the military conducted itself in those circumstances and seems to introduce a form of satire in the discussion with the purpose of emphasizing the tragic nature of events occurring there. The writer wanted to take people's attention away from information it saw in public reports in order to actually be able to understand the degree to which the U.S. army had harmed natives.
The Moro Crater massacre involved a military unit sent by the U.S. authorities to attack a village on Jolo island, the Philippines. Clemens intention in writing the document was to highlight the degree to which those in power were determined to…
Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson," by Mark Twain. Specifically, it will trace the different types of irony that Twain used in the book. What are they, and why did Twain use them? Twain's use of irony throughout Pudd'nhead Wilson vividly illustrates Twain's feelings on race, religion, and small town America, and helps bring his characters to life.
IONY IN PUDD'NHEAD WILSON
Be virtuous, and you will be eccentric." - Mark Twain
The story of Pudd'nhead Wilson seems simple enough at first glance. David "Pudd'nhead" Wilson comes to the small town of Dawson's Landing to begin a career as an attorney, but the townspeople do not understand him, or his sense of humor, and they ostracize him. He does not get work as an attorney, and has to take odd jobs around town. He has an interest in fingerprinting, and studies that in his off time.
Dawson's Landing is an idyllic town,…
Bellamy, Gladys Carmen. Mark Twain as a Literary Artist. 1st ed. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1950.
Briden, Earl F. "Persona and Humor in Mark Twain's Early Writings." College Literature, Vol. 25. 22 March 1998, pp 154(11).
Cox, James M. "Pudd'nhead Wilson Revisited." Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson: Race, Conflict, and Culture. Eds. Gillman, Susan, and Forrest G. Robinson. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990. 1-21.
Eschholz, Paul A. "Twain's the Tragedy of Pudd'Nhead Wilson." Explicator 31.8 (1973): 129-131.
MAK TWAIN'S 'THE STOY OF THE GOOD LITTLE BOY'
The objective of this study is to examine the author's statement about this theme and why it is so important to the story. This study will then trace the theme's development in the story.
Mark Twain, the pseudonym for Samuel Clemons writer of the work entitled "The Story of a Good Little Boy" is a widely acclaimed writer. In his work "The Story of a Good Little Boy," the primary character, a boy named Jacob Blivens, is in reality a very good little boy. (Twain "Good Little Boy," paraphrased) Jacob quickly comes to the realization that the good boys do not always get acknowledged for being good. The premise of Twain's story is that "that people who do good things are not always appreciated and rewarded." (Harrell, p. 1) This is very true in today's world and must have been the…
Twain, M. (nd) The Story of the Good Little Boy. Retrieved from: http://twain.lib.virginia.edu/tomsawye/mtgoodboy.html
Harrell, R. (2011) Mark Twain's "The Story of a Good Little Boy" 12 Apr 2011. Retrieved from: www.washburn.edu/sobu/broach/goodboy.html
Clemens, Samuel, Mark Twain's Autobiography. Vol. 1. Ed. Albert Paine. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1924. Print.
Clemens, Samuel, Mark Twain's Autobiography. Vol. 2. Ed. Albert Paine. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1924. Print.
How can God satisfy both participants in the conflict?
Twain's moral is that the religious rhetoric used to justify war and the merging of patriotism and faith is always suspect. Each side believes that his or her cause and nation is just. During wartime, prayers 'cancel one another out' and show the hypocrisy of the inflated, one-sided view of warfare expressed in propaganda. It is easy to see Twain's message reflected in real life, particularly in the cases of ethnic conflicts where participants are pitted in age-old hatreds and use religion as a justification for their crimes. Such was the case of the Bosnians vs. The Serbs and the Protestants vs. The Catholics of Northern Ireland. To pray for victory in war, points out Twain's old man, is to pray for the death of other people: "If you pray for the blessing of rain upon your crop which needs it,…
Mysterious Stranger" by Mark Twain. The version often studied in colleges is a heavily edited version of Mark Twain's original writing. This paper will research the differences in the original writing and the edited version, including how his personal tragedies took a toll on Twain's mental health. The version edited by Paine/Duneka was an attempt to save Twain's public image. Was this because of his mental state? Did this mental state affect his writing of "The Mysterious Stranger?"
TWAIN AND THE "MYSTEIOUS STANGE"
Mark Twain wrote "The Mysterious Stranger" at the end of his life, and near the conclusion of a long and renowned career. Known for his biting sarcasm and supreme wit, Twain was an American legend by the time this story was published in 1916, six years after his death. Immediately, it seems to deviate from his other works, for the subject is certainly dark and evil compared…
Brooks, Van Wyck. The Ordeal of Mark Twain. London E.P. Dutton & Company, 1920.
Covici, Pascal. Mark Twain's Humor: The Image of a World. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press, 1962.
Emerson, Everett. The Authentic Mark Twain: A Literary Biography of Samuel L. Clemens. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984.
Hudson, E. Long. Mark Twain Handbook. New York: Hendricks House, 1957.
Unpublished Works of Mark Twain: A iographical
Historical, New Historical Criticism and Account
On the night Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born - the 30th of November 1835 - Halley's comet was blazing spectacularly across the autumn sky. And although he was born two months prematurely, a frail little runt, and his mother said, "I could see no promise in him," she nonetheless expressed a hope that Halley's comet was a "bright omen" for her baby boy. Her wish came true in a sensational way. Little could Jane Lampton Clemens have known that her sickly newborn would become a blazing superstar sensation in his own right, a literary luminary and the unchallenged supernova of American society, the likes of which had never been seen - and may never be witnessed on this planet again.
Samuel Clemens fashioned his own creative - and often chaotic - cosmos wherever he went, and he…
Budd, Louis J. Our Mark Twain: The Making of his Public Personality. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Hoffman, Andrew. Inventing Mark Twain: The Lives of Samuel Langhorne Clemens.
New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1997.
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. The orks Cited two sources in MLA format.
Reading The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
For all voracious readers who have an insatiable thirst for serious, entertaining, enthralling and mature reading, popular names like illiam Shakespeare, Charles Dickens and Mark Twain are not only familiar but also all-time favorites of many. After The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Mark Twain introduced another thought-provoking yet highly gripping sequel of the masterpiece titled The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, that is avidly taught in schools, remains on all library shelves and is a great and a fast-paced read to date. This analytical as well as an argumentative paper revolves around the following thesis statement:
The masterwork The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is a humorous story addressing highly debatable issues and soon became an extremely controversial magnum opus. It is a scholarly piece of writing that…
Twain M., The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: The Norton Anthology of American Literature Volume C. Page 219, Penguin USA (Paper) Publishers; ISBN: 0140390464
Zwick J. Huckleberry Finn Debated. Retrieved March 9, 2003 from: http://www.boondocksnet.com/twainwww/hf_debate.html
Mark Twain was a great writer with perfect blend of wit and humor. While his work focused on the humorous aspects of every day life, he would often bring a touch of earthly wisdom to it, thus perfecting the art of story telling. Twain would often use the latest trends of his time and base a story on them in such a manner that it would give a whole new dimension to the original idea. This is what he did in Pudd'nhead Wilson too. In this novel Pudd'n head is the word used for the leading character of the novel, a man named David Wilson. While his real profession is that of a surveyor, the man is interested in other things as well such as palmistry. But for some odd reason, he becomes interested in finger marks and decides to save people's fingerprints to see each one was…
JAMES THOMPSON, Mark Twain: Pudd'nhead Wilson. Vol. 10, The World & I, 11-01-1995, pp 290
Alexander Nguyen, THE SOULS OF WHITE FOLK. The American Prospect: Volume: 11. Issue: 17. Publication Date: July 31, 2000.
Meese's use of the word "guilty" is incorrect, as he presumes that any arrested person is ipso facto guilty. His last sentence is also fallacious, as he presumes that any suspect is a guilty person. Meese's presumption is wrong because suspect is a suspect and through a due court process may be proven either innocent or guilty.
2. What does Meese assume to be true as a major premise?
It is hard to figure out what Meese assumes to be true since his statement is incoherent and contradictory. However, the ending of the statement suggests that innocent people are never going to be suspect and arrested. Therefore, all arrested people are ipso facto guilty. But this is also uncertain since Meese says that innocent suspects have the right to have a lawyer before being questioned. Either Meese's understanding of a "suspect" is different or has several meanings, or Meese's own…
Positive Effects of Reading
Mark Twain, a notorious writer and traveler, once said, "The man who doesn't read good books has no advantage over the man who can't read them." This statement is true on so many levels. The benefits of reading are incredible. Through reading, a greater interest is developed in many subjects, comprehension and memory are dramatically improved, analytical and critical skills are focused and one's ability to come to a conclusion about the information that is read is enhanced.
Many people get so caught up in their hectic, daily schedules that they forget or never discover the joys of reading. In my opinion, this is a terrible shame, as reading brings so many positive elements into my life. In some ways, reading can be light, fun and surprising; in other ways, it can be serious and highly informative.
In today's society, there are so many choices for…
Adventures of Tom Sawyer," by Mark Twain
The novel "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" by Mark Twain is a narrative of the adventures and events in the life of Tom Sawyer, a young, mischievous man who lives in St. Petersburg, Missouri. Apart from the adventurous events in the life of Tom, one of the most noticeable and interesting element that Twain uses in order to give character to Tom's portrayal in the novel is his liberal use of speech. Tom's speech is mainly made up of exclamatory statements and slang words, factors that reflect Tom's dynamic character in the novel. Similarly, Mark Twain also assumes an interesting, yet serious tone as the narrator of Tom's life story. Through Twain's character as Narrator, the author was able to give 'life' and consistently illuminate Tom's character and life parallel to his use of speech. These two styles that Twain uses in the…
Twain, M. "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer." New York: Penguin Books. 1994.
" In it, he showed a poor boy and a rich boy (the Prince), who exchanged places and found that they each preferred to live in the life to which they had been born. Still, each learned from the other's life and the outcome was not what the Sunday School books had all written. The rich Prince "lived only a few years," but he lived them worthily.
In conclusion, Mark Twain was saying in his Story of the Good Little Boy, it is in a situation where one might expect to find reward that one finds punishment, and it is not how one's religion wants one to live that one finds reward and satisfaction. Also, the authorities in his Story did not exercise justice, so this was another disappointment for the reader, again coming to the conclusion that religion was not the answer to life's problems. It did no good…
Library of Congrress. "America's Story from America's Library." Website at: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/gilded.
PBS, "Andrew Carnegie: The Gilded Age." Website at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/gildedage.html .
Twain, Mark. "Poor Little Stephen Girard," in Carleton's Popular Readings, Anna Randall-Diehl, ed., New York, 1879, 183-84.
Twain, Mark. The Gilded Age. New York: Classic Literature Library. 1873.
Suspense: Find examples of suspense in chapter 24-30. What do these events cause a reader to feel anxious for Huck? Is he ever in real danger?
Suspense is maintained throughout the Wilks scam by wondering whether the increasing inventions of the King and the Duke will still enable them to maintain their con game, and then whether the mounting threat of mob violence will claim their lives, or even possibly Huck's. If there is a moment when Huck may face real danger, it is when the mob forms to demand justice.
As a reader, do you feel anxious for the Duke or the king? Why or why not?
The Duke's and king's situation in these chapters is precarious. The Wilks scam seems unlikely to pan out and brings out the worst in them both -- Huck says their behavior makes him "ashamed of the human race." But the…
They are so shrouded in mental and spiritual darkness, say the oppressors that they require outside assistance in the form of religious missionaries and military personnel. Christianity and the armies that propagate it are here to help the "Persons Sitting in Darkness," to save them from themselves. Thus, Twain uses the printed word to demonstrate how American foreign policy is founded on principles of social Darwinism and thinly concealed racism.
Throughout "To the Person Sitting in Darkness," Twain concentrates on lambasting the notion that America stands for freedom, liberty, and Civilization. According to Twain, these concepts are "only for Export." Moreover, they are costly. Twain makes sure to bring up the financial motives for American political maneuvers: "The Actual Thing that the Customer Sitting in Darkness buys with his blood and tears and land and liberty." The word "Customer" drives home the point that money, not concern for the well…
His decision that Jim is worthy of the same consideration as any other man is not only a sign of Huck's growth, but a direct statement that Twain was making to the people reading his book in a very racially divisive time.
Twain also makes many broader statements about humanity in the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The book is full of many characters who take advantage of others, like the Duke and the King, people who hate and fight senselessly, like the Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons, and even honorable seeming men like Colonel Sherburn, who despite an eloquent speech about honor and the common man's cowardice shot and killed a defenseless drunk. Huck has a major epiphany when he sees the Duke and King, who have betrayed Huck and everyone else they met, tarred and feathered. Despite their actions against him and their obvious lack of regard for others, Huck…
Notorious Jumping Frog
Mark Twain's iconic story "The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is one of the most entertaining and interesting examples of a tall tale. Twain uses the tools of literature expertly, weaving human and irony into the narrative with his usual style and flair.
The narrator is obviously from the east, an educated person, and Simon heeler, the man being interviewed by the narrator, is from the wild west. Right away there are two cultures interacting, and in effect the two cultures are in conflict, which is traditional between eastern and western values at this point in the settling of the United States. The frontier is an unknown concept to genteel, civilized persons from the east so there is a juxtaposition and a conflict of cultures set up at the beginning, making irony and humor a likely outcome with Twain.
The potential for irony is there. Irony…
Twain, Mark. "The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County." Retrieved September 9,
2011, from http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/jumpingfrog.html.
He had the whitest shirt on you ever see, too, and the shiniest hat" (Twain, 37); "They said he was a p'fessor in a college, and could talk all kinds of languages, and knowed everything. nd that ain't the wust. They said he could vote when he was at home" (idem). The white man who considered his white ancestry all it took to make him better than any black person, regardless of whatever qualities he or she may have had, is the very expression of a society that was gravely affected by the gangrene of slavery and would bear the scars of segregation for almost another century after the bolition ct had been passed.
Twain's choice for the time setting of his novel proved to be well thought and pointed at those who were still blinded by the slightest shade of dark on the skin of their fellow countrymen. Mentalities…
Another striking scene is revealed by the discussion between Huck and the runaway Jim, the slaved owned by the widow Douglas. Jim is telling his story about the fourteen dollars he once had and lost, first by making the wrong decision of investing ten of them in a cow who died. After he tells Huck the whole story of how he came to loose all of his money, he concludes: "Yes; en I's rich now, come to look at it. I owns mysef, en I's wuth eight hund'd dollars. I wisht I had de money, I wouldn' want no mo'" (Twain, 65).
The comparison between owning a cow and owning oneself and Jim's consideration of being rich based on his former value as a slave and not on his value as a human being are words that should be engraved on the stone wall of every school. Twain was right to choose a period in history that left the American people with numerous things to be proud of, but also with one of the worst and most unfortunate aspects of its inheritance: slavery and after that, segregation.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Collier & Son. 1918
However, this label can only be loosely applied to Tom, as society accepts that the scoundrel will grow out of him, given his proper upbringing.
Second, dangerous scoundrels often seem humorous, but the danger they pose cannot be underestimated. The most blaring examples of dangerous scoundrels in the novel are Pap, Huck's father, and the Duke and the Dauphin. Pap is a drunk who has a reputation for causing trouble. If he were simply a drunk, however, he would be classified as a societal scoundrel. Instead, he is a dangerous man who beats his son and takes advantage of him for his money. Twain clearly disapproves of Pap, as his actions toward Huck, despite Huck's desire to have a family are abysmal. Twain's judgment against Pap is avenged as dies early on in the novel, although the reader and Huck do not know about it until the end. In addition…
Herein is composed a character who captures the internal conflict that would identify America on its path to Civil ar.
In Twain's work, Huck emerges as a figure whose behavior and ideology are stimulated by a discomfort with the circumstances constraining him. Though painted as a portrait of one young man, the adventures which give the novel its title are actually a series of events wherein Huck brazenly flouts the standards which had given the pre-Civil ar delta its cultural outlook. His flight to freedom is guided by the juxtaposed but equally inapt incarcerations which he endured both at the pious hands of the idow Douglas and the abusive hands of his drunken father. Certainly, his staged death and his river-raft escape here would be explicit forms of active protest to the church-going morality of the former and the violent authority of the latter. In both, we see the religious…
Chopin, Kate. (1898). The Storm. About Literature. Online at http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/kchopin/bl-kchop-thestorm.htm
Eliot, T.S. (1917). The Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock. The Egoist.
Robinson, E.A. (1921). Mr. Flood's Party. Web Books. Online at http://www.web-books.com/Classics/Poetry/Anthology/Robinson_E/MrFlood.htm
Twain, Mark. (1884). The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Charles L. Webster and Co.
Narrative Style of Twain's The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn
The entire structure of the novel is one of frustrated attempt to escape from restrictions only to find the refuge susceptible to invasion and destruction.
Huckleberry Finn himself is the most American of heroes: he is the boy-man in a male world... And solitary -- alone even among others. (Solomon, 175).
While the vast majority of critical analysis conducted on Mark Twain's The
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn focuses on the symbolic significance of the river within the overall narrative; few scholars have suggested that Huck himself may have been constructed in such a way as to evoke the emergence of America and the realization of its national identity. A youth filled with the spirit of rebellion, yearning to live free from the dominion of an arbitrary authority, self-sufficient and reliant on his own intelligence to guide him, Huckleberry Finn embodies the…
Sixty-hour weeks, no insurance, no compensation for injuries or overtime, and no pensions symbolized the workers' plight. And when the workers went on strike over the inequities, the government sided with the owners.
The mass society of the late nineteenth century had no diversity. It was a society in which the rich and powerful manipulated the existence of the politically and economically powerless mass through overwhelming mass production, mass communication, and mass distribution.
Examples (oyer 2, 2001) Mass production transformed the way Americans lived and worked at the beginning of the twentieth century. Thanks to its role in creating mass consumer culture (mass society), it constitutes a vital part of contemporary life. It was responsible for the dehumanizing assembly-line work of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century as well as the physical comfort enjoyed by most people in industrialized countries. The 1926 edition of the Encyclopedia ritannica…
Boyer, P.S. (2001). Early republic, era of the. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O119-EarlyRepublicEraofthe.html
Boyer, P.S. 2 (2001). Gilded age. Retrieved February 23 from encylcopedia. com, 2009, from The Oxford companion to U.S. history: h ttp:/ / www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O119-GildedAge.html
Calhoun, C.W. (2006). The Gilded Age: Perspectives on the origins of modern America. New York: Rowman and Littlefield. ( http://books.google.com/books?id=XrZTTCaCRAUC&printsec=frontcover ) enotes.com. (n.d.). Overview: 1900's. Retrieved February 25, 2009, from Enotes.com:
They are the same age but Buck's family is wealthy and, for all intents and purposes, he should be refined but he is not.
Twain uses satire with the Grangerfords by making fun of Emmeline, who keeps a notebook full of notations like car wrecks, other kinds of bad luck, and suffering because she would later use those records to compose poetry.
The Grangeford's are also used for Twain to point out the hypocrisy of people. They are "church goers" and one of Mr. Grangerford's sermons is about brotherly love yet his family is feuding with another family for a reason no one can remember.
Examples of imagery in Chapter 19 include the days and nights swimming by, sliding along slowly. e read about the bullfrogs "a-cluttering" (323) and the cool breeze "fanning" (323) their faces. The intent on this scene is to bring the woods alive for the reader.…
Clemens, Samuel. "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." The Heath Anthology of American
Literature. Lauter, Paul, ed. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company. 1990. Print.
Mark Twain, The Prince and the Pauper
Anno Domini 1544,
October the First
My dear Hugh,
It is with a heavy heart that I take up quill and inkpot to pen this sad missive, informing thee of the death of Miles thy brother during that recent battle between his majesty our most puissant sovereign King Henry the Eighth and his sworn enemy, that perifidious frog the Dauphin of France, which did of late take place in pitched battle at Boulogne-sur-Mer in the month of August, in the year of our lord 1544.
As doubtless thou hast heard at Hendon Hall, in the heat of summer His Majesty did command His Grace the Duke of Norfolk to raise the engines of siege so as to break the will of the French garrison in that wretched town, so close to the Channel which doth separate our blessed England from the…
Twain and Cooper
The following essay looks at Mark Twain's reaction to James Fennimore Cooper's writing, and more specifically at the praise given to Cooper by these people. The reader should take away that Twain was correct in what he wrote because he was structurally accurate. However, Twain slights Cooper in that he looks at his works from an only a structural standpoint. Cooper's works meant much more to American literature than the face value of the books. Cooper was an innovator as far as American literature went, and gave American writers a distinct voice.
At first the essay strikes of jealousy, but Twain seemed more irritated by what the critics overlooked than he was of Cooper's writing. The assignment was enjoyable because it speaks to the clear differences between a visionary writer and a more structural one. Twain is more of an engineer than a creator. He…
Huckleberry Finn and What Makes an American
What Makes Twain's Huckleberry Finn American?
"Those canonic ideals -- self-government, equal opportunity, freedom of speech and association, a belief in progress, were first proclaimed during the era of the evolution and the early republic and have developed more expansive meanings since then," these are the basic core ideals which make something truly American (Kazin & McCartin 1). The freedom to live as we want, say what we want, and govern ourselves -- these are what make us Americans in culture and ideology. In literature, these core elements are also often what define a book or character as truly American. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn adheres to the very ideals of what it is to be an American, which is what makes the work and its author truly Americanized in style and content.
One of the most important ideals in the concept of Americanism…
Jehlen, Myra. "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Classic American Literature." Banned in Concord. 1995. Web. http://www.dlackey.org/weblog/docs/Banned_in_Concord.pdf
Kazin, Michael & McCartin, Joseph Anthony. Americanism: New Perspectives on the History of an Ideal. University of North Carolina Press. 2006.
Twain, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Harper Bros. 1910.
This style is in stark contrast to the writing style of Mark Twain, despite the fact that both authors are examining the broader aspects of life through their individual characters.
Twain and James also differ in the level of emotionality that is attached to their work. Twain writes with a vibrant passion, seeing the world through the lenses of his wide-eyed protagonists. There is a clear emotional connection between Twain and his characters, and the stories that he is telling. James, on the other hand, seems rather detached from his stories and his characters, almost as if he is viewing them from a distance. His description of Daisy's death is completely detached, as is the dialogue between the characters themselves. For example, even when Mrs. Costello is gossiping about the relationship between the Millers and Eugenio, she seems very reserved and staid -- not at all as if she were…
James, Henry, "Daisy Miller" In Nina Baym, ed. The Norton Anthology: American Literature. (Shorter Seventh Edition; Volume 1) pp. 319-356
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Forgotten Books, 1925
In Mark Twain's Huckeberry Finn, the title character and escaped slave Jim bond together in their mutual quest for freedom. Neither knows where they are headed, but they do know where they have been and what they are running from. Both have endured a different type of slavery. Jim escapes from the actual legally sanctioned and racialized form of slavery; whereas Huck Finn is running from an abusive father who literally locks him up. Therefore, Huck Finn and his friend Jim are mirrors for each other as well as partners. It matters not that their backgrounds are different, and in spite of the overarching theme of race, the two friends bond psychologically in a mutually respectful and mutually protective relationship.
Huckleberry Finn and Jim go out of their ways to help one another while they are on the island, and after. There is no formal bond of loyalty…
Arac, J. (1992). Nationalism, hypercanonization, and Huckleberry Finn. Boundary 2, 19(1).
Chadwick-Joshua, J. (1998). The Jim Dilemma: Reading Race in Huckleberry Finn. University Press of Mississippi.
Jehlen, M. (1995). From Banned in Concord: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and classic American literature. In The Cambridge Companion to Mark Twain, Forrest G. Robinson ed. (Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1995)
Robinson, F.G. (1988). The characterization of Jim in Huckleberry Finn. Nineteenth Century Literature 43(3): Dec 1988.
Satan has many names in literature, beginning with the Bible, and they are not limited to the image that people have come to associate with his person. For example, Lucifer means "Angel of Light" (apparently the station from which he fell), but he has also been called "The Prince of the Power of the Air," "The Devil," "The Prince of Demons," and, more in line with the needs of this story, "Mephistopheles." He, or a character very like him, is seen as the central opposite of good in many legends, stories, religious writings and artistic depictions throughout history. It seems every culture has to believe in the dichotomous good and evil, so there has to be a primarily "good" character, and a primarily "bad" character. The two stories selected for this comparison contrast paper, Mark Twain's "The Mysterious Stranger" and Goethe's "Faust," use Satan as a central theme, but they…
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Faust: A Tragedy. Trans. Frank Claudy. Washington, D.C.: Wm. H. Morrison, Law Bookseller and Publisher, 1886. Print.
Twain, Mark. The Mysterious Stranger: A Romance. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1916. Print.
"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." This adage takes on various meanings according to context -- in the early twenty-first century, it will most likely be used to imply too much seriousness about schoolwork. But in the consideration of children's literature in the nineteenth century, we face the prospect of a society where child labor was actually a fact of life. e are familiar with the stereotypes that still linger on in the collective imagination, of young boys forced to work as chimney-sweeps or girls forced to labor in textile factories. But the simple fact is that between the present day and the emergence of children's literature as a category of its own, largely during the nineteenth century, there has been a widespread reform in labor practices and social mores which has altered the meaning of what "work" might mean for young Jack, or…
Alcott, Louisa May. Little Women. Edited with an introduction by Elaine Showalter. New York: Penguin Books, 1989. Print.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Edited with an introduction by John Seelye. New York: Penguin Books, 1986. Print.
Bad Experience ith a Priest:
comparison of the Catholicism aspects in Scott's Ivanhoe and Twain's a Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
In reading Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, one cannot deny that the blame for the collapse of Hank's new civilization falls on the Church. Throughout the novel, Twain paints a negative image of the Church and its priests. This negative image can also be found in Sir alter Scott's Ivanhoe. Scott gives us characters such as the confused Templar and the misaligned Prior. Both writers have poor views of religion and this is evident in their unflattering portraits of the corrupt medieval church.
Scott's portrait of the Prior is not a very pleasant one. Nothing about him seems to be spiritual. hen we first meet him, his costume is basically appropriate for a priest, but it is said to be "composed of materials much…
Boston Literary World. 15 February 1890. University of Virginia. 10 March 2003. http://etext.virginia.edu/railton/yankee/cyboslw.html .
Chandler, Alice. "A Dream of Order." Lincoln: University of Nebraska press.
Church. 2003. Twainquotes. 10 March 2003. http://www.twainquotes.com/Church.html .
Clemens, Samuel Langhorne. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court." New York W.W. Norton & Company. (1982).
"It was a curious childhood, full of weird, fantastic impressions and contradictory influences, stimulating alike to the imagination and that embryo philosophy of life which begins almost with infancy."
Paine 14) His consummate biography written in 1912, just after his death claims that Clemens spent the majority of his childhood in the company of his siblings, and the family slaves as his parents where often otherwise engaged, his father and inventor and his mother challenged by the running of such a large family with very little support.
Mark Twain did not remember ever having seen or heard his father laugh. The problem of supplying food was a somber one to John Clemens; also, he was working on a perpetualmotion machine at this period, which absorbed his spare time, and, to the inventor at least, was not a mirthful occupation. Jane Clemens was busy, too. Her sense of humor did not…
Barnard, Robert. "Imagery and Theme in Hard Times." Charles Dickens's Hard Times. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 39-null8
Connor, Steven. "Deconstructing Hard Times." Charles Dickens's Hard Times. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 113-120.
Dickens, Charles. Hard Times. Ed. Paul Schlicke. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Leonard, James S., Thomas A. Tenney, and Thadious M. Davis, eds. Satire or Evasion?: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992.
Examining the difficult process that Huck has when he finally determines not to turn Jim in can be especially helpful in this. In addition, readers of this opinion can discuss the effects of Twain's own divergence from society when contemplating the ways in which his articulation of his nonstandard views into text affected society.
Thus, while two sides clearly exist in this debate -- one stating that Twain's novel advocates racism through the relationship between Huck and Jim and the other arguing that Twain actually condemns the ideology by using this relationship -- a compromise can be reached. Each side can still find Twain's novel valuable in a discussion of the effects of racism on society and the role literature plays in those effects. Thus, the need to ban this novel from the classroom is null and void when this type of compromise can be reached.
Regardless of the fact…
Alonso, Alex. "Won't You Please Be My Nigga: Double Standards with a Taboo Word."
Streetgangs Magazine. 30 May 2003. 17 April 2009. < http://www.streetgangs.com/magazine/053003niggas.php>
Depalma, Anthony. "A Scholar Finds Huck Finn's Voice in Twain's Writing About a Black Youth." The New York Times. 7 July 1992. 17 April 2009.
Fox, Laurie. "Huckleberry Finn N-word lesson draws controversy." The Dallas News. 1
Conscience vs. Societal Pressure in Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn
The novel Huckleberry Finn (1876), by Samuel Clemens (published under Clemens's pen name, Mark Twain) contains myriad personal and social conflicts, mainly on the part of its narrator, Huck, between what his conscience tells him and what society of the time (the pre-Abolition American South) believed. In this essay, I will explore various incidents in which Huck decides between what he instinctively feels (his conscience) and what he knows society considers right.
The story of Huckleberry Finn is "essentially a process by which the hero gains self-knowledge and finds his own identity. In the process, he also learns about the world in which he lives and the nature of evil" ("Major Theme"). Huck often finds himself having to disobey social conventions and rules in order to follow his conscience. Usually, however, he feels guilty and sinful afterward, but also knows he…
Baym, Nina, et al. "Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens)." In The Norton Anthology
of American Literature, 1865-1914, Vol. C. (Nina Baym et al., Eds.). New
York, Norton, 2003. 212-215.
'Major Theme." Huckleberry Finn: Themes. Retrieved April 20, 2005, from:
However, as Baender demonstrates, it has to be too much of a fluke to have such "sophisticated" (192) humor. That is, telling the story tongue-in-cheek as such as serious anecdote. Twain, himself, reflected on using this device in "How to tell a story," when he said that the "humorous story is told gravely." And that the teller should "conceal the fact that he even dimly suspects...there is something funny." Even before he wrote the story he said about Coon's delivery: "He was a dull person, and ignorant; he had no gift as a story-teller, and no invention...he was entirely serious, for he was dealing with what to him were austere facts...he saw no humor in his tale..." (Baender 194)
Twain gives hints about his feelings of this seriousness by stating in his first draft of the story: "...the spectacle of a man drifting serenely along through such a queer…
Baender, Paul. The "Jumping Frog" as a Comedian's First Virtue. Modern Philology
1963) 60.3: 192-200
Bruggers, James. Biologist hopes to save celebrated frog. Contra Costa Times.
Cuff, Roger Penn. Mark Twain's Use of California Folklore in His Jumping Frog
Tom Sawyer. There are four references used for this paper.
Mark Twain is one of America's most well-known and respected writers. It is interesting to define satire and how Twain uses it in the Sunday school scene in the book 'Tom Sawyer'.
In order to understand how Mark Twain uses satire in his stories, it is important to understand exactly what satire is. Satire is a "literary manner which blends a critical attitude with humor and wit to the end that human institutions or humanity may be improved. Satire is the literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking towards it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn, and indignation. The true satirist is conscious of the frailty of institutions of man's devising and attempts through laughter, not so much to tear them down, but to ridicule their folly and shortcomings to inspire a…
(Mark Twain. (Accessed 03 December, 2004).
American Dream" in Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" with References to Mark Twain and Henry Thoreau
Arthur Miller's play entitled "Death of a Salesman" is a story about a man who has created a conflict with his family because of his great belief in the American Dream. Willy Loman, the main character in the story, makes a living by being a salesman, and the story revolves around his frustrations in life, particularly the strain in his relationship with his eldest son, iff Loman. Willy's frustrations stems from the fact that iff was not able to have a permanent and stable job, and is often fired from work because of some petty offense or misconduct on his son's part. Willy always insist that his son iff must develop relations with other people, and he must also have charisma and the ability to interact with them in order to achieve prosperity…
Miller, Arthur. "Death of a Salesman." New York: Penguin Books USA Inc. 1949: 137-8.
Thoreau, Henry. E- text of "Walden: Part I, Economy." American Transcendentalism Web site. 15 November 2002 http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/walden/chapter01a.html .
Twain, Mark. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court." New York: Penguin Books USA Inc. 61, 303.
About the author
The well-known author Marl Twain was born in Florida, Missouri, and when he was four years old he moved with his family to a port on the Mississippi River called Hannibal, Missouri. He began setting type for in 1851 and at the same time contributed sketches to his brother Orion's Hannibal Journal. Later, Twain was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River until the American Civil ar.
Further on, in 1863 on the Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City, Nevada he became a reporter in 1862, and began signing his articles with the pseudonym Mark Twain which was a Mississippi River expression that meant "two fathoms deep." And thus, in 1865 Mark Twain published The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County and the author as well as the story became national sensations within few months (Under the Sun).
However, in the 1870s and 1880s are counted…
About Mark Twain. Under the Sun. www.underthesun.cc/
Pudd'nhead Wilson Homepage. Electronic Text Center. www.etext.lib.virginia.edu
The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson - Mark Twain. Boondocks Net.com.
roots of Southern literature and how the authors view moral freedom in their works. It has 5 sources.
When the Puritans of Europe left their homeland for the vast and wild continent of America they envisioned social and religious freedom. For them American had been a deserted place and the only enemy they have had been the Natives. However, they did not envision the fact that they would undergo severe battle of the inner self as well as the harsh external environment. As they spend more of their time on the continent they realized that the promise of a free new land has been a dream and that in order to survive they have abandon their old ways to become more focused and adapt to the environment. The pervasive and massiveness of the diversified American culture at the time posed a mixture of excitement as well as danger for them.…
Blair, John. "Mexico and the Borderlands in Cormac McCarthy's All the Pretty Horses." Critique 42.3, Spring 2001: 301-07.
Arnold, Edwin T. "Horseman, Ride On." World & I Oct. 1998: 259-67.
Paine, Albert Bigelow. Mark Twain: A Biography, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1912; BoondocksNet Edition, 2001. http://www.boondocksnet.com/twaintexts/biography/ (Aug. 1, 2003).
Lewis, R.W.B. "The Hero in the New World: William Faulkner's 'The Bear'." Bear, Man and God, 306-322.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is perhaps the best example of Realism in literature because of how Twain presents it to us. Morality becomes something that Huck must be consider and think out as opposed to something forced down his throat. He knows the moral thing to do would be to report Jim, noting, " "People would call me a low down abolitionist and despise me for keeping mum -- but that don't make no difference. I ain't agoing to tell" (Twain 269). Furthermore, he cannot send Miss atson his letter he because his friendship with Jim trumps the morality he knows. Similarly, Jim wrestles with issues of good vs. bad. This is evident because of they way he decides to escape. He even begins to understand what Huck is going through when Huck does not turn him in. His revelation forces him to realize that Huck is "de bes'…
Crane, Stephen. Maggie, a Girl of the Streets. New York: Random House. 2001.
The Red Badge of Courage. New York: Aerie Books Ltd. 1986.
Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men and Cannery Row. New York: Penguin Books. 1986.
Clemens, Samuel. "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lauter, Paul, ed. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company. 1990.
This illustrates the importance of tension and conflict in the narrative, no matter where it comes from or how the author uses it.
Often, the tension or conflict in resolved in the last paragraph. Another writer notes, "In the final paragraph of the essay, the author reflects on the larger meaning or importance of the experience described" ("Writing skills," 2007). Thus, the conflict has served some kind of purpose in the writer's life, and the writer has learned something or grown better because of it. The conflict should not be too contrived or unbelievable, so the narrative's subject is an important aspect of the conflict. If the event that occurred really did not contain tension, drama, or conflict, it is probably not worthy of using as the subject of a narrative, because it is not sufficiently interesting to hold an average reader's attention. The reader must care about the outcome…
DeSoto, M. (2005). Writing a narrative essay. Retrieved 19 Jan. 2008 from the Glendale Community College Web site: http://glory.gc.maricopa.edu/~mdesoto/101online_new/assignment3writing.htm
Editors. (2008). Writing activities: Narrative. Retrieved 19 Jan. 2008 from the Holt, Rinehart and Winston Web site: http://my.hrw.com/support/hos/hostwritingactivities4/hostswritingact4_narr4.html
How to write a narrative. (2008). Retrieved 19 Jan. 2008 from the Northern Illinois University Web site: http://www.engl.niu.edu/wac/narr_how.html
Montgomery, J.K., & Kahn, N.L. (2003). You are going to be an author: Adolescent narratives as intervention. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 24(3), 143+.
Jim and Huck: A Relationship in Spite of Race
As Leslie Gregory points out in "Finding Jim," Twain used the "minstrel mask" as a stereotypical platform upon which to base one of the central characters of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. And yet behind the "mask" is a very human and humane man, who, in spite of a tendency towards superstition, acts as a kind of father figure to Huck, revealing to the boy the proper path to manhood -- just as Huck promises to take Jim on the path to freedom. This paper will show how their relationship is symbiotic though charged with racial tension at times.
Huck begins the novel with a "misconception" of Jim's personhood (Gregory). Although this misconception is not as cruel as Tom's (Tom has no scruples about playing tricks on Jim), Huck's conscience is informed by his society (and certainly by his…
Gregory, Leslie. "Finding Jim Behind the Mask: The Revelation of African-American
Humanity in Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." Ampersand. 30 Mar 2013. Web.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. NY: Harper, 1912.
y the final chapter, although Huck has come to like Silas and Sally, he knows that they are still a part of the society he has come to distrust and fear so, before the dust from his adventures is fully settled he is already planning to detach himself again:" but I reckon I got to light out for the territory ahead of the rest, because Aunt Sally she's going to adopt me and sivilize me, and I can't stand it. I been there before" (chapter 43, Electronic text center, University of Virginia Library).
In Austen's novel the theme is to show the violation of the moral and social codes and its disastrous results in a humored way. While human follies and stupidities lead to the violation of the code and only the self-knowledge can prevent the human error, Jane Austen's main theme becomes to know yourself. Through self-analysis Emma changes…
Twain, Mark (1835-1910)
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"
Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library